OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eicth?a ?ai? Aaea??eiae/

OAeE 908.477.53 “1920/1930”

?ICAEOIE ?NOI?E*IIAI E?A?CIAANOAA

IA IIEOAAUEI? A 20-30-o ??. OO no.

07.00.01 ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eae?i?/aiei Aieiaeeie? A?eoi?iae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ianooey Ieaen?e Ieaen?eiae/,

canooiiee aieiae Iieoaanueei? iaeanii?

aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe??

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Eoaeaeei Na?a?e Ieoaeeiae/,

i?ioani? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo ?noi??? IAI Oe?a?ie (a?aeae?e

?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 26 » ethoiai 1999 ?. i 16-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.10 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, i.Oa?e?a, ieiua
Naiaiaee, 4 (aoae. ?V-65).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i.Oa?e?a, ieiua
Naiaiaee, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 30 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
Ioaa/ ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie coiiaeaia oei, ui ca oiia ?icaoaeiae iacaeaaeii?
aea?aeaae ? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai aiaaiaii aeoiaeeoue ia ia?aaeia? ?oaaae?
iaoee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iiioey?ecaoe?y ?noi??? “iaei? Aaouee?aueie”
noathoue iiaooi?i caniaii aeoiaaiiy iao??ioe/ieo ii/ooo?a, aeaea?aeii
iaoe?iiaeueii? ai?aeino? ? naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy. Aiaeii/an, e?a?ciaa/?
nooae?? – oea ia o?eueee eieaeuei? oa i?eeeaaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a e
/anoea eii?oei? ?iaioe c iaienaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?noi?e/ieo i?aoeue.

Ana oea aeiaaa? a?eueo aeeaieiai ? iiaiiai aea/aiiy i?ioean?a
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a oeo ?aa?iiao e?a?ie,
aea aiii ia? nai? aeeaie? ei?ai? ? aeaai? o?aaeeoe??, iniaeeai ia
ia?aeiiieo, aecia/aeueieo aoaiao a?o/eciyii? ?noi???.

Oiio ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa
ia Iieoaauei? a ia?o? i?ney?aaiethoe?ei? aeanyoe??//y, eiee eiai
o??oioaeueiee ceao o 20-? ?iee ci?ith?oueny o?aaaae??th “?ai?aniaaiiai
e?a?ciaanoaa” 30-o ?ie?a.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue 20-30-? ?iee OO no., ui
noaiiaeyoue ie?aiee aoai o ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a Oe?a?i?.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiaaeothoueny oa?eoi???th
Iieoaaueie a no/anieo iaaeao, aaaeeeaiai ?noi?e/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
eoeueoo?iiai ? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie, yeee c i?aaeaai?o
/an?a aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo oa?eoi??aeueiiai yae?a oe?a?inueei?
ia?iaeiino?. ?noi??y Iieoaaueie – iaa?ae’?iia neeaaeiaa /anoeia ?noi???
iaoi? Aaouee?aueie.

?noi?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a oeueiio ?aa?ii? iathoue aaaaoi??/i?, neaai?
o?aaeeoe??.

Oiae oe?eeii caeiiii??iei ? caa?iaiiy aia?oa a ie?aiiio aeine?aeaeaii?
aei neeaaeieo ? noia?a/eeaeo oeyo?a ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia
Iieoaauei? a 20-30-? ??. OO no.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? i?aai?/iith neeaaeiaith /anoeith eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai c
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie oa eaoaae?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,

Ie?ai? aniaeoe ia?aii? oaie ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?noi?e/i?e
e?oa?aoo??. Aea aei oeueiai /ano a?aenooiy niaoe?aeueia ocaaaeueithth/a
i?aoey, i?enay/aia ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a ?aa?ii? a 20-30-?
?iee OO no. A oie aea /an aiae?c a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a ? ae?oeiaaieo
aeaea?ae aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia i?eeeaae? Iieoaaueie
iiaeia c’ynoaaoe an? iaeaaaeeea?o? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa a Oe?a?i? a aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae.

Oiio i?aaenoaaeaia aei caoenoo aeena?oaoe?y ia? ia iao? anaa?/ii
?icaeyiooe neeaaeiee ? noia?a/eeaee i?ioean ?icaeoeo
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aa?ii?, eiai ?oo?ei? neee oa
aeeiai?eo.

O ca’yceo c oeei noaaeyoueny iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— c’ynoaaoe caeiiii??iino? ? niaoeeo?/i? ?ene ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa ia Iieoaauei? a 20-30-o ?ieao OO noie?ooy;

— aena?oeeoe ia?aaeoiiae, i?e/eie ? ianoaaeie aeieeiaiiy i?noeaaeo
e?a?ciaa/eo oeaio??a, ?o ?ieue o eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? ?aa?iio;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe oai?/ee aei?iaie e?a?ciaaoe?a o??? aeiae ? aecia/eoe
?oi?e aianie o aea/aiiy ?noi??? Iieoaaueie ? Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio;

— iieacaoe no?ao?oeea? iane?aeee ieuaiiy e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a ?
i?ia?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a e?ath a ?iee noae?inueeeo ?ai?an?e aeey
?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aa?ii? ? ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee
Oe?a?ie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/? onoaiiae oa ia’?aeiaiiy Iieoaaueie a 20-30-o
?ieao o nai?e ae?yeueiino? nie?aeeny ia aeine?aeieoeueeo o?aaeeoe?th ?
aei?iaie e?a?ciaa/eo oeaio??a aei?aaiethoe?eii? aeiae oa ia??iaeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? ? nioe?aeueii? ?aaiethoe?? e a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie.
I?aeaaeeie e?a?ciaa/iai aea/aiiy e?ath aoee caeeaaeai? ua ia ii/aoeo OO
no. /eaiaie Iieoaanueei? O/aii? A?o?aii? Eii?n?? – i?ia?aeiiai
iaoeiaiai, eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ? iaoiaee/iiai oeaio?o Iieoaaueie 1903-1917
??. ?o ni?aao a ?iee ?aaiethoe?? oa a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie i?iaeiaaeeee
e?a?ciaa/? iaoeia? ina?aaeee, i/iethaai? A.Aa?iaaenueeei,
A.Ua?aae?anueeei, A.Eiaaeaieii, A.Noaeeaoeueeei oa I.?oaeeinueeei.

2. O 20-30-o ?ieao ia Iieoaauei? aoee ?ai?acaioiaai? i?aeoe/ii an?
a?aeii? ia oie /an oeie aea?aeaaieo, oe?eueieo ? a?iiaaenueeeo
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a. Aeoeaii aea/aee a?oaieia?/i?
noa?iaeeoiino? e?ath, cae?aee oieueeei?ii-aoiia?ao?/i? iaoa??aee oa
caeiaeeny ioi?iiith iai’yoie ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e e?a?ciaa/? ioca?
Iieoaae, Eoaai, Ie?ai?iaeo, Oi?ieo, Eioaeoe? oa *i?ioo. Aeyaeyee,
ii?aoeueiaoaaee oa cai?iaaaeaeoaaee o iaoeiaee ia?a aeaea?aea c ?noi???
?aa?iio a?o?ae Iieoaaueie. Oe?ieiai ?icaeoeo iaaoei ?noi?e/ia
e?a?ciaanoai a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao Eioaeueae, Ie?ai?iaeo, Iieoaae ?
Aaaey/a. Aaaiiei aoa oai?/ee aei?iaie Eoaainueeiai, E?aiai/ooeueeiai ?
Oi?ieuenueeiai iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa i?e AOAI oa iaoeiaeo e?a?ciaa/eo
ina?aaee?a Eioaeoe?, Eioaeueae, Ie?yoeio ? Eiaaeye.

