3

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? I.I.Ae?AAIIAIIAA

AAEAeO*AIEI Aaeeia Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 808.3:800.2

NAIAIOEEI-NOEE?NOE*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA O?IIIEIA?*II IA?EIAAII? EAENEEE

(ia iaoa??ae? oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? i?ice

ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy)

10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae

Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: *eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaoeueei Ethaia ?aai?aia, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noee?noeee oe?a?inueei? iiae

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?iaeainueea Eaoa?eia A?eai??aia,

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae

IAI Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaa/aiei Ea?ena ?aai?aia.

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao

?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae

?e ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. Caii??aeaey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 16-30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.053.04 i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie (252601, i. Ee?a, a. Ie?iaiaa, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “14” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I. I. Aaeueiia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Eaeneeieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy inoaii?o ?ie?a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
c?inoath/ei ?ioa?anii aei i?iaeai ?icaeoeo iiae, aei iaoai?cio
oaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a eaene/ii? iii?iaoe??, aeyao oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo
neiaa ? eaene/iiai oiiaeo a oe?eiio.

Na?aae eaene/ieo aeaiaio?a no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae,
naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a yeeo ia? iaaio /aniao ia?eiaai?noue, a?oioiaii
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny iaieia?cie.

Ieano canoa??ei? eaeneee aeiaa c iiey ci?o e?iaa?no?a ye naiino?eiee
ia’?eo aea/aiiy ? ?icaeyaeaany eeoa iia?aeii i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?ioeo
i?iaeai (o i?aoeyo E. Aoeaoianueeiai, A. Aeiia?aaeiaa, E. Aoiaoeueei?,
A.Aauaiea, A. Iineaeaiea, A.Eiaaeue, ?. *a?aaeie/aiea, I. Ai?aoeueeiai
).

O e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ? ie?ai? ?iaioe, i?enay/ai? i?ioeanai
a?oa?caoe?? /A.sseeoaai?, TH.Oaa/oe, ?.Aie/aiei, ?.Caaaa?ii?/ o
?in?enuee?e, i?iaoeuee?e, aiae?enuee?e oa o?aioeocuee?e iiaao.

I?ioeane a?oa?caoe?? ne?a ioiieththoue cia/io /anoeio neiaieea
oe?a?inueei? iiae, e ?aii?oaaoe oaeo a?oio eaeneee icia/aei a ni?iuoaaoe
oyaeaiiy i?i aeeiai?eo neiaieeiai? aaiethoe??.

A?aecia/ath/e iaeaea iiaio a?aenooi?noue niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
oai??? canoa??ei? eaeneee o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e iia?,
aeaea?oueny iaiao?aeiei i?aee?aneeoe oaaao e?iaa?no?a aeecueeiai
ca?oa?aeaey aei i?iaeaie o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii? eaeneee /I.Oii?ia,
Ae.Oiaeueia, A.Eeee/aa, A.Eieaniee, I.Ieoaeeianueea/.

A?oa?/ia eaeneea i?iaiae?ciaaia c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iiaeyaeo o
?iaioao I. Aaee?ii?-Oaaei?oe, E. Eene/aiei, I. Oainueeiai,
Ae. Oiaeueiaa. sse can?a ?noi?e/ii? noee?caoe?? a ooaeiaei?o oai?ao
aeine?aeaeoaaee a?oa?cie E. Aoeaoianueeee, E. Ne?eiiee, E. Aeiiaoeue,
O. Oienaiaa?aa, E. Oiaeaea?iai, A.Aoaea.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny
iaiao?aei?noth iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c i?ioeanii
a?oa?caoe?? eaeneee, iio?aaith noai?aiiy oaiaoe/ii? oa
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? canoa??eeo ne?a. Caneoaiao? ia
oaaao e noee?noe/iee ae?aiacii ianeaiiai neiaieea ooaeiaei?o oai??a
?noi?e/iiai aeai?o.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia oaeiae ? oei,
ui canoa??ea eaeneea o?nii iia’ycaia c iaoa??aeueiith ? aeooiaiith
eoeueoo?ith ia?iaeo. Oaeei /eiii, c?inoa? iaoeiaa caoe?eaaeaiiy oe??th
a?oiith ne?a ye o e?iaa?noe/iiio, oae ? a ?noi?e/iiio oa
eoeueoo?ieia?/iiio ieaiao. Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaia o ?one? ?aea? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? neiaa, ia?aaeyaeo oeo iiaieo
aeaiaio?a, ui eaae?o?eoaaeeny ye a?aeaeee? ? ia?aaoaaee o ia?a?ian?
iiaii? i?aeoeee. Eaeneea oe?a?inueei? iiae iaiaeiicia/ia ? aaiaoe/ii, ?
naiaioe/ii, ? ooieoe?iiaeueii. Uinue, aacia?a/ii, c /anii ao?a/a?oueny,
aea ? iiai? iaeeieoe? c oaeei aaaaoei naiaioe/iei ci?noii, ui iiaee a
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue ? iaaeae?. I?ioean aeooae?caoe?? ia?a?iaeueii?
eaeneee iiaea oni?oii i?ieoe o?eueee /a?ac ooaeiaeith i?aeoeeo, oiaoi
aaaaeaiiy ?? a eaiao ooaeiaei?o oaeno?a.

Iaoa??aeii aeey no?oeoo?ii-noee?noe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oe?a?inueeeo
e?iaa?no?a aoee ooaeiaeiuei-?noi?e/i? ?iiaie I. Eoe?oa, I.
Nieieianueeiai, C. Ooeoa, ?. Ea, I. ?eaaea, A. Oeaeiyea , TH.
Iooeaoeea, N. Neey?aiea, A. Iaeeea. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaee oai?e
?. ?aaie/oea “Iaione?eio c aoeeoe? ?onueei?”, “*a?eaia aeii”, “Aiaea c
eaiaith”; I. Caa?aaaeueiiai “Aeeai”, “?ienieaia”, “Eaaeia na?oea”.

?noi?e/i? ?iiaie I. Caa?aaaeueiiai “ss, Aiaaeai”, “?ai?aen?y”,
“Ia?aii?no”, ?. ?aai/aiei “Io?ooa aeey eiyaei?”, “Ai?a Ia?oia”, ?.
A?eeea “Ia/ A?ay”, “Ia ae?aooeoa a?eoii?a” oaaaith e?iaa?no?a ioiieai?
ia aoee, oiio noaee aeaea?aeii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eiiieaenii? oaie eaoaae?e “No?aeiineia’yinuee?
iiae a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo”.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o c’ynoaaii? naiaioe/ii? oa noee?noe/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii? eaeneee (a?oa?ci?a oa
?noi?eci?a), o anaa?/iiio aiae?c? ?? ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy iaea?eueo
aeooaeueieo iiiyoue ? iaoiae?a no/anii? e?iaa?noe/ii? iaoee.

