OA?EIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

*a?iye ieaenaiae? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 611.127+591.412].018.63]:612.015.013

?ICAEOIE I?AEOEAIEIIEO A?AeIINEI A NA?Oe? UO??A A ?AIIUeIIO IIOIAAIAC?

14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiii?iiao?ianueeie aea?aeaaiie iaaee/iie aeaaeaii?
IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiceia Aieiaeeie? Ieaen?eiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ianeianueeee Na?a?e TH??eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith ainoieiai? oa aia?iieiai?;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaneeue?a Aieiaeeie? Aiaoie?eiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoiii?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? Iaoeiiiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny «_28_»_n?/iy_ 1999 ?ieo i _13_ aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.03 i?e Oa?eianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi ca aae?anith: 310022, i. Oa?eia,
i?. Eaiiia, 4.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a aiaeiioaoei Oa?eianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo (310022, i. Oa?eia, i?. Eaiiia, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee «_25» _a?oaeiy_1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
AEoa??eiaa E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iiaeaeueoa iiaeeaeaiiy oyaeaiue i?i ?icaeoie ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy na?oey iaiiaeeeaa aac iino?eii? i?eoiee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ? ?icoe?aiiy ciaiue i?i
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeiiii??iino? ea?ae?iaaiaca. ?o aeyaeaiiy ?
aiae?c ? aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith no/anii? a?ieia?? e iaaeeoeeie.

Aeaaii ioi?ieaia aeoiea i?i i?iea?ae ye i?i aaaaoioeaieiio nenoaio, ui
i?noeoue ea?ae?ii?ioeeoe, niieo/io oeaieio, noaeeiiee aiaeioae?e ?
ia?aia? aeaiaioe, ni?e/eiy? niaith iaiao?aei?noue aeaoae?caoe?? ?
aeae?eaiiy iniaeeainoae i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e i?ae oeeie no?oeoo?ieie
eiiiiiaioaie na?oeaai? no?iee.

Iaea?eueo iioe?ai? a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? iai?yiee, ui i?enay/ai?
oaiiiaiieia?/i?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ea?ae?iaaiaca, iienothoue
oeeoiaeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy nei?i/oaaeueieo ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a aai
?icaeyaeathoue ii?oieia?th niieo/ii? oeaieie, i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai
?onea. C ?ioiai aieo, i?iaaaeai? /eneaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeathoue
eeoa e?euee?nio ioe?ieo no?oeoo?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae oeaieiieie
eiiiiiaioaie i?iea?aea. ?iaioe, ye? c’yaeeeny inoaii?i /anii,
a?aeia?aaeathoue iieaeoey?ii-a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ie?aieo ee?oeiieo
iiioeyoe?e i?iea?aea, i?ioa ia oi?iothoue caaaeueiiai oyaeaiiy i?i
oa?aeoa? i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e a na?oe?. *anoeiai ?ica’ycaiiy
i?iaeaie i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e ca’ycoaaee c aiae?cii
ia?aio?iaoicii-no?iiaeueieo aca?iia?aeiinei, iaeiae a oeueiio iai?yieo
aoa ?icaeyiooee eeoa e?euee?niee aniaeo ieoaiiy.

A?aeiii, ui iicaee?oeiiee iao?een a?ae?a?a? a?aeeeao ?ieue a ?aae?caoe??
i?aeee?oeiieo ? i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e a ii?iaeueiiio na?oe? ? i?e
??cieo iaoieia?/ieo noaiao; i?ioa aeai? i?i iioiaaiaoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy
neeaaeo aii?oiiai eiiiiiaioa niieo/ii? oeaieie ia aoaiao
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy i?iea?aea noia?a/eea? ? ia iiai?.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith ?aae?caoe?? i?aeoeaieiieo ? i?aeee?oeiieo aca?iiae?e
? o/anoue ?aoeaioi?iiai aia?aoa ee?oeiieo iaia?ai ? ae?eieae?ena.
Aeei?enoaiiy eaeoeiiaeo i?oie aeaei ciiao aeyaeoe iniaeeaino?
ae?eii?ioa?iiaiai neeaaeo oeeoiiaia?ai a oiae? ?icaeoeo na?oey, iaeiae
cacia/aiee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee aeia?a naith aoaeoeai?noue i?e
aea/aii? iaoieia?/ieo noai?a, iiee ua iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao?oueny a
oai?aoe/i?e ea?ae?ieia??.

Ia iao iiaeyae, a oeae /an eeoa eiiieaenia ioe?iea iie?eiiiiiaioii?
no?oeoo?ii? nenoaie i?iea?aea a ii?aeiaii? c aiae?cii ?icaeoeo
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ??cii??aeieie nenoaiieie aeaiaioaie caeaoia
aaeaeaaoii ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i oi?ioaaiiy i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei
a i?iea?ae? ia aoaiao ea?ae?iaaiaca.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ? ? neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith iaoeiai? oaie eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? «Aeyaeoe
caeiiii??iino? noaiiaeaiiy oi?ie ? oiiia?ao?? na?oey ? no?oeoo?ii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeayeeo eiiiiiaio?a na?oeaai? no?iee a iioiaaiac? ethaeeie
? aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei» (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
01910033713).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy
i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e a na?oe? uo?a ia aoaiao iioiaaiaca.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

1) aea/eoe ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy no?iie na?oey, a oaeiae
neeaae aii?oiiai eiiiiiaioa niieo/ii? oeaieie i?iea?aea uo??a ia aoaiao
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo;

2) ioe?ieoe iioiaaiaoe/i? iniaeeaino? ?iciiae?eaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a
aia?aaoe/iiai ? o?aineai?ey?iiai iai?io o neeaae? i?iea?aea;

3) i?iaanoe ii??aiyeueio e?euee?nio ioe?ieo no?oeoo?e ae?eueieoeue
i?iea?aea c ??cieie a?noio?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie a oiae?
ea?ae?iaaiaca;

4) aeyaeoe ?aa?iia?i? iniaeeaino? ai?noo ae?eieii’thaao?a ee?oeiieo
iiaa?oiiue a i?iea?ae? uo??a ca aeiiiiiaith eaeoei?a a iioiaaiaoe/iiio
aniaeo?;

5) i?iaanoe ii?oieiai-iaoaiaoe/iee ? c?noaaiee aiae?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caaaeyee ia?aeaeueiiio aeei?enoaiith
a?noio?i?/ieo ? noa?aieia?/ieo iaoiaeee io?eiaii ?yae iiaeo a?aeiiinoae
i?i no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ea?ae?iaaiaca. Aia?oa
aecia/ai? oeie i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei a na?oe? uo?a ? anoaiiaeai?
o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee ?o ?aae?caoe??. Aeyaeaiee /?oeee aca?iica’ycie i?ae
ye?nieie aeyaaie aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie, ??aiai
aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io ? e?euee?nieie no?oeoo?ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
i?iea?aea. I?iaeaia ?icaeyiooa ia aeae?eueeio
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ??aiyo, ui aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe oyaeaiiy i?i
ca’ycee i?ae no?oeoo?ieie ia?aiao?aie ??cieo ae?eueieoeue i?iea?aea c ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueiith aeoeai?noth.

