2

Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

?IIAIUeEI ??EIA ?AAI?AIA

OAeE 947.084.2/3(477)

?ICAEOIE OAAO?AEUeIIAI IENOAOeOAA OE?A?IE A 1917-1920 ??.

07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??
(1917-1921??.) ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?A?IO IEAENAIAe?
IAO?IAE*, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,
caa. a?aeae?eii ?noi??? Oe?a?ie O?O-ii/.OO noie?ooy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IE?IIAOeUe
IAAe?ss ?AAI?AIA, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee INOAOEI
OAOssIA NA?A??AIA, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ?noi???
?aaiethoe?? (1817-1921 ??.) ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
?noi???

Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 28 ” n?/iy 2000 ?. i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.235.01 a ?inoeooo? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie (aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “____” _______________________.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe AO?AE?E I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oai?aiiy, caa?aaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie eoeueoo?e ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano. ? nueiaiaei?, eiee Oe?a?ia
eaea oeyoii iacaeaaeiino?, aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e, ??
i??i?eoao?a ? iaeaaaeeea?oei caaaeaiiyi. Eiai oni?oia ?ica’ycaiiy
iiaeeeaa eeoa ia iniia? aea/aiiy oa e?eoe/ii? ioe?iee iaaooiai
aeina?aeo. O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue iathoue i?iaeaie
o?einionueeiai, ?noi?e/iiai, ienoaoeoaiciaa/iai inyaiaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-eoeueoo?ii? noa?e aeeooy noni?euenoaa ye o aeaeaeiio
ieioeiio, oae ? a iia?oi? /ane.

Ia??iae 1917-1920 ??. aecia/a?oueny ye iaaecae/aeii neeaaeiee ?
noia?a/eeaee a ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie. Oea aoea aiioa oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueii? ?aaiethoe??, aeiaa noaa?ai?oaoo ?
iacaeaaeiino?, ii/aoeo a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. Aiaeii/an
Oe?a?ia ia?aaeeaaea nioe?aeueii-eeania? c?ooaiiy, aei?noieo ?
e?iaii?ieeoio a?iiaaeyinueeo a?eio. Ia ?icaeoie eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeueeeo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i? ni?aaeee aaee/aciee aieea iaeaeaa oaeoi?e. Aeineoue
?aeue?oii aiie aeyaeeenue o oaao?aeueiiio ienoaoeoa?, yea ? iaa?ae’?iiei
eiiiiiaioii eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa. Oaao?aeueia
ienoaoeoai, iii?e a?enueeia? ae?? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iaaa?acaee,
ia?aaeeaaei ia??iae ?icea?oo. I?aeianaiiy eiai ?ie? a
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? a ?iee ?aaiethoe?? iiynithaaeiny oei, ui
ii?yae c anoaoe/ii-i?ina?oieoeueeith i?n??th aiii aeeiioaaei
aa?oaoe?eii-i?iiaaaiaeenonuee? ooieoe??. Oiio ? iaoe?iiaeuei? o?yaee, ?
?aaeyinueea aeaaea i?eae?eyee cia/io oaaao ?icaeoeo oaao?o.

A no/ani?e Oe?a?i? ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaaiino?, iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oaeiae a?aeaoaathoueny ?acii ?c ci?iith
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai eaaeo. Oea ?iaeoue aeina?ae ?aaiethoe??
1917-1920 ??. ni?acao/iei no/aniino?. Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth anaa?/iiai
ia’?eoeaiiai aea/aiiy oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa – aaaeeeai? neeaaeiai?
eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? o 1917-1920 ??., a on?o eiai i?iyaao.
Aiae?c ye iiceoeaiiai, oae ? iaaaoeaiiai aeina?aeo ia?aoai?aiue o aaeoc?
oaao?o aea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe eiai a ?icaoaeia? eoeueoo?e
no/anii? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui o i?e aia?oa a
?noi?e/i?e iaooe? ?iaeoueny ni?iaa aeine?aeeoe ?icaeoie oaao?aeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa a Oe?a?i? o 1917-1920 ??., o ia??iae ?nioaaiiy ??cieo oi?i
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?. A ?iaio? iieacaii a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaao?o a 1917-1918 ??. oa eiai iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie o
ianooii? ?iee. I?iaiae?ciaaii oaao?aeueio iie?oeeo a?eueoiaeoeueei?
aeaaee, yea iaiaaaeany c?iaeoe oaao? cia?yaeaeyi nai?? aa?oaoe?? ?
i?iiaaaiaee. Aeaii ia’?eoeaio ioe?ieo oaao?aeueiei iiaaoe?yi,
i?eaianaiei a Oe?a?io c ?aaeyinueei? ?in??, aecia/aii i?noea ? ?ieue
?aaeyinueei? oaao?aeueii? naiiae?yeueiino? a a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio
aeeoo?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiaeo ieai?a a?aeae?eo ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? (1917-1921 ??.) ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean ?icaeoeo oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa a
Oe?a?i? a eiioaeno? ?aaiethoe?eieo ia?aoai?aiue, cae?eniaieo
iaoe?iiaeueieie o?yaeaie oa ?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oaao? (i?ioan?eiee oa aiaoi?nueeee) ye
iaa?ae’?iia neeaaeiaa /anoeia eoeueoo?iiai ? a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy Oe?a?ie o aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue ia??iae 1917-1920 ??. A?i
ii/eia?oueny c ooai?aiiy Oe?a?inueei? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee (aa?acaiue
1917 ?.) ? iaiaaeaiee: a) i?eieiaiiyi ae?? iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie (eenoiiaae 1920 ?.); a) inoaoi/iith ia?aiiaith
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, oaeoe/iith ao?aoith ON?? nai?? aea?aeaaii?
naiino?eiino? (aeiaia?? i?ae Oe?a?iith oa ?in??th i?i oeeaaeaiiy
a?enueeiaiai oa ainiiaea?nueeiai nithco a?ae 28 a?oaeiy 1920 ?.).

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anaa?/iee aiae?c ci?i o oaao?aeueiiio
ienoaoeoa?, aieeao ia iueiai iie?oeee iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a oa
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoe aaoi? iinoaaea ia?aae
niaith oae? iniiai? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? i?ae /an
?aaiethoe?? oa a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie;

— aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o o aeiao
iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a;

— aeine?aeeoe ae?yeuei?noue Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae
aaoueiaia I.Nei?iiaaenueeiai oa Aee?aeoi??? OI? o aaeoc? oaao?aeueii?
ni?aae;

— aecia/eoe aieiaiee ci?no oaao?aeueii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a
Oe?a?i?;

— ocaaaeueieoe oa aeaoe ioe?ieo oaao?aeueiei iiaaoe?yi, i?eaianaiei a
Oe?a?io c ?aaeyinueei? ?in??;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?aaeyinueeo oaao?aeueio naiiae?yeuei?noue, ?? i?noea
a a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie o 1919-1920 ??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe neoaoaaee i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio ?
ia’?eoeaiino?. Aeey ?o ?aae?caoe?? aeei?enoai? i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee,
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee oa noaoenoeei-aiae?oe/iee iaoiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ai?uaiee o i?e
oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e iaienaii? ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??, ?noi??? eoeueoo?e, a oaeiae i?ae?o/iee?a,
iin?aiee?a, i?e /eoaii? ii?iaoeaieo eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a, niaoeeo?n?a aeey
nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeanue ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe Aea?aeaaii? eueioii?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (E??iaia?aae), a?aeae?eo ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
?aaiethoe?? (1917-1921 ??.) ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.
Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: IV ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa (Ieeiea?a, 1989), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeaaia?/ia niaaeueia A.I.Nooiieeinueeiai ? ?icaoaeiaa
iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe” (E??iaia?aae, 1993) oa ?i.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaiee o iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo: 1
a?ioo??, 5 noaooyo, 2 iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?? oeaii aena?oeththoue eoeueoo?i? 0 noi??iie. Aiia neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
e?oa?aoo?e (30 noi??iie, 233 iacae).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai?
i?aaeiao, o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee, iaoeiaa iiaecia, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aea” i?enay/aii aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeaea?ae c oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue c ?noi??? oaao?o o aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae
iaaaaaoi. Oaao?aeueia ienoaoeoai ciaeoei aena?oeaiiy o oai?ao c ?noi???
eoeueoo?e oa o caaaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
?aaiethoe??.

Iaoeiao e?oa?aoo?o c i?iaeaie iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia o?e a?oie. Aei
ia?oi? iaeaaeaoue i?aoe? ?noi?ee?a oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e, ye?
?icaeyaeaee ia?aaaaeii eoeueoo?ia aeeooy ca /an?a iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aaiethoe??. Ii/aoie aiae?co iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ii? iie?oeee
oe?a?inueeeo o?yae?a aoa caeeaaeaiee o 1917-1920 ??. a ioae?oeenoe/ieo
oai?ao I.A?ooaanueeiai, A.Aeiie/aiea, N.?o?aiiaa, N.?oniai?, I.Aaneeaiea
oa ?i. Oiae? ae c’yaeeenue ie?ai? i?aoe?, i?enay/ai? oe?a?inueeiio
oaao?o. Iaea?eueo cia/iith c ieo aoea noaooy I.Iiaoeuenueeiai
Iiaoeuenueeee I. Oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oaao?
//E?oa?aoo?ii-iaoeiaee a?niee. – 1917. – Ei.V-VI..

