IAeANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss OA?*IAEO OAOIIEIA?E

Oth??eiaa ?iia Noai?neaa?aia

OAeE 664.8.035.67:582.973

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?? EIINA?AIAAIEO

AIOIOe?AIIAEO AA?AIEE?A C ssA?Ae

AOCEIE *I?II?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.13 – oaoiieia?y eiina?aiaaieo i?iaeoeo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iaeanna – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieeeiaiei Ethaeieea Ieeiea?aia

Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

I?ioani? eaoaae?e a?io?i?? oa i?e?ia?ieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaconia Aiaoie?e Oeiio?eiae/

Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oaoiieia?? eiina?aoaaiiy

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

N?iao?ia Aaeeia Ieaenaiae??aia

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e,

aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo oaoiieia?? oeoe?enoeo ?a/iaei, noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee i?iaeaiii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?

eaai?aoi???

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oaoiieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe??

oa?/oaaiiy, eaoaae?a caaaeueii? oaoiieia?? oa?/iaeo

ae?iaieoeoa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 1030 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.088.01 Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e (270039, Iaeana, aoe.Eaiaoia, 112).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e (270039, Iaeana, aoe.Eaiaoia,
112).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 24 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ieeeiaiei E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ciai?oi?e aeaeyae ?, cie?aia, eie?? oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a ? aaaeeeaei iieacieeii ?o yeino?. Na?aae aa?aiee?a, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoue a ??cieo aaeocyo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? – eiina?ai?e,
oa?/ieiioeaio?aoi?e, eiiaeeoa?nuee?e, ae?iaieoeoa? aacaeeiaieueieo
iaii?a, iiei/iieeneeo i?iaeoeo?a, a oaeiae o oa?iaoeaaoe/iiio,
ia?ooiii-einiaoe/iiio ae?iaieoeoaao eeoa aei 6 % neeaaeathoue i?e?iaei?
niieoee [A.A. ssnieoeueeee, 1997].

Neioaoe/i? aa?aieee ia iathoue oa?/iai?, a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino? ?
oeiiaeie i?aaenoaaieeaie enaiia?ioee?a, a?eueo?noue c yeeo iaaacia/i?
aeey i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Oiio iiooe i?e?iaeieo i?aai?/ieo aa?aieo
?a/iaei, ui iathoue a?oai?ii? aeanoeaino?, aioeieneaeaioio oa
aeaniooaaaiio ae??, caeaoi?noue aei eiiieaeniooai?aiiy c eao?iiaie
iaoae?a ? aeooaeueiei.

Aei oaeeo ia?niaeoeaieo ?a/iaei ca a?ieia?/iith aeoeai?noth,
iiaeee-a?noth i?ieiiaoaaoe oa?i?ie caa??aaiiy oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a
a?aeiinyoueny a?ioeaaiii?aee, cie?aia, aioioe?aie.

Aiae?c ?ineeiieo ia’?eo?a c iiceoe?e iaeiie/aiiy i?aiaio?a ? ?o neeaaeo
iieacaa, ui aeey ae?iaieoeoaa i?e?iaeieo oa?/iaeo aa?aiee?a aeioe?eueia
aeei?enoaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie – aeeei?ineeo ieiae?a oa ya?ae.
Na?aae inoaii?o aaeeeee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue aoceia /i?ia (Sambucus nigra
L.), ia?a?iaeaiiy yei? ca iaaeineiiaeith oaoiieia??th i?iaiaeeeinue a
A?oc??. A oiiaao Oe?a?ie aoceia iaeiie/o? aioioe?ai?a a (5…6) ?ac?a
a?eueoa, aiia oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaia a Oeaio?aeueiiio ? Cao?aeiiio
?aa?iiao, a ?? caiane neeaaeathoue (20 000…50 000) oiii [O.?. Iai/o?,
1988]. Iaeiae, aei oe??? ii?e a Oe?a?i? a?aenooi? ?ic?iaee, ye? ni?eyee
a ia?a?iaoe? ya?ae ? iaea?aeaiith c ieo ca no/anieie aeiiii?/ieie
oaoiieia?yie oa?/iaeo aa?aiee?a aai a?iaeoeaieo aeiaaaie. A?eueo?noue
i?e?iaeieo aa?aiee?a – oea iano?ee? niieoee, oiio iaiao?aeia ?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a, ui caaacia/othoue ?o caa?aaeaiiy i?e oaoiieia?/i?e ia?a?iaoe?
oa caa??aaii?.

Aeioe?eueia ?ic?iaea c?o/ieo aeey i?iieneiaiai aeei?enoaiiy oi?i
aa?aieea c a?aooaaiiyi oe?iiino? ya?ae aoceie, yea aecia/a?oueny a ia?oo
/a?ao aioioe?aiaie c ?-a?oai?iiith aeoeai?noth.

A?aoiaoth/e no/ania noaiiaeua aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, yea oa?aeoa?eco-?oueny
aaaaoioeeaaei?noth (iayai?noue e?oiieo aea?aeaaieo, ae??aieo oa
na?aaei?o, i?eaaoieo oa eieaeoeaieo i?aei?e?inoa) ? ??cieie
iiaeeeainoyie noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, ia?niaeoeaiith
? ?ic?iaea no/anii?, aeiiii?/ii? oaoiieia?? aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo i?ioean?a io?eiaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei, ye? iiaee a
aooe aeei?enoai? oe?ieei eieii i?aei?e?inoa, ui a?ae??ciythoueny ??aiai
oaoi?/ii? caaacia/aiino?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeany a?aeiia?aeii aei iai?yio 03 “Iniiaieo iaoeiaeo
iai?yi?a ?iaioe IAeAOO” oa eaoaae?e a?io?i?? ? i?e?ia?ieia??
“Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie c iaoith
eiiieaeniiai ?? aeei?enoaiiy oa iaea?aeaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a oa aeiaaaie”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe – iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy oa
?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa noaa?eueiiai ii?ioeiiiae?aiiai oa
??aeeeo eiioeaio?iaaieo aa?aiee?a c aoceie /i?ii? ia iniia?
aeno?aeoe?eii-naaeeiaioaoe?e-ieo ? oaciai-iaia?aiieo i?ioean?a aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy naini?ieo aeanoeainoae oa a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino? oa?/iaeo
i?iaeoeo?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaanoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo ??cieo aeae?a ne?iaeie c iiceoe?e
iaeiie/aiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei;

— anoaiiaeoe eiiieaen a?io?i?/ieo ? o?i?ei-oaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a
aoceiiai? ne?iaeie oa i?iaeoeo?a ?? ia?a?iaee;

— aeine?aeeoe oa?iino?ee?noue aioioe?aiiaiai eiiieaeno aoceie ?
?ic?iaeoe i?ioeane iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee ne?iaeie, ye? caaacia/othoue
i?aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo aa?aieo ?a/iaei;

— iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe ?aaeeie aeno?aaoaaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei aoceiiai?
ne?iaeie oa aecia/eoe oiiae ?o noaa?e?caoe??;

— iaa?oiooaaoe ia?aiao?e iaia?aiiiai oa aaeooi-aeia?iiai i?ioeano
eiioeaio?oaaiiy i?aiaio?a aeno?aeoo, ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?/io ?
i?ioeanii-aia?a-oo?io noaio ae?iaieoeoaa ??aeeeo eiioeaio?iaaieo
aa?aiee?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiee niin?a aeae?eaiiy aa?aieo
?a/iaei c aeno?aeoo aoceiiai? ne?iaeie, oaoiieia?/io ?
i?ioeanii-aia?aoo?io noaio ae?iaieoeoaa ii?ioeiiiae?aiiai aa?aieea;

— aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo yeino? ii?ioeiiiae?aiiai ? ??aeeeo
eiioeaio?iaaieo aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a ca eiiieaenii a?io?i?/ieo,
o?i?ei-oaoi?/ieo, i?e?ia?i-eia?/ieo, eieuei?iia?aiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a oa
iaa?oiooaaoe ?aaeeie ?o caa??aaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iaeo ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??, i?iaanoe
ai?iaaoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a ??cieo
aaeocyo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ieiae?a aoceie ? i?iaeoeo?a ?? ia?a?iaee c aeaio ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie ca noeoii?noth a?io?i?/ieo, o?i?ei-oaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a,
?ia?aae??ioiiai oa eieuei?iaiai neeaaeo i?aiaio?a.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/i?
i?ioeane ia?iaee ne?iaeie, ye? caaacia/othoue iaeneiaeueia aeno?aaoaaiiy
aa?aieo ?a/iaei.

