I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

?iai? ?.ss.AI?AA*AANUeEIAI

OeEAEEAEI Ieaenaiae? A?oae?eiae/

OAeE 611.24.013

?ICAEOIE ? NOAIIAEAIIss OIIIA?AO??

AIEIAIEO EIIIIIAIO?A EI?AI?A

EAAAIUe ETHAeEIE A I?AIAOAEUeIIIO

IA??IAe? IIOIAAIACO

14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii?
o??o?a?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC Oe?a?ie

IAOEIA? EA??AIEEE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?iiy?a Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
Aoeiaeinueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii? o??o?a??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iae?oaanueea A?eoi??y Aioii?aia,
Aoeiaeinueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii? o??o?a??.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noaoeaiei Na?oeaia Aanee?aia,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiaothe Ieoaeei Noaiaiiae/,
Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai
IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??.

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 12 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.58.601.01 i?e Oa?iii?euenuee?e
aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie.

Aae?ana aeaaeai??: 282001, Oa?iii?eue, Iaeaeai Aie?, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? aeaaeai?? ca
aae?anith: Oa?iii?eue, aoe. ?onueea, 12.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 11 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? E?o I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iaiao?aei?noue aiaoii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ii?iaeueiiai ii?oiaaiaco i?aai?a oa nenoai
i?aai?cio, c’yniaoaaiiy iaoiaaiaco aeayeeo i?e?iaeaeaieo caoai?thaaiue,
aiiiae?e ?icaeoeo oa aa??aio?a aoaeiae ? oiiia?ao?? i? o eiai c
ee?i?oeeno?a oa ii?oieia?a ia aeeeeea? noii?a?a. Oe? aeai? iathoue
aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey e?ea??a aeooa?-a?iaeieia?a, iaiiaoieia?a, iaaee/ieo
aaiaoee?a, oiio ui iaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue a??ii ioe?ithaaoe nooi?iue
c??eino? ieiaea, i?iaiicoaaoe eiai aeeoo?caeaoi?noue, i?iaiaeeoe caoiaee
ii aioaiaoaeuei?e i?io?eaeoeoe? i?e?iaeaeaieo caoai?thaaiue, a a inoaii?
?iee ? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoeaii? ?o ei?aeoe??. A?aeiii, ui oi?ioaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae i?aaiaie ? nenoaiaie
caii/aoeiao?oueny aaea ia ?aii?o noaae?yo aia??iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ui a
iaai?e i??? aecia/a? iniaeeaino? ?o oiiia?ao?? o aei?ineeo. Cia/i?
oni?oe no/anii? iaaee/ii? iaoee, cie?aia ioeueiiiieia?? oa aeeoy/i?
o??o?a??, iio?aaothoue ae/a?iieo a?aeiiinoae i?i iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ?
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?/i? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a
eaaaiue i?ioyaii i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco ethaeeie oa o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia cia/io e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e, i?enay/aieo ?icaeoeo
eaaaiue, eaaaiaaeo noaeei oa a?iio?a (I.A.Iiiiaa-Eaoeeia, 1962; A.A.
Iaeeoaaneay, 1966; N.A.Naoyi, 1971; E.I.Aeeeei, 1972; E.A. Iiaeaeoaiue,
1973; N.A.Co?iaaeaeai, 1974; U.O.Wassner, 1980; R.A.Iallans, 1981;
Eanui-Oiaeaeaaa, 1987; N.A.Noaoeaiei, 1988; E.E.Aia?ee, A.A.Oaa/aiei,
A.A.*a?eania, 1991; I.Kitaoka ?.I. Burri, A.R.Wa?ba1, 1996), oe?eee ?yae
ieoaiue caeeoa?oueny iaae??oaiei ? iio?aao? ooi/iaiiy oa iiaeaeueoi?
?ic?iaee.

A inoaii? ?iee c?inea caoe?eaaeai?noue ee?i?oeeno?a oa ii?oieia?a
iniaeeainoyie noaiiaeaiiy i?inoi?iai-/aniai? i?aai?caoe?? aieiaieo
a?iio?a oa eaaaiaaeo noaeei (TH.O.Enaeia, Y.A. Noaiaiia, A.E.
Aa?anueeei, 1978;W.A.Divers, A.Babaknia, B.R. Ii??aa at a1., 1982;
TH.A.Aaeueoeuaa, N.TH.Eiaaiia, A.Oaeue, 1986; A.I.Oiii?ia, 1986;
E.A.Iiaie?auaiia, I.I.Aa?eianeee, A.E.Aaeyeia, 1987; ?.A. Aa?iai,
A.E.Aiaai, 1988; A.Ae.*a?noaie, A.E. E?aaoeiaa, 1991; J.M.Graham, 1990).

Ciaiiy iine?aeiaieo aoai?a ?icaeoeo aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue
oa iiaeeeaeo ii?ooaiue a ?o no?oeoo??, ye? aeieeathoue a i?aiaoaeueiiio
ia??iae? iioiaaiaco, aeiiiiiaeooue iaea?aeaoe ia’?eoeai? aeai? i?i
ii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae oa /an iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy aeayeeo aiiiae?e,
ui cia/ii aeiiiiiaea a ae?aaiinoeoe? i?e?iaeaeaieo caoai?thaaiue oa o
aeai?? ianyao o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
/anoeiith iaoeiai? oaie eaoaae?e oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii?
o??o?a?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? «Aea/eoe ?icaeoie
oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? na?aaeino?iiy ? cai/a?aaeiiiai i?inoi?o a
i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco ethaeeie aeey aeyaeaiiy e?eoe/ieo
ia??iae?a iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae oa aa??aio?a aoaeiae
c iaoith ii?oieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o aioaiaoaeueii? ei?aeoe?? oa
i?io?eaeoeee» (? 01.97V001514, oeo? IH 07.00.000.95).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: c’ynoaaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ii?oiaaiaco oa
noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue ethaeeie c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o neioii?? i?ioyaii i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco oa o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ooi/ieoe aeaea?aea ooai?aiiy aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue
ethaeeie.

2. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ii?oieia?? ai??o eaaaiue ia ??cieo noaae?yo
i?aiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

3. I?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo noaiiaeaiiy neioii?? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
ei?ai?a eaaaiue a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco.

