I?EEA?IAONUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? AANEEss NOAOAIEEA

Oiionye Ethaeieea Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 808.3-56

NAIAIOEEI-NEIOAENE*IA I?AAI?CAOe?ss ?A*AIUe

C AeOIEAENEAAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aoeaaithe I?ia
Aanee?aia, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ai?iaeainueea
Eaoa?eia A?eai??aia, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae
IAI Oe?a?ie

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe Ea?i?eianueea ?aaai?y Aiaoie??aia,
aeieoi?aio ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae, i.A?iieoey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “27” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.09.03.02 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e
I?eea?iaonueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea (284001,
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 57).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? I?eea?iaonueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aaneey Noaoaieea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “26” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.ss.Oeoe?anueea

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/ania e?iaa?noeea, yea aaa/a? a ?a/aii?
iniaeeao neioaene/io iaeeieoeth c aeanoeaith ?e aaaaoiieaiia?noth ?
aaaaoianiaeoi?noth, i?aaia noai?eoe oeiieia?th i?inoiai ?a/aiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi ia eeoa eiai no?oeoo?ieo ?en, aea e ci?noiaeo, aecia/eoe
i?noea i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai ?a/aiiy a a?aiaoe/i?e nenoai? iiae.

Ine?eueee ia iiia?aaei?o aoaiao ?icaeoeo neioaene/ii? iaoee aieiaia
oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue aea/aiith oi?ie ?a/aiiy, aeoeaii aea/aeanue eiai
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ia, no?oeoo?ia oneeaaeiai?noue, iia’ycaia c
iayai?noth iniaeeaeo oei?a neioaene/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae eiiiiiaioaie
i?aaeeeaoeaii? iaeeieoe?, oi o?aaeeoe?eii oneeaaeiaieie aeciaaaeenue
?a/aiiy, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeee no?yaei? ?yaee neiaioi?i,
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai? cai?ioe, caa?oaiiy oiui.

Aeaui ?ioo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th i?e?iaee i?inoiai oneeaaeiaiiai ?a/aiiy
ciaoiaeeii a aeine?aeaeaiiyo c naiaioe/iiai neioaeneno, aea cacia/aia
i?iaeaia aaaaea?oueny iaei??th c iaeaeooaeuei?oeo ? iia’yco?oueny, ia?o
ca ana, c ?ioi?iaoeaiei ci?noii ?a/aiiy.

A?aeiia?aeii aei no/aniiai oyaeaiiy i?i naiaioeeo ?a/aiue, aiae?c ?o
ci?noo ia?aaeaa/a? a?aooaaiiy ia eeoa aenie?oeeoii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aea e
?iie?oeeoii?, ine?eueee ?a/aiiy — oea ia i?inoa noia eaene/ieo ?
a?aiaoe/ieo cia/aiue ne?a, ui aoiaeyoue aei eiai neeaaeo, a ie?aia
naiaioeei-neioaene/ia e ?ioiiaoe?eia ?aei?noue.

Naiaioe/ia i?aai?caoe?y ?a/aiiy, cie?aia oi?iaeueii i?inoiai, a inoaii?
aeanyoe??//y aoea i?aaeiaoii iino?eii? oaaae e?iaa?no?a. Noaei
i/aaeaeiei, ui iacaa “i?inoa ?a/aiiy” cian?i ia icia/a? ni?aaaeiuei?
i?inoioe iniiaii? neioaene/ii? iaeeieoe?, ui i?inoa ?a/aiiy caeaoia
ae?aaeaoe neeaaeio aeoieo ? ca ci?noii iaaeeaeaoenue aei neeaaeiiai
?a/aiiy.

Caaaeueiiaeciaiei o iiaiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo?? ? iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui
?a/aiiy iae/ano?oa ? aneiao?e/iei ciaeii, a yeiio niinoa??aa?oueny
?ica?aei?noue i?ae ieaiii ae?aaeaiiy ? ieaiii ci?noo. Aei oaeeo
naiaioe/ii oneeaaeiaieo ?a/aiue iaeaaeaoue ? eiino?oeoe?? c
aeoieaeneaaie, eiiieaeniee iien yeeo ie i?iiiio?ii a iaoiio
aeine?aeaeaii?.

Oa?i?i “aeoieaenea” (a?ae eao. duplex -iiaea?eiee), cai?iiiiiaaiee
E.Ae.*aniieiaith, ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe caaaeueiii?eeiyoei. I?ioa inoaii?i
/anii iei ana /ano?oa iineoaiaothoueny iiaiciaaoe?. Cie?aia, o i?aoeyo
c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno eiai aeei?enoiao? ?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, a
oaeiae aaoi?e iin?aieea “Neioaenen no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae: I?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy” ?.?.Neeiueei, I.A.Aoeaaithe, I.O.Eiaeeyinueea. Ei?enoo?oueny
oeei oa?i?iii ? I.E.?aaieoeueea, i?ioa /ano?oa oae? aeaiaioe o no?oeoo??
?a/aiiy aiia iaceaa? ocaaaeueiaii — “neioaene/ieie eiiiiiaioaie c
iiaea?eiith i?e/eaiiith caeaaei?noth”. O.I.Niaaeaiei, O.?. Oeiio??aa,
I.I.Iaaeianueea, I.A.Nei?iaeyaeiaa, A.I.Cieioiaa oa ?io? eaae?o?eothoue
eiiiiiaio c iiaea?eiei neioaene/iei ca’yceii ye “i?aaeeeaoeaia
icia/aiiy”.

I?aaaea, oa?i?i “i?aaeeeaoeaia icia/aiiy” o iiaiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo??
aeei?enoiao?oueny ? a ?ioeo cia/aiiyo. Cie?aia, iei iaceaathoue /eai
?a/aiiy, ae?aaeaiee i?oaeiei i?aaeeeaoeaiei,ui ?io? a/ai? ca?aoiaothoue
aei ?iaiiiai neeaaeaiiai i?enoaeea, a oaeiae icia/aiiy, yea ii?yae c
ao?eaooeaiei cia/aiiyi i?noeoue o nia? iioaioe?eio i?aaeeeaoeai?noue.
I.I.Oaoiaoia iaceaaa “i?aaeeeaoeaieie” iniaeea? ??ciiaeaee icia/aiue ?
i?eeeaaeie, ui iathoue aeiaeaoeia? ianoaaeii? a?aeo?iee, I.I.Eaiei?ia —
aeooae?ciaaio a?aeie?aieaio i?eeeaaeeo. Aeei?enoaiiy oa?i?ia
“i?aaeeeaoeaia icia/aiiy” ni?e/eiy?oueny, ye aa/eii, aei ci?ooaaiiy
??cieo iiiyoue. *a?ac oa i?e aeine?aeaeaii? neioaene/ii? i?e?iaee
eiiiiiaioa c iiaea?eiith i?e/eaiiith caeaaei?noth iaaea?ii ia?aaaao
oa?i?io “aeoieaenea”.

A oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? ?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaaie (oeio ?ao??a
aeyae?ea aia?aae naaa caaeoiaia, c aeioeaieie i/eia (I.Eiaeeyinueea);
?aeo a caoiieaii? e ianoyi?, aanie ?icni?aaii? eiycue (A.-?.Aioiie/);
Noeoainueea iaoe oio?ea aa/eoe naith iaa?noeo ia?oao (I.Caa?aaaeueiee)
oiui) ia aoee iine?aeiaii ? ae/a?iii iienai?. O?aaiaioa?ii aea/aeenue
eeoa a?aiaoe/i? iniaeeaino? oaeeo no?oeoo?. I?ioa o o?aaeeoe?ei?e
nenoai? /eai?a ?a/aiiy eiiiiiaioe c iiaea?eiei neioaene/iei ca’yceii ia
ciaeoee iaeaaeiiai i?noey. Iaei? iiaiciaaoe? ?icaeyaeaee ?o na?aae
aieiaieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy, eaae?o?eoth/e ye “iiaea?ei? i?enoaeee”
(I.I.Oaoiaoia, ?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, I.?.Eaooa oa ?i.) aai ye “/anoeio
?iaiiiai neeaaeaiiai i?enoaeea c ?a/iaeie ca’yceaie” (I.I.I?oeianueeee,
A.A.A?eioaieiaa, I.TH.Oaaaeiaa, I.Ae.Iiiiia??a oa ?i.), ?io? — ye
iniaeeaee eiiiiiaio no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy (O.I. Niaaeaiei, I.E.?aaieoeueea,
E.Ae.*aniieiaa, I.N.Iiiia oa ?i.), o?ao? — cian?i iieiaee oeth i?iaeaio.
Oaeei /eiii, ieoaiiy i?i naiaioeei-neioaene/io i?aai?caoe?th ?a/aiue c
aeoieaeneaaie aei oeueiai /ano caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiei.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? i?aoe? ? eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?a/aiue c
aeoieaeneaaie, c’ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?,
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? e eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ?a/aiue c oeei
eiiiiiaioii.