3. I?aoe? i?ia?aeieo e?a?ciaaoe?a Iieoaaueie 20-30-o ?ie?a I.Ano?yaa,
A.A??i/aiea, ?.Ca?aoeueeiai, ?.Eaionoyinueeiai, E.Iiuaiea,
I.Iiaoeueeiai, A.Ia?oiiaiea, ss.?eaeaiea, I.?oaeeinueeiai, I.Neano?iia,
A.Noaeeaoeueeiai, N.Oa?aiooaiea, I.Oaooay, A.Uaiioue?aa,
A.Ua?aae?anueeiai ?noioii caaaaoeee ia eeoa ?aa?iiaeueio, a e
oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th a oe?eiio.

4. I?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? e?a?ciaa/eo nooae?e ia Iieoaauei? ni?eyei
o?nia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai i?noeaaeo iaoeiaeo ina?aaee?a c onoaiiaaie AOAI.
?acoeueoaoii oe??? ni?ai?aoe? noaee aenieee iaoeiaee ??aaiue e?a?ciaa/eo
?ica?aeie o ?aa?ii?, i?oeia iaoeiaa aaca ioca?a oa a?o?a?a Iieoaaueie.
Noaoo? ? cai?oee i?ia?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a e?ath ?aaoey?ii c’yaeyeeny ia
noi??ieao aeaeaiue Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe. Iii?oiei yaeuai a
oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? noaa aeo?ae o na?o aeaioiiiiai aeaeaiiy
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieoaanueeeo a/aieo “Caienee Iieoaanueeiai Iaoeiaiai
i?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? iaoe oiaa?enoaa”.

5. Aea/ath/e oa iiioey?ecoth/e ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/o niaaeueio, e?a?ciaa/?
oeaio?e Iieoaaueie a?ae?a?aee cia/io ?ieue o iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio
a?ae?iaeaeaii? 20-o ?ie?a OO no. ?o ae?yeuei?noue iaea aaeeea cia/aiiy
aeey ?icaeoeo iaoee, ni?eyea i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai aeeooy
i?ia?ioe?? oa ina?oe oe?ieeo aa?noa ianaeaiiy. A oiio ?o neooii iaceaaee
“Aeaaeai?yie iaoe ia i?noeyo”.

6. Iacaaaeath/e ia iia?ii e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ? ieuaiiy i?ia?aeieo eaae??a
aeine?aeiee?a ??aeiiai e?ath a ae?oa?e iieiaei? 30-o ?ie?a,
iaa?iiaaeaeaiee iaoiae? aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeo?eiaa aei?iaoaaiiy /anii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a ?noi?e/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? a niaoe?aeuei?e ocaaaeueithth/?e i?aoe?:

— e?eoe/ii inieneaii ?noi??th e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ia Iieoaauei? a 20-30-o
??. OO no., iiaeaii cia/iee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, yeee aeicaiey? ooi/ieoe
aai ia?aaeyiooe iioe?ai? oyaeaiy i?i oa?aeoa? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo
o??? aeiae;

— aeei?enoaii ? aaaaeaii aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao oe?iea eiei a?o?aieo ?
oiiaeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, ye? caa??aathoueny a ?aeiiieo eoeueoo?ieo
caeeaaeao e?ath, ocaaaeueiaii aeai?, iioae?eiaai? a i?noeaa?e i?an?,
iaoa??aeao ? oacao ?aa?iiaeueieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo oa i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, ui ?noioii aeiiiaith? aaco aea/aiiy
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa Oe?a?ie;

— i?iaiae?ciaaii oai?/ee aei?iaie e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a oa i?ia?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a ?aa?iio, aecia/aii ?o aianie o aea/aiiy ?noi??? e?ath oa
Oe?a?ie;

— ooi/iaii ia?ae?e ?noi?e/ieo ? eoeueoo?ieo iai’yoie ??cieo aiio,
a?yoiaaieo a?ae ?oeioaaiiy ? cieuaiiy e?a?ciaaoeyie Iieoaaueie a ?iee
?aaiethoe?? oa a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie;

— c’yniaaii ?ieue ? i?noea Iieoaanueeiai Oe?a?inueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaoaae?e e?a?ciaanoaa Iieoaaueie ia aac? ?II a
i?aai?caoe?? aea/aiiy i?noeaai? ?noi??? oa i?aeaioiaoe? e?a?ciaa/eo
eaae??a ?aa?iio;

— a?aecia/aii oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ?noi?e/ieo aeieoiaio?a oa e?a?ciaa/eo
iaoa??ae?a, c?a?aieo ia Iieoaauei? a 20-30-o ??. OO no. o i?aoeyo a/aieo
oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e A.Ua?aae?anueeiai, N.Ia??aeiiai, I.Eo??iiiai,
I.Iaeiae?ia;

— aena?oeaii ni?aaaei? ianooaae ieuaiiy e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ia Iieoaauei?
a ia??iae ?ai?an?e 30-o ?ie?a, aea?oaaie yeeo noaee aeecueei 50
i?ia?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a e?ath;

— ?ice?eoi iaeia?aeii? noi??iee o?aa?/ieo a?ia?ao?e ?ai?aniaaieo
e?a?ciaaoe?a I.Aoaeeinueeiai, ?.Eaionoyinueeiai, I.E?eai?io/aiea,
E.Iiuaiea oa O.*a?iyanueeiai, aecia/aii ?o aianie o ?icaeoie
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iocaeieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?;

— iieacaii no?ao?oeea? iane?aeee noae?inueeeo ?ai?an?e aeey ?icaeoeo
?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aa?ii? ? ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a
Oe?a?i?;

— anoaiiaeaii, ui iaa?oue o ?iee ?ai?an?e ?noi?e/ia aea/aiiy e?ath
i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny ?icii?ioaieie neeaie aiooc?ano?a-e?a?ciaaoe?a I.Noaia,
ss.Ieanea/a, A.Iiaeue/aiea, I.?aiao?ia, i?aoe? yeeo aeiiiiaaathoue
nueiaiaei? e?aua c?icoi?oe neeaaeio ? noia?a/eeao ?noi??th ?aaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa a “?iee o??oioo ? o?aaaae?e”.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ??
iaoa??ae?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa,
noai?aii? ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue, iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a c ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?cianoaa, ?noi??? iocaeii? oa a?o?aii? ni?aae. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie a
na?aaei?e ? aeu?e oeie?.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioiaeeea ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ?noi???
Oe?a?ie Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, ?yae? i?aeia?iaeieo,
anaoe?a?inueeeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?e c ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
caaaeueiei ianyaii 8,9 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a –
155 n., oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e (noi??iee 156-193;
383 iaeiaioaaiiy).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie ?iaioe, aeacaii ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai oa?eoi??aeuei? oa o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee,
oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa e iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, aecia/athoueny ??
iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aeacothoueny aeai? i?i
ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiye, no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy”
i?iaiae?ciaaii noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie oa iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Ia?oeie, ua o 20-? ?iee ocaaaeueieee a?aeiiino? i?i ?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa, a?o?aii? oa iocaeii? ni?aae ia Iieoaauei? A.Ua?aae?anueeee
(1919) oa A.Uaiioue?a (1925, 1928).

?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?noi??th noai?aiiy, eieaeoe?? oa iniiai? iai?yiee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe Ie?ai?iaenueeiai, Iieoaanueeiai oa
?iiainueeiai e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a ii?eethaeieee ia noi??ieao ca??iee?a
“Oe?a?inueeee iocae” oa “Ca??ieeo, i?enay/aiiai 35-??//th Iocath
[Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iocath ?i. A.A.Ei?ieaiea]” A.Iiaeue/aiei,
ss.?eaeaiei oa I.Naiai/ee (1927, 1928).

Aoiia?ao?/i? nooae?? e?a?ciaaoe?a Iieoaaueie aeineoue iiaii
i?aaenoaaeai? oeeeeii noaooae E.Iiuaiea (1927) ? ss.?eaeaiea (1928,
1929). Ae?yeuei?noue a?o?aieo onoaiia oeueiai ia??iaeo i?iaiae?ciaaii a
?noi?e/ieo ?ica?aeeao O.Aa?aneiaiea (1928).