Aeinyaiaiiy iniiaii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny ?ica’ycaiiyi
oaeeo eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue:

— aecia/eoe i?noea ? ?ieue canoa??ei? eaeneee a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi?e/i?e
i?ic?;

— ?iaaioa?ecoaaoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe canoa??eo eaeneeo, ?ic?iaeoe
e?eoa??? ?? eeaneo?eaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii aei no/anieo aeiia
e?iaainoee?noeee; aecia/eoe oaiaoe/i? a?oie aeine?aeaeoaaii? eaeneee;

— c’ynoaaoe ci?ie o naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaieo
iaeeieoeue; cae?enieoe aiae?c naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a o na?aaeei?
oaiaoe/ieo a?oi ? aecia/eoe niaoeeo?eo oa iai?yiee aaiethoe?eieo
i?ioean?a o naiaioeoe? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeeieoeue;

— aeine?aeeoe aoeiieia?th ie?aieo eaenai;

— aeyaeoe eiioaenooaeuei? iniaeeaino? eaene/ieo cia/aiue ?noi?eci?a oa
a?oa?ci?a, i?eeiie aaaaeaiiy ?o o oeaieio ooaeiaei?o oai??a;

— i?inoaaeeoe ooaeiaeith ?aae?caoe?th naiaioe/ii canoa??ei? eaeneee o
oai?ao oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a; c’ynoaaoe, ye aiia aieeaa? ia
oai?aiiy ia?acii? nenoaie ?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy;

— aeine?aeeoe aeinoia??i?noue ni?aa?aeianaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee c
iienoaaiei ia??iaeii; aeyaeoe eaenaie-aiao?ii?cie;

— aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? noee?noe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee o
oai?ao oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaia (canoa??ea) eaeneea
?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a I. Caa?aaaeueiiai, ?. ?aai/aiei, ?. A?eeea.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy oai???
i?ciaiiy, i?eioeeie nenoaiiino? oa ?noi?ecio aea/aiiy e?iaaaeueiiai
ia’?eoa, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue ?icoi?iiy iiae ye noeoiiino?
aca?iiiia’ycaieo ? aca?iicoiiaeaieo iaeeieoeue ia o?eueee a i?inoi??, a
e o /an?. Iniiao ?iaioe neeaaeathoue iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui iiaa
nioe?aeueia ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ? a on?o nai?o i?iyaao ia iiaea
ooieoe?iioaaoe oa ?icaeaaoeny iica noni?euenoaii. Eiioi?eaoeaia ooieoe?y
? nioe?aeueiee oa?aeoa? iiae aecia/athoue ?? caeaaei?noue a?ae
noni?euenoaa, a yeiio aiia ooieoe?iio?. ?acii c oei, ia iiaeia ia
a?aoiaoaaoe oiai aaccaia?a/iiai oaeoo, ui iiaa — niaoeeo?/ia ciaeiaa
nenoaia, iniaeeaino? ? aioo??oi? caeiie ooieoe?iioaaiiy yei? ia caaaeaee
oi/ii a?aeia?aaeathoue iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa a ??ci?
?noi?e/i? aiioe.

Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy aeey aeaii? ?iaioe iaaoaa? ?icoi?iiy iiae ye
nioe?aeueiiai yaeua, aaiaoe/iai eiaeo iaoe??, ui ii?aeio? ieioea c
no/aniei, i?ia?aio? iaeaooi? ? caaacia/o? aoooy iaoe??.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii oae? iaoiaee: ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee,
iieniaee, noaoenoe/iee, a oaeiae i?eeiie noee?noe/iiai oa
eiioaenooaeueiiai aiae?co, e?iaa?noe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Aeaea?aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee oe?a?inuee? ?noi?e/i? ?iiaie ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy “ss, Aiaaeai”, “?ai?aen?y”, “Ia?aii?no” I.
Caa?aaaeueiiai; “Io?ooa aeey eiyaei?”, “Ai?a Ia?oia” ?. ?aai/aiei; “Ia/
A?ay”, “Ia ae?aooeoa a?eoii?a” ?. A?eeea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa?, o c’ynoaaii?
oaiii?aeueieo naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue ia eaene/iiio ??ai? oe?a?inueei?
iiae, a iiiian?ieia?/iiio iien? canoa??ei? eaeneee, a
naiaioeei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aiae?c? ?? ye eeano o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii?
c? noee?noe/ieie eiiioaoe?yie. I?inoaaeaia ?noi?e/ia aeinoia??i?noue
eaenai ? a?aeiia?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?noi?eci?a oa a?oa?ci?a o oai?ao
ia ?noi?e/io oaiaoeeo. Aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? cae?eniaii
naiaioeei-noee?noe/iee aiae?c o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii? (canoa??ei?)
eaeneee ia iaoa??ae? oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? i?ice ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy, eeaneo?eiaaii ? iienaii ??.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nenoaiaoeciaaiee iaoa??ae ?
aaaeeeaei aeey ?icaeoeo eaeneeieia?? oa ?noi?e/ii? noee?noeee
ooaeiaeiuei? iiae. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe noaiiaeyoue iaaiee aianie o
oai??th i?i caaaeuei? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nuee? iiaiinoee?noe/i?
caniae a?aeoai?aiiy ieioeiai.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui canoiniaai? o i?e
aeine?aeieoeuee? i?eeiie ni?eyoeiooue ae?iaeaiith iaoiaeeee aiae?co iiae
ooaeiaei?o oai??a. C?a?aiee ? iienaiee iaoa??ae iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee
o eaeneeia?ao?/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e oeeaaeaii? neiaiee?a iiae ienueiaiiee?a
OO noie?ooy, neiaieea a?oa?ci?a oa ?noi?eci?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae, yeee iaa ae aaeeea eoeueoo?ii-i?ciaaaeueia cia/aiiy. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ? o aeeeaaeaii? eaeneeieia??
no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, noee?noeee, e?iaa?noe/iiai
aiae?co oaenoo, a oaeiae i?e iaienaii? eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?ai? ia
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Canaeaiiy i?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie: i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo” (Oa?nii,
1997), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaoeea
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo” (Ee?a — Oa?nii, 1996), iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe”
(Ee?a — Oa?nii, 1997), ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ia?aaeaeii iauaaeeai iao nea?a — ??aeio iiao” (Oa?nii, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeththoueny o 10
ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae oa oiiaieo
nei?i/aiue, aeiaeaoeo. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 152 noi??iee. Nienie
e?oa?aoo?e noaiiaeoue 182 iaeiaioaaiiy.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O “Anooi?” aecia/a?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe??, iaa?oioiao?oueny ?? iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy; ?icaeyaeathoueny aacia? iiiyooy oai?aoe/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, iiaea?oueny iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ne?a, ia’?aeiaieo ianeaiei
aeei?enoaiiyi o iia?” aena?oeththoueny iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy, ui
noinothoueny i?iaeaie iiaieo ci?i ye iaei??? c oeaio?aeueieo i?iaeai o
e?iaa?noe/i?e iaooe?. ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue i?ioeano a?oa?caoe??
eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue, aeyaeythoueny i?e/eie, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei
ia?ai?uaiiy aeoeaii? eaeneee ia ia?eoa??th iiaiiai aaeeoeo.
Oa?aeoa?ecothoueny eaeneei-naiaioe/i? ??ciiaeaee canoa??ei? eaeneee.
Aena?oeth?oueny i?noea ? ?ieue o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaieo iaeeieoeue —
?noi?eci?a oa a?oa?ci?a — o eaene/i?e nenoai? no/anii? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e – “No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea canoa??ei?
eaeneee”. ?icaeyaeathoueny oae? naiaioe/i? a?oie eaene/ieo a?oa?ci?a:
eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy iaca ethaeae, iiiyoue nii??aeiaiino? oa
naiyoeoaa; /anoei ? i?aai?a ethaenueeiai o?ea; ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie /e
?iaioe ie?aieo ?? i?aai?a; iacae iaeyao; iacae oaa?ei oa ioao?a; iacae
/aniaeo iiiyoue; iacae aaia?ao?/ieo iiiyoue; iacae a?enueeiaeo ?aae?e.