Iaoa ?iaioe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1) iienaoe neioaene/io i?e?iaeo iiaea?eiiai ca’yceo oyae?iiy oa
naiaioe/i? a?aeiioaiiy, ii?iaeaeai? oeei ca’yceii;

2) c’ynoaaoe e?iaaaeueiee noaoon aeoieaeneaa;

3) cae?enieoe nenoaiaoecaoe?th oi?iaeueieo cania?a ae?aaeaiiy
aeoieaeneaa a oe?a?inuee?e iia?;

4) aeine?aeeoe naiaioe/io i?aai?caoe?th iaeiinoa’?eoieo oa
aeainoa’?eoieo eiino?oeoe?e c aeoieaeneaaie;

5) aeyaeoe e iienaoe naiaioe/i? oeie ae??ne?a, c yeeie niieo/athoueny
aeoieaeneae;

6) noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe naiaioe/i? oeie aeoieaenea?a ye i?aaeeeao?a
aoi?eiii? i?iiiceoe??;

7) aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? naiaioe/iiai ocaiaeaeaiiy i?iiiceoe?e, ui
oi?iothoue ci?no ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie;

8) c’ynoaaoe eiioi?eaoeai? iniaeeaino? ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaiei
eiiiiiaioii.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaee aiae?c cae?enithaaany
ia iniia? a?aooaaiiy a?aeiieo iieiaeaiue i?i ca’ycie iiae ? ieneaiiy,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oi?ie ? ci?noo iiaieo iaeeieoeue. Oa?aeoa?
aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaea aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo iaoiae?a: aaciina?aaeiueiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy, nenoaiiiai iieno, eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co, e?iaa?noe/iiai
aenia?eiaioo, iaoiaeo o?ainoi?iaoe?e oa e?iaainoaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
iiaieo iaeeieoeue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio
iiaiciaanoa? cae?eniaii eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie,
a?aoiaoth/e ?o no?oeoo?i?, naiaioe/i? oa eiioi?eaoeai? iniaeeaino?:
aecia/aii a?aiaoe/iee noaoon aeoieaeneaa ye ie?aiiai /eaia iiceoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy, nenoaiaoeciaaii oi?iaeuei? caniae ae?aaeaiiy
aeoieaeneaieo eiiiiiaio?a, ie?aneaii naiaioe/i? a?oie ae??ne?a, c yeeie
ii?aeio?oueny aeoieaeneaiee eiiiiiaio, aeacaii ia
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeai? iniaeeaino? ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o iiaeeaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue i?i
neioaene/io i?e?iaeo i?inoeo naiaioe/ii iaaeaiaioa?ieo ?a/aiue, i?i ?o
iie?i?aaeeeaoeai?noue oa iie?i?iiiceoeai?noue; a ie?aneaii? iiiyooy
aeoieaeneaa ye ie?aiiai eiiiiiaioa ?a/aiiy c iiaea?eiith i?e/eaiiith
neioaene/iith caeaaei?noth; o aecia/aii? ??ciiaeae?a neeueiiai ?
neaaeiai neioaene/iiai ca’yceo oyae?iiy, yeei iia’yco?oueny aeoieaenea o
?a/aii?; o anaa?/iiio ? eiiieaeniiio i?aeoiae? aei aiae?co ?a/aiue c
aeoieaeneaaie c o?aooaaiiyi ?o oi?iaeueieo, naiaioe/ieo ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny i?yiei ca’yceii
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy c i?aeoeeith aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o
oeie? oa aoc?. Aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aeiiiaiaiiy
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? oeiieia?? i?inoeo iaaeaiaioa?ieo ?a/aiue a
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? ?a/aiiyie c aeoieaeneaaie, aeey ooi/iaiiy
neioaene/ii? i?e?iaee aeoieaeneaa oa iiaea?eiiai neioaene/iiai ca’yceo —
oyae?iiy.

Oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiaee ? nai oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e c neioaeneno, i?e iaienaii?
iin?aiee?a oa ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a ? niaoenai?ia??a.

Iniaenoee aianie aeine?aeieea. On? aenia?eiaioaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy e
ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee c?iaeai? aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? naiino?eii.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaia a ?aieao ?aae?caoe?? iaoeiai?
i?ia?aie “Caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo iia ? i?aeoeea iiaii? ae?yeueiino?” oa
a ?one? iaoeiai? i?iaeaiaoeee eaoaae?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a —
“?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? iiae ia eaene/iiio oa a?aiaoe/iiio ??aiyo”.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee ?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaieie
eiiiiiaioaie, ae?a?ai? iaoiaeii nooe?eueiiai aeienoaaiiy c oai??a
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a O?O-OO no., c aeo?iae?a ? aacao oa caien?a
oniiai ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy (ea?oioaea neeaaea? 6000 i?eeeaae?a).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a oa eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
iiae I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.Noaoaieea. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy, a oaeiae i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aoee aeeeaaeai? ia
i?aeia?iaeieo oa anaoe?a?inueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
neioaeneno” (*a?i?aoe?, 1997); “Oe?a?inueea o?eieia?y: oeiee, iinoao?,
i?iaeaie” (aei 150-??//y canioaaiiy eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? neiaaniino?)
(Euea?a, 1998); “Oe?a?inueea iiaa: noai ? ia?niaeoeae” (Ee?a, 1999);
“Iaaeaaia?/i? ?aea? N.Niaeue-Noioeueeiai a eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe e aeoiaaiiy” (*a?i?aoe?, 1999), ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa nooaeaio?a *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1995-1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. I?iaeaiaoeeo aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeaii o 8
ioae?eaoe?yo, na?aae yeeo — 6 noaoae.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio oa o?ueio
iniiaieo ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny
iaoa ? caaaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy,
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneth?oueny iaoeiaa i?iaeaiaoeea naiaioe/ii
iaaeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy a e?iaa?noe/i?e e?oa?aoo??, ca’ycie aeena?oaoe??
c ?ioeie oaiaie oa i?iaeaiaie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ia i?aai?caoe?y
?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie” iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia iniaeeainoyo
aeaia?/iiai neioaene/iiai ca’yceo — oyae?iiy, yeei iia’yco?oueny
aeoieaenea c ?ioeie eiiiiiaioaie iiceoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy,
c’yniaothoueny e?iaaaeueiee noaoon aeoieaeneaa, eiai i?noea o nenoai?
/eai?a ?a/aiiy oa caniae eiai ae?aaeaiiy.

Aeo?aeiith iiceoe??th o ieoaiiyo o?aeooaaiiy neioaene/iiai ca’yceo ?
i?ioenoaaeaiiy neiainiieo/aiiy ? ?a/aiiy ye iaeeieoeue aeaio ??cieo
??ai?a — iaeiioi?eaoeaiiai ? eiioi?eaoeaiiai.

Ia oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio ??ai? ?a/aiiy iniiaiith iciaeith aeoieaeneaa
? eiai aeaia?/iee neioaene/iee ca’ycie: c iaeiiai aieo — c ?iaiai
(i?aeiaoii /e i?yiei ia’?eoiei iioe?thaa/ai), a c ae?oaiai — c
ae??neiaii-i?enoaeeii.

Oyae?iiy ye ie?aiee aeae iai?ene?aiiai ca’yceo ciaoiaeeoue nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o?eueee ia ??ai? ?a/aiiy ? ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny na?aae
??cieo oei?a i?ene?aiiai ca’yceo (ye-io: ocaiaeaeaiiy, ea?oaaiiy,
i?eeyaaiiy oiui), ine?eueee ia aeyaey? o neiainiieo/aii? nai?o
niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae.

