OE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OA?*IAEO OAOIIEIA?E

?iiaiiaa Ci?yia Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 663.865 : 663.885

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?? AENIEIAeENIA?NIEO II?IOE?A C ?INEEIII? NE?IAEIE
AeEss AACAEEIAIEUeIEO

OA E?EA?I-AI??E*AIEO IAII?A

05.18.07 – Oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eenea Ethaia
Aanee?aia, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e,
aee?aeoi? Oeaio?o ioe?iee yeino? ne?iaeie oa aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai ei?. AOI
Oe?a?ie Ia?ei/aiei A?eoi? Iiaianiae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th e?ea?i-ai??e/aiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa Eiaaeue/oe Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, Oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo nie?oo ? a?ioaoiieia?? i?iaeiaieue/eo
i?iaeoeo?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo oa?/iai? o?i?? ? oaoiieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie oa
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny: “13” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.058.04 a aoaeeoi??? A-311
Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca
aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca aae?anith: 252033,
Ee?a-33, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “8” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

A/aii? ?aaee e.o.i., n.i.n.
Oaaei?ai/aiei E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaoa nueiaiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iani?eyoeeaeie
aeieia?/ieie oiiaaie. Aeieia?/ia neooaoe?y ia Oe?a?i? iia??oo?oueny
iane?aeeaie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe.

Caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ??ciiiai?oieie oiene/ieie
o?i?/ieie ?a/iaeiaie, a iniiaiiio i?iieneiaiai iioiaeaeaiiy, oa
?aae?iioee?aeaie aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie noai?aiiy iiaeo oa
iie?ioaiiy yeino? o?aaeeoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy ii??iino? i?aai?cio aei oe?aeeeaeo oaeoi??a oa i?enei?aiiy
aeeo/aiiy c i?aai?cio oiene/ieo ?a/iaei, ?aae?iioee?ae?a, aaaeeeo
iaoae?a, oiui.

Oea iaoiiaeth? iio?aao a i?iaeoeoao, caaaa/aieo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieie
?a/iaeiaie (AA?), ui iathoue ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?io ae?th oa i?noyoue
aeinoaoith e?euee?noue a?oai?i?a. Aei oaeeo ?a/iaei iaeaaeaoue: iaeoei,
ee?oeiaeia, aai?oeaetheice, oeaaiii?aee, ea?ioeii?aee, eaoao?ie oa ?io?.
An? oe? AA? i?noyoueny o ?ineeii?e ne?iaei?, iniaeeai a ieiaeiiai/aa?e.
I?iaeoeoe caaeainiaaiiai oa?/oaaiiy, aeaioiaeai? ia iniia? ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie, iiaeii? i?aaethaaoe ae?th iaaaoeaieo /eiiee?a.

A?aeiii, ui i?e ae?iaieoeoa? nie?a, iaeoa??a oa eiina?a?a c
ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie ae/aaee oa na?oeaaeie ieiae?a ia
aeei?enoiaothoue, a a?aei?aaeythoue ia aiae?aeth ooaeiae. I?e oeueiio
?acii c a?aeoiaeaie ao?a/a?oueny a?ae 5% aei 30% a?ieia?/ii oe?iieo
?a/iaei.

Iayai? oaoiieia?? io?eiaiiy ii?ioe?a, ye iai?aoaa?eeao?a aeey aeioneo
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/iai? oa eiina?aii? i?iieneiaino?, ia?aaeaa/athoue
aaaaoinoaae?ei?noue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Oe??ee, na?oeaaeie ?
ae/aaee ieiae?a oa iai/?a a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia aeei?enoiaothoue.

Iaie cai?iiiiiaaia ? ?ic?iaeaia aaca?aeoiaeia oaoiieia?y, yeith
ia?aaeaa/aii aeei?enoaiiy an?o ii?oieia?/ieo /anoei ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie
aeey io?eiaiiy aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a (AAeI) c iaeneiaeueiei
caa?aaeaiiyi AA? ne?iaeie.

Iiyaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue ia iniia? AAeI ?ic?iaeoe caaeainiaai? ca
a?oai?iiei, ai?iieeneioiei ? aoaeaaiaeiei neeaaeii a?iaeiaaaee oa aioia?
o?oieiioeaio?aoe, noo? aacaeeiaieuei? iaii?, a oaeiae iniiae aeey
neaaiaeeiaieueieo ? e?ea?i-ai??e/aieo iaii?a, aeiaaaee oa iniiae aeey
oe?aiiaea?nueeeo, eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ? iaea?iiieo ae?ia?a, nion?a,
eao/oi?a, eenae?a, e?ai?a.

Oiio ?ic?iaeaiiy aaca?aeoiaeii? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ieiaeiiai/aai? oa
ya?aeii? ne?iaeie c iaeneiaeueiei caa?aaeaiiyi AA? ? nai?/aniith ?
aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaiaoeea
aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeea a ieai iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe OAeOOO 1995 –
1996 ?ie?a. Iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?iaioe aeeiioaaeenue ca oaiith 167/411-95
“?ic?iaea iaeaaeiaiiy oa oaoiieia?? aeey io?eiaiiy aenieiaeenia?nieo
ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie” a i?iaeaii?e iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e
eaai?aoi??? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e i?e
OAeOOO.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, uia ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaenieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aoai?aiue iniiaieo a?ieiiiiiaio?a i?ae ae??th o?ce/ieo
aieea?a ?ic?iaeoe aaca?aeoiaeio oaoiieia?th AAeI c ieiaeiiai/aai?
ne?iaeie c iaeneiaeueiei caa?aaeaiiyi AA? oa noai?eoe ia ?o iniia? iia?
iaii?, a?iaeiaaaee ? i?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy.

Aea?? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaea iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo
iniiaieo caaea/:

i?aea?? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey io?eiaiiy AAeI c ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie oa
anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a eiai ?iaioe c
iaeneiaeueiei caa?aaeaiiyi AA? ne?iaeie;

aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo aieiae, a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
iieaciee?a oa iieaciee?a aaciaee AAeI c ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie;

aecia/aiiy ieoiii? iiaa?oi? oa eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy aieiae AAeI c
??ciiiai?oii? ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie;

aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia aeno?aaoaaiiy
a?ieia?/ii-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ?c AAeI;

?ic?iaeaiiy ?aoeaioo? iaii?a ia iniia? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a, ye? a
iaee aenie? iiaeeai?, ae??oe/i? oa e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
aeanoeaino?;