?ic?iaeaii iiaee naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiee niin?a aeae?eaiiy
aioioe?aiiaeo i?aiaio?a c aeno?aeoo, yeee a?ae??ciy?oueny aenieei
nooiaiai i?aoeei?oaoe?? aa?aieo ?a/iaei, aeiiii?/i?noth, iecueeeie
aeo?aoaie aia?a?? oa /ano. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
inaaeaeoaaiiy i?aiaio?a c aeno?aeoo aeey aeai?o aeaeo inaaeaeoaa/a ?
oiia i?ioeano.

Anoaiiaeaii aieea ia?aiao??a i?ioeano iaia?aiiiai ?icae?eaiiy ia
nooi?iue eiioeaio?oaaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei aoceiiaiai aeno?aeoo.

Io?eiai? iia? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? c ?ia?aae??ioiiai neeaaeo,
eieuei?iia?aiao?e/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo, o?i?ei-oaoi?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a o?ueio ?ic?iaeaieo aeae?a aa?aiee?a c aoceie. Iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii oa?i?ie ? oiiae ?o caa??aaiiy oa iai?yie aeei?enoaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo aeae?a aa?aiee?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie oaoiieia?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aa?aieo ?a/iaei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/io ?
i?ioeanii-aia?aoo?io noaie io?eiaiiy o?ueio aeae?a a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
oa?/iaeo aa?aiee?a, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ia?a?iaee a Oe?a?i? oe?iei
?iciianthaeaeaii? iao?aaeeoe?eii? aeeei?inei? ne?iaeie – aoceie /i?ii?.
A?aei?iieie ?o iniaeeainoyie ? aio/e?noue, yea iia’ycaia c aeei?enoaiiyi
i?ioean?a naaeeiaioaoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy, iaia?aiiiai aai aaeooi-aeia?iiai
eiioeaio?oaaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei ya?ae aoceie /i?ii? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
oaoi?/iei iniauaiiyi i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?aeaioiaeaii i?iaeo ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? ia ae?iaieoeoai
o?ueio aeae?a aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a. Ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th
aeaioiaeaii aeine?aei? ia?o?? aa?aiee?a o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. Iieacaii
aeioe?euei?noue ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ??ci? aaeoc? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?
(eiina?aio, eiiaeeoa?nueeo, ae?iaieoeoai aacaeeiaieueieo iaii?a oa
a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy). ?ic?aooieiaa aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue
aeaioiaeaiiy aa?aieea ca naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?a-oe?eiith oaoiieia??th
o ii??aiyii? c no/aniith iaia?aiiith neeaaea? 65,6 a?i ia 1 ooa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a
i?iaaaeaii? iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a o eaai?aoi?ieo oa ae?iaie/eo oiiaao;
oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?, ieaioaaii? aenia?eiaioo oa ia?iaoe?
aenia?e-iaioaeueieo aeaieo; ocaaaeueiaii? ? i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a aei
ioae?eaoe??, o/ano? a ?ic?iaoe? ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??,
ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo oaoiieia?e o ae?iaieoeoai, i?aeaioiaoe? cayaee ia
aeiao?ae, iaienaii? iaoeiaeo noaoae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee aeieeaaeai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia i?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo, neiiic?oiao, c’?caeao: “Ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey ianniaiai
ieoaiey e oi?aiaee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea” (i.
Oa?e?a, 1994), “Yia?ai?ano?ninaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee ia?a?aaioee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai nu?uey” (i. I?inuee, 1994), “Ie-ua. Yeieiaey.
*aeiaae” (i. Iineaa, 1995), “Yeieiaey. I?iaeoeou ieoaiey. Caei?iauea”
(i. Iaeana, 1995), “Iio?aaeoaeueneay eiiia?aoeey a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae.
I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau” (i. Iieoaaa, 1995), “Ieuaaay
i?iiuoeaiiinoue-2000” (i. Eacaiue, 1996), “Yeieiaey /aeiaaea e i?iaeaiu
ainieoaiey iieiaeuo o/aiuo” (i. Iaeana, 1997), 55-59 Iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo IAeAOO (i. Iaeana, 1995-1999), Iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo IE?
(i. Iieoaaa, 1995-1999), VII Oe?a?inueeiio a?io?i?/iiio c’?cae? (i.
Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 18
?ia?o, a oiio /ene?, 3 noaoo? o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaeia
iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 7 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?
aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 229 noi??iie, aeeth/a? 31
?enoiie (19 noi?.), 29 oaaeeoeue (18 noi?.), 15 aeiaeaoe?a (57 noi?.),
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 124 iaeiaioaaiue (11 noi?.).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee iiai? oaoiieia?? aoceiiaeo
aa?aiee?a, yea aoea a i?eeiyoia aeey a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iai?
aaeoc? a no/anieo oiiaao. Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue,
iieacaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue ?iaioe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii aiae?oe/iee iaeyae a?o/eciyii? oa
caei?aeiiii? e?oa?aoo?e noiniaii no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa aioioe?aiiaeo aa?aiee?a c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie,
cie?aia, c ieiae?a aoceie /i?ii?. Iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
aoceie /i?ii? a Oe?a?i?, ?? a?iaeaei?noue, o?i?/iee neeaae ieiae?a,
cie?aia, aioioe?aiiaeo i?aiaio?a, ?o o?c?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoyo oa
no?eeino?. A?aei?/aii iayai?noue ae??oe/ii? oa
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii? ae?? ieiae?a aoceie /i?ii?, iaoiiaeaii?
oi?eaeueiei a?io?i?/iei neeaaeii.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iieacaa, ui iei? a Oe?a?i? ia cae?enith?oueny
ia?a?iaea ieiae?a aoceie. A?aei?/aii oaeiae, ui a eieeoiueiio N?N? ua a
60…70 ?iee aoei ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th io?eiaiiy aoceiiaiai aa?aieea ia
iniia? i?ioean?a aeno?aaoaaiiy ? aaeooi-aeia?iiai eiioeaio?oaaiiy, yea
ia aa?aiooaaea aeniei? yeino? oa noaa?eueiino? i?iaeoeoo.

