I?i?noa?noai ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?

Iaeei A?eoi? Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 339.9 (477+410)

?ICAEOIE A?EOAINUeEI-OE?A?INUeEEO

AEIIII?*IEO A?AeIINEI

A NO*ANIEO OIIAAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.05.01. — Na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai

? i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? I?i?noa?noaa ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, no. i. n.

Aii/a?oe Aiae??e ?aaiiae/

I?i?no? ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei?

iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ao?aeianueeee ?ai? Aaeaioeiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee Oi?aa?neoao «Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea Aeaaeai?y»

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai???

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ae?aee?anueeee Ieeiea ?aaiiae/

Ee?anueeee Oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 21 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 1600 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.847.01 a Oe?a?inuee?e
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? ICACoi?ao Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252042,
Ee?a, aoe.*eai?eia, 57a

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «_29_» eeiiy 1999 ?ieo

A?eoeae O.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/ania aeiiii?/ia iaoea ? i?aeoeea
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui na?oiainiiaea?nueeee iaoai?ci iiaea aoaeoeaii
ooieoe?iioaaoe caaaeyee aaaaoiaaeoi?iiio i?aeia?iaeiiio iiae?eo i?aoe?.
Eiai oe?e?ni?noue caaacia/o?oueny eiiieaeniith aca?iicaeaaei?noth
iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e, a aoaeoeai?noue aeyaey?oueny o cina?aaeaeaii?
ni?eueieo coneeue ia i?iaaaeaii? no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a aeiiii?oe?,
c?inoaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ?aoe?iiaeueiiio aeei?enoaii?
iaoa??aeueieo ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ?ioaa?aoe?? iaoe?iiaeueieo
iioaioe?ae?a c i???ioaoe??th ia c?inoaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ethaeae.
Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith iei?oiueiai ?icaeoeo oeea?e?caoe?? ? i?aaiaiiy e?a?i
aei ni?eueiiai ?ica’ycaiiy iaaaeueieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo caaaeaiue /a?ac
aeiei??ii? c?ooaiiy a ?icaeoeo na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, aea
?aeue?oi?oeie noathoue, c iaeiiai aieo, oaiaeaioe?? aei aeiaae?caoe??
oiaa?ieo ?eie?a, a c ?ioiai — aei noai?aiiy «eeoa?a» e?a?i ca
iie?oe/ieie oa aeiiii?/ieie ?ioa?anaie, aeoeaiiai iiooeo ia?oia??a c
iaoith aeinyaiaiiy oeo aai ?ioeo eiie?aoieo oe?eae. ?aae?? no/aniiai
aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ? iie?oe/iiai ni?a?nioaaiiy aeiaaathoue
a?ae Oe?a?ie ?ic?iaee caaeainiaaii? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? c
aecia/aiiyi i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo aeai- ? aaaaoinoi?iii?o
aca?iia?aeiinei. Oe?a?ia o iiaeieaii? e?ece ia? ?aaeuei? iiaeeeaino?
nei?enoaoeny ia?aaaaaie i?aeaea?aeaaiiai ia?oia?noaa o
ae?iaie/i-?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/i?e noa?ao c
e?a?iaie-e?aea?aie, na?aae yeeo iniaeeaa i?noea caeia? Aaeeea A?eoai?y.

sse?ac ?noi?e/iee aeina?ae ainiiaea?thaaiiy Aaeeei? A?eoai??, ui
nie?aany ia canaaee ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee, eiioeaioe?? aeciaieo
iaoeiaeo oe?e («Eaia??aeaenueei?», «Ienoi?aenueei?», oa ?i.)
i?aeoaa?aeea ia i?aeoeoe? ae?th ia’?eoeaieo caeii?a ae?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ca oiia iioei?caoe??
ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a, iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie, caaacia/aiiy noaa?e?caoe?? a ainiiaea?noa?,
aea?aeaa?, noni?euenoa?. Naia ooo ciaoiaeeeenue aeoiee i?aeia?iaeiiai
iiae?eo i?aoe?, caaaeyee yeiio iino?eii ?icoe?thaaeanue noa?a ?
iioe?thaaeanue ae?y ?iaiaioieo aeaiiio niiniao ae?iaieoeoaa caeii?a.
Iaoeiao i?aaii??i?noue naia oaei? iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy a nai?o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? aiae?c? aeiaaeueieo i?ioean?a a no/aniiio
i?aeia?iaeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ni?a?ia?oieoeoa? aeiaaee a?o/eciyi?
a/ai?-aeiiii?noe ?.O.Aaaeieooei, A.A.Aiae??e/oe, I.A.A?ei?on, ?.A.Aeaie,
A.A.Aa?aoi, A.I.Aa?oeue, A.A.Aoanueeee, I.A.Aeoae/aiei, I.?.Eieo,
A.?.E?aaeenia, Ae.A.Eoe’yiaiei, A.?.Iie?e, A.I.Ia/eiieeia, A.I.Iieuaiei,
A.A.Ineieuenuee?e, TH.I.Iaoiiia, A.I.Ii?o/iee, I.?.?iaa/, A.Ae.N?ei?a,
N.?.Nieieaiei, A.E.Nianieoeioeueeee, A.N.O?e?iaiei oa ?io?. Ia?aaaaeia
/anoeia aeine?aeiee?a aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui iineeaiiy aieeao
?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ainiiaea?nueea aeeooy e?a?ie iiaeeeaa ca
oiiae, c iaeiiai aieo, ae??aino? aieeao ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a ia i?ioean
?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, a c ?ioiai — onoiaiiy
ia?aoeiae ia oeueiio oeyoo, cie?aia, iaaaeaioiaaiino? a?o/eciyiiai
ae?iaieea aei aeiia i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo, iaaoaeoeaiino? aenii?oii?
iie?oeee.

Aaoi? o aeine?aeaeaii? nie?aany ia ianooii? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy:

1) nenoaia ae?iaie/i-?iciiae?eue/eo aca?iia?aeiinei e?a?i oi?io?oueny o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ia’?eoeaieie aeiiii?/ieie caeiiaie ? aaco?oueny ia
aca?iiei?eniiio i?aeia?iaeiiio iiae?e? i?aoe? c i?aai?/iei ii?aeiaiiyi
iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e a ?aeeio na?oiainiiaea?nueeo nenoaio;

2) c ?icoe?aiiyi ianooaa?a ? iiaeeaeaiiyi i?aeia?iaeiiai iiae?eo i?aoe?
aeieeathoue i?ioe??//y a aeinyaiaii? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a /a?ac
iani?aiaaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo oa i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo oe?eae; o i?ioean?
aeyaeaiiy, ioe?iee ? ?icaycaiiy iayaieo i?ioe??/ ia?iaeaeothoueny
iaoiaee aa?iii?caoe?? ?ioa?an?a, ui noeioeth? iiaeaeueoa iiaeeaeaiiy
?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a;

3) ci?no no?aoaa?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c Aaeeeith A?eoai??th iieyaa? a
oiio, ui, c iaeiiai aieo, ianyae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a
Oe?a?io ? iacaaeia?eueieie, a c ?ioiai — A?eoai?y ? iaeaaaeeea?oei o
na?o? i?noeai, aea eiioeaio?othoueny i?eaaoi? ?iaanoeoe?ei? oiiaee. Ca
/anoeith a caaaeueiiio ianyc? i?yieo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo
Oe?a?ie A?eoai?y ciaoiaeeoueny o i’yo??oe? iaea?eueoeo ?iaanoi??a ($209
iei. ia 01.01.1999?.);

4) Oe?a?i? a eiioaeno? caaaeaiue ?? ?ioaa?aoe?? a ?a?inithc oa anooio
aei NIO iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe nai? i?noea ? ?ieue o noai?aii? nenoaie
aeiaaeueii? a?eueii? oi?a?ae? oa oi?ioaaii? i?aeia?iaeii? noaa?eueiino?,
yea a?oioo?oueny ia aca?iicaeaaeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeia? e?a?i.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iai?aaeai?noth iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? ca oaiith «?ic?iaea oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ia
na?aaeiueino?ieiaee ia??iae oa ia?niaeoeao (aea?aeaaiee ?a?no?aoe?eiee ?
0199O000514.).

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea eiiieaeno ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeiai aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi
eeth/iaeo oaiaeaioe?e na?oiainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo oa i???ioaoe??th ia
?aae?caoe?th iniaeeaeo ni?eueieo aeainoi?iii?o, ?aa?iiaeueieo ?
aeiaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a. Oae? ?ioa?ane coiiaeai? ieceith ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
no?oeoo?ii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a: oi?eaeueiith iiceoe??th Aaeeei?
A?eoai?? ye iaea?eueoiai o?iainiaiai oeaio?o na?oo; a?aeiia?aei?noth ??
i?iieneiaiai ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo i??i?eoaoiei iio?aaai
Oe?a?ie o no?oeoo?i?e ia?aaoaeia? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa; iayai?noth
cia/iiai aeina?aeo ae??oaiiy ie?aieo no?aoaa?/ieo i?iaeai, ye? noiyoue
ia?aae aeiiii?eith Oe?a?ie. Nueiaiaei?oiy neooaoe?y aeiaaa? aeeaieiai
inieneaiiy iioaioe?eii? ?ie? A?eoai?? o aeinyaiaii? Oe?a?iith ??
aeeoo?aiaaaeeeaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ? a?aeiia?aeiiai ?aaaoaaiiy.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith ?iaioe iinoaaeaii oa ?aae?ciaaii eiiieaen
ianooiieo aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue:

• iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe iioeaaoe?th ? i?aeaaeeie
oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeiai no?aoaa?/iiai ia?oia?noaa; aecia/eoe
i??i?eoaoe ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie;

• ia i?eeeaae? oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aeiaanoe
iiaeeea?noue aca?iiae?? aeiiii?e c ??ciei nooiaiai ?icaeoeo;

