I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 622.7

EOAEOO? Aaaeaeuee??i

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?? CAAAA*AIIss NIEIIIAI AOA?EEss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05. 15. 08 — “Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoaoi

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaoaae?e

“Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei” Aeiiaoeueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo A?eaoeueeee
Aieiaeeie? Noaoaiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

caa. I?eaei?i?ianueeith eaai?aoi???th

oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? caaaa/aiiy

aoa?eey Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano oa

Euea?anueei-Aieeinueeiai aanaeio

“Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy” Iieoeyo
Ieaenaiae? Aeaieeiae/

eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e “Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei”

Iaoeiiiaeueii? ai?ii/i? aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie Ei?ia?nueeee
Aiaoieee Naiaiiae/

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Eaoaae?a
caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei

E?eai?icueeiai oaoii/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “29“ a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i1400 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae.08.080.02 o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ii Aae?ano: 320027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-27,i?. E.
Ia?ena, 19.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “27” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

eaiae. oao. iaoe, n.i.n.
I.A. Caa?ianueeee

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. sse?noue a??ie/i? iane, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny,
iino?eii iia??oo?oueny. Oea aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue ?icoe?aiiy ianya?a
aoaeacaaaa/aiiy, inai?iiy ia?aaeiaeo oaoiieia?e, cie?aia, oaeeo, ye?
caaacia/othoue ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo ne?iaeiieo oa
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a. O aoaeacaaaa/aii? iaei??th c aino?eo ?
i?iaeaia ia?a?iaee ? aeei?enoaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey, niaoeeo?/iith
iniaeea?noth yeiai ? aiiiaeueii i?aeaeuaiee ai?no eoaeieo iaoae?a,
aieiaiei /eiii, iao??th.

Ni?iae ia?a?iaee oeueiai aoa?eey ca o?aaeeoe?eieie oaoiieia?yie a
aaaaoueio e?a?iao ia aeinyaee oni?oo ? ?o aeaeiaooie aoei i?eieiaii.
Iniiaia i?e/eia – na?eici? oaoiieia?/i? o?oaeiiu?, aeeeeeai? oeaeoaaiiyi
oa ei?ic??th ?iai/i? iiaa?oi? eioeiaa?aaao?a eaaeiieaaeeie niieoeaie Na
? Cl, a oaeiae aeoeaia caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey i?iaeoeoaie niaethaaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e iani?eyoeea? aeanoeaino? oeueiai aoa?eey, a oaeiae
iayai?noue ?o caian?a a iaaeao a?ae 3 aei 10% an?o ?ica?aeaieo a ?yae?
e?a?i na?oo (NOA, Oe?a?ia, Aiae?y, O?I ? o.ae.), ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie
ia?a?iaee nieiiiai aoa?eey ? aeooaeueiith ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueeith
caaea/ath.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa — neeaaeiaa /anoeia iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
“?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia oaoiieia?? caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey”, yea
aeeiio?oueny ca?aeii ieaio I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie (A-1-96, ?a?no?aoe?eiee
iiia? 0196U006734).

Iaoa oa caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue:

Iaoa ?iaioe — anoaiiaeaiiy iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae i?ioeano
iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey, aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea oa aei?iaiaoaaiiy iiai?
i?iieneiai? oaoiieia?? caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoi?eey aiaeiith i?iieaeith,
yea caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy,
iaacaiaeithaaiiy aoa?eey oa ?aaeeeaeueia ni?iuaiiy iia?aoe??
iaacaiaeiaiiy.

Aeey aeicyaiaiiy iinoaaeaiii? iaoe iaie aecia/ai? oae? caaea/i
aeineiaeaeaiue:

A aaeoc? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue: — ?ic?iaeoe oaiiiaiieia?/i? iiaeae?
i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey aiaeiith i?iieaeith a ii?aeiaii? c
i?ioeanii ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??; — ?ic?iaeoe oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i
i?ioean iaacniethaaiiy aiaeiith i?iieaeith ia an?o eiai aoaiao c
o?aooaaiiyi i?ioeano aoi?eiiiai nieaiaeiie/aiiy.

A aaeoc? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue: — aeine?aeeoe iniiai?
oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue ?acoeueoao nieaaeaeaeaiiy c iaeii/aniith
ianeyiith aaeiia?aoe??th aoa?eey, aecia/eaoe ?aoe?iiaeueio
iine?aeiai?noue iia?aoe?e oa ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e i?ioean?a; —
oeyoii ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo iaea?aeaoe ? aeine?aeeoe iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae? i?ioean?a iaacnieaiiy oa iaacaiaeiaiiy aoa?eey ?c canoinoaaiiyi
oaoiieia?? ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??;

— ia?aa??eoe iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? a iie?aiiieo oiiaao.

?aeay ?iaioe: noi?uaiiy oaoiieia?? iaacnieaiiy aiaeiith i?iieaeith oa
ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe?? aoa?eey.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui acaoeuathoueny o aeena?oaoei?:

1. ?aoe?iiaeueia iine?aeiai?noue iia?aoe?e i?ioeano iaacnieaiiy aoa?eey
aeeth/a? iianeaiiy 10-20% aoa?eueii? iiaa?oi? i?e nooiio iiae??aiaii?,
i?eaiooaaiiy oa oo?aoe?caoe?th aiaeiaoa?eueii? noi?o?, ianeyio
aaeiia?aoe?th, iaoai?/iee c?ea aiaeii? ie?aee aaeaeooaaiiyi, ui
caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a iaacaiaeiaiiy o 3-3,5 ?ace
oa aeinyaiaiiy eiiaeeoe?eiie eiai aieiainoi 12-14% oa caeeoeiaiai ci?noo
nieae o iueiio ia ??ai? = 0,4 %.

2. Aeac?ioaa?aoe?y aoa?eueii? oace ? iia’ycaia c iath aoi?eiia
nieaiaeiie/aiiy i?e iaacniethaaii? aoa?eey a i?ioean? eiai
a?ae?io?ainii?ooaaiiy onoaa?oueny ianeyiith aaeiia?aoe??th aoa?eey (i?e
aeo?aoao ?aaaaioo 5-7% a?ae iane aoa?eey), yea cae?enith?oueny o
aoaeai?iaiae? ii/eiath/e c oi/ee ia a?aeaeae? 30-50 ei. a?ae aieiaiiai
oa?i?iaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia:

— ?ic?iaeai? aeaiaioe oai??? i?ioeano iaacnieaiiy aoa?eey aiaeiith
i?iieaeith ia aac? oaiiiaiieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo, oai??? aaeaac?? oa
iiniiai?iieo i?ioean?a.

— Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?iaoeeo i?ioeano iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey aecia/a?
oaeaee?noue aeae?eaiiy nieae ?c ciie eieaeueii-iane/aiiai ?ic/eio, ui
iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aaaeaiiy i?ioeano aiaeii? i?iieaee a
oo?aoeaioiiio ?aaeei?.

— Aia?oa aea/aii noi?uaiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean “iaacnieaiiy — ianeyia
aaeiia?aoe?y” c iaoaiaoe/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy
aoa?eey oa iaacaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoa nieiiiai aoa?eey.

— Aeaii oai?aoe/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th i?ioeano aoi?eiiiai niea-iaeiie/aiiy
o aoa?ee? i?e eiai a?ae?aae?/iiio o?ainii?ooaaii?, yea a?aoiao? aoaeo
aeac?ioaa?aoe?? aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie a i?ioean? eiai aiaeii? i?iieaee.