A 20-30-? ?iee ?yae aniaeo?a e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ia Iieoaauei?
aena?oethaaany o noaooyo oa ie?aieo ?icae?eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
i?ia?aeieo a/aieo Oe?a?ie A.Eiaiaee (1926), A.Aeoa?ianueeiai (1929,
1930), N.Oa?aiooaiea (1930) ? a/aieo oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e N.Ia??aeiiai
oa I.Eo??iiiai.

Aei aea/aiiy ie?aieo ieoaiue noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai
e?a?ciaanoaa ?aa?iio aeieo/eeeny I.Ano?ya, A.A??theia, A.Noaeeaoeueeee,
I.Neano?ii.

?ica?ii ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 30-o ?ie?a
i?eca?a aei i?eieiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c oe??? i?iaeaie ia aeiaa?
aeanyoe??//y. Aei aea/aiiy aeina?aeo ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe a
Oe?a?i? e iaoeiai? niaaeueie e?a?ciaaoe?a oao?aoe? caa?ioeeny ciiao eeoa
i?ney ?ica?i/oaaiiy eoeueoo iniae Noae?ia.

Aeoeaii aeeth/eeeny a oeth ?iaioo iieoaanuee? aeine?aeieee A.Eiao?aoeue
(1962), A.AEoe (1966), I.?ioa/ (1968), A.Aaaania (1969).

Ie?ai? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c ae?yeuei?noth iocaeieo oa a?o?aieo onoaiia
Iieoaaueie a 20-30-o ??., ae?noaee aena?oeaiiy o i?aoeyo A.Iacaioeaai?
(1959), TH.Iiaeue/aiea (1972), A.Ne?eiiee (1989), A.A?eion (1989) oa
A.Aaioeaea (1990).

A?oaieia?/iiio aea/aiith Iieoaaueie a ia?o? i?ney?aaiethoe?ei?
aeanyoee?ooy i?enay/aii ?yae ?noi?e/ieo ?ica?aeie ?.Oiaeiieyna (1971),
?.Aaa?eeaiea (1980), I.Noi?oiaiea (1988).

Caoiaee e?a?ciaaoe?a Iieoaaueie uiaei ioi?iie iai’yoie ?noi??? ?
eoeueoo?e e?ath o??? aeiae ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo
Ae.Aaeay (1972), N.Ca?aiae (1984), A.Aeoeaiea (1986) ? N.Eioa (1987).

Ia iiaeia ia?eoe oaaaith eaiaeeaeaonueeo aeena?oaoe?th A.Aaaaniaa, yea ?
ia?oith ni?iaith eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ia
Iieoaauei? a?ae eiai ca?iaeaeaiiy aei na?aaeeie 70-o ??. OO no. (1977).

C i?iaieioaiiyi iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie, iaea?aeaaoe aeinooi aei
aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a NAO oa ?ioeo aeaea?ae, ?ai?oa iaaeinooiieo
aeey iaoeiai? a?iiaaenueeino?, a/ai? ii?ooeee ieoaiiy i?i “?ai?aniaaia
e?a?ciaanoai” Iieoaaueie, i?i o?aa?/i? aeie? a?aeiieo aeine?aeiee?a
e?ath, ye? noaee aea?oaaie ?ai?an?e 30-o ?ie?a.

Aeeoee a na?o ?ioi?iaoe?eii iane/ai? ? oaeoieia?/i? noaoo? I.Ianooe?
(1991, 1992), E.Aaaaiei (1991), TH.Aeaieethea (1992), A.Aieiaeiae/a
(1992).

Aaaiiei aei?iaeii iieoaanueeeo iaoeiaoe?a noaea eieaeoeaia i?aoey
“?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th” (1992), yea ?iciia?aea? i?i o?aa?/i? aeie?
iieoaaoe?a, ?ai?aniaaieo noae?inueeeie niaoeneoaeaaie.

A oeae /an c’yaey?oueny ?yae a?oioiaieo i?aoeue aeine?aeiee?a
e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo a ?aa?ii?, na?aae yeeo ne?ae a?aecia/eoe iiiia?ao??
I.Ianooe? (1994, 1995), a yeeo ia aac? oe?ieiai eiea a?o?aieo aeaea?ae,
a?eueo?noue c yeeo aoei aia?oa aaaaeaii aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao, aaoi?
aeeaiei ? anaa?/ii aena?oeea ieoaiiy ae?yeueiino? e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a
? iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa Iieoaaueie a ia?o? iiaeiaoiaa? aeanyoee?ooy c
ioi?iie iai’yoie ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e ??aeiiai e?ath.

Ioaea, ia aeeaey/enue ia iayai?noue cia/ii? e?eueeino? ioae?eaoe?e,
aena?oethaaia i?iaeaia a?aeaeoa a ?noi??ia?ao?? aeineoue o?aaiaioa?ii.
Aiia aei oeueiai /ano ia noaea i?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iiia?aaeieee eeoa iai?oeee ?? iniiai? eiioo?e, o caaaeueieo ?enao
aena?oethth/e ae?yeuei?noue aeayeeo e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a ? ie?aieo
oao?aoe?a. O oie aea /an iica oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a caeeoeeany cia/ia
/anoeia a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a i?noeaai? i?ane, aaaaoi
aaaeeeaeo nthaeao?a ? ia?niiaae?a. A?aeoae, iiee ui a?aenooi? oe?e?nia
oyaeaiiy i?i oeae i?ioean. O ca’yceo c oeei o cai?iiiiiaai?e ia caoeno
aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii ni?iao iaaeeceoeny aei ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue ianaiia?aae a?o?ai?
iaoa??aee – io?oe?eia aeieoiaioaoe?y, ai?noiey??y, iaiioae?eiaai?
?oeiiene i?noeaaeo ?noi?ee?a-e?a?ciaaoe?a. C iaoith ?o aeyaeaiiy aoee
ianoaaeai? c?a?aiiy 11 a?o?aieo oa ?oeiienieo a?aeae?e?a a?ae?ioae
Ee?aa, Oa?eiaa, Iieoaae, Eoaai, Ie?ai?iaea.

Aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee 86 ni?aa, 37 oiiae?a a?o?a?a Oe?a?ie, /anoeia yeeo
aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aaiaeeoueny aia?oa.

A ?iaio? oe?iei aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee c oiiae?a Oeaio?aeueiiai
aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee e oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie (O.166 –
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie; O.2201 – I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae, 1918-1919 ??.; O.2457 – Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy ienoaoeoa oa
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae; O.2581 – Ia?iaeiiai
i?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?inueei? Ia?iaeii? ?anioae?ee; O.2607 –
Aeaeaaaoe?? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a ni?aaao ie?ieo ia?aaiai??a c
?in??th).

A Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie
ii?aoeueiaaii iaoa??aee O.263 – Neoaeae Aaciaee Oe?a?ie (iicanoaeia?
ni?aae ?aaa?e?oiaaieo), 1918-1950 ??..

O ieai? aea/aiiy a?oaieia?/ieo iai’yoie Iieoaaueie, ye? aoee a?aee?eo? ?
aeine?aeaeai? a/aieie ? e?a?ciaaoeyie ?aa?iio a 20-30-? ?iee, caeo/aii
?yae aeieoiaio?a Iaoeiaiai a?o?ao ?inoeoooo a?oaieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie. Oea
iieueiaa ca?oia aeieoiaioaoe?y i?i a?oaieia?/i? ?iceiiee, i?iaaaeai?
ni?a?ia?oieeaie Eioaeoeueeiai oa Eoaainueeeo e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a (O.AOAE
? 62, ? 109/18, ? 177, ? 202/7, ? 262/44, ? 550).

Iaea?eueoa aeieoiaio?a caeo/aii c Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Iieoaanueei?
iaeano?. Na?aae ieo – iaoa??aee, ui ?iciia?aeathoue i?i noaiiaeaiiy ?
ae?euei?noue iia?oiaeo EIIIEN?a Iieoaaueie (O.?-3283), ?noi??th a?o?aii?
ni?aae a ?aa?ii? (O.?-1871, O.?-1876, O.?-2125), iaiieaaeeao ?iaioo
e?a?ciaaoe?a c ioi?iie ? caa?aaeaiiy iai’yoie ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e e?ath
a 20-30-? ?iee (O.?-2068, O.?-3872), noai?aiiy iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
e?a?ciaaoe?a Iieoaaueie (O.?-1865).

