Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oaoiieia?e oa aeecaeio

Eica?ue Ienaia Iao??aia

OAeE 675.6.026

?ic?iaea niinia?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caaa?aeaiiy

iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a

05.19.05. -Oaoiieia?y oe??e oa ooo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ioea/?anueeiio oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo? I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaaeyoe?ia Ethaeieea ?aai?aia

Ioea/?anueeee oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo, i?i?aeoi? c iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe,
caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?ith

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ianoa?ia Aeaaeeneaa Iao?iae/

Oe?a?inueea oaoiieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, i?aceaeaio, i.Ee?a

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aaoa?nueeee Aeaaeeneaa Eineiiae/

Eaoaae?a oaoiieia?? oe??e oa ooo?a, Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
oaoiieia?e oa aeecaeio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i. Oa?nii

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 9 ethoiai 2000 ?. i 10 00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.102.03 Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oaoiieia?e oa aeecaeio, 252601, i.Ee?a, aoe Iaie?iae/a
-Aeai/aiea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? EAeOOAe, 252601,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Iaie?iae/a-Aeai/aiea, 2

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 30 a?oaeiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AEo?aanueeee A.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia ooo?iaeo oaa?eeao oa i?aei?e?inoaao iiaooiaiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeey oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a a iniiaiiio
aeei?enoiaothoue ieenethaaeuei? aa?aieee. Oa?aoaaiiy ieie aeeiiothoue
i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao. O a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a oae? aa?aieee
ooai?ththoue ia ooo?? aeeaie? iane/ai? eieuei?e /i?ii? oa ei?e/iaai?
aaie. I?ioa aeei?enoaiiy ieenethaaeueieo aa?aiee?a ia? ?yae iaaeie?e?a:
cia/ia o?eaae?noue i?ioeano, aeayea iia??oaiiy ieanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae
oe??ii? oeaieie, iecueea na?oeino?ee?noue caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai
iie?eao, aocueea aaia eieuei??a, oiene/i?noue aeayeeo o?i?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a. Oaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiieo niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a
o?aaeeoe?eiei eeanii aa?aiee?a c iaoith aeeo/aiiy c oa?aoaaeueiiai
?ic/eio oiene/ieo o?iiaoa??aeea aeanoue ciiao ? iaaeae? c ?o aeiiiiiaith
a?aeiiaethaaoe niiaeea/? aeanoeaino? ooo?yieo ae?ia?a, oeei naiei
io?eioaaoe oi?ioo ?i?oaoe?th oe?iieo aeae?a ooo?iaeie, ui ? ia
nueiaiaei? aeooaeueiei.

Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ei?enoo?oueny iiieoii ooo?i yne?aaeo, iane/aieo
eieuei??a. Oe?ieo aaio eieuei??a ia ooo?? iiaeia io?eiaoe ca aeiiiiiaith
iao?aaeeoe?eieo eean?a aa?aiee?a: eeneioieo, ?o noi?oae (ae?aae ?
o??aae), eiiiiceoe?e eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a oiui. ?acii c
oeei, ?o aeei?enoaiiy aea? iiaeeea?noue cia/ii ni?inoeoe oaoiieia?th
oa?aoaaiiy ca ?aooiie aeeeth/aiiy noaae?? i?io?aaethaaiiy oa
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy, ui, a naith /a?ao, i?eaiaeeoue aei
aeiiii?? aia?aiiin??a, ciaioaiiy aeo?ao o?iiaoa??ae?a. Canoinoaaiiy oeeo
aa?aiee?a oa ?o eiiiiceoe?e aea? iiaeeea?noue noai?thaaoe iia?,
oaioac?ei?, aein? iaa?aeii? eieuei?e ? a?aeo?iee, oa?aoaaoe ooo?i i?ae
eie?? oeaieie .

Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa ?ic?iaea iiaeo
niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a c aeei?enoaiiyi ieenethaaeueieo,
eeneioieo oa eiiiiceoe?e eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca o?ueiia iai?yiaie:

— oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
ieenethaaeueieo aa?aiee?a oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy a ?aeeio nenoaio
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioean?a iaeo?ae?caoe??, i?io?aaethaaiiy oa
oa?aoaaiiy;

-?ioaineo?eaoe?y caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a eeneioieie aa?aieeaie oa noi?oaie
ia ?o iniia?;

— ?icoe?aiiy aaie caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a ca ?aooiie ci?ie oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a oa?aoaaiiy.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Ioea/?anueeiai
oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo (IO?) o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoeiaei iai?yieii
?? ae?yeueiino? ia 1996-1999 ??. “Noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoa??ae?a, no/anieo
oaoiieia?e

oa iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea aace aeaieo”

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

— oaeineiiaeaii ?nioth/? niiniae oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
ieenethaaeueieo oa eeneioieo aa?aiee?a oeyoii ocaiaeaeaiiy a ?aeeio
nenoaio oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaeo?ae?caoe??, i?io?aaethaaiiy oa
oa?aoaaiiy;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii niin?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a a /i?iee eie??
ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie aac oiene/iiai i??ieaoao?io c aeei?enoaiiyi
noeueoaoo i?ae? oa a?o?iiaoo eae?th;

— nooo?ai i?aeaeuaia ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a
eeneioieie aa?aieeaie aiane?aeie aaaaeaiiy a oa?aoaaeueiee ?ic/ei aeaio
?ioaineo?eaoi??a c ??cieie iaoai?ciaie ae??;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a eiiiiceoe??th
eeneioieo ? eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a;

— io?eiaii aaeaeaaoi? , a?aeoai?thaai?, iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oa?aoaaiiy
ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie, eeneioieie, eiiiiceoe?yie eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo
aa?aiee?a;

— aecia/aii oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? ea?aoeio aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a c
eeneioieie oa eao?iiieie aa?aieeaie ca aeiiiiiaith ?*-niaeo?ineii??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— Oaeineiiaeaii niin?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie, ui
aea? ciiao aeeeth/eoe c oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio oiene/i? o?iiaoa??aee,
io?eiaoe ye?nia /i?ia caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao;

— ca ?aooiie ci?ie neeaaeo oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio oa i?aeaeuaiiy
?ioaineaiino? caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie iaea?aeaii
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaii aeoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
Oaeai?iaenueeiio AeIII “O?i/enoea”;

-?ic?iaeaiee oa ai?iaiaaiee a oiiaao i?aei?e?inoa iiaooiaiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy niin?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a eeneioieie aa?aieeaie, yeee aea?
ciiao nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao
ooo?a oeyoii noi?niiai aeei?enoaiiy aeaio oei?a ?ioaineo?eaoi??a;

— iieacaia iiaeeea?noue ci?ie caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a
aiane?aeie ci?i ?I ?ic/eio i?ae /an oa?aoaaiiy eeneioieie ? eao?iiieie
aa?aieeaie.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a — iaoeia? ?aea? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aea??
iai?yieo, iaoiaeee oa ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, iinoaiiaea oa iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo, a naia:

— aea/aiiy aieeao aeaeo oa eiioeaio?aoe?e neeaaeiaeo iaeo?ae?coth/eo,
i?io?aaieo oa oa?aoaaeueieo ?ic/ei?a, ia?aiao??a ia?iaee ia
?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a; oea aeaei ciiao ?ic?iaeoe iioeiaeuei?
oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie oa eeneioieie
aa?aieeaie, eiiiiceoe?yie eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a;

— cae?eniaiiy noaoenoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a,
noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie,
eeneioieie, eiiiiceoe?yie eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a;

— iaea?aeaiiy oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?*-niaeo??a iiaeeiaiiy;

— ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ia
Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiaooiaeo iineoa
“O?i/enoea”;

Ai?iaaoe?y. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ?-?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? oaoiieia??
?ano?nicaa??aaiiy” (i.Ia?oai?ae, 1997?.), tha?eaei?e i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia?oi? oaoiieia?? a eaae?e
i?iieneiaino? oa na?a?n?” (i.Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1998?.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “O?ceei-o?i?/i? iniiae oa i?eioeeie noai?aiiy iia?oi?o
oaoiieia?e a oaenoeeuei?e oa eaae?e i?iieneiaino?” (i.Oiaeueieoeueeee,
1996?.), ?-?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ania
eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueia oaoi?ea i?iieneiaeo ae?ia?a oa ?o
na?oeo?eaoe?y” (i.Ioea/aai, 1997?.), ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, ani??aio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo
Ioea/?anueeiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo (i.Ioea/aai, 1996-98?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a oanoe
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo.

Ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 149 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ai?uo? anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, o?e ?icae?ee
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie, aeniiaee, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoee. ?iaioa ai?uo? 34 oaaeeoe?, 37 ?enoie?a, 7
aeiaeaoe?a. A?ae?ia?ao?y ai?uo? 120 iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
aeeeaaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy i?iaeaie, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny.
Noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa, aeeeaaeai? iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe.

?icae?e 1. Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e. A iaeyae? e?oa?aoo?e i?iaiae?ciaai?
no/ani? iai?yiee a aaeoc? oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a, e?eoe/ii
?icaeyioo? oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeaa/aiiy ? i?aeoe/ia aeeiiaiiy i?aeaioia/eo
i?ioean?a oa iia?aoe?e, i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie
aa?aieeaie. Iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i aeei?enoaiiy ?ioeo eean?a
aa?aiee?a (eeneioieo, aeoeaieo, aeenia?nieo) aeey oa?aoaaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a ooo?a. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iaa?oioiaaia
iiaeeea?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiieo niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai
ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie, eeneioieie oa noi?oaie ia ?o iniia?,
noai?aiiy iiaeo niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy.

?icae?e 2. Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ia’?eoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy: oeo?ee a?eiai e?iey (AINO 2974-75), oeo?ee ianoey ( AINO
7179-70), ooo?i ii?ee ( AINO 10322-71), ae/eiai? ii ?aeei?e oaoiieia??.

Ioe?ieo ?ioaineaiino? caaa?aeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a i?iaiaeeee ca
aeiiiiiaith eiao?oe??ioo iiaeeiaiiy, yeee aecia/aee ca ??aiyiiyi
Ao?aae/a-Eoaaeee-Ioiea, aeoiaey/e ?c eiao?oe??io?a a?aeaeooy, aecia/aieo
ca aeiiiiiaith oi?aa?naeueiiai oioiiao?a (OIO O-4.2). Aca?iiae?th
ea?aoeio aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a c aa?aieeii aeine?aeaeoaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith ?*-niaeo?ineii?? ia i?eeaae? Specord M- 80 a iaeano?
4000-200 ni-1.

Aeey noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? niiniao oa?aoaaiiy, a ?iaio?
aeei?enoaee noaoenoe/io iioei?caoe?th ca iaoiaeii Aaona-Caeaeaey.

Aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae ooo?a cae?enithaaee oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy o?i?/ieo
oa o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a aieinyiiai iie?eao oa oe??ii? oeaieie
ca?aeii oeiiaeo iaoiaeee oa AINO?a ca aeiiiiiaith o?i?/iiai aiae?co oa
?ino?oiaioaeueieo cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 3. Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a a
/i?iee eie?? ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie aac i??ieaoao?io.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy a iai?yieo oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a
e?iey a /i?iee eie?? ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie a oiiaao i?aei?e?inoa
iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aac i??ieaoao?io i?iaiaeeee i?e oiia?
ocaiaeaeaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno i?ioean?a oa iia?aoe?e aeaiia oeyoaie:

— aea/aiiyi aieeao i?io?aaieo iaoa??ae?a oa ?o noi?oae ia io?eiaiiy
/i?iiai eieuei?o aieinyiiai iie?eao oeo?ie e?iey;

— oeyoii cai?ie i??ieaoao?io ia iaio oiene/i?, aeecuee? ca aoaeiaith
o?i?/i? iaoa??aee.

Iaie ii?iaiaaia noi?o i?io?aaieo iaoa??ae?a c iaoith ii?aeiaiiy
iiceoeaieo aeanoeainoae a?o?iiaoo eae?th oa noeueoaoo i?ae? aeey
io?eiaiiy /i?iiai eieuei?o aieinyiiai iie?eao i?e oa?aoaaii?
ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie aac i??ieaoao?io. Aea/aii aieea o?eaaeino?
i?ioeano i?io?aaethaaiiy i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo i?io?aaieo iaoa??ae?a
oa ?o noi?oae, iioei?ciaaii neeaae iaoa??ae?a aeey i?io?aaethaaiiy o
aeaeyae? noi?o? CuSO4 — K2Cr2O7, aea/aii aieea eiioeaio?aoe??
i-oai?eaiaeeai?io, ?aci?oeeio, ia?ieneaeo aiaeith a oa?aoaaeueiiio
?ic/ei?, ?I inoaiiueiai; aea/aia e?iaoeea i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy.
Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue noai?aii oaeee iioeiaeueiee
oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei aeey i?io?aaethaaiiy oa oa?aoaaiiy ooo?iaeo oeo?ie
e?iey a /i?iee eie?? ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie aac aeei?enoaiiy
oiene/iiai i??ieaoao?io:

-iaeo?ae?caoe?y : iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaia ?a/iaeia (IA?)- 2,0 a/e,
a?ae?ieneaeaiii?th (25%-ee) — 1,0 a/e, ea?aiiao iao??th — 1,0 a/e, ?E
=25, t =25-300C, o?eaae?noue 30-60 oa;

-i?io?aaeaiiy: a?o?iiao eae?th- 0,8 a/e, noeueoao i?ae?-3,2 a/e, oei?eae
iao??th–10,0a/e, ioeoiaa eeneioa(30%)-1,0 a/e, II-10 –1,0 a/e, ?E=20,
o?eaae?noue 4 aiae, oaiia?aoo?a 300C;

-oa?aoaaiiy: i-oai?eaiaeeai?i –5,0 a/e, ?aci?oeei -1,0a/e, a?ae?ieneae
aiii?th (25%-ee) -1,5 a/e, ia?ieneae aiaeith (30%-ee) -7,0 a/e, ?E=20,
o?eaae?noue 4 aiae, oaiia?aoo?a 30-350C.

