1

IINOEOOO AA?A?II? AEIIII?EE

OE?A?INUeEI? AEAAeAI?? AA?A?IEO IAOE

OAeE 631.165.003.232.6

NIANUeEEE Aaa?iae Aaneeueiae/

?ICAEOIE INIAENOEO I?AeNIAIEO OA

NAEssINUeEEO /OA?IA?NUeEEO/ AINIIAeA?NOA A IECEIIEO ?AEIIAO
CAEA?IAONUeEI? IAEANO?

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 08.06.01.- aeiiiiiea i?aei?e?inoaa

i i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a Caea?iaonueeiio ?inoeoooi
aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee:

eaiaeeaeao aeiiiii/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

Aaeyi Aioo Aaea?i?aia, Caea?iaonueeee IAIA

OAAI, aee?aeoi?Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caneoaeaiee

aeiiii?no Oe?a?ie

Oanoiiaeue Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/,
?inoeooo

naae?aieoeoaa OAAI, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee;

Eiiiaaeia ?aai Aaneeueiae/, ?inoeooo
aa?a?ii?

aeiiii?ee, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa:Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i. Ee?a eaoaae?a
aeiiii?ee AIE, Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie i. Ee?a. Caoeno
aiaeaoaeaoueny » 9 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 13-00 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.350.02 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe a ?inoeooo?
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee ca aae?anith:

252127, Ee?a — 127, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 10, eiioa?aioe-cae, 3-e iiaa?o.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a aiaeiioaoei ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiiiiee OAAI, i. Ee?a, Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 10, 2-e iiaa?o

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii » 30 » aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiiii/ieo iaoe
Ioe?i A.A

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioean ?aoi?ioaaiiy n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa a Oe?a?i? a?aeaoaa?oueny a neeaaeieo oiiaao aino?i? e?ece
noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia oii? iaaaeueiiai ciaioaiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa an?o aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? a ainiiaea?noaao c?inoa? i?noea ?
?ieue i?eaaoiiai naeoi?o o caaacia/aii? ianaeaiiy i?iaeiaieuenoaii.

Ca?aeii aeaieo aea?aeaaieo noaoenoe/ieo i?aai?a iaeaea aeecueei 15%
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue e?a?ie caeiathoue iniaeno?
ainiiaea?noaa, ye? ae?iaeythoue 56% aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy a?aeiia?aeii 40%
oa?aeue oa ae?iaeythoue caa?o 90% i?iaeoeoe??.

Ioaea a e?ecia?e neooaoe?? iaaaeee? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ? n?iaei?
ainiiaea?noaa, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue ia iniia? i?eaaoii? aeaniino?
aeyaeeenue aeiiii?/ii a?eueo no?eeeie, a a oiiaao ieceiieo ?aeii?a
Caea?iaooy oaea a?ae?a?athoue ae??oaeueio ?ieue a aa?a?iiio naeoi??.

Ui noino?oueny oa?ia?noaa, oi aiii ua ciaoiaeeoueny a noaae??
noaiiaeaiiy ? /anoea eiai ye o caieaei?enooaaii?, oae ? a
aaeia?e i?iaeoeoe?? — iiee ui iaaaeeea. I?ioa a onueiio na?o? oea
ia?niaeoeaia oi?ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? a Oe?a?i? aiia iinooiiai
iaae?a? neee caaaeyee noai?ai?e caeiiiaeaa/?e aac? oa iaaooiio
aeina?aeo ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ia ii/aoie 1998 ?ieo /enaeuei?noue naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa a Oe?a?i? aeinyaei 35,9 oeny/, a ieiua
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue o ?o aeaniino? oa ei?enooaaii? —
932,2 oen. aa, c ieo ??ee? 857,7 oen. aa. Iaooeeueii c?inoa? ?
e?euee?noue aeaioiaeaii? ieie i?iaeoeoe??. Oae, ca aeaieie I?i?noa?noaa
AIE Oe?a?ie a 1997 ?ioe?, a ii??aiyii? c 1996 ?ieii ieiua caie? o
oa?ia??a c?inea anueiai ia 12%, ae?iaieoeoai iniiaiiai aeaeo
i?iaeoeoe??, ca?ia — a 2,1 ?aca.

Neacaia ia icia/a?, ui ?io? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiio /ene?
e?au? ainiiaea?noaa c iaeiaiith i?aoeath ia i?eeiyoi?. Aaeaea aiie
iiee-ui ae?iaeythoue iaeaea iieiaeio aaeiai? ? a?eueoo /anoeio oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe??.

Ioaea, a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo, iio??aii noai?eoe ??ai?
oiiae aeey aaaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa an?i oi?iai ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a
i?aai aeai?o aoaeue-yei? c ieo caeeoeoe ca ae?iaieeii-aeanieeii.

A oie aea /an o oi?ioaaii? oa ?icaeoeo naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ oa a ae?yeueiino? iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy ye
a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i?, oae ? ii ie?aieo ?aa?iiao ? aaaaoi i?iaeai,
ye? iio?aaothoue iaa?aeeeaaeiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae??oaiiy.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. I?iaeaiaie oi?i aeaniino? ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy
caeiaeenue a ??ci? /ane oae? a?aeii? aeiiii?noe ye A.Ni?o,
I.Eiiae?ao’?a, A.*ayiia, A.Oiaeueia. A inoaii? ?iee oai?aoe/i?,
iaoiaee/i? ? iaeeaaei? ieoaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai
naeoi?o, ?icaeoeo ??cieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia nae? ? cie?aia
iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo oa naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo oe?a?inueeeo aeiiii?no?a I.E.
Aeiao?, A.A.Aaeyi, A.?.Aieei, I.O.Aaeiae/aiei, I.?.Aaeaeooeueeiai,
?.A.Eiiiaaeiaa, ?.?.Eoiaeiai?, A.A.Eei/oea, I.A.Eiaana,
I.E.Iae?ea, A.ss.Ianaeue-Aanaeyea, I.O.Naaeoea, I.I.Oaaei?iaa,
I.I.Oanoiiaey, I.I.Iieuaiea, A.A.Ioe?ia, I.I.Oie/aea, A.A.TH?/eoeia
oa ?ioeo.

Iaeiae, i?iaeaia iiooeo aoaeoeaiiai aeanieea ia nae?,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ie?aieie oi?iaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy
?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?eii-ae?iaie/eo no?oeoo? c a?aooaaiiyi
?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo, iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?o ae?yeueiino? a neeaaeieo oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeacaieo ieoaiue, ye a oai?aoe/iiio oae ?
a i?aeoe/iiio aniaeoao oa iio?aaa a ?o aea/aii? ? coiiaeee aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai ? oai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, oaia: «?eiie i?iaeiaieuenoaa ? ?icaeoie oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy» ia 1991-1995 ??.; (AeIOI “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95”,oaia:
«Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iniiae ?icaeoeo
oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ia 1996 — 2000 ??.»
(AeIOI ia 1995-2000 ??.).

Iaoa i caaea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoeieiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo i?iiiceoe?e uiaei
oi?ioaaiiy ? aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ oa
iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi
?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy, ca?oa?aeiiai
oa a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue oae? iniiai? caaea/?:

— oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie ?icaeoeo ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— aea/eoe ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ? aeei?enoaiiy eiai aeey ?icaeoeo
a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?eaaoi?e iniia?;

— aeyaeoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ oa iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa ?o i?noea ?
?ieue o ae??oaii? i?iaeiaieue/i? i?iaeaie a ieceiieo ?aeiiao
Caea?iaooy;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe noai ae?iaieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? a i?eaaoiiio naeoi?? aa?a?ii? noa?e;

-ooi/ieoe iaoiaeeeo iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa c a?aooaaiiyi ?o
niaoe?ae?caoe?? ? ?aa?iiaeueieo oiia;

-iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeae? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa oa aecia/eoe ?o aeiiii?/i? iieacieee;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? ii i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ? naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa o
?aa?ii?;

-aeaoe i?iaiici? ioe?iee ni?aa?aeiioaiith ie?aieo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy;

-iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei neeaaeaiiy a?cian-ieaio aeey
naeyinueeiai /oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaoiaee/ii oa i?aeoe/i?, aniaeoe ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo iiaeniaieo
ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy oa naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa o
ca’yceo c ?ioeie oi?iaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy a i?ioean? ?o noaiiaeaiiy ?
ae?yeueiino?. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iniaeno? i?aeniai? oa naeyinuee?
/oa?ia?nuee?/ ainiiaea?noaa ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee
Caeiie Oe?a?ie, Oeace I?aceaeaioa, Iinoaiiaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee ?
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a, I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno,
ca??ieee oeaio?aeueiiai noaoenoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy Oai?ueie,
I?ia//eie ca 1990-1997 ?iee; aeai? ianoaaeaiiy ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo oa
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa Aa?aa?anueeiai,
Ioea/?anueeiai, Aeiia?aae?anueeiai oa Oaeai?iaenueeiai ?aeii?a
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?; e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea; ?acoeueoaoe
niinoa?aaeaiue aeena?oaioa.