Aaeeeee ?ioa?an aeey iaoeiaoe?a noaiiaeyoue iniaeno? oiiaee: caniiaieoe?
ia?oiai ca /anii a?oaieiai-e?a?ciaa/iai i?eaaoiiai c?a?aiiy Oe?a?ie
E.Nea?aeeinueei? (O.222) oa iieoaanueeiai a?o?a?noa ? e?a?ciaaoey
I.Eyoioeinueeiai (O.?-8831).

O?aa?/i? aeie? e?a?ciaaoe?a A.Aeei?no, I.Iaeoaoa oa ?.Iaaeaeee, ye?
noaee aea?oaaie ?ai?an?e c aieo oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio, ?ethno?othoue
aeieoiaioe c a?o?a?a Iieoaanueeiai ? Oa?e?anueeiai iaeanieo oi?aae?iue
NAO (Ni?.5179, 16565; Ni?.014860, 027736).

Aaaeeea? aeieoiaioe aeyaeaii a iaoeiaeo a?o?aao Iieoaanueeiai oa
Eoaainueeiai ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a. Oea a?aeiiino? ?noi???
eieaeoe?e (Iae.ca.11-1, 03-14, 03-19), i?ioieiee can?aeaiue e?a?ciaa/eo
ina?aaee?a, /eneaii? niiaaaee, uioeaeiaaa aeieoiaioaoe?y a?oaieia?/ieo
?ica?aeie (O.12, 21, 50). ?o aeiiiaiththoue ie?ai? aeieoiaioe
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? (O.?-608) oa Eoaainueeiai
i?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao (O.30).

Oe?iieie aeaea?aeaie ? ca??ieee “Iieoaaueia”, “Caienee Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa aeine?aeoaaiiy e ioi?iie iai’yoie noa?iaeie ?
ienoaoeoaa ia Iieoaauei?”, “Caienee Iieoaanueeiai iaoeiaiai i?e
Anaoe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oiaa?enoaa oa “Ca??iee, i?enay/aiee
35-??//th [Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai] iocath [?i. A.A.Ei?ieaiea]”;
iaioa?e E.Iiuaiea, A.I?eiea?aa, A.Ua?aae?anueeiai, niiaaaee iauaaee?a
I.A?eyo?anueeiai oa I.I??ce-Aaae’yioe.

sse aeaea?aei oaeiae aeei?enoai? a?aeaoee ia aeine?aeaeaiiy e?a?ciaaoe?a
?aa?iio oiai /ano, ca?oe i?i ?iaioo ioca?a oa e?a?ciaa/eo i?aai?caoe?e,
i?ioieiee can?aeaiue iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa Iieoaaueie, eaoaeiae e?a?ciaa/eo
aenoaaie 20-30-o ?ie?a, aacaoia oa aeo?iaeueia o?ii?ea.

Oaeei /eiii, aeaea?aeueia aaca oe?eeii aeinoaoiy ? aeinoia??ia aeey
aea/aiiy iinoaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?? ieoaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aianie aea?aeaaieo onoaiia Iieoaaueie o ?icaeoie
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue o 20-o ??. OO no.” ?icaeyiooi
eiiieaen ieoaiue, ui aecia/athoue i?noea eii?oao?a ioi?iie iai’yoie
ienoaoeoaa ? noa?iaeie, ioca?a oa a?o?a?a o ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iio ?on?
20-o ?ie?a.

Ia ii/aoeo 20-o ??. ia Iieoaauei? aeieeea ia?aaea eii?oao?a ioi?iie
iai’yoie ienoaoeoaa ? noa?iaeie (EIIIEN?a), ye? caii/aoeoaaee aea/aiiy
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie, iocaeia oa a?o?aia aoae?aieoeoai,
noeioethaaee ca?iaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo.

Aeoeaio ?iaioo ?icai?ioee Eoaainueeee, Eioaeoeueeee, Eiaaeyoeueeee,
Ie?ai?iaenuee? EIIIENe, coneeeyie yeeo aoei acyoi ia iae?e ? i?ae
ioi?iio 39834 iai’yoee oa ia?aaacaii aei ioca?a 12605 aeniiiao?a ?
iaoa??ae?a. Aoei a?yoiaaii a?ae ?oeioaaiiy naaeeae Io?aaeiaeo-Aiinoie?a
o Oiioooe?, Aiaie?a-ssiianueeeo o Ni?i/eioeyo oa Aanee?aoe?,
a?o?oaeoo?iee ainaiaeue Iaa?nueeiai Niani-I?aia?aaeainueeiai iiianoe?y
i?ae Eoaiaie, aeanyoee ?ioeo ?noi?e/ieo iai’yoie.

O neeaae? EIIIEN?a aeoeaio iai’yoeiioi?iiio, aeine?aeieoeueeo oa
i?iiaaaiaeenonueeo ?iaioo i?iaiaeeee aeaeaoi? a/ai? oa aeine?aeieee
e?ath I.Ano?ya, E.Iiuaiei, I.Iaaeia-N?eueaainueeee, ss.?oaeeinueeee,
I.Neano?ii, A.Noaeeaoeueeee, A.Uaiioue?a, A.Ua?aae?anueeee.

Aaaeeeaeie e?a?ciaa/eie ina?aaeeaie noaee i?noeaa? ioca?, a yeeo aoei
cina?aaeaeaii cia/i? iaoeia? neee. A 20-o ??. ia Iieoaauei? ae?yee
Iieoaanueeee, Eoaainueeee, Oi?ieuenueeee, Ie?ai?iaenueeee, ?iiainueeee,
I?eeooeueeee, *i?iooeinueeee e?a?ciaa/? ioca?, a oaeiae iaii??aeueiee
iocae I.Aiaiey o A.Ni?i/eioeyo.

Cia/i? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe i?eianee a?oaieia?/i? ?iceiiee, i?iaaaeai?
ni?a?ia?oieeaie Iieoaanueeiai e?a?ciaa/iai iocath I.?oaeeinueeei,
A.Ua?aae?anueeei, ?.Aaa?eeaieii, I.Oaooa?i oa ss.?eaeaieii o Iiai?nee?
oa I?ei?aee?, ia Eioae//ei?, Eoaaiuei?, E?aiai/o//ei? oa ?iiaiuei?.

E?a?ciaa/? ioca? Iieoaaueie a 20-? ?iee neaaeeeny /oaeiaeie
aoiia?ao?/ieie eieaeoe?yie, oi?eith i?aai?caoe??th ?iaioe c? cai?o
aoiia?ao?/iiai oa oieueeei?iiai iaoa??aeo. Iiiaae 10 oeny/ aeniiiao?a
iae?/oaaea eieaeoe?y iai’yoie oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa
Iieoaanueeiai e?a?ciaa/iai iocath, c?a?aia E.Iiuaieii.

Oni?oia? ?icaeoeo iocaeii? ni?aae a ?aa?ii? a 20-? ?iee ni?eyei o?nia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai iieoaanueeeo e?a?ciaaoe?a c i?ia?aeieie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie oeaio?aie Oe?a?ie oiai /ano. Oae, ni?eueii c Ioca?i
oe?a?inueeiai ienoaoeoaa, i/iethaaiei N.Oa?aiooaieii, aoei i?iaaaeaii
eiiieaeni? iaoeiai-aeine?aei? aeniaaeeoe?? aoiia?ao?a, a?oaieia?a,
ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a oa iiaiciaaoe?a aei Ii?oi?, Ie?ai?iaeo, I?eeoe,
E?aiai/ooeueeiai oa Cieioii?nueeiai iia?o?a.