— Cai?iiiiiaaii ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaacnieaiiy /a?ac
ia?aiao?e aeo?aeiiai aoa?eey oa aoaeoeai?noue iaacaiaeiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeinyaiooeo ?acoeueoaoia

— ?ic?iaeai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? aa??aioe noi?uaii? oaoiieia?? “i?iieaea —
ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y” oa “a?ae?io?ainii?o — ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y”.
?ic?aooieiaee eeiiiii/iee eoaeo aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii?
oaoiieia?? iaacnieaiiy aoaieey ia i?ioyci 10 ?ieia, caoaa?aeaeaiee AOE
“Aeiiaanaio?aoeeo” neeaaea? aeey aa?iaioa “i?iieaea — aaeiia?aoeiy” –
8,429 iei. aeie.; aeey aa?iaioa “aiae?io?ainii?o – i?iieaea —
aaeiia?aoeiy” – 5,089 iee. aeie.

— Cai?iiiiiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?? iaoai?/iiai c?eao
aiaeii? ie?aee aaeaeooaaiiyi aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaacaiaeiaiiy
aaeiia?aoo iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey. ?ic?iaeaia ?aaeeiia ea?oa i?ioeano
iaacnieaiiy aoa?eey ?c canoinoaaiiyi oaoiieia?? ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??.
Aeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iieneiaiio aeei?enoaiith oa ooee?caoe??
nieiiiai aoa?eey Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioao iioaeieiaaieo o niiaaoi?noai:

[1] — aeaii iaeyae oa aiaeic na?oiaiai aeina?aeo ia?a?iaee nieiiiai
aoa?eey (?icaeie 2; N.14-28) oa ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoaoe a?o/eciyieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc? cianieaiiy aoa?eey aiaeiith i?iieaeith (?icaeie
5; N.53-87). [2] — aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioeania eiioaeoo aoaieey – aiaea.
[3] — aeeiiaii aeineiaeaeaiiy ciii oa?aeoa?enoee iano/iai na?aaeiaeua a
caeaaeiinoi aiae aeaeueiinoi aiae?io?ainii?ooaaiiy. [4] — aeeiiaii
ii?iaiyeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano cianieaiiy iaianeaiiai oa
iaiaianeaiiai aoaieey. [5] — aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a cianieaiiy oa ciaaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai
aaeiia?aoo nieiiiai aoa?eey. [6] — cai?iiiiiaaii i iaa?oioiaaii
ia?niaeoeaia oaoii/ia ?ioaiiy iaacnieaiiy aoaieey ic canoinoaaiiyi
oaoiieia?? ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??. [7] — aeineiaeaeaii i?ioean
iaacnieaiiy aoaieey aiaeiith i?iieaeith ic canoinoaaiiyi oaoiieia??
ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe?? i?e aeainoaaeieiie iiaea/i ?aaaaioa. [8] —
cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoeiiiaeueii coaiii ?ioaiiy ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe?? aoaieey
i?e noiiuaiii i?ioeania “aiae?io?ainii?o — aaeiia?aoeiy”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiaiee ci?no ? ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? oeyoe ?icaeoeo a??ie/iai iaeaaeiaiiy
? oaoiieia?e ia?a?iaee i?ia?aeueii? ne?iaeie” (Aea?aeaaia a??ie/a
aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996 ?.), VII I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? c o?i?? ? oaoiieia?? oaa?aeiai iaeeaa (?in?y, Iineaa, 1996
?.), I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Yeieiae/anee /enoua oaoiieiae/aneea
i?ioeannu a ?aoaiee i?iaeai io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu” (?in?y,
??eoonuee 1996 ?.), ??? I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiiceoi? “Coal structure ’96”
(Iieueua, Caeiiaia, 1996 ?.), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?ia?aneai? oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa no/ani?noue”
(Naaanoiiieue, 1997, 1998 ?.), I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “European coal
conference” (Oo?a//eia, ?ci??, 1997 ?.), ?O I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? ii aoa?eeth (I?ia//eia, Annai, 1997 ?.), a oaeiae ia
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo niaoe?ae?no?a c? caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Aeiiaoeuee, 1995?.),
ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae? “Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei”
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie oa E?eai??cueeiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 1 iiiia?ao??, 5 noaooyo a oaoiaeo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo aeo?iaeao oa 2 aeiiia?aeyo a iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 144
iaeiaioaaiue ia 15 noi?., i?noeoue 102 noi?. iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 30
iaethie?a ia 30 noi??ieao, 18 oaaeeoeue ia 15 noi??ieao oa 3 aeiaeaoee
ia 13 noi??ieao, caaaeueiei ianyaii 175 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi noai ieoaiiy oa noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aiae?c no/anieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ia?a?iaee oa
aeei?enoaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey (?iaioe A.Eaiiaia, A.E?nnia?a,
A.Oaooeeueae, I.J. Cluskoter, R.C Neavel, S.J. Burnley, H.S.
Muraliahuva, F. Ramade, C.Ae. Iiaeeaea?aa, A.A. Neiiiiai?, O.A.
Oaiae?ee, A.A. E?ooy, TH.A Na?oeiai, E.ss. Aoaianaiei, A.N.A?eaoeueeiai
oa ?i.) iieacaee, ui ?iaioe aaaeooueny ca aeaiia i?eioeeiiai ??cieie
iai?yieaie (?en.1). Ia?oee ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo iiaeo niinia?a i?yiiai
aeei?enoaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey aac aeaeaeaiiy aeii?oie, ye? i?noyoue nie?
eoaeieo iaoae?a, cie?aia, aeaiaioe iao??e oa oei?. Ae?oaee aeeth/a?
iiia?aaei? iaacnieaiiy c ianooiiei aeei?enoaiiyi eiiaeeoe?eiiai
i?iaeoeoo a eioeiaa?aaaoao. A?aoiaoth/e aeieia?/iee aniaeo, yeee
inoaii?i /anii a?ae?a?a? ana a?eueoa cia/aiiy, ia?aaaao aeioe?eueii
iaaeaaaoe ae?oaiio iai?yieo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? Aea?aeaaiei ?inoeoooii i?ia?aeueieo ?ano?n?a
(Ae?I?) Oe?a?ie oa IAI “Aaeiae”, iieacaee, ui oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy ii
iaacnieaiith aoa?eey aeicaieythoue aeaeaeeoe c i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie 80-90
% nieae ? caaacia/eoe eiioeaio?aoe?th ieneaeo iao??th ia ??ai? NNa2O =
0,4 %, ui ca aeaieie AOE i?eeiyoii aeey aoa?eey, yea niaeththoue oa OAN.
I?e/iio, i?ioean iaacnieaiiy oi?ioi ii?aeio?oueny c iaaccieaiiyi oa
a?ae?aae?/iei o?ainii?ooaaiiyi. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aino?eie i?e
iaacnieaii? ? i?iaeaia ?ano?n?a i??nii? aiaee, iaacaiaeiaiiy oiieeo
aoa?eueieo eean?a ? aoi?eiiiai nieaiaeiie/aiiy a i?aai?/i?e oac? i?e
a?ae?io?ainii?o? aoa?eey. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie Ae?I? iieacaii, ui aeey
iaacnieaiiy iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia oaoi?/ia aiaea n ianooiiith
aeenoeeyoe??th a caieiooiio oeeee?.

Aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy aenieiaoaeoeaiiai iaacaiaeiaiiy oiieeo aoa?eueieo
eean?a AeiiAeOO ?ic?iaeaii ?yae iiaeo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ia iniia?
ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??. Aea canoinoaaiiy oeueiai i?ioeano aeey nieiiiai
aoa?eey i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeaii.

Aeey onoiaiiy aoi?eiiiai nieaiaeiie/aiiy ia aoa?ee? i?e eiai
iaacniethaaii? a oiiaao a?ae?aae?/iiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy TH.A.Na?oeei
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaia aai /anoeiaa cai?ia aiaeii? oace noniaic??. Iaeiae,
oea iia(ycaii c aeiaeaoeiaei aeei?enoaiiyi aiaeieo ?ano?n?a, ye?
iaiaaeai? e aeao?oeeoi?.