?ic?iaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? ia iiao oaoiieia?th
io?eiaiiy AAeI c ieiaeiiai/aai? oa ya?aeii? ne?iaeie, a oaeiae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o o ae?iaieoeoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th AAeI c ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie;

iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy aacino?oiaiaaiai (AN) ? aa?iaeeiai?/iiai (AAe)
ieei?a aeey io?eiaiiy AAeI c ?ineeii? ne?iaeie ? i?ae?a?ai? iioeiaeuei?
ia?aiao?e ?o ?iaioe, aea?ai? aoaeoeai? ?aaeeie aeenia?aoaaiiy;

anoaiiaeaii iaoaiaoe/io caeaaei?noue aieeao /anoioe iaa?o?a oiaeiaiai
aeicaoi?a (oaeaeeino? iiaea/? ne?iaeie) ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue AN ieeia;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy i?e?ino?oeoo?e ii?ioe?a a i?ioean?
iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? ne?iaeie;

aeyaeaii aieea iaoaiio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a ia aioo??oith aeaeo?iiio
no?oeoo?o io?eiaieo AAeI;

a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?oeiino? aeno?aaaioo oa o?eaaeino? aeno?aaoaaiiy;

iaa?oioiaaia aia?aoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ia noaia oaoiieia?? AAeI c
ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie;

c aeei?enoaiiyi AAeI ?ic?iaeai? ?aoeaioo?e a?oai?iieo iaii?a:
o?oieiioeaio?aoo, aacaeeiaieueiiai ? neaaiaeeiaieueiiai iaii?a oa
aaeuecaio “A?oai?iiee”.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa
aaca?aeoiaeia oaoiieia?y iaea?aeaiiy AAeI c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?o aeey
i?eaiooaaiiy aacaeeiaieueieo, neaaiaeeiaieueieo, e?ea?i-ai??e/aieo
iaii?a, a oaeiae aeiaaaie aei ?ioeo aeae?a i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaia oa caoaa?aeaeaia ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y (O?, OO)
ia ae?iaieoeoai aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c iai/aai? oa
ieiaeiai-ya?aeii? ne?iaeie, a naia: ii?eae, ao?yeo, /anieeo, oeeaoe?,
yaeoe, ai?ioo, ai?iaeie /i?ii? oa /a?aiii?, eaionoe, eaaa/e?a ? aa?aoca.

Cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y i?ieoea aei?iaoaaiiy ia aa?ii?iieneiaiio
eiiieaen? “Aa?anaiue – Oieae?ia” a n. ?iaic?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? oa ia
CAO “Neaayineay aaea”, i?noi Oieiae Caii??cueei? iaeano?.

Ui??/iee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa AAeI ca i?iaeoii i?e caaaeueiiio ianyc?
?iaanoeoe?e 409 oen. a?i. noaiiaeoue 244,8 o. ??/iee i?eaooie noaiiaeoue
350 oen.a?i. Ia??iae ieoiiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue noaiiaeoue 1,16
?iee. Eiao?oe??io aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? 0,86.

Nioe?aeueiee aoaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii? aaaaoeo ia
AA? oaeeo ii?oieia?/ieo /anoei ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie, ye oe??ee oa
na?oeaaeie ? aeei?enoaiiy ?o o neeaae? AAeI aeey i?eaiooaaiiy iiaeo
aacaeeiaieueieo, neaaiaeeiaieueieo ? e?ea?i-ai??e/aieo iaii?a,
a?iaeiaaaie, aeiaaaie a i?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy AAeI c
iaeneiaeueiei caa?aaeaiiyi AA? aeanoue iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?eoe ani?oeiaio
i?iaeoeo?a c ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ieie ? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieie
aeanoeainoyie oa i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue eoeueoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy. Aaeeaaiiy iaii?a oa i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/oaaiiy ia iniia? AAeI oa c ?o aeiaaaeith ni?ey? iie?auaiith
caei?ia’y a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaii? iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a a eaai?aoi?ieo ?
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao, ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o ocaaaeueiaii?,
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? o ?ic?iaoe? ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??,
i?aeaioiaoe? ioae?eaoe?e ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee aeeeaaeai? e iaaiai?ai? ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiaa
oeiea e?a?i NIAe ii ae??aeaiith oa aeoeaaoe??” /i.Ee?a, 1996?./, ia
Oino?e iaoeia?e oeie? e?a?i NIAe “A?a?ioaoiieia?y –96” ii iaoai?/i?e
ia?iaoe? aeenia?nieo iaoa??ae?a ? na?aaeiaeu /i.Iaeana 1996/, ia
Ae?oaiio i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “I?ioe?aae?aoe?ei? caniae oa ?o
canoinoaaiiy o ca’yceo c aaa???th ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN /i.Ee?a,
1997/, ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie
oaoi?/ii? o?i?? a Oe?a?i?” /i.Oa?e?a 1997/, ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?ey e i?aeoeea i?ioeannia eciaeue/aiey, ?acaeaeaiey,
niaoaiey e oieioiaiey” /i. Iaeana, 1998/, ia *aoaa?oiio neiiic?oi?
aenoaaoe? “Caniae caoenoo ethaeeie ca iani?eyoeeaeo aeieia?/ieo oiia”
/i.Ee?a, 1998/, ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?ey e
i?aeoeea i?ioeannia eciaeue/aiey, ?acaeaeaiey, niaoaiey e oieioiaiey”
/i. Iaeana, 1999/, a oaeiae ia nai?ia?ao IIAeE, ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (OAeOOO), /i.Ee?a, 1998/, ia 65
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? OAeOOO /i.Ee?a, 1999/.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o, o
oiio /ene? 3 ?iaioe o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE Oe?a?ie,
iaoa??aeao iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, e??i oiai a 1999 ?ioe?
iiaeaii 2 cayaee ia iaoaio Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy, nieneo aeei?enoaiieo aeaea?ae, yeee i?noeoue 168
iaeiaioaaiue, oa 6 aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 175 noi??ieao
iniiaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 57 ?enoie?a ? 68 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
aecia/aii iaoo oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, c’yniaaii iaoeiao oa i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oa?aeoa?enoeea ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie oa oaoiieia?e
aeey io?eiaiiy ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie” iaaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y
ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie ca ii?oieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie, a oaeiae
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?? a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae oa o?i?/iiai neeaaeo.

I?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee ia?a?iaee ? caa??aaiiy ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie.
?icaeyioo? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie c iaoith
io?eiaiiy ii?ioe?a. C?iaeaii aiae?c iiae??aithaa/?a oa i?ioean?a, ye?
i?ioiaeyoue i?e iaoaii-o?i?/i?e aeano?oeoe?? ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie.