Caneoaiao? ia oaaao aeaeaaie/a ae?yeuei?noue ioca?a. Iai?eeeaae,
iaoeiaoeyie Iieoaanueeiai e?a?ciaa/iai iocath aoei i?aeaioiaeaii aei
ae?oeo ? aeaeaii a 1927-1928 ??. ?yae aaeeeeo ca ianyaii e?a?ciaa/eo
ca??ie, na?aae ieo – “Iin?aiee aeey aea/aiiy Iieoaanueei? aoaa?i??”
E.E?nianueei? ? A.I?eiea?aa oa “Aeneo?n?eiee aeia?aeiee ii Iieoaa? ?
Iieoaanuee?e ie?oc?” ss.?eaeaiea.

Aaaiiee aianie o caa?aaeaiiy ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie Iieoaaueie
aianee Iieoaanueea, Eoaainueea, E?aiai/ooeueea oa ?iiainueea ie?oaei?
?iniaeoo?e ioi?iie iai’yoie, noai?ai? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? 20-o ?ie?a.
Ni?eueii c Oa?e?anueeith e?aeiaith ?iniaeoo?ith ioi?iie iai’yoie,
i/iethaaiith N.Oa?aiooaieii, ?i aaeaeiny ia aeiionoeoe ?oeioaaiiy ?yaeo
aecia/ieo a?o?oaeoo?ieo ? iiioiaioaeueieo iai’yoie e?ath.

Cia/io ?ieue o ?icaeoeia? ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Iieoaauei?
a?ae?a?aee a?o?ai? onoaiiae.

Caaaeyee coneeeyi a?o?a?no?a aoei a?yoiaaii a?o?ae A.Ei/oaay, I.??ii?ia,
Io?aaeiaeo-Aiinoie?a, E.Nea?aeeinueei?, Iieoaanueeiai aoaa?inueeiai
i?aae?iiy, ie?oaeiiai noaeo oa ?ioeo aei?aaiethoe?eieo onoaiia aoaa?i??.
O?eueee ca o?aaaiue 1925 ?. aei iaeaniiai a?o?ao iaae?eoei 2074 oiiaee,
a ie?oaao aoei acyoi ia iae?e 1989 oiiae?a.

I?aenoiee nai?o aeine?aeaeaiue i?ia?aei? a?o?a?noe Iieoaaueie
A.Ia?oiiaiei, I.Eeaiaoeueeee, I.Ano?ya, I.I??ca-Aaae’yioe oa A.Uaiioue?a
ioae?eoaaee o aeaeyae? /eneaiieo i?aoeue, iia?aeiieaiue ? noaooae o
ca??ieeao AOAI.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?ieue a?iiaaenueeeo e?a?ciaa/eo ia’?aeiaiue oa
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Iieoaaueie a ?icai?oaii? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aa?ii? a 20-? ?iee OO no.” i?iaiae?ciaaii
ae?yeuei?noue oa oai?/ee aei?iaie iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa e?ath, aena?oeaii
?iaioo e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a, ye? ?nioaaee a 20-? ?iee o aeu?e oa
na?aaei?e oeie?.

Aaaeeeao ?ieue o ?icaeoeo ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aa?ii?
a?ae?a?aei Oe?a?inueea oiaa?enoai aeine?aeaeaiiy e ioi?iie iai’yoie
noa?iaeie oa ienoaoeoaa ia Iieoaauei?, noai?aia o eenoiiaae? 1918 ?. c
?i?oe?aoeae a?aeiieo ?noi?ee?a ? e?a?ciaaoe?a Iieoaae A.Eiaaeaiea,
E.Iaaeaeee, I.?oaeeinueeiai, A.Uaiioue?aa oa A.Ua?aae?anueeiai. A 1924
?. ia eiai aac? ii/aei ae?yoe Iieoaanueea iaoeiaa oiaa?enoai i?e AOAI,
yea i/ieea E.Iiuaiei.

*eaie oiaa?enoaa i?iaiaeeee a?oaieia?/i? ?iceiiee, aea/aee
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie ? eoeueoo?ia aeeooy e?ath, cae?aee
i?noeaaee oieueeei?, aeine?aeaeoaaee iai’yoee aeaei?aoeaii-oaeeoeiaiai
ienoaoeoaa e ia?iaeii? a?o?oaeoo?e. I?i cia/iee iaoeiaee iioaioe?ae
oiaa?enoaa na?ae/aoue aeaioiiia aeaeaiiy “Caienie Iieoaanueeiai
Iaoeiaiai i?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? Iaoe oiaa?enoaa” oa ca??ea
e?a?ciaa/eo ia?en?a “Iieoaaueia”, aea ie?ai? ia?ene noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny
iaoiaee/ieie ii?aaeaie, a oaeiae aeneo?n?eieie ia?o?ooaie ?
a?ae?ia?ao??th. *eneaii? ioae?eaoe?? iieoaanueeeo e?a?ciaaoe?a
I.Aoaeeinueeiai, I.Eeaiaoeueeiai, A.Eiaaeaiea, E.Iiuaiea,
I.?oaeeinueeiai, A.Uaiioue?aa, A.Ua?aae?anueeiai iiaeia cono??oe ? a
?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao 20-o ?ie?a.

Oe?a?inueeei Eii?oaoii E?a?ciaanoaa aoei aeniei ioe?iaii ae?yeuei?noue
Eoaainueeiai, E?aiai/ooeueeiai oa Oi?ieuenueeiai iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa i?e
AOAI, aeina?ae ?iaioe yeeo iiioey?ecoaaa oaoiaee aeo?iae “E?a?ciaanoai”.

Aeoeaii ae?yee oaeiae iaoeia? e?a?ciaa/? ina?aaeee o Ie?ai?iae?,
I?eeoeao, Aaaey/?, Eioaeoe?, Eioaeuea?, Ie?yoei? ? Eiaaeyeao.

E?a?ciaaoeyi oa iaoeiaei ina?aaeeai Iieoaaueie caaaeaee aoei aeanoeaa
i?aaiaiiy aeoeaiiai caeo/aiiy oe?eueii? ? nooaeaionueei? iieiae? aei
i?aeoe/ii? o/ano? o e?a?ciaa/iio iiooeo.

A 1920-1921 ??. i?ia?aeia ?ieue o ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iio aea/aii? ?aa?iio
iaeaaeaea Oe?a?inueeiio oi?aa?neoaoo o Iieoaa?. Eaeoe?? c ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, Iieoaaueie oa Neiaiaeaiueie, ia?iaeiciaanoaa, aoiia?ao?? oa
aoiieia?? a oeueiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? /eoaee e?au? a/ai?
Oa?e?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo: i?ioani?e Ae.Aaaae?e, A.Aa?a?inueeee,
A.Aa?aooai?eia, ?.Eaaa?ia, I.Noioeia, aeioeaioe I.Eiaainai oa
N.Oa?aiooaiei, a?aeiiee ?noi?ee ienoaoeoa O.Oi?aeo.

I?ney cae?eooy oi?aa?neoaoo ?ieue i?aai?caoe?eiiai ? iaoiaee/iiai
oeaio?o aea/aiiy ?noi??? ??aeiiai e?ath ia?aeoea aei ooai?aiiai a 1921
?. Aeuiai ?inoeoooo ia?iaeii? ina?oe, ?aeoi?ii yeiai aoei ia?aii
a/aiiai-e?a?ciaaoey A.Uaiioue?aa.

A 1925 ?. i?e Iieoaanueeiio ?II aoei noai?aii iaoeiai-aeine?aeio
eaoaae?o e?a?ciaanoaa. Ae?yei o?e iaoeia? naeoe??, i??i?eoaoia i?noea
na?aae yeeo caeiaea ?noi?eei-aeiiii?/ia. A eiei ?? caaaeaiue aoiaeeei
aea/aiiy ia?iaeiiai iiaooo a eiai aeeiai?oe?, aeiiii?/ii? ?noi???
Iieoaaueie OVIII-XX no. ca a?o?aieie aeaea?aeaie, no?oeoo?e naeyinueeeo
ainiiaea?noa oa i?noeaai? oi?a?ae?, aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iniia?
a?oaieia?/iiai ? a?o?aiiai iaoa??ae?a i?ioeano neia’yinueei?
eieii?caoe?? e?ath, i?iaeai eoeueoo?e. Ia aac? ?noi?e/iiai nai?ia?o
aeuiai oeio ?II (ea??aieee A.Ia?oiiaiei, I.Eeaiaoeueeee) ?icii/aeany
i?aeaioiaea ani??aio?a eaoaae?e.

