3

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO EOEUeOO?E ? IENOAOeOA

OAeE 793.3 (477.8) (09)

IANOOO A?oae?ia Aieiaeeie??aia

NOeAI?*IA OI?AIA?AO?*IA EOEUeOO?A

NO?AeII? AAEE*EIE 20 — 30 — o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 17.00.01 —

oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa,

I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?

Eanueyiiaa Ieaia Aanee?aia,

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaeueii? oi?aia?ao??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?

Caaaeeaae/ Ia??y Iao??aia,

?inoeooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee oa aoiieia?? ?i. I.O.
?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee-eiinoeueoaio

a?aeae?eo ioceeiciaanoaa, i. Ee?a.

eaiaeeaeao
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,

Einothe Iaoae?y Ieaenaiae??aia,

I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A. Noaoaieea,

aeeeaaea/ eaoaae?e ni?a?a ? aee?eaoaaiiy,

i. ?aaii — O?aie?anuee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?i. I.?. *aeeianueeiai,
eaoaae?a oai??? oa ?noi??? eoeueoo?e,

i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “26” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i14 aiae. 00
oa.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.807.02

o Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

(252133, i. Ee?a-133, aoe. Ui?na, 36, aoae. 209)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa (252133, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ui?na, 36)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aoeaoiaa A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeuee? iaaeaaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo aoee ? caeeoathoueny ia’?eoii iaoeiaeo ?ioa?an?a
no/anieo aeine?aeiee?a. Iei? caaaeyee iaiieaaeea?e i?aoe? ?noi?ee?a,
eoeueoo?ieia?a, ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a cae?enith?oueny iinooiiaa
?anoaa?oaaiiy ?aaeueii? ea?oeie ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? eoeueoo?e. Iaeiae
aac a?aooaaiiy ?? eieaeueieo iniaeeainoae iaiiaeeeai aeinyaoe
ia’?eoeaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a. Oiio i?e ?ica’ycaii? aeaiiai
caaaeaiiy cia/iith i??ith aei?aaaeiao? naaa ?a??iiaeueiee i?aeo?ae: a?i
noa? aaaeeeaith oiiaith noai?aiiy oe?e?nii? e aiaeii/an ??ciia?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oe?ieiai niaeo?a ooaeiaei?o yaeu.

I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i?
(ia?o? aeanyoee?ooy OO noie?ooy) ? aeiaie? ia?niaeoeaieie aeey no/anieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aaeaea ?o aena?oeaiiy, e??i aocueeii?ioan?eieo ?aeo?n?a,
aeyaey? oa?aeoa?i? ?ene oiai/aniiai eoeueoo?ioai?/iai i?ioeano. I?ioa
?icaeoie a?o/eciyiiai noeai?/ii-oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa oeueiai
ia??iaeo o no/anieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo aena?oeaiee iaaeinoaoiuei
(iniaeeai, eiee ca e?eoa??? ioe?iee i?eeiyoe eiiieaenia ioiieaiiy
oe?e?niiai yaeua ? niaoeeo?eo ?a??iiaeueieo i?iya?a
caaaeueiiienoaoeueeeo oaiaeaioe?e, a oaeiae – ?aiaco aeae?a, oa/?e oa
iai?yie?a). A oiio oe?eeii caeiiii??iith ? iio?aaa anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy
noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO
noie?ooy, a ye?e ia nueiaiaei? – /eiaei iaa?aeiieo noi??iie.

Iiiyooy “noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a” ? aeineoue i?noeei ?
ioiieth? ??cii??aei? i?ioeane oa ie?ai? iiae??, ooaeiaei? oaiaeaioe?? ?
ae?yeuei?noue ieooe?a, iia’ycaieo ?c noeai?/iei oaioethaaeueiei
ienoaoeoaii oiui.

?icaeoie noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20 — 30-o
?ie?a OO noie?ooy a?aeaoaaany o ??/eu? caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo
ooaeiaeiuei-ienoaoeueeeo oaiaeaioe?e. Niaoeeo?ea aeaiiai i?ioeano,
iaoiiaeaia oiai/anieie noni?eueii-?noi?e/ieie ?aae?yie (o oeae ia??iae
?a??ii aoiaeea aei neeaaeo Iieueu?), iieyaaea o ni?a?nioaaii? oa
aca?iiae?? oe?a?inueeiai ? iieuenueeiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa ye
iaa?ae’?iieo neeaaeiaeo eoeueoo?e e?ath. Aiaeii/an, aeoea?caoe?y
oai?/iai i?ioeano, cia/i? caeiaooee o noa?? oe?a?inueeiai
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa ia?aeiieeai cana?ae/oaaee iiooaei?noue
naiiaooi?o iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e. A oeueiio aniaeo? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaiethoe?? noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-
30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy ? iniaeeai aeooaeueiei.

O ienoaoeoaiciaa/?e e?oa?aoo?? ?ic?iaea i?iaeai ?noi?e/iiai oa
noeeueiaiai ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa Oe?a?ie cae?enithaaeanue
ca aeae?eueeiia iai?yieaie: oe?a?inueea aaeaoia oai?/?noue ? ?aiaca
aaeaoiiai aeai?o (I. Caaaeeaae/, A. Ianthoeinueea, TH. Noai?oaanueeee),
?noi??y a?o/eciyiiai aaeaoiiai oaao?o (I.Caaaeeaae/, I. Ianoa?iaeiaa,
TH. Noai?oaanueeee), noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii-noeai?/ii?
oi?aia?ao?? (A. Ai?einueea, I. Caaaeeaae/, A. Eoieaiiee,
TH. Noai?oaanueeee), ?icaeoie oaoi?ee oa eaeneee oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeiiai oaioeth (A. Aa?aiaiei, E. Aaneeaiei, A. Aa?oiaeiaoeue, ?.
Aa?anei/oe, A. Aoiaithe), iia?oi? oaioethaaeuei? oa/?? (I.
Ianoa?iaeiaa). Ie?aio a?oio neeaaeathoue i?aoe?, i?enay/ai? oai?/ino?
aeaeaoieo aaeaoiaenoa??a A. Aa?aiaiea, A. Aa?oiaeioey, I. Niaiey ( E.
Aa?aaai, I. A?eao, A. Eieii??oeue, ?. Eieo, I. Eioeue, ?. Ieeei/oe, O.
Iia?aaaiiee, TH. Noai?oaanueeee). I?ioa noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia
eoeueoo?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy aei oeueiai /ano
ia aoea i?aaeiaoii eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?nioth/eo ?iaioao
o?a?iaioa?ii aena?oeai? eeoa aeaye? aniaeoe ?? ?aiace (I. Ianoa?iaeiaa,
?. Eieo oa ?i.). Ia’?eoeaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai aoea a?aenooi?noue
iiaeeeaino? o a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a iciaeiieoeny ? ii?aoethaaoe
aeieoiaioaeuei? aeaea?aea oa iaiao?aei? iaoa??aee, ye? caa??aaeenue o
niaoeoiiaeao a?o?a?a Oe?a?ie, i?eaaoieo a?ae?ioaeao oa iaoeiaeo oeaio?ao
ae?anii?e. Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iaea e oa ianoaaeia, ui ca aea?aeaaiith
i?eiaeaaei?noth oiai/ania Aaee/eia aoea caei?aeiiiei ?a??iiii, a oiio
ia oi?aia?ao?/io eoeueoo?o iioe?thaaeenue o? ae oeaico?i? iaiaaeaiiy,
ye? noinoaaeenue aoaeue-yeeo “iaoeiiaeo” aeey nioe?ae?noe/iiai
noni?euenoaa yaeu. Oea ni?e/eieei iayai?noue ?noioieo i?iaaeei a ?noi???
a?o/eciyiiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, a a?aeoae — oneeaaeieei
?ic?iaeo eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e
Oe?a?ie.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaiaoeee oa iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ?? aeine?aeaeaiino?
coiiaeee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe: “Noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia
eoeueoo?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa
iia’ycaia ?c ?ic?iaeith aea?aeaaii? eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie
I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie «Eoeueoo?a. I?ina?oieoeoai.
Aeica?eey». Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iniiaieie
iai?yieaie aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?aaeaa/aieo a ieaiao iaoeiai? ?iaioe
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, a naia:
? /anoeiith aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiieaenii? oaie oaeoeueoaoo oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa — «Na?oiaa oa a?o/eciyia oi?aia?ao?/ia ienoaoeoai: iiooee,
caeiaooee, ia?niaeoeae».

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a No?aeii?
Aaee/eie o?aoueiai-/aoaa?oiai aeanyoee?oue OO no. o ca’yceao c
?a?iiaenueeeie ienoaoeueeeie i?ioeanaie oeueiai ia??iaeo oa
oe?a?inueeeie ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueieie o?aaeeoe?yie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: cae?enieoe ?aeiino?oeoe?th i?ioeano ?icaeoeo
noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e No?aeii? Aaee/eie i?aeai?iii? aeiae
oa aeyaeoe ?? niaoeeo?/i? iciaee uiaei ooaeiaeiuei-ienoaoeueeeo
i?ioean?a caaaeaiiai ia??iaeo a oaioethaaeuei?e eoeueoo?? ?a?iie,
cie?aia, Oe?a?ie.

I?iaeaiaoeea aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeea oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aeaoe caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo oai?/i-ienoaoeueeeo i?ioean?a o
?a?iiaenuee?e oi?aia?ao?/i?e eoeueoo?? ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy ? aecia/eoe
?o aieea ia ?aiaco oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa No?aeii? Aaee/eie;

— cae?enieoe aiae?c ?icaeoeo eeane/iiai aaeaoo a No?aei?e Aaee/ei? ye
aeaeo oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e, ui oyae?a aei o?aaeeoe?e, i?eoaiaiieo
iiia?aaeiueiio ia??iaeo (ae?oaa iieiaeia – e?iaoeue O?O no.) oa
aiaeii/an i?aeeyaaa oiai/aniei ienoaoeueeei aieeaai;

— aecia/eoe oeyoe i?iieeiaiiy iia?oi?o oaiaeaioe?e a oi?aia?ao?/ia
ienoaoeoai No?aeii? Aaee/eie oa niaoeeo?eo ao?eaiiy iiaea?ieo ?aeae o
oai?/ino? aaeeoeueeeo ieooe?a;

— ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo ae?yeueiino? a?o/eciyieo oi?aia?ao?a o noa??
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii — noeai?/iiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa
aena?oeeoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo a Aaee/ei? oeueiai aeaeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee no/ani? ienoaoeoaiciaa/? ?
eoeueoo?ieia?/i? aeaea?aea; aeieoiaioe, ui caa??aathoueny o
niaoe?aeueieo oiiaeao Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?,
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Euea?anueei? iaeano?, Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai
?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie o i. Eueaia? oa Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai
a?o?ao aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee Oe?a?ie o i. Ee?a?; oiai/ani?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?, ioae?oeenoe/i? noaoo?; ai?noiey?i? aeaea?aea;
aeine?aeaeaiiy ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a. Ia?aiee ?aeo?n aeine?aeaeaiiy
coiiaea e ii?aoethaaiiy oaoiai? e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue oai??? oa anoaoeee
aaeaoo (A. Anaoue?a, A. Aaineia, ?. Caoa?ia, ?. Nieea?oeinueeee oa
?i.), i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ?in?enueei? oeiee oaioeth (TH. Aao?ooei, I.
Aeueyo, I. Ea?i, A. E?anianueea, TH. Neii?inueeee,
?. No??oe oa ?i.), ?a?iiaenueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e (A.
Aaey?aa — *aeiia?oueei, E. Aeie, I. Aeueyo oa ?i.), cie?aia,
iieuenueeiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa (A. Iaiiioiae/ — Ei?e, ss.
Ioaeaeae, ?. Oo?nueea oa ?i.).