Iaoiaeieiaiy i iaoiaeeea aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieiai/iith iniiaith
i?iaaaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy,
nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy i?iaeai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai
naeoi?o, oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ?
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa a i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy aaaaoioeeaaeii?
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeoe c oeeo ieoaiue,
iaoeia? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo — aeiiii?no?a.
Iaoiaee/io iniiao neeaaeathoue: aa?a?ii-aeiiii?/ia oai??y, iaoeia?
i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo
i?aeniaieo oa naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa, aiaeiiaiaeii
caeiiiaeaa/i aeoe Oe?a?ie, iaoa?iaee aiae?co ?icaeoeo
i?eaoiiai aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? ca
1990-1997 ?iee.

O i?ioeani aeineiaeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee ii??aiyeueiiai
aiaeico, iiiia?ao?/iee, noaoenoe/i? a?oioaaiiy
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee, a?ao?/iee, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi IAII, aenia?oieo oe?iie oa
iniaeno? niinoa?aaeaiiy aaoi?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iieyaa? o
?ic?iaoe? ie?aieo oai?aoe/ieo iaoiaee/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo
iieiaeaiue ?icaeoeo oa?ia?noaa ? iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa
ianaeaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae, a naia:

— oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo a ?aa?ii? ?iciioeeaaeii?
aa?a?ii? aeiiiiiee oa aecia/ai? iniaeeaino?
?icaeoeo i?eaaoiiai naeoi?a aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a Caea?iaoo?;

— ooi/iaia iaoiaeeea iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa
?ioaineaieo iai?yie?a;

-aeaii i?iaiicii ioeiiee oeyoia oa ianooaaia ?icaeoeo oa?ia?noaa
oa iniaenoeo iiaeniaieo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy a ?aa?ii?;

— ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa oa ?o aeiiii?/i? iieacieee;

— aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? iniaenoeo
i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii ca?eueoaiith ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy;

— iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei neeaaeaiiy a?cian-ieaio aeey
oa?ia?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa c ?icaeiaiith ia?a?iaeith i?iaeoeoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio,
ui ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai ? a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo oa
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoei? c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ oa iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa a oiiaao ieceiieo
?aeiiia Caea?iaooy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?aaiaie
oi?aae?iiy ia iaeaniiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo: naeyinueeeie
/oa?ia?nueeeie/ oa iniaenoeie i?aeniaieie ainiiaea?noaaie aeey
aoaeoeaiiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

I?aeaioiaeai? i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ieoaiue
?icaeoeo naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ oa iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy,
aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ye? ia?aaeai? Caea?iaonueeiio
iaeaniiio oi?aae?iith n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? i?iaeiaieuenoaa
oa iaeani?e anioe?aoe?? oa?ia??a.

?ic?iaeaiee a?cian-ieai aeey eiie?aoiiai oa?ia?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii ?ic?iaeai?
i?iiiceoe?? ii oi?ioaaiith oa ?icaeoeo oa?ia?noaa, iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy c a?aooaaiiyi
?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aecia/aii ?aoe?iiaeuei?
?ici??e, i?aai?caoe?eii-ae?iaie/? no?oeoo?e naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa, ye? niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia ae?iuoaaii? ca?iiaeo,
aeiaeyaeo ca ieiaeiiinieie naaeaie oa aeiia?aaeieeaie.
?ic?iaeaii a?cian-ieai aeey oa?ia?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiai iieiaeaiiy
i ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeaii a i?ioeani aeineiaeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? a
iaoeiaeo ca?oao Caea?iaonueeiai ?AIA, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo Caea?iaonueeiio iaeaniiio oi?aae?iith
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? anioe?aoe?? oa?ia??a iaeano?, a
oaeiae o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ea??aiee?a eiie?aoieo
ainiiaea?noa.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo i?aeia?iaeiiai ?
aea?aeaaiiai ??ai?a c i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy oa?ia?noaa oa
?icaeoeo iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa a C?AIA n. A.Aaeoa ( 1998 oa
1997 ?.?.), ?COC?O i. Euea?a ( 1995 ?.), ia nai?ia?ao oa can?aeaiiyo
a/aii? ?aaee Caea?iaonueeiai iinoeoooo aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa
OAAI /1993-1998 ??./, ia iaeanieo ? ?aeiiieo ia?aaeao c
ieoaiue ?icaeoeo naea a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy
oa aeeeaaeai? o noaooyo ? oacao aeiiia?aeae.

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 i?aeaioiaeaieo naiino?eii iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,1 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa ? 1 a ni?aaaoi?noa?
ianyaii 0,4 ae?oeiaai? a?eoo?.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 145 noi?iieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 31  oaaeeoeyie, 4
?enoieaie, 19 aeiaeaoeaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 151
iaeiaioaaiiy.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/ii aniaeoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy aiaeiinei aeaniinoi i oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoai. 1.1. Oai?aoe/i?
iniiae ?icaeoeo ? ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?eaaoiiai aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
1.2. Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ?iaeeaiaeoaeueii-niiaeiiai aa?a?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a e?a?iao ?a?iie. 1.3. Ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoei? a
i?eaaoiiio naeoi?? aa?a?ii? noa?e Oe?a?ie.

?icaeie 2. Iniaeno? i?aeniai? oa naeyinuee? /oa?ia?nuee?/ ainiiaea?noaa
ieceiieo ?aeiiia Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?. 2.1. Noai oa i?noea iniaenoeo
iiaeniaieo ainiiaea?noa a aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoa?. 2.2.
Oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoie naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa ieceiieo
?aeii?a. 2.3. Aoaeoeaiinoue ae?iaieoeoaa a naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noaao.

?icaeie 3. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo oa naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao. 3.1.
Iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? a aa?a?iiio
ae?iaieoeoa?. 3.2. Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ? naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa. 3.3
Iniaeeaino? neeaaeaiiy a?cian-ieaio naeyinueeiai /oa?ia?nueeiai/
ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

Aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei
aeaniino? ? oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy a aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoa?”
— ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo ??cieo oi?i aeaniinoi oa
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeina?ae ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i a
i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-n?iaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ oa
iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy o Caea?iaoo?, aiae?co?oueny noai
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
?aa?iio.

Aeani?noue, ye aeiiii?/io eaoaai??th, iaeaeioe?euei?oa
?icaeyaeaoe ye nenoaio iaiao?aeieo ca’yce?a oa a?aeeiinei i?ae ethaeueie
c i?eaiaeo i?enai?iiy cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ?iai/i? neee, i?aaeiao?a
niiaeeaaiiy ? iineoa aaciina?aaeiuei o ae?iaieoeoa?, ?iciiae?e?, iai?io
oa niiaeeaaii?.

??ciiiai?oi?noue oi?i aeaniino? noai?th? ??ci? oiiae oa niiniae
ia?aoai?aiiy ethaeae o ainiiaea??a iniaenoiai ? noni?eueiiai aaaaonoaa.

Iaeei c aecia/ieo aeiiii?no?a I.Eiiae?ao’?a i?iiiioaaa cai?noue
i?eioniai? eieaeoea?caoe?? ?ioee iai?yi ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, oiaoi ?ioaineo?eaoe?th ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a,
aea aeey oeueiai aoee a?aeiia?aei? oiiae. I.*ayiia
cai?iiiioaaa i?ioean aa?oeeaeueiiai eiiia?oaaiiy a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?. Aeoa?iaoeai? i?iiiceoe?? ?o aoee a?aeeeioo?.

Iniiaiith aeo?aeiith oi?iith iaoiaeeee ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaniino?
nueiaiaei? ? ?? ia?nii?o?eaoe?y, e?euee?niei ae?acii yei? ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee iae. Caaaeueia aeani?noue iiaeiia iaoe eiie?aoiiai
aeanieea, yeee ia? i?aai: iiaea?oaaoe, ia?aaeaoe o niaaeie aai i?iaeaoe.

I?ioean aeiiii?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? aeaniino? ia?aaeaa/a? aecia/aiiy
eiie?aoieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aaaaoioeeaaei?noue a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?
iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oiia aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo.

I?iaeaia ?icaeoeo aeaniino? c iiaeyaeo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiaiei ina?aaeeii
oi?ioaaiiy aeaniee?a ia nae? aoaeooue iniaeno? i?aeniai? ,
naeyinuee? /oa?ia?nuee?/ oa eieaeoeai? ainiiaea?noaa ia i?eaaoi?e
iniia?.

Iniaeno? ainiiaea?noaa ua aeiaai caa??aaoeiooue nai?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia cia/aiiy, a a aeayeeo ?aa?iiao aiie ? iniiaieie
ae?iaieeaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??. No?oeoo?a
aeei?enoaiiy ieie caiaeue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith /anoeith
?ioaineaieo eoeueoo? , ye? aeathoue c iaeeieoe? ieiu? a?aeiinii
a?eueoa i?iaeoeoe?? o aa?o?niiio ae?ac?.

