OA?E?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss OAOIIEIA??

OA I?AAI?CAOe?? OA?*OAAIIss

AeAAEAeIAA IENAIA TH???AIA

OAeE 641.88:641.5:634.2

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?? NION?A C E?NOI*EIAEO IEIAe?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.16 — oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? oaoiieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe??

oa?/oaaiiy I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaethe Ethaeieea Iao??aia,

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe??

oa?/oaaiiy, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eenthe Aaeeia Ieoaee?aia,

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe??

oa?/oaaiiy, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueii? oaoiieia??

oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ei?ooiiaa Aaiia Oaaei??aia,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao aeiiii?ee ? oi?a?ae?,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a

a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e,
eaoaae?a oaoiieia?? eiina?aoaaiiy, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. Iaeana.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_19_” _eenoiiaaea_ 1999 ?. i _1430 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.088.01 Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy ca
aae?anith: 310051, i.Oa?e?a-51, aoe. Eei/e?anueea,333.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy ca
aae?anith: 310051, i. Oa?e?a-51, aoe. Eei/e?anueea,333.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 18 aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ieoaeeia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iioeiaeueiiai oa?/oaaiiy ethaeeie
iaiao?aei? ??ci? caaeainiaai? a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie (AA?),
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy yeeo caaacia/o?oueny niiaeeaaiiyi i?iaeoeo?a ye
oaa?eiiiai, oae ? ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, cie?aia ieiae?a. Naciiiee
oa?aeoa? ae?iaieoeoaa, iao?eaae?noue caa?aaeaiiy ieiae?a o na?aeiio
aeaeyae? coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ?o ia?a?iaee oa eiina?aoaaiiy c iaoith
??aiii??iiai iinoa/aiiy ianaeaiiy iaiao?aeieie oa?/iaeie ?a/iaeiaie
oe?eee ??e.

Na?aae i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy, ui niiaeeaa?oueny
ianaeaiiyi, ona a?eueoiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa cia/eiino? iaaoee nione,
oiio ui aiie aeeiiothoue aaaeeeao ?ieue o i?eaiooaaii? e niiaeeaaii?
aaaaoueio aeae?a no?aa, ni?eythoue e?auiio o?aaeaiith ? canai?iith
oa?/iaeo ?a/iaei i?aai?ciii.

Na?aae nion?a, ui ae?iaeythoueny a?o/eciyieie i?aei?e?inoaaie eiina?aii?
i?iieneiaino?, iathoue ia?aaaao oiiaoi?, ani?oeiaio aea o?oeoiaeo nion?a
iaaeoi iaiaaeaiee, a o?aaeeoe?ei? oaoiieia?? ?o io?eiaiiy, ui ?niothoue,
ia aeicaieythoue iaeneiaeueii caa?aaoe a ieo AA? ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie ? ia
caaaeaee a?ae??ciythoueny aenieeie i?aaiieaioe/ieie iieacieeaie.

I?ae /an ia?a?iaee oa o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy ieiae?a o ieo a?aeaoaathoueny
ieenethaaeuei? i?ioeane, eio?? coiiaeththoue ye?ni? ci?ie oa ao?aoo
oa?/iai? oe?iiino?. Anoaiiaeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ye?noth i?iaeoeoo, eiai
eieuei?ii, oa?/iaith oe?ii?noth oa canai?iiyi ciaoiaeeoueny o i?yi?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeeo AA?, ye iie?oaiiee, ui i?noyoueny a ieiaeao o
a?aeiinii iacia/i?e e?eueeino?, i?ioa ?noioii aieeaathoue ia cacia/ai?
oaeoi?e. Oiio iniaeeai? oaaae iaiao?aeii i?eae?eyoe aea/aiith /eiiee?a
aieeao ia iie?oaiiee ieiae?a, uia iaoe iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaoe ieie c
iaoith ooai?aiiy i?ia?aneaii? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie.

Aa?o/e aei oaaae ?ieue iie?oaiie?a o iaoaaie?ci? ethaeeie (?-a?oai?iia
aeoeai?noue, aioeieneaeaioi?, ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?i? oa ?io? aeanoeaino?), a
oaeiae e?eco aeieia?/iiai noaio, ui neeaeany a iao?e e?a?i?,
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee iiaeo oaoiieia?e nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a c
aenieeie i?aaiieaioe/ieie iieacieeaie, ui i?noyoue iaeneiaeueio
e?euee?noue AA? iaoeaii? ne?iaeie, ? aeioe?eueiith oa aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoe/ieo ieai?a iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy, cie?aia ca oaiith 16-97
Ae “?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? i?iaeoeo?a i?aeaeuaii? a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino?”
(ca caiiaeaiiyi E?aniieeiainueeiai eiina?aiiai caaiaeo).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iaoeiaa
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a
(aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a), ui iathoue aenieo oa?/iao oe?ii?noue oa
i?aeaeuaio a?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue ca ?aooiie iaea?eueo iiaiiai
caa?aaeaiiy AA?. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe
oae? caaea/?:

— aecia/eoe oaiaeaioe?? ci?i AA? (iie?oaiie?a oa ea?ioeii?ae?a), ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue ca oi?ioaaiiy iieaciee?a yeino? i?iaeoeo?a ia iniia?
ieiae?a, i?ae aieeaii ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee noaa?e?caoe?? AA? o i?ioean? ia?a?iaee ieiae?a;

— aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeie oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie c
iaoith noai?aiiy nion?a c aenieei ai?noii AA?;

— i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie oa aeyaeoe ?o ci?ie i?ae aieeaii oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a;

— aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aoeaioo?e oa ?ic?iaeoe iia? oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c caaeaieie ?aieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, aenieith
oa?/iaith oe?ii?noth ca ?aooiie caa?aaeaiiy AA?;

— aea/eoe o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? iiaeo
nion?a;

— aeine?aeeoe o?i?/iee neeaae oa oa?/iao oe?ii?noue ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a c
ieiae?a;

— aeine?aeeoe aieea ia?aiao??a eiina?aoaaiiy ia AA? ieiae?a ? ?ic?iaeoe
iaoiaee, ui caaacia/othoue o?eaaea caa?aaeaiiy iiaeo nion?a c aeoi? oa
aa?eein?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th ia iia? i?iaeoeoe c ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie oa cae?enieoe ai?iaaoe?th oaoiieia?e o i?iieneia?e i?aeoeoe?;

— aecia/eoe iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy nion?a o a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii?;

— i?iaanoe na??th aeaaonoaoe?e o eaai?aoi?ieo oa ae?iaie/eo oiiaao,
aeeiiaoe ?iaioe c ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o i?aeoeeo;

— ?ic?aooaaoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nion?a c
e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a o ae?iaieoeoai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?ae /an
ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a oa?/iaeo ?ineeiieo aeiaaaie.
Iieacaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?yii-a?iiaoe/ii? ne?iaeie, yea ?
ia?niaeoeaiei aioeieneaeaioii oa iaeiei c iniiaiiieiaeieo oaeoi??a o
io?eiaii? i?iaeoeo?a aeniei? yeino?.

