Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

ss?AIA AIAAeAIA IAAE?AIA

OAeE 631.15:36 (477.83)

?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea

(ia iaoa??aeao Euea?anueei? iaeano?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.02 – aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai

ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? noaoenoeee oa aiae?co Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie i?ioyaii 1996-1999 ?ie?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e OAAI
O?eiueei ?iiai ?aaiiae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noaoenoeee oa aiae?co

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Einoe?ei ?ai?
A?e-ai?iae/, AEeaea/?anueeee oeaetheicii-ea?oiiiee eiia?iao, o?iainiaee
aee?aeoi?;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Iaoeaoaiei A?-eai Ai?eniae/, Euea?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee aa?a?-iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo?
i?aaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e ?aa?iiaeueii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee oa
oa?eoi??aeueiiai oi?aa-e?iiy, i.Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30 eeiiy 1999?. i 1200 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 36.814.02 o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 292040, i.Aeoaeyie AEiae?anueeiai
?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaii-ai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 29 /a?aiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio E.A.I?ieiieoae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo canaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia iiaea caeeoeoe inoi?iiue
nioe?aeueio noa?o n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a, yea caaacia/o?
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue oa a?aeoai?aiiy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy. I?e
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeai?e nenoai? oi?aae?iiy eiooe
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeey ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea, cie?aia ao-ae?aieoeoaa ia’?eo?a nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, ci?oeiaiiy ?o iaoa??aeueii? aace. A oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai ia aenoa/a? eioo?a
aeey i?aeo?eiee naiai ?nioaaiiy, a ia’?eoe nioe?aeueii? noa?e
caeeoeeenue aac ainiiaea?y. A ?acoeueoao? o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?
cai?oa?oueny nioe?aeueia ae?yeue-i?noue i?aei?e?inoa, iia??oo?oueny aai
cian?i i?eieiy?oueny nioe?aeueia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ianaeaiiy. ?icaeoie
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea iiaeiai eii?aeeioaaoe ?aeeiee oi?aae?inueeee
i?aai — i?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee, aaeaea i?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy aeey
?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo Caeiiii «I?i i??i?eoaoi?noue
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea oa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a ia?iaeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie», iathoue aea?aeaai? oa i?noeaa? athaeaeaoe.
I??i?eoaoi?noue nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoenue
aea?aeaaith /a?ac eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eieo, aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aaiaeo
caoiae?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O ca’yceo c ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa
no?oeoo?iith ia?aaoaeiaith ??aaiue ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea
??cei cieaeo?oueny. Aac?ia?ooy, cai?oaiiy nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e,
oneeaaeiaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? ia nae? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
ii?aeueiith aeaa?aaeaoe??th, aeaaaeueaaoe??th n?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Aeey
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aeooaeueiith ? ?ic?iaea caoiae?a uiaei
caaacia/aiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy AIE. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? caoiaee
noai?ththoue iia? iiaeeeaino? aeey aoaeoeaiiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai o
nioe?aeuei?e noa?? naea. Oea iio?aao? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a ? iaoiae?a
ioe?iee ??aiy nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

Naei nueiaiaei? aeiaaa? i??i?eoaoiino? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo, ui iiaeiii caaacia/eoe i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ianeoaiaoaaiiy
ianaeaiiy, noai?eoe iia? ?iai/? i?noey. Oiio aeieeea iio?aaa o
aeine?aeaeaii? no/aniiai noaio oa ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e
naea.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. ?ic?iaeith oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue ?icaeoeo ?
iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea caeiaeiny aaaaoi
a/aieo. Na?aae ieo: I.Aoaooeueeee, I.Aaeiae/aiei, A.Eoiaeiaa,
I.Aeie?oi?e, ?.I?ieiia, I.Naaeoe, ?.O?eiueei, E.Oaiioueei, A.TH?/eoei oa
?io?. Ieie iaa?oioiaai? i?aeoiaee aei ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. Aea a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
iaiiai?noth a?aoiaai? ?aa?iiaeuei? oiiae. Naia oea iineoaeeei iniiaith
iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? noa?e n?euenueeeo iinaeaiue Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c oaiaoeeith
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e noaoenoeee oa aiae?co Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: “Aiae?c oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
oaiaeaioe?e nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a oiiaao aaaaoioeeaaeiino?
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0193U023621).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
noa?e n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a Euea?anueei? iaeano?. ?aae?caoe?y
iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

— ?ice?eoe oai?aoe/io nooue eaoaai??? «nioe?aeueia noa?a naea»;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea;

— aea/eoe iniaeeaino? n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae? oa iai?oeoe
oeyoe ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy;

— aea/eoe oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ia?niaeoea ?iaanooaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae, i?eioeeie ? iaoai?ci ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee; ia’?eoii —
n?euenuee? ianaeai? ioieoe oa i?aei?e?inoaa nioe?aeueii? noa?e,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oiiae aeeooy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei?
iaeano?.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i? canaaee oa iieiaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? o i?aoeyo
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo. Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy
— ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy. A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniee aiae?c
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea. Oa?aeoa? ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e
aecia/ea ??ciiiai?oiee niaeo? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, neioaco, aaeainiaee, a?oioaaiue, ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee,
ei?aeyoe?eiee, ui aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? e
aeinoia??i? ?acoeueoaoe ? ia ?o iniia? noi?ioethaaoe aeniiaee oa
i?iiiceoe??

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee caeiiiaeaa/? oa
ii?iaoeai? aeoe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie oa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie,
iaoa??aee Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie, iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee
Euea?anueei? iaeano?, a?aeae?e?a noaoenoeee aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a
Euea?anueei? iaeano?, iaoeiaa e?oa?aoo?a c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? niinoa?aaeaiue aaoi?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— iaa?oioiaaii oai?aoe/io nooue nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea;

— ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea;

— aea/aii aeaiia?ao?/iee noai n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a;

— i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iniiai? iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
noa?e naea ia ia?niaeoeao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ni?yiiaai? ia ae??oaiiy ieoaiue nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo n?e, ui ia?
aaaeeeaa nioe?aeueia, aeiiii?/ia oa iie?oe/ia cia/aiiy. Aiie iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? i?e neeaaeaii? ieai?a, ?ic?iaoe? caoiae?a c ieoaiue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio, aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a,
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii i?iaiae?ciaaii ?
ocaaaeueiaii ca?oa?aeiee oa a?o/eciyiee aeina?ae c ieoaiue ioe?iee noaio
? ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea, oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii nooue
eaoaai??? «nioe?aeueia noa?a naea», ?? no?oeoo?o oa iniaeeaino?.
Iaa?oioiaaii iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea ia
ia?niaeoeao. Iaoa??aee, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie ia iaeaniiio, ?aeiiiiio oa i?noeaaiio
??aiyo i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeo?a nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

O iaoeiaeo noaooyo, ye? iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a noaiiaeoue 0,78 ae?oe.a?e. ? iieyaa? a iinoaiiaoe? oa ?ic?iaoe?
iniiaieo iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue ? ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iino?eii aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoiaeieia?/iiio nai?ia??,
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a oa ani??aio?a Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo i?ioyaii 1996-1999 ?ie?a;
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «?aoi?ia
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie», i.Eooeuee,
1998 ??e; i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «No/ania
?iiaaoe?eii-i?iieneiaa iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: ?iaanoeoe?ei? i??i?eoaoe oa
?io?ano?oeoo?a», i.*a?i?aoe?, 1999 ??e.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a ia?aaeai? ? i?eeiyo? aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy Aonueeith, Ciei/?anueeith, AEiae?anueeith ?aeiiieie
aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?yie Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 5
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,08 ae?oe.a?e., a oiio /ene?
aaoi?a 0,78 ae?oe.a?e.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea. 1.1.
Ci?no oa no?oeoo?a nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea. 1.2. ?aa?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. 1.3.
Iaoiaeeea aiae?co ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea.

