AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

?uaiei Ieaenaiae? Eueaiae/

OAeE. 621.923

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?*IIAI ? NO?OEOO?IIAI CAAACIA*AIIss I?IAEOOAAIIss
AENIEII?IAeOEOEAIEO I?IOeAN?A ? NENOAI NEEAAeAIIss AACIA?A?AII? Ae??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.02. 08 — Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ieoaeeia Ieaenaiae?
Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Caoa?ia Ieeiea
Aieiaeeie?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Aeiiii?ea ? oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoa”
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei? ni?aae, i. Noie.

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eoe?/ia Ieaenaiae? Aieiaeeie?iae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e “Iniiae i?iaeooaaiiy iaoei” Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a “Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”, I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” /a?aiy 1999a. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.052. 04 i?e Aeiiaoeueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith 340000, i. Aeiiaoeuee,
aoe. A?oaia 58, AeiiAeOO, 6-ee iaa/aeueiee ei?ion, aoae. 6.202.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? AeiiAeOO, 340000, i.
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia 58, 2 iaa/aeueiee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” o?aaiy 1999a.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee e. o. i., aeioeaio O. A. ?a/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O ae?eniee /an aaoiiaoecaoe?y ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a
? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iai?yie?a iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, ui
caaacia/o? ?ioaineo?eaoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y neeaaeaeueieo
i?ioean?a aeinyaea aenieiai ??aiy. Iaeiae aiae?c no/aniiai noaio oeueiai
ieoaiiy iieaco? a?aenoaaaiiy o ?icaeoeo neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a a?ae
caaio?aaeueieo ? iaoaiiia?iaethaa/eo iia?aoe?e. A caaaeuei?e no?oeoo??
o?oaeii?noeino? aeaioiaeaiiy iaoei neeaaeaiiy i?noeoue 25… 40%, o
i?eeaaeiaoae?aieoeoa? — 40… 70%. O iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? iaoai?ciaaia 25…
30%, a i?eeaaeiaoae?aieoeoa? 12… 15% neeaaeaeueieo iia?aoe?e, a
aaoiiaoeciaaia — ia a?eueo 5… 6%.

A?eueoa /anoea cao?ao /ano ia neeaaeaeuei? ?iaioe a caaaeuei?e
o?oaeii?noeino? aeaioiaeaiiy iaoei ? o?eaae?noue caaaeueiiai ae?iaie/iai
oeeeeo neeaaeaiiy ?iaeyoue iniaeeai aeooaeueiith i?iaeaio aaoiiaoecaoe??
neeaaeaeueieo ?ia?o. Cia/aiiy ??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aecia/a?oueny ia
o?eueee caaea/aie i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, aeiiii?/iino? ??
ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, aea ca’ycaia oaeiae c
??oaiiyi iaeaaaeeea?oi? nioe?aeueii? caaea/? — ciaioaiiy, a i?ney
oeueiai ? e?ea?aeaoe?? ooiieeai? o?ce/ii? ?o/ii? i?aoe?, ui aeinyaa? a
neeaaeaeueieo i?ioeanao 60-80%.

Aaeee? iiaeeeaino? a ??oaii? i?iaeaie ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ? aaoiiaoecaoe??
ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a neeaaeaiiy caaacia/o? canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??, aeeiiaieo ia aac? ?ioi?ieo ?
?ioi?ii-eiiaa??ieo iaoei.

A?eueo?noue neeaaeaeueieo iia?aoe?e ca nai?i oa?aeoa?ii ? oaoiieia?/iith
nooo?a?noth i?ino?oa aaaaoueio iia?aoe?e iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee.

Iaeiae, aei ae?eniiai /ano ua ia aea/ai? ieoaiiy noai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a. Ia aeeiiai aiae?c
caaaeueieo no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aaoiiaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a c?
neeaaeiith i?inoi?iaith no?oeoo?ith oaoiieia?/ieo aeaiaio?a. A?aenooi?
caaaeuei? i?eioeeie eiiiiiiaee ? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai c?
neeaaeiith i?inoi?iaith no?oeoo?ith ? e?iaiaoeeith ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo aeaiaio?a.

Aeoiaey/e c aeeeaaeaiiai aeua, ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a i?iaeooaaiiy
aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey
neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a ? iaaeoi aeooaeueiith iaoeiaith caaea/ath, ?
iai?aaeaia ia eiiieaenia ??oaiiy caaea/ ii noai?aiith aaoiiaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoe/ieie ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o eaoaae?e “Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy” Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (aea?aeathaeaeaoi? oaie: 0193U027070 “?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a eiiiiiiaee ? i?iaeooaaiiy aenieiaoaeoeaieo iioi/ii-i?inoi?iaeo
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a
aoa?eueiiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”, 0197U008205 “?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a ia?iaee ae?ia?a ia aac?
iioi/ii-i?inoi?iaeo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??”),
caoaa?aeaeaieo I?i?noa?noaii Ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey
neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a, ui caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?
??aiy aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ye?nii
iiaeo no?oeoo? ? iniaeeainoae e?iaiaoeee aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe, ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?:

— ?ic?iaeai? a?iioaoe/i? iiaeae? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aaaaoiaa??aioiiai aacia?a?aiiai
i?ioeano iiaeaoaeueiiai ? aoceiaiai neeaaeaiiy;

— aecia/aia caeaaei?noue no?oeoo?e aaoiiaoe/ii? oaoiieia?/ii?
neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie a?ae no?oeoo?e neeaaeaeueiiai ae?iao;

— ?ic?iaeaia oi?aa?naeueia e?iaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aaoiiaoe/iiai oaoiieia?/iiai neeaaeaeueiiai iiaeoey;

— aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e ia?o?ooecaoe?? neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio aeey
iaei??? ao?aeii? ? n-i? e?eueeino? aeo?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo
iiaeoeae;

— ?ic?iaeai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? no?oeoo?e aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??;

— ?ic?iaeai aeai?eoi i?iaeooaaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??;

— ?ic?iaeai? iao?aaeeoe?ei? aa??aioe aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeieia?y nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo neioaco
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a ? oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae?? ia iniia? noi?uaiiy o?ainii?oieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo
?oo?a.