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea on?o aeiaaaie, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae /an
?ic?iaee oaoiieia?e nion?a, ia AA? ne?iaeie. Aeyaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy
i?yii-a?iia-oe/ii? ne?iaeie o ae?iaieoeoa? nion?a ia iniia? ieiae?a
aeicaiey? cia/ii caa?aaoe ai?no iie?oaiie?a ca ?aooiie aioeieneaeaioieo
aeanoeainoae ?ineeiieo aeiaaaie.

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oaiia?aoo?ii? ae?? ia eaa?euei? AA? ieiae?a aeoi? oa
aa?eein?a. ?ic?iaeaii oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie
oa?i?/iiai ae?yiiy ia ?ineeiio ne?iaeio c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
a?ioeaaiii?ae?a oa ea?ioeii?ae?a a?ae ieenethaaeueiiai ?oeioaaiiy.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui aianaiiy
aeiaaaee-caaonieea a?anyii? ioee ? aeioe?eueiei aeey io?eiaiiy nion?a
c ieiae?a c caaeaieie oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ca ?aooiie ?noioii?
ci?ie eiinenoaioe?? a oaoiieia?/ii ni?eyoeeaiio iai?yieo. Io?eiaii aeai?
i?i ci?ie ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee (cnoaieo aeanoeainoae) ieiaeiaeo
ian. Iieacaii, ui a i?iaeoeo? ia iniia? ieiae?a, eio?ee i?noeoue a?anyio
ioeo, ca?eueoo?oueny a’yce?noue aeenia?n?eiiai na?aaeiaeua ca ?aooiie
aeniei? ni?iiiaeiino? aeiaaaee aei aaeni?aoaaiiy aieiae, a oaeiae
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aca?iiae?e eiiiiiaio?a, ui aoiaeyoue aei ?? neeaaeo (
e?ioiaeth, a?ee?a), ?acoeueoaoii /iai ? aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeii?
eiinenoaioe?? nion?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo
aeicaieeei iioei?coaaoe neeaae ?aoeaioo?e nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a.
Aianaiiy aeiaaaie, ui aieiae?thoue aioeieneaeaioiith,
no?oeoo?ioi?ioaaeueiith aeanoeainoyie, o aecia/aieo iioeiaeueieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo, a oaeiae canoinoaaiiy uaaeieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a
oa ?aaeei?a caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueia caa?aaeaiiy AA? ieiae?a, noai?aiiy
caaeaieo no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ? i?aeaeuaiiy
i?aaiieaioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?iaeoeo?a, ui io?eiothoueny.

Iiaecio oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iiceoeaieie ??oaiiyie ia
aeiaoiaee: ? 98021006 “Niin?a io?eiaiiy niono c aeoi?” oa ? 98021007
“Niin?a io?eiaiiy niono c aa?eein?a” a?ae 16.06.99 ?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy
oe?ieiai eiiieaeno aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii
oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ieiae?a aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a o nione c caaeaieie
oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie oa aenieith oa?/iaith oe?ii?noth.

?ic?iaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th ia “Nion c aeoi?”
oa “Nion c aa?eein?a” (OO O 40.01566330.06-99).

A??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo coiiaeaia ?o
noaoenoe/iith ia?iaeith, iioei?caoe??th neeaaeo ?aoeaioo?e,
oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a oa ?aaeei?a ? ae?iaie/ith ai?iaaoe??th ?ic?iaie:

— ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th aeiouaii oa aei?iaoaaii
aeine?aeii-i?iien-eia? ia?o?? nion?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a ia
Iieoaanueeiio eiina?aiiio caaiae?;

— oaoiieia?? ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a, a oaeiae no?aa ? eiiaeeoa?nueeeo
ae?ia?a ia ?o iniia? ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai i?aei?e?inoa
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy i?no Oa?eiaa, Iieoaae, Oaooa?nueea.
?ic?aooieiaa aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c aeoi?
neeaaea? 168,43a?i., c aa?eein?a — 182,53a?i. ia 1000 ea (o oe?iao eeiiy
1999 ?ieo).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaii? iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o, oai?aoe/iiio
iaa?oiooaaii?, ieaioaaii? aenia?eiaioo oa ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo; ocaaaeueiaii? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioethaaii? aeniiae?a ?
i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a aei ioae?eaoe??; ?ic?iaoe? ii?iaoeaii?
aeieoiaioaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo oaoiieia?e o ae?iaieoeoai,
i?aeaioiaoe? cayaie ia aeiaoiaee, ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue; o ?iaioao, ui aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, caeiaoaa/aa?
iaeaaeeoue o/anoue o aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ?iaio? oa aiae?c? aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy (i. Oa?e?a,
1996-1999 ??.); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
yeino? a a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii?, aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ? oo?eci?”
(i. Ee?a, 1998 ?.); I?nuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo i.
Oa?eiaa” (i. Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oa?/oaaiiy: oaoiieia?y oa iaeaaeiaiiy,
i?aai?caoe?y ? aeiiii?ea” (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1999 ?.); ?anioae?eainueeeo
i?iieneiaeo aenoaaeao-y?ia?eao “I?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy, ?o ia?a?iaea ?
iaeoaaiiy” (i. Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.), “I?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy. Oiaeiaea oa
ia?a?iaea. In?iue-96” (i. Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.), “Oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue
Oe?a?ie” (i. Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.), “Iia? ?ic?iaee aeey n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, oa?/iai? oa ia?a?iaii? aaeocae” (i. Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.);
aeaaonoaoe?eieo ia?aaeao ? aeaaonoaoe?yo i?aoe?aiee?a a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy (i. Oa?e?a, 1996-1999 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 12
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o oiio /ene? noaoae 11, oac aeiiia?aeae 1.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee
i?noeoue 186 iaeiaioaaiue, o oiio /ene? 30 ?iicaiieo, a oaeiae 8
aeiaeaoe?a. Iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 160 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 28 oaaeeoeue ? 33 ?enoiee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ia?aiiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, iieacaii iaoeiao iiaecio
oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c o?i?/iiai neeaaeo, oa?/iai? oe?iiino? oa
oaoiieia?e ia?a?iaee e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a” (ca iaeyaeii e?oa?aoo?e)
iaaaaeaii aiae?oe/iee iaeyae a?o/eciyii? oa caei?aeiiii? e?oa?aoo?e
noiniaii no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c
e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a. Iieacaii aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?iaee nion?a c aeoi? oa
aa?eein?a c i?aeaeuaieie ye?nieie iieacieeaie. Aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eaii
caa?aaeaiith AA?, cie?aia oeaaiii?ae?a oa ea?ioeii?ae?a. Ia iniia?
aiae?co aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e aecia/aii iaoo oa caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue” iaaaaeaii
a?aeiiino? i?i ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy (ieiaee aeoi? oa aa?eein?a o
noaae?? oaoi?/ii? c??eino?, ieiaeiaa ith?a, iai?aoaa?eeaoe oa aioia?
ae?iae c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a), iaoiaeeee anoaiiaeaiiy ?o a?io?i?/ieo,
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oa ?aieia?/ieo iieaciee?a, a oaeiae
caaaeueiee ieai oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o.