Oa?ia?e ia nueiaiaei? a iniiaiiio
caieaei?enooaa/aie, a ia aeanieeaie ia?iaethaaieo ieie ae?eyiie.
Oa?ia?nuee? caie? a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy a?oiothoueny
oaeei /eiii: o oei/aniaiio ei?enooaaii? — 4,8 %, o aeia?/iiio
oniaaeeiaaiiio aieiae?ii? — 17,5%, o iino?eiiio ei?enooaaii? — 71,4 % ,
a iniaeno?e aeaniino? — 6,3% .

Iaaeaiiy caiaeueiei iayi noaoono i?eaaoii? aeaniino? c i?aaii
a?eueiiai ?icii?yaeaeaiiy ieie a?aee?eaa? ?o aeanieeai oeyo aei
?icoe?aiiy ia?iaethaaieo oa?ia?nueeeo caiaeue oeyoii acyooy
ieie a i?aiaeo caiaeueieo /anoie /ia?a/.

Aeaea?aeii oi?ioaaiiy aeaniino? oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa,
cie?aia oeo, ye? noai?ththoueny /eaiaie eieaeoeaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa i?e aeoiae? c oeeo
ainiiaea?noa, iaee a aooe iaeaaei? ?i iaeiia? ia?. I?ioa
iaeiiaee iae c ia’?eoeaieo oa noa’?eoeaieo i?e/ei aeanieeai ia
aaea?oueny io?eiaoe. A iaeaeeae/ie ia?niaeoeai iniiaiith oi?iith
aeaniinoi a nieuenueeiio ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie aoaea i?eaaoia.

I?eaaoii oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ia?aaeonii, iathoue cia/ii iiaeeeainoi
iiaieicoaaoe caeeoeiai aeaiaioe ae?iaieoeoaa aac cia/ii? iio?aae a
ae?iaie/eo ?ano?nao. A?aei?/aia iniaeeaa caeaoi?noue i?eaaoieo oi?i
aei aeineoue oni?oii? ae?yeueiino? a aeno?eiaeueieo
ae?iaie/i-ee?iaoe/ieo, ?aeue?oieo oa ?ioeo oiiaao o a??nueeeo oa
ia?aaea??nueeeo ciiao, o ?aeiiao c iani?eyoeeaeie oiiaaie
aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye?
cae/aeii neaae?o? a aeiiii?/iiio a?aeiioaii?.

Ieoiia aaaa i?iaeoeoei? iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy o
caaaeueiiio ianyc? i?iaeoeoei? nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie noaiiaeoue 56%, o Iie?nn? 67% , a a Caea?iaooi aeecueei 90%
.

No?oeoo?a iiniaia a iniaenoeo iiaeniaieo ainiiaea?noaao a inoaii?
?iee ci?ieeanue. ?icei caieueoeeeny ooo ieiui iiae ca?iiaeie,
ca?iiaiaiaeie, oaoii/ieie oa ieieieie eoeueoo?aie, ciaioeeenue
iiniae ea?oiiei, iai/aaeo, aaooaiieo oa ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?.

Naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/ ainiiaea?noaa aiaeaeathoue ia?aaaao ca?iiaei oa
ca?iiaiaiaei eoeueoo?ai /anoea yeeo o no?oeoo??
nyaa? 45%. Iaioa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ei?iiaei eoeueoo?ai, ine?eueee
?c-ca iecueeeo ?aae?caoe?eieo oe?i ia iieiei ? i’yni ia aea?aeii
caeiaoeny neioa?noaii oa naeia?noaii. Ii??aiyii c 1993
?ieii ae?iaieoeoai oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a 1997 ?ioe? a
iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noaao c?inei ia 2,6%, a a naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noaao ia 66,7% . O  1997
?ioei a iniaenoeo oa naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noaao
niinoa?iaa?oueny ia?iuoaaiiy aaeiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iniaeeai
i?iaeoeoei? ?ineeiieoeoaa. A aeeiaiioei ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoei?
oaa?eiieoeoaa i?ioyaii inoaiiio ?ieia i?ineiaeeiao?oueny noaa?e?caoe?y
oeueiai iieacieea.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “ Iniaeno? i?aeniai? oa naeyinuee? /oa?ia?nuee?/
ainiiaea?noaa ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano?”- oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?o i?noea ? ?ieue a aeiiii?oe?
?aa?iio, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici???a oa niaoe?ae?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

A Caea?iaooi, aea noniieueiiio naeoi?o caaaeaee aiaeaeaaaeanue
ia?aaaaa, ?icaeoeo iioeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy iaeaaeia oaaaa ia
i?eaeieyeanue. Oie oaeo, ui cia/ia eieueeinoue i?iaeoeoei? ae?iaey?oueny
ca ?aooiie i?enaaeeaieo aeieyiie, oaeoe/ii caiia/oaaany aai ?icaeyaeaany
o eiioaenoi aeiaeaoeiaiai aeioiaeo aei iniiaii? iieaoe i?aoei o
noniieueiiio ae?iaieoeoai. Iniaenoa ainiiaea?noai aeieeei ye oei/aniaa
oi?ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia?aoiaeiiai ia?iiaeo , ineieueee eieainie
i ?aaeainie, a oaeiae aea?aeaaia e eiiia?aoeaia oi?aiaaeueia
ia?aaea ia caaeiaieueiyee iio?aae o i?iaeiaieuenoa? aeeoaeia iino i
nie ye iaeano? a oe?eiio oae i ieceiieo ?aeii?a
Caea?iaooy. Ca inoaii? ?iee a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy
iniaeno? ainiiaea?noaa nooo?ai ci?oei?ee ca ?aooiie cae?eniaiiy
aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie, iaaeaiiy a aa?a?i?e iie?oeoe? i??i?eoaoo naeyiai,
ye ainiiaea?yi / oaaeeoey 1./

1. I?noea iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa o caaaeueiiio ae?iaieoeoa?

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??

IieacieeeOe?a?iaIeceiii ?aeiie Caea?iaooy

1993

1997+,- 1997 aei 1993

1993

1997+,- 1997 aei 1993Eieueeinoue iniaenoeo

ainiiaea?noa, oen.

10761

11547

+786

107,1

137,2

+30,1Ieiua aeieyiie, oen.aa37154328+613 31,052,8+21,8Na?aaeiie ?icii?

ainiiaea?noaa, aa

0,34

0,37

+ 0,03

0,34

0,38

+ 0,04Aaeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y

iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa,% ;

— aei an?o eaoaai??e

— a?iiaaenueeiai naeoi?o

39

65

56

126

+17

+61

75

135

90

820

+ 15

o 5,9?Ieoiia aaaa o aaeiaiio

ae?iaieoeoa?, % :

i’yna

iieiea

iai/?a

o?oeo?a ? ya?ae

39

36

57

71

63

61

82

76

+24

+25

+25

— 5

72

76

76

83

90

92

93

89

+18

+16

+17

+6Ieoiia aaaa o ?aae?caoe??

i?iaeoeoe??, %

i’yna

13,7

39,0

+25,3

33,9

44,9

+11,0 iieiea12,118,0+5,97.83,0- 4,8 iai/?a3,213,0+ 9,923,544,8+21,3
o?oeo?a ? ya?ae32,942,0+ 9,142,656,0+13,4

Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui ieoiia aaaa iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa
ianaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a inoaii? ?iee
cia/ii c?inea, iniaeeai a ieceiieo ?aeiiao
Caea?iaooy. Ooo aiia aeinyaea iaeaea 90%, i?e
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i? — 56% a?ae an??? i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaeaii? an?ia eaoaai??yie ainiiaea?noa, a ii a?aeiioaiith
aei a?iiaaenueeiai naeoi?o a?aeiia?aeii 820 ? 126 a?aenioe?a.

Iniaeno? ainiiaea?noaa a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio, ? cie?aia a ieceiieo
?aeiiao Caea?iaooy a?ae?a?athoue ae??oaeueio ?ieue o ae?iaieoeoa? ye
aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a oe?eiio oae ? ie?aieo ?? aeae?a. Iaaeie?eii ?o ?
ua iaaeniea oiaa?i?noue i?iaeoeoe??, iniaeeai oaa?eiieoeueei?. Oea
iia’ycaii ia o?eueee ?c niiaeeaaiiyi oe??? i?iaeoeoe?? a naeyinueeeo
n?i’yo, aea ? c iaiaaeaieie iiaeeeainoyie ?aae?caoe??. Oaiie ia?iuoaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa a iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noaao o ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy
? iaeano? aoee iaaaaaoi aeueie i?ae a iaeanoi a oeieiio. Ioaea,
iiaeia aiaaiaii neacaoe, ui a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy i
a iaeanoi a oeieiio iniaenoi ainiiaea?noaa aaea oniioii
eiieo?othoue c a?iiaaenueeei naeoi?ii (oaae. 2).

2. O?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue

ooaeiae a iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo oa eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noaao ia
iaeeieoeth ieiu?