2. ?ic?iaeaia a?iioaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
iiaeaoaeueiiai ? aoceiaiai neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a, ui a?aoiao? ia?aiao?e
iaoa??aeueieo, aia?aaoe/ieo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a, ui aeicaiey?
i?i?i?coaaoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ia eiaeiiio iioioe? ie?aii ?
ae??ooaaoe caaea/? iia’ycai? c? noai?aiiyi iiaeo noai oaoiieia?/iiai
aieeao.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiaeaoaeueiiai ? aoceiaiai neeaaeaiiy
ae?ia?a, eio?a aeicaiey? ocaaaeueieoe aieea aaoiiaoe/ii? oaoiieia?/ii?
neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie aacia?a?aii? ae?? (oii?yaeeiaaia iiiaeeia) ia
neeaaeaeueiee ae?ia (oi/?/ia iaoii?yaeeiaaia iiiaeeia).

4. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae neioaco iiiaeeie no?oeoo? oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a, ui caniiao?oueny ia oai???
no?oeoo?, ui aeicaieeoue aanoe iai?aaeaiee iiooe caaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai.

5. Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie
neeaaeaiiy, ui ia? iaeei ao?aeiee neeaaeaeueiee iiaeoeue ? aeae?eueea
aeo?aeieo iiaeoeae ? ia?aiao??a ia?o?ooecaoe?? ae?ia?a a oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao neeaaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iniiae oai??? ia?o?ooecaoe?? aeey
iaei??? ao?aeii? ? i-i? e?eueeino? aeo?aeieo ?ioi??a, ia aac? aeaaa?e
a?oi (?aeo?aioi? aeaoooeeee?/i? a?oie). Aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e
ia?o?ooecaoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? iiceoe?e
ao?aeiiai ? aeo?aeieo iiaeoeae. Oea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iieiaeaiiy
neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe a aoaeue-yeee iiiaio /ano ii neeaaeaeueiei
?ioi?ai ? ?oi?i iiceoe?yi.

6. ?ic?iaeai? iao?aaeeoe?ei? aa??aioe oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii?
ae?? aeey neeaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaeo aoiiaeo ou?eueiaiue c oeee?iae?e/ieie
ae?iaaie c e?eueoeaaith i?ioi/eith, aeey neeaaeaiiy aeaoaeae oeio
“aae-aooeea” c aa?aioiaaiei caci?ii, iniiaai? ia noi?uaii? o?ainii?oieo
? oaoiieia?/ieo ?oo?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee neioaco
aeicaieythoue noai?thaaoe eiie?aoi? aa??aioe aenieiaoaeoeaieo
aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??, eio??
caaacia/othoue aenieo i?iaeoeoeai?noue neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a,
aacia?a?ai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a, i?i?iaeueio
eiiiaeoiaai?noue aaoiiaoe/ii? oaoiieia?/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie o
i?inoi?? ia aac? i?eioeeio noi?uaiiy o?ainii?oieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ?oo?a,
ui aea? iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy i?inoeo eiino?oeoe?e.

?ic?iaeai? iao?aaeeoe?ei? aa??aioe neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a aeicaieythoue
i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a o 3 — 7 ?ac?a,
ciaioeoe ae?iaie/? ieiu? a 3 — 5 ?ac?a, aeeeth/eoe ethaeeio c iiiioiiii?
oeeee?/ii? i?aoe?, ui iiaoi?th?oueny, ? yea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ineoio?ce/iiai aoiieaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a ae?iaieoeoai (ia
?oo/aie?anueeiio caaiae? AO “Ai?iao” ai?iaaaeaeaiee aaoiiao aeey
neeaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaeo aoiiaeo ou?eueiaiue ? oeee?iae?e/ieo ae?ia?a, ui
iathoue e?eueoeaao i?ioi/eo) ? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean (a Oa?niinueeiio
?iaeono??aeueiiio ?inoeooo? ia eaoaae?? “Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”
ai?iaaaeaeaia “Iaoiaeeea neioaco oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??
c noi?uaiiyi o?ainii?oieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ooieoe?e aeey neeaaeaeueieo
i?ioean?a”).

Aeaioiaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? c?acee aeey neeaaeaiiy iaoo?ieo ae?ia?a.
Aeaioiaeai? eiii’thoa?i? ? o?ce/i? iiaeae?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
?icaeyaeaeeny ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae? “Oaoiieia?y
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”, “Iaoaei??caeuei? aa?noaoe ? nenoaie” oa ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? iaoai?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo AeiiAeOO. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo o i. Ee?a?
1993?. “Inianoea — 94”, i. Aeiiaoeueeo 1998?. “Oi?a?aey ? ?eiie Oe?a?ie”
? ia i’yoe i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo o i.
Naaanoiiie?: 1995?. “I?ia?aneaia oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”;
1996?. “No/ani? i?iaeaie iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? oaoi?/iee i?ia?an”; 1997?.
“I?ia?aneai? oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? no/ani?noue”; 1998?.
“Iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? oaoiinoa?a ia ?oaaae? XXI noi??//y”.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 8
iniiaieo i?aoeyo, c ieo 4 noaoo? ? 4 oace aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa i?noeoue: anooi, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiaie,
nienie aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoaeeny, aeiaeaoee. Caaaeueiee ianya: 205
noi??iie, a oiio /ene?: 53 ?enoiea, 5 oaaeeoeue, 112 a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iaca.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. O anooii?e /anoei? ?iaioe iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie
aeei?enoaiiy neeaaeaeueieo aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae??. Iaaaaeai?: iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue;
aecia/aia iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe ? io?eiai? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe;
iieacaiee ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie,
oaiaie, ieaiaie; ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe; iniiai?
ioae?eaoe??.

?icae?e 1. A ?icae?e? iaaaaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e ii aeaiiio ieoaiith.
Aiae?c i?iaiaeeany c oi/ee ci?o no?oeoo?e iiaoaeiae oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a neeaaeaiiy a oiiaao aaoiiaoe/iiai neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a ?
?nioth/eo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeineoue iiaii ?icaeyioo? ? aeine?aeaeai? ieoaiiy
aacoaaiiy neeaaeaeueieo aeaiaio?a, oiiae neeaaea?iino? neeaaeaeueieo
eiiiiiaio, i???ioaoe?? neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio a i?inoi??, no?oeoo?e
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a, caaaioaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai neeaaeaeueieie eiiiiiaioaie. A iniiaiiio, neeaaeaiith ae?ia?a
i?eae?eyeany oaaaa c aeei?enoaiiyi iai?ioeyoi??a.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?oe/iee iaeyae c ieoaiiy aaoiiaoecaoe?? neeaaeaeueieo
i?ioean?a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