?icae?e 2. ??aaiue ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea. 2.1. N?euenueea
iinaeainueea ia?aaea. 2.2. Aeaiia?ao?/ia noaiiaeua n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo
ioieo?a. 2.3. Oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e naea.
2.4. ??aaiue aeeooy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.

?icae?e 3. Iniiai? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea.
3.1. Iai?yie i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.
3.2. Oeyoe iie?auaiiy o?iainoaaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
naea. 3.3. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ?iai/i? neee
ia nae?.

Aeniiaee. I?iiiceoe??. A?ae?ia?ao?/i? aeaea?aea. Aeiaeaoee.

Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoue 171 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a
oiio /ene?: 7 ?enoie?a — 3 noi??iee, 45 oaaeeoeue — 16 noi??iie, 5
aeiaeaoe?a — 5 noi??iie oa a?a?eia?ao?/iee nienie ( 132 iaeiaioaaiiy) —
11 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/ai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy , iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? -«Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e
naea»- ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe nioe?aeueii? noa?e
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a, i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? ia?aaeoiiae
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?o nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa iaaiaeeoueny iaoiaeeea
aiae?co ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e.

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, a?aoiaoth/e caaaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ooi/iaii nooue aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueia noa?a» oa anoaiiaeaii ?? a?aei?ii?noue a?ae eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e».

Nioe?aeueio noa?o naea iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe, ca oaeeie neeaaeiaeie,
ye: aeaiia?ao?y ianaeaiiy; i?a?aoe?y ianaeaiiy; caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy;
iinaeainueea ia?aaea; nioe?aeueia ?io?ano?oeoo?a; ??aaiue aeeooy;
aeieia?y. Aeoiaey/e c? neeaaeiaeo, i?ae nioe?aeueiith noa?ith naea ne?ae
?icoi?oe aeiiii?/io eaoaai??th, yea a?aeia?aaea? noni?euei? a?aeiineie,
ui oi?iothoueny i?ae ae??th /ioe?ueio a?oi /eiiee?a: aeiiii?/ieo,
nioe?aeueieo, aeaiia?ao?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo.

Aei neeaaeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea aoiaeeoue n?i neeaaeiaeo, eiaeia c
yeeo oa?aeoa?eco? eiie?aoiee aniaeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e (aeea.?en.). I?ae
aeaiia?ao??th n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ?icoi??oueny noeoii?noue ethaeae,
ye? i?iaeeaathoue o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?. A?aeoai?aiiy n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy — oea iino?eia eiai a?aeiiaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi /enea
ia?iaeaeaiue oa nia?oae, oiaoi i?e?iaeiee i?e??no n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy
oa eiai iaoai?/iee ?oo.

Aeaiia?ao?y ?icaeyaea? no?oeoo?o n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy, oiaoi ianaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia iaaiee iiiaio /ano ? ca
eiie?aoii iaoiiaeaiee ia??iae. No?oeoo?a n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy iino?eii
ci?ith?oueny, iaa?oue eiee eiai oa?aeoa?enoeee noaa?euei?. I?e/eiith
oaeeo ci?i ? i?e?iaeiee i?ioean, eiee ianaeaiiy c /anii ia?aoiaeeoue c
iaei??? a?eiai? a?oie a ?ioo. I?e aea/aii? ci?ie /enaeueiino?
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy a aeeiai?oe? aaeeeo ?ieue a?ae?a?a? i?e?iaeiee
i?e??no, iia’ycaiee c ia?iaeaeaiiyi ethaeae oa ?o nia?oth. Aieiaia
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiia?ao?? n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy iia’ycaia c
aecia/aiiyi oaii?a ia?iaeaeoaaiino?, i?e/ei ?? cieaeaiiy ? c?inoaiiy
nia?oiino?. Aeine?aeeoe aeaiia?ao?/i? yaeua a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?
iiaeia, eeoa aea/eaoe ?icaeoie ianaeaiiy o o?niiio aca?iica’yceo c
noni?eueiei ?icaeoeii.

?en. No?oeoo?a nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea.

Aeaiia?ao?y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ia? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, yea
ianaiia?aae aecia/a?oueny oei, ui ianaeaiiy a iaeei ? oie aea /an
aenooia? aieiaiith i?iaeoeoeaiith neeith naea ? niiaeeaa/ai ae?iaeaieo
aeaa. A oea icia/a?, ui i?e oi?ioaaii? i?aei?e?inoa ia oa?eoi???
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiai ioieoo a?aoiao?oueny aeaiia?ao?y ianaeaiiy,
oiaoi oeei iiynith?oueny aieea aeiiii?ee ia aeaiia?ao?/i? i?ioeane oa
iaaiaee. Ooo a?aenooi?e aca?iica’ycie aeiiii?/ieo oa aeaiia?ao?/ieo
i?ioean?a, a oiio iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i aca?iica’ycie aeiiii?/iiai oa
aeaiia?ao?/iiai a?aeoai?aiiy. A?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy i?ioiaeeoue a
aacia?a?aiiio i?ioean? aca?iicai?ithaaiino? ??cieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa aeaiia?ao?/ieo no?oeoo?, ye? neeaaeathoue
iniiao ianaeaiiy. Aeaiia?ao?/ia a?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy iia’ycaia c
oe?eei ?yaeii ye aeiiii?/ieo, oae ? nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a. Aaeaea
aeiiii?/i? yaeua ? nioe?aeuei? i?ioeane aieeaathoue ia aeiiii?eo oa
aeaiia?ao?/io iiaaae?ieo ethaeae, oiaoi ia aeaiia?ao?/io no?oeoo?o
ianaeaiiy. Ioaea, aea/aiiy i?iaeaie aeaiia?ao?? n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy
— oea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia caaaeaiiy.