Iniiaiiieiaeio ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? aeine?aeieoeueei? eiioeaioe?? aaoi?a
a?ae?a?aee i?aoe? c aaeoc? eoeueoo?ieia??, cie?aia eeanee?a ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e (Ae. Aioiiiae/a, ?. E?ei’yeaae/a, ?. Ia??iea) oa
a/aieo no/anii? aaia?aoe?? (TH. Aoaianue?aa, E. Aauaiei, A. ?aaiiaa oa
?i.); ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa (?. Eina/aai?, ?. Eyoaiea, E. Iacaie, Ae.
Iaeeaaeea, I. ?icaiiai? oa ?i.).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o :

— aia?oa cae?eniaiiio — c o?aooaaiiyi caeiiii??iinoae
iinooio

?a?iiaenueei? oaioethaaeueii? eoeueoo?e — eiiieaeniiio aiae?c? oe?ieiai
eiea yaeu noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-30-o
?ie?a OO noie?ooy;

— aecia/aii? oeyo?a i?iieeiaiiy iia?oi?o ooaeiaei?o
oaiaeaioe?e o oi?aia?ao?/io eoeueoo?o No?aeii? Aaee/eie ia?oi?
o?aoeie OO noie?ooy oa ?o aieeao ia ?aiaco noeai?/ii-oaioethaaeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa ?a??iio;

— ia??oiooaaii? niaoeeo?/ieo iciae noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e

No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy a ?? ??cieo aeaeao
(eeane/iee, iiaea?iee, oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeii-noeai?/iee oaiaoeue);

— aaaaeaii? aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao iiaeo iaoa??ae?a ? a?o?aieo
aeaea?ae,

cie?aia, uiaei ae?yeueiino? iaeia?aeiieo a Oe?a?i? a?o/eciyieo
oi?aia?ao?a, ui nooo?ai caaaa/o? ea?oeio ?icaeoeo oaioethaaeueii?
eoeueoo?e e?ath.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iae?aneaii? oeyo?a
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeaii? oaie, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai ni?eyoeiooue
ooi/iaiith iieiaeaiue oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o
oi?ioaaii? ie?aieo aeine?aeieo iai?yie?a, i?e iaienaii? iaa/aeueieo
iin?aiee?a, ?ic?iaoe? eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a, a oaeiae o oi?aia?ao?/i?e
i?aeoeoe?. Iaoa??aee ? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? canoiniaothoueny a eo?n?
«?noi??y oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa», ui aeeeaaea?oueny ia oaeoeueoao?
oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeanue ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae? anoaoeee oa ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e, aaeueii?
oi?aia?ao??, ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao?? Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaieiooaaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai —
i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ioceea a nenoai? ooaeiaeiuei — anoaoe/ii?
ina?oe iieiae?» (?aaii- O?aie?anuee, 22-25 eenoiiaaea 1995 ?ieo),
Ae?oa?e oe?a?inueei — iieuenuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Musica
Galiciana»: Ioce/ia eoeueoo?a Aaee/eie a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei —
iieuenueeeo aca?iei» (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 24-25 aa?aniy 1996 ?ieo),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «No?aoaa?? *aoaa?oi? Anana?oiuei?
eiioa?aioe?? c? noaiiaeua ae?iie ? i?ia?aia ae?e a Oe?a?i?» (Ee?a, 20-22
/a?aiy 1996 ?ieo).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii iaeio iaeiiin?aio
a?ioo?o oa /ioe?e iaeiiin?ai? noaoo? .

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, nieneo iniiaieo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (409 iaeiaioaaiue, c
ieo – 38 ?iicaiiith iiaith) ? o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? —
186 noi??iie, aeiaeaoe?a — 11 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie oa ?? ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie
i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie, noi?ioeueiaaii i?aaeiao, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy
?iaioe, aecia/aii ?? iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, a oaeiae
a?aeia?aaeaii ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? a oi?aia?ao?/i?e eoeueoo??
?a?iie ia iaae? O?O ? OO noie?oue o ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
“ — ia iniia? aiae?co iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e iiaea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea
?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueeiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy,
aena?oeth?oueny aieea ?in?enueei? eeane/ii? oeiee ia oeae i?ioean;
?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy aaeaoiiai oaao?o a Oe?a?i?.

Oaioethaaeueia eoeueoo?a ?a?iie a aniaeo? aea/aiiy ?icia?oeo
ienoaoeueeeo i?ioean?a oa niaoeeo?ee ?o ?icai?oaiiy a ie?aieo e?a?iao
o?eaaeee /an i?eaa?oaea oaaao iaoeiaoe?a. Aaea ia?o? ?ica?aeee c i?iaeai
?aiace ?a?iiaenueeiai aaeaoiiai oaao?o noi?ioaaee ie?aiee iai?yiie
ienoaoeoaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue. Eiai noaiiaeaiiy a?aeoai?eei ye
caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? iinooio iaoeiai? aeoiee OO noie?ooy, oae ?
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e — niaoeeo?/ii? noa?e aeyao
oai?/iai ieneaiiy ? na?oiaa/aiiy ??cieo ia?iae?a ? iieie?iue. Iniiaio
/anoeio aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaeathoue i?aoe? cao?aeii-?a?iiaenueeeo oa
?in?enueeeo a/aieo, ui i?enay/ai? eeane/iiio aaeaoo, ca?iaeaeaiith e
?icaeoeo iiaea?ieo oaioethaaeueieo iai?yie?a (A. Aaey?aa — *aeiia?oueei,
E. Aeie, I. Aeueyo, E. Caen, ?. Eina/aaa, A. E?anianueea,
A. Oaeaea?, ?. Oo?nueea, A. Oaneaee).

?icaeoie oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa ?a?iie ia ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy
iicia/aiee ?noioieie c?ooaiiyie, coiiaeaieie aeiiaaie /ano: ?oeioaaiiyi
o?aaeeoe?eieo na?oiaeyaeieo i??i?eoao?a, aca?iiae??th no?ieaoeo
ooaeiaei?o iai?yie?a. Anoaoeea aaeaoiiai niaeoaeeth ?iiaioe/ii? aiioe
ae/a?iaea naaa. Oaaeiiia eiino?oeoe?y oa ae?aiaoo?a?y iinoaiiaie,
oiiai?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo ? iaoe?iiaeueieo aeaoaeae,
a??ooicii aeineiiaea, aea iicaaaeaia ci?noiaiino? o?aaeeoe?eia
aeeiiaanueea iaia?a aoee ianoi?ni? c ae??oaiiyi no/anieo ienoaoeueeeo
caaaeaiue. ?noi?e/ii caeiiii??iei noaa i?ioean iiiaeaiiy aeaaeai?/iiai
aaeaoo, ui aeyaeany o ia?ainieneaii? ? iiaea?i?caoe?? oaioethaaeueieo
oi?i oa o?aaeeoe?eieo ae?aciaeo cania?a.

I?ia?aeia ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean? iaeaaeaea ?in?enueeei ieooeyi.
Iiaaoe??, cai?iaaaeaeai? ia ii/aoeo OO no. a ?iia?aoi?nueeiio
Ia???inueeiio oaao?? (Iaoa?ao?a) oa i?aai?ciaai?e N. Aeya?eaaei o?oi?
“?in?enueeee aaeao”, noaee iniiaith aeiei??iii? ?aoi?ie aeaiiai aeaeo
oi?aia?ao??, cae?eniaii? I. Oie?iei. Caa??aath/e canaaee eeane/iiai
oaioeth ? aiaeii/an iiaea?i?coth/e eiai ae?acia? ? eiino?oeoeai?
aeaiaioe, ?icoe?thth/e iiaeeeaino? oaioeth uiaei a?aeia?aaeaiiy
?noi?e/iiai ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiei?eoo, I. Oie?i aeiei??iii ia?ainieneea
ae?aiaoo?a?th aaeaoiiai niaeoaeeth, iiaeeaea aca?iiocaiaeaeai?noue eiai
eiiiiiaio?a. A?aeiia?aeii, c?inei cia/aiiy iaioii?ie ? a?eueii?
ieanoeee. A ?a?ii? ?aea? oi?aia?aoa aoee aia?oa ?ai?acaioiaai? a
«?in?enueeeo naciiao» (1909). Aaeaoi? niaeoaee?, aeeiiai? o?oiith
e?aueo oaioe?aiee?a iaoa?ao?cueeiai oa iineianueeiai oaao??a,
a?aecia/aeenue iiaeciith oai?/iai ae??oaiiy oa aenieei ooaeiaei?i
??aiai. I?ia?aei? aeeiiaaoe? eieaeoeao (A. Iaaeiaa, I. Ii?aee?i,
A. I?aeeinueeee, O.Ea?naa?ia oa ?i.) iacaaa?ii aeyaeee naaa ? ye
naiino?ei? iinoaiiaieee, ui oai?/i ?icaeaaee caaeoie I. Oie?ia. Caaaeii,
ae?yeuei?noue ?in?enueeeo a?oeno?a nooo?ai i?e/eieeany aei iineeaiiy
aaaiaa?aeenonueeeo oaiaeaioe?e o ?a?iiaenueeiio aaeaoiiio ienoaoeoa?.