IieacieeeCaea?iaonueea iaeanoueIeceii? ?aeiie
Caea?iaooyIni-aeno?Eie-aeo-eai?a % aei

eie-aeo-ea-

ieoIni-aeno?Ei-ea-eoe-ai?a% aei eiea-eoea-ieoO?iaeaeiinoue eoeueoo? ,
oe/aa
:ca?iiaeo37,324,5152,238,625,8149,6ea?oiiei125,0107,8115,9146,7113,8129,
8iai/ia104,3100,4103,9127,3105,2121,0o?oeoia i
yaiae84,944,5190,885,954,8156,7Ae?iaieoeoai ia 100 aa oa?aeue:

i’yna ooaeiae ?
ioeoe?53842,1o12,8?58046,1o12,6?iieiea109,810,0o10,9?121,812,6o9,8?

A iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noaao ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy
aeuee ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caie?.

Iniaeeainoi oi?ioaaiiy oa?ia?nueeiai oeeaaeo a ieceiieo ?aeiiao
Caea?iaooy iia’ycaii c iecueeith caieacaaacia/aiinoth ianaeaiiy, yea a
?ic?aooieo ia n?euenueeiai aeeoaey — a o?e ?ace ieae/a, iiae a
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?ii. Iaenooo?a?oith ?aa?iiaeueiith iniaeea?noth
oa?ia?nueeiai oeeaaeo ieceiieo ?aeii?a ? iaaaeeeee
?ici?? naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa — oaeoe/ii a 6,3
?ace iaio?, i?ae a na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i?. A oie aea /an o ieo cia/ii
aeuee ??aaiue caaacia/aiino? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie oa oaoi?/ieie
caniaaie.

Ia ii/aoie 1998 ?ieo ooo aoei ca?a?no?iaaii ? ae?yei 883
naeyinueeeo/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa, caaaeueiith ieiuath
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue 3656 aa, c ieo ??ee? 3346 aa.
A ?ic?aooieo ia iaeia ainiiaea?noai i?eiaaeaei; oa?aeue — 4,1 aa, ??ee?
— 3,8 aa, iino?eieo i?aoe?aiee?a — 2,8 /ie, o?aeoi??a ia 100 aa oa?aeue
— 5,2 oo.

Ca?aeii aeaieo oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?
ieoiia aaaa oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa o ieiu? an?o oa?aeue
ieceiieo ?aeii?a aeinyaea 1,9%, a o aaeia?e i?iaeoeoe?? — 2,1%.

Oni?oia ?iaioa naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o ?ici???a, i?aai?caoe?eii-ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e ?
a?ae niaoe?ae?caoe??. I?e aeai?? niaoe?ae?caoe?? ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/i? oiiae, o?aaeeoe??, o?iainia?
?ano?ne, i?ioan?ei? iiaeeeaino? oa?ia?a.

A ieceiieo ?aeiiao 69,8% oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa aieiae?thoue
i?ieie caieyie aei 2,5 aa eiaeia (oaae. 3).

3. A?oioaaiiy naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa /ioe?ueio
ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy ca ?ici??ii n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue noaiii ia 1.01.1998 ?.

?ici??eE?eue-A % aeiIeiua,aaA % aeiAaeiaa
ainiiaea?noaa,aae?nouei?aenoieoanueiaiia iaeia
ainiiaea?noaii?aenoieoi?iaeoeoe?y

ia 1 aaA?ae 1,1 aei 561269,314452,439,624505,1 aei
1021424,212355,833,8326010,1 aei 15354,0 42512,111,63095Iiiaae 15
aa222,5 55125,015,04185Anueiai883100,036564,1100,03210

Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ca?eueoaiiy ?ici??o
caieaei?enooaaiiy ainiiaea?noa nooo?ai aieeaa? ia ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? (a oe?iao 1996 ?ieo) c iaeeieoe? caiaeueii?
ieiu?. A?eueo?noue oa?ia??a iaeicaiaeuei?, ui ia aea? ciiae i?aoethaaoe
aoaeoeaii.

Iaaeeaeaiiy ?ici???a caiaeueieo ae?eyiie naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa aei ?aoe?iiaeueieo aoaea ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
?o ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeanieee naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa iaaeaee, aacoiiaio
ia?aaaao ca?iiaei eoeueoo?ai, aea ?ecee ia no?eueee aaeeeee ?
oaoiieia?y aa?aioo? a?aeiinii aenieo i?eaooeia?noue. I?ioa
?ici?uaiiy ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? iaeaea ia 75% iin?ai?e ieiu? ia
caaaeaee aei?aaaeiao? naaa ?c-ca iecueei? a?iaeaeiino?, yea a inoaii?
?iee noaiiaeea 15-23%. A oie aea /an oa?ia?nuee? ainiiaea?noaa, ye?
ae?iuothoue ca?iia? ia ieiu? ia iaioa 40 aa — ?aioaaaeuei?.

Oa?ia?e ieceiieo ?aeii?a caeiathoueny ? oaa?eiieoeoaii. Ia
ii/aoie 1998 ?ieo o 883 naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noaao
oo?eioaaee 1011 aieiao aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae. a o./. 866 ei??a, 1712
naeiae.

*anoeio ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? naeyinuee? /oa?ia?nuee?/ ainiiaea?noaa
?aae?coaaeenue i’yna — 45,3%, iieiea — 15,4%. ?c-ca iecueeeo
?aae?caoe?eieo oe?i inoaii?i /anii ??aaiue oiaa?iino? iieiea ? i’yna a
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noaao ?aa?iio cieaeo?oueny.

O?iainiaa iieiaeaiiy oa?ia??a o ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy
a inoaii? ?iee iia??oeeinue. C?inea caai?aiaai?noue ii
ei?ioeioa?i?iiaeo e?aaeeoao, ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue aeniei
? na?aaeiuei-i?eaooeiaeo ainiiaea?noa ? ca?eueoeeanue —
caeoeiaeo. Coiiaeaii oea aieiaiei /eiii iaeeie
?ici??aie naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa a
?aa?ii? oa aeenia?eoaoii oe?i ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
? i?iieneiao i?iaeoeoe?th, Ia noai?aiee ua iaae?eiee
iiaeaoeiaee ? e?aaeeoiee iaoai?ci aeey naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa Oe?a?ie. A e?aaeeoieo a?aeiineiao
oaeoi? niaoeeo?ee aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia a?aoiaaiee
aeinoaoiueith i??ith. Aeey e?aaeeoii? onoaiiae iaia? cia/aiiy eiio
iaaeaaaoe e?aaeeoe, aaaeeeaa eeoa aa?aio?y ?o iiaa?iaiiy oa
iaeneiaeueiee aeio?ae a?ae iia?aoe??, oiaoi e?aaeeoe iaaeathoue oiio,
ooi ca iueiai a?eueoa caieaoeoue ? oaeaeoa ?o iiaa?ia. Iio?iaii noai?eoe
oaei oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa, ca yeeo naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/
ainiiaea?noaa aoee a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieie ia ?eieo.

O ia?o? ?iee ?icaeoeo naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa a
ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy niaoeiaeicoaaeeny a iniiaiiio
ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoei? ?ineeiieoeoaa. Oea coiiaeth?oueny
aeinoaoi?noth inai?iiy oaoiieia?? i?e iayaieo iaiaaeaieo
?ano?nao, a oaeiae oei, ui ieii aieueoi aeioiaee oa?ia?e iaea?aeothoue
aiae ?aaeicaoei? naia ?ineeiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

Ii?aoeueiaaii i?aaiicaoeieii ieoaiiy noai?aiiy naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa ?icieo ae?iaie/eo iai?yiia, ye? aeicaieyoue
oa?ia?ai ?aoeiiiaeueii i?aaiicoaaoe ae?iaieoeoai: aecia/eoe no?oeoo?o
iiniaieo ieiu, anoaiiaeaoe iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia /a?aoaaiiy eoeueoo? o
niaiciiii, iio?aao a iniiaieo oa iai?ioieo caniaao
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aaiicoaaoe ei?iiae?iaieoeoai o aiaeiiaiaeiino? c
iiaieia’yi oaa?ei ? iio?aaith a ei?iao, aecia/eoe ??aaiue aeo?ao oa
i?eaooe?a o ainiiaea?noa?.

I?e iaa?oiooaaii? iiaeaeae niaoe?ae?ciaaieo naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa oa aecia/aii? ?o
?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a ca iniiao aoea i?eeiyoa
iaoiaeeea, ?ic?iaeaia o a?aeae?e? oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy
?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI.

A oie aea /an iaoiaeeea ooi/iaia c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy
/iaeicaiaeey, aonoiianaeaiino?, caaacia/aiino? o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie oa
oaoi?eith, aenieith o?oaeii?noe?noth i?iaeoeoe??. Oe?
iniaeeaino? a?aoiaai? /a?ac aeu? cao?aoe aeeai? i?aoe? ca?eueoai? a
ia??iaee aeeiiaiiy naciiieo ?ia?o, iecueeo aa?o?noue canoa??ei? oaoi?ee,
i?aiaea /anoeie oaoi?/ieo cania?a.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny o?e iiaeaei naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa ?ineeiieoeueeiai iai?yieo. Ia i?aeoeoe?
iiaeooue aeieeiooe ??ci? iai?yie niaoe?ae?caoe??. Iaea?eueo iioe?aiei
? ? iiaea aooe ca?iiaee iai?yi ae?iaieoeoaa /oaae.4/.

