EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Noaaeiee Aieiaeeie? Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 159.9:62

?icaeoie iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? i?e
ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao

(ia i?eeeaae? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?)

19. 00. 03 — ineoieia?y i?aoe?, ?iaeaia?ia ineoieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? EACI??AIEI
Ay/aneaa Iao?iae/, Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a nioe?aeueii? ?iaioe oa iaaeaaia?ee, caa?aeoaa/.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee EA?IAIEI Ieaen?e A?eoi?iae/, NI «?inaeo», aee?aeoi?

Eaiae. ineoie. iaoe, aeioeaio, AIAe?INTHE Ay/aneaa Aai?a?eiae/.,
Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a th?eaee/ii?
ineoieia??, i?ioani?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
i?eeeaaeii? ineoieia??, Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 8 » 10 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.001.26 o Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252017,
i.Ee?a , aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea 64.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «8» aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aenieee aeeiai?ci ?icaeoeo aeeooy a no/anieo
nioe?aeueieo oiiaao, c?inoaiiy aeiia aei nai?/aniino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue,
oaeaeeino? oa oi/iino? aeeiiaiiy ae?e oa iia?aoe?e, iia?aoeaiino?
eiio?ieth coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao, a iniaeeai oaeiai
eeth/iaiai ?? eiiiiiaioa ye ineoieia?/i? caniae ?? ?aaoeyoe??.

I?ae aeno?aiaeueieie oiiaaie ae?yeueiino? ne?ae ?icoi?oe coiiaeai?
aieeaii oaeeo oaeoi??a, ye aeniea nioe?aeueia cia/ou?noue, neeueia
caeo/ai?noue iniaeno?niiai ci?noo, iaaeiaa aai iaeaea iaaeiaa
o?oaei?noue caaaeaiue, ?ioi?iaoe?eia iaaecia/ai?noue, aaeeea «oe?ia»
iiieeie. Ca oaeeo oiia ae?yeueiino? o ethaeeie /anoi aeieea? noai
aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? iaaaeaeaaoiiai ??aiy, yeee cieaeo? no?ee?noue
aei ia?aoeiae, iaae?ei?noue ae?yeueiino?, yea aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee
??aiai ?icaeoeo i?ioan?eieo iaae/ie oa aaee/eiith i?aaiaiiy aei
aeinyaiaiiy iiceoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, aea e nooiaiai aaeaioeaieo
iiaeeeainoae aei aiioe?iaaiieo oaeoi??a. Oae? aaeaioeai? iiaeeeaino?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny «aioo??oi?ie oiiaaie» (N.E. ?oa?iooaei), ye?
neeaaeathoue iniiao ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ? i?eciith
ia?aeiieaiiy «ciai?oi?o i?e/ei». Ineo?/iee noai ethaeeie ?
iaeaaaeeea?oith eaieith «aioo??oi?o oiia», yea aieeaa? ia ia?aa?a
ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a, a ioaea e ia iaae?ei?noue ae?yeueiino?.

Aaaaoi aeine?aeiee?a ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao (A.I. Ayoe?i
1981, TH.ss. Eenaeueia 1983, E.I. Aaie?i 1987, A.N. Eaeea? 1987, O.I.
Ii?aai, E.E. Ae?enii 1990, Ae. Ia?oain 1979, A.E. Ia?euoe 1978, O.N.
Ee?eeaiei 1977, A.Aeae. E?aoo? 1978, E.I. A?eiae 1982, E.A. Eeoa?a-Niee
1983) aeacothoue, ui aenieee ??aaiue iaae?eiino? iiaea aooe aeinyaiooee
o?eueee i?e iioeiaeueiiio nooiaith aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?, yeee
ni?eyoeeai aieeaa? ia ?aae?caoe?th aioiaiino?. Oaeiae aaaaoi aaoi??a
(A.A. Naiee?i 1986, A.A. E?iiiaa 1984, E.A. Aeeea 1983, 1985, TH.?.
Oeeeiiiaiei 1982, A.?. Iaaeaaae?a 1985 oa ?i.) na?ae/aoue i?i
iaaeinoaoith ?ic?iaeo caaaeaiiy i?aeai?o oa canoinoaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aea??eiaeo cania?a ei?aeoe?? aeooaeueieo oa
iia?aoeaieo aiioe?eieo noai?a. Ioaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy cania?a
iioei?caoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? ? aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi o ?iaio?
ineoieia?a nueiaiaei?.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea i?e
?ic?iaoe? oaie «?iiaaoe?eia iiaaae?iea iieiae? Oe?a?ie a ia??iae
?icaoaeiae aea?aeaaiino? (ineoieia?/iee aniaeo)». A oaeiae a ?aieao
iaoeiai — iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ii ineoieia?/i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
iaoe?iiaeueieo ca??ieo eiiaiae Oe?a?ie, oa a?aeiia?aeii aei oaie
«?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? nenoaie iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ca
ooieoe?iiaeueiith i?aeaioiaai?noth nii?oniai?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??»
IAe? AeIAe?OE?N, ? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 910026136.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? caniae ineoieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee, ni?yiiaaii? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii?
ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino?
ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao nii?oeaieo ciaaaiue.

A?iioaca: Canoinoaaiiy ia aoai? niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
aea??eiaeo iaoiae?a ?icaeoeo iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe??
aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? aoaea ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
oi?ioaaiiy ineoieia?/ii? aioiaiino? aei ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo
oiiaao nii?oeaieo ciaaaiue.

Ia(?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea ineoieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea
aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a aei ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo
oiiaao nii?oeaieo ciaaaiue.

Ca i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei acyoi noaie aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?, ui
aeieeathoue ia aoai? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee oa
aaciina?aaeiuei a oiiaao ciaaaiue oa iaoai?cie ?o iniaeno?nii?
?aaoeyoe??.

Oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1.Iaa?oiooaaoe oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao oeyoii iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe??
aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?.

Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? aieeao aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? ia iaae?ei?noue
ae?yeueiino? ia iniaeeai aaaeeeaeo aoaiao i?ioan?eii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?
i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a, nie?ath/enue ia neeaaeaio aiae?oe/io
i?ioan?ia?aio aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a.

Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenii? ae?? aea??eiaeo iaoiae?a
?icaeoeo iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? a
aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo.

Ai?iaaaeeoe a i?aeoeeo i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a no??eueoe?a ?c eoea aeui?
eaae?o?eaoe?? eiiieaen cania?a ? iaoiae?a ineoieia?/ii? ?aaoeyoe??
ae?yeueiino? oa noai?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iniaeno?nieo iniaeeainoae.

Oaeineiiaeeoe ?nioth/? i?ioan?eii-ineoieia?/i? i?ia?aie i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao ??ciiai ??aiy neeaaeiino?
(o?aioaaiue, eiio?ieueieo ciaaaiue, a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ciaaaiue).

?ic?iaeoe iai?yiee iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo eiiieaenieo caoiae?a
ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe aeey ??cieo aeae?a nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? c
o?aooaaiiyi oaoiaeo iniaeeainoae oa niaoeeo?ee ie?aieo nii?oeaieo
niaoe?ae?caoe?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e ia iaoa??ae?
ae?yeueiino? nii?oniai?a no??eueoe?a ?c eoea aeui? eaae?o?eaoe?? aia?oa
iaa?oioiaaii iai?yiie i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ae?yeueiino? ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy ineoieia?/ieo cania?a oa iaoiae?a ei?aeoe??
aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? /a?ac i?aeeeth/aiiy iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii?
?aaoeyoe??.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii?
iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a iioi/iiai e iia?aoeaiiai ineoieia?/iiai
eiio?ieth a ia?aaeciaaaeueieo oa i?neyciaaaeueieo i?e?ioeeeeao, iaoiae?a
?aoe?iiaeueii? ? noaanoeaii? ineoiei?aeoe??, iaa/aiiy naii?aaoeyoe?? c
o?aooaaiiyi aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aiae?co iniaeeainoae aiioe?eii?
?aaoeyoe?? nii?oniai?a a oiiaao ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e aeathoueny
eiie?aoi? oai?aoe/i? e i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei caaacia/aiiy
niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a no??eueoe?a ?c eoea
aeui? eaae?o?eaoe?? aei ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao nii?oeaieo
ciaaaiue. A aeine?aeaeaii? iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a
ineoiei?aeoe?? a oiiaao ia?aaenoa?oiai? oa i?neynoa?oiai? aiioe?eii?
iai?oaeaiino?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy e c?iaeai? ia ?o iniia?
aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no ineoieia??
nii?oo, oai??? ? iaoiaeeee eo/iiai nii?oo o aeueo ? na?aaei?o o/aiaeo
caeeaaeao ?c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, a oaeiae a i?aeaioiaoe? i?aeoe/ieo oa
nii?oeaieo ineoieia?a, i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?c
ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee no??eueoe?a ?c eoea. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeaioiaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ca??ieo
eiiaiae Oe?a?ie c? no??eueae ?c eoea aei Ie?ii?enueeeo ?ai?, *aii?iiao?a
?a?iie oa Na?oo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? oai?aoe/ieo canaae
ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao,
cie?aia iniaeno?nieo iaoai?ci?a ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?.
Aaoi?ii aeeiiaii aaeeeo eii?oeo i?aoeth c i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy
aii??e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a o
i?aeoeeo i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a a?aeaoaaeany ia VI ?in?enuee?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu acaeiinayce yiioeee, iuoeaiey e aiee»;
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Iiaua iiaeoiaeu e ineoi?aaoeyoeee a nii?oa»
(?inoia ia Aeiio 21-24.09.1994); 2-io I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c
ineoieia?? nii?oo (Iineaa 12-15.06.1995); 2 C(?cae? ineoieia?a Oe?a?ie a
Ee?a? a 1996 ?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, cae?i/aiiy, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y ia? caaaeueiee ianya 147 noi??iie, i?noeoue 28
?ethno?aoe?e, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny c 243
iaeiaioaaiue.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 8 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo. Caaaeueiei
ianyaii 23,5 noi??iie. E??i oiai iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue aoee
aeei?enoai? ? iaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo iaoa??ae?a, i?aenoieiaeo ca?o?a AeIAe?OE?N ii
??cieo aeaeao i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? nii?oniai?a ca??ieo eiiaiae
Oe?a?ie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny iaoa ? caaea/?, iieacaia iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?acoeueoao?a, ui io?eiai?.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?ice?eaathoueny oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae
?iaioe. I?iaiaeeoueny iaeyae iniiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ineo?/ii?
aioiaiino? ye iniiaiiai oaeoi?a iaae?eiino? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie a
aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao, aieeao no?ano ia noai aioiaiino?, iniaeeainoae
ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? a nii?oeai?e ae?yeueiino?. Iaoa??aee i?iaaaeaiiai
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co aoei acyoi ye i?aea?oioy, ia yeiio caniiaoaaany
a?aea?? iniiaieo iai?yie?a naiino?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaee
iaoiaeieia?? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo cania?a ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii?
iai?oaeaiino?.