I?a?aoe?y ianaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? ia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee
?icaeoie, a a?aeiia?aeii ? ia nioe?aeueio noa?o. Naia oiio ?? aeae?eaii
o no?oeoo?? nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea. I?a?aoe?y n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy —
oea ia?ai?uaiiy ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa? a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, ca
iaae? ianaeaiiai ioieoo c? ci?iith iacian?i aai iaaiee /an iino?eiiai
i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo iai?yi?a nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea ? oi?ioaaiiy
iiaiioe?iiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. Aaaeeeaei ? aecia/aiiy eaoaai??? aac?ia?ooy.
Ca?aeii ?c Caeiiii Oe?a?ie «I?i caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy» aac?ia?oieie
aaaaeathoueny i?aoeacaeaoi? a?iiaaeyie i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, ye? c
iacaeaaeieo a?ae ieo i?e/ei ia iathoue ca?ia?oeo aai ?ioeo ia?aaeaa/aieo
/eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii aeioiae?a, /a?ac a?aenooi?noue iaeaaeii? ?iaioe,
ca?a?no?iaai? o aea?aeaai?e neoaea? caeiyoino?, ae?enii ooeathoue ?iaioo
oa caeaoi? i?enooieoe aei i?aoe?. Aac?ia?ooy aeieea? a oiiaao, eiee
i?iiiceoe?y i?aoe? ia?aaeuo? iiieo.

Noeoii?noue n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a oa ianaeaiiy, yea a ieo
i?iaeeaa?, c aeanoeaeie ?i iaoe?iiaeueieie o?aaeeoe?yie oi?iothoue
n?euenueeo iinaeainueeo ia?aaeo. Oi?ie n?euenueeiai ?icnaeaiiy c /anii
ci?iththoueny, a e?euee?noue ianaeaieo ioieo?a a?aeiia?aea? iaaiiio
?noi?e/iiio ia??iaeo. ?icaeoie n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae?
a?aeiia?aea? aoaiai, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaaiee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei. Oa?aeoa? n?euenueei?
iinaeainueei? ia?aae? i?ine?aeeiao?oueny a nenoai? ?icnaeaiiy, yea
oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo i?ae ae??th
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo oa aeaiia?ao?/ieo /eiiee?a. O
?ici?uaii? n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a cia/io ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ine?eueee n?euenueea ianaeaiiy
ia?aaoaa? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiio ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
? iniiaith ?icaeoeo oa oaeineiiaeaiiy n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae?.

I?ae nioe?aeueiith ?io?ano?oeoo?ith ?icoi?thoue aeiiii?/io eaoaai??th,
yea ae?aaea? a?aeiineie, ui neeaaeathoueny i?ae ethaeueie a i?ioean?
niiaeeaaiiy iineoa, iaiao?aeieo aeey a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee.
Nioe?aeueia ?io?ano?oeoo?a ia’?aeio? o? aaeoc? aeiiii?ee,
ooieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy yeeo iieyaa? a iaaeaii? iineoa ianaeaiith.

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y «??aaiue aeeooy» oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue
niiaeeaaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ? aeooiaieo aeaa. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeaii?
eaoaai??? iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeo?oueny ia aeiiii?/iiio noaiiaeu?
ethaeeie, aea/athoueny /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?? iaoa??aeueia
noaiiaeua.

A?aeiia?aeii aei ??aiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie
?ic?aoiao?oueny i?iaeeoeiaee i?i?ioi ethaeeie, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue
a?aeiino?. ?ic??ciythoue i?iaeeoeiaee i?i?ioi: noaoenoe/iee, ui
anoaiiaeth?oueny ia ??ai? aeioiaeo iaeiaio ?ioueo aeeoae?a e?a?ie;
ii?iaoeaiee, yeee ?ic?aoiao?oueny ia iniia? «niiaeea/iai eioeea»;
eiia?iiaaiee, yeee ? noeoii?noth iiceoeaieo iciae noaoenoe/iiai oa
ii?iaoeaiiai.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e nioe?aeueio noa?o naea, ia iiaeia caeeoeoe inoi?iiue
ieoaiiy ioi?iie aeiae?eey.

Iaa?oioiaaia a?aeiia?aeia nenoaia iieaciee?a, aiae?c yeeo aeicaiey?
i?inoaaeeoe e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «??aaiue ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea» —
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae?, aea/aii
aeaiia?ao?/iee noai n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a, i?iaiae?ciaaii
??aaiue ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e oa ??aaiue aeeooy
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.

Ia oa?eoi??? Euea?anueei? iaeano? ooieoe?iio? 1853 n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo
ioieoe. Ca 1968-1997 ??. a?aeaoeinue i?/ei ia iaa?oioiaaia nei?i/aiiy
225 n?e. Iaea?eueoith ? e?euee?noue n?euenueeeo iinaeaiue c
/enaeuei?noth 201 aei 1000 /ieia?e (1121 n?e). A oe?eiio ia oa?eoi???
Euea?anueei? iaeano? i?inoaaeo?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

?icaeoie n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae? o?nii iia’ycaiee c ?icaeoeii
ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiiaii iiaeia cia?aceoe oeae aca?iica’ycie oae: n?euenueea
?icnaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoai. Ae?iaieoeoai aenooia? aieiaiith noa?ith
iaea?aeaiiy aeioiaeo, yeee iaiao?aeiee aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa
ianaeaiiy. Uiaei ae?iaieoeoaa ?icnaeaiiy ia? ooieoe?iiaeueia cia/aiiy.
N?euenuee? ianaeai? ioieoe ? ina?aaeeii aeey ?ici?uaiiy ae?iaie/eo
ia’?eo?a, oiaoi oa?eoi??aeueii-nioe?aeueiith iniiaith aeey a?aeoai?aiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Oiio n?euenueea ?icnaeaiiy a?ae?a?a? ?yae
ooieoe?e: aeaiia?ao?/io, nioe?aeueio, aeiiii?/io, aeieia?/io. N?euenueea
iinaeainueea ia?aaea ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ia
oa?eoi??? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio. ?? ia iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
oaeineiiaeaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, nioe?aeueiiai
?icaeoeo. Nai?ie iniaeeainoyie n?euenueea iinaeainueea ia?aaea oi?io?
oa?eoi??aeuei? oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo naea, aecia/a? ooieoe?? n?euenueeeo
ianaeaieo ioieo?a, i?eioeeie ?ici?uaiiy ia’?eo?a ae?iaie/i? oa
nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.

A n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? Euea?aueie ia 01.01.1998?./enaeuei?noue
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy neeaaea? 535,8 oen./ie. Ii??aiyii c 1989 ?ieii
aiia ciaioeeanue ia 27,4 oen./ie. A?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeueii?
/enaeueiino? n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ieoiia aaaa ianaeaiiy
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo noaiiaeoue 50%. Oea icia/a?, ui ia eiaeiiai
i?aoeacaeaoiiai i?eiaaea? iaeei iai?aoeacaeaoiee. Aea, yeui a?aooaaoe
??aaiue aac?ia?ooy a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, oi aeaiee iieaciee ao?a/a?
oaeee ci?no.

