.

Розроблення та дослідження системи керування рухом причіпної плодозбиральної машини: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / І.В. Тимошок, Нац. аграр. ун-т

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 2249
Скачать документ

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Oeiioie ?ai? Aaneeueiae/

OAeE
631.358.634.1

?IC?IAEAIIss OA AeINE?AeAEAIIss NENOAIE EA?OAAIIss ?OOII I?E*?III?
IEIAeICAE?AEUeII? IAOEIE

05.20.01 – Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? naae?aieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani? Aeaieaeei Ieoaeei
Iiaeyiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aenieoaoaoe?? iaoeiii-o?aeoi?iiai ia?eo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani? Aa?aiooaei ?naae
Ai?eniae/, E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei;

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe i?ioani? Aeooianueeee Aeaaeeneaa Noai?neaaiae/, Eooeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? oa aeaeo?eo?eaoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a?aeae?e iaoai?ciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iai/?a
oa ei?aiaaoeueaiieiae?a, OAAI, nio. Aeaaaoa Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio
Ee?anueei? iae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «28» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 266.004.06 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie ,15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a – 41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie,
11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «27» aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ___________________ Aieothe Ae.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Naae?aieoeoai iaeaaeeoue aei iaea?eueo
o?oaeii?noeeo oa iaeiaio iaoai?ciaaieo aaeocae n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. ?ic?aooiee c aeei?enoaiiyi oeiiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o
iieacothoue, ui iaa?oue i?e iaeneiaeueiiio aeei?enoaii? no/anii? nenoaie
iaoei ieoiia aaaa iaoai?ciaaieo ?ia?o o caaaeueieo cao?aoao i?aoe? ia
ae?iaieoeoai ca?iyoeiaeo ieiae?a ia ia?aaeuo? 30%.

Iaea?eueo o?oaeii?noeith iia?aoe??th a ieiaeiaiio naae?aieoeoa? ?
cae?aiiy a?iaeath. Ia ia? i?eiaaea? 40-60% on?o o?oaeiaeo?ao, a oiio
ianoa/a niaoe?aeueieo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo iaoei aeey cai?o ieiae?a ?
ya?ae ? iaeiei ?c no?eioth/eo oaeoi??a iiaeaeueoiai ?inoo ae?iaieoeoaa.

?noioiei iaaeie?eii iayaii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? oaoi?ee ? iaaeineiiae?
nenoaie i???ioaoe?? oa ea?oaaiiy ?o ?ooii a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa
?yaeo. A ?acoeueoao? aeo?a/a?oueny iaaei??o /ano ia i?iaaaeaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaiaa?oaaiue aeey onoaiiaeaiiy iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao?a
aea?aaa o aecia/aiiio iieiaeaii? (iaiao?aeia oiiaa aeey aeeiiaiiy
ianooiii? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? – aenoiaiiy aeiaethth/i? iiaa?oi? oa
caoiieaiiy no?oooaa/ai noiaao?a aea?aaa), ui ?noioii cieaeo? ??
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a iaaeinoaoiy oi/i?noue ?ooo i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ooeiaeaeaiue ye ?ineei, oae ? naii? iaoeie. A?aeoae ?ic?iaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ? aeooaeueiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith
i?iaeaiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie ? a?aeiia?aei?noue ianii?oo
niaoe?aeueiino?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo
naae?aieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe a 1987-1998 ?ieao
ca?aeii c iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith AeEIO (caaaeaiiy 01 ca ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 81050100) eieeoiueiai N?N?, aea?aeaaiith i?ia?aiith
«I?iaeiaieuenoai-95» (i?iaeoe «Ieiaee ? yaiaee» oa «Nenoaia iaoei»),
aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith «Ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy» oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith OAAI «Naae?aieoeoai».