— neeaaeaeuei? i?ioeane iathoue iecueeee ??aaiue aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?c-ca
aaeeei? iiiaieeaoo?e ae?ia?a;

— aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy
ia?niaeoeaii canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?ieo ? ?ioi?ii-eiiaa??ieo iaoei ? e?i?e;

— canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo
i?ioean?a iaiaaeaia ?c-ca a?aenooiino? caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a ? iaoiae?a
i?iaeooaaiiy neeaaeieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai neeaaeaiiy;

— ?ioi?i? oa ?ioi?ii-eiiaa??i? iaoeie, ui canoiniaothoueny, iathoue
neeaaei? eiino?oeoe??, ui iaiaaeo? ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy ? no?eio? ?oi?
canoinoaaiiy aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a;

— i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ye?noue neeaaeaiiy iiaeia ca?eueoeoe ca ?aooiie
aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae??;

— ?nioth/? iaoiaee i?iaeooaaiiy neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae?? ia aeicaieythoue noai?thaaoe neeaaeaeuei? nenoaie
aeaiiai oeio;

— aeey ni?iuaiiy eiino?oeoe?e iaiao?aeii ia?aeoe aei noi?uaiiy
o?ainii?oieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ooieoe?e, ui aeicaieeoue ciaioeoe aa?o?noue
neeaaeaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, nei?ioeoe ae?iaie/? ieiu?.

I?e aiae?c? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ii aeaiiio ieoaiith aoee ?icaeyioo?
iaoa??aee oaeeo a?aeiieo o/aieo, ui caeiathoueny ieoaiiyie aaoiiaoe/iiai
neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a, ye: I. N. Eaaaaeianueeiai, A. E. A?eoea, A. ?.
O?aeioiaa, O. ?. Eaeaea, E. ss. Iooeaiaea, E. ?. Aoeianueeiai, A. A.
Aon?aa, A. A. Eineeiaa, I. A. Caoa?iaa, ?. A. Eeoniaa, I. I. Iia?eiaa,
I. ?. Aeaen??aa, E. I. Eioe?ia, A. I. ?aa?iia?/a, I. ?. Oa?oaanueeiai,
A. A. ssoeiiae/a, O. A. Oaa?iaioaia, Aeae. Oiee?iaaia, Aeae. Ii?o?ia?a,
A. ?oena, I. ?iiana, ?. E. Aiyaeaee?aa oa ?i.

Aea/aiiy ieoaiiy iieacaei iii?oia a?aenoaaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a.
Iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae aaoiiaoe/iiai neeaaeaiiy:

— iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy iiaoaeiae no?oeoo? aaoiiaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai;

— ia a iiai?e i??? ?icaeyioo? iaoiaee i?iaeooaaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai;

— ia iiai?noth ?icaeyiooa e?iaiaoeea ?oo?a neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio;

— ia ii?oooaaeeny ieoaiiy ia?o?ooecaoe?? i?ii?aeieo neeaaeaeueieo
eiiiiiaio aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a.

?icae?e 2. Ae?oaee ?icae?e ?iaioe i?enay/aiee ieoaiiyi iaoiaeieia??
i?iaeooaaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai ?
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a neeaaeaiiy.

Aeey iiaoaeiae caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee i?iaeooaaiiy neeaaeaeueieo
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? ?ic?iaeaia aano?aeoia iiaeaeue
aaoiiaoe/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie (?en. 1).

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue yaey? niaith noeoii?noue iaaenenoaie, a ye?e
iieacaia, ui oeyoii oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao, cae?enith? aieea ia nenoaio
i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith o?ueio iioie?a (iaoa??aeueiiai S,
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai I oa aia?aaoe/iiai A). ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue i?eaecia/aia
aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiaeieia?? i?e i?iaeooaaii? oaoi?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a.

Aeey iieno i?ioeano ooieoe?iioaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie
aacia?a?aii? ae?? aoea ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
neeaaeaiiy, ui ? ?icaeoeii oai??? cai?iiiiiaaii? I. N. Eaaaaeianueeei, ?
caniiaaia ia i?aeoe/iiio canoinoaaii? oai??? a?ao?a.

Ia ?en. 2 iaaaaeaiee a?ao, ocaaaeueithth/ee i?ioean neeaaeaiiy
aano?aeoiiai neeaaeaeueiiai ae?iao.

Ooo eiaeia neeaaeaeueia eiiiiiaioa Xj iieno?oueny ei?oaaeai (e, i, s), ?
neeaaea?oueny c iioieo aia?a?? e, ?ioi?iaoe?? i, oa iaoa??? s.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aei aeaiaioo x1 i?e?aeiothoueny aeaa aeaiaioe x2 ? x3 a
?acoeueoao? /iai iaea?aeo?oueny i?ii?aeia neeaaeaeueia iaeeieoey x4*. Ia
ae?oaiio aoai? aei aeaiaioo x4* i?e?aeiothoueny aeaiaioe x6, x8 ?, a
?acoeueoao? iaea?aeo?ii i?ii?aeio neeaaeaeueio iaeeieoeth x7* (a?ao G2
(X2, U2)).

Aiaeia?/ii aeeiio?oueny aeey io?eiaiiy eiaeii? i?ii?aeii? iaeeieoe? xj*,
aei io?eiaiiy neeaaeaeueiiai ae?iao xi*.

Caaaeueia iiaeaeue iiaoaeiae no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia?
ianooiiee aeae:

G(n(Xn,Un)=G1(X1,U1)UG2(X2,U2)U…UGn(Xn,Un).

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai:

X(n=X1UX2UX3U…UXkU…UXiU…UXn=

={(e1,i1,s1), (e2,i2,s2), (e3,i3,s3), (e4,i4,s4)*}U

U{(e4,i4,s4), (e5,i5,s5), (e6,i6,s6), (e7,i7,s7)*}U

U{(e7,i7,s7), (e8,i8,s8), (e9,i9,s9), (e10,i10,s10),
(e11,i11,s11)*}U…U

U{(ek-1,ik-1,sk-1), (ek,ik,sk), (ek+1,i k+1,s k+1), (e k+2,i k+2,s
k+2)*}U…U

U{(ei-2,ii-2,si-2), (e i-1,i i-1,s i-1), (ei,ii,si), (e i+1,i i+1,s
i+1), (e i+2,i i+2,s i+2)*}U…U

U{(e n-1,i n-1,s n-1), (en,in,sn)*},
(1)

U(n=U1UU2UU3U…UUkU…UUiU…UUn. (2)