• ?ice?eoe iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? Oe?a?iith nai?o aioo??oi?o,
?aa?iiaeueieo ? aeiaaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo ieai?a /a?ac aeainoi?iii?
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai;

• aeiaanoe iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeainoi?iiiueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
Oe?a?ie c ia?aaeiaeie e?a?iaie na?oo aeey ?ioaa?aoe?? aei ?N, anooio aei
NIO;

• aeine?aeeoe iaoai?cie caeo/aiiy A?eoai??th ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e;

i?iaiae?coaaoe i?e/eie iecueeiai ??aiy iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie ? ?ic?iaeoe eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iioei?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa;

• aeine?aeeoe aaiacen ? iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeiai
oi?aiaaeueiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa;

• aea/eoe iiaeeeaino? oieeiaiiy ia?aoeiae, ianaiia?aae, iaoa?eoieo
iaiaaeaiue oa aioeaeaii?iaiaeo ?icne?aeoaaiue, ye? no?eiothoue ?icaeoie
aenii?oiiai naeoi?a oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee;

• ia aiae?c? ae?yeueiino? a?eoainueeeo aea?aeaaieo onoaiia iaaeaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iioei?caoe?? ?ie? aea?aeaae a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?yi?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i? ca’ycee, ye? ?aae?cothoueny a aeiaaeueiiio
aeiiii?/iiio na?aaeiaeu? ia iniia? caaaeueieo oa niaoeeo?/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae na?oiainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
? oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueea oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/ia oa ?iaanoeoe?eia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ui ?icaeaa?oueny ia i?e?i- ? iae?iaeiiii?/iiio ??aiyo.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue ae?aeaeoe/i? iaoiaee i?ciaiiy, eiiieaeniee ?
nenoaiiee aiae?c aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e, i?ioean?a ? yaeu a ?aieao
?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, nenoaiia
caaaeueiioai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy oiia ? iniaeeainoae ?aae?caoe??
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a Oe?a?ie caaaeyee i?aeia?iaeiiio aeiiii?/iiio
ni?a?ia?oieoeoao.

Aaoi? nie?aany ia ianooii? iaoiaee: ?noi?eci, aano?aeoe?th,
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iee, ii??aiyeueii-aeiiii?/iee, aeyaeaiiy i?yieo oa
cai?ioi?o ca’yce?a i?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie yaeuaie. I?iaeaia
aeine?aeaeoaaeanue o e?eueeio ieiueiao: iaoeiai-?noi?e/i?e, aeiiii?/i?e,
iie?oe/i?e.

?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ai?iaeiaae ?iaioe iaae
aeine?aeaeaiiyi, aaoi?ii aoee c?a?ai? ? i?iaiae?ciaai? noaoenoe/i? oa
?ioi?iaoe?ei? iaoa??aee ii Oe?a?i? ca ia??iae 1991-1998 ??.
(a?aeiia?aei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-noaoenoe/i? ca??ieee, a oaeiae iaoa??aee
aoee iaaeai? I?i?noa?noaaie ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae?,
noaoenoeee, aeiiii?ee, i?iieneiai? iie?oeee, aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno, o?iain?a, Iaoe?iiaeueiei aaieii. Oiiaeii aea?aeaaiiai
iaeia, ?ioeie onoaiiaaie) oa Aaeee?e A?eoai?? ca ia??iae 1914-1998 ??.
(a?aeiia?aei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-noaoenoe/i? ca??ieee, a oaeiae iaoa??aee
aoei iaaeaii i?i?noa?noaaie oi?a?ae? ? i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, caei?aeiiieo ni?aa, noaoenoeee. Eacia/aenoaii ??
Aaee/iino?, Aaieii Aiae??, Ieoieoeath ?? Aaee/iino?, Eiioaaea?aoe??th
a?eoainueei? i?iieneiaino?, ?ioeie onoaiiaaie). Aoei oaeiae aea/aii ?
i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? caeiie ? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe iaio e?a?i o noa??
?aaoethaaiiy o?iainiai-aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?, i?aei?e?iieoeoaa,
iiaeaoe?a oiui. Ca ia??iae 1991-1998 ??. Oe?a?ia ? Aaeeea A?eoai?y
i?aeienaee 17 aeainoi?iii?o Oaiae, Ni?eueieo I?ioieie?a, Iieiaeaiue, ye?
?aaeaiaioothoue i?aeaea?aeaai? aeiii?/i? ? iie?oe/i? noinoiee. Aaoi?ii
aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii an? i?aeienai? aeainoi?iii? aeieoiaioe. Aoee aea/ai?
? ocaaaeueiaii iaea?eueo aaaeeea? aniaeoe aioo??oiuei? ? ciai?oiuei?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee iaio e?a?i c aaoi?nueeeie i?iaiicii-aiae?oe/ieie
?ic?aooieaie. A?aoiaoth/e cia/ou?noue i?aeoe/iiai aei??o
aeainoi?iiiueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, iica oaaaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
caeeoeany aeiaeai c na?eicieo oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeeo i?iaeo?a
1991-98??.

Ianyae i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue
aeniiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, c?iaeaieo a aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
eiioeaiooaeueii iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi?, aeine?aeaeoth/e ae?th
ia’?eoeaieo ianooaaieo ? aeeiai?/ieo oaeoi??a no/aniino?
?icaeyaea? ? i?iiiio? oeyoe ? iaoai?cie aeei?enoaiiy ye?nii
iiaeo c?ooaiue aeey noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee oa i?enei?aiiy ?ioaa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie o ?a?iiaenuee? oa na?oia? no?oeoo?e, aiae?co? ci?no
aeainoi?iiiueiai i?aeaea?aeaaiiai ia?oia?noaa. A?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia nee?
oai???, oaioth/e o?aaeeoe?? na?oiai? ? a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?/ii? iaoee,
aaoi? iaoeiao oe?ii?noue naiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaa/a?, ianaiia?aae, o
ia?aianaii? a?eoainueeiai aeina?aeo ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia ieao ?aaeueiiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Eiie?aoii iaoeiaa iiaecia aecia/aia o
ianooiiiio.

1. Iaa?oioiaaii, oi Oe?a?i? iio??aii, iiaeeaethth/e nai? a?aeiineie c
on?ia i?ia?aeieie aea?aeaaaie eiioeiaioo, i???iooaaoenue ia nithcieoeoai
c aeae?eueeiia, na?aae yeeo A?eoai?y ? iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiith.
Cai?iiiiiaaia ?iaioa niiioea? aei inieneaiiy iioaioe?eii? ?ie? A?eoai??
o aeinyaiaii? Oe?a?iith ?? iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ? a?aeiia?aeiiai
?aaaoaaiiy, ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeeo
a?aeiinei.

2. Iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue aoaeoeaii? ?ioaa?aoe??
e?a?i c aenieei ??aiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa ae?iaie/eo
a?aeiinei c iaio ?icaeiaieie e?a?iaie. Naia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio
aca?iiae?? oaeeo aeiiii?e caaaeyee aenieiaoaeoeaiiio i?aeia?iaeiiio
iiae?eo i?aoe?, ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, “i?aoethaaoeia” ia
ei?enoue iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e. Oea noai?th? iiaeeeaino? iinoa/aiiy c
Oe?a?ie i?iaeoeoe?? a iai?i ia iineoae, iia’ycai? c o?ainoa?ii
oaoiieia?e oa iio-oao, onoaoeoaaiiy, ?iaanoeoe??.

3. Aeiaaaeaii aaaeeea?noue aeoea?caoe?? Oe?a?iith i?aeia?iaeiiai
aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee
e?a?ie ca ?aooiie: ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? ae?iaie/i? aace aeey
iineaaeaiiy caeaaeiino? e?a?ie a?ae ?iii?oo; aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? aeaea?ae
e?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo; ia?iuoaaiiy aenii?oo aenieioaoiieia?/ii?
i?iaeoeoe??, ae?ia?a c aenieei nooiaiai ia?a?iaee; ?iaanoeoe?eiiai oa
iiaeaoeiaiai i?aeo?eiaiiy aenii?oiii???ioiaaieo aaeocae; i?iaaaeaiiy
oa?eoii? ? iaoa?eoii? iie?oeee o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ioa?anaie
iaoe?iiaeueii? i?iieneiaino?.

4. Iaa?oioiaaii cia/ei?noue ?iaanoeoe?eiiai oaeoi?o o iiaeieaii? e?ece
? noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Aeyaeaii, ui no?aoaa?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, aeoeaii? ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueii? oa ?ioaa?aoe?eii?
iie?oeee caeaaeaoue iei? a?ae iiaeeeainoae nenoaiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoe?oaa
c i?aeia?iaeieie o?iainiaeie i?aai?caoe?yie.

5. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy onoaeaieo oaiaeaioe?e ?
iia?oi?o yaeu a i?aeia?iaeiiio ?on? eai?oaeo i?e oi?ioaaii? no/anii?
eiioeaioe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. Aeyaeaii, ui c 1990 ?ieo
na?aaei?e i?eaooie a?ae ?iaanoeoe?e aei ?eie?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny,
noaiiaea aei 5%, a ?iaanoeoe?? o aeniei?icaeioo? e?a?ie i?eiineee aei
13%. Aea, ?acii c oei, iio?e ?iaanoeoe?e aei iiaeo ?eie?a ca?eueooaaany.
Iia? ?eiee noaee aeey ?inoeoooe?eieo ?iaanoi??a neeaaeiaith
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? ?ecee?a: iani?aiaae?iiy oeeee?a ?aioiaeo i?aeeii?a ?
iaaaeueieo e?ec, ??ci? no?oeoo?e iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e, iiaeeea?noue
a?eueii iia?oaaoe a iiaeo ?eieao iaae?eii caoeuaee eai?oaee. Aaoi?ii
aeieacaii, ui ?iaanoeoe?? aei ?eie?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny, noaee aaaeeeaei
oaeoi?ii no?aoaa?? i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo eiiiai?e.

6. Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e/eie iacaaeia?eueiiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ciai?oi?o
?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?io ia?aaoaathoue ia o?eueee a iae?iaeiiii?/i?e
ieiuei? (a?aenooi?noue noaa?eueiiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa,
iiaeaoeiaee ?aaeei, caaaeuei? oiiae ?iaioe ia ?eieo oiui), aea e o oiio,
ui a?eueo?noue oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aei?e?ioe?a ia
i?aeaioiaeai? aei ni?ai?aoe? c ?iicaiieie ?iaanoi?aie, i?aeoe/ii ia
?nio? ?io?ano?oeoo?e aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.
?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii noai?aiith iaoai?cio
?iaioe c ?iaanoi?aie oa ?iaanoeoe?yie.

7. Nie?ath/enue ia aeina?ae ae?yeueiino? ?yaeo o?yaeiaeo oa i?eaaoieo
i?aai?caoe?e a aaeoc? i?i?i?caoe?? iaiie?oe/ieo ?ecee?a ?iaanooaaiiy,
cai?iiiiiaaii noai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? Oeaio?aeueiiai Aeaia?oaiaioo
?iaanoeoe?eii-e?aaeeoii? ?ioi?iaoe??, yeee ae aeeiioaaa ooieoe?th
aiae?oeea a noinoieao e?aaeeoi?a ? iice/aeueieea, ui ni?eyoeia
ciaioaiith e?aaeeoiiai ?eceeo, ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?
i?aei?e?inoa oiui.

8. Iieacaii iiaeeeaino? aeeiiaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai caaaeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie aei na?oiainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie /a?ac eiiia?aoe?th c A?eoai??th
o noa?? iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye ae?aeaeoe/iiai i?iaeiaaeaiiy
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio naeoi??. Aeoiaey/e c aeina?aeo,
iaiao?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo oa o?iainiaeo iiaeeeainoae A?eoai??, a oaeiae
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie, iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? i?inoaaiiy i?iaeo?a a
ie?aieo i??i?eoaoieo aaeocyo, oaeeo ye: inai?iiy iaooi-aaciiiniiai
oaeueoo, ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu ia noo?, ni?eueia aenieoaoaoe?y nenoaie
aenii?oieo aacii?iaiae?a, ?aeiino?oeoe?y oa iiaea?i?caoe?y
iaooiia?a?iaieo caaiae?a, iiaea?i?caoe?y aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie,
ia?ao?ae a?ae aeei?enoaiiy ia aeaeo?inoaioe?yo i?e?iaeiiai aaco aei
oaa?aeiiaeeaieo oaoiieia?e, noai?aiiy aeanii? ne?iaeiii? aace aeey
aoiiieo aeaeo?inoaioe?e ? caieiaiiai oeeeeo ia?a?iaee yaea?ieo
a?aeoiae?a, iiaea?i?caoe?y aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?.

9. Cae?eniaii ioe?ieo iane?aee?a aioeaeaii?iaiaeo naieoe?e noiniaii
no?aoaa?/ieo a?oi oiaa??a: noae?, oa?ineeeeiia?aaioeth, oaenoeeth,
eieuei?iaeo iaoae?a. Ine?eueee Oe?a?ia ia aecia?oueny e?a?iith c
?eieiaith aeiiii?eith, aioeaeaii?iaia? naieoe?? ni?yiiaothoueny ia anth
aaeocue. C iaeyaeo ia caa?aaeaiiy i?ioyaii iaeaeeae/eo ?ie?a
aioeaeaii?iaiaeo ?icne?aeoaaiue, ye iie?oe/iiai ?ino?oiaioo ? c
o?aooaaiiyi i?iaeai c i?inoaaiiyi oe?a?inueeeo oiaa??a ia cao?aei?
?eiee, ia??oioiao?oueny aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy ci?oaieo eii?n?e c
oia?aaeaeaiiy aioeaeaii?iaiaeo ?icne?aeoaaiue, aei neeaaeo yeeo
aoiaeeoeiooue i?aaenoaaieee e?a?ie/eiiiai??-iiceaa/a,
e?a?ie/eiiiai??-a?aeiia?aea/a, i?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? aeaeo
i?iaeoeoe?? uiaei yeiai aeieeea caa?ica ?icne?aeoaaiiy, ?N oiui.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?cie caeo/aiiy eioo?a i?eaaoieo ?iaanoi??a aei
?io?ano?oeoo?ieo oa ?iaeono??aeueieo i?iaeo?a ia ?aae?caoe?th yeeo, ye
i?aaeei, iai?aaeythoueny noan?ae??, eiooe aea?aeaaieo oiiae?a oa
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe c aeaiaioaie iaoeiai?
iiaecie, ye? /a?ac ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo A?eoai?? na?ae/aoue i?i
ianooiia:

• ?eieiaa ainiiaea?noai aoaeoeaii ae?? ca oiia caeo/aiiy an?o aeaiaio?a
nenoaie ia an?o aoaiao oai?aiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeaa. I?aeia?iaeia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, aca?iiae?th/e c iaoe?iiaeueiei ae?iaieoeoaii,
ia?aoai?th?oueny c? noeioeo ?icaeoeo a eiai i?aai?/io neeaaeiao;

• ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee o e?ecia? ia??iaee aeooae?co? iaiao?aei?noue
aiae?co nooiaith aea?aeaaiiai ao?o/aiiy a aeiiii?eo: c iaeiiai aieo,
onoiaiiy o?yaeo a?ae caaaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa i?ecaiaeeoeia
aei ii?ooaiiy nioe?aeueii? noaa?eueiino? a noni?euenoa?; c ?ioiai — yeui
o?yae ia?aae?a? ia naaa a?eueoo, i?ae oea iaiao?aeii aeey ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee, ?ieue, oea aaaea aei cieaeaiiy aeeoo?caeaoiino? aeiiii?ee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? o aeena?oaoe??, aeiaaaeai? aei ??aiy
iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie oa i?eeeaaeieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Cie?aia, Eaa?iaoii
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie (eeno a?ae 3.06.99) aeei?enoaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ? i?iaaaeaii? eiie?aoieo
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a; I?i?noa?noaii ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo
ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? (eeno a?ae 14.12.98 ? 08-29/68) aeei?enoaii ?yae
iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iei i?n?yi Oe?a?ie; I?i?noa?noaii o?iain?a(eeno
a?ae 15.07.99 ?288-14/71) aeei?enoaii i?iiiceoe?? i?e oi?ioaaii?
no?aoaa?? ciai?oi?o caiice/aiue Oe?a?ie; Iaoe?iiaeueiei aaainoaii c
?icaeoeo oa ?a?iiaenueei? ?ioaa?aoe?? (eeno a?ae 22.04.99 ?16-3-2553)
aeei?enoai? i?iiiceoe?? aeey oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c
i?aeia?iaeieie o?iainiaeie i?aai?caoe?yie; Iaoe?iiaeueiei ath?i
?icne?aeoaaiue Oe?a?ie (eeno a?ae 18.03.99 ?466-12/01)
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ocaaaeueiaiiy i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eoainueeiai aaethoii-o?iainiaiai ?eieo oa ?eieo
oe?iieo iaia??a. Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee a aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? eiioeaioe?? Oe?a?ie a
/anoei?, yea noino?oueny iniaeeainoae aeainoi?iiiueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa,
ni?euei?e ae?iaie/?e ae?yeueiino?; i?e oi?ioaaii? ? ?aae?caoe??
no?aoaa?? caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaii?
i?iiiceoe?e ? ocaaaeueiaiue aeena?oaioa i?ioyaii aeainoi?iii?o
ia?aaiai??a aenieeo iinaaeiaeo in?a Oe?a?ie ? A?eoai??, i?aeaioiaee
?yaeo iieiaeaiue ? iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a I?i?noa?noaii ciai?oi?o
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ie, i?ae /an eiioa?aioe?e ?
nai?ia??a, ye? aoee i?enay/ai? Oe?a?i? ? i?iaiaeeeenue a Eiiaeii?
(Private Opportunity, Public Benefit “Progressing the private finance
initiative”, HM Treasury, Private Finance Panel, 1995; Fifth
International Conference “Banking Sector in the CIS”, London, 5 December
1997, The Adam Smith Institute; Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors
of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, London 1997;
IGC Grains Conference’97, London 1997., ?i.). Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue oaeiae a i?ioean? iaaiai?aiiy ie?aieo
iai?yie?a aeainoi?iiiueiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia ??ai? ?iai/eo a?oi aeaio
e?a?i, a oaeiae i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaii?aiaeoi?a, ni?eueieo i?ioieie?a,
eeno?a oiui.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoeee aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaoi?ii aoee
i?aeaioiaeai? aeiiia?ae?, c yeeie a?i aenooiea ia eiioa?aioe?yo ?
nai?ia?ao (Investment Window for Ukraine, The Adam Smith Institute
Conference, London, May 1995; Investment Opportunities in Ukraine,
Regent Group Seminar, London, November 1996; UK-Ukraine: Trade
Opportunities, Nottingham CCI Round Table, Nottingham, April 1997;
Investing in Ukraine, IBC UK Conferences Ltd., London, February 1998;
Predictor Forum, Euromoney Conferences, London, February 1998; e?oaeee
no?e “No?aoaa?? i?eaaoecaoe?? ? eiinie?aeaoe?? a Oe?a?i?”, Eiiaeii, 12
a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo; iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee nai?ia? “I?iaeaie caeo/aiiy
?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?io”, IAO???, Ee?a, ethoee 1999 ?ieo. ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ai?iaeiaae aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii
iioae?eiaaii 5 ?ia?o o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao Oe?a?ie oa A?eoai?? caaaeueiei
ianyaii 2,1 ae.a?e. ? oace aeiiia?aeae ia 12 iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a, ci?no oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. Caaaeii ?iaioa i?noeoue 194 noi??iee ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, c
yeeo 166 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 27 oaaeeoeue, 2 iaethiee, 10
aeiaeaoe?a. Aeei?enoaii 162 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaea?aea.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaothoueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oe?eue, caaaeaiiy,
i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. Coaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie aeiiii?ee Aaeeei? A?eoai?? o nenoai?
i?aeia?iaeiiai iiae?eo i?aoe?.