Aiae?ciaaia a?oia eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy ethaeae, iiiyoue nii??aeiaiino?
oa naiyoeoaa i?aaenoaaeaia eaenaiaie, ui i?ieoee aeoaea aeiaaee ?
neeaaeiee oeyo ?icaeoeo: ioaoeue, iaoea, aeua?ue, ioae, aeiia, /aaei,
io?ie.

Neiai ioaoeue o i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo iii?oii ?icoe?eei naith
naiaioeeo. O aeaaiuei?onueeee ia??iae, e??i iiiyooy “??aeiee aaoueei”,
aiii aaeeaaeiny ia icia/aiiy aaouee?a aai i?aaee?a. Oey eaenaia
aeei?enoiaoaaeany ? i?e caa?oaii? aei in?a, iia’ycaieo c ?ae?a?eiei
eoeueoii. C iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii iiae neiai ioaoeue o cia/aii? “i?i”
aeyaeeiny no?ee?oei, i?ae neiai c ia?aeiiei cia/aiiyi. A oe?a?inueeeo
?noi?e/ieo ?iiaiao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy cana?ae/aii a?oa?ci
ioaoeue: “Iiaea, inoaii?e ss?ineaaiae/ ? ni?aaae? aicaaee/eoue ?onue,
yei ioaoeue ? ae?ae eiai” (“Ai?a Ia?oia”, 174). A?ae iiiaia ioaoeue
aeieeei aaaaoi aea?eaao?a. Iioe?aiee o noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia? ? ia
noi??ieao aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?iiai?a aea?eaao io/eia (aio/eia, aioieia)
aaeeaaany o cia/aii? ??aeiiai e?ath, noaio aaouee?a, niaaeeiaiai
?iaeiaiai i?aaa: “Aaeeeiai eiycy ne?ae oi?iieoe ia a?o/ei?, a Oe?a?i?
Ae?aaeyinuee?e” (“Ia ae?aooeoa a?eoii?a”, 34). “Aiy?e no??/aee ia iaae?
nai?o aio/ei c i?ei?ineiaie ? /anooaaiiyie” (”?ai?aen?y”, 16).

Naiaioe/ia a?oia eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy /anoei ? i?aai?a ethaenueeiai
o?ea ?ai?acaioiaaia iiiaiaie: onoa, aeeaiue, aeanieoey, ia?no, i?aaeoey.

Eiioeioaio aeaaiueiai aiaoii?/iiai oa?i?ia iue?nou aeineoue ?aii
a?oa?coaaany a oe?a?inuee?e iia? ? aaea ia ii/aoeo XVII noie?ooy a?i
cao?eniaaiee a “Eaeneeii?” I. Aa?eiaee ye neiai, “ui aeiaaa? iiyniaiiy:
iuea?nou – iaeaoeue. Iei? ia?no – o?i/enoee canoa??eee aeaiaio
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae: “Ieoooue o?e ia?noe, a aieeoue ana o?ei” (“ss,
Aiaaeai”, 267). “Ieeii nai aeaaineiaea ssia ia?noii nai?i ia na caeiiia
ae?ei” (“Ai?a Ia?oia”, 94).

Aei ie?aii? naiaioe/ii? i?aea?oie a?oa?ci?a iaeaaeaoue eaenaie, ui
cana?ae/othoue ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie /e ?iaioo ie?aieo /anoei
ethaenueeiai o?ea: a?aeaoe, aae?oe, aayoe, aeaneoe, ci?eoe, ?aeoe,
o?aiacoaaoe.

Neiai a?aeaoe o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?iiaiao aaeeoi o aeaio cia/aiiyo: “iaoe
a?aeii?noue i?i uinue” oa “aieiae?oe ?icoi?iiyi /iainue”: “Iai neaaeooue
i?i oea a ioo?, ooeeueii a?aeiiaea ?ioi?no?, iiaea e ni?aaae? ua ia
a?aeath/e, eoaee ia? iaia iii?iaaaeeoe” (“ss, Aiaaeai”,129) “C?ooioea
AEo?eia, a?aeath/e aa?acae, ui i?eioai ?ai?aen?? iaia? iaae”
(“?ai?aen?y”,9).

Aaeeeei ? neiii?i?/iee ?yae canoa??eeo ae??ne?a o cia/aii?
“aeneiaethaaoe aeoieo”: aayoe, aeaaieeoe, aeaneoe, ?aeoe. “Aayee, ui
?one/? aeaaii /iionue ia oiaeyoue o aieaa?nueeo caieth (“Io?ooa aeey
eiyaei?”,201). “A i?aaee?anueeee caeii aeaneoue: c?aaeiee?a ae?oaoaaoe c
ei?aiai” (“ss, Aiaaeai”,461). “??e oaanue ia?iae: an? iaeiiaeooii” (
“ss, Aiaaeai”,504).

Naiaioe/ia iiea, ui i?noeoue iii?iaoe?? iaeyao a oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo
?iiaiao OO noie?ooy, iaaaeeea. Ie?aiee naiaioe/iee ?yae noaiiaeyoue
eaenaie, ye? ae?aaeathoue oiiaii-ocaaaeueiaia iiiyooy iaeyao acaaae?.

A?ae ii/aoeo XVI noie?ooy oe?a?inuee? oaenoe aeieoiaioothoue aeaai?
ni?eueiineia’yinueea caiice/aiiy c i?iaoeueei? iiae oaoa (oaoe). O
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?iiaiao oey eaenaia aaeeoa i?e cia?aaeaii? iiae?e
a?eueo ?aiiueiai ia??iaeo: “C ?ai?aen?? c??aaii cieioioeaii? oaoe”
(“?ai?aen?y”,45). Aiioe?eii-ioe?iiiai cia/aiiy neiao oaoe iaaeathoue
ao?eaooeae, ye? neiaie?cothoue aaaaonoai, ciaoi?noue: “C /a?aaoey
?iaeoueny aa?aa aeey iiaeieo na?oo nueiai, aeey oao eiyc?anueeeo ?
ei?ie?anueeeo” (“?ai?aen?y”,23).

Naiaioe/ia a?oia ia icia/aiiy oaiii?aeueieo iiiyoue i?aaenoaaeaia
eaenaiaie: aa?acieue, aa?an, aa?ai?y, aaiaa?ue, caoo?a, ea?oiee,
eino?e/iee, e?oi, iaaeieeno, n?aeieoey, nooee, o?aaiee, /a?aaoeue.
Canoa??ea oaiii?aeueia eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy caaaeueieo /aniaeo iiiyoue
?ai?acaioiaaia eaenaiith e?oi. Iaeaeaai?oei cia/aiiyi oeueiai neiaa
ne?ae aaaaeaoe “ii?a ?ieo”. Caiaeii ioi?ieeiny iiaa oaiii?aeueia
cia/aiiy “??e”. O ca’yceo c ?icoe?aiiyi naiaioeee eaenaie e?oi
ca?iaeeeiny i?ioe??//y i?ae e?oii-naciiii ? e?oii-ii?ith ?ieo. I?ci?oa
ca neiaii e?oi cae??ieth?oueny cia/aiiy naciio, a aeey ae?oaiai iiiyooy
aeei?enoiao?oueny eaenaia ??e, iiiai e?oi aaaaea?oueny canoa??eei ?
aaeeaa?oueny a ?noi?e/ieo ?iiaiao c? noee?noe/iith iaoith: ”E?oiienaoeue
caienaa ei?ioei: “Oiai aea e?oa (6625) ono?i? iino /a?ac Aei?i?
Aieiaeeie?” (“Ia?aii?no”,434).