I?e oa?aoaaii? ca cai?iiiiiaaiei niiniaii io?eiaii ooo?i e?iey c
aieinyiei iie?eaii, yeee ia? iane/aiee, ??aiii??iee, aeeaieee /i?iee
eie??, ca no?ee?noth aei o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ae?e — aeecueeee aei aoaeiio.
Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy niiniao oa?aoaaiiy 1000 oo.
ooo?iaeo oeo?ie ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie i?e aeei?enoaii?
aeuacaaaeaii? noi?o? i?io?aaieo iaoa??ae?a noaiiaeoue 188,89 a?i; oea
aeicaiey? cieceoe ?icoe?iee ia oaeo iineoao ia 13%, a?aeiia?aeii,
iaoiiaeth? a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioiicaeaoiino?
i?aei?e?inoa iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii oa?aoaaiith ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie
aa?aieeaie a /i?iee eie?? ca?aeii ?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao aoee iaoaiaoe/ii
iienai? c canoinoaaiiyi i?ia?aie SENS, ?ic?iaeaii? ia eaoaae??
o?i?/ii? e?aa?iaoeee Ee?anueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Io?eiaii
??aiyiiy iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??, yea aeaco? ia caeaaei?noue ?ioaineaiino?
caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a a?ae 5 oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
ieenethaaeueiiai oa?aoaaiiy:

y= — 526,42 + 52,68×1 + 14,18×2 + 44,24×3 + 52,04×4 + 16,57×5 —
18,1×12 — 0,27×22 — 2,34×32 — 2,19×42 — 0,44×52

aea o1 – eiioeaio?aoe?y ?aci?oeeio, a/e; o2 – eiioeaio?aoe?y
i-oai?eaiaeeai?io, a/e; o3 – eiioeaio?aoe?y ia?ieneaeo aiaeith 30%-ai,
a/e; o4 – ?I oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio; o5 – o?eaae?noue oa?aoaaiiy, aiae,
y – eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy caaa?aeaieo c?ace?a.

Iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e, ?ic?aoiaai? iaoaiaoe/iei oeyoii, ca nai?ie
cia/aiiyie aeineoue aeecuee? aei iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a, ciaeaeaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueii. Iaeiae, noaoenoe/ia iioei?caoe?y ieenethaaeueiiai
oa?aoaaiiy ca iaoiaeii Aaona– Caeaeaey ia aeicaiey? io?eiaoe oi/eo
iioeioio, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeaiei. I?e/eiith
oeueiai ? oa?aeoa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo e?eaeo caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??io?a
iiaeeiaiiy a?ae ia?aiao??a: oe? e?ea? i?e ca?eueoaii? cia/aiiy
ia?aiao?a aeoiaeyoue ia ieaoi, ? ye iane?aeie, iiaa?oiy a?aeaoeo ia ia?
aeno?aioio.

*a?ac oiene/i?noue i??ieaoao?io aeione eiai i?eieiaii, a niin?a
ieenethaaeueiiai oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a aac aeei?enoaiiy i??ieaoao?io
?ic?iaeaiee ia a aeinoaoi?e i???. A yeino? eiiiiiaio?a ?ic/eio i?e
ieenethaaeueiiio oa?aoaaii? cai?noue i??ieaoao?io aeei?enoiaoaaee
i??iaaeie, aaeiao eeneioo ? a?ae?io?iii. Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a aeaiiai niiniao oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei oi/ee
iioeioio aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a
eiioeaio?aoe?? aaaaeaieo iaoa??ae?a, i-oai?eaiaeeai?io, ?aci?oeeio a
oa?aoaaeueiiio ?ic/ei?, ai?aeo (25%-ai), ia?aeeno aiaeith (30%-ai),
aea/aia e?iaoeea i?ioean?a i?io?aaethaaiiy oa oa?aoaaiiy.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith iiaeeeaino?
io?eiaiiy /i?iiai eieuei?o ia ooo?? e?iey ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie
aac i??ieaoao?io, cai?ieaoe eiai ia iaoa??aee, aeecuee? ca aoaeiaith,
i?iiiiothoueny oae? oaoiieia?/i? ?aaeeie oa?aoaaiiy.

Neeaae oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio, a/e:

a)i-oai?eaiaeeai?i — 4,5; ?aci?oeei- 0,5; aaeiaa eeneioa — 0,5;
a?ae?ieneae aiii?th(25%-ee) -4,0; ia?ieneae aiaeith (30%-ee) — 6,0;

a) i-oai?eaiaeeai?i — 4,5; ?aci?oeei — 0,5; i??iaaeie- 0,5;a?ae?ieneae
aiii?th(25%-ee) -3,0; ia?ieneae aiaeith (30%-ee) -6,0;

a) i-oai?eaiaeeai?i — 4,5; ?aci?oeei- 1,0; a?ae?io?iii- 0,5; a?ae?ieneae
aiii?th(25%-ee) — 3,0; ia?ieneae aiaeith (30%-ee) — 5,0

?E=30, oaiia?aoo?a 30-350N, o?eaae?noue oa?aoaaiiy – 4 aiae i?e
aeei?enoaii? i??iaaeieo ? 3 aiae – i?e aeei?enoaii? aaeiai? eeneioe oa
a?ae?io?iiio.

?c o?ueio cai?iiiiiaaieo ?aaeei?a iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee niin?a
oa?aoaaiiy c i??iaaeieii. Io?eiaia caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a ca aeaiei niiniaii
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeinoaoiueith ?ioaineai?noth, /enoioith oiio, ia?
aeene, aeia?o no?ee?noue aei o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ae?e, iniaeeai aei o?i?/ii?
/enoee.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a i?iaiaeeee ia
Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
“O?i/enoea”. I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao (c a?ae?io?iiiii) ca ?aooiie aeeeth/aiiy c
oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio i??ieaoao?io neeaaeaoeia 102,86 a?i ia 1 oeeee
oa?aoaaiiy (1000 oo. oeo?ie).

?icae?e 4. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a eeneioieie aa?aieeaie oa
noi?oaie ia ?o iniia?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy aieinyiiai
iie?eao ooo?iaeo oeo?ie i?eaiaeeoue aei iinooiiaiai c?inoaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy eeneioieo aa?aiee?a, ye? iathoue ?yae ia?aaaa: iaio
oiene/i?, i?ioean oa?aoaaiiy iaio o?oaeii?noeee ? ianeeaaeiee aeey
eiio?ieth, caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao aeineoue na?oeino?eea,
aeei?enoaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aa?aiee?a ? ?o noi?oae aeicaiey? io?eiaoe
oe?ieo eieuei?iao aaio.