Ocaaaeueithth/e aeai? i?i noai ae?iaieoeoaa aoceiiaiai aa?aieea a
Oe?a?i?, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? iiaeiii
aacoaaoeny ia i?aeaeuaii? nooiaiy aeno?aaoaaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei c
ieiae?a aoceie, caiacia/aii? ?o noaa?eueiino?, i?aeai?? aeiiii?/ieo oa
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a eiioeaio?oaaiiy aeno?aeoo. Aiae?c oaoiieia?e, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ia?a?iaee ?ioeo ieiae?a, aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe,
ui aaeueie ia?niaeoeaieie aeey eiioeaio?oaaiiy aoceiiaiai aeno?aeoo
iiaeooue aooe iaoiaee iniioe/iiai oa oaciaiai aeeo/aiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
(yaiaee aoceie /i?ii? a noaae?? oaoi?/ii? c??eino?, i?iaeoeoe ia?a?iaee
– n?e, ae/aaee, aa?aieee) ? iaoiaeeee anoaiiaeaiiy ?o a?io?i?/ieo,
o?i?ei-oaoi?/ieo, i?e?i-a?ieia?/ieo oa eieuei?iia?aiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a.
Iienaii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a,
aeai?o inaaeaeoaa/a oa ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaaaaeaii iniiai? aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee onoaoeoaaiiy, yea
aeei?enoiaoaaee a ?iaio? (OIA-6, I?-6,3/100), a oaeiae iaoiaeeee
iinoaiiaee aenia?eiaio?a.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie c
iiceoe?e iaeiie/aiiy niieoe i?aiaioiiai eiiieaeno iieacaii, ui na?aae
a?eueo ye 20-e ?? aeae?a aeii?iothoue ai?ii?ea, aoceia /i?ia, /i?ieoey.
A a?aoiaoth/e ?iciianthaeaeaiiy, a?iaeaei?noue eoeueoo? ? oaoiieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? neeaaeo ?iaeea?-aeoaeueieo i?aiaio?a ca iniiaiee ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoea aea?aia aoceia /i?ia. Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ca oaoi?/iei ? o?ceei-o?i?/iei aiae?cii ya?ae
aoceie oa i?iaeoeo?a ?o ia?a?iaee (n?e, ae/aaee). A?aecia/aii ia?aaaaeio
eieae?caoe?th aa?aieo ?a/iaei o oe??oe? ya?ae oa iaiao?aei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ae/aaie aeey aeiaeaoeiai? ooee?caoe?? aioioe?ai?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a neeaae? a?ioeaaiii?ae?a aoceiiai? ne?iaeie
aeii?ioaa-ee (>70 %) caaa?aeai? i?aiaioe – aioioe?aie, a /ene? yeeo aoei
?aeaioeo?eiaaii /ioe?e oaiieueieo ae?eiceaee: oe?ai?aeei-3-aetheiceae,
oe?ai?aeei-3-naiaoa?iceae-5-aetheiceae, oe?ai?aeei-3,5-aeeaetheiceae oa
oe?ai?aeei-5-naiaoa?iceae. A e?euee?niiio a?aeiioaii? ia?aaaaeaee (>80 %
a?ae noie) oe?ai?aeei-3-naiaoa?iceae oa oe?ai?aeei-3-aetheiceae.
I?enooi?noue a neeaae? aioioe?ai?a aoceie aeeeth/ii
oe?ai?aeei-3-ae?ei-ceeueiaaieo oi?i iiaeia aaaaeaoe iiceoeaiei /eiieeii,
oiio ui aeania oaeee oei aioioe?ai?a ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo oa?iino?eeeo.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ??cieo
oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia aeeo/aiiy ? no?ee?noue aa?aieo ?a/iaei c
ieiae?a aoceie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aeno?aaoaaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei c
aoceiiai? ne?iaeie nooo?ai aieeaa? iiia?aaeiy ia?iaea, cie?aia,
aeaeo?iia?iaea, oa?iaioie?c.

Aaaeeeaith oaoiieia?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith aioioe?aiiaeo aa?aiee?a ? ?o
noaa?euei?noue i?e oa?i?/i?e ia?iaoe?. Anoaiiaeaii eiinoaioo D, yea
oa?aeoa?eco? o?eaae?noue ia?iaee a oaeeeiao, i?e ye?e eiioeaio?aoe?y
noia?ieo i?aiaio?a a aeno?aeoao aoceie cieaeo?oueny a 10 ?ac?a. I?e
oaiia?aoo?ao (80…110) 0N oa ?I 3,0 ? 4,0 cia/aiiy D noaiiaeoue (92…1816)
oa. Eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e aeaa?aaeaoe?? noia?ieo i?aiaio?a c
??cieo ia’?eo?a iaaaaeaii a oaae.1.

Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea oa?iinoaa?eueiino? iieaco?, ui i?aiaioiee eiiieaen
aoceie a?eueo no?eeee, i?ae nieo c /i?ieoe? aai noieoe?, a aioioe?aiia?
eiiieaene ye nieo c ya?ae aoceie, oae ? aeno?aeo?a i?aiaio?a c ae/aaie
iathoue aeecuee? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aeaa?aaeaoe??. Oea iieaco?
i?aeoe/io ??aiicia/i?noue aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o ye niaeiaeo iniauoaa/?a
i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy.

C iaoith iaeneiaeueiiai ciaioaiiy ao?ao aa?aieo ?a/iaei aoceie aoee
aei?iaoaai? 15 ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?a/iaei oa i?e?iaeieo noi?oae, ye?
ca?aeii c e?oa

Oaaeeoey 1

Eiinoaioe aeaa?aaeaoe?? aioioe?aiiaiai eiiieaeno, E10-5, n-1

Ia’?eoe

aeine?aeaeaiueOaiia?aoo?a ia?iaee, 0N80100110?I 3,0?I 4,0?I 3,0?I 4,0?I
3,0?I 4,0Aeno?aeo i?aiaio?a c ae/aaie aoceie

2,11

2,34

6,82

8,73

38,40

41,70N?e c ya?ae aoceie2,152,386,909,0438,6141,42N?e c
/i?ieoe?2,782,819,4910,6748,7352,91Noieoey3,063,1713,1314,2154,8260,20

?aoo?ieie aeaieie iathoue aioeieneaeaioio aeoeai?noue,
eiiieaeniooai?thth/? oa i?ioaeoi?i? aeanoeaino?. Anoaiiaeaia
iaeneiaeueia noaa?e?coth/a ae?y eaa?oeaoeio oa eeiiiii? eeneioe, aeaui
iaioa — e?ioiaeth, iaeoeio, ?iaeeoa?aioia aai neaainoaa?e?coth/a –
naoa?ice, enee?oo, oieioa?ieo oa ea?ioeii?ae?a, iaaaoeaia – ?yaeo
ai?iieeneio, nieae oa ?io. Oea iaa?oiooaaei aeei?enoaiiy eeiiiii?
eeneioe ye noaa?e?caoi?a ?, iaeii/anii, aeno?aaaioa aioioe?ai?a.

Aea/aii aieea ?yaeo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?ioean aeno?aeoe??
aa?aieo ?a/iaei c aoceiiai? ne?iaeie – i?e?iaee (A) ? eiioeaio?aoe??
(Ne) aeno?aaaioo, oaiia?aoo?e (t) ? o?eaaeino? () i?ioeano,
a?ae?iiiaeoey (H), e?aoiino? aeno?aeoe?? (n), aeenia?niino? /anoie (d),
?ioaineaiino? ia?ai?ooaaiiy noi?o? (). Aeaye? ?acoeueoaoe oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaii ia ?en.1.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iioei?caoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
i?ioeano aeno?aeoe?? i?aiaio?a c aoceie.

Iaea?aeaii ??aiyiiy caeaaeiino? (a iaoo?aeueieo ci?iieo) aieeao
aeine?ae-aeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia eiioeaio?aoe?th aa?aieea a
aeno?aeo? (N, %), i?iaeoeoeai?noue (G, ea/aiae) oa ieoii? aeo?aoe
aia?a?? (q, eAeae/a):

N = (540,85–165,5I +10,03t + 13,63 -0,0711t2 – 0,1852–0,053t) ·10-3, %
(1)

G = 10,32 – 3,36I + 0,141t – 0,656? – 0,966I2 – 0,00845t2 + 0,00948?2 –
0,0138to,

ea/aiae (2)

q =11,97 – 12,24I + 0,302t – 0,573? + 2,71I2 + 0,0105o2 + 0,183to,
eAeae/a (3)

?cie?i?? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa aeoiaeo aa?aieea a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa
o?eaaeino? i?ioeano aeno?aeoe?? iaaaaeai? ia ?en. 2 ? 3. Aiaeia?/i?
aeai? aoee io?eiai? ca ieoiiith i?iaeoeoeai?noth. Ca oeeie aeaieie
io?eiaii a?noia?aie aieeao oaoii-eia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia i?ioean
aeno?aeoe?? aa?aieea (?en. 4).