Aaeeeo a?oio ooai?ththoue a?oa?cie-iaiiiiiaie, o yeeo canoa??eeie ?
oe?e? neiaa — eino?e/iee, ie?ai? cia/aiiy — ni?aeiee, oiiaoe/i? aa??aioe
— /a?aaoeue, neiaioa??i? aa??aioe — aa?acieue.

O neeaae? naiaioe/ii? a?oie canoa??eeo ne?a ia icia/aiiy a?enueeiaeo
?aae?e ia’?aeiai? oae? eaenaie: aa?aeeua, ai?, aa?oeue, ?aoue oiui.

Neiai n?/a aaeeaaeiny o cia/aii? aei?noieiai aith, iiiai aa?oeue icia/aa
ie?aio nooe/eo, ii?aeeiie ai?ia c ai?iaii, ui ciaiaioaaa ii/aoie aeoae:
“N?/a aoea ei?ioea ? caiaeea” (“Io?ooa aeey eiyaei?”, 52). “Oeae aeeeee
aa?aa? ii?i/eoue eiio aieiao. Ia cia?, c eei oi/a noaoe ia aa?oeue”
(“Io?ooa aeey eiyaei?”, 206).

Iiiai ?aoue aeiaa ?c nenoaie a?enueeiai? oa?i?iieia?? no/anii? iiae ?
noaa ?noi?eciii. Cao?eniaaiee c oaeeie naiaie: “a?eia” — “?oia Ia?ea??e
c? nai?i eiycai ia ?aoue, a iiaea, iiaa?oaany” (“Ia?aii?no”, 488);
“a?enueei” — “Ca iaiaoaie aaeanoaaea iiiaieeea ?aoue” (“Io?ooa aeey
eiyaei?”, 206); “a?enueeia? neee” — “*a?i?a?anueeee eiycue Aiae?aie
ciaiaoeueea ii/aa ao?ooaaoe ?aoue” (“Ia/ A?ay”, 18).

O no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? oey eaenaia ia?aeoea aei ?ic?yaeo iiaoe/ii?
eaeneee, ao?aoeaoe i?e oeueiio cia/io /anoeo naiai iii?iaoeaiiai
cia/aiiy ? iaaoaoe oe?ei? aaie ??cieo aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee.

No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee aiae?c ?noi?eci?a, i?iaaaeaiee ia iaoa??ae?
oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, caaa?oeany
iiaoaeiaith oaei? eeaneo?eaoe??:

a) noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? ?noi?ecie; a) ?noi?ecie, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie; a) a?enueeia? ?noi?ecie; a) iiaooia?
?noi?ecie.

Noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia eaeneea ? oe?eaaei iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
naiaioe/ieo i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo ne?a o o?niiio ca’yceo c /eiieeaie
aeiiii?/iiai oa iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. Naiaioe/ia a?oia ne?a ia iicia/aiiy
eeaniai? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa, nioe?aeueiiai noaio, i?noey ethaeeie a
noni?euenoa? ?ai?acaioiaaia eaenaiaie: aiy?ei, aaeueiiaea, ai?aiaea,
a?eo, aiciee, aieioa, aeaeiaae, ?iia?aoi?, aeoiai, cinoe, eaioeea?,
eiycue, eiithoee, ?aa, oeaoi, oeii, /aeyaeue oiui.

Aenieith /anoioi?noth aaeeaaiiy a?aecia/a?oueny eaenaia eiycue –
caiice/aiiy c i?aaa?iainueei? iiae (kuningar – ei?ieue, ooai?aia a?ae
kuni – ??ae). Eaenaia aenieii?iaeoeoeaia o neiaioa??iiio ieai?.
Cao?eniaai? aea?eaaoe eiycthaaiiy, eiyaeia, eiyaee/, eiyaea: “Ui
eiyaeiy, — iaiieyaaa oeaoi, oa eiyaee/ i?ae e ia o/oa” (“Ia/ A?ay”, 12).

Iaeiioe?ai?oith o naiaioe/i?e a?oi? ?noi?eci?a, ye? ? iii?iaoe?yie
i?aaenoaaiee?a i?inoiai ia?iaeo, ? eaenaia /aeyaeue. Aiia
i?aneia’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, o aeaaiuei?onuee?e iia? icia/aea “?aae”,
“neoae”: “Oai Inaiue o?anoeany nai ? /aeyaeue naith o?anoea” (“Ai?a
Ia?oia”, 121). Ca /an?a e??iaoeoaa oae ia Oe?a?i? iaceaaee neoa. O
aeayeeo ae?aeaeoao no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae – oea “n?i’y”, “ethaee”. O
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?noi?e/ieo ?iiaiao aeooaeueiith naiith aeey iiiaia
/aeyaeue ? “neoae”.

Ia?aeoia aei ?ic?yaeo ianeaii? eaeneee ? iiiai aeaeiaae. Iniiao eiai
naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e noaiiaeoue cia/aiiy “ia?iaeiee iianoaiaoeue”.
Iienoth/e iiae?? 1648 ?ieo, I.Caa?aaaeueiee iini?oea aaeeoe naio
aeaeiaae ia icia/aiiy iianoaeiai ethaeo, ine?eueee aeaeiaeaie ?o noaee
iaceaaoe i?ney iianoaiiy eicae?a 1657 ?ieo: “A Iooea?, /enoee ? /aniee,
ye ? eiai aeaeiaee iieoaanuee? — iiaea, oe aeyaeany iaeaeaai?iaei?oee,
ai ae aeany ca ni?aao Aiaaeaiiao” (“ss, Aiaaeai”, 22).

?noi?ecie ia iicia/aiiy a?enueeiaeo ?aae?e ?ai?acaioiaai? eaenaiaie:
ai?aiaea, a?eaeue, aeanyoeueeee, ae?oaeeia, ae?oaeeiiee, eo/ieee,
ia/ieee, i?aea, i?ooe? oiui.

Iiiai ai?aiaea ooai?eany c iniia voj (inu) ? voditi (aiaeeoe). C /enoi
a?enueeiaiai oa?i?ia ai?aiaea iinooiiai ia?aoai?th?oueny a neiai, yea
iaceaaei noaiiaeua ethaeeie ia o?eueee o a?enueeia?e, aea ? a
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?e ???a?o??, ai c OO? noie?ooy ai?aiaea ii/eia?
aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?? ia/aeueieea iia?oo, i?noa. O aeine?aeaeoaaieo
?iiaiao oeae ?noi?eci cana?ae/aiee a iaio cia/aiiyo: “Aaeaethcue aea
iio?aiea aei Nayoiiieeiaeo ai?aiae” (“Ai?a Ia?oia”, 463); “Iaei? eacaee,
ui Ai?aiaea iinoa??a ? ia oae, uia ceaaiaei?a, a i?inoi cianeeeany a?ae
iino?eii? oaa?aeino?” (“Ia?aii?no”, 378).