Oia?oa aecia/aia ?ieue ?aoeaioi??a ee?oeiii? iiaa?oi? ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a
aei eaeoei?a PNA (ia?ea?a a?noino?oeoo?ii? c??eino?) ? UeA (ia?ea?a
i’yciai-noaeeiieo aca?iia?aeiinei). Cai?iiiiiaaia a ?iaio? ii?aeiaiiy
e?euee?nieo ii?oieia?/ieo ? a?noio?i?/ieo iaoiae?a iaaea? iiaeeeaino?
a?eueo aeeaieiai aiae?ca i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei a ??cieo i?aaiao
? oeaieiao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe oae? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno.

Oi?ioaaiiy i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei a i?iea?ae? e?aiai oeoii/ea
na?oey uo?a i?ioyaii i?aiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a?aeaoaa?oueny a aeaa
ia??iaee. Neeaaeiaeie ia?oiai ia??iaea ? ?nioaaiiy /?oei? ciiaeueiino? o
neeaae? niieo/ii? oeaieie, iayai?noue a?noio?i?/ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo
a?aae??io?a a iaaeao aiaeiea?ae — ai?ea?ae, ca’ycie i?ae a?noio?i?/ieie
e noa?aieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. A ae?oaiio ia??iae? niinoa??aa?oueny
cieaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?aae??io?a a i?iea?ae? e?aiai
oeoii/ea ? ao?aoa a?noio?i?/ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae ciiaie
i?iea?aea. O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee ia?oiai ia??aea — 12-18-a aeiaa
i?aiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaca uo?a; ae?oaiai ia??iaea — c 18-? aeiae aei
ia?iaeaeaiiy.

I?ioyaii ?aiiueiai iinoiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
ae?eueie/iai i?eioeeio a i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiineiao (c??eiai oeia
i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e). I?e oeueiio io/ee i’yciaeo aieieii, a yeeo
i?eai?/aia oa?iaioaoeaia aeoeai?noue ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a ? eai?ey??a
ii?aeio?oueny c? cieaeaiith u?euei?noth oiaeiaee eieaaaia ? ee?oei
niieo/ii( oeaieie oa i?aeaeuaiith e?euee?noth iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena,
ui i?noeoue iecueeinoeueoaoiaai( oiiae?i(oei-4- ?
oiiaei?i(oei-6-noeueoaoe oa a(aeo?iiiao eeneioo. Io/ee i’yciaeo aieieii
?ioiai oeio aeaiiino?othoue aenieo iai?oaeai?noue ?aaeoe?e aia?aaoe/iiai
iaoaaie?cio ? o?aineai(ey?iiai iai?io; i?e oeueiio ?o iaaeieeoiy
eieaaaiiaa n?oue a?eueo ?icaeiaia, a a?aeiinii iaioee ia’?i
iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena i?aaenoaaeaiee aenieinoeueoaoiaaiei
aea?iaoainoeueoaoii.

A aia?(iaaiac( ? a iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue
i?iea?aea (aecia/oaaia ??aiai aia?aaoe/iiai ? o?aineai(ey?iiai iai?io)
iia’ycaia c ??ciei oa?aeoa?ii i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e. A aia?(iaaiac(
iaio aeoeai? iaeano? (eiiiaeoiee i?iea?ae, noaai(ea?ae(aeueia ciia)
a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueo ?icaeiaiith a(noino?oeoo?ith ? a?eueo «c??eei»
neeaaeii iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena (aenieee ai?no aea?iaoainoeueoaoa);
ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeai?o? ciie (o?aaaeoey?iee i?iea?ae ?
noaaiaeiea?ae(aeueia ciia), ui iathoue iaio? cia/aiiy oeaieiieo
noa?aieia(/ieo ia?aiao??a, a?ae??ciythoueny neeaaeii iicaee?oeiiiai
iao?eena, aeecueeei aei «aia??iiaeueiiai». O iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?
ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeai? iaeano? iathoue a neeaae? iicaee?oeiiiai
iao?eena aenieee ai?no aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo ae(eieicai(iiae(eai(a, a
aii?oiee eiiiiiaio niieo/ii( oeaieie cii c iecueeith aeoeai?noth
oa?iaio?a aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io iane/aiee a(aeo?iiiaith eeneioith ?
iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieie ae?eicai?iiae?eaiaie.

I?eaeaaiiy oeeoiiaia?aiaie ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a iiae?aieo aeanoeainoae
a?aeiinii e?eueeino? ?aoeaioi?(a aei eaeoei(a PNA ? UeA ni?aiaaea? c
ao?aoith iaiaeii??aeiino( a(noio(i(/ieo ? noa?aieia(/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?iea?aea, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?noioio o/anoue iiaa?oiaaeo
ae(eieii’thaao(a a oi?ioaaii? i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e a aia?(iaaiac(.
??aiii??ia ?iciiae?eaiiy i?oee aea/aieo eaeoei(a a iinoiaoaeueiiio
?icaeoeo a?aeia?aaea? oie oaeo, ui ee(oeiii-iao?eeni( aca?iiae??,
iiina?aaeeiaai? ae(eii?ioa(iaie c e?ioeaaeie aaeaeoicith ? ooeicith, a
oeae ia??iae ?icaeoeo ?(aiiae?aaeai( a on?o ciiao ? i’yciaeo io/eao
e?aioeoii/eiaiai i?iea?aea.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny iiaeeea?noth
aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeey a?eueo aeeaieiai ?icoi?iiy
i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?io?eth na?oey a
iioiaaiaoe/iiio ?icaeoeo. C?noaaeaiiy e iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c iaea?aeaieo
aeaieo aeathoue ciiao ii-iiaiio aena?oeeoe e e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe
i?ioeane aca?iiae?? i?ae ??cieie oeaieiieie eiiiiiaioaie o neeaae?
na?oeaai? no?iee. Aeyaeai? ia??iaee a ?icaeoeo i?aeoeaieiieo
aca?iia?aeiioaiue oa oa?aeoa?enoeea a?ieia?/iiai ai?noo oeeo ia??iae?a
aoaeooue ni?eyoe ooai?aiith oe?e?niiai oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?cie ii?ooaiue
aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aaeoe?e na?oey, ye? iiina?aaeeiaai? nei?i/oaaeueieie e
niieo/iioeaieiieie aeaiaioaie i?iea?aea. ?acoeueoaoe aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeooue ei?enieie aeey ea?ae?ieia?a oa aeine?aeiee?a a
iaeano? i?eeeaaeii? ii?oieia??; aiie oaeiae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aeey nooaeaio?a iaaee/ieo ? a?ieia?/ieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe
i?aaenoaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaoeiaee i?ioean oa
iaa/aeueio ?iaioo iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a Eoaainueea, Eueaiaa,
N?ioa?iiiey, Oa?iiiiey, Oa?eiaa, Aoeiaeinueei? oa Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaaee/ieo aeaaeai?e.

Aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai iniaenoiai aianeo aeena?oaioa o ?ic?iaeo
iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. Aea?? iai?yieo, ianyao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, an? ii?oieia?/i? aeaee aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoaiaoe/iee
aiae?c, ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?o iaaiai?aiiy oa aeniiaee
aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo
AeAeIA (1994-1998), ia can?aeaiiyo Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai iaeaniiai
a?aeae?eaiiy Oiaa?enoaa Ii?oieia?a Oe?a?ie (1996-1998), ia I oa II
Iaoe?iiaeueieo eiia?anao ii?oieia?a Oe?a?ie (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994;
Eoaainuee, 1998), ia OVI Eiia?an? Iieuenueeiai aiaoii?/iiai oiaa?enoaa
(Ieueooei, 1993), ia XIV I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? ii?oieia?a (E?naaii,
1994), ia IX ?a?iiaenueeiio aiaoii?/iiio eiia?an? oa ?yae? a?o/eciyieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e oa neiiic?oi?a (*a?i?aoe?, 1994; Euea?a, 1995;
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996). ?ic?iaeaiee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiee a i?aeoeeo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe «Niin?a aecia/aiiy aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cio
i?iea?aea» (iaoaio ? 22444 A).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 19 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao, a oiio /ene? a 3 iiiia?ao?yo, 4 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao,
iaoa??aeao iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia
aea?aeaaiith iiaith ia 130 noi?iieao iaoeiiieno oa neeaaea?oueny ic
anooio, iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeaiiy iaoa?iaeia ? iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy, 3 ?icaeieia aeanieo aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaeia oa nieneo
eioa?aoo?e. Aiaeiia?aoi/iee aeaciaiee iinoeoue 207 aeaea?ae. ?iaioa
?ethno?iaaia 9 oaaeeoeyie oa 76 ?enoieaie.

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Oaaeeoey 1

E?euee?niee ?iciiae?e iaoa??aeo ii no?ieao iioiaaiaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee na?oey a?eeo aacii??aeieo uo??a,
yeeo io?eioaaee c a?aa??th AeAeIA ? oo?eioaaee a cae/aeieo oiiaao.
Aia??iiaeueiee iaoa??ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei iaea?aeoaaee a
eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao i?e aeei?enoaii? a?aeiia?aeieo oaaeeoeue
ii?iaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. Onueiai aoei aeine?aeaeaii 864 ia’?eoe. ?iciiae?e
iaoa??aeo ca a?eiaeie a?oiaie i?aaenoaaeaiee a oaaeeoe? 1.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa aeei?enoaiee eiiieaen
iaoiae?a a?noio?i?/iiai, a?noiaiceiieia?/iiai, noa?aieia?/iiai ?
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aoaeaaiaeieo eiiiiiaio?a i?ioaiae?eai?a niieo/ii?
oeaieie a?noio?i?/i? ?aaeoe?? i?iaiaeeee ia e??inoaoieo c??cao caaoiaoee
10 iei, c yeeo iio?i aiooaaee iai?aoiie? c??ce caaoiaoee 1 iei
(aiii-a?aeae?o; eia?e?ee) ? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey noa?aieia?/iiai
aiae?co.

Aeyaeaiiy aoaeaaiaeieo eiiiiiaio?a i?ioaiae?eai?a i?iaiaeeee c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeueoeeaiiaiai neiueiai 8GX ca No?aeiaiii, oieo?aeeiiaiai
neiueiai ? a?ae?iieeno cae?ca (Luppa, 1980). Aeey a?noio?i?/iiai
eiio?ieth aeei?enoiaoaaee ia?iaeo aaeoa??eiith oa oanoeeoey?iith
a?aeo?ii?aeacith, iaoeethaaiiy c iiaeaeueoei a?aeiiaeaiiyi caaa?aeaiiy
iieeaiiyi.

A?noio?i?/ia aecia/aiiy eieae?caoe?? e?ioeaaeo caeeoe?a (-L-ooeice o
aoaeaaiaeiaaiio oa?? iaia?ai ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a i?iaiaeeee i?e
iine?aeiai?e ia?iaoe? e??inoaoieo c??c?a eii’thaaoii eaeoeia UeA (Ulex
europeus agglutinin) c a?ioeiii ? ia?ieneaeacith c aa?aeeiii ia
e??inoaoieo oeaieiieo c??cao i?iea?aea (Fazel et al., 1989). Aecia/aiiy
e?ioeaaeo iiaa?oiaaeo iine?aeiaiinoae (-D-aaeaeoice i?iaiaeeee ia
o?eniaaieo a ??aeei? Aoaia a?noieia?/ieo c??cao i?iea?aea i?e
aeei?enoaii? eaeoeia caieyiiai ai??oa (PNA; peanut agglutinin) ca
iaoiaeii Stegemann c ni?a?. (1990).

I?iaaaeaiiy a?noiaiceiieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oiooaaee ia caaaeueieo
i?eioeeiao eiiieaeniiai a?noio?i?/iiai aiae?co, ia i?eioeei?
no?oeoo?ii-iaoaaie?/ii? ia?e??iaee ? ia i?eioeei? aeoaethaaiiy
?aaeoe?e.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cia, ui ? iai?yiei
iieacieeii ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? oeaieie, ie aeei?enoaee
a?noio?i?/ia aeyaeaiiy ae?oea?aeueaeaa?aeoinoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (EO
1.2.1.12) ? NAD-caeaaeii? ?cioeeo?aoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (EO 1.1.1.42) ca
oao?ai?o?ioao?acie??aei iaoiaeii Lojda (1979). Aeey aeyaeaiiy eoaeii?
oinoaoace (EO 3.1.3.1) a oeaiei? i?iea?aea aeei?enoaee iiaeeo?eiaaiee
oao?acie??aee iaoiae McGadey (1978).

I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy e?euee?niiai ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey
ea?oaaeeny caaaeueieie i?eioeeiaie noa?aiiao?e/iiai aiae?co,
aeeeaaeaieie A.A.Aaoaiae?eiaei (1984; 1990), A.N.E??’yeoeiaei c ni?aaao.
(1981; 1990) ? A.?.Caai?oeei (1989). A?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo iinoaaeaieo
caaea/, a aeine?aeaeaii? aoea i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea oaeeo ia?aiao??a:
ieoiiiai ia’?io ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena, ee?oei
niieo/ii? oeaieie, aaiieai?ey??a, eieaaaiiaeo aieieii; iiaa?oiaai?
u?eueiino? ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, ee?oei niieo/ii? oeaieie, aaiieai?ey??a.
Aeiaeaoeiai aoee ?ic?aoiaai? iiaa?oiaai-ia’?ii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, niieo/iioeaieiieo ee?oei ? aaiieai?ey??a. Aeacai?
ia?aiao?e aecia/aee a ae?eueieoeyo i?iea?aea c ??cieie a?noio?i?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aii?oiiai eiiiiiaioa niieo/ii? oeaieie ia iai?aoiieeo
c??cao, i?eaioiaaieo c a?noieia?/ieo c??c?a i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo a?noio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia aeaeo?iiiiio i?e?ineii? YIA-100A c iai?oaith 75 eA.

