I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE TC «I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE
CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE»

Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y TC «Oa?iii?euenueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y»

?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai TC «?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai»

TC «»

TC «»

TC «»

Oia?a Oaoyia Aieiaeeie??aia TC «Oia?a Oaoyia Aieiaeeie??aia»

TC «»

TC «»

OAeE 611.451.013 TC «OAeE 611.451.013»

TC «»

TC «»

TC «»

?ICAEOIE OA NOAIIAEAIIss OIIIA?AO?? TC «?ICAEOIE OA NOAIIAEAIIss
OIIIA?AO??»

IAAeIE?EIAEO CAEIC A ?AIIUeIIO IA??IAe?

IIOIAAIACO ETHAeEIE TC «IAAeIE?EIAEO CAEIC A ?AIIUeIIO IA??IAe?

IIOIAAIACO ETHAeEIE»

TC «»

TC «»

TC «»

14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y TC «14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y»

TC «»

TC «»

TC «»

A a o i ? a o a ? a o TC «A a o i ? a o a ? a o »

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy TC «aeena?oaoe?? ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy»

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe TC «eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe»

Oa?iii?eue — 1999 TC «Oa?iii?eue — 1999»

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aoeiaeinuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie, i. *a?i?aoe?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? E?ooeye Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaoii?? ethaeeie Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aieiaaoeueeee Aiae??e Noaiaiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaoii?? ethaeeie, iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa
a?noieia?? iaaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oooea Aiaaeai Aaneeueiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aiaoii?? ethaeeie ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? ? iia?aoeaii? o??o?a??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_23_” __ea?oiy_ 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 58. 601. 01 i?e
Oa?iii?euenuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ?i.
?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai (282001, i. Oa?iii?eue, iaeaeai Aie?, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai (i. Oa?iii?eue,
aoe. ?onueea, 12).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?o I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE TC «CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE»

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Neeaaeia oa ??ciiiai?oia ooieoe?y, ii?oieia?/ia
nai???aei?noue iaaeie?eiaeo caeic aecia/athoue oe?iea caoe?eaaeaiiy
iaoeiaoe?a ye aei aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo i?aaia, oae ? eiai
oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiioaiue. Oea iiynith?oueny ua e oei, ui
a i?aai? ia’?aeiai? aea? ??ci? ca iioiaeaeaiiyi caeeaaeee: ?ioa??aiaeiaa
oa aae?aiaeiaa, a oaeiae aa??aioi?noth e?iaiiinoa/aiiy iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic.

A e?oa?aoo?? ? aaeeea e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith
?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic (A.A.A?oeoaaneee,
1964-1986; D.A.Gaillard, A.V.Lallemand, H.H.Moirot, 1990; O.O.Naen,
1993; A.I.Eieo?a, N.A.Eaaeoeueea, 1994; A.O.A?eueoiaee, I.N.Ne?eii?eia,
A.?.Oai?oueei, 1996; TH.O.Aooai?e/oe, 1997 oa ?i.). Iaeiae, iaaaaeai? a
ieo aeai?, oi?eathoueny eeoa ie?aieo ia??iae?a ?icaeoeo iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic ? ia aeathoue iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i aeeiai?eo ?o noaiiaeaiiy
i?ioyaii anueiai i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco ethaeeie oa o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Aaaaoi ieoaiue, ui noinothoueny oe??? i?iaeaie,
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? aai ia aeine?aeaeai? cian?i, a aeaye? c ieo
caeeoathoueny aeeneon?eieie. Inoaoi/ii ia c’yniaaii iaoai?ci aeieeiaiiy
i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae iaaeie?eiaeo caeic o ethaeeie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiynith?oueny
iaiao?aei?noth eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo,
noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic oa aeeiai?ee ?o neioii?/ii?
ei?aeyoe?? o i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie oa o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ui ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey c’ynoaaiiy ii?oieia?/ieo
ia?aaeoiia oa /ano iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa ?ic?iaee iiaeo a?eueo
?aoe?iiaeueieo iaoiae?a ?o o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?aaiaioii ieaiiai? iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae? aiaoii??
ethaeeie, oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? Aoeiaeinueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? «Aea/aiiy ?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy
oiiia?ao?? na?aaeino?iiy ? cai/a?aaeiiiai i?inoi?o a i?aiaoaeueiiio
ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie c iaoith aeyaeaiiy e?eoe/ieo ia??iae?a
iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae oa aa??aio?a aoaeiae c
ianooiiei ii?oieia?/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi ?o aioaiaoaeueii? ei?aeoe?? oa
i?io?eaeoeee” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01.97V001514, oeo? IH 07.00.000.95).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea/eoe ?icaeoie ? iniaeeaino?
noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic c ianooiiei aecia/aiiyi
e?eoe/ieo ia??iae?a, aa??aio?a aoaeiae oa iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy ?o
i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae o ?aiiueiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aecia/ai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Ooi/ieoe /an ? aeaea?aea caeeaaeee iaaeie?eiaeo caeic.

2. Aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oi?iiooai?aiiy iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a i?ioean? ?o
?icaeoeo.

3. I?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic ia
??cieo noaae?yo i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco oa o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

4. Aecia/eoe no?iee ?ioaineaiiai oa oiia?eueiaiiai ?inoo iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic ai?iaeiaae aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo oa o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

5. C’ynoaaoe ii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae ? /an iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy
aeayeeo i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae iaaeie?eiaeo caeic.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa eiiieaenii aea/ai?
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a
?aiiueiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie. I?inoaaeaii aeeiai?eo ci?i oi?ie
oa ?ici???a iaaeie?eiaeo caeic, aecia/ai? aoaie ?ioaineai?oiai ?o ?inoo
a ia??iae aioaiaoaeueiiai aeeooy. C’yniaai? oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i?
aca?iia?aeiioaiiy iaaeie?eiaeo caeic c noi?aeieie i?aaiaie oa
no?oeoo?aie i?ioyaii anueiai i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco oa o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Aecia/ai? ii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae oa /an iiaeeeaiai
aeieeiaiiy aeayeeo i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae iaaeie?eiaeo caeic.