I?iaeaia iaae?eiino? nai?i caoaa?aeaeaiiyi a ?iaeaia?i?e ineoieia?? oa
ineoieia?? i?aoe? ciaia’ycaia oei ianoaaeiai, ui ethaeeia-iia?aoi?
i?eionea?oueny a i?ioean? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? iiieeie ??ciiai
oa?aeoa?o. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, i?iaeaia iaae?eiino? ethaeeie-iia?aoi?a
«c?inea» c i?iaeaie iiieeie (A.N.Ieeeoi?ia 1977, 1996). I?e aiae?c?
iiieeeiaeo ae?e iia?aoi?a aeae?eythoueny /enaeuei? oaeoi?e, aea
iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei na?aae ieo ? ineoieia?/iee, ui ciaoiaeeoue nai?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a i?aoeyo A.I.Ca?aeianueeiai (1966), E.I Ao?aae/a
(1970) , A.N.Ieeeoi?iaa (1977, 1996), I.O. E?oaeiai? (1979) oa ?i. A
iao?e ?iaio? ie nie?aeeny ia iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? iaae?eiino?,
?ic?iaeai? a ineoieia?/i?e iaooe? (A.A. Aiaaeaiei, TH.E. Aaey?a, A.Ae.
Nieiaeia 1965, A.A. Iooe?i 1971, A.Ae. Iaaee?oeei 1964, TH.A. Oie?i
1985, A.?. Aoa?inueeee, A.A.?aa?aoia 1977, Ia?nanyi E.N., Eiiiieei I.A.
1978 oa ?i.).

Canoinoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
??cieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? aeicaieeei aeyaeoe, ui i?ioean naii?aaoeyoe??
oa naiii?aai?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? ? ae?eniei oaeoi?ii i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie (?icoiiai? oa
o?ce/ii?) (I.O. E?oaeiaa 1979).

?nio? ?yae niaoeeo?/ieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo eaiie i?ioeano naii?aaoeyoe??
caaaeueieo aeey ??cieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?. Oaeeo, ui aenooiathoue a
yeino? aioo??oi?o ineoieia?/ieo cania?a i?aai?caoe?? ae?yeueiino?, ui
iiina?aaeeiaothoue caeaaei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? a?ae ??
neeaaeieo ciai?oi?o oiia oa aioo??oi?o noai?a. Aeaiaioe aai ia?aiao?e,
eio?? noa(?eoeaii cia/ou?, aaaeeea? aeey aeeiiaiiy oe?eani?yiiaaii?
ae?yeueiino?, a ia?oo /a?ao, iaeaaeaoue naii?aaoeyoe?? oa
naiii?aai?caoe?? c aieo aeeiiaaoey, ui ae?aaea?oueny a ?o a?eueoiio
/aniaiio caa?aaeaii?.

I?ae ?icaeoeii iniaeno?nieo iaoai?ci?a ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii?
iai?oaeaiino? ie ?icoi??ii — i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy iniaeno?nii? aeia?eueii?
naii?aaoeyoe??, yeee cae?enith?oueny oao?aoeai ineoieiaii ni?eueii c
nii?oniaiii a ei?ioeee oa?i?i ? ? nei?i/aiei aa??aioii ii?aeiaiiy
caa/anii? oa aaciina?aaeiuei? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aei ae?yeueiino?
a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao nii?oeaieo ciaaaiue.

Nooo?aee aeeaae o ?ic?iaeo i?iaeaie ?ie? ineoieia?/iiai ??aiy ?aaoeyoe??
ae?yeueiino? aianea caaaeueia oai??y ooieoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie I.E.
Aiio?ia (1973, 1978), oaeiae oai??y oi?aae?iiy ?ooaie ethaeeie, yeo
?ic?iaea I.A.Aa?iooaei (1966).

Iaea?eueo yne?aai iaae?ei?noue ethaeeie aeyaey?oueny a aeno?aiaeueieo
oiiaao ae?yeueiino?, ye? aenoaathoue i?aeaeuai? aeiiae aei noa(?eoa. O
cae/aeieo oiiaao ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ?ica?aeiino? ii iaae?eiino?
i?aaeththoueny, aea o a?aeiioaii? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe aiie
caa??aathoueny. Oiio aeey aecia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iieaciee?a
iaae?eiino? ethaeeia iiaeiia aooe iinoaaeaia a aeno?aiaeuei? oiiae.

Aaaeeeaei ? ieoaiiy i?i oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue iaae?ei?noue ?iaioe
ethaeeie. Aaaaea?ii neooiei i?aeo?ae, ui aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee
A.Ae.Iaaee?oeeiei (1964), i?i iaiao?aei?noue aeae?eyoe o?e iniiai? a?oie
oaeoi??a noiniaii o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?:

Eaae?o?eaoe?y ?iai/iai ia?niiaeo oa ye?noue iaeaaeiaiiy.

Oaeoi?e ae?oai? a?oie ia(?aeiothoueny caaaeueiei iiiyooyi o?aiiaai?noue.
Naia cae?ai?noue aei o?aioaaiiy oa aeinyaiaiiy aenieeo iieaciee?a
o?aiiaaiino? aaeeeith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeoi??a o?aouei? a?oie.

Oaeoi?e oe??? a?oie iathoue aeania iniaeno?niee oa?aeoa? ?
?iaeeaeaeoaeuei? ?ica?aeiino? ii iaae?eiino? caeaaeaoue o a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a naia a?ae ieo.

A iao?e ?iaio? aoea caa?iooa iniaeeaa oaaaa ia o?aoth i?aea?oio oaeoi??a
iaae?eiino?, yeo neeaaeathoue aeania ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ia a?aei?io
a?ae aeaio iiia?aaei?o i?aea?oi aiie i?aeaeathoueny oe?eani?yiiaaiiio
aeoiaaith aai ae??. Cia/aiiy oeeo oaeoi??a i?aee?aneth?oueny a i?aoeyo
A.?.Aoaeinueeiai, A.?.Ieeiea?aa (1970), A.N.Ieeeoi?iaa (1973, 1996),
A.Ae. Iaaee?oeeia (1964), ?.I. ?eue?ia (1975).

Cia/iith oiiaith ineoieia?/ii? iaae?eiino? ? neeaaeiaa ineo?/iiai noaio,
yeee ie ?icoi??ii ye «caaaeueiee ooieoe?iiaeueiee ??aaiue, ia oe? yeiai
?icaeaa?oueny i?ioean» (I.Ae. Eaa?oia, A.I. Iyneuaa).

Cia/iee aianie o aea/aiiy ineo?/ieo noai?a c?iaea I.Ae. Eaa?oia, o 1967;
1969; 1971; 1972 ??. A nai?o ?iaioao aaoi? aea? ?icai?iooo
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ineo?/ieo noai?a, ?icaeyaea? ?o aca?iica’ycie c
o?c?ieia?/ieie iniiaaie, aea? aeaye? iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
?o ?aaoeyoe?? oa ei?aeoe??. Oeae iai?yiie aoa i?iaeiaaeaiee TH.I.
Caa?iae?iei (1983), I.I. Aeaieeiaith (1985). E??i oiai ineoieia?/ia
iaoea ?icaeyaea? ineo?/iee noai ye aioiai?noue aei ae?yeueiino?, yea
aenooia? oe?e?niith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ineo?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ca iaaiee
ia??iae /ano, ui iieaco? nai???aei?noue ia?aa?ao ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a
caeaaeii a?ae i?aaeiao?a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoueny ? yaeu ae?eniino?,
noaio, ui ia?aaeo?, ? ineo?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniae.