Aeey iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee io?eiaieo aeaieo aeei?enoiaoaaee noaiaea?oi?
i?ioeaaeo?e a?iiao?e/iiai, aeenia?n?eiiai ? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?c?a
(A.A.Aaoaiaeeeia, 1990; A.O.Eaeei, 1990). Iine?aeiai?noue aoai?a
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co a?oiooaaee ia i?eioeeiao, aeeeaaeaieo o aeani?e
iiiia?ao?? (?.A.Oaa?aeioe?a oa ?i., 1996).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

O iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?e aea/aii? ?aii?o noaae?e ea?ae?iaaiaca uo?a
aeyaeaii iacia/iee nooi?iue ?icaeoeo i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e, ine?eueee
ianei?i/oaaeueiee ee?oeiiee eiiiiiaio i?iea?aea i?aaenoaaeaiee iaaeoi
iaeith e?euee?noth ee?oei o?a?iaeanoe/iiai ?yaeo. Oeueiio noaio, eiee a
oeaiei? i?ia?aeia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue aiiioeiiaei aca?iiae?yi, a?aeiia?aea?
aenieee ai?no o iicaee?oeiiiio iao?een? iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieo
ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a ? iaeo?aeueieo ioeiiie?naoa?eae?a, iaeiie/aiiy yeeo
iia’ycaia c nae?aoi?iith aeoeai?noth i?iaeano?a c iacia/iei nooiaiai
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy.

Ia 12-e aeia? aia??iaaiaca iaie aeyaeai? oa?eoi??aeuei? a?aei?iiino? a
neeaae? iniiaii? ?a/iaeie niieo/ii? oeaieie o oeoii/eiaiio i?iea?ae?,
ye? iia’ycai? c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii a?aeo?iiiai? eeneioe a
o?aaaeoey?iiio oa?? ? a oie aea /an c a?aeiinii iecueeei ieoiiei ia’?iii
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a oa niieo/iioeaieiieo ee?oei. Eiia??ii, aeoeai?
no?oeoo?i? ia?aaoaeiae o?aaaeoe, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue aiiioeiia?
aca?iiae??, iiina?aaeeiaai? iicaee?oeiiei iao?eenii, aaaaoei ia
a?aeo?iiiao eeneioo, ? aeiaaathoue a?eueoi? iai?oaeaiino? aia?aaoe/ieo
i?ioean?a; i?i oea na?ae/eoue a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ae?eieeca a
ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie oa?aie i?iea?aea. ?ioaineai?noue oeeo aca?iiae?e
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeiae ? aaeeeei cia/aiiyi iiaa?oiaai-ia’?iiiai
?iaeaeno ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a a o?aaaeoey?iiio i?iea?ae? a ii??aiyii? c
eiiiaeoiei.

Cieaeaiiy a ?aiiueiio ea?ae?iaaiac? iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieo
ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a a eiiiaeoiiio i?iea?ae? ii?aeioaaeiny c ?icaeoeii
eieaaaiiai? n?o? ? ii/aoeiaith iiyaith a oeueiio oa?? aea?iaoainoeueoaoa
(oaae. 2). Eiiiaeoiee i?iea?ae oa?aeoa?ecoaaany a?eueo oaeaeeei
oi?ioaaiiyi eai?ey??a, cia/iith eieaaai-neioaoe/iith aeoeai?noth
niieo/iioeaieiieo ee?oei ? ?o a?eueoith niaoe?ae?caoe??th a?aeiinii
ae?iaeaiiy iniiaii? ?a/iaeie niieo/ii? oeaieie.

Oaaeeoey 2

?iciiae?eaiiy ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a o eiiiaeoiiio, aoa/anoiio ?
o?aaaeoey?iiio oa?ao i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea ?aiiueiai aia??iiaeueiiai

I?ei?oea: 0-3 — ?ioaineai?noue a?noio?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? a aaeao.

Aecia/ai? a ?iaio? a?noio?i?/i? iniaeeaino? ?iciiae?eaiiy aeoeaiino?
oa?-iaio?a aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a ?aiiueiio
ea?ae?iaaiac? i?aeoeaieii? aca?iia?aeiineie neaai iia’ycai? c
ooieoe?iiaeueiith aeoeai?noth i?iea?aea ? ?acaeaathoueny ia iniia?
aaoa?ioeiiaeo aca?iiae?e. O?aaaeoey?iee i?iea?ae, iaio ??ciiiai?oiee o
ee?oeiiiio neeaae?, a?ae??ciyany iaaiei «cai?cithaaiiyi» a ci?i?
ae?eicai?iiae?eaiieo eiiiiiaio?a iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena, aea caa??aaa
i?e oeueiio ?ieue e?aea?a a caaacia/aii? nei?i/oaaeueii? aeoeaiino?
i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea ? ae?ia?oeo iae?ia?a?/ieo niieoe (oaae. 3).
Iacia/iee ai?no a o?aaaeoeao niieo/iioeaieiieo ? noaeeiieo eiiiiiaio?a
i?iea?aea, ye? iathoue iicana?oeaaa iioiaeaeaiiy, iia’ycaiee c
aeeaeaiiyi o?aaaeoey?iiai oa?a aaciina?aaeiuei c ii?iaeieie oeoii/ea. A
oeae ia??iae /anoeiai caa?aaeai? aia??iiaeuei? aiiioeiia? aca?iiae??,
ye? iaeneiaeueii aoaeoeai? ca iayai?noth iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena c
iniaeeaei neeaaeii (aenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th iaeo?aeueieo
ioeiiie?naoa?eae?a ? iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a).

Oaaeeoey 3

?iciiae?eaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a a eiiiaeoiiio, aoa/anoiio ?
o?aaaeoey?iiio oa?ao i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea ?aiiueiai aia??iiaeueiiai

C 16-? ii 18-o aeiao i?aiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a?aei?iiino? a neeaae?
iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena i?ae noaaiaeiea?ae?aeueiith ?
noaai?ea?ae?aeueiith ciiaie i?iea?aea noaaaee iaeneiaeueii ae?acieie,
iniaeeai a?aeiinii a?aeo?iiiai? eeneioe ? aea?iaoainoeueoaoa (oaae. 4).
Oe? ianoaaeie iiaeooue aooe iiyniai?, c iaeiiai aieo, aeoeaiei
iaeiie/aiiyi a noaai?ea?ae?aeuei?e cii? aieieiiieo no?oeoo?, u?euei?noue
oiaeiaee yeeo ca?eueooaaeany 3-e?aoii c 14-? ii 18-o aeiao aia??iaaiaca,
a c ?ioiai aieo — caa??aaiiyi aeniei? ?ioaineaiino? aia?aaoe/iiai
iaoaaie?cia a noaaiaeiea?ae?aeuei?e cii?.