Aea?ai? iniiai? iai?yiee oa noi?ioeueiaai? eiie?aoi? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue aeey ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c
?ineeiii? ne?iaeie oa aeei?enoaiiy ?o aeey iaea?aeaiiy iiaeo
a?oai?i?ciaaieo ? caaeainiaaieo iaii?a i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ia’?eoe oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue” i?eaaaeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eo?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee: ao?yee noieia?, ii?eaa, oeeaoey, aa?aoce,
eaaa/ee, eaionoa, yaeoea, ai?iaeia /a?aiia ? /i?iiie?aeia oa AAeI c ieo.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo ? i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeei?enoiaoaaee onoaiiaee aeey a?oaiai iiae??aiaiiy (oa?oooeiaa
ae?iaa?ea oa iai/a??cia iaoeia IO-10000) ? aeenia?aoaaiiy ieiaeiiai/aai?
ne?iaeie (aacinooiaiaaee oa aa?iaeeiai?/iee ieeie). I?aenoooaaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia nooa?eao oeio “Nooia?e-3” c ?io?a/a?aiieie
aei?ii?ithaa/aie.

A?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae AAeI aecia/aee neoiaei oa naaeeiaioaoe?eiei
(?ici??e /anoie iaio? 100 iei) iaoiaeaie, a oaeiae ca aeiiiiiaith
iiey?ecaoe?eiiai i?e?ineiio I?I-8. Aeey aecia/aiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie, aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a, aiaeii-nie?oiaeo ianoi?a
oa aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaee caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeai? a niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo??. Aeaye? iaoiaeeee
aoee iiaeeo?eiaai? c o?aooaaiiyi ia’?eo?a oa oiia aeine?aeaeaiue.

No?oeoo?i? ci?ie ?ineeiii? ee?oeie a i?ioean? aeenia?aoaaiiy oa
aeno?aaoaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iiey?ecaoe?eiiai
i?e?ineiio. Ci?ie a i?aeiieaeoey?ieo ca’yceao aecia/aee iaoiaeii
aeaeo?iiii-iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe?? (AIA).

Iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? anoaiiaeaiiy iaeneiaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ANI
a?ae /anoioe iaa?o?a iniiaieo eiai aeaiaio?a oa aecia/aiiy oa?i?io
aeno?aaoaaiiy aeno?aeoeaieo oa a?ieia?/ii-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei a?ae
i?oeiino? aiaeii-nie?oiaeo aeno?aaaio?a oa oa?i?io aeno?aaoaaiiy
io?eioaaee ca aeiiiiiaith IAII (Excel 7.0 for Windows 98, MathCad).

A i?iieneiaeo oiiaao aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? a?aeiia?aeii c
?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo ?ia?o.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aeei?enoaiiy aacino?oiaiaaiai ieeia aeey
iaea?aeaiiy aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie” iaaaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi aacino?oiaiaaiai ieeia.

I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aacino?oiaiaa? ieeie, ye?
?ai?oa aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aeenia?aoaaiiy i?ia?aeueii? ne?iaeie, iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey io?eiaiiy AAeI c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie.

, oene o oi?noieao i?e aeoiae? ieeia a noaoe?iia?iee ?aaeei ?iaioe
noaiiaeoue 2,9…3,3 iIa.

4,1%.

I?ioean aeenia?aoaaiiy ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o
iiia?aaeiueiai iiae??aiaiiy. Aeioe?eueii a?oaa iiae??aiaiiy ne?iaeie
i?iaiaeeoe o aeaeyae? no?oaeee ia iaoei? oeio IO-10000.

A aacino?oiaiaaiio ieei? i?ioiaeeoue iaeii/ania aeenia?aoaaiiy oa
aenoooaaiiy ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie aei ai?noo aieiae 6…8%.

AAeI, io?eiai? ia aacino?oiaiaaiio ieei?, neeaaeaeenue ia 98…99% c
/anoie ?ici??ii iaioa 250 iei: 40…86% /anoie iaioa 120 iei ? ia 16…60%
/anoie iaioa 50 iei.

Anoaiiaeaia ia?niaeoeai?noue aeenia?aoaaiiy ae/aaie c ieiaeiiai/aai?
ne?iaeie, ui caeeoathoueny i?ney i?eaiooaaiiy nieo. Io?eiai? ii?ioee ?c
ae/aaie i?noeee aei 50% aoaeaaiae?a oa aei 10% a?oai?i?a, ai?no iaeoeio
? ee?oeiaeie o 2 ?ace ia?aaeuoaaa ai?no oeeo ?a/iaei o AAeI, io?eiaieo c
oe?eueii? ne?iaeie.

— ea?ioeio, i?aai?/ieo eeneio, ?ic/eiiiai iaeoeio oa ciaioaiiy
ee?oeiaeie, e?ioiaeth, i?ioiiaeoeio ca ?aooiie iaoaiio?i?/ii?
aeano?oeoe?? neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe aei a?eueo i?inoeo oa ca
?aooiie aea?eueiaiiy ?o ?c i?aeee?oeiiiai i?inoi?o (oaae.1).

Oa?i?i caa??aaiiy AAeI, caiaeiaaieo o aa?iaoe/io oa?o, neeaaea? 1…2
?iee, a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo ne?iaeie.

Ca iieacieeaie aaciaee AAeI a?aeiia?aeaee iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iei aeiiaai.
Ai?no eaaei?th, oeeieo ? naeioeth ia 0,01% ia?aaeuoaaa aeiionoei? ii?ie,
ca ?aooiie i?iaeoeo?a cai?aiiy i?e i?ae?a??aaii? nooeeueiiai aaaioo
iacooii /e aacii (ii i?eioeeio i?aeaioiaee iia?o?y-oaieiiin?y a a??ie/?e
i?iieneiaino?). Oiio i?aeaioiaeo iia?o?y-oaieiiin?y iio??aii ia?aaeyiooe
i?e iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoaii? ANI aeey i?eaiooaaiiy AAeI c ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie.

I?iaeoeoeai?noue aacino?oiaiaaiai ieeia ii AAeI i?e aeenia?aoaaii?
?ineeiii? ne?iaeie c aaeeeei ai?noii aieiae noaiiaeoue 7…10 ea/aiae. I?e
ae/aaethaaii? nieo c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie ia?aae iiaea/ath ?? a ANI aei
ai?noo aieiae 25…45% i?iaeoeoeai?noue c?inoa? ? noaiiaeoue 10…12
ea/aiae. ii aioiaiio AAeI.

Aeey i?iieneiaiai aeioneo AAeI ?c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie iaiao?aeii
?ic?iaeoe iiaee aeenia?aaoi? c o?aooaaiiyi oeo iaaeie?e?a, ye? aeyaeai?
i?e aeei?enoaii? aacino?oiaiaaiai ieeia.

