Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee

Aei?iaeei ??eia ?aai?aia

OAeE 125.26 + 155.5:883

?ICA’ssCAIIss E?IAA?NOE*IEO IENEEOAEUeIEO CAAeA*

I?AeE?OEAIE CANIAAIE O?ACAIEIA??

19.00.07 — iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iao?aiei Aaeeia Aai?a??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineoieia??;

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Nieiaeooiaa Ieueaa Aai?a??aia,

Neia’yinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineoieia??.

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aieiaiueiaa ??eia Aieiaeeie??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo

“Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineoieia?? nioe?aeueii? ?iaioe.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, eaoaae?a ineoieia??,I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “__24_”_aa?aciy 1999 ?. i _10_ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.04  o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a,2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee (310168,
i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a,2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “_19__” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aeieo?aiei O. I.

9

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iia? oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a Oe?a?i?, aenoioee ia?aae
caaaeueiiina?oiueith oeieith ?yae iiaeo caaaeaiue. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
oni?oiiai canai?iiy ciaiue iaaoaa? a iao /an iniaeeai? aaae a ca’yceo ?c
iiooeii iiaeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue aeeaiea ?
i?oeia iiaioaaiiy o/iyie iniiaaie iaoe, cie?aia oe?a?inueeith iiaith oa
e?oa?aoo?ith. Ciaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae aoei, a a no/anieo oiiaao
iiiaethaaii? Oe?a?ie noa? aeeoo?ai iaiao?aeiei. Aea?aeaaia iaoe?iiaeueia
i?ia?aia “Ina?oa (Oe?a?ia XX? noie?ooy)” ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy eiiieaeno
iiaeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?icaeoie ?ioaeaeooaeueieo ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae ieneaiiy iniaenoinoae. Ae??oaeueiei oaeoi?ii
aeaiiai iai?yieo aenooia? ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
caniaaie o?acaieia?? o eiioaeno? ineoieia??. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaa/aiiy a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao iaaiith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae
?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae iaa/aiiy oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e.

I?iaeaia canai?iiy ciaiue o/iyie ia iiaa. O ineoieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aiia oi?ioethaaeany ? ae??ooaaeany c ??cieo oi/ie ci?o.
I?e canai?ii? ciaiue nooo?aa i?noea caeia? ieneaiiy. I?ia?aeia ?ieue o
eiai ?icaeoeo iaeaaeeoue iaa/aiith, yea a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?noo oa
iaoiae?a ii-??ciiio aeeiio? oeth ?ieue. E.N.Aeaionueeee iaaieiooaaa, ui
iaa/aiiy iiaeiii eoe iiia?aaeo ?icaeoeo oeiey??a, caeo/ath/e ?o aei
?ica’ycaiiy iiaeo caaea/. Caaaeyee oeueiio, aeieeathoue i?ioe??//y i?ae
iioaioe?eii caaeaieie ??aiyie ae?e ? aaea aeinyaiooeie. Oe? i?ioe??//y ?
?oo?eiith neeith ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo o/i?a, ye? ?ica’ycothoueny
ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeo i?ciaaaeueieo caaea/.

O caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiio ieai? i?iaeaia ieneaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeany o
i?aoeyo I.I.Aeiinueeiai, E.N.Aeaionueeiai, I.ss.Aaeueia??ia,
A.A.Aeaaeaeiaa, E. Aeoiea?a, I. Caeueoea, C.?.Eaeieeiai?, E. Eaooee,
A.N.Einothea, I. Etheueia, I.I.Eaiioue?aa, E. Ia?a??a, N.E.?oa?iooaeia
oa ?ioeo. Ineoieia?/i? iniiae canai?iiy ciaiue oeiey?aie ? ieoaiiy,
iia’ycai? c ea?oaaiiyi o/aiaith ae?yeuei?noth, aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oaeeie
a/aieie, ye E.N.Aeaionueeee, I.ss.Aaeueia??i, A.A.Aeaaeaeia,
A.N.Einothe, O.A.Einia, N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
na?ae/aoue i?i ?icaeaath/ee aoaeo oe?eueiiai iaa/aiiy, yea iaoiiaeaii
eiai ci?noii ? iaoiaeaie. Caaaeyee no?oeoo?i?e iiaoaeia? ci?noo,
aeae?eaii? a iueiio nenoai ? iia’ycaieo c ieie ieneeoaeueieo ae?e
noai?ththoueny ni?eyoeea? iiaeeeaino? aeey iiaiioe?iiiai canai?iiy
ciaiue. ?aae?caoe?y oeeo iiaeeeainoae caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, ye
i?aai?cothoueny ae?? o/i?a c iaa/aeueiei iaoa??aeii. Nooo?aee aeeaae o
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy canai?iiy ciaiue aianee aeine?aeieee a
aaeoc? ineoieia?? caaea/?: A.I.Aaee, A.A. A?ooeeinueeee, I.I.Iaothoe?i,
A.I.Iieyei, E.A.Neaanueea oa ?io?.

O no/anieo ineoie?iaa?noe/ieo ? iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? /eiaei
i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith ae?e ??cieo oaeoi??a ia ?acoeueoaoe
canai?iiy oeiey?aie oiai /e ?ioiai iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoa. O oeueiio
ieai? iaaiee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue ?iaioe, ni?yiiaai? ia iaa/aiiy o/i?a
?aoe?iiaeueiei i?eeiiai canai?iiy iiaiiai iaoa??aeo (A.O.Aa?a,
E.E.Aaeaoeueea, A.A.?euethe, O.A.Einia, ?.I.Neieoey, E.I.Oe??en).