Iiaoaiiee aiae?c aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Aaeeei? A?eoai?? ai?iaeiaae
inoaiiueiai noie?ooy ia?aeiio?, ui iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu a aeiiii?oe?
A?eoai?? aoei aeinyaiooi caaaeyee ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee e?a?ie, a
oaeiae iiaeeaeaiith iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai iiae?eo
i?aoe?.

C oi/ee ci?o eia?ee i?ioeano noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa a A?eoai??
i??i?eoaoiith aoei ia?aii aia?aaoe/io neooaoe?th. An? e?a?ie-/eaie
Ni?eueiiai ?eieo, e??i Aaeeei? A?eoai??, iiai?noth caaeiaieueiyee nai?
iio?aae a iaoo? eeoa ca ?aooiie ?? ?iii?oo. Nooo?aith ?enith
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo A?eoai?? iai?ee?ioe? n?iaeanyoeo noaei c?inoaiiy
aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco ia oaeueo? I?ai?/iiai ii?y. Oea ni?aaeei cia/iee
aieea ia ?icaeoie a?eoainueei? i?iieneiaino?, oaiie aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy, caeiyo?noue, ieao?aeiee aaeain, eo?n ooioo noa?e?ia?a ? ia
?ioaa?aoe?eio iie?oeeo. Aia?aaoe/ia e?eca a ?a?ii? aeeeeeaea ??cea
ca?eueoaiiy oe?i ia iaeeai ? i?ecaaea aei neooaoe??, ca yei? noaei
aeiiii?/ii aea?aeii cae?enithaaoe i?enei?aio ?ic?iaeo ?iaeiaeu ii?y: o
1947 ?ioe? aoei ae?iaeaii 4,2 iei.o. iaooe, o 1969 – 106 iei.o., a o
a?n?iaeanyoeo aeaeiaooie aeeoia ia ??aaiue 120 iei.o. iaooe ? 40
ie?ae.i.3 aaco. A?eoai?y nueiaiaei? caaacia/o? 20 a?aenioe?a anueiai
?iii?oo iaooe aei ?N.

Neeaaei?noue nenoaiii? o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? e?ece, yeo ia?aaeeea A?eoai?y,
? ni?e/eiaiiai iath niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa i?i?ethno?oaaee ni?iiiaei?noue
ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio e?a?ie aeineoue oaeaeei aeeoe c ?aoeann?? ca
oiiae aoaeoeaiino? ? iine?aeiaiino? ?aae?caoe?? ?aoi?i, e?ea?aeaoe??
aea?aeaaieo iiiiiie?e, e?aa?ae?caoe?? oiaa?iiai oa o?iainiaiai ?eie?a oa
iieaaoaiiy oiia ae?yeueiino? i?eaaoiiai naeoi?o. A oie aea /an
a?eoainuee? “o?iee” noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee ia?aeiiothoue a
iaiao?aeiino? aaeaeaaoiiai aeeaei? e?ece oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee oa aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
aeinyaiaiue iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano ca oiia aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii ci???ioiaaieo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Aeina?ae Aaeeei? A?eoai?? o ?aoi?ioaaii? aeiiii?ee, o iiaeieaii? a i?e
e?eciaeo yaeu a/eoue oiai, ui no?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa aeiiii?ee – i?ioean
o?eaaeee o /an? ? iaoiaee eiai i?enei?aiiy iiaeooue iaoe i?noea eeoa
ai?ciaee/ii, o ?ie? noeioeyoi??a aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? /e iaaii? ci?ie
iai?yieo i?ioeano. A?i i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oaeiae oo iacaia?a/io ?noeio, ui
?eieia? a?aeiineie iathoue aacoaaoeny ia i?aai?/iiio ii?aeiaii?
e?aa?ae?caoe?? oi?a?ae? ? caoeno? aioo??oiueiai ?eieo, a?aeiiae a?ae
eiio?ieth ca oe?iaie, nei?i/aiiy noaneaeoaaiiy a?aenoath/eo aaeocae,
iaiaaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? ath?ie?aoe/ieo i?aai?a ? noai?aiiy onoaiia, ye?
aeiiiiaaathoue ?icaeaaoenue i?aei?e?iieoeoao.

O i?aeia?iaei?e oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/i?e, iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e ?
o?iainia?e noa?ao aieiaiith oi?iith ?ooo eai?oae?a ? ?iaanoeoe??.
No/ani?, a oiio /ene? a?o/eciyi?, aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui
ii??aiyeuei? ia?aaaae o eiieo?aioiiio na?aaeiaeu? io?eio? e?a?ia c
ianooaaiei ? aeeiai?/iei aioo??oi?i ?iaanooaaiiyi. sse aeiaiaeeoueny a
aeine?aeaeaii?, ?ic?iaea no?aoaa?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
aeoeaii? ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueii? iie?oeee caeaaeaoue iei? ia
o?eueee a?ae nenoaiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoe?oaa c i?aeia?iaeieie
o?iainiaeie i?aai?caoe?yie, a e a?ae iiaeeeainoae aeeoa?neo?eaoe??
aeaea?ae ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, iayaiino? ia?oia??a o noa??
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aae e?aua c?icoi?oe ia?aaaae ?icaeoeo aaaaoiaaeoi?iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
Oe?a?ie naia c A?eoai??th, a aeine?aeaeaii? aiae?co?oueny
o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?eiee iioaioe?ae Eiiaeiinueeiai N?o?, aea
cina?aaeaeaii aeecueei 570 aaieia c 80 e?a?i — aieueoa, iiae a
aoaeue-yeiio iioiio iicoei ia caiiie eoei. Aia?eeaicueeeo aaieia ooo
aieueoa, iiae o Iueth-Ei?eo, a aaieia ia?a?iiaecueeeo e?a?i caaaeii
aaeai/i aieueoa, iiae a Ia?eaei oa O?aieoo?oi, acyoeo ?acii. Niieo/aia
Ei?ie?anoai eiio?ieth? 18% an?o i?aeia?iaeieo aaie?anueeeo e?aaeeoieo
?ano?n?a (ae?oaa i?noea a na?o? iin?aea? ssiii?y – 13,6%). Aaethoia
a??aea Eiiaeiio ? iaea?eueoith a na?o?. I?ae 1989 ? 1998 ?ieaie uiaeaiia
iana ?iicaiieo aaetho, ye? noaee ia’?eoii oi?a?a, c?inea c $184 aei $500
ie?ae (36% na?oiai? aeie?). Eiiaeii ? iaeaieueoei iicoii o caioi ca
iieacieeii eaiioaeicaoei? iicoeoooeieieo oiiaeia ($1,807.5 ie?ae.).

Caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eaiioaeo aeiiiiiaei A?eoai?? o aeei?enoaii?
oaoii/iiai aeinaiaeo i oaoiieiaie, iaoiaeia ae?iaieoeoaa i caooo
i?iaeoeoei?, cania?a iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
canoinoaaiiy aieueo no/anieo oi?i i?aaiicaoei? ae?iaieoeoaa, cie?aia,
oi?aaeiiiy e?oiieie i?iieneiaeie eiiieaenaie. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?iicaiiiai
eaiioaeo aoee noai?aii nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueea iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy,
iaooiia?a?iaea, aaoiiia?eueia i?iieneia?noue, ae?iaieoeoai
eiio?iethth/iai onoaoeoaaiiy oiui. ?iaacoeoeieiee i?ioeac o Niieo/aiiio
Ei?ieiacoai aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?co? a aeaio ieiueiao: i?ioyaii icoaiiio
aeanyoe ?ieia e?a?ia aecooiaea a yeicoi a)iaeiiai c iaeaieueoeo a caioi
?iaanoi??a; a)iaeiei c iaea?eueoeo a na?o? ? iaeaieueoei a ?a?iii
?aoeeii?ioii ?iaanoeoe?e. A?eoaiiy io?eio? 40% iace iiaacoeoeie, yei
iaaeoiaeyoue aei ?N (a 1996 ?ioei — $52,5 ie?ae.).

Ioaea, no/ania aeiiii?/ia ?noi??y Niieo/aiiai Ei?ie?anoaa aeiaiaeeoue,
ui ?eieia? iaoai?cie a?aeiiaeththoue aoaeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue eeoa ca
oiiae aeinoaoiueiai o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio, aeeiai?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

?icae?e 2. I?aeoeea oa iniaeeaino? ?iaanoeoe?eii? aca?iiae??
iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e c ??ciei ??aiai ?icaeoeo.

Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui a oiae? ?icaeoeo aeainoi?iii?o aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei
i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Aaeeeith A?eoai??th noai?aii ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?o
aeoiaeo ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue: ia ii/aoie 1997 ?ieo
oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueea ni?a?ia?oieoeoai aaea iaa?aei an?o iciae
no?aoaa?/iiai ia?oia?noaa. Aeeiai?ea aeainoi?iii?o noinoie?a ai?iaeiaae
1998 ?ieo aoea oaeiae iiceoeaiith. Oey neooaoe?y aeiaaa?
iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iiai inieneaiiy iioaioe?eii? ?ie? A?eoai?? o
aeinyaiaii? Oe?a?iith ?? aeeoo?aiaaaeeeaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ia
aeainoi?iiiueiio ??ai?, ?aa?iiaeueiiio, caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio,
aeiaaeueiiio. Aiaeii/an, iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe eiioeaioe?th
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiaeaioe?e na?oiai?
aeiiii?ee ? ?ooo eai?oaeo. ?icaeyaeath/e ia?oia?noai c Aaeeeith
A?eoai??th naia i?ae oeei eooii ci?o, iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe: o?yaee
?icaeiooeo e?a?i aaea ia iathoue iiaeeeaino? iaaeaaaoe aea?aeaaio
aeiiiiiao e?a?iai, ui ?icaeaathoueny, a oaeiio ianyc?, ye o ieioe? ?iee.
Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ? oie oaeo, ui a 1995 ?ioe? aoa cao?eniaaiee
iaea?eueo iecueeee ca inoaii? 45 ?ie?a ??aaiue oe??? aeiiiiiae.
Aiaeii/ac, caieueoeeecue iacyae i?eaaoieo iiaacoeoeie aei e?a?i, ui
?icaeaathoueny: o 1995 ?ioe? aiie coaiiaeee $159 ie?ae., ui ia 50%
aieueoa, iiae o 1990 ?ioe?.

Ca ioe?ieaie, oaeoe/iee iacya iaea?aeaieo Oe?a?iith iiaacoeoeie ceeaaea?
eeoa 1,5% ?o iaiaoiaeii? eieueeico?. Ua a?eueo caa?iceeaith aeey
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee aeaeyaea? oaiaeaioe?y iino?eiiai nei?i/aiiy
aioo??oi?o ?iaanoeoe?e a e?a?i?. “Aoa/a” oe?a?inueeiai eaiioaeo ca
iaeieie aeaieie coaiiaeea aiae $2 aei 6 ie?ae, ca ?ioeie — $20 ie?ae. Ia
aeoieo aaoi?a, i?e/eie, ye? caaaaeathoue oi?ioaaiith ii?iaeueiiai
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo a e?a?i? aeioe?eueii iiae?eeoe ia aeaa aeiee.

Oiiae ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? aeey ia?aceaeaio?a i?eioeeiiai
ci?ithaaeenue n?i ?ac?a, ui oiaiiaeeeaeth? aeey eiiiai?e ? aaie?a
oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaino?ieiai? iie?oeee ii a?aeiioaiith aei Oe?a?ie. A
oiiaao, ye? ia aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe a?eueoa, i?ae ia ??e, ia aa?oi
i/?eoaaoe no?aoaa?/ieo ia?oia??a c aaaaoii?eueeiiieie, ?ic?aoiaaieie, ye
i?aaeei, ia 5-10 ?ie?a ?iaanoeoe?yie. Oaeei /eiii, iaeiei c i?ii?eoaoieo
caaaeaiue ? aecia/aiiy aeey naieo naaa, /a?ac caeiiiaeaanoai, ?iaiy oa
iinoey iaoi? aea?aeaae o naioiaie /e ?a?iiaenueeie i??a?oi?, /a?ac
aeanyoue, i’yoiaaeoeyoue ?ieia. E??i oiai, aeiiiii/ia caeiiiaeaanoai ia
aea? nueiaiaeii aaeaeaaoieo noeioeia aeey aeieiaeo eie uiaei ia?iuoaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa?ia i iineoa ia aenii?o, yeee ia eeoa aeanoue ciiao
eieaiaeoaaoe iaaaoeaia naeueaei ieaoiaeiiai aaeaino, a e iaaeanoue
?ano?ne aeey aioo??oi?o iiaanoeoeie.

Cia/ii iaio i?iaiae?ciaaieie ? aeineoue neeaaeieie ca no?oeoo?ith ?
i?iaeaie ae?oaiai aeieo. Aiie iano?eueee na?eici?, ui iaa?oue iaea?eueo
?aaeeeaeuei? ci?ie a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? ? iiaeaoeia?e
iie?oeoe? ua ia icia/aoeiooue aaeaeaaoieo ?aaeueieo iiceoeaieo ci?i
i?ioeano caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie. A aeine?aeaeaii?
aiae?cothoueny iniiai? c ieo.

Aieueoicoue iiaei?e?icoa i iiaei?e?ioeia ia iiaeaioiaeaii aei ciiai?aoei
c iiicaiieie iiaacoi?aie: i?acaioaoeiy oe?a?icueeeie iiaei?e?ioeyie
iiaacoeoeieieo i?iaeoia iiae /ac eiioa?aioeie, aecoaaie, caiiia?ia
caiae/eoue i?i aiaecooiicoue iioi?iaoei? o ?ic?iaieeia i?acaioaoeieieo
iaoa??ae?a i?i iiaei? i oaiaeaioei? ia iiaeia?iaeiiio ?eieo oiiaicia, a
oaeiae a?ae oaoiaoeia c ia?iaee oei?? iioi?iaoei?; ia aa?oouecy aei
oaaae oaiaeaioei? ?icaeoeo oeo aai iioeo aaeocae caioiai? aeiiiiiee;
iaia? neii?aeeiiaaii? o/ano? a ?aae?caoe?? aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo aeey
Oe?a?ie i?iaeo?a; ia aeei?ecoiaothouecy ci?eyoeeai iacoaaeie aeey
aeoeaiiai i?icoaaiiy oe?a?icueeeo iiaacoeoeieieo i?iaeoia.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?iaeai, ye ia?aeiio? i?aeoeea, caeeoa?oueny
aiaecooiicoue eii?aeeiaoei? iiae iiaei?e?icoaaie ?icieo iiiicoa?coa oa
aiaeiicoa Oe?a?ie, ui ia aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeaio coaio aca?iiaei?
a ?aieao iaa?oue iaeiiai, aea aaaeeeaiai aeey aeiiii?ee e?a?ie
iiaacoeoeieiiai i?iaeoo, caieueoeoe iiaacoeoeieio i?eaaaeeaicoue ca
?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy aaia?aoi? i iiiaieeaoo?e iiaacooaaiiy. ?acii c oei,
eiioeaiooaeueiee iiaeoiae o e?aaeeoii-iiaanoeoeieiie aeiyeueiinoi ia?
a?oioaaoeny ia canaaeao a?aie/ii? iaa?aaeiinoi i iaa/eeainoi. Aii
iiaeiai caiia?aaoe caeo/aiith eiiiaiie c noiiiaiith ?aiooaoei?th, yei
noai?ththoueny c iaoith “aiaeieaaiiy” a?ioae.

Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui o Aaeeeie A?eoaii? i ?a?iii i?eaaoii eiiiaii? i
aaiee oaaaeii noaaeaoue ca oei, ye aiaeaoaa?oueny e?aaeeooaaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo i?iaeoia i?aeia?iaeieie i?aai?caoe?yie, i aiaeiiaiaeii
ieaiothoue nai? niia?iaioieoeoai c oe?a?inueeeie ia?oia?aie. C ?ioiai
aieo, a?eoainueea iiaeo?eiea Oe?a?ie a oaeeo no?oeoo?ao ? iaaecae/aeii
aaaiiith, ineieueee A?eoaiiy ? /eaiii-caniiaieeii Iiaeia?iaeiiai
aaethoiiai oiiaeo, Naioiaiai oa ?a?iiaenueeiai aaie?a ?aeiino?oeoei? oa
?icaeoeo.

Oaeei /eiii, ye aeno?aeio aeioe?eueii aeciaoe eiioeaioe?th ?eieiai?
aca?iiae?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano ? ae?iaieoeoaa ye ?aeeiiai i?ioeano
a?aeoai?aiiy a iaoe?iiaeueiiio oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa?.
Ne?ae a?aooaaoe, ui ?aaeueia ? o?eaaea noaa?e?caoe?y iiaeeeaa ca oiiae
ia ai?ciaee/iiai ? eiiuethieoo?iiai i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a
??aiii?aaiiai ia?oia?noaa. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui iaiao?aeiith ? ?ic?iaea
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? eiioeaioei? caeo/aiiy iiaacoeoeie i aeaeaaoaaiiy
i?aa c ?aaeicaoei? oei?? eiioeaioei? eiie?aoiiio aea?aeaaiiio i?aaio,
yeee iaeii/acii aecooiaoeia iiaeaiaeii/ei eii?aeeiaoi?ii iiaacooeieii?
iieioeee o?yaeo.

?icae?e 3. ?icaeoie iniiaieo iai?yie?a aeainoi?iiiueiai naeoi?aeueiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

A ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueeeo oi?aiaaeueieo
noinoie?a, eiiia?aoe?? a aia?aaoe/iiio oa aa?a?iiio naeoi?ao.