4. Aecia/eoe no?iee ?ioaineaiiai oa oiia?eueiaiiai ?inoo no?oeoo?, ui
aea/athoueny – e?eoe/i? ia??iaee ?o ?icaeoeo.

5. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? oiiia?ao?? ei?ai?a eaaaiue oa ?o iniiaieo
eiiiiiaio?a o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ooi/iai? oa aeaoae?ciaai?
aeai? e?oa?aoo?e noiniaii aeaea?ae oa /ano ooai?aiiy aieiaieo a?iio?a ?
eaaaiaaeo noaeei oa ?o oiiia?ao??. Aia?oa c aeiiiiiaith no/anieo
iaoiae?a ii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aea/ai? caeiiii??iino? oa
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ? oiiia?ao?? ei?ai?a eaaaiue oa ?o eiiiiiaio?a
i?ioyaii i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco ethaeeie, i?inoaaeaia
aeeiai?ea ?o i?ieeaino? a i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy. Aecia/ai? e?eoe/i?
ia??iaee ?icaeoeo no?oeoo? ei?ai?a eaaaiue ? ii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae
iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy aa??aio?a oa aeayeeo aiiiae?e ?o aoaeiae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeai? i?i caeiiii??iino?
?icaeoeo aieiaieo a?iio?a oa eaaaiaaeo noaeei i?ioyaii
aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ia??iaeo iioiaaiaco oa o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ethaeeie,
aa??aioe ?o oiiia?ao??, ? ii?oieia?/iith iniiaith aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy
?nioth/eo oa ?ic?iaee iiaeo iaoiae?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy iaoieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a a ae?eyioe? ai??o eaaaiue, a oaeiae aeey aioaiaoaeueii?
i?io?eaeoeee oa ae?aaiinoeee aaae ?icaeoeo. Iaea?aeai? a?aeiiino?
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? oa i?e iaienaii?
iiiia?ao?e, iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a oa i?ae?o/iee?a c aia??ieia??,
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??, oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii? o??o?a??,
aeeoy/i? o??o?a??, aea iieno?oueny ?icaeoie oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao??
aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue ethaeeie a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?
iioiaaiaco.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:

1. Naiino?eii i?ia?a an? aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?ai?a eaaaiue oa ?o aieiaieo
eiiiiiaio?a o ca?iaee?a, ia?aaeieiae?a, ieiae?a oa iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

2. Aaciina?aaeiuei i?eeiaa o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii?
iaoa??ae?a aei ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeeo i?iiiceoe?e c iniaenoei aianeii aei
50%.

3. Iniaenoee aianie o ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao ?c ni?aaaoi?aie – a?ae 15% aei
30%.

4. Naiino?eii i?ia?a aea??eo oa noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo *a?i?aaoeueeiai iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai
oiaa?enoaa aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a oa aia??ieia?a (1995, 1996, 1997),
ni?eueieo can?aeaiiyo eaoaae? oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii?
o??o?a??, ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? (1996, 1997, 1998) oa ia aeaio i?aenoieiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (1996, 1997).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia
eaoaae?ao oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? oa iia?aoeaii? o??o?a??, ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii??, aianoac?ieia?? ? aeeoy/i? o??o?a??, oaeoeueoaonueei? o??o?a??
Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, eaoaae?ao ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaieo iaaee/ieo
aeaaeai?e, ia eaoaae?? ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??, iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa
a?noieia?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa Noinueeei
ee?i?/iei iieieia?/iei aeeniaina?ii a o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia
?ae eaaaiue.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o 12 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao, c ieo: 4 – o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 8 – o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaoa??aeao ? oacao aeiiia?aeae eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 169 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny ?c «Anooio», oa /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a: 1 – «No/ani? oyaeaiiy i?i ii?oiaaiac ? noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao??
aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?
iioiaaiaco ethaeeie (iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e)», 2 – «Ia’?eoe oa iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy», 3 – «Aeani? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy
oiiia?ao?? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue», 4 – «Iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy», a oaeiae «Aeniiae?a» ? «Nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae», ui i?noeoue 269 ?ia?o, c yeeo 171 aaoi??a e?a?i
NIA oa 98 – ?iicaiieo. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia oa aeieoiaioiaaia 65
oioia?ao?yie c i?e?i- oa iae?ii?aia?ao?a, ?aeiino?oeoe?e, ?aioaaiia?ai,
6 oaaeeoeyie ? 5 ae?aa?aiaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eoe oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea/aii 137 i?aia?ao?a ca?iaee?a,
ia?aaeieiae?a, ieiae?a oa iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ethaeeie. Iaoa??ae aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeoaaee c *a?i?aaoeueeeo aeooa?nueei-a?iaeieia?/ieo
ee?i?e. Aeei?enoai? oaeiae na??? c??c?a c iocath eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??. I?aia?aoe
ieiae?a aaaith iiiaae 500 a., a oaeiae iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aea/aee
aaciina?aaeiuei o iaoieiaiaiaoii?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? *a?i?aaoeueei?
iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?.

A?e ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aee ca oaaeeoeyie A.A.Caaa?ceia
(1939), A.I.Iyooaia (1959), A.A.Eii??a (1967), A.I.Oaaoiaa ? TH.I.
Oaiiaaeiaa (1969) ia i?aenoaa? aei??thaaiiy o?i’yii-eoi?eeiai? (OEAe) oa
o?i’yii-i’yoeiai? (OIAe) aeiaaeeie.

I?aia?aoe ieiae?a oa iiaiia?iaeaeaieo nii/aoeo aei??thaaee, a iio?i
o?enoaaee o 10-12% ?ic/ei? oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo i?ioyaii 2-3 oeaei?a, i?ney
/iai ?o caa??aaee o 3-5% ?ic/ei? oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo.