?ioaineo?eaoe?th caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a eeneioieie aa?aieeaie c iaoith
nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao aa?aiee?a oa ?ioeo o?iiaoa??ae?a cae?enithaaee oeyoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aoe?? ooo?ii ?yaeo eeneioieo aa?aiee?a a?o/eciyiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?yaeo oaeoi??a: aeaeo ? eiioeaio?aoe??
IA? (i?e iaeo?ae?caoe?? oa oa?aoaaii?), eiioeaio?aoe?? aa?aieea, ?I
?ic/eio, aeaeo oa eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ioaineo?eaoi?a a oa?aoaaeueiiio
?ic/ei?. A aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoiaoaaee cae/aei?
na?aaeiueiae??aithth/? eeneioi? aa?aieee: eeneioiee ei?e/iaaee E,
eeneioiee ai?aei. Aeine?aeaeaii i?ioean oa?aoaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
aca?iica’yceo i?ioean?a: iaeo?ae?caoe?y – oa?aoaaiiy.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy niiniao oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a e?iey eeneioieie aa?aieeaie
i?iaiaeeee iine?aeiaiei iaaeeaeaiiyi aei iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
i?ioeano — ii/a?aiaith ci?iith eiaeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai ia?aiao?o aei
aeinyaiaiiy /anoeiiiai iioeioio ?ioaineaiino? caaa?aeaiiy c?acea
ooo?a. Nii/aoeo aeinyaaee iioeioi ii iaeiiio ia?aiao?o i?e o?eniaaieo
cia/aiiyo ?ioeo. Iio?i, cao?enoaaaoe ciaeaeaia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a,
ia?aoiaeeee aei ci?ie ?ioiai, aea ciiao aeinyaaee iioeioi ? o.ae.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoaiee iaoiae iaeo?ae?caoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (IA?). A ca’yceo c oeei aoei aeine?aeaeaii
aieea 16 ??cieo IA?: eao?iiaeoeaieo, ai?iiaeoeaieo, ia?iiiaaiieo.
I?ioean iaeo?ae?caoe?? i?iaiaeeee caio?thaaeueiei niiniaii ii oeiia?e
oaoiieia?? a ?ic/ei?, a/e: a?ae?ieneae aiii?th- 4,0, oei?eae iao??th —
20,0, IA?- 3,0, oaiia?aoo?a 35-400N, o?eaae?noue 30 oa i?e ?E=20. A
yeino? eiio?ieueii? iaoiaeeee oa?aoaaiiy eeneioieie aa?aieeaie
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaeeeo c canoinoaaiiyi oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio c
ioeoiaith eeneioith oa iecueeith oaiia?aoo?ith oa?aoaaiiy (35-400N ) c
iaoith eiiiainaoe?? aaeeei? ?ica?aeiino? o yeino? oeo?ie e?iey, ianoey,
ii?ee ia i?aei?e?inoaao iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Iaeaeuo
?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a (ii OIO) io?eiaii
i?e aeei?enoaii? ia?iiiaaiiiai IA? iiiiaoaiieai?aeo aee?ieo eeneio
(IAA). Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeuei? eiioeaio?aoe?? IAA a iaeo?ae?coth/iio
?ic/ei?, aeae oa eiioeaio?aoe?th eoaeiiai iaoa??aeo, o?eaae?noue
i?ioeano iaeo?ae?caoe??.

?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a cia/ii c?inea i?e aaaaeaii? IAA o
oa?aoaaeueiee ?ic/ei (?en.1). A?coaeueia ioe?iea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaii? IA?, c?acee iaee ?ioaineaia,
??aiii??ia caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?I
oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio, eiioeaio?aoe?? aa?aieea ia ?ioaineai?noue
caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao, aea/aia e?iaoeea i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy. C
iaoith iiaeeaeaiiy oa iane/aiiy eieuei?o aieinyiiai iie?eao, e?auiai
i?ioa?aiaoaaiiy c?ace?a, o oa?aoaaeueiee ?ic/ei ye ?ioaineo?eaoi?
aaiaeeee aaiceeiaee, aoeeiaee, aooeeiaee, ?cii?ii?eiaee nie?oe,
aeeiaoeeoi?iai?ae, na/iaeio, ?aci?oeei, i?ii?eaiea?aiiaoe, o?eaoaiieai?i
eiioeaio?aoe??th 20 a/e. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ?ioaineo?eaoi?ii aeyaeany
aooaiie, aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? yeiai i?iaiaeeee oeyoii
ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe??a?ae 5 aei 35 a/e. Iaeaeuo ?ioaineai?noue
caaa?aeaiiy (ii OIO) io?eiaii i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aooaiieo 20 a/e.
Ine?eueee ia i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?ioaineai?noue
caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a nooo?ai i?aeaeuo?oueny aiane?aeie aaaaeaiiy a
oa?aoaaeueiee ?ic/ei IAA oa iaiaaeaii ?ic/eiiiai o aiae? i-aooaiieo, oi
iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui iaeaea? ?a/iaeie aieeaathoue ia nii??aeiai?noue
aa?aieea aei noano?aoo, aea ae?thoue, ia iaoo aeoieo, ca ??cieie
iaoai?ciaie. Aooaiie nieueaaoo? aeoeai? oeaio?e ea?aoeio, ui ni?ey?
e?auiio aeeooiaeoaaiith aa?aieea a na?aaeeio ea?aoeio aieineie. Iaoai?ci
ae?? IAA a oa?aoaaeueiiio ?ic/ei? ?, ye iane?aeie, cieaeaiiy
nii??aeiaiino? aa?aieea aei ooo?a ia /an caaa?aeaiiy i?ioiaeeoue,
i/aaeaeii, ca ?aooiie ooai?aiiy iieaeoey?ii? niieoee, yea, a naith
/a?ao, iia?eueii aeeooiaeo? a na?aaeeio noano?aoo. Ooai?aia niieoea
iia?eueii aeenioe?th? ? iinooiiai iinoaaey? caaa?aeaiee ai?ii aei
iiceoeaieo oeaio??a ea?aoeio.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaee aca?iiae?? ea?aoeio aieino ooo?a c
eeneioiei aa?aieeii io?eiai? ?*-niaeo?eea?aoeio aieino iacaaa?aeaiiai
ooo?a, aa?aieea eeneioiiai o?ieaoiaiai N oa ea?aoeio aieino
iioa?aiaaiiai eeneioiei aa?aieeii.

I?e aiae?c? ?*-niaeo??a iiaeeiaiiy caaa?aeaiiai ea?aoeio ooo?a
iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eyee ci?i? aeiaaeei oaeeue oa ?ioaineaiino?
oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo nioa iiaeeiaiiy, yea a?aeiia?aea? aaeaioiiio
eieeaaiith a?oi >NH (iaeanoue 3300-3000 ni-1), >C=O (iaeanoue 1750ni–1),
RSO3H (iaeanoue 1260-1150ni-1), a oaeiae Ai?aea ? (1650-1600ni-1),
Ai?aea ?? (1570-1500 ni-1) ? Ai?aea ??? (1420-1400 ni-1).