Aeeeaaea/? ? nooaeaioe oe?iei caeo/aeeny aei ?iaioe e?a?ciaa/eo
oiaa?enoa ? ao?oe?a, ea?oaaee oe?eueieie e?a?ciaa/eie ia’?aeiaiiyie, ui
aiineei a i?aeaioiaeo iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a ye?nii iiaee aeaiaio,
?icaeaaei iaae/ee eieaeoeaii? ? aeine?aeieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?,
ii?aeioaaei iianyeaeaiio aeaaeai?/io ?iaioo c ina?oith.

Ia caeeoaeeny inoi?iiue a?ae ianiaiai e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo 20-o ?ie?a
na?aaei? niaoe?aeuei? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee oa caaaeueiiina?oi? oeiee
Iieoaaueie. Aaaaeaiiy e?a?ciaanoaa ye naiino?eii? aeenoeeie?ie a
iaa/aeuei? ieaie i?eaaei aei aeoeaiiai ?icai?oaiiy ao?oeiai? ?iaioe a
Eoaainueeiio, E?aiai/ooeueeiio, I?eeooeueeiio iaaeoaoi?eoiao oa
Ie?ai?iaenueeiio ea?ai?/iiio oaoi?eoi?.

I?aaenoaaieee Iieoaaueie a?aee o/anoue o ?iaio? Anaoe?a?inueeiai
nooaeaionueeiai ath?i e?a?ciaanoaa, noai?aiiai a 1924 ?. i?e
Oeaio?aeueiiio ath?i I?ieaoa?nueeiai nooaeaionoaa.

O 20-? ?iee aeineoue oe?iea ia?aaea e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a aeieeea o
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao. Ie?aeii ae?yee oe?euei? e?a?ciaa/? ina?aaeee a
Oi?ie?, Eoaiao, Ie?ai?iae? oa Eioaeuea?. Aiie iaeaaiaeeee eiioaeoe c
Aoiia?ao?/iith eii?n??th AOAI, yea iaaeaaaea aaeeeiai cia/aiiy
caeo/aiith oeiey??a aei e?a?ciaa/iai iiooeo.

E?a?ciaanoai aoei ? aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie
A.Iaea?aiea, yeee ia ii/aoeo 20-o ?ie?a i/iethaaa aeeoy/o eieii?th ?i.
Ai?ueeiai i?ae Iieoaaith.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai Iieoaaueie a 30-o ??. OO
no.” ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy i?i caiaiaae e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo a ?aa?ii?,
aeeeeeaiee ieuaiiyi i?ia?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a e?ath oa ?ica?iiii
e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a a ia??iae noae?inueeeo ?ai?an?e 30-o ?ie?a.

?ai?an?? i?ioe e?a?ciaaoe?a ?icii/aeeny a?ae?aco ae i?ney ooaa?aeaeaiiy
ia Iieoaauei? aeaaee a?eueoiaee?a. O a?oaei? 1920 ?. i?aaiaie *E aoee
caa?aooiaai? iaeei c caniiaiee?a aoaEIIIENo I.?oaeeinueeee, eiai nano?e,
aeeeaaea/? a?iiac?? ?i.?.Eioey?aanueeiai, oa caa?aeoth/ee
?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/iei a?aeae?eii e?a?ciaa/iai iocath E.Iiuaiei. Ia ?o
caoeno noaa ienueiaiiee A.Ei?ieaiei, yeiio aaeaeiny a?yooaaoe
iiaeaeaeiee?a oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e c-ca a?ao eeoa caaaeyee nai?io
aaccaia?a/iiio aaoi?eoaoo.

Ia ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a oioae?oa?iee ?aaeei ?ica’ycaa ni?aaaeith a?eio
i?ioe iocaeieo i?aoe?aiee?a, i?aai?caoi??a ? /eai?a e?a?ciaa/eo
oiaa?enoa. ?o noaiaea?oii caeioaa/oaaee a iaoe?iiae?ci?, ?aeaae?caoe??
iao??a?oaeueueie, ca’yceo c ia?nioth/eie eiio??aaiethoe?eieie
i?aai?caoe?yie, i?aaiaii? aei iiaaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a
?anioae?oe? oeyoii ca?ieiiai iianoaiiy, a?aeoi?aiaiiy Oe?a?inueei?
?anioae?ee a?ae N?N? ? ?anoaa?aoe?? eai?oae?noe/iiai eaaeo. Oae?
caeioaa/aiiy aoee i?aae’yaeai? a?aeiiei e?a?ciaaoeyi, i?ioani?ai
A.Uaiioue?ao oa A.Ia?oiiaieo, iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo I?ieaoa?nueeiai
iocath Iieoaaueie E.?oaeeinuee?e oa ea??aieeia? eaoaae?e
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ?II A.Aa?oiaeioeth, caaa?aooiaaiei o ni?aa? NAO.

A 1930-1931 ??. /a?ac oia?aaeaeaia ne?aenoai oa noaeiaee oa?n i?ieoee
caeioaa/ai? a ni?aa? ia?nioth/eo eiio??aaiethoe?eieo i?aai?caoe?e –
“Oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oeaio?o” oa “Oe?a?inueei? a?enueeiai?
i?aai?caoe??” a?aeii? e?a?ciaaoe?-iieoaaoe? I.Ai?aaiue, O.Naa/aiei,
ss.?eaeaiei.

A 1933-1936 ??. aea?oaaie noae?inueeeo “ii?e/iee?a” noaee E.Iiuaiei,
N.Oa?aiooaiei, TH.Ieoaee?a, I.E?eai?io/aiei, I.?oaeeinueeee,
I.Iieioeueeee, I.Iaea?aiei, ?.Eaionoyinueeee, A.Iaeoao, ?.Iaaeaeea oa
I.Aoaeeinueeee.

Iniaeeai o?aa?/iei aeey e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo ia Iieoaauei? noaa 1937 ??e. O
oiio ?ioe? aoei caa?aooiaaii ? eeiooi aei cano?ie?a IEAN e?a?ciaaoe?a
I.O?eyinueeiai, I.Iiaoeueeiai, O.*a?iyanueeiai, O.Aeioo, A.Aeei?no.
Ciiao iieieeeny ca a?aoaie A.Uaiioue?a oa A.Aa?oiaeiaoeue.

A?aaeathoue nai?th aei?noie?noth ? iaieeina?aei?noth i?eeiie,
o?aaeeoe?ei? a ne?ae/?e “i?aeoeoe?” 30-o ?ie?a: iia?ice, oaioaae,
aacia?a?ai? aaaaoiaiaeeii? aeiieoe, iicaaaeaiiy nio, iia?ice
canoinoaaiiy o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a aai ae ? i?inoi ca??y/? oi?oo?e, /a?ac
ye? i?ieoee an? caa?aooiaai?. A oaeiae aaciiuaaei?noue ae?ie?a,
aeianaieo e?a?ciaaoeyi Iieoaaueie a 1937-1938 ??., oa iini?oi?noue ?o
aeeiiaiiy. 9 e?a?ciaaoe?a (A.Uaiioue?a, I.Iiaoeueeee, I.O?eyinueeee,
?.Iaaeaeea, A.Aa?oiaeiaoeue, O.Aeioa, A.Aeei?no, I.Iaea?aiei oa
A.Naaeey?) aoee ?icno??eyi?. Ua /aoaa?i – I.Aoaeeinueeee,
?.Eaionoyinueeee, TH.Ieoaee?a oa I.E?eai?io/aiei – iiia?ee a cano?ieao
a?ae oi?oo?. O eiioeoaai?e, ia no?ie a?ae 3 aei 10 ?ie?a aoee eeioo?
I.?oaeeinueeee, N.Oa?aiooaiei, A.A??i/aiei, ss.?eaeaiei, A.Iaeoao,
E.Iiuaiei, TH.Aeia?iaieaiei oa ?io?.

sse iane?aeie, ieuaiiy i?ia?aeieo e?a?ciaa/eo eaae??a Iieoaaueie a
ia??iae ?ai?an?e 30-o ?ie?a aeaei ciiao ia?o?eii-?aaeyinueeiio aia?aoo
iaaeaoe ?ioi? ?aeaieia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? e?a?ciaa/iio ?ooo a ?aa?ii?,
oaiaoe/ii caoceaoe niaeo? aeine?aeaeaiue, ni?yioaaoe ?o ia “caaacia/aiiy
iiaoaeiae iniia nioe?ae?noe/iiai noni?euenoaa”.