?iaioa a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai ianii?oo niaoe?aeueiino? 05.20.01.-
«Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa» (ioieoe 1, 2, 3,
6), caoaa?aeaeaiiai I?aceae??th AAE Oe?a?ie a?ae 14.10.1998 ?ieo
?18-08/7.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? ?iaioe
i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie (III) ca ?aooiie caaacia/aiiy
oi/i?oiai ?ooo oa onoaiiaeaiiy iaoeie a iaiao?aeiiio iieiaeaii?
a?aeiinii /a?aiaiai noiaao?a aea?aaa ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiy nenoai
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii oa eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy a?aeiinii noiaao??a ?icoaoiaaieo
a ?yaeo aea?aa.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue:

1) aea/eoe iniiai? ia?aiao?e naaeo ye ia’?eoa iaoai?caoe?? cae?aiiy
a?iaeath;

2) i?iaanoe aiae?c oa iaa?oiooaaoe aeiiae, yeei iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe
nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii;

3) ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? III ye ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy oa aeine?aeeoe
iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?? ?ooo;

4) oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeeoe caeiiii??iino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii, iaa?oiooaaoe
?? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e oa ?aaeeie ?iaioe;

5) aecia/eoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy nenoai
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III. Aeaioiaeoe eaai?aoi?i? c?acee oa i?iaanoe
iaiao?aei? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee i?iaaaeaii c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoiae?a iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa noaoenoe/ii? aeeiai?ee
e?i?eieo nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a eaai?aoi?ii-iieueiaeo oa iieueiaeo oiiaao c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeoaai?
ia?aiao?e ?a?no?oaaeenue ye a?coaeueii, oae ? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo aeaaa/?a ia?ai?noo, i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
noaiaea?oi? oa niaoe?aeueii aeaioiaeai? i?eno?i?. Io?eiai? aeai?
ia?iaeyeenue iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c aeei?enoaiiyi AII.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, oa i?iaiae?ciaaii
iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?ooo III i?e ea?oaaii? ?? iieiaeaiiyi oeyoii
iiai?ioo aeeoea, a oaeiae iiai?ioo aeeoea oa eie?n (i?e iayaiino?
nenoaie eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo).

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iaiao?aeiiai aeiino
eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith aeey ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III a?aeiinii noiaao??a
aea?aa ?yaeo a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo oa aeiaaeeie /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a
i?eno?ith aeey eiio?ieth ca iieiaeaiiyi III a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa o
iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a III oa nenoaie ea?oaaiiy
?ooii c o?aooaaiiyi ?? aeeiai?/ieo yeinoae.

?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoeai? noaie nenoaie eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo III oa
/ooeeaeo i?eno?i?a aeey ea?oaaiiy ?ooii oa eiio?ieth ca iieiaeaiiyi III
a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiia?a/iiio oa iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieao.
Iiaecia oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia
aeiao?ae ?1570668 oa 1699363.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ??
aeei?enoaiiy caaaeyee ca?eueoaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? (a 1,2 ?ace) oa
ciaioaiith e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a iaoai?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue noiaao??a
aea?aa (ia 10%).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?e/?iieo ieiaeicae?aeueieo oa ?ioeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei,
eiino?oeoe?? yeeo ia?aaeaa/athoue iayai?noue nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?o ?ooii.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue oai? aeena?oaoe??, aeiey caeiaoaa/a neeaaea? a?ae 60
aei 70%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei aeeeaaeaii, iaaiai?aii ? noaaeaii ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii?
eaai?aoi??? iaoai?caoe?? oa ?iaeaia?iiai oeaio?o ?inoeoooo naae?aieoeoaa
OAAI (1999 ?.), eaoaae?aeueiiio nai?ia?? oaeoeueoaoo iaoai?caoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1999
?.). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? oa a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo
naae?aieoeoaa OAAI, a oaeiae ia 4 iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
(?inoeooo naae?aieoeoaa, n. Iiain?eee – 1988, 1989, 1993 oa 1997?.),
Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ( ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe??, i.
Iae?oiiieue – 1989 ?.), /ioe?ueio iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a (ONAA, i. Ee?a –
1991 ?., IAO, i. Ee?a – 1993, 1994 oa 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. Iiaecia ?ic?iaie caoeuaia aeaiia aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia
aeiao?ae. Iniiai? c ieo iaaaaeaii a ia?ae?eo iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 160
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 2 oaaeeoe? oa 52 ?enoiee.
Caaaeueiee ia’?i ?iaioe neeaaea? 200 noi??iie, aeeth/a? anooi, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiaee, nienie 87 aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, c ieo 12
?iicaiiith iiaith, oa 16 aeiaeaoe?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe ? aeeeaaeaii iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeianaii ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? («Noai ieoaiiy oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue»)
i?iaiae?ciaaii eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? ieiaeicae?aeueieo iaoei,
niiniae oa caniae ea?oaaiiy. Inoaii? caaacia/othoue aeeiiaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? ia?anoaaiiy iaoeie a?ae iioi/iiai aea?aaa aei
/a?aiaiai a iaaeao iaaii? a?aenoai? a?ae ?o noiaao??a oa coieieo a
iaiao?aeiiio iieiaeaii? c iaoith iaaaaeaiiy ? caoiieaiiy noiaao?a
no?oooaa/ai. I?e oeueiio aeae?eaii ?o eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino?,
iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? noi?iie. ?icaeyiooi ? i?iaiae?ciaaii oa?aeoa?i?
iniaeeaino? naaeo ye ia’?eoa iaoai?caoe?? cae?aiiy a?iaeath.