Oaaeeoey 1

O?i?/iee neeaae ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie a?oai iiae??aiaii? oa i?ney
aeenia?aoaaiiy

Iaeiaioaaiiy

ne?iaeie Ai?no iie?oeoe?eae?a, a/100a

Ai?no i?aai?/ieo eeneio, ia/100a

?ic/eiiiai iaeoeio Ee?oeiaeie

A?oaa

iiae??aiaiiy Aeenia?-

aoaaiiy A?oaa

iiae??aiaiiy Aeenia?-

Aoaaiiy A?oaa

iiae??aiaiiy Aeenia?-

aoaaiiy

Ao?ye noieiaee 3,36 10,34 4,15 2,96 1,2 1,7

Ii?eaa 3,76 11,04 4,54 3,21 2,0 2,7

Ai?iaeia /i?iiie?aeia 1,71 8,87 5,98 2,26 2,4 3,6

Ai?iaeia /a?aiia 1,23 7,98 5,96 2,26 2,7 3,8

Eaionoa 1,28 3,61 4,21 2,38 1,3 2,21

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie c aeei?enoaiiyi
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai ieeia” aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? AAeI c
aeei?enoaiiyi AAe ieeia (?en.1)

Noa?ee?caoe?y nieo

Ia ?aae?caoe?th

Ia ?aae?caoe?th

?en.1. I?eioeeiiaa oaoiieia?/ia noaia iaea?aeaiiy aenieiaeenia?nieo
ii?ioe?a.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? AAe ieeia, ?ineeiio ne?iaeio ia?aae
iiaea/ath a AAe ieei i?aenoooaaee ia nooa?oe? “Nooia?e-3” c
?io?a/a?aiieie aei?ii?ithaa/aie. Iiooaei?noue aeenia?aaoi?a OI?N-012 ii
AAeI noaiiaeoue 80…120 ea/aiae, aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? – 0,02eAo .
aiae/ea. AAeI, io?eiai? a AAe ieei?, iaee ia 16% aeuo aeenia?ni?noue
i?ae AAeI, io?eiai? a AN ieei?, a /anoee c ?ici??ii iaioa 120 iei
neeaaeaee 95…98% (?en.2).

?en.2. A?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a, io?eiaieo ia
aa?iaeeiai?/iiio ieei?.

-ea?ioeio). Ai?no ai?iieeneio ca?eueooaaany a 1,1…4,5 ?ac?a a
ii??aiyii? c ?o ai?noii a i?aenooai?e ne?iaei?.

Oea c?inoaiiy ai?noo eiiiiiaio?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie aeano?oeoe??
neeaaeieo iie?oeoe??a oa a?ee?a aei iiiioeoe??a oa ai?iieeneio, a oaeiae
aea?eueiaiiy eiiiiiaio?a c i?aeee?oeiiiai i?inoi?o i?ae /an
aeenia?aoaaiiy ne?iaeie.

O aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioeao, io?eiaieo ia AAe ieei?, aeine?aeaeoaaee
iieacieee aaciaee (ai?no i?o?ao?a, oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a, i?eioienei?a oa
i?e?ia?ieia?/i? iieacieee). Aiie ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao
a?aie/ii-aeiionoeieo ii?i ? a?aeiia?aeathoue iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iei aeiiaai
ca?aeii IAO ? 5061-89 ? NaiI?i 42-123-4089.

A i?ioean? iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? ieiae?a ? iai/?a i?ioiaeeoue
?oeioaaiiy ?ineeiii? oeaieie oa ooai?ththoueny aeaoaeoe a ee?oeii?e
no?oeoo??, ui i?aeoaa?aeeeinue iaoiaeii i?e?ineii?? (iiey?ecaoe?eii? oa
aeaeo?iiii?). Ca ?aooiie oeueiai ca?eueoo?oueny ai?no a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o AAeI.

Ine?eueee iaie aeyaeai? aeaoaeoe a ?ineeii?e oeaiei? ca ?aooiie
iaoaiiaeano?oeoe??, aaaeeeaei aoei io?eiaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aioo??oith
aeaeo?iiio no?oeoo?o aeaoaeo?a ??ciiiai?oii? aoiiii? eiio?ao?aoe??. Oaeo
oi?eaeueio ?ioi?iaoe?th iiaeeeai io?eiaoe oeyoii eieae?caoe?? iiceo?ii?a
a aeaoaeoao iaoiaeii AIA. Niaeo?e eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo ai?a?eyoe?eieo
oioii?a (E?AO) aei??thaaee ia noaiaea?oiiio aeiaaiu?eeiiiio niaeo?iiao??
c eooiaei i?ioiaeaeaiiyi 1 i?aae. Ia ?en. 3. iaaaaeaiee caaaeueiee
aeaeyae niaeo?o E?AO ii?ioeo ao?yea.

?en. 3. Caaaeueiee aeaeyae niaeo??a eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo ai?a?eyoe?eieo
oioii?a aenieiaeenia?niiai ii?ioeo ao?yea

).

Ca ?acoeueoaie ?ic?aooie?a aeey AAeI ? ii??aithth/e ?o c aeaieie aeey
??aeeiai ae?oea?eio, iiei/iiai aee?o, ioieiaeaeaiiai oa aeo?eiaiiai i?e
e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??, a oaeiae aeey ieneaeo OBa2Cu3O7 c aaeain?yie ?
aac aaeain?e a ?ao?ooe? eenith, acyoeie c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, i?eeoee
aei aeniiaeo, ui i?ney aeenia?aoaaiiy ao?yea, na?aaei?e ?aae?on
eieae?caoe?? aeaeo?iia ia ?iiao eenith ? ?aae?on eieae?caoe?? aeaeo?iia
ia oeaio?ao ai?a?eyoe??, ui iathoue iaioee ?ici?? ? ? F-oeaio?aie
i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny ? noaiiaeoue 0,062 ii ? 0,064 ii a?aeiia?aeii.
Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeenia?aoaaiiy ao?yea noieiaiai oeyoii
iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeeno?oeoe?? ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?i eiioeaio?aoe?e
no?oeoo?ieo aaeain?e ? ?o ?ici???a. Oeaio?e caaa?aeaiiy (F-oeaio?e)
caeaaeaoue a?ae neee ca’yceo aeaeo?iio c ioi/oth/eie ?iiaie eenith. Eiee
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeeno?oeoe??, ciaioo?oueny
eiioeai?aoe?y ?ii?a eenith ? ?aae?on eieae?caoe?? aeae?iia a F-oeaio?ao
ca?eueoo?oueny. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iie?auaiiy niaeiaeo aeanoeainoae ?
caa?aaeaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei AAeI. Iaoiaeii AIA anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey
aeaio c?ace?a: ao?yea i?aenooaiiai ? AAeI c ao?yeo ii?e ?ici??o
a?eueoiai ca 0,2…0,5 ii ia aecia/athoueny. Ioaea, aeaoaeoe a ee?oeii?e
no?oeoo?? AAeI aecia/athoueny aei no?oeoo?ieo aaeain?e ui ? F-oeaio?aie
? aecia/athoue caaa?aeaiiy ii?ioeo.