I?eieieeanue ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa i?e AOAI, ??cei
nei?ioeeinue /enei e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao ? a
i?aai?caoe?yo oa iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, ae?yeuei?noue yeeo i?ney 1933
?ieo aoei oaeoe/ii caai?iiaii. A?ae eioo?a ? a?aenooi?noue aoaeue-yei?
i?aeo?eiei c aieo i?aai?a aeaaee aaee aei cai?oaiiy a?oaieia?/ieo,
aoiia?ao?/ieo oa e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eieieeiny aeaeaiiy
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e. Aeniiceoe?? ioca?a ia?aioi?iethaaeenue
o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia a?eueoiaeoeueei? ?aeaieia??.

Ona oea ae?ae iaaaoeaii iicia/eeiny ia ??ai? ? ianooaaao
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ? coiiaeei caiaiaae e?a?ciaa/iai
?ooo.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiiieaeniee aiae?c
?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Iieoaauei? o 20-30-? ??. OO no. ye
neeaaeiai? /anoeie ?noi?e/ii? iaoee c iaeiiai aieo ? a?iiaaenueeiai ?ooo
c ?ioiai ioiieth? iniiai? aoaie iai?inoi? ? o?aa?/ii? ?noi???
oe?a?inueeiai e?a?ciaanoaa ? aeicaiey? c?iaeoe iaai? ocaaaeueiaiiy.

Ia ia?oiio aoai?, yeee ioiieth? 20-? ?iee OO noie?ooy:

— coneeeyie iiaeaeaeiee?a ? aiooc?ano?a aaeaeiny a?yooaaoe a?ae ieuaiiy
e ?oeioaaiiy ? caa?aaoe aeey iauaaee?a iaiaei oe?iieo ?noi?e/ieo
aeieoiaio?a oa iai’yoie ?noi??? ? eoeueoo?e Iieoaaueie;

— niinoa??aaany no??ieee ??no a?iiaaenueei? ?i?oe?aoeae a Iieoaa? oa
iia?oiaeo i?noao aoaa?i?? (Eoaiao, Oi?ie?, Ie?ai?iae?, E?aiai/ooe?,
I?eeoeao), aea aeieeee eii?oaoe ioi?iie iai’yoie ienoaoeoaa ? noa?iaeie,
ye? iaee yne?aai ae?aaeaiee iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/iee oa?aeoa? ?
ia’?aeioaaee a nai?o eaaao iaoeiaoe?a ? ina?oyi, ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e ?
i?inoi aiooc?ano?a, caeioaieo o ??aeio ?noi??th;

— noi?ioaaeany ieayaea a/aieo ? eoeueoo?ieo ae?y/?a Iieoaaueie, c
?iaiaie yeeo iia’ycai? e iniiai? caeiaooee oe?a?inueeiai e?a?ciaanoaa
20-o ?ie?a: ?.Eaionoyinueeee, E.Iiuaiei, ss.?eaeaiei, I.?oaeeinueeee,
A.Uaiioue?a, A.Ua?aae?anueeee oa ?io?;

— aaaeeeaeie e?a?ciaa/eie ina?aaeeaie noaee ioca?, a yeeo aoee
cina?aaeaeai? cia/i? iaoeia? neee. Aiie ie?aeii aea/aee a?oaieia?/i?
noa?iaeeoiino? ?aa?iio, cae?aee oieueeei?ii-aoiia?ao?/i? iaoa??aee,
caeiaeeny ioi?iiith iai’yoie noa?iaeie;

— cia/io ?ieue o ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a?ae?a?aee a?o?ai?
onoaiiae. ?o ni?a?ia?oieee aeyaeee, ii?aoethaaee ? cai?iaaaeeee a
iaoeiaee ia?a cia/io e?euee?noue aeaea?ae c ?noi??? Iieoaaueie OVII —
ia?oi? o?aoeie XX no.;

— oe?ieiai ?icaeoeo iaaoei ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao e?ath. Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiai a iaa/aeuei? ieaie caeeaae?a
ina?oe noeioethaaei ??no o/i?anueeeo e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue e?ath;

— ?iaeeany ni?iaa noai?aiiy iaoiaee/iiai ? eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai oeaio?o
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ia Iieoaauei? oeyoii noai?aiiy ia
aac? Iieoaanueeiai ?II iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaoaae?e e?a?ciaanoaa;

— aaeeeo ?iaioo c ?icaeoeo ? iioe?aiiy ?noi?e/ieo ciaiue o ?aa?ii?
i?iaiaeeee iaoeia? oiaa?enoaa e?ath. Cao?ooaaaoe a nai?o ?yaeao oe?iea
eiei oao?aoe?a oa aiaoi??a noa?iaeie, aiie noai?eee aoiinoa?o oai?/iai
iiooeo, iaiao?aeio aeey oni?oiiai ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue;

— aeoeaia caeo/aiiy oe?ieeo e?e a?iiaaenueeino? aei e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo
aeaei ciiao oni?oii i?aeaiooaaoe ? i?iaanoe ieceo iia?oiaeo e?a?ciaa/eo
eiioa?aioe?e o Eoaiao, Ie?ai?iae?, Oi?ie?, E?aiai/ooe?, ia?aoai?eoe
e?a?ciaa/ee ?oo o ?aa?ii? a aaoi?eoaoio ? ianiao noni?eueio oa/?th;

— e?a?ciaa/? ina?aaeee Iieoaaueie i?aeo?eioaaee o?ni? ca’ycee c
Oe?a?inueeei Eii?oaoii E?a?ciaanoaa, Eii?n??th e?a?ciaanoaa, Eii?n??th
E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie oa Anaoe?a?inueeei eii?oaoii AOAI. ?acoeueoaoii
oe??? ni?ai?aoe? noaee iecee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieoaanueeeo a/aieo, ye?
nooo?ai aeiiiaieee oe?a?inueeo ?noi??ia?ao?th, aenieee iaoeiaee ??aaiue
e?a?ciaa/eo ?ica?aeie o ?aa?iiao, i?oeia iaoeiaa aaca ioca?a oa a?o?a?a
Iieoaaueie;

— ae?yeuei?noue e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a Iieoaaueie a 20-? ?iee iaea
iaaaeyea cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo iaoee, ni?eyea i?aeianaiith ??aiy
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai aeeooy i?ia?ioe??, ina?oe oe?ieeo aa?noa ia?iaeo.

Aea ia ae?oaiio aoai? (30-? ?iee) ?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia
Iieoaauei?, ye ? a Oe?a?i? a oe?eiio, aoa ooo/ii ia?a?aaiee aiane?aeie
a?oaiai ao?o/aiiy oioae?oa?ii? aea?aeaae a iaoeiaa ? eoeueoo?ia aeeooy.
Oea aoei aeeeeeaii oei, ui:

— aeaiie?aoe/ia ca nai?i oa?aeoa?ii, oi?iaie ? iaoiaeaie ?iaioe, oai?/a
i?aoey e?a?ciaaoe?a ia aienoaaeany a eaiiie aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii?
nenoaie;

— /ania ? iaoia?aaeaeaia iiooeiaa aeine?aeieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue
e?a?ciaaoe?a caa?iaeoaaea ?ice?eooyi no?aoii? i?aaaee i?i
ianeeueieoeueeo eieaeoea?caoe?th ? ieuaiiy oe?a?inueeiai naea oeyoii
aieiaeiii?o, ui aoei iai?eionoeiei aeey oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie.

sse iane?aeie: a?iiaaenuee? e?a?ciaa/? ia’?aeiaiiy aoee e?ea?aeiaai?,
i?eieieeiny aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e, cia/ia /anoeia
oao?aoe?a caciaea iaiaa?oioiaaieo ?ai?an?e.

