Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y

Nieo?aiei ??eia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 615.453.6:638.16

?ic?iaea neeaaeo oa oaoiieia?? eiia?iiaaieoe?ea?nueeeo cania?a o
aeaeyae? oaaeaoie ia iniia? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo

15.00.01 – oaoiieia?y e?e?a oa i?iieneiaa oa?iaoe?y

AAoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aioa/ii? oaoiieia?? e?e?a Oe?a?inueei?
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai??, i?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Oeoiiia Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/,

Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aioa/ii? oaoiieia?? e?e?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*o?oia Aeaaeeneaa ?aaiiae/

Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aioiaeo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i.

aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Eoeao Einoyioei Oiie/

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo,

oa?iaeioa?ai?? aiaeie?eiieo caoai?thaaiue.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiaee oeaio? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a

i. Oa?e?a, a?aeae?e oaaeaoiaaieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 16 » ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 1400 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Iooe?inueea, 53.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai?? (310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 15 » aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee A?eoeaiei ?.N.

1

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. No/ania aiioa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieei oaiiii
aeeooy, c?inoath/ei ??aiai ia?aiaiai iai?oaeaiiy, ca?eueoaiiyi
caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?iieneiaeie a?aeoiaeaie ?
io?ooio?i?eaoaie, i?aeaeuaiiyi ?aae?aoe?eiiai oiio. Oe? ?noi?e/ii
iaoiiaeai? i?ioeane i?io?eathoue ia oii? ineaaeaiiy i?aai?cio aiane?aeie
iaaeinoaoiueiai canoinoaaiiy caaa?oiaoth/eo caoiae?a, iaiaaeaiiy
o?ce/iiai ?ooo (a?iiaeeiai?y, a?iie?iac?y), ceiaaeeaaiiy
iaaeeeaiaioicieie caniaaie (aioea?ioeeaie, o?aiea?e?caoi?aie oa ?i.),
aeeiaieai, othothiii oa ?i. Oaeei /eiii, i?aeeyaath/e ??ciiai ?iaeo
aio?iiiaeieia?/iei no?ani?iei aieeaai, no/ania ethaeeia /anoi ia a ciic?
ni?aaeoenue c ia?aaaioaaeaiiyi ? aaeaiooaaoenue aei iiaeo oiia
?nioaaiiy, aiane?aeie /iai o ia? aeieeathoue ??ci? ineoiiaoe/i?
iaoieia?/i? noaie.

Iaeiei ?c cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? i?aai?cio ethaeeie aei ciai?oi?o
aieea?a ? canoinoaaiiy i?e?iaeieo oa?iaeieia?/ieo cania?a –
aaeaioiaai?a. Iaeiae, a?o/eciyia iaaeeoeeia ia? iaaeinoaoi?e ani?oeiaio
i?aia?ao?a aeaii? a?oie. A?eueo?noue ?c ieo ia ia? oe?ieiai niaeo?o
ae??, aieeaa? ei?ioei/anii, ca?eueoo? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe i?aai?cio ?
/anoi ia iicaaaeai? iia?/ieo aoaeo?a.

O ca’yceo c oeei, aeooaeueieie ? aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? ?ic?iaee
neeaaeo ? oaoiieia?? a?o/eciyieo e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a ia iniia? oaeeo
i?e?iaeieo noanoaioe?e, ye aaeaeieeiee iaae, aaeaeieeia iai?aeaey ?
ni??oe?ia, aeey canoinoaaiiy ?o ye aaeaioiaai?a, c oe?ieei niaeo?ii
ae??, ui iiiiaieoue aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe i?aai?cio ethaeeie a
aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao.

CA‘ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oe?OA (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0198V007008) oa i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Oa?iaoe?y” IIC
Oe?a?ie.

IAOA ? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea neeaaeo ?
oaoiieia?? eiia?iiaaieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ni??oe?ie ? iai?aeaey
aaeaeieeiiai c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii o aeaeyae? oaaeaoie, aeey
aeei?enoaiiy ?o ye aaeaioiaai?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo noanoaioe?e;

— ?ic?iaeoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe neeaae ? oaoiieia?th oaaeaoie ni??oe?ie c
noae?iiaaiei iaaeii i?ae oiiaiith iacaith “Ni??oiae” ? oaaeaoie
iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii i?ae oiiaiith iacaith
“Iieaiae?i”;

— aea/eoe aieea aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei ia iieacieee yeino? oaaeaoie;

— aea/eoe noaa?euei?noue oaaeaoie o i?ioean? caa??aaiiy, aecia/eoe
?aoe?iiaeueiee aeae oiaeiaee;

— ?ic?iaeoe ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/io aeieoiaioaoe?th ia i?aia?aoe ? iiaeaoe
aei Oa?iaeieia?/iiai eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy e?ea?nueeeo
i?aia?ao?a «Ni??oiae» ? «Iieaiae?i» aeoii?ioaeoi?iii? oa aia?a?coth/i?
ae?? o aeaeyae? oaaeaoie. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a
nenoaiiiio i?aeoiae? ?ic?iaee aia?oa eiia?iiaaieo e?ea?nueeeo
i?aia?ao?a, ye? i?noyoue ii?yae c noanoaioe?yie, aieiae?th/eie
aeoii?ioaeoi?iith ae??th (ni??oe?iith ? iai?aeaeyi aaeaeieeiei)
noae?iiaaiee iaae, ye aia?aaoe/iee can?a, ui iioaioe?th? ?o ae?th.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A. ?ic?iaeaii neeaae oa
oaoiieia?y oaaeaoie ni??oe?ie c iaaeii ? oaaeaoie iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai
c iaaeii. Neeaaeaia ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y ia aeaa i?aia?aoe
(i?iaeo OON oa eaai?aoi?iee ?aaeaiaio). Ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y ia i?aia?ao «Ni??oiae» iaaeaia aei Oa?iaeieia?/iiai
eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie.