Aiae?c noaio ?ic?iaie oa aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc? inai?iiy e ia?a?iaee
nieiiiai aoa?eey, aeeiiaiee ca ?iaioaie i?ia?aeieo a oe?e iaeano?
oao?aoe?a — N.Ae. Iiaeeaea?aa, A.A. Neiiiiai?, O.A. Oaiae?ee,
?.Ia?oainiia, I.Eaei, U.Aecthiue?, A.A. E?ooy, F. Smit, S. Burnley oa
?i. iieacaa a?aenooi?noue oe?e?nii? oai?aoe/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? i?ioeano
iaacnieaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie ?IOIA IAI Oe?a?ie cai?iiiiiaaii
?icaeyaeaoe i?ioean iaacnieaiiy ye iine?aeiai?noue noai?ioean?a “eiioaeo
c aiaeiith oacith — ?ic/eiaiiy — ia?ao?ae nieae o ia(?iio oaco
noniaic??”. N.Ae. Iiaeeaea?aei, A.A. Neiiiiaith, ?.Ia?oainii,
O.A.Oaiae?ee aenoioo? ??ci? a?iioace ii aaiaceno canieaiiy oa aoaeia?
nieiiiai aoa?eey. Iaeiae, /?oe? oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i i?ioean eiai
iaacnieaiiy o aiaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?, i?i ie?ai? aoaie oeueiai i?ioeano
a?aenooi?. Ia aea/aii iaoai?ci oa e?iaoeea nieaaeaeaeaiiy i?e
e?io?eueii-e?ioiai?e iica?/iino? aoa?eueii? iiaa?oi?, iniaeeaino?
ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe?? nieiiiai aoa?eey, ia aeine?aeaeaii noi?uaiee
i?ioean “iaacnieaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y”, ia anoaiiaeai? eiai ?aoe?iiaeuei?
?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai iaeyaeo oa aiae?co iaie aecia/ai? iai?yiee oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i i?ioean
iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey aiaeiith i?iieaeith. Aeae?eai? iniiai? aoaie
i?ioeano, nooue yeeo i?aaenoaaeaia a ?ic?iaeai?e oaiiiaiieia?/i?e
iiaeae?. Ca?aeii c oe??th iiaeaeeth i?ioean iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey
aiaeiith i?iieaeith yaey? niaith noeoii?noue iine?aeiaii i?io?eath/eo
aeaiaioa?ieo aeo?a (noai?ioean?a), aecia/aeueieie c yeeo ?: aeaiaioa?iee
aeo eiioaeoo aoa?eey c aiaeiith oacith, ?ic/eiaiiy nieae, ia?ao?ae
nieueiaeo eiiiiiaio?a a ia(?iio oaco noniaic?? oa ?o /anoeiaa
aaeni?aoe?y, ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y aoa?eey ? iaoai?/ia iaacaiaeiaiiy.
Aeeiiaii oai?aoe/iee aiae?c eiaeiiai c oeeo noai?ioean?a, eio?ee
aaco?oueny ia ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oyaeaiiyo i?i no?oeoo?o oa aoaeiao
aoa?eey, no/ani?e oai??? aaeaac??, ianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a ? ianeyii?
aaeiia?aoe??, ?icaeiooeo a i?aoeyo A.?. Na?ai/oea, A.A. Eaa?/a, N.Ae.
C?iiia, I.A. Ea?aaeaiiaa, A.A. Aenaeue?oaea, A.I. Eenyinueeiai, A.N.
A?eaoeueeiai oa ?i.

Eiioaeo aoa?eey c aiaeiith oacith oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith aeoeai?noth
a?ae?aoaoe?? ye ciai?oiuei? oae ? aioo??oiuei? iiaa?oi? aoa?eueii?
?a/iaeie. Caeiiii??iino? i?ioean?a ?ic/eiaiiy nieae oa ia?aoiaeo
nieueiaeo eiiiiiaio?a a ia(?iio oaco noniaic?? ?icaeyioo? c iiceoe??
ia(?aeiaii? eiiaaeoeaii-aeeooc?eii? e?iaoe/ii? oai??? ?ic/eiaiiy, yea
?ioaa?aeueii a?aoiao? yaeua a i?aeoaci?e cii? oa aeeooc?ei? i?ioeane.

Aeoiaey/e c oe??? oai??? no?oeoo?a a?aie/iiai oa?o ?ic/eiaiiy aeeth/a?
o?e iniiai? ciie: (-iiaa?oiaai? a?ae?aoaoe??, (-ia(?iii? a?ae?aoaoe?? ?
(-eieaeueii iane/aiiai ?ic/eio. Aecia/aii, ui e?iaoeeo i?ioeano
nieaaeaeaeaiiy a oe?eiio aecia/a? oaeaee?noue aeae?eaiiy nieae ?c ciie
(. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aoaeoeaia aeno?aaoaaiiy nieae iiaeeeaa o?eueee c
iae?iii? ? o??uei aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie. Aeey caeo/aiiy a i?ioean
?ic/eiaiiy nieueiaeo eiiiiiaio?a, ye? i?noyoueny a iaci- oa i?e?iii?ao,
iaiao?aeii ?ice?eooy aioo??oiuei? iiaa?oi? aoa?eey.

Aaeni?aoe?y eii?a nieae ia aoa?euei?e iiaa?oi? iaoiiaeaia
o?ceei-o?i?/iith aca?iiae??th a i?aeoaci?e cii? “aoa?eey-?ic/ei”.
Iieacaii, ui oaeoi?aie, ye? aecia/athoue ?ioaineai?noue oeueiai i?ioeano
? oi?noe?noue, ii?eno?noue, ieeniai?noue, oa?aeoa? iiaa?oiaaeo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?oi oaa?aei? oace, a oaeiae eiiiee neeaae oa nooi?iue
i?ia?ae?caoe?? aiaee. Aoi?eiia nieaiaeiie/aiiy iaoiiaeaia ii?ooaiiyi
aaeaino ni?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a o i?aeoaci?e cii? “aoa?eey-aiaea” ?, ye
aeo?ea? c aeeiiaiiai aiae?co, iaoiiaeaia, a ia?oo /a?ao,
aeac?ioaa?aoe??th aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie a i?ioean? ?? iaacniethaaiiy.
Aeac?ioaa?aoe?y noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ??ceei i?aeaeuaiiyi ni?aoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo aoa?eey aiane?aeie ca?eueoaiiy eiai ciai?oiuei? iiaa?oi?.

Ca?aeii oaiiiaiieia?/ii? iiaeae?, caaa?oaeueiei aoaiii i?ioeano
iaacniethaaiiy ? iaacaiaeiaiiy aoa?eey i?ney eiai i?iieaee. Iaie
iaea?aeaii ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaacniethaaiiy /a?ac
iniiai? ia?aiao?e aoa?eey, eiai noniaic?? ? aoaeoeai?noue iaacaiaeiaiiy:

, (1)

aea (in — yoaeoeai?noue iaacniethaaiiy; (oa — yoaeoeai?noue
iaacaiaeiaiiy; C? — eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ic/eio; RH —
?ic??aeaeaiiy aeo?aeii? noniaic??; NI — ii/aoeiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y nie? o
aoa?ee?; (B — aonoeia aiaee.