Canoiniaaii eiiieaen no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeeth/a?
aea/aiiy na??e a?noieia?/ieo c??c?a, cae/aeia oa oiiea i?aia?oaaiiy i?ae
eiio?ieai i?e?ineiia IAN-10, ?i’?eoe?th noaeei oa a?iio?a c ianooiiei
i?aia?oaaiiyi, ?aioaaiia?ao??th oa ei?ic??th. C iaoith aea/aiiy
iieiaeaiiy, oi?ie, oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue no?oeoo?
ei?ai?a eaaaiue oi?iaeiaae ?aiiueiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo aeei?enoaee
iaoiaee aeaioiaeaiiy ieanoe/ieo ? a?ao?/ieo ?aeiino?oeoe?eieo iiaeaeae,
yeee aeicaiey? aea/aoe aiaoii?/i? ooai?aiiy a ia’?iiiio cia?aaeaii?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue. Caeeaaeea a?iioiioeueiiiaeueii? nenoaie
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia 4-io oeaei? ?icaeoeo (ca?iaeie 4,5 ii OEAe).
O?aoaiioeueiiiaeueiee ca/aoie i?aaenoaaeaiee iaia?iei i?oeiiiae?aiei
aeieiii aaio?aeueii? no?iee aeioeiai? eeoee ? ia? aeaeyae a?oiueee,
aa?oi?e iiethn yei? caoaeaiee, a ieaei?e ??cei ?icoe?aiee. Iniiaia iana
ca/aoea i?aaenoaaeaia iacaio?iith, ana?aaeei? yei? ?ici?uo?oueny
ai?oae?aeueia o?oaea, i?ieneiaeueiee e?iaoeue yei? niieo/a?oueny c
ia?aaeiueith eeoeith, a aeenoaeueiee cae?i/o?oueny ne?ii.

A e?ioe? 4-ai oeaeiy (ca?iaeie 5,0 ii OEAe) aeenoaeueiee e?iaoeue o?oaee
iiae?ey?oueny ia aeaa eaiaee, ye? oaeiae cae?i/othoueny ne?ii – ca/aoee
i?aaiai oa e?aiai aieiaieo a?iio?a. No?iea ?o i?aaenoaaeaia noiai/aoei
aaaaoi?yaeiei ai?oae??i, ?icoaoiaaiei ia /?oei ae?aaeai?e aacaeuei?e
iaia?ai?. Cciai? aei ia? i?eeyaa? iacaio?ia, a ye?e aeyaeythoueny
iiiaeeiie? ino??aoe? aioo??oiuei?aaiiiai e?iaioai?aiiy.

Ia i’yoiio oeaei? (ca?iaeee 7,0-8,8 ii OEAe) caeeaaeea eaaaiue ooai?th?
aeaa aeieiaiiy, ye? ?ici?uai? ii iaeaeaa aiee a?ae eeoeiai? o?oaee
(iaeaooiueiai no?aaioiaea) ? ni?yiiaai? eaoa?aeueii oa aei?naeueii. Oeae
aoai iiaeia aaaaeaoe ii/aoeiaei o oi?ioaaii? eaaaiue ye ia?iiai i?aaia
?, a?aeiia?aeii, ia?oei aoaiii noaiiaeaiiy ?o ei?ai?a, aei neeaaeo yeeo
aoiaeeoue o?eueee aieiaiee a?iio.

A e?ioe? 5-ai oeaeiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icaaeoaeaiiy i?aaiai aieiaiiai
a?iioa. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aioiaea?iaeueia caeeaaeea eaaaiue
aeaui aeia?aaeaea? a nai?io ?icaeoeo iacaio?iio ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? a?iioiioeueiiiaeueii? nenoaie. A
oeae ia??iae a?aeaoaa?oueny iiae?e a?oa??aeueiiai noiaao?a ia ai?oo ?
eaaaiaaee noiaao? oa o?ainoi?iaoe?y oinoi? ia?e ai?oaeueieo aeoa,
iio?aeieie yei? yaeythoueny eaaaiaa? a?oa??? oa aioaeiaa i?ioiea. O?eaa?
oaeiae anei?eyoe?y aaiiciiai neiona ia?aeiiei ia?aaena?aeyi oa noiaao?a
ia?aeiii? eaaaiaai? aaie naiei neionii.

5-e oeaeaeaiue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iine?aeiaieie i?ioeanaie oi?iiooai?aiiy
oa ?ioaineaiei ?inoii ei?ai?a eaaaiue oa ?o eiiiiiaio?a, ? oiio ? ia?oei
e?eoe/iei ia??iaeii – /anii iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy i?e?iaeaeaieo aaae,
oaeeo iai?eeeaae, ye aieac?y /e aaaiac?y eaaai?, o?aoaiacioaaaaeuei?
ii?eoe?.

Ia ii/aoeo 6-ai oeaeiy aaea /?oei aeaeii ie?aii aeoao ai?oe oa eaaaiaaee
noiaao?, yeee ?icaaeoaeo?oueny ia aea? eaaaiaa? a?oa??? oa aioaeiao
i?ioieo. No?iea eaaaiaaeo a?oa??e ua iaei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia ?
neeaaea?oueny c iaeiiai oa?o aiaeioae?aeueieo ee?oei, ye? ioi/ai?
iacaio?iith. A oeae ia??iae o?eaa? i?ioean aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy aieiaieo
aaiicieo iaa?no?aeae iaeiai eiea e?iaiia?ao, ? a eiaeiiio ca/aoeo eaaai?
aaea i?inoaaeothoueny /anoeia? a?eee, ui ceeaath/enue, ooai?ththoue
i?aa? oa e?a? eaaaiaa? aaie.

Oaea a na?aaeei? 6-ai oeaeiy (ca?iaeie 11,0 ii OEAe) caeeaaeea eaaaiue
yaey? niaith ia?ia ooai?aiiy iaaeueii? oi?ie c ai?aenoith iiaa?oiath. A
eaaaiyo aaea iiaeia aeae?eeoe aea? iiaa?oi?: ?aaa?io oa i?ena?aaeith, ia
ye?e ?ici?oothoueny ai?ioa i?aaia.

Iai?ee?ioe? ca?iaeeiaiai ia??iaeo o ni?aa?aeiioaii? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
ei?ai?a eaaaiue ii/eiathoue i?inoaaeoaaoenue ?ene, ye? a?aeaeaeaii
iaaaaeothoue aeao?i?oeaio oiiia?ao?th, aea aca?ii?ici?uaiiy a?iio?a oa
eaaaiaaeo noaeei a ei?ai? i?aai? oa e?ai? eaaai? iaeaea neiao?e/ia:
iaeaeua iieiaeaiiy caeia? eaaaiaaa a?oa??y, yea i?ioiaeeoue ii
ia?aaeiueiaa?oiueiio i?aeieo aieiaiiai a?iioa. Iiia?aaeo a?ae inoaiiuei?
?ici?uo?oueny aa?oiy eaaaiaaa aaia. Ieaeiy eaaaiaaa aaia caeia?
iaeieae/a iieiaeaiiy. Ceeooy i?eoie?a /anoeiaeo eaaaiaaeo aai
iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaia aei no?iee e?aiai ia?aaena?aey. No?iea aai ua
iaei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia: aiia neeaaea?oueny c aiaeioae?th, aei yeiai
cciai? i?eeyaathoue 2-3 ?yaee iiaeiaaeaieo iacaio?iieo ee?oei – ii/aoie
oi?ioaaiiy na?aaeiuei? iaieiiee.