A no/ani?e ineoieia?/i?e iaooe? ?nio? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei
ioe?iee ? aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo ineo?/ieo noai?a. Aeoiaey/e c oaei?
eeaneo?eaoe??, aeae?eythoue: iniaeno?ni? ? neooaoeai?, aeeaie? ?
iiaa?oiaa?, aeiaaio?eaae? ? ei?ioei/ani?, a?eueo-iaio ona?aeiieai?.
Oaeiae aeae?eythoueny na?aae i?ciaaaeueieo, aiioe?eieo ? aieueiaeo
noai?a noaie, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ineo?/io aioiai?noue ethaeeie aei
i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ?iciaaeiaoth/e oei/aniaee noai aioiaiino? aei
ae?yeueiino? ? o?eaaeo aioiai?noue. Oei/aniaa aioiai?noue
?icaeyaea?oueny ye «ia?aaenoa?oiaee noai», ui ia? o?e aeaee: cae/aeia
aac a?aeoeeaiue aei iaaaoeaii? aai iiceoeaii? noi?iie, i?aeaeuaia ?
cieaeaia. Ia?aae cae/aeiith i?aoeath. aei yei? ethaeeia caeeea, aei yei?
ia aeaiee /an ia i?aae(yaeth?oueny i?aeaeuaieo aeiia o ia?
niinoa??aa?oueny noai cae/aeii? aioiaiino?. Noai i?aeaeuaii? aioiaiino?
coiiaeaiee iiaeciith ? oai?/ith aaea/ath i?aoe?, aa?iei o?ce/iei
naiiii/oooyi, iniaeeaei noeioethaaiiyi. Noai cieaeaii? aioiaiino? iiaea
aooe aeeeeeaiee neeueiith ? ia eiio?ieueiaaiith aiioeai?noth iniae oa
i?iyaeth?oueny o a?aeaie?eaii? oaaae, iiieeeao o ae?yeueiino?.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo caaaeaiue iai iaiao?aeii aoei
aecia/eoe nooi?noue iiiyooy ? i?iaeaie aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?.

A ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeae?eythoue aiioe?eia caoaeaeaiiy,
iai?oaeaiiy ? iai?oaeai?noue, oaeiae aeei?enoiaothoue iiiyooy ineo?/ia
iai?oaeaiiy oa ineo?/ia iai?oaeai?noue. Iaea?eueo iiaii ineoieia?/iee
aiae?c noaio ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? aeai a i?aoeyo I.?.Ia?iei (1970,
1976), I.A.Ia/eii?eiai? (1968, 1969), I.A.Ia/eii?eiai? oa I.?.Ia?iei
(1968). Aeai?, ye? aiie io?eiaee a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo,
aeicaieeee aeineoue /?oei aeae?eeoe aeaa aeaee iai?oaeaiino?, iaeei c
yeeo aoa iacaaiee aiioe?eiei, a ?ioee — iia?aoe?eiei.

A iiaeaeueoiio iaie aoei aeei?enoaii o?eueee eiioaeno yaeua aiioe?eia
iai?oaeai?noue.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe ? ?io? ?iaioe aeine?aeiee?a, ui i?eae?eeee cia/io
oaaao aea/aiith «ineo?/ii? iai?oaeaiino?», «ineo?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy»,
aiioe?eii? aeoeaaoe?? (E.A.C?eueaa?iai 1969, A.TH.Ioia 1969, TH.ss.
Eenaeueia 1974, A.E.Ia?euoe 1981).

Aaaaoi ye? aaoi?e aeae?eythoue ca’ycie i?iaeaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
?ica?aeiinoae c i?iaeaiith ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? aei ae?yeueiino?
(A.I.Oaieia 1961, A.N.Ia?e?i 1971, A.O. Eiiia 1966).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a aeaiiio iai?yieo aoee ii/ao? ?.A.Eeeiiaei (1969) o
eaai?aoi??? A.N.Ia?e?ia. Caeaaei?noue aeeiai?ee eiie?aoiiai i?iyao
ineo?/ieo noai?a a?ae oeio aeui? ia?aiai? ae?yeueiino? a?aecia/aia a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo N.A.Een?eue (1994).

Aaeeeee aeeaae o ?ic?iaeo iiiyooy ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? aianee
aeine?aeaeaiiy Ae.I.Ociaaeca ? eiai iine?aeiaiee?a, a yeeo aea/aeanue
i?iaeaia ianoaiiae (Ae.I.Ociaaeca 1961, 1966, A.N.I?aiaaoa?e? 1973,
A.A.Ii?aeeaeca 1969). Ia aeoieo Ae.I.Ociaaeca, aeieeiaiiy aoaeue-yeiai
na?aeiiiai ineo?/iiai i?ioeano caaaeaee iiia?aaeaeo?oueny ia
«aeina?aeiiiio» ??ai? ineo?/iith ?inoaioe??th, yea ? ? aioiai?noth
noa(?eoa aei aeoeaiino?. Oaeee noai aioiaiino? iaceaa?oueny ianoaiiaith.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa o aea/aii? ineo?/ieo noai?a i?eae?ey?oueny noaiai, ye?
aeieeathoue a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao. I?ae aeno?aiaeueieie oiiaaie
ae?yeueiino? ne?ae ?icoi?oe neeaaei?, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?, oyaee?, oiaoi
o?, ui coiiaeai? no?aniaeie neooaoe?yie. Neeaaei?noue ?ooiaeo caaaeaiue,
aaeee? o?ce/i? oa ia?aiai-ineo?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy, aaeeea
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue o/aniee?a ciaaaiue ca ?acoeueoaoe aenooi?a
noaaeyoue aei?noe? aeiiae aei ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaaiino? nii?oniai?a,
aei i?oeiino? ?o ineo?/ii? noa?e (I.A. Ooaeaaeia 1977).

Aeoiaey/e c i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co, ia iaoo aeoieo oa aeayeeo ?ioeo
aaoi??a (TH.I.Aeoaeia 1971, TH.I.Aeoaeia, A.A. Ieaoo??iei, A.I.Nieieia
1974, 1977, A.A.Naiee?i 1986, A.I.sseiaeaa, A.A.Aaa?ia 1996), iiaeia
neeanoe eeaneo?eaoe?eio iiaeaeue, yea aeeth/a? no?ee? a?oie oaeoi??a, ui
coiiaeththoue «ineo?/io» iaae?ei?noue (?en. 1.).

?en.1 Eeaneo?eaoe?eia iiaeaeue a?oi oaeoi??a «ineo?/ii?» iaae?eiino?.

Aea/aiiy iniaeno?nieo oaeoi??a aioiaiino? aei ae?yeueiino? a eiioaeno?
oai??? ae?yeueiino? c o?aooaaiiyi aiioe?e oni?oo — iaoni?oo, iioea?a,
naiiioe?iee, i?iya?a aeoeaiino? ineoiiioi?ieo ooieoe?e, ca’ycaieo c
??aiai ?aaoeyoe?? ae?yeueiino?, aeicaieeoue eiie?aoecoaaoe ? iiaeeaeoe
oyaeaiiy i?i ineo?/io aioiai?noue aei ae?yeueiino?.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iieno?oueny i?aai?caoe?y oa iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao. ?ic?iaeaia oa
iaa?oioiaaia oe?e?nia ineoiae?aaiinoe/ia nenoaia aeine?aeieoeueeeo
cania?a, ui aacoaaeany ia i?ioan?ia?ao?/i?e iiaeae? nii?oeaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Aeice?aeaeaiiy aoee i?aai?ciaai? a oiiaao ?aaeueiiai o?aioaaeueiiai
i?ioeaco ia caeeth/ieo aoaiao aaciica?aaeiuei? ciaaaeueii? i?aeaioiaee a
ia??iae o/aco? cii?ociai?a o ?yae? eiio?ieueieo oa a?aea??eiaeo
ciaaaiue. Aaeaeee aecooi o oeeo ciaaaiiyo iaa aeey ciio?ciai?a aecieo
iciaeco?cio cia/ou?coue a ca`yceo c a?aeai?ii ia i?acoeaei? i?aeia?iaei?
ciaaaiiy — Ie?ii?ecuee? ?a?e, /aii?iiaoe ?a?iie oa Ca?oo. Aeice?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeecue o ?aieao iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ciaoe?aeueii?
iceoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ca??ii? eiiaiaee Oe?a?ie c no??eueae ?c eoea a
ia??iae 1994-1997 ?ie?a.