I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee iiaeaii?aiai ?icaeoeo oeiey??a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i iaaeinoaoith oai?aoe/io ?ic?iaeai?noue i?iaeaie ?ica’ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? oa canoinoaaiiy
?o o iaa/aii?.

Oaeei /eiii, iio?aaa iaaeaaia?/ii? ineoieia?? oa oe?eueii? i?aeoeee o
?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo caaea/ o iaa/aii? ia
o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e aecia/eei aea?? oaie iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: “?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
i?aee?oeaie caniaaie o?acaieia??”.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei eiiieaenii? oaie, yea
?ic?iaey?oueny eaoaae?ith ineoieia?? ?acii c eaoaae?ith iaaeaaia?ee
“Aecia/aiiy ineoieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ciaaaeueii? aeoeaiino?
oeiey??a oa nooaeaio?a” ? eii?aeeio?oueny I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie.
Oaia aeena?oaoe?? caoaa?aeaeaia ia can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, i?ioieie ?
5 a?ae 27.12.93.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo
caaea/ o/iyie 5-6 eean?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – oi?ioaaiiy iiooeo niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? o iieiaeoeo
i?aee?oe?a.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? iiooeo niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia??, ui aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie
eia?/iiai ieneaiiy o/i?a 5-6 eean?a.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie eia?/iiai ieneaiiy o iieiaeoeo
i?aee?oe?a o i?ioean? ea?iaaiiai iaa/aiiy iaoiiaeaiee, cia/iith i??ith,
oi?ioaaiiyi niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
caniaaie o?acaieia?? ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e.
Aoaeoeai?noue ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie
o?acaieia?? caeaaeeoue a?ae ?icoi?iiy iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo
? ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? o?acaieia?/ieo niinia?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe oa a?iioace aecia/aii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Cae?enieoe oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie c ieoaiue
?icaeoeo ieneaiiy o/i?a o i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy ieneeoaeueieo caaea/.

2. Aecia/eoe ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo
caaea/ i?aee?oeaie caniaaie o?acaieia??.

3. Anoaiiaeoe aieea o?acaieia?/ieo niinia?a ia oni?oia ?ica’ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ oa ia ?icaeoie eia?/iiai ieneaiiy
oeiey??a 5-6 eean?a.

4. ?ic?iaeoe ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey a/eoae?a ?
nooaeaio?a uiaei ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie
o?acaieia?? ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e.

Iaoiaeieia?/io oa oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue
iieiaeaiiy ineoieia?/ii? iaoee i?i ae?aeaeoe/iee aca?iica’ycie ineo?ee ?
ae?yeueiino?, ?icaeoie iniaenoino? a ae?yeueiino?(N.I.Ai/a?iaa,
I.I.Eaiioue?a, N.E.?oa?iooaei); i?eioeeie caaea/iiai i?aeoiaeo
(A.I.Aaee, A.N.Einothe, A.I.Iieyei, E.A.Neaanueea oa ?i.);
eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy oai??? iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?
(A.A.Aeaaeaeia, I.E.Aeonaaeoeueeee, N.Ae.Iaeneiaiei, I.A.Ne?ei/aiei,
Ae.A.Aeueeii?i); i?i aca?iica’ycie iaa/aiiy oa ?icaeoeo
(E.N.Aeaionueeee, A.A.Aeaaeaeia, A.N.Einothe, A.A.Iao?aiei); iiaeaii?ao
i?e?iaeo ethaeeie (E.E.Aaeaoeueea, A.A.?euethe, O.A.Einia,
I.I.Eaiioue?a, I.I.Iioaaiy, ?.I.Neieoey).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue, ia?aa??ee
a?iioace aeei?enoaii iaoiaee: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy; ineoieia?/iee aenia?eiaio o eiai
eiinoaooth/?e, oi?ioth/?e oa eiio?iethth/?e oi?iao; niinoa?aaeaiiy;
aieaooaaiiy oeiey??a, o/eoae?a; aan?aee c ieie; aiae?c i?iaeoeo?a
ae?yeueiino?; iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny
i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ??. Aacith aenia?eiaioo aoei ia?aii na?aaei? oeiee
?132 ? ?55 i.Oa?eiaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi aoei ioiieaii 313 iieiaeoeo
i?aee?oe?a 5-6 eean?a oa 11 o/eoae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e.
Eiinoaooth/ei aenia?eiaioii ioiieaii 240 oeiey??a, oi?ioth/ei – 73 o/iy.

I?aai?caoe?y oa aoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny
i?ioyaii o?ueio ?ie?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1995-1996 ??.) iniiaio oaaao
aoei cina?aaeaeaii ia aeai?? oa iaa?oiooaaii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aea/aii? eiai ia’?eoa, i?aaeiaoa, caaaeaiue oa ?ic?iaoe? a?iioace.
Aea/aeanue ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia e?oa?aoo?a c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy (1996-1998 ??.) cae?enithaaany
eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe, ai?iaiaoaaeanue ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue no/ania a?o/eciyia ?
ca?oa?aeia ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, i?ae?o/ieee, aeia?aeieee,
neiaieee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui a ?iaio? aia?oa
c?iaeaii ni?iao oeyoii aenia?eiaioo aecia/eoe aieea cania?a o?acaieia??
ia ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ oa ia ?icaeoie
eia?/iiai ieneaiiy o/i?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ca oiia ea?iaaiiai iaa/aiiy o
oeiey??a niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ii aeuee ??aaiue ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/, ui aecia/a? “ciio iaeaeeae/iai ?icaeoeo”.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui eiai
?acoeueoaoe aeiiiaiththoue iieiaeaiiy i?i caaea/iee i?aeo?ae, i?i ?ieue
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? oa
?icoe?ththoue oyaeaiiy i?i iiaeeeaino? oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy
niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie
o?acaieia??. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaii aeaye? aeiiiaiaiiy i?i
ineoieia?/i? oiiae i?aai?caoe?? ea?oaaiiy ieneeoaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, ye? i?noyoueny o ?iaio?, ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aoco.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee aeey a/eoae?a
oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e na?aaei?o oe?e. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a/eoaeyie na?aaei?o oe?e ia
o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?icaeoie
eia?/iiai ieneaiiy o/i?a.

Iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? iiaeooue aooe aacith aeey noai?aiiy
niaoeeo?n?a c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ineoieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoae ?ica’ycaiiy iieiaeoeie i?aee?oeaie e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia??; o aea/aii? iaeeieoeue
o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo, ui ni?eythoue oni?oiiio ?ica’ycaiith caaea/.
Aeena?oaio aeae?eea iniiai? caniae, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?ioean
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/. ?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo oeiee
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey a/eoae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae oa
e?oa?aoo?e.

A??ia?aei?noue oa iaa?oioiaai?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a
caaacia/oaaeeny canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aaeaeaaoieo eiai i?aaeiaoo oa caaaeaiiyi; aiae?cii aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo ? canoinoaaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiae?a noaoenoe/iiai
aiae?co; iine?aeiaiith ?aae?caoe??th oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie o?acaieia?/ieo niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ ni?ey? ?icaeoeo eia?/iiai ieneaiiy o iieiaeoeo
i?aee?oe?a.

2. I?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?icoi?iiy iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo,
aeoea?caoe?? aeina?aeo o/i?a.

3. Nenoaio o?acaieia?/ieo niinia?a i?e ?ica’ycaii? e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ noaiiaeyoue: oi?iiy ?icoe?thaaoe eiei neooaoe?e,
ye? ocaaaeueiththoueny o o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeyo; iaeeieoe?
o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo, ye? iia’ycai? c ?ioeie iiaieie caniaaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny,
iaaiai?thaaeeny oa aoee noaaeai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: ”Aeiiii?/ia ina?oa: iia? i?aeoiaee aei ci?noo oa
iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue” (Oa?e?a, 1997),
”Iniaeeaino? ineoieia?/ieo ?aeae A.N.Neiai?iaee” (Oa?e?a,1997).
Iiia?aaei? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e ineoieia?? OAeIO ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee (1996, 1997, 1998 ??.).

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe coiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?
oaeee aeaeyae: anooi, o?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee aei ?icae?e?a, caaaeuei?
aeniiaee, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 214 iaca ia 16 noi??ieao (o
oiio /ene?, 5 aeaea?ae ?iicaiiith iiaith). Iniiaiee ci?no oaenoo – 207
noi??iie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaiaoeciaaii o 10 oaaeeoeyo ia
11 noi??ieao, o 13 noaiao ia 11 noi??ieao, o 11 ?enoieao ia 9 noi??ieao
oa 17 aeiaeaoeao ia 17 noi??ieao.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeaii a 5 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo, c
ieo 3 iaienaii aac ni?aaaoi??a, 4 noaoo? o i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy; aeeeaaeaii aeo?aei?
iaoiaeieia?/i? oa oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy, iaa?oioiaaii
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe oa ?? a??ia?aei?noue, noi?ioeueiaaii
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaaaaeaii ai?iaaoe?th
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Noai i?iaeaie, oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee ? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy” cae?eniaii oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyoii ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai aiae?co ?? noaio a iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo??. ?icaeyiooi iiiyooy “caaea/a”, ?? no?oeoo?a oa aeaee caaea/ a
eiioaeno? i?iaeaie e?iaa?noeee. Aecia/aii iiiyooy “o?acaieia?y” ?
“o?acaieia?/iee oiiae” o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ineoieia?a oa e?iaa?no?a.

Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
ca?oa?aei? ? a?o/eciyi? ineoieiae ii-??ciiio o?aeoothoue “caaea/o”, oiio
?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oeoia/aiiy ?? nooiino? iaia?. N.E. ?oa?iooaei
?icaeyaeaa caaea/o ye aacia?a?aio aca?iiae?th noa’?eoa c ia’?eoii, a
ye?e ?ice?eaathoueny ia’?eoeai? noinoiee i?ae a?aeiiei ? ooeaiei. ?. ?.
Iaoaeoeue, E. I. O??aeiai — aecia/aee ye neiaania oi?ioethaaiiy
neooaoe??. E. I. O??aeiai aaaaeaa, ui aeeth/aiiy noa’?eoa a caaea/o ia
aea? iiaeeeaino? ia’?eoeaii aea/eoe ?? ci?no ? no?oeoo?o. Aiaeii/an
E.A. Neaanueea noaa?aeaeoaaea, ui caaea/a a ineoieia?/iiio ieai? — oea
ia?o ca ana caaea/a, yea aeieea? ia?aae noa’?eoii. Oiio aeey
ineoieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee caaea/? iaaeinoaoiuei c’ynoaaoe cacia/aia a
i?e ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiia oa aeiia, iaiao?aeii i?inoaaeeoe, ye
ia?aoai?th?oueny caaea/a o i?ioean? ?? ?ica’ycaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy nie?a?oueny ia oai??th A. N. Einothea ? A.I. Aaeea, ye?
caaea/o aecia/athoue ye nenoaio, iaia’yceiaeie eiiiiiaioaie yei? ?
i?aaeiao oa aeiiae. I?ae ?ica’ycaiiyi caaea/? ?icoi??oueny ae?yiiy ia ??
i?aaeiao, ui coiiaeth? ia?ao?ae ?c aeo?aeiiai noaio aei ooeaiiai.
E?iaa?noe/ia caaea/a – oea oaea ae?yiiy ia i?aaeiao, aiane?aeie yeiai
a?i aeyaey?oueny ? i?noeoue aeinoaoiuei iiaio i?yio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
ooeaia.