A ?acoeueoao? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeiei ?c ?noioieo iaaeie?e?a iayaii?
ieiaeicae?aeueii? oaoi?ee ? iaaeineiiae? nenoaie i???ioaoe?? oa
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaaei??ieo ao?ao /ano ia i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iaiaa?oaaiue, ui
cia/ii cieaeo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a iaaeinoaoiy oi/i?noue ?ooo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iioeiaeaeaiue ye ?ineei, oae ? naii? iaoeie. E??i oiai,
aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy aeayeeo i?ioe??/ i?ae aa?ioaoi?/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
uiaei aeiaeyaeo ca naaeii oa aa?iaeiiaaie aei iueiai i?e canoinoaaii?
iaoai?ciaaieo cania?a cae?aiiy a?iaeath. A ?acoeueoao? /a?ac
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ?nioth/eo ianaaeaeaiue aa?iaeiiaai aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy iayaii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? oaoi?ee, ia iaeaaeiaii?
niaoe?aeueieie nenoaiaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii, cieaeo?oueny a aeae?eueea
?ac?a.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo
nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii ieiaeicae?aeueieo iaoei, ye? a ni?eyee ?o
aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith.

Ia iniia? aiae?oe/iiai iaeyaeo a caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? («Aeine?aeaeaiiy naaeo ye ia’?eoa iaoai?caoe??
cae?aiiy a?iaeath») i?iaiae?ciaaii oiiae ?iaioe i?e/?iii?
ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie. I?e oeueiio aecia/aeenue ia?aiao?e naaeo ye
ia’?eoa iaoai?ciaaiiai cae?aiiy a?iaeath, a naia: a?aeoeeaiiy noiaao??a
aea?aa ?yaeo a?aeiinii eiai inueiai? e?i?? a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo oa
?iciiae?e eoo?a aa/aiiy iia?aoi?ii ae?eyiee noiaao?a aenioith 0,40 i, a
oaeiae oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?ooo o?aeoi?a ii i?ae?yaeaeth naaeo.

A ?acoeueoao? aoei c’yniaaii, ui ia?aaaaeia e?euee?noue noiaao??a aea?aa
?yaeo c ?iia??i?noth 0,90 ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao nioae oe?eiith (0,15 i
a?aeiinii eiai inueiai? e?i??, a iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy (?iia??i?noue
0,99) iiaeooue aeinyaaoe aaee/eie ( 0,18 i.

Ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue oiai, ui aeaa non?aei?o noiaao?e iathoue
iaeiaeia? cia/aiiy a?aeoeeaiue a?aeiinii inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo neeaaea?
0,54, a e?euee?noue noiaao??a aea?aa, iieiaeaiiy yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny a
aeinoaoi?e ei?aeyoe?ei?e caeaaeiino?, ia ia?aaeuo? i’yoe, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i iecueeo ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue.

Io?eiaia ooieoe?y niaeo?aeueii? u?eueiino? na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue o
a??ia?aei?niiio i?ioean? ?icoaooaaiiy noiaao??a aea?aa oe?ieiai niaeo?o
eieeaaiue.

A?eueo?noue cia/aiue aca?iieo a?aeoeeaiue o iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo
noiaao??a noi?aeieo aea?aa c ?iia??i?noth 0,90 eaaeeoue o i?ii?aeeo a?ae
0 aei 0,18 i, a iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy (?iia??i?noue 0,99) iiaeooue
aeinyaaoe 0,25 i.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ii c’ynoaaiith iiaeeeaino?
a?coaeueiiai niiniao eiio?ieth ca iieiaeaiiyi III na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
eoo aa/aiiy ae?eyiee noiaao?a aenioith 0,40 i iaae iiaa?oiath a?oioo c
?iia??i?noth 0,68 ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao naeoi?a a?ae 6 aei 200 aei
ai?eciioo, a i?e ?iia??iino? 0,16 a?eee ?icoaoiaai? ieae/a ? c o??th ae
?iia??i?noth aeua aeacaiiai naeoi?a. Iia?aoi?, noiy/e ia iiaa?oi?
a?oioo, aa/eoue aeacaio ae?eyieo noiaao?a i?ae eooii 18-200. A oaeeo
oiiaao noiaao? aoaea /anoeiai aai iiai?noth cae?eoei, a, cia/eoue, ?
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii cae/aeiei niiniaii aoaea cia/ii oneeaaeiaii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi oa?aeoa?o ?ooo o?aeoi?a i?e eiai ia?a?cae? ia
a?aenoaiue, yea ca ?ici??ii aei??aith? na?aaeiueiio cia/aiith a?aenoai?
i?ae noi?aeieie aea?aaaie (4,00 i), c’yniaaii, ui aaee/eia iiaeeeaiai
iaeneiaeueiiai iiia?a/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy in? i?e/?iii? neiae a?aeiinii
inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo aea?aa c ?iia??i?noth 0,99 iiaea aeinyaaoe 0,26 i,
a eooia? a?aeoeeaiiy eiai inueiai? e?i?? eaaeaoue o i?ii?aeeo a?ae 0 aei
1,4 a?aaeona. Eooiaa noae?noue ?ooo o?aeoi?a noaea i?aenoaaith aeey
i?eiouaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe eiai ?aio ye aaciaee aeaiaio
aeey eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo III.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? («Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy noaie oa iioeiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III») ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co
?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiae aei nenoai
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a iaoeie oa nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii ia oa?aeoa? ?ooo III c
ea?iaaiei aeeoeii, a oaeiae c ea?iaaiei aeeoeii oa eieanaie. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aaee/eie aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith, iaoiaeeeo
iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a III oa nenoaie ea?oaaiiy iath c a?aooaaiiyi ??
aeeiai?/ieo yeinoae.

Aeey io?eiaiiy aeo?aeiiai ??aiyiiy ?ooo III c ea?iaaiei aeeoeii aoei
?icaeyiooi ni?iuaio noaio iaoeie o aeaeyae? iaeiia?niiai a?cea.
A?aoiaoth/e iaeo oaeaee?noue ?ooo aa?aaaoo ? iacia/i? eooia? a?aeoeeaiiy
iaoeie a?ae iai?yieo ?ooo, aaaaeaee, ui aaeoi?e oaeaeeino? oeaio??a
eie?n ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? in? iaa?oaiiy. ?icaeyioaoe ieineiia?aeaeueiee ?oo
a?cea, noi?ioethaaee ae?ac (1), yeee aeicaiey? aecia/aoe iieiaeaiiy
a?cea a aoaeue-yeee iiiaio ?ooo, ciath/e eiai ii/aoeiaa iieiaeaiiy ((0)
oa oeyo (S), i?ieaeaiee oi/eith i?e/aio.