Iiaaoe?ei? ?i?oe?aoeae a oi?aia?ao?/iiio oaao?? oiai /ano aaeeeith
i??ith anioe?ththoueny e c ?iaiaie A. Aeoieai, A. AEae-Aeaeuee?ica, I.
A?aiai, ?. Eaaaia oa ?ioeo ieooe?a, c ?aeayie eio?eo iia’ycaia
noaiiaeaiiy oae caaiiai «oaioeth iiaea?i» ia oa?aiao ?a?iie oa Aia?eee.
Oeei iiiyooyi ioiieaii ??ciiiai?oi? oa/?? — a?ae ?eoiiieanoeee aei
«ae?aciaiai» oaioeth. Ae?yeuei?noue aaeaio?a «iiaea?io», ye ?
i?aaenoaaiee?a eeane/iiai aaeaoo, aoea ni?yiiaaia aei caaaa/aiiy oa
iiiaeaiiy oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa. Iaeiae iiaea?i? oi?aia?aoe
iiai?noth aai /anoeiai a?aeeeaeaee eeane/i? oaioethaaeuei? o?aaeeoe??,
ui coiiaeei eiioeaiooaeuei? ci?ie oai?/eo i?aeoiae?a ? aeyaeeinue o
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eaeneee, ?ic?iaoe? aeaiaio?a neiaie?ee oa
niaoeeo?/iiio ioce/iiio ioi?ieaii? iinoaiiaie. O iiaea?i?e oi?aia?ao??
io?eiaea nai???aeia i?iaeiaaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?y aei ?icaeoeo iaeeo oi?i,
cie?aia, o aeai?? eaia?iiai oaioeth. Eiaeai ?c oi?aia?ao?a ?ic?iaeya
?aeath iiiaeaiiy oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa a?aeiia?aeii aei aeaniiai
aa/aiiy oeyo?a ?? ?aae?caoe??. A. Aeoieai aeey oaioethaaeueieo
eiiiiceoe?e aeei?enoiaoaaea oai?e eaia?ii? ioceee, cae?enieea
iiaea?i?caoe?th ieanoe/ii? iiae ? ?aoi?io o?aaeeoe?eiiai einothio. ?.
Eaaai, nie?ath/enue ia iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? noeai?/iiai ?ooo O.
Aeaeuena?oa, ao?ethaaa o oi?aia?ao?/ieo iinoaiiaeao canaaee
aeni?an?ii?cio. Eiai iine?aeiaieoey I. A?aiai iiaeeaeea
aeni?an?ii?noe/i? ciao?aeee ?. Eaaaia a iai?yieo iaeneiaeueiiai
?icoe?aiiy ae?aciaeo iiaeeeainoae oaioeth. Nooo?aeie ooaeiaei?ie
aeinyaiaiiyie aoea iicia/aia e oai?/?noue ?ioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a
aeni?an?ii?noe/iiai oaioeth — i?iaoeueeeo oi?aia?ao?a Y. E?ieoeaa?aa, E.
Einna, Y. Iaeoeee.

Aeio?eiaiiyi eeane/ieo oaioethaaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e oa?aeoa?ecoaaany
?icaeoie iieuenueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii? oeiee iai?ee?ioe? O?O — ii/aoeo OO
no. Aenieei ??aiai aeeeaaeaiiy a?aecia/aeanue Aa?oaanueea aaeaoia oeiea,
ui a oeae ia??iae iaeaea ia iinooiaeanue iaoa?ao?cuee?e oa iineianuee?e.
Ianooaai? e iiiiaci? eeane/i? iinoaiiaee cae?enithaaeenue o
Aa?oaanueeiio oaao??, ui iin?aeaa iiceoe?? iaeiiai c i?ia?aeieo a
?a?ii?. I?ioa onoaeai?noue eiai o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?aia?ooa?o, cieaeaiiy
ooaeiaeiueiai ??aiy niaeoaee?a e c?inoath/a ai?a?aoe?y e?aueo a?oeno?a
na?ae/eee i?i cano?ei? yaeua o iieuenueeiio aaeao?. Iaiao?aei?noue
iiiaeaiiy oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa iinooiiai ona?aeiiethaaeanue
iieuenueeeie ieooeyie, eio?? iaiaaaeenue cae?enithaaoe eiai,
ianaiia?aae, oeyoii ia?ainieneaiiy anoaoeee aeeiiaanoaa, i?ioenoaaeyth/e
naiiaeinoaoiuei -ae?iaaoe/i?e a??ooiciino? aioo??oith ci?noiai?noue oa
ae?aci?noue oaioeth. ?noioieie iiceoeaieie c?ooaiiyie iicia/aiee ii/aoie
20-o ?ie?a OO no. Aaeaoiaenoa? Aa?oaanueeiai oaao?o I. Caee?o noai?ea
iiao o?oio ? i?ia?a ?ai?aai?caoe?th aaeaoii? oeiee i?e oaao??. A?i
noi?ioaaa ??ciiiai?oiee ?aia?ooa?, ui neeaaeaany c a?aeiiaeaieo e iiaeo
?aaeaeoe?e noa?eo aaeao?a, niaeoaee?a c ?aia?ooa?o aio?ai?ece N.
Aeya?eaaa, aeanieo aa?n?e aaeao?a iieuenueeeo eiiiiceoi??a. O
iinoaaeaieo I. Caee?oii niaeoaeeyo oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeaiaioe
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaioethaaeueiiai oieueeei?o, ui a iiaeaeueoiio io?eiaei
i?iaeiaaeaiiy o iieuenueeiio aaeao?.

Aaiethoe?y oe?a?inueeiai noeai?/iiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa,
aeineoue ??oioiaii i?iaiae?ciaaia o i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a
(E. Aaneeaiea,

I. Caaaeeaae/, A. Ianthoeinueei?, TH. Noai?oaanueeiai oa ?i.),
a?aeia?aceea caeiiii??iino? iinooio ?a?iiaenueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eoeueoo?e, aea iaea iaai? oa?aeoa?i? iciaee e iniaeeaino?.

Aaeaoia aeeooy Oe?a?ie iai?ee?ioe? O?O — ii/aoeo OO no. ?icaeaaeinue
iia?eueii. ?nioth/? i?e oaao?ao Ee?aa, Oa?eiaa e Iaeane aaeaoi? o?oie
iaee iaei/enaeueiee ? iaiaeii??aeiee ca aeeiiaanueeeie iiaeeeainoyie
neeaae, a oiio ?o ae?yeuei?noue iaiaaeoaaeanue o/anoth a oaioethaaeueieo
noeaiao iia?. Aeaye? iiceoeai? ci?ie a?aeaoeenue caaaeyee oai?/?e i?aoe?
o Ee?anuee?e iia?? iieuenueeiai aaeaoiaenoa?a N. Eai/aanueeiai. Ca /an
eiai ?iaioe ( 1893 — 1909 ) aoei ci?oeiaii neeaae aeeiiaaoe?a ?
cae?eniaii iinoaiiaeo aeae?eueeio aeeaa?oeniaioieo aenoaa oa iaaaeeeeo
aaeaoieo niaeoaee?a. Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith oai?/ino? eiai ianooiiee?a —
iieuenueeeo aaeaoiaenoa??a E. Caeaanueeiai ? A. ?iiaiianueeiai — noaei
caa?iaiiy aei e?aueo iaaeaaiue ?in?enueeiai iinoaiiaieoeueeiai
ienoaoeoaa ? i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy eiai ooaeiaei?o i?eioeei?a o aeanieo
iinoaiiaeao. Nooo?aa ye?nia oa e?euee?nia caaaa/aiiy ?aia?ooa?o, ui
iiiiaieany e iaeiia?oeie ienoaoeueeeie c?aceaie (iai?eeeaae, o?eaeii c
aaeaoo «Iao?ooea» ?. No?aa?inueeiai), aeyaeeinue i?aenoieii
ae?yeueiino? o Ee?anuee?e iia?? ciaieo ?in?enueeeo ieooe?a
A. I?aeeinueei? oa I. Ei/aoianueeiai (1915-1916), a i?ci?oa —
I. Ii?aee?ia (1919). Iii?oii aeoea?coaaei oi?aia?ao?/ia aeeooy
i?noa noai?aiiiy oaao?o Aea?aeaaii? oe?a?inueei? ioce/ii? ae?aie
(1919). ?? aaeaoio o?oio i/ieea I. Ii?aee?i, eio?ee, e??i o?aaeeoe?eieo
oa iiaeo aaeao?a, cae?eniea iinoaiiaeo oaioethaaeueieo noeai ia
oe?a?inueeiio iaoa??ae? aei iia? «Ooiieaia» I. Eenaiea (o ni?ai?aoe?
c A. Aa?oiaeioeai), «Aaeueea» N. Iiithoea oa ?i. ?noioiei noeioeii
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaeaoo aoee nenoaiaoe/i? aano?ie? a?aeiieo
?in?enueeeo a?oeno?a, ui ni?eyee i?eeo/aiith oe?a?inueeeo ienoaoeueeeo e
aeyaeaoeueeeo e?e aei ooaeiaeiueiai aeina?aeo aeciaiiai a na?o?
?in?enueeiai aaeaoo.

20-30-? ?iee OO noie?ooy — ye?nii aeuee aoai ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii?
oi?aia?ao?/ii? oeiee. Iia? iinoaiiaee ye o?aaeeoe?eiiai, oae ?
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o cae?eniththoueny ae?th/eie o?oiaie iia?ieo
oaao??a Ee?aa, Oa?eiaa, Iaeane. Cia/io /anoeio niaeoaee?a aoei ia?aeiyoi
c ?aia?ooa?o ?in?enueeeo oaao??a, ui ni?eyei canai?iith e?aueo iaaeaaiue
?in?enueei? eeane/ii? oeiee. Iieaciai, ui aoaiiith iinoaiiaeith
aaaaea?oueny «Eaaaaeeia ica?i» (Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia oe?a?inueea
iia?a, aaeaoiaenoa? ?. Aaeaiioo?, 1925 ?.); oey iiae?y ciaiaioaaea
ii/aoie ?noi?e/iiai oeyoo i?ioan?eiiai oe?a?inueeiai aaeaoiiai oaao?o.
Cia/iei caeiaooeii iieiaei? ienoaoeueei? aaeoc? noaee noai?aiiy oa
iinoaiiaea ia?oeo aaeao?a oe?a?inueeeo aaoi??a: «Ea?iaiueeiea»
A. Oaiae?ae?, «Oa?aiaeae?» A. ssiianueeiai, «Iai Eaiueianueeee»
I. Aa?ee?anueeiai (Oa?e?a, Iaeana, nacii 1930/31 ?.?.).

Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey ooaa?aeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai noeeth o a?o/eciyi?e
oi?aia?ao?? iaa ?icaeoie noeai?/ieo oi?i oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai
oaioeth. Oe?iei oa?eoiaoe iai?ee?ioe? O?O no. o ioce/ii — ae?aiaoe/i? oa
ioce/i? aenoaae iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaao?o ei?eoa?a, oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeiee
oaiaoeue noaa ?o eiei?eoiith ie?anith, ae??aei caniaii ?ice?eooy ?aeaeii
— ia?aciiai ci?noo niaeoaee?a. E?enoae?caoe?y noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae ?
oi?i oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai — noeai?/iiai ienoaoeoaa a?aeaoaaeanue o
aca?iiae?? aeaio oaiaeaioe?e: aei caa?aaeaiiy oieueeei?ieo c?ace?a
iaeaea o iaci?iiiio aeaeyae? i?e ia?aianaii? ia noeaio (A.
Aa?oiaeiaoeue) ? aei oaao?ae?caoe?? oaioeth, ui ia?aaeaa/aea
oneeaaeiaiiy eiai eaene/ieo cania?a oa eiiiiceoe??, aaaaeaiiy aeaiaio?a
eeane/ii? oi?aia?ao??, ieanoe/ii? iie?oii?? oiui (O. I?aeeinueeee, I.
Niaieue). Ooaa?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeiiai oaioeth ye noeai?/iiai aeai?o nooo?ai
ni?eyei iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

Oaeei /eiii, ?icaeoie ?a?iiaenueei? oaioethaaeueii? eoeueoo?e ia
ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ?nioaaiiyi oa aca?iiaieeaii
?icia?oeo oaiaeaioe?e, a yeeo a?aeia?aceeenue cia/ou? i?iaeaie ?
ooaeiaei? iiooee, aeanoea? aiin?. Iaea?eueo iiooaeieie oaiaeaioe?yie
aeyaeeenue aeoeaia aca?iiae?y iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo? oa ia?a?iaeaeaiiy
?iiaioecio a ??ciiai ?iaeo aioe?iiaioe/i? oa/??, ui aoei coiiaeaii
ia?aaeyaeii iaenooo?a?oeo iieiaeaiue anoaoeee ieioeiai noie?ooy. Eiai
caeiiii??iei iane?aeeii noaa i?ioean ?aoi?ioaaiiy oaioeth, ui i?ioiaeea
o aeaio iai?yieao: ia ??oio? canaae eeane/iiai oaioeth aai ae oeyoii
a?aeiaaeoaaiiy, ?ic?eao c aeaaeai?/ieie o?aaeeoe?yie e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaeo oaioethaaeueieo oi?i. «Iaee//y» ? oeyoe ?icaeoeo oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa ?a?iie ii/aoeo OO no. cia/iith i??ith aecia/eee ?in?enueeee
aaeao ? ?in?enueea oaioethaaeueia oeiea. Oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie
caciaea ?o nooo?aiai aieeao, ui aeyaeany, ianaiia?aae, a ooaa?aeaeaii?
i??i?eoaoo eeane/iiai oaioeth, anoaoeee eeane/ii? oi?aia?ao??.
Niaoeeo?ea ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyiiai noeai?/iiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa
iieyaaea o oyae?ii? aei iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aciino?, ?ic?iaee noee?noeee
ia?iaeii — noeai?/iiai oaioeth.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «Eeane/iee oaiaoeue a No?aei?e Aaee/ei? o 20
— 30 — o ?ieao OO noie?ooy » — aena?oeth?oueny i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?
?icaeoeo aaeaoiiai oaao?o a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?a??ii?; ?icaeyaeathoueny
oi?ie iiioey?ecaoe?? eeane/iiai oaioeth oa oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee
oi?aia?ao?a eeane/iiai iai?yieo.

A 20-30-o ?ieao OO no. eeane/iee oaiaoeue o No?aei?e Aaee/ei?
?ai?acaioiaaiee ieooeyie, ?iaia eio?eo aoee a?aeii? o aaeaoiiio na?o?
No?aeii? ?a?iie. Iinoaiiaieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue N. Oae?oaanueeiai, I.
Oi?ooiaoi, I. E??naiiai?, A. ?iiaiianueeiai, I.
Noaoeaae/a, ye? i?aoethaaee a oeae ia??iae o euea?anueeiio Aaeeeiio
oaao??, aoea iicia/aia nooo?aei aieeaii ?in?enueeiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa, cie?aia, oai?/ino? I. Oie?ia. Oea aeyaeeinue ia o?eueee o
i?aaiaii? aei ae?aiaoecaoe?? niaeoaee?a, ?ic?iaee oa?aeoa??a, iineeaiiy
ineoieia?/ii? i?noeino? e ci?noiaiino? oaioeth, ?icoe?aiiy eiai
eaene/iiai niaeo?o, aea e o aeiai?? ?aia?ooa?o, ui aeeth/aa a?aeiiaeai?
oa iia? aa?n?? no/anieo ?in?enueeeo aaeao?a («Oiiai?aia», «Oaoa?acaaea»
oa ?i.). Aaaaoee ooaeiaei?e aeina?ae caaaeaieo oi?aia?ao?a oa i?ia?aeieo
aeeiiaaoe?a aaeaoii? o?oie oaao?o (I. A?ioa?a, A. Aeiaaoeueei?, I.
Aeiaaoeueeiai, C. Iaoeianueeiai oa ?i.) aeicaieea cia/ii i?eiiiaeeoe
iaaeaaiiy aeiai?iiiai aoaio o oe?e noa??, a ?o oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue
ni?eyea ooaa?aeaeaiith noaoono Eueaiaa ye iaeiiai c aaeaoieo oeaio??a
Iieueu?.

Ia canaaeao eeane/ii? oi?aia?ao??, e??i aaeaoieo aenoaa, noai?thaaeenue
oaioethaaeuei? noeaie o nooi ?icaaaeaeueieo oaao?aeueieo iinoaiiaeao —
iia?ao? oa ?aath. Iiioey?i?noue oeeo «eaaeeo» aeai??a o i?aeai?ii? ?iee
ye o ?a?ii?, oae ? o Aaee/ei?, a?ae/ooii c?inoaea, ui aoei coiiaeaii ?o
aeaiie?aoe/i?noth ? yne?aaith aeaeiaeui?noth. I?ia?aei? iiceoe?? uiaei
e?eueeino? ? ooaeiaeiueiai oa oaoi?/iiai ??aiy iia?aoeiaeo niaeoaee?a
iin?aeaee euea?anuee? i?nuee? oaao?e (Aaeeeee, Iaeee, oaao?e Iiaeie ?
?icia?oinoae), oi/ ?aia?ooa? a?eueoino? i?noeaaeo oaao??a aeeth/aa
cia/io e?euee?noue oaeeo aenoaa. Iinoaiiaeo oi?aia?ao?/ieo o?a?iaio?a o
ieo, c a?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee aeai?o, cae?enithaaee i?ia?aei?
aaeaoiaenoa?e eeane/ii? oeiee: N. Oae?oaanueeee, E. Oeanaeuenueeee , ss.
Oeana?nueeee oa ?i. Aiie iiaea?i?coaaee oaioethaaeuei? noeaie oeiiaiai
?aia?ooa?o aai ae icaeiaethaaee aenoaae aeanieie oi?aia?ao?/ieie
anoaaeaie. Noeeueiaiio oa eaene/iiio iiiaeaiith aeai?o ni?eyei
aeei?enoaiiy a iia?ao? iiioey?ieo ia oie /an oaioe?a: oieno?ioo, oaiai,
/a?euenoiia, oeii?, oainoaia, iaeiae caa??aaeenue e o?aaeeoe?ei?
iiaooia?: iaioao, iieueea, aaeuen oiui. *eneaii? noaaeuei? a?aeaoee
i?ane cana?ae/oaaee aeiaie? aenieee ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iee ??aaiue
e?aueo oaioethaaeueieo iinoaiiaie. Aaaeeeaa i?noea iin?aeaee
oi?aia?ao?/i? noeaie e o ?aa??aeo aenoaaao, ui aoiaeeee aei ?aia?ooa?o
ia o?eueee aeania ?aa??aeo, aea e ae?aiaoe/ieo oaao??a Aaee/eie.
Oaioethaaeueieie iiia?aie, ye i?aaeei, ?icii/eiaeenue ? caaa?ooaaeenue
i?ia?aie; oi?aia?ao?/i? iinoaiiaee o ??cieo eaene/ieo nenoaiao —
naiino?ei? /e aeeth/ai? a ?io? noeaie — iino?eii noi?iaiaeaeoaaee ae?th
aenoaae. Iiaoaeiaai?, caeaa?eueoiai, ye oa?aeoa?i? noeaiee c i?i? —
ae??th, oae? oaioethaaeuei? o?a?iaioe a?aecia/aeenue i?ea?iaeuei?noth
oai?/eo ae??oaiue (cie?aia, iinoaaeai? ss. Aeaaeaeiae/ai, C.
Eic?inueeith, N. Oae?oaanueeei oa eiai o/iyie O. Ao?eith ? ss.
Aaeaaeainueeith o noai?neaanueeiio Oaao?? ?i. N. Iiithoea).

Na?aae ?ioeo oi?i iiioey?ecaoe?? eeane/iiai oaioeth a No?aei?e Aaee/ei?
aoee iioe?ai? oae caai? «neeaaeaiee», ui yaeyee niaith eiioea?oe c
aieaeueieo ? oaioethaaeueieo iiia??a, ia iia’ycaieo aeai?iai e
oaiaoe/ii; a oaeiae oi?aia?ao?/i? ?ii?ace oa eiioea?oe. Nooo?ai aieeioee
ia c?inoaiiy ia?ciaiino? aaeeoeueeiai a?iiaaeyinoaa c iia?oi?ie
iaaeaaiiyie aaeaoiiai aeai?o e aano?ieuei? oo?ia ciaieo iieuenueeeo
o?oi. Na?aae ieo — «Aaeao Ia?iaey» oa «?ai?acaioaoe?eiee iieuenueeee
aaeao» A.I?aeeinueei?, ?aia?ooa? yeeo neeaaeaany ?c noee?caoe?e
iieuenueeiai oieueeei?o, aeaeiaeuieo eiiiiceoe?e ia iniia? no/anii? oa
eeane/ii? ioceee, iicia/aieo ?enaie iiaea?i?cio. Oe? aenooie ni?eyee
aeoea?caoe?? oai?/eo iiooe?a aaeeoeueeeo oi?aia?ao?a ? caaaa/aiith ?o
ooaeiaeiueiai aeina?aeo.

Caaaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oaioeth?eno?a eeane/iiai i?io?eth a
20-30-o ?ieao OO no. aeeiioaaee: aaeaoi? oeiee — nooae??, ui ae?yee
i?e oaao?ao (Aaeeeiio e Oaao?? Iiaeie o Eueaia?, Oaao?? ?i. N. Iiithoea
oa oe?a?inueeiio Oaao?? ?i. ?. Oia?eaae/a o Noai?neaa?); oaioethaaeuei?
oeiee i?e aeayeeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao (iai?eeeaae, i?e Euea?anueeiio
ioce/iiio ?inoeooo?); i?eaaoi? oi?aia?ao?/i? nooae?? (N. Oae?oaanueeiai
? O. Ao?ee, E. Aae?oeueei? — Oeanaeuenueei? oa ?i.). Iaeiae caeiaoooy
iaeaeui? oaoiai? eaae?o?eaoe?? ia oie /an aoei iiaeeeaa eeoa o Aa?oaa?.

Oaeei /eiii, noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie aaeaoiiai oaao?o a No?aei?e Aaee/ei?
a 20-30-o ?ieao OO no. iaee aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey a?o/eciyii?
noeai?/ii? oaioethaaeueii? eoeueoo?e a aniaeo? inai?iiy aeina?aeo
?in?enueei? oa iieuenueei? oi?aia?ao?/ieo oe?e (ia iaoa??ae? eeaneee e
iia?oi?o iinoaiiaao), a oaeiae iinooiiaiai ia?iuaiiy
oaoi?/ii-aeeiiaanueeiai iioaioe?aeo. O oai?/iio ni?eeoaaii? ?c ciaieie
iieuenueeeie aaeaoiaenoa?aie iinooiiai c?inoaa i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue
oe?a?inueeeo oi?aia?ao?a. Iiceoeaii aieeioei ia oeae i?ioean e cia/ia
iiaeaaaeaiiy o ni?aa? iaeaaiaeaeaiiy oaoiai? ina?oe, yeei
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ia??iae 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. Aeei?enoaiiy eeane/iiai
oaioeth o oaao?aeueieo iinoaiiaeao ?icaaaeaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o oa
eiioea?oieo i?ia?aiao, a oaeiae aano?ieuei? aenooie a?aeiieo aaeaoieo
o?oi ?noioii ni?eyee iiioey?ecaoe?? oeueiai aeaeo oi?aia?ao??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Iiaea?i? oi?aia?ao?/i? iai?yiee a Aaee/ei? » —
aiae?co?oueny i?iaeaiaoeea ?aiace oaioeth «iiaea?i» a No?aei?e Aaee/ei?:
oi?ie noeai?/ii? ?ai?acaioaoe?? oa ?icaeoie aeai?o eaia?iiai oaioeth;
oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? aeeiiaanueeiai noeeth oe?a?inueeeo oi?aia?ao?a;
aieea ?a?iiaenueeeo iaaeaaiue o aeai?e noa?? ia noaiiaeaiiy a?o/eciyii?
oaioethaaeueii? oeiee; ci?no oa oi?ie i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a a aaeoc?
iiaea?iiai oaioeth.

I?ioean ?icaeoeo noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e a Aaee/ei? ia
ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy aoa cia/ii iiaeaaaeaiee aieeaaie ?a?iiaenueeiai
iiaea?i?cio. Iia? oaioethaaeuei? oa/??, ui ia?iaeaeoaaeenue,
caeaa?eueoiai, a I?ia//ei? oa Aano???,

caoiiethaaee iieiaeeo i?eoeeueieoeue oi?aia?ao?? nai?th
i?ea?iaeuei?noth, aaaaonoaii ooaeiaei?o ?aeae oa iiaith, oe?eeii
a?aei?iiith a?ae eeane/ii?, oaoi?eith. ssne?aaeie oai?/eie
?iaeea?aeoaeueiinoyie na?aae ieayaee aecia/ieo i?aaenoaaiee?a oaioeth
«iiaea?i» aoee oe?a?inuee? oi?aia?aoe I. Yo??oea — Uo?aoiaa,

I. Ya?aeai — Caeeeinueea, A. Aieoaianueea — Aaeoa?iae/, Ae. E?aaoe?a
— ?iaoeue,

Ae. Ieaeaie?anueea — Ni?ao?iae/, I. Oaaeae — Ae?iaiie?aoeueea oa ?i.
Naiiaooi?noue ?o oai?/i-aeeiiaanueeiai noeeth iieyaaea o ?ic?iaoe?
iiaaoe?eieo ?aeae i?ia?aeieo ca?oa?aeieo ieooe?a c iii?ith ia
oe?a?inueeee oaioethaaeueiee ? ioce/iee iaoa??ae; iao?aaeeoe?eia
oi?aia?ao?/ia ia?aci?noue cae?enithaaieo iinoaiiaie aeiaaaee
canoinoaaiiy i?ea?iaeueieo cania?a ieanoe/ii? ae?aciaino?. Aenooie
oe?a?inueeeo oi?aia?ao?a oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue i?ea?iaeuei?noth
?ioa?i?aoaoe?e oa aeni?an??th aeeiiaiiy, iaenoa?i?noth ithainoaaiiy,
eaeii?ciii eiiiiceoe?eieo oi?i oiui.

Aaaeeeao ?ieue o iioe?aii? iia?oi?o ?aeae a?ae?a?aea ae?yeuei?noue
I. Ianoa?iaeiai?. O ?? /eneaiieo noaooyo oa ?aoeaic?eieo
iaoa??aeao, i?enay/aieo i?iaeaiai ?icaeoeo oaioeth «iiaea?i»,
aiae?coaaeanue oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue, iiaiaaaaeaiiy oa caeiaooee
i?ia?aeieo i?aaenoaaiee?a oeueiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai iai?yieo oa ?o
iine?aeiaiee?a; aena?oethaaeenue oa?aeoa?i? ?ene oa iniaeeaino? ie?aieo
oaioethaaeueieo oe?e ? oa/?e; iiaeaaaeenue a?aeiiino? i?i aeinyaiaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo oi?aia?ao?a o aeai?e aaeoc?.

Iniiaiith oi?iith i?eeo/aiiy aaeeoeueeeo ienoaoeueeeo e aeyaeaoeueeeo
e?e aei iaaeaaiue iiaea?ii? oi?aia?ao?? a aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae aoee
??cii??aei? iieacia? aenooie (oi?aia?ao?/i? oa ieanoe/i? ?ii?ace; aa/i?e
oaioeth, ioceee ? ni?ao; aeeoy/? oi?aia?ao?/i? i?ia?aie). Aiie
a?aecia/aeenue oe?ieei niaeo?ii i?aaenoaaeaieo oa/?e iiaea?iiai
oaioeth, ui aeeth/aa ?eoiiieanoeeo, aeni?an?ii?noe/iee ? ae?aciaee
oaiaoeue, ??cii??aei? noee?caoe??. O/anoue o oaeeo caoiaeao a?aee ia
eeoa i?ia?aei? aaeeoeuee? aeeiiaaoe?, aea e iieiaeue — ia?aaaaeii,
aeoiaaioe? i?noeaaeo oi?aia?ao?/ieo oe?e oa nooae?e. E?euee?noue oaeiai
?iaeo ?ii?ac iino?eii c?inoaea, ?o oa?aeoa? o??ciiiai?oithaaany. A 20-o
?ieao na?aae ieo aeii?ioaaee caoiaee, a eio?eo ii?aeioaaeenue aieaeuei?,
?ino?oiaioaeuei? ? oaioethaaeuei? iiia?e, a ianooiia aeanyoee?ooy —
niaoe?aeuei? oi?aia?ao?/i? i?ia?aie, ?ic?aoiaai? ia iaaio aeyaeaoeueeo
aoaeeoi??th. Iniaeeaith iiioey?i?noth ei?enooaaeenue na?aae aeyaea/?a
oi?aia?ao?/i? i?i?aoth?e ia ioceeo oe?a?inueeeo aaoi??a oa ?a?iiaenueeeo
eiiiiceoi??a, iiaea?i? eiiiiceoe?? ia ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeuei?e iniia?.
Noeeuei?noue oi?aia?ao?a aei iaeeo oaioethaaeueieo oi?i coiiaethaaeanue
cia/iith aioo??oiueith iioaioe?ei?noth eaia?iiai aeai?o, ui i?eaaaethaaa
aeeiiaaoe?a ? aeyaea/?a ia?acii-aiioe?eiith iane/ai?noth,
ae?aiaoo?a?/iith «eiiiaeoi?noth», ia?aaeaiaioiaai?noth ooaeiaei?o
cania?a oa i?eeii?a. Aeei?enoaiiy ??cii??aeieo ooaeiaei?o anioe?aoe?e
ni?eyei ?aeue?oi?oiio a?aeoai?aiith ia?ac?a, iineethaaei ?o
ineoieia?/i?noue. Ca oaiaoeeith a aeai?? eaia?iiai oaioeth
aeie?aiethaaeenue:

— iiaea?i? eiiiiceoe??, iia’ycai? c iaoe?iiaeueieie oaioethaaeueieie
o?aaeeoe?yie ??cieo ia?iae?a («Oe?a?inueeee oaiaoeue» ia ioc. A.
Aa?a?inueeiai o aee. I. Yo??oee – Uo?aoiai?, «?iae?enueeee oaiaoeue» ia
?iae?enueeeo iioeaao o aee. A. Aieoaianueei? — Aaeoa?iae/);

— iano?i?ai-ineoieia?/i? iinoaiiaee, a yeeo io?eiaee nai???aeia ao?eaiiy
oaie oa ia?ace ienoaoeoaa ?iiaioe/ii? aiioe («E?aenea??aia» ?. Ooiaia
o aee. I. Oaaeae – Ae?iaiie?aoeueei?, «Iaaea» I. Caeeeinueei?,
«Nieueaaea» A. Y??aa o aee. A. Aieuenueei?);

— oi?aia?ao?/i? ea?oeiee anioe?aoeaii-iaecaaeiiai oeio («Oia?e»
I??nianueeiai o aee. A. Aieuenueei?, «Cieioa in?iue» I.
*aeeianueeiai o aee. I. Ya?aeai – Caeeeinueei?).

I?ea?iaeuei?noue cae?enithaaieo iinoaiiaie, oe?eaa? oai?/? ?aea?
aeyaeyee ?ioaineai?noue iiaea?ieo oaiaeaioe?e a oi?aia?ao?/i?e eoeueoo??
Aaee/eie, a ooaeiaeiuei-ia?acia iaenoa?i?noue aeeiiaiiy i?i?aoth?
na?ae/eea i?i ona?aeiieai?noue ieooeyie cia/aiiy i?ioan?iiae?cio a oe?e
aaeoc?.