Io?eiai? ?*-niaeo?e (?en.2) na?ae/aoue i?i ooai?aiiy ?iiiiai ca’yceo
A?eie-NH3+ -OSO2 -A? (cnoa iieine iiaeeiaiiy noeueoieeneioe a?ae
1200 aei 1260 ni-1) oa i?inoi?iao ia?ai???ioaoe?th
oa?oioaaiue Ai?ae ? oa Ai?ae ?? (cnoae a iaeanoyo aaeaioieo eieeaaiue
aeacaieo a?oi a?aeiia?aeii a?ae 1600 aei 1630ni-1 oa a?ae 1500 aei
1550ni-1).

Iaoiaeii noaoenoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? ca Aaonii-Caeaeaeai noai?aia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioean?a iaeo?ae?caoe?? oa oa?aoaaiiy aieinyiiai
iie?eao c aeei?enoaiiyi a oa?aoaaeueiiio ?ic/ei? eeneioieo aa?aiee?a.
Io?eiaii ??aiyiiy iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??

y= + 43,37 + 2,18×1 + 5,18×2 + 7,24×3 + 8,14×4 + 8,00×5 + 14,70×6 —
1,9×12 — 3,92×22 + 0,47×32 — 9,36×42 — 4,49×52 — 9,40×62 ,

yea aeaco? ia aca?iica’ycie oanoe oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a c
?ioaineai?noth caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a, ?ica’yceii yeiai ?
oi/ea iioeioio (oaae.1). Iine?aeiaia iioei?caoe?y oeyoii eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ? iioei?caoe?y c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo Aaona-Caeaeaey
aeathoue iiae?ai? ?acoeueoaoe. Ii?yae c oeei, aiane?aeie anoaiiaeaii?
aca?iiae?? oaeoi??a i?ae niaith, cia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo eiioeaio?aoe?e,
?ic?aoiaaieo ca ??aiyiiyi ?aa?an?? aeaui iaio? iioeiaeueieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ia?aiao??a iaeo?ae?caoe?? oa oa?aoaaiiy.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a iaeo?ae?caoe?? oa
oa?aoaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaiee oaeee niin?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a e?iey eeneioieie
aa?aieeaie a eieuei?e /a?aiii-ei?e/iaai? aaie:

-iaeo?ae?caoe?y: a?ae?ieneae aiii?th- 4,0 a/e; oei?eae iao??th– 20,0
a/e; IAA – 3,0 a/e, o?eaae?noue 30 oa, oaiia?aoo?a 35-400N, ?E=20;

-oa?aoaaiiy: aa?aiee — 6,0% a?ae iane c?acea; noeueoao iao??th — 10,0%
a?ae iane c?acea; ioeoiaa eeneioa –2,0 a/e; IAA — 2,5 a/e; aooaiie- 20,0
a/e; ?E=20, oaiia?aoo?a 35-400C, o?eaae?noue 2 aiae.

Ooo?i, oa?aiaaia eeneioieie aa?aieeaie ca cai?iiiiiaaiei niiniaii
iaaoaa? iane/aiiai, ??aiii??iiai, aeeaieiai caaa?aeaiiy
/a?aiii-ei?e/iaai? aaie c oi?ioeie aeanoeainoyie aieinyiiai iie?eao oa
oe??ii? oeaieie (oaae.2).

C iaoith io?eiaiiy oe?ieiai ae?aiaciio caaa?aeaiy aieinyiiai iie?eao
ooo?a a ?iaio? aeei?enoaee noi?o? aeaio ? a?eueoa eiiiiiaio?a — ae?aae
? o??aae eeneioieo aa?aiee?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia??
aeey oa?aoaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie eeneioieie aa?aieeaie. Eieuei?e
aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a e?iey, ianoey oa ii?ee i?e oa?aoaaii? ae?aaeaie
? o??aaeaie eeneioieo aa?aiee?a iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??. Aeei?enoaiiy
ae?aaee eeneioieo aa?aiee?a (/i?iiai ? caeaiiai) o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 16:4
aeicaieeei io?eiaoe ia ooo?? ianoey, yea aoei o aeei?enoaii?, aeeaieee
/i?iee eie?? aac a?aeo?ie?a.

?ic?iaeai? niiniae oa?aoaaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii ia Oaeai?iaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy “O?i/enoea”.

Cia/ii ?icoe?eoe eieuei?iao aaio aeicaiey? oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy
eiiiiceoe?e eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a. Aiae?c niinia?a
oa?aoaaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a ie?aii eeneioieie ? eao?iiieie
aa?aieeaie iieacaa, ui aiie aeoaea noiae?.

Aei neeaaeo oa?aoaaeueieo ?ic/ei?a aoiaeyoue iaei? e o? ae eiiiiiaioe:
aa?aiee, ae??aithaa/ caaa?aeaiiy (noeueoao iao??th), IA?, ?I ?ic/eio
??aiee 4-5. Oiio oe?eaaei, c oi/ee ci?o eiei?enoeee, ? aea/aiiy
iiaeeeaino? noi?niiai i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioean?a iaeo?ae?caoe?? oa oa?aoaaiiy
ooo?a eeneioieie oa eao?iiieie aa?aieeaie.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a eiiiiceoe??th eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo
aa?aiee?a, ei?enooaaeenue ?aeeiei i?aeoiaeii ae??oaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
ieoaiiy — iine?aeiaiei iaaeeaeaiiyi aei iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a c
ocaiaeaeaiiyi a ?aeeio nenoaio i?ioean?a iaeo?ae?caoe??, oa?aoaaiiy. A
yeino? aa?aiee?a aeei?enoai? eeneioiee o?ieaoiaee N oa eao?iiiee
i?aiaeaaee AE (noi?o 1), a oaeiae eeneioiee aeiaoee oa eao?iiiee nei?e
I (noi?o 2).