( = 2 arctg [ tg ((0 / 2 ) e
-S/l ], (1)

aea ( – eoo i?ae inueiaith e?i??th a?cea oa iai?yieii ?ooo
eiai oi/ee i?e/aio; l – a?aenoaiue a?ae oi/ee i?e/aio aei in? eie?n.

Uia aeeeth/eoe iiaeeea?noue ia?caeo iaoeie ia noiaao? aea?aaa, aoei
aecia/aii iaiao?aeia cia/aiiy aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith (u, yea
aecia/a?oueny aeiaaeeiith a?ae??ceo ia?iaiaeeeoey?a, iiouaiiai c
iieiceiaiai /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa 1 eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ia aa?oeeaeueio
ieiueio, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac aieiaee ia?en aeiaethth/i? iiaa?oi? iaoeie
5 (?en. 1) a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?? eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae oa
oa?aeoa?enoee naaeo. C oe??th iaoith ?oo III aoei ?icae?eaii ia
aeae?eueea aoai?a (?en.2). Ii/eia?oueny a?i c aeo?aeiiai iieiaeaiiy
(?en.2a) ? o?eaa? iiee ia?aaeiy /anoeia iaoeie (oi/ea A) ia
ii??aiy?oueny c oiiaiei noiaao?ii /a?aiaiai aea?aaa (oi/ea G2) (?en.2a).
Ae?oaee aoai ii/eia?oueny i?ney ci?uaiiy nenoaiith ea?oaaiiy
ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie aei ca?ao oi/ee A c oiiaiei noiaao?ii aea?aaa
(?en. 2a).

?en. 1. Noaia eii?th- th/iai i?eno?ith: 1,2 – a?aeiia?aeii iieiceiaee oa
ooaiaiaee /ooeea? aeaiaioe; 3 – iaoai?ci o?enoaaiiy /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a o
aeo?aeiiio iieiaeaii?; 4 – aeaaa/ iieiaeaiiy iieiceiaiai /ooeeaiai
aeaiaioa; 5 – aeiaethth/a iiaa?oiy; 6 – noiaao?

a – ciia iiaeeeaiai ?ici?uaiiy noiaao??a aea?aa

Iaiao?aeio aaee/eio aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ciaeaeaii c ae?ac?a:

(u = ( – ymin
(2)

aea ( – e?i?eia aaee/eia, iaiao?aeia aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii?
caoenii? ciie i?ae iaoeiith oa noiaao?ii aea?aaa (( = 0,05…0,10 i);

ymin – cia/aiiy iiaeeeai? i?i?iaeueii? a?aenoai? a?ae oiiaiiai noiaao?a
aea?aaa aei ia?eno aeiaethth/i? iiaa?oi? iaoeie a i?ioean? ?? ?ooo ia
a?ae??ceo oeyoo 0 ( S ( 2b.

ymin = yB + (d – S) Sin (,
(3)

aea yB = l tg( + Sin (0 (S + a – b – c – d) – c – Sin (( – (2) + (g,

aea ( = 2 arctg (tg (2/2 e-S/ l2)

?en. 2. Noaia ci?ie iieiaeaiiy III ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? ?ooo

C iaaaaeaieo a?ao?e?a aeaeii, ui aaee/eia aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith
?noioii caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aenoai? i?ae inyie oa?i??a iiai?ioo aeeoea
(oi/ea A) oa eie?n ? a iaio?e i??? – a?ae ?ioeo ia?aiao??a (?en. 3).

Aeey aea?aieo aaciaeo ia?aiao??a (d = 4,00 i, b = 3,00 i, a = 5,00 i,
(g = -0,20 i, a (0 = -3,40 ) cia/aiiy aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith
iiaeiii aooe a iaaeao a?ae 0,18 aei 0,20 i.