Aeeiai?ea oi?aiaaeueieo noinoie?a Oe?a?ie ? A?eoai?? ? nai???aeiith
iiaeaeeth, ui a?aeca?eaeth? ia o?eueee ?icaeoie aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiinei,
a e aeicaiey? ocaaaeueithaaoe iao ?a?iiaenueeee aeina?ae. Ia
oi?aiaaeueieo iieacieeao coa?oiaiai, 1991 ?ieo, cia/iith ii?ith
iicia/eeany ao?aoa aaaaoueia oe?a?inueeeie iiaei?e?inoaaie nai?o
aenii?oieo iiceoeie /a?ac oa, ui aiaeiiaiaeii eiia?oeieii ca’ycee aoee
«oniaaeeiaaii» onoaiiaaie ?inienueei? Oaaea?aoei?. Ai?iaeiaae ianooiieo
aeaio ?ieia oe?a?inueeee aenii?o aei A?eoaii? oaeaeei c?inoaa (caaaeueia
caieueoaiiy ca 1993-95??. — 84%), aeia?aaeaeath/e ca oaiiaie c?inoaiiy
iiii?oo c A?eoaii? (52%). Uii?aaaea, i?e oeueiio aiae’?iia naeueaei
oi?aiaiai aaeaino i?iaeiaaeoaaei iiai?ooaaoeny (?60,6 iei. o 1993?. oa
?88,2 iei. o 1995?.), aea aeinyaiooa niiaaiaeiioaiiy oaiiia i?e?inoo
aenii?oo oa iiii?oo noai?thaaei iniiao aeey iinooiiaiai iie?auaiiy
iieacieeia naeueaei a iaeaooiueiio. Ai?iaeiaae 1993-98??. c?inoaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai aenii?oo aei A?eoai?? noaiiaeei 200%, ui aaea?/?
aeia?aaeaeaei ca oaiiaie c?inoaiiy a?eoainueeiai aenii?oo aei Oe?a?ie.
?acii c oei, nei?i/aiiy a?ae’?iiiai naeueaei ia a?aeaoeiny. Aeao?oeeo o
1998?. noaiiaea ?126 iei. Aenii?oiee ne?iaeiiee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie
iaaecae/aeiee. Aiia ae?iaey? 5% na?oiai? i?ia?aeueii? ne?iaeie ?
i?iaeoeo?a ?? ia?a?iaee, ?ica?aeai? iieeaaee ei?enieo eiiaeei
ioe?iththoueny i?eaeecii a $7 ie?ae. Aea, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, oaiaeaioe?y
ca?eueoaiiy ne?iaeiii? /anoee iaoiai aenii?oo ? iaaacia/iith.
Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? eiiaa?n?eia i?iieneia?noue i?iaeiaaeothoue ao?a/aoe
o?aaeeoe?ei? ?eiee, ia iiiaethth/e caniae ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia caeo/ath/e
no/ani? oaoiieia??. Ii??aiyii c 1995 ?ieii iaeaea aaea?/? ciaioeany
aenii?o i?iaeoeoe?? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ca ?aooiie ??ceiai nei?i/aiiy
aenii?oo oeoe?o, e?ea?i-ai??e/aieo ae?ia?a, ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?. O
aeine?aeaeaii? i?iiiiothoueny caoiaee ii aeoea?caoe?? aenii?oiiai
iioaioe?aeo.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yieii niia?iaioieoeoaa caeeoa?oueny a?eoainueea ?
?a?iiaenueea iiaeo?eiea o ni?aai iaaeaiiy Oe?a?ii oi?aiaeo iieuea,
caeiaoooy iiaiioeiiiiai /eainoaa o Na?oia?e I?aai?caoe?? Oi?a?ae?.
Noai?aiiy ciie a?eueii? oi?a?ae? iaaeaei a oe?a?inueeei
oiaa?iae?iaieeai, o ia?oo /a?ao c iaea?eueo eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeieo noa?
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee: iaoaeo?a?eii? oa oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino?,
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?yaeo iaoeiaii?noeeo oa aia?aaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?e, a?eueo? iiaeeeaino? aeey aenii?oo.

Aiae?c aeina?aeo ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i na?oo i?aeeaco? iai ua iaeei nooo?aee
?aca?a aeoea?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? — aenii?o iineoa.
A Oe?a?i? oeae iioaioe?ae ? iaaea/aiei, a cia/eoue – iacaieoaiei ?
ia?aae?ciaaiei. ?icaeoeia? ?eieo aenii?oieo iineoa iiaea aeiiiiiaoe
eiiia?aoe?y c A?eoai??th.

Aieiai? iia?aoi?e ia na?oiaiio ?eieo iineoa a 1996?. (Fie?ae.).

E?a?ia ?iii?o Aenii?o Aaeain

NOA 62 7,5 +1,3

I?ia//eia 9,4 11,1 +1,7

O?aioe?y 8,2 8,2 0

Aaeeea A?eoai?y 0,7 9,1 +8,5

Uiaei iiii?oo iioiaeaeaiiyi c A?eoaii? oa ?ioeo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i, oi
ooo iaiao?aeiei ? ?icaeoie ?iii?oicai?iieo ae?iaieoeoa, iaiaaeaiiy
iae?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?iii?oiaaieo oiaa??a. E?ii
e?eoe/iiai iiii?oo, neiae aiaeaeaaaoe ia?aaaao iia?aoeiyi, yei ?
oi?aiaaeueiei noi?iaiaeaeaiiyi iiaanoeoeie. Aaoi? oaeiae ?icaeyaea?
iiaeeea?noue ciaioaiiy caeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie a?ae aeneethceaiiai
iinoa/aeueieea iaooe ? aaco. Ii-ia?oa – aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y aeaea?ae
iinoa/aiiy aia?aiiin??a, ii-ae?oaa – iiaea?i?caoe?y iaooiaeaeiaoaii? ?
iaooiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. A ?aae?caoe?? iaio i?ia?ai
A?eoai?y iiaea a?ae?a?aaaoe aecia/io ?ieue. O aeine?aeaeaii?
ocaaaeueith?oueny aeina?ae ae?yeueiino? a?eoainueeeo iaooiaaciaeo
eiiiai?e ia oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo.

sse iieaco? a?oioiaiee aiae?c na?oiaiai ?eieo yaea?ii? aia?aaoeee,
A?eoai?y (?aeeia na?aae Caoiaeieo aea?aeaa) ia? naie aeaniee caieiooee
oaoiieiai/iee oeeee a yaea?iie aia?aaoeoei: i?iaeooaaiiy aenieiiaaeieieo
yaea?ieo ?aaeoi?ia, aoaeiaieoeai aeaeo?inoaioeie oa ?o aenieoaoaoeiy;
i?iaeooaaiiy yaea?iiai iaeeaa, ia?a?iaea aeei?enoaiiai iaeeaa, ia?a?iaea
aiaeoiaeia yaea?iiai iaeeaa oa ?o caoi?iiaiiy; i?iaeooaaiiy no/anieo
eiii’thoa?ieo nenoai oi?aaeiiiy oa aeiaaiinoeee aoiiieo aeaeo?e/ieo
noaioeie. Aiae?c, i?iaaaeaiee a aeena?oaoe??, iieaco? iiaeeea?noue
caii/aoeoaaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaiai aca?iiaeaiaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o oe?e
noa??.

Aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen ? aaciaith noa?ith, a?ae ?icaeoeo yei?
caeaaeeoue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua Oe?a?ie. Ooo ae?iaey?oueny
aeecueei 50 a?aenioe?a AAI, 2/3 oiaa??a ia?iaeiiai niiaeeaaiiy, i?yii
aai iiina?aaeeiaaii oi?io?oueny 70 a?aenioe?a caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo.
Oiio iei?oi?e niaae ae?iaieoeoaa o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ne?ae
?icoe?ithaaoe ye na?eicio caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueio i?iaeaio. Ca ianyaii
ae?iaieoeoaa aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a 1997 ?ioe?
ie iieieeeny ia ??ai? e?ioey 50-o ?ie?a, a oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??
ia?a?iaieo aaeocae — ia ii/aoeo 60-o ?ie?a. I?aeoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oe?a?inueeeo oa a?eoainueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, aeina?aeo
A?eoai?? o iiaea?i?caoe?? naiai aa?a?iiai naeoi?o, oaiaeaioe?e a
?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeieo ?eie?a aeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? i?aeeacothoue, ui
oe?a?inueei-a?eoainueea ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a oeueiio naeoi?? iiaea
?icaeaaoenue a e?eueeio no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yieao: ni?eueia ae?iaieoeoai
oaoi?ee aeey naea; ?icaeoie oeoe?iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa; iiaea?i?caoe?y
ca?iiaiai ainiiaea?noaa; o?iainiaa i?aeo?eiea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?ia?ai.

Aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aaaaoiaaeoi?iiai
a?eoainueei-oe?a?inueeiai aeiiii?/iiai ia?oia?noaa aeathoue ciiao
c?iaeoe aeniiaee eiioeaiooaeueii-oai?aoe/iiai, iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy, iniiaieie c yeeo ? ianooii?.

C iiaeeaeaiiyi i?aeia?iaeiiai iiae?eo i?aoe? aeieeathoue i?ioe??//y a
aeinyaiaii? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a /a?ac iani?aiaaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo oa
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo oe?eae. Nenoaia ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei i?ae ??cieie
e?a?iaie o noai?aii? oa iai?i? iaoa??aeueieo aeaa ae?? ca ia’?eoeaieie
aeiiii?/ieie caeiiaie, ye? i?iyaeythoueny o oi?ioaaii? aca?iiei?eniiai ?
aenieiaoaeoeaiiai i?aeia?iaeiiai iiae?eo i?aoe?, ii?aeioth/e
iaoe?iiaeuei? aeiiii?ee a ?aeeio na?oiainiiaea?nueeo nenoaio. Oe?a?ia o
iiaeieaii? e?ece iiaeiia nei?enoaoeny ia?aaaaaie i?aeaea?aeaaiiai
ia?oia?noaa o ae?iaie/i-?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/i?e
noa?ao.