Ia?aaoaath/e o aeaia?/i?e (aeaini?yiiaai?e) caeaaeiino? a?ae i?aeiaoa
(/e ia’?eoiiai iioe?thaa/a) ? a?ae ae??ne?aiiai i?enoaeea, “oyae?th/ee”
/eai i?ae eiiaeaino? a nia? aeanoeaino? aeaio /eai?a ?a/aiiy —
icia/aeueiiai oa ianoaaeiiiai iioe?thaa/?a: uiaei ?iai? a?i aeeiio?
oi?iaeueii ae?aaeaio ao?eaooeaio ooieoe?th, a uiaei ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea
— ianoaaeiio, ine?eueee o?nii iia’yco?oueny c iei ca ci?noii (oiio a
e?oa?aoo?? oeae /eai ?a/aiiy iaceaathoue “noi?uaiei”, “eiiaeainiaaiei”).
O eiiieaen? oe? ao?eaooeaii-ianoaaeiii-i?aaeeeaoeai? a?aeiioaiiy
oa?aeoa?i? aeey ca’yceo oyae?iiy.

Nooi?noue ? iacae/aei?noue ca’yceo oyae?iiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i
ia’?aeio? ia aeaa eiiiiiaioe, ye cae/aeii, a o?e, oiaoi ?aaoey?iee
a?ia?iee i?ae?yaeiee ca’ycie oneeaaeith?oueny o?ao?i, neioaene/ii
coiiaeaiei eiiiiiaioii, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaio ia?oeo. O oeueiio
“oneeaaeiaiiio i?ae?yaeiiio ca’yceo” (oeio “A?i neae?a + o ai?a?”; “Ie
canoaee ia/aeueieea + a ai?a?”) ae??neiai, iio?aieyth/e a iiceoe?th i?ae
neiaaie, ye? naiaioe/ii noeeuei? aei iioaioe?eiiai niieo/aiiy, ii/eia?
aeeiioaaoe “iina?aaeieoeueeo” ?ieue o cae?eniaii? oeueiai ca’yceo.

Ca?aooaaiiy iiaiicia/ieo ae??ne?a, ui aaeeaathoueny o eiino?oeoe?yo c
i?ei?aeiaoiaeie aeoieaeneaaie ? ? ?ioi?iaoeaii cia/eieie, aei eaoaai???
ca’ycie ia ? aei?aaaeaiei. Ooo iiaeia aiai?eoe o?eueee i?i ca’yceiao
ooieoe?th oeeo ae??ne?a, oei/aniao ? coiiaeaio neioaene/ii. Ine?eueee
aeoieaeneae a eiioi?eaoeai?e ?aae?caoe?? ?a/aiiy aeyaeythoueny
aeooae?ciaaieie eiiiiiaioaie, oi naia aiie ianooue iniiaia naiaioe/ia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ? i?ae “a?aenoaathoue” ia caaei?e ieai
ae??neiai-i?enoaeie. I?ioa oaa?aeeoe, ui ca oeeo oiia ae??neiaa
aeanaiaioecothoueny, iaia? i?aenoaa. Aiie o?eueee aeaui iineaaeththoue
nai? cia/aiiy, ine?eueee ca oiiae aeooae?caoe?? naia aeoieaenea i?noeoue
o nia? “iaeneioi iciaee”, ui noino?oueny noa’?eoa /e ia’?eoa.

Aeoiaey/e c aaeaioieo aeanoeainoae ae??ne?a-i?enoaee?a, ?ic??ciythoueny
iae?aaoi?i? oa oaeoeueoaoeai? eiiiiiaioe o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy, ia?o? c
yeeo coiiaeai? aaeaioii, ?io? — i?.

Ae??neiaa c iae?aaoi?iith aaeaioi?noth naiaioe/ii iaaeinoaoi? ?
iio?aaothoue aeiiiaiaiiy naiai ci?noo caeaaeieie neiaioi?iaie, aaeeaaiiy
yeeo ? iaia’yceiaei, a ae??neiaa c oaeoeueoaoeaiith aaeaioi?noth
iiaeooue aaeeaaoeny ? aac iioe?thaa/?a, caa??aath/e a?aeiinio
?ioi?iaoeaio caaa?oai?noue.

A?aoiaoth/e iae?aaoi?i?noue / oaeoeueoaoeai?noue aeoieaeneaa ia
no?oeoo?iiio ??ai?, i?iiiio?ii ?ic??ciyoe neeueia ? neaaea oyae?iiy,
a?aeiia?aeii aei o?aaeeoe?eiiai iiae?eo neioaene/ieo ca’yce?a ia neeuei?
oa neaae? (aeoiaey/e c oaeeo iiiyoue, ye ia?aaeaa/oaai?noue /
iaia?aaeaa/oaai?noue, iaia’yceia?noue / iaiaia’yceia?noue, ?aaoey?i?noue
/ ia?aaoey?i?noue oiui).

Aeoieaeneae, ye? ? iaia’yceiaeie eiiiiiaioaie o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy,
iia’ycai? neeueiei oyae?iiyi (ye-io: Nei caaany Oiaei? ? aoa i?e
aeiai??ao (I.Eiaeeyinueea); -Oiio ae ia?u?e ia?aeee ?? aieiaea?eith
na?oo? (I.Caa?aaaeueiee)), ?, iaaiaee, aeoieaeneae, oaeoeueoaoeai? a
no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy, iia’ycothoueny neaaeei oyae?iiyi (?o aaeeaaiiy a
?a/aii? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c eiioi?eaoeaiei caaaeaiiyi iiaoey),
iai?.: Aao Ieoaeei eaaeeoue a “non?aei?i” e?n? cano??eaiee; E?eueea
oaeeue i?ci?oa aei?iaaaeea ?? ?aii?ea iai?ac?ie?eo ia ei?eaei? (C oa.
I.Eiaeeyinueei?).

Iaeii/ania caeaaei?noue aeoieaeneaa a?ae aeaio /eai?a ?a/aiiy — i?aeiaoa
? i?enoaeea /e ia’?eoa oa i?enoaeea — ae??ciy? eiai a nenoai? aieiaieo
oa ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei iinoa? i?iaeaia
noaoono oeueiai eiiiiiaioa. “Oyae?th/ee /eai” ia i?aeaea?oueny
iaeiicia/i?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ye aieiaiee /e iioe?thth/ee /eai ?a/aiiy,
ine?eueee iei ae?aaeathoueny ??ci? naiaioe/i? a?aeiioaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? eiiiiiaio?a c iiaea?eiei
neioaene/iei ca’yceii — oyae?iiyi, ui ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o?eueee ia ??ai? ?a/aiiy, a oaeiae i?aaeeeaoeaii-ao?eaooeaio,
i?aaeeeaoeaii-ianoaaeiio /e i?aaeeeaoeaii-ia’?eoio ooieoe?th
aeoieaenea?a, ie noeey?iinue aei aeoiee, ui iiae?ai? eiiiiiaioe ne?ae
ae??ciyoe ie?aii o o?aaeeoe?ei?e nenoai? /eai?a ?a/aiiy ? ?icaeyaeaoe
ye naiino?ei? eiiiiiaioe no?oeoo?e ?a/aiiy, ui caeiathoue i?ii?aeia
i?noea a nenoai? aieiaieo oa iioe?thth/eo /eai?a ?a/aiiy, ?ic??ciyth/e
i?e oeueiio i?ei?aeiaoia? (i?enoa’?eoi?) oa i?eaeiaeaoeia? (i?eia’?eoi?)
aeoieaeneae.

Iaeoeiia?oith oi?iith ae?aaeaiiy i?ei?aeiaoiaiai aeoieaeneaa ? i?oaeiee
i?aaeeeaoeaiee (ye aae’?eoeaieo, oae ? noanoaioeaieo oi?i — 20%). E??i
i?oaeiiai a?aei?iea, caniaaie ae?aaeaiiy i?ei?aeiaoiaiai aeoieaeneaa ?
oae? noanoaioeai? iiaeae?: N1, “aac + N2”, “ca + N4, “i?ae + N4”, “c +
N5”, “o(a) + N6”. C??aeea o?aieythoueny o ?ie? aeoieaeneaa ?
i?ene?aieee (0, 02%). Ao?eaooeai? oi?ie i?aaenoaaeai? oaeeie iiaeaeyie:
Adj1, Pron1, Part1; Adj5, Pron5, Part5.