Aeoiaey/e c i?eeiyoi? ?iai/i? a?iioace i?i iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
nenoaiith eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?aie o?aeoi?a ye aaciaee aeaiaio, ?oo
III aeine?aeaeoaaee o aeiaaeeo, eiee iiai?io iii?ieo eie?n
a?aeaoaa?oueny neio?iiii c iiai?ioii aeeoea ia eoo (. Inoaii?e caaaeaee
i?iii?oe?eiee eooo ( i?ae inueiaith e?i??th iaoeie oa iai?yieii ?ooo
o?aeoi?a (( = n().

A ?acoeueoao? aoei noi?ioeueiaaii ae?ac:

S cos n( d(

– ( = ( (((((( ,
(4)

l sin [( n + 1) ( ]

yeee o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? aeaiaioa?ieie ooieoe?yie ia
ae?aaea?oueny. Aoei ?icaeyiooi ie?ai? aeiaaeee i?e n = 0, 0,5, 1 ? 2.

A ?acoeueoao? c’yniaaii, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi ia?aaeaoeiaiai eiao?oe??ioa n
?ioaineai?noue ciaioaiiy cia/aiue eooa ( c?inoa?. Io?eiaiee iaoa??ae
aea? oyaeaiiy i?i aeeiai?eo ci?ie iieiaeaiiy III a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio
aeiaaeeo.

?en.3. Caeaaei?noue cia/aiiy aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ((u) a?ae
a?aenoaiae i?ae oa?i??ii iiai?ioo aeeoea oa a?nnth eie?n – d (1), i?ae
oa?i??ii iiai?ioo aeeoea oa na?aaeeiith caoaaoa no?oooaa/a – b (2), i?ae
noi?aeieie aea?aaaie – a (3)

Iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a III oa ?? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii
?ic?iaeyee c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a noaoenoe/ii? aeeiai?ee e?i?eieo
nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy. I?e oeueiio aeine?aeaeoaaee
aeenia?n?th aeo?aeiiai ia?aiao?a Dy, yea oa?aeoa?eco? ?icn?thaaiiy aai
a?aeoeeaiiy aeo?aeiiai ia?aiao?a a?aeiinii iaoaiaoe/iiai i/?eoaaiiy
o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe??, a, ioaea, aea? ioe?ieo iioeaee eii?thaaiiy ?yaeo
ieiaeiaeo aea?aa.

A?aeiii, ui (

Dy = 2 ( Sy(() d(,
(5)

(

aea Sy(() = (O(i()(2 Sx(() – niaeo?aeueia u?euei?noue aeo?aeiiai
ia?aiao?a,

aea O(i() = W(i() / [1 + W(i()] – /anoioia oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie,

aea W(i() – ia?aaeaoeiaa ooieoe?y nenoaie,

So(() – niaeo?aeueia u?euei?noue ao?aeiiai ia?aiao?a.

C iaaaaeaieo ae?ac?a aeaeii, ui iioeaea eii?thaaiiy o?a?eoi???
i???ioaoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaio aaee/ei: u?eueiino? ao?aeiiai
ia?aiao?a oa iiaeoey /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Ia?oo c ieo aecia/athoue
oaeaee?noue ?ooo oa oiiae ?iaioe, a ae?oaa caeaaeeoue a?ae i?eioeeiiai?
noaie oa ia?aaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e ie?aieo eaiie, a, ioaea, a?ae ia?aiao??a
oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aa?aaaoo.

?icaeyiooi aeaa niiniae ea?oaaiiy ?ooii: ca aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea
aai iiai?ioo aeeoea c iaeii/aniei iiai?ioii iii?ieo eie?n. Aeey
aecia/aiiy ia?aaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e nenoai ea?oaaiiy aoei iiaoaeiaaii ?o
no?oeoo?i? noaie oa aecia/aii ia?aaeaoeia? ooieoe?? ?o ie?aieo eaiie.