O oi?ioaaii? eiioeaioe?? i?aeaea?aeaaiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ne?ae
aeoiaeeoe c oiai, ui A?eoai?y ? aeey Oe?a?ie iioaioe?eiei
no?aoaa?/iei ia?oia?ii, ine?eueee no?oeoo?e iaio aeiiii?e caeaoi?
oni?oii aeiiiaithaaoe iaeia iaeio a aaaaoueio aniaeoao. ?aaeueieie ?
oae? iai?yiee ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa:

o/anoue a?eoainueeeo eiiiai?e a ?icaeoeo aa?i-eini?/ii? aaeoc?,
e?oaeiaoaeoaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoa? aaaaoueio aeae?a aenieioaoiieia?/ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? ? iaeaaeiaiiy, noaeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aaaeea iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy;

inai?iiy iaooi-aaciiiniiai oaeueoo, ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu ia noo?,
oi?aae?iiy oa ni?eueia aenieoaoaoe?y nenoaie aenii?oieo aacii?iaiae?a ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ?aeiino?oeoe?y iaooi-ia?a?iaieo caaiae?a;

?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y oa iiaea?i?caoe?y aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?;

iiaea?i?caoe?y aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie, ia?ao?ae a?ae aeei?enoaiiy ia
aeaeo?inoaioe?yo i?e?iaeiiai aaco aei aenieiaoaeoeaieo oaa?aeiiaeeaieo
oaoiieia?e, noai?aiiy aeanii? ne?iaeiii? aace aeey aoiiieo
aeaeo?inoaioe?e ? caieiaiiai oeeeeo ia?a?iaee a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai
iaeueiiai oa yaea?ieo a?aeoiae?a;

eiiia?aoe?y a naeoi?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

aeiiiiiaa o na?oeo?eaoe?? oe?a?inueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ca?aeii aeiia ?N.

3. Oe?a?i? aeey aeinyaiaiiy nai?o no?aoaa?/ieo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
i???ioe??a, iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe ? ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe eiioeaioe?th
?ioaa?aoe?? aei ?a?iiaenueeeo no?oeoo?, ui a?oioo?oueny ia oaeeo
canaaeao:

iaaoooy iiaiii?aaiiai /eainoaa a NIO;

aeoea?caoe?y ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c i?aeia?iaeieie o?iainiaeie
?inoeoooe?yie, a o./. c IAO, NA??, ?A??;

i?e?aeiaiiy Oe?a?ie aei OeAOOA; ai?iaaoe?y iiaeeeainoae noai?aiiy ciie
a?eueii? oi?a?ae? Oe?a?ia-?N;

iioe?aiiy i?euea ia oe?a?inuee? oiaa?e, ui aenii?oothoueny a ?N
(oaenoeeue ? iaeya, noaeue), ca Aaia?ae?ciaaiith Nenoaiith I?aoa?aioe?e;

cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a ii caeo/aiith Oe?a?ie aei ?icaeoeo
o?ain?a?iiaenueeeo aia?aaoe/ieo, o?ainii?oieo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?aae.

4. A?eoainueeee aeina?ae i?aeeaco?, ui, aecia/ath/e oi?ie ? iai?yiee
i?aeia?iaeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ne?ae i?ene?ieeai
aiae?coaaoe eiaeai na?e e?ie i?ae eooii ci?o aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee e?a?ie.
Aei eeth/iaeo ne?ae a?aeianoe ianooii? oaeoi?e: caaacia/aiiy iio?aa o
e?eoe/iiio ?iii?o? (iaooa, aac, yaea?ia iaeeai, aenie? oaoiieia??,
iaoeiiaoae?aia onoaoeoaaiiy, caniae caoenoo ?ineei oiui); ?icaeoie
iaoe?iiaeueii? ae?iaie/i? aace aeey iinooiiaiai iineaaeaiiy caeaaeiino?
e?a?ie a?ae e?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo; aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y aeaea?ae e?eoe/iiai
?iii?oo; ia?iuoaaiiy aenii?oo aenieioaoiieia?/ii? i?iaeoeoe??, ae?ia?a c
aenieei nooiaiai ia?a?iaee; ?iaanoeoe?eia oa iiaeaoeiaa i?aeo?eiaiiy
aenii?oiii???ioiaaieo aaeocae; i?iaaaeaiiy oa?eoii? ? iaoa?eoii?
iie?oeee o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ioa?anaie iaoe?iiaeueii? i?iieneiaino?;
caiia?aaiiy noai?aiith iiiiiie?e.

5. Aaeeeee iioaioe?ae ia? ?icaeoie aca?iiae?? oe?a?inueeiai ?
a?eoainueeiai iaoeiaeo eiiieaen?a. E?eoe/ii iaiaoiaeiith coa?ith
caeo/aiiy iiaacoeoeie ? aoieaiiy caoiaeieo i ?ic?iaea aeacieo aecieeo
oaoiieiaie. Noeioethaaiiy aeainoi?iiiuei? eiiia?aoe?? a oeueiio iai?yieo
iiaeia cae?enithaaoe, i?eiaeii?, a aeaio iai?yieao: caioi/aiiy
oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?iicaiieo eiiiai?e aei ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia
iniia? o?aicoa??a oaoiieiaie oa ae?iaie/i? eiiia?aoei? ia aaci
oaoiieiai/ii? oaiaee; i?aeo?eiea eiiia?aoe?? ia ??ai? ?inoeooo?a,
aeine?aeieoeueeeo oeaio??a, eaai?aoi??e.

6. Ae?ae iaiao?aeiei ? a?eueo iiaia aeei?ecoaiiy iiaeeeaicoae
iiaeia?iaeieo aeiiiii/ieo i?aaiicaoeie (UNIDO, IFC, BOT Experts Group
oiui). Iaiaoiaeii aiooaaoe i aiaei?aaeyoe aei oaeiai ?iaeo iiaeia?iaeieo
i?aaiicaoeie aa?iaioe eiie?aoieo, ?ic?iaeaieo ca iiaeia?iaeieie
coaiaea?oaie i?iaeoia. Aeey iiaeaeueoi? aoaeoeaii? ciiai?aoei c eiaeiith
ie?aiith ocoaiiaith iaiaoiaeii aecia/eoe a?oie oaoiaoeia, i?aaenoaaieee
yeeo a?aoeiooue o/acoue a caciaeaiiyo iiae?aieo i?aaiicaoeie i
iiaeo?eioaaoe c ieie iicoieii eiioaeoe. Oei a?oie i?eeiaoeiooue
icoaoi/ia ?ioaiiy, yei c i?iaeoia iaaeceeaoe ia ?icaeyae iiaeia?iaeieo
aecia?oia oa ci?eyoe ?o iiieaiaioaoei?.

7. sse na?ae/eoue i?aeia?iaeiee aeina?ae, /a?ac oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
e?c?iaiai? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? iiaeeeai /anoeiai eiiiainoaaoe
o?iainiaee aeao?oeeo aeey i?aei?e?inoa, ye? ooeathoue iiaeeeaino?
?icoe?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa. Iieaciai, ui e?c?ia caaacia/o? o?iainoaaiiy
iaei??? o?aoeie anueiai onoaoeoaaiiy a a?eoainuee?e i?iieneiaino?, a a
aaeoc? aenieeo oaoiieia?e — 90%. ?icaeoeo e?c?iao a Oe?a?i?
caaaaeathoue: a?aenooi?noue iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea ia i?eaooie ? i?e
aeiaaino?ieiaiio e?aaeeooaaii?; aaaaoie?aoiee IAeA i?e i?iaaaeaii?
iia?aoe?e o?iainiaiai e?c?iaa; a?aenooi?noue iaoai?cio i?enei?aii?
aii?oecaoe?? ii e?c?iaiaeo iia?aoe?yo.

8. sse iieaco? aeina?ae na?oiainiiaea?nueeiai ?icaeoeo, i?aeo?eiea
iaeiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa iiaeiia aooe naiino?eiith neeaaeiaith
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee. A aeiiii?oe? A?eoai?? oa ?ioeo ?icaeiooeo e?a?i
iaeiio i?aei?e?iieoeoao ca oe?eith ieceith iieaciee?a iaeaaeeoue
i?ia?aeia i?noea, aaeaea naia oeae naeoi? caaacia/o? iane/ai?noue ?eieo
oiaa?aie oa iineoaaie, iaiaaeo? iiiiiie?ci, noeioeth? eiieo?aioe?th,
noai?th? aeiaeaoeia? ?iai/? i?noey. Ia iaeee a?cian o oeeo e?a?iao
i?eiaaea? aei 95% on?o i?aei?e?inoa, iiiaae 45% AAI, caae?yii 50%
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy. A Oe?a?i? a oiiaao aeanoaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee
oa iaiaaeaiino? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a naia iae? i?aei?e?inoaa ni?iiiaei?
iaea?eueo oaeaeei ? aeiiiiii ae??ooaaoe i?iaeaie no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae
aeiiii?ee ? aeaiiiiiie?caoe??, iane/aiino? ?eieo oiaa?aie oa iineoaaie.

9. *anoi aeeneooiaaiith ? iaiaeiicia/iith ? oaia ?ie? aea?aeaae o
oi?ioaaii? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. C iaeiiai aieo, onoiaiiy o?yaeo a?ae
caaaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa ni?e/eiyoeia ii?ooaiiy
nioe?aeueii? noaa?eueiino? a noni?euenoa?. C ?ioiai — yeui o?yae
ia?aae?a? ia naaa a?eueoo, i?ae oea iaiao?aeii aeey ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee,
?ieue, oea i?ecaiaeeoeia aei aio?ii?? aia?a?? ciaaaiiy, cieaeaiiy
aeeoo?caeaoiino? aeiiii?ee. Aecia/aeueiei ooo iinoa? aca?iiae?y i?ae
o?yaeii ? ?eieii. I?e/iio eiieo?aioi? ?eiee — iaee?auee iiee ui c
a?aeiieo niin?a aoaeoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?iciiae?eo
oiaa??a ? iineoa.

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

O oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

Iaeei A.A. O?iainia? aniaeoe oe?a?ii-a?eoainueeiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa//”O?iaine Oe?a?ie”.-E.:?12.-1998.N.21-27.-0,3 a?oe.
a?e.

Iaeei A.A. Aaeeea A?eoai?y ye no?aoaa?/iee ia?oia? Oe?a?ie ii caeo/aiith
?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e//”Ciai?oiy oi?a?aey: i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae.” Ca.
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.-E.:Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y ciai?oiuei?
oi?a?ae?.-Aei.2.-1998. N.157-165.-0,5 a?oe. a?e.