O oeae ia??iae caa??aaeiny i?ia?aeia i?noea noaai?ea?ae?aeueii? ciie a
ia’?iiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? oeaieiieo eiiiiiaio?a, i?i ui ie noaeeee ii
a?eueoiio ieoiiiio ia’?io ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, aaiieai?ey??a, ee?oei
niieo/ii? oeaieie, eieaaaia ?, a?aeiia?aeii, a?eueo?e iiaa?oiaa?e
u?eueiino? oeeo no?oeoo?. I?aeoeaieii? aca?iiae?? a oe?e cii?
a?ae??ciyeeny a?eueoith ?ioaineai?noth, iaeiae aiie iaioith i??ith
iia’ycai? c ooieoe?iiaeueiith aeoeai?noth nei?i/oaaeueieo
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a: iai?oaeai?noue aia?aaoe/ieo ?aaeoe?e ae?eie?ca oa
oeeeeo E?aana a oe?e cii? aoea, ye ? ?ai?oa, ieae/ith a ii??aiyii? c
noaaiaeiea?ae?aeueiith ciiith.

Oaaeeoey 4

?iciiae?eaiiy ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a a noaai?ea?ae?aeuei?e, ?io?aio?aeuei?e
? noaaiaeiea?ae?aeuei?e ciiao i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea na?oey uo?a ia
o?aoueiio oeaei? aia??iaaiaca

I?ei?oea: 0-3 — ?ioaineai?noue a?noio?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? a aaeao.

Oaeei /eiii, aei 18-? aeiae i?aiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oi?io?oueny iaaiee
ciiaeueiee oa?aeoa? i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei a neeaae? oeoii/eiaiai
i?iea?aea. O o?aaaeoey?iiio oa?? (aei 14-? aeiae aia??iaaiaca), a iio?i
a noaaiaeiea?ae?aeuei?e cii? ia oii? aeniei? ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a (cia/ia iaeiie/aiiy a?noio?i?/ii? i?oee
?cioeeo?aoaeaa?ae?iaaiace oa ae?oea?aeueaeaa?aeoinoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace) ?
cia/ii? ?ioaineaiino? iai?iieo i?ioean?a (aaeee? cia/aiiy
iiaa?oiaai-ia’?iiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy nei?i/oaaeueieo ? no?iiaeueieo
ee?oei) niinoa??aaeiny a?aeiinia cai?cithaaiiy a oi?ioaaii? aieieiiii?
no?oeoo?e i?iea?aea (iaioee ieoiiee ia’?i ? iecueea iiaa?oiaaa
u?euei?noue

i?ioeeo?a, eai?ey??a, ee?oei niieo/ii? oeaieie, eieaaaia). I?e oeueiio
neeaae iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena iaaeeaeaany aei aia??iiaeueiiai, oiaoi
i?noea aaeeeo e?euee?noue iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a, a
oiio /ene? a?aeo?iiiai? eeneioe. O eiiiaeoiiio oa?? (aei 14-? aeiae), a
iio?i a noaai?ea?ae?aeuei?e cii? i?iea?aea ia an?o aea/aieo aoaiao
?icaeoeo a?eueo c??ea e?euee?nia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oeaieiieo eiiiiiaio?a
ii?aeioaaeiny c iecueeith ooieoe?iiaeueiith aeoeai?noth nei?i/oaaeueieo
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a; iicaee?oeiiee iao?een a oe?e cii? iaeiie/oaaa aaeeeo
e?euee?noue aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a (cie?aia,
aea?iaoainoeueoaoa).

I?ney 18-? aeiae aia??iaaiaca aae aei ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiino? iai ia
aaeaeiny aeyaeoe /?oeeo iaae?i-eaoa?aeueieo a?aae??io?a a i?iea?ae?
a?aeiinii neeaaeo iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena. I?aeoe/ii ii??aithaaeany
oa?iaioaoeaia aeoeai?noue ?cioeeo?ao-,
ae?oea?aeueaeaa?aeoinoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace, eoaeii? oinoaoace a ??cieo
ciiao i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea (oaae. 5), a a?eueo?noue aea/aieo
noa?aieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ao?a/aee noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino?.
O e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?, i?aaethaaeeny no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei?
a?aei?iiino? a noaai?ea?ae?aeuei?e, ?io?aio?aeuei?e ?
noaaiaeiea?ae?aeuei?e ciiao i?iea?aea.

Oaaeeoey 5

?iciiae?eaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a a noaai?ea?ae?aeuei?e,
?io?aio?aeuei?e ? noaaiaeiea?ae?aeuei?e ciiao i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea
na?oey uo?a ia o?aoueiio oeaei? aia??iaaiaca

I?ei?oea: 0-3 — ?ioaineai?noue a?noio?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? a aaeao.

O iinoiaoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo ia c??cao i?iea?aea i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy ??cieo
a?noio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e c’yaeyeeny ae?eueieoe? oeaieie c? cieaeaiei
ai?noii aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a ? a?eueo iecueeith
aeoeai?noth ae?eie?ca. A ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiiio i?inoi?? oeeo ae?eueieoeue
aeueoa?aioeaii ca?eueooaaeany eiioeaio?aoe?y a?aeo?iiiai? eeneioe, a
?ioaineai?noue ?aaeoe?e aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cia cieaeoaaeany. Aeai?
noa?aieia?/iiai aiae?co na?ae/eee i?i oa, ui c iineeaiiyi a?aei?iiinoae
o neeaae? iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena, iai?oaeaiino? aia?aaoe/ieo ? iai?iieo
i?ioean?a aeieeaee ? c?inoaee no?oeoo?i? a?aei?iiino? a ae?eueieoeyo
i?iea?aea. O e?euee?niiio a?aeiioaii? oe? a?aei?iiino? ?aae?ciaoaaeeny a
a?aae??io? ieoiiiai ia’?io ? iiaa?oiaa?e u?eueiino? eiiiiiaio?a no?iie,
a oaeiae iiaa?oiaai-ia’?iieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ee?oei niieo/ii? oeaieie ?
aaiieai?ey??a.

Ii/eiath/e c 10-? aeiae iinoiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo uo??a a iaoiio
aeine?aeaeaii? i?inoaaeoaaeany caeaaei?noue i?ae neeaaeii iicaee?oeiiiai
iao?eena, ??aiai aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cia ? e?euee?nieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie no?oeoo?e i?iea?aea. O neeaae? e?aiai oeoii/ea
oi?ioaaeeny io/ee i’yciaeo aieieii, a yeeo cieaeaia eiioeaio?aoe?y
aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a ii?aeioaaeany c iecueeith
aeoeai?noth oa?iaio?a aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io, cieaeaiith ooieoe?iiaeueiith
aeoeai?noth eai?ey??a; i?e oeueiio noa?aieia?/i? aeai? na?ae/eee i?i
iaioee ai?no a oeeo io/eao eieaaaiiai? n?o? o neeaae? niieo/ii? oeaieie.
A?oie i’yciaeo aieieii, aea ia?aaaaeaea aeniea oa?iaioaoeaia
aeoeai?noue, aoee iane/aieie iicaee?oeiiei iao?eenii c
aenieinoeueoaoiaaieie ae?eicai?iiae?eaiaie ? i?noeee aaiieai?ey?e c
?ioaineaiei o?aineai?ey?iei iai?iii. Oe? iniaeeaino? c’yaeyeeny i?ioyaii
1-ai oeaeiy iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaca, aeinyaaee iiaiiai ?icaeoeo
iai?ee?ioe? 3-ai oeaeiy aeeooy ? caa??aaeeny a c??eiio a?oe?.