Aei nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? eaeneee iaeaaeaoue neiaa ia iicia/aiiy iaca
in?a, iia’ycaieo c iaaiei ?iaeii caiyoue: “Eoee i?ea?oaoe eiyaeio aai
i?inoi iiaeeaeoenue ia ia? aoaey??, niieiaiie, e?niaeee, ai?oieee,
eina??, eeeiae?a/?” (“?ai?aen?y”, 14).

Iioiaeaeaiiy oa no?oeoo?a aaaaoueio i?ioan?eieo iaca ?ai?niee?a aeineoue
i?ici?a: aieiian, aoaey?, niieiaii, eiaeoi’yea, eeeiae?a/. Aea ? e oae?,
naiaioeea yeeo iio?aao? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iai?eeeaae, a?iaa?iee ? aeaai?i
caiice/aiiyi c i?iaoeueei? iiae ? icia/a? “?ia?oiee ieaiaa?i?”
(na?aaeiueii?iaoeueea brouver – ieaiaa?).

C? noi??iie oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a ae?oai? iieiaeie OO no.
aeiaeueiao?oueny yne?aaa ea?oeia iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ??cieo ?noi?e/ieo
ia??iae?a. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy aeae?a iiaeaoe?a
i?aaenoaaeaia eaenaiaie i?aaaae?, iioyae, ae?a, iiaieieiaa, ii?aeueia,
noi?iaeaaa, iiaeeiia, iiaeooia, iiaiciaa, iiaeai?iaa, ?aciaa, iinoiaa,
ieoia, iiciaia, i?enyaeia, oi?aiaa, eaiiaa, iieueiaa, e?niaa, noaiiaa,
ieeiiaa, iai?eeeaae: “Oieiie, ?cai?, ?yaeiae/?, caeeaaeieee, ?ici?ai?
eiyc?anueeeie i?iaeaaeaie, ae?aie, aiy?nueeeie i?aaaaeaie ? iioyaaie”
(“Ai?a Ia?oia”, 42).

Oa?i?i ae?a o no?aeieo neia’yi aoeiieia?/ii iia’ycaiee c?
ni?eueiineia’yinueeei aaaaoicia/iei neiaii aue?a, iaeiei ?c cia/aiue
yeiai aoei “i?iaeia”. No?aei? neia’yie cai?noue oa?i?ia ae?a /anoi
aaeeaaee neiai aeia ia iicia/aiiy ia o?eueee i?iaeie, aea ? ieaoe ca
i?iaeio /e cei/ei.

Nai???aeiith iniaeea?noth eaeneee ia icia/aiiy iaeeieoeue aei??o ? aaae
? ?? aeeaiea aeaai?noue ? iaeo?ni?oee ca’ycie c ?noi???th ia?iaeo. Oey
naiaioe/ia a?oia i?aaenoaaeaia eaenaiaie: aa?noaa, e?eioue, i??a,
i’yaeue, iii?eua, ioae, noaae?y, ooio. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue aeaai?o
e?i?eieo i?? iia’ycaia c ?oeith, ?? ?ici??aie, ?ooaie. Neiai i’yaeue
yei?nue noaei? aaee/eie ia ia?, aiia eieeaa?oueny caeaaeii a?ae niinia?a
aei??thaaiiy. Iae/ano?oa oey iaeeieoey iicia/a? a?aenoaiue i?ae e?ioeyie
aaeeeiai oa aeac?aiiai iaeueoe?a o iiiaio ?o iaea?eueoiai ?icoyaiaiiy.
?iiae? i’yaeue oaea ia no?eueee anioe?th?oueny c i??ith, ne?eueee
aenooia? neiaieii aeoaea iaeeo aaee/ei: “Aeoe?eiaoth eiaeio ieoue ?
eiaeio i’yaeue, yea iaaeeaea? aei oaaa…” (“ss, Aiaaeai”,194).

Naiaioe/ia a?oia ia icia/aiiy iaca noa?iaeiieo iiiao, a?ioiaeo
iaeeieoeue ?ai?acaioiaaia eaenaiaie: a??o, a?eaia, aee?oaia, aeoeao,
cieioee, i?aeieoey, i?e?a??n?e, iiaaoa, ioiecia, ?acaia, n??aeyiee,
oaea?, /a?a?iaoeue, oaeya.

Eaenaia aeoeao iie?naiia. Canoa??eeie ? iaeaeaa cia/aiiy oeueiai neiaa —
“noa?iaeiia iiiaoa, /a?a?iaoeue” ? “ae?ii/a i?ee?ana o aeaeyae? iiiaoe,
yeo iineee ia oe?”: “Ei?ieue o?eaiaeii caaeaeea?oaaa a?eio, iieiaioaaa
iieeiaiee?a ? eai?oai?a, ?icae?eea i?ae ieie 80 oeny/ aeoeao?a” (“ss,
Aiaaeai”, 105).

Iniaeeaa i?noea a oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo ?iiaiao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy a?aeaiaeeoueny ?noi?eciai-oiiii?iai: Aeoai?iae, Aeoaii, Ca?oa,
Caaieai?iae, Ei?noiue, Eoaa/, Ethaa?, Ino?ia, Iaaiei/, Ia?ayneaa oa
?io?, iai?eeeaae: “C *eae?eia aei Ei?noiy /a?ac Ni?eo, aeae? ia A?eo
Oea?eao, Iaaiei/, Ethaa?, Ino?ia, Aeoaii” (“ss, Aiaaeai”,38). Iaeaea an?
oe? eaenaie aeaaiuei?onuee? ca iioiaeaeaiiyi.

Aenieith /anoioi?noth aaeeaaiiy a?aecia/athoueny eaenaie naiaioe/ii?
i?aea?oie ia iicia/aiiy iaca cieeeeo ia?iae?a. “Aeoe?ae neaeyoue ca
N?aa?ii ? Iieyiaie, i?aaeaii? ?oi? ?oaaae? aeaaii iin?ee oee/? e
o?aa?oe?, iieoiiuio noi?iio noa?aaeooue a?aaeee e aan? aea?aaeyi ?
ae?aaiae/?a” (“Ai?a Ia?oia”,104).

Eaeneea, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiee iiae?e,
?ai?acaioiaaia eaenaiaie: ai?aiaenoaa, aieinoue, caie?, eiyc?anoaa,
ia?oie, noa?inoaa, o?eueaa?ie, oainoaa.

Oaiaoe/ia a?oia iiaooiai? eaeneee aeeth/a? a naaa naiaioe/i? a?oie ia
icia/aiiy iaca aeeoae, ainiiaea?nueeeo aoae?aaeue oa ?ioeo nii?oae, iaca
iaeyao oa aieiaieo oai??a, acoooy, iaca ?ae?, iaii?a, iacae ioce/ieo
?ino?oiaio?a. Ie?ai? e?iiaoe a aoaeeieo /anoi iaee iacae caeaaeii a?ae
?o i?ecia/aiiy. Aeey ae?aaeaiiy iiiyooy “na?oea e?iiaoa aac eooiiii?
ia/?” aaeeaaeiny neiai na?oeeoey: “Caiaeeea na?/o. Ciiao ii?iaeanue o
na?oeeoe?” (“Io?ooa aeey eiyaei?”,189). O cia/aii? “niaeueiy”
aaeeaaeenue eaenaie eiaeieoey, nii/eaaeueiy: “Aieuea oa??aaany aei ??
eiaeieoe?… (“Io?ooa aeey eiyaei?”,26); “O?eueee eiei nii/eaaeuei?
aaeeeieiyaei? aiie nieieeeny…” (“Ia/ A?ay”, 369).