4.?ic?aooiie ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe naeyinueeiai

/oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa ca?iiaiai iai?yio

IieacieeIeiua ??ee?, aa3040100Ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai? i?iaeoeoei?,
oen.a?i40,844,792,0Iniiaii oiiaee — anueiai, oen.
a?i.50,065,095,0Ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia, oe135016503400Niaiaa?oinoue —
anueiai, oen.a?i.30,233,765,0Niaiaa?oinoue aac aii?oecaoei? /coia aeo?ao
iai?ioieo eiooia/, oen. a?i.

27,6

30,2

61,3I?eaooie, oen. a?i.4,97,820,0?iaaiue ?aioaaaeueiinoi, a
%17,923,230,0Aa?oinoue oiiaeia i iai?ioieo eiooia,
oen.a?i.70,085,0120Ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiinoi, %7,112,825,0?ic?aooiee,
c?iaeai? aeey ??cieo ieiu, aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie,
ui naeyinueea /oa?ia?nueea/ ainiiaea?noai ca?iiaiai
iai?yio aoaea aaccaeoeiaei a ieceiieo ?aeiiao, yeui ieiua iin?ao
noaiiaeoeia ia iaioa 30 aa, a c? ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu? iin?ao —
aoaeoeai?noue c?inoa?. I?e aecia/aii? oeio n?aici?ie aoee a?aoiaai?
aeiiae eiaeii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? eoeueoo?e aei iiia?aaeiee?a,
nenoaie oaeia?aiiy, ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, oiaoi anoaiiaeth?oueny
?aoe?iiaeueia /a?aoaaiiy eoeueoo? c iaoith aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
caie? a oiiaao iaeicaiaeey.

Ca?aeii ooi/iaii? iaoiaeeee aaaaeaii eiiieaeniee eiao?oe??io
aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie iaoei, yeee, aei??aith? 0,265. Iaeiae,
iaaeaiiy iineoae oaoi?eith ?ioei naeyinueeei /oa?ia?nueeei/ oa iniaenoei
ainiiaea?noaai, aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ?? aeei?enoaiiy. A
aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? aeioe?eueia oi?ioaaiiy naeyinueeiai
/oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa ii aeiaeyaeo ca ieiaeiiiniei naaeii yaeoe.
Aiii oi?io?oueny caeaaeii a?ae ?ici??o caiaeueieo oa?aeue, ia iniia?
n?iaeii? i?aiaee yaeo/iiai naaeo, aai iaea?aeaiiy iath a eieaeoeaiiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Aecia/eaoe aa?o?ni? iieacieee, eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy eiaeii?
iayaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? iaoeie oa aa?aaaoo aecia/a?oueny
?aoe?iiaeueiee ?ici?? ainiiaea?noaa, yeee caaacia/oaaa ae ?icoe?aia
a?aeoai?aiiy a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo oea 3 aa
ieiaeiiiniiai yaeoiaaiai naaeo. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu
ieiaeiiiniiai naaeo aei 10 aa i?aeaeuoaaoeiaoueny ?aioaaaeuei?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ii?yae c oeei a aeine?aeaeaiiio ?aa?ii? aeioe?eueii aanoe naeyinueea
/oa?ia?nueea/ ainiiaea?noai, yea niaoe?ae?co?oueny ii aeiaeyaeo ca
ieiaeiiiniei aeiia?aaeii. Ia?aaaao aoaea iaoe
aocueeiniaoe?ae?ciaaia ainiiaea?noai c iaeiiai aeaeo oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe??. A oaeiio ainiiaea?noa? ia iio??aii ae?iaieoeoao oo?eioaaoe
??ciiiai?oio oaoi?eo oa iaeaaeiaiiy. ?ici??e oa?ia?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa aeiia?aaeiiai iai?yieo aecia/athoue ianaiia?aae
caeaaeii a?ae o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo n?i’? oa ??aiy oaoi?/ii?
iniauaiiino?. Aecia/eaoe caaaeuei? cao?aoe oa
?ici??e oiiae?a, aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue, aaeiaiai
aeioiaeo ia 1 a?eaith aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??, aecia/a?ii
?aoe?iiaeueiee ?ici?? ainiiaea?noaa I?eaooeia?noue naeyinueeiai
/oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa ii aeiaeyaeo ca ieiaeiiinieie
aeiia?aaeieeaie oaoi?/ieo ni?o?a aac ia?a?iaee aeiia?aaeo ia
aeii a oiiaao ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy ii/eia?oueny c iaeiiai aa
/oaae. 5/.

5. ?ic?aooiie ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe

naeyinueeiai /oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa, ii aeiaeyaeo oa cai?ii

o?iaeath c ieiaeiiiniiai aeiia?aaeieea

IieacieeeIeiua ieiaeiiiniiai aeiia?aaeieea1210Ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai?
i?iaeoeoei?, a?i.4000800039500Iniiaii oiiaee — anueiai,
a?i.126802068046550Ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??, oeio80160900Niaiaa?oinoue,
a?i.3800652530250Niaiaa?oinoue aac aii?oecaoei?

/coia aeo?ao iai?ioieo eiooia/, a?i.

3120

5870

27200Aaeiaee aeioiae, a?i.750213012000I?eaooie, a?i.20014758200?iaaiue
?aioaaaeueiinoi, %6,422,635,5Aa?oinoue oiiaeia i iai?ioieo eiooia,
a?i.158502352059600Ii?ia ?aioaaaeueiinoi, %1,36,213,7?c
ca?eueoaiiyi ieiaeiaeo ianaaeaeaiue aei 10 aa
aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa c?inoa?.

I?e iiaeeeaino? ia?a?iaee oaoi?/iiai aeiia?aaeo ia aeii,
aeioiaei?noue naeyinueeiai /oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa
ca?eueoo?oueny a?eueo ye o aeaa ?ace. C aeiaaaeith a?aeiia?aeii?
e?eueeino? oeoe?o ?c 160 oeio aeiia?aaeo iiaeia iaea?aeaoe 8-10
oeny/ e?o??a aenieiye?niiai nooiai aeia i?e ??ai? ?aioaaaeueiino?
41%.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e iiaeaei, ie iiaeaii aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeueiee ianya
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoei? a eiie?aoiiio naeyinueeiio /oa?ia?nueeiio/
ainiiaea?noai ieceiieo ?aeiiia Caea?iaooy. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaei
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii ye iino?oiaio, yeee
aeicaiey? i?ia?aioaaoe ?icii neooaoei?, aeae?aoe, aa?iaioe
aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo i o?oaeiaeo ?ano?nia, oaoiieiaie i
aa?ieeiiaoe/ieo oiia aeey i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa c aenieei aeoiaeii
i?iaeoeoei?, iaea?aeaiiyi ae?iaieeaie i?eaooeo aiae aoaeoeaiiai aaaeaiiy
ainiiaea?noaa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo oa
naeyinueeeo/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa ieceiieo ?aeii?a “ —
iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? a
aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoa? ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy, oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo oa oa?ia?nueeeo
ainiiaea?noa, iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei neeaaeaiiy a?cian-ieaio
naeyinueeiai ( oa?ia?nueeiai) ainiiaea?noaa oa ?ic?iaeaii a?cian-ieai
oa?ia?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa c ?icaeiaiith ia?a?iaeith i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaeiei ?c caaaeaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ia nae? ?
noai?aiiy a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy
aoaeoeaieo ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue.

Ooo ia? noi?ioaaoenue ia?aaea iaaaeeeeo ca ?icii?aie caieaei?enooaaiiy
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa — aei iaeiiai — aeaio
aeanyoeia aaeoa?ia nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaiaeue. Cae/aeii ae, i?e
oeueiio ooieoeiiioaaoeiooue ? na?aaeii oa iaei ca ?icii?aie eieaeoeaii
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei iiaei?e?inoaa, ye ae?iaie/a aaca iaoeiai-
aeineiaeieo onoaiia, ainiiaea?nueei oiaa?enoaa, ui oi?iothoueny ia aaci
aeiiiii/ii ?icaeiooeo, aeniei?aioaaaeueieo eieainiia i ?aaeainiia oiui.
Oea coiiaeaii i?e?iaeii-aeiiiii/ieie, aeaiia?aoi/ieie oa
iioeie iniaeeainoyie ?aaiiio, yeee ? aonoiianaeaiei oa iaeicaiaeueiei.

C ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei a ieceiieo ?aeiiao /anoeo ae?iaieo
ainiiaea?noa o caieaei?enooaaiii o?aaa «ao?eiaoe» oeyoii aeiiiii/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ia iaaiiio ?aoe?iiaeueiiio ?iaii, ia aeiioneath/e ianiaiai
iiae?iaiaiiy, oae caaii? ia?oeaeyoei? caiei. Cae/aeii, oei
?aoe?iiaeueii iaaei aoaeooue ?ici? aeey ??cieo ?aeii?a, cie?aia aeey
??aieiieo ?aeii?a aea ae?iaii naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/ ainiiaea?noaa
noaiooue iniiaieie ae?iaieeaie i?iaeiaieuenoaa.