I?ney ii?acee oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? ?? iie?oe/i? oa eoeueoo?i? ae?y/?
ia ai?a?aoe?? iaiaaaeenue ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieo c?ooaiue, c yeeie aoee iia’ycai? eoeueoo?i?
i?ioeane. I?aoe? A.Aeiie/aiea, I.O?enothea, I.Oaiiaaea, I.Oaaeaiea
Aeiie/aiei A. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??. ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??
(ia?aoeue 1917 – a?oaeaiue 1919). *.I-III. – E.-A?aeaiue, 1920; O?enothe
I. Cai?oee ? iaoa??aee aei ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??. 1917-1920.
O.I-IV. – A?aeaiue, 1921; Oaiiaae I. Aaeeea ?aaiethoe?y ? oe?a?inueea
aecaieueia i?ia?aia. – I?aaa, 1928; Oaaeaiei I. Oe?a?inueeee
a?iiaaenueeee ?oo o XX noie?oo?. – Iiae?a?aaee, 1934. aena?oethaaee
ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueeeo o?yae?a a aaeoc? ina?oe oa eoeueoo?e, aea
ianee ia nia? a?aeaeoie iie?oe/ieo ia?aeiiaiue ?o aaoi??a, oiio
no?aaeaeaee noa’?eoea?ciii.

Aaeaeo ni?iao aiae?co ? ioe?iee eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy o aeiao ?aaiethoe??
cae?eniea aeaeaoiee oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee Ae.Aei?ioaiei Aei?ioaiei Ae.
?noi??y Oe?a?ie. 1917-1923 ??.. – O.I: Aeiaa Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee. –
Oaeai?iae, 1932; O.II: Oe?a?inueea Aaoueiainueea Aea?aeaaa. – Oaeai?iae,
1930.. A?i cacia/aa, ui ?icaeoie ina?oe, eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeueea
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aoee caaacia/ai? iie?oeeith iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a oa
iiaeaeaeieoeueeith ae?yeuei?noth oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe??. Ia aeaeue,
i?aoe? Ae.Aei?ioaiea o?iiieia?/ii iaiaaeoaaeeny e?ioeai 1918 ?.

Eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy Ae.Aioiiiae/a “O?enoa ?ie?a oe?a?inueeiai
oaao?o. 1619-1919” Aioiiiae/ Ae. O?enoa ?ie?a oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o.
1619-1919. – I?aaa, 1925. i?noeei iaaaeeeee ?icae?e i?i oaao? aeiae
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe??. Aaoi? cina?aaeaeoaaa oaaao, aieiaiei /eiii,
ia oaao?iciaa/iio aiae?c? ? iaeaea ia oi?eaany ieoaiue
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ii? ?ie? oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, yea iaaecae/aeii
c?inea a Oe?a?i? a ?iee aecaieueieo ciaaaiue.

I?ney Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie iineeeany ?ioa?an ca?oa?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo
?noi?ee?a aei iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo i?iaeai. TH.Ai?en, ?.Iaeno?aiei,
?.Ianoa?iae, O.Neeueieoeueeee oa ?i. Ai?en TH. Niaaoecaoeey Oe?aeiu.
1917-1923. Eiiioienoe/aneay oai?ey e i?aeoeea naiiii?aaeaeaiey iaoeee. –
Yaeiiioii, 1980; Iaeno?aiei E. Iaoeeiiaeueiay iieeoeea EINN a aa
enoi?e/aneii ?acaeoee. – A.i., 1978; Ianoa?iae ?. Oe?a?ia i?ae
a?eueoiaeeaie (1919-1939). – Oi?iioi, 1979; Neeueieoeeee O.
Iaoeeiiaeueiay iieeoeea EINN a ia?eiae n 1917 ii 1922 aiae. – Ithioai,
1981. aiae?coaaee caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? noaaeaiiy a?eueoiaeoeueei?
aeaaee aei oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e a ia?o? ?iee ?aaiethoe??.
Ia??iaeecaoe?? oa aiae?co iie?oeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee aoea niaoe?aeueii
i?enay/aia i?aoey N.Ieeieeoeia “Eoeueoo?ia iie?oeea a?eueoiaee?a ?
oe?a?inueeee eoeueoo?iee i?ioean” Ieeieeoei N. Eoeueoo?ia iie?oeea
a?eueoiaee?a ? oe?a?inueeee eoeueoo?iee i?ioean: Ioae?oeenoe/i?
?aoeaen??. – A.i., 1947..

O 80-o ?ieao oe?a?inuee? aeine?aeieee c ae?anii?e I.Eii/eia, ?.Eaeaai,
A.ssi?a, I.Nai/eoei Eii/eia I. Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a: Ei?ioeee iaeyae. –
Iueth-Ei?e, 1983; Eaeaai ?. Ia?ene c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. –
Aaeiiioii, 1984; ssi?a A. Ia?en ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. –
Iueth-Ei?e, 1985; Nai/eoei I. Oeny/a ?ie?a oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. –
?noi?e/iee iaeyae eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano. – E., 1993. iioae?eoaaee ?yae
ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c i?iaeai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e.
Aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oaeiae ie?ai? aaeoc?, cie?aia, oaao? o iiiia?ao??
N.*i?iiai *i?iee N. Oe?a?inueeee oaao? ? ae?aiaoo?a?y.- Ithioai —
Iueth-Ei?e, 1980., i?ioa ia??iae 1917-1920 ??. o i?e aena?oethaaany eeoa
a ia?en?, i?enay/aiiio E.Eo?aano. *a?ac ia’?eoeai? ianoaaeie caei?aeiii?
aaoi?e ia caaaeaee nie?aeenue ia aeinoaoith aeieoiaioaeueio aaco,
ine?eueee ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue a?o?aieo oa ?ioeo aeaea?ae aoea ?i
iaaeinooiia.

Ae?oao, iaea?eueo /enaeueio a?oio e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie neeaaea?
?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y, i?aoe? yei? nie?aeenue ia ?aeaieia?/i?
noa?aioeie, ae?iaeai? eiioi?noe/iith ia?o??th. A e?oa?aoo?? 20-o ?ie?a
oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoeiai aena?oethaaeanue a ?iaioao
A.A?eiueea, oa A.A??/aea, i?enay/aieo ?aaeyinueeiio eoeueoo?iiio
aoae?aieoeoao a Oe?a?i? A?eiueei A. Niaaoneia eoeueoo?iia no?ieoaeuenoai
ia Oe?aeia. – Oa?ueeia, 1921; A??/ae A.O. Caaaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai aoae?aieoeoaa ia Oe?a?i?. – Oa?e?a, 1927 oa
?i.. sse aaciina?aaei? o/anieee ?aaiethoe??, aiie ii??aiyii ia’?eoeaii
aena?oethaaee eoeueoo?i? c?ooaiiy.

Ia?oeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie, ui i?aenoiiaoaaee ?icaeoie oaao?aeueii? ni?aae
a Oe?a?i?, ii/eiath/e c 1917 ?., aoee i?aoe? I.Een?ey, I.?oe?ia oa iecea
eieaeoeaieo aeaeaiiue Een?eue I. Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. – E., 1925;
Aeanyoue ?ie?a oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o. — E., 1929; Ee?anueeee ae?aiaoe/iee
oaao? ?i.?.O?aiea. – E., 1928 oa ?i.. Iayaiee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae aeaaaa
aeuaiacaaiei aaoi?ai iiaeeea?noue iieacaoe oe?a?inueea oaao?aeueia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, caii/aoeiaaia iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aaiethoe??th. Aea a ?oi?o
i?aoeyo ia?aaaaeaa ienoaoeoaiciaa/ee aniaeo, i?iaeaie
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo ooieoe?e oaao?o i?ae /an ?aaiethoe?? aiie ia
?icaeyaeaee.

C 30-o ?ie?a ?noi?e/ia iaoea a N?N? caciaea ?oeioth/iai aieeao
oioae?oa?ii? ?aeaieia?? eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o??. Iiiiaioe ?aaeyinueeiai
eaaeo ia?anoaee ?nioaaoe ye ia’?eo ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, cie?aia,
oe?a?inueea aea?aeaai?noue aoea aeciaia eiio??aaiethoe?eiith, oiio
ae?yeuei?noue iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a ia aea/aeany. ?aeaieia?/i?
iaiaaeaiiy ia aeicaieeee noai?eoe iiaiioe?ii? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae ? c
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e. O 50-60-o ?ieao iiaa/eee na?o i?aoe?
N.Aooyinueeiai, ?.Cieioiaa?oiai, ?.Oaa/oea oa ?i. Aooyinueeee N.E.
A.?.Eai?i ? eoeueoo?ia aoae?aieoeoai ia Oe?a?i?. – E., 1965;
Cieioiaa?oee ?.Ae. Noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e
(1917-1920 ??.). – E., 1961; Oaa/oe A.I. Eoeueoo?ia aoae?aieoeoai ia
Oe?a?i? o 1921-1925 ??. – E., 1963 oa ?i., i?enay/ai? eoeueoo?e /an?a
nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaiethoe??. A ieo, ye ? a ocaaaeueithth/eo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ui aeeoee o 70-80-o ?ieao?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e ca ?iee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee. –E., 1967; ?noi??y Oe?a?inueei?
?N?. O 8 o. – O.5: Aaeeea AEiaoiaaa nioe?ae?noe/ia ?aaiethoe?y ?
a?iiaaeyinueea a?eia ia Oe?a?i?. 1917-1920. – E., 1977., iiaee oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae uiaei iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a a ?iee ?aaiethoe??
neoaoaaa eeoa eiiaioa?ai aei i?iiaaaiaee ?aeae “e?ea?aeaoe??
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaiaaeaiue”, “noai?aiiy ?aeeii? ?aaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e”
oa ?ioeo ia?o?eieo ??oaiue o aaeoc? iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee. Iiaeo
eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a o o? ?iee ia aeieeaei.

