I?i?noa?noai o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

EEEIAIEI Ethaia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 621.327:681.5

?IC?IAEA NIINIA?A OA CANIA?A CIAIOAIIss *ANO IA?IAEE OA IA?AAeA*?
A?AeAIAeAIEO A ANOCO

05.12.02 ( «Oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? nenoaie oa oi?aae?iiy ieie»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy o/aiiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th yaey?oueny ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo I?i?noa?noaa o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee ( eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aaea??e Naiaiiae/ Eiiiaaeia,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e «Aaoiiaoeea oa eiii’thoa?i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy»
Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: ( aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Caeainuee?e
Ieaenaiae? Ieaen?eiae/, caa?aeoth/?e eaoaae?ith «I?eeiaiiy, ia?aaea/? oa
ia?iaee neaiae?a» Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.?. AEoeianueeiai «Oa?e?anueeiai aa?aoe?eiiai ?inoeoooo»;

( eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Ino?ioiia Ai?en Aieiaeeie?iae/, ia/aeueiee
eiiieaeniiai a?aeae?eo NEA AI «Eiioia?» (i. Oa?e?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ( Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 30 ” “ /a?aiy ” 1999 a. a “ 13.00 ” aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 02.15.04 i?e Oa?e?anuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? aeaaeai??.

A?aeaoe ia aaoi?aoa?ao i?ineii iai?aaeyoe ca aae?anith:

Oe?a?ia, 310050, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Oae??aaoa, 7.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

e.o.i., aeioeaio ?.I. Eieoaa

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
? eiieo?aioiicaeaoiino? ia ?eieo o?ainii?oieo iineoa ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
an?o noa? ae?iaie/i? oa oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino? cae?cie/iiai
o?ainii?oo ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?ia?aneaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ye?
aacothoueny ia no/anieo i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo caniaao ? i?aeia?iaeieo
noaiaea?oao.

I?e ?ic?iaeaii? ANOCO iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie ? ieoaiiy iaea?aeaiiy,
ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa a?aeia?aaeaiiy a?aeai?ioi?iaoe??, yea iaiao?aeia
aeey oi?aae?iiy ia?aa?ciei i?ioeanii ?ioi?iaoe?? o c?o/i?e oi?i?. Oiio
aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ANOCO iaiao?aeii ca?eueoeoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio
?ii?noue i?aenenoai cai?o ?ioi?iaoe??, ia?aioneio ni?iiiaei?noue e
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eaiae?a ca’yceo oa iaae?ei?noue aca?iiae??
ethaeeie ?c eiiieaenii oaoi?/ieo cania?a.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c a?aeiieo iaoiae?a ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??
iieacaa, ui ciaioaiiy /ano ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/? a?aeaiaeaieo a ANOCO
iiaeeeai o ?acoeueoao? noeniaiiy ? eiiiaeoiiai ?? i?aaenoaaeaiiy. O
ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aaeeeee aianie c?iaeee aaaaoi a/aieo. Na?aae
ieo Aa??a Ae.A., Aea??icia A.E., A?aiaaa ?.N., Coaa??a TH.I.,
Eio?euei?eia A.I., E?an?euei?eia I.I., E??/aanueeee ?.?.,
Eoeeeianueeee I.A., Iaiiaoeaa A.I., Iieuaiei TH.I., I?euaiei A.?.,
?yaei A.ss., Na???aeaiei TH.A., O?io?iia A.?. oa ?io?. Na?aae
aeine?aeiee?a aeaeueiueiai ca?oa?aeaey aaeeeee aianie aianee
Aeaeaei A.E., Eoio I., I??oo O.E., Oaiiii E., Oa?oe? ?. E., Oaooiai Ae.
A., Oaii?ia ?.A. oa ?io?.

I?ioa c?inoaiiy ia’?io ?ioi?iaoe??, iaiao?aei?noue ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/?
?? o ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano, oiiae ?iaioe in?a, ui i?eeiathoue
??oaiiy, ? i?aoeththoue ia c ?aaeueieie ia’?eoaie, a c ?oi?ie
?ioi?iaoe?eieie iiaeaeyie, aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaeaiiy a?eueo aoaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a eiiiaeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo aeey ciaioaiiy /ano
ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? a ANOCO.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie ? ?? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie,
aecia/eee iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a ?aieao Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ?ioi?iaoe?? Oe?a?ie ? Eiiieaenieo
oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai Oe?cae?cieoe?: «Eiioeaioe?? iiaoaeiae aacia/ieo
nenoai oi?aae?iiy ?ooii ii?cae?a», «Eiioeaioe?? ?ioi?iaoecaoe??
cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie». Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ciaeoee a?aeaeoie o 2-o ca?oao ii IAe?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ae??oaiith
aeooaeueii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? caaea/? ?ic?iaeaiiy niinia?a ? cania?a
eiiiaeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo ?c iaoith ciaioaiiy /ano ?o
ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/? a ANOCO.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? oe?e? noi?ioeueiaai? oae? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue:

?ic?iaeoe ? aeine?aeeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue eiiiaeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy
cia?aaeaiue ?c iaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie.

?ic?iaeoe ? i?iaiae?coaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaeaiiy
cia?aaeaiue ?c iaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie.

?ic?iaeoe can?a eiaeoaaiiy «aio/eith» ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith ? niiniae
aaeaioaoe?? eiaeoaaiiy aeiaaeei na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaiith oa iaiaaeaiith
aeiaaeeiith.

?ic?iaeoe iaoiae i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo ?c aeae?eaiiyi na??e
iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie e aeai?eoie noeniaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy
a?aeaiaeaieo.