Aea?? c?ace?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca AINO 26313-84, ai?no
?ic/eiieo nooeo ?a/iaei aecia/aee ca AINO 28562-90, a?oai?io N ca AINO
24556-81, eeneioi?noue ca AINO 26188-84. Aecia/aiiy ye?niiai oa
e?euee?niiai neeaaeo iie?oaiie?a oa ea?ioeii?ae?a cae?enithaaee ia
niaeo?ioioiiao?ao “SPECORD UV VIS” oa NO-46. I?i ci?ie cnoaieo
aeanoeainoae ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie noaeeee ca aaee/eiith a’yceino?
i?iaeoeoo, yeo aecia/aee ia ?ioaoe?eiiio a?neiceiao?? “?aioano-2”.
I?aaiieaioe/io ioe?ieo iai?aoaa?eeao?a oa nion?a c ieiae?a i?iaiaeeee ca
AINO 8756.1-79, i?e?ia?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei AINO
26669-85. Io?eiai? aeai? ia?iaeyeenue iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee
c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?aie “Regress” o i?ia?aiiiio cania? MathCad-7 ia
IAII.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia
o?i?/iee neeaae ? ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? iiaeaeueieo nenoai ia
iniia? ieiae?a” cai?iiiiiaaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao oa?/iaeo
aeiaaaie ia ci?ie AA? (iie?oaiie?a, ea?ioeii?ae?a) oa
no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie a i?ioean? ??
ia?a?iaee a nione i?ae aieeaii oaiia?aoo?ieo ae?e oa oaaaeaiiy oa?/iaeo
aeiaaaie, a oaeiae i?ioean?a noaa?e?caoe?? a?ioeaaiii?ae?a ieiae?a.

Io?eiai? aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue i?i ci?ie ie?aieo o?aeoe?e iie?oaiie?a i?e
aaaaeaii? i?yii-a?iiaoe/ieo aeiaaaie (eenoy ai??oa aieinueeiai, aeoi?,
nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, i’yoe, eeiiaiai oea?oo) o ieiaeiaa ith?a c
iaeii/aniei iaa??aii noi?o? i?e 80 N (oaae.1). Aenia?eiaioaeueii
anoaiiaeaii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii, ui aianaiiy an?o ia?aieo
?ineeiieo aeiaaaie o i?eeiyoeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo aei ith?a c aeoi? oa
aa?eein?a ni?aaey? ?noioio noaa?e?coth/o ae?th ia iniiai? i?aea?oie
oeaaiii?ae?a, ui aieiae?thoue ?-aeoeai?noth, oa aeicaiey? caa?aaoe ?o ia
34…82 % a?eueoa ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eieie i?iaeoeoaie. E??i oiai,
i?aaiieaioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ieiaeiaeo ian c aeiaeaaaiiyi a?iiaoe/ieo
aeiaaaie aea?aeii a?ae??ciythoueny ?ioaineaiei eieuei?ii ? i?e?iiei
a?iiaoii. Io?eiaiee aoaeo, iaaii, iiynith?oueny aenieith
aioeieneaeaioiith aeoeai?noth i?yii-a?iiaoe/ii? ne?iaeie caaaeyee
aenieiio ai?noo anei?a?iiai? eeneioe, iie?oaiie?a, ea?ioeii?ae?a oa
?ioeo AA?, a oaeiae oeaaiiieiaeo aeeeiceae?a, ui ni?eythoue caa?aaeaiith
eaa?eueieo oeaaiii?ae?a oa neia?a?cio a?oai?i?a N ? ?. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
aeine?aeaeaieo i?yii-a?iiaoe/ieo aeiaaaie i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo oaoiieia?e
nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a c i?aeaeuaieie ye?nieie iieacieeaie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaei ? niin?a
oaaaeaiiy i?yii-a?iiaoe/ieo aeiaaaie o nooiio iiae??aiaiiio aeaeyae?,
yeee aeicaiey? iaeneiaeueii caa?aaoe oeaaiii?aee ieiae?a a?ae
ieenethaaeueiiai ?oeioaaiiy.

Aeey iaea?aeaiiy nion?a c caaeaieie oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie
aeei?enoiaoaaee no?oeoo?ioi?ioaaeueio aeiaaaeo a?anyio ioeo.
Aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeaeueieo nenoai
(e?ea? oa/?? oa aoaeoeaii? a’yceino? iiaeaii ia ?en. 1) iieacaei, ui
aaaaeaiiy aeiaaaee-caaonieea aei ith?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a i?ecaiaeeoue
aei ci?uaiiy ?aieia?/ieo e?eaeo o a?e ca?eueoaiiy a?aie/iiai iai?oaeaiiy
cnoao (AIC) oa aoaeoeaii? a’yceino? ao a ?acoeueoao? aeniei?
ni?iiiaeiino? a?anyii? ioee aei aaeni?aoe?? ca’ycaii? aieiae, ca ?aooiie
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aca?iiae?e eiiiiiaio?a, ui aoiaeyoue aei ?? neeaaeo
(iaaooaiiy e?ioiaeth, a?ae?aoaoe?y a?ee?a oa ?i.). ?acoeueoaoii ci?i, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny, ? ca?eueoaiiy

Oaaeeoey 1

Ai?no iie?oaiie?a a ieiaeiaeo ianao ia iniia? aeoaiue c oa?/iaeie

aeiaaaeaie

Ai?no iie?oaiie?a, 10-3 %C?acieEaoao?ieAioioe?aie = 280 ii = 520
iiAeoiaaa ith?a i?ia??oa /eiio?ieue/476,0 19,0870,0 34,0Aeoiaaa ith?a,
i?ia??oa c aeiaaaeaie (%)eenoy aeoi?: 0,15548,0
21,0975,0 39,00,20602,0 24,01135,0 45,00,25640,0 25,01155,0
46,00,30652,0 26,01170,0 46,00,35846,0 33,01220,0 48,00,40976,0
39,01245,0 49,00,451030,0 40,01255,0 50,00,501108,0 44,01290,0
51,0eenoy ai??oa aieinueeiai: 0,10502,0 20,0952,0 38,00,15542,0
21,01048,0 41,00,20604,0 24,01162,0 46,00,25640,0 25,01196,0
47,00,30672,0 26,01245,0 49,00,35690,0 27,01252,0 50,00,40716,0
28,01290,0 51,00,45742,0 29,01312,0 52,0eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?:
0,15602,0 24,0890,0 35,00,20650,0 25,0910,0 36,00,25700,0 27,0960,0
38,00,30720,0 28,01020,0 40,00,35750,0 30,01110,0 44,00,40812,0
32,01200,0 48,00,45802,0 32,01290,0 51,00,50840,0 33,01410,0 55,0

?en.1. E?ea? oa/?? (a) oa aoaeoeaii? a’yceino? (a) nenoaie “aeoiaaa
ith?a a?anyia ioea”: ne?iaeia; 1 % a?anyii? ioee;