I?iaeaia eoeueoo?iiai aoae?aieoeoaa aoea i?aaenoaaeaia oaeiae o
caaaeueiinithci?e ?noi??ia?ao??. Oea eieaeoeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy “Aaeeeay
Ieoya?ueneay nioeeaeenoe/aneay ?aaiethoeey e noaiiaeaiea niaaoneie
eoeueoo?u. 1917-1927”, i?aoe? N.Aae?ia, E.I?i?a?ii?, I.Iioaiiaa,
I.Oii?ia oa ?i. Aaeeeay Ieoya?ueneay nioeeaeenoe/aneay ?aaiethoeey e
noaiiaeaiea niaaoneie eoeueoo?u. 1917-1927. –I., 1927; Aaeei N.A.
Enoi?e/aneee iiuo eoeueoo?iiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a ia?aua aiaeu Niaaoneie
aeanoe (1917-1925). – I., 1980; Ieiaaeia E.A. Niaaoneee ?aai/ee eeann e
ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eoeueoo?a. 1917-1932. – I., 1984; Iioaiia I.A. ?iaeii
ec ?aaiethoeee. –I., 1985 oa ?i. O ieo Oe?a?ia aenooiaea ye /anoea
?aeeiiai eoeueoo?iiai i?inoi?o ?acii c ?ioeie ?aaeyinueeeie
?anioae?eaie. Noaa?aeaeoaaeinue, ui eoeueoo?i? iaaeaaiiy ia?in?enueeeo
ia?iae?a N?N? aoee aeinyaioo? aeeeth/ii caaaeyee ao?eaiith a aeeooy
iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? oa a?aoa?nuee?e aeiiiiic?
?in?enueeiai ia?iaeo.

?noi??y oaao?o aeoeaii ?ic?iaeyeanue ienoaoeoaiciaaoeyie. A?oioiaiee
?icaeyae ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie o aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae aeaii a
aaaaoioiii?e “?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ienoaoeoaa”, ?ioeo ocaaaeueithth/eo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?noi??y oe?a?inueeiai ienoaoeoaa. O 6 o. – O.4. – E.,
1970; Aae?/ei TH.A. Oe?a?inueea ?aaeyinueea ienoaoeoai ia??iaeo
a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie. – E., 1983 oa ?i., i?aoeyo c ?noi???
oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o Een?eue I.A. Oe?a?inueeee oaao?. – E., 1968;
Oe?a?inueeee ae?aiaoe/iee oaao?: Ia?ene ?noi???. O 2 o. – O.2. – E.,
1959; ?oe?i I.?. Ia oeyoao ?aaiethoe?eiiai oaao?o. – E.. 1972;
Noai?oaanueeee TH.I. Oaao?, ia?iaeaeaiee ?aaiethoe??th. Ia?ene ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei? oaao?aeueii? eoeueoo?e. 1917-1987. – E.. 1987
oa ?i.. Aei?iaie oe?a?inueeeo oaao?iciaaoe?a aeiae ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee
oae naii, ye ? ?noi?ee?a, iana ia nia? a?aeaeoie ?aeaieia?/ieo
noa?aioei?a, i?eoaiaiieo oioae?oa?i?e iie?oe/i?e nenoai?. Aiie
caiia/oaaee iaaeaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a o a?ae?iaeaeaii?
oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o, ?icaeyaeath/e eiai i?aeianaiiy a eiioaeno?
c?ooaiue, cae?eniaieo ?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith.

Aaaeeeao ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i oaao?aeueia aeeooy Oe?a?ie, aieea ia iueiai
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo iiae?e i?noyoue ia?ene c ?noi??? oaao??a,
ia?iaeaeaieo o /ane ?aaiethoe?? — “Iieiaeiai oaao?o”, oaao?o ?i.
?.O?aiea, oaao?o “Aa?ac?eue” oa ?i. XX ?ie?a oaao?o ?i. ?.O?aiea. – E.,
1940; Eo?aan I.N. Aa?ac?eue. – E., 1988; Iieiaeee oaao?: aaiaca,
caaaeaiiy, oeyoe. – E., 1991 oa ?i. Cia/iee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?enooi?e
o a?ia?ao?yo ae?y/?a noeaie, ye? noiyee ia /ie? oe?a?inueeiai
oaao?aeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, – A.TH?e, E.Eo?aana, I.Caaa?iaa,
A.Aaneeueea oa ?i. Aiaioei TH.I. Aiao TH?a. – E., 1980; eiai ae.
?aaeena? Eanue Eo?aan. – E., 1987; I?e??a A.Ae. Ieaenaiae? Caaa?ia ?
oe?a?inueeee oaao?. — E., 1969; E?aa/oe I.?. A.N.Aaneeueei – ?aaeena?. –
E., 1980 oa ?i.

I?ney i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie no/ani? aeine?aeieee io?eiaee
iiaeeea?noue a?oioiaiiai aea/aiiy oa ia’?eoeaiiai aiae?co oe?a?inueei?
?aaiethoe??. Ca /an, ui ieioa, a?o/eciyia ?noi??ia?ao?y, i?aoe? yei?
neeaaeathoue o?aoth a?oio e?oa?aoo?e, aeinyaea cia/ieo oni?o?a, a iniiao
yeeo aoei iieeaaeaii ?icoe?aiiy aeaea?aeueii? aace, iia? aeieoiaioaeuei?
ioae?eaoe??, ianiaa ia?aaeaeaiiy i?aoeue ?noi?ee?a ae?anii?e. Aeeoee
ae?oeii caaaeuei? i?aoe?, aaoi?e yeeo iaiaaaeenue ia’?eoeaii aeeeanoe
ieoaiiy, ye? caiia/oaaeenue aai ia?ae?o/oaaeenue ?aaeyinueeith
?noi??ia?ao??th Aoi/ae O. Oe?a?ia: ia?oa iieiaeia XX noie?ooy. Ia?en
iie?oe/ii? ?noi???. – E., 1993; ?noi??y Oe?a?ie: iiaa aa/aiiy. O 2 o. –
O.2. – E., 1996; A?eoeae ss. Ia?en ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?ii?
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? XIX-XX noie?ooy. – E., 1996 oa ?i.. Inoaii?i /anii
c’yaeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy, niaoe?aeueii i?enay/ai? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e
iie?oeoe? oa ae?yeueiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a – aeena?oaoe??
I.Iaoaanueeiai, A.Ieaeeea, noaoo? O.Inoaoei, I.Oeiioaiei oa ?i.
Iaoaanueeee I.I. Iie?oeea o?yaeo aaoueiaia I.Nei?iiaaenueeiai a aaeoc?
ina?oe, iaoee, ienoaoeoaa (ea?oaiue-a?oaeaiue 1918 ?.). Aaoi?ao. aeen. …
eaiae. ?no. iaoe. – E., 1997; Ieaeee A.I. Eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiy iie?oeea a
aeiao Aee?aeoi??? OI? (1918-1920 ??.). Aaoi?ao. aeen. … eaiae. ?no.
iaoe. – E., 1998; Inoaoei O.N. C ?noi??? e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueeiai
aeeooy a Oe?a?i? ca /an?a Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee //Oe?. ?no. aeo?iae. –
1998. — ? 3. – N.24-38 oa ?i. Cacia/ai? aaoi?e aaaee aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao
iiaee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae c ?noi??? oaao?aeueiiai ?ooo, i?ioa ?icaeyaeaee
oaao?aeueia ienoaoeoai iia?aeii, a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioeo ieoaiue.