Ia noaae?? iaeo?ae?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaii aieea aeaeo oa eiioeaio?aoe??
IA? ia ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao. Iaea?eueo
?ioaineaia ? ??aiii??ia caaa?aeaiiy c?ace?a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e
aeei?enoaii? a iaeo?ae?coth/iio ?ic/ei? IAA eiioeaio?aoe??th 3 a/e.
Aea/aii oaeiae aieea eoaeiiai iaoa??aeo oa aeaeo?ie?oo a
iaeo?ae?coth/iio ?ic/ei?, o?eaaeino? i?ioeano. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii ?aaeei iaeo?ae?caoe?? ooo?a, yeee ia?aaeo?
i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy eiiiiceoe??th eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a: IAA
-3,0 a/e; a?ae?ieneae aiii?th (25%-iee)-4,0 a/e; oei?eae iao??th — 20
a/e, oaiia?aoo?a 35-400N, o?eaae?noue 30 oa, ?E=20

.C iaoith noai?aiiy niiniao oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a e?iey eeneioii-eao?iiiith
eiiiiceoe??th aa?aiee?a aea/aee aieea ia caaa?aeaiiy aeaeo oa
eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?, aa?aiee?a, ?I oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio.
?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a ioe?ithaaee ca eiao?oe??ioaie
iiaeeiaiiy caaa?aeaieo c?ace?a. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ??cieo
?ioaineo?eaoi??a ia ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao.
Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ?ioaineo?eaoi?ii i?e oa?aoaaii? eiiiiceoe??th
aa?aiee?a, ye ? o aeiaaeeo i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie
eeneioieie aa?aieeaie, ? aooaiie eiioeaio?aoe??th 20 a/e. I?e oaeiio
ai?no? inoaiiueiai eiei?enoe/i? aeanoeaino? caaa?aeaiiai aieinyiiai
iie?eao ooo?a cia/ii iie?auothoueny: c?acee iathoue i/?eoaaiee eie??:
i?e canoinoaaii? noi?o? 1 – oaiiee /a?aiii-ei?e/iaaee, noi?o? 2 –
iane/aiee aeiaoi-caeaiee; i?aeaeuo?oueny /enoioa oiio, aeeaeia oa
??aiii??i?noue caaa?aeaiiy.

I?e aea/aii? ?*-niaeo??a iiaeeiaiiy ea?aoeio, yeee caaa?aeaiee
eiiiiceoe??th eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a, iniaeeao oaaao
i?eae?eyee ci?i? aeiaaeei oaeeue oa ?ioaineaiinoae oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo nioa
iiaeeiaiiy aaeaioieo eieeaaiue a?oi RSO3H (iaeanoue 1200ni-1) , nieae
a?oie NII — ( 1420-1300ni-1), Ai?aea ? (1620ni-1) ? Ai?aea ?? (1550
ni-1). Cnoa a a?e ciaioaiiy aeiaaeei oaeeue aeacaieo oa?oioaaiue
(?en.4) na?ae/eoue i?i ?o no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a i?inoi??. Ca?eueoaiiy
?ioaineaiino? oa ?icuaieaiiy oa?aeoa?enoe/ii? nioae nieae a?oie NII-
aeiaiaeeoue i?eiouaiiy i?i ooai?aiiy ?iiiiai ca”yceo i?ae eao?iiiei
aa?aieeii oa ea?aoeiii ooo?a ii ea?aieneeuei?e a?oi?, a ii??aiyiiy
i?eiaeo ?ioaineaiinoae Ai?aea ? ? Ai?aea ?? caaa?aeaiiai ea?aoeio
eeneioii-eao?iiiith eiiiiceoe??th ? iaoa?aiaaiiai ooo?a iieaco? ia
ooai?aiiy iaaieo iieaeoey?ieo eiiieaen?a ia iniia? oeeo a?oi.

I?ioean oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a eiiiiceoe??th eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a
a nenoai? iaeo?ae?caoe?y-oa?aoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii iienaiee o aeaeyae?
iie?iiio

y= + 303,95 + 13,67×1 + 9,96×2 — 24,28×3 + 39,28×4 + 7,75×5 —
8,08×12 — 9,21×22 — 92,71×32 — 31,03×42 — 3,20×52

Oi/ea iioeioio, ciaeaeaia ca?aeii iaoiaeo noaoenoe/ii? iioei?caoe???
Aaona-Caeaeaey a ii??aiyii? c oi/eith iioeioio, ciaeaeaiith
aenia?eiaioaeueii, i?aaenoaaeaia a oaae.3.

A?ao?/ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iiooeo iioeioio (?en.5) aeiaiaeeoue, ui
iioei?caoe?y i?ioeano oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a eeneioii-eao?iiiith
eiiiiceoe??th aa?aiee?a ia aoai? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
noaoenoe/ia iioei?caoe?y ca iaoiaeii Aaona-Caeaeaey aeathoue aeecuee?
?acoeueoaoe.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii niin?a oa?aoaaiiy
iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a eiiiiceoe??th eeneioieo ? eao?iiieo, yeiio ia?aaeo?
noaae?y iaeo?ae?caoe??: noi?o aa?aiee?a — 6% a?ae iane c?acea, oei?eae
iao??th — 4% a?ae iane c?acea, IAA — 2,0 a/e, aooaiie — 20,0 a/e, ?I
oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio 4,5-5, o?eaae?noue 2 aiae, oaiia?aoo?a 35-400 N,
?E=20. Oa?aiaaia ooo?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oi?ioeie iieacieeaie
aieinyiiai iie?eao oa oe??ii? oeaieie. Aeaiee niin?a oa?aoaaiiy
ai?iaiaaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a oiiaao i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeniiaee

1.Cia/ia /anoeia iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a oa?ao?oueny ia ooo?iaeo
i?aei?e?inoaao aai ia?aoa?aiao?oueny ia i?aei?e?inoaao iiaooiaiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy. I?aeaioia/? iia?aoe?? oa i?ioean oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a
aecia/athoue ?ioaineai?noue ? ye?noue caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a i?e aeei?enoaii?
??cieo eean?a aa?aiee?a. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y caaa?aeaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai
ooo?a ? aaaeeeaith oa aeooaeueiith.

2.?ic?iaeo iiaeo ? oaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiieo niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a
ieenethaaeueieie, eeneioieie aa?aieeaie, eiiiiceoe?yie eeneioieo oa
eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a i?iaiaeeee, ei?enooth/enue ?aeeiei i?aeoiaeii
ae??oaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai ieoaiiy –iine?aeiaiei iaaeeaeaiiyi aei
iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a c ocaiaeaeaiiyi a ?aeeio nenoaio i?ioean?a
iaeo?ae?caoe??, i?io?aaeaiiy oa oa?aoaaiiy. Iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e,
aecia/ai? aenia?eiaioaeueii oa ?ic?aoiaai? c aeei?enoaiiyi noaoenoe/ii?
iioei?caoe?? ca iaoiaeii Aaona-Caeaeaey i?aeoe/ii ni?aiaaeathoue.

3.?ic?iaeai? niiniae oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a e?iey a /i?iee eie??
ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie aac oiene/iiai i??ieaoao?io: 1) i?e
aeei?enoaii? noi?o? i?io?aaieo iaoa??ae?a; 2) i?e aeei?enoaii? cai?noue
i??ieaoao?io ?ioeo iai?ai?iaeoeo?a ieenethaaeueiiai oa?aoaaiiy.
Cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a e?iey a /i?iee eie?? ? aeiiii?/ii
aea?aeieie, oae ye aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe ?aioaaaeuei?noue i?ioeano
i?e caa?aaeaii? ?icoe?iie ia oa?aoaaiiy ooo?iaeo oeo?ie aai cieceoe
?icoe?iee ia 10-13% i?e caa?aaeaii? iaci?iii? ?aioaaaeueiino?.

4. ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy ooo?a eeneioieie aa?aieeaie nooo?ai
i?aeaeuo?oueny aiane?aeie aaaaeaiiy a oa?aoaaeueiee ?ic/ei
?ioaineo?eaoi??a c ??cieie iaoai?ciaie ae??: IAA ? i-aooaiieo.
Aeei?enoaiiy iaiaaeaii? e?eueeino? eeneioieo aa?aiee?a o aeaeyae? ae?aae
oa o??aae ca ?ic?iaeaiei niiniaii aea? iiaeeea?noue io?eioaaoe
??ciiiai?oi?, aeineoue i?ea?iaeuei? eieuei?e ? a?aeo?iee aieinyiiai
iie?eao ooo?a e?iey, ianoey oa ii?ee. I?e aeei?enoaii? ae?aaee
eeneioieo aa?aiee?a (/i?iiai ? caeaiiai) iieacaia iiaeeea?noue a oiiaao
i?aei?e?inoa iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa?aoaaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao
ooo?a ianoey a aeeaieee /i?iee eie?? aac a?aeo?ie?a.

5. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a oa?aoaaiiy eiiiiceoe??th eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo
aa?aiee?a aea? ciiao a oiiaao i?aei?e?inoa io?eioaaoe iane/ai?,
?ioaineai? eieuei?e /a?aiii-ei?e/iaai? oa aeiaoi-caeaii? aaie
aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a. Ca ?aooiie ci?ie pH oa?aoaaeueiiai ?ic/eio
i?e aeei?enoaii? noi?o? eeneioiiai oa eao?iiiiai aa?aiee?a iiaeia
io?eioaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? eieuei?e oa a?aeo?iee aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a.

6.Iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? ea?aoeio aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a c eeneioiei
aa?aieeii oa eeneioii-eao?iiiith eiiiiceoe??th aa?aiee?a iaa?oioiaaii c
aeiiiiiaith ?*-niaeo?ineii??.

7.I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a a oiiaao i?aei?e?inoa
iiaooiaiai ianeoaiaaiiy.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Ieaaeeia TH.A., Oaaeyoe?ia E.?., Eica?ue I.I. Oa?aoaaiiy
iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a eeneioieie aa?aieeaie //Eaaea i?ii-noue, -1996. —
?3. – n.65-67.

2. Eica?ue I.I., Ieaaeeia TH.A., Oaaeyoe?ia E.?. Aeei?enoaiiy noi?oae
eeneioieo aa?aiee?a aeey oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a //A?niee
Oaoiie. oi-oo Iiae?eey, /.?.- 1998. -?4. –n.120-122.

3. Eica?ue I.I. ?ano?nicaa??aath/a oaoiieia?y oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai
ooo?a a /i?iee eie?? ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie // Eaaea i?ii-noue,
-1999. -? 1-2. – n. 69-70.

4. Eica?ue I.I. Eiei?oaaiiy ooo?a eiiiiceoe?yie eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo
aa?aiee?a // Eaaea i?ii-noue, -1999. — ?3 – 57n. .

5. Oaaeyoe?ia E.?., Ieaaeeia TH.A., Eica?ue I.I. Aeei?enoaiiy
eeneioieo aa?aiee?a aeey eiei?oaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a // I?aoe?
iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio.“O?ceei-o?i?/i? i?eioeeie noai?aiiy iia?oi?o
oaoiieia?e a oaenoeeuei?e oa eaae?e i?iieneiaino?” -Oiaeueieoeueeee:
OOI.-1996.-n. 4-5.

6 Ieaaeeia TH.A.,.Oaaeyoeeia E.E, Eica?ue I.I. Aeueoa?iaoeaiia ?aoaiea
aii?ina caiaiu iaeioi?uo iieoi?iaeoeoia
ieeneeoaeueiiai e?aoaiey iaoo?aeueiiai iaoa // O?oaeu ?-ie
iao/ii-i?aeo. eiio. “Nia?aiaiiay eiio?ieueii-eniuoaoaeueiay oaoieea
i?iiuoeaiiuo ecaeaeee e eo na?oeoeeaoeey” (NEEO-97).-Aui.1. –E.:
AeAEIO, –1997. –n.220 –223.

7. Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioa — ?99063274 a?ae 6.12.0.1999
?. IIE6 D06P/32. Niin?a oa?aoaaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a /Eica?ue
I.I., Ieaaeeia TH.A.Oaaeyoe?ia E.?.(Oe?a?ia); Cayae.14.06.99.

Aiioaoe?ss

Eica?ue I.I. ?ic?iaea niinia?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caaa?aeaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai
ooo?a. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.19.05. – oaoiieia?y oe??e oa ooo?a. – Ee?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oaoiieia?e oa aeecaeio, Ee?a, 1999?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oaeineiiaeaiith a?aeiieo oa ?ic?iaeo iiaeo
niinia?a oa?aoaaiiy iaoo?aeueiiai ooo?a c iaoith aeeo/aiiy c
oa?aoaaeueieo ?ic/ei?a oiene/ieo o?iiaoa??ae?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy
?ioaineaiino? caaa?aeaiiy aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a.Oaeineiiaeaiiy
?nioth/iai oa ?ic?iaeo iiaiai niiniao

oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a a /i?iee eie?? ieenethaaeueieie aa?aieeaie aac
i??ieaoao?io, a oaeiae eeneioieie aa?aieeaie oa eiiiiceoe?yie ia ?o
iniia? i?iaiaeeee oeyoii ocaiaeaeaiiy a ?aeeio nenoaio oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a, noaoenoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? inoaii?o. Iaea?aeaii aaeaeaaoi?,
a?aeoai?thaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oa?aoaaiiy ooo?a ieenethaaeueieie oa
eeneioieie aa?aieeaie, eiiiiceoe?yie eeneioieo oa eao?iiieo aa?aiee?a.
Aecia/aii oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? ea?aoeio aieinyiiai iie?eao ooo?a c
eeneioieie oa eao?iiieie aa?aieeaie. Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeeaeththoue oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy i?i i?ioean oa?aoaaiiy, iioe?ththoue
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy a?o/eciyieo o?i?/ieo iaoa??ae?a c io?eiaiiyi
ye?nii? eiieo?aioiicaeaoii? i?iaeoeoe?? ooo?yieo ae?ia?a c ?ioaineaii
caaa?aeaiei aieinyiei iie?eaii, i?oeiith ieanoe/iith oe??iith oeaieiith

Eeth/ia? neiaa:ooo?i, aieinyiee iie?ea, ea?aoei, iaeo?ae?caoe?y,
i?io?aaethaaiiy, oa?aoaaiiy, aa?aiee, caaa?aeaiiy, ?ioaineo?eaoe?y,
aeanoeaino?.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eica?ue I.I. ?ac?aaioea niiniaia eioaineoeeaoeee ie?anee iaoo?aeueiiai
iaoa. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.19.05. – oaoiieiaey eiaee e iaoa.- Eeaaneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao oaoiieiaee e aeecaeia, Eeaa, 1999a.