Iaoiaee aeiiiii/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?icii?ia
caieaei?enooaaiiy iathoue caaacia/eoe aeei?enoaiiy iaee?aueo,
iae?iaeth/ioeo i, ii?iaiyii, aaeeeeo ianea?a caiei a oeueiio
?aaiiii. ?o iiaeia a caa?aaoe ye ia’?eo aaaeaiiy
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa na?aaeiiie oa iaeeie ca
?icii?aie naeyinueeeie /oa?ia?nueeeie/ ainiiaea?noaaie.

C iiceoei? naia oei?? ia?niaeoeae neiae iiaeieoe aei ioeiiee
iinooio caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a ieceiieo ?aeiiao
Caea?iaonueei? iaeanoi, aea, iaaeieyth/e nieuenueeeo i iinueeeo
aeeoaeia caieath, ia?aaeaee a ?o iniaenoa ei?enooaaiiy aaeeeo
eieueeinoue i?ieo caiaeue i?ioeann oeae i?iaeiaaeo?oueny. Oaea
iiae?iaiaiiy /ia?oeaeyoeiy/ caieaei?enooaaiiy iiaea i?ecaanoe aei
oiai, ui ia caeeoeoueny caiei aeey na?aaeiio i iaaaeeeeo ca ?icii?aie
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa, caeaoieo aanoe aoaeoeaia
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai i aooe eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieie a
oiiaao ?eieo. Oea iiaea i?ecaanoe aei ae?oai? e?aeiinoi — iiiiiieicaoei?
?eieo ae?iaieie oiaa?iae?iaieeaie.

Nooue oi?ioaaiiy ?iciioeeaaeiinoi a aa?a?iie aeiiiiioei ieceiieo
?aeiiia ye?ac i iieyaa? a oiio, ui o?aaa aiaeieoe aiae
iiiiiieueiiai noaiiaeua ia ?eieo aea?aeaaieo i eieaeoeaieo
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iiaei?e?inoa ? ia aeiionoeoe iiiiiieicaoei?
?eieo ae?iaieie oiaa?iae?iaieeaie, a noai?eoe eiieo?aioii
oiiae ooieoeiiioaaiiy ?icieo ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo?.

O i?ioeani caeieniaiiy aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie ia? noi?ioaaoenue
?aoe?iiaeueia ca oi?iaie aeaniinoi i ?icii?aie
caieaei?enooaaiiy a aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoa?:

1/ e?oii? ? na?aaeii ainiiaea?noaa ieiu? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue /aea?aeaaii, eieaeoeaii, aeoeiiia?ii/. Aiie a
no?oeoo?i caiaeueieo oaiaeue ?aaiiio iiaeii? caeiaoe aeecueei 20 %;

2/ iaaaeee? ainiiaea?noaa /aeoeiiia?ii, naeyinuee?
oa?ia?nueei/ — ii eieueea aeanyoeia aaeoa?ia oaiaeue, /anoea yeeo ia?
neeaaeaoe aei 35 % caiei;

3/ ae?iaii oiaa?iae?iaieee — aei eieueeio aaeoa?ia ?ieei — naeyinueei
/oa?ia?nueei/, iniaenoi iiaeniaii ainiiaea?noaa, iiaeeaiaeoaeueii naaee
e ai?iaee iinueeiai ianaeaiiy oiui. ?i iaei a iaeaaeaoe aei — 45 %
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaiaeue.

Oaea niiaaiaeiioaiiy ?icieo ca ?icii?aie ainiiaea?noa ia? nai?
iaa?oiooaaiiy. Aiii aeoiaeeoue ic ieiioiuei? neooaoei? a
naeao ieceiieo ?aeiiia Caea?iaooy, ?iaiy aoaeoeaiinoi
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iio?aae o ?icieo
oi?iao aeaniino? ia caieth, o ooieoeiiioaaiii ?iciioeeaaeii? aeiiiiiee.

Naia aeecueei 20 %, oei ainiiaea?noaa aaea ieii
iioaa?othoueny iaaiith ii?ith c ca?oaiaeieie oi?iaie aiie
aieueo — iaio aioiai aei ?eieo. Ooo iiaeeeaa ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiiii/ieo
aiaeiinei, ia?aoai?aiiy cia/ii? /anoeie oeeo ainiiaea?noa a aeoeiiia?ii
oiaa?enoaa, ciioaii ainiiaea?noaa eiiaiaeeoi?, OIA oiui, i?e caa?aaeaiii
iciyth/eo aeineoue aaeeeeo ?icii?ia caieaei?enooaaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e iaaecae/aeii aenieee ?iaaiue iioaineaiinoi
aeei?enoaiiy caiei, iai?yie niaoeiaeiacaoei? ae?iaieo ae?iaieeia /iai/i
i ea?oiiey, o?oeoe i yaiaee, aeiia?aae, i?iaeoeoe oaa?eiieoeoaa/,
iia’ycaii c aaeeeeie cao?aoaie ?o/ii? i?aoei, a oaeiae
aaeeeee iioya aei io?eiaiiy caiei nieuenueeei oa iinueeei ianaeaiiyi,
aeioeieueii aoei a iiae ae?iaii oi?ie nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ia?aaeaoe 45% nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaiaeue
naeyiai, ye? i?aoaiaeothoue ia iaea?aeaiiy caeaa?eueoiai
iaaaeeeeo caiaeueieo ae?eyiie. Oi?ioth/e a oaeeo cia/ieo
?icii?ao ae?iaia ae?iaieoeoai, neiae iiaeaaoe i?i oa, uia oea
ae?iaieoeoai aoei ia?aaaaeii oiaa?iei, a ia iaoo?aeueiei /aeey aeanieo
iio?aa nii’?/ i caaacia/eoe ia?aaeoiiae eiai aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Ca oiia aeei?enoaiiy no/anii? oaoiiee /yeo iathoue ca?oaiaeii niiaeii
oa?ie/, ?aoeiiiaeueii? niaoeiaeicaoei? oa ?icaeoeo aa?oeeaeueii?
iioaa?aoei? c ia?a?iaiith i?iieneia?noth oi?aiaeath iaaioue
iaaaeeei naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/ ainiiaea?noaa ca ?icii?aie
caieaei?enooaaiiy (aiae eieueeio aaeoa?ia aei eieueeio aeanyoeia
aaeoa?ia) iiaeooue aooe aoaeoeaieie.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaieo ca ?icii?aie ainiiaea?noa
aeaee iiaeeeainoue c’ynoaaoe oaeee aaaeeeaee aeey ioeiiee ?o ia?niaeoea
oaeoi?, ye iayaiinoue o naeao oeueiai ?aaiiio i?eoiaaiiai
aac?iaiooy, cie?aia iaiiaii? caeiyoinoi i?aoethth/eo a ENI i
aea?aeainiao. *eiaei ENI i i?aoeiaieeia aea?aeainiia
aiaei?aoeueiaothoue o nai?o ainiiaea?noaao ia aieueoa 70 — 100 ?iai/eo
aeiia, a oi e iaioa. *anoeia ?o ia nacii nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?iaio
ae?aeaeaea? ia ca?iaioee, iioi caeiyoi ia ?icieo ?iaioao, o iniaenoiio
ainiiaea?noai oiui.

Ioaea, aeey ieceiieo ?aeiiia, ye i a oeieiio aeey Caea?iaooy, aeoaea
aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith ? noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo iinoeue. ?ioeie
neiaaie, aa?oi aoei a oeyoii caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? caeiyoinoi
ca iaaeaie nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, caoceoe eiei inia, yei aoaeooue
aenooiaoe i?aoaiaeaioaie ia io?eiaiiy caiei. Oea oaeiae ni?eyoeia
noai?aiith naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa ?aoe?iiaeueieo
?icii?ia.

Aeey ieceiieo ?aeiiia Caea?iaooy, c o?aoiaaiiyi iaeicaiaeey,
?aaeueiee i aoaeoeaiee oeyo oi?ioaaiiy naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa — oea noai?aiiy ?o ia aaci iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa. ?icaeoie inoaii?o i?aaenoaaey? iioa?an c
eieueeio aniaeoia, a naia: ye iaeaooiy aaca aeey noai?aiiy
naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa; ae?ioaiiy i?iaeaie
naiicaaacia/aiiy nieuenueeiai ianaeaiiy cia/iith /anoeiith
i?iaeiaieuenoaa; ae?iaieoeoai i iinoaaee ia i?iaeiaieue/ee ?eiie /anoeie
oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoei? /iai/ia, aaooaiieo, o?oeoia, yaiae, aeiia?aaeo,
ea?oiiei, i’yna, iieieii?iaeoeoia/. Oiio iniaenoi
ainiiaea?noaa, ye iaio eai?oaeii?noea oi?ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy caneoaiao?
ia iiaeo?eieo .