C?inoath/a iiioey?i?noue iiaea?ieo oi?aia?ao?/ieo oa/?e o No?aei?e
Aaee/ei? aeooae?coaaea i?aai?caoe?th oaioethaaeueii? ina?oe
a?aeiia?aeiiai ni?yioaaiiy. Cia/io ?ieue a iaieiae?ii? iniiaaie oaoi?ee
oa noee?noeee iiaea?iiai oaioeth a?ae?a?aee noai?ai? aaea o 10-20-o ?.?.
niaoe?aeuei? eo?ne i?e na?aaei?o oa aeueo ioce/ieo ? ae?aiaoe/ieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao (Ae?aiaoe/i?e oeie? O. O?ii/eianueeiai, Ioce/iiio
caeeaae? I. ?aenn, Euea?anueeiio ioce/iiio ?inoeooo? A. Iaiaioianueei?,
Eiina?aaoi??? Iieuenueeiai ioce/iiai oiaa?enoaa, Aeuiio ioce/iiio
?inoeooo? ?i. I. Eenaiea o i. Eueaia? oa ?i.), a oaeiae eo?ne,
i?aai?ciaai? oe?a?inueeeie ? iieuenueeeie eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?ie
oiaa?enoaaie. Ooieoe?? ??oioiaii? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee iiaea?ieo
oaioeth?eno?a iieeaaeaeenue ia niaoe?aeuei? i?eaaoi? oeiee. Ia?oo
oe?a?inueeo oeieo ?eoiiieanoeee aoei caniiaaii o Eueaia? 1930 ?ieo I.
Oaae?a-Nooiaa?nueeith. Iaa/aiiy cae?enithaaeinue ca nai???aeiith
iaoiaeeeith: ia iniia? oe?a?inueei? oaiaoeee eoeueoeaoaaeenue oaoi?/i?
iaae/ee «a?eueiiai» oaioeth oa ao?eoi?ee. A?aiai?anueea noee?noeea
aea/aeanue o iieuenueeeo caeeaaeao i. Eueaiaa — Oeie? iiaea?iiai oaioeth
I. A?iiaanueei?, Oeie? a?oenoe/iiai oaioeth I. ?aea/eoeueei?-Aaeaeiai?.
Ia canaaeao iaoiaeeee nai?o a/eoae?a i?aoethaaee A. Eaoe (iaa/aeanue o
Y. Aiaeaia?ca?) oa oe?a?iea I. Oaaeae-Ae?iaiie?aoeueea (o/aieoey A.
AEae-Aeaeuee?ica) — ?o oeiee oaeiae ooieoe?iioaaee o Eueaia?.
I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a iiae?aieo caeeaae?a aoea ??ciiiai?oiith ?
aeeoa?aioe?thaaeanue ca i?aaeiaoii iaa/aiiy, eiai i?ioan?eiei /e
aiaoi?nueeei ni?yioaaiiyi, a?eiaeie eaoaai??yie.

I?aeai?iiee ia??iae o Aaee/ei? aoa aaaaoei ia aano?ieuei? aenooie
i?aaenoaaiee?a iiaea?ieo oaioethaaeueieo iai?yie?a. A?aiai?anueeo oa/?th
?ai?acaiooaaee ?. Ni?ae, Y. Y?iea, TH. Ia?eon (1933, 1937), naiiaooi?e
a?aeainueeee noeeue — ainaiaeue nanoa? A?caioaeue (1927). Iai?yiie
eii?/ii? iaioii?ie i?aaenoaaeyea ia euea?anuee?e noeai? i?iaoeueea
oaioe?aieoey A. Ya?o (1935). Nai???aeiith neioaciaaiith oaoi?eith oa
iaia?ith aeeiiaiiy a?aecia/aeenue aenooie a?oie Y. Aiaeaia?ca? (1936).
Aenieo ioe?ieo caeiaoea iaenoa?i?noue E. Aaeyie (1935, 1937),
?? aeeiiaanueeee noeeue oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ii?aeiaiiyi aeaiaio?a
iiaea?ii? oi?aia?ao?? oa iaioii?ie. Iiae??th cia/ii? ienoaoeueei?
aa?oino? noaee euea?anuee? aano?ie? o?oie «Aaeaoe Einna» (1937),
i/iethaaii? o/iai ? ni?a?ia?oieeii ?. Eaaaia — E. Einnii. Aia?oa ia?aae
aaeeoeueeith ioae?eith aoei i?aaenoaaeaii eiai aaeaoe
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? — «Caeaiee no?e» ia ioc. O. Eiaia,
«Aaeeea i?noi» ia ioc. A. Oainiaia, ui yne?aai aeaiiino?oaaee
iie?aniaeoiee iioaioe?ae iiaea?ii? oi?aia?ao??. Cia/aiiy aano?ieueieo
aenooi?a aeey ?icaeoeo oaioeth «iiaea?i» aoei iaaaeyeei: aiie ni?eyee
ye iciaeiieaiith aaeeoeueeeo ienoaoeueeeo oa aeyaeaoeueeeo e?e c
oai?/eie aeinyaiaiiyie ciaieo ?iicaiieo oi?aia?ao?a, oae ? aeoea?caoe??
oai?/eo iiooe?a oe?a?inueeeo oa iieuenueeeo iinoaiiaiee?a e aeeiiaaoe?a.

Ioaea, i?ioean ?icaeoeo oaioeth «iiaea?i» o No?aei?e Aaee/ei? a
i?aeai?ii? ?iee aoa iaaecae/aeii ie?aeiei ? oa?aeoa?ecoaany aeno?aeiith
aeeiai?eith. I?ea?iaeueiee aeeiiaanueeee noeeue oe?a?inueeeo
i?aaenoaaiee?a iiaea?iiai oaioeth oi?ioaaany ia ??oio? ii?aeiaiiy
aeina?aeo cao?aeieo oi?aia?ao?/ieo oe?e ? o?aaeeoe?e iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa. Cia/iee oai?/i-aeeiiaanueeee iioaioe?ae oe?a?inueeeo
oi?aia?ao?a ?ice?eany o eaia?iiio aeai??, ?icaeoie yeiai ni?eya
?icoe?aiith niaeo?o iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?, aiaeii/an, caaaa/aiith
ia?acii-oaiaoe/ieo aeaea?ae ?a?iiaenueeiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa.
Aeoea?caoe?y eiioea?oii-aeeiiaanueeiai aeeooy a e?a?, aano?ie? a?aeiieo
oi?aia?ao?a ? o?oi, a oaeiae caoiaee ii caaacia/aiith oaoiai? ina?oe
noeioethaaee oai?/i-i?ioan?eia c?inoaiiy oe?a?inueeeo iinoaiiaiee?a e
aeeiiaaoe?a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? — “Oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeii-noeai?/iee oaiaoeue a
Aaee/ei?” — aena?oeththoueny iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeiiai oaioeth ye noeai?/iiai aeai?o; aiae?co?oueny
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue Aaneey Aa?aiaiea a Aaee/ei? oa eiai
aianie o ?icaeoie ia?iaeii-oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa; ?icaeyaea?oueny
ni?ai?aoey iine?aeiaiee?a aaeaoiaenoa?a ?c eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueeeie
oiaa?enoaaie, ni?yiiaaia ia iiioey?ecaoe?th ia?iaeiiai oaioeth.

Noeai?caoe?y oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai oaioeth a Aaee/ei? aoea u?eueii
iia’ycaia ?c noaiiaeaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueiiai ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/iiai
oaao?o. Aeei?enoaiiy ia?iaeiiai oaioeth a ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/ieo ? iia?ieo
aenoaaao noai?eei ni?eyoeeaee ??oio aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
oaao?ae?ciaaieo oi?i oeueiai aeaeo oi?aia?ao?? ? eiai iinooiiaiai
ooaa?aeaeaiiy ye naiiaeinoaoiueiai noeai?/iiai aeai?o. Oa?aeoa?iith
iciaeith aeaiiai i?ioeano o Aaee/ei? aoei aeoeaia caa?iaiiy aei c?ace?a
?a??iiaeueiiai oaioethaaeueiiai oieueeei?o (cie?aia, aooeoeee, a?eaia,
eieiieeee) oa aaaaeaiiy ?o a oaao?aeueio i?aeoeeo. Iaea?eueo ae?acii oea
aeaiiino?oaaea ae?yeuei?noue aiaoi?neiai ia?iaeiiai «Aooeoeuenueeiai
oaao?o» A. Oioeaae/a (1909 — 1912), ui a iiaeo oi?iao ?icaeaaa
o?aaeeoe?? ia?iaeieo aeaeiaeu. A iinoaiiaeao oaao?o oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaany aooeoeuenueeee oaioethaaeueiee oieueeei?, aeaaeeeai
ia?aianaiee ia noeaio a iaeaea iaci?iiiio aeaeyae?.

Aaaiiee aianie o iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ia?iaeii — noeai?/ii?
oi?aia?ao?? o Aaee/ei? c?iaea Aaneeue Aa?aiaiei, o/aiue ? iine?aeiaiee
A. Aa?oiaeioey. Oai?/?noue aaeaoiaenoa?a, eio?ee iaaani? 1922 ?. i?eaoa
aei Eueaiaa, ?ai?acaiooaaea oaiaeaioe?th aei yne?aai? oaao?ae?caoe??
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai oaioeth. Oea aeyaeeinue o i?aaiaii? oi?aia?aoa
aei oaoi?/iiai oneeaaeiaiiy e aeia?eueii? noeai?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
oieueeei?ieo ia?oiaeaea?ae c aeoeaiooae?caoe??th ia aa?i?ei-iao??ioe/i?
iioeae. A. Aa?aiaiei ai?eooe i?ae?eoia aei noai?aiiy nai???aeieo
aaeaoieo niaeoaee?a ia ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeuei?e iniia?, oei naiei
ni?eyth/e i?aeianaiith oe?a?inueei? noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e
ia ye?nii aeuee uaaaeue.

Ona?aeiieaiiy aaeaoiaenoa?ii cia/iiai iioaioe?aeo oi?aia?ao?/iiai
ienoaoeoaa ye caniao ooaeiaeiueiai ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae?
niiioeaei A. Aa?aiaiea aei aeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? ii i?aai?caoe?? a
Aaee/ei? oe?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai oaioeth. Canioaaaoe ia?oo c ieo
1922 ?ieo o Eueaia?, a?i caiaeii a?aee?ea oae? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee
iaeaea a on?o a?eueoeo i?noao No?aeii? Aaee/eie (Ae?iaiae/?, Noai?neaa?,
No?eth, Oa?iiiie? oa ?i.). Aeeeaaeaiiy ??oiooaaeinue ia nenoai?
oi?aia?ao?/iiai iaa/aiiy, ?ic?iaeai?e A. Aa?aiaieii ia canaaeao oeiee A.
Aa?oiaeioey; i?ia?aia oe?e ia?aaeaa/aea iiaioaaiiy ye i?aeoe/iiai, oae ?
oai?aoe/iiai iaoa??aeo. I?euaiethth/e nai?i aeoiaaioeyi ethaia ? iiaaao
aei iaoe?iiaeueieo oaioethaaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e, aaeaoiaenoa? aiaeii/an
aiooaaa ?o aei i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?icii/aoi? iei ni?aae.