Ia iao iiaeyae, oe?eaaei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.A. A?iaenueei?, yea aea/aea
i?ciaaaeuei? ieneeoaeuei? caaea/? ia iiaiiio iaoa??ae?. Aiia
noaa?aeaeo?, ui i?ciaaaeuei? caaea/? ca ci?noii aaca?aeiinii aei ?o
iaoa??aeo iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia oae? aeaee:

1. I?ciaaaeueia ieneeoaeueia caaea/a, yea neeaaea?oueny c nenoaie
a?aeiieo ? iaa?aeiieo aeaieo. Ne?ae anoaiiaeoe cia/aiiy naia iaa?aeiieo.

2. I?ciaaaeueia ieneeoaeueia caaea/a, a oiia? yei? ? eeoa iaa?aeii?, ?
aeiiaa iieyaa? a oiio, ui ne?ae anoaiiaeoe ?o cia/aiiy. Nenoaie a?aeiieo
aeaieo, c yeeie iiaeii? aooe ni?aa?aeianai? iaa?aeii? a i?ioean?
?ica`ycaiiy caaea/?, iaia?.

3. I?ciaaaeueia ieneeoaeueia caaea/a, oiiaa yei? neeaaea?oueny eeoa c
aeiiae ciaeoe cia/aiiy iaa?aeiieo, oi/ naii? nenoaie iaa?aeiieo, ye ?
nenoaie a?aeiieo, iaia?.

4. I?ciaaaeueia ieneeoaeueia caaea/a, oiiaa yei? cian?i ia
oi?ioeth?oueny, a eeoa caaea?oueny caaaeueiei aeiiaai iayaii? neooaoe??.

I.I. Eaiioue?a iaaieiooaaa, ui oeaio?aeueiith eaieith ?ica’ycaiiy
caaea/? ? ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?? niiniao ?ica`ycaiiy. A?i i?aee?anethaaa, ui
nooo?ao ?ieue i?e ?ica`ycaii? caaea/? a?ae?a?a? ciaoiaeaeaiiy naia
“iio??aii? eaiee”. O no/ani?e oeie? ia i?aeoeoe? iaea?eueoeo o?oaeiiu?a
o/i? caciathoue i?e ciaoiaeaeaii? oeyo?a ?ica`ycaiiy caaea/?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ??cieo i?aeoiae?a aei i?iaeaie “caaea/a”,
e?iaa?noe/io ieneeoaeueio caaea/o ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeei ?c
iaenooo?a?oeo /eiiee?a i?aeaeuaiiy ?icoiiai? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a. O
oiae? ?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie
o?acaieia?? o/aiue ia o?eueee aeae?ey? iia? ca`ycee, noinoiee i?ae
a?aeiiei ? ooeaiei, a e ona?aeiieth? ?o. Aeaeaoiee a?o/eciyiee ineoieia
A.N.Einothe a?aecia/aa, ui oi?ioaaiiy ieneaiiy – oea ia eeoa iaieiae?iiy
niiniaaie ?ica`ycaiiy caaea/?, a ? ?ice?eooy a i?e iiaeo ca`yce?a.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui o aaaaoueio ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa ?icaeoeo e?iaa?noe/iiai ieneaiiy (A. O. Aa?a,
E.E. Aaeaoeueea, A.A. ?euethe, O.A. Einia, ?.I. Neieoey, E.I. Oe??en),
i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny oni?oia i???ioaoe?y a iiaieo /eiieeao,
anoaiiaeaiiy ca`yce?a i?ae ieie, iiaeieaiiy o?oaeiiu?a, iia`ycaieo ?c
ni?eeiaiiyi e?iaa?noe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ia oeueiio iaaieiooaaee
A.A. ?euethe, ?.I. Neieoey. Aiie i?aee?anethaaee, ui o ?icaeoeo
e?iaa?noe/iiai ieneaiiy iniaeeai? aaae iaaoaa? naiino?eiee iiooe
?ioi?iaoe??, oi?iiy ?iaeoe aeniiaee.

A?eueo?noue no/anieo e?iaa?no?a nie?athoueny ia aeine?aeaeaiiy c
o?acaieia?? nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a: A.A. Aeiia?aaeiaa, A.A. Ea??ia,
I.I. Iioaai?, E.A. Ne?eiieea. Oae, o?eieia-neaa?no I.I. Iioaaiy, c?iaea
ei?eni? aeniiaee uiaei oa?aeoa?o iiaiiai ieneaiiy ethaeeie,
noaa?aeaeoth/e i?i aca?iica`ycie o?acaieia?? ? ineoieia??.

Ioaea, ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e aoee aeei?enoai? iaie ye
oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo c iaoith aea/aiiy
niinia?a ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ??ai?a ?icaeoeo ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? o iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ o oeiey??a 5-6 eean?a” aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo
eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo oa iaoiaeieia?/i? nenoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, a
oaeiae aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? niinia?a
?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia??.

Iaoa eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo ia?aaeaa/aea: aeyaeaiiy niinia?a
?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ iieiaeoeie i?aee?oeaie;
aecia/aiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a ?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
caaea/ o oeiey??a; anoaiiaeaiiy ca`yce?a i?ae ??aiai noi?iiaaiino?
niinia?a ?ica`ycaiiy caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? oa ?icaeoeii eia?/iiai
ieneaiiy o/i?a.

Ae?aaiinooth/? caaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeaee aeina?aeo iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a oa
aeiiaai i?ia?ai c oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e, a iniaeeaino? ?o
aeeiiaiiy caaacia/oaaee aeyaeaiiy noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a ?ica`ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/. O aenia?eiaio? o/iyi i?iiiioaaeiny
aea? na??? caaaeaiue.