Naiaioe/ia a?oia ae?ii/iai iaeyao i?aaenoaaeaia iiiaiaie: caianea,
ieaooa, iai?oea. Neiai caianea – ni?eueiineia’yinueea iaeiaioaaiiy
ae?ii/iai aoaeaiiiai iiyniiai iaeyao. Iaeiae naia “aoaeaiiee iaeya” ia ?
iino?eiith aeey oe??? eaenaie. O ?iiai? I.Caa?aaaeueiiai “ss, Aiaaeai”
eiioaeno aeaco? ia aeooaeuei?noue naie “nayoeiaiai aa?aiiy”: “…A noiyea
a na?oeeoe? iaciaia ae?a/eia – oe?a?ii/ea, ieea ? ieoia, cani?iieaia e
cooaaea, i?inoa e aeooeaia: eieaoeeaa eeaaeea ia aieia?, i?ee?eoa
aeiaaeie e?ioeyie oiiei? iai?oee, caianea a aa?aao /a?aii?e ?
oiaeiai-cieioeno?e” (“ss, Aiaaeai”,209).

Iacae cao?eniaaieo o ?noi?e/ieo ?iiaiao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy
aieiaieo oai??a nenoaiaoecothoueny ca iciaeith i?eiaeaaeiino? aei o???
/e ?ioi? noao?. *ieia?/? aieiai? oai?e: eaaa?aeeiea, iaaa?ea; ae?ii/?:
i/?iie, iai?oea, iaaa?oiee, eeaaeea, oa?on, iai?eeeaae: “Eieaoeeaa
eeaaeea ia aieia?, i?ee?eoa aeiaaeie e?ioeyie oiiei? iai?oee” (“ss,
Aiaaeai”, 209).

O O ?icae?e? – “Noee?noe/ia aeei?enoaiiy o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii? eaeneee
a oe?a?inueeiio ?noi?e/iiio ?iiai? ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy” –
aiae?cothoueny iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee c?
noee?noe/iith iaoith.

A?ae/oooy aiioe a ooaeiaeiuei-?noi?e/iiio oai?? aeinyaa?oueny oe?ieei
aaaaeaiiyi canoa??ei? eaeneee, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ??ci? noi?iie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy ia?iaeo, iniaeeaino?
iiaooo oa cae/a?a a iienoaaiee /an.

I?iaiae?ciaaii i?eeiie aaaaeaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee a eaiao ooaeiaei?o
oai??a. Iae/ano?oa ienueiaiieee aaeathoueny aei oeoia/aiiy cia/aiue ne?a
o oaeno? /a?ac iai?yiee aai i?yiee iien i?aaeiaoa: “E Aiaaeai oaee
caeaa?eueoiai aeany ee?i. Oi aoea aaaeea aeoaeiyea, iaeiaaia c on?o
noi??i cae?cieie nioaeeaie, aoeeaia aino?ei coa’yi o?ea?aiieo a?iiciaeo
oei?a (“Ia/ A?ay”,40). ?ioei i?eeiiii, ui ni?ey? ?icoi?iith canoa??ei?
eaeneee, ? oeoia/aiiy ?? cia/aiiy a naiiio ?a/aii?: “Eiyaeiy ioneoue
n?noe ca no?e aeey cino?a – i?eaeai?ieo ae?iie ?iia?ao?eoe?” (“Io?ooa
aeey eiyaei?”, 404).

Iineeaiiy noee?noe/iiai aoaeoo aeinyaa?oueny aaaaeaiiyi canoa??eeo ne?a
o neiii?i?/i? ?yaee, aeei?enoaiiyi aioii?i??, aaaaoicia/iino? neiaa,
iiii?i??: “Aea?aiii ai?aa?ony… Ia i?i oai? aeeooy eaeaoueny, eiycth.
Eaeaoueny, aae ca iaoo e?ia ? ca iao? aeeaioe i?eeoea ia?aiiaa” (“Ai?a
Ia?oia”, 300); “sse?nue oea iacae/aei? aoee oao?-a?aa?aeieee” (“Ai?a
Ia?oia”, 24); “O?aa iaiaeiaeiaee ?io o iaia oa oeiia, ? /e ia iano?
n??aia oa??eue eiaeiiio” (“ss, Aiaaeai”, 304).

?icaeyaea?oueny o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaia eaeneea ye can?a oai?aiiy
eii?/iiai ? naoe?e/iiai aoaeoo, aiae?cothoueny iniiai? i?eeiie
naoe?e/iiai aeei?enoaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee a oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo
?iiaiao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy. Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?eeii?a
iiaii? naoe?e ? aeei?enoaiiy oea?eiaii-eieaeii? eaeneee. Iio?aieyth/e o
iacae/aeia neiaania ioi/aiiy, a?oa?/ia eaeneea ni?eeiaeany /eoa/ai ye
noee?noe/ii noi?iiiy ? noai?thaaea eii?/ia a?aaeaiiy: “Nayoee Ieeieath,
iiaeyiue ia ai?aiaeo!… ? ia oeo aeo?i?a aicc?eny, — aoiaey/e a ioioo
aa?eioa No?eaeae” (“Ia?aii?no”, 463).

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii? eaeneee, iaae?eaii? aaeeeei
noni?eueii cia/ouei ci?noii. “Neiai ?onueei? iene? iaae?aei ooo nai??
iiaoo?” (“Ai?a Ia?oia”,84).

Aeniiaee

1. O iia? ?noi?e/ii? i?ice a?aeaoaathoueny aaaeeea? oai?/? i?ioeane,
?acoeueoaoii yeeo ? aeoea?caoe?y ?ooo canoa??eeo ne?a. A?o??cie oa
?noi?ecie ??aeei aaeeaai? a iia?, yne?aa?, nai???aei?, eiio?anoi? ?ioei
caaaeueiiaaeeaaiei eaenaiai ? aiinyoue o oaeno iaaia aiioe?eia
iai?oaeaiiy.

2. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iaeaea 3 oeny/ iaeeieoeue o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii?
eaeneee aeicaieea aeae?eeoe iniiai? oaiaoe/i? a?oie a?oa?ci?a: eaenaie
ia iicia/aiiy iaca ethaeae, iiiyoue nii??aeiaiino? oa naiyoeoaa, /anoei
? i?aai?a ethaenueeiai o?ea, ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie /e ie?aieo ??
i?aai?a, iacae iaeyao, iacae oaa?ei oa ioao?a, /ania? oa aaia?ao?/i?
iiiyooy, eaenaie, iia’ycai? c a?enueeiaith ni?aaith. ?noi?ecie
a?aeia?aaeathoue noa?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
a?aeiineie, iiaoo, a?enueeia? ?aae??.

O iaaeao eiaeii? oaiaoe/ii? ?niothoue iaio?, o?nii iia’ycai? i?ae
niaith, eaeneei-naiaioe/i? a?oie. Aaaaoi aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeeieoeue ?
iaeii/anii /eaiaie ia iaei???, a e?eueeio eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo ia?aaeeai.

3. ?icaeyiooa canoa??ea eaeneea ??cia ca ?icaeoeii naiaioeee. Iaei?
eaenaie ?icoe?eee ??, ?io? — caoceee.

Cana?ae/ai? ??ci? iai?yiee aaiethoe?eieo i?ioean?a o ?icaeoeo naiaioeee.