?ioei iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? A. Aa?aiaiea aoea i?ina?oieoeueei-
iiioey?ecaoi?nueea i?aoey. I?aaio/e i?eaa?iooe oaaao oe?a?inueei?
a?iiaaenueeino? aei i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e,
aaeaoiaenoa? oa noai?aiee iei o/i?anueeee oaioethaaeueiee eieaeoea
iiaoaaee ?c eiioea?oieie aenooiaie i?aeoe/ii a on?o i?noao No?aeii?
Aaee/eie. I?ia?aia oaeeo ?ii?ac, ui ?icii/eiaeenue ia?aaeiiaith i?i
?noi??th ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? oi?aia?ao??, neeaaeaeanue c
nieueieo eiiiiceoe?e A. Aa?aiaiea («Niei — aiiae ia?oaea», «*oiae»,
«Iea/ ?c?a?ey» oiui) oa aenooi?a eiai o/i?a («Eica/ie», «Aaeeeiaei?e
oi?ia?ae», «Nii Eaoa?eie», «AEo?aaaeue», «Eieiieeea» oa ?i.).

Oi/ ia?aaoaaiiy A. Aa?aiaiea a Aaee/ei? ia aoei o?eaaeei (aei inai? 1924
?ieo), eiai ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue ?noioii aieeioea ia
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? oeiee ? aecia/eea
?a??iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? oeueiai i?ioeano.

Ni?aao A. Aa?aiaiea i?iaeiaaeeee eiai o/i? ca i?aeo?eiee /eneaiieo
oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaenueeeo oiaa?enoa Aaee/eie. Aeooiaii-aeoiaiee
iioaioe?ae, i?eoaiaiiee oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueiiio
ienoaoeoao, inienethaaany ye a?aeiia?aeiee aieiai?e iao? oeeo
?inoeoooe?e — aeoiaaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? oa i?aeianaiith
iaoe?iiaeueii? a?aeiino? oe?a?inueeiai a?iiaaeyinoaa. O ca’yceo c oeei
oiaa?enoaa an?eyei i?aeo?eioaaee ae?yeuei?noue iine?aeiaiee?a A.
Aa?aiaiea, iaeaaiaeaeoaaee o?nio ni?ai?aoeth c ieie. Oae, O. Iaoeye, ss.
Aoeea, A. Oeoie?c aeoea?coaaee o aeaiiio iai?yieo i?aoeth oiaa?enoaa
«Nie?e», A. Oa?eaoeueeee, ?. Iaaiao — » I?ina?oe», I. Aie/oe, I.
Caeeeinueea, ?. Iao??ia — «??aeii? oeiee» oiui. E??i iinoaiiaee oaioe?a
aei ??ciiiai?oieo ?ii?ac, oi?aia?aoe i?iaiaeeee ina?oi? eo?ne oa
ao?oee aeey aaaeath/eo iaieiae?oe ienoaoeoaii ia?iaeiiai oaioeth,
ioae?eoaaee ??ciiiai?oi? oaoia? iaoa??aee c aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee o
aaeeoeueeeo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo. A noaooyo A. Oeoie?ca, ss. Aoeee oa
?ioeo aaoi??a ai?uoaaeenue a?aeiiino? c ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, iiaeaaaeenue i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa iiene oaioethaaeueieo c?ace?a.

Aaeeeo oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue aeey ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii?
oaioethaaeueii? eoeueoo?e iaee iioae?eiaai? a 20-30-o ?ieao OO no.
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiia?ao?/iiai oa?aeoa?o («ssa?eee» I. Aa?eeyea,
«Aooeoeuenuee? oaioe?» ?.Aa?anei/oea), a oaeiae cae?eniai? o oeae
ia??iae ni?iae oe?a?inueeeo oi?aia?ao?a ocaaaeueieoe na?e ooaeiaei?e
aeina?ae o i?aoeyo iaoiaee/ii-?aia?ooa?iiai ni?yioaaiiy («?ooia? caaaae
e a?e c iaeiae?yie ? i?ei?aeaie» I. Nooiaa?nueei?, i?aeaioiaai? aei
ae?oeo ?oeiiene «Iaoa??ae?a aei aea/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaieo» ?. Iao??ie oa ca??ee oaioe?a ? ?eoi?/ieo caaaa aeey ae?oae
«Iieiaeai/ee» I. Caeeeinueei?).

Ioaea, noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai oaioeth ye noeai?/iiai
aeai?o a No?aei?e Aaee/ei? a?aecia/aeiny ?ioaineai?noth
ooaeiaeiuei-iiooeiaiai i?ioeano, oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie yeiai aoee: aeoeaia
oaaaa aei ?a??iiaeueieo oieueeei?ieo c?ace?a, ?o oaao?ae?caoe?y ia
??oio? caaaa/aiiy ia?acii-aiioe?eiiai ci?noo oa oaoi?/iiai oneeaaeiaiiy
ia?oiaeaea?ae, ?ic?iaea naiiaooiuei? noee?noeee oiui. ?ioaineaiiio
?icaeoeo oeueiai aeaeo oi?aia?ao?? ni?eyea ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/a
ae?yeuei?noue A. Aa?aiaiea oa eiai iine?aeiaiee?a (ss. Aoeee, A.
Oeoie?ca, O. Iaoeyea, ?. Iao??ie, I. Aie/oea oa ?i.), ui
i?ioiaeeea o o?ni?e ni?ai?aoe? c iaoe?iiaeueii-a?iiaaenueeeie
oiaa?enoaaie. Aaeeeith caneoaith oe?a?inueeeo iinoaiiaiee?a oa
iaaeaaia?a aoei caaacia/aiiy iniiae aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa ye i?aai?/ii? /anoeie
a?o/eciyii? eoeueoo?e.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei c?iaeaii ianooii?
aeniiaee:

Noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20 – 30 – o
?ie?a OO noie?ooy yaeyea niaith naiiaooi?, aaaaoia?aiia e aiaeii/an
oe?e?nia yaeua. ?? ?icaeoie, niaoeeo?/iith iciaeith yeiai aoea
aca?iiae?y oe?a?inueeiai oa iieuenueeiai ienoaoeoaa, a?aeia?acea
caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? iinooio ?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e. Nooo?aee aieea
ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/eo i?ioean?a, ui iaee i?noea o oaioethaaeueiiio
ienoaoeoa? ?a?iie a ia?o? aeanyoee?ooy OO noie?ooy, aeyaeany o cia/i?e
aeoea?caoe?? ni?ia iiiaeaiiy oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa, ?ic?iaoe?
iao?aaeeoe?eieo oaioethaaeueieo oi?i, ?ioaineaieo iiooeao i?ea?iaeueieo
cania?a ae?aciino?. Noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo aoea ?ai?acaioiaaia o an?o oiai/anieo noeeyo,
oi?iao oa aeaeao oaioeth (oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeii-noeai?/iee, eeane/iee,
iiaea?iee). I?ae ieie ?nioaaee aca?iiaieeae, i?inoaaeoaaeanue
neio?iii?noue o ?ic?iaoe? oaiaoeee e ia?aciino?, niinoa??aaeinue
iaii?eueia caaaa/aiiy ae?aciaeo cania?a.

Cia/i? caeiaooee iaeaaeaee eeane/iiio aaeaoo. Iinoaiiaee, cae?enithaai?
ia?aaaaeii iieuenueeeie aaeaoiaenoa?aie, c iaeiiai aieo, ni?eyee
caa?aaeaiith iaaeaaiue ?iiaioe/ii? aiioe, a c ?ioiai — yaeyee niaith
ni?iae ao?eaiiy i?ea?iaeueieo oai?/eo ?aeae, noaieinieo iia?oi?i
ienoaoeueeei iiooeai. Caaaeii, ?icaeoie aaeaoiiai oaao?o a No?aei?e
Aaee/ei? i?aeaiooaaa a?o/eciyia aaeaoia ienoaoeoai aei noiaeaeaiiy ia
a?eueo aenieee uaaaeue: a?ae caiice/aiiy ooaeiaeiueiai aeina?aeo
?in?enueeeo oa iieuenueeeo oaioethaaeueieo oe?e oa iinooiiaiai canai?iiy
?o iaaeaaiue aei a?eueo neeaaeiiai i?ioeano — oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii
nai???aeiiai noeeth a oi?aia?ao??.

Aeyaii i?iieeiaiiy iia?oi?o oaiaeaioe?e o oi?aia?ao?/io eoeueoo?o
No?aeii? Aaee/eie noaa oaiaoeue «iiaea?i». Iaa/aiiy oe?a?inueeeo
oi?aia?ao?a o aecia/ieo ?iicaiieo ieooe?a oa aaciina?aaei? oai?/a
ni?eeoaaiiy c ieie, aano?ieuei? aenooie ciaieo oi?aia?ao?a c ?a?iie
ni?eyee canai?iith iiaea?ieo ienoaoeueeeo iaaeaaiue oe?a?inueeeie
aeeiiaaoeyie ? iinoaiiaieeaie. A oai?/ino? Ae.
I?aeaie?anueei?-Ni?ao?iae/, I. Ao?aoee-Uo?aoiai?, Ae. E?aaoe?a-?iaoeue,
I. Ya?aeai-Caeeeinueei? oa ?i. io?eiaee nai???aeio ienoaoeueeo
?aae?caoe?th oa i?ea?iaeueio ?ic?iaeo ?aea? i?ia?aeieo ca?oa?aeieo
ieooe?a. Niaoeeo?ea ?o ao?eaiiy iieyaaea a oyae?ii? aei iaoe?iiaeueii?
ia?aciino?, a?o/eciyieo ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e oa
aeei?enoaii? oe?a?inueeiai ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo (ye ia?iaeiiai, oae ?
i?ioan?eiiai).