Ooi/iai? oa aeiiiaiai? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e noiniaii aeaea?ae oa /ano
caeeaaeee iaaeie?eiaeo caeic, iniaeeainoae noaiiaeaiiy ?o oiiia?ao??
ai?iaeiaae i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco ethaeeie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiiaiththoue oa iiaeeaeththoue ?nioth/? oyaeaiiy i?i ?icaeoie oa
noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic ethaeeie. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeooue noaoe aacith aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy
ii?oiaaiaco oa aia??ioiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic ia niaoe?aeueii
a?ae?a?aiiio iaoa??ae? a?ae iaoa??a c iaaiith ee?i?/iith iaoieia??th, a
oaeiae aoaeiiii aeey aea/aiiy ?icaeoeo caeic a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo
?aa?iiao. A?aeiiino? i?i iniaeeaino? oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic o
ieiae?a ? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ii?oieia?/iith iniiaith aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy
?nioth/eo oa ?ic?iaee iiaeo iaoiae?a o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ?o
i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Naiino?eii cae?eniaii aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e,
aeeiiaii ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy o 127 ca?iaee?a, ia?aaeieiae?a,
ieiae?a ? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ethaeeie. I?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo,
aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee.
Ia?niiaeueiee aianie aei iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie
noaiiaeoue a?ae 30% aei 75%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue
ia i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (*a?i?aoe?, 1996;
1997; 1998); ia?o?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ii/aoeoth/eo
iaoeiaoe?a oa iieiaeeo a/aieo Aoeiaeie «A?ieia?y, iaaeeoeeia, aeieia?y»
(*a?i?aoe?, 1996); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
ii?oiaaiaco» (*a?i?aoe?, 1996); I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith» (*a?i?aoe?-Aiaaeueoieuei, 1996);
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th a?ae aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy i?io. I.A.Iiiiai?-Eaoe?ii? (Ano?aoaiue, 1996);
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «I?eioeeie i?iii?oe??, neiao???, no?oeoo?ii?
aa?iii?? oa iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy a ii?oieia??» (A?iieoey, 1997);
ae?oaiio I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c ?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia?? (A?iieoey,
1998); ?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ?
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie (Eoaainuee, 1998); can?aeaii? *a?i?aaoeueeiai
iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a oa
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a (*a?i?aoe?, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 17 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o,
a oiio /ene? o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo — 5 (3 — iaeiiin?aieo, 2 — o
ni?aaaoi?noa?). Caaeaiiiiaaii 1 iiiia?ao?th.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 170 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
?icae?eo, a yeiio ioa?aeoa?eciaai? iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
3-o ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
(anueiai — 209, c ieo 54 — ?iicaiieo). ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia ?
aeieoiaioiaaia 75 ?enoieaie, c ieo 54 — i?e?i- oa iae?ioioia?ao?e
i?aia?ao?a, 6 — a?ao?/ieo oa ieanoe/ieo ?aeiino?oeoe?e, 6 —
oioi?aioaaiia?ai, 9 — noai e?iaiiinoa/aiiy iaaeie?eiaeo caeic; 5
oaaeeoeyie oa 6 ae?aa?aiaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE TC «INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE»

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia 127
i?aia?aoao ca?iaee?a, ia?aaeieiae?a, ieiae?a ? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo
ethaeeie.

A?e ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aee ca oaaeeoeyie A.A.Caaa?ceia
(1939), A.A.Eii??a (1959), A.I.Iyooaia (1959), a oaeiae ca
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie A.I.Oaaoiaa ? TH.I.Oaiiaaeiaa (1969), E.E.Oaeeia
(1976), A.E.A?oneeianeiai ? E.N.Aai?aeaaneie (1985) ia i?aenoaa?
aei??thaaiue o?i’yii-eoi?eeiai? aeiaaeeie (OEAe). Ca i?iiiceoe??th
A.?iiaena (1953) aei??thaaiiy ca?iaee?a ? ia?aaeieiae?a ia?oeo aeaio
i?nyoe?a i?iaiaeeee i?ney iaeiiaeaiiiai ?o o?enoaaiiy o 5-6% ?ic/ei?
iaeo?aeueiiai oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo, /ei aeinyaaeany noae?noue oi?ie
ae?aaeenoiai ooeoaa ia’?eoa ?, ye iane?aeie, oieeaeeny iaaaaeai? ia??oe
i?e aecia/aii? ?o a?eo.

Aeoiaey/e c iinoaaeaieo caaea/, canoiniaaii eiiieaen aaeaeaaoieo
ii?oieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeeth/aa: iae?ineii?th,
aeaioiaeaiiy ? i?e?ineii?th na??e iine?aeiaieo a?noieia?/ieo ?
oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo c??c?a, cae/aeia oa oiiea i?aia?oaaiiy i?ae
eiio?ieai a?iieoey?ii? eoie, aeaioiaeaiiy a?ao?/ieo ? ieanoe/ieo
?aeiino?oeoe?eieo iiaeaeae, ?i’?eoe?th noaeei c ianooiiith ei?ic??th oa
?aioaaiia?ao?th i?aaia. Io?eiai? oeeo?ia? aeai? ia?iaeyeenue
aa??aoe?eii-noaoenoe/iei iaoiaeii aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui caeeaaeea e??eiai? ?a/iaeie iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic a?aeaoaa?oueny iai?ee?ioe? i’yoiai oeaeiy aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo
(ca?iaeee 7,0-7,5 ii OEAe) o aeaeyae? iioiauaiiy oeaeii?/iiai ai?oae?th,
yea ?ici?uaia o eoo? i?ae aei?naeueiith a?eaeith ? e?ai?aeueiei e?ioeai
ia?aeiii? ie?ee. Ia aeai?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo ie ia niinoa??aaee ca’yceo
i?ae caeeaaeeith iaaeie?eiaeo caeic ? caeeaaeeith iino?eieo ie?ie.
Neaeaoioii?/ii iaaeie?eia? caeice ?ici?uothoueny ia ??ai?
i’yoiai-oinoiai a?oaeieo o?aaoe?a.

O ca?iaee?a 8,0 ii OEAe caeeaaeea iaaeie?eiai? caeice o aeaeyae?
iacia/iiai neoi/aiiy ee?oei ia iaae?aeuei?e iiaa?oi? iaciiao?ina ia?
oi?io aeaui iiaeiaaeaiiai o?ea.

Iai?ee?ioe? ca?iaeeiaiai ia??iaeo (aia??iie 11,5-13,0 ii OEAe) caeeaaeee
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic yaeythoue niaith ia?i? ooai?aiiy,
iai?aaeeueii-eoeynoi? oi?ie, ?ici?uai? c aie?a ? aeaui aaio?aeuei?oa
a?ae /a?aaii? ai?oe oa eaoa?aeueii a?ae ei?aiy aei?naeueii? a?eae?.
Iaae?iaaio?aeueii a?ae aa?oi?o ae?eyiie iaaeie?eiaeo caeic ?ici?uo?oueny
no?aaio?ae. I?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica nai?th ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oiath
noeea?oueny c ia/?ieith, a oaeiae caeeaeo?oueny c i?aaith iino?eiith
ie?eith.