Oaeei /eiii ae?ace (1) ? (2), ui iienothoue neeaaeaiiy ocaaaeueithth/iai
neeaaeaeueiiai ae?iao, a?aeaeaathoue ocaaaeueiaio ?ioi?iaoe?eio iiaeaeue
ia?aoiaeo (c’?aeiaiiy ? o?enaoe?y) iniiaii? iia?aoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano aaoiiaoe/ii? neeaaeaiiy. Ae?ace (1) ? (2), a oaeiae naiee a?ao
eaaei aeicaieythoue i?inoaaeeoe an? ca’ycee ? aieea eiaeiiai ei?oaaeo ia
caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iiaeae?, a ioaea, ? iiaeaeeth, ui iieno?
aeine?aeaeo?iee ae??a. I?e aeei?enoaii? eiaeoaaiiy aeey eiaeiiai iioieo
iiaeia cae?enieoe i?i?i?caoe?th eiaeiiai iioieo ie?aii ? a oe?eiio aeey
anueiai neeaaeaeueiiai ae?iao. I?e oeueiio aaeeeo aeaiaeo aea?
aeei?enoaiiy iao?eoeue noi?aeiino? Mn ? ?oi? iniiai? aeanoeaino?. Aeey
iiaiiai iiaeaiiy neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??
cai?iiiiiaaia ???a?o?/ia no?oeoo?a aeaieo nenoai (?en. 3).

?ic?iaeaia ???a?o?/ia no?oeoo?a aeeth/a? a naaa oaoiieia?/i? iiaeoe?
(OI), eiio?ieuei? iiaeoe? (EI), aeiee oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao ?
aeiiii?aei? aeiee oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao (AOA ? AeAOA), eiio?ieuei? aeiee
(EA). Cai?iiiiiaaia ???a?o?/ia no?oeoo?a ia aeeth/a? o?ainii?oi?
nenoaie, i?eionea?oueny, ui neeaaeaeuei? eiiiiiaioe iiaeii? ia?ai?uaoeny
i?ae oaoiieia?/ieie iiaeoeyie aac ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy, ui aeicaieeoue
ciaioeoe aaaa?eoe neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui iieno? i?ioean neeaaeaiiy
ae?iao. A iiaeae? neeaaeaeueiee ae??a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaoii?yaeeiaaia
iaeiioi/?/ia iiiaeeia. Ca ?aooiie aieeao ui neeaaeathoue aaoiiaoe/io
oaoiieia?/io neeaaeaeueio nenoaio ia iaoii?yaeeiaaio iiiaeeio
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?? oii?yaeeiaai?noue ca ?aooiie oaoiieia?/ii? ooieoe??
SYMBOL 106 \f «Symbol» \s 14 j . Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aeicaiey?
iienoaaoe i?ioean neeaaeaiiy aoaeue-yeiai neeaaeaeueiiai c SYMBOL 162 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 c ?aeiaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? ? iaoiaeieia??th nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeey noai?aiiy
neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??.

?icae?e 3. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? ?ic?iaeai? eeane
ooieoe?e ui ?aae?cothoueny a aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoaiao
aacia?a?aii? ae?? (?en. 4).

?icaeyioo? aa??aioe no?oeoo? neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie, c oi/ee ci?o iaeneiaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ?
ia?aeaeuei? no?oeoo?e. No?oeoo?e aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai ci?iththoueny a iaaeao a?ae ia?aeaeueieo aei
iine?aeiaieo no?oeoo?. Ia iniia? oeueiai io?eiai? ae?ace aeey io?eiaiiy
no?oeoo? iiaoaeiae neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey
neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a:

,

aea X1 — ia?aeaeueia no?oeoo?a; X2 — iine?aeiaia no?oeoo?a; i —
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaa /enei aa??aio?a no?oeoo?; n, k, p, m — i?ii?aei?
/enea aa??aio?a no?oeoo?, ui iiaeii? caaeiaieueiyoe ianooiiei oiiaai: 0
SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F n SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F i, 0
SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F p SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F i, 0
SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F k SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F i, 0
SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F m SYMBOL 163 \f «Symbol» \s 14 F i.

No?oeoo?a oaoiieia?/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie iieno?oueny ae?acii:

StrTCC=Strj( Stri,

aea Strj — no?oeoo?a, ui a?aeaeaa? aaciina?aaei? c’?aeiaiiy
neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio; Stri — no?oeoo?a, ui a?aeaeaa? iiaea/o,
i???ioaoe?th, aacoaaiiy, o?ainii?ooaaiiy, aeiiii?aei? ? eiio?ieuei?
iia?aoe??, ui cae?eniththoueny a aaoiiaoe/i?e oaoiieia?/i?e
neeaaeaeuei?e nenoai?.

A ?icae?e? anoaiiaeaii:

— no?oeoo?a aaoiiaoe/ii? oaoiieia?/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie ?
aiiiii?oiith, ui ia aea? /?oeiai iiaeaiiy i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie;

— aa?oiy a?aiue iiaeeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo? iaaea? iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeao
i?iaeoeoeai?noue neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie;

— ?ic?iaea no?oeoo?e aaoiiaoe/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie iiaeiia
ii/eiaoeny c aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e Strj, a i?ney oeueiai aaaeaoueny
?ic?iaea no?oeoo?e an??? aaoiiaoe/ii? oaoiieia?/ii? neeaaeaeueii?
nenoaie.

— iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeuei? no?oeoo?e neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
ciaoiaeyoueny a ?ioa?aae? a?ae iine?aeiaii? aei ia?aeaeueii? no?oeoo?e.

?icae?e 4. I?ney io?eiaiiy no?oeoo? aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai, ?ic?iaeaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ? aea?aieo
eiiiiiaio neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe e?iaiaoeeo
ooieoe?iioaaiiy neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie. Aeey oeueiai ?ic?iaeaia
oi?aa?naeueia e?iaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy neeaaeaeueii?
oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie aacia?a?aii? ae??, ui a?oioo?oueny ia eia?/iiio
aeiaeaaaii? aeaiaioa?ieo ?oo?a (?en. 5). Io?eiaii caaaeueiee ae?ac, ui
aeicaiey? aaia?oaaoe an? iiaeeea? eiia?iaoe?? e?iaiaoeee ? ia iniia?
aiae?co aea?aoe iaiao?aeia ??oaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia caeaaei?noue ia? aeae:

— ooieoe?y ?ooo i-ai aeiiii?aeiiai aeieo oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao.