sse aeaeii c ??aiyiiy (1), aoaeoeai?noue iaacniethaaiiy i?yii
i?iii?oe?eia aoaeoeaiino? iaacaiaeiaiiy. I?eioeeiia? o?oaeiiu?
iaacaiaeiaiiy aoa?eey, yea i?aeaea?oueny ia?a?iaoe? o aiae?, iia(ycai? c
i?aeaeuaiith a?ae?aoaoe??th iiaa?oi? (ui iniaeeai oa?aeoa?ii aeey
nieiiiai aoa?eey), ao?aoith oeueo?aoiieeo o?aeoe?e c ooaaoii, nooo?aith
aeac?ioaa?aoe??th aoa?eey o aiaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?. C iaoith onoiaiiy
aeacaieo o?oaeiiu?a a oaeiae aoaeoo aoi?eiiiai nieaiaeiie/aiiy,
canoiniaaia noi?uaia oaoiieia?y iaacniethaaiiy aiaeiith i?iieaeith ?
ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ?aoe?iiaeueia ii?aeiaiiy i?ioean?a
“iaacniethaaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y”. Ii-ia?oa, i?eeiyoa aeiiii?/ii ?
oaoiieia?/ii aeioe?eueia aeey oiia ia?iaee nieiiiai aoa?eey
??ciiaeaei?noue aaeiia?aoe?? — ianeyia oeieoeyoe?y, nooue yei? iieyaa? o
aea??eia?e aa?aaaoe?? oiieeo aoa?eueieo /anoeiie o oeieoee e?oii?noth
0,2-0,3 ii a oiiaao oo?aoeaioiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy aiaeiaoa?eueii?
noniaic??. Ii-ae?oaa, a ca(yceo c aeayeei iia??oaiiyi e?iaoeee
iaacniethaaiiy iianeaiiai aoa?eey cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y
aeainoaae?eii? iiaea/? ca(ycoth/iai o i?ioean: iiia?aaeiy ia?iaea
aoa?eueii? iane iaaaeeeith e?euee?noth ?aaaaioa, ui caaacia/o?
aeieeiaiiy aeoeaieo oeaio??a aaeiia?aoe?? (10-20% ciai?oiuei? iiaa?oi?
aoa?eey), a iio?i aeania aaeiia?aoe?y iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey (i?ney
i?iieaee). I?e oeueiio, aeoiaey/e c aeiia aeieeiaiiy no?eeeo
a?ae?ioiaieo cii ia aoa?euei?e iiaa?oi? oa aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaoiaeii ?*-niaeo?ineii??, noi?ioeueiaai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? oiiae eiioaeoo
(aoa?eey-?aaaaio) ia ia?o?e noaae?? eiai aaiaeo a i?ioean: 1. eiioaeo
aoa?eey-?aaaaio i?iaiaeeoueny iaeii/anii c nooei ae?iaeaiiyi aoa?eey. 2.
aeo?aoe ?aaaaioo ia iiaeii? ia?aaeuoaaoe iaiao?aeieo aeey iie?eooy
a?ae?ioiaieo ae?eyiie aoa?eueii? iiaa?oi?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo aeo?ao ca(ycoth/iai ?aaaaioo ia ia?o?e
noaae?? eiai iiaea/? iaea?aeaii ae?ac:

, (2)

— eiao?oe??io iie?eooy aoa?eueii? iiaa?oi? ca(ycoth/ei; Si — ciai?oiy
iiaa?oiy aoa?eey a iaeeieoe? iane aa?aaaoo; (i — aeo?ae i-iai eeano o
aeo?aeiiio aoa?ee?; (n — aonoeia ca(ycoth/iai.

I?e oeueiio iaoiaeii ?*-niaeo?ineii?? anoaiiaeaii, ui eiioaeoe a
i?aeoaci?e cii? “nieiia aoa?eey-ca(ycoth/a” aeey aoaeaianeyieo
aaeiia?ao?a iaoiiaeai? ii?yae c i?inoith o?ce/iith aaeni?aoe??th i?iyaii
nee o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee.

Oai?aoe/ii noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie iiaeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai neeaaeo
ca(ycoth/i? ?a/iaeie o noi?uaiiio i?ioean? “i?iieaea-aaeiia?aoe?y”:
?aaaaio-ca(ycoth/a iiaeiai i?noeoe i?aeaeuaio e?euee?noue aiiey?ieo
eiiieaia?ieo no?oeoo? ? i?i?iaeueio e?euee?noue o?aaiaio?a c
ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie.

Aenoiooi a?iioaco ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiiaaii nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? iaacaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoo oeyoii iaoai?/iiai
c?eao aiaeii? ie?aee (aaeaeooaaiiyi). A ii??aiyii? c a?aieoeath
“aoa?eey-aiaea” iiaa?oiaaee iaoya ia a?aieoe? “aoaeaianeyiee
aaeiia?ao-aiaea” nooo?ai cieaeo?oueny, ui iieaaoo? iaoai?/iee c?ea
aiaeii? ie?aee. Oaeei /eiii, ca ?aooiie iaianeaiiy iiaa?oi? aoa?eey
aeinyaa?oueny a?eueo aeeaiea iaoai?/ia iaacaiaeiaiiy ?, ioaea,
iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey.

Noeoii?noue aenoiooeo, ?ic?iaeaieo ? ?icaeiooeo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue
neeaaea? aeaiaioe oai??? i?ioeano iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey i?iieaeith ?c
canoinoaaiiyi oaoiieia?? ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao iaianethaaiiy ia ?acoeueoaoe
iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey aeeiiaii ii??aiyeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a
iaacniethaaiiy iaianeaiiai ? iaiaianeaiiai aoa?eey.

sse aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae i?eeiyoi aoa?eey ia?ee Ae ieano?a N4 oa N12
Iiaiiineianueeiai ?iaeiaeua Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano, cieuei?noth 14,0% ?
10,9% a?aeiia?aeii. Ea?iia? i?iae aoa?eey ae?iaeeeny aei e?oiiino? 0-3
ii ? 0-0,02 ii, ui a?aeiia?aea? oaoiieia?yi ia?a?iaee cai?iiiiiaaiei
Ae?I?, IAI “Aaeiae” oa AeiiAeOO. sse ianei-ca(ycoth/a aeei?enoaii
eiiiiceoe?eiee ?aaaaio ia iniia? oiii/iiai iacooo ia?ee I100 oa
oeioi?aaaaioo AA?-1.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea aeyaeoe
aaeeeo noiae?noue oa?aeoa?enoee ?Na((), ye? ia caeaaeaoue a?ae
??ciiaeaeo nieiiiai aoa?eey, eiai e?oiiino? ? aeo?ao ca(ycoth/iai
(?en.2). E?ea? pNa(() a caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iiaeooue aooe iienai?
aii??e/iei ??aiyiiyi:

, (3)

aea \NEIAIE 116 \f «Symbol» \s 14 (0 — o?eaae?noue i?ioeano
iaacniethaaiiy; \NEIAIE 59 \f «Symbol» \s 14 pNai, pNa(, pNao —
iao???a? iieacieee na?aaeiaeua, a?aeiia?aeii iioi/iee, \NEIAIE 130 \f
«Times New Roman Cyr» \s 14 \NEIAIE 130 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 14
i?e (0 \NEIAIE 116 \f «Symbol» \s 14 = ( oa (0 = 0; \NEIAIE 130 \f
«Times New Roman Cyr» \s 14

k — eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? aeanoeaino? iaoa??ae?a oa oiiae
iaacniethaaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iiia?aaei? iaianeaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey iacia/iith i??ith
iia??oo? nieaaeaeaeaiiy (ia 5-7%). Anoaiiaeaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? iaae?
?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano

iaacniethaaiiy ii e?eoa??th caeeoeiaiai ai?noo ia??th o aoa?ee?
(?en.3). Iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? (?en. 2 i 3 \NEIAIE 46 \f
«Times New Roman Cyr» \s 14 ) i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?eioeeiiao
iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaiiai iaacniethaaiiy iaianeaiiai aoa?eey.
Oaoiieia?/iei aenia?eiaioii i?aeoaa?aeaeaia a?iioaca i?i iiceoeaiee
aieea iaoai?/ii? aeoeaaoe?? nieiiiai aoa?eey a i?enooiino? ca(ycoth/iai
ia eiai aa?aaaoe?eio ni?iiiaei?noue. Aeey ioe?iee inoaiiuei?
cai?iiiiiaaii ?ioa?aaeueiee e?eoa??e aa?aaaoe?eii? ni?iiiaeiino?
aoa?eey, o?ce/ia nooi?noue yeiai — oaeaee?noue aa?aaaoiooai?aiiy a
ia??iae aiaeueaaioaaiiy aoa?eey (?en.4). sse aeo?ea? c ?en.4, aoaeo
i?aeaeuaiiy aa?aaaoe?eii? ni?iiiaeiino? ca ?aooiie iiia?aaeiuei?
iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeoeaaoe?? ia? i?noea ? aeey ianieiiiai aoa?eey ia?ie A ?
E Aeiiaano. Iaeiae, ii/aoeiaa aa?aaaoe?eia ni?iiiaei?noue (i?e Q1= 0)
aeey oeueiai aoa?eey cia/ii aeua,

i?ae aeey nieiiiai. Aeyaeaii, ui i?e ?aoe?iiaeueieo aeo?aoao Q1 = 0,5%,
ia?aiao? Ea aeey nieiiiai aoa?eey, yea i?ieoei iaoaiio?i?/io
aeoeaaoe?th, ca?eueoo?oueny a 2-17 ?ac?a, ui caaeia?eueiy? oaoiieia?/iei
iio?aaai.