Ca ?aooiie aeniei? aeenia?niino? AAeI oaeaeoa ? a?eueoa iiaeeiathoue
aieiae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?oa? iiiaee ao?yea noieiaiai iiaeeiathoue aiaeo
aeiaoa (0,85 ie/a), i?ae AAeI ao?yea (1,0 ie/a) ca 3000 n. Anoaiiaeaii
oaeiae, ui /ei a?eueoa ieoiia iiaa?oiy AAeI, oei a?eueoee eiao?oe??io
oaeaeeino? iiaeeiaiiy aieiae. Aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa oaeaeeino?
iiaeeiaiiy iaea?eueoa o AAeI c ii?eae ? noaiiaeoue 0,0029, a iaeiaioa o
AAeI c ai?iaeie /i?iiie?aeii? ? noaiiaeoue 0,0001. Aaee/eia ieoiii?
iiaa?oi? iaea?eueoa o AAeI c ii?eae (29,23 i2/a), a iaeiaioa o AAeI c
/i?iiie?aeii? ai?iaeie (20,61 i2/a).

Aeno?aaoaaiiy AA? ?c AAeI c? caa?aaeaiiyi a?oai?iiiai eiiieaeno
iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe aiaeii-nie?oiaeie ?ic/eiaie i?oei?noth 30…40%.
??aiiaaaeiee noai i?e aeno?aaoaaii? ianooia? /a?ac 1,0…2,0 aiaeeie
aeno?aaaioaie caeaaeii a?ae i?oeiino? aeno?aaaioo (?en. 4). Anoaiiaeai?
iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeno?aaoaaiiy AA?, ye? noaiiaeyoue aeey aeeo/aiiy
?ic/eiieo oeoe??a, a?oai?i?a, aeoaeeueieo ?a/iaei – 1…2 aiae, aeey an?o
?ioeo (aioioe?ai?a, oaiieueieo niieoe) – 5 aiae.

?en. 4. Caeaaei?noue aeoiaeo aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei c aenieiaeenia?niiai
ii?ioeo yaeoe aeno?aaaioaie ??cii? i?oeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino?
aeno?aaoaaiiy.

, aeia?a iieno? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? (?en. 5).

?en. 5. A?ao?e aii??e/ii? ooieoe??, ui iieno? i?ioean caeaaeiino?
aeoiaeo aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei c AAeI /i?iiie?aeii? ai?iaeie a?ae
i?oeiino? aeno?aaaioo ? o?eaaeino? aeno?aaoaaiiy.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? “?ic?iaea oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeo iaii?a oa
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ia iniia? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie” ?icaeyioo? iiaeeeaino? ia?niaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy AAeI a
oa?/ia?e oa ia?a?iai?e i?iieneiaino? c o?aooaaiiyi oa?/iai? oe?iiino? o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c oi?ioeith caaeainiaaiiai oa?/oaaiiy.

Ia iniia? AAeI ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y oa ?aoeaioo?a a?oai?i?ciaaiiai
o?oieiioeaio?aoo “Ai?iaeiiaee”: 20…25a ii?ioeiaiai o?oieiioeaio?aoo
?ic/eiythoue a 200 ie oieiaeii? aiaee, aai aacothoue o neoii?.
A?aeiiaeai? c ii?ioeiaeo noi?oae iaii? iathoue i?e?iiee eie??, niae oa
a?iiao, iaeii??aeio no?oeoo?o, aa?iii?/i? ? ei?eni? c AAeI yaeoe oa
ii?eae, ei?enooth/enue oi?ioeith caaeainiaaiiai oa?/oaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii
eiioeaio?aoe ieiaeiiai/aaiai nieo c i’yeiooth oa ith?a.

C aeei?enoaiiyi ieiaeiiai/aaeo AAeI ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y ? ?aoeaioo?e
aacaeeiaieueiiai oa neaaiaeeiaieueiiai iaii?a c iyeiooth “A?oai?iiee”.

Anoaiiaeai? iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeno?aaoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
?c AAeI aiaeii-nie?oiaei ?ic/eiii, i?oei?noth 30%…40% aeicaieeee
iaa?oiooaaoe ? ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?th oa ?aoeaioo?o aaeuecaio
“A?oai?iiee”, aei neeaaeo yeiai aa?eoee ianoi? ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai
caeeao AAeI ai?iaeie /a?aiii?, /i?ii? ? yaeoe, ianoi? o?aa oa ei??iiy,
nieiaeee aiei? ? a?ae??, ieiae?a oeioeie, ea?o?a eeie, aeaoe??,
iaoa??-e-ia/ooe, o?aae aeaa’yoeneeo; ianoi? ieeeo ea?oeiaiai oa
i?iiie?no, n?e aeoiaaee, iaae, oeoei?, eiea? oa ie?y eeiiiia.

A oinoiio ?icae?e? “?ic?aooiie aoaeoeaiino? i?iaeoo i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a” iaaaaeaiee i?iaeo ae?iaieoeoaa
AAeI ca aaca?aeoiaeiith oaoiieia??th.

I?iaeoii ia?aaeaa/aii ae?iaieoeoai iaoo?aeueieo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
eiiiiceoe?e oa oa?/iaeo aeiaaaie ia iniia? AAeI c ieiaeiiai/aai?
ne?iaeie c iaoith canoinoaaiiy ?o a aacaeeiaieuei?e oa e?ea?i-ai??e/ai?e
i?iieeiaino?.

Cai?iiiiiaaia aaca?aeoiaeia oaoiieia?y caaacia/o? caa?aaeaiiy
iaeneiaeueii? e?eueeino? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ne?iaeie, ine?eueee
a i?ioean? ia?a?iaee i?eeiathoue o/anoue an? ?? ii?oieia?/i? /anoeie.
Oea, a naith /a?ao, aeicaiey? caa?aaoe iiaeeai? aeanoeaino? ne?iaeie, a
oaeiae ?? a?ieia?/io oe?ii?noue o e?ioeaaiio i?iaeoeo? – AAeI.

I?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy iiae??aithaa/a OI?N-012 aeey io?eiaiiy AAeI c
ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie i?iaaaeai? a i. Oieiae, Caii??cueei? iaeano?,
CAO “Neaayineay aaea”, aea ui??/iee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa AAeI noaiiaea
a?ey 250 o ca oiiae iaeiici?iii? ?iaioe i?ioyaii 255 aei?a. Aei?iaiaaii
oaoiieia?th aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c 10 aeae?a ne?iaeie.

Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaanoeoe?e, iaiao?aeieo aeey ?aae?caoe??, i?iaeoo
aei??aith? 409,2 oen. a?i. ??/iee i?eaooie, ui aa?aioo?oueny i?iaeoii,
neeaaeaoeia 534,96 oen.a?i.

AENIIAEE

C iaoith ciaioaiiy ao?ao ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie oa a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
?a/iaei i?e ia?a?iaoe? ? caa??aaii? ?ic?iaeaia aaca?aeoiaeia oaoiieia?y
aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c aeei?enoaiiyi oi?aa?naeueiiai
iiae??aithaa/a – aa?iaeeiai?/iiai ieeia OI?N-012, aea i?ioean
aeenia?aoaaiiy ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie i?ioiaeeoue aei ?ici???a /anoeiie, ia
a?eueoeo ca 200 iei. Aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? i?e ia?a?iaoe? ne?iaeie
noaiiaeyoue 0,023 eAo.aiae ia ea, a i?iaeoeoeai?noue iia??aithaa/a ii
aioiaiio i?iaeoeoo – 80…120 ea/aiae.

Aeine?aeiei oeyoii anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey caiia?aaiiy iaeeiaiiy /anoie
ne?iaeie ia aioo??oi? no?iee ei?iona aacino?oiaiaaiai aai
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai ieeia, aeey caa?aaeaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
ne?iaeie ? i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ieei?a, ne?iaeio ia?aae
aeenia?aoaaiiyi ne?ae a?oai iiae??aithaaoe aei aaee/eie /anoie 3…4 ii oa
i?aenoooaaoe aai ae/aaethaaoe n?e aei ai?noo aieiae 25…40%. N?e i?ney
ae/aaethaaiiy ne?iaeie ?aae?co?oueny ye aioiaee i?iaeoeo.

–ea?ioeio) ca ?aooiie aea?eueiaiiy ?o c i?aeee?oeiiiai i?inoi?o.
A?aeiiaethaaeuei?noue ii?ioe?a – 2…3 oaeeeie. Ca i?aaiieaioe/ieie
iieacieeaie aenieiaeenia?ni? ii?ioee a?aeiia?aeathoue aeo?aei?e
ne?iaei?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?ioean? iaoaiio?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? i?ioiaeeoue
ii?ooaiiy ee?oeiii? no?oeoo?e ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie. Oea aeicaiey?
i?enei?eoe i?ioean aeno?aaoaaiiy aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ?c ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie. ??aiiaaaeiee noai i?e aeno?aaoaaii? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a
ianooia? aaea /a?ac 1…2 aiaeeie.

Iaoiaeii aeaeo?iiii-iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe?? anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?ioean?
aeenia?aoaaiiy ao?yeo na?aaei?e ?aae?on eieae?caoe?? aeaeo?iia ia ?iiao
eenith ? ?aae?on eieae?caoe?? aeaeo?iia ia oeaio?ao ai?a?eyoe??
i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny. Oea icia/a?, ui aeenia?aoaaiiy ao?yeo
noieiaiai ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?i eiioeaio?aoe?e no?oeoo?ieo aaeain?e ?
?o ?ici???a. Aecia/ai? ?ici??e no?oeoo?ieo aaeain?e, ye? ? F-oeaio?aie ?
aecia/athoue caaa?aeaiiy ii?ioeo. Ioaea aeenia?aoaaiiy i?ioiaeeoue aei
F-oeaio??a ? ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?i yeino? i?iaeoeoo.

Ai?no ianoeoeeae?a, i?eioieneio, i?o?ao?a, oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a a
aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioeao ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao aeiionoeieo ii?i,
aeicaieaieo I?i?noa?noaii ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie. Ine?eueee ai?no
iieaciee?a aaciaee aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o ai?noo a
aeo?aei?e ne?iaei?, ia ia?a?iaeo ia ne?ae aeiioneaoe ne?iaeio, a ye?e ?o
e?euee?noue ia?aaeuo? aeiionoei? ??ai?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aenieiaeenia?ni? ii?ioee iathoue oei a?eueo?
aiaeiiiaeeiath/? aeanoeaino?, /ei a?eueoa ?o ieoiia iiaa?oiy.
Eiao?oe??io aiaeiiiaeeiaiiy iaea?eueoee o aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioeao c
ii?eae ? noaiiaeoue 0,0029, a iaeiaioee o aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioeao c
/i?iiie?aeii? ai?iaeie ? noaiiaeoue 0,0001.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?i?i caa??aaiiy aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a a
aa?iaoe/ii cae?eo?e oiaeiaoe? neeaaea? 1…2 ?iee (a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeaeo ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie oa niiniao iaeoaaiiy).

Aeey caa?aaeaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, iniaeeai a?oai?i?a,
aeno?aaoaaiiy aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a
iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe aiaeii-nie?oiaei ?ic/eiii i?oei?noth 30%.

Ia iniia? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a, io?eiaieo c ieiaeiiai/aai?
ne?iaeie ?ic?iaeai? ?aoeaioo?e nooiai aacaeeiaieueiiai iaiith,
eiioeaio?iaaiiai nieo c i’yeiooth, ith?a, aacaeeiaieueiiai ?
neaaiaeeiaieueiiai iaii?a oa aaeuecaio “A?oai?iiee”.

?acoeueoaoe aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ? aeina?ae ?iaioe CAO “Neaayineay
aaea” iieacothoue, ui ia??iae ieoiiino? ?iaanoeoe?e o ae?iaieoeoai
aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a neeaaea? 1,3 ?ieo.

Aeei?enoaiiy aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a, ye caaaeueii-ci?oeithaaeueieo
i?aia?ao?a, ye a?oai?iieo aeiaaaie, a oaeiae ye ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi??a oa
?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a aea? aenieee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee aoaeo.

Oaoiieia?y oa aia?aoo?a caeai? caaiaenuee?e ? i?iieneia?e eii?n?? ia CAO
“Neaayineay aaea” i. Oieiae, Caii??cueei? iaeano?.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee o ?iaioao

Eenea E.A, ?iiaiiaa C.I, Ioae?ae O.I. Aenieiaeenia?ni? ii?ioee //
Oa?/iaa ? ia?a?iaia i?iieneia?noue. – 1997. – ? 9. – N.19.

Eenea E.A., Noaoeiaa I.A, ?iiaiiaa C.I. Aenieiaeenia?niee iiiae ca?ia ia
aacino?oiaiaaiio ieei? // Ca?ii ? oe?a. – 1997. – ? 4. – N.21-22.

Eenea E.A., ?iiaiiaa C.I., ?eena?aa I.E. Aia?aaoe/ia oa oa?/iaa
oe?ii?noue aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie // Oa?/iaa
i?iieneia?noue / I?aea?aeii/ee oaiaoe/iee iaoeiaee ca??iee. – E.:
OAeOOO, 1998. Aei.43-44. – N.176-179.