I?eia’?eoiee aeoieaenea ae?aaea?oueny iae/ano?oa i?oaeiei
iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiei a?aei?ieii (60%). Iaio iioe?ai? oae? iiaeae?:
Adj4, Part4, Pron4; “ca + Adj4 (Part4)”; N4; “aac + N2”, “ia + N4”, “ca
+ N4; “c + N5” “o(a) + N6”, “ia + N6”. I?ene?aieee o ?ie? i?eia’?eoiiai
aeoieaeneaa — yaeua ??aee?nia.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Naiaioe/ia i?aai?caoe?y ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie”
iiaeaii aeaoaeueiee iien naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue ia
i?iiiceoeaiiio ??ai?. I?e ?iciaaeoaaii? aeoieaeneaieo eiino?oeoe?e ia
iaeiinoa’?eoi? oa aeainoa’?eoi?, a aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaii
eeaneo?eaoe?th ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo i?iiiceoe?e; ?icaeyiooi naiaioe/i?
a?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?iiiceoe?yie, iiaeeeaino? niieo/oaaiino? i?iiiceoe?e,
coiiaeaieo naiaioeeith i?aaeeeaoa.

Oi?iaeueii i?inoa ?a/aiiy, ui i?noeoue o nai?io neeaae? aeoieaenea, ?
aneiao?e/iei ciaeii, o yeiio niinoa??aa?oueny ?ica?aei?noue i?ae ieaiii
ae?aaeaiiy ? ieaiii ci?noo: iiiii?aaeeeaoeaia ?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaii
ae?aaea? oaeee ci?no, yeee ni?aa?aeiineoueny c? ci?noii neeaaeiiai
?a/aiiy.

Ii?yae c aieiaiith, aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiith i?iiiceoe??th o ?a/aiiyo c
aeoieaeneaaie niinoa??aa?oueny ? ae?oaa, cai?iooa i?iiiceoe?y, i?aaeeeao
yei? ia ia? i?enoaeeiaiai ae?aaeaiiy. Iaeiae aeoieaeneaiee eiiiiiaio, ui
?ai?acaioo? cai?iooo i?iiiceoe?th, iiaea aooe aenie?eiaaiee o no?oeoo?o
i?aaeeeaoeaio oeyoii ia?aoai?aiiy aeaiiai ?a/aiiy o ?a/aiiy ?ioi?
neioaene/ii? aoaeiae, ui ia? oie naiee ci?no. Ii?.: Noaoeo ciaeoee
eaaeaa oaieo (?.A?eueaea) // Eiee Noaoeo ciaeoee, aiia aoea eaaeaa oaiea
//Noaoeo ciaeoee, ? aoea aiia eaaeaa oaiea // Noaoeo ciaeoee, eaaeaa
oaiea aiia aoea.

?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaaie noaiiaeyoue eiioai?iiaai? ae?ace, ui ooai?eeenue
aiane?aeie no?auaiiy yaea?ieo no?oeoo?: Niieo/aiiy aaciaeo ?
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeoaio?a o iiaea?ei? aeoaioe, a aaciaeo ? “cai?iaieo”
?a/aiue o eiioai?iiaai? i?aaeeeaoeai? ae?ace a?aeaoaa?oueny o
eiino?oeoe?yo c aeoieaeneaaie ii-??ciiio. *?oei ?iciaaeiaothoueny aeaa
oeie eiino?oeoe?e c aeoieaeneaaie: iaeiinoa’?eoi? oa aeainoa’?eoi?,
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee yeeo ??ciyoueny i?ae niaith. Ii?.:
“Ae?a/eia (S) iiaa?ioeany uaneeaith” ? “Nei (S1) oyaeya iao?? (S2)
uaneeaith”.

O ia?oiio ?a/aii? niinoa??aa?ii noa’?eoio eiioai?iaoe?th: iaeaeaa
i?aaeeeaoe (aaciaee ? aoi?eiiee) oa?aeoa?ecothoue ni?eueiee noa’?eo,
i?aaenoaaeaiee neioaenaiith ae?a/eia: “Ae?a/eia iiaa?ioeany” ? “Ae?a/eia
aoea uaneeaa”. Neeaaei?o? ia?aoai?aiiy ia?ii o ae?oaiio ?a/aii?:
?acoeueoaoeaiei ?a/aiiyi ? aeainoa’?eoia eiino?oeoe?y, a ye?e aaciaee ?
aoi?eiiee i?aaeeeaoe aaeeo? i?e ??cieo noa’?eoao: “Nei (S1) oyaeya
iao??” ? “Iaoe (S2) aoea uaneeaa”.

I?iiiceoeaio no?oeoo?o aeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy i?eeiyoi iiaeaethaaoe ye
ae?ac, oeaio?aeueiei eiiiiiaioii yeiai ? i?aaeeeao.

Ca oeiii ae?yeueiino?, yea aeeiio?oueny noa’?eoii-aaainii, i?iiiceoe??
iaeiinoa’?eoieo aeoieaeneaieo eiino?oeoe?e iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia oae?
a?oie:

1) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi ?ooo: ?oia y ni?aaeee ni?aaith ionoaeue
(E.Einoaiei);

2) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi eiie?aoii? o?ce/ii? ae??: Iiiae? iieioea
naiee oe?eee aeaiue iaan (I.Eiaeeyinueea);

3) c i?aaeeeaoaie, ui icia/athoue ae?iaie/o /e i?ioan?eio
ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie: Aioii neoaeea iena?ai eieenue (A.Othothiiee);

4) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi iiaeaiiy, ieneaiiy: -?i?oaoe?y? –
ne?eeoth iai?eoiiia (?.A?eueaea);

5) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “ni?eeiaiiy”: Eieueei ia?oee iiaa/ea
oaoa (A.Othothiiee);

6) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c caaaeueiei cia/aiiyi noaio: a) iieiaeaiiy
noa’?eoa o i?inoi??: Oae iae ?aieo oe?eo aeieio A?i i?ineae?a a naiioei?
(Eany Oe?a?iea); a) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi ia?aoiaeo c iaeiiai
noaio a ?ioee: Ii/aie i?ieeaeathnue a eeoiiaioe? (I.?aanthe);

7) c i?aaeeeaoaie, ui iicia/athoue i?ioeane aeeooy, ?inoo, aeoiaaiiy,
nia?o?: Iaoe ae i?iaeeea iaeeia/eith nai? c?oeaia c aoaei?a aeeooy
(I.Aii/a?); ? iiia?ea a a?ecio? aiia iieiaeith (Ae.Iaaee/ei);

8) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “iaceaaiiy”, “?aeaioeo?eaoe??”: Ia
a?aeia oe aei/eith e?na caaoenue (Eany Oe?a?iea).

O aeainoa’?eoieo aeoieaeneaieo eiino?oeoe?yo ooieoe?th iniiaiiai
i?aaeeeaoa aeeiiothoue ia?ao?aei? ae??neiaa, caeaa?eueoiai
aeoe?iiaeuei?, c a?aee?eoith aaeaioiith iiceoe??th aeey noa’?eoa —
aeoeaiiai aeeiioaa/a ae??, yeiio i?ioenoaaey?oueny ae?oaee o/aniee
iiae?? — ia’?eo, noanoaioe?y, ui i?aeaea?oueny ae?? c aieo aeoeaiiai
noa’?eoa.