Ona oea ae?ae iaaaoeaii iicia/eeiny ia ??ai? ? ianooaaao
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ? coiiaeei caiaiaae e?a?ciaa/iai
?ooo. ?iaia i?ia?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a e?ath ia aeanyoee?ooy aoee
aee?aneai? c aiiae?a ?noi???. A iaaooee aeina?ae e?a?ciaa/i? ?iaioe aoa
caoaa?iaaiee ye i?iya “ao?aeoaciiai iaoe?iiae?cio”, “?aiaaaonoaa”,
“iao??a?oaeueueie”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo i?aoeyo aaoi?a:

1. ?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Eoaaiuei? a 20-30 ??. OO no. –
Eoaie, 1997. – 36 n. – (Eoaai. ?aeii. ae?oea?iy).

2. Aianie aea?aeaieo onoaiia Iieoaaueie a ?icaeoie ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue a 20-o ??. OO no. – Eoaie, 1997. – 56 n. – (Eoaai.
?aeii. ae?oea?iy).

3. ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai Iieoaaueie a ?iee ?aaiethoe?? oa
a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie (1917-1919 ??.). – ?/iy, 1997. – 23 n. – (?/iyi.
?aeii. ae?oea?iy).

4. ?ai?aniaaia e?a?ciaanoai Iieoaaueie. – Eoaie: Eoaai. ?aeii.
ae?oea?iy, 1997. – 18n. – (Eoaai. ?aeii. ae?oea?iy).

5. Ei?ioeee a?ia?ao?/iee aeia?aeiee: i?ia?aei? e?a?ciaaoe? Iieoaaueie
20-30-o ??. OO no. / Oii?yae. ?.A.Eicth?a – Eoaie, 1997. – 29 n. –
(Eoaai. ?aeii. ae?oea?iy).

6. Ieuaiiy i?ia?aeieo e?a?ciaa/eo eaae??a Iieoaaueie a 20-30-? ?iee OO
no. // A?ni. Oa?e. aea?ae. oi-oo. – 1997. – ?396: ?noi??y. – Aei.29. –
N. 150-159.

7. Noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Eoaaiuei? a
1917-1925 ??. // Aeia?iiene. – Iieoaaa, 1997. – ?1-2. – N. 150-156.

8. Nayoeoaeue Aoaian?e, Eoaainueeee /oaeioai?aoeue // Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iae. eiio. iieiaeuo enoi?eeia / OOI IANE. – O., 1994. – N.
146-150.

9. ?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao Eoaaiueie: [?noi??y ?
no/ani?noue] // ?noi??y oa eoeueoo?a E?aiaa?aaeaey Oe?a?ie: Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iae. eiio. – E.; I?aeei, 1997. – N. 190-197.

10. ?icaeoie ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ia Iieoaauei? a 20-?
?iee OO no. // I?iaeaiu enoi?ee e a?oaieiaee Oe?aeiu: E 140-eaoeth ni
aeiy ?iaeaeaiey aeaaeaieea Ae.E.Aaaaeay: Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiio. /
Oa?uee. iae. eno.-a?oaie. i-ai. – O., 1997. – N. 87-88.

11. Noaeueau e?aaaaaeia Iieoaaueiu e Ai?iiaaeneiai e?ay a aiaeu
noaeeineeo ?ai?annee // ?inney e Oe?aeia ia ii?iaa OOI aaea. Iooe
ni/aoaiey iaoeeiiaeueiuo eioa?ania e a?aoneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey: Oac.
iao/. aeiee. e niiau. iaaeaeoia?iae. eiio. – Ai?iiaae, 1997. – Enoi?ey e
enoi?eia?aoey. – N. 23-27.

Eicth?a ?.A. ?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Iieoaauei? a 20-30-o
??. OO no. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. – Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/o ae?yeuei?noue iocaeieo,
a?o?aieo onoaiia, iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa, iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a,
aeine?aeiee?a Iieoaaueie oa ?o coneeey uiaei caa?aaeaiiy ?
iiioey?ecaoe?? ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie a 20-30-o ?ieao OO
noie?ooy. Ia iniia? oe?ieiai eiea aeaea?ae aoei aecia/aii iniiai?
iai?yie, oi?ie e iaoiaee ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?o ?ieue o
?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. I?aoey i?noeoue aaaeeeaee iaoa??ae, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue ia?aaeyiooe ? ?icoe?eoe oyaeaiiy i?i oa?aeoa?
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo o aecia/aiee ia??iae. Aaoi? i?eeoia aei
aeniiaeo, ui iineeaiiy e?a?ciaa/i? aeoeaiino? a /an
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a 20-? ?iee ci?ieeiny
caiaiaaeii ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo a ?aa?ii? aiane?aeie noae?inueeeo
?ai?an?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?a?ciaanoai, Iieoaaueia, ioi?iia iai’yoie, ioca?,
a?o?ae, iaoeia? oiaa?enoaa.

Eicth?a E.A. ?acaeoea enoi?e/aneiai e?aaaaaeaiey ia Iieoaaueia a
20-30-a aiaeu OO a. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 – enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. – Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aia enoi?eei-e?aaaaae/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue
iocaeiuo, a?oeaiuo o/?aaeaeaiee, o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee, enneaaeiaaoaeae
Iieoaaueiu e eo oneeey ii nio?aiaieth e iiioey?ecaoeee
enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iiai ianeaaeey a 20-30-a aiaeu OO aaea. Ia aaca
oe?ieiai e?oaa enoi/ieeia ii?aaeaeaii iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey, oi?iu e
iaoiaeu ?aaeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee e eo ?ieue a ?acaeoee enoi?e/aneie
iaoee. ?aaioa niaea?aeeo aaaeiue iaoa?eae, eioi?ue iicaieyao
ia?aniio?aoue e ?anoe?eoue i?aaenoaaeaiey i oa?aeoa?a
enoi?eei-e?aaaaae/aneiai aeaeaeaiey a ?anniao?eaaaiue ia?eiae. Aaoi?
i?eo?e e caeeth/aieth, /oi oneeaiea e?aaaaae/aneie aeoeaiinoe a ia?eiae
iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai aic?iaeaeaiey Oe?aeiu a 20-a aiaeu niaieeinue
oiaaeeii enoi?eei-e?aaaaae/aneiai aeaeaeaiey a ?aaeiia aneaaenoaea
noaeeineeo ?ai?annee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: e?aaaaaeaiea, Iieoaaueia, io?aia iaiyoieeia noa?eiu,
iocae, a?oeau, iao/iua iauanoaa.

Kozyura I.V. The Development of Historical Study of Poltava Region in
the 20s-30s of the XX Century. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a degree of Candidate of Historical Sciences by speciality
07.00.01 – History of Ukraine. – Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv.
1998.

The historical and regional study activity of museum and archival
establishments, scientific associations, educational institutions, local
researchers of Poltava area and their efforts for preservation and
popularization of historical and cultural heritage in the 20s-30s of the
XX century were considered in the paper. On the basis of broad circle of
sources the main directions, forms and methods of regional researches
and their role in the development of historical science were determined.
The work includes important materials that give possibilities to revise
or to widen the ideas about the character of the historical and regional
study movement in the fixed period. The author came to a conclusion that
the intensification of regional study activity during national and
cultural revival of Ukraine in the 20s was changed by the decline of
historical and ethnographical movement in the region because of Stalin
repression.

Key words: historical and ethnographical study, Poltava region, monument
of the past protection, museums, archives, scientific associations.

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