Acueiai aoei iacoaaeaii aeecueei 200 cii?ociai?a aeciei? eaae?o?eaoe??.
Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy caeeth/ii? /anoeie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ineoiei?aeoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei caeo/aii 32 cii?ociaie co??eueoe? ?c eoea: 16 /ieia?e?a, 16
ae?iie., na?aae yeeo — 3 caneoaeaieo iaeno?e nii?oo, 14 iaeno??a nii?oo
i?aeia?iaeiiai eeano, 15 iaeno??a nii?oo, na?aaei?e a?e cii?ociai?a 25
?ie?a. Iceoieia?/ia neeaaeiaa ooieoe?iiaeueiiai coaio cii?ociai?a
aea/aeacy ia iia?aoeaieo, iioi/ieo oa aoaiieo iacoaaeaiiyo. Aoaiia
iacoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeicue a e?ioe? i?aeaioia/iai ia ii/aoeo
ceiiai-aaciyiiai ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo (eecoiiaae) oa a e?oiueiio
ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae?. Ia iioi/ieo iacoaaeaiiyo i?iaiaeeeecy
aaaaoi?acia? iceoiaeeiai?/i? ciicoa?aaeaiiy ii i?e?ioeeeeao i?aeaioiaee.
Iia?aoeaiee iceoieia?/iee eiio?ieue i?iaiaeeacy a?aeiia?aeii aei
caaaeaiue aeci?ac ioe?iee ooieoe?eiiai coaio aei ? i?cey ciaaaeueieo oa
o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue iaaii? aaee/eie oa ci?yiiaaiico?.

Aaaaoi?acia? iceoieia?/i? ciicoa?aaeaiiy ia i?ioyc? 1994-1997 ?ie?a
aeicaieeee coaaeeoe ca i?ioeacii i?aeaioiaee aecieieaae?o?eiaaieo
cii?ociai?a aei a?aeiia?aeaeueieo coa?o?a oa aea??eiai ei?aeooaaoe ?o
aiioe?eiee coai, ci?yiiaoth/e ia oi?ioaaiiy aioiaiico? aei ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiico?.

O co?oeoo?? i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeco aeine?aeaeaiue oiiaii aeae?eaii o?e
co?oeoo?i? aeiee: ae?aaiinoe/iee, ei?aeoe?eiee, ioe?ii/iee (?en.2).

?en.2 No?oeoo?i? aeiee i?ia?aiiiai eiiieaeno aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia ia?oiio i?aeaoai? i?ia?aie, yeee aoiaeeoue aei ae?aaiinoe/iiai aeieo
ieaioaaeiny c?iaeoe oai?aoe/iee aiae?c, i?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo i?iya?a
?icaeoeo iioaioe?eiiai ??aiy aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?, a?aecia/eoe
iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ia??iaee c aenieei ??aiai, i?ioyaii ??/iiai oeeeeo
i?aeaioiaee AEN ??cieo niaoe?ae?caoe?e — i?aaenoaaiee?a ?a?iaeo ,
oaeaee?niineeiaeo neeaaeiieii?aeeiaoe?eieo aeae?a nii?oo. Anueiai aoei
ianoaaeaii aeecueei 200 nii?oniai?a. A oaeiae aeyaeoe niaoeeo?/i? aeey
eiaeiiai aeaeo iieacieee eiio?ieth.

Ae?oaee i?aeaoai aeaiiai aeieo aeeth/aa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iyao aiioe?eii?
iai?oaeaiino? aeooaeueiiai ??aiy o AEN no??eueoe?a ?c eoea. Aoei
caeo/aii 32 cii?ociaie : 16 /ieia?e?a, 16 ae?iie (caneoaeaieo iaeno??a
nii?oo -3, iaeno??a nii?oo i?aeia?iaeiiai eeano — 14, iaeno??a nii?oo
-15 ). Ca?aaei?e a?e cii?ociai?a 25 ?ie?a.

Ia?oei i?aeaoaiii ei?aeoe?eiiai aeieo aoei neeaaeaiiy i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? a ia??iaeao c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith
aiioe?eiith iai?oaeai?noth. Ae?oaei i?aeaoaiii aeaiiai aeieo aoei
canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie. Ia oeueiio i?aeaoai? 16 nii?oniai?a
neeaaeaee aenia?eiaioaeueio a?oio oa 16 — eiio?ieueio.A ioe?ii/iiio
aeioe? ia?oei i?aeaoaiii aoei aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iniaeno?nii?
ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? a oiiaao o?aioaaiue o ciaaaeueiiio
ia??iae?. Ae?oaei i?aeaoaiii aeaiiai aeieo aoei aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiiaao
ciaaaiue iaeiai ??aiy cia/ouino? — eiio?ieueieo. O?ao?i i?aeaoaiii aoei
aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiiaao a?aea??eiaeo ciaaaiue aenieiai ??aiy cia/ouino?.
Ciaoeeo?/ia ci?yiiaai?coue i?ia?aie aeice?aeaeaiue aeey ae?aaiinoe/iiai
aeieo iieyaaea:

— a aiae?c? oiia oa oaeoi??a, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue coai aiioe?eii?
iai?oaeaiico? a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue;

— a c`ycoaaii? oeyo?a iioi/iiai oa iia?aoeaiiai eiio?ieth aeeiai?ee oa
ae?aaeaiico? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?;

— o aecia/aii? iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo aoai?a a iae?ioeeeeao i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith iio?aaith a ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii?
iai?oaeaiino?.

Iciiaia oaaaa i?e aiae?c? ia caeeth/iiio aoai? i?aeaioiaee aoea
i?eae?eaia i?aea?aeiiio, ciaaaeueiiio oa a?aeiiaethaaeueiiio
i?e?ioeeeeai, ciaaaeueiiai iacioeeeeo, ui ? iaea?eueo /ooeeaeie aeey
aeieeiaiiy aiioe?eieo coai?a a co?oeoo?? ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo
i?aeaioiaee eaae?o?eiaaieo cii?ociai?a.

Aeey ae??oaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ieo caaaeaiue iaie aoee aeei?enoai?
o?aaeeoe?ei? ai?iaiaai? a a?o/?ciyi?e ineoieia?/i?e iaooe? iaoiaeeee.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyeeny ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ineoieia?/iiai e?io?ieth
i?iyao noaio aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a a
ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? i?aeaioiaee. C iaoith ona?aeiieaiiy niaoeeo?ee
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? nii?oniai?a no??eueoe?a ?c eoea aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe?? oa aeaoae?caoe?? ci?noo i?iaeaie iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii
i?ioan?ia?ao?/iee aiae?c. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iiaoaeiae i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe caoiaee c
?icaeoeo iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? a
e?ioe? ia?aaeciaaaeueieo ia ii/aoeo ciaaaeueieo iacioeeee?a.
A?aeiia?aeii aei nenoaie ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aiie aoiaeyoue aei
no?oeoo?e aoaio niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee, aai iiaeooue
aooe i?iaaaeai? i?ney eiai caaa?oaiiy. Ia a?aei?io a?ae o?aaeeoe?eii?
noaie ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee, iaaaaeaii? ia ?en. 3, aea ei?aeoe?ei?
caoiaee ia?aaeaa/a?oueny i?iaiaeeoe ie?aii ia?aae ii/aoeii niaoe?aeueii?
ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeai? aiae?co o ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? i?aeaioiaee, ie
aeae?eeee aeaa ??ai? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? :iioaioe?eiee oa
aeooaeueiee. Iioaioe?eiee ??aaiue ioe?ithaaany ia iniia? aeaieo aoaiiiai
oa iioi/iiai eiio?ieth. Ioe?iea aiioe?eii-iniaeno?nii? noa?e
i?iaiaeeeany aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii aeey nii?oniai?a c oni?oiith oa
ia-oni?oiith ciaaaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth (aeae? a?aeiia?aeii OCAe oa
ICAe). Aeey aeyaeaiiy iniaeno?nieo iniaeeainoae aoea aeei?enoaia
iaoiaeeea Eaooaea 16PF, ca ?acoeueoaoaie yei? o /ieia?e?a a?oie OCAe oa
ICAe iathoue ?ica?aeiino? a?aeia?aaeai? ia ?en.4. ?ica?aeiino? i?ae
a?oiaie ae?iie a?aeia?aaeai? ia ?en.5