E?ai?ieaoaeaeueiee ?ici?? iaaeie?eiai? caeice o ca?iaee?a oanoe oeaei?a
aei??aith? 523±49,5 iei, a?eaoa?aeueiee — 381±39,3 iei,
ia?aaeiueicaaei?e — 162±16,5 iei.

O ca?iaeeiaiio ia??iae? ?icaeoeo iaaeie?eia? caeice ciaoiaeyoueny a
o?niiio ii?oieia?/iiio ca’yceo c iaciiao?inaie ? noaoaaeie caeicaie.

Ia ii/aoeo nueiiiai oeaeiy ?icaeoeo (ia?aaeieiaee 14,0-15,0 ii OEAe)
iaaeie?eia? caeice iathoue iiaeiaaeaii-iaaeueio oi?io. Ia aeaiiio aoai?
aia??iaaiaco iaaeie?eiaa caeica ia? ca’ycie c ia?aeiiith oa iino?eiith
ie?eaie. Iino?eia ie?ea ii/eia? iinooiiai «i?aei?iaoeny», ?ici?uoth/enue
ia?aeaeueii ii a?aeiioaiith aei iaaeie?eiai? caeice ia ?? aei?naeuei?e
iiaa?oi?, i?ae iath oa caeeaaeeith o?aaoiaiai noiaia.

Iaaeie?eia? caeice eieae?cothoueny ia ??ai? aa?oiueiai e?ath ainueiiai —
ieaeiueiai e?ath aeaa’yoiai aai aa?oiueiai e?ath aeanyoiai a?oaeieo
o?aaoe?a.

Ii/eiath/e c ia?aaeieiae?a 17,5-18,0 ii OEAe, iaaeie?eiaa caeica, ie??i
aa?oiueiai iiethna iino?eii? ie?ee, /anoeiai iie?eaa? ?? ia?aaeith
iiaa?oith. Oea coiiaeth? oi?ioaaiiy ia ieaei?e iiaa?oi? i?aaia
a?aeiia?aeiiai ie?eiaiai aoeniaiiy. Iaaeie?eiaa caeica ii/eiath/e c
oe??? noaae?? ?icaeoeo iinooiiai iaaoaa? eieaiiiae?aii? oi?ie, ?icoe?aia
e?ai?aeueia ?? /anoeia iai?aaeaia a a?e ae?ao?aaie, a caoaeaia
eaoaeaeueia — a a?e iaciiao?ina oa noaoaai? caeice.

Ii/aoie ceeooy caeeaaeie e??eiai? oa iiceiai? ?a/iaei a ?aeeiee i?aai ie
niinoa??aaee o ia?aaeieiae?a 18,0-20,5 ii OEAe.

O ia?aaeieiae?a 18,0-20,5 ii OEAe i?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica a?aeie?aieaia
ia/?ieith a?ae no?aaioiaeo, e?aa — iaaeo? c iei. I?aai cia/ii
ca?eueoo?oueny a ?ici??ao. Aa?oeeaeueiee ?ici?? i?aai? iaaeie?eiai?
caeice aei??aith? 0,93±0,13 ii; a?eaoa?aeueiee — 0,58±0,05 ii;
ia?aaeiueicaaei?e — 0,27±0,03 ii. ?ici??e e?ai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice
a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeyoue: 0,98±0,18 ii; 0,62±0,06 ii; 0,28±0,04 ii.

Ia aeai?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo no?oeoo?ii? iaae? i?ae iaaeie?eiaith caeicith
oa ia?aeiiith ie?eith ua ia ?nio?. Iino?eia ie?ea ?ici?uo?oueny
aei?naeueii ii a?aeiioaiith aei iaaeie?eiai? caeice. Inoaiiy cieea?oueny
c iath a iaaeao nai?? ieaeiuei? o?aoeie. Iaaeie?eia? caeice iie?eaathoue
ia?aaeith iiaa?oith iino?eieo ie?ie aei ??aiy ?o iacoo.

Iai?ee?ioe? nueiiiai oeaeiy aia??iaaiaco (ia?aaeieiaee 18,0-20,5 ii
OEAe) ii/eia? aeeoa?aioe?thaaoeny oeaio?aeueia aaia iaaeie?eiai? caeice,
yea ciaoiaeeoueny aeeae/a aei aaio?ieaoaeaeueii? iiaa?oi? i?aaia.

O ia?aaeieiae?a 21,0-24,0 ii OEAe e?aa iaaeie?eiaa caeica noeea?oueny c?
oeoieii a iaaeao nai?? ieaeiuei? iieiaeie, ia a?aei?io a?ae
iiia?aaeiuei? a?eiai? a?oie, eiee aiia iaaeoaaea c iei ii an?e nai?e
aenio?. Aa?oiy iieiaeia ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? i?aaia iie?eaa?oueny
ia/?ieith. Aei ieaeiuei? iieiaeie oa aeaui eaoaeaeuei?oa a?ae e?ai?
iaaeie?eiai? caeice ciaoiaeeoueny oainoiaa /anoeia i?aeoeoieiai? caeice
oa e?aa noaoaaa caeica. Ia aeai?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo iaciiao?in
?ici?uo?oueny eaoaeaeueii a?ae iaaeie?eiai? caeice ? ia noeea?oueny c
iath.

Ii/aoie aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ei?e ia aea? ciie: oaoaeueio oa aeao?i?oeaio
ie a?aecia/eee o ia?aaeieiae?a 25,3-27,5 ii OEAe.

Iai?ee?ioe? ainueiiai oeaeiy aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo (ia?aaeieiaee
28,5-30,0 ii OEAe) oi?ia iaaeie?eiai? caeice iaaeeaea?oueny aei
aiaiiiae?aii?. Aia?oa ia oe?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo aeyaeaia aneiao??y oi?ie
i?aai? oa e?ai? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic. I?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica iaea
eiioniiiae?aio oi?io, a e?aa — o?eeooio.

Iaaeie?eiaa caeica ia i?eeyaa? u?eueii aei iino?eii? ie?ee, a iie?eaa?
?? caa?oo c? noi?iie ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi?.

Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui o aeine?aeaeaieo ia?aaeieiae?a i?aao
iaaeie?eiao caeico nia?aaeo, caa?oo oa caieo, iaeaea iiai?noth, ioi/o?
ia/?iea, a?aeiaaeiaoth/e i?e oeueiio i?aai a?ae ae?ao?aaie, ei?aiy
aei?naeueii? a?eae?, ia?aaeiueia?/ii? no?iee aeeaioa, a oaeiae,
/anoeiai, a?ae i?aeoeoieiai? caeice oa aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee. Ieaeiy
o?aoeia ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? e?ai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice iaaeo? c
oainoiaith /anoeiith i?aeoeoieiai? caeice, nia?aaeo oa caieo ?? iie?eaa?
oeoiie.

Ia aeaa’yoiio oeaei? aia??iaaiaco iaaeie?eia? caeice iaaeothoue c
ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oiath iino?eieo ie?ie iaeaea aei ??aiy ?o ieaei?o
iiethn?a, iiai?noth iie?eaath/e i?e oeueiio ie?eiao iacooo, a oaeiae
i?eieneiao ae?eyieo na/iaiaea. A naith /a?ao ?aaeoeiaaia ia?aeiia ie?ea
o ia?aaeieiae?a 33,0-35,0 ii OEAe ao?a/a? ca’ycie c iaaeie?eiaith
caeicith. A?eaeith aiia c’?aeio?oueny c noaoaaith caeicith. Iaaeie?eia?
caeice ca nai?ie ?ici??aie iaeaea a 2 ?ace ia?aaeuothoue iino?ei? ie?ee.

A na?aaeei? aeanyoiai oeaeiy aioaiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a i?aai? /?oei
?ic??ciythoueny aea? ciie: ciai?oiy (aeao?i?oeaia) oa aioo??oiy
(oaoaeueia). Ciai?oiy e??eiaa ?a/iaeia aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia ia neaai
iii?oi? eeoai/eiao oa io/eiao ciie. Oaeiae ye ? ia iiia?aaei?o noaae?yo
?icaeoeo, ie niinoa??aaee aneiao??th oi?ie iaaeie?eiai? caeice.

Ia iaeeiaaeoeyoiio oeaei? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo (ia?aaeieiaee
54,0-66,0 ii OEAe) oi?ia iaaeie?eiai? caeice aiaiiiae?aia.
E?ai?ieaoaeaeueiee ?ici?? i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice aei??aith?
8,58±0,28 ii; a?eaoa?aeueiee — 4,28±0,25 ii; ia?aaeiueicaaei?e —
2,27±0,21 ii. ?ici??e e?ai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice a?aeiia?aeii
noaiiaeyoue: 9,10±0,36 ii; 4,55±0,29 ii; 2,43±0,27 ii.

I?aaa oa e?aa iaaeie?eiaa caeice ?ici?uothoueny ia ia iaeiiio ??ai?.
Oae, i?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica eieae?co?oueny ia ??ai? na?aaeeie o?ea
iaeeiaaeoeyoiai a?oaeiiai — ieaeiueiai e?ath ia?oiai iiia?aeiaiai
o?aaoe?a, a e?aa — ia ??ai? ieaeiueiai e?ath iaeeiaaeoeyoiai a?oaeiiai —
aa?oiueiai e?ath ae?oaiai iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoe?a.

A e?ioe? ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo (ia?aaeieiaee 67,0-79,0 ii
aeiaaeeie) i?aai iaaoaa? ie?oaei-iaaeueii? oi?ie. A i?ioeaaao
iiia?aaei?e a?eia?e a?oi?, a?i noa? oe?oei oa ei?iooei. Iaaeie?eia?
caeice ?ici?uothoueny a iaaeao aa?oi?o iiethn?a ie?ie, a oaeiae
iie?eaathoue ?o ia?aaeith iiaa?oith aei noaeeiii? ie?eiai? i?aeee.

Ia ii/aoeo ieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco ie a?aecia/eee ci?io
aia??iiaeueii? oi?ie iaaeie?eiai? caeice a iai?yieo aei aeao?i?oeaii?,
?? aa??aaaeuei?noue oa aneiao??th.

O ieiae?a /aoaa?oiai i?nyoey ?icaeoeo niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
?ici???a iaaeie?eiaeo caeic. E?ai?ieaoaeaeueiee ?ici?? i?aai?
iaaeie?eiai? caeice noaiiaeoue 13,5±1,2 ii; e?ai? — 14,4±1,1 ii;
a?eaoa?aeueiee: i?aai? — 8,9±0,8 ii; e?ai? — 8,7±0,6 ii;
ia?aaeiueicaaei?e: a?aeiia?aeii — 5,8±0,7 ii oa 5,5±0,6 ii.

O ieiae?a ia aeai?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo iana i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice
aei??aith? 0,33±0,05 a, e?ai? — 0,36±0,04 a, ui noaiiaeoue 0,45-0,47%
a?ae iane o?ea.

E?iaiiinoa/aiiy i?aaia cae?enith?oueny ca o/anoth o?ueio iniiaieo
a?oa??e. Ie niinoa??aaee aa?oi? iaaeie?eia? a?oa???, ye? a?aeoiaeeee
a?ae ieaei?o ae?ao?aaiaeueieo, na?aaei? — a?ae /a?aaii? /anoeie ai?oe oa
ieaei? iaaeie?eia? a?oa???, aeaea?aeii yeeo aoee ie?eia? a?oa???. A
iaeiiio aeiaaeeo (ie?ae 135,0 ii OEAe) aa?oi? iaaeie?eia? a?oa???
a?aeoiaeeee a?ae /a?aaiiai noiaao?a.

I?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica o ieiae?a ia /aoaa?oiio i?nyoe? ?icaeoeo
?ici?uo?oueny ia ??ai? na?aaeeie o?ea iaeeiaaeoeyoiai a?oaeiiai —
ieaeiueiai e?ath ia?oiai iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoe?a; e?aa — ia ??ai?
aa?oiueiai e?ath iaeeiaaeoeyoiai a?oaeiiai — ieaeiueiai e?ath ia?oiai
iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoe?a.

Ia ii/aoeo i’yoiai i?nyoey ?icaeoeo iaaeie?eia? caeice oa ie?ee c
a?aeiia?aeiiai aieo iaeiaeia? ca ?ici??aie.

Ie aeyaeee aneiao??th na?aaei?o iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e. Aea? c o?ueio
i?aaeo na?aaei?o iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeoiaeeee a?ae
/a?aaii? /anoeie ai?oe, iaeia — a?ae aa?oiuei? a?eaeiai? a?oa???. E?a?
na?aaei? iaaeie?eia? a?oa??? a?aeoiaeeee a?ae /a?aaii? /anoeie ai?oe.