O ca?iaeea 13,0 ii OEAe a aieiaieo a?iioao aia?oa i?inoaaeo?oueny
caeeaaeea o?yua o aeaeyae? ie?aieo neoi/aiue neaeaoiaaiii? oeaieie.

Ia ii/aoeo ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo (7-e oeaeaeaiue ?icaeoeo – aia??iie
14,0-15,0 ii OEAe) anoaiiaeth?oueny ca’ycie i?ae aioo??oiuei- oa
iicaeaaaiaaeie noaeeiaie. Oi?ioaaiiy eaaaiaaeo noaeei eaea a aeaio
aca?iii?ioeeaaeieo iai?yieao: c iaeii? noi?iie – a caeeaaeeo eaaaiue
aoiaeyoue noaeeie cciai?, c ?ioi? – ooai?ththoueny c iacaio?ie i?aaia.

A e?ioe? 7-ai oeaeiy a no?ioe? aieiaieo a?iio?a i?inoaaeo?oueny
caeeaaeea o?yua o aeaeyae? neaeaoiaaiii? oeaieie. I?ina?oe a?oa??e
caeeoathoueny aeineoue aocueeeie ii??aiyii c oaeeie aai oa ai?uothoue
aeaiaioe e?ia?.

Iai?ee?ioe? 8-ai oeaeiy ?icaeoeo neeciaa iaieiiea aieiaieo a?iio?a
ooai?th? iaaenie? iicaeiaaei? cai?oee. Eoo a?oo?eaoe?? o?aoa?
ca?eueoo?oueny o ii??aiyii? c ia’?eoaie iaioiai a?eo ? ciaoiaeeoueny o
iaaeao 60-110°.

I?ioyaii ia?oi? iieiaeie ia?aaeieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo neioii?y eiiiiiaio?a
ei?ai?a noa? aneiao?e/iith: i?aaa eaaaiaaa a?oa??y ci?uo?oueny ia
ia?aaeith iiaa?oith aieiaiiai a?iioa, a iaeaeua iieiaeaiiy a ai?ioao
i?aaia caeiathoue /anoeia? ?? a?eee, ui ia?aoiaeyoue ia caaeith
iiaa?oith aia?oa??aeueiiai a?iioa. A ei?ai? e?ai? eaaai? a?oa??y c
/anoeiaeie a?eeaie ciaoiaeeoueny iaae a?iioii. Aa?oi? eaaaiaa? aaie, ye
ni?aaa, oae ? ce?aa, i?ioiaeyoue iiia?aaeo aieiaieo a?iio?a, a ieaei? —
ia ??ai? ?o ieaeiueiai e?ath. Eaaai? ?ici?uothoueny iicaaeo na?oey ? ca
?ici??aie cia/ii iaio? a?aeiia?aeieo ieaa?aeueieo ii?iaeiei. Ai?ioa
iaaeeaeai? aei caaei?o e?a?a eaaaiue ? ciaoiaeyoueny, i?eaeecii, ia
iaeiaeia?e a?aenoai? i?ae aa?o?aeith oa ieaei?i e?a?i i?aaia.

No?iea eaaaiaai? a?oa??? aaea iaeaea noi?iiaaia ? neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
iaieiiie: aioo??oiuei?, na?aaeiuei? ? ciai?oiuei?. Inoaiiy i?aaenoaaeaia
iooeith niieo/iith oeaieiith, yea aac /?oei? iaae? ia?aoiaeeoue a
niieo/io oeaieio i?eei?aiaai? ciie eaaaiue. No?iea aai cia/ii iaio
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia, i?ae a?oa??e. Aiia neeaaea?oueny c aiaeioae?th oa
ciai?oiuei? iaieiiee, yea aac /?oeeo iaae ia?aoiaeeoue o niieo/io
oeaieio, ui ioi/o? caeeaaeeo eaaaiue.

I?ioyaii 6-7-ai oeaei?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ioaineaiee ??no a?iio?a oa
eaaaiaaeo noaeei, oi?iothoueny a?iio?aeuei? caeice, no?iea eaaaiaaeo aai
neeaaea?oueny aaea c o?ueio iaieiiie. A?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie a oiiia?ao??
ai??o oa ?o eiiiiiaio?a. A ei?ai? i?aai? eaaai? eaaaiaaa a?oa??y
i?eeyaa? aei ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? aieiaiiai a?iioa, a a?eee
aa?oiuei/anoeiai? a?oa??? ?ici?uothoueny ia ??ai? eiai aa?oiueiai e?ath,
? o?eueee a ai?ioao caeiathoue iaeaeua iieiaeaiiy. Ai?ioa e?ai? eaaai?
ci?uothoueny e?ai?aeueii ? caeiathoue iieiaeaiiy ia iaae? aa?oiuei? oa
na?aaeiuei? o?aoeie i?ena?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? i?aaia.

Ia ii/aoeo ieiaeiaiai ia??iaeo (?V-V i?nyoe? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai
?icaeoeo – ia’?eoe 167,0-250,0 ii OIAe) o?eaa? ?ioaineaia c?inoaiiy
?ici???a ai??o oa ei?ai?a eaaaiue (?en. 1), yea iai?oeeinue ua ia 12-io
oeaei?.

?en. 1 Oaiie c?inoaiiy ?ici???a ei?ai?a eaaaiue ethaeeie a
i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iooiaaiaco. Ae?aa?aia.