Ia?oa na??y ia?aaeaa/aea aeyaeaiiy niinia?a ?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
caaea/, yeeie ei?enoothoueny ae?oe ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa
e?oa?aoo?e.

Ae?oaa na??y aoea ni?yiiaaia ia aecia/aiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a
?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? o iieiaeoeo
i?aee?oe?a. Oeiey?ai i?iiiioaaeinue o?e caaaeaiiy, ye? ?ica`ycoaaeenue
??cieie niiniaaie: niin?a ni?ia, oai?/ee, i?ene?aii-i?eeaceiaee,
o?acaieia?/iee. O aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoiaoaaeanue
iaoiaeeea A. Ae. Oae/aiea, yea aoea iiaeeo?eiaaia a i?ioean? ?iaioe
(oai?/ee niin?a). Aenia?eiaioaeuei? caaaeaiiy aeeiioaaeenue o
eieaeoeai?e ? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e oi?iao. O aeine?aeaeaii? a?aee o/anoue
240 o/i?a 5-6 eean?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ??132, 55 i.Oa?eiaa.

?acoeueoaoe ia?oi? na??? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo na?ae/aoue, ui
oeiey?? 5-6 eean?a iia?othoue o?eueee niiniaii ni?ia ?ica`ycaiiy caaea/;
naiino?ei?noue aiae?co ci?noo caaea/ i?inoaaeo?oueny o iaaaeeei?
e?eueeino? ae?oae; iine?aeiai?noue i?e ?ica`ycaii? e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ aeyaeaia o ie?aieo i?aee?oe?a; cia/ia /anoeia
iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a ia ?icoi?? iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo.

I?e aeeiiaii? ae?oai? na???, yea ia?aaeaa/aea ?ica`ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
caaea/ aaciina?aaeiuei caniaaie o?acaieia??. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui o
iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a niinoa??aaeanue caeaoi?noue aei aiae?co oiiae
caaea/?, aea iaa i?noea, oae caaiee, “cnoa” c aiae?co.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo ae?oai? na??? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo
na?ae/eoue, ui iaaeinoaoi? aeei?enoaiiy niinia?a ?ica`ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ o/iyie 5-6 eean?a iaoiiaeaii iaaieie
/eiieeaie. Oae, oeiey?? aecia/athoue ci?no iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai
oiiaeo ia i?aenoaa? aeeoo?aiai aeina?aeo, aai iaiaaathoueny c`ynoaaoe
ia?aiinia cia/aiiy o?acaieia?ci?a /a?ac i?yia cia/aiiy ne?a–eiiiiiaio?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo
i?aaenoaaeaii o oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

??ai? noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo
caaea/ i?aee?oeaie caniaaie o?acaieia??

Niiniae

?ica’ycaiiy caaea/EeanE?euee?noue i?aeaeine?aeieoE?euee?noue
i?aeaeine?aeieo, ye? ?ica’ycaee caaea/? ca
??aiyieAenieeeNa?aaei?eIecueeeei?aeaeine.%i?aeaeine.%i?aeaeine.%Oai?/ee5
791417,73746,82835,56909104954,43235,6I?ene?aii–
i?eeaceiaee5791215,22835,43949,46901921,14448,92730O?acaieia?/iee57967,6
2126,65265,86901112,245503437,8

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo aeicaieea c?iaeoe
aeniiaee :

1. A oiiaao o?aaeeoe?eiiai iaa/aiiy o iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a 5 – 6 eean?a
noeo?eii noi?iiaai? niiniae ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo
caaea/ iinyoue aeaiaioa?iee oa?aeoa?.

2. Aeine?aeaeaii, ui iacia/ia e?euee?noue o/i?a iia?o? niiniaaie
?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ ia aenieiio ??ai?, ai
aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? aeaiaioa?ieo niinia?a.

3. ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? ?
iaeiaoaeoeaiei i?ioeanii, ai oeiey?? 5 – 6 eean?a caciathoue o?oaeiiu?a
i?e aeei?enoaii? oai?/iai, i?ene?aii – i?eeaceiaiai, o?acaieia?/iiai
niinia?a.

Oe? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee eiinoaooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy oeyo?a
oi?ioaaiiy niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ o
oeiey??a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
iieiaeoeie i?aee?oeaie 5 ? 6 eean?a caniaaie o?acaieia??” ?icaeyiooi
iaoiaeeeo oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo, i?iaiae?ciaaii aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy aa??aoeaii–iiooeiaiai niiniao a i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ oeiey?aie 5 – 6 eean?a, iaaaaeaii
?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieueiiai aenia?eiaioo.

I?e aecia/aii? iaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ia?aaeaa/aeinue, ui a?i ia?
aooe nai???aeiith i?aai?caoe??th ae?yeueiino? o/i?a c i???ioaoe??th ia
“ciio iaeaeeae/iai ?icaeoeo”, ni?yiiaaio ia oni?oia ?ica’ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia??
(E.N. Aeaionueeee).

O oi?ioth/iio aenia?eiaio? a?aee o/anoue iieiaeo? i?aee?oee 5 – 6 eean?a
oeiee – e?oeath ? 55 i. Oa?eiaa.

Cai?iaaaeaeaii aeai?eoi, iiaoaeiaaiee ca nenoaiith iine?aeiaiino? “?oo
ii ni??ae?”. Aeai?eoi noaiiaeoue niaith i?ia?aio ae?yeueiino?,
ni?yiiaaio ia oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue ?ica’ycoaaoe e?iaa?noe/i? ieneeoaeuei?
caaea/? caniaaie o?acaieia??.