No?oeoo?i? noaie nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii iaoeie i?aaenoaaeaii ia
?en. 4, a ?o ia?aaeaoeia? ooieoe?? ?ic?ieiooeo nenoai (W(S)) iathoue
aeaeyae:

W(S)1 = W1(S) W2(S) W31(S) W41(S) W5(S) W6(S) ;
(6)

W(S)2 = W1(S) W2(S) [W31(S) W41(S) W5(S) W6(S) +
(7)

+ W32(S) W42(S) W7(S) W8(S)] .

?en. 4. No?oeoo?i? noaie nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III: a – ca aeiiiiiaith
iiai?ioo aeeoea; a – ca aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea c iaeii/aniei
iiai?ioii eie?n: 1- oiiaia ao?aeia eaiea; 2 – /ooeeaee aeaiaio; 3 –
aeaeo?ia?ae?iia?aoai?thaa/; 4, 5 – a?ae?ioeee?iae?e iiai?ioo
a?aeiia?aeii aeeoea oa eie?n; 6 – aeeoei; 7 – eieana; 8, 9 – ia’?eoe
ea?oaaiiy (eoo iiai?ioo in? III a?aeiinii inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo aea?aa oa
a?aenoaiue i?ae caaeaiith ia iaoei? oi/eith ? o?a?eoi???th i???ioaoe??)

I?aenoaaeaoe a (5) iaiao?aei? cia/aiiy oa aeeiiaaoe iaoaiaoe/i?
ia?aoai?aiiy c aeaiaioaie iia?aoe?eiiai ia/eneaiiy, io?eiaee ae?ace
aeenia?n?e aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a. I?e ea?oaaii? ?ooii iaoeie ca
aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea :

2Dx ( k2(k-T1T2(2)2 + k2T12(2 (1- T22(2)2 ( d(

Dy = (( ( ((((((((((((((( (((( . (10)

( ( [(k – T1T3(2)2 + T12(2 (1 – T22(2)2]2
((2 + (2)

aea Dx – cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? ao?aeiiai ia?aiao?a; k – ia?aaeaoeiaee
eiao?oe??io; T1, O2, O3, – noae? /ano; ( – noaea.

Io?eiai? ae?ace aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iaoiaeaie /eneiaiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy. Ca
iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?eeiaee o?, ui caaacia/othoue i?i?iaeuei?
cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? aaee/eie a?aeoeeaiiy iaoeie a?ae o?a?eoi???
i???ioaoe??. A ca’yceo c oei, ui ?yae ia?aiao??a i?eeiaee iaaeeaeaia
cia/aiiy, aecia/aeinue a?aeiinia cia/aiiy aeenia?n??.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co c’ynoaaeinue, ui ?noioiee aieea ia aeeiai?/i?
yeino? iaoeie, a, ioaea, ? ia oi/i?noue o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe??
ni?aaeythoue oae? ia?aiao?e, ye ciia ia/ooeeaino? /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa
eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith (h0 (ciia, a iaaeao yei? /ooeeaee aeaiaio
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaeo?aeueiiio iieiaeaii?) (aeea. ?en. 1), oaeaee?noue
ci?ie iieiaeaiiy a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie
(oi/ee A, ?en. 2) Vi a ?acoeueoao? ni?aoethaaiiy aeeiiaa/i? nenoaie
(ocaaaeueiaiee ia?aiao?) oa ia?aaeaoeiaa a?aeiioaiiy iaoai?cio iiai?ioo
eie?n (n).

An? caeaaeiino? iathoue /?oei ae?aaeaio i?i?iaeueio ciio (?en.5). I?ney
ia?aoiaeo /a?ac a?aieoeth ii/aoeo aaoieieeaaiue (i?e (h0 0,25 i/n ), ui icia/a? ao?aoo aeeiai?/ii? no?eeino?,
cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? ??cei c?inoa?. A naith /a?ao ca?eueoaiiy ia?aiao?a
(h0 ((h0 > 0,40 i) oa ciaioaiiy Vi (Vi

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020