4 % a?anyii? ioee; 8 % a?anyii? ioee

a’yceino? i?iaeoeoo ? aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeii? eiinenoaioe?? nion?a.
Aeyaeai? oaiaeaioe?? ci?i ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ieiaeiaeo nenoai
aeathoue ciiao aeei?enoaiiy a?anyii? ioee ye caaonieea i?ae /an ?ic?iaee
nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a ?c caaeaieie oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea aeiaaaee-caaonieea ia a?ioeaaiii?aee aeoi? oa
aa?eein?a (oaae. 2, 3). Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui a?anyi? ioea o
aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo ni?aaey? noaa?e?coth/o ae?th ia eaoao?ie,
aioioe?aie, oeaaiiiee ieiae?a, oa ca?eueoo? ?o caa?aaeai?noue ia 5…80
% ii??aiyii c ieiaeiaeie ianaie aac aeiaaaie. Io?eiaiee aoaeo iiaeia
a?aeianoe ca ?aooiie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo aeiaaaee (a?oai?ie a?oie A, A,
??, ea?ioeii?aee, ai?iieeneioe oa ?io? niieoee, ui ni?iiiaei? /eieoe
aioeieneaeaioio oa neia?a?/io ae??), a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy a’yceino?
na?aaeiaeua oa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aiaee a nenoai?, eio?? ? iaeiei c
iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ui no?eiothoue ieeneaiiy iie?oaiieueieo ?a/iaei.
Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue ciiao aeei?enoiaoaaoe
ia?aiee caaoniee i?e ?ic?iaoe? nion?a ia iniia? ieiae?a c ia?aaeaa/aiei
iie?ioaiiyi yeino? aioiaeo i?iaeoeo?a.

Aea/aii aieea oeoe?o e iaaeo ia oeaaiii?aee ieiae?a aeoi? oa aa?eein?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui canoiniaai? eiioeaio?aoe?? oeoe?o 16…19 % e iaaeo 1,6
% ia 100 a i?iaeoeoo ia /eiyoue ?oei?aii? ae?? ia AA? ieiae?a ? ?
iioeiaeueieie aeey io?eiaiiy nion?a c aenieeie i?aaiieaioe/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ai?no a?ioeaaiii?ae?a o ieiaeiaeo ianao ia iniia? aeoi? c caaonieeii

C?acieAi?no iie?oaiie?a, 10-3 %Eaoao?ieEaeeiaioioe?aieAioioe?aieAeoiaaa
ith?a i?ia??oa /eiio?ieue/

Aeoiaaa ith?a, i?ia??oa c aeiaaaeaie (%)

a?anyii? ioee: 1

4

8

476,0 19,0

372,0 14,0

472,0 19,0

488,0 19,0

200,0 8,0

105,0 4,0

115,0 5,0

120,0 5,0

870,0 34,0

735,0 29,0

870,0 34,0

915,0 36,0Oaaeeoey 3

Ai?no a?ioeaaiii?ae?a o ieiaeiaeo ianao ia iniia? aa?eein?a ?c
caaonieeii

C?acieAi?no iie?oaiie?a, 10-3
%Eaoao?ieEaeeiaioioe?aieOeaaiiieeAa?eeiniaa ith?a i?ia??oa /eiio?ieue/

Aa?eeiniaa ith?a, i?ia??oa c aeiaaaeaie (%)

a?anyii? ioee: 1

2

5

708,0 28,0

1180,0 47,0

1212,0 48,0

1284,0 50,0

440,0 17,0

250,0 10,0

200,0 8,0

180,0 7,0

10.67 0,40

13.33 0,50

14.67 0,60

15.00 0,60

O ca’yceo c oei, ui aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeii? eiinenoaioe?? nion?a, a
oaeiae aeey ?iaeoeaaoe?? ieenethaaeueieo oa?iaio?a ? caiia?aaiiy
i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai inoaaiiy i?iaeoeo?a iaiao?aeia oaieiaa ia?iaea,
aeine?aeaeaii aieea oaiia?aoo?e ia iie?oaiiee ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie.
Aecia/aii, ui iaeiaioee ??aaiue ai?noo a?ioeaaiii?ae?a niinoa??aa?oueny
a c?aceao, i?ia??oeo i?e oaiia?aoo?? 40 N (?en. 2), ui iiynith?oueny
ia?aaaaeaiiyi oa?iaioaoeaiiai ieeneaiiy iaae iaoa?iaioaoeaiei. I?e
i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e aei 60…100 N iii?oii cieaeo?oueny oaeaee?noue
ieenethaaeueieo i?ioean?a oeaaiii?ae?a o ?acoeueoao? ?iaeooaaiiy
oa?iaio?a, a oaeiae ca ?aooiie aioeieneaeaioii? ae?? i?yii-a?iiaoe/ii?
ne?iaeie ia oa?iieaa?euei? AA? ieiae?a. Aeei?enoaiiy i?yii-a?iiaoe/ieo
aeiaaaie aea? ciiao ?icoe?eoe ?ioa?aae oaiia?aoo? i?ia??ao ieiaeiaeo ian
ia iniia? aeoi? oa aa?eein?a aei 100 N. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe o?eaae?noue oa?iiia?iaee.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii iaea?eueo iioeiaeueio o?eaae?noue oa?i?/ii?
ia?iaee ieiaeiaeo ian 8…10 oaeeei i?e oaiia?aoo?? 80…85 N.
Anoaiiaeaiee oa?i?/iee ?aaeei ? iaea?eueoa uaaeiei, iaioa aieeaa? ia
aeano?oeoe?th an?o oi?i oeaaiii?ae?a ? aeicaiey? io?eiaoe nion c aenieei
ai?noii AA?.

a)
a)

?en. 2. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy ieiaeiaeo ian ia iniia? aeoi? a OO — niaeo??
(a) oa o aeaeei?e iaeano? niaeo?o (a): ith?a aeoiaaa iai?ia??oa 1;
ith?a aeoiaaa, i?ia??oa i?e: 2 40 N; 3 60 N; 4 80 N; 5 100 N

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia?e c aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a”
iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue c iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoeaioo?iiai neeaaeo ? oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a, aecia/aii ?o i?aaiieaioe/i?,
o?ceei-o?i?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/i? iieacieee.

O iniiao ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a
iieeaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aea/aiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie, aieeao
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ? oa?/iaeo aeiaaaie ia eiiieaen eaa?eueieo AA? oa
ia iieacieee eiinenoaioe?? ieiaeiaeo ian. Inoaoi/ii anoaiiaeaii
?aoe?iiaeuei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aoeaioo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a ? oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e oaieiai? oa iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie, ui
caaacia/othoue caaeai? iieacieee yeino? nion?a, ui ?ic?iaeaii.
I?eioeeiia? oaoiieia?/i? noaie ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a iieacaii ia ?en.3.

Aeine?aeaeaii eiiieaen iieaciee?a yeino? oa oa?/iai? oe?iiino? iiaeo
nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
aenieee ai?no o ieo i?aai?/ieo eeneio, oeoe?o, iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei,
e?ioiaeth oa ?ioeo o?i?/ieo niieoe. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ic?iaeai? nione c
ieiae?a iathoue i?aeaeuaio a?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue ii??aiyii c
o?aaeeoe?eieie i?iaeoeoaie ca ?aooiie aenieiai ai?noo oeaaiii?ae?a,
ea?ioeii?ae?a, a?oai?i?a, i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei (oaae. 4).

?en. 3. Oaoiieia?/ia noaia ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a

Oaaeeoey 4

O?i?/iee neeaae ne?iaeie oa nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a

I?iaeoeoAeoi?