Ia iniiai iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoaoia anoaiiaeaii, ui
?aoe?iiaeueiei ?aaeeiii aaiaeo ianeyiiai ?aaaaioa i?e aaeiia?aoe??
nieiiiai aoa?eey a i?ioean? “iaacniethaaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y” ? eiai ae?iaia
iiaea/a: aei 7-8% caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?aaaaioa, aea ia a?eueoa 0,4
ian.% — ia nooo iano aoa?eey ia?aae eiai ae?iaeaiiyi; inoaii? 92-93%
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?aaaaioo — o aiaeiaoa?eueio a?ae?inoi?o i?e
ianeyi?e aaeiia?aoe?? iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey (i?ney iia?aoe?? i?iieaee). C
iaoith ioe?iee aieeao i?ioeano ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe?? aoa?eey ia
?acoeueoaoe eiai iaoai?/iiai iaacaiaeiaiiy i?iaaaeai? ii??aiyeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaacaiaeiaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey oa aoaeaianeyiiai
aaeiia?aoo. I?ioean iaacaiaeiaiiy cae?enithaaany o iiaea?i?ciaai?e
oeaio?eooc? OeEN-3 i?e Fr=400.

A oaaeeoe? 1 i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
aoaeoeai?noue iaoai?/iiai iaacaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoo
iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey cia/ii a?eueoa, i?ae iaaaeiia?iaaiiai aoa?eey. Oea
iiynith?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo, i?aeaeuaiith a?ae?io?euei?noth nieiiiai
aoa?eey, a oaeiae cia/iith aeac?ioaa?aoe??th aoa?eueii? ?a/iaeie a
i?ioean? a?ae?io?ainii?oo ?, c ?ioiai, iie?auaieie oaoiieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie aaeiia?aoo ye ia(?eoo iaacaiaeiaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1 — \NEIAIE 46 \f «Symbol» \s 14 Aieia?noue (Wat, %)
iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey oa aaeiia?aoo

Aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae I?iaa 1 I?iaa 2

Aoa?eey

Aaeiia?ao 41,5

22,6 40,0

19,1

Oaeei /eiii, iiia?aaeiy ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y aeicaiey? a 1,8-2 ?ace
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue iaoai?/iiai iaacaiaeiaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey ?,
ioaea, cieceoe a iueiio caeeoeiaee ai?no Na2O.

Iiaeeaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy iianeaiiai aoa?eey oa
iaacaiaeoaaiiy aaeiia?aoo aeeiiai? iaoiaeii ieaioaaiiy aeoeaiiai
aenia?eiaioo. I?e oeueiio i?eeiyoi ?ioioaaaeueiee
oeaio?aeueii-eiiiiceoe?eiee ieai aenia?eiaioo ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo.
Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy (ia?oa iiaeaeue) ?
iaacaiaeoaaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoo (ae?oaa iiaeaeue)
i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith iie?iiie ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo, ye? aaeaeaaoii
iiaeaeththoue aeine?aeaeoaai? i?ioeane i?e aeia??/?e ?iia??iino? 0,95.
Aeine?aee i?iaieeeenue ia nieiiiio aoa?ee? (ieano N12) Iiaiiineianueeiai
?iaeiaeua Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano. Ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ii iaii
iiaeaeyi aeeiiaia ia AII ca niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith.

Iiaeaeue iaacniethaaiiy iianeaiiai aoa?eey yaey? niaith caeaaei?noue
ooieoe?? a?aeaoeo Y (caeeoeiaee ai?no Na2O o aoa?ee?) a?ae /ioe?ueio
iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a: O1 — o?eaaeino? i?iieaee (0; O2- /anoioe
iaa?oaiiy iiiaea?a nm1; X3 — aonoeie ioeueie (n; X4 — aeo?ao
ca(ycoth/iai Q1:

Aiae?c iaea?aeaii? iiaeae? iieaco?, ui iaea?eueo cia/eiei yaey?oueny
oaeoi? “/an”(X1), ui iiai?noth ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaoe?iei
aenia?eiaioaeueiei iaoa??aeii Ae?I? oa IAI “Aaeiae”. Iaeiicia/iee
iiceoeaiee aieea oaeoi?o “a?ae?iaeeiai?ea” (O2) i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oaco i?i
iaiao?aei?noue aaaeaiiy i?ioeano aiaeii? i?iieaee a oo?aoeaioiiio
?aaeei?. Oaeoi?e “aonoeia” (O3) oa “iaianethaaiiy” (O4) ii??aiyii
ianooo?ai aieeaathoue ia i?ioean nieaaeaeaeaiiy, ui ei?aniiiaeo? c
?acoeueoaoaie ?ioeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, cie?aia, e?iaoeee
nieaaeaeaeaiiy c iaianeaiiai aoa?eey.

Iiaeaeue i?ioeano iaacaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoo yaey? niaith
caeaaei?noue ooieoe?? a?aeaoeo Y(aieia?noue eaeo) a?ae: O1- ciai?oiuei?
ieoiii? iiaa?oi? aoa?eey Soae; O2, O4- aeo?ao ca(ycoth/iai Q1 Q2 (ia?oa
oa ae?oaa iiaea/a ?aaaaioa) oa a?ae O3 — e?eoa??y O?oaea Fr:

Aiae?c iiaeae? iieaco?, ui iaea?eueo cia/eieie oaeoi?aie, aieeaath/eie
ia aieia?noue eaeo oeaio?eooae ? “ciai?oiy ieoiia iiaa?oiy Soae “ ?
“aeo?aoe ca(ycoth/iai (X1) Q2 “ (X2). C? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeoi?o O1
aieia?noue eaeo oeaio?eooae c?inoa?.

C iaoith iaea?aeaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo oyaeaiue i?i a?ia?iiaa?oi? ooieoe??
a?aeaoeo ? a?eueo aeeaiei? ioe?iee aieeao iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a ia
i?ioeane iaacniethaaiiy oa iaacaiaeiaiiy iaea?aeai? ie?ai? ia?aoeie aeey
iaio iiaeaeae.

Io?eiai? ? i?iaiae?ciaai? oaeoi?i? iiaeae? neoaeaoue aenia?eiaioaeueiith
iniiaith aeey aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a ?icaeyaeoaaieo i?ioean?a ? iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
iaacniethaaiiy oa iaacaiaeiaiiy, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo
cia/aiue iniiaieo ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a eiaeiiai c oeeo i?ioean?a.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? oiiae ? oaoiieia?/ia noaia onoaiiaee oa
?acoeueoaoe iie?aiiieo aei?iaiaoaaiue oaoiieia?? iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey.
?ic?iaeaii aeaa aa??aioe ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? iaacniethaaiiy
aoa?eey: “i?iieaea-ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y” oa “a?ae?io?ainii?o-ianeyia
aaeiia?aoe?y”, cai?iiiiiaaii ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy nieiiiai
aoa?eey oa noi?ioeueiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iieneiaiio iaacnieaiith oa
ooee?caoe?? oeueiai aoa?eey.