C iaoith iaa?oiooaaiiy noaie aeno?aeoe?eii? onoaiiaee i?iaaaeaii
iaoaia-oe/iee iien e?iaoeee aeno?aeoe?? aa?aieea (4) oa nooiaiy
??aiiaaae aeeooc?? (5):

wmetafile8?
??C??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy`??m?? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????P:???P_???u@th??????
d = / (5,170 + 0,893),
(5)

I?e aeei?enoaii? oi?ioee A.E. Oeaoiaiaaoia aeey ?ic?aooieo nooiaiaai?
aeno?aeoe?? io?eiaee iioeiaeueio e?euee?noue aeno?aeoi??a oa
?iciiae?eaiiy aioioe?aiiaiai aa?aieea i?ae oacaie a aaoa?a? aeno?aeoi??a
i?e aenieiio aeoiae? i?aiaio?a (94,3%).

A oinoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a, iia’ycaieo c
?ic?iaeith oaoiieia??, oaoiieia?/ia oa i?ioeanii-aia?aoo?ia noaie
iaea?aeaiiy aioioe?aiiaeo aa?aiee?a c aoceie /i?ii? o aeaeyae? ??aeeeo
eiioeaio?ao?a oa ii?ioeo.

I?e aeei?enoaii? caniao eiioeaio?oaaiiy aoceiiaiai aeno?aeoo cai?ioi?i
iniinii i?ioean aeioe?eueii iaiaaeeoe (27…29) % nooeo ?a/iaei, ui
caaacia/o? aenieo naeaeoeai?noue ca aa?aieie ?a/iaeiaie (~98 %) oa
iacia/i? ao?aoe c o?eueo?aoii nooeo ?a/iaei (aei 0,2 %).

Anoaiiaeaii ?iai/? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano cai?ioiueiiniioe/iiai
eiioeaio?oaaiiy aoceiiaiai aeno?aeoo ia ieinei?aii?e onoaiiaoe?
I?-6,3/100 c canoinoaaiiyi iaia?ai IAA-100: oene (6±0,5) IIa,
oaiia?aoo?a (15±20) 0N, o?eaae?noue – (2…3) aiaeeie i?e na?aaei?e
i?iaeoeoeaiino? (5…10) aei3/i2·aiae.

?ic?iaeo ?aaeei?a ianoa?ecaoe?? i?iaiaeeee aeey
eiioeaio?iaaiiai (27… 29 % nooeo ?a/iaei) aoceiiaiai aa?aieea. Aea??
oano-eoeueoo?e oa ii?ie eaoaeueiino? cae?enithaaee c o?aooaaiiyi ?I
i?iaeoeoo — ia a?eueoa 3,3. Iaiao?aeio eaoaeuei?noue aecia/aee,
aeoiaey/e c eiinoaio oa?iino?eeino? ca Aac. nivea. Aeey eiioeaio?aoo a
oa?? I-82-1000 ?aaeei ianoa?ecaoe?? iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe ca oi?-
ioeith wmetafile8? ??.???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????@????????u?th??????
Aenieieiioeaio?iaaiee aioioe?aiiaee aa?aiee c (62…63) % nooeo ?a/iaei
iaea?aeoaaee ca o?aaeeoe?eiith oaoiieia??th c aeei?enoaiiyi
aaeooi-aeia?iiai ciaaiaeiaiiy. Eiai i?e?ia?iei-a?/ia noaa?euei?noue
caaacia/o?oue-ny i?ae?a??aii ia?aae oanoaaiiyi, iecueeith aeoeai?noth
aiaee oa aenieith eeneioi?noth.

?ic?iaeaia naaeeiaioaoe?eia oaoiieia?y aeae?eaiiy i?aiaio?a aeno?aeoo
oeyoii naeaeoeaiiai inaaeaeaiiy c iueiai noie aa?aieo ?a/iaei
a?aeiia?aeiei ?aaaaioii.

Aea?? inaaeaeoaa/a iaoiiethaaany iiaeeea?noth i?io?eaiiy

aeaeo?io?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? i?ae iiceoeaii ca?yaeaeaieie iieaeoeaie
aioioe?ai?a oa iaaaoeaii ca?yaeaeaieie a?oiaie niieoe a?ae?ieneae?a oa
nieae eoaeieo ? eoaeiueicaiaeueieo iaoae?a. E?e-oa???i aoaeoeaiino?
??cieo aeae?a inaaeaeoaa/?a aoea e?euee?noue aioi-

oe?ai?a a iaaeinaaeia?e ??aeei?. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a a?aeia?aaeai?
a a?aeiia?ae-ieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaio?a aoee iaea?aeai? ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??. Aeey
niieoe iaai?th, cie?aia, ??aiyiiy ia? aeaeyae:

o = 79,65 — 62,1o1 + 2,65o2 -8o1o2
(7)

aea: o1 – eiaeiaai? cia/aiiy ?I; o2 — aeae inaaeaeoaa/a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oei?eae iaai?th ia 6,7 % aoaeoeai?oa inaaeaeoaa/?a ia
iniia? eaeueoe?th oa ia 20,3 % — ia iniia? aa??th. Aiae?c ??aiyiue ia
aeno?aioi aeicaieea aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? oiiae i?ioeano: ?I -12,1;
inaaeaeoaa/ – MgCl2.

I?ney in?aeaiiy ??aeeo oaco a?aeae?eyee a?ae inaaeo, a inoaii?e
i?aeaeaaaee ?aaaia?aoe??. ?ic/eie aeey ?aaaia?aoe?? i?aeae?aee aeoiaey/e
c ?o aeanoeainoae iiai?n-oth ?ic/eithaaoe aioioe?aie, a inaaeaeoaa/ i?e
oeueiio ia iiaeiai ia?aoiaeeoe a aeno?aeo. Aenia?eiaioaeueii
anoaiiaeaii, ui e?auei ?ic/eiieeii aioioe?aii-aiai inaaeo ? 10%
nie?oiaee ?ic/ei eeiiiii? eeneioe oa INleiioe. (ni?aa?aeii-oaiiy 1:1:9).
Iaeiae, o ca’yceo c oei, ui nieyia eeneioa eaoea ? aieiae?? ei?ic?e-ieie
aeanoeainoyie, i?aeoe/ii inaae e?aua anueiai ?aaaia?oaaoe 10%-iei
nie?oiaei ?ic/eiii eeiiiii? eeneioe, yea noaa?e?co? aa?ai? ?a/iaeie oa
ia caa?oaeith? iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua. (Ia
naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiee niin?a iaea?aeaiiy aa?aieea io?eiaii
iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ca cayaeith ia iaoaio ? 98063077 a?ae
15.06.1998). ?ic?iaea oeueiai niiniao coiiaeaia oei, ui aeey eiai
cae?eniaiiy ia iio??aia aei?iaa neeaaeia iaeaaeiaiiy, iaiao?aei?
i?i?iaeuei? aia?aiaeo?aoe ? oiio oaeo oaoiieia?th i?aeoe/ii eaaei
ai?iaaaeeoe.

Oaoiieia?/io noaio iaea?aeaiiy o?ueio aeae?a aa?aiee?a c aoceie
iaaaaeaii ia ?en.5. A ?ic?iaeai?e oaoiieia?/i?e oa i?ioeanii-aia?aoo?i?e
noaiao ia?aeiia ia?iaea ne?iaeie i?iaiaeeoueny iacaeaaeii a?ae aea?aiiai
ia ae?iaieoeoa? niiniao eiioeaio?oaaiiy aeno?aeoo. Iaeiae, a
iiaeaeueoiio, a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai ??aiy
ae?iaieoeoaa aai caiiaeaiiy niiaeeaa/a, i?ioean eiioeaio?oaaiiy iiaeia
i?iaiaeeoe iaoiaeii cai?ioiueiai iniino (??aeeee aa?aiee c 27…29 % nooeo
?a/iaei), aaeooi-aeia?thaaiiyi (??aeeee aa?aiee c 62…63 % nooeo
?a/iaei), aai naaeeiaioaoe??th (ii?ioeiiiae?aiee aa?aiee c ia iaio ye 92
% nooeo ?a/iaei).

A nueiiiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii eiiieaenio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ??cieo aeae?a
aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a ca ?yaeii o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a
(oaae. 2,3), ci?ie eieuei?iia?aiao?e/ieo aeanoeainoae oa aeaa?aaeaoe??
aa?aieo ?a/iaei a i?ioean? caa??aaiiy (?en.6), ii??aiyeuei? ?ic?aooieia?
aeiiii?/i? aeai?, iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo aa?aiee?a.

Oaaeeoey 2

Neeaae aioioe?aiiaeo i?aiaio?a aoceiiaeo oa?/iaeo aa?aiee?a (OA),

% a?ae noie aioioe?ai?a

Aioioe?aieIi?ioei-iiae?aiee OAEiioeaio?aoe, iaea?aeai?
caaaeooi-aeia?iith oaoiieia??thiaia?aiiith

oaoiieia??th oe?ai?aeei-3-naiaoa?iceae42,249,444,5
oe?ai?aeei-3-aetheiceae36,733,737,8oe?ai?aeei-3-naiaoa?iceae-5-aetheicea
e13,38,012,4oe?ai?aeei-3,5-aeeaetheiceae7,88,95,3Aiae?c aeeiai?ee
eieuei?iia?aiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a nenoaiao NIE oa Oaioa?a, a oaeiae
aaciina?aaei? ao?aoe aa?aieo ?a/iaei a i?ioean? caa??aaiiy (?en.6),
aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaee uiaei iioeiaeueieo oa?i?i?a ? oiia
caa??-aaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo aa?aiee?a.

Ii??aiyeuei? aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee ae?iaieoeoaa aa?aieea ca
naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiith oa iaia?aiiith oaoiieia?yie
iieacothoue ia?aaaae i??i?eoaoii? – aoaeo neeaaea? 65,6 a?i ia 1 ooa.

Oaaeeoey 3

O?ceei-o?i?/ia oa a?io?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea aa?aiee?a c aoceie /i?ii?

IieacieeeIi?ioeiiiae?aiee OA (ia iin??)Eiioeaio?aoe, iaea?aeai?
cai?ioi?i

iniiniiaaeooi-

aeia?thaaiiyiNoo? ?a/iaeie,%97,028,762,0Aeoeaia eeneioi?noue,

iae. ?I 3%-ai ?ic/eio2,93,02,2Oeo?o?ia eeneioi?noue

(ia eeiiiio eeneioo), %4,36,1012,80Aioioe?aie,
10-3%1302055809800Eaoao?ie, 10-3%505,2244,7351,2Oeaaiiiee,
10-3%684,4343,5617,8Oeaaiie, 10-3%50,645,597,6Eaeeiaioioe?aie,
10-3%845,4271,0467,6Oai?i, %0,270,070,42Acioeno?
?a/iaeie,%0,220,301,48Oeoe?e, %74,013,127,1Iaeoeiia?
?a/iaeie,%0,100,302,80I?aeue, ia/ea0,150,100,24Naeiaoeue,
ia/ea0,070,160,29I?ia?aeuei? ?a/iaeie,%1,501,205,20

Aeine?aei? ia?o?? aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a ae?iaeaii ia Eiaeeinueeiio oa
Oy/aanueeiio eiina?aieo caaiaeao. ?ic?iaeai? aeaee aa?aiee?a ai?iaiaaii
ia aeine?aeieo ia?o?-yo i?ioieiaeaeoaaeueieo iaii?a “Aeoiaaee” oa
“Nii?iaeeiiaee”(caaiae i?iaeoiaa??a, i. Iieoaaa), “Iieoie/ea” ?
“Ia-eeiiaee” oa “Aa?aiiy c yaeoe” (Canoaaiyinuee? NI “Aeaea?aei” oa
i?aeeieai-niiee eiina?aiee caaiae),

oi?o?a “I?aaeaiia i?/”, o?noa/ie ”Ni?aeeiea” (EI “Aiaiee”, i. Iieoaaa),
eiina?a?a “Eiiiio ?c noieoe?” oa “Eiiiio ?c /a?aoi?” (AAO “Oy/aaeiina?a”
i. Oy-/aa), nieiaeeeo no?aa a o/aiai-ae?iaie/iio eiiaeiao?, a oaeiae a
eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao (Eiiia?aoeaiee ?inoeooo, i. Iieoaaa).

I?iaaaeaii eaai?aoi?i? aenia?eiaioe ii caaa?aeaiith ??cieo
i?iaeoeo?a aoceiiaeie aa?aieeaie aeathoue iiaeeea?noue caeeth/eoe, ui c
iiceoe?e noaa?eueii-no? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?o o ae?iaao c
aenieith eeneioi?noth oa cia/iei ai?noii aoaeaaiae?a, ye? ia
i?aeeyaathoue aei?noe?e oa?i?/i?e ia?iaoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y aa?aieea a eiina?aiaaieo eiiiioao, aa?aii?
iieacaea, ui ?iceeaae aa?aieo ?a/iaei a ?acoeueoao? oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee
neeaaea? (7…17) %, ui aea?aeii a?ae??ciy? eiai a?ae ?ioeo aioioe?aiiaeo
aa?aiee?a, o ca’yceo c /ei eiai iiaeia oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy naini?ieo aeanoeainoae eiina?aiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeniiaee

1. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiaae 20-e aeae?a iao?aaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie c iaoith
iaea?aeaiiy aioioe?aiiaeo aa?aiee?a iieacaei ia?niaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy aoceie /i?ii? (Sambucus nigra L.), yea oe?iei
?iciianthaeaeaia a Oe?a?i?.

2. Aia?oa cae?eniaii eiiieaeniee o?i?ei-oaoi?/iee ? a?io?i?/iee aiae?c
ya?ae aoceie oa i?iaeoeo?a ?? ia?a?iaee (n?e, ae/aaee) c aeaio ?aa?ii?a
Oe?a?ie – Iieoaanueei? oa Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae. A?oiith
a?ioeaaiii?ae?a, yea aeii?io? oa iaoiiaeth? caaa?aeaiiy ieiae?a, ?
aioioe?aie (>70 %), eio?? ia?aaaaeii eieae?cothoueny a ?o oe??oe?.
?aeaioeo?eiaaii /ioe?e aioioe?aiia? niieoee, na?aae yeeo
oe?ai?aeei-3-naiaoa?iceae oa oe?ai?aeei-3-aetheiceae neeaaeathoue a?ey
80 % a?ae caaaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?aiaio?a.

3. Iieacaii, ui na?aae iaoiae?a iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee ne?iaeie iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiee — oa?iaioie?c aiaeiiie?aaeaeoo?iiacith (AIA A10o) o
eiioeaio?aoe?? (0,02…0,04) % i?ioyaii (1,0…1,5) aiaeei i?e oaiia?aoo??
40 0N, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aeo?ae aa?aieo ?a/iaei ia (19…24) %.

4. Anoaiiaeaii e?iaoeeo oa?i?/ii? aeaa?aaeaoe?? aioioe?aiiaiai eiiieaeno
nieo oa aeno?aeoo c ae/aaie ieiae?a aoceie ca eiinoaioith D. Aiae?c
eiinoaio oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?e aeaa?aaeaoe?? aioioe?ai?a iieaco? a?aeiinii
aenieo oa?iino?ee?noue i?aiaio?a aoceie a ii??aiyii? c /i?ieoeath,
iieoieoeath (ia (20,1…92,5 % aeua), ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aa?aiee
c aoceie ye eieuei?iaa iniauaiiy iaa?oue aeey oeo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a,
ui i?ioiaeyoue oa?i?/io ia?iaeo.