Ia?oo i?iiiceoe?th aeainoa’?eoieo eiino?oeoe?e oi?iothoue noa’?eo (ia
a?aiaoe/iiio ??ai? — i?aeiao), i?aaeeeao (ae??neiai-i?enoaeie) ? ia’?eo
(i?yiee ia’?eoiee iioe?thaa/). Oe? i?iiiceoe?? aeiaeaoeiai oneeaaeiai?
eaocaoe??th (cia/aiiyi, iia’ycaiei ?c naiaioeeith eaociaaiiai aieeao ia
ia’?eo) /e aaoi?ecaoe??th (cia/aiiyi, iia’ycaiei c naiaioeeith
ni?eeiaiiy ia’?eoa noa’?eoii). I?iiiceoe??, oneeaaeiai? eaocaoe??th,
i?aaenoaaeai? oaeeie oeiaie:

1) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi ia?ai?uaiiy ? ci?ie iieiaeaiiy a
i?inoi??: ss i?ea?c oaaa a oea?noai nai? ia /oaeith
(I.A?ia?aiianueeee);

2) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “ia?aaea/?”, “a?aeaea/?”: A?aeaeae iaia
o aa?aci?, A?aeaeae iaia iaoi?eaiei, A?aeaeae — oea?oa ieaaeaeue
(?.Ae?a/);

3) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “noai?aiiy” ia’?eoa: Aia noai?ea
ethaeeio aeia?ith (?.?aaie/oe);

4) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “cieuaiiy”: ?aaia, iaaooue, aaeee
niiiiai (I.Noaeueiao);

5) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “caoi?iiaiiy”: ? ca?ethoue ?? aeeaith, ?
nieoathoue, ca yeee a??o aiia aoea aaeoa (I.Caa?aaaeueiee);

6) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “?iceoee”: …I?iaa/ iai?, ui oyaeei
caaeiea, — eeoea oaaa ia noa??noue iaeeiieo (I.Eoe?a);

7) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “ia?aoai?aiiy”: Iiaa ?iaeoue ethaeeio
iacaeieaiiith a iiooeao ?noeie (?.Aeoiaaiaoeue);

8) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “caa??aaiiy”: ss caa?aaeo oea ieaooy
oaeei iiaei ? nayoeiaei ? iaae?io eiai i?e iao?e cono??/?…
(?.A?eueaea);

9) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “i?ecia/aiiy ia iinaaeo” /e
“nioe?aeueiiai noaoono”: Oia/eoo iaa?oue aenoioee eaa?oaeueiith
(I.Aii/a?);

10) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “niiaeeaaiiy ?ae?”: Ianeo aeiaiaeeeinue
?noe ianay/aio (I.Aeiaaeaiei).

Oneeaaeiai? aaoi?ecaoe??th i?iiiceoe?? iiae?eythoueny ia:

1) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “ni?eeiaiiy”: ?
?icaoaeai?noue, ?aae?noue ? iea/, eiee iiaa/eoue eiai aeea?n?iueeiai ?
iaooeiaeaeaiiai (A.Oa?anthe);

2) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “aeyaeaiiy”: Iaio canoaa
[A?iiei] c?aiooo iaae noieii i?e a?ei? (?.A?eueaea);

3) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “ieneaiiy, oyaeaiiy,
ciaiiy”: Aeeaey/enue ia ciioaia o?ei noa?a/a, aaaeei ?eueoe? iaa?oue
oyaeoe eiai iieiaeei (I.Aii/a?);

4) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “aieiae?iiy”: Ethaee oi/ooue
eiaeai aeaiue iaoe ia noie? oe?a na?aeei (C aac.);

5) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “noaaeaiiy noa’?eoa aei
ia’?eoa: Noeoai iiethaea ?? oaeo — oy?ieaio, iiieaeaio, i?eai?/aio
(I.Caa?aaaeueiee);

6) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi aaoi?eciaaii? ioe?iee: ss
aaaaeaa oaaa ca naiai iaea?eueoiai ai?iaa (?.O?aiei);

7) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “iaceaaiiy”: Ca ui, ia
ciath, iaceaathoue oaoeio a aa? oeoei ?a?i (O.Oaa/aiei);

8) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “/aeaiiy”: Oaiiiieei
/oaeaniei ainoai y /aeaea oaaa c aei??a (E.Einoaiei);

9) i?iiiceoe?? c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi “cono??/?”: Aaneeue no??a
eiei aeai?o ia iaaaee/eiio aiceo ae?a/eio c caeooaiith aieiaith (Ia?ei
Aia/ie).

Ae?oaa i?iiiceoe?y o eiino?oeoe?yo c aeoieaeneaaie ia? iai?aaeeeaoeaia
ioi?ieaiiy, ? aeiaeaoeiaith (“cai?iooith”) ? caeia? a ?a/aii? caeaaeio
iiceoe?th, i?aeii?yaeeiaoth/enue ia?o?e i?iiiceoe??.

Aeoieaenea iaeaaeeoue aei aoi?eiieo i?aaeeeao?a, ui iathoue ianeaio
?aae?caoe?th, ii?oieia?/ii ae?aaeath/enue noanoaioeaieie /e
aae’?eoeaieie oi?iaie, oiio eiai iiaeia aaaaeaoe i?aaeeeaoii “noaio”
(ca eeaneo?eaoe??th ?.?.Aeoiaaioey) /e “yeino?” (ca oa?i?iieia??th O.A.
Aoeea?ii?).

Ca naiaioeeith “aoi?eiiiai” (“aeoieaeneaiiai”) i?aaeeeaoa iiaeia
aeae?eeoe o?noue oei?a ae?oai? i?iiiceoe??, ui ii?aeiothoueny c
ae??ne?aieie i?aaeeeaoaie ye iaeiinoa’?eoieo, oae ? aeainoa’?eoieo
eiino?oeoe?e:

1) ?c cia/aiiyi ciai?oiuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee noa’?eoa: ss eaaeo c
caiethuaieie i/eia(A.Othothiiee); Aeeoeio o?e/? i?iiineee aieith /a?ac
?ic??c, c?iaeaiee a aeeaiio aea?aa? (A.Iaeia?e);

2) ?c cia/aiiyi aioo??oiuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee: AEeaa aiia a iaia
aanaeaiueea nia? (Ia?ei Aia/ie); ss caaaeaee ciaa Ieueao ne?iiiith ?
iia/aciith (?.A?eueaea);

3) ?c cia/aiiyi eaae?o?eaoe??: Oe ae??n cei/eioeai (I.Caa?aaaeueieee);
Ethae oaanue a o?i e?ath ionea ociaaaoue eiai ca iaia (Eany Oe?a?iea);

4) c i?aaeeeaoaie, ui aeacothoue ia a?eiaee noaoon noa’?eoa: ? iiia?ea
a a?ecio? aiia iieiaeith, caeeoeany iacaaaeaee aac iaoa?? y
(Ae.Iaaee/ei); Iaia aeaacaii ca?aeoe aeeoeiith (I.Caa?aaaeueiee);

5) c i?aaeeeaoaie c eaaioeoaoeaiei cia/aiiyi: Oi/o eaaeaoe a noaio a
oaieo i?/ iaeia … (I.Aeiaaeaiei); Ieany iiianee inoaii?i
(A.I?aeiiaeeueiee);

6) c i?aaeeeaoaie ?c cia/aiiyi aeania noaio: a) o?ce/iiai noaio
noa’?eoa: Eyaaea iieiaeue o o?oio aeeaa… (Eany Oe?a?iea); Ie /anoi
aa/eee aaoueea i’yiei (I.Aeiaaeaiei); a) ineo?/iiai noaio noa’?eoa:
Ciaaaaeaiee, iie?eaaeaeaiee eaaeaa y… (A.E?einueeee); Noeoai aie?a
aa/eoe ?? [Oo??ai] ?icaanaeaiith, ?icni?yiith, aacoo?aioiith,
aacaeo?iith (I.Caa?aaaeueiee).

?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaaie ? naiaioe/ii iaaeaiaioa?ieie ia o?eueee oiio, ui
i?noyoue aea? i?iiiceoe??, aea ua e oiio, ui a eiai ci?no? iayai? iaai?
eia?ei-naiaioe/i? a?aeiioaiiy, ye? iia’ycothoue oe? i?iiiceoe?? ?
oi?iothoue o?aoth i?iiiceoe?th.

Iaea?eueo /anoioiei oeiii a?aeiioaiue i?ae ia?oith ? ae?oaith
i?iiiceoe?yie o ?a/aiiyo c aeoieaeneaaie ? a?aeiioaiiy iaeii/aniino?
iiae?e, ye-io: Ciiy neaeeoue ca noieii aei?yieaia, ciai? niie?eia
(?.A?eueaea); Ae?icaee eethaaee ai?iaeio na?aeith (E.Ia??aeiee).

E??i /aniaeo, ?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaaie iiaeooue ia?aaeaaaoe oaeiae
a?aeiioaiiy coiiaeaiino?-iane?aeeo (oiiaii-iane?aeeia?, oiiai?,
i?e/eiiai-iane?aeeia?), aeiionoia?, oe?eueia?, c’ynoaaeuei? oa
eaae?o?eaoeai?. Iai?eeeaae: Oaeith a?i i?a ethaeoe Noaoeo (?.A?eueaea);
Oai?iaa c?iaeea eiai no?aoiei (?.O?aiei); Neueice Ia?eie caeeoaee eiai
aaeaeoaeei (I.Ie?iee); Ethaee cei aaaaeathoue aace?ia/iei
(I.Caa?aaaeueiee).