C e?ioey 80-o ?ie?a o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ii/aany i?ioean
iinooiiaiai a?aeoiaeo a?ae ca?aeaieia?ciaaiino? oa noaiaoecio a
aeine?aeaeaii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie aeiae nioe?ae?cio. O 90-o ?ieao iiaa/eee
na?o i?aoe? A.Aeaieeaiea, N.Eoeue/eoeueeiai, A.Eanueyiiaa oa ?ioeo
?noi?ee?a Aeaieeaiei A.I. Aei aeoie?a iie?oeee “oe?a?i?caoe??” //Oe?a?ia
XX noie?ooy: eoeueoo?a, ?aeaieia?y, iie?oeea. Ca. noaoae. – E., 1993. –
N.55-67; Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A. Eiioi?ci a Oe?a?i?: ia?oa aeanyoe??//y
(1919-1928). – E., 1996; Eanueyiia A.A. Oe?a?inueea ?ioae?aaioe?y
20-30-o ?ie?a: nioe?aeueiee aniaeo oa ?noi?e/ia aeiey. – E., 1992., ye?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaee iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?i? i?ioeane c iiceoe?e
ia’?eoeaiino? oa ?noi?ecio. Aaoi?e aeiaiaeeee, ui ?icaoaeiaa
oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e a ia?o? ?iee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee aacoaaeanue ia
iiia?aaei?e ae?yeueiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a, oiae? ye a?eueoiaeee
iaaeaee ?e eeoa a?aeiia?aeiiai ?aeaieia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c ?noi??ia?ao?? c oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
na?ae/eoue, ui oaao?aeueia ienoaoeoai a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo ?aaiethoe??
1917-1920 ??. aeine?aeaeoaaeinue o?aaiaioa?ii. Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue
ia ?nio? ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe?, niaoe?aeueii i?enay/aii? oaao?o ye
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio ? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio yaeuo.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? eiiieaen aeieoiaio?a ?
iaoa??ae?a c a?o?aieo oiiae?a, aeieoiaioaeueieo ioae?eaoe?e,
ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue, iaioa?ii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aaoi?ii aeei?enoaii aeieoiaioe 29 oiiae?a ainueie a?o?a?a Oe?a?ie ?
?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??. Iniiaiee iaoa??ae c i?iaeaie neiioeaio?iaaii o
Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee Oe?a?ie
(OeAeAAI). O oiiaeao Ia?iaeiiai Nae?aoa??aoo (o.1115), ?aaee I?i?no??a
Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae (o.1064), I?i?noa?noaa ia?iaeii? ina?oe oa
ienoaoeoa Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae (o.2201), Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy
ienoaoeoa oa iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae (o.2457),
?aaee Ia?iaeieo I?i?no??a OI? (o.1065), I?i?noa?noaa ia?iaeii? ina?oe
OI? (o.2582), I?i?noa?noaa i?ane ? i?iiaaaiaee OI? (o.1113) oa ?i.
caa??aa?oueny io?oe?eia aeieoiaioaoe?y, a ye?e i?noeoueny ?ioi?iaoe?y
i?i iie?oeeo ? ae?yeuei?noue aea?aeaaieo onoaiia o aaeoc? oaao?aeueii?
ni?aae.

Aaeeeee ianea aeieoiaio?a c oaie aeena?oaoe?? ia?aaoaa? o oiiae?
Ia?iaeiiai eii?na??aoo ina?oe ON?? (o.166), yeee ea?oaaa ieoaiiyie
eoeueoo?e a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?. A?aeiiino? i?i ?aeaieia?/io
ni?yiiaai?noue oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ci?ie o oaao?aeueiiio aeeoo?
cono??/athoueny a aeieoiaioao Ath?i Oe?a?inueei? i?ane (o.1738) oa
Anaoe??aaeiio (o.2605).

Aea/aeeny aaoi?ii iaoa??aee Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao-iocath
e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa (OeAeAIEI) Oe?a?ie, aeieoiaioe ?yaeo iaeanieo
a?o?a?a.

Cia/ia e?euee?noue iaoa??ae?a c aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie caa??aa?oueny a
a?o?aao ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??. O Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? ?O (AeA?O)
aeena?oaioeith aoee ii?aoeueiaai? oiiaee Ia?iaeiiai eii?na??aoo ina?oe
?NO?? (o.2306) oa Aieiaiie?oina?oe (o.2313), ye? aoee aeey ON??
aee?aeoeaieie i?aaiaie. Aaaaoi oe?eaai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? oaeiae o oiiaeao
Ia?iaeiiai eii?na??aoo iaoe?iiaeueiinoae (o.1318), AOe?IN (o.5451),
Eiioi?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.ss.I.Naa?aeeiaa (o.5221) oa ?i.

A?aeiiino? i?i i?aai?caoe?th ? ae?yeuei?noue oaao??a aoee aeyaeai? a
?in?enueeiio aea?aeaaiiio a?enueeiaiio a?o?a? (?AeAA) o oiiaeao
Oi?aae?iiy ni?aaaie Ia?iaeiiai eii?na??aoo a?enueeiaeo ni?aa Oe?a?ie
(o.25860), oi?aae?iiy ni?aaaie Ee?anueeiai, Iaeanueeiai oa Oa?e?anueeiai
a?enueeiaeo ie?oa?a (o.25880, 25885, 25900).

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iioae?eiaai? aeaea?aea c
?noi??? ?aaiethoe??, a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie, nioe?ae?noe/ieo ia?aoai?aiue
a Oe?a?i? o 1917-1920 ??., na?aae yeeo iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue
ca??ee c ieoaiue eoeueoo?e Eoeueoo?ia aoae?aieoeoai a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?
(1917-1927 ??.). Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a. – E., 1979;
Eoeueoo?iia no?ieoaeuenoai a *a?eanneie iaeanoe. 1917-1980 aa.
Aeieoiaiou e iaoa?eaeu. – Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1989.. Ci?noiaieie ? oaeiae
caaaeueiinithci? ca??ieee, i?enay/ai? oaao?o ia??iaeo ?aaiethoe??
Niaaoneee oaao?. Aeieoiaiou e iaoa?eaeu: ?onneee niaaoneee oaao?.
1917-1921. – Eaieia?aae, 1968; Oaao? ia?iaeia NNN?. – Eaieia?aae, 1972..
Cie?aia, a oii? “Oaao? ia?iaeia NNN?. 1917-1921” ? iecea aeieoiaio?a i?i
oaao?aeuei? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?. Caaaeii iioae?eiaaieo iaoa??ae?a c oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaaaoi ? aiie aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ye aeiaeaoeiaa
aeaea?aei.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? nooo?ai caaaaoeee iaoa??aee oiai/anieo
ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue. Ae?oeiaai? i?aaie iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a (“A?niee
Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa??aoo”, “Aea?aeaaiee a?niee”, “A?niee OI?”),
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ? a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e (“Iiaa ?aaea”, “?ia?oie/a
aacaoa”, “A?ae?iaeaeaiiy” oa ?i.) aaaaoi ienaee i?i oaao?aeueia
ienoaoeoai. Io?oe?ice ?aaeyinueeiai oa ia?o?eiiai ea??aieoeoaa (“A?niee
AOOeAE”, “A?eueoiaee”, “Eiioi?no”), i?noeaaa ?aaeyinueea i?ana
i?iiaaoaaee ?aeaieia?/i? ci?ie o oaao?aeueiiio aeeoo?. Iniaeeao
oe?ii?noue iathoue oaao?aeueii-ienoaoeuee? /aniiene ia?oeo ?ie?a
?aaiethoe??: “Ienoaoeoai”, “Oaao?”, “Aanoiee oaao?a” oa ?i., ye?
aeaeaaaeenue o aaeeeeo eoeueoo?ieo oeaio?ao – Ee?a?, Oa?eia?, Iaean?, a
oaeiae o Iinea?. A ieo ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy ienoaoeuee? iiooee iiai?
?ie? oaao?o a noni?euenoa?, ci?iaiiio ?aaiethoe??th.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aea/aiiy oaao?aeueii-ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie
ia??iaeo ?aaiethoe?? ? iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a. Ie?ai? caaaeee i?i oaao?
cono??/athoueny o niiaaaeao oe?a?inueeeo iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a –
A.Aeiie/aiea, Ae.Aei?ioaiea, I.Nei?iiaaenueeiai oa ?i. Aeiie/aiei A.
Uiaeaiiee. – Aaeiiioii-Aaoeiaoii, 1980; Aei?ioaiei Ae. Ii? niiieie i?i
iaaeaai? ieioea. – Ithioai, 1969; Nei?iiaaenueeee I. Niiaaaee. —
E.-O?eaaeaeueo?y, 1995 oa ?i. A?eueo ci?noiaieie ? niiaaaee oaao?aeueieo
ae?y/?a, ye? aoee aaciina?aaei?ie o/anieeaie oaao?aeueiiai i?ioeano
Eanue Eo?aan. Niiaaaee no/aniee?a. – E., 1969; Aaneeueei A. Oaao?o
a?aeaeaia aeeooy. – E., 1984; Nai?eeaiei I.I. Iacaaooi? aei? ai??iue. –
E., 1970 oa ?i.. ? oi/ iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a ia aea? ia’?eoeaiiai
aena?oeaiiy iiae?e ? iana a?aeaeoie iniaenoiai ?o ni?eeiyooy aaoi?ii,
aiia aaaaoi a /iio aeiiiiaaa? a?aeoai?eoe ??ciiaa?a’y
oaao?aeueii-ienoaoeueeiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie /an?a ?aaiethoe??.

Aeei?enoaiiy an?o cacia/aieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e aeicaieeei ae??oeoe
iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oe?a?inueeee oaao? aeiae iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a
(1917-1920 ??.)” aiae?co?oueny i?ioean a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
oaao?o, caii/aoeiaaiee iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aaiethoe??th.

Iaoe?iiaeuei? c?ooaiiy 1917 ?. noai?eee oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa. 12 aa?aciy a Ee?a? a?aeaoeeny ia?o? a?euei?
cai?e oaao?aeueieo ae?y/?a, ia ii/aoeo ea?oiy aoei caniiaaia oiaa?enoai
“A?eueia ienoaoeoai”, a 24 ea?oiy – Eii?oao oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaao?o. Ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi aoei ooai?aiiy iiaeo
o?oi, neeaaeaiiy ?aia?ooa?o aeey ieo oa ia?aeeaae i’?n oe?a?inueeith
iiaith, i?aai?caoe?eia aeiiiiiaa oaao?ai o i?ia?ioe??. C iinoaiiyi
ia?oiai oe?a?inueeiai o?yaeo oaao?aeueia ni?aaa io?eiaea aea?aeaaio
i?aeo?eieo. O neeaae? a?aeae?eo ienoaoeoa ia?iaeiiai nae?aoa?noaa ina?oe
ae?yea oaao?aeueia naeoe?y ia /ie? c aeo?enith I.Noa?eoeueeith.