Nei?i/aiiy /enea ianaeaiiy iieiaeoiai i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo (a 1997 ?ioe?
— 249, 5 oen./ie. i?ioe 271,5 oen./ie. a 1989 ?ioe?) ia 22 oen./ie.
iiynith?oueny ianaiia?aae cieaeaiiyi ??aiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?.
I?a?aoe?eiee a?aeieea ianaeaiiy ?c n?euenueei? i?noeaaino? ? iniiaiei
/eiieeii nei?i/aiiy eiai /enaeueiino?, a caa?aaeaiiy eiai a?ae’?iiiai
cia/aiiy ? aieiaiith i?e/eiith caoaeaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? iniiae
a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a ia nae?. Ca inoaii? ?iee aeaiia?ao?/ia
neooaoe?y a n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieoao Euea?aueie cia/ii
iia??oeeanue. Oea iaoiiaeaii oe?eith ieceith /eiiee?a, cie?aia:
caaaeueieie oaiaeaioe?yie cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?; ?inoii nia?oiino?;
nei?i/aiiyi o?eaaeino? aeeooy oa iia??oaiiyi aaiioiiaeo ianaeaiiy;
c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? in?a noa?oa i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo; iaaaoeaiei
aieeaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ia i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane. O ca»yceo
c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiiieaeno caoiae?a, ye? a
iiaee caiia?aoe iiaeaeueoiio iia??oaiith aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? a
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?. A naia iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen caoiae?a
aeey iiaoaiiiai i?iaaaeaiiy iaeanii? aeaiia?ao?/ii? iie?oeee ?
caaacia/eoe ?? cae?eniaiiy. Aeioe?eueii ia?aaeyiooe i?aeoiaee aei
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino? o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?,
ia?aaeaa/ath/e ci?ie a caoeno? iaoa?einoaa, i?eueae ? eiiiainaoe??
iieiaeei ? aaaaoiae?oiei iaoa?yi. C iaoith ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe??
iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe caoiaee uiaei noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue ia
nae?.

Nioe?aeueia ?io?ano?oeoo?a naea — oea nenoaia i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia,
caeeaae?a oa ie?aieo neoaea c iaaeaiiy ??cieo aeae?a iineoa n?euenueeiio
ianaeaiith. A oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ieaoi? iineoae
iiaeii? ?icaeaaoenue oaeeie oaiiaie, uia caaacia/oaaeanue
caaeainiaai?noue i?ae i?iiiceoe??th iineoa ? iiieoii ia ieo. A
ae?eniino? ooo aeieeee cia/i? aeeni?iii?oe??. Ia oa?eoi??? Euea?aueie
noa?a ieaoieo iineoa ?icaeiooa iaaeinoaoiuei, a ye?noue naieo iineoa ia
a?aeiia?aea? iio?aaai niiaeeaa/?a. Oea i?ecaaei aei iiyae iaaaoeaieo
yaeu o noa?? ieaoieo iineoa, cie?aia, niinoa??aa?oueny ??no
iacaaeiaieaiiai iiieoo ianaeaiiy ia ieaoi? iineoae.

Ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae ianya iiaooiaeo iineoa ??cei cieceany a 1997
?ioe? ii??aiyii c 1990 ?ieii, oi/a ca ?aooiie ?inoo oe?i ianya
?aae?caoe?? iiaooiaeo iineoa o ?ic?aooieo ia aeooo ianaeaiiy
ca?eueoeany c 3,3 a?i. o 1995 ?ioe? aei 6,2 a?i. o 1997
?ioe? .

Iaaecae/aeii aino?ith nioe?aeueiith i?iaeaiith ? aeeoeiaa. Aaeaea
caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy aeeoeii aoei ? caeeoa?oueny aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii
eiai iaoa??aeueiiai aeia?iaooo. ?ica’ycaiiy aeeoeiai? i?iaeaie ?
neeaaeiaith eaieith nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae. Ia caeeoa? oe?
ieoaiiy iica oaaaith e aa?a?ia iie?oeea.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yiii aeaaiono?ith n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a ?
ca?eueoaiiy ianyao ? iie?ioaiiy no?oeoo?e iniaenoiai niiaeeaaiiy
iaoa??aeueieo aeaa, ui ae?aaea?oueny iieacieeaie ??aiy ?icaeoeo oi?aiai?
ia?aae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy.

A n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aeiio ooieoe?iio? 2774
i?aei?e?inoaa ?icae??aii? oi?a?ae?, c ieo 2439 iaaacei?a. Caaaeueia
oi?aiaa ieiua iaaacei?a — 141 oen. i2, aai 1307 i2 ia 10 oen. /ieia?e.
A na?aaeiueiio ia aeaa n?euenuee? ianaeai? ioieoe i?eiaaea? 3
i?aei?e?inoaa ?icae??aii? oi?a?ae?.

Caaaeueiee ianya ?icae??aiiai oiaa?iiai?ioo a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? o
1997 ?ioe? noaiiaea 81,6 iei.a?i. i?ioe 54,4 iei.a?i. o 1995 ?ioe?. A
?ic?aooieo ia aeooo ianaeaiiy ianya ?icae??aiiai oiaa?iiai?ioo a 1997
?ioe? noaiiaea 71,6 a?i. Aiaeii/an ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caaaeueiiai
oiaa?iiai?ioo a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai n?euenueeiai aeeoaey aei i?nueeiai
noaiiaeoue 49,6 a?aenioea.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? a oiiaao oiioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? aeiaaa? noai?aiiy oaei? ia?aae? i?aei?e?inoa
?icae??aii? oi?a?ae? oa a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy, aea a n?euenuee?
aeeoae? iiaee caaeiaieueieoe nai? iio?aae a oi?aiaiio ianeoaiaoaaii?.
Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii a noa?? oi?a?ae? noai?eoe oiiae aeey
eiieo?aioe??, caiia?aoe oi?ioaaiith ooo/iiai aeao?oeeoo oiaa??a.
Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe o ?icaeoeo n?euenueei? oi?aiai? ia?aae? aea?
i?eaaoecaoe?y ia’?eo?a oi?aiai? ia?aae?.

?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a ni?eyoeia
oi?ioaaiith ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua. A ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiathoue neoaeae nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.

Ioaea, nenoaia nioe?aeueiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ianaeaiiy ? aaaeeeaith
oiiaith ?icaeoeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. Aiia iia’ycaia c oaeeie
i?aenenoaiaie, ye ina?oa, ioi?iia caei?ia’y, iiaooiaa ianeoaiaoaaiiy,
oi?a?aey, eoeueoo?a oiui. ??aaiue ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
naea aieeaa? ia ??aaiue ? niin?a aeeooy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy. Aeey
oiai, uia oi/i?oa aecia/eoe ??aaiue ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a ?aa?iio, iaiao?aeii iaaanoe
iniiai? iieacieee nioe?aeueiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey. — Aca?iica”ycie i?ae i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aoe? oa ?icaeoeii
nioe?aeueii? noa?e a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?,

Euea?anueea iaeanoue

A?oia ?aeii?a ca i?iaeoeoea-i?nothi?aoe? a n?euenueeiio
ain-iiaea?noa?E?euee?noue ?aeii?a o a?oi?1991 ?.1995 ?.1997 ?.A na?aaei.
ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieeaA na?aaei. ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieeaA na?aaei. ia
iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea

1991?.

1995?.