Caaaeii, a aia??iaaiac? iane/ai?noue iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena
aenieinoeueoaoiaaieie ae?eicai?iiae?eaiaie ii?aeioaaeany c iaiaaeaiith
aeoeai?noth nei?i/oaaeueieo i?ioeeo?a; a iinoiaoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo
niinoa??aaeiny cai?ioi? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy: a?oie aieieii c aenieei ??aiai
aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cia aeaiiino?oaaee ?icaeiaiee aieieiiiee aia?ao ?
ee?oeiiee eiiiiiaio no?iie i?e aenieiio ai?no? aea?iaoainoeueoaoa a
neeaae? iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena.

I?e ii??aiyii? noa?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?eueieoeue i?iea?aea c
??ciith iane/ai?noth eaeoeiaie PNA ? UeA aeyaeeiny, ui no?oeoo?i?
iniaeeaino? ae?eueieoeue c iecueeith nii??aeiai?noth aei eaeoei?a iaio
oei?a noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ia ?ic??ciththoueny; e??i oiai, oe?
ae?eueieoe? iathoue caaaeueio eieae?caoe?th a i?iea?ae?. Noaoenoe/iee
aiae?c io/e?a i’yciaeo aieieii c ?ioaineaiei ne??ieaiiyi eaeoei?a PNA ?
UeA na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oea — oeaieii? ae?eueieoe? ??ciiai oeio. A
i?aiaoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo uo?a iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeae?eueea oei?a oeaieiieo
ae?eueieoeue c ??cieie aeanoeainoyie — ye ii a?aeiioaiith aei ne??ieaiiy
eaeoei?a, oae ? ca e?euee?nieie no?oeoo?ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

Ii-ia?oa, oea io/ee c a?aeiinii c??eeie no?oeoo?ieie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, aaiieai?ey??a ? niieo/ii? oeaieie, aaaao? ia
?aoeaioi?e aei eaeoeio PNA. Ii-ae?oaa, io/ee c iaeneiaeueii ?icaeiaieie
i’yciai-noaeeiieie aca?iiae?yie, iane/ai? ?aoeaioi?aie aei eaeoeio UeA.
Ii-o?ao?, ae?eueieoe? c a?aeiiniei cai?cithaaiiyi a oi?ioaaii? oeaieiii?
no?oeoo?e ? c iecueeith nii??aeiai?noth aei eaeoei?a iaio oei?a. O
i?ciueiio aia??iaaiac? an? ia?a?aoiaai? a?aei?iiino? cieeathoue, ?
caaa?aeaiiy i?iea?aea eaeoeiaie iaaoaa? iaeii??aeiiai oa?aeoa?o, ui
ni?aiaaea? ?c iaaeaaiiyi i?iea?aeii a?aeiinii? aiiiaaiiino? neeaaeo
iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena ? aeoeaiino? aea/aieo oa?iaio?a. Oaeei /eiii,
aea/ai? ae?eii?ioa?ie ? eeoa oei/aniaei ia?ea?ii ?ioaineaiino?
i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei, a i?e aeinyaiaii? iaaiiai ??aiy c??eino?
i?ioeane, iiina?aaeeiaai? ieie, iaeiaeiai ?icaeiai? a on?o ae?eueieoeyo
i?iea?aea.

AENIIAEE

1. O i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? a i?iea?ae? e?aiai oeoii/ea na?oey uo?a a
oi?ioaaii? i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei aeae?eythoueny aeaa ia??iaee.
Ia?oee ia??iae — eiio a?aeiia?aea? aia??iiaeueiee oei aca?iiae?e —
o?eaa? c 12-? ii 18-o aeiao aia??iaaiaca ? a?aei?/aiee ianooiieie
?enaie: 1) ?nioaaiiyi /?oei? ciiaeueiino?, iia’ycaii? c oi?ieaaiiyi
eiiiaeoiiai, o?aaaeoey?iiai ? aoa/anoiai i?iea?aea, a iio?i —
noaaiaeiea?ae?aeueii?, ?io?aio?aeueii? ? noaaiaeiea?ae?aeueii? cii; 2)
iayai?noth a?noio?i?/ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo a?aae??io?a a iaaeao
aiaeiea?ae-ai?ea?ae; 3) iaaiei ca’yceii i?ae a?noio?i?/ieie e
noa?aieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

2. I?ioyaii ia?oiai ia??iaeo ciie c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a o iicaee?oeiiiio iao?een?
(eiiiaeoiee i?iea?ae, noaai?ea?ae?aeueia ciia) iathoue aenie? cia/aiiy
noa?aieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
a?noino?oeoo?e, ? a?eueo iecuee? iieacieee aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cio.
Ciie c? cieaeaiith e?euee?noth aea?iaoainoeueoaoa ? i?aeaeuaiith
e?euee?noth iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieo ae?eicai?iiae?eai?a (o?aaaeoey?iee
i?iea?ae, noaaiaeiea?ae?aeueia ciia) iathoue iecuee? e?euee?ni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oeaieiii? c??eino? ? i?aeaeuaio aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a
aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io.

3. Ae?oaee ia??iae, ia?ao?aeiee, ui iieyaa? a ?aieao i?ciueiai
aia??iaaiaca, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cieaeaiiyi no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo
a?aae??io?a a i?iea?ae? e?aiai oeoii/ea ? ao?aoith ?noioieo
a?noio?i?/ieo ? e?euee?nieo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae ciiaie i?iea?aea.

4. O ?aiiueiio iinoiaoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
ae?eueie/iai i?eioeeio a i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiineiao — c??eee oei
i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e. C 2-? aei 20-? aeiae aeeooy aeae?eythoueny
io/ee i’yciaeo aieieii, a yeeo cieaeaia oa?iaioaoeaia aeoeai?noue
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a ? eai?ey??a ii?aeio?oueny c a?eueo iecueeith
u?euei?noth oiaeiaee eieaaaia ? ee?oei niieo/ii( oeaieie, i?aeaeuaiith
e?euee?noth iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena, ui i?noeoue iecueeinoeueoaoiaai(
oiiae?i(oei-4- ? oiiaei?i(oei-6-noeueoaoe oa a(aeo?iiiao eeneioo. Io/ee
i’yciaeo aieieii ?ioiai oeio aeaiiino?othoue aenieo iai?oaeai?noue
?aaeoe?e aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cia ? o?aineai(ey?iiai iai?io; i?e
oeueiio ?o iaaeieeoiy eieaaaiiaa n?oue a?eueo ?icaeiaia, a a?aeiinii
iaioee ia’?i iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena i?aaenoaaeaiee aenieinoeueoaoiaaiei
aea?iaoainoeueoaoii.