Nieneia? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?iiiceoe?yie, ui neeaaeathoue caaaeueiee
?ioi?iaoeaiee ci?no ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie, aeieeathoue ia iniia?
naiaioeee ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea (i?aaeeeaoa ia?oi? i?iiiceoe??).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Eiioi?eaoeai? iniaeeaino? ?a/aiue c
aeoieaeneaaie” c’yniaaii iniaeeaino? iiaeaeueiiai ieaio,
noa?aeoa?eciaaii ?aoa?aioi? aeanoeaino? aeoaio?a, aeine?aeaeaii
aeooaeueia /eaioaaiiy oa oiiae, ca yeeo aeoieaenea iiaea
a?aeie?aiethaaoenue o ?a/aii?.

Aei iniaeeainoae aeoieaeneaieo eiino?oeoe?e ia eiioi?eaoeaiiio ??ai?
ne?ae ca?aooaaoe ia?aaeon?i niin?a aeeth/aiiy i?iiiceoe?e, ui
neeaaeathoue ?o ci?no, o iiaeaeueio ?aieo ?a/aiiy: aea? aca?iiae?th/?
i?iiiceoe?? o iiaeaeueiiio ieai? aenooiathoue ye iaeia oe?ea, aiie
“iaiecothoueny” ia iaeio ni?eueio iiaeaeueii-/aniao a?nue.

Aiae?c ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie na?ae/eoue i?i oaiaeaioe?th noa’?eoa
(i?aeiaoa iaeiinoa’?eoieo ? aeainoa’?eoieo iiaeaeae) ae?aaeaoeny ?iaiai
c? noaoonii ?aoa?aioii? icia/aiino?.

Iiaeeeaino? aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy o aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?yo
iaiaaeai? ? aecia/ai? cacaeaeaa?aeue naiaioeei-neioaene/iith no?oeoo?ith
?a/aiiy.

Niaoeeo?ea aeooaeueiiai /eaioaaiiy ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie iieyaa? a
oiio, ui ?aiith a ieo caeaa?eueoiai aenooia? aeoieaenea. A?i ioi?iey?
noi?ia?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iciaeo a?aiaoe/iiai i?aaeiaoa, ia?aaea?
iia?aeiieaiiy i?i noai noa’?eoa /e ia’?eoa, yeee noi?iaiaeeoue ae?th
(oeei aeoieaenea a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e,
ui oaeiae i?noyoue cai?iooo i?aaeeeaoe?th, i?ioa ae?aaeathoue ia
noi?ia?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th, a aeiaeaoeiao). Aeoieaenea iae/ano?oa
noaiiaeoue iaoo aeneiaeaiiy, eiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiee oeaio?. O oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee aeoieaenea aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo oaie, aeneiaeaiiy ia?
aeni?aneaiee oa?aeoa? ? aeeiio? ?ioa, ia i?yia eiioi?eaoeaia
caaaeaiiy.

Caeaoi?noue aeoieaenea?a a?aeie?aiethaaoeny ia?aaeon?i caeaaeeoue a?ae
oiai, iane?eueee ae??neiai-i?enoaeie caeaoia naiino?eii aeeiioaaoe naith
ooieoe?th: /ei ae?aci?oa eaene/ia cia/aiiy ae??neiaa, oei a?eueoa
iiaeeea?noue a?aeie?aieaiiy aeoieaeneaa.

Oiiae, ui ni?eythoue a?aeie?aieaiith aeoieaenea?a, a iniiaiiio o? ae
nai?, ui e i?e a?aeie?aieaii? aoaeue-yeeo ?ioeo /eai?a ?a/aiiy.
Iaea?eueoo noeeuei?noue aei a?aeie?aieaiiy ia? aeoieaenea,
iinoiiceoeaiee uiaei i?enoaeea ? a?aeiaaeiaaiee a?ae iueiai ?ioeie
/eaiaie ?a/aiiy. Iai?.: Iaeiieiaeoee A?aieoeueeee iiia? iaaei,
iaiae?oaeaiei ? aacae?oiei (O.Ao?eaea); A?i [A?eoeueei Iiiaia??oiee]
eaaeeoue ia aaeeeiio aea?aa’yiiio e?aeeia?, ?icaeyaiooee, iae?eoee
aiaiyiith eiaae?ith /e ee?e?th (?.Aaa?yiee).

A?aeie?aieaiiy aeoieaenea?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ia eeoa naiino?ei?noue
ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea, aea e aeoieaeneaa, ui ia? cia/aiiy aoi?eiiiai
noa’?eoiiai oa ia’?eoiiai i?aaeeeaoeaa. A?aeie?aieai? aeoieaeneae ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe ye ie?aiee ??ciiaeae iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e.

O aeniiaeao oi?ioeththoueny oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy naiaioeei-neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie.

Aeiaeaoee i?noyoue 7 oaaeeoeue c? noaoenoe/ieie i?ae?aooieaie uiaei
iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie a no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Aeniiaee

1. Aiae?c oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie o
ca’yceo c ?o aeania-naiaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith iieaco?, ui aeoieaenea —
oea ie?aiee iai?ene?aiee iioe?thaa/ ?a/aiiy, ui caeaaeeoue iaeii/anii
a?ae ?iai? (i?aeiaoa /e i?yiiai ia’?eoiiai iioe?thaa/a) e ae??neiaa
(i?enoaeea) ? iia’ycaiee c ieie aeaia?/iei neioaene/iei ca’yceii —
oyae?iiyi.

?a/aiiy c iaeiei a?aiaoe/iei oeaio?ii, ui i?noyoue o nai?io neeaae?
aeoieaenea, iathoue aneiao?e/io no?oeoo?o: aiie ae?aaeathoue aeae?eueea
neooaoe?e ? ca ci?noii aei??aiththoue neeaaeiei ?a/aiiyi.

2. ?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaii — iniaeeaee ??ciiaeae oi?iaeueii i?inoeo,
naiaioe/ii iaaeaiaioa?ieo no?oeoo?, ui caeiathoue a neioaene/i?e nenoai?
oe?a?inueei? iiae iii?oia i?noea ii?yae c ?a/aiiyie c aeaoa?i?iaioieie
/eaiaie oa aeayeeie ?ioeie /eaiaie ?a/aiiy, iaae?eaieie iioaioe?eiith
i?aaeeeaoeai?noth.

3. A?aoiaoth/e no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? eiiiiiaio?a c
aeaini?yiiaaiei neioaene/iei ca’yceii — oyae?iiyi, a oaeiae ?o
i?aaeeeaoeaii-ao?eaooeaio, i?aaeeeaoeaii-ia’?eoio /e
i?aaeeeaoeaii-ianoaaeiio ooieoe?th a ?a/aii?, aaaaea?ii, ui iiae?ai?
eiiiiiaioe aa?oi ae??ciyoe ie?aii o nenoai? /eai?a ?a/aiiy ? ?icaeyaeaoe
?o ye i?ii?aeio eaieo i?ae aieiaieie oa ae?oai?yaeieie /eaiaie ?a/aiiy.
Aeoieaeneai? eiiiiiaioe iiae?eythoueny ia i?ei?aeiaoia? (i?enoa’?eoi?)
oa i?eaeiaeaoeia? (i?eia’?eoi?) ia oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio oa
naiaioeei-neioaene/iiio ??aiyo.

4. Iniaeea?noth naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie ? oa, ui
aiie iiaeooue aooe o?eeiiiiiaioieie oa /ioe?eeiiiiiaioieie. Naiaioe/io
no?oeoo?o iaeiinoa’?eoieo eiino?oeoe?e oi?iothoue S (noa’?eo), ?1
(ae??ne?aiee i?aaeeeao) oa ?2 (noa’?eoiee i?aaeeeaoea). Aei naiaioe/ii?
no?oeoo?e aeainoa’?eoieo iiaeaeae iaeaaeaoue: S (noa’?eo), ?1
(ae??ne?aiee i?aaeeeao), O(S2) (eiioai?iiaaiee eiiiiiaio: ia’?eo ia?oi?
i?iiiceoe?? oa noa’?eo ae?oai? i?iiiceoe??) oa ?2 (ia’?eoiee
i?aaeeeaoea).