1997?.Iaea?aeaii aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??Ianya ieaoieo iineoaIaea?aeaii
aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??Ianya ieaoieo iineoaIaea?aeaii aaeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??Ianya ieaoieo iineoanoia, a?i. aei ? a?oie, %noia, a?i. aei ?
a?oie, %noia, a?i. aei ? a?oie, %noia, a?i. aei ? a?oie, %noia, a?i. aei
? a?oie, %noia, a?i. aei ? a?oie, %?

Aei 2000 a?i612131897100,026,8100,01933100,08,2100,01875100,06,6100,0??

a?ae 2001 aei 2500
a?i.8572304121,541,5154,82391123,78,6104,92409128,58,5128,8???

2501 a?i ? a?eueoa33-2832149,347,2176,12786144,114,0170,7—-A
na?aaeiuei-io a iaeano?2020202476o38,8o2297o9,2o2172o7,3oAeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aca?iica»ycie i?ae i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aoe? oa
?icaeoeii nioe?aeueii? noa?e (aeea.oaae.). A aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeiiao c
aeuei iieacieeii ae?iaieoeoaa aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a ?ic?aooieo ia
iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai i?ine?aeeiao?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy iiieoo ia ieaoi?
iineoae.

Aoaeoeai?noue nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee, ooieoe?iioaaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e
ciaoiaeeoue nai? ae?aaeaiiy a i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy.
Iniiaiith i?e/eiith eiai cia/iiai cieaeaiiy o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ?
aaaeea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia e?eca, yeo ia?aaeeaa? e?a?ia. Ca nai?th
noooth aiia aeieeea ye o?ainoi?iaoe?eia e?eca, aea caiaeii iaaoea
oa?aeoa?o noaaiaoe??. Nei?i/o?oueny aaeiaee aioo??oi?e i?iaeoeo,
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?a?iciiae?e iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaaaonoaa. N?euenuee?
aeeoae? ye iaio i?aai?ciaaia ? iie?oe/ii aieeaiaa /anoeia noni?euenoaa
iieieeeny o a??oiio aeiiii?/iiio noaiiaeu? ii??aiyii c ?ioeie
noni?eueieie a?oiaie. ?oi? aeioiaee ciaioeeeny a a?eueo?e i???, i?ae o
?ia?oiee?a oa neoaeaiaoe?a. Neooaoe?y noaea ua a??oith o ca’yceo c
caiaiaaeii eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? aoee
aeaea?aeii iaoa??aeueiiai aeinoaoeo a?eueoi? /anoeie n?euenueeeo n?iae ?
iniiaiei ooiaeaiaioii ?o nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo. Oaeei /eiii, i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy aeeooy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e ae??oaii? oaeeo
aeiaaeueieo caaaeaiue, ye caaaeueia aeiiii?/ia i?aeianaiiy a e?a?i?,
noai?aiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue a ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?e noa?? aeey
n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a, a oaeiae i?aeo?eiaiiy ia?eoaoiino? a aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiineiao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa c ?o aeiiii?/ieie
ia?oia?aie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Iniiai? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii?
noa?e naea» — iaa?oioiaaii iai?yie i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy, iie?auaiiy o?iainoaaiiy ?icaeoeo n?euenueei? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
oa aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ?iai/i? neee ia nae?.

Iaeia?oith oiiaith i?aeianaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai aeia?iaooo anueiai
ianaeaiiy e?a?ie, cie?aia n?euenueeiai, ? iiaeieaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?ece,
noaa?e?caoe?y nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? c iinooiiaei aeiiii?/iei
iiaeaaaeaiiyi. I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy iaiiaeeeaa aac
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo i?ia?ai c eiai nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo.
Iniiaieie aaaeaeyie i?e oeueiio iiaeiii noaoe anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai
??aiy i?i?iaeueii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa iain?e, iaiiiaeaoeiaaiiai
i?i?ioio aeioiae?a. A?aeiia?aei? nioe?aeuei? i?ia?aie ionyoue
ioiiethaaoe an? eaoaai??? ianaeaiiy, ye? iio?aaothoue nioe?aeueii?
aeiiiiiae.

I?iaeaia o?iainoaaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e o?nii
iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiith a?aeii/i? i?eiaeaaeiino? ?? ia’?eo?a, oi?i
aeaniino?. O ca’yceo c oeei aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue
i?eaaoecaoe?ei? i?ioeane a oe?e noa??. Aiie ni?yiiaai? ia onoiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai iiiiiie?cio ? iiaeieaiiy a?ae/oaeaiino? i?aoe?aiee?a
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea a?ae cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?acoeueoao?a i?aoe?.
Oey iaoa aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac i?eaaoecaoe?th caeeaae?a
aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa, oi?a?ae?, iiaooiaeo ? o?ainii?oieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, noai?aiiy
iiaeo oi?i aeaniino?, ia?ao?ae aei aaaaoioeeaaeiino? ainiiaea?thaaiiy a
oeeo aaeocyo. Iniiai? i?eioeeie, iai?yie e iaoiaee i?eaaoecaoe??
aecia/ai? ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

Aieiaiith iaoith i?eaaoecaoe?? caeeaae?a nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?
oi?ioaaiiy i?ioa?eo i?eaaoieo aeaniee?a, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa; nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie
nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e naea ca ?aooiie eioo?a, iaea?aeaieo a?ae
i?eaaoecaoe??; ni?eyiiy iie?ioaiith o?iainiaiai noaio; noai?aiiy
eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua ? aeaiiiiiie?caoe?y.

Iaoai?ci ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ?iai/i? neee ia nae? a no/anieo oiiaao ia
iiaea oi?ioaaoeny ye ?acoeueoao ae?e i?eaaoieo in?a. Eiai ?aaoeyoi?ii
iiaeiia aenooiaoe eeoa aea?aeaaa.

?acoeueoaoii ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ?iai/i? neee ia? noaoe caaacia/aiiy
yeiiiaa iiai?oi? caeiyoino? oa aeinyaiaiiy yeiiiaa aeui? oe?ie ?iai/i?
neee.

Iniiaieie oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?iai/i? neee ia nae? ?:

1. A?aenooi?noue ?aaeueii? eiieo?aioe?? i?ae ??cieie oi?iaie aeaniino?
ia caeiyoino?. Aiane?aeie oeueiai n?euenuee? aeeoae?, ye i?aaeei,
iathoue aeoaea aocuee? iiaeeeaino? aeey aeai?o noa? i?eeeaaeaiiy aeanii?
i?aoe?. ?aaeueii? aeueoa?iaoeae caeiyoino? a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
a?iiaaenueeiio /e iniaenoiio ae?iaieoeoa? a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iaia?.
Caeiyo?noue o nioe?aeuei?e noa?? aeiaaa? niaoe?aeueii? ina?oe, a ?ecee
iaiiaeeeaino? aeaoooaaiiy ia ?iaioo iaaeoi aenieee. Aeaui e?aua
neooaoe?y neeaeany a i?ei?nueeeo naeao, aaeaea aeieea? iiaeeea?noue
ia?aeoe aei eaoaai??? iayoieeiaeo i?a?aio?a.