4. O?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaia eaeneea aieiae?? cia/ieie iioaioe?eieie
noee?noe/ieie iiaeeeainoyie, ui ?aae?cothoueny o aca?iiae?? ?
ni?aa?aeianaiino? oeeo eaenai ?c caaaeueiiaaeeaaieie neiaaie ia
caoeiaiio, eaene/iiio oa ia?aciiio ??aiyo. A?oa?cie a ooaeiaeiueiio
oaeno? ia?aaoaathoue o a?eueo aeooaeuei?e noee?noe/i?e iiceoe??, i?ae
?noi?ecie oiio, ui ia oii? nai?o iaeo?aeueieo neiii?i?a ?o
iacae/aei?noue, aeni?aneai?noue caeathoueny ae?aci?oeie. Iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy oe??? a?oie eaeneee o ia?aiiniiio cia/aii? ? a nenoai?
o?ii?a i?aeneeth? ?o noee?noe/iee iioaioe?ae. A?oa?cie ? caniaii
noai?aiiy iaoaoeee, a oaeiae eii?/iiai ? naoe?e/iiai aoaeoo.

5. Ia any canoa??ea eaeneea, aeei?enoaia o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?noi?e/ieo
?iiaiao ?? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, aeinoia??ii ni?aa?aeiineoueny c
iienoaaiei ia??iaeii. Eaenaie aeaeiaae, eoye, ae?oaeeia, oaoe —
aiao?ii?cie.

6. C iiaeyaeo iioiaeaeaiiy aiae?ciaaia eaeneea noaiiaeoue niaith
ii?aeiaiiy ??cieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue. ?? iniiao neeaaeathoue
neia’yinuee? ca iioiaeaeaiiyi eaenaie, /anoeia yeeo aa?a ii/aoie c aiioe
ni?eueiineia’yinueei? iiaii? ?aeiino? (caianea, e?eioue), /anoeia
aeieeea ia aeania oe?a?inueeiio iiaiiio ??oio? ua a aiioo Ee?anueei?
?on? (eiaeoo, iiaaaeoe?), /anoeia — ii?iaeaeaiiy i?ci?oiai ia??iaeo
(n??ye, iai?oea). Na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaenai aaaaoi caiice/aiue,
iniaeeai c iieuenueei? oa oth?enueeeo iia.

Cia/ia e?euee?noue a?oa?ci?a noa?ineia’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy (?aoue,
io?ie).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. I?eeiie aaaaeaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee a eaiao
ooaeiaei?o oai??a. //“I?aaeaiiee a?o?a”. O?eieia?/i? iaoee. — ? ?. —
Oa?nii, 1998 — N. 31—37.

2. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. ?ieue ? i?noea o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaieo ne?a o
eaene/i?e nenoai? oe?a?inueei? iiae. // “I?aaeaiiee a?o?a”. O?eieia?/i?
iaoee. — ? ?. — Oa?nii, 1998. — N. 51—58.

3. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. Iniaeeaino? aaeeaaiiy canoa??ei? eaeneee a oai?ao
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a aeey iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. //
Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe. — Ee?a-Oa?nii,
1997. — N. 42—45.

4. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. O?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaia eaeneea oieueeei?o I?aaeiy
Oe?a?ie. // Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Canaeaiiy i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie: i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa
eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo” — Oa?nii, 1997. — N. 345—348.

5. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. A?oa?/ia eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy iaca nii??aeiaiino?
ye can?a oi?ioaaiiy iaioaeueiino? oe?a?ioe?a (ia iaoa??ae? oe?a?inueeeo
?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a). // Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee. — ? 2. — Oa?nii, 1998. — N.
145—147.

6. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. Oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e aiioe?eiiai iiaeaiiy
nooaeaio?a-o?eieia?a (ia iaoa??ae? o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaii? eaeneee
oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo ?iiai?a). // Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee. — ? 4. —
Oa?nii, 1998. — N. 142—145.

7. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. Canoa??ea eaeneea ye can?a noai?aiiy eiei?eoo aiioe
a ?noi?e/ieo oai?ao oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a. // Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae
? iia?aeiieaiue Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
Ee?a-Oa?nii, 1996. — N. 147—149.

8. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I., Aeoaeeianueea E. A. Canoa??ea eaeneea ye
aeaea?aei noee?noe/iiai caaaa/aiiy ooaeiaeiuei? iiae. // Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe. — Ee?a-Oa?nii, 1997. — N.
47—50.

9. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I., Ia?ai?eea A. ?. Aei i?iaeaie o?iiieia?/ii
ia?eiaaii? eaeneee o no/ani?e noee?noeoe?. // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe. — Ee?a-Oa?nii, 1997. — N. 43—46.

10. Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. O?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaia eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy
a?enueeiaeo ?aae?e (ia iaoa??ae? ?noi?e/ii? i?ice ae?oai? iieiaeie OO
noie?ooy). // A?niee Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O. A.
Oaa/aiea. — ? 5. — Eoaainuee, 1999,— N. 98—104.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. Naiaioeei-noee?noe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea o?iiieia?/ii
ia?eiaaii? eaeneee (ia iaoa??ae? oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? i?ice ae?oai?
iieiaeie OO noie?ooy) . — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa. —
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
Ee?a, 1999.

O ?iaio? cae?eniaii naiaioeei-noee?noe/iee aiae?c o?iiieia?/ii
ia?eiaaii? (canoa??ei?) eaeneee, cana?ae/aii? a oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?e/ieo
?iiaiao ae?oai? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy.

C’yniaai? ci?ie o naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaieo
iaeeieoeue. Cae?eniaii aiae?c naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a o na?aaeei?
oaiaoe/ieo a?oi ? aecia/aii niaoeeo?eo oa iai?yiee aaiethoe?eieo
i?ioean?a o naiaioeoe? canoa??eeo eaenai.

Aeae?eaii iniiai? naiaioe/i? a?oie a?oa?ci?a oa ?noi?eci?a. I?inoaaeaii
aeinoia??i?noue ni?aa?aeianaiiy aiae?ciaaieo ne?a c iienoaaiei
ia??iaeii. Aeyaeaii eaenaie-aiao?ii?cie.

Aeine?aeaeaii eiioaenooaeuei? iniaeeaino? eaene/ieo cia/aiue ?noi?eci?a
oa a?oa?ci?a, i?eeiie aaaaeaiiy ?o o oeaieio ooaeiaei?o oai??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?iiieia?/ii ia?eiaaia eaeneea, naiaioe/ia iiea,
eaenaia, naia, iiiai, ianeaia eaeneea, neiii?i?/iee ?yae.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aaeaeo/aiei A. I. Naiaioeei-noeeenoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea o?iiieiae/anee
ia?ee?iaaiiie eaeneee (ia iaoa?eaea oe?aeineie enoi?e/aneie i?icu
aoi?ie iieiaeiu OO noieaoey). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei. I. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
Eeaa, 1999.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy cia/eoaeueii aic?in eioa?an e yaiethoeeiiiui i?iaeaiai
?acaeoey ycuea, e iaoaiecio oniaa?oainoaiaaiey niiniaia eaene/aneie
iiieiaoeee, e i?iyaeaieth oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey neiaa e eaene/aneiai
oiiaea a oeaeii.