5. A aia?(iaaiac( ? a iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ?nioaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueia
aeoeai?noue oeaieie (aecia/oaaia ??aiai aia?aaoe/iiai ? o?aineai(ey?iiai
iai?io) iia’ycaia c ??ciei oa?aeoa?ii i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e. A
aia?(iaaiac( iaio aeoeai? iaeano? (eiiiaeoiee i?iea?ae,
noaai(ea?ae(aeueia ciia) a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueo ?icaeiaiith
a(noino?oeoo?ith ? a?eueo «c??eei» neeaaeii iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena
(aenieee ai?no aea?iaoainoeueoaoa); ooieoe?iiaeueii a?eueo aeoeai? ciie
(o?aaaeoey?iee i?iea?ae ? noaaiaeiea?ae(aeueia ciia), ui iathoue iaio?
cia/aiiy oeaieiieo noa?aieia(/ieo ia?aiao??a, a?ae??ciythoueny neeaaeii
iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena, aeecueeei aei «aia??iiaeueiiai». O
iinoiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeai? iaeano? iathoue a
neeaae? iicaee?oeiiiai iao?eena aenieee ai?no aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo
ae(eicai(iiae(eai(a, a aii?oiee eiiiiiaio niieo/ii( oeaieie cii c
iecueeith aeoeai?noth oa?iaio?a aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io iane/aiee
a(aeo?iiiaith eeneioith ? iecueeinoeueoaoiaaieie ae?eicai?iiae?eaiaie.

6. ?aoeaioi?e aei eaeoeio PNA c’yaeythoueny a i?iea?ae? e?aiai oeoii/ea
ia ?aii?o aoaiao ?icaeoeo ? aae aei e?ioeaaeo noaae?e aia?(iaaiaca
yaeythoue niaith nai???aeiee ia?ea? c??eino? a(noino?oeoo?e. O
?iciiae?eaii? a?noio?i?/ii? i?oee niinoa??aa?oueny ye ciiaeueiee, oae ?
ae?eueie/ee i?eioeei, iia’ycaiee c iineeaiiyi e?eueeino? ?aoeaioi?(a ia
iiaa?oi? ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a a iiaeo a?oiao i’yciaeo aieieii. ?aoeaioi?e
aei eaeoeia UeA na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue noaeeiii-i’yciaeo
aca?iiae?e a i?ciueiio aia?(iaaiac(.

7. I?eaeaaiiy oeeoiiaia?aiaie ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a iiae?aieo aeanoeainoae
a?aeiinii e?eueeino? ?aoeaioi?(a aei eaeoei(a PNA ? UeA ni?aiaaea? c
ao?aoith iaiaeii??aeiino( a(noio(i(/ieo ? noa?aieia(/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?iea?aea, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?noioio o/anoue iiaa?oiaaeo
ae(eieii’thaao(a a oi?ioaaii? i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iiae?e a aia?(iaaiac(.
??aiii??ia ?iciiae?eaiiy i?oee aea/aieo eaeoei(a a iinoiaoaeueiiio
?icaeoeo a?aeia?aaea? oie oaeo, ui ee(oeiii-iao?eeni( aca?iiae??,
iiina?aaeeiaai? ae(eii?ioa(iaie c e?ioeaaeie aaeaeoicith ? ooeicith, a
oeae ia??iae ?icaeoeo ?(aiiae?aaeai( o an?o ciiao ? i’yciaeo io/eao
e?aioeoii/eiaiai i?iea?aea.

NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaooaee? I.A. Oeeiaaiaoe/aneee aniaeo ?acaeoey nie?aoeoaeueiiai
aiia?aoa na?aeoea // Ii?oieiaey ?acaeaathuaainy na?aeoea (no?oeoo?a,
oeueo?ano?oeoo?a, iaoaaieeci) / A.A.Eiceia, E.A.Oaa?aeioeaa,
E.N.Oiiiueea, A.Ae.Ieoaeia; Aeiai?iiao?ianeay ain. iaae. aeaaeaiey.-
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1995.- *. 4.2.- N. 194-203.

2. E?aia?ue N.A., Iaooaee? I.A. No?oeoo?iay i?aaiecaoeey na?aeoea a
iioiaaiaca aioeaee // Ii?oieiaey ?acaeaathuaainy na?aeoea (no?oeoo?a,
oeueo?ano?oeoo?a, iaoaaieeci) / A.A.Eiceia, E.A.Oaa?aeioeaa,
E.N.Oiiiueea, A.Ae.Ieoaeia; Aeiai?iiao?ianeay ain. iaae. aeaaeaiey.-
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1995.- *. 2.1.- N. 75-92.

3. Eiceia A.A., Iaooaee? I.A., *a?iye A.A. Niiinoaaeoaeueiue aiaeec
i?ioeannia ea?aeeiieiaaiaca, aaneoeiaaiaca e iaoaaieecia na?aeoea //
I?eeeaaeiay aiaoiiey na?aeoea / Iiae ?aae. A.A.Eiceiaa.-
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1996.- N. 88-110.

4. Oaa?aeioeaa E.A., Oiiiueea E.N., Iaooaee? I.A. I?eeeaaeiay aeiiao?ey
aeey ii?oieiaa.- Aeiai?iiao?iane: Ii?iae, 1996.- 226 n.

5. Iaooaee? I.A. Eiee/anoaaiiue aiaeec oi?ie?iaaiey
ia?aioeiaoicii-no?iiaeueiuo acaeiiioiioaiee a ieiea?aea e?un a
i?aiaoaeueiii iioiaaiaca // Aanoiee i?iaeai nia?aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu.-
1994.- Aui. 5.- N. 28-36.

6. Iaooaee? I.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiiue e iaoaiaoe/aneee aiaeec ?acaeoey
ia?aioeiaoicii-no?iiaeueiuo acaeiiaeaenoaee a na?aeoea // Aanoiee
i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.- 1997.- Aui. 16.- N. 55-57.

7. Oi?ie?iaaiea i?ino?ainoaaiiie no?oeoo?u yia?eiiaeueiiai ieiea?aea
ieaeiieoathueo / E?aia?ue N.A., Oaoi?iay A.O., Iaooaee? I.A. e ae?. //
Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia?? (Oaoiaa aeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue II
iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a oa
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie. Eoaainuee, 16-19 aa?aniy 1998 ?.) / I?ae
?aae. A.A.Eiaaoi?eiaa.- Eoaainuee: AAO «EIAe», 1998.- N.148-150.

8. Iaooaee? I.A. Eiee/anoaaiiue aiaeec aeeyiey aiaoiaai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
iioiea ia aeeooa?aioee?iaeo ia?aioeiu ieiea?aea // Ii?oieiaey na?aeoea e
ninoaeenoie nenoaiu.- Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1994.- N. 30-34.

9. Iaooaee? I.A. ?aiiea iioiaaiaoe/aneea niauoey a ?acaeoee oeaiaauo
acaeiiioiioaiee a yia?eiiaeueiii ieiea?aea e?un // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
ii?oieiaee na?aeoea.- Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1996.- N. 89-93.

10. Iao. 22444 A, IEE A61A 10/00, G01N 33/48. Niin?a aecia/aiiy
aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cio i?iea?aea / Eiceia A.I., Oaa?aeioe?a ?.A.,
Oiiiueea ?.N., Iaooae?? I.A. oa ?i. (Oe?a?ia).- ? 95115049; Cayae.
28.11.95; Iioae. 03.03.98.