Coneeeyie Eii?oaoo oa a?aeae?eo ienoaoeoa iiaee nacii 1917-1918 ??. o
Ee?a? ii/eiaee /ioe?e oe?a?inuee? ae?aiaoe/i? oaao?e, a iia?iiio oaao??
aiooaaeeny aei iinoaiiaee aeaa iia?ieo niaeoaee? oe?a?inueeith iiaith.
Oaao?aeuei? o?oie ooai?thaaeenue i?e i?noeaaeo “I?ina?oao”. Aei
Ioce/ii-ae?aiaoe/ii? oeiee ?i.Eenaiea aeiaeaeenue Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia
oeiea oa ?aaeena?nueei-?ino?oeoi?nuee? eo?ne, ye? aiooaaee i?aoe?aiee?a
aeey i?ia?ioe?eieo oa aiaoi?nueeeo oaao??a.

Ia?iaeaeoaaany iiaee ?aia?ooa?. Oaao?aeueiith naeoe??th aoa aeaeaiee
eaoaeia, aei yeiai oa?eoee i’?ne oe?a?inueeeo ae?aiaoo?a?a. Aia?oa
oe?a?inuee? oaao?e ae?noaee iiaeeea?noue noaaeoe oai?e na?oiai?
ae?aiaoo?a??, aioe/io eeaneeo. E?ea?aeaoe?y iaoe?iiaeueieo iaiaaeaiue
aeaea ciiao oe?a?inueeiio oaao?o iiaioaaoe iia? no/ani? iai?yie
oaao?aeueii? eoeueoo?e, ye? iaaeeaeaee eiai aei ?a?iiaenueeiai ??aiy.
Cie?aia, “Iieiaeee oaao?” E.Eo?aana cayaea, ui ?iaeoue i?yiee iiai?io
aei ?a?iie ? aoaea “eoe aeaniith oe?a?inueeith aei?iaith” ?ia?oie/a
aacaoa. – 1917. – 23 aa?aniy..