2. Iecueeee ??aaiue iia?eueiino? ?iai/i? neee ia nae?. I?ae oeei
oa?i?iii ?icoi??oueny iayai?noue aaaaoueio /eiiee?a, ye? ia
aeicaieythoue n?euenueeei aeeoaeyi eaaei ci?ithaaoe i?noea i?aoe?.
Ianaiia?aae oea a?aenooi?noue ?aaeueiiai ?eieo aeeoea, a oaeiae eiai
aei?iaeia/a ii??aiyiii c oe?iith ?iai/i? neee. Nooo?aith ia?aoeiaeith ?
oaeiae ?nioth/a nenoaia i?iienee ianaeaiiy ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy, yeo
aaea aeaaii a e?a?i? ieaioaaeiny e?ea?aeoaaoe. Nthaee ae iiaeia
a?aeianoe iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo o?ainii?oii? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e ia nae?. Ia ni?ey? iia?eueiino? n?euenueeeo o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a oaeoe/ia a?aenooi?noue nenoaie ia?ai?aeaioiee eaae??a ia nae?.
Aiane?aeie oeueiai n?euenuee? aeeoae? aeyaeythoueny ia ni?iiiaeieie ia
eeoa i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue eaae?o?eaoe?? a ia?ai?e ?ai?oa noa??
ae?yeueiino?, aea e iaaooe iiao niaoe?aeuei?noue a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeanieo iaoee?a ? iio?aa ?eieo.

Iaiao?aeia ?icoe?aiiy noa?e i?eeeaaeaiiy i?aoe? ia nae? ? noai?aiiy ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?iai/eo i?noeue a oaeeo iai?yieao: ?icaeoie
ie?aieo naiino?eieo i?aei?e?inoa ?c caaio?ae?, ia?a?iaee, oanoaaiiy,
oiaeiaee, aeinoaaee, o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa caooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe??, a oaeiae i?aei?e?inoa c ianeoaiaoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? e
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aoae?aaeueieo, aeeoeiaeo, iuaaeieo ? e?aaeeoieo
eiiia?aoea?a, a oaeiae i?aei?e?inoa c? caa?aaeaiiy ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe??, i?aai?caoe?? oo?ecio, iaaeaiiy iaaeeei-nai?oa?ii?
aeiiiiiae aaeiia, aeieia?/iiai caoenoo iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

AENIIAEE

1. Nioe?aeueia noa?a naea — oea aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y, yea oi?io?oueny
i?ae aieeaii ?yaeo /eiiee?a: aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, aeaiia?ao?/ieo
oa aeieia?/ieo. sse?niith oa?aeoa?enoeeith nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea ?
iaaiee e?eoa??e, a e?euee?niith- iieaciee. Nioe?aeueia noa?a naea
aeiaaa? niaoe?aeueieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, cie?aia,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. Oiio
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie iiaeiii aooe eiiieaeniei.

2. N?euenueea iinaeainueea ia?aaea ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy i?e oi?ioaaii?
?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua. ?? ia iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe i?e oaeineiiaeaii?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo.
Ae?iaieoeoai aenooia? aieiaiith noa?ith iaea?aeaiiy aeioiaeo,
iaiao?aeiiai aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy. N?euenueea
?icnaeaiiy ca a?aeiioaiiyi aei ae?iaieoeoaa ia? ooieoe?iiaeueia
cia/aiiy, aaeaea n?euenuee? ianaeai? ioieoe ? ina?aaeeii aeey ?ici?uaiiy
ae?iaie/eo ia’?eo?a. Iniiaiee aeae ae?iaieoeoaa ia nae? — n?euenueea
ainiiaea?noai, a aieiaiei caniaii ae?iaieoeoaa ? caiey, oiio ye?noue
caie? — iniiaiee /eiiee aeey ?icaeoeo n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae?.

3. Ia oa?eoi??? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio i?inoaaeo?oueny i?ioean
noa??iiy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi
/anoee in?a iain?eiiai a?eo ii??aiyii c ae?oueie oa i?aee?oeaie. Oea, a
naith /a?ao, na?ae/eoue i?i cia/ia iia??oaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe??
a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, iaoiiaeaia ianooiiei : caaaeueieie
oaiaeaioe?yie cieaeaiiy /enea ia?iaeaeaiue; ?inoii nia?oiino?;
nei?i/aiiyi o?eaaeino? aeeooy oa iia??oaiiy aaiioiiaeo ianaeaiiy;
iaaaoeaiei aieeaii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ianoaa?eueiino? ia ?icaeoie
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

4. Cia/io ?ieue o noaa?e?caoe?? aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a ia nae?
a?ae?a?a? i?a?aoe?y ianaeaiiy. Aieiaiith ?? i?e/eiith ? iaaeieaoa
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa iain?e. A nioe?aeueia a?oia /eiiee?a iia’ycaia c
oei, ui ethaeeia i?a?oth/e ooea? oiiae i?iaeeaaiiy. I?a?aoe?ei? iioiee
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ni?e/eiai? ??cieoeath a ??aiyo aeioiae?a o i?no?
oa ia nae?, oiio aaaeeeaei ? caaaeaiiy aei i?i?ioio aeenaaeaino i?ae
i?iieneia?noth oa n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii.

5. O?iainiaa aaie?oonoai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ianiaa
cae?eooy i?aei?e?inoa nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ianai?/ania aeieaoa
iain?e aaciina?aaeiuei aieeioee ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeeooy ia nae?, a
a?aeiia?aeii ? ia i?ioean aeaiiioeyoe??. *enaeuei?noue n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ca 1989-1997 ??. ciaioeeanue ia 46,6
oen./ie. Niinoa??aa?oueny ? ui??/ia i?e?iaeia nei?i/aiiy. Eiao?oe??io
n?euenueei? aeaiiioeyoe?? ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae eieeaa?oueny a
iaaeao 1,2 — 4,5. Iia??oo? aeaiia?ao?/io neooaoe?th ye?nia
ia??aiii??i?noue i?a?aio?a. Caeeoa? naei caeaa?eueoiai iieiaeue, a
i?eaoaathoue a n?euenueeo i?noeaa?noue iain?iia?e. Oea aaciina?aaeiuei
aieeaa? ia ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a a iaeaeeae/?
aeanyoue ?ie?a, a oaeiae ia nei?i/aiiy /anoee i?aoeacaeaoieo.

6. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iacaaeia?euei? oiiae i?iaeeaaiiy ia nae?. Ianya
niiaeeaaiiy iiaooiaeo iineoa n?euenueeeie aeeoaeyie a 1997 ?ioe?
ciaioeany ia 96,4% i?ioe 1990 ?ieo. ??cea cieaeaiiy oaii?a iiaooiaiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy a?aeaoeinue ca 1990- 1993 ?iee. Iieaciee caaacia/aiiy
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy oi?aiaith ieiuath ciaioeany ia 15,7 a?aenioea.
Aiaeii/an ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caaaeueiiai oiaa?iiai?ioo a?ic?aooieo ia
iaeiiai n?euenueeiai aeeoaey aei i?nueeiai noaiiaeoue 49,6 a?aenioe?a.