Iai?ee?ioe? i’yoiai i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo
(ieiaee 170,0-185,0 ii OEAe) iaaeie?eia? caeice aeaui ca?eueoothoueny ca
?ici??aie. sse ? o ?ai?oa iienaieo ieiae?a, niinoa??aa?oueny aneiao??y
oi?ie iaaeie?eiaeo caeic. I?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica ia? i?ai?nyoeaao
oi?io, a e?aa — o?aiaoe??iiae?aio. Iaeaea? iaaeie?eia? caeice nai?ie
ieaeiueii?ena?aaei?ie a?aeae?eaie i?ee?eaathoue no?oeoo?e ai??o ie?ie.

I?e aea/aii? ieiae?a 186,0-230,0 ii OEAe anoaiiaeaii, ui e?a?e
iaaeie?eia?e caeic? nii/aoeo aeanoeaa o?eeooia oi?ia c aa?o?aeith
iai?aaeaiith aeiai?e. A iiaeaeueoiio ?? oi?ia ii/eia? iaaeeaeoaaoenue
aei i?ai?nyoeaai?. I?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?eeooiith
oi?iith, aac caaino?aii? aa?o?aee.

Ia aeai?e noaae?? i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco iana i?aai? iaaeie?eiai?
caeice aei??aith? 1,97±0,35 a, e?ai? — 2,02±0,33 a. A?aeiinia iana
noaiiaeoue 0,40-0,41%.

Ai?iaeiaae nueiiiai i?nyoey ?icaeoeo ?ici??e i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice
ca?eueoeeeny aei 23,5±0,7 ii (e?ai?ieaoaeaeueiee); 15,1±1,1 ii
(a?eaoa?aeueiee) ? 9,4±0,6 ii (ia?aaeiueicaaei?e); e?ai? iaaeie?eiai?
caeice a?aeiia?aeii aei: 25,6±1,5 ii; 17,8±1,2 ii; 9,7±0,9 ii.

Ia iaeiiio i?aia?ao? (ie?ae 270,0 ii OEAe) ie niinoa??aaee aea?
oeaio?aeuei? aaie e?ai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice. Iaeia c ieo, aeiaaeeiith
12,0 ii, aoea ?ici?uaia a?eueo iaae?aeueii oa a?aeiia?aeaea iieiaeaiith
oeaio?aeueii? aaie ia ?ioeo i?aia?aoao. Ae?oaa aaia, aeiaaeeiith 4,0 ii,
aeoiaeeea ?c iaaeie?eiai? caeice ieae/a ? aeaui eaoa?aeuei?oa a?ae
ia?oi?, a iaaeao ieaeiuei? ae?eyiee i?aaia. Iaeaea? oeaio?aeuei? aaie
aiaaeaee a e?ao ie?eiao aaio.

Ia ii/aoeo ainueiiai i?nyoey aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo (ieiaee
271,0-285,5 ii OEAe) iino?eia ie?ea cia/ii ia?aaeuo? ca ?ici??aie
iaaeie?eiao caeico.

Neaeaoioii?/ii i?aaa iaaeie?eiaa caeica ?ici?uo?oueny ia ??ai?
aa?oiueiai e?ath aeanyoiai a?oaeiiai — ieaeiueiai e?ath ia?oiai
iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoe?a. E?aa — ia ??ai? aa?oiuei? o?aoeie o?ea aeanyoiai
a?oaeiiai — na?aaeeie o?ea ia?oiai iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoe?a.

O ieiae?a aeaa’yoiai i?nyoey ?icaeoeo niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
?ici???a iaaeie?eiaeo caeic. Oae e?ai?ieaoaeaeueiee ?ici?? i?aai?
iaaeie?eiai? caeice aei??aith? 25,6±1,4 ii; e?ai? — 30,4±1,7 ii;
a?eaoa?aeueiee: i?aai? — 18,9±1,1 ii; e?ai? — 24,1±1,1 ii;
ia?aaeiueicaaei?e: a?aeiia?aeii — 12,3±1,4 ii oa 14,1±1,8 ii. Ia oe?e
noaae?? ?icaeoeo iaie oaeiae aeyaeaia aneiao??y oi?ie iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic. A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a, ye ? o aeine?aeaeaieo ieiae?a
naie-ainueie i?nyoe?a, oi?ia i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice iaaeeaeo?oueny
aei o?eeooii?, a e?ai? — aei i?ai?nyoeaai?. Iieiaeaiiy iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic ia aeai?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo aeecueea aei aeao?i?oeaiiai. Aiie
?ici?uothoueny a iaaeao aa?oi?o iiethn?a a?aeiia?aeieo ie?ie,
i?ee?eaath/e i?ena?aaei?e e?ae i?aaia aae aei eiai ai??o.

Ia iaeiiio i?aia?ao? (ie?ae 355,0 ii OEAe) aa?oiy iaaeie?eiaa a?oa??y
a?aeoiaeeea a?ae aa?oiuei? a?eaeiai? a?oa???.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ieiaea 370,0 ii OEAe ie aeyaeee a?aeoiaeaeaiiy an?o
iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e ni?aaa, a oiio /ene? ? ieaeiuei? ae?ao?aaiaeueii?,
a?ae ie?eiai? a?oa???.

Iai?ee?ioe? ieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo iana i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice
aei??aith? 6,89±1,66 a, e?ai? — 7,25±1,62 a, ui noaiiaeoue 0,26-0,27%
a?ae iane o?ea. Iaaeie?eia? caeice eieae?cothoueny ia ??ai?
iaeeiaaeoeyoiai a?oaeiiai — aa?oiueiai e?ath ae?oaiai iiia?aeiaiai
o?aaoe?a.

Aa??aaaeuei?noue oi?ie iaaeie?eiaeo caeic o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iiaeia
i?aaenoaaeoe oaeeie ?? ??ciiaeaeiinoyie: o?aiaoe??iiae?aia, o?eeooia oa
iai?aaeeueii-iaaeueia. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
?ici???a ? iane i?aaia. E?ai?ieaoaeaeueiee ?ici?? i?aai? iaaeie?eiai?
caeice — 29,2±1,5 ii; a?eaoa?aeueiee — 25,2±1,3 ii ? ia?aaeiueicaaei?e —
15,4±1,1 ii; e?ai? caeice — a?aeiia?aeii: 32,1±1,7 ii; 33,3±1,1 ii oa
16,4±1,2 ii. A?aeiioaiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei e?ai?ieaoaeaeueiiai ?ici??o
iaaeie?eiai? caeice aei aeiaaeeie ie?ee ni?aaa noaiiaeoue — 1:1,5; a
ce?aa — 1:1,3. A?aeiioaiiy e?ai?ieaoaeaeueiiai iieacieea iaaeie?eiai?
caeice aei aeiaaeeie ooeoaa, a na?aaeiueiio, noaiiaeoue 1:22. Iana
i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice aei??aith? 7,8±1,2 a, e?ai? — 8,1±1,1 a, ui
noaiiaeoue 0,28-0,30% a?ae iane o?ea.