?ic?iaeoe oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy, ui ?aae?cothoue aeai?eoie noeniaiiy ?
a?aeiiaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia aia?ao? oai??e ?iia??iino? e
?ioi?iaoe??, oai??? nenoai oaeaeiioi?eaoe?? ? nenoai ia?iaee oa
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, iaoaiaoe/iiio ? o?ce/iiio iiaeaethaaii?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o
ianooiiiio:

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo na??yie
?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith, yea aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy na??e a aiae?oe/i?e oi?i? i?e onoiaii? noaoenoe/ii?
iaaei??iino? a?aeaiaeaieo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo na??yie
?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith, ui aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ci?ie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaiaeaieo a aiae?oe/i?e oi?i? i?e
onoiaii? noaoenoe/ii? iaaei??iino? a?aeaiaeaieo.

?ic?iaeaii can?a eiaeoaaiiy «aio/eith» ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith, ui aeicaiey?
iaea?aeoaaoe iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa noeniaiiy ? ciaiooaaoe
ia’?i a?aeaiaeaieo o caeaaeiino? a?ae cia/aiue ia?aiao??a a?coae?caoe??
? ?iciiae?eo aeiaaeei na??e o cia?aaeaii?.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo ?c aeae?eaiiyi na??e
iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie, ye? aaco?oueny ia oi?ioaaii? iine?aeiaiinoae
na??e iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie, iine?aeiaiinoae caeeoe?a, ia?aiao??a
iiaa?iaiiy, ui aeicaiey? yeiaee?aua ciaioeoe ia’?i a?aeaiaeaieo ca
?aooiie aeai?o iioeiaeueii? ?ic?yaeii? n?oee iiaea?eiiai eiaeo ?
ii??aiyiiy io?eiaiiai ia’?io a?aeaiaeaieo ?c aeo?aeiei.

?ic?iaeaii niiniae aaeaioaoe?? eiaeoaaiiy aeiaaeei na??e ia iniia?
aiinoa??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oei cia?aaeaiiy ? ?iciiae?e? aeiaaeei
na??e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a neeaaea?oueny a oiio, ui aiie aeicaieythoue:

ciaioeoe ia’?i iai’yo?, iaiao?aeiee aeey caa?aaeaiiy a?aeai?ioi?iaoe??
ca ?aooiie aenieeo eiao?oe??io?a noeniaiiy;

ciaioeoe /an ia?aaea/? a?aeaiaeaieo ii eaiaeao ca’yceo a ANOCO o
?acoeueoao? cia/iiai ciaioaiiy ?oiueiai ia’?io;

iie?ioeoe ye?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? (ca?eueoeoe ia?aioneio
ni?iiiaei?noue iia?aoi??a) uiaei ?? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia ioieoao
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oi?aae?iiy cae?cie/ieie ia?aaacaiiyie.

Cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae, aeai?eoie, oaoi?/i? caniae noeniaiiy e onoiaiiy
iaaei??iino? a?aeaiaeaieo iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye aeey ciaioaiiy
caeiyoino? eaiae?a ca’yceo i?ae /an ia?aaea/? ia a?aenoaiue, oae ? a
ia/enethaaeuei?e oa aei??thaaeuei?e oaoi?oe?.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoai? a aeaio ca?oao ii IAe?, ia ye? io?eiai? iiceoeai? a?aeaoee
a?ae caiiaiee?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny canoinoaaiiyi ?o i?e ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeo c?ace?a
oaoi?ee a NEA II «Eiioia?», o Oa?e?anueeiio i?eeaaeiaoae?aiiio EA
«Aa?aeiio?ieue», o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? OAO ca eo?naie «Aaoiiaoeciaai?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy», «Nenoaie ia?iaee ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??», i?e
eo?niaiio ? aeeieiiiiio i?iaeooaaii?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia:

8-e — 10-e i?aeia?iaeieo oeieao – nai?ia?ao «Ia?niaeoeaiua nenoaiu
oi?aaeaiey ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii, i?iiuoeaiiii e ai?iaeneii o?ainii?oa»
(aa?anaiue 1995, 1996, 1997 ?. ?., i. Aeoooa);

i?aeia?iaeieo IOE: «Ia?aaea/a, ia?aaioea e ioia?aaeaiea eioi?iaoeee»
(aa?acaiue 1994 ?., i. Aeiiaae); «I?iaeaiu ia?aaea/e e ia?aaioee
aeaiiuo» (aa?anaiue 1994 ?., i. Oa?e?a); «Iiaua oaoiieiaee a
iaoeiino?iaiee» (1995 ?., i. ?eaa/a); «*aeiaa/aneee oaeoi? a aii?inao
aaciianiinoe ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa e i?iaeaiu
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu» (n?/aiue 1996 ?., i. Oa?e?a); «Ia?aaioea
eioi?iaoeee e iaania/aiea iaaeaaeiinoe nenoai oi?aaeaiey» (a?oaeaiue
1996 ?., i. Oa?e?a); «I?iiuoeaiiinoue no?ieoaeueiuo iaoa?eaeia, yia?ai-
e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee. Iaoaiaoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea e eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee» (aeiaoaiue 1997 ?.,
i. A?eai?iae); «I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai oi?aaeaiey e nayce»
(a?oaeaiue 1997 ?., i. Oa?e?a);