Oiia?eueiaiiy oaii?a ?inoo niinoa??aa?oueny ia V?I-V??I i?nyoeyo
?icaeoeo (ieiaee 255,0-340,0 ii OIAe) (oaa.1). Oe? ia??iaee
ia??aiii??iiai ?inoo oaeiae iiaeia aaaaeaoe e?eoe/ieie c oi/ee ci?o
iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy aaae ?icaeoeo i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, oaeeo ye
iie?e?noic eaaaiue, a?iioiiaaae?y, oiui.

I?aaee aieiaiee a?iio, ia a?aei?io a?ae e?aiai, oe?oee ? ? iaiiaae
i?iaeiaaeaiiyi o?aoa?.

I?aaa eaaaiaaa a?oa??y cia/ii aeiaoa, i?ae e?aa ? ia? aeoaiiiae?aiee
o?ae. Iaea?eueo iino?eiith ?? a?eeith, yea a?aeoiaeeoue a iaaeao ai??o
eaaai?, ? aa?oiuei/anoeiaa a?oa??y.

Eaaaiaa? aaie ieiae?a yaeythoue niaith ei?ioe? noiaao?e ii??aiyii
aaeeeiai ae?aiao?o.

*ano?oa a e?aa ia?aaena?aey aiaaeathoue /ioe?e eaaaiaa? aaie – ii aea?
c eiaeii? eaaai?. A aeaio niinoa?aaeaiiyo (ieiaee 180,0 oa 220,0 ii
OIAe) c ai??o i?aai? eaaai? aeoiaeeee o?e eaaaiaa? aaie, ye? aiaaeaee o
ia?aaena?aey ie?aieie noiaao?aie. A iaeiiio aeiaaeeo (ie?ae 190,0 ii
OIAe) c ai??o e?ai? eaaai? aeoiaeeea eeoa iaeia eaaaiaaa aaia.

Aa?oi? eaaaiaa? aaie caeiathoue iaea?eueo ia?aaei? iieiaeaiiy a ei?ai?
eaaai?. Aa?oiuei/anoeiaa eaaaiaaa aaia ni?aaa oa ce?aa ?ici?uo?oueny a
ia?aaeiueiaa?oi?e ae?eyioe? ai??o eaaai?, iiia?aaeo a?ae a?eie eaaaiaai?
a?oa???.

Ieaei? eaaaiaa? aaie caeiathoue iaeieae/a iieiaeaiiy na?aae eiiiiiaio?a
ei?aiy eaaai?.

E?aa aa?oiy eaaaiaaa aaia a /ioe?ueio niinoa?aaeaiiyo ooai?thaaeanue
a?ae ceeooy o?ueio noiaao??a. Ia iaeiiio i?aia?ao? (ie?ae 170,0 ii OIAe)
ie niinoa??aaee oi?ioaaiiy ?? c /ioe?ueio noiaao??a.

A?aenoaiue i?ae aa?oi?ie oa ieaei?ie eaaaiaaeie aaiaie ni?aaa oa ce?aa
??cia – noiaao?e e?aeo eaaaiaaeo aai ?ici?uai? aeeae/a iaeei aei
iaeiiai, i?ae i?aaeo.

No?oeoo?a eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue ethaeeie i?ney naie i?nyoe?a aaea
ii?oieia?/ii i?aeaioiaeaia aei ia?aoiaeo a?ae i?aooieoe?iiaeueiiai aei
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio.

A inoaii? i?nyoe? i?aiaoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo niinoa??aa?oueny eeoa
??aiii??ia ca?eueoaiiy an?o ?ici???a aea/a?ieo no?oeoo? (aeea. ?en.1),
nooo?aeo ci?i a ?o oiiia?ao?? oa neioii?? ia niinoa??aa?oueny.

O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?ici??e ei?ai?a eaaaiue c?inoathoue iacia/ii o
ii??aiyii? c ieiaeaie O i?nyoey, iae/ano?oa niinoa??aa?oueny ianooiia
aca?ii?icoaooaaiiy ?o eiiiiiaio?a:

– a ei?ai? i?aai? eaaai? aa?oi? iieiaeaiiy caeia? a?iio, ieae/a a?ae
iueiai ciaoiaeeoueny eaaaiaaa a?oa??y c /anoeiaeie a?eeaie, ua ieae/a —
aa?oiy, a iio?i – ieaeiy eaaaiaa? aaie;

– a ei?ai? e?ai? eaaai? iaea?eueo /anoi eaaaiaaa a?oa??y ?ici?uo?oueny
iaae a?iioii. A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ieae/a a?ae a?oa??? ?icoaoiaaia
aa?oiy eaaaiaaa aaia, iio?i a?iio, ? ua ieae/a – ieaeiy eaaaiaaa aaia.

O ia?aaeiueicaaeiueiio iai?yieo neioii?y eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeey iaio noi??i iaeiaeiaa: aeeae/a aei ia?aaeiuei?
iaae? ai??o ciaoiaeeoueny aa?oiy eaaaiaaa aaia, iicaaeo oa caa?oo a?ae
ia? – eaaaiaaa a?oa??y, iio?i – a?iio. Ieaeiy eaaaiaaa aaia
?ici?uo?oueny ia iaeiiio ??ai? c aieiaiei a?iioii, i?e/iio ni?aaa aiia
a?aeaeaeaia, a ce?aa – i?eeyaa? aei ieaeiuei? iiaa?oi? inoaiiueiai, /ei
iiynith?oueny ??cieoey o oi?i? ai??o eaaaiue – ai?ioa i?aai? eaaai?
iaaoaathoue aeaeyaeo eiie, a e?ai? – u?eeie aai iaaeo.

Eaaaiaa? noaeeie iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iathoue iaeaea ai?eciioaeueiee
iai?yiie, ?icaaeoaeaiiy a?oa??e oa ceeooy aai iaaeeaeaia aei ai??o
eaaaiue.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui iniiai? ?ene oiiia?ao??
aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iaeneiaeueii
iaaeeaeathoueny aei aeao?i?oeaieo, aea aa??aioi?noue o aca?iia?aeiioaii?
aea/a?ieo no?oeoo? oa ?ioaineaia oi?iiooai?aiiy na?ae/aoue, ui oe?
i?ioeane a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ?icaeoeo ia cae?i/othoueny.

Aeniiaee:

1. Caeeaaeea a?iioiioeueiiiaeueii? nenoaie o aeaeyae? iaia?iiai
aeieiaiiy aaio?aeueii? no?iee aeioeiai? eeoee a?aeaoaa?oueny o ca?iaeea
4,5 ii OEAe (4-e oeaeaeaiue ?icaeoeo).