Aeinoia??i?noue ?ica?aeiino? ia?aa??yeanue ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa??y
Iaiia-O?oi?, an? ?ica?aeiino? ca na?aaei?ie iieacieeaie, ui aeacai? aeua
aeinoia??i? ia ??ai? ? < 0,05, aiie aoee a?aoiaai? aeey iiaoaeiae i?ia?aie ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe, aea??eiai? ni?yiiaaiino?. Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai ca aeaieie iieooaaeueieea No??eyo ?ica?aeiino? i?ae a?oiaie iaaeinoia??i?. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeoieo aaaaoueio aaoi??a (E.I. Aaie?i, A.I. Ayoe?i, Eeeiia ?.A.), ui oni?oo a nii?o? aeueo aeinyaiaiue iiaeooue aeinyaaoe nii?oniaie c ??cieie oeiieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie, caaaeyee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio noeeth ae?yeueiino? oa iniaeno?niei iniaeeainoyi. Ioaea, oe? aeai?, ne?ae, a?aoiaoaaoe i?e iiaoaeia? ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aeii aei oei?a i?iyao noaio. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui eeth/iaith oa?aeoa?ecoeeith aiioe?eii-iciaeco?cii? coa?e ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy, ?cioth/a a oi?i? a?aeiioaiue coa(?eoa ae?yeueiico? (cii?ociaia) aei ?cioth/eo iiae?e ( oeo, ui iathoue aooe aai ieioeeo), iiaeia eacaoe, ui aaaeeeaei ia?aiao?ii o iceoieia?/iiio iacoaaeaii? ? coa`?eoeaia ioe?iea naiai aiioe?eiiai coaio cii?ociaiii. Oiio a oiae? iceoieia?/iiai iacoaaeaiiy a i?ioeac? aoaiiiai oa iioi/iiai eiio?ieth coai AEC oaeiae ioe?ithaaany ca iaoiaeeeith CAI ii ia?aiao?ao caiiii/oooy, aeoeaiico?, iaco?ith, a oaeiae aeoeaaoe??, ?ioa?ano, aiioe?eiiai oiiono, eiioi?oiino?. A?aoiaoth/e iieiaeaiiy, ui caaaeueiiiniaeno?ni? yeino? ia caaaeaee iiaeooue aooe ?ioi?iaoeaieie aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iyao aeeiai?/iino? aiioe?eieo ?aaeoe?e nii?oniaia a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao nii?oeaieo ciaaaiue, oa neooaoeaio iaoiiaeai?noue aiioe?eiiai ?aaaoaaiiy nii?oniaia, oa?aeoa?a aca?iica`yceo neooaoe?? oa eiai iniaeno?nieo iniaeeainoae i?iyao, aeaoa?i?ioth/eo aeaio neooaoe?th i?iaiaeeeiny, aeyaeaiiy aca?iica`yceo iieaciee?a o?eaiaeiino? ye caaaeueiiiniaeno?nii? oa ?aaeoeaii? yeino? aoea i?iaaaeaia ia?aa??ea ca`yceo iieaciee?a o?eaiaeiino? ca ?acoeueoaoaie 16?F oa iaoiaeeee Ni?eaa?aa?a-Oai?ia. A aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao nii?oeaieo ciaaaiue aaaeeeaith ? ia`?eoeaia ioe?iea oa aiae?c ineoiiioi?ieo ooieoe?e , ui iathoue aenieo aa??aoeai?noue oa i?ieea?noue. Aoaeoeai?noue ?aaoethaaiiy ?ooiaeo ae?e, a iniiaiiio, caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy ?icaeoeo oa noi?iiaaiino? iaae/ie ineoiiioi?ieo ooieoe?e nii?oniaia, ui aea? i?aenoaao canoiniaoaaoe a nenoai? ineoieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ineoiiioi?i? iaoiaee ye ?iaeeeaoi?e cae?aiino? aei naii?aaoeyoe?? a oiiaao aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?. I?e aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a aoei aeyaeaii, ui a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aeeiai?ea ci?i iieaciee?a ineoiiioi?eee a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? a?eueo ae?aaeaia, i?ae a oiiiaeo oiiaao i?aeaioiaee. ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyiiy na?aaei?o cia/aiue aeacothoue ia oa, ui ye a ia?aaenoa?oiaiio noai?, oae ? i?ney ciaaaiue, ye?noue oa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue naii?aaoeyoe?? ineoiiioi?ieo ooieoe?e iathoue niaoeeo?/i? ?ica?aeiino? ye i?ae a?oiaie aeine?aeaeaieo, oae ? a a?oiia?e aeeiai?oe?, a ca`yceo c ci?iith oiia ae?yeueiino? (oaae.1). Oaaeeoey 1 t ICI?, inae Nv t NCI?, inae Cv OCAeia?aae 248,9 10,3 328,3 16,2 ICAeia?aae 255,4 12,8 317,1 19,4 OCAei?ney 243,5 11,7 321,3 21,7 ICAei?ney 239,8 16,3 314,8 27,4 Ia?oeaioeaia oaaaa ? i?ia?aeiei eiiiiiaioii ineoieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ae?yeueiino? no??eueoe?a ?c eoea, oae ye iaiao?aeii eiio?iethaaoe a iiaiiio ianyc? aaaaoi/eneaii? aeaiaioe oaoi?ee iino??eo. ? ye aa/eii c ?en. 6 o nii?oniai?a c OCAe oaeaee?noue ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, i?iaeoeoeai?noue a ia?aaeciaaaeueiiio i?e?ioeeee? aeu? i?ae o ICAe, ui e aeicaiey? ?i aeinyaaoe aeniei? iaae?eiino?, ia ?en.6 iaaaaeaii aeeiai?eo i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae a ia?aaeciaaaeueieo i?e?ioeeeeao. Oaeei /eiii, ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue c iaaeeaeaiiyi iniaeno?nii cia/oui? ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, aeooaeueiee ??aaiue aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? noa? ae?aci?oa ca aeaniith neooaoeai?noth, ?ioaineai?noth, aeiaaio?eaae?noth i?iya?a, ?aaeoeai?noth. Iaie ia?aaeaa/aeinue, ui a?eueoo iaae?ei?noue o ciaaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? aeaiiino?othoue o? noa`?eoe, ye? iaio aiioe?eii ?aaeoeai? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao, ia?aae ii/aoeii ae?yeueiino? ii??aiyii c ?iaeea?aeoeueieie oiiiaeie aeaieie ca ineoio?c?ieia?/ieie iaoiaeaie eiio?ieth. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeacothoue ia iaaiee ca(ycie iieaciee?a iaae?eiino? ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? c iieacieeaie ia?aaeciaaaeueii? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iieno?oueny ineoiei?aeoe?y aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? a oiiaao ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo i?aeaioiaee. I?e ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe ie aeoiaeeee c iieiaeaiiy, ui i?aai?caoe?y niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a no??eueoe?a ?c eoea c canoinoaaiiyi ianiaoeeo?/ieo iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? aoaiia ieaioaaiiy iiaoaeiae caoiae?a naii?aaoeyoe?? oa aaoa?i?aaoeyoe??. ?ic?iaeaia iaie i?ia?aia ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeth/aea 4 aoaie (Oaae.2). Oaaeeoey 2 I?ia?aia i?iaaaeaiiy ei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe Aoai I?aeaoaie Caniae Ni?yiiaai?noue 1. Iciaeii-ethaaeueiee 1.Cai?o ?ioi?iaoe?? 2.Oi?ioaaiiy caoe?eaaeaiino? 3.Ae?aaiinoe/iee 4.Canai?iiy iaae/ie o?-ce/ii? ?aeaenaoe??, ?aao-eyoe?? iai?oaeaiino? Aan?aee, eaeoe??, eiinoeueoaoe??, oanooaaiiy, iieooaaiiy, niinoa?aaeaiiy Ciaeiinoai ianoaaeoaaieo c iniiaieie ineoieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie cae?aiinoae oa i?e?iaeieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae, aeaea/a cai?ioiiai ca(yceo. I(yciaa ?aeaenaoe?y (AO Ooeueoea, i?ia?anoth/a ?aeaenaoe?y Aeaeaeianiia). Aeyaeaiiy iio?aa, caieoo, ca?? ?ioi?iaoe?? Iciaeiieaiiy c oai?aoe/ieie ? i?aeoe/ieie iniiaaie ineoieia?/ii? ei?aeoe??. ?icaeiooe cae?aiino? uiaei ?aaoeyoe?? iai?oaeaiino?, canai?iiy i?aeoiae?a aei oi?ioaaiiy ineo?/iiai noaio aeeaiei? ?aeaenaoe?? ? a?aeii/eieo 2. Aaceniee 1. Iioeaaoe?eii? aeooae?caoe?? 2. Oe?eueiai? aeooae?caoe?? 3. Naiiioe?ii/ii? aeooae?caoe?? 4. Canai?iiy iaioaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? 5. Canai?iiy i?aene/ii? eiioeaio?aoe?? 6. Oaeineiiaethaaiiy iioi?iiai ?ioaeaeoo Caeo/aiiy nii?oniai?a aei ieaioaaiiy i?ioeano i?aeaioiaee. Cai?ioia a?aenoaaeoaaiiy ?acoeueoaoo c iiiaioo aeinyaiaiiy aei oaia??-oiueiai Ineo?/ia ?aeaenaoe?y (I?O A.A.Aeaen??aa, E.Ae.A?nnaia), oi?ioaaiiy «eeth/a», yeee aoaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey oaeaeeiai ia?aoiaeo a noai ?aeaenaoe??. Canai?iiy oaoi?ee a?coae?caoe??. I?ney?aeaenaoe?eia naii-iaa?thaaiiy ?aeaiiioi?ia o?aioaaiiy Ae??oaiiy eiie?aoieo i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e. I?aeaeuaiiy iioeaaoe?? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?. Oi?ioethaaiiy oa eiie?aoecaoe?y iia?aoeaieo, iioi/ieo, ia?niaeoeaieo oe?eae. Oi?ioaaiiy aaeaeaaoii? naiiioe?iee oa ??aiy i?eoycaiue Canai?iiy eiioeaio?aoe?? iaoiaeii a?aeae?eaiiy oa a?aeaeaeaiiy iaiio??aieo iiae?aciee?a Oi?ioaaiiy iaae/ie oieone?iaee ia e?ianoa-oe/ieo oa i?ii??i-oeaioeaieo neaiaeao ca aeiiiiiaith ?icoiiaeo oyaeaiue 3.Oi?ioaai-iy ia?aco iioeiaeue-iiai ciaaaeueiiai noaio Aeoea?caoe?y ieioeiai iiceoeaiiai ciaaaeueiiai aeina?aeo Iiaeaethaaiiy aaeaeiai aenooio Oi?ioaaiiy ia?aco niiniao ae?? Iaioaeueiee ia?aiin noi?iiaaiiai ia?aco niiniao ae?? ia neooaoe?th iaeaooi?o ciaaaiue. A?aeiiaeaiiy ieioeiai iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo , ca aeiiiiiaith aeoeaaoe?? e?aui? iiaeae? ciaaaiiy ?icoiiaa ?aiaoeoe?y cia-aaiiy. Oi?ioaaiiy a?ae/oooy ?aeaaeueiiai aenooio ca aeiiiiiaith naiiiaa?th-aaiiy I?aeoe/ia i?iaaaeaiiy ei?aeoe?? O?aioaaiiy aaeaeaaoiiai ??aiy iia?e?caoe??. Oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaii? ianoaiiae ia ciaaaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?y ia?aco noaio oa ia?aco niiniao ae?? 4.Ocaaaeueiaiiy oa cae??ieaiiy 1. I?neyae?yeuei?nia naii-ioe?ii/ia aeooae?caoe?y Aeooae?caoe?y ca(yceo ia?niaeoeaii? iaoe c aeooaeueiith Ii??aiyiiy ia?ac?a aaaeaiiai oa aeinyaiooiai noai?a Noa(?eoeaia ioe?iea «oni?-oo» aai «iaoni?oo» Cai?ioia a?aenoaaeoaaiiy ca(yceo ia?niaeoeaii? iaoe c aeinyaiooith aeooaeueiith Canoinoaaiiy iai?aoeuei-aaieo i?eeii?a a oiiaao, ui iiaeaeththoue ciaaaiiy ??cieo ??ai?a neeaaeiino? oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? oa ciaaaiiyo iecueeiai ??aiy neeaaeiino? Iaaeaiiy ia?aco aaeaeaaoiiai ci?noo Iioei?caoe?y ineyae?yeuei?niiai noaio Oi?ioaaiiy caoe?eaaeaiino? a iiaeaeueo?e ae?yeueiino? A?aeiiaeaiiy oe?eani?yiiaaiino? Cae??ieaiiy a?ae/oooy aaeaeiai aenooio oa eiai eiiiiiaio?a Aiae?c oa ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a ineoiei?aeoe?? ia?aaenoa?oiai? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? i?iaiaeeeeny a i?aea?aeiiio i?e?ioeeee? caeeth/iiai aoaio ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo i?aeaioiaee aei a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ciaaaiue. I?ney canoinoaaiiy ineoiei?aaoth/eo ae?e noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia ci?ia (? < 0,05) a a?e iie?ioaiiy a e?ioe? i?e?ioeeeeo niinoa??aa?oueny ca a?eueo?noth iieaciee?a oaeeo, ye naiiioe?iee naiiii/oooy, iano??th, aaaeaiiy o?aioaaoeny, caaeiaieai?noue nii?oeaiith ae?yeuei?noth, aa??aoeai?noue neeaaeii? ci?iai-iioi?ii? ?aaeoe??, iieacieee ei?aeoo?iiai oanoo. Ia ?en.7 iaaaaeaii aeeiai?eo ci?iaiue eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoeaiino? a oiiaao c i?iaaaeaiiyi ei?aeoe?? oa aac. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ci?i ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o nii?oniai?a na?ae/eoue i?i ei?eni?noue aeei?enoaiiy ineoieia?/ieo cania?a a?aeiiaethaaeueii? ineoiei?aeoe?? a niaoeeo?/iiio eiiieaen? cania?a a?aeiiaeaiiy aea??eiai? ni?yiiaaiino?. Oae ye aeyaeaeaii, ui a oiiaao aaeeeeo iaaaioaaeaiue i?ney canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenii? ae?? iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe?? niinoa??aathoueny noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i? ci?iaiiy (?<0,05- 0,01) a a?e iie?auaiiy iieaciee?a oaeaeeino? ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae ca aeeiai?eith no?eeino? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo /ano ?aaeoe?? ia na?oia? iiae?acieee. Oaeiae aeieea? iie?auaiiy yeino? oa ?acoeueoaoeaiino? naii?aaoeyoe?? ineoiiioi?ieo ooieoe?e, a?eueo aaeaeaaoiith noa? noa`?eoeaia ioe?iea ineo?/iiai noaio. O nii?oniai?a c aiioe?yie iaoni?oo i?ney ciaaaiue ca ioe?ii/iei neiioiiieiiieaenii noa`?eoeaieo ia?aaeeaaiue i?ney a?aeiiaethaaeueii? ineoiei?aeoe?? a?aecia/a?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy naiiioe?iie ca iieacieeaie aiioe?eiiai iano?ith, naiiii/oooy, aeoeaiino?. C(yaey?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aaaeaiiy o?aioaaoenue, caaeiaieaiino? nai?th ae?yeuei?noth. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue o ?acoeueoao? ineoiei?aeoe?eieo ae?e o nii?oniai?a iieacaa c?inoath/o ia?aaaao ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie iaae neiiaoe/iith. Iaaaaeaia aeeiai?ea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi *NN oa aaaaoaoeaiiai eiao?oe??ioa (Ea) O?iioa a iaio a?oiao nii?oniai?a o e?ioe? a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?e?ioeeeeo. A oiiaao i?aea?aeiiai oa ciaaaeueiiai i?e?ioeeee?a oi?iothoueny iioeiaeueiee ciaaaeueiee noai oa aaeaeaaoiee ??aaiue iia?e?caoe??, ui aeyaey?oueny a cieaeaii? ??aiy i?aena?aeiieo ianoaiia ia iaeneiae?caoe?th ?ooiaeo ae?e. A cae?i/aii? oi?ioeththoueny iaea?eueo aaaeeea? aeniiaee, a oaeiae iniiai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui aeo?eathoue c ?acoeueoao?a ?ia?o, i?iiiiothoueny oeyoe iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeniiaee: 1. ?icaeoie iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? ye caniao i?aeaeuaiiy ciaaaeueii? iaae?eiino? a?oioo?oueny ia ?icoi?ii? ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a iaae?eiino?, ia iao iiaeyae, iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei ? i?aeo?ae, ui cai?iiiiiaaiee A.Ae.Iaaee?oeeiei, a yeiio aiie ?icaeyaeathoueny ye aeaoa?i?iaioe, ui i?aeaeathoueny oe?eani?yiiaaiiio ?icaeoeo. Naia oaea i?aea?oioy aeicaiey? i?aeaeuoaaoe aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy aenieiai ??aiy ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? aei ae?yeueiino?, oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe. Iniaeeaino? aieeao aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? aecia/athoueny no?oeoo?iith iiaoaeiaith i?ioeano i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, oea aeicaiey? aeyaeoe a?aeiia?aei? aoaie c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiei ??aiai i?iyao aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? aeey ?? ei?aeoe??. A no?oeoo?? i?ioeano i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo no??eueoe?a ?c eoea oaeeie ia??iaeaie ? caaa?oaiiy ia?aaeciaaaeueiiai oa ciaaaeueiee iacioeeeee ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo i?aeaioiaee, a a ?o no?oeoo?? iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae caa?iooe ia i?aea?aeiee, ciaaaeueiee oa a?aeiiaethaaeueiee i?e?ioeeeee. Canoinoaiiy oe?e?nii? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie aea??eiai? ni?yiiaaiino? c ?icaeoeo iniaeno?nieo iaoai?ci?a ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy noaio ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? aei ciaaaiue. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy ei?aeoe?eieo caoiae?a noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i? ?ica?aeiino? (?<0,05- 0,01) i?ae eiio?ieueiith oa aenia?eiaioaeueiith a?oiith niinoa??aaeeny ca iieacieeaie oaeaeeino? ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, aeeiai?eith no?eeino? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo /ano ?aaeoe?? ia na?oia? iiae?acieee, /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue, noia?iiai a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae aooiaaiii? ii?ie, aeaeo?e/iiai ii??o oe??e, neooaoeaiiai ??aiy o?eaiaeiino?, naii?aaoeyoe??, ciaaaeueii? aiioe?eii? no?eeino?, iieaciee?a oni?oiino? ae?yeueiino? - i?ioeaioa aeo/aiue o «10» oa ni?aa?aeiioaiith aeo/aiue o «9» oa «10», a oiiaao a?eueoi? oa iaioi? neeaaeiino?. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue o ?acoeueoao? ineoiei?aeoe?eieo ae?e o nii?oniai?a iieacaa c?inoath/o ia?aaaao ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie iaae neiiaoe/iith. Iaaaaeaia aeeiai?ea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue oa aaaaoaoeaiiai eiao?oe??ioa O?iioa o e?ioe? a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai i?e?ioeeeeo. 4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a oiiaao aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo /anoi aeieeathoue ??ciiiai?oi? niaoeeo?/i? neooaoe??, a?ae yeeo caeaaeeoue ci?iaiiy noaio ineo?/ii? aioiaiino? aei ciaaaiue. Naia oe? neooaoe?? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? ?aaaoaaiiy ia ieo nii?oniai?a aecia/athoue oeyoe canoinoaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aea??eiaeo iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe??: - iia?e?coth/a ineoiei?aeoe?y ia?aae cia/oueie ciaaaiiyie a noai? aiao??, iaaiaaiaiino? o aeanieo neeao oa iiaeeeainoyo; - ?aoe?iiaeueia ineoiei?aeoe?y i?ney aaeaeeo aenooi?a, ui coiiaeththoue noaie i?aeaeuaiiai aeoi?e/iiai caoaeaeaiiy, yea iiaea ci?i?oeny /a?ac iaaiee /an ye ia i?ioeeaaeiee aiioe?eiee ciae oae ? ia ineoiniiaoe/ia aeniaaeaiiy; aeaa aeuaiaaaaeaieo aa??aioe canoiniaothoueny aeey nii?oniai?a c ia?aaaaith iioeaaoe?? aeinyaiaiiy oni?oo oa a?aio?iiiith ni?yiiaai?noth naii?aaoeyoe??; - a?aeiiaethaaeueia ineoiei?aeoe?y i?neyae?? aiioe?eieo iaaaioaaeaiue o noai? anoai?