Iaoo?aeueiue iao e?anyo eee ia?ae?aoeaatho ia iaoiauo oaa?eeao eee
i?aaei?eyoeyo auoiaiai ianeoaeeaaiey. Iiaeaioiaeoaeueiua iia?aoeee
ia?aae e?aoaieai e nai i?ioeann e?aoaiey iaoa ii?aaeaeytho
eioaineaiinoue, ea/anoai ie?aoeaaiea iaoa. ?ac?aaioea iiauo e
oniaa?oainoaiaaiea ecaaniuo niiniaia e?aoaiey iaoo?aeueiiai iaoa
aeooaeueia.

Oeaeueth ?aaiou anoue oniaa?oainoaiaaiea ecaaniuo niiniaia e?aoaiey
iaoa ieeneeoaeueiuie e eeneioiuie e?aneoaeyie n oeaeueth ecaea/aiey ec
e?aneeueiuo ?anoai?ia oiene/iuo oeiiaoa?eaeia e, a oiaea a?aiy,
iiauoaiea eioaineaiinoe ie?anee aieinyiiai iie?iaa iaoa, a oaeaea
?ac?aaioea iiauo, ?aiaa ia ecaanoiuo niiniaia e?aoaiey iaoa.A ea/anoaa
iaueaeoia enneaaeiaaiey eniieueciaaee oeo?ee e?ieeea, ianoea e ii?ee,
ia?aaioaiiua ii aaeeiie oaoiieiaee. Ioeaieo eioaineaiinoe ie?anee
enneaaeoaiuo ia?acoeia aieinyiiai iie?iaa iaoa inouanoaeyee n iiiiuueth
eiyoeoeeaioa iiaeiuaiey, ii?aaeaeyaiiai n iiiiuueth oioiiao?e/aneiai
iaoiaea aiaeeca. ?ac?aaioeo iiauo e oniaa?oainoaiaaiea ecaaniuo
niiniaia e?aoaiey iaoa inouanoaeyee eniieuecoy aaeeiue iiaeoiae –
iineaaeiaaoaeueiia i?eaeeaeaiea e iioeiaeueiui ia?aiao?ai iooai
niaeaniaaiey a aaeeioth nenoaio oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia,
noaoenoe/aneie iioeiecaoeee iineaaeieo. Iieo/aiu aaeaeaaoiua,
aini?iecaiaeeiua iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee e?aoaiey iaoa ieeneeoaeueiuie e
eeneioiuie e?aneoaeyie, eiiiiceoeeyie eeneioiuo e eaoeiiiuo e?aneoaeae.

Oniaa?oainoaiaaiu niiniau e?aoaiey iaoa a /a?iue oeaao ieeneeoaeueiuie
e?aneoaeyie n oeaeueth ecaea/aiey ec e?aneeueiie aaiiu oiene/iiai
ie?ieaoaoeia iooai eniieueciaaiey niane i?io?aaiuo iaoa?eaeia ia
noaaeee i?io?aaeaiey e iooai caiaiu ie?ieaoaoeia a e?aneeueiii ?anoai?a
ia ae?oaea oeiiaoa?eaeu. ?ac?aaioaiiua niiniau aeiiiie/anee auaiaeiu ca
n/ao iiauoaiey ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?ioeanna i?e nio?aiaiee ?anoeaiie ia
e?aoaiea iaoiauo oeo?ie eee nieaeaiea ?anoeaiie ia 10-13% i?e nio?aiaiee
iaeciaiiie ?aioaaaeueiinoe.

Iiauoaiea eioaineaiinoe ie?anee iaoa i?e e?aoaiee eeneioiuie
e?aneoaeyie e nianyie ia eo iniiaa inouanoaeaii i?e aaaaeaiee a
e?aneeueiue ?anoai? aeaoo eioaineoeeaoi?ia n ?aciuie iaoaieciaie
aeaenoaey — iaeiiiaaiiiai iiaa?oiinii-aeoeaiiai aauanoaa
(iiiiaoaiieaieaea aee?iuo eeneio) e i?aaie/aii ?anoai?eiiai a aiaea
i-aooaiiea.

Eniieueciaaiea aeeaae e o?eaae eeneioiuo e?aneoaeae ii ?ac?aaioaiiiio
niiniao aeaao aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aoue ia iaoa e?ieeea, ianoea e ii?ee
i?eaeiaeueiua oeaaoa e iooaiee. Niinia e?aoaiey eiiiiceoeeae eeneioiuo e
eaoeiiiuo e?aneoaeae iaania/eaaao ianuuaiiua, eioaineaiua oeaaoa
aieinyiiai iie?iaa e?anii-ei?e/iaaie e aeaeoi-caeaiie aaiu.

Ii?aaeaeaii oa?aeoa? acaeiiaeaenoaey ea?aoeia aieinyiiai iie?iaa iaoa n
eeneioiuie e eaoeiiiuie e?aneoaeyie

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey oaeoaeytho oai?aoe/aneea ciaiey i i?ioeanna
e?aoaiey, oaaee/eaatho aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey ioa/anoaaiiuo
oeie/aneeo iaoa?eaeia n iieo/aieai ea/anoaaiiie eiieo?aioiiniiniaiie
i?iaeoeoeee — iaoiauo ecaeaeee n eioaineaii ie?aoaiiui aieinyiui
iie?iaii, i?i/iie ieanoe/iie eiaeaaaiiie oeaiueth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iao, aieinyiie iie?ia, ea?aoei, iaeo?aeecaoeey,
i?io?aaeaiea, e?aoaiea, e?aneoaeue, ie?anea, eioaineoeeaoeey, naienoaa.

THE SUMMARY

Kozar O.P. The working out of methods of intensification of real fur
dyeing. The manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a speciality 05.19.05. — Technology of a skin and
fur.- Kyyiv State University of technology and designing, Kiev, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to theimprovement and working out of tze
existing and new methods of real fur dyeing witz the purpose of
separating of the toxic chemicals from dye solution and the increasing
of the intensity of fur hair dyeing.

The improvement and working out of the existing and new methods of fur
dyeing into a black colour witz oxidizing dye stuffs without
pyrocatechine, as well as witz lead-acid dye stuffs and the compositions
based on it has been carried out by means of technological parameter
coordination into a single system and their statistical optimization.
The adeguate, reproduced mathtmatical models of fur dyeing witz
lead-acid and cationic dye stuffs and their composition has been
obtained. The nare of interaction of fur ceratine witz acid and
cationic dye stuffs has bech determined. The investigation of these
problems makes deeper the theoretical knowledge of fur dyeing process,
extends the possibilities of home chemicals use witz the obtaineing of
gualitative and competitive fur articles production witz the
intensively dyed fur hair, the strang plastic skin material.

Rey words: fur, fur hair, ceratine, netralization, etching, dyeing, dye
stuff,intensification,gualities.

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