I?aeianaiiy oaao?aeueii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i? ai?iaeiaae 1917 ?.
a?aeaoaaeiny ca ni?eyiiyi aeaeaoieo ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e ?.Ia??iea,
N.?o?aiiaa, A.Aeiie/aiea, I.Eioeoey, I.Ieany, N.*a?eanaiea,
O.E?e/aanueeiai, E.Eo?aana, ?.Ia?’yiaiea, I.Noa?eoeueei?,
E.Noa?eoeueei?-*a?iyo?anueei?, A.Ia?aooa oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo.Ca /an?a
Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae aaoueiaia I.Nei?iiaaenueeiai caaaeueiee i?ia?an
eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o o?eaaa. Eiai iniiaith neoaoaaei
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ia i?aeianaiiy /an?a Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee. Ea?oaaa
oaao?aeueiith ni?aaith a?aeae?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe ia /ie? c
E.Noa?eoeueeith-*a?iyo?anueeith. Eieeoi?e eii?oao canooieea Oaao?aeueia
?aaea, ui aeeiioaaea ooieoe?? aei?aae/iai i?aaio. A na?ii? 1918 ?. aoei
ooai?aia oiaa?enoai “A?eueiee oaao?”, yea caeiaeiny noai?aiiyi
oe?a?inueeeo oaao??a ii aoaa?i?yo oa iia?oao.Ainaie 1918 ?. a Ee?a?
ae?yei o?noue oe?a?inueeeo oaao??a. Oe?a?inueeee ae?aiaoe/iee (ia /ie? c
A.E?aeaaaoeueeei oa I.Caaa?iaei) ? Oe?a?inueeee ia?iaeiee (i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii I.Naenaaainueeiai) iaee noaoon aea?aeaaieo. Aeoeaiei
noeai?/iei aeeooyi aeea “Iieiaeee oaao?”. Eiai aenoaaa ca aioe/iith
ae?aiith Nioieea “Oea? Aae?i” aoea aeniei ioe?iaia ia eeoa oe?a?inueeei,
a e ?in?enueeei aeyaea/ai.Ia oaao?aeueiiio aeeoo? ia??iaeo Aee?aeoi???
OI? iicia/eeeny neeaaei? iie?oe/i? ? a?enueeia? ianoaaeie. ? oi/ o?yae
iaaeaaaa i?aeo?eiee oe?a?inueeei oaao?ai, oea ia caaacia/oaaei
caaeia?eueiiai ?nioaaiiy. ?acii c Aee?aeoi???th aei
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai ae?oaea o?oia Ae?oaiai i?nueeiai oaao?o ia
/ie? c I.Naaeianueeei, 12 eenoiiaaea 1919 ?. a?i iaea?aeaa noaoon
aea?aeaaiiai. Caaaeueiee ??aaiue noeai?/ii? iaenoa?iino? oaao?o aoa
iaaenieei, a?i aeeiioaaa ia?aaaaeii i?iiaaaiaeenonuee? ooieoe?? a
?ioa?anao oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?. I?ae /an aeai?e?iueie I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Aee?aeoi??? iaaeaaaei iaoa??aeueio aeiiiiiao oe?a?inueeei oaao?ai
Ee?aa. Aea aiane?aeie oiai, ui i?ae aeaaeith Aee?aeoi??? o 1919-1920 ??.
ia?aaoaaea cian?i iacia/ia oa?eoi??y, oaao?aeueia aeeooy Oe?a?ie
a?aeaoaaeiny, aieiaiei /eiii, a oiiaao ?ioiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio –
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee.O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?aaeyinueea oaao?aeueia
ienoaoeoai a Oe?a?i? (1919-1920 ??.)” ?icaeyiooi iaea?eueo nooo?a? ci?ie
a oaao?aeueiiio aeeoo? i?ney anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee.?aaeyinueea aeaaea ?icii/aea aeoeaia ao?o/aiiy a eoeueoo?i?
i?ioeane. A?eueoiaeee aaaaeaee ienoaoeoai caniaii i?iiaaaiaee
eiioi?noe/ieo ?aeae ? aenoaaee caaaeaiiy ia?aaoaeiae eiai ca eeaniaeie
i?eioeeiaie. I?iaieioaia noaa?aii?noue ON?? iaea oi?iaeueiee oa?aeoa?,
?? caiaeeei iai?aaoeue ia’?aeiaia aea?aeaaia ea??aieoeoai, iiaia
caeaaei?noue EI(a)O a?ae ?EI(a). Ia?eiiin ?NO?? aeeiioaaa ooieoe??
aee?aeoeaiiai i?aaio aeey Ia?eiiino ON??, ia?aoai?aiiy a eoeueoo?? ?
ienoaoeoa? a?aeaoaaeenue ca c?aceii ?aaeyinueei? ?in??. A?eueoiaeoeueea
aeaaea na?aeiii aaeueioaaea i?ioean iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo.
Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie iaea noaoe ?aeeiei oe?eei c nioe?ae?noe/iith
eoeueoo?ith ?in??.Ia eoeueoo?io iie?oeeo ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee o 1919 ?.
ni?aaeee aieea iiia?aaei? iiae?? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe??. ?EI(a)
anooieea a iie?oe/iee nithc c e?aith oe?a?inueeith ia?o??th
ai?ioueaeno?a, ?i aoei a?aeaeaia ea??aieoeoai Ia?eiiinii. Caaaeyee
oeueiio a oea?ei? eoeueoo?e, cie?aia oaao?aeueiiio ienoaoeoa?, iaaeaaiiy
iiia?aaeiee?a ia ieueeeny, oe?a?inuee? oaao?aeuei? ae?y/? a oe?eiio
caiaeeeeny i?aoethaaoe i?ae eiio?ieai ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee.26 n?/iy 1919
?. aoa ooai?aiee Anaoe?a?inueeee oaao?aeueiee eii?oao (AOOAEII)
Eoeueoo?ia aoae?aieoeoai a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N?. Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a ?
iaoa??ae?a. 1917-1927. – N.77.. Iniiae oaao?aeueii? iie?oeee aecia/eea
iinoaiiaa “I?i oaao?e ? e?iaiaoia?ao”, ca yeith aoei ?icii/aoi
iaoe?iiae?caoe?th oaao??a. 4 aa?aciy oaea ??oaiiy ooaaeea Oa?e?anueeee,
a 15 aa?aciy – Ee?anueeee aoaaeeiieiie. O 1920 ?. ia Oe?a?io aoei
iioe?aii iinoaiiao AOeAE ?NO?? “I?i iae?e noeai?/ieo ? oaao?aeueieo
i?aoe?aiee?a”. Ca iaeacii aeaaee a?oenoe iaee a?aoe o/anoue a
aa?oaoe?eieo eaiiai?yo, aenoaaao ia o?iio?, ianeoaiaoaaoe aea?aeaai?
onoaiiae.Ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee ?ieue oaao?o a aeeoo? noni?euenoaa
c?inoaea. A?i noaa iaea?eueo iiioey?iei aeai?ii ienoaoeoaa.
?icaeyaeath/e oaao? ye cia?yaeaey i?iiaaaiaee, ia?o?eia ? ?aaeyinuee?
i?aaie ni?eyee iiya? aaeeei? e?eueeino? iiaeo i?ioan?eieo ? aiaoi?nueeeo
oaao?aeueieo eieaeoea?a. I?ieaoeoeueo?aoe? a?aeaeaaaee ia?aaaao
aiaoi?nueeiio oaao?o. I?eoeeueieee “aeaaeai?/iiai” iai?yio aaaaeaee, ui
iiaee oaao? iiaeiai a?oiooaaoenue ia eoeueoo?ieo iaaeaaiiyo ieioeiai. Ia
Oe?a?i? oe? aea? eiioeaioe?? ii?aeioaaeeny i?ae aieeaii iniaeeaeo
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo oiia.sse ? ?ai?oa,
oeaio?ii oaao?aeueiiai aeeooy aoa Ee?a. Ooo ae?yea i?nueea ooaeiaeiy
?aaea o neeaae? E.Eo?aana, I.Caaa?iaa, N.Aenioeueei?, A.E?eaeeoeueeiai,
I.Nie?iiaa oa ?i. A?aeii? oaao?aeuei? eieaeoeae, ui ?nioaaee ?ai?oa,
caa?aaeeny, aiaeii/an i?aai?ciaoaaeeny iia? oaao?e: Oe?a?inueea ioce/ia
ae?aia, *a?aiiia?i?enueeee oaao?, o?noue ?aeiiieo oaao??a, e?eueea
aenia?eiaioaeueieo nooae?e. Ii?yae c Ee?aii i?ia?aeieie oaao?aeueieie
oeaio?aie caeeoaeeny Oa?e?a, Iaeana. Iacaeaaeiee oaao? o AEeoiie??,
oaao? ?i. E.Oe?a?iee a I?ineo?ia?, Oaao?-nooae?y E.Eioaanueeiai a
*a?i?aia?, A?eueiee oaao? o Iieoaa? oa ?i. i?aeo?eioaaee o?aaeeoe??
oe?a?inueei? noeaie. Iaea?eueo cia/i? ?in?enuee? o?oie i?aoethaaee a
Ee?a?, Oa?eia?, *a?i?aia?, Iaean?, Oa?nii?. Ii?yae c oe?a?inueeeie oa
?in?enueeeie ?nioaaee oe?a?inueei-?in?enuee? o?oie.Oaao?aeuei? ae?y/?
a?ae/oaaee o?oaeiiu? c ?aia?ooa?ii. Iiai? ?aaiethoe?eii? ae?aiaoo?a?? ia
?nioaaei, oiio caa?oaeeny aei eeaneee. ?? i?aeaeaaaee ?aa?c??,
aeei?enoiaoth/e aeey ?ice?eooy “aeooaeueieo” oai. “Ie aoaeaii /anoi
ei?enooaaoenue eeane/ieie oai?aie ye eaiaith aeey iaoeo noeai?/ieo
iiaoaeia” Oeeo. Ca: Enoi?ey niaaoneiai oaao?a. – E., 1933. – N.65., —
i?iaieinea oai?aoee “oaao?aeueiiai AEiaoiy” A.Iae??oieueae. Ca
eeane/ieie oai?aie noaaeeenue aino?inioe?aeuei? aenoaae, canoiniaoth/e
iaoiae “aoeueaa?iiai nioe?ieia?cio”. I?enoinoaaiiy oaao?aeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa aei oiai/aniiai aeeooy iieyaaei oaeiae o aa?i?caoe?? oaao?o.
Aa?i?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue noaea io?oe?eii aeaeea?iaaiith e?i??th
?aaeyinueeiai oaao?aeueiiai ea??aieoeoaa.O neeaae? AOOAEIIo i?aoethaaa
?aia?ooa?iee a?aeae?e ia /ie? c A.E?eaeeoeueeei. A?i neeaaeaany c
oe?a?inueei?, ?in?enueei?, iieuenueei? oa ?a?aenueei? naeoe?e. Aei
?ic?iaeaiiai iei ?aia?ooa?iiai nieneo oa?eoei a?eueoa 200 i’?n
?in?enueei?, oe?a?inueei? oa cao?aeii? eeaneee. Aeani? nienee i’?n
i?iiiioaaee i?noeaa? i?aaie ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee. ?aia?ooa? oaao??a
Oe?a?ie o 1919-1920 ??. neeaaeaany ia?aaaaeii c eeane/ieo oai??a,
?ioa?i?aoiaaieo o aeon? “?aeaieia?/iiai caiiaeaiiy” a?eueoiaee?a. Aea e
ia oeueiio oeyoo oaeaiiaeo? ieooe? ni?iiiaeeny noai?eoe ni?aaaei?
oaaeaa?e – aenoaaa “Iaa/a e?eieoey” ca Eiia aea Aaaa, iinoaaeaia
E.Ia?aeaeaiiaei, aenoaae E.Eo?aana “??aoee” oa “Aaeaeaiaee” ca
O.Oaa/aieii oiui.O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “?aaeyinueeee naiiae?yeueiee
oaao?” aeine?aeaeaii iia? oi?ie oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa, ye? aeeiioaaee
aeeeth/ii i?iiaaaiaeenonueei-aa?oaoe?ei? ooieoe??.Ine?eueee i?ioan?eiee
oaao? iaaeoi iia?eueii ia?aoiaeea aei iiaiai ?aia?ooa?o, eiai
nioe?aeuei? ooieoe?? ia?aa?aea oaao?aeueia naiiae?yeuei?noue. Ci?no
oeueiai oa?i?io aeeth/aa on? aeaee ianiai? oai?/ino?: oaao?aeuei?
ao?oee, aoee/i? nayoeoaaiiy, eeoai? ?inoeai?aee, “aeea? aacaoe” oiui.
?aaeyinueea aeaaea aeeth/eea naiiae?yeueiee oaao? aei nenoaie
eoeueoina?oiuei? ?iaioe. O noa?? naiiae?yeueiiai oaao?aeueiiai ?ooo
a?eueoiaeee nie?aeenue ia ?aea? I?ieaoeoeueoo.I?ioyaii 1919-1920 ??.
a?aeaoaaeinue ianiaa ooai?aiiy aiaoi?nueeeo oaao??a, aieiaiei /eiii
?ia?oie/eo ? /a?aiiia?i?enueeeo. O aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i
iioe?aiiy aiaoi?nueeiai oaao?aeueiiai ?ooo na?aae ?ia?oiee?a o?ainii?oo,
oeoe?iai?, oa oaaeii? i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae o a?enueeiaeo /anoeiao
Ee?anueeiai, Iaeanueeiai oa Oa?e?anueeiai a?enueeiaeo ie?oa?a. A ia??iae
a?ae Ae?oai? (na?iaiue 1920 ?.) aei O?aouei? (/a?aaiue 1921 ?.)
Anaoe?a?inueeeo ia?aae c ieoaiue ina?oe e?euee?noue naiiae?yeueieo
oaao??a c?inea c 140 aei 1393 OeAeAAI, o.166, ii.1, ni?.293,
a?e.21-22.. Oaeaeea e?euee?nia c?inoaiiy ca ne?ooieo iaoa??aeueieo oiia
oa a?aenooiino? eaae?o?eiaaieo ea??aiee?a iicia/eeiny ia ooaeiaeiueiio
oa anoaoe/iiio ??ai? aiaoi?nueeiai oaao?o (iaiaaeaiee ?aia?ooa?, neaaea
oaao?aeueia eoeueoo?a). Aea a oiiaao iecueeiai eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy
ia?iaeieo ian oae? oaao?e aoee ina?aaeeaie ia eeoa iie?oe/ii?, a e
caaaeueii? ina?oe.A oeae /an aeieeea ye?nii iiaa oi?ia aa?oaoe?? ?
i?iiaaaiaee – iania? oaao?ae?ciaai? aeaeiaeua. Aiie aaee nai?
iioiaeaeaiiy a?ae i?ieaoa?nueeeo iie?oe/ieo ianiaie – i?oeia?a ?
aeaiiino?aoe?e. ?aaeyinuee? i?aaie aeei?enoiaoaaee a iie?oe/i?e ?iaio?
caniae oaao?o o aeaeyae? ?inoeai?aie, aenoaa i?inoi iaaa, ni?ao ?
oaioe?a. Ianiaee aeo?ae oaao?o ia aoeeoe? a?aeaoaaany c i?eaiaeo
i?ieaoa?nueeeo nayo, aecia/ieo iiae?e, iie?oeei-i?iiaaaiaeenonueeeo
eaiiai?e. I?aai?caoi?aie caaaeaee aenooiaee i?ioan?ei? oaao?aeuei?
?aaeena?e, aeeiiaaoeyie aoee ye i?ioan?ei?, oae ? naiiae?yeuei? aeoi?e.
Aaoi?ii iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i iaea?eueo cia/i? nayoeoaaiiy, oae? ye
“?ioa?iaoe?iiae”, “Iie?oe/ia ea?onaeue”, “Iaoeth??aaea” – o Ee?a?,
“Naiaiaea” – o Eoaainueeo, “Iianoaiiy ia a?iiaiinoe? “Iioueiie?i” – a
Iaean?.Oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaoee nooi aa?oaoe?ei? aeaeiaeua –
“aeea? aacaoe”, iie?onoaee, naoe?e/ii-ano?aaei? iiia?e. Iaaaaeai? o
?icae?e? i?eeeaaee na?ae/aoue, ui “aeea? aacaoe” ?ioa?i?aooaaee iiae??
aioo??oiueiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai aeeooy o iio??aiiio aeaae? iai?yi?.
Iie?onoaee aoee ni?yiiaai? i?ioe iie?oe/ieo i?ioeaiee?a a?eueoiaee?a
(na?oiaa ao?aeoac?y, Aeai?e?i, Iaoeth?a, iieuenuee? iaie oiui) aai
eoeueoo?ii-ienoaoeueeeo yaeu, ye? aeaaea canoaeaeoaaea (iie?onoae o
Ee?a? iaae I.Aa?oeinueeei – ni?aoeai “o/i?aoiueiai aeiy”).Aa?oaoe?eiee
oaao? a on?o eiai i?iyaao aoa a?aeaa?oi oaiaeaioe?eiei. A?aeianoe eiai
aei oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa iiaeia eeoa oiiaii, aaeaea o iueiio
iie?oeea caaaeaee aeii?ioaaea iaae ienoaoeoaii. O aeniiaeao
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aanue
ci?no yeiai aeiaiaeeoue, ui o aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae oaao? a?ae?a?aaaa
?ieue ia eeoa ienoaoeueeiai, a e noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai yaeua. O aeiao
iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a a?i neoaoaaa ni?aa? i?aeianaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. ?aaeyinueea aeaaea iinooiiai
ia?aoai?thaaea oaao? ia cia?yaeaey eiioi?noe/ii? aa?oaoe?? ?
i?iiaaaiaee.A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? ae?eoia
aeniiae?a, iniiai? c yeeo aeiinyoueny ia caoeno: — oe?a?inueea
?aaiethoe?y aeaea iiooiao ?icaeoeia? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo
i?ioean?a. Iie?oeea ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee aoea ni?yiiaaia ia ?aeaieia?/ia
ia?aoai?aiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, iaaeaiiy ?e eeaniaiai,
i?ieaoa?nueeiai ci?noo;- i?ae /an ae?? iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a a?aeaoeiny
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o ye o iaoe?iiaeueiiio, oae ? a
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiio ieai?. Oea aeyaeeiny a ooai?aii? iiaeo
oaao?aeueieo eieaeoea?a, ?icoe?aii? ?aia?ooa?o, iiya? ia?aaeiaeo
no/anieo iai?yi?a, ye? iaaeeaeaee oaao?aeueio eoeueoo?o aei
?a?iiaenueeiai ??aiy;- iie?oeea ? ae?yeuei?noue iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a
aoee ni?yiiaai? ia anaa?/io i?aeo?eieo ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? noeaie.
Caaaeueiee i?ia?an eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o a ia??iae ?aaiethoe??
noaa aeieiiaiei oaeoii;- ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee oaao?, c iaeyaeo ia eiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa aieea ia oe?ie? aa?noae ianaeaiiy, iae?aco iieieany
i?ae eiio?ieai aea?aeaae. Iaoe?iiae?coaaaoe oaao?aeueio ni?aao ye
aaeocue eoeueoo?e, ?aaeyinueea aeaaea iaiaaeeea naiaiaeo oai?/ino? o
oaao?aeueiiio ienoaoeoa?. Aiii iaei ooieoe?iioaaoe eeoa a iaaeao, ye?
a?aeiia?aeaee ii?ae? oa ?aeaieia?? eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o??;- ?aaeyinueeee
?aaeei i?iaieinea noai?aiiy “?ia?oie/i-naeyinueeiai” oaao?o,
?ic?aoiaaiiai ia iiaiai ianiaiai aeyaea/a, oiio ni?eya iioe?aiith ?
?icaeoeo oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa. Oaao? ao?a/aa ae?oa?i?noue ?
iinooiiai ia?aoai?thaaany ia ienoaoeoai, c?icoi?ea oe?ieei ia?iaeiei
ianai, i?ioa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? oaao??a noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue
cieaeaiiyi ooaeiaeiueiai oa i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy aenoaa;- ?aeaieia?/i?
iaiaaeaiiy aeey oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o o 1919- 1920 ??. ia aoee iaaeoi
aei?noeeie. A eiai ?aia?ooa?? ia?aaaaeaee oai?e eeane/ii? ae?aiaoo?a??,
?noi?e/ia oa ia?iaeii-iiaooiaa ae?aia. Ia aeiiao aeaaee ?i iaaeaaaeinue
nioe?aeueii-eeaniaa aai aa?i?ei-?iiaioe/ia cao/aiiy. I?aaiaiiy aei
iiiaeaiiy oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa aeiiiiaaaei oe?a?inueeei
?aaeena?ai-iiaaoi?ai ciaoiaeeoe ni?eueio iiao c ?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith;-
iiaei ienoaoeueeei yaeuai o ia??iae ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee noaa
?aaeyinueeee naiiae?yeueiee oaao?, yeee aeeiioaaa ooieoe??
oaao?ae?ciaaii? aa?oaoe?? ? i?iiaaaiaee. Oeae oaao? aoa iiai?noth
i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee ?aeaieia?/iei iio?aaai aeaaee, a iueiio iie?oeea
caaaeaee aeii?ioaaea iaae ienoaoeoaii. Ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a, ui
a?aeaeaathoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??: A?ioo?a:1.Oaao?aeueia
ni?aaa a Oe?a?i? i?ae /an aeaaee iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a (1917-1920 ??.)
— E.: ?i-o ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAIO, 1999. — 36 n. Noaoo?:2. Iie?oe/ia
aeoiaaiiy ?ia?oie/iai eeano Oe?a?ie a ?iee a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie
(1919-1920 ??.)//Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?o/eciyii? ?noi??? XVIII-XX no.
Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei.1.- E.: Aea?ae. oi-o ?i. O.Oaa/aiea, 1990. —
N.124-135.3. Oe?a?inueeee oaao? a iiooeao a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e (1917-1920 ??.) // Iao/iua o?oaeu Aeaaeaiee. — Aui.1. —
E??iaia?aae: AeEAO, 1995. — N.212-214.4. ?aaeyinueea aeaaea ? oaao? a
Oe?a?i? (1919-1920 ??.)//?noi??y Oe?a?ie. Iaeia?aeii? ?iaia, iiae??,
oaeoe. Ca.noaoae. Aei.5. — E.: ??aeiee e?ae, 1999. — N.272-302.5.
?aaeyinueeee naiiae?yeueiee oaao? (1919-1920) // ?noi??y Oe?a?ie — 1999.
— ? 38.6. Oaao?ae?ciaai? oi?ie eiioi?noe/ii? aa?oaoe?? ? i?iiaaaiaee
(1919-1920uei?.) // ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ? 41.C’yaeeenue i
Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee:7. Oe?a?inueea oa ca?oa?aeia eoeueoo?a.
Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee aeey eo?naio?a. — E??iaia?aae: AeEAO,
1996. — 24 n. (o ni?aaaa?o? ocaaaeueithth/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
i?aenoiiaoaaee ?icaeoie8. Oe?a?inueea oa ca?oa?aeia eoeueoo?a.
Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee aeey nooaeaio?a. *anoeia ??: Oe?a?inueea
eoeueoo?a. — E??iaia?aae: AeEAO, 1998. — 58 n. ( o oaao?aeueii? ni?aae a
Oe?a?i?, ii/eiath/e c 1917 ?. – i?21-42.E Oace:9. Ieoaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy a eo?n? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie//Oace aeiiia?aeae
?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aeeeaaeaiiy
?noi??? Oe?a?ie a oaoi?/iiio aoc?”. — E.: IEI AI, 1991. — N.268-269 (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c I.?.Neeianueeith).