I?ney io?eiaii? no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/ii? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie ?
e?iaiaoeee iaiao?aeii cae?enieoe neioac oeeo aeaio neeaaeiaeo /anoei
aeey io?eiaiiy i?eioeeiiai-no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae. I?eioeeiiai —
no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue iieaco? no?oeoo?o aeaiaio?a, i?aenenoai ? e?iaiaoeee
?oo?a, ?o i?inoi?iao eiiiiiiaeo ? ?icoaooaaiiy. Io?eiaiiy
i?eioeeiiai-no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae cae?enith?oueny ia iniiaieo i?eioeeiao
eiiiiceoe?? ? aeaeiiiiceoe??.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo i?eioeeiiai-no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae noai?ththoueny
eiie?aoi? aa??aioe neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??.

?icae?e 5. Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e ?iaio? aaoiiaoe/ii?
neeaaeaeueii? oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeo?aeiee iio?e
(i?ney ia?oiai aai i-ai neeaaeaeueiiai oaoiieia?/iiai iiaeoey)
i?ii?aeieo neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio iiae?ey?oueny ianooiieie
neeaaeaeueieie oaoiieia?/ieie iiaeoeyie ia iino?eia /enei ia?o?oo?a
(eaiae?a aai no?oi?a). Iaeia c aieiaieo iniaeeainoae iieyaa? a oiio, ui
no?oeoo?a ia?o?ooecaoe?? ? ?acoeueoaoii ooieoe?iioaaiiy p-i??iuo
aaaaoioeeee?/ieo a?oi aeie?a oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao a iioi/ii-
i?inoi?iaeo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoaiao aacia?a?aii? ae??. Neeaaeaeueiee
aaoiiaoe/iee oaoiieia?/iee iiaeoeue (oea iiaea aooe ia?oee aai i-ee)
ia?aaea? i?ii?aei? neeaaeaeuei? eiiiiiaioe ia n-o e?euee?noue ianooiieo
ia?aeaeueii i?aoethth/eo aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo
iiaeoeae (?en. 6). A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeieea? i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy
no?oi?a, eio?? neeaaeathoueny c aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo
iiaeoeae ? ?oi?o iiceoe?e ii yeei a?aeaoaa?oueny ?oo neeaaeaeueii?
eiiiiiaioe. Aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo no?oi?a iaiao?aeii aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy an??? neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie, o. o. a
i?ioean? ?iaioe neeaaeaeueii? nenoaie iiaea aeieeiooe neooaoe?y, eiee
iaiao?aeii aeeeth/eoe c oaoiieia?/iiai oeeeeo oie aai ?ioee
oaoiieia?/iee eaioethaeie. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino?
aeaoaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiue ia?o?ooecaoe?? i?ii?aeieo
neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio a aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo
nenoaiao aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? yeino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai.

Io?eiai? caeaaeiino?, ui aeicaieyoue aecia/eoe: iieiaeaiiy i?ii?aeii?
neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe o aoaeue-yeee iiiaio /ano, caaaeueio
e?euee?noue ia?o?oo?a ?ooo neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio.

}, aea, a naith /a?ao, P2i={1, 2,…, V2i} (?en. 6), ui aeeiio?
eiiieaen iia?aoe?e caaeaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Oiiaii iacaaii
?ioi?, ui aeeiio? i-o iia?aoe?th oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ao?aeiei
?ioi?ii, a ?ioi?e, ui aeeiiathoue (i+1)-o iia?aoe?th — aeo?aeieie
?ioi?aie. I?e oeueiio eiaeiee aeo?aeiee aaoiiaoe/iee oaoiieia?/iee
neeaaeaeueiee iiaeoeue ia? iaaio e?euee?noue iiceoe?e.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? ??ciiiai?oieo ia?o?oo?a ?ooo i?ii?aeii?
neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe aai ae?iao;

2. Aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a iiaiiai e?iaiaoe/iiai oeeeeo ?ooo i?ii?aeii?
neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe aai ae?iao;

Aecia/aiiy, a yeiio iiia?? ia?o?ooo aa?ooue o/anoue o? aai ?io? iiceoe??
ao?aeiiai ? aeo?aeieo aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo iiaeoeae.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e iieiaeaiiy aeaaa?e a?oi, e?euee?noue ??ciiiai?oieo
ia?o?oo?a i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe aai ae?iao aecia/eoueny ii
caeaaeiino?

, (3)

aea n2 — /enei ia?o?oo?a, ui ieiathoue /a?ac eiaeiee aeo?aeiee ?ioi?, ?
aecia/a?oueny ii caeaaeiino?

, (4)

aea V2 — e?euee?noue aeo?aeieo ?ioi??a;

N2 — /enei ia?o?oo?a, ye? i?eoiaeyoueny ia iaeio iiceoe?th ao?aeiiai
?ioi?o aac a?aooaaiiy e?eueeino? ia?o?oo?a, ui ieiathoue ii iiceoe?yi
aeo?aeieo ?ioi??a.

N2 aecia/a?oueny ii oi?ioe?

, (5)

aea V1 — e?euee?noue iiceoe?e ao?aeiiai ?ioi?a;

IIE — iaeiaioa caaaeueia e?aoia i?ae e?euee?noth iiceoe?e ao?aeiiai
?ioi?a ? e?euee?noth aeo?aeieo ?ioi??a.

Noeoii?noue caeaaeiinoae (3), (4), (5) iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ciaoiaeaeaiiy
caaaeueiiai /enea ??ciiiai?oieo ia?o?oo?a ?ooo i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii?
eiiiiiaioe aai ae?iao.

Ia?aiao?e iiaiiai e?iaiaoe/iiai oeeeeo ?ooo i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii?
eiiiiiaioe aai ae?iao aecia/athoueny ii ianooii?e caeaaeiino?

. (6)

— iaeiaioa caaaeueia e?aoia ? a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aecia/a? e?euee?noue
ia?o?oo?a, ui iio??aii ia eiaeio iiceoe?th an?o aeo?aeieo ?ioi??a. ?io?
cia/aiiy, ui aoiaeyoue a oi?ioeo (6), aiaeia?/i? ca nai?i ai?noii
cia/aiiyi ae?aco (3).