5. Ae?oaa i?iiiceoe?y ia ?aae?co?oueny i?aaeeeaoeaii (i?enoaeeiai)
ioi?ieaiei aeneiaeaiiyi ? oiio ia ? “iiaeaeueiith”. I?ioa iiae?y,
iacaaia ae?oaith i?iiiceoe??th, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ni?aa?aeianai?noth c
iiaeaeueiei ieaiii ia?oi? i?iiiceoe??, i?aaeeeao yei? ? i?enoaeeii
?a/aiiy. Oi?iaeueii iieaciee iiaeaeueiino? oyae?? a ?a/aii? aei
i?enoaeea — i?aaeeeaoa ia?oi? i?iiiceoe??, oi/ iani?aaae? ni?aa?aeianai?
c ae?eni?noth iaeaea? /anoeie ?a/aiiy (? ia?oa, e ae?oaa i?iiiceoe??),
iacaeaaeii a?ae nooiaiy ?o niayiino?.

6. ?a/aiiy c aeoieaeneaiei eiiiiiaioii ? naiino?eiei aeneiaeaiiyi, oiio
ia? ?aeeia aeooaeueia /eaioaaiiy. O noee?noe/ii iaeo?aeueieo
aeneiaeaiiyo aeoieaenea ? ?ioiiaoe?eiei oeaio?ii ?a/aiiy, aiineoue o
eiai ?ioi?iaoeaiee ci?no iiao ?ioi?iaoe?th ? oiio caaaeaee aenooia?
?aiith. Iaeiae ? i?e aeni?aneaiiio ii?yaeeo eiiiiiaio?a, eiee aeoieaenea
caeia? aoaeue-yeo, ia e?ioeaao iiceoe?th, a?i caeaa?eueoiai ia ci?ith?
naiai i?ecia/aiiy — aeeiioaaoe ?ieue ?aie o aeneiaeaii?.

7. Ca oiiae iniaeeai? (iineeaii?) aeooae?caoe?? o no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy
aeoieaenea iiaea a?aeie?aiethaaoeny. A?aeie?aieaiiy aeoieaeneaa
coiiaeaia aeania eiioi?eaoeaieie caaaeaiiyie ? iia’ycaia c i?aaiaoe/ieie
?ioaioe?yie iiaoey — ia?aaeaaaoe iniaeeaa nieneiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy,
aeooae?coaaoe ?ieue aeiaeaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. I?e oeueiio
ae??neiai-i?enoaeie iaaoaa? iaeneiaeueii? naiino?eiino?, a a?aeie?aieai?
aeoieaeneae aeaui ci?iththoue nai? i?ecia/aiiy: a?aeiaaeiaoth/enue a?ae
ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea, aiie ae?aaeathoue aeiaeaoeiao ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
i?aaeiao, oiae? ye iaa?aeie?aieaiee aeoieaenea aeaco? ia noi?ia?aeiee
noai ae??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo

1. Aaoi?eciaai? eiino?oeoe?? a oe?a?inuee?e iia? // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a, ni?a?ia?oiee?a oa nooaeaio?a, i?enay/aii?
120-??//th canioaaiiy *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — O.1, ei.1.-
*a?i?aoe?, 1995.- N.109-110.

2. Aeoieaeneaia oneeaaeiaiiy i?inoiai ?a/aiiy // No?oeoo?a oa naiaioeea
iiaieo iaeeieoeue o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.-
*a?i?aoe?, 1996.- N.144-152.

3. No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? i?aaeeeaoeaiiai ?iai? c iiaea?eiei
neioaene/iei ca’yceii o i?inoiio ?a/aii? //Iaoeiaee a?niee
*a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997.- Aei. 13. —
N.132-138.

4. Naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie // I?iaeaii? ieoaiiy
neioaeneno: Ca. iaoe. noaoae. — *a?i?aoe?, 1997.- N.46-54.

5. Aeoieaenea ye aeaiaio oneeaaeiaiiy naiaioeee i?inoiai ?a/aiiy //
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe. eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie neioaeneno”.-
*a?i?aoe?, 1997.- N.91-92.

6. Aei ieoaiiy i?i oyae?iiy ye iniaeeaee aeae neioaene/iiai ca’yceo //
Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — *a?i?aoe?, 1998. — Aei.
34. — N.151-156.

7. I?iiiceoeaia no?oeoo?a ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaaie // Iiaiciaanoai. —
1998. — ?4-5. — N.52-58.

8. ?ieue naiaioe/iiai aniaeoo o oai?aii? neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e
iai?yiiai iiaeaiiy (ia iao. oai??a TH.Oaaeueeiae/a) // Iaoeiaee a?niee
*a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — *a?i?aoe?, 1998.- Aei.34. — N.137-141 (o
ni?aaao.).

AIIOAOe?ss

Oiionye E.I. “Naiaioeei-neioaene/ia i?aai?caoe?y ?a/aiue c
aeoieaeneaaie”. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa. — I?eea?iaonueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Noaoaieea, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaeniee nenoaiiee iien neioaene/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e oe?a?inueei? iiae, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue eiiiiiaio c
iiaea?eiith i?e/eaiiith caeaaei?noth, iacaaiee o ?iaio? aeoieaeneaii.

Neioaene/ia i?e?iaea aeoieaeneaa ? naiaioeei-neioaene/ia no?oeoo?a
naiaioe/ii iaaeaiaioa?iiai ?a/aiiy c oeei eiiiiiaioii oeoia/eoueny c
o?aooaaiiyi iaeiia?oeo aeinyaiaiue oe?a?inueeiai ? ca?oa?aeiiai
iiaiciaanoaa.

Ia iniia? a?oioiaiiai aiae?co oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo (ea?oioaea neeaaea?
6000 ea?oie) c?iaeaii oe?eaa? aenia?eiaioaeueii-e?iaa?noe/i?
niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ?a/aiue c aeoieaeneaieie
eiiiiiaioaie; ocaaaeueiaii oi?iaeuei? caniae ae?aaeaiiy aeoieaeneaa a
i?ei?aeiaoia?e (i?enoa’?eoi?e) oa i?eaeiaeaoeia?e (i?eia’?eoi?e)
iiceoe??; aeine?aeaeaii i?e?iaeo neioaene/iiai ca’yceo oyae?iiy; iienaii
naiaioe/io (o?e- oa /ioe?eeiiiiiaioio) no?oeoo?o ?a/aiue c
aeoieaeneaaie; aecia/aii iniiai? oeie ia?aeiieo oa aoi?eiieo i?iiiceoe?e
a iaeiinoa’?eoieo oa aeainoa’?eoieo ?a/aiiyo c aeoieaeneaaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaea?ei? neioaene/i? ca’ycee, oyae?iiy, naiaioe/ii
iaaeaiaioa?ia ?a/aiiy, aeoieaenea, aoi?eiia i?aaeeeaoe?y, i?iiiceoe?y,
iie?i?aaeeeaoeai?noue, iie?i?iiiceoeai?noue ?a/aiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oiionye E.I. “Naiaioeei-neioaene/aneay i?aaiecaoeey i?aaeeiaeaiee n
aeoieaeneaaie”. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue. — I?eea?iaoneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie Aaneeey Noaoaieea, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1999.

Aeooaeueiinoue aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey ninoieo a oii, /oi aei
ianoiyuaai a?aiaie i?aaeeiaeaiey, a ninoaa eioi?uo aoiaeeo eiiiiiaio n
aeao/eaiiie neioaene/aneie caaeneiinoueth, iacaaiiue a ?aaioa
aeoieaeneaii, ia iieo/eee iaaeeaaeauaai inaauaiey a eeiaaenoe/aneie
eeoa?aoo?a.

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi o?aaiaioa?ii enneaaeiaaeenue no?oeoo?iua iniaaiiinoe
aeoieaeneaa, aii?in i aai eeiaaenoe/aneii noaoona aei neo ii? inoaaony
ia?aoaiiui. Niaoeeaeueiua iaaethaeaiey iaae naiaioeeie e
ooieoeeiie?iaaieai oaeeo i?aaeeiaeaiee a ycuea e ?a/e ia i?iaiaeeeenue.