Cieaeaiiy oaii?a ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e iiynith?oueny,
ii-ia?oa, nei?i/aiiyi aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoiiai o?iainoaaiiy;
ii-ae?oaa, cia/ia e?euee?noue i?aei?e?inoa ia?aaoaa? ia aaeain?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, a?eueo?noue c ieo ciaoiaeeoueny
ia iaae? o?iainiaiai aaie?oonoaa.

7. A oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo iineeth?oueny aieea aea?aeaae ia
?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue, ui i?iyaey?ouey a ianooiiiio: oi?aae?iiy
?iaanoeoe?eieie i?ioeanaie; oe?eueiaa ?o aeei?enoaiiy; eiio?ieue ca
aeei?enoaiiyi.

8. Iniiaieie i?eioeeiaie i?eaaoecaoe?? n?euenueei? nioe?aeueii? noa?e
iiaeii? aooe: caeiii?noue; iaaeaiiy i?euea ia i?eaeaaiiy eiioiaeueiiai
iaeia /eaiai o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a i?aei?e?inoa, ui i?eaaoecothoueny;
caaacia/aiiy nioe?aeueii? caoeuaiino? oa ??aiino? i?aa n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy o i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe??; i??i?eoaoia i?aai o?oaeiaeo
eieaeoea?a o aeai?? oi?ie aeaniino?.

?icaeoie n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a aeiaaa? iaa?aeeeaaeiiai
cae?eniaiiy eiiieaeno nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a. Oi?ioaaiiy ia
nae? aenieieiioi?oieo oiia aeeooy iio?aao? i?oeii? o?iainiai? aace
i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee.

I?IIICEOe??

Aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea iaiao?aeii cae?enieoe
eiiieaen caoiae?a ia ??cieo ??aiyo oi?aae?iiy.

1. Ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ??ai? iaiao?aeii oaeineiiaeeoe ?nioth/a
caeiiiaeaanoai, cie?aia ia?aaeyiooe Caeii «I?i i??i?eoaoi?noue
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo naea oa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a ia?iaeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie», ocaiaeeaoe eiai c ?ioeie ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeie
aeoaie. Iaiao?aeii aaanoe i?eueaiao noaaeo iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue a n?euenuee?e
i?noeaaino?.

2. Ia iaeaniiio ??ai? aeioe?eueii ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen caoiae?a aeey
iiaoaiiiai i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? iie?oeee. A naia, ne?ae
ia?aaeyiooe i?aeoiaee aei aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?:
aianoe ci?ie a caeiiiaeaanoai c ieoaiue iaoa?einoaa; ca?eueoeoe aeieaoe
? eiiiainaoe?? iieiaeei ? aaaaoiae?oiei iaoa?yi.

3. C iaoith iie?ioaiiy ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy aaaaea?ii
iaiao?aeiei: i?aei?e?inoaa nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ye? ia
i?aoeththoue, a?aeaeaoe a i?aiaeo ?ioei i?aai?caoe?yi /e a?iiaaeyiai;
i?aei?e?inoaa c ianeoaiaoaaiiy ianaeaiiy aeioe?eueii ?ici?uoaaoe a
iaeiiio i?ei?uaii?, a oaeiae a oeaio?? n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

4. Ni?eyiiy i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee o noai?aii? oa ooieoe?iioaaii?
i?aei?e?inoa nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea iiaeiii noaoe iaeiei c aieiaieo
aoai?a i?e neeaaeaii? ieai?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a ia ia?niaeoeao, ui aeicaieeoue a?aee?eoe iia?
?iai/? i?noey ? iiceoeaii aieeia ia noaa?e?caoe?th i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a, cie?aia ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? iayoieeiaeo i?a?aio?a, ye?
ii?aeiothoue noa?o i?eeeaaeaiiy i?aoe? o i?no? oa iayai?noue aeeoeiaiai

aoaeeieo, aaaeaiiy iniaenoiai ainiiaea?noaa ia nae?.

5. I?aaiai i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy aeioe?eueii aecia/eoe e?euee?noue
iaiao?aeieo ia’?eo?a nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e oa aeaea?aea ?o
o?iainoaaiiy. Aea?aeaai? ?iaanoeoe?? ia nioe?aeueiee ?icaeoie
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a iaiao?aeii a ia?oo /a?ao ni?yiiaoaaoe ia
aoae?aieoeoai aei??a c oaa?aeei iie?eooyi, aaceo?eaoe?th, aeeoeiaa
aoae?aieoeoai (iaaeaiiy e?aaeeo?a iieiaeei n?i’yi) oa iiaooiaa
ianeoaiaoaaiiy. A oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ia nae? ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua, c
iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ianeoaiaoaaiiy ianaeaiiy aeioe?eueii
noai?thaaoe iae? n?iaei? i?aei?e?inoaa, eiiia?aoeae, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
iaenoa?i?.

6. C iaoith nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy iaiao?aeii:
iaaeaoe iiaeeea?noue eiaei?e ethaeei? aeey i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy, ui
aeicaieeoue ?e i?aeo?eioaaoe ii?iaeueiee ??aaiue aeeooy;
?ai?aai?coaaoe i?ia?aie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ii?yae ?c cieaeaiiyi ?ie?
aea?aeaaieo oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a, cie?aia caeo/eoe an? ae?th/?
i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe??, onoaiiae (ye? ooieoe?iiothoue ia oa?eoi???
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiai ioieoo) aei ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo ieoaiue.

7. Iniiaiei oa ?aeeiei i?aaiii oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii nioe?aeueii? noa?e
naea iathoue noaoe i?aaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Aiie iiaeii?
eiioeaio?oaaoe an? caniae aeey o?iainoaaiiy ia’?eo?a nioe?aeueii? noa?e.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaieo i?iiiceoe?e ni?eyoeia oe?ieiio ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? noa?e n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a, iiai?oiio
caaeiaieaiith iiieoo n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ia iineoae, i?aeaeuaiith
??aiy aeeooy ia nae?.

C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii ?iaioe:

1. I?ieiieoae E.A., ss?aia A.I., Eooi?? E.A. Iniiai? iai?yie aea?aeaaii?
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee // No/ania ?iiaaoe?eii-i?iieneiaa iie?oeea
Oe?a?ie: ?iaanoeoe?ei? i??i?eoaoe oa ?io?ano?oeoo?e: Oace O i?aei.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. — Oii ???.-*a?i?aoe?, 1999.-N.35-37.- 0,30
ae?oe.a?e., a oiio /ene? aaoi?a — 0,1 ae?oe.a?e.

2. I?ieiieoae E.A., ss?aia A.I. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e // A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?ae. aa?ioi?aa?neoaoo:
Aeiiii?ea AIE.-.-1998.- ? 4.-N.169-175.-0,3 ae?oe.a?e., a oiio /ene?
aaoi?a — 0,2 ae?oe.a?e.

3. ss?aia A.I. Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? ia nae? // Iaoeiaee a?niee: Ca.
iaoe.-oaoi. i?aoeue — Euea?a: Oe?. aea?ae. e?nioaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao. –
1999.-Aei.9.3.- N.108-109.-0,15 ae?oe.a?e.