A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaii ianoi, ?ieue e cia/aiea onoa?aaoae eaeneee a
eaene/aneie nenoaia oe?aeineiai ycuea. Inaauaiu iniiaiua oai?aoe/aneea
aii?inu, eanathueany i?iaeaiu ycueiauo eciaiaiee eae iaeiie ec
oeaio?aeueiuo i?iaeai eeiaaenoeee. ?ane?uaaaony nouiinoue i?ioeanna
a?oaecaoeee eaene/aneeo aaeeieoe, i?e/eiu, eioi?ua i?eaiaeyo e
ia?aiauaieth aeoeaiie eaeneee ia ia?eoa?eth ycuea.

A ?acaeaea “No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea onoa?aaoeo neia”
nenoaiaoece?oaony o?iiieiae/anee ia?ee?iaaiiay eaeneea, ii?aaeaeythony
aa oaiaoe/aneea a?oiiu, onoaiaaeeaathony eciaiaiey a naiaioe/aneie
no?oeoo?a, inouanoaeyaony aiaeec naiaioe/aneeo naycae aioo?e
oaiaoe/aneeo a?oii, oa?aeoa?ecoaony niaoeeoeea e iai?aaeaiey
yaiethoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia a naiaioeea aiaeece?oaiuo eaenai.

Ia oe?ieii oaeoe/aneii iaoa?eaea ?anniao?eaathony oaeea naiaioe/aneea
a?oiiu eaene/aneeo a?oaeciia: eaeneea, iaicia/athuay ethaeae, iiiyoey
?iaenoaa, /anoe oaea, i?aaiu e aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea, iaeaaeaeo,
aeeaioiuo e ioeoe, oaiii?aeueiua e aaia?aoe/aneea iiiyoey, aiaiiua
?aaeee.

Naeaeaiu auaiaeu i oii, /oi aiaeece?oaiay eaeneea i?ioea aeeeoaeueiue e
neiaeiue iooue ?acaeoey. Aieueoay a?oiia yoie eaeneee ia?aoea a ?ac?yae
iiyoe/aneie, iioa?ya i?e yoii aieueooth /anoue naiaai iiieiaoeaiiai
cia/aiey.

O/eouaay iniaaiiinoe iaoa?eaea oe?aeineeo enoi?e/aneeo ?iiaiia aoi?ie
iieiaeiu OO noieaoey, auaeaeaiu oaeea naiaioe/aneea a?oiiu enoi?eciia:
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea enoi?eciu; enoi?eciu, io?aaeathuea
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey; enoi?eciu, eioi?ua iaicia/atho
aiaiiua ?aaeee, i?aaeiaou auoa.

Iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay eaeneea — aiaaoue iaoa?eae aeey enneaaeiaaiey
naiaioe/aneeo i?ioeannia ?acaeoey neia a oaniie nayce n oaeoi?aie
yeiiiie/aneie e iieeoe/aneie aeecie. Iaeaieaa /anoi oiio?aaeyaony
naiaioe/aneay a?oiia neia, eioi?ay iaicia/aao eeanniaoth no?oeoo?o
iauanoaa, nioeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea /aeiaaea a iai.

E nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie eaeneea ioianaiu oaeea naiaioe/aneea a?oiiu:
eaeneea, iaicia/athuay ?iae caiyoee ethaeae, ?acee/iua aeaeu iaeiaia,
iacaaiey aaeeieoe ecia?aiee, aeaiaaeiuo aaeeieoe, iacaaiey ia?iaeia,
enoi?eciu-oiiiieiu.

A ?acaeaea “Noeeenoe/aneia eniieueciaaiea o?iiieiae/anee ia?ee?iaaiiie
eaeneee a oe?aeineeo enoi?e/aneeo ?iiaiao aoi?ie iieiaeiu OO noieaoey”
?anniao?eaathony aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey onoa?aaoae eaeneee ni
noeeenoe/aneie oeaeueth.

Aiaeece?oaony onoa?aaoay eaeneea eae yeaiaio noeeecaoeee enoi?e/aneie
yiioe. ?anniio?aiu i?eaiu aaaaeaiey onoa?aaoae eaeneee a eaiao
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oneeaiea noeeenoe/aneiai yooaeoa aeinoeaaaony ca n/ao
aaaaeaiey onoa?aaoeo neia a neiiieie/aneea ?yaeu, eniieueciaaiey
aioiieiee, iieenaiee, iiiieiee.

Aiaeece?othony iniiaiua i?eaiu naoe?e/aneiai eniieueciaaiey onoa?aaoae
eaeneee.

A “Auaiaeao” noi?ioee?iaaiu iauea ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey
o?iiieiae/anee ia?ee?iaaiiie eaeneee, eniieuecoaiie a enoi?e/aneeo
?iiaiao oe?aeineeo ienaoaeae. A /anoiinoe ioia/aii, /oi ooieoeee
onoa?aaoeo neia a enneaaeoaiuo ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo oaenoao iiiaia?aiiu. N
eo iiiiuueth ienaoaee nicaeatho nioeeaeueiue, iaoeeiiaeueiue e
enoi?e/aneee eiei?eo yiioe. Eie iieuecothony eae niiniaii nicaeaiey
oi?aeanoaaiiiai, iiyoe/aneiai noeey.

Cia/eoaeueiia ianoi ioaaaeaii naiaioeei-noeeenoe/aneei i?aia?aciaaieyi
a?oae/aneie oea?eiaii-eieaeiie eaeneee, aeey eioi?ie oa?aeoa?iui
yaeyaony i?eai eiio?anoa.

A?oae/aneay eaeneea a oaniie acaeiinayce n ae?oaeie n?aaenoaaie nicaeaao
iaiiaoi?eiue ia?ac ycuea, eioi?ue neoaeeo iniiaie eaeeinoeey ienaoaeae.

N oi/ee c?aiey yoeiieiaee enneaaeoaiay eaeneea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
iauaaeeiaiea ?acee/iuo eaene/aneeo aaeeieoe.

Iniaaiiinoe enneaaeoaiiai iaoa?eaea iicaieeee naeaeaoue auaiaeu i oii,
/oi a ycuea enoi?e/aneie i?icu i?ienoiaeyo aaaeiua oai?/aneea i?ioeannu,
?acoeueoaoii eioi?uo yaeyaony aeoeaecaoeey aeaeaeaiey onoa?aaoeo neia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iiieiae/anee ia?ee?iaaiiay eaeneea, naiaioe/aneia
iiea, eaenaia, naia, iiiai, ianneaiay eaeneea, neiiieie/aneee ?yae.

SUMMARY

Hajduchenko G. M. Semantico-stylistic characteristica of the
chronologically maked words on the material of the Ukrainian historical
prose of the 2d half of the 20th century.

Thesis for seeking for scientific degree of candidate of Phylological
sciences, speciality 10.02.01 — the Ukrainian lanquage — National
Pedagogical University named after M. P. Drahomanov, Kiev, 1999/

The thesis contains semantico-stylistic analysis of the chronologically
marked (archaic) word registered in the historical novels of the 2d half
of the 20th century.

Changes in the semantic structure of the chronologically marked word
under analysis have been investigated. Semantic ties inside thematic
groups have been established and peculiarities and directions of the
evolutionary processes in the semantics of the archaic lexems have been
marked out.

Main semantic groups of archaisms and historisms have been emphasized.
Authentity of correlation of words under analysis and the period have
been investigated. Lexems — archaisms were discovered.

Contextual peculiarities of lexical meaning of historisms and archaisms
have been revealed.

Key-words: Chronologically marked words, semantic field, lexema, sema,
novel, passive vocabulary, synonymic group.

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