Iaia?an?/ia cia/aiiy aeey ooaa?aeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai noeeth
oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?? iaa ?icaeoie a No?aei?e Aaee/ei?
ia?iaeii-noeai?/iiai oaioeth. Iiooaeiei /eiieeii, ui aecia/ea
iniaeeaino? oeueiai i?ioeano a ?a??ii?, noaea ooaeiaeiuei-oai?/a
ae?yeuei?noue A. Aa?aiaiea. I?eioeei oaao?ae?ciaaii? ia?iaee
oieueeei?iiai ia?oiaeaea?aea, eio?iai aeio?eioaaany oi?aia?ao, eiai
iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy oa oai?/ee aei?iaie iaee canaaeie/a cia/aiiy o
ae?yeueiino? o/i?a ? iine?aeiaiee?a ieooey. Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa a No?aei?e
Aaee/ei? aoea aeoeaia o/anoue a i?aai?caoe?? oi?aia?ao?/ii? ni?aae
iaoe?iiaeueieo a?iiaaenueeeo ?inoeoooe?e. ?acoeueoaoii ?o ni?ai?aoe? c
oai?/eie niaaeei?ioeyie A. Aa?aiaiea aeyaeeinue iioe?aiiy oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeiiai oaioeth na?aae iieiae? ? c?inoaiiy i?ioan?iiae?cio a aeai?e
noa??.

Ioaea, caeiaooee noeai?/iiai oi?aia?ao?/iiai ienoaoeoaa No?aeii?
Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO no. noaee oe?iiei iaaeaaiiyi a?o/eciyii?
eoeueoo?e ? ni?eyee ?? iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?aneeeenue ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee ?ic?iaee
aeaii? oaie, ui ia aoiaeeee a eiei ia?aii? i?iaeaiaoeee: ?ieue oa i?noea
oi?aia?ao?? o iinoaiiaeao oe?a?inueeiai ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/iiai oaao?o;
aeeoo?aee ? oai?/ee oeyo ie?aieo aeaeaoieo iinoaoae; ?icaeoie aaeueiiai
oaioeth a Aaee/ei? oiui. ?o ii?aoethaaiiy aoaea caii?oeith iiaeaeueoiai
iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue i?i oeyoe ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? oi?aia?ao?/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ianooo A. A. Iiaea?i? oi?aia?ao?/i? iai?yiee a Aaee/ei? (20-30-o?
?ie?

OOnoie?ooy). – E.: Ciaiiy, 1999. – 41 n. – A?ae?ia?.: n. 38-41.

2. Ianooo A. A. Aaeeoeueeee ne?ae Aaneey Aa?aiaiea // Oe?a?inueea
eoeueoo?a.-

1999. – ? 3-4. – N. 32-33.

3. Ianooo A. A. C ?noi??? noaiiaeaiiy aaeaoiiai oaao?o a No?aei?e
Aaee/ei? ( 20 — 30 — o? ??. OO noie?ooy ) // Iina?o. — 1999. — ? 1 .-
N. 27-30.

4. Ianooo A. A. Ia?iaeia oi?aia?ao?y ? iaaeaaia?ea // Iiaa iaaeaaia?/ia
aeoiea. – 1999. — ? 1. – N. 119-121.

5. Ianooo A. A. O?aaeeoe?? «Aooeoeuenueeiai oaao?o» oa iinoaiiaee
A. Aa?aiaiea // Ia?aaae.- 1998. — ? 4. — N. 149 — 154.

6. Ianooo A. A. I?noea oi?aia?ao?? a oe?eueiiio eo?n? «Na?oiaa ooaeiaeiy
eoeueoo?a» // Ioceea a nenoai? ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ii? ina?oe iieiae?:
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
?aaii-O?aie?anuee: Aeae-ai I?eea?iaonueeiai oi-oo ?i. A. Noaoaieea,
1995. — N. 126 — 128.

7. Ianooo A. A. ?ieue ae?iee a noaiiaeaii? aaeeoeueei? noeai?/ii?
oi?aia?ao?? 20 — 30 — o ??. OO no. (ia iaoa??ae? iiaea?iiai oaioeth) //
Iae?inuee? no?aoaa??: i?ia?aia ae?e a Oe?a?i?: Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? «No?aoaa?? 4-? Anana?oiuei? eiioa?aioe?? c?
noaiiaeua ae?iie ? i?ia?aia ae?e a Oe?a?i?». — E.: AE?ii/a a?iiaaea,
1996. — N. 128 — 130.

Ianooo A?oae?ia Aieiaeeie??aia.

Noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie 20-30-o ?ie?a OO
noie?ooy. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 17.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y
eoeueoo?e. — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa. — Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
noeai?/ii? oi?aia?ao?/ii? eoeueoo?e No?aeii? Aaee/eie (20-30-o? ?iee OO
noie?ooy) o ?? ca’yceao c ?a?iiaenueeeie ienoaoeueeeie i?ioeanaie
ie?aneaiiai ia??iaeo oa oe?a?inueeeie ia?iaeii-oaioethaaeueieie
o?aaeeoe?yie. Aecia/aii caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? oa ?a??iiaeueio niaoeeo?eo
oeueiai i?ioeano. Ia??oioiaaii aaaeeea?noue oiai/anieo aeinyaiaiue o
aeai?e aaeoc? aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaith a?o/eciyii? oaioethaaeueii?
eoeueoo?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noeai?/ia oi?aia?ao?/ia eoeueoo?a, oaiaoeue iiaea?i,
oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeii-noeai?/iee oaiaoeue, iia?ii-aaeaoiee oaao?,
iinoaiiaea, o?aaeeoe??, No?aeia Aaee/eia.

Ianooo Aeoaeeia Aeaaeeie?iaia.

Noeaie/aneay oi?aia?aoe/aneay eoeueoo?a Ainoi/iie Aaeeoeee 20 — 30-
o aiaeia OO aaea. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa eneonnoaiaaaeaiey
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01. — oai?ey e enoi?ey eoeueoo?u. — Eeaaneee
iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa. — Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony i?iaeaiu noaiiaeaiiy e ?acaeoey
noeaie/aneie oi?aia?aoe/aneie eoeueoo?u Ainoi/iie Aaeeoeee (1920 -1930
aa.) a aa naycyo n aa?iiaeneeie ooaeiaeanoaaiiuie i?ioeannaie
iaicia/aiiiai ia?eiaea e oe?aeineeie ia?iaeii-oaioeaaaeueiuie
o?aaeeoeeyie. Ii?aaeaeaiu iauea oaiaeaioeee e ?aaeiiaeueiay niaoeeoeea
yoiai i?ioeanna. Iainiiaaia aaaeiinoue aeinoeaeaiee aeaiiie noa?u aeey
iineaaeothuaai ?acaeoey ioa/anoaaiiie oaioeaaaeueiie eoeueoo?u.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noeaie/aneay oi?aia?aoe/aneay eoeueoo?a, oaiaoe
iiaea?i, oe?aeineee ia?iaeii — noeaie/aneee oaiaoe, iia?ii — aaeaoiue
oaao?, iinoaiiaea, o?aaeeoeee, Ainoi/iay Aaeeoeey.

Pastukh Vitalina Volodymyrivna

Scenic choreographic culture of Eastern Galicia during the period of the
20th-30th of the 20th century. Manuscript.

Thesis for a Doctor’s degree in Art Studies by speciality 17.00.01-
Theory and history of culture. – Kyiv National University of Culture and
Arts. – Kyiv, 1999.

In the thesis the peculiarities of the scenic choreographic culture in
Eastern Galicia (1920-1930) within the context of the European art
having the great impact on it are investigated and its interrelations
with national and folklore dance traditions, in particular, are
conformed. The study of the considerable number of sources, the majority
of them used for the first time, made it possible to systematize the
material in accordance with modern scientific requirements. As a result
of the complex analysis of the wide range of the regional choreographic
culture phenomena, its simplified or one-sided esteem of its role and
meaning in the system of national art were reconsidered.

Reflecting general tendencies and contradictions of the European art
development, choreographic culture in Eastern Galicia represented to be
the integral phenomenon and its development level corresponded with the
majority of young national schools. The specific character of historic
and cultural conditions favored the creation of the original image of
this new, though provincial so far, choreographic center. Traditions of
romantic epoch and academic ballet were preserved predominantly in the
Opera theatre ballet troupe performances. It considered to be the
leading one in the region (ballet-masters – S.Falishevski, A.Fortunato,
A.Romanovski, M.Statkevich). At the same time the influence of new
artistic trends was gradually growing. As a result, the amount of the
single-act performances considerably increased with determinative
tendency to deepen the psychological charge of the dance and to enhance
the role of the pantomime. The impact of the “modern” ideas, penetrating
from the West, was distinctively noticeable in ballet theatre, though
they also had the defining significance for the development of the
modern dance trends (“modern dance”) and genres (chamber dance) in
Galicia. However, the perception of the aesthetic and technical
innovations of the leading European pedagogues was not literal: local
choreographers assimilated successfully on the national basis. The
regional dance “modern” appealed to the images of the national art,
creating psychological, symbolic and mystic “interpretation” of many
typical themes. Choreographic stylizations of some genres (chorale, in
particular) were the original synthesis of the European and national
stylistic systems. It was the evidence of the neoclassical tendency
manifestation, which was especially significant for the regional music
creation of the above mentioned period and at the same time the origin
of the trend, innovative in its essence, primarily showing itself in the
sphere of chamber dance, based on the national images.

The original character of the choreographic culture in Galicia developed
itself in the most vivid way in folklore dance. The main figure in the
process of its development was ballet-master V.Avramenko. One of his
merits is the essential deepening of the previous period achievements.
Using the principle of free arrangement of folklore originals, enriching
them by the elements of theatre, developing lexical means and
composition, the choreographer reformed the style of the scenic folklore
dance considerably, which encouraged its final formation as independent
scenic genre with original aesthetic and expressive means.

The entity of the choreographic culture of Eastern Galicia during the
period of the 20th-30th of the 20th century conditioned on its different
spheres interaction and interference, synchronic development of the
relative themes and images, mutual enrichment of the expressive means of
various kinds of dance. Educational institutions, organized by the
leading choreographers, their popularizing and methodic activities in
tight cooperation with public organizations played the significant role
in the development process. The development of the theoretical thought
in this field was encouraged by constant attempts to systematize and
ground various notions in special working out of the theoretical and
methodological character.

Thus, the achievements of the scenic choreographic culture in Eastern
Galicia became the evidence of the completion of the formation stage of
the regional school and formation of the solid base for its further
development.

The perspective trends for further research of the theme appeared in the
process of work, which were not involved in the field of the problems
under analysis. Their investigation is to encourage the further process
of the deepening of knowledge range concerning the national
choreographic culture and its ways of development.

Key Words: scenic choreographic culture, modern dance, Ukrainian
folklore scenic dance, opera-ballet theatre, performance, traditions,
Eastern Galicia.

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