oai?aoe/ieo nai?ia?ao: «Neioac, ia?aaioea e ioia?aaeaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
iiaeaeae» Iaoeiai? ?aaee IAI Oe?a?ie ii i?iaeai? «Oai?aoe/aneay
yeaeo?ioaoieea e yeaeo?iiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea» (1996 – 1999 ?.), a oaeiae
ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo nai?ia?ao Oa?AeACO.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iioae?eiaai? o 14 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, c ieo 12 iaoeiaeo noaoae ? 2 iaoaioe
Oe?a?ie ia aeiaoiaee.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 28 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o ? 2 ca?oe c
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oai. Na?aae ieo 2 iaa/aeueieo iin?aieea, 7 noaoae o
aeo?iaeao, 7 noaoae o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 10 oacen?a oa
iaoa??ae?a ia anaoe?a?inueeeo ? i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa
nai?ia?ao, 2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie ia aeiaoiaee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o i?aoeyo, ye?
iioae?eiaai? c? ni?aaaoi?aie. O i?aoeyo [2, 6, 7] – aeena?oaioo
iaeaaeeoue iinoaiiaea e iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiai? caaea/?; o i?aoe? [5] –
caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo ??ci?noth
eieuei?iaeo na??e; o i?aoe? [7] – aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue iinoaiiaea e
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiai? caaea/?, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii i?ioeaaeo?o
a?aeai?o eiao?oe??io?a oa oi?ioaaiiy iao?eoeue ciae?a; o i?aoe? [9] –
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee caaaaeino?eeino? eiaeia?ai ?c
ia??aiiaaaeieie aeaiaioaie; o i?aoe? [11] – iaa?oioiaai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ioe?iea aieeao caa?oa?iiy eieuei?o ia aaee/eio
noeniaiiy ianeao a?aeaiaeaieo; o i?aoe? [12] – ?ic?iaeaii niin?a
i?aeeaae?iaiai eiaeoaaiiy na??e aae?anaie a?aie/ieo aeaiaio?a; o i?aoeyo
[13, 14] – a?ae?a?ai? ? iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oa ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoie ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eno?i?a uiaei iiaeoethaaiiy i?ioeano
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? noeniaiiy cia?aaeaiue.

Ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 138 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’youeio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiaeo, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 157 iaeiaioaaiue ? 5 aeiaeaoe?a, oa
i?noeoue 11 oaaeeoeue, 65 ?ethno?aoe?e ? aeiaeaoe?a ia 22 noi??ieao.
Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia ?in?enueeith iiaith.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aeaia caaaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, iienaia no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaai?
iaoa ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe??. I?eaiaeyoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue,
a?aeiiino? i?i ioae?eaoe??, ai?iaaoe?th ? ?aae?caoe?th ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue aiae?c canoinoaaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o? Oe?a?ie; niinia?a ?aae?caoe?? ?
aeiia aei i?aenenoai a?aeia?aaeaiiy, ia?aaea/? aeaieo a ANOCO, ui
i?aoeththoue o ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano; ??oaiiy caaea/ ?ic?iaeaiiy
iaoiae?a noeniaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??; ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a eiaeoaaiiy ?
a?ao?/ieo oi?iao?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeai?ioi?iaoe??.

Canoinoaaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? ia?aaea/a ?ioi?iaoe??
aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ye?noue, ?ioi?iaoe?eio ?ii?noue, iaae?ei?noue,
aeinoia??i?noue, iia?aoeai?noue ia?aaea/? e i?aaenoaaeaiiy aeaieo, a
oaeiae aoaeoeai?noue ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?aae?inueei? ?iaioe. A aeaiee
/an o nenoaiao a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ia?niaeoeaiei ? aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?iaiai iaoiaeo oi?ioaaiiy ? oeeo?iai? ia?iaee cia?aaeaiue. Aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ia?aae? ? ?ano?iaiai iaoiaeo
oi?ioaaiiy cia?aaeaiue iaiao?aeii aaanoe i?ii?aeio oi?io i?aaenoaaeaiiy
cia?aaeaiiy, ui aeicaiey? eiiiaeoii oi?ioaaoe a?aeaiaeai? ?c o?aooaaiiyi
caa??aaiiy aeniei? aeinoia??iino?.

Aiae?c iaoiae?a eiaeoaaiiy e oi?iao?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue
iieacaa, ui ?nioth/? a?ao?/i? oi?iaoe i?ecia/ai? o?eueee aeey
caa?aaeaiiy oa ia iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ?iaioe a ?aaeueiiio
ianooaa? /ano. Oiio aeooaeueiith ? caaea/a ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeo
i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue, yeee aeicaiey? eiaeoaaoe cia?aaeaiiy a
?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano ?c o?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?ee ci?ie cia?aaeaiue oa
aac ao?aoe ?ioi?iaoe??.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?noeoue aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iaaei??iino? a?aeaiaeaieo
? aeiia, ui i?aae’yaeythoueny aei iaoiae?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue,
ye? i?aoeththoue o ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano; iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o
iaoiaea eiaeoaaiiy cia?aaeaiue o aeaeyae? aeiaaeei na??e, acyoiai ca
iniiao; aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iia??i?nieo ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo aiae?oe/ieo iiaeaeae i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue.

Aiae?c iaaei??iino? cia?aaeaiue iieacaa, ui ci?noiaia iaaei??i?noue
onoaa?oueny a i?ioean? i?iaeooaaiiy NA?. Onoiaiiy a?coaeueii?
iaaei??iino? aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae o?c?ieia?? ci?o ? a?ae aeiia
aei yeino? ? aeicaieai?e ni?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoiaaii? NA?.

A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue iieeaaeaiee iaoiae aeiaaeei na??e. A?i aeicaiey?
ia?iaeyoe cia?aaeaiiy a ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano c iiaiei caa??aaiiyi
?ioi?iaoe??; caaacia/eoe aenieee eiao?oe??io noeniaiiy i?e a?aenooiino?
aoaeue-yeeo iia??oiinoae; aeeeth/eoe aeiaeaoeiaee /an ia ia?iaee
cia?aaeaiue; cieceoe aeiiae aei oaeaeeiae?? cania?a ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/?
a?aeai?ioi?iaoe??. Canoinoaaiiy aeaiiai iaoiaeo iia’ycaii ?c aeayeeie
o?oaeiiuaie, ui aeieeathoue o i?ioean? oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe??. Aeiaaeeia
na??? aaee/eia ci?iia oa eaaeeoue o iaaeao a?ae 1 aei N, aea N
( e?euee?noue aeaiaio?a o ?ano?iaiio cia?aaeaii?. I?ae /an eiaeoaaiiy
aeiaaeei na??e iaiao?aeii ci?ithaaoe ?ic?yaei?noue eiaeiai? n?oee. Oea
oneeaaeith? e oo?oaeiy? ye i?ioean eiaeoaaiiy, oae ? i?ioean
aeaeiaeoaaiiy. Oiio ia i?aeoeoe? aeey ni?iuaiiy eiaeoaaiiy aeiaaeei
na??e iaiao?aeii aaiaeeoe iaiaaeaiiy aeiaaeeie na???. Oea ni?iuaiiy
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Aeey aiae?co ci?ie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ai?iaaaeaeaiee iiae?e ia
na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaieie oa iaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie. Oea aeicaieeei
?ic?iaeoe ?iia??i?nio oa ?ioi?iaoe?eio iiaeae? aeey i?aaenoaaeaiiy
cia?aaeaiue na??yie ?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith. I?ae /an ?ic?iaeaiiy ia
?iia??i?nio iiaeaeue iaeeaaeai? oae? iaiaaeaiiy:

aeyaeaiiy ia?aiaaeo ? iiyaa aecia/aiiai cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o a?coae?caoe??
aeey aoaeue-yeiai aeaiaioa cia?aaeaiiy ? iacaeaaei? oa iaeiaeia?
aei?iaoaaiiy;

?iia??i?noue aeyaeaiiy ia?aiaaeo ? cia/aiiy ? (0 < ? < 1), ui ia caeaaeeoue a?ae ?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaei?o aei?iaoaaiue, a caeaaeeoue o?eueee a?ae oeio a?aeaiaeaieo; ?iia??i?noue iiyae aecia/aiiai cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o a?coae?caoe?? ia caeaaeeoue a?ae ?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaei?o aei?iaoaaiue. Aaaaeaiiy oeeo iaiaaeaiue aeicaieeei canoinoaaoe ?nioth/? a oai??? ?iia??iino? caeiie ?iciiae?eo aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei aeey ?iia??i?nii? iiaeae?, yea ?ic?iaey?oueny. Aiae?oe/i? ae?ace cai?iiiiiaaieo ?iia??i?nii? ? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeaeae iathoue aeaeyae: , aea Mi ( e?euee?noue aeaiaio?a, ye? iathoue i-ee ia?aiao? a?coae?caoe??; p ( ?iia??i?noue aeyaeaiiy ia?aiaaeo; q = 1 ( p ( ?iia??i?noue iaaeyaeaiiy ia?aiaaeo; lj ( aeiaaeeia na???; N – e?euee?noue aeaiaio?a iine?aeiaiino? ia?aiao??a a?coae?caoe??; N – iaiaaeaiiy aeiaaeeie na???. *enaeuei? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee c? ciaioaiiyi ?iia??iino? aeyaeaiiy ia?aiaaeo ia?aiao??a a?coae?caoe?? aeey na??e ?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith ieae/a, /ei o na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith. Oaeiae onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey noeniaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe niin?a eiaeoaaiiy aeiaaeei na??e, yeee ae ia ca?eueooaaa e?euee?noue na??e, a aeicaieya "aio/ei" ci?ithaaoe aeiaaeeio ?ic?yaeii? n?oee i?ae /an eiaeoaaiiy. O?ao?e ?icae?e i?noeoue iaoaiaoe/iee iien ? aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao eiaeoaaiiy "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith ? niinia?a aaeaioaoe?? eiaeoaaiiy ye aeey na??e ?c iaiaaeaii?, oae e ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith; oai?aoe/io ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? ? ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c niinia?a aaeaioaoe?? oa niiniao eiaeoaaiiy: ?nioth/i? ( o?eniaaii? oa ?ic?iaeaii? ( "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeieie n?oeaie. O caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo na??? canoiniao?oueny a?aeiia?aeia eiaeoaaiiy. Aeey na??e ?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith aeei?enoiao?oueny o?eueee eiaeoaaiiy o?eniaaiith ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith. Aeey eiaeoaaiiy na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith canoiniaothoueny ye o?eniaaia, oae ? "aio/ea" ?ic?yaei? n?oee. Oaeei /eiii, oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aeaiaeaieo, i?aaenoaaeaieo o oeeo?iaiio aeaeyae?, ci?iththoueny o caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aiiai aeaeo aeiaaeeie na??? ? iaoiaeeee eiaeoaaiiy. Uia aea?aoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee aa??aio ii?aeiaiiy aeaeo aeiaaeeie na??? ? caniao eiaeoaaiiy, i?iaiaeeoueny oai?aoe/ia ioe?iea ci?i oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaiaeaieo. Ioe?iea ? ii??aiyiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ca oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie a?aeaiaeaieo ye: ia'?i, eiao?oe??ioe noeniaiiy e aoaeoeaiino? eiaeoaaiiy. Cacia/ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeey eiaeoaaiiy o?eniaaiith ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith ?ic?aoiaoaaeeny ca oaeeie aiae?oe/ieie ae?acaie: ; , ( ia'?i, eiao?oe??ioe noeniaiiy e aoaeoeaiino? eiaeoaaiiy aeey a?aeaiaeaieo iiaeaieo na??yie ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith; ( ia'?i, eiao?oe??ioe noeniaiiy e aoaeoeaiino? eiaeoaaiiy aeey a?aeaiaeaieo iiaeaieo na??yie ?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith; GS – ?ic?yaei?noue eiaeiaiai neiaa, iaiao?aeia aeey caieno ia?aiao??a na???; GOe – ?ic?yaei?noue eiaeiaiai neiaa, yea a?aeaiaeeoueny ia eiaeoaaiiy ia?aiao?o a?coae?caoe??; GLN ( ?ic?yaei?noue eiaeiaiai neiaa, yea a?aeaiaeeoueny ia eiaeoaaiiy na??? ?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith; ( aio?ii?y aeiaaeeie na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith. ( ia'?i, eiao?oe??ioe noeniaiiy e aoaeoeaiino? eiaeoaaiiy aei??aiththoue: ; ; , aea NS – e?euee?noue na??e; D1, Dr, Dr-1 – ?ioa?aaee eiaeiaeo a?oi ca aeiaaeeiith na??e; ( ?ic?yaei?noue eiaeiaiai neiaa, ui iaiao?aeia aeey caieno ia?aiao??a na???, ye? iio?aieythoue o a?aeiia?aeio eiaeiao a?oio; ( aio?ii?y na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith. *enaeuei? ?ic?aooiee oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaiaeaieo iieacaee, ui iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe niiniae aaeaioaoe?? eiaeoaaiiy i?ae oei cia?aaeaiiy. I?e eiaeoaaii? na??e ?c iaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aoaeoeaiiai eiaeoaaiiy io?eiai? aeey niiniao, ui aeei?enoiao? aio?ii?th aeiaaeeie na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith. I?e eiaeoaaii? "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith iaee?au? iieacieee eiao?oe??ioa aoaeoeaiiai eiaeoaaiiy iathoue aeaa niiniae, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue aio?ii?th na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith oa ?ic?yaei?noue eiaeiaiai neiaa, iaiao?aeio aeey eiaeoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai /aeaiiy aeiaaeeie iaiaiaaeaii? na???. Aeey ii??aiyiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny aeaa aa??aioe niieo/aiiy aeiaaeei o iine?aeiaiino? na??e: iaee?auee ? iaea??oee. Ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui ana n?iaenoai caeaaeiinoae oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaiaeaieo ciaoiaeeoueny a iaeano?, iaiaaeaii? caeaaeiinoyie, io?eiaieie aeey iaee?auiai ? iaea??oiai aa??aio?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae ia'?i?a ? eiao?oe??io?a noeniaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo iieacoa, ui i?i?iaeueiee ia'?i ? iaea?eueoee eiao?oe??io noeniaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo aoaea aeey iaee?auiai aa??aioo i?e eiaeoaaii? na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie o?eniaaiith ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith. Oeae oaeo aeicaieea ni?inoeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaiaeaieo o?eueee aeey iaea??oiai aa??aioo niieo/aiiy aeiaaeei o iine?aeiaiino? na??e. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui aeey i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue aa?oi aeei?enoiaoaaoe na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith, ye? eiaeothoueny o?eniaaiith aai "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith a caeaaeiino? a?ae niieo/aiiy aeiaaeei o iine?aeiaiino? na??e. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeo i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo c aeae?eaiiyi na??e iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie, yeee aeei?enoiao? na??? ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith, ui eiaeothoueny "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith. Aeai?eoi noeniaiiy iaoiaeii ?c aeae?eaiiyi na??e iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie ?aae?co?oueny o o?e aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeey noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo cia?aaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie, ui aeicaieythoue onoiooe ?ioi?iaoe?eio iaaei??i?noue o iine?aeiaiino? ia?aiao??a a?coae?caoe?? oa caaacia/eoe i?i?iaeueiee /an oi?ioaaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo, a ia ae?oaiio aoai? – aeai?eoi eiaeoaaiiy na??e. I?ae /an eiaeoaaiiy aeo?aeia iine?aeiai?noue na??e ia?aoai?eoueny a aea? eiaeia? a?oie: "nieane?a" e "caeeoe?a". Aeey aecia/aiiy oiiae, ui aeicaiey? iii?noeoe na??th a iaeio c a?oi, aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ic?yaei?noue iiaea?eiiai neiaa, yea iaiao?aeia aeey eiaeoaaiiy cia/aiiy na?aaeiueia?eoiaoe/ii? aeiaaeeie iine?aeiaiino? na??e. O i?ioean? eiaeoaaiiy oaeiae oi?io?oueny iine?aeiai?noue ia?aiao??a iiaa?iaiiy. Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aecia/aia e?euee?noue ??ai?a ia?aoai?aiiy. Aiii aei??aith? aeaii, oiio ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo e?euee?noue eiaeiaeo a?oi ia ia?aaeueoue 4. Aeai?eoi a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aae?co?oueny o aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? i?aoeth? ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi aeaeiaeoaaiiy aeiaaeei na??e oa cai?ioiiai ia?aoai?aiiy iine?aeiaiinoae: "nieane?a", "caeeoe?a" ? ia?aiao??a iiaa?iaiiy – o aeo?aeio iine?aeiai?noue aeiaaeei na??e. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeei?enoiao?oueny cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi a?aeiiaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo i?aaenoaaeaieo aeiaaeeiaie na??e. Aeey caa?aaeaiiy oa ia?aaea/? noeniaieo a?aeaiaeaieo ?ic?iaeaii oi?iao i?aaenoaaeaiiy aeaieo, yeee neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio /anoei: ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i oaee; ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i a?aeaiaeai? oa iaoiae noeniaiiy; iine?aeiai?noue a?aeaiaeaieo, yea neeaaea?oueny c aeaio a?oi: iine?aeiai?noue ia?aiao??a a?coae?caoe?? ? iine?aeiai?noue aeiaaeei na??e. A ?icae?e? i'yoiio c?iaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeai?ioi?iaoe??, aiae?co?oueny caaaaeino?ee?noue a?aeaiaeaieo, caienaieo aeiaaeeiaie na??e, ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo noeniaiiy ?c aeae?eaiiyi na??e iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue ?EI ? ?ic?iaeaieie niiniaaie i?iaaaeaia ca oaeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ye: na?aaei?e ia'?i a?aeaiaeaieo, /an oi?ioaaiiy cia?aaeaiiy, iio?e aai oaeaee?noue ia?aaea/? a?aeaiaeaieo. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aeiaaeei na??e, yeee aeei?enoiao? cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae aaeaioaoe??, aeicaiey? ciaioeoe na?aaei?e ia'?i a?aeaiaeaieo, ui i?eiaaea? ia iaeei aeaiaio cia?aaeaiiy, nei?ioeoe /an oi?ioaaiiy cia?aaeaiue oa ciaioeoe iio?e a?aeaiaeaieo. Oea aeicaieeoue aac aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao ia i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeiae?? a?aeaii?aenenoaie iie?ioeoe ye?noue cia?aaeaiiy oa /anoeiai ca?eueieoe ?ano?ne aeey aeeiiaiiy ?ioeo caaea/. A ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c caaaaeino?eeino? a?aeaiaeaieo, i?aaenoaaeaieo aeiaaeeiaie na??e. A?i aeicaieea ioe?ieoe aee?eaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ia?aaea/? cia?aaeaiue ii aeene?aoiiio eaiaeo ca'yceo c a?iii?aeuei?i ?iciiae?eii ?iia??iino? iiieeie. Aeey ioe?iee caaaaeino?eeino? cai?iiiiiaaiee ?iia??i?niee ?ic?aooiie, ui aeei?enoiao? aoaeo "?iciiiaeaiiy iiieeie", yeee aeicaieea ia?aeeanoe aiae?c caaaaeino?eeino? eiaeia?ai c ??cieie aaaaie neiaie?a o ieiueio aiae?co ??aiiaaaeieo eiaeia?ai. Oea ?noioii ni?inoeei ioe?ieo caaaaeino?eeino?. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae iiaeia canoinoaaoe ? i?e ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?eeino? ia??aiiaaaeieo eiaeia?ai ?c iaaei??i?noth, oiaoi caeiaeiaaieo (n, k)-eiaeii, yeee ia? caaaaeino?ee?noue. I?e ioe?ioe? caaaaeino?eeino? aoei iii?/aii, ui aeieeiaiiy iaei??? aai a?eueoa iiieeie aoaeue-yeeo eiia?iaoe?e o ia??aiiaaaei?e eiaeia?ai? c i?eaeeciith iaaeath aeiaaeeie n ( 4 (i?e aeei?enoaii? i?eeiyoiai nooiaiaaiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai e?eoa??th ioe?iee cia/aiiy ia??aiiaaaeieo neiaie?a) aea?aaeaioii aoaeoo ii?acee on?o a?o eiaeia?aie, oiaoi aaniethoi?e ii?acoe? eiaeia?aie o oe?eiio; a?aeii? ei?eaoaaeuei? eiaee iaeiaoaeoeai? aeey caoenoo ia??aiiaaaeieo aeie?a, oiio aeey ieo aa?oi aeei?enoiaoaaoe niaoe?aeuei? eiaee c i??i?eoaoiei ia??aiei caoenoii neiaie?a. ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue. Aeey ia?iaee a?aeaiaeaieo cai?iiiiiaaia no?oeoo?ia noaia ?c iacaeaaeiith iai'yooth ?aaaia?aoe??, o ye?e iai'youe ?aaaia?aoe?? ? iacaeaaeiei iaeiie/oaa/ai, a ia?aoai?aiiy eiae?a a?ao?/ieo aeaiaio?a oa eii?aeeiao cae?enith?oueny niaoe?aeueiith aia?aoiith eia?eith, iia'ycaiith c i?e?i-AII. Ca noooth, i?eno??e noeniaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo oyaey? niaith niaoe-AII, yea i?ecia/aia aeey aeeiiaiiy aeai?eoi?a eiii?an?? ? aeaeiii?an?? cia?aaeaiiy. Oaea no?oeoo?a a?ae??ciy?oueny i?aeaeuaiith neeaaei?noth, aea caaacia/o? iaea?eueoo oaeaee?noue ia?aoai?aiiy ? ?aaeaaoaaiiy aeaieo. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaioini?iiiaeia oaoi?/ia ??oaiiy noaie i?eno?ith eiaeoaaiiy cia?aaeaiue. Aiii caaacia/o? ca?eueoaiiy iiaeeeaino? i?aaeeueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e aieea? ia?aoeiae, ciaioaiiy ia'?io iai'yo?, iaiao?aeii? aeey caa?aaeaiiy cia?aaeaiiy ? /ano ia ia?aaea/o ii eaiaeia? ca'yceo. AENIIAEE Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ??oaiith aeooaeueii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? caaea/? ?ic?iaee niinia?a ? cania?a ciaioaiiy /ano ia?iaeaiiy ? ia?aaea/? a?aeai?ioi?iaoe?? a ANOCO ca aeiiiiiaith eiiiaeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo. I?e oeueiio: Iaea?eueoa aaaeeeaeie iaoeiaeie oa i?aeoe/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie, io?eiaieie o ?iaio?, ?: iaoaiaoe/ia oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiaeae? i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue na??yie ?c iaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie, ui aeicaieeee aecia/eoe ?iia??i?ni? e ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ae /an onoiaiiy noaoenoe/ii? iaaei??iino?, caniiaaii? ia "noiaeino?" cia/aiue non?aei?o aeaiaio?a cia?aaeaiiy. Aeai? /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a oa?aeoa?enoee aeicaieeee ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo na??e ?c iaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie aeey anueiai niaeo?a ?nioth/eo cia?aaeaiue oa ii??aiyoe ?o ?c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaieie aeiaaeeiaie; can?a eiaeoaaiiy "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith, yeee aeicaieea i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy na??e ?c iaiaiaaeaiith aeiaaeeiith; caniae aaeaioaoe?? eiaeoaaiiy o?eniaaii? oa "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeieie n?oeaie aeicaieeee ci?ithaaoe ia?aiao?e eiaeoaaiiy i?ae oei cia?aaeaiiy oa ?iciiae?e aeiaaeei o iine?aeiaiino? na??e, iaea?aeoaaoe i?e oeueiio iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aoaeoeaiiai eiaeoaaiiy ? noeniaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo aeey anueiai ?nioth/iai niaeo?a cia?aaeaiue; iaoiae noeniaiiy c aeae?eaiiyi na??e iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie ? oi?iao i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo, ui aeicaieythoue iaeneiaeueii ciaioeoe oeeo?iaee iien cia?aaeaiiy, caaacia/eoe aenieo aeinoia??i?noue oa ?iaioo a ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano; iaoiaeeea ioe?iee caaaaeino?eeino? a?aeaiaeaieo, iiaeaieo aeiaaeeiaie na??e, ui aeicaieeea ioe?ieoe aee?eaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ia?aaea/? cia?aaeaiue ii aeene?aoiiio eaiaeo ca'yceo ?c a?iii?aeueiei ?iciiae?eii iacaeaaeieo iiieeie; iaoaioini?iiiaei? i?eno?i? noeniaiiy cia?aaeaiue. Io?eiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ? aianeii o ?icaeoie oai??? eiaeoaaiiy oa i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeai?ioi?iaoe?? ? iathoue i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue. Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo o ?iaio? ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny: aenieith ca?aei?noth ?c ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue; iai?ioe??//y a?aeiiei ?acoeueoaoai; aeei?enoaiiyi ia i?aei?e?inoaao i?iieneiaino?. Aenoioo? a ?iaio? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? iieiaeaiiy a?aeaeo? a aeaio ca?oao ii IAe?, aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaeaii? ia i?aei?e?inoaao AI "Eiioia?", NEA "Aa?aeiio?ieue" ? OAO, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaeiae: i?e i?iaaaeaii? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o uiaei ?ic?iaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? i?ia?aiieo cania?a ii ia?iaeaiith a?aeai?ioi?iaoe??; i?e ?ic?iaeaii? no?oeoo?e, aecia/aii? caaea/ oa iaoiaeeee ?o ??oaiiy aeey ia?niaeoeaieo ANO; i?e aeeeaaeaii? iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i ii eiaeoaaiith, ia?iaeaiith ? ia?aaea/? a?aeai?ioi?iaoe?? a ANO o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o ianooiieo i?aoeyo: Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. Naeaoea aeaiiuo oeaaoiuo ecia?aaeaiee // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1996. ( ? 3,4. - N.83. Eo/oe A.A., Io?aaueaa A.A., Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea ia o?ainii?oa // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1996. ( ? 5. ( N.51-53 Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. Naeaoea aeaeaiaeaiiuo n auaeaeaieai na?ee iaeneiaeueiie aeeeiu // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1997. ( ? 3. – N.39-41. Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. Niinia naeaoey aeaeaiaeaiiuo // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1997. ( ? 4. – N.100. ?oaai E.A., Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A., Iao?oeiae/ Ae.A. I?aaenoaaeaiea aeaeaiaeaiiuo ?aciinoueth oeaaoiauo na?ee // Na. iao/. o?.: Ia?aaioea eioi?iaoeee e iaania/aiea iaaeaaeiinoe nenoai oi?aaeaiey. – Oa?ueeia: IAIO, IAIE, OAO. ( 1997. ( N.47-50. A?eoei A.A. Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. Iiia?ianeee A.E. Naeaoea aeaeaiaeaiiuo aeeeiaie na?ee n neio?iiecaoeeae ii no?ieai // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1998. ( ?1. ( N. 18-21. Eeeiaiei E.A., Iaeaoia N.A. Iaoiae eiaee?iaaiey aeaeaiaeaiiuo // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1998. ( ? 2. – N.59-62. Eeeiaiei E.A. Naeaoea aeaeaiaeaiiuo n iiiiuueth "aeaeie" ?ac?yaeiie naoee // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1998. ( ? 3. – N. 95-101. Eeeiaiei E.A., Iaea?ia E.A. Aiaeec iiiaoionoie/eainoe i?eaia eiaeia?aii n ia?aaiiaaniui aeaie/iui eiaeii // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1998. ( ? 4. – N. 108-111. Eeeiaiei E.A. Iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiue iaoiae naeaoey aeaeaiaeaiiuo n auaeaeaieai na?ee iaeneiaeueiie aeeeiu // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. ( 1998. ( ? 5. – N. 52-56 Eeeiaiei E.A., ?oaai E.A. Naeaoea aeaeaiaeaiiuo aeeeiaie na?ee n caa?oaeaieai oeaaoa // Eioi?iaoeea. ( E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea. ( 1998. ( Aui. 5. ( N. 44-48 ?oaai E.A., Ei?ieaaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A Iaaeeaae?iaia eiaee?iaaiea oeeo?iauo oeaaoiuo ecia?aaeaiee iaoiaeii na?ee a?aie/iuo yeaiaioia // O?oaeu iaaeaeoia?. IOE "I?iaeaiu ia?aaea/e e ia?aaioee aeaiiuo". ( Oa?ueeia: IAIO, IAIE, OAO. ( 1994. ( N.21-22. Iao. 23270A UA, IEE G 06 F 15/20 I?eno??e aeey iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? / Eiceia I.E., A?eoei A.A., Ei?ieueiaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. - ? 97052327; Cayae. 21.05.97; Iioae. 19.05.98 - 28n. Iao. IEE I 04 N 7/18 I?eno??e aeey noeniaiiy oeeo?iaeo oaeaa?c?eieo neaiae?a eieuei?iaiai cia?aaeaiiy / A?eoei A.A., ?oaai ?. A., Ei?ieueiaa (Eeeiaiei) E.A. - ? 97125781; Cayae. 02.12.97; Iioae. 26.10.98 - 40n. AIIOAOe?ss Eeeiaiei E. A. ?ic?iaea niinia?a oa cania?a ciaioaiiy /ano ia?aaea/? oa ia?iaee a?aeaiaeaieo a ANOCO. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.12.02 ( oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? nenoaie ? oi?aae?iiy ieie. – Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiith ?ic?iaee niinia?a oa cania?a eiiiaeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue o ANOCO, ye? aeicaieyoue ia?iaeyoe ? cae?enithaaoe ia?aaea/o cia?aaeaiue o ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano c iiaiei caa?aaeaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe??, caaacia/oaaoe aenieee eiao?oe??io noeniaiiy i?e a?aenooiino? aoaeue-yeeo iia??oiinoae. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeythoueny iaoaiaoe/ia ? ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiaeae?, ye? aeicaieyoue cae?enithaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iia??ieo ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaiaeaieo o aiae?oe/i?e oi?i? i?e onoiaii? noaoenoe/iiai iaaei??o a?aeaiaeaieo. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a eiaeoaaiiy "aio/eith" ?ic?yaeiith n?oeith, yeee aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe eiao?oe??io noeneo ? ciaioeoe ianya a?aeaiaeaieo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo ?c aeie?aieaiiyi na??e iaeneiaeueii? aeiaaeeie, yeee i?noeoue 3 aoaie eiaeoaaiiy oa 2 aoaie a?aeiiaeaiiy. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioa noeneo cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie aaeaioaoe?? i?ae oei cia?aaeaiue aeiaaeei na??e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noeoue iaoaioii-caeaoi? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: cia?aaeaiiy, a?aeai?ioi?iaoe?y, a?aeaiaeai?, noeneaiiy a?aeaiaeaieo, a?aeiiaeaiiy cia?aaeaiiy, i?aaenoaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiiy, ia?aiao? a?coae?caoe??, na??y, aeiaaeeia na???, iaiaaeaia ? iaiaiaaeaia aeiaaeeia na???, eiaeoaaiiy aeiaaeei na??e, niin?a aaeaioaoe?? eiaeoaaiiy. AIIIOAOeEss Eeeiaiei E.A. ?ac?aaioea niiniaia e n?aaenoa oiaiueoaiey a?aiaie ia?aaioee e ia?aaea/e aeaeaiaeaiiuo a ANOCO. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.02 ( oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua nenoaiu e oi?aaeaiea eie. – Oa?ueeianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino ?ac?aaioee niiniaia e n?aaenoa i?aaenoaaeaiey ecia?aaeaiee a ANOAEO, iicaieythueo ia?aaaouaaoue e inouanoaeyoue ia?aaea/o ecia?aaeaiee a ?aaeueiii ianooaaa a?aiaie n iieiui nio?aiaieai eioi?iaoeee, iaania/eaaoue aunieee eiyooeoeeaio naeaoey aeaeaiaeaiiuo i?e ionoonoaee eaeeo-eeai iia?aoiinoae. A ?aaioa ?ac?aaaouaathony iaoaiaoe/aneay e eioi?iaoeeiiiay iiaeaee, iicaieythuea inouanoaeyoue enneaaeiaaiea aa?iyoiinoiuo e eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeaiaeaiiuo a aiaeeoe/aneie oi?ia i?e ono?aiaiee noaoenoe/aneie ecauoi/iinoe aeaeaiaeaiiuo. ?ac?aaioai niinia eiaee?iaaiey "aeaeie" ?ac?yaeiie naoeie, iicaieythuae iiauneoue eiyooeoeeaio naeaoey e oiaiueoeoue iauai aeaeaiaeaiiuo. I?aaeeiaeai iaoiae i?aaenoaaeaiey aeaeaiaeaiiuo n auaeaeaieai na?ee iaeneiaeueiie aeeeiu, niaea?aeauae 3 yoaia eiaee?iaaiey e 2 yoaia ainnoaiiaeaiey. Aeey iiauoaiey eiyooeoeeaioa naeaoey i?aaeeiaeaiu aeai?eoiu aaeaioaoeee iiae oei ecia?aaeaiee e ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeeei na?ee. Enneaaeiaaiea niaea?aeeo iaoaioii-niiniaiua oaoie/aneea ?aoaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ecia?aaeaiea, aeaeaieioi?iaoeey, aeaeaiaeaiiua, naeaoea aeaeaiaeaiiuo, ainnoaiiaeaiea ecia?aaeaiey, i?aaenoaaeaiea ecia?aaeaiee, ia?aiao? aecoaeecaoeee, na?ey, aeeeia na?ee, ia?aie/aiiay e iaia?aie/aiiay aeeeia na?ee, eiaee?iaaiea aeeei na?ee, niinia aaeaioaoeee eiaee?iaaiey. THE SUMMARY Klimenko L.A. Development of methods and means of a diminution of time of processing and transfer of videodatas in ANOCO. - Manuscript. Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of engineering science on a speciality 05.12.02 - telecommunication systems and management by them, - Kharkov state academy of a railway transport, Kharkov, 1999. The thesis is devoted to a problems of development of methods and means of submission of images in ASCRT, permitting to treat and to realize transfer of images in an actual time scale with full preservation of an information to ensure a high aspect ratio of videodatas for want of any errors. In work are developed a mathematical and information model permitting to realize a research of probability and information performances of videodatas in the analytical form for want of removal of statistical redundancy of videodatas. The method of coding by a "flexible" digit grid permitting to increase an aspect ratio and to reduce volume of videodatas is developed. The method of submission of videodatas with selection of a series of maximum length containing 3 stages of coding and 2 stages of restoring is offered. For increase of an aspect ratio the algorithms of adaptation under a type of images and distribution of lengths of a series are offered. The research contains iaoaioii-capable engineering solutions. Key word: an image, video information, videodatas, compression of videodatas, image reconstruction, submission of images, parameter of visualization, series, length of a series limited and unlimited length of a series, coding of lengths of a series, method of adaptation of coding. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.04.99?. Ia'?i 1 ae?.a. Iae.-ae?oe. a.- 0,75 Oi?iao iaia?o 60(84 1/16 Oe?aae. 100 i?. Cai.21/220 Ae?oea?iy OAO, i. Naiaiaee, 6

Похожие записи