2. Ai?ioa eaaaiue c ?aeeiei eiiiiiaioii – aieiaiei a?iioii
aecia/athoueny iai?ee?ioe? 6-ai oeaeiy ?icaeoeo (ca?iaeee 10,0-11,0 ii
OEAe) ia i?ena?aaei?e iiaa?oi? i?aaia.

3. ?icaeoie eaaaiaaeo noaeei eaea a aeaio aca?iii?ioeeaaeieo iai?yieao:
c iaeii? noi?iie – a caeeaaeeo eaaaiue aiie a?inoathoue cciai?, c ?ioi?
– ooai?ththoueny c iacaio?ie i?aai?a. Ca’ycie i?ae aioo??oiuei- oa
iicaeaaaiaaeie noaeeiaie anoaiiaeth?oueny ia nueiiiio oeaei? ?icaeoeo.

4. Iine?aeiai?noue iiyae aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?aiy eaaai? coiiaeth?
oa?aeoa? ?o aca?ii?icoaooaaiiy a ai?ioao i?aaia: aeeae/a aei aieiaiiai
a?iioa ? ocaeiaae iueiai ?ici?uaia eaaaiaaa a?oa??y, a aaie caeiathoue
iaa?eueo ia?aaei? ? ieaei? iieiaeaiiy.

5. Ia 7-io oeaei? ?icaeoeo niinoa??aa?oueny iaeaea neiao?e/ia
aca?ii?icoaooaaiiy aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ai??o i?aai? oa e?ai? eaaai?:
iaae aieiaiei a?iioii ?ici?uo?oueny eaaaiaaa a?oa??y, aa?oiy eaaaiaaa
aaia caeia? ia?aaei? iieiaeaiiy, a ieaeiy – ieaei?.

6. O ia?aaeieiae?a anoaiiaeth?oueny aneiao?e/ia aca?ii?ici?uaiiy
aieiaieo a?iio?a oa eaaaiaaeo noaeei, ui coiiaeth? iiyao aa??aio?a ?
aeayeeo ?en aeao?i?oeaii? ?o oiiia?ao??: a ei?ai? i?aai? eaaai? aa?oi?
iieiaeaiiy caeia? aa?oiuei/anoeiaa a?eea eaaaiaai? a?oa???, a ei?ai?
e?ai? eaaai? – noiaao? eaaaiaai? a?oa???; eaaaiaa? aaie caeiathoue
iaea?eueo ia?aaei? oa ieaei? iieiaeaiiy.

7. Ia 5-io oa 12-io oeaeiyo, a oaeiae i?ioyaii IV oa V i?nyoe?a ?icaeoeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ioaineaia c?inoaiiy ?ici???a ai??o eaaaiue oa
eiiiiiaio?a ?o ei?ai?a, oiia?eueiaiiy – oi?iaeiaae VII–VIII i?nyoe?a.
Oe? ia??iaee ia??aiii??iiai ?inoo noi?iaiaeaeothoueny i?ioeanaie
oneeaaeiaiiy aoaeiae a?iio?a oa eaaaiaaeo noaeei, ? oiio ? e?eoe/ieie c
oi/ee ci?o iiaeeeaiai aeieeiaiiy a?iaeaeaieo aaae aeeoaeueii? nenoaie.

8. Eaaai? oa eiiiiiaioe ?o ei?ai?a ii?oieia?/ii aioia? aei
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ii/eiath/e c VIII i?nyoey ?icaeoeo.

9. Iniiai? ?ene oiiia?ao?? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeathoueny aei aeao?i?oeaieo, aea
aa??aioi?noue o aca?ii?icoaooaaii? aea/a?ieo no?oeoo? oa ?ioaineaia
oi?iiooai?aiiy na?ae/?oue, ui oe? i?ioeane a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?
?icaeoeo ia cae?i/othoueny.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Oeeaeeaei I.A. No/ani? a?aeiiino? i?i aiiiae?? oa aa??aioe ?icaeoeo
eaaaiue ethaeeie// Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee. – 1997. – O.1, ?1. –
N. 122-127.

2. Oeeaeeaei I.A. ??aee?ni? aaaee ?icaeoeo eaaaiue oa noaeei
na?aaeino?iiy// A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie. – 1997. – ?30. –
N. 371-175.

3. Oeeaeeaei I.A. Oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
ei?ai?a eaaaiue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo// A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? oa
iaaeeoeeie. – 1998. – ?8. – N. 125-131.

4. Oeeaeeaei I.A. ?icaeoie eaaaiue oa aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ?o ei?ai?a a
?aiiueiio aia??iaaiac? ethaeeie// Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y «Iaaeeoeeia». – 1998. – ?5. – N. 34-35.

5. Oeeaeeaei I.A. Oi?ioaaiiy eaaaiaaeo aai ethaeeie a ?aiiueiio ia??iae?
iioiaaiaco// Oeno. – 1997. – ?1. – N. 205-208.

6. I?iiy?a A.?., Oia?a O.A., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., I?iiy?a A.A., Oeeaeeaei
I.A. Aea/aiiy aia??ioiiia?ao?? o?oa/anoeo no?oeoo? o neeaae? ?o io/ea//
Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? «A/ai? Aoeiaeie – ia?iaei?e ioi?ii? caei?ia’y» .
– *a?i?aoe?. – 1994. – N. 204.

7. I?iiy?a A.E., Naenoiithe E.O., Aooaiee/oe TH.O., Oia?a O.A.
Aeiaaaeeia E.A., Oiao?yi A.I., Oeeaeeaei A.A., Eoaeei I.E. Eciaiaiea
iieacaoaeae aeeeiu ca?iaeuoae a caaeneiinoe io eo aic?anoa, aeaea e
eiioeaio?aoeee oeenaoi?ia// Iaoa??aee I I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? c
?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia?? 25-29 aa?aniy 1995 ?. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1995. –
N. 277-278.

8. I?iiy?a A.?., Aooai?e/oe TH.O., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., Oia?a O.A., Eoae?i
I.?., Oeeaeeaei I.A., Oiao?yi A.I. ?icaeoie ?aea? I.?.Ie?iaiaa i?e
aea/aii? aia??ioiiia?ao?? i?aai?a// Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
185-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy I.?.Ie?iaiaa. – A?iieoey. – 1995. – N.
52-53.