Iieiaeaiiy i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe o caeaaeiino? a?ae
iiia?a ia?o?ooo a ao?aeiiio ?ioi?? aecia/a?oueny ianooiieie
caeaaeiinoyie:

(7)

aea V0 — iiia? ia?o?ooo ?ooo i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe; n1-
/enei oe?eeo oeeee?a ?iaioe ao?aeiiai ?ioi?o; r1- iiia? iiceoe??
ao?aeiiai ?ioi?o.

Aecia/aiiy ciaoiaeaeaiiy iiceoe?? i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe a
aeo?aeiiio ?ioi?? cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith caeaaeiino?:

Rk=V0 — nV2. (8)

aea Rk — iiia? aeo?aeiiai ?ioi?o; n- /enei oe?eeo oeeee?a ?iaioe
aeo?aeiiai k-ai ?ioi?o.

Aecia/aiiy iiceoe?? ciaoiaeaeaiiy i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe
aai ae?iao cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? ianooiiiai ae?aaeaiiy

(9)

c iaiao?aeieie ? aeinoaoi?ie oiiaaie:

yeui Rk=0, mo Rk SYMBOL 186 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? rk SYMBOL 162 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 c =V2; yeui Rk=o, oi rk SYMBOL 162 \f «Symbol» \s 14 c
=o;

yeui r2k=0, oi r2k=V2k,

aea n — oe?ea /enei oeeee?a ?iaioe k-ai aeo?aeiiai ?ioi?o; r(k-
i?ii?aeia cia/aiiy iiceoe?e aeo?aeiiai ?ioi?o; m-m-ay iiceoe?y
aeo?aeiiai ?ioi?o; V2k- caaaeueia e?euee?noue iiceoe?e k-ai aeo?aeiiai
?ioi?o; r2k- iiceoe?y k-ai aeo?aeiiai ?ioi?a, a?aeiia?aeia V0 iiia?o
ia?o?ooo ?ooo i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe.

Cai?iiiiiaai? caeaaeiino? aeicaieythoue aiae?oe/ii aecia/eoe
ciaoiaeaeaiiy neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe ii an?i iiceoe?yi oaoiieia?/ieo
iiaeoeae ? ia ?oi?e iniia? iiaeia aecia/aoe ye? iiceoe?? iaiao?aeii
aeeeth/eoe c oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy a aeiaaeeo ?oiueiai
aeoiaeo c eaaeo.

?icae?e 6. A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia
iaoiaeeea neioaco neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??.
?ic?iaeai? eiie?aoi? aa??aioe neeaaeaeueieo iiaeoeae.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie ?
?ic?iaeaiee aaoiiao aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaeo
aoiiaeo ou?eueiaiue c oeee?iae?e/ieie aeaoaeyie, ui iathoue e?eueoeaao
i?ioi/eo (?en. 7).

I?e ?ic?iaoe? aaoiiaoo aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaeo
aoiiaeo ou?eueiaiue c oeee?iae?e/ieie ae?iaaie, ui iathoue e?eueoeaao
i?ioi/eo, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?icae?e?a
2, 3, 4, 5.

Aoei anoaiiaeaia, ui i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeaiiai aaoiiaoo aecia/a?oueny ii
caeaaeiino?

, (8)

aea ? — ?iia??i?noue neeaaeaiiy ae?ia?a; D — ii/aoeiaee ae?aiao? ?ioi?a;
t — e?ie ?iai/eo iiceoe?e ?ioi?a ii ii/aoeiaiio eieo; [n] — iaeneiaeueia
/anoioa iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?o.

Anoaiiaeaia, ui iaeneiaeueia /anoioa iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?o aecia/a?oueny ii
caeaaeiino?

; (9)

aea t — e?ie ?iai/eo iiceoe?e ?ioi?a ii ii/aoeiaiio eieo; d — ae?aiao?
oeee?iae?e/ieo ae?ia?a; (H-h) — ??cieoey i?ae caaaeueiith aenioith
ae?iao ? aeeaeiith iac?a ?ioi?o, o. o. aenioa /anoeie oeee?iae?e/iiai
ae?iao, ui aenooia? iaae ?ioi?ii.

Aeey ?ic?iaeaiiai neeaaeaeueiiai aaoiiaoo i?iaiaeeeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy
ii aieeao ia iaae?ei?noue i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy ianooiieo iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a: /anoioe iaa?oaiiy o?ainii?oiiai i?eno?ith; eooo iiaea/?
aoiiaeo e?eueoeaaeo ou?eueiaiue a?aeiinii ia?iaiaeeeoey?o aei
o?ainii?oiiai i?eno?ith; aaee/eie caci?o i?ae ieaei?i oi?oeai ooi?ee ?
o?ainii?oiei i?eno?i?i (?en. 8, ?en. 9, ?en. 10, ?en. 11).

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaio?a anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoee aieea
ia iaae?ei?noue i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy aeyaey? eoo iiaea/? aoiiaeo
e?eueoeaaeo ou?eueiaiue ? aaee/eia caci?o i?ae ieaei?i oi?oeai iaoai?cio
neeaaeaiiy ? o?ainii?oiei i?eno?i?i.

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaeaiiai neeaaeaeueiiai
aaoiiaoo, ?ic?iaeai aeai?eoi i?iaeooaaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a. A aeai?eoi?
a?aeaeo? an? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeeth/ai?
iieiaeaiiy ?ic?iaeai? ?ai?oa ?ioeie aaoi?aie.

A ?icae?e? oaeiae iaaaaeai? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae??.

?ic?iaeaiee aaoiiao ai?iaaaeaeaiee ia caaiae? AO “Ai?iao”, i/?eoaaiee
??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae oi?iaaaeaeaiiy neeaa 15 oen. a?eaaiue ca
aeaieie caaiaeo.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

I?aenoieii ?iaioe ? ianooii? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. ?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia iaoiaeieia?y noai?aiiy neeaaeaeueieo nenoai ia
aac? aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??, ui aaco?oueny
ia iiaeo i?eioeeiao iiaoaeiae no?oeoo? neeaaeaeueieo nenoai, a oaeiae
caaacia/aii? a?aeiia?aeii? neeaaeii? i?inoi?iai? e?iaiaoeee ?oiueiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

2. Cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? aeicaieythoue aanoe neioac eiie?aoieo aa??aio?a
neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??, aecia/eoe
iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeuei? aa??aioe oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a,
io?eiaoe iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiee aa??aio e?iaiaoeee ?ooo neeaaeaeueieo
eiiiiiaio.