(ne?iaeia)Aeoiaaee nionAa?eeine (ne?iaeia)Aa?eeini-aee nion

Noo? ?a/iaeie, %

13,50 0,50

37,0 1,0

16,0 0,50

31,0 1,0

A?eee, %

0,80 0,04

1,0 0,06

0,90 0,06

1,0 0,06

AEe?e, %

0,06 0,01

0,04 0,01

Oeoe?e caaaeuei?, %

11,30 0,05

23,54 0,07

10,60 0,05

20,17 0,07Iaeoeiia?

?a/iaeie, %

0,49 0,01

0,45 0,01

1,90 0,02

1,80 0,02I?aai?/i?

eeneioe, %

1,70 0,02

1,80 0,02

1,40 0,02

1,50 0,02Iie?oaiieuei?

niieoee, 10-3 %

1551,045,0

1455,043,0

1321,039,0

1310,039,0

Ea?ioeii?aee, 10-3 %

1,90 0,05

1,80 0,05

A?oai?i N, 10-3 %

15,0 0,10

12,90 0,10

10,0 0,10

9,40 0,10I?ia?aeuei? ?a/iaeie, 10-3 %

391,0 0,50

544,0 0,50

410,0 0,50

552,0 0,50Aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue, eeae/100 a

45,60

79,40

49,0

74,80

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui iia? nione c aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a ca
ai?noii ?-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei cia/ii ia?aaa?oothoue nione, ui aeaioiaeai?
ca o?aaeeoe?eiith oaoiieia??th.

Aea/aiiy o?i?/iiai oa a?io?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a c aeoaiue
oa aa?eein?a aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iia? i?iaeoeoe c caaeaieie
oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aeaeuaiith oa?/iaith
oe?ii?noth oa a?ieia?/iith aeoeai?noth, aenieeie i?aaiieaioe/ieie
iieacieeaie ca ?aooiie iaeneiaeueiiai caa?aaeaiiy AA? caaaeyee
aeei?enoaiith a i?eeiyoeo iioeiaeueieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo an?o ia?aieo
aeiaaaie o eiiieaen? ca iaaieo uaaeieo oa?i?/ieo ?aaeei?a. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo
ieiae?a aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean io?eiaiiy
i?iaeoeoo c caaeaiith eiinenoaioe??th oa oi?aaeyoe iei.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ni?aoe?eii? aeoeaiino? ieiaeiaeo ian
a?aeiinii aei aaaeeeo iaoae?a na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iia? nione
aieiae?thoue iaaieie o?c?ieia?/ieie aoaeoaie, a naia aenieeie
aeaoieneeaoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ni?iiiaei?noth
ca’ycoaaoe ?iie aaaeeeo iaoae?a (naeioeth) c ianooiiei ?o aeaaaeaiiyi c
i?aai?cio.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “Eiina?aoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a c aeoaiue oa
aa?eein?a” iaaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy aieeao ?aaeei?a
eiina?aoaaiiy ia AA? ieiae?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee eiina?aoaaiiy iiaeo
nion?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a (oaieiaith noa?ee?caoe??th oa iaoiaeii
eiiieaeno aenieiaieueoii? ?iioeuenii? ae?? EA?Ae), ui aeicaieythoue
cia/ii ca?eueoeoe oa?i?ie ?o caa??aaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii ?aaeeie oaieiai? noa?ee?caoe?? nion?a, aeine?aeaeaii ?? aieea
ia ci?ie AA? (iie?oaiie?a, a?oai?io N, ea?ioeii?ae?a) e?noi/eiaeo
ieiae?a. Aea/aii i?e?ia?ieia?/i? iieacieee noa?ee?ciaaieo nion?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iia? nione c aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a, ui noa?ee?ciaai? ca
?ic?iaeaieie ?aaeeiaie, a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai i?iieneiai?
noa?eeueiino? oa ia i?noyoue iaoiaaiieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaii i?eioeeiiai iiaee i??i?eoaoiee iaoiae eiina?aoaaiiy nion?a
c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a iaoiaeii EA?Ae. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui
eiina?aoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a iaoiaeii EA?Ae aeicaiey? iaeneiaeueii
caa?aaoe a ieo AA? ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie (?en. 4). Iaea?aeai? nione iathoue
eie?? oa niae, i?eoaiaii? iaoo?aeuei?e ne?iaei?, ui cia/ii i?aeaeuo? ?o
niiaeea/? aeanoeaino?.

a)
a)

?en. 4. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy nion?a c aeoaiue a OO — niaeo?? (a) oa o
aeaeei?e iaeano? niaeo?o (a): 1nion iaeiina?aiaaiee; 2 nion, ia?iaeaiee
iaoiaeii EA?Ae; 3 nion noa?ee?ciaaiee

O oinoiio ?icae?e? “I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe” iaaaaeaii
?acoeueoaoe ?ia?o, ye? caaacia/eee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? nion?a c
e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a o i?aeoeeo.

— ?ic?iaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th ia nione c aeoi?
oa aa?eein?a OO O 40.01566330.06-99. Oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa
?ic?iaeaieo nion?a ai?iaaaeaeaii a Iieoaanueeiio eiina?aiiio caaiae?.
Oaoiieia?th aeaioiaeaiiy nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a, a oaeiae
nieiaeeeo no?aa ? eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?ia?a c ?o aeei?enoaiiyi aei?iaoaaii
o i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy i?no Oa?eiaa, Iieoaae,
Oaooa?nueea. ?ic?aooieiaa aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c
aeoi? neeaaea? 168,43a?i., c aa?eein?a 182,53a?i. ia 1000 ea (o oe?iao
eeiiy 1999 ?ieo). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iiiiiaaieo nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a c aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a
aeicaieea aeyaeoe, ui a?aenooi?noue oaoiieia?e nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo
ieiae?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieeie iieacieeaie yeino? oa
i?aaiieaioe/ieie aeanoeainoyie, a oaeiae iaeneiaeueiei caa?aaeaiiyi
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, ? iaeiei c /eiiee?a, ui no?eiothoue
ae?iaieoeoai aenieiye?nii? i?iaeoeoe?? c ieiae?a oa ??aiii??iiai
caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy iaiao?aeieie ?a/iaeiaie oe?eee ??e.

2. Oa?/iaa oe?ii?noue oa iiaeeai? aeanoeaino? i?iaeoeo?a c ieiae?a
cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoueny ai?noii AA?, cie?aia iie?oaiieueieo
niieoe (a?ioeaaiii?ae?a), noaa?euei?noue yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae oe?ei?
iecee oaeoi??a. I?iaaaeaia na??y aenia?eiaio?a aeicaieeea aecia/eoe
iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ci?i iie?oaiie?a oa ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?ioa?aaee e
?aaeeie oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia noaa?e?caoe?th
a?ioeaaiii?ae?a i?ae /an ia?a?iaee e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a, ui caaacia/o?
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

3. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii cia/iee
noaa?e?coth/ee aoaeo ia?aieo i?yii-a?iiaoe/ieo ?ineeiieo aeiaaaie (eenoy
ai??oa aieinueeiai, aeoi?, nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, i’yoe, eeiiaiai oea?oo),
ui aeiaeathoueny a nooiio iiae??aiaiiio aeaeyae?, ia an? aeine?aeaeoaai?
o?aeoe?? oeaaiii?ae?a (eaoao?ie, aioioe?aie, eaeeiaioioe?aie, oeaaiiiee)
aeoaiue oa aa?eein?a. Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueia aeicoaaiiy a?iiaoe/ieo
aeiaaaie, ui canoiniaothoueny, yea noaiiaeoue 0,10…0,50 % aei
aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie. Oea aeicaiey? ?noioii cieceoe ieenethaaeueia
?oeioaaiiy iie?oaiie?a ca ?aooiie aioeieneaeaioieo aeanoeainoae, ui
oa?aeoa?i? aeey ia?aieo aeiaaaie, oa caa?aaoe ?o ia 34…82 % a?eueoa
ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eieie i?iaeoeoaie. Ca i?aaiieaioe/ieie iieacieeaie
i?iaeoeoe ia iniia? e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi
i?yii-a?iiaoe/ii? ne?iaeie aea?aeii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ieiaeiaeo ian
aac aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo aeiaaaie a?eueo ?ioaineaiei eieuei?ii ? i?e?iiei
a?iiaoii, ui aeanoea? aeo?aei?e ne?iaei?.