AIIOAOe??.?iiaiueei ?.?. ?icaeoie oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa Oe?a?ie a
1917-1920 ??. — ?oeiien.Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 — ?noi??y
Oe?a?ie. ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie. — Ee?a, 1999.O
aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co?oueny ?icaeoie oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa a Oe?a?i? o
1917-1920 ??. a oiiaao iaoe?iiaeueii? oa nioe?aeueii? ?aaiethoe??. Ia
iniia? oe?iei? aeieoiaioaeueii? aace ?icaeyiooi iie?oeeo ? ae?yeuei?noue
iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaaieo ooai?aiue Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, Aaia?aeueiiai
Nae?aoa??aoo, Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae aaoueiaia I.Nei?iiaaenueeiai,
Aee?aeoi??? OI? a aaeoc? oaao?aeueii? ni?aae. Iieacaii i?ioean
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?inueeiai oaao?o a iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?
ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiio ieai?. Aeine?aeaeaii oaao?aeueio iie?oeeo
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a Oe?a?i?, ci?ie a oaao?aeueiiio aeeoo? o 1919- 1920
??. Aeaii ia’?eoeaio ioe?ieo iiaei iai?yiai oaao?aeueiiai ienoaoeoaa,
i?eaianaiei a Oe?a?ie c ?aaeyinueei? ?in??. Aecia/aii iniaeeaino?
eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? o 1917-1920 ??.Eeth/ia? neiaa:
oe?a?inueea ?aaiethoe?y, ?aaeyinueea aeaaea, eoeueoo?ia iie?oeea, oaao?,
?aia?ooa?.Romanko I.I. The development of theatrical art of Ukraine in
1917-1920. – Manuscript.

en?ey, I.?oiandidate?ia oa eieaeoeai? ae aea speciality 07.00.01 –
History ofiy. Iayaiee aaaaoee oaeistory of Ukraine ofoehe National
Academy of sciences of Ukraine – Kyiv, 1999.