Oaiie ia?iuoaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa a iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noaao
ieceiieo ?aeii?a Caea?iaooy aeineoue aenie?. ?ioaineaiee ??aaiue
?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a ieo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aenieei
??aiai oiaa?iino? aeayeeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe???.

Iaeiae c?ine? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa a iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noaao, ii??aiyii c ENI ? aea?aeainiaie, ia
iiaeia ua ni?eeiaoe iaeiicia/ii. O?aaa aeciaoe, ui a
iacia/i?e i??? «i?eoiaaiith aacith» ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa caeeoathoueny a?iiaaenueeee naeoi?.

Ii?yae c ooieoe??th naiicaaacia/aiiy n?euenueeeo
n?iae iniaeno? ainiiaea?noaa ieceiieo ?aeii?a iaaoaathoue a?eueo
ae?aaeaiiai oiaa?iiai oa?aeoa?o. Iaeiae ia oeyoo iiaeaeueoiai
ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a
iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noaao aeieeei ?yae ia?aoeiae. C ?icoe?aiiyi ieiu
ia?ia?oeo oeeo ainiiaea?noa c?inei iaaaioaaeaiiy ia /eai?a n?iae, oiae?
ye ?aca?ae ?o ?o/ii? i?aoe? a iniiaiiio ae/a?iai?, cania?a iaei?
iaoai?caoe?? ia aenoa/a?, ia noai?aia ? na?a?nia nenoaia ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iniaenoeo aiiiaea?noa.

Iniiaii oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa ia iniia? na?a?niiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ii
eiiia?aoe?? i?iiiio?oueny aeciaoe iaeaaiaeaeaiiy iaeieo
cao?ao i i?iaeoeoei? ; ?icoe?aiiy aeioneo i?iieneiainoth
iaeiaaaa?eoii? oaoiiee; iieiioaiiy iinoa/aiiy caianieie /anoeiaie,
iaai?ii iaainieo i i?e/iiieo cia?yaeue; iinoa/aiiy yeiniiai
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa?iaeo, iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa i?aia?aoia
caoenoo ?ineei; i?aaiicoaaoe ia?a?iaeo i?iaeoeoei? i
?? ia?aaiceo; i?aaiicaoeiy iaaeaiiy eiinoeueoaoeie;
i?aaiicaoeiy ?aaeicaoei? i?iaeoeoei?; i?aaiicaoeiy ieaiiiii? ni?aae.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oa?ia?noaa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy ia?
a?oiooaaoenue aeeeth/ii ia aeia?ia?eueiiio aieaaeyaeaii? naeyi uiaei
cae?eniaiiy nai?? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, anaa?/iiio
noai?aii? aa?aio?e oa iaaeaii? i?aeo?eiee c aieo i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy.

Aeoiaey/e c aiaeico nioeiaeueii — aeiiiii/ii? neooaoei? a aa?a?iiio
naeoi?i oa i?iaiico ?? ?icaeoeo, a ieceiieo
?aeiiao Caea?iaooy a iaeaeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? iaoeiooue iinoea oaei aoaie
i iai?yie ?icaeoeo naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa:

— Ia aac? caiaeue aea?aeaaiiai caiano e ?aca?ao aei 2000
?ieo a ieceiieo ?aeiiao iiaea aooe noai?aii
aeecueei 20 naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa. Ca
oeae /an caiei aea?aeaaiiai caiano aeey noai?aiiy naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa i?aeoe/ii aoaeooue inai?ii.

— Ia caieyo iecueei?aioaaaeueieo eieaeoeaieo iiaei?e?inoa
ia iniiai ?o ?ai?aaiicaoei? a naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/ ainiiaea?noaa aei
2000 ?ieo iiaeeeaa noai?aiiy ua aeecueei 50 oa?i.

— Ia iniia? aeiiiii/ii i?oeieo iiaei?e?inoa naeyiaie — eieeoiiie
eieainiieeaie i i?aoe?aieeaie aea?aeainiia, yei iiaaaeaee
aeeoe c iiaei?e?inoa ci nai?ie caiaeueieie oa iaeiiaeie
iayie i i?aai?coaaoe aei 2000 ?ieo ua 100 aeniei?ioaineaieo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa.

— Ia aaci iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy oeyoii i?e?aeiaiiy aei ieo
caiaeueieo ia?a oa i?ieo caiaeue a ieceiieo
?aeiiao iiaeia noai?eoe aei 2000 ?ieo ua 30 naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa.

Aea?aeaaa iiaeiia anaai/ii ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo oa?ia?noaa, cie?aia
iaaeaaaoe i?aaiao, i?aaiicaoeieio, oiiainiao,
iaoeiai-oaoii/ii-oaoiieiai/io, nioeiaeueio oa iio? aeaee i?aeo?eiee.

Oa?ia?noai ? iaeiei c aeae?a aa?ia?ciano ? oiio ua
ia noaae?? noai?aiiy ainiiaea?noaa oa?ia?e iiaeii? iaoe ieai nai??
ae?yeueiino? ia ia?niaeoeao, ii aoaiao oa ?ic?aooiee
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe.

Oaeei aeieoiaioii iiaea noaoe aician-ieai, yeee iiaenoiiaoa
aeieiai iiaeeeainoi i ia?niaeoeae i?aei?e?inoaa ?
iieaco?, ye oei iiaeeeainoi iiaeooue aooe ?aaeiciaaii. Iaie
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?aooieo a?cian-ieaio ?
?ic?iaeaiee a?cian-ieai aeey naeyinueeiai /oa?ia?nueeiai/ ainiiaea?noaa
“Eiaa/”.

A iniiao i?aaiicaoei? ae?iaieoeoaa iieeaaeaii i?eioeei, ui caaacia/oa
aaeiinoue oaoiieiai/iiai oeeeeo ae?iuoaaiiy i ia?a?iaee /an/oeie ca?ia,
ui noai?tha iaoa?iaeueio caiioa?aniaaiinoue naeyinueeiai /oa?ia?nueeiai/
ainiiaea?noaa o ae?iaieoeoai aenieiyeiniiai eiioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo.

Ca?aeii iaaaaeaiei ?ic?aooieai, oaea a 1998 ?ioe?
i?eaooie ainiiaea?noaa noaiiaeoeia a?ey 40 oeny/ a?eaaiue, ui
aeicaieeoue oa?ia?o nai?/anii ?ic?aooaaoenue ca e?aaeeoe ia
i?eaeaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ia?a?iaee ca?ia ?
aanoe ae?iaieoeoai ia ?icoe?ai?e iniia?.

AENIIAEE OA I?IIICEOe??

A i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?o noai?th?oueny ?eieiaa
aeiiii?ea, i?e ye?e an? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy iiaeii? iaoe ??ai?
iiaeeeaino? aeey naiai ?icaeoeo ? a oiiaao
eiieo?aioe?? ionyoue aeiaanoe ?nioaaiiy a?eueo
aoaeoeaieo c ieo, ye? caaacia/aoue ae??oaiiy
i?iaeiaieue/i? i?iaeaie ? io?eiaiiy aeanieeaie aeioiae?a aeinoaoi?o aeey
?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ? caaeiaieaiiy ?o
iaoa??aeueieo iio?aa:

1. Iniiaiei ina?aaeeii oi?ioaaiiy aeaniee?a ia nae? ? iniaeno?
i?aeniai?, naeyinuee? /oa?ia?nuee?/ oa eieaeoeai? ainiiaea?noaa ia
i?eaaoi?e iniia?.

2. C?inoa? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia cia/aiiy iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa ye a oe?eiio a Oe?a?i?, oae ? iniaeeai a
Caea?iaoo? oa eiai ieceiieo ?aeiiao, aea ?i oaea nueiaiaei? iaeaaeeoue
ae??oaeueia ?ieue a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? ( 90% aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??).

3. Iniiaieie iniaeeainoyie oi?ioaaiiy ? ae?yeueiino? iniaenoeo oa
oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy ?
iaeicaiaeey /0,53 aa ia iaeiiai iaoeaioey i?e 0,8 aa ii
Oe?a?i?/, aonoiianaeai?noue /101 /ie. ia ea.ei /, iae? ?ici??e
caieaei?enooaaiiy /a?aeiia?aeii a iniaenoeo oa naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ 0,38 oa 4,1 aa /, aeu? ??ai? ?icaeoeo
oaa?eiieoeoaa oa /anoea ?ioaineaieo eoeueoo? o
no?oeoo?? iin?a?a, iaaeinoaoi? eiiia?oaaiiy c eieaeoeaieie
ainiiaea?noaaie, iecueea oiaa?i?noue i?iaeoeoe??, ia/?oei
ae?aaeaia niaoe?ae?caoe?y, o?ni? aeiiii?/i? ca’ycee ?c non?aei?ie
?a?iiaenueeeie e?a?iaie, cie?aia c Oai?ueiith.