Iieiaiiii aei?iaiaoaaiiy oaoiieia?? iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey i?iaaaeai?
ia onoaiiaoe? IAI “Aaeiae” (?en.5). Aei?iaiaoaaii aea? oaoiieia??
iaacniethaaiiy: oeyoii aiaeii? i?iieaee a i?iieai/ieo iaoeiao ? oeyoii
noi?uaiiy i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy oa a?ae?io?ainii?oo. Eiaeia c
aeacaieo oaoiieia?e ?aae?ciaoaaeany ye ii aaceniei noaiai,
cai?iiiiiaaiei a?aeiia?aeii ?inoeoooaie Ae?I? oa AEEIEAO (IAI “Aaeiae”),
oae ? ii oaeineiiaeaiei noaiai, ?ic?iaeaiei iaie ?c canoinoaaiiyi
oaoiieia?? ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??. Ia(?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue neoaoaaei
nieiia aoa?eey Iiaiiineianueeiai ?iaeiaeua ia?ee Ae cieuei?noth 12.8% c
ai?noii Na2O o aoa?ee? oa a cie? a?aeiia?aeii 0,61% oa 4,8%. Aeo?aeiith
a?aeany ea?iiaa i?iaa ianith 20 ea, e?oii?noth 13-0 ii. ?acoeueoaoe
iie?aiiieo aei?iaiaoaaiue ia onoaiiaoe? IAI “Aaeiae” iiai?noth
i?aeoaa?aeeee oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaiaai? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy iiaeooue aooe iieiaeai? a iniiao i?e
?ic?iaoe? iai?ai?iieneiaeo oa i?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie iaacniethaaiiy
aoa?eey.

Ia iniia? ?nioth/eo noaiieo ??oaiue i?ioeano iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey
?ic?iaeaieo a Ae?I? oa IAI “Aaeiae”, a oaeiae ?acoeueoao?a iie?aiiieo
aei?iaiaoaaiue iaie ?ic?iaeai? ye?nii-e?euee?ni? noaie noi?uaieo
oaoiieia?e iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey: “i?iieaea-ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y” oa
“a?ae?io?ainii?o-ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y”. Ia iniia? oeeo noai aeeiiaii
i?aea?? oa ?ic?aooiie oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey iaio aeacaieo
aa??aio?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ii ia?o?e oaoiieia?? iieacaee, ui aiia
caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy iane/aiino? noaie iaacniethaaiiy aia?aii?noeei
aei?iaei iaeaaeiaiiyi i?e iaeii/aniiio i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino?
iaacniethaaiiy, cie?aia cai?io aei?iai? oa iiaeaaeiia aacia/ii?
iia?aoe?? oa?i?/ii? nooee ia aaeaeooaaiiy, iie?auaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey ye iaeeaa. Ia?aaaaa ae?oai? oaoiieia?e
caeeth/a?oueny, cie?aia, a cieaeaii? ai?noo eeano -0,1ii a
iaacaiaeithaaiiio aoa?ee? c 35,8% aei 2,8%, onoiaii? yaeua aoi?eiiiai
nieaiaeiie/aiiy a i?ioean? a?ae?io?ainii?oo. A iaio aa??aioao
aeeeth/a?oueny in?aeaiiy nieae ia aoa?ee? i?e oa?iinoooe?. I?e oeueiio
iaoiaeaie iaoaii/iiai iaacaiaeiaiiy aeinyaiooa aieiainoue cianieaiiai
aoaieey ia ?aaii 12-14%, ui a 3,5 ?ace ieae/a, iiae a niiniaao-aiaeiaao.
Inoaoi/io e?euee?nio ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?? iaacniethaaiiy
iiaeia c?iaeoe o?eueee a oiiaao i?iieneiai? aenieoaoaoe??.

Cai?iiiiiaaii oae? ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey:
i?aeaioiaea oa niaethaaiiy iaeeaieo noniaic?e — aiaeiaoa?eueieo (AAAN);
aiaeiaoaeaianeyieo (AAIN) oa aoaeaianeyieo (AIN). ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeno
oai?aoe/ieo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae iie?aiiieo
aei?iaiaoaaiue aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iieneiaiio
iaacniethaaiith oa ooee?caoe?? aoa?eey.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiue ii i?iaeai? ooee?caoe?? nieiiiai
aoa?eey aeioe?eueii aanoe a iai?yieao eiai ioe?iee ye ne?iaeie aeey
c??aeaeaiiy, aaceo?eaoe??, a?eeaooaaiiy oa i??ie?co. Oaoiieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoo oi?ioi ii?aeiothoueny c
iniaeeainoyie aeacaieo i?ioean?a.

AENIIAEE

A aeena?oaoe??, yea ? caaa?oaiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith ?iaioith,
iaea?aeai? iia? ?acoeueoaoe a aaeoc? caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey i?e
eiai aeei?enoaii? a oaieiaia?aaoeoe? oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae
i?ioeano cianieaiiy iianeaiiai aoa?eey oa iaacaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai
aaeiia?aoo ? ?ic?iaee ia ?o iniia? ?aoe?iiaeueieo aa??aio?a noi?uaii? c
ianeyiith aaeiia?aoe??th oa a?ae?io?ainii?oii oaoiieia??, ye? a
noeoiiino? ae??oothoue aaaeeeao iaoeiao caaea/o ii i?iieneiaiio
cianieaiith oa ooee?caoe?? nieiiiai aoa?eey Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano.

Noai ieoaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy a i?iieneiaino? “nieiiiai” aoa?eey caiane,
yeeo a Oe?a?ii ioeiithaathoueny aei 25 ie?ae. o. (Caoiaeiee oa Iiaaeaiee
Aeiiaan) iia’ycaii c aaeeeeie o?oaeiiuaie. I?e niaethaaii? oaeiai
aoa?eey niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea ca?eueoaiiy caoeaeoaaiiy ?iai/eo
iiaa?oiiue eioeiaa?aaao?a.

Iiooe aoaeoiaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ia?a?iaee nieiiiai aoa?eey iieacaa,
ui ?iaioe aaaeooueny o aeaio i?eioeeiiai ??cieo iai?yieao. Ia?oee
ia?aaeaa/a? i?yia niaethaaiiy, i??ie?c, ne?aieaiiy oa ?i. nieiiiai
noa?eey c? niaoe?aeueieie aeiaaaeaie. Ae?oaee ia?aaeaa/a? iiia?aaei?
cianieaiiy aoa?eey c ianooiiei aeei?enoaiiyi eiiaeeoe?eiiai i?iaeoeoo a
eioeiaa?aaaoao oiui. A?aoiaoth/e aeieia?/iee aniaeo, ia?aaaao ne?ae
a?aeaeaaaoe ae?oaiio iai?ieo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui cianieaiiy
aiaeiith i?iieaeith aeicaiey? aeaeaeeoe 80-90 % nieae ? caaacia/eoe
eiioeaio?aoe?th ieneaeo iao??th ia ??ai? NNa2O = 0,4 %, ui ca aeaieie
AO?, i?eeiyoii aeey aoa?eey, yea niaeththoue ia OAN. Iaeiae, i?iaeaia
aoaeoeaiiai iaacaiaeiaiiy oiieeo aoa?eueieo eean?a, eio?? ?ioaineaii
aeieeathoue i?ae /an aiaeii? i?iieaee, iniaeeai o aoaeai?iaiae? (aei 40%
eeano -100 iei.), a oaeiae i?iaeaia onoiaiiy aoi?eiiiai nieaiaeiie/aiiy
oae ? ia aoee ae??oai?.

Iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia iniia?
no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i aoaeiao oa no?oeoo?o aoa?eey, oai??? aaeaac??,
ianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a oa ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??. A aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiiyo aeei?enoiii: ?* — niaeo?ineii?y, eiiiiao?e/iee iaoiae
aei??thaaiiy pNa aiaeii? oace, naaeeiaioaoe?eiee iaoiae Naaai?ia,
iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, iaoiae aecia/aiiy ciai?oiuei? ieoiii?
iiaa?oi? ca Oiaa?iaei, iaoiae Eieaaiianueei? aea??eiai? aaeni?aoe??
oa?aiee?a, a oaeiae iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa ieaioaaiiy
aenia?eiaio?a c aeei?enoaiiyi AII. Aneia?aiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue a eaai?aoi?ieo oa noaiaeiaeo oiiaao ?c canoinoaaiiyi
iao?ieia?/ii aoanoiaaii? aia?aoo?e.

Iaa?oioiaaiinoue i aeinoiai?iinoue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiaeia oa
?aeiiaiaeaoeie caaacia/o?oueny: i?iaaaeaiiyi aeinoaoiueiai ianyao
oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aaeaeaaoi?noth
?ic?iaeaieo iaoaia-oe/ieo iiaeaeae i?e ?ioioaaaeueiiio
oeaio?aeueii-eiiiiceoe?eiiio ieaioaaii? aenia?eiaioo, ca?aei?noth
?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo, aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa iie?aiiieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia’?i aenia?eiaio?a aeinoaoi?e aeey oiai, uia c
?iia??i?noth 0,95 a?aeoeeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ia ia?aaeuoaaei 10%.

Iaeaieueo aaaeeeai iaoeiai i i?aeoe/ii ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe

1. ?ic?iaeai? aeaiaioe oai??? i?ioeano iaacniethaaiiy aoa?eey aiaeiith
i?iieaeith, cie?aia, oaiiiaiieia?/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano “iaacniethaaiiy —
ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y” c aeainoaae?eiith iiaea/ath ?aaaaioa, eio?a
aeeth/a? a naaa an? aeaiaioa?i? aeoe (noai?ioeane); aecia/ai? ?o iniiai?
caeiiii??iino? oa aca?iica(ycie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?iaoeeo i?ioeana
nieaaeaeaeaiiy a oe?eiio aecia/a? oaeaee?noue aeae?eaiiy nieae ?c ciie
eieaeueii iane/aiiai ?ic/eio, a aoaeo aoi?eiiiai nieaiaeiie/aiiy a
i?ioean? a?ae?io?ainii?oo iaoiiaeth?oueny aeaceioaa?aoe??th aoa?eueii?
oace.

2. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii e?euee?ni? iieacieee, ui ioe?iththoue nooi?iue
aieeao iaianeaiiy aoa?eey ia e?iaoeeo nieaaeaeaeaiiy i?e aiaei?e
i?iieaoe?. Anoaiiaeai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano
“iaacniethaaiiy — aaeiia?aoe?y” ca e?eoa???i caeeoeiaiai ai?noo iao??th
o aoa?ee?. Oai?aoe/ii noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie i?aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
neeaaeo ?aaaaioa-ca(ycoth/iai a noi?uaiiio i?ioean?
“i?iieaea-aaeiia?aoe?y”. Aeey nieiiiai aoa?eey Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii oai?aoe/ia iieiaeaiiy i?i i?aeaeuaiiy
aa?aaaoe?eii? caeaoiino? aoa?eey oeyoii eiai iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeoeaaoe?? a
i?enooiino? ?aaaaioa.

3. Iaea?aeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?ioean?a iaacniethaaiiy iianeaiiai
aoa?eey ? iaacaiaeiaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai aaeiia?aoo c aeiiiiiaith yeeo
aecia/ai? oa?aeoa? oa nooi?iue aieeao ia oe? i?ioeane iniiaieo
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a.

4. ?ic?iaeaia oa ai?iaiaaia a iie?aiiieo oiiaao ?aoe?iiaeueia oaoiieia?y
cianieaiiy aoa?eey aiaeiith i?iieaeith. ?ic?iaeai? ye?nii-e?euee?ni?
noaie iiaeo aa??aio?a oaoiieia?e “iaacnieaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y”,
“a?ae?io?ainii?o-iaacnieaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y” ? cai?iiiiiaai? ia?niaeoeai?
iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey. ?ic?aooieiaee eeiiiii/iee eoaeo
aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? iaacnieaiiy aoaieey ia
i?ioyci 10 ?ieia, caoaa?aeaeaiee AOE “Aeiiaanaio?aoeeo” neeaaea? aeey
aa?iaioa “i?iieaea — aaeiia?aoeiy” – 8,429 iei. aeiee.; aeey aa?iaioa
“aiae?io?ainii?o – i?iieaea — aaeiia?aoeiy” – 5,089 iei. aeiee.

5. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iieneiaiio cianiethaaiith oa
ooee?caoe?? nieiiiai aoa?eey.

?aeiiaiaeaoei?, uiaei canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia

Aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ?iaioe aoaeooue aeei?enoai? i?e iaa?oiooaaii?
oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue ii inai?iith ? ia?a?iaoe? nieiiiai aoa?eey
Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e
aei?iaiaoaaii? i?ioeano iaacnieaiiy aoa?eey ia onoaiiaoe?
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy “Aaeiae”. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieiaiy
caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoaieey iiaea aooe oaeiae aeei?enoaia i?e
iiaeaioiaoei aoaieey aei eienoaaiiy (iiaei?e?inoaa Iii/i?iaoo), a oaeiae
o ia?niaeoeaieo oaoiieiaiyo ii?ieico oa c?iaeaeaiiy aoaieey.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe iioae?eiaai? a oaeeo ?iaioao:

1.Ia?niaeoeau inaiaiey nieaiuo oaeae Oe?aeiu / A.N Aaeaoeeee, N.Ae
Iiaeeaeaaa, A. Eoaeooe, I.A. Na?aaaa.– Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, OEOeaio?,
1998. – 96n.

2. Aaeaoeeee A.N., Eoaeooe A. Nio?aiaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo naienoa
eienothuaainy oaey i?e aeae?aaee/aneii o?ainii?oe?iaaiee // Eien e
oeiey. — 1996. — ?4. – N. 9-10.

3. Aaeaoeeee A.N., Naeoeue TH.A., Na?aaaa.I.A., Eoaeooe A. Enneaaeiaaiea
yaeaiey aoi?e/iiai nieaiaeiieaiey a i?ioeanna iaannieeaaiey oaey //
Ecaanoey Aeiiaoeeiai ai?iiai einoeoooa. – 1998. — ?1 (7). — N. 66 – 69.

4. Aieaoeueeee A.N., Na?aaaa.I.A, Eoaeooi Aaaeaeuee?ii, Oaiae?ee O.A.
Aeineiaeaeaiiy eiiaoeee cianiethaaiiy iaianeaiiai aoaieey // Aaieiaiy i
aaioiiiy ai?th/eo eiiaeei. – 1998. — ?2 (103). – N.85 – 89.

5. Eoaeooe A., Aaeaoeeee A.N., Na?aaaa I.A. Nicaeaiea iiaie
i?ia?anneaiie oaoiieiaee iaeaai?aaeeaaiey nieaiuo oaeae.// I?ia?anneaiua
oaoiieiaee e nenoaiu iaoeiino?iaiey: Iaaeaeoia?. na. iao/. o?. —
Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO. — 1998. – O.2. — Aui 6. – N. 150-153.

6. Aaeaoeeee A.N., Oaiae?ee O.A., Eoaeooe A. I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau
oaoie/aneea ?aoaiey iaannieeaaiey oaey // Na. iao/. o?. AeiiAOO. –
Aeiiaoee: — 1996. – N.61-62.