5. Aecia/aii, ui c ??cieo aeae?a aeiaaaie, ye? iathoue aioeieneaeaioio,
eiiieaeniooai?thth/o, ?iiiaaiio ae?th cia/iee aoaeo ia noaa?e?caoe?th
aioioe?aiiaiai eiiieaeno iaee eaa?oeaoei ? eeiiiia eeneioa (16,0 oa 8,7
% aei eiio?ieth a?aeiia?aeii), iaioee — iie?-, ie?ainaoa?eaee oa
aaaaoiaoiii? nie?oe. Oea aeaei ciiao iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe aea?? eeiiiii?
eeneioe ye aeno?aaaioa oa aoaeaaiae?a — ye iin??a i?aiaio?a.

6. Anoaiiaeaii aieea eiiieaeno oaoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ia aeno?aaoaaiiy
aioioe?ai?a: aeaeo oa eiioeaio?aoe?? eeneioe, a?ae?iiiaeoeth, o?eaaeino?
oa e?aoiino? aeno?aeoe??, oaiia?aoo?e, nooiaith aeenia?aoaaiiy oa
?ioaineaiino? ia?ai?ooaaiiy ne?iaeie. I?iaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien
i?ioeano aeno?aeoe?? aa?aieo ?a/iaei oa eiai iioei?caoe?th. Io?eiai?
??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? aeey eiioeaio?aoe?? aa?aieea (N), i?iaeoeoeaiino? (G),
ieoiieo aia?aiaeo?ao (q).

7. Iaea?aeaii ia?aiao?e eiii?ii?niiai iioeioio i?ioeano aeno?aeoe??, ye?
neeaaeathoue – a?ae?iiiaeoeue (1:1…1,0:1,5); oaiia?aoo?a (30…40) 0N;
o?eaae?noue (10…14) oa. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii noaio aaaaoinooiaiaai?
aeno?aeoe?? aioioe?ai?a oeyoii ai?ieneioth/iai iieno e?iaoeee
aeno?aeoe??, ?ioa?iieyoe?? nooiaith ??aiiaaae aeeooc?? d, aecia/aii
?iciiae?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aa?aieea ia nooiaiyo o oaa?ae?e oa ??aee?e
oacao. Caaaeueiee aeo?ae aa?aieea neeaaea? (94…95) %.

8. ?ic?iaeaii naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiee niin?a aeeo/aiiy aa?aieo
?a/iaei c aeno?aeoo, ui iieyaa? a inaaeaeaii? ?ii?a ienii?th o aeaeyae?
eiiieaen?a oa ?o ?aaaia?aoe??, ia yeee io?eiaii iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ca
cayaeith ia iaoaio. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy aeaei ciiao iaa?oiooaaoe
aeae inaaeaeoaa/a oa oiiae i?ioeano: i?i?iaeueia e?euee?noue aioioe?ai?a
o iaaeinaaeia?e ??aeei? niinoa??-aa?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? niieoe
iaai?th, iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy ?I i?ioeano naaeeiaioaoe?? – 12,1.

9. ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa o?ueio aeae?a
aioioe?aiiaeo oa?/iaeo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aa?aiee?a: ii?ioeiiiae?aiiai
c ianiaith /anoeith nooeo ?a/iaei ia iaioa 92 % oa ??aeeeo
eiioeaio?iaaieo aa?aiee?a c ianiaith /anoeith nooeo ?a/iaei (62…63) % oa
(27…29) %, ui aeicaieeoue iaeaaiaeeoe ?o aeione ia i?aei?e?inoaao c
??ciei nooiaiai oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy oa aeiiii?/ieie iiaeeeainoyie. Ia
??aeeee eiioeaio?iaaiee aa?aiee (27…29) % ?ic?iaeaii ?aaeei
ianoa?ecaoe??, i?e yeiio ao?aoe aioioe?ai?a neeaaeathoue eeoa 5 %.
Ii?ioeiiiae?aiee aa?aiee aeaioaaey?oueny c eiioeaio?aoo, iaea?aeaiiai ca
naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiith oaoiieia??th c aeei?enoaiiyi
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iin??a (e?ioiaeue, naoa?ica, ni?a?o).

10. ?ic?iaeai? aeaee aa?aiee?a c aoceie aeine?aeaeaii ca
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie, a?io?i?/ieie, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieie,
eieuei?iia?aiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie, aea/aii ?o ci?ie a i?ioean?
caa??aaiiy oa cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? oa?i?ie ? oiiae caa??aaiiy.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoa noaa?euei?noue aa?aieo ?a/iaei
niinoa??aa?oueny o ii?ioeiiiae?aiiio aa?aieeo, a iaeiaioa – o
aenieieiioeaio?iaa

iiio, io?eiaiiio c aeei?enoaiiyi aaeooi-aeia?ii? oaoiieia??.

11. Ia eiioeaio?iaai? oa?/ia? aa?aieee ?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo
ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??. I?iaaaeaii ai?iaaoe?th aoceiiaeo
aa?aiee?a a ??cieo aaeocyo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, yea i?aeoaa?aeeea
ia?niaeoeai?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey caaa?aeaiiy eiiiio?a, aa?aiiy,
iaii?a, eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?ia?a oiui. ?ic?aooieiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
ae?iaieoeoaa aa?aieea ca naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?aoe?eiith oaoiieia??th
a ii??aiyii? c iaia?aiiith neeaaea? 65,6 a?i ia 1 ooa.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Oth??eiaa ?.N., Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa? A.A. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia??
io?eiaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aioioe?aiai?nieo oa?/iaeo oa?aiee?a
//Iaoeia? i?aoe? IAeAOO. Aei. 18. – Iaeana, 1998. – N. 78-81.

2. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa? A.A., Ie?eiee E.A., Oth??eiaa ?.N.,
Ieee-iaiei ?.A. Aea/aiiy neeaaeo oa aeanoeainoae iaoo?aeueieo aa?aiee?a
aeey ae?ia-ieoeoaa o?c?ieia?/ii ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a //
Iaoeia? i?aoe? IAeAOO. Aei.18. – Iaeana, 1998. – N. 81-83.

3. Ie?eiee E.A., Oth??eiaa ?.N. I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ? ?ic?iaea
oaoiieia?? iaoo?aeueieo oa?/iaeo aa?aiee?a // Iaoeia? i?aoe? IAeAOO.
Aei.19.- Iaeana, 1999. — N. 103-107.

4. ??oaiiy aenia?oece i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae ?98063077,
Oe?a?ia, IIE 6 N 09 A 61/00. Niin?a ae?iaieoeoaa aioioe?aiiaiai aa?aieea
c ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie/ E.I. Ieeeiaiei, A.A. Eiaeooa?, ?.N. Oth??eiaa. –
Cayae. 15.06.98.

5. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N., Ieaeiee E.A. Iiaua
ieuaaua i?iaeoeou e aeiaaaee iiauoaiiie aeieiae/aneie aeoeaiinoe ec
ni/iiai ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey // Iaoa?. iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio.
“Ieua. Yeieiaey. *aeiaae”. – Iineaa, 1995. – N. 127-128.

6. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Ieaeiee E.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N.
Iieo/aiea i?e?iaeiuo aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo ieuaauo e?aneoaeae // Iao/iua
o?oaeu iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Yeieiaey /aeiaaea e i?iaeaiu ainieoaiey
iieiaeuo o/aiuo”. — *anoue II. – Iaeanna: Ano?ii?eio, 1997. — N.
115-116.

7. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa? A.A., Ie?eiee E.A., Oth??eiaa ?.N. Aea/aiiy
neeaaeo oa aeanoeainoae i?aiaioiiai eiiieaeno oa?/iaeo ?ineei c iaoith
iaea?aeaiiy iie?ooieoe?eieo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaeaoe?a // Iaoa?. VII
Oe?. a?io?i. c’?caeo. – Ee?a, 1997. – N.100-101.

8. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Iano?oaaa E.E., Iaeee I.A.,
Oth?eeiaa E.N. Iiaua e?anyuea aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua ieuaaua aeiaaaee/
Eioi?i. Eenoie/IOeIOeYE ?172-93. – Iaeanna, 1993. –3 n.

9. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N. Iano?oaaa E.E.,
Ia-eee I.A. Oeie/aneee ninoaa iao?aaeeoeeiiiiai nu?uey eiina?aiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa // Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
ianniaiai ieoaiey e oi?aiaee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea”.
– Oa?ueeia, 1994. – N.38-39.

10. Oth?eeiaa E.N., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Noaieaae/ A.I., Ieeeiaiei E.I.
Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeanna yeno?aeoeee aioioeeaiiaiai e?aneoaey ec aoceiu
/a?iie // Oac. aeiee. ?V iaaeaeoia?. eiio. ii yeieiaee “Yeieiaey.
I?iaeoeou ieoaiey. Caei?iauea”. – Iaeanna, 1995. – N.109.

11. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Oth?eeiaa E.N., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Noaieaae/ A.I.
?ac?aaioea ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo i?iaeoeoia e ?aoeeiiia ieoaiey //
Oac. aeiee. ?V iaaeaeoia?. eiio. ii yeieiaee “Yeieiaey. I?iaeoeou
ieoaiey. Caei?iauea”. – Iaeanna, 1995. – N.129.

12. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Ieaeiee E.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N.,
Ia-eee I.A. Iiauoaiea naini?iuo naienoa eiina?ae?iaaiiuo ?anoeoaeueiuo
i?iaeoeoia // Oac. aeiee. ?V iaaeaeoia?. eiio. ii yeieiaee “Yeieiaey.
I?iaeoeou ieoaiey. Caei?iauea”. – Iaeanna, 1995. – N.139.

13. Oth?eeiaa E.N., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Ieeeiaiei E.I. ?ac?aaioea
oaoii-eiaee iieo/aiey ieuaaiai e?aneoaey ec iao?aaeeoeeiiiiai nu?uey
Iieoaaneie iaeanoe // Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio., iinayu.
75-eaoeth Oeiiinithca “Iio?aaeoaeueneay eiiia?aoeey a ia?aoiaeiue
ia?eiae. I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau”. — *anoue II. – Iieoaaa, 1995.– N.36.

14. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N. Aeeyiea ?acee/iuo
oaeoi?ia ia yeno?aeoeeth e?anyueo aauanoa ec ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey //
Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio., iinayu. 75-eaoeth Oeiiinithca
“Iio?aaeoaeueneay eiiia?aoeey a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae. I?iaeaiu e
ia?niaeoeau”. — *anoue II. — Iieoaaa, 1995.– N.39.

15. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Iano?oaaa E.E., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N.
Aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua eiiiiiaiou ieiaeiiaiuiiai nu?uey e aii?inu
?aoeeiiaeecaoeee oaoiieiaee aai ia?a?aaioee a eiina?ae?iaaiiua i?iaeoeou
// Oac. aeiee. 55e iao/. eiio. IAAIO. — *anoue I. – Iaeanna, 1995, –
N.46.

16. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Ieaeiee E.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N.,
Ieeeiaiei E.A. ?ac?aaioea ieaiaioniaea?aeaueo ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo
i?iaeoeoia // Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio.
“Yia?ai?ano?ninaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee ia?a?aaioee naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
nu?uey”. — *anoue II. – Ieine, 1996.- N.39-40.

17. Ieeeiaiei E.I., Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Oth?eeiaa E.N., Ieaeiee E.A.
Oaoiieiae/aneea, i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneea e eiaeaia?ii-yeiiiie/aneea
aniaeou eiaeono?eaeueiuo oaoiieiaee ieuaauo e?aneoaeae
iiiaiooieoeeiiaeueiiai iacia/aiey // Oac. aeiee. iaae?aaeii.
iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aeo. eiio. e “Ieuaaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue-2000”. — Eacaiue,
1996. – N.91-92

18. Eiaeooa?ue A.A., Ieeeiaiei E.I., Oth?eeiaa E.N. Oeceei-oeie/aneea
naienoaa aioioeeaiiauo e?aneoaeae // Oac. aeiee. iaae?aaeii.
iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aeo. eiio. “Ieuaaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue-2000”- Eacaiue,
1996. – N.90-91.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oth??eiaa ?.N. ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? eiina?aiaaiieo aioioe?aiiaeo
aa?aiee?a c ya?ae aoceie /i?ii?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.18.13 – oaoiieia?y eiina?aiaaieo i?iaeoeo?a.-
Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa noaa?eueiiai
ii?ioeiiiae?aiiai oa ??aeeeo eiioeaio?iaaieo oa?/iaeo aa?aiee?a ?c
aoceie /i?ii?. Aena?oeaiee neeaae ieiae?a aoceie, ye? ?inoooue a aeaio
?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae i?iaeoeo?a ?? ia?a?iaee ca eiiieaenii
a?io?i?/ieo, o?i?ei-oaoi?/ieo iieaciee?a, ?ia?aae??ioi?e oa eieuei?ia?e
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? i?aiaio?a. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane ia?iaee aoceiiai? ne?iaeie.
?ic?iaeaii i??i?eoaoiee naaeeiaioaoe?eii-?aaaia?a-oe?eiee niin?a
aeae?eaiiy aa?aieo ?a/iaei. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
inaaeaeoaaiiy i?aiaio?a c aeno?aeoo aeey aeai?o aeaeo inaaeaeoaa/a oa
oiia i?ioeano. Iaa?oioiaaii ia?aiao?e i?ioeano iaia?aiiiai oa
aaeooi-aeia?iiai eiioeaio?oaaiiy i?aiaio?a aeno?aeoo. ?ic?iaeaii
oaoiieia?/i? oa i?ioeanii-aia?aoo?i? noaie ae?iaieoeoaa aa?aiee?a.
Iaaaaeaii ?o ye?nio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ca eiiieaenii iieaciee?a. Iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii oa?i?ie oa oiiae caa??aaiiy io?eiaieo aeae?a oa?/iaeo
aa?aiee?a. I?aeaioiaeaii i?iaeo ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??,
i?iaaaeaii ai?iaaoe?th aoceiiaeo aa?aiee?a a ??cieo aaeocyo oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aioioe?aiia? i?aiaioe, aoceiia? aa?aieee, aeno?aeoe?y,
naaeeiaioaoe?eia oaoiieia?y, inaaeaeaiiy, eiioeaio?oaaiiy, eiina?aiaaiee
oa?/iaee aa?aiee.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oth?eeiaa E.N. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee eiina?ae?iaaiiuo aioioeeaiiauo
e?aneoaeae ec yaiae aoceiu /a?iie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.13. – oaoiieiaey eiina?ae?iaaiiuo
i?iaeoeoia.-Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey ieuaauo oaoiieiaee,
Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa noaaeeueiiai
ii?ioeiia?aciiai e aeeaeeeo ieuaauo e?aneoaeae ec aoceiu /a?iie.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea ?acee/iuo aeaeia
nu?uey n iiceoeee iaeiieaiey e?aneoaey e oeaaoiauo oa?aeoa?enoee
ieaiaioia. Eco/ai ninoaa i?iec?anoathueo a aeaoo ?aaeiiao Oe?aeiu
ieiaeia aoceiu e i?iaeoeoia aa ia?a?aaioee ii eiiieaeno aeioeie/aneeo,
oeieei-oaoie/aneeo iieacaoaeae, eia?aaeeaioiie e oeaaoiaie
oa?aeoa?enoeea ieaiaioia.