Aeai?eoi ia?aaeaa/aa aoaie:

1. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oiia ? aeiia caaea/?, oiaoi anoaiiaeaiiy nooo?aeo
ca’yce?a i?ae a?aeiiei ? ooeaiei.

2. Aea?? nooo?aeo iciae o o?acaieia?/i?e iaeeieoe?.

3. Naiino?eiee iiooe ?ice?eooy ci?noo iaeeieoe? o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo.

4. Aea?? ?ica’ycaiiy ? naiino?eia ?ice?eooy ci?noo iaeeieoe?
o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo.

5. Aiae?c oiaeo ?ica’ycaiiy, ooi/iaiiy ? aeiiiaiaiiy.

Oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio neeaaeaany ?c aeaio na??e. Ia?oa na??y
ia?aaeaa/aea o?e caaaeaiiy, ye? ni?yiiaaii ia ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? ( oai?/ee,
i?ene?aii–i?eeaceiaee, o?acaieia?/iee).

Ae?oaa na??y aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaaia ia oi?ioaaiiy
aa??aoeaii–iiooeiaiai niiniao ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo
caaea/. Aa??aoeaii–iiooeiaee niin?a iiaoaeiaaiee ia i?aenoaa? aaea
a?aeiieo, a naia: i?ene?aii–i?eeaceiaiai ? o?acaieia?/iiai. Aeaiee
niin?a ia?aaeaa/aa iaaio e?euee?noue caaaeaiue. O aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? i?iiiioaaeinue i’youe aa??aio?a caaaeaiue, ye?
aeeiioaaeenue i?e aeei?enoaii? ia?oiea?o.

Aoaeoeai?noue ?ica’ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
aa??aoeaii–iiooeiaei niiniaii caeaaeeoue a?ae iaaieo oiia:

— ciaiue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo;

— ona?aeiieaiiy iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo;

— ciaiue eaene/iiai oiiaeo;

— oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue;

— aeeoo?aiai aeina?aeo.

Aa??aoeaii–iiooeiaee niin?a ni?yiiaaiee ia o?eueee ia aoaeoeaia
?ica‘ycaiiy caaea/?, a e ia ?icoe?aiiy ciaiue o/iy ? ia ?icoiiaee
?icaeoie o oe?eiio.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
aa??aoeaii–iiooeiaei niiniaii aeicaieea aeyaeoe caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai
?ica‘ycaiiy caaea/ ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie yeinoyie ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?
oeiey??a 5–6 eean?a, ui noaiiaeei ?0,61 ca aeiiiiiaith ?aiaiai?
ei?aeyoe?? Ni??iaia. ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo aeyaeeenue
noaoenoe/ii cia/oueie, ui ? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ca‘ycie i?ae ??aiai
?ica‘ycaiiy caaea/ ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie yeinoyie ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?
iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a.

Ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeany
eiio?ieueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi. ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaiiy eiio?ieueieo
caaaeaiue o/iyie aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi i?aaenoaaeaii
ia ?en. 1.

?en.1. Ii??aiyeueia ??aiaaa oa?aeoa?enoeea noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ o/iyie AE ? EE.

1 – aenieee, 2 – na?aaei?e, 3 – iecueeee.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo eiio?ieueiiai aenia?eiaioo aeicaieea c?iaeoe
aeniiaee:

1. ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue, ui niinoa??aa?oueny
?ica?aei?noue o iieacieeao ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a ?ica‘ycaiiy
caaea/ aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo eean?a. O aenia?eiaioaeueieo
eeanao ?acoeueoaoe ?ica‘ycaiiy caaea/ cia/ii aeu?, i?ae o eiio?ieueieo.

2. A o/i?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a niinoa??aaeinue nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? aiae?co caaea/?. Caaaeyee cai?iaaaeaeai?e nenoai? “?oo ii
ni??ae?” oeiey?? iiaoaiii ?ica‘ycoaaee e?iaa?noe/io ieneeoaeueio
caaea/o.

3. ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia??
ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith yeino? ciaiue iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a ? ?icaeoeo ?o
eia?/iiai ieneaiiy.

4. Ioaea, a oiiaao aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy niinoa??aathoueny cia/ii
aeu? iieacieee ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ oeiey?aie
caniaaie o?acaieia??, i?ae i?e o?aaeeoe?eiiio.

AENIIAEE

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie, iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe
i?aeoaa?aeeee aenoiooo a?iioaco ? aeicaieeee c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie “caaea/a”
aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe niin?a iaenooo?a?oei eiiiiiaioii ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/?,
yeee aaaea aei ?icaeoeo ieneaiiy noa‘?eoa.

2. Iaaio /anoeio iaoa??aeo ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e
aeioe?eueii i?iiiioaaoe o oi?i? e?iaa?noe/ieo caaea/, ye? ni?eythoue
aeoea?caoe?? ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oeiey??a, ?icaeoeo eia?/iiai
ieneaiiy ? ona?aeiieaiiio canai?iith iaoa??aeo.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui:

3.1. I?ioean ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? noaiiaeoue aca?iiae?th noa‘?eoa c
ia‘?eoii, caaaeyee ye?e o/aiue ?ice?eaa? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeaiei ?
ooeaiei, aecia/ath/e ooeaia.

3.2. Aoaeoeai?noue ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ii? caaea/? caeaaeeoue a?ae
?icoi?iiy iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo, ??aiy noi?iiaaiino?
o?acaieia?/ieo niinia?a, canoinoaaiiy yeeo cae?enith?oueny o i?ioean?
??oaiiy.