Iniiaia e?euee?noue noaeei o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ciaoiaeeoueny acaeiaae
aa?oiueiai e?ath oa i?ena?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo i?aaia. Aei a?/iiai e?ath,
? iniaeeai aei ieaeiueieaoa?aeueiiai eooa caeice, i?aeoiaeyoue, a
iniiaiiio, ?o e?ioeaa? a?eee. Oiio, ooeiaeaeaiiy iaae?aeueii? ae?eyiee
i?aaia ? a?eueo na?eiciei aiane?aeie ?ic?eao iniiaieo noiaao??a aai
ii/aoeiaeo a?eie iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e.

O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ie a?aecia/eee ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy n?o/anoi? ciie.
Inoaoi/ia aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy e??eiai? ?a/iaeie iaaeie?eiaeo caeic
a?aeaoaa?oueny a iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie.

Ia iiiaio ia?iaeaeaiiy iaaeie?eiaa caeica ye i?aai i?aeoe/ii ?
noi?iiaaiith.

Ii?ooaiiy i?ioeano ?icaeoeo iaaeie?eiaeo caeic iiaea i?ecaanoe aei
aeieeiaiiy ??cieo i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae. Aei iaea?eueo /anoeo aaae ?icaeoeo
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic iaeaaeaoue aiiiae?? oi?ie oa iieiaeaiiy i?aaia.
Aiaeii/an, ie aia?oa niinoa??aaee ii?aeiai? aiiiae?? ?icaeoeo aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a, ye? ia iienai? a e?oa?aoo??. A naia, i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ieiaea
132,0 ii OEAe ie aeyaeee: a?aeiinii ii?iaeueieo ?ici???a i?aao
iaaeie?eiao caeico oa ae?aaeaio a?iiieac?th e?ai? caeice; aaaiac?th
i?aai? oa a?iiieac?th e?ai? eaaai?; oianoo eeoeo o aeaeyae? iaoe? c
aeno?aeiei oa ieco?aeiei eie?iii oa c a?aenooi?noth iiia?a/iiai
a?aeae?eo iaiaeiai? eeoee; iaaei?icaeioo?noue i’yc?a /a?aaii? no?iee,
a?eae? ia?aaeiuei? no?iee aeeaioa oa iiia?aeiai? ae?eyiee. I?e aea/aii?
ieiaea 178,0 ii OEAe ie niinoa??aaee aaaiac?th i?aai? iaaeie?eiai?
caeice, yea ii?aeioaaeanue c aaooiiiae?aiith oi?iith /a?aia. Iienai?
iaie aaaee ?icaeoeo (aaaiac?y oa a?iiieac?y iaaeie?eiai? caeice)
a?aeiinyoueny aei aeoaea ??aee?nieo. O iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai ie niinoa??aaee
aiiiae?th iieiaeaiiy i?aai? iaaeie?eiai? caeice, yea ii?aeioaaeanue c
e?noiiiae?aiei o?aaeaiiyi iaio eaaaiue, ii?oieia?/ieie ci?iaie a aoaeia?
na?oey, aaaeaie a no?oeoo?i?e i?aai?caoe?? ia/?iee oa ae?ii/eo noaoaaeo
i?aai?a.

Ia o?ueio i?aia?aoao (ia?aaeie?ae 37,0 ii OEAe; ieiaee 230,0 ii oa
368,0 ii OEAe) ie aeyaeee e?a? aeiaeaoeia? iaaeie?eia? caeice.

Ciaiiy iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo, noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic
oa aeeiai?ee ?o neioii?/ii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai ia??iaeo
iioiaaiaco ethaeeie ni?ey? a?eueo aeinoia??i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? oa aeai?o
aaeaeaaoieo iaoiae?a o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? i?e?iaeaeaii? iaoieia??
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic.

AENIIAEE TC «AENIIAEE»

1. Caeeaaeea iaaeie?eiaeo caeic o aeaeyae? iioiauaiiy oeaeii?/iiai
ai?oae?th a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioyaii i’yoiai oeaeiy aia??iiaeueiiai
?icaeoeo (ca?iaeee 7,0-7,5 ii OEAe) a eoo? i?ae aei?naeueiith a?eaeith ?
e?ai?aeueiei e?ioeai ia?aeiii? ie?ee.

2. O ca?iaeeiaiio ? ia?o?e iieiaei? ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iae?a ?icaeoeo
iaaeie?eia? caeice ciaoiaeyoueny a o?niiio ii?oieia?/iiio ca’yceo c
ia?aeiieie ie?eaie oa noaoaaeie caeicaie.

3. Caeeaeaiiy iaaeie?eiaeo caeic c iino?eieie ie?eaie a?aeaoaa?oueny ia
ii/aoeo ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo (ia?aaeieiaee 15,0-17,0 ii
OEAe).

4. Noiae? aei aeao?i?oeaieo oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic c noi?aeieie i?aaiaie /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
anoaiiaeththoueny iai?ee?ioe? ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo
(ia?aaeieiaee 67,0-74,0 ii OEAe).

5. Oi?ia iaaeie?eiaeo caeic i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco
ethaeeie ci?ith?oueny a?ae aeaeiaaeaii? o ca?iaee?a aei o?eeooii?,
o?aiaoe??iiae?aii? oa iai?aaeeueii-iaaeueii? o ieiae?a ?
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

6. Iaea?eueo ?ioaineaia c?inoaiiy ?ici???a iaaeie?eiaeo caeic
a?aeaoaa?oueny o ia?aaeieiae?a 7-8 oeaei?a ? ieiae?a 5-6 i?nyoe?a, a
oiia?eueiaiiy — o ia?aaeieiae?a 10-11 oeaei?a oa ieiae?a 7-8 i?nyoe?a
?icaeoeo.

7. Aneiao??y oi?ie, oiiia?ao?? oa e?iaiiinoa/aiiy i?aai? oa e?ai?
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic coiiaeaia ?o ??ciith neioii?/iith ei?aeyoe??th.