Iaoiaeii aeaoia?iie o?iiaoia?aoee eco/ai aioioeeaiiaue eiiieaen aoceiu,
eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeai /aou?ueiy niaaeeiaieyie –
oeeaieaeei-3-naiaoaei-ceaeii, oeeaieaeei-3-aetheiceaeii,
oeeaieaeei-3-naiaoaeiceae-5-aetheiceaeii,
oeeaieaeei-3,5-aeeaetheiceaeii.

Enneaaeiaaia oa?iionoie/eainoue aioioeeaiiaiai eiiieaena e ?ac?aaioaiu
i?ioeannu i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee nu?uey, iaania/eaathuea iiauoaiea
auoiaea e?anyueo aauanoa. Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia ia
eeiaoeeo auoiaea oaiieueiuo niaaeeiaiee ec ieiaeiai-yaiaeiiai nu?uey:
oaiia?aoo?u, oeie/aneie i?e?iaeu e eiioeaio?aoeee yeno?aaaioa,
aeae?iiiaeoey, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe i?ioeanna, noaiaie aeenia?niinoe
nu?uey, eioaineaiinoe ia?aiaoeaaiey.

I?iaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/aneia iienaiea i?ioeanna yeno?aeoeee e?anyueo
aauanoa: iieo/aiu o?aaiaiey ?aa?annee aeey eiioeaio?aoeee e?aneoaey (N),
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe (G), oaeaeueiuo yia?aicao?ao (q), a oaeaea
ia?aiao?u eiii?iienniiai iioeioia. Iao/ii iainiiaaiu iaoiaeaie
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneea i?ioeannu ia?aaioee
aoceiiaiai nu?uey, iaania/eaathuea iaeneiaeueioth yeno?aae?oaiinoue e
noaiaiue nio?aiiinoe e?anyueo aauanoa. Ia iniiaa eco/aiey eeiaoeee
yeno?aeoeee e?aneoaey e noaiaie ?aaiiaaney aeeooocee, i?aaeeiaeaia noaia
iiiainooiai/aoie yeno?aeoeee, iaania/eaathuay aunieee auoiae ieaiaioia
ec nu?uey – (94…95) %.

?ac?aaioai iiaue naaeeiaioaoeeiiii-?aaaia?aoeeiiiue niinia auaeaeaiey
e?anyueo aauanoa ec yeno?aeoa aoceiiaiai nu?uey, ioee/athueeny aunieie
noaiaiueth i?aoeeieoaoeee e?anyueo aauanoa, yeiiiie/iinoueth, ieceeie
cao?aoaie yia?aee e a?aiaie. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
inaaeaeaiey ieaiaioia ec yeno?aeoa aeey iiaeai?a aeaea inaaeeoaey e
oneiaee i?ioeanna. Aeey iieo/aiey ii?ioeiia?aciiai e?aneoaey
i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue aioioeeaiiaue eiioeaio?ao ii
naaeeiaioaoeeiiii-?aaaia?aoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee ia ?acee/iuo
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo iineoaeyo – e?aoiaea, naoa?ica, ni?aeoa, iaeoeia e ae?.

Onoaiiaeaii aeeyiea ia?aiao?ia i?ioeanna iaia?aiiiai ?acaeaeaiey ia
noaiaiue eiioeaio?e?iaaiey e?anyueo aauanoa aoceiiaiai yeno?aeoa.
Iainiiaaiu ia?aiao?u i?ioeanna iaia?aiiiai e aaeooi-auia?iiai
eiioeaio?e?iaaiey ieaiaioia yeno?aeoa.

?ac?aaioaiu i?iaeo IOAe, oaoiieiae/aneay e i?ioeannii-aiia?aoo?iay
noaiu i?iecaiaenoaa 3-o aeaeia aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo ieuaauo e?aneoaeae,
eioi?ua aeatho aiciiaeiinoue ooeeecaoeee a Oe?aeia oe?iei
?ani?ino?aiaiiiai iao?aaeeoeeiiiiai aeeei?anoouaai nu?uey – aoceiu
/a?iie. Ioee/eoaeueiuie iniaaiiinoyie ?ac?aaioaiiuo oaoiieiaee yaeythony
aeaeinoue, naycaiiay n eniieueciaaieai aeey auaeaeaiey ieaiaioia
naaeeiaioaoeeiiiiai eee iaia?aiiiai i?ioeannia, eeai aaeooi-auia?iiai
eiioeaio?e?iaaiey e?anyueo aauanoa ieiaeia aoceiu /a?iie a caaeneiinoe
io oaoie/aneie iniauaiiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

Eco/ai eia?aaeeaioiue ninoaa, oeaaoiia?aiao?e/aneea, aeioeie/aneea,
oeieei-oaoie/aneea, iee?iaeieiae/aneea iieacaoaee ieuaauo e?aneoaeae ec
aoceiu. Iao/ii iainiiaaiu n?iee e oneiaey eo o?aiaiey ii eiiieaeo
iieacaoaeae ea/anoaa.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iai?aaeaiey eniieueciaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiuo aeaeia e?aneoaeae
ia iniiaa oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai ii?aaeaeaiey
oaoiieiae/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee e?anyueo aauanoa aoceiu ii iieacaoaeth D.
Yoe ?acoeueoaou iicaieytho ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue ieaiaioiue eiiieaen aoceiu
eae n?aaieoaeueii oa?iionoie/eaue, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
?aeiiaiaeiaaoue aai a ea/anoaa aeoniaiai inianoeoaey ?yaea, a oii /enea
oa?iiia?aaaouaaaiuo i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey.

I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoeey aoceiiauo e?aneoaeae a ?acee/iuo io?aneyo ieuaaie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Inouanoaeaii aiaae?aiea a i?iiuoeaiiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiuo
oaoiieiaee. ?an/aoiue yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo au?aaioee e?aneoaey ii
naaeeiaioaoeeiiii-?aaaia?aoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee a n?aaiaiee n iaia?aiiie
ninoaaeyao 65,6 a?i ia 1 ooa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aioioeeaiiaua ieaiaiou, aoceiiaua e?aneoaee,
yeno?aeoeey, naaeeiaioaoeeiiiay oaoiieiaey, inaaeaeaiea,
eiioeaio?e?iaaiea, eiina?ae?iaaiiue ieuaaie e?aneoaeue.

ANNOTATION

Tyurikova I.S. The elaboration of canned anthocyanic colorants
technology from the black elderberry. – The manuscript.

Dissertation for asking the scientific degree of the Technical Science
Candidate by speciality 05.18.13 – Canned foods technology. – Odessa
State Academy of Food Technologies, Odessa, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to working out of the technology and
production the stable powder and liquid food colorants of the black
elderberry. There has been studied the structure of the elderberries
growing in two regions of Ukraine, and the products of its
over-production by the complex of biochemical, chemically-technical
figures, ingrediental and color characteristic of pigments. The
technologic methods and regimes of treatment of the elderberry raw
material are grounded scientifically on the methods of mathematical
modulation. There has been worked out the prioritet
sedimentically-regeneration method of selection the coloring substances.
There has been proposed the mathematical model of selection the type of
the sedimenter and the

conditions of pigments precipitation.

There has been grounded the parameters of the process of membranic and
vacuum-steamed concentration of extract pigments. The technological and
process-apparatical scheme of producing the colorants have been worked
out. There has been given their qualitative characteristic by the
figures complex. There have been based the terms and conditions of
storing the recieved types of food colorants. The project of technical
documentation has been prepared, the investigation of elderberry
colorants in the different branches of food industry has been conducted.

Key words: anthocyanic pigments, elderberry colorants, extraction, the
sedimentical technology, precipitation, concentration, canned food
colorant.

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