11. Aiaeec acaeiinayce iaaeaeo i?ieeoa?aoeaiie aeoeaiinoueth
ea?aeeiieioeeoia e eioaineaiinoueth iaioici-oinoaoiiai ooioa a ieiea?aea
e?un a ?aiiai iioiaaiaca / Eiceia A.A., Oiiiueea E.N., Oaa?aeioeaa E.A.,
Iaooaee? I.A..- E., 1993.- 14 n.- ?oe.aeai. a Oe?IIOAI 10.01.93, ?
29-Oe93.

12. ?acaeoea ieioea?eeey?iiai e ieoioiiae?eaeueiiai aiia?aoa ieiea?aea a
?aiiai iioiaaiaca / Eiceia A.A., Oiiiueea E.N., Oaa?aeioeaa E.A.,
Iaooaee? I.A..- E., 1993.- 22 n.- ?oe.aeai. a Oe?IIOAI 18.02.93, ?
193-Oe93.

13. Iaooaee? I.A. ?aiiea iioiaaiaoe/aneea niauoey a ?acaeoee oeaiaauo
acaeiiioiioaiee a yia?eiiaeueiii ieiea?aea e?un.- E., 1995.- 5 n.- ?oe.
aeai. a Oe?IIOAI 07.02.95, ? 285 — Oe 95.

14. Iaooaee? I.A. ?acaeoea ieioea?eeey?iiai e ieoioiiae?eaeueiiai
aiia?aoa e?un a iioiaaiaca.- E., 1995.- 8 n.- ?oe. aeai. a Oe?IIOAI
07.02.95, ? 289 — Oe 95.

15. Shponka I.S., Tverdochleb I.V., Mashtalir M.A. Heterogeneity of
mitochondria in human myocardium: ontogenic aspects // Abstr. of XVI
Cong. of Polish Anatom. Society.- Olsztyn, 1993.- P. 148.

16. Oaa?aeioeaa E.A., Iaooaee? I.A. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?iay aaoa?iaaiiinoue
ea?aeeiieioeeoia a c?aeii e ?acaeaathuainy ieiea?aea // Aeooaeueii
ieoaiiy ii?oieiai?: Oac. aeii. I Iaoeiiiaeueiiai eiia?ano aiaoiiia,
ainoieiaia, aia?iieiaia oa oiiia?aoiaiaoiiia Oe?a?ie 8-10 aa?aniy 1994
?.- Iaaii-O?aieianuee, 1994.- N.171.

17. E?aia?ue N.A., Iaooaee? I.A. E aii?ino i ii?oieiai-aeioeie/aneeo
niioaaonoaeyo a ?acaeoee ieiea?aea / Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco:
Iao. iaoe. eiio., i?enay/aii( 100-?i//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?ioani?a
I.A.Oo?eaae/a.- *a?i(aoei, 1994.- N. 93-94.

18. Shponka I.S., Tverdochleb I.V., Mashtalir M.A. Interralation between
histogenetic and cytogenetic events in myocardium // Abstr. of XIV
Federat. Internat. Cong. of Anatomy.- Lisbon, 1994.- P. 308.

19. Iaooaee? I.A. Iaaeeeaoi/iua acaeiiaeaenoaey a ieiea?aea a oiaea
iioiaaiaca // Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie ooieoeiiiaeueii( aiaoiii( noaeeiii(
nenoaie.- Eueaia, 1995.- N. 81.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaooae?? I.A. ?icaeoie i?aeoeaieiieo a?aeiinei a na?oe? uo??a a
?aiiueiio iioiaaiac?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y.- Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy aca?iiae?e i?ae ??cieie
oeaieiieie eiiiiiaioaie a neeaae? i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea na?oey uo?a.
O ?iaio? aeyaeaiee /?oeee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ye?nieie aeyaaie
aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie, ??aiai aia?aaoe/iiai iaoaaie?cia ?
e?euee?nieie no?oeoo?ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?iea?aea. Aecia/ai? oeie
i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei a na?oe? uo?a e onoaiiaeai? o?iiieia?/i?
?aiee ?o ?aae?caoe??. C’yniaaia ?ieue ?aoeaioi??a ee?oeiii? iiaa?oi?
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a aei eaeoei?a PNA ? UeA. Cai?iiiiiaaia a ?iaio?
ii?aeiaiiy e?euee?nieo ii?oieia?/ieo oa a?noio?i?/ieo iaoiae?a iaaea?
iiaeeea?noue a?eueo aeeaieiai aiae?ca i?aeoeaieiieo aca?iia?aeiinei a
??cieo i?aaiao ? oeaieiao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: na?oea, e?aee oeoii/ie, iioiaaiac, ea?ae?ii?ioeeoe,
niieo/ia oeaieia, aaiieai?ey?e.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaooaee? I.A. ?acaeoea iaaeoeaiaauo ioiioaiee a na?aeoea e?un a ?aiiai
iioiaaiaca.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 — ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey.- Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oi?ie?iaaiey acaeiiaeaenoaee iaaeaeo
?acee/iuie oeaiaauie eiiiiiaioaie a ninoaaa ieiea?aea eaaiai aeaeoaei/ea
na?aeoea e?unu. A ?aaioa auyaeaia io/aoeeaay acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo
ea/anoaaiiuie i?iyaeaieyie aeeooa?aioee?iaee niaaeeieoaeueiie oeaie,
o?iaiai yia?aaoe/aneiai iaoaaieecia e eiee/anoaaiiuie no?oeoo?iuie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ieiea?aea. Ii?aaeaeaiu oeiu iaaeoeaiaauo
acaeiiioiioaiee a na?aeoea e?unu e onoaiiaeaiu o?iiieiae/aneea ?aiee eo
?aaeecaoeee. Auyniaia ?ieue ?aoeaioi?ia eeaoi/iie iiaa?oiinoe
ea?aeeiieioeeoia e eaeoeiai PNA e UeA. I?aaeeiaeaiiia a ?aaioa ni/aoaiea
eiee/anoaaiiuo ii?oieiae/aneeo e aenoioeie/aneeo iaoiaeia i?aaeinoaaeyao
aiciiaeiinoue aieaa aeoaieiai aiaeeca iaaeoeaiaauo acaeiiioiioaiee a
?aciuo i?aaiao e oeaiyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: na?aeoea, eaaue aeaeoaei/ae, iioiaaiac,
ea?aeeiieioeeou, niaaeeieoaeueiay oeaiue, aaiieaieeey?u.

ANNOTATION

Mashtalir M.A. Intertissue relationship’s development on rat heart in
early ontogenesis.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.03.01 — normal
anatomy.- Kharkov State Medical University, Kharkov, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to some aspects of relationship’s formation
between different tissue components in left ventricular myocardium of
rat heart. There is established the clear connection between
differentiation of connective tissue, energetic metabolism and
quantitative characteristics of myocardial structure. There are
determined the types of intertissue relationship on rat heart and
chronology of their realization. The role of myocyte surface receptors
to PNA and UeA lectins is elucidated. Suggested complex of quantitative
morphological and histochemical methods give a possibility to analyse
deeper the intertissue relationship in different organs and tissues.

Key words: heart, left ventriculum, ontogenesis, cardiac myocytes,
connective tissue, haemocapillaries.

2

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