8. Ii?oieia?/iith ia?aaeoiiaith aeieeiaiiy aa??aio?a aoaeiae ?
i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae iaaeie?eiaeo caeic ? ii?ooaiiy ?o ?icaeoeo a
ca?iaeeiaiio oa ia ii/aoeo ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iae?a iioiaaiaco.

NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, TC «NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, »

IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? TC «IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH
AeENA?OAOe??»

1. Oia?a O.A. Aei aaiaco iiiaeeiiino? iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e
//Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee. – 1997. — ? 1. – N. 79-83.

2. Oia?a O.A. Aia??ioiiia?ao?/i? iniaeeaino? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a
ia?aaeieiaeiaiio ia??iae? aia??iaaiaco ethaeeie //A?niee ii?oieia??. –
1998. — ?1. – N.146-147.

3. Oia?a O.A., Ia?/oe O.Ae., Oiao?yi A.I., Ia?/oe A.O. ??aee?nia
ii?aeiaiiy i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae ?icaeoeo i?aai?a iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai
ethaeeie //Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee. – 1998. — ? 1. – N. 119-125.

4. Oia?a O.A. Iniaeeaino? oi?iiooai?aiiy iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a
i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie //A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ?
iaaeeoeeie. – 1998. — ? 8. – N. 112-118.

5. Oia?a O.A., Ia?/oe O.Ae. I?e?iaeaeai? aiiiae?? ?icaeoeo aeayeeo
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ieiaea ethaeeie //A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ?
iaaeeoeeie. – 1998. — ? 17. – N. 49-52.

6. Oia?a O.A. Iniaeeaino? aia??ioiiia?ao?? aai iaaeie?eiaeo caeic
//Oeno. – 1997. — ? 1. – N. 308-315.

7. Ei?aeyoeai? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ie?eiaeo oa iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e
(iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e) /Oia?a O.A., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., I?iiy?a A.?., Eieiuoe
A.?., E?ooeye A.I. – Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie ? 950 16.04.96. – 64 n.

8. A?o?oaeoii?ea aaiicii? nenoaie iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a iioiaaiac?
ethaeeie (iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e) /Oia?a O.A. – Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie. ? 1969
23.10.96. – 13 n.

9. Oia?a O.A. I?i aa??aaaeuei?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo iaaeie?eiaeo a?oa??e o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo //Iaoa?. ia?oi? iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio. ii/aoeoth/eo
iaoeiaoe?a oa iieiaeeo a/aieo Aoeiaeie. – *a?i?aoe?, 1996. – N. 76–77.

10. Oia?a O.A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i aeno?ai?aaiiee a?aeae?e oeaio?aeueii?
aaie iaaeie?eiaeo caeic //Iaoa?. iaoe. eiio. “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
ii?oiaaiaco”. – *a?i?aoe?, 1996. – N. 352-353.

11. Oia?a O.A. I?i iniaeeaino? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy iaaeie?eiaeo caeic o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo //Iaoa?. iaoe. eiio. “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco”.
– *a?i?aoe?, 1996. – N. 353-354.

12. Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., Oia?a O.A., I?iiy?a A.?. Aa??aaaeuei?noue ia?ieo
a?noea?aeueieo a?eie /a?aaii? ai?oe //Iaoa?. I?aeia?iae. neiiic.
“Aeooae. ieo. iaae. aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith”. – *a?i?aoe?-Aiaaeueoieuei,
1996. – N. 40-41.

13. Oia?a O.A. I ?aiieo yoaiao yia?eiaaiaca iaaeii/a/ieeia //Iaoa?.
iaaeae. eiio., iina. 100-eaoeth ni aeiy ?iaeae. i?io.
I.A.Iiiiaie-Eaoeeiie. – Ano?aoaiue, 1996. – N. 204.

14. Krutsyak V.M., Pronyayev V.I., Kokoshchuk G.I., Khmara T.V.,
Dogadina I.V. Asymmetry of renal and adrenal veins //Iaoa?. i?aeia?.
neiiic. “I?eioe. i?iii?oe., neiao., no?oeo. aa?i. oa iaoai. iiaeae. a
ii?oieia??”. – A?iieoey, 1997. – N.103.

15. I?iiy?a A.?., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., Oia?a O.A., E?ooeye A.I.,
Eieiuoe A.?., Aooai?e/oe TH.O. Aneiao??y oi?i aeayeeo neiao?e/ieo
i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo //Iaoa?. i?aeia?. neiiic.
“I?eioe. i?iii?oe., neiao., no?oeo. aa?i. oa iaoai. iiaeae. a
ii?oieia??”. – A?iieoey, 1997. – N. 159-160.

16. Eieiuoe A.?., I?iiy?a A.?., Oia?a O.A., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A. Iniaeeaino?
a?eaoa?aeueii? neiao??? ie?ee o ni?anoaaeaii? c iaaeie?eiaith caeicith a
?aiiueiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie //Ca. noao. “A?noieia?y ye
iaoe.-i?aeo. aacen i?aeaio. iaaee/ieo eaae??a”. – Oa?e?a, 1997. – N.
106-108.

17. E?ooeye A.I., Oia?a O.A., Ia?/oe O.Ae., Eieo?a A.I. No?oeoo?ia
i?aai?caoe?y a?oa??aeueieo noaeei iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a i?aiaoaeueiiio
ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie //”Aeooae. ieo. ii?oieia??” Oaoiaa aeaeaiiy
iaoe. i?aoeue ?? Iaoe?ii. eiia?ano aiao., a?noie., aia??ie. ?
oiiia?aoiaiao. Oe?a?ie. – Eoaainuee, 1998. –

N. 157-158.

AIIOAOe?ss TC «AIIOAOe?ss»

Oia?a O.A. ?icaeoie oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic a
?aiiueiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. — Oa?iii?euenueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie.
Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aea/ai? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao??
iaaeie?eiaeo caeic i?ioyaii i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco ethaeeie
oa o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Ooi/iaii /an ? aeaea?aea caeeaaeee iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic, aeine?aeaeaii aeeiai?eo ci?ie ?o oi?ie, ?ici???a oa iniaeeaino?
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy. Aeyaeaii ei?aeyoeai? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy iaaeie?eiaeo
caeic ?c noi?aeieie i?aaiaie, a oaeiae ii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae
aeieeiaiiy aeayeeo ?o i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaeie?eia? caeice, aia??ieia?y, aia??ioiiia?ao?y,
ethaeeia.