7. Biletskyi V.S, Sergeev P.V, Kheloufi A. Preparation of salty coals
with oil agglomeration // Proc. International Conf. on Coal Science. IX.
– Essen (Germany). – 1997. – V. 1. — P. 535-538.

8. Aaeaoeeee A.N., Iaiooei TH.E., Na?aaaa I.A., Eoaeooe A.
?aoeeiiaeueiua eiino?oeoeee e noaiiua ?aoaiey aiia?aoia ianeyiie
aaeiia?aoeee oaey. // Na. o?. Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiio.
“Ia?niaeoeaiua oaoiieiaee iaoeiino?iaiey e nia?aiaiiinoue”. – Aeiiaoee:
AeiiAOO. – 1987.- N.24-25.

AIIOAOeIss

Eoaeoo? Aaaeaeuee??i. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.08. – “Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei”. –
Iaoeiiiaeueia ai?ie/a aeaaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaoe?? oaoiieia??
caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano. A ?iaio?
?icaeyaea?oueny ia?niaeoeaiee iai?yiie caaaa/aiiy nieiiiai aoa?eey
oeyoii iaacnieaiiy aiaeiith i?iieaeith ? noi?uaiiy ?? c oaoiieia??th
ianeyii? aaeiia?aoe??, ui caaacia/o? aenieo aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano
iaacaiaeiaiiy oa iaeaai?iaeaeoaaiiy iecueeini?oiiai aoa?eey.
Aeine?aeaeaii aieea iaianeaiiy aoa?eey ia e?iaoeeo nieaaeaeaeaiiy i?e
aiaei?e i?iieaoe?. Anoaiiaeai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e
noi?uaiiai i?ioeano “iaacnieaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y” ca e?eoa???i caeeoeiaiai
ai?noo iao??th o aoa?ee?. Oai?aoe/ii noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie i?aeai?o
?aoe?iiaeueiiai neeaaeo ca(ycoth/i? ?a/aaeie o noi?uaiiio i?ioean?
“i?iieaea-aaeiia?aoe?y”. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy
oaoiieia?? iaoai?/iiai c?eao aiaeii? ie?aee aaeaeooaaiiyi aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaacaiaeiaiiy aaeiia?aoo iaacnieaiiai aoa?eey.
Iaoiaeii oaeoi?iiai ieaioaaiiy iaea?aeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?ioean?a
iaacnieaiiy iaianeaiiai aoa?eey oa iaacaiaeoaaiiy aoaeaianeyiiai
aaeiia?aoo, c aeiiiiiaith yeeo aecia/aii oa?aeoa? oa nooi?iue aieeao ia
i?ioeane iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a. ?ac?iaeaia ?eaeeiia ea?oa
noi?uaiiai i?ioeano “iaacnieaiiy-aaeiia?aoe?y”. A oiiaao IAI “Aaeiae”
aeeiiai? iie?aiii? aei?iaiaoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? ? ?ic?iaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?? i?iieneiaiio aeei?enoaiith.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: cianieaiiy aoa?eey, oaoiieia?y, ianeyia aaeiia?aoe?y,
iaacaiaeiaiiy, iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, aaeaeooaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eoaeooe Aaaeaeuee?ei. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee iaiaauaiey nieaiuo oaeae.-
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.08 – “Iaiaauaiea iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo”.-
Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee e ai?iaaoeee oaoiieiaee
iaiaauaiey nieaiuo oaeae Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna. A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaaaony
ia?niaeoeaiia iai?aaeaiea iaiaauaiey nieaiuo oaeae iooai eo
iaannieeaaiey aiaeiie i?iiuaeie e niaiauaiea aa n oaoiieiaeae ianeyiie
aaeiia?aoeee oaey, /oi iaania/eaaao aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue i?ioeanna
iaacaiaeeaaiey e iaeaai?aaeeaaiey ieceini?oiiai oaey. Enneaaeiaaii
aeeyiea iianeeaaiey oaey ia eeiaoeeo nieaoaeaeaiey i?e aiaeiie i?iiuaea.
Onoaiiaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua ?aaeeiiua ia?aiao?u niaiauaiiiai i?ioeanna
“iaannieeaaiea-aaeiia?aoeey” ii e?eoa?eth inoaoi/iiai niaea?aeaiey
iao?ey a oaea. Oai?aoe/anee noi?ioee?iaaiu i?eioeeiu iiaeai?a
?aoeeiiaeueiiai ninoaaa naycothuaai aauanoaa a niaiauaiiii i?ioeanna
“i?iiuaea — aaeiia?aoeey”. I?aaeeiaeaii e iainiiaaii i?eiaiaiea
oaoiieiaee iaoaie/aneiai n?uaa aiaeiie ieaiee yaeaeoe?iaaieai aeey
iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe iaacaiaeeaaiey aaeiia?aoa iaannieaiiiai oaey.
Iaoiaeii oaeoi?iiai ieaie?iaaiey iieo/aiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee
i?ioeannia iaannieeaaiey iianeaiiiai oaey e iaacaiaeeaaiey oaeaianeyiiai
aaeiia?aoa, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo ii?aaeaeaiu oa?aeoa? e noaiaiue aeeyiey
ia i?ioeannu iniiaiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia. ?ac?aaioaia ?aaeeiiay
ea?oa niaiauaiiiai i?ioeanna “iaannieeaaiea-aaeiia?aoeey”. Aeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?iiuoeaiiiio eniieueciaaieth e ooeeecaoeee nieaiuo
oaeae.

A oneiaeyo III “Oaeiae” auiieiaiu iieeaiiiua eniuoaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiie
oaoiieiaee e ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aa i?iiuoeaiiiio
eniieueciaaieth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaannieeaaiea oaey, oaoiieiaey, ianeyiay aaeiia?aoeey,
iaacaiaeeaaiea, iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee, yaeaeoe?iaaiea.

2

SUMMARY

Kheloufi Abdelkrim. Elaboration of technology of preparation salty
coals.- Manuscript

Thesis for postgraduate’s degree by speciality 05.15.08 – “Iineral
processing”.- National mining university, Dnepropetrovsk, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to analytical topics, elaboration and
approbation of salty coals preparation technology in Western Donbass. In
the work is examined the perspective direction of preparation salty
coals by water washing and overlapping them with oil agglomeration
technology, which provides high efficiency of process dewatering and
ennobling law quality coal. Among the factors analyzed is the effect of
oiled coal on kinetic of salt removal during water washing. Rational
parameters have been established for the combined process
«desalting-agglomeration» by criterion of the residual contents sodium
in coal. The principles for slecting a rational structure of binding
substance in the combined process «washing — agglomeration»
theoretically were formulated. The application of the mechanical failure
of water film technology by ejection which increase the efficiency of
dewatering the agglomerate of desalted coal was proposed and
reasonabled. Using the method of factorial planning, mathematical models
have been received of processes desalting oiled coal and dewatering coal
oil agglomerate, with the help of which have been determined the
character and degree of influence on processes of the basic
technological parameters. The regime card of the combined process
«desalting — agglomeration» was elaborated. Recommendations have been
proposed for the industrial use and utilization salty coals.

In «Haymac» S.I.U. conditions the polygone test of the offered
technology have been realized and the recommendations for its industrial
use have been elaborated.

Key words: coal desalting, oil agglomeration, dewatering, mathematical
models, ejection.

EOAEOOI AAAeAEUeE?II

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?? CAAAA*AIIss NIEIIIAI AOA?EEss

(Aaoi?aoa?ao)

Aiaeiiaiaeaeueiee ca aeione I.A. Caa?ianueeee

Caeaii aei iaai?o 23.11.98 ?. Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo 19.11.98 ?.oi?iao
30o42/4. Iaii? Pollux. Niinia ae?oeo — ?icia?aoiy. Oiiai. ae?oe. A?e.
1,0

Iae. aeee.aai. a?e. 1,0. Oe?aae 70 i?ei. Cai. ? 007

Noiaeiee Aeii

340089, i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia 47

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