3.3. Noi?iiaai? niiniae (oai?/ee, i?ene?aii-i?eeaceiaee, o?acaieia?/iee,
aa??aoeaii-iiooeiaee) ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ o
iaa/aii? ni?eythoue c?inoaiith oaeeo iieaciee?a: i?ciaaaeueii?
aeoeaiino?, naiino?eiino?, iine?aeiaiino?, aa??aoeaiino? ?icoiiaeo ae?e.

Ianya eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? ia aeicaiey? ?ica‘ycaoe ana eiei
ieoaiue, iia‘ycaieo ?c ia?aiith i?iaeaiith. O oeueiio ieai? iiaeaeueoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aaothoue iai?yiee, ni?yiiaai? ia c‘ynoaaiiy
iniaeeainoae ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/ oeiey?aie
??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi; aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo cae?aiinoae o/i?a i?e
aea/aii? oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?? A?AeAEOI A IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

1. Aei?iaeei ?.?. ?icoi?iiy o/iyie o?acaieia?/ieo cania?a i?e
?ica‘ycaii? i?ciaaaeueii? caaea/? // Iaaeaaia?ea oa ineoieia?y: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Oa?e?a: OAeIO. – 1997. – Aeione 5. – N. 38-40.

2. Aei?iaeei ?.?., Iao?aiei A.A. Niin?a ia?aaoaeiae caaea/? ye iniiaa ??
?ica‘ycaiiy // Iaaeaaia?ea oa ineoieia?y: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. –
Oa?e?a: OAeIO. – 1997. – Aeione 5. – N. 106-109. (aaoi?nueeeo – 2
noi?.).

3. Aei?iaeei ?.?. Iniaeeaino? ?icoi?iiy o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo oa eiai
aieea ia ?icaeoie ?ioaeaeooaeueieo yeinoae o iieiaeoeo i?aee?oe?a //
Ineoieia?y: A?niee OAeIO. – Oa?e?a: OAeIO. – 1998. – Aeione ?. – N.
22-26.

4. Aei?iaeei ?.?. I?ene?a‘y oa i?eeacee ye aeaiaio ocaaaeueiaiiai
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?, ?o ?aei?noue ? oioiaei?noue //
E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai: Iaoeia? caienee. – Oa?e?a: OAeIO. – 1998. –
Aeione 4. – N. 99-103.

5. Aei?iaeei ?.?., Iao?aiei A.A. Ineoieia?/ia niaaeueia A.N. Neiai?iaee
? ?ica‘ycaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo caaea/ aeeoeiith // Iaaeaaia?ea oa
ineoieia?y: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Oa?e?a: OAeIO. – 1998. – Aeione
6. – N. 158-164. (aaoi?nueeeo – 5 noi?.).

O ioae?eaoe?yo, ui iaienai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoee aeeaae caeiaoaa/a
oaeee: o noaoo? [2] iienaii niiniae ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo caaea/
iieiaeoeie i?aee?oeaie caniaaie o?acaieia??; o noaoo? [5] iienaii aieea
iaeeieoeue o?acaieia?/iiai oiiaeo ia ?icaeoie ?ioaeaeooaeueieo ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae ieneaiiy o oeiey??a 5-6 eean?a.

Aei?iaeei ?.?. ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/
i?aee?oeaie caniaaie o?acaieia??. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.07 – iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y. –
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue aiae?c c i?iaeaie “caaea/a” o ca?oa?aei?e ?
a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo??. Iaaaaeaii niaoeeo?eo ?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ii?
caaea/? ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e. ?ice?eoi iiiyooy
“niin?a”, aecia/aii eiai ?ieue i?e ?ica‘ycaii? caaea/?. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui
?ica‘ycaiiy e?iaa?noe/ii? caaea/? cae?enith?oueny ca oiia aeei?enoaiiy
o?acaieia?/ieo cania?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aii ? aeiaaaeaii, ui
nooo?a? ci?ie ca ??aiyie noi?iiaaiino? niinia?a ?ica‘ycaiiy
e?iaa?noe/ieo caaea/ caniaaie o?acaieia?? aeinyaiooi caaaeyee
oe?eani?yiiaai?e iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino? o/i?a. Canoinoaaiiy aeai?eoio,
iiaoaeiaaiiai ca nenoaiith iine?aeiaiino? “?oo ii ni??ae?”, ni?ey?
oni?oiiio ?ica‘ycaiith e?iaa?noe/ieo ieneeoaeueieo caaea/.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ieneaiiy, caaea/a, e?iaa?noe/ia ieneeoaeueia caaea/a,
niiniae ?ica‘ycaiiy caaea/, o?acaieia?/iee oiiae.

Aei?iaeei E.E. ?aoaiea eeiaaenoe/aneeo iuneeoaeueiuo caaea/ iiae?inoeaie
n?aaenoaaie o?acaieiaee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.07 – iaaeaaiae/aneay e aic?anoiay
ineoieiaey. – Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei. A.N. Neiai?iaeu, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?aoaiey eeiaaenoe/aneeo caaea/
n?aaenoaaie o?acaieiaee. A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeai iiene yooaeoeaiuo iooae
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iiciaaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony
iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeie.

Aaoi?ii inouanoaeai ?ao?iniaeoeaiue aiaeec ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneie
eeoa?aoo?u ii i?iaeaia “caaea/a”, aeaii oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe caaea/iiai iiaeoiaea aeey ?acaeoey eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey
o/aueony. A aeenna?oaoeee aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
eeiaaenoe/aneie caaea/e, ?aoaiea eioi?ie niinianoaoao iniuneaieth
niaea?aeaiey o/aaiiai i?aaeiaoa, ?acaeoeth eioaeeaeooaeueiuo aeaenoaee,
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoe noauaeoa. I?e yoii aaoi? iiae/a?eeaaao, /oi
yooaeoeaiinoue iao/aiey caaeneo ia noieueei io eiie?aoiuo aeaenoaee,
eioi?ua auiieiythony o/aueieny a i?ioeanna onaiaiey ciaiee, neieueei io
oneiaee, iaania/eaathueo yoe aeaenoaey, e eioi?ui neaaeoao ioianoe e
niiniau ?aoaiey caaea/.