Iaeei A.A. ?iaanoeoe?eiee i?ioean a Oe?a?i? a aeeiai?oe?
oe?a?ii-a?eoainueeeo noinoie?a//Iaoeiaee a?niee: ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue.-Aei.2.-E.:Oe?a?inueeee O?iainiai-aeiiii?/iee
?inoeooo.-1998.-N.143-151.-0,5 a?oe. a?e.

Iaeei A.A. Aac ?noioieo i?i?ea?a. Oe?a?ii-a?eoainuee?
oi?a?aaeueii-aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie ca no/anieo oiia//”Iie?oeea ?
/an.”-E.:?11-12.-1998.-N.14-24.-0,5 a?oe. a?e.

A ?ioeo aeaeaiiyo.

V.Mayko. Industry //”Doing business in Ukraine.”-London.-CBI,Kogan
Page.-1998.-P.53-59.-0,3 ae?oe. a?e.

Aiioaoe?y.

Iaeei A.A. ?icaeoie A?eoainueei-Oe?a?inueeeo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a
no/anieo oiiaao.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.05.01. – Na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ? i?aeia?iaei?
aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie – Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?. Ee?a
— 1999 ?.

A oeaio?? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny
a?eoainueei-oe?a?inueea ae?iaie/i-?iaanoeoe?eia, oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/ia
oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ui ?icaeaa?oueny ia i?e?i- ?
iae?iaeiiii?/iiio ??aiyo. Iaa?oioiao?oueny iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaii?
aca?iiae?? e?a?i c aenieei ??aiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee oa
ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei c iaio ?icaeiaieie e?a?iaie caaaeyee i?aeia?iaeiiio
iiae?eo i?aoe?. I?iiiiothoueny oeyoe ? iaoai?cie aeei?enoaiiy ye?nii
iiaeo c?ooaiue aeey noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee oa i?enei?aiiy ?ioaa?aoe??
Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenuee? oa na?oia? no?oeoo?e ia iniia? caaeainiaaii?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?aoaa?/ia ia?oia?noai, aeiiii?/ia aaciaea,
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i? i??i?eoaoe, ?icaeoie aenii?oiiai naeoi?o,
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y ?iii?oo, no?aoaa?y caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, ?a?iiaenueea
?ioaa?aoe?y, i?aeia?iaei? o?iainia? i?aai?caoe??.

Aiiioaoeey.

Iaeei A.A. ?acaeoea A?eoainei-Oe?aeineeo yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo.

Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony ?oeiienueth.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.05.01. – Ie?iaia oicyenoai e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey – Oe?aeineay Aeaaeaiey aiaoiae oi?aiaee. Eeaa –
1999a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth a?eoainei-oe?aeineiai
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-eiaanoeoeeiiiiai, oi?aiai-aeiiiie/aneiai e
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai nio?oaeie/anoaa, eioi?ia ?acaeaaaony ia iee?i- e
iae?iyeiiiie/aneii o?iaiyo. Iainiiauaaaony aiciiaeiinoue yooaeoeaiiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey no?ai n aunieei o?iaiai ?acaeoey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee
e i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee n iaiaa ?acaeouie aeaaiaea?y
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio ?acaeaeaieth o?oaea. ?ane?uaaaony iaoaieci ?aaeecaoeee
Oe?aeiie naieo aioo?aiieo, ?aaeiiaeueiuo e aeiaaeueiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo ieaiia /a?ac aeaonoi?iiiaa nio?oaeie/anoai. Oaeiai
?iaea acaeiiaeaenoaea iaoneaaeeaaaony ?yaeii ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo
no?oeoo?ii-yeiiiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia: oieeaeueiui iieiaeaieai
Aaeeeia?eoaiee eae e?oiiaeoaai oeiainiaiai ie?iaiai oeaio?a;
niioaaonoaeai a? i?iiuoeaiiiai e iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai iioaioeeaea
i?ei?eoaoiui iio?aaiinoyi Oe?aeiu a no?oeoo?iii i?aia?aciaaiee
ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa; iaee/eai cia/eoaeueiiai iiuoa ?aoaiey i?iaeai,
eioi?ua a iaioeiaeiii ii?yaeea iaiaoiaeeii ?aoaoue a Oe?aeia (a o./.
i?eaaoecaoeey e?oiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey iaoaeeo?ae/aneie
e oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, eioaneoeeaoeey naeueneiai oicyenoaa e
o.ae.).

A ?aaioa enneaaeothony iaoaieciu i?eaea/aiey A?eoaieae ca?oaaaeiuo
eiaanoeoeee e aiaeece?othony i?e/eiu ieceiai o?iaiy i?eaea/aiey
eiino?aiiiai eaieoaea a yeiiiieeo Oe?aeiu, i?aaeeaaathony eiie?aoiua
?aeiiaiaeaoeee iioeiecaoeee eiaanoeoeeiiiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa. ?ane?uoi,
/oi i?e/eiu iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiiai iinooieaiey aiaoieo eiaanoeoeee
iaoiaeyony ia oieueei a iae?iaeiiiie/aneie ieineinoe (ionoonoaea
noaaeeueiiai eiaanoeoeeiiiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, iaiiia?ii oyaeaeue
iaeiaiaue ?aaeei), a e a oii, /oi aieueoeinoai oe?aeineeo i?aaei?eyoee
ia iiaeaioiaeaiu e nio?oaeie/anoao n eiaanoi?aie, ionoonoaoao
yooaeoeaiay eio?ano?oeoo?a aeey ?aaeecaoeee eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia.
?ac?aaioai eiiieaen eiie?aoiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nicaeaieth iaoaiecia
?aaiou n eiaanoi?aie e eiaanoeoeeyie. Aeieacaii, /oi no?aoaaee
?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee Oe?a?ie, aeoeaiie aiaoiaoi?aiaie e
eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee caaenyo oaeaea io aiciiaeiinoe nenoaiiiai
nio?oaeie/anoaa n iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie oeiainiauie i?aaiecaoeeyie.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ?ane?uou aiciiaeiua iooe ?aoaiey
no?aoaae/aneiai caaeaiey eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a ie?iaoth oicyenoaaiioth
nenoaio /a?ac eiiia?aoeeth n Aaeeeia?eoaieae a noa?a iaoa?eaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, eae aeeaeaeoe/aneiai i?iaeieaeaiey nio?oaeie/anoaa a
eiaanoeoeeiiiii naeoi?a. I?ieeethno?e?iaaii, /oi iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui
aoaeao ?aaeecaoeey i?iaeoia a ioaeaeueiuo i?ei?eoaoiuo iaeanoyo, oaeeo
eae: inaiaiea iaooa-aaciiiniiai oaeueoa, niaianoiay yenieoaoaoeey
nenoaiu yenii?oiuo aacii?iaiaeia, ?aeiino?oeoeey iaooaia?a?aaaouaathueo
caaiaeia, iiaea?iecaoeey yeaeo?iyia?aaoeee, nicaeaiea nu?ueaaie aacu
aeey aoiiiuo yeaeo?inoaioeee e cae?uoiai oeeeea ia?a?aaioee yaea?iuo
iooiaeia, iiaea?iecaoeey oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Enneaaeothony aaiacen
e iniaaiiinoe oi?aiaiai nio?oaeie/anoaa aeaoo no?ai. A oaeaea naeaeaia
ioeaiea aiciiaeiuo iineaaenoaee aioeaeaiieiaiauo ?anneaaeiaaiee ii
ioiioaieth e Oe?aeia, i?aaeeiaeaiu aa?eaiou i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey
aioeaeaiieiaiauo naieoeee.

Aeieacaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeoeaecaoeee Oe?aeiie iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
nio?oaeie/anoaa aeey iiauoaiey yeiiiie/aneie aaciianiinoe no?aiu ca
n/ao: ?icaeoey iaoeeiiaeueiie i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aacu e oiaiueoaiey
caaeneiinoe io eiii?oa; aeeaa?neoeeaoeee enoi/ieeia e?eoe/aneiai
eiii?oa; ia?aueaaiey yenii?oa aunieioaoiieiae/aneie i?iaeoeoeee,
ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee yenii?oiii?eaioe?iaaiiuo io?aneae;
i?iaaaeaiey oa?eoiie e iaoa?eoiie iieeoeee a niioaaonoaee n eioa?anaie
iaoeeiiaeueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?aoaae/aneia ia?oi??noai, yeiiiie/aneay
aaciianiinoue, aiaoiayeiiiie/aneea i?ei?eoaou, ?acaeoea yenii?oiiai
naeoi?a, aeeaa?neoeeaoeey eiii?oa, no?aoaaey i?eaea/aiey eiaanoeoeee,
aa?iiaeneay eioaa?aoeey, iaaeaeoia?iaeiua oeiainiaua i?aaiecaoeee.

The Summary

Mayko V.A. The Development of the British-Ukrainian current economic
relations.

The dissertation is the manuscript.

The Theses is being submitted to obtain a scientific degree of a
Candidate of Economic sciences on the speciality 08.05.01 – World
economy and international economic relations. – Ukrainian Academy of
foreign trade. Kyiv – 1999.

The research analyses British-Ukrainian current micro- and macroeconomic
levels of investment, production, trade and scientific relations.
Approved the effective interaction possibility between developed and
less advanced countries due to the international production sharing.
Different ways and instruments of the national economy improvement and
stability and also acceleration of the Ukrainian European integration on
the foundation of the balanced and effective external economic strategy
are being offered.

Key words: strategic partnership, economic security, external economic
priorities, export development, import diversification, investments
encouragement, European integration, international financial
institutions.

_____________________________________________

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 26.07.99 ?. Oi?iao 60o84/16

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Iae.-aeae.a?e. 1,0

Iaeeaae 100. Caiiaeaiiy 6

_____________________________________________

i.Ee?a-42, aoe. *eai??ia 57a

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?, eeiaiue 1999 ?.

?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e

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