4. C iaoith io?eiaiiy niono c caaeaieie oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie o
yeino? no?oeoo?ioi?ioaaeueiiai ?ia?aae??ioo ia?aii a?anyio ioeo.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? a?anyii?
ioee aaee/eia AIC oa e?ea? aoaeoeaii? a’yceino? ci?uothoueny a a?e
a?eueoeo cnoaieo iai?oa. Aonoeia oa ai?no nooeo ?a/iaei o i?iaeoeo?
c?inoathoue e?i?eii c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ineeiii? aeiaaaee.
Aecia/aii oaoiieia?/ii ni?eyoeea? eiioeaio?aoe?? a?anyii? ioee
(2,0…4,0 % aei aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie) oa oaiaeaioe?? ci?i
no?oeoo?ii-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ieiaeiaeo ian i?ae /an ?? oaaaeaiiy.

5. Aeyaeaii noaa?e?coth/ee aoaeo aeiaaaee-caaonieea o i?eeiyoeo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo ia a?ioeaaiii?aee ieiae?a aeoi? oa aa?eein?a, ui
aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe ?o caa?aaeaiiy a ieiaeiaiio ith?a ia 5…80 %
ii??aiyii c ith?a aac aeiaaaie. Aeai? ?acoeueoao?a, ianaiia?aae,
coiiaeai? ca?eueoaiiyi a’yceino? na?aaeiaeua oa cieaeaiiyi aeoeaiino?
aiaee a nenoai?, yea ? iaeiei c iniiaieo oaeoi??a ieeneaiiy iie?oaiie?a.

6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?ai? eiioeaio?aoe?? oeoe?o 16…19 % e iaaeo 1,6 %
ia 100 a i?iaeoeoo, ui canoiniaothoueny ye niaeioi?ioaaeuei? eiiiiiaioe,
ia ni?aaeythoue ?noioii? aeano?oeoeaii? ae?? ia a?ioeaaiii?aee ieiae?a
aeoi? oa aa?eein?a oa ? i?aaiieaioe/ii iioeiaeueieie.

7. Aeine?aeaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e
oa?iiia?iaee ieiae?a, i?e yeeo aeinyaa?oueny iaeneiaeueia noaa?euei?noue
a?ioeaaiii?ae?a ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie. I?ia??aaiiy i?ioyaii 8…10 oaeeei
i?e oaiia?aoo?? 80…85 N aeicaieeoue caaacia/eoe aeineoue aenieo
ye?noue aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo. A?aecia/aii, ui iaea?eueo eaa?eueieie ?
eaeeiaioioe?aie e eaoao?ie, iaio aioioe?aie e oeaaiiiee. Aeiaeaaaiiy
i?yii-a?iiaoe/ii? ne?iaeie aei ieiaeiaiai ith?a aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe
oa?iinoaa?euei?noue a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ieiae?a aeoi? oa
aa?eein?a ia 10…45 %.

8. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?? iiaeo nion?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a, ui
eiioeaiooaeueii aacothoueny ia aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoaoao aea/aiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie.

9. Aecia/aii o?i?/iee neeaae oa oa?/iao oe?ii?noue ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a c
e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?aeai? nione c caaeaiith
eiinenoaioe??th aieiae?thoue i?aeaeuaiith oa?/iaith oe?ii?noth,
a?ieia?/iith aeoeai?noth e a?ae??ciythoueny aenieeie i?aaiieaioe/ieie
iieacieeaie ca ?aooiie cia/iiai caa?aaeaiiy oeaaiii?ae?a, ea?ioeii?ae?a,
a?oai?i?a, i?ia?aeueieo oa ?ioeo niieoe, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?o
aeey i?io?eaeoe/iiai, aeeoy/iai ? ae??oe/iiai oa?/oaaiiy.

10. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia?aiao??a eiina?aoaaiiy ia AA? ieiae?a.
Cai?iiiiiaaii aeaa niiniae eiina?aoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo nion?a: oaieiaith
noa?ee?caoe??th oa iaoiaeii eiiieaeno aenieiaieueoii? ?iioeuenii? ae??
(EA?Ae). Eiaeiee c iaoiae?a caaacia/o? aenieo noaa?euei?noue a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo ?a/iaei a e?ioeaaiio i?iaeoeo? ca ?aooiie eiiieaeniiai
i?aeoiaeo oa i?eeiyoeo oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue, ui a?aoiaothoue oaeoi?e,
ye? aieeaathoue ia ye?noue aioiaeo nion?a. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei oa
ia?niaeoeaiei ? eiina?aoaaiiy nion?a iaoiaeii EA?Ae.

11. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaen i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo caoiae?a c
oi?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie o ae?iaieoeoai. ?ic?iaeaii ?
caoaa?aeaeaii ii?iaoeaio aeieoiaioaoe?th ia nion c aeoi? oa nion c
aa?eein?a — OO O 40.01566330.06-99. Oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c
aeoi? oa aa?eein?a ai?iaaaeaeaii a Iieoaanueeiio eiina?aiiio caaiae?.
Oaoiieia?th aeaioiaeaiiy nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a, a oaeiae
nieiaeeeo no?aa ? eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?ia?a c ?o aeei?enoaiiyi aei?iaoaaii
o i?aei?e?inoaao a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy i?no Oa?eiaa, Iieoaae,
Oaooa?nueea. ?ic?aooieiaa aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c
aeoi? neeaaea? 168,43a?i., c aa?eein?a 182,53a?i. ia 1000 ea (o oe?iao
eeiiy 1999 ?ieo). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Iaethe E.I., Eieaniee O.E., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. Aeeyiea ieuaauo
aeiaaaie ia iieeoaiieu einoi/eiauo ieiaeia // Aeooaeuei?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?iaeaie a i?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a aeui?
eaae?o?eaoe?? aeey oi?a?ae? ? oa?/oaaiiy: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?e?a:
OAeAOIO, 1997.-N.86-88.

2. Aeaaeaeiaa I.TH. Aieea oaoiieia?/ieo aeiaaaie ia iie?oaiieueiee
eiiieaen e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a // Aanoiee iaoee e oaoieee. — 1997.-Auione
2.-N.72-73.

3. Iaethe E.I., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. Enneaaeiaaiea ieuaauo aeiaaaie i?e
?ac?aaioea i?ia?anneaiuo oaoiieiaee ec ieiaeiaiai nu?uey //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-1998.-? 32(99).-N.1-5.

4. Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey ieuaauo aeiaaaie ia
ea?ioeiieaeu ieiaeia aa?eeinia // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. —
1998. — ? 54(121).-N.31-34.

5. Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. No?oeoo?ii-iaoaie/aneea naienoaa nionia ec
einoi/eiauo ieiaeia // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo i. Oa?eiaa: — Oa?e?a: AO “A?cian
?ioi?i”,1998.-N.164-167.

6. Iaethe E.I., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. Aeeyiea oaoiieiae/aneeo aeiaaaie ia
no?oeoo?ii-iaoaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee niona ec aa?eeinia // I?iaeaie
yeino? o a?iiaaenueeiio oa?/oaaii?, aioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ? oo?eci?:
Ca. iaoe. i?. — Ee?a: EAeOAO, 1998.-N.157-158.

7. Iaethe E.I., Eieaniee O.E., Aeaaeaeiaa I.TH. Naaa??a I.TH., Aieei
I.?., Aieea iiaiai niiniao ia?iaee ieiaeiiai/aai? ne?iaeie ia
caa?aaeaiiy a?ioeaaiii?ae?a ieiae?a // Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe?? ianiaiai oa?/oaaiiy, aioaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? oo?ecio:
Ca. iaoe. i?. — Ee?a: EAeOAO, 1998.-N.54-57.

8. *a?aaei A.E., Iaethe E.I., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH., Ao?eeiaa E.I.
Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey ieuaauo aeiaaaie ia iieeoaiieueiue eiiieaen
noa?eeeciaaiiuo i?iaeoeoia ec einoi/eiauo ieiaeia // I?ia?aneai?
?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? oa aeiiii?/ia iaa?oioiaai?noue o
i?aei?e?inoaao oa?/oaaiiy. Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie oi?a?ae?: Ca. iaoe. i?. —
Oa?e?a: OAeAOIO, 1998.-N.172-174.

9. *a?aaei A.E., Iaethe E.I., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH., Ao?eeiaa E.I. Eco/aiea
aeeyiey ieuaauo aeiaaaie ia aeioeaaiiieaeu eiina?ae?iaaiiuo i?iaeoeoia
ec aa?eeinia // I?ia?aneai? ?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? oa aeiiii?/ia
iaa?oioiaai?noue o i?aei?e?inoaao oa?/oaaiiy. Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie
oi?a?ae?: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?e?a: OAeAOIO, 1998.-N.175-177.

10. Iaethe E.I., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH., Ao?eeiaa E.I., E?oiaiy A.A. Aeeyiea
i?yiia?iiaoe/aneeo aeiaaaie ia aeieiae/aneoth oeaiiinoue
ieiaeiai-yaiaeiuo nieia // I?ia?aneai? ?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? oa
aeiiii?/ia iaa?oioiaai?noue o i?aei?e?inoaao oa?/oaaiiy. Aeiiii?/i?
i?iaeaie oi?a?ae?: Ca. iaoe. i?. — Oa?e?a: OAeAOIO, 1998.-N.222-224.

11. Aeaaeaeiaa I.TH. Iniaeeaino? ci?i iie?oaiieueieo niieoe e?noi/eiaeo
ieiae?a i?ae aieeaii oaiia?aoo?e // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oa?/oaaiiy:
oaoiieia?y oa iaeaaeiaiiy, i?aai?caoe?y ? aeiiii?ea: Ca. iaoe. i?. —
Aeiiaoeuee: AeiiAeOAO, 1999.-N.304-308.

12. *a?aaei A.E., Iaethe E.I., Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. E aii?ino i
oeaeaniia?aciinoe ?ac?aaioee oaoiieiaee iieooaa?eeaoia ec ieiaeia //
Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. “Oieiae e ieuaaua
i?iecaiaenoaa”. — Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a. — 1996.-N.156.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeaaeaeiaa I.TH.?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a.
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.16 — oaoiieia?y i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. —
Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oaoiieia?? oa i?aai?caoe?? oa?/oaaiiy
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaiith oa ?ic?iaoe?
oaoiieia?? nion?a c e?noi/eiaeo ieiae?a. O iniiao oaoiieia?? iieeaaeaii
iaeneiaeueia caa?aaeaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, cie?aia ?-aeoeaieo
iie?oaiieueieo niieoe oa ea?ioeii?ae?a ieiae?a aeoi? oa aa?eein?a.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii cia/iee noaa?e?coth/ee aoaeo
i?yii-a?iiaoe/ii? ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie ia a?ioeaaiii?aee e?noi/eiaeo
ieiae?a. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii oa ?ic?iaeaii ?aoeaioo?e oa oaoiieia?th
ae?iaieoeoaa nion?a c aeoi? oa aa?eein?a. Iaea?aeaii eiiieaen aeaieo i?i
oa?/iao oe?ii?noue oa oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? iiaeo nion?a. Cae?eniaii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo ?ic?iaie o aaeocue a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy oa eiina?aia ae?iaieoeoai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nione, e?noi/eia? ieiaee, a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie,
i?yii-a?iiaoe/ia ne?iaeia, noaa?e?coth/ee aoaeo.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeaauaeiaa I.TH. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee nionia ec einoi/eiauo ieiaeia. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.16 — oaoiieiaey i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey. —
Oa?ueeianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey oaoiieiaee e i?aaiecaoeee
ieoaiey Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iao/iiio iainiiaaieth e ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee
nionia ec einoi/eiauo ieiaeia.

Ia iniiaa aiaeeca eeoa?aoo?iuo aeaiiuo, aeaenoaothueo oaoiieiaee e
?aoeaioo?iiai ninoaaa nionia ec einoi/eiauo ieiaeia iieacaii, /oi
ionoonoaea oaoiieiaee nionia ec aeoai e aa?eeinia, oa?aeoa?ecothueony
aunieeie iieacaoaeyie ea/anoaa e i?aaiieaioe/aneeie naienoaaie yaeyaony
iaeiei ec naea?aeeaathueo oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaa aunieiea/anoaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee ec ieiaeia e ?aaiiia?iiai iaania/aiey ianaeaiey
iaiaoiaeeiuie aauanoaaie e?oaeue aiae.

Oai?aoe/anee e yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaii, /oi ieuaaoth oeaiiinoue
i?iaeoeoia ia iniiaa ieiaeia a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie ii?aaeaeytho
iieeoaiieueiua aauanoaa, noaaeeueiinoue eioi?uo caaeneo io oeaeiai ?yaea
oaeoi?ia, oaeeo eae ninoaa AAA a eiie?aoiii nu?uea, aeae e ?aaeei
oa?ie/aneiai aicaeaenoaey, iaoaie/aneea i?ioeannu ia?a?aaioee,
oeie/aneee ninoaa n?aaeu (?I, iaee/ea iaoaeeia, naoa?ia, ?acee/iuo
aeiaaaie e ?aoeaioo?iuo eiiiiiaioia, i?iyaeythuea naay eae noaaeeecaoi?u
eee aeoeaaoi?u ieeneeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia iieeoaiieia). I?iaaaeaiiay
na?ey yenia?eiaioia iicaieeea ii?aaeaeeoue iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee
eciaiaiee iieeoaiieia i?e ia?a?aaioea ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey e
onoaiiaeoue iioeiaeueiua ?aaeeiu oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia, iai?aaeaiiuo
ia nio?aiaiea aeioeaaiiieaeia e iiauoaiea ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoia ec
einoi/eiauo ieiaeia.

Iainiiaaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey i?yii-a?iiaoe/aneiai
?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey (eenoueaa i?aoa a?aoeeiai, aeoie, nii?iaeeiu
/a?iie, iyou, oeaaoeia eeiu) a ea/anoaa noaaeeecaoi?a iieeoaiieia
ieiaeia i?e i?iecaiaenoaa nionia ec aeoai e aa?eeinia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
i?eiyoua eiioeaio?aoeee i?yiinoae (0,10…0,50 % e enoiaeiiio nu?ueth),
aiineiua a nooii eciaeue/aiiii aeaea, yaeythony iioeiaeueiuie e
iicaieytho nio?aieoue aeioeaaiiieaeu ieiaeia ia 34…82 % aieueoa ii
n?aaiaieth n o?aaeeoeeiiiuie i?iaeoeoaie. Ii i?aaiieaioe/aneei
iieacaoaeyi i?iaeoeou ia iniiaa einoi/eiauo ieiaeia n i?eiaiaieai
i?yii-a?iiaoe/aneiai nu?uey auaiaeii ioee/athony io ieiaeiauo iann aac
eniieueciaaiey aeaiiuo aeiaaaie aieaa eioaineaiui oeaaoii e i?eyoiui
a?iiaoii, naienoaaiiuie enoiaeiiio nu?ueth.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea ianyiie ioee a ea/anoaa
caaonoeoaey a eiee/anoaa 2,0…4,0 % e enoiaeiiio nu?ueth yaeyaony
oaoiieiae/anee aeaaii?eyoiui e iicaieyao iieo/eoue nion n caaeaiiuie
oaoiieiae/aneeie naienoaaie. Aianaiea ianyiie ioee a ieiaeiaia ith?a
ieacuaaao noaaeeece?othuaa aeaenoaea ia aeioeaaiiieaeu ieiaeia aeoie e
aa?eeinia, iiauoay eo nio?aiiinoue ia 5…80 % ii n?aaiaieth n ith?a aac
aeiaaaie ca n/ao oaaee/aiey ayceinoe n?aaeu e nieaeaiey aeoeaiinoe aiaeu
a nenoaia, eioi?ay yaeyaony iaeiei ec oaeoi?ia, naea?aeeaathueo
ieeneaiea iieeoaiieia.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eiaiyaiua eiioeaio?aoeee naoa?a 16…19 % e iaaea 1,6
% ia 100 a i?iaeoeoa i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiao ia
ieacuaatho ?ac?ooathuaai aeaenoaey ia oeaaiiieaeu ieiaeia aeoie e
aa?eeinia e yaeythony iioeiaeueiuie aeey nicaeaiey niona n
ii?aaeaeaiiuie i?aaiieaioe/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

N oeaeueth oi?ie?iaaiey iaiaoiaeeiie eiinenoaioeee nionia, a oaeaea aeey
eiaeoeaaoeee ieeneeoaeueiuo oa?iaioia e i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey
iee?iaeieiae/aneie ii?/e i?iaeoeoia iaiaoiaeeia oaieiaay ia?aaioea.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaiu iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiua e oaoiieiae/anee
aeaaii?eyoiua oa?ie/aneea ?aaeeiu i?ia?aaaiey niona: 8…10 ieioo i?e
80…85 N.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee eaaee a iniiao iainiiaaiey e
?ac?aaioee oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa nionia ec einoi/eiauo ieiaeia.
Eco/ai oeie/aneee ninoaa e ieuaaay oeaiiinoue iieo/aiiuo i?iaeoeoia.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ii niaea?aeaieth aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa
(?-aeoeaiuo aeioeaaiiieaeia, ea?ioeiieaeia, aeoaieiia, ieia?aeueiuo
aauanoa e ae?.) ?ac?aaioaiiua nionu ec aeoai e aa?eeinia
oa?aeoa?ecothony eae aunieiea/anoaaiiua i?iaeoeou iiauoaiiie ieuaaie
oeaiiinoe e aeieiae/aneie aeoeaiinoe.

Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea ia?aiao?ia eiina?ae?iaaiey oaieiaie noa?eeecaoeeae
e iaoiaeii eiiieaena aunieiaieueoiiai eiioeueniiai aicaeaenoaey (EAEA)
ia AAA ieiaeia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui e ia?niaeoeaiui
yaeyaony iaoiae EAEA, iicaieythuee iaeneiaeueii nio?aieoue aeieiae/anee
aeoeaiua aauanoaa a eiina?ae?iaaiiii i?iaeoeoa.

Inouanoaeaii aiaae?aiea iao/iuo ?ac?aaioie a i?iecaiaenoai. ?ac?aaioaia
e ooaa?aeaeaia ii?iaoeaiay aeieoiaioaoeey ia nion ec aeoie e nion ec
aa?eeinia — OO O 40.01566330.06-99. Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa iiauo
nionia aiaae?aia ia Iieoaaneii eiina?aiii caaiaea. Oaoiieiaee
i?eaioiaeaiey nionia ec einoi/eiauo ieiaeia, a oaeaea neaaeeeo aethae e
eiiaeeoa?neeo ecaeaeee n eo eniieueciaaieai aiaae?aiu a i?aaei?eyoeyo
iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey ai?iaeia Oa?ueeiaa, Iieoaau, Oaooa?nea. I?iaaaeai
yeiiiie/aneee ?an/ao naaanoieiinoe e ioioneiie oeaiu nionia ec
einoi/eiauo ieiaeia, iieo/aiu aeaiiua i eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe nionia ia
i?aaeiieaaaaiuo ?uieao nauoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nionu, einoi/eiaua ieiaeu, aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua
aauanoaa, i?yii-a?iiaoe/aneia nu?uea, noaaeeece?othuee yooaeo.

SUMMARY

Davydova O.Y. The elaboration of technology sauce from the stone fruit.
— The manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 05.18.16 — technology of
food products. — Kharkov State Academy of Food Technology and Management
of Ministry of Education of Ukraine, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the scientific substantiation and the
working out the technology of sauce from the stone fruit. The technology
is based on the maximum preservation of biologically active substances,
such as P-active polifenolic bonds and carotinoids of cherry and
apricot. The stabilizing effect of spicy-aromatic plant raw material on
bioflavonoids of stone fruit was experimentally proved. Recepties and
food production sauces technologic for cherry and apricot were developed
and scientifically grounded. New complex of data on nutritive value and
functional and technology properties of the new sauces was obtained. The
proposed technology has been implemented into catering industry and can
production.

Key words: sauce, stone fruit, biologically active substances,
spicy-aromatic material, stabilizing effect.

___________________________________________________________________

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 13.10.99. Oi?iao 6084 1/16. Iai?? aacao.

Ae?oe. ionao. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,0. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1.1. Oi. oa?a.-a?aea.
1.1.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai.

___________________________________________________________________

AeIAe OAeAOIO, Oa?e?a-51,aoe. Eei/e?anueea, 333.

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