AIIIOAOeEss TC «AIIIOAOeEss»

Oia?a O.A. ?acaeoea e noaiiaeaiea oiiia?aoee iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac a
?aiiai ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca /aeiaaea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 — ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. — Oa?iiiieueneay
ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey ei. E.ss.Ai?aa/aaneiai IC
Oe?aeiu. Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

Enneaaeiaaiea i?iaaaeaii ia 127 i?aia?aoao ca?iaeuoae, i?aaeieiaeia,
ieiaeia e iiai?iaeaeaiiuo /aeiaaea. Eniieueciaai eiiieaen
ii?oieiae/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey, eioi?ue aeeth/ae ecaioiaeaiea e
iee?ineiieth na?ee aenoieiae/aneeo e oiiia?aoi-aiaoiie/aneeo n?acia,
iae?ineiieth, iau/iia e oiieia i?aia?e?iaaiea iiae eiio?ieai
aeiieoey?iie eoiu, eiuaeoeeth ninoaeia n iineaaeothuae ei??iceae,
ecaioiaeaiea e eco/aiea a?aoe/aneeo e ieanoe/aneeo ?aeiino?oeoeeiiiuo
iiaeaeae e ?aioaaiia?aoeth i?aaia. Oeeo?iaua iieacaoaee ?acia?ia e iannu
iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac iiaeaa?aaeenue noaoenoe/aneie ia?aaioea e aiaeeco n
iino?iaieai oaaeeoe e aeeaa?aii.

Eiiieaenii eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey e noaiiaeaiey oiiia?aoee
iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac a i?aiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca /aeiaaea e o
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi caeeaaeea ei?eiaiai aauanoaa
iaaeii/a/iie aeaeacu aicieeaao a eiioea iyoie iaaeaee (ca?iaeuoe 7,0-7,5
ii OEAe) a aeaea ooieuaiey oeaeiie/aneiai yieoaeey, eioi?ia ?aniieiaeaii
a oaeo iaaeaeo aei?naeueiie a?uaeaeeie e e?aieaeueiui eiioeii ia?ae/iie
ii/ee. Neaeaoioiie/anee caeeaaeea i?aaia ?aniieaaaaony ia o?iaia
iyoiai-oanoiai a?oaeiuo iicaiieia.

O ca?iaeuoae 11,5-13,0 ii OEAe caeeaaeee iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie ia?iua ia?aciaaiey, iai?aaeeueii-ie?oaeie oi?iu,
?aniieiaeaiiua ii noi?iiai e ianeieueei nia?aaee io a?thoiie ai?ou.

A ca?iaeuoaaii ia?eiaea ?acaeoey iaaeii/a/iua aeaeacu iaoiaeyony a
oaniie ii?oieiae/aneie nayce n ia?ae/iuie ii/eaie e iieiauie aeaeacaie.

A ia/aea i?aaeieiaeiiai ia?eiaea ?acaeoey (i?aaeieiaeu 14,0-15,0 ii
OEAe) iaaeii/a/iay aeaeaca eiaao naycue n ia?ae/iie e iinoiyiiie
ii/eaie. Iinoiyiiay ii/ea ia/eiaao iinoaiaiii iiaeieiaoueny,
?aniieaaaynue ia?aeeaeueii e iaaeii/a/ieeo, ia aai aei?naeueiie
iiaa?oiinoe. O i?aaeieiaeia 17,5-18,0 ii OEAe iaaeii/a/iay aeaeaca,
e?iia aa?oiaai iiethna iinoiyiiie ii/ee, /anoe/ii iie?uaaao e a?
ia?aaeithth iiaa?oiinoue. A ?acoeueoaoa yoiai, ia ieaeiae iiaa?oiinoe
iaaeii/a/iie aeaeacu oi?ie?oaony ii/a/iia aaeaaeaiea.

Aia?aua aneiiao?ey oi?iu i?aaia auyaeaia a eiioea ainueiie iaaeaee
aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey (i?aaeieiaeu 28,5-30,0 ii OEAe), /oi
iaoneiaeaii ?acee/iie neioiieae i?aaie e eaaie iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac.

A eiioea i?aaeieiaeiiai ia?eiaea onoaiaaeeaathony iioiaeea ia
aeaoeieoeaiua oiiia?aoi-aiaoiie/aneea niioiioaiey iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac n
ninaaeieie i?aaiaie a?thoiie iieinoe.

A ia/aea ieiaeiiai ia?eiaea iaaethaeaaony eioaineaiue ?ino
iaaeii/a/ieeia, a oaeaea eciaiaiea yia?eiiaeueiie oi?iu a iai?aaeaiee e
aeaoeieoeaiie. Aa?eaaaeueiinoue oi?iu iaaeii/a/ieeia o ieiaeia e
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoue oaeeie aeaeaie: o?aoaieueiay,
o?aiaoeeaaeaeiay, iieoeoiiay, iai?aaeeueii-iaaeueiay e eiioniaeaeiay.

Iniiaiua /a?ou oiiia?aoee iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo
iaeneiaeueii i?eaeeaeaiu e aeaoeieoeaiui, ii ieii/aoaeueiia noaiiaeaiea
ciiaeueiinoe i?aaia i?ienoiaeeo a iinoiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca.

Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua yaeythony ii?oieiae/aneie iniiaie aeey
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey nouanoaothueo e ?ac?aaioee iiauo iaoiaeia
oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee e aioaiaoaeueiie i?ioeeaeoeee a?iaeaeaiiuo
ii?ieia ?acaeoey iaaeii/a/iuo aeaeac.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeii/a/iua aeaeacu, yia?eieiaey, yia?eioiiia?aoey,
/aeiaae.

SUMMARY TC «SUMMARY»

Khmara T.V. The development and formation of the topography of the
adrenal glands in the early period of human ontogenesis. — A manuscript.

The thesis for the achievement of the scientific degree of a candidate
of the medical sciences. Speciality 14.03.01 — normal anatomy. Ternopil
State Medical Academy named after Horbachevsky, the Ministry of Health
of Ukraine. Ternopil, 1999.

The questions of the development and formation of the topography of the
adrenal glands during the pre-natal period of human ontogenesis and in
the newborns have been considered in the thesis. The time and the
saurces of the foundation of the adrenal glands have been specified. The
dynamics of the changing of their shapes, sizes and the peculiarities of
the circulation of blood have been investigated. The correlative
correlations of the adrenal glands with the opposite organs and the
morphologycal preconditions of the appearance of some of their born
defects have been displayed.

Key words: adrenal glands, embriology, embriotopography, man.

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