9. I?oae A.I., E?ooeye A.I, I?iiy?a A.?., Oia?a O.A., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A.,
Oeeaeeaei I.A., Oiao?yi A.I., A??the ?.A. Aia??ioiiia?ao?/i? iniaeeaino?
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a a iioiaaiac? ethaeeie// Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe??
«Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??», i?enay/aii? iai’yo? i?ioani?a Nii?uea
N.A. – Oa?iii?eue. – 1996. –N.513-514.

10. I?iiy?a A.?., E?ooeye A.I, Oia?a O.A., Eoae?i I.?., Oeeaeeaei I.A.,
Oiao?yi A.I., A??the ?.A., I?iiy?a A.A. Iie?o?iiia ?aeiino?oeoeaia
iiaeaeue ia?aio?iaoicieo i?aai?a// Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy ii?oieia??», i?enay/aii? iai’yo? i?ioani?a Nii?uea N.A. –
Oa?iii?eue. – 1996. – N. 521.

11. I?iiy?a A.?., Naenoiithe ?.O., Oia?a O.A., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., Oiao?yi
A.I., Oeeaeeaei I.A. Niin?a aea/aiiy oiiia?aoi-ii?oieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae i?aai?a// Iaoa??aee I I?aeia?iaeiiai neiiic?oio. –
*a?i?aoe?-Aiaaeueoieuei. – 1996. – N. 154-155.

12. I?iiy?a A.?., Aeiaaae?ia ?.A., Oia?a O.A., Oeeaeeaei 0.A., A??the
?.A., Aoeee ?.A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i oiiia?aoiaiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? noaeei
ia aia??iiaeueieo i?aia?aoao// Iaoeia? caienee OAIII/ Ae?cia nan?y,
i?enay/aia 40-??//o Oa?iii?euenueei? iaae. aeaaeai?? – Ee?a:
«Oa?iii?eue». – 1997. – N. 385.

Aiioaoe?y

Oeeaeeaei I.A. ?icaeoie oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao?? aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
ei?ai?a eaaaiue ethaeeie a i?aiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? iioiaaiaco. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. – Oa?iii?euenueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?iai? ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie,
Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo oa noaiiaeaiiy oiiia?ao??
aieiaieo a?iio?a oa eaaaiaaeo noaeei i?ioyaii i?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo
iioiaaiaco ethaeeie oa o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

Ooi/iai? aeaea?aea ooai?aiiy iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ei?ai?a eaaaiue
ethaeeie, i?inoaaeaii aeeiai?eo ?o neioii?/ieo ei?aeyoe?e, aea/ai?
iniaeeaino? ii?oieia?? ai??o i?aaia, aecia/ai? no?iee ?ioaineaiiai oa
oiia?eueiaiiai ?inoo no?oeoo?, ui aea/athoueny – e?eoe/i? ia??iaee ?o
?icaeoeo, a oaeiae anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? ?o oiiia?ao?? o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Io?eiai? aeai? yaeythoueny ii?oieia?/iith iniiaith
aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa ?ic?iaee iiaeo iaoiae?a o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a ae?eyioe? ai??o eaaaiue, a oaeiae
aeey aioaiaoaeueii? i?io?eaeoeee oa ei?aeoe?? aaae ?icaeoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aia??ieia?y, aia??ioiiia?ao?y, ei?ai? eaaaiue, aieiai?
a?iioe, eaaaiaa? noaeeie, e?eoe/i? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo.

Aiiioaoeey

Oeeaeeaei A.A. ?acaeoea e noaiiaeaiea oiiia?aoee iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia
ei?iae eaaeeo /aeiaaea a i?aiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. – Oa?iiiieueneay
ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey eiaie E.ss. Ai?aa/aaneiai IC
Oe?aeiu, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aiu aii?inu ?acaeoey e noaiiaeaiey oiiia?aoee
aeaaiuo a?iioia e eaai/iuo e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeia ia i?ioyaeaiee
i?aiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca /aeiaaea e o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo.

N eniieueciaaieai eiiieaena nia?aiaiiuo aaeaeaaoiuo iaoiaeia
enneaaeiaaiey (eco/aiea na?ee aenoieiae/aneeo n?acia, iau/iia e oiieia
i?aia?e?iaaiea, eiuaeoeey ninoaeia e a?iioia n iineaaeothuei
i?aia?e?iaaieai, ?aioaaiia?aoeae eee ei??iceae, ecaioiaeaiea a?aoe/aneeo
e ieanoe/aneeo ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo iiaeaeae) eco/aii 137 i?aia?aoia
ca?iaeuoae, i?aaeieiaeia, ieiaeia e iiai?iaeaeaiiuo. Oeeo?i- aua
iieacaoaee ?acia?ia eco/aaiuo no?oeoo? iiaeaa?aaeenue noaoenoe/aneie
ia?aaioea e aiaeeco n iino?iaieai oaaeeoe e aeeaa?aii.

Caeeaaeea a?iioiioeueiiiaeueiie nenoaiu a aeaea iaia?iiai auiy/eaaiey
aaio?aeueiie noaiee aeioi/iie eeoee i?ienoiaeeo o ca?iaeuoa 4,5 ii OEAe
(4-y iaaeaey ?acaeoey). A eiioea 4-e iaaeaee (ca?iaeuo 5,0 ii OEAe)
aeenoaeueiue eiiaoe yieoaeeaeueiie o?oaee ?acaeaeyaony ia aeaa
neaiicaeai/eaathueony eaiaea – ca/aoee i?aaiai e eaaiai aeaaiuo a?iioia.
Anei?a (o ca?iaeuoae 7,0-8,8 ii OEAe) i?ienoiaeeo ?acaeaeaiea iaia?iiai
o?aoaiioeueiiiaeueiiai ca/aoea ia i?aaoth e eaaoth /anoe, /oi iiaeii
n/eoaoue ia/aeii oi?ie?iaaiey eaaeeo eae ia?iiai i?aaia, a ninoaa ai?io
eioi?iai aoiaeeo eeoue iaeei eiiiiiaio – aeaaiue a?iio.