3. Iieacaia, ui aaoiiaoe/ia oaoiieia?/ia neeaaeaeueia nenoaia ?
neeaaeiith no?oeoo?ith, yea i?noeoue a nia? iaaia /enei ???a?o?/ieo
??ai?a, ?iciiae?e yeeo aeicaiey? c?iaeoe i?ino?oa i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy.

4. ?ic?iaeaia oi?aa?naeueia e?iaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeie?a
oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao ? aeiiii?aeieo aeie?a oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao, a
oaeiae ?icaeyioo? i?eioeeiiai-no?oeoo?i? iiaeae?, eio?? aeicaieythoue
aaia?oaaoe ? ?aae?coaaoe iiaio aace?/ no?oeoo? neeaaeaeueieo nenoai.

5. Io?eiai? iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino?, aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e
ia?o?ooecaoe?? i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii? eiiiiiaioe a aoaeue-yeiio
aaoiiaoe/iiio oaoiieia?/iiio neeaaeaeueiiio iiaeoe?, a oaeiae iiaeeeao
e?euee?noue ia?o?oo?a ?ooo aeey n-i? i?ii?aeii? neeaaeaeueii?
eiiiiiaioe. Anoaiiaeaiee aca?iica’ycie no?oeoo? aaoiiaoe/ieo
oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo nenoai a?ae ia?o?oo?a ?ooo i?ii?aeieo
neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio ii iiceoe?yi neeaaeaeueieo iiaeoeae ?
i?inoi?iaiai aeaeo ?ooo i?ii?aeieo neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio.

6. ?ic?iaeai? iao?aaeeoe?ei? aa??aioe oaoiieia?/ieo neeaaeaeueieo
iiaeoeae, ui aeei?enoathoue i?eioeei noi?uaiiy o?ainii?oieo ?
oaoiieia?/ieo ooieoe?e, ye? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue
i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy a 3 — 7 ?ac?a.

7. ?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiaiai oi?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo oaoiieia?/ieo
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae?? ia i?eeeaae? aaoiiaoo aeey
neeaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaeo aoiiaeo ou?eueiaiue c oeee?iae?e/ieie ae?iaaie,
ui iathoue e?eueoeaao i?ioi/eo aeicaieeee i?aeoaa?aeeoe aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo nenoai a ae?iaieoeoa?. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
oi?iaaaeaeaiiy neeaa 15 oen. a?eaaiue.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, UI IIOAE?EIAAII CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

Ieoaeeia A.I., Euaiei A.E. Aaoiiao iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey aeey nai?ee
?aceiiauo eieueoeaauo oieioiaiee n oeeeeiae?e/aneeie ecaeaeeyie //
Inianoea — 94: Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoi. eiio.- Eeaa: iauanoai
“Ciaiea”, 1994. N. 83.

2. A.I. Ieoaeeia, A.E. Euaiei, E.E. Iaeuoei. Nai?i/iue aaoiiao //
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneay eiioa?aioeey “Aaoiiaoecaoeey
eiino?oe?iaaiey e i?iaeoe?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia a
iaoeiino?iaiee”. Oacenu aeieeaaeia. Iiae ?aaeaeoeeae i?io. I.A.
Caoa?iaa, TH.A. Oeiioaaaa — Noiu: NAO, 1994. N. 39.

Ieoaeeia A.I., Euaiei A.E., Iaeuoei E.E., Einoth/aiei N.A. Yeaiaiou
neioaca nai?i/iuo nenoai iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey n eniieueciaaieai
iaoiaeia iiaeaee?iaaiey // I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee e nenoaiu
iaoeiino?iaiey. Na. iao/i. noaoae. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1995. Aui.2 N.
50-56.

Ieoaeeia A.I., Euaiei A.E., Iaeuoei E.E. Enneaaeiaaiea acaeiinayce
nai?i/iuo niaaeeiaiee e eeiaiaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo aeaeaeaiee //
I?ia?anneaiay oaoieea e oaoiieiaee iaoeiino?iaiey. Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. 12-15 naioya?y 1995 a.
— Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1995. N. 171 — 172.

Ieoaeeia A.I., Euaiei A.E. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iiiaiaa?eaioiiai
i?ioeanna iiaeaoaeueiie e oceiaie nai?ee // I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee e
nenoaiu iaoeiino?iaiey. Na. iao/i. noaoae. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1996.
Aui. 3. N. 80-86.

Euaiei A.E., Ieoaeeia A.I., Iaaeaeeei ?.A. Eiiieaeniay iiaeaeue
aaoiiaoe/aneiai oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna nai?ee // Nia?aiaiiua
i?iaeaiu iaoeiino?iaiey e oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann. Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. 10-13 naioya?y 1996 a.
— Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1996. N. 99.

Euaiei A.E. Caeiiiia?iinoe oi?ie?iaaiey no?oeoo? nai?i/iuo
aaoiiaoe/aneeo oaoiieiae/aneeo nenoai iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey //
I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee e nenoaiu iaoeiino?iaiey: Na. iao/iuo o?oaeia.-
Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1997. Aui. 4. N. 61-65.

8. Euaiei A.E., Ieoaeeia A.I., E?a/ei Ae.I. I?iaeaiu ia?o?ooecaoeee
ecaeaeee a ?ioi?iuo nenoaiao nai?ee n ?acaaoaeythueieny iioieaie //
I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee e nenoaiu iaoeiino?iaiey: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue na.
iao/iuo o?oaeia.- Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1998. Aui. 5. N. 72-77.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa o ioae?eaoe?yo:

[1] — cai?iiiiiaaii i?eioeei neeaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaiai ou?eueiaiiy c
oeee?iae?e/iei ae?iaii; [2] — cai?iiiiiaai? aa??aioe no?oeoo?
neeaaeaeueiiai aaoiiaoo; [3] — cai?iiiiiaaia a?iioaoe/ia iiaeaeue
neeaaeaiiy; [4] — cai?iiiiiaaii aca?iica’ycie neeaaeaeueieo niieo/aiue c
e?iaiaoeeith oaoiieia?/ieo ?oo?a; [5] — caeiaoaa/ai cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue neeaaeaiiy; [6] — cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaenio iiaeaeue
i?ioeano neeaaeaiiy; [8] — aeyaeai? i?iaeaie ia?o?ooecaoe?? oa
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?o ae??oaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Euaiei A.E. “?ac?aaioea oaoiieiae/aneiai e no?oeoo?iiai iaania/aiey
i?iaeoe?iaaiey aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia e nenoai nai?ee
iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey”. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.02.08 — Oaoiieiaey iaoeiino?iaiey. — Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
nai?i/iuo i?ioeannia, ca n/ao eniieueciaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo nenoai
iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey. ?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaee: oaoiieiae/aneie nenoaiu
iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey aeey nai?i/iuo i?ioeannia; oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna nai?ee, eioi?ay iicaieyao ii?aaeaeeoue iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiue
n oi/ee c?aiey eniieueciaaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo, yia?aaoe/aneeo e
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iioieia. I?aaeeiaeaia ea?a?oe/aneay no?oeoo?a iino?iaiey
nai?i/iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo nenoai iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey. ?anniio?aiu
no?oeoo?u nai?i/iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo nenoai iai?a?uaiiai aeaenoaey.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeneiaeueioth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue iaania/eaatho
oaoiieiae/aneea nenoaiu n ia?aeeaeueiie no?oeoo?ie. ?ac?aaioaia
oieaa?naeueiay eeiaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, iicaieythuay iieo/eoue ?acee/iua
aa?eaiou eeiaiaoeee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nai?i/iuo nenoai. Aiaeeoe/anee
ii?aaeaeaii aeaeaeaiea nai?i/iuo eiiiiiaio ii iiceoeeyi aoiaeiiai e
auoiaeiuo nai?i/iuo iiaeoeae. ?ac?aaioai nai?i/iue aaoiiao iai?a?uaiiai
aeaenoaey. ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a
i?iecaiaenoai e a o/aaiue i?ioeann.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nai?ea, oaoiieiae/aneea nenoaiu iai?a?uaiiai
aeaenoaey, eeiaiaoeea, iiiaioeeeee/aneea ?aeo??aioiua iioiee.

ANNOTATION

A.L. Ishchenko. Development of the Technology and Structural Provision
of the Design of Highly Productive Processes and Systems of Continuous
Assembly. — Manuscript.

Candidate of Science Dissertation on the speciality 05.02.08-
Machine-Building Technology.- Donetsk State Technical University,
Donetsk, 1999 .

The dissertation deals with the problems of the assembly processes
productivity increase made at the expense of continuous technology
systems application.

The general methodology approach to design the automatic technology
assembly systems used for assembly processes is proposed in the paper.

There are 6 sections in it.

The first one is devoted to the problem present state analysis. The goal
and tasks of the investigation are identified. The aim of the
dissertation is to develop the methods of continuous technology systems
design methods applied to the assembly processes, which provide the
productivity and manufacturing processes automation level raise achieved
due to the application of qualitatively new structures and the continuos
kinematically automatic technology systems.

To achieve the goal the following tasks were solved:

-the assembly technology process hypothetical models were developed;

-the multivariant continuous component and unit process mathematics
model was developed;

-the automatic technology assembly system structure dependence on the
assembly article structure was identified;

-the automatic technology assembly module functioning universal
kinematic model was developed;

-the assembly components route parameters for one input and n number of
output technology assembly modules were defined;

-the continuous automatic technology assembly systems functional
structures were developed;

-the continuous automatic technology assembly systems design algorithm
was developed;

-the continuous automatic technology assembly systems non-traditional
variants were developed.

The second section is devoted to the modelling problems. The assembly
process technology model based on the graph theory and influence of
three main flows (energy, information, and material) on the assembly
object was proposed. The model allows to minimise the technology
assembly process both for each separate flow and all the flows in the
whole.

The assembly technology systems structures are examined in the third
section. The given type assembly system structure is stated to change
from the consecutive to the parallel one. The system maximum
productivity is achieved under the assembly system parallel structure.

The kinematics universal model of the assembly technology module
functioning which allows to get the complete set of the variants of
technology assembly modules kinematics is proposed in the fourth
section. The continuous assembly technology systems structural in
principle models obtaining is examined. It is possible to get the
concrete variants of continuous assembly technology systems on their
basis.

The fifth section is devoted to the problem of routing of the
intermediate assembly components for divided flows (out input and n
number of output assembly modules) for the first-class (rotor systems)
technology systems. The analytical dependences were obtained. They allow
to identify the following: the position of the intermediate assembly
component at any time-moment, the general number of routes of the
assembly components movement, and a number of routes of the complete
kinematics cycle.

The continuous assembly automaton design aimed to make the assembly of
O-ring seals with cylindrical articles (fig. 7) is considered in the
sixth section of the dissertation. These articles have been widely
adopted in the units of hydraulic and pneumatic equipment. The
investigations on the influence of geometry parametres on the assembly
process productivity and reliability were carried out as applied to this
automaton. The continuous technology assembly systems algorithm based
on the proposed theory was developed. The recommendations on the further
development of the systems of this type are proposed. The dissertation
results are introduced into the manufacturing and the academic process.

Key words: assembly, continuous technology systems, kinematics,
multicyclic recurrent flows.

AIIOAOe?ss

?uaiei I. E. “?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/iiai ? no?oeoo?iiai caaacia/aiiy
i?iaeooaaiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo i?ioean?a ? nenoai neeaaeaiiy
aacia?a?aii? ae??”. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.02. 08 — Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. — Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a, ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai
aacia?a?aii? ae??. ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae?: oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie
aacia?a?aii? ae?? aeey neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a; oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
neeaaeaiiy, ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiee c oi/ee ci?o
aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo, aia?aaoe/ieo ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a.
Cai?iiiiiaaia ???a?o?/ia no?oeoo?a iiaoaeiae neeaaeaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo
nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??. ?icaeyioo? no?oeoo?e neeaaeaeueieo
oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai aacia?a?aii? ae??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueio
i?iaeoeoeai?noue caaacia/othoue oaoiieia?/i? nenoaie c ia?aeaeueiith
no?oeoo?ith. ?ic?iaeaia oi?aa?naeueia e?iaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui
aeicaieeoue io?eiaoe ??ciiiai?oi? aa??aioe e?iaiaoeee ooieoe?iioaaiiy
neeaaeaeueieo nenoai. Aiae?oe/ii aecia/ai ?oo neeaaeaeueieo eiiiiiaio ii
iiceoe?yi ao?aeiiai ? aeo?aeieo neeaaeaeueieo iiaeoeae. ?ic?iaeai
neeaaeaeueiee aaoiiao aacia?a?aii? ae??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? o ae?iaieoeoai ? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neeaaeaiiy, oaoiieia?/i? nenoaie aacia?a?aii? ae??,
e?iaiaoeea, aaaaoioeeee?/i? ?aeo?aioi? iioiee.

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