/ii? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? - canoiniao?oueny aeey nii?oniai?a c ia?aaaaith iioeaaoe?? caiia?aaiiy iaaaea/? oa o?ioio?iiiith ni?yiiaai?noth naii?aaoeyoe??; - noaanoeaia ineoiei?aeoe?y, ni?yiiaaia ia ciaioaiiy aiioe?eiiai caoaeaeaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy ia?aiao??a ineoiiioi?ieo ooieoe?e - canoiniao?oueny aeey nii?oniai?a c ia?aaaaith iioeaaoe?? caiia?aaiiy iaaaea/? oa a?aio?iiiith ni?yiiaai?noth naii?aaoeyoe??. 5. I?ia?aia i?ioan?eii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee no??eueoe?a ?c eoea iiaeiia aoaeoaaoeny c canoinoaaiiyi caoiae?a ei?aeoe?? ia aoai? niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aai ii eiai cae?i/aiith i?e aaciina?aaei?e i?aeaioiaoe? aei ciaaaiue ia a?aei?io a?ae o?aaeeoe?eiiai canoinoaaiiy ia?aae aoaiii niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Oaea aoaeiaa aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe noai naia a ia??iaeao i?aeaioiaee c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith aiioe?eiith iai?oaeai?noth. 6. Cae?eniaiiy ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aei ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao iaee?aua ca?aeiiaiaeiao? naaa, eiee aeeth/a? aei nai?? no?oeoo?e aecia/aiiy aoai?a c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiei ??aiai aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? a no?oeoo?? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aeey aecia/aiiy i?noey ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe noiniaii aoaio niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Oea aeicaiey? iie?aueoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ineoiei?aeoe?eieo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino?. O ineoieia?/iiio caaacia/aii? iaae?eiino? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, yea iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ineoieia?/ia noi?iaiaeaeaiiy noa(?eoa i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, aeae?eythoue ?yae aoai?a a?aeiia?aeii aei eiai i?ioan?iiae?caoe??. Oea - i?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy, a o aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeiino? - ineoieia?/iee i?ioan?eiee a?aea??; i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea; aaeaioaoe?y aei i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?; ?, ia ?aoo?, naiee o?eaaeee aoai ?aaoey?ii? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? ia o?eueee i?aeo?eioaaiiy ia ??ai?, ui aeiaaa?oueny, i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?, aea e ?? iino?eia oaeineiiaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioa caeaa?eueoiai i?enay/aia inoaiiueiio c iaaaaeaieo aoai?a - oaeineiiaeaiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy aenieiai ??aiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino?, aea iiaea aooe oaeiae canoiniaaia ia aoaiao aaeaioaoe?? aei i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? oa i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee. Ie ?icaeyioee iiaeeeaino? oaeineiiaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo neeaaeiaeo iaae?eiino? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, oeyoii ni?anoaaeaiiy aeeiai?ee i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee c aeeiai?eith aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?. Oaeiae aecia/eee oeyoe aeei?enoaiiy aea??eiaiai canoinoaaiiy aa??aio?a ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe. Ana oea aeeiioaaeiny c iiceoe?e iae?ii?aeoiaeo c oaiaeaioe??th iaaeeaeaiiy aei iiceoe?e i?e?ii?aeoiaeo. Oiio a iiaeaeueo?e ?iaio? ie ieaio?ii aeieeaaei?oa ?icaeyiooe ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie iaae?eiino?. Ua iaeei aaaeeeaee iai?yiie iiooeo iia(ycaiee c oaeineiiaeaiiyi i?aeai?o cania?a ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe ia iniia? ?ic?iaee eeaneo?eaoe?? aiioe?iaaiieo neooaoe?e, ui aeieeathoue a aeai?e ae?yeueiino?. Oaeiae aaaeeeaei iai?yieii ? o?aooaaiiy aeeiai?ee i?aoeacaeaoiino? c iiceoe?e i?e?ii?aeoiaeo, ui caeeoa? aaeeeee i?ino?? aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aeii aei iniaeeainoae aeaii? aeeiai?ee. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii a 8 ioae?eaoe?yo: I?ia?aia ?icaeoeo iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a // Iaoea ? ina?oa 1999 ? 1-2 N.119-122. Aiae?oe/ia i?ioan?ia?aia no??eueoe?a ?c eoea aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo 1999 ?439(99, na??y ineoieia?y, iie?oieia?y. *.4-5 N.139-141. I?eiaiaiea ei??aeoeee yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yae?iiinoe no?aeeia ec eoea aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee eae oaeoi? iiauoaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe. - A na. iao/iuo o?oaeia: ?aca?aiua aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oainoaiaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe i?e aieueoeo o?aie?iai/iuo iaa?oceao. *.2, E., 1998, n. 67-72. Iniaaiiinoe i?iyaeaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie aneiiao?ee eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia. - A na.: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia ia oaio: Ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u i?iyaeaiey ?aca?aiuo aiciiaeiinoae nii?oniaiia. . Aeia-Aoa, 1994, 0,5 ae.a. (ni?eueii c A.I. sseiaeaaei, A.?. Ai?iiiaith, I.?.Aeoaaoeueeith). Aeeyiea i?iecaiaeiuo yiioeee iaoniaoa ia aieaaua aeaenoaey nii?oniaiia aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee. - A na.: I?iaeaiu acaeiinayce yiioeee iuoeaiey e aiee. Oacenu VI ?inneeneie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee 9-11 ethiy 1994 aiaea. ?ycaiue, 1994, 0,1 ae.a. (ni?eueii c A.I. sseiaeaaei). Iniaeeaino? i?iyao ooieoe?iiaeueii? aneiao??? eaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a o oeeee?/ieo aeaeao nii?oo. - A ca.: Aaeaioaoe?y o/i?anueei? iieiae? aei iaa/aeueieo caiyoue oa o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. *a?eane, 1993, 0,1 ae.a.. (ni?eueii c A.I. sseiaeaaei, A.?. Ai?iiiaith, I.?. Aeoaaoeueeith oa I.I. Ianoa?iae). Iieacaoaee nei?inoe i?e?ia e ia?a?aaioee eioi?iaoeee i?e aiaeeca e ioeaiea o?iaiy ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe nii?oniaiia. - A na.: Iiaua iiaeoiaeu e ineoi?aaoeyoeee a nii?oa. Oacenu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia (a. ?inoia-ia-Aeiio, 21-24 naioya?y 1994 a.). I., 1994, 0,1ae.a., (ni?eueii c A.I. sseiaeaaei, A.?. Ai?iiiaith). Nenoaiiue aiaeec ineoiaaaaoaoeaiiai ninoiyiey aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia. - A na. 2 - e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiia?ann ii nii?oeaiie ineoieiaee. Oacenu aeieeaaeia. I., 1995, 0,1 ae.a.. (ni?eueii c A.A. ssuaiei). Noaaeiee A.A. ?icaeoie iaoai?ci?a iniaeno?nii? ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? i?e ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao (ia i?eeeaae? nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?). - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19. 00. 03 - ineoieia?y i?aoe?, ?iaeaia?ia ineoieia?y. - Ee?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao oeyoii ?icaeoeo iniaeno?nieo iaoai?ci?a ei?aeoe?? aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino?. Cae?eniaiiy ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aei ae?yeueiino? a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao iiaeiii aeeth/aoe aei nai?? no?oeoo?e aecia/aiiy aoai?a c iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiei ??aiai aiioe?eii? iai?oaeaiino? a no?oeoo?? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aeey aecia/aiiy i?noey ineoiei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe noiniaii aoaio niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee. I?ia?aia i?ioan?eii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a iiaeiia aoaeoaaoeny c canoinoaaiiyi caoiae?a ei?aeoe?? ia aoai? niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aai ii eiai cae?i/aiith i?e aaciina?aaei?e i?aeaioiaoe? aei ciaaaiue ia a?aei?io a?ae o?aaeeoe?eiiai canoinoaaiiy ia?aae aoaiii niaoe?aeueii? ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaae?ei?noue ae?yeueiino?, aeno?aiaeuei? oiiae, ineoieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea, aiioe?eia iai?oaeai?noue, iniaeno?nia ei?aeoe?y. Noaaeiee A. A. ?acaeoea iaoaieciia ee/iinoiie ei??aeoeee yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe i?e aeayoaeueiinoe a yeno?aiaeueiuo oneiaeyo (ia i?eia?a nii?oeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe). - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19. 00. 03 - ineoieiaey o?oaea, eiaeaia?iay ineoieiaey. - Eeaaneee Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea a yeno?aiaeueiuo oneiaeyo iin?aaenoaii ?acaeoey ee/iinoiuo iaoaieciia ei??aeoeee yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe. Inouanoaeaiea ineoieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee e aeayoaeueiinoe a yeno?aiaeueiuo oneiaeyo aeieaeii aeeth/aoue a naith no?oeoo?o ii?aaeaeaiea yoaiia n iaeaieaa au?aaeaiiui o?iaiai yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe a no?oeoo?a i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee aeey auyaeaiey ianoa ineoiei??aeoeeiiiie ?aaiou ioiineoaeueii yoaia niaoeeaeueiie ineoieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee. Yoi iicaieeo iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey ineoiei??aeoeeiiiuo n?aaenoa iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe. I?ia?aiia i?ioanneiiaeueiie ineoieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia aeieaeia no?ieoueny n i?eiaiaieai ei??aeoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee ia yoaia niaoeeaeueiie ineoieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee eee ii aai caaa?oaieth i?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiie iiaeaioiaea e ni?aaiiaaieyi a ioee/ea io o?aaeeoeeiiiiai i?eiaiaiey ia?aae yoaiii niaoeeaeueiie ineoieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee. A no?oeoo?a i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo no?aeeia ec eoea ia?eiaeaie n iaeaieaa au?aaeaiiui o?iaiai i?iyaeaiey yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe yaeythony caaa?oaiea i?aaeni?aaiiaaoaeueiiai e ni?aaiiaaoaeueiue iacioeeeeu ni?aaiiaaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea iiaeaioiaee, a a eo no?oeoo?a iniaia aieiaiea neaaeoao ia?aoeoue ia iiaeaiaeyuee, ni?aaiiaaoaeueiue e ainnoaiiaeoaeueiue iee?ioeeeeu. A oneiaeyo yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe ni?aaiiaaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea /anoi aicieeatho ?aciiia?aciua niaoeeoe/aneea neooaoeee, io eioi?uo caaeneo eciaiaiea ninoiyiey ineoe/aneie aioiaiinoe e ni?aaiiaaieyi. Eiaiii yoe neooaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe ?aaae?iaaiey ia ieo nii?oniaiia ii?aaeaeytho aa?eaiou i?eiaiaiey ecae?aoaeueiuo iaoiaeia ineoiei??aeoeee: - iiaeeecothuay ineoiei??aeoeey ia?aae ioaaonoaaiiuie ni?aaiiaaieyie a neooaoeee iaoaa?aiiinoe a naieo neeao e aiciiaeiinoyo; - ?aoeeiiaeueiay ineoiei??aeoeey iinea oaea/iuo aunooieaiee iaoneiaeeaathueo ninoiyiey iiauoaiiai yeoi?e/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey eioi?ia /a?ac iaeioi?ia a?aiy iiaeao eciaieoueny eae ia i?ioeaiiieiaeiue yiioeeiiaeueiue ciae, oae e ia ineoiniiaoe/aneia enoiuaiea - aeaa auoaoeacaiuo aa?eaioa i?eiaiythony aeey nii?oniaiia n i?aiaeaaeaieai iioeaaoeee no?aieaiey e oniaoo e y?aio?iiiie iai?aaeaiiinoueth naii?aaoeyoeee; - ainnoaiiaeoaeueiay ineoiei??aeoeey iineaaeaenoaey yiioeeiiaeueiuo iaa?ocie a ninoiyiee anoaie/aneie yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe - i?eiaiyaony aeey nii?oniaiia n i?aiaeaaeaieai iioeaaoeee ecaaaaiey iaoaea/e e o?ioio?iiiie iai?aaeaiiinoueth naii?aaoeyoeee; - noaaanoeaiay ineoiei??aeoeey, iai?aaeaiiay ia oiaiueoaiea yiioeeiiaeueiiai aicaoaeaeaiey, iiauoaiea ia?aiao?ia ineoiiioi?iuo ooieoeee - i?eiaiyaony aeey nii?oniaiia n i?aiaeaaeaieai iioeaaoeee ecaaaaiey iaoaea/e e y?aio?iiiie iai?aaeaiiinoueth naii?aaoeyoeee. ?acaeoea ee/iinoiuo iaoaieciia ei??aeoeee yiioeeiiaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe, yaeyaony i?ioeannii oi?ie?iaaiey ee/iinoiie i?iecaieueiie naii?aaoeyoeee, eioi?ue inouanoaeyaony niaoeeaeenoii ineoieiaii niaianoii ni nii?oniaiii a ei?ioeia a?aiy e i?aaenoaaeyao niaie nie?auaiiue aa?eaio iauaaeaiaiey caaeaaia?aiaiiie e iaiin?aaenoaaiiie iiaeaioiaee e aeayoaeueiinoe a yeno?aiaeueiuo oneiaeyo nii?oeaiuo ni?aaiiaaiee. Aunieiyoaeoeaiay nenoaia niciaoaeueiie naii?aaoeyoeee iiaeao noi?ie?iaaoueny o nii?oniaiia aia iaiin?aaenoaaiiie caaeneiinoe io oeiieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho ia noieueei iauee o?iaaiue naii?aaoeyoeee, neieueei eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue ?aaoeyoeeiiiue i?ioeeue - ?acaeoinoue e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue ioaeaeueiuo ?aaoeyoeeiiiuo ooieoeee. Aieueoeo oniaoia aeinoeaatho nii?oniaiu, eioi?ua inaieee niiniau naii?aaoeyoeee, niioaaonoaothuea o?aaiaaieyi aeayoaeueiinoe e eiiiaine?otho aeeyiea iaaeaaii?eyoiuo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae. Aeey yoeo nii?oniaiia, aia caaeneiinoe io oeiieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae, oa?aeoa?ai aunieee o?iaaiue ?acaeoey nenoaiu naii?aaoeyoeee. Nii?oniaiu, aeiaeaoeany iaiueoeo oniaoia a iiaeaioiaea, ioee/athony aieueoae caaeneiinoueth ?acaeoinoe ?aaoeyoeeiiiuo eiiieaenia e eo no?oeoo?iiai niioiioaiey io eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-oeiieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae /ai io o?aaiaaiee aeayoaeueiinoe Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaaeiinoue aeayoaeueiinoe, yeno?aiaeueiua oneiaey, ineoieiae/aneay iiaeaioiaea, yiioeeiiaeueiay iai?yaeaiiinoue, ee/iinoiay ei??aeoeey. Stadnyk V.A. Development of emotional tensity correction mechanisms of a personality in activity under extreme conditions (in sports activity). - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate`s degree in psychological science. Speciality 19.00.03 - labour psychology and engineering psychology.- Taras Shevchenko Kiev National University 1999. The dissertation is devoted to issues of reliability increase of human activity under extreme conditions by way of development of the personality`s emotional tensity correction. Application of psychological training to the activity under extreme conditions has to include identification of the stages with most expressive level of the emotional tensity in the professional training structure for identification of psychological correction activity in relation to the stage of special psychological training. Program of professional psychological training highly qualified sportsmen has to be implemented together with application of correction means at the stage of specific psychological training or after its finishing at the time of direct training for a competition, which is different from traditional application of correction means befor the stage of the specific psychological training. Key words: reliability of the activity, extreme conditions, psychological training, emotional tensity, personality`s correction. PAGE 15 Naini?i?, ?ioaeaeooaeuei?, aieueia? oa aiioe?ei? yeino? Aiioe?eia no?ee?noue Oaeaee?noue ia?a?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? ??aaiue caaaeueii? aaeaioaoe?? oa ineoi niiaoe/ii? aaeai- oeaiino? cie?aia Ei?aeoe?eiee Ae?aaiinoe/iee Ioe?ii/iee Ineoieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea nii?oniaia Aei o?eaaeiai o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano Caaaeueia ineoieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea aei ciaaaiue Ei?aeoe?y ineo?/ieo noai?a ia caeeth/iiio aoai? i?aeaioiaee aei a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ciaaaiue Niaoe?aeueia ineoieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea aei eiie?aoiiai ciaaaiiy ?en. 3 No?oeoo?a ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nii?oniaia. (A.Ae. Ai?aoiia 1987)

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