A eiioea iyoie iaaeaee aioo?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey i?ienoiaeeo ?acaeaeaiea
i?aaiai aeaaiiai a?iioa ia aeaa aa?ae. A?oa?eaeueiue noaie ?acaeaeyaony
ia ai?oo e eaai/iie noaie e caeai/eaaaony o?ainoi?iaoeey oanoie ia?u
ai?oaeueiuo aeoa, i?iecaiaeiuie eioi?uo yaeythony eaai/iua a?oa?ee e
aioaeeia i?ioie.

Iyoay iaaeaey yaeyaony e?eoe/aneei ia?eiaeii ?acaeoey – a?aiaiai
aiciiaeiiai aicieeiiaaiey iaeioi?uo aiiiaeee a ?acoeueoaoa ia?ooaiee
neiaeiuo iineaaeiaaoaeueii i?ioaeathueo i?ioeannia oi?iiia?aciaaiey e
eioaineaiiai ?inoa eco/aaiuo no?oeoo?.

Ia 6-e iaaeaea a ninoaaa ei?iae eaaeeo /aeiaaea /aoei i?ineaaeeaaaony
eaai/iay a?oa?ey, a oaeaea aeieaaua aaiu, eioi?ua, neeaaynue, ia?acotho
i?aaua e eaaua eaai/iua aaiu. ?acaeoea eaai/iuo ninoaeia eae?o a aeaoo
acaeiiii?ioeaiiieiaeiuo iai?aaeaieyo: n iaeiie noi?iiu – a caeeaaeeo
e?aeeo iie a?anoatho ecaia, n ae?oaie – ia?acothony ec iacaioeiu i?aaia.

Ii?aaeaeaiiay iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue iiyaeaiey iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia ei?iy
eaaeiai iaoneaaeeaaao oa?aeoa? eo acaeii?aniieiaeaiey a ai?ioao i?aaia:
aeeaea e aeaaiiio a?iioo e aaeieue iaai ?aciauaaony eaai/iay a?oa?ey, a
aaiu caieiatho iaeaieaa ia?aaeiaa e ieaeiaa iieiaeaiea.

E eiioeo ca?iaeuoaaiai ia?eiaea onoaiaaeeaaaony ii/oe neiiao?e/iia
no?iaiea ai?io i?aaiai e eaaiai eaaeiai: iaae aeaaiui a?iioii
?aniieaaaaony eaai/iay a?oa?ey, aa?oiyy eaai/iay aaia caieiaao iaeaieaa
ia?aaeiaa iieiaeaiea, a ieaeiyy – ieaeiaa.

O i?aaeieiaeia neioiiey iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia ai?io eaaeeo noaiiaeony
aneiiao?e/iie, /oi i?eaiaeeo e iiyaeaieth aa?eaioia oiiia?aoee e
iaeioi?uo i?eciaeia aeaoeieoeaiiai eo no?iaiey: a ei?ia i?aaiai eaaeiai
aa?oiaa iieiaeaiea caieiaao aa?oiaaeieaaay aaoaue eaai/iie a?oa?ee, a
ei?ia eaaiai eaaeiai – noaie eaai/iie a?oa?ee; eaai/iua aaiu caieiatho
iaeaieaa ia?aaeiaa e ieaeiaa iieiaeaiea.

A eiioea i?aaeieiaeiiai – ia/aea ieiaeiiai ia?eiaea iioiaaiaca
iaaethaeaaony eioaineaiue ?ino ai?io eaaeeo e eiiiiiaioia eo ei?iae.
Caiaaeeaiea oaiiia ?inoa i?ienoiaeeo ia VII-VIII ianyoeao ?acaeoey. Yoe
ia?eiaeu ia?aaiiia?iiai ?inoa oaeaea iiaeia n/eoaoue e?eoe/aneeie n
oi/ee c?aiey aiciiaeiiai aicieeiiaaiey oaeeo ii?ieia ?acaeoey, eae
iieeeenoic eaaeeo, a?iioiiaaaeey e ae?.

Ia/eiay n ieiaeia naie ianyoeaa eiiiiiaiou ei?iae eaaeeo no?oeoo?ii
iiaeaioiaeaiu e ia?aoiaeo io i?aooieoeeiiaeueiiai e ooieoeeiiaeueiiio
ninoiyieth.

Iniiaiua /a?ou oiiia?aoee eco/aaiuo no?oeoo? o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo
iaeneiaeueii i?eaeeaeaiu e aeaoeieoeaiui, ii aa?eaaaeueiinoue neioiiee
a?iioia e eaai/iuo ninoaeia, a oaeaea eo eioaineaiia oi?iiia?aciaaiea
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi yoe i?ioeanu a i?aiaoaeueiii ia?eiaea
?acaeoey ia caeai/eaathony.

Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua yaeythony ii?oieiae/aneie iniiaie aeey
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey nouanoaothueo e ?ac?aaioee iiauo iaoiaeia
oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey iaoieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia a iaeanoe ai?io eaaeeo,
a oaeaea aeey aioaiaoaeueiie i?ioeeaeoeee e ei??aeoeee ii?ieia ?acaeoey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yia?eieiaey, yia?eioiiia?aoey, ei?ie eaaeeo, aeaaiua
a?iioe, eaai/iua ninoaeu, e?eoe/aneea ia?eiaeu ?acaeoey.

Summary

Tsyhykalo O.V. Development and formation of topography of basic
components of human lung roots in a prenatal period of ontogenesis. –
Manuscript.

Research work for Candidate Degree in Medicine, Speciality 14.03.01 –
Normal Anatomy. – I.Y.Gorbachevsky Ternopil State Medical Academy Health
Care of Ukraine, Ternopil, 1999.

This research work is dedicated to the problems of development and
formation of topography of basic bronchi and pulmonary vessels within a
prenetal period of human ontogenesis and in newborns.

In this work the sources of formation of basic components of lung roots
have been determined, the dynamics of their syntopic correlation have
been discovered; the peculiarities of organ’s gate morphology have been
under research; the terms of intensive and slow growth of structures
under research have been defined – those were critical phases of their
development; and also the peculiarities of their topography in newborns
have been explored.

The data obtained is a morphologic base for the improvement of current
and for the development of new methods of surgical treatment of
pathological processes in the gates of the lungs, for antenatal
prophylaxis and correction of congenital malformation.

Key words: embriology, embriotopography, lung roots, main bronchi,
pulmonary vessels, critical periods of development.

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