Thesis deals with the analysis of the development of theatrical art in
1917-1920 under the conditions of national and social revolutions.
Basing on the wide range of sources, author investigates politics and
activities of national government bodies Centralna Rada, Generalny
Secretariat, Hetman State of P.Skoropadsky, Direktoria UPR in the field
of the theatre. The process of revival of ukrainian theatrical art both
national and artistic-aesthetical is shown. The cultural policy of the
Soviet power, the changes in theatrical life in 1919-1920 are also
investigated. Thesis assesses objective estimates to new trends of
theatrical art, introduced to Ukraine from Soviet Russia, defines
features of Ukrainian cultural process in 1917-1920.

Key words: Ukrainian revolution, soviet power, cultural policy, theatre,
repertoire.

?iiaiueei E.E. ?acaeoea oaao?aeueiiai eneonnoaa Oe?aeiu a 1917-1920 aa.
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 – Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. Einoeooo enoi?ee Oe?aeiu
IAI Oe?aeiu. – Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?oaony ?acaeoea oaao?aeueiiai eneonnoaa a Oe?aeia
a 1917-1920 aa. a oneiaeyo iaoeeiiaeueiie e nioeeaeueiie ?aaiethoeee.
?anniio?aia iieeoeea e aeayoaeueiinoue iaoeeiiaeueiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo
ia?aciaaiee Oeaio?aeueiie ?aaeu, Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa?eaoa, Oe?aeineie
Aea?aeaau aaoiaia I.Nei?iiaaeneiai, Aee?aeoi?ee OI? a iaeanoe
oaao?aeueiiai aeaea. Iieacai i?ioeann aic?iaeaeaiey oe?aeineiai oaao?a
eae a iaoeeiiaeueiii, oae e a ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneii ieaia.
?acoeueoaoii aeayoaeueiinoe iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?aaeoaeuenoa,
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee oe?aeineie
eioaeeeaaioeee, ?yaea aeayoaeae eneonnoaa noaei nicaeaiea iiauo oaao?ia,
?anoe?aiea eo ?aia?ooa?a, ia?auaiea e i?iecaaaeaieyi eeanneee e
nia?aiaiiie ie?iaie ae?aiaoo?aee, i?aaiecaoeey oaao?aeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey. Oaea a 1917 a. iiyaeeenue ia?aaeiaua nia?aiaiiua
oaao?aeueiua eieeaeoeau, eioi?ua i?eaeeaeaee oaao?aeueioth eoeueoo?o
Oe?aeiu e aa?iiaeneiio o?iaith.

A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey aaoi? i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi
a ia?eiae iaoeeiiaeueiie ?aaiethoeee iaaethaeaeny iauee i?ia?ann
eoeueoo?u oe?aeineiai oaao?a, iiauoaiea aai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai e
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai o?iaiy. A ?aaioa ioia/aii, /oi ai a?aiy ?aaiethoeee
oaao? aunooiae ia oieueei eae yaeaiea eneonnoaa, ii e eae ninoaaiay
/anoue iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneie aeecie. A ia?eiae iaoeeiiaeueiuo
i?aaeoaeuenoa ii neoaeee ?acaeoeth iaoeeiiaeueiiai naiiniciaiey
oe?aeineiai ia?iaea, oe?aieaieth iaoeeiiaeueiie ainoaea?noaaiiinoe.

Iieeoeea niaaoneie aeanoe, eioi?ay ooaa?aeeeanue ia Oe?aeia n ia/aea
1919 a., i?aaeiieaaaea ei?aiioth eiieo noa?ie “ao?aeoaciie” eoeueoo?u e
iino?iaiea iiaie, nioeeaeenoe/aneie e eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiie ii
niaea?aeaieth. Iaeiaei caaiaaaiey oe?aeineie ?aaiethoeee, iiaeuai
iaoeeiiaeueiiai niciaiey ia?iaea, eoeueoo?iia aic?iaeaeaiea canoaaeee
niaaoneia ?oeiaiaenoai i?eciaoue aaaeiinoue iaoeeiiaeueiiai aii?ina a
Oe?aeia, ioeacaoueny io iaoeeiiaeueiiai ieaeeecia, i?enouaai eaeaieiaee
eiiioienoe/aneie ia?oee.

Niaaoneay aeanoue onoaiiaeea eiio?ieue iaae anae aoiaieoa?iie noa?ie
aeecie iauanoaa. Iaoeeiiaeecaoeey oaao?aeueiiai aeaea, i?iaaaeaiiay
niaaoaie, nicaeaea aiciiaeiinoue i?yiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa e eaeaieiae/aneiai
aicaeaenoaey ia oaao?aeueiue i?ioeann. Niaaoneia ?oeiaiaenoai ia?aie/eei
naiaiaeo oai?/anoaa a oaao?aeueiii eneonnoaa, iii aeieaeii auei
ooieoeeiie?iaaoue eeoue a ?aieao i?ieaoa?neie ii?aee e eaeaieiaee.
Oaao?o ioaiaeeeanue ?ieue n?aaenoaa eiiioienoe/aneie aaeoaoeee e
i?iiaaaiaeu.

Aianoa n oai niaaoneee ?aaeei niinianoaiaae ?acaeoeth oaao?aeueiiai
aeaea. Aeanoue iinoaaeea naiae caaea/ae nicaeaiea
“?aai/a-e?anoueyineiai” oaao?a, ?ann/eoaiiiai ia iiaiai ianniaiai
c?eoaey. I?aaenoaaeaiiue a aeenna?oaoeee aeieoiaioaeueiue iaoa?eae
iieacuaaao cia/eoaeueiia oaaee/aiea eiee/anoaa oaao?ia, iiyaeaiea iiauo
oaao?aeueiuo eieeaeoeaia ia oieueei a e?oiiuo eoeueoo?iuo oeaio?ao, ii e
oacaeiuo ai?iaeao, ianoa/eao. Oaeei ia?acii, oaao? i?aa?auaeny ec
yeeoa?iiai a ianniaia eneonnoai. Iaeiaei iiaua oaao?aeueiua eieeaeoeau,
iniaaiii ia ia?eoa?ee, eiaee iaaunieee ooaeiaeanoaaiiue o?iaaiue,
neaaoth i?ioanneiiaeueioth iiaeaioiaeo aeoa?ia e ?aaeenna?ia.

Niaaoneea i?aaiu onoaiiaeee iieiue eiio?ieue iaae ?aia?ooa?ii oaao?ia,
aeiioneay eeoue oa niaeoaeee, eioi?ua ia i?ioeai?a/eee oeaeyi e caaea/ai
?aai/a-e?anoueyineiai ainoaea?noaa. Iaeiaei oaeou naeaeaoaeuenoaotho,
/oi ?aia?ooa?iay iieeoeea ia auea neeoeii aeanoeie. Cai?auaiu auee,
aeaaiui ia?acii, nia?aiaiiua iueanu, aaoi?aie eioi?uo auee “ao?aeoaciua
iaoeeiiaeenou” – iieeoe/aneea aeayoaee oe?aeineie ?aaiethoeee. A
?aia?ooa?a oe?aeineeo oaao?ia i?aiaeaaeaee i?iecaaaeaiey eeanne/aneie
ae?aiaoo?aee eae oe?aeineie, oae e caiaaeiie, enoi?e/aneay e
ia?iaeii-auoiaay ae?aia. Ii o?aaiaaieth eiiioienoe/aneie aeanoe
iiae/a?eeaaeanue nioeeaeueii-eeanniaay eee aa?ieei-?iiaioe/aneay
iai?aaeaiiinoue.

Naiiaeayoaeueiue oaao? aiciee caeiiiia?ii e ioaa/ae cai?inai niaaoneie
aeanoe. A oneiaeyo, eiaaea i?ioanneiiaeueiue oaao? neeoeii iaaeeaiii
ia?aoiaeee e neoaeaieth aieueoaaenoneie eaeaieiaee, ii aue i?ecaai
eniieiyoue aai nioeeaeueioth ooieoeeth.I?e niaeaenoaee ia?oeeiuo
i?aaiecaoeee e i?aaiia Ia?eiii?ina oaao?aeueiay naiiaeayoaeueiinoue auea
i?aaieciaaia i?aeoe/anee aacaea, aaea aaeanue iieeoeei-i?inaaoeoaeueiay
?aaioa, – ia i?aaei?eyoeyo, a a?iee, o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo e o.i.

Aaoi? i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi ioiineoue naiiaeayoaeueiinoue e
oaao?aeueiiio eneonnoao iiaeii eeoue oneiaii, iineieueeo a iae iieeoeea
anaaaea aeiieie?iaaea iaae eneonnoaii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeineay ?aaiethoeey, niaaoneay aeanoue, eoeueoo?iay
iieeoeea, oaao?, ?aia?ooa?.

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