4. ss?aia A.I. ?icaeoie n?euenueei? iinaeainueei? ia?aae?// A?niee
Euea?anueeiai aea?ae. aa?ioi?aa?neoaoo: Aeiiii?ea AIE.- 1999.- ? 5.-
N.182-184.-0,18 ae?oe.a?e.

5. I?ieiieoae E.A., ss?aia A.I. Aeaye? aniaeoe ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino?
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy //A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?ae. aa?ioi?aa?neoaoo:
Aeiiii?ea AIE. – 1999. — ?5. – N. 202-205.- 0,25 ae?oe. a?e., a oiio
/ene? aaoi?a – 0,15.

AIIOAOe??

ss?aia A.I. ?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea (ia iaoa??aeao Euea?anueei?
iaeano?). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
c?

niaoe?aeueiino? 08.07.02 – Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE. –
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Euea?anueea iaeanoue,
AEiae?anueeee ?aeii, i. Aeoaeyie,1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii nooue aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai???
«nioe?aeueia noa?a naea» oa ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?
noa?e. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueiiai
?icaeoeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. Aea/aii noai oa i?iaaaeaii
aiae?c ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea. Iaa?oioiaai? iniiai? iai?yie
aaeineiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea, cie?aia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy, iie?auaiiy o?iainoaaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e oa oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo ?iai/i?
neee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nioe?aeueia noa?a naea, n?euenueea iinaeainueea ia?aaea,
??aaiue aeeooy ianaeaiiy, nioe?aeueia ?io?ano?oeoo?a, ?eiie ?iai/i?
neee.

ss?aia A.I. ?acaeoea nioeeaeueiie noa?u naea (ia iaoa?eaeao Eueaianeie
iaeanoe). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02 — Yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE. —
Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eueaianeay iaeanoue,
AEiaeianeee ?aeii, a.Aeoaeyiu, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa iainiiaaia nouiinoue yeiiiie/aneie eaoaai?ee
«nioeeaeueiay noa?a naea», ?anniio?aiu aii?inu oi?ie?iaaiey nioeeaeueiie
noa?u. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu ?aaeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe nioeeaeueiiai
?acaeoey naeueneeo ianae?iiuo ioieoia e iaoiaeeea aiaeeca eo ?acaeoey.

I?iaaaeaii aiaeec ?acaeoey nioeeaeueiie noa?u naea. Eco/aii aeeyiea
aaia?aoe/aneeo, aeaiia?aoe/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo e yeiiiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia
ia ?acaeoea naeueneie iinaeai/aneie naoe. Enneaaeiaaii aeaiia?aoe/aneia
ninoiyiea naeueneeo ianaeaiiuo ioieoia e iainiiaaiu i?e/eiu iea?aoeee
naeueneiai ianaeaiey. Iainiiauaaaony auaiae ia oniaa?oainoaiaaiee
iaoaiecia o?aaoee?iaaiey ?iaeaeaaiinoe a naeueneie ianoiinoe.

Aeaaiie noa?ie caiyoinoe naeueneiai ianaeaiey yaeyaony naeueneia
oicyenoai, a ia?ooaiea i?ei?eoaoa oeai ia naeueneioicyenoaaiioth
i?iaeoeoeeth e oiaa?u e oneoae oiio?aaeyaiua e?anoueyiaie noaiiaeo
iaoaieci ouaieaiey eo eioa?ania.

Aeaaiui oneiaeai nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey yaeyaony
aeinoeaeaiea iauayeiiiie/aneie noaaeeueiinoe. Oa?aeoa?iua i?eciaee
noaaeeueiie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu — yoi oeiainiaay noaaeeueiinoue,
ii?iaeueiue i?ioeann iai?ioa iauanoaaiiiai eaieoaea, ieieiaeueiue
o?iaaiue aac?aaioeoeu.

I?iaeaia oeo/oaiey aeeciaiiiai o?iaiy naeueneiai ianaeaiey ia iiaeao
auoue ?aoaia aac ?aaeeeaeueiiai eciaiaiey nia?aiaiiie no?oeoo?u
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Iaeuecy ?an/eouaaoue e ia oi, /oi
ee/iua oicyenoaa ianaeaiey noaioo iniiaiuie i?iecaiaeeoaeyie
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee. Nia?aiaiiia aa?a?iia i?iecaiaenoai
aeieaeii auoue e?oiiiianooaaiui. Oieueei oiaaea iii niiaeao auoue
aunieiyooaeoeaiui.

Iaoa?eaeueiie iniiaie o?iaiy aeecie ianaeaiey yaeyaony nioeeaeueiay
eio?ano?oeoo?a. Aeaaea i?e aunieeo o?iaiyo aeioiaea naeueneia ianaeaiea
iiaeao n/eoaoueny ca /a?oie aaaeiinoe, anee a ianae?iiii ioieoa iao
o/?aaeaeaiee ia?iaeiiai ia?aciaaiey, io?aiu caei?iauey, oi?aiaee,
iineieueeo iauaeou nioeeaeueiie eio?ano?oeoo?u ea?atho aaaeioth ?ieue a
iaania/aiee aeecianiiniaiinoe naeueneeo iinaeaiee. A ?aaioa i?iaaaeaii
aiaeec ?acaeoey nioeeaeueiie eio?ano?oeo?u naeueneeo ianae?iiuo ioieoia
eae iniiaiiai iieacaoaey nioeeaeueiiai ianeoaeeaaiey ianaeaiey.

Iainiiauaaaony, /oi ni?in ia ?aai/oth neeo a naeueneie ianoiinoe
oi?ie?oaony iiae aeeyieai ni?ina ia iniiaiua aeaeu i?iaeoeoeee
naeueneiai oicyenoaa e o?aaeeoeeiiiua aeey naea ae?oaea aeaeu
i?iecaiaenoaa. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a nioeea4eueii-yeiiiie/aneie noa?a
ieacuaatho i?yiia aeeyiea ia oi?ie?iaaiea ni?ina ia ?aai/oth neeo.
Iainiiauaathony ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth iaoaiecia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?uiea ?aai/ae neeu ia naea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nioeeaeueiay noa?a naea, naeueneay iinaeai/aneay naoue,
o?iaaiue aeecie ianaeaiey, nioeeaeueiay eio?ano?oeoo?a, ?uiie ?aai/ae
neeu.

Jarema B.P. The Development of the Social Sphere of the Village
(according to data of Lviv region).- Manuscript.

Thesis for the Scientific Degree of Candidate of Economics Speciality
08.07.02 – Economics of Agriculture and Agro-Industrial Complex. – Lviv
State Agrarian University, Lviv region, Zhovkva district, Dublyany,
1999.

The essence of the economical category of the social sphere of the
village and the social sphere formation are examined and grounded in
thesis. The regional peculiarities of the social development of the
village populated regions are theoretically grounded. The conditions
were examined and the analysis of the social development of the village
was carried out. The main directions of the village social sphere
development are grounded, namely, the raising the level of population
living being, the improvement of the financing the social infrastructure
development and the improvement of the mechanism of the labour force
market functioning.

Key words: the social sphere of the village, the level of the population
living-being, social infrastructure, the labour-force market.

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