I?aaeeiaeaiey, niaea?aeauea aeoieaeneaiua eiiiiiaiou, yaeythony
ycueiauie aaeeieoeaie aneiiao?e/aneie no?oeoo?u: eiay iaeei
i?aaeeeaoeaiue oeaio?, iie ?aaiu ii niuneo neiaeiiio i?aaeeiaeaieth.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?aciua aniaeou eco/aiey oeacaiiuo
no?oeoo?: oi?iaeueii- a?aiiaoe/aneee, naiaioe/aneee e eiiioieeaoeaiue.

Ia oi?iaeueii-a?aiiaoe/aneii o?iaia aeaaiui naienoaii aeoieaeneaa
aunooiaao aai aeaieiay naycue – oyaioaiea. Nouiinoue oyaioaiey ninoieo a
oii, /oi a aaeeiue eiiieaen iauaaeeiythony ia aeaa eiiiiiaioa, a o?e
(eee /aou?a) i?e “iin?aaeie/aneie” ?iee aeaaiea-neacoaiiai. Neacoaiia a
oaeeo eiino?oeoeeyo ia i?eiaaeeaaeeo e aeaaieueiui nayceai, oae eae ia
aeanaiaioece?oaony, iaeiaei e ia yaeyaony aeooaeece?iaaiiui eiiiiiaioii
no?oeoo?u i?aaeeiaeaiey.

Iaoiaeynue a aeaonoi?iiiae caaeneiinoe io iiaeeaaeauaai (eee iauaeoiiai
?ani?ino?aieoaey) e aeaaieueiiai neacoaiiai, aeoieaenea eiiaeaine?oao a
naaa naienoaa aeaoo /eaiia i?aaeeiaeaiey – ii?aaeaeeoaeueiiai e
ianoiyoaeuenoaaiiiai ?ani?ino?aieoaeae, auiieiyy i?e yoii ooieoeeth
aoi?e/iiai i?aaeeeaoa.

O/eouaay iaeeaaoi?iinoue / oaeoeueoaoeaiinoue aeoieaeneaa ia no?oeoo?iii
o?iaia, a ?aaioa i?aaeeaaathony e?eoa?ee ?aciaaeaaaiey neeueiiai e
neaaiai oyaioaiey.

A o?aaeeoeeiiiie nenoaia /eaiia i?aaeeiaeaiey aeoieaeneau ia iaoee
naiaai ianoa. O/eouaay no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneea iniaaiiinoe eiiiiiaioia
n aeaieiie neioaene/aneie naycueth, a oaeaea eo
i?aaeeeaoeaii-ao?eaooeaioth, i?aaeeeaoeaii-iauaeoioth eee
i?aaeeeaoeaii-ianoiyoaeuenoaaiioth ooieoeeth a i?aaeeiaeaiee, iu
n/eoaai, /oi iie caieiatho i?iiaaeooi/iia iieiaeaiea iaaeaeo aeaaiuie e
aoi?inoaiaiiuie /eaiaie i?aaeeiaeaiey, yaeyynue naiinoiyoaeueiuie
eiiiiiaioaie a iiceoeeiiiie no?oeoo?a i?aaeeiaeaiey.

Naiaioe/aneay no?oeoo?a i?aaeeiaeaiee, a ninoaa eioi?uo aoiaeyo
aeoieaeneau, iaiaeii?iaeia: caeanue /aoei ?aciaaeaauaathony
iaeiinoauaeoiua e aeaonoauaeoiua iiaeaee.

Ia i?iiiceoeaiii o?iaia ia?yaeo n aeaaiie, yenieeoeeoii au?aaeaiiie
i?iiiceoeeae a aeoieaeneaiuo eiino?oeoeeyo iaaethaeaaony e aoi?ay
(naa?iooay) i?iiiceoeey, i?aaeeeao eioi?ie ia eiaao neacoaiinoiiai
au?aaeaiey. Iaeiaei aeoieaeneaiue eiiiiiaio, eioi?ue ?ai?acaioe?oao
naa?ioooth i?iiiceoeeth, iiaeao auoue yenieeoee?iaai a no?oeoo?o
i?aaeeeaoeaioth iooai i?aia?aciaaiey aeaiiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey a neiaeiia,
au?aaeathuaa oi aea niaea?aeaiea.

Eiino?oeoeee n aeoieaeneaaie eiatho ?yae eiiioieeaoeaiuo iniaaiiinoae.
Aoi?ay i?iiiceoeey ia ?aaeecoaony a aeaea i?aaeeeaoeaii ioi?ieaiiiai
auneacuaaiey e oai naiui ia yaeyaony “iiaeaeueiie”. Iaeiaei niauoea,
iacaaiiia aoi?ie i?iiiceoeeae, eiaao niioianaiiinoue n ?aaeueiui eee
e??aaeueiui ieaiii, niaiaaeay n iiaeaeueiui ieaiii ia?aie i?iiiceoeee.

Niaoeeoeea aeooaeueiiai /eaiaiey i?aaeeiaeaiee n aeoieaeneaaie ninoieo a
oii, /oi aeoieaenea aunooiaao, eae i?aaeei, ?aiie, i?aaenoaaeyao
eioi?iaoeaiue oeaio? auneacuaaiey. A oao ?aaeeeo neo/ayo, eiaaea
aeoieaenea aoiaeeo a ninoaa oaiu, auneacuaaiea iineo yeni?anneaiue
oa?aeoa? e auiieiyao eiia eiiioieeaoeaiia caaeaiea.

A no?oeoo?a i?aaeeiaeaiey aeoieaeneau iiaoo iainiaeyoueny, /oi
iiae/a?eeaaao ia oieueei naiinoiyoaeueiinoue aeaaiea-neacoaiiai, ii e
aeoieaeneaiiai eiiiiiaioa.

Oai?aoe/aneia cia/aiea aeenna?oaoeee ninoieo a oaeoaeaiiii enneaaeiaaiee
neioaene/aneie i?e?iaeu i?inouo naiaioe/anee iayeaiaioa?iuo
i?aaeeiaeaiee nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai ycuea, a ii?aaeaeaiee eo ianoa a
a?aiiaoe/aneie nenoaia, a eiiieaeniii eco/aiee i?aaeeiaeaiee n
aeoieaeneaiui eiiiiiaioii n o/aoii eo oi?iaeueiie, naiaioe/aneie e
ooieoeeiiaeueii-eiiioieeaoeaiie oa?aeoa?enoee.

I?aeoe/aneay oeaiiinoue aeenna?oaoeee ii?aaeaeyaony i?yiie naycueth
i?aaeiaoa enneaaeiaaiey n i?aeoeeie i?aiiaeaaaiey a n?aaeiae oeiea e
aoca. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu i?e eco/aiee
oeiieiaee i?inouo naiaioe/anee iayeaiaioa?iuo i?aaeeiaeaiee nia?aiaiiiai
oe?aeineiai ycuea, i?e iaienaiee o/aaieeia e o/aaii-iaoiaee/aneeo
iiniaee ii neioaeneno.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaienoaaiiua neioaene/aneea nayce, oyaioaiea,
naiaioe/anee iayeaiaioa?iia i?aaeeiaeaiea, aeoieaenea, aoi?e/iay
i?aaeeeaoeey, i?iiiceoeey, iieei?aaeeeaoeaiinoue, iieei?iiiceoeaiinoue
i?aaeeiaeaiey.

RESUME

Tomoosyak L.M. » Semantic and Syntactic Structure of the Sentence with
the Doublets».-Manuscript.

Dissertation for gaining scientific degree Candidate of Philological
Science of the specialty 10.02.01.-the Ukrainian language.- V.Stefanyk
Precarpathian University, Ivano-Frankivsk, 1999.

Profound system description of the syntactic constructions of the
Ukrainian language , in which components with the double syntactic
relation called in this work as a doublet occur, is suggested in the
present paper.

The syntactic nature of the doublet and the semantic syntactic structure
of the semantically non-elementary sentence with the given element is
rendered according to the latest Ukrainian and foreign investigations.

On the basis of deep analysis of the vast material (6000 cards) new
linguistic experiments were made as to the functioning of the sentences
with the doublets; formal ways of doublets expression in the pre-subject
and pre-objective position are summarized; nature of the syntactic
relation gravitation is observed; prepositional structure of the
sentence with the doublets ( three-component, four-component) is
described; main types of primary and secondary propositions in
one-subject and two-subject sentences with the doublets are examined.

Key words: Double syntactic relations, gravitation, semantically
non-elementary sentence, doublet, secondary predication, proposition,
poli-predication, poli-proposition of the sentence.

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