A aeaiiii enneaaeiaaiee ?ane?uaaaony nouiinoue niiniaa ?aoaiey caaea/e n
iiceoeee aeayoaeueiinoiiai iiaeoiaea, /oi e iicaieeei aaoi?o
?anniao?eaaoue niinia eae nenoaio oinoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, eioi?ua
iaania/eaatho oniaoiia ?aoaiea caaea/e. Ii?aaeaeaia i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue
?anniao?eaaaiiai iiiyoey e ethaiio aeaeo caaea/, a /anoiinoe, e e
eeiaaenoe/aneei.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu iniaaiiinoe iiciaaaoaeueiuo caaea/
eeiaaenoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a. ?anniio?aii oaeia iiiyoea eae
o?acaieiae/aneee oiiae e aai no?oeoo?iua eiiiiiaiou.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee auyaeaiu niiniau ?aoaiey
eeiaaenoe/aneeo caaea/, noi?ie?iaaiiua o o/aueony 5-6 eeannia a oneiaeyo
o?aaeeoeeiiiiai iao/aiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi naiinoiyoaeueiue aiaeec
niaea?aeaiey caaea/e aucuaaao o o/aueony ii?aaeaeaiiua cao?oaeiaiey;
iiiaea aeaoe ia iiieiatho niaea?aeaiey o?acaieiaeciia; i?e ?aoaiee
caaea/ ia?aie/ai ia?aiin aeaenoaee; e?aeia ?aaeei iaaethaeaaony
oaiaeaioeey e i?iaa?ea e a?aoiaioaoeee nianoaaiiuo aeaenoaee.

I?iaaaeaiiue oi?ie?othuee yenia?eiaio iicaieee noi?ie?iaaoue o o/aueony
yooaeoeaiua niiniau (oai?/aneee, o?acaieiae/aneee e
aa?eaoeaii-iieneiaue) ?aoaiey eeiaaenoe/aneeo caaea/, iaania/eaathuea ia
oieueei oniaoiinoue ?aoaiey, ii e ?acaeoea eioaeeaeooaeueiuo ea/anoa
ee/iinoe. A oiaea yenia?eiaioaeueiiai iao/aiey aue eniieueciaai
?ac?aaioaiiue aeai?eoi n i?eiaiaieai nenoaiu iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe
”Aeaeaeaiea ii nie?aee”, niinianoaothuee iieneo naiinoiyoaeueiiai e
iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai ?aoaiey caaea/e.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue ?aoaiey eeiaaenoe/aneie caaea/e
caaeneo io iiieiaiey aaeeieoe o?acaieiae/aneiai oiiaea e io o?iaiy
noi?ie?iaaiiinoe o?acaieiae/aneeo niiniaia.

Noi?ie?iaaiiua niiniau ?aoaiey eeiaaenoe/aneeo caaea/ iieiaeeoaeueii
aeeytho ia ?acaeoea iiciaaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe oeieueieea,
eioaeeaeooaeueiuo aeaenoaee, oiaiee ?anoe?youe e?oa iaiauaiiuo neooaoeee
a o?acaieiaeciao.

A enneaaeiaaiee iooai ei??aeoeeiiiiai aiaeeca onoaiiaeaia caaeneiinoue
iaaeaeo eioaeeaeooaeueiuie ea/anoaaie o/aieea e o?iaiai ?aoaiey caaea/ n
iiiiuueth iaoiaea Nie?iaia.

Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
aeey o/eoaeae oe?aeineiai ycuea e eeoa?aoo?u.

?aaioa ii ?acaeoeth eioaeeaeooaeueiie noa?u o/aueony 5-6 eeannia a
i?ioeanna ?aoaiey eeiaaenoe/aneeo caaea/ n?aaenoaaie o?acaieiaee
auiieiaia n o/aoii nia?aiaiiuo oneiaee iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeieu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iuoeaiea, caaea/a, eeiaaenoe/aneay iuneeoaeueiay
caaea/a, niiniau ?aoaiey caaea/, o?acaieiae/aneee oiiae.

Dorozhko I.I. Solving of linguistic intellectual tasks with the help of
phraseological means by teenagers. – Manuscript.

The dissertation for a Candidate Degree (Psychology) by speciality
19.00.07 – Pedagogical and Age Psychology. — Kharkiv State Pedagogical
University named after G. S. Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1999.

The dissertation is focused on the analysis of task problem in foreign
and home literature, the specific character of linguistic task solution
at the lessons of the Ukrainian language and literature is given. The
concept “method” and its role in the task solution are revealed. It is
substantiated that the solution of a linguistic task is made on
condition that phraseological means are used. It is experimentally
tested and proved that substantial changes according to the levels of
the formation of linguistic tasks solution methods by phraseological
means are achieved owing to purposeful pupils’ activity. The application
of the algorithm built upon the system “Movement in a spiral” activates
intellectual abilities of junior schoolchildren and contributes to
successful solution of linguistic tasks.

Key words: thinking, task, linguistic intellectual task, methods of task
solution, phraseological fund.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 17.02.99Oi?iao 60o84 1/16Iai??. ae?oe.Oiia. ae?oe.
a?e. 1,0Iae?e aeae. a?e. 1,0Oe?aae 100 i?ei.Cai. ? 65Iaae?oeiaaii o
aeaeaaieoeoa? AO “A?cian—?ioi?i”

i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Ia?oaea Aaaeaiiaa, 28

Похожие записи