4. A ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy, iaeaeeae/ei /anii
ia ne?ae

?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia noai?aiiy aaeeeeo naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?o iaoeia a?ae 3 aei
20 aa. Ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a caieaei?enooaaiiy ainiiaea?noa aoaea
a?aeaoaaoenue ca ?aooiie i?aiaee.

?ici??e niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa a
ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy, ye? a iei?oi?o oiiaao caaacia/aoue
?aioaaaeueia ae?iaieoeoai: naae?aieoeuee? ( ieiaeiiini?
ianaaeaeaiiy) -3-10 aa, aeiia?aaea?nuee? (ieiaeiiini?
aeiia?aaeieee) — 2-10 aa, ca?iia? — 40-50 aa i?ieo caiaeue. ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ici???a caieaei?enooaaiiy aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa
c?inoa?.

5. Iniiai? iai?yie oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaooy aei 2000 ?ieo: ca ?aooiie
aea?aeaaiiai caiano iiaea aooe i?aai?ciaaii aeecueei 20
ainiiaea?noa; ia caieyo iecueei?aioaaaeueieo oa
caeoeiaeo eieaeoeaieo iiaei?e?inoa oeyoii ?o ?ai?aaiicaoei?
a naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/ ainiiaea?noaa ua 50; ia aac? aeiiiii/ii
noieeeo iiaei?e?inoa naeyiaie, yei iiaaaeaee aeeoe c iiaei?e?inoa ci
nai?ie caiaeueieie oa iaeiiaeie iayie i noai?eoe aeanii ainiiaea?noaa,
100 iaaaeeeeo aeniei?ioaineaieo ainiiaea?noa; ia aaci iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa — 30. Oaeei /eiii, a ?aaiiii aei 2000
?ieo iiaea aooe i?aai?ciaaii ua aeecueei 200 naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/
ainiiaea?noa.

6. Oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi iniaenoeo
ainiiaea?noa: iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae a ?aae?caoe?? ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe??, iniaeeai oaa?eiieoeueei? oeyoii i?aai?caoe??
a naeao ioieo?a caea/? -i?eeiaiiy a?ae ia?a?iaieo
i?aei?e?inoa; iaaeaiiy e?aaeeo?a aeey aoae?aieoeoaa oa i?eaeaaiiy
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a; ?icoe?aiiy aeioneo i?iieneia?noth
iaeiaaaa?eoii? oaoi?ee oa ?iaaioa?y; iie?ioaiiy iinoa/aiiy
iaiao?aeieie cia?yaeaeyie oa ?iaaioa?ai, ye?niei iinaaeeiaei ian?iiyi
oa iieiaeiyeii ooaeiae ? ioeoe?, i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie oa
caniaaie caoenoo ?ineei, i?aai?caoe?y ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe??, a oiio
/ene? ia aeaaaeueie/eo canaaeao, ?? o?ainii?ooaaiiy,
aaoa?eia?iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, eiiia?aoe?y iniaenoeo ainiiaea?noa
i?ae niaith c oa?ia?nueeeie oa ?ioeie ainiiaea?nueeeie
oi?ioaaiiyie, iie?ioaiiy iae?eo i?iaeoeoe?? ? cao?ao, iaaeaiiy
eiinoeueoaoe?e.

7. Aeey oieeiaiiy iiiiiie?caoe?? ?eieo ae??aieie ae?iaieeaie
i?iaiico?oueny oaea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae caieaei?enooaa/aie a ieceiieo
?aeiiao Caea?iaooy: ca?aaeii /aea?aeaaii, eieaeoeaii oa aeoeiiia?ii/
ainiiaea?noaa aoaeooue ia?iaeyoe aeecueei 20% caie?; iaei
/aeoeiiia?ii, naeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/ ainiiaea?noaa caeiooue aei 35%
caiei; ae?iaii oiaa?iae?iaieee /caeyinueei /oa?ia?nueei/, iniaenoi
iiaeniaii/, ye? aoaeooue aeii?ioaaoe ? caeiooue aei 45 % caiei a
?aa?ii?.

8. Iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/a aaca, yea
?aaeaiaioo? ?icaeoie i?eaaoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia nae?. Cie?aia,
iaiao?aeii i?eeiyoe Caeii Oe?a?ie “ I?i iniaenoa i?aeniaia
ainiiaea?noai ianaeaiiy”.

NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAEIEIAAIEO CA IIEIAEAIIssIE AeENA?OAOe??

1. NianueeeeA.A. Iniaeeainoi ?icaeoeo ?iaeeaiaeoaeueiiai
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?e ia?aoiaei aei ?eieo a
Oai?ueii.//AeiiiiieaAIE,1995.-N4.-N.92-97.

2.NianueeeeA.A.,Aeiao?A.E.?icaeoie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-n?iaeieo
ainiiaea?noa naeyi a ieceiiiio ?aa?ii? Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano?.//Aeiiii?eaAIE,1996.-N12.- N. 68-72, a o./. aaoi?a
68,70-72 ( oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaee/i? ieoaiiy, aecia/aiiy

aoaeoeaiino? ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo ? oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa).

3. Nianueeee A.A. Iniaeeaino? ?aoi?ioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ieceiieo ?aa?iiia Caea?iaooy.//Aeiiii?ea AIE,1997.-
N8.-N.12-15.

4. Nianueeee A.A. I?i ?icaeoie naeyinueeeo /oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa
ianaeaiiy Caea?iaooy. //Aeiiii?ea AIE, 1997. — N 10. -N. 10-15.

5.Nianueeee A.A. Aeinaiae aaaeaiiy oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa O?I.
//I?iaeaie aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Ea?iao. Iiaeaiaeii/ee oaiaoe/iee
iaoeiaee cai?iee. Cae.IAIA, 1996. — N 5. — N. 26-28.

AIIOAOe??

NIANUeEEE A.A. ?icaeoie iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo oa naeyinueeeo
/oa?ia?nueeeo/ ainiiaea?noa a ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ?
i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa — Caea?iaonueeee ?inoeooo aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa OAAI, A. Aaeoa, 1998.

Aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo,
iaoiaee/ieo i?aai?caoe?eieo ? aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy a
ieceiieo ?aeiiao Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee,
noaiiaeaiiy oa?ia?noaa oa ?icaeoeo iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa
ianaeaiiy a oiiaao iaeicaiaeey, ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo,
iineeaiiy

eiieo?aioe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iniaeno? i?aeniai? ainiiaea?noaa
ianaeaiiy, naeyinuee? /oa?ia?nuee?/ ainiiaea?noaa, i?eaaoia
aeani?noue, i?aiaea, niaoe?ae?caoe?y, ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?,
??ciioeeaaei?noue, a?cian-ieai, ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?ici??e, aeo?aoe,
i?eaooie, ?aioaaaeuei?noue.

NIANNEEE A.A. ?acaeoea ee/iuo iiaeniaiuo e e?anoueyineeo /oa?ia?neeo/
oicyenoa a ieciaiiuo ?aeiiao Caea?iaoneie iaeanoe.

Aeena?oaoeeae yaeyaony ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe : 08.06.01 — yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa, Caea?iaoneee einoeooo aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa,
A.Aaeoa. 1998 aiae.

Eceiaeaiu iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey oai?aoe/aneeo,
iaoiaee/aneeo i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo e yeiiiie/aneeo aniaeoia oi?ie?iaaiey a
ieciaiiuo ?aeiiao Caea?iaoneie iaeanoe iiiaioeeaaeiie yeiiiieee,
noaiiaeaiea oa?ia?noaa e ?acaeoea ee/iuo iiaeniaiuo oicyenoa
ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo iaeicaiaeuey, ia?aoiaea e ?uieo oneeaiey
eiieo?aioeee..

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ee/iua iiaeniaiua oicyenoaa ianaeaiey,
e?anoueyineea /oa?ia?nueeea/ oicyenoaa, ee/iay nianoaaiiinoue,
a?aiaea, niaoeeaeecaoeey, ?aaeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe,
iiiaioeeaaeiinoue, aecian-ieai, ?aoeeiiaeueiua ?acia?u,
ecaea?aeee, i?eaueue, ?aioaaaeueiinoue.

S?ASSKY G.V. Development ?lot of land attached to the house and Farm
Enterprises districts of Zakarpatian region.

The thesis is a manuscript.

The thesises for seeking the Scientific Degree of Candidate Economical
Sciences on Speciality N 08.06.01 — Economy of Enterprises and
Organization of Production. Zakarpatian Institute of Agroindustrial
Production, v.V.Bakta, 1998.

In the conditions of land shortage, transitions to market and
increasing of competition it is necessery to elaborate organising and
economical aspects of forming different modes of agricultural
production, restoration of farms and development plot of land attached
to the house.

Eej words: plot of land attached to the house, farm enterprise, private
property, lease, specializition, region aspecially, businees-plan, type
of production, expenses, profit, profitableness.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 26.10.1998?. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16 Iai?? ae?oe.

Iae. — aeae. a?e. 1,0 Oi. Ae?oe. A?e. 1,0 Oe?aae 100. Cai. 117.

AeII ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI

252127, Ee?a — 127, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 8

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