Iia? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy c i?ioaeoi?iei aieeaii / E.A. Eenea, A.I.
N?iao?ia, A.I. Aaiaeo?aiei C.I. ?iiaiiaa // Iaaee/iee eiinoeueoaio. –
1997. – ? 2. – N. 38-40.

Eenea E.A., ?iiaiiaa C.I., Aaicaeueia TH.I. Aeiaaaee c ooieoe?iiaeueiei
i?ecia/aiiyi // Iaaee/iee eiinoeueoaio. – 1999. – ? 3. – N. 20-24.

Eenea E.A., Ioae?ae O.A., ?iiaiiaa C.I. Aunieiaeenia?niua ieiaeiyaiaeiua
ii?ioee a ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe //Oacenu aeieeaaeia /Oanoay iao/iay
oeiea no?ai NIA “Aea?ioaoiieiaey –96” ii iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioea
aeenia?niuo iaoa?eaeia. – Iaeanna.: III “AIOOI”.- 1996. – N.118-121.

Eenea E.A., Ioae?ae O.E., ?iiaiiaa C.I. Enneaaeiaaiea ?acee/iuo
iiaeeoeeaoeee eciaeue/eoaeae aeey iieo/aiey ii?ioeia ec ?anoeoaeueiiai
nu?uey //Oacenu aeieeaaeia /Oanoay iao/iay oeiea no?ai NIA
“Aea?ioaoiieiaey –96” ii iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioea aeenia?niuo iaoa?eaeia.
– Iaeanna.: III “AIOOI”.- 1996. – N.41-42

Iaoaiio?i?y o ae?iaieoeoa? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ieiaeiaiya?aeii?
ne?iaeie / E.A. Eenea, C.I. ?iiaiiaa, I.E. ?eena?aa, O.I. Ioae?ae, I.I.
Oiaeue //Nai?iee o?oaeia ii oaoie/aneie oeiee. – E.: I?i. i?ii. Oe?a?ie.
Oe?.o?i.oiaa?enoai, 1997. – N. 239-241.

Aiioaoe?y

?iiaiiaa C.I. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii?
ne?iaie aeey aacaeeiaieueieo oa e?ea?i-ai??e/aieo iaii?a. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.07 – oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a a?iae?iiy.
Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aenia?eiaioaeueiei oa oai?aoe/iei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?ioean io?eiaiiy
aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie. Aeey aeenia?aoaaiiy
ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie aeei?enoiaoaaee oi?aa?naeueiee iiae??aithaa/ –
aa?iaeeiai?/iee (AAe) ieei OI?N-012. A oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? aeey
aeenia?aoaaiiy ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie AAe ieei aeei?enoiao?oueny
aia?oa. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeenia?aoaaiiy
ieiae?a oa iai/?a c iaeneiaeueiei caa?aaeaiiyi a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
?a/iaei ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie. Anoaiiaeai? iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?iaioe
oi?aa?naeueiiai iiae??aithaa/a OI?N-012, aea ne?iaeia iaeii/anii
aenooo?oueny ? aeenia?ao?oueny aei aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a c
?ici??aie /anoie, iaioeie 200 iei, aieiaiai?no noaiiaeoue 7…8%.

Aeey caa?aaeaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, iniaeeai a?oai?i?a,
aeno?aaoaaiiy aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei aenieiaeenia?nieo ii?ioe?a
iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe aiaeii-nie?oiaei ?ic/eiii i?oei?noth 30…40%
i?ioyaii 1..2 aiaeei.

Io?eiai? aenieiaeenia?ni? ii?ioee a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai aei ii?ioe?a,
ui aeei?enoiaothoue aeey i?eaiooaaiiy ae??oe/ieo i?iaeoeo?a oa
i?iaeoeo?a aeeoy/iai oa?/oaaiiy. Io?eiai? ?aoeaioo?e ia aacaeeiaieueiee
aaciaaiee iai?e “Ai?iaeiiaee”, neaaiaeeiaieueiee iai?e “A?oai?iiee” oa
aaeuecaio “A?oai?iiee”. ?aoeaioo?e neaaiaeeiaieueiiai iaiith oa
aaeuecaio caoaa?aeaeai? Oeaio?aeueiith aeaaonoaoe?eiith eii?n??th
eiioea?io Oe?nie?o.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noo?iiy, aeenia?aoaaiiy, ?ineeiia ne?iaeia,
iaoaiio?i?/ia aeano?oeoe?y, aenieiaeenia?niee ii?ioie, a?ieia?/ii
aeoeai? ?a/iaeie, aeno?aeoe?y, iai?e.

AIIIOAOeEss

?iiaiiaa C.I. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee aunieiaeenia?niuo ii?ioeia ec
?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey aeey aacaeeiaieueiuo e eeea?i-aiaei/iuo iaieoeia.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.07 – oaoiieiaey i?iaeoeoia a?iaeaiey.
Oe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ieuaauo oaoiieiaee, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua e oai?aoe/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia i?ioeann iieo/aiey
aunieiaeenia?niuo ii?ioeia (AAeI) ec ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey n oeaeueth
iieo/aiey ia eo iniiaa aacaeeiaieueiuo, neaaiaeeiaieueiuo e
eeea?i-aiaei/iuo iaieoeia.

AAeI n ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey iieo/aee ia oieaa?naeueiii eciaeue/eoaea –
ay?iaeeiaie/aneie (AAe) iaeueieoea OE?N-012. A ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe
aeey aeenia?ae?iaaiey ieiaeiiaiuiiai nu?uey oaeie aeae eciaeue/eoaey
i?eiaiyaony aia?aua.

A eaai?aoi?iuo e i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oneiaeyo ia iniiaaiee
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo iiaeia?aiu iioeiaeueiua oneiaey
aeenia?ae?iaaiey ieiaeia, yaiae e iaiuae n iaeneiaeueiui nio?aiaieai
aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa (AA?) ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey. Nu?uea
aeenia?ae?oaony aei ?acia?ia /anoeoe, iaiueoeo 200 iei aneaaenoaea
nioaea?aiee /anoeoe iaaeaeo niaie e n oaea?iuie yeaiaioaie AAe
iaeueieoeu. Iieo/aiiua AAeI eiaee aeaaeiinoue 7…8%, ?acia?u eo /anoeoe
ia i?aauoaee 200 iei. Ii a?aioeiiao?e/aneiio ninoaao iie ioaa/aee
o?aaiaaieyi, i?aaeuyaeyaiui e AAeI, eioi?ua eniieuecothony aeey
i?eaioiaeaiey i?iaeoeoia aeeaoe/aneiai e aeaoneiai ieoaiey.

Iinea aeenia?ae?iaaiey enneaaeiaaee oeie/aneee ninoaa iieo/aiiuo AAeI.
Auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi a i?ioeanna aeenia?ae?iaaiey aic?anoaao eiee/anoai
iiiinaoa?eaeia e aieiieeneio ca n/ao iaoaiioeie/aneie aeano?oeoeee
iieenaoa?eaeia e no?oeoo?iuo aaeeia. A ?acoeueoaoa iee?ineiie/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee auyaeaiu aeaoaeou a no?oeoo?a ?anoeoaeueiie oeaie iinea
aeenia?ae?iaaiey, /oi niinianoaiaaei oaaee/aieth aiaeiiiaeiuaiey AAeI a
n?aaiaiee n aaee/eiie aiaeiiiaeiuaiey nu?uey n aieueoeie ?acia?aie
/anoeoe.

Iaoiaeii yeaeo?iiii-iiceo?iiiie aiieaeeyoeee (YIA) onoaiiaeaii, /oi
iinea iaoaiioeie/aneie aeano?oeoeee naaeeu, n?aaeiee ?aaeeon
eieaeecaoeee yeaeo?iia ia eiiao eenei?iaea e ?aaeeon eieaeecaoeee
yeaeo?iia ia oeaio?ao aiieaeeyoeee, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho niaie
F-oeaio?u, ii?aaeaeythuea ie?aoeaaiea ii?ioeia, i?aeoe/anee ia
eciaiythony. Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi aeenia?ae?iaaiea naaeeu ia
i?eaiaeeo e eciaiaieth eiioeaio?aoeee no?oeoo?iuo aaeainee e eo
?acia?ia. Aeenia?ae?iaaiea eaeao e ia?aciaaieth F-oeaio?ia, eioi?ua
aeeytho ia ie?aoeaaiea ii?ioea. Iaoiaeii YIA onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey aeaoo
ia?acoeia: naaeeu iiaenooaiiie e AAeI ec naaeeu ii?u n ?acia?aie aieueoa
0,2…0,5 ii ia ii?aaeaeythony. Oeaio?u ie?aoeaaiey (F-oeaio?u) caaenyo io
neeu nayce yeaeo?iiia n ie?oaeathueie eiiaie eenei?iaea. Eiaaea
i?ienoiaeeo i?ioeann ieeneaiey, eiee/anoai eiiia eenei?iaea a aeeaeiai
ie?oaeaiee aicea aaeainee aic?anoaao, oaaee/eaaaony yia?aey nayce
yeaeo?iia a F-oeaio?a n eiiaie eenei?iaea, a noaiaiue eieaeecaoeee
yeaeo?iia a F-oeaio?a oiaiueoaaony. A yoii neo/aa oooaeoathony aeoniaua
ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoa e, iaiai?io, anee oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann
(i?eaioiaeaiea AAeI) i?eaiaeeo e oiaiueoaieth eiioeaio?aoeee eiiia
eenei?iaea, oi ?aaeeon eieaeecaoeee yeaeo?iia a F-oeaio?a oaaee/eaaaony.
Yoi i?eaiaeeo e oeo/oaieth aeoniauo ea/anoa i?iaeoeoa. Oaeei ia?acii,
F-oeaio?u, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho niaie yeaeo?ii caoaa/aiiue aaeaineae,
aeeytho ia aeoniaua ea/anoaa AAeI. Yoa aeiioaca o?aaoao aeoaieeo
aeaeueiaeoeo enneaaeiaaiee.

Iioeiaeueiua oneiaey yeno?aae?iaaiey AA? ec AAeI ninoaaeytho 1…2 /ana
i?e e?aiinoe yeno?aaaioa ia aieaa 30…40%. N iiiiuueth iaoaiaoe/aneiai
ieaie?iaaiey yenia?eiaioa iieo/aia yiie?e/aneay ooieoeey, iienuaathuay
caaeneiinoue auoiaea yeno?aeoeaiuo aauanoa io e?aiinoe yeno?aaaioa e
a?aiaie yeno?aae?iaaiey.

Eniieueciaaiea AAeI a ea/anoaa aeoaieiiuo aeiaaaie, eiioiiiiaeoeyoi?ia e
?aaeeii?ioaeoi?ia aeaao aunieee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo.

Ia iniiaaiee AAeI ?ac?aaioaia oaoiieiaey e ?aoeaioo?a aeoaieieciaaiiai
oeoieiioeaio?aoa “Ai?iaeiiaee”, eiioeaio?ao ieiaeiiaiuiiai niea n
iyeioueth, aeoaieiece?iaaiiua aacaeeiaieueiue e neaaiaeeiaieueiue
iaieoee e aaeuecai “Aeoaieiiue”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aunieiaeenia?niue ii?ioie, nooea, aeenia?ae?iaaiea,
?anoeoaeueiia ne?uea, ieiaeiiaiuiia nu?uea, aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua
aauanoaa, iaoaiioeie/aneay aeano?oeoeey, F-oeaio?u, yeno?aeoeey,
iaieoie, aaeuecai.

ANNOTATION

Romanova Z.M. Development of a technology of highly disperse powders of
vegetable raw materials for alcohol free and liquor beverages.
Manuscript.

Dissertation submitted for the competition for a science degree of
Cndidate of Technical Science on specialty 05.18.07 — technology of
fermentation products. Ukrainian State University of Food technologies,
Kyiv, 1999.

Dissertation is dedicated to the analytical and experimental study of
factors affecting the process of obtaining highly disperse powders of
vegetable raw materials. Aiming at the dispersing fruit and vegetable
taw materials, a universal powder dispenser — aerodynamic mill OI?N-12
has been applied. In food processing for the purpose of fruit and
vegetable raw material dispersion, this aerodynamic mill has been used
for the first time. The optimal conditions of fruit and vegetable
disperse with the maximum sparing of their biologically active
substances have been experimentally determined. The optimal regimes of
a universal powder dispenser mill OI?N-12 were determined, in which a
raw material simultaneously is being dried and dispersed up to the
particle size lesser than 200 mkm. As a result powder can be obtained
with the final moisture content 7…8%.

Highly disperse powders can be used as admixtures and bases in the
process of production of alcohol free and liquor beverages. The
production recipes for the alcohol free aerated refresher “Gorbynovy”,
slightly alcoholic beverage “Vitaminny” and balsam “Vitaminny’ were
developed. The recipes of the refresher and slightly alcoholic beverage
were approved by the Central testing commission of the Concern Ukrspirt.

Key words: drying, dispersing, vegetable raw materials, mechanochemical
destruction, highly disperse powder, biologically active substance,
extraction, beverage.

AeEss IIOAOIE

Похожие записи