O?aaiaioe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? aei iaa/aeueiiai ? ae?iaie/iai i?ioean?a
?yaeo aoc?a oa i?aai?caoe?e Oe?a?ie.

INIAENOEE AIANIE CAeIAOAA*A. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo
uiaei no/aniiai noaio aeei?enoaiiy aaeaioiaai?a aeey a?ieia?/iiai
caoenoo i?aai?cio ethaeeie a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao. I?iaaaeaii
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ae?th/eo noanoaioe?e. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ? ?ic?iaeaii
iioeiaeueiee neeaae oa oaoiieia?th oaaeaoie ni??oe?ie ? oaaeaoie
iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai c iaaeii. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa?eueiino?
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae noai?aieo e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a o i?ioean?
?o caa??aaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/io aeieoiaioaoe?th ia
aeuaaeacai? e?ea?nuee? caniae.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
“Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? oa ee?i?/ii? iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio
??ai?“ (Iieoaaa, 1996), “Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? – a iaaee/io
i?aeoeeo” (Oa?e?a, 1996), “Ia?niaeoeae ni??oe?ie a a?ioaoiieia?yo
oa?/oaaiiy ? oa?iaeieia??“ (A?iieoey, 1997), “Nia?aiaiiua
ooiaeaiaioaeueiua e i?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu eeeieee aioo?aiieo aieaciae“
(Oa?ueeia, 1997), “Aeinyaiaiiy oa iaae??oai? ieoaiiy aano?iaioa?ieia??“
(Oa?e?a, 1998), «Oai??y ? i?aeoeea noai?aiiy e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a»
(Oa?e?a, 1998).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o, o oiio
/ene? 4 noaoo?.

IANssA OA NO?OEOO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
154 noi?. ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, /ioe?ueio aeaa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 30 oaaeeoeyie ? 16 ?enoieaie.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 210 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? 32
?iicaiieo.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

I?e ?ic?iaoe? i?aia?ao?a «Ni??oiae» ? «Iieaiae?i» o aeaeyae? oaaeaoie
aoee aeei?enoai? i?e?iaei? a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? noanoaioe??: ni??oe?ia
(i?iaeo OON 42O-), noae?iiaaiee iaae (i?iaeo OON 42O-), iai?aeaey
aaeaeieeia (AeNOO 3127-95), a oaeiae aeiiii?aei? ?a/iaeie, ye? oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny o o?i?ei-oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e i?iieneiaino? oa
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe??.

I?e aea/aii? aeanoeainoae ae?th/eo noanoaioe?e ? oaaeaoie, ?ic?iaeaieo
ia ?o iniia? canoiniaai? caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaee i?aaiieaioe/ieo,
oaoiieia?/ieo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa oa?iaeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aeicaieythoue ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aia?ao?a ia
i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeaieo, noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae
ni??oe?ie,noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai.

Aeey c?o/iino? aaaaeaiiy iaaeo aei oaaeaoie canoiniaoaaee ii?ioie
noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, yeee iaea?aeoaaee iaoiaeii noae?iaoe?eii? nooee 7 %
aiaeiiai ?ic/eio iaoo?aeueiiai iaaeo c aeiaeaaaiiyi 2 % iai?oo a oiiaao
caaiaeo «A?ieae» i. Oa?e?a. Noae?iiaaiee iaae ca nai?ie aeanoeainoyie ?
a?a?ineii?/iith ?a/iaeiith, eaaei iiaeeia? aieiao, ui aieeaa? ia aea??
aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei i?e ?ic?iaoe? neeaaeo oaaeaoie. Oiio aoei aea/aii
aieiaini?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, ni??oe?ie, iai?aeaey
aaeaeieeiiai ?en. 1.

?en. 1 — Aieiaiiiaeeiaiiy noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo (?), ni??oe?ie (??),
iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai (???) i?e a?aeiini?e aieiaino? iia?o?y 90%

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui aieiaiai?no noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo aaea
/a?ac 2 aiaeeie ca?eueoo?oueny c 3,1 % ia 2,5 % ? neeaaea? 5,6 %, i?e
oeueiio noae?iiaaiee iaae ao?a/a? neio/?noue.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeaeo oa e?eueeino? aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei, i?e io?eiai?
oaaeaoie c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii, iaie aoei i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ni??oe?ie, iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai oa ?o
noi?oae c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, ni??oe?ie,
iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai oa ?o noi?oae

Noanoaioe?yIaneiia iana, a/ni3Ia’?iia aonoeia, a/ni3Neie?noue,
a/nI?ano?-i?noue, INeea aeooiaoo-aaiiy, IAieiai-ai?no, %EIA (eoo i?e?.
a?aeeino)Noae?iiaaiee iaae0,220 0,0020,331 0,0026,50 0,0591,63
10,33882 121,603,10 0,0535 1Ni??oe?ia0,551 0,0030,675 0,0027,51
0,0172,68 1,7540,8 3,519,6 0,535 1Iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia0,750
0,0040,937 0,0023,80 0,0514,45 2,73111,07 14,314,6 0,340 2Noi?o
ni??oe?ie ? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo (2:1)0,311 0,0040,410 0,0031,80
0,0315,52 0,87326,8 7,0211,2 0,246 1Noi?o iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai ?
noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo (2:1)0,263 0,0010,555 0,0013,75 0,0324,5
3,7242,47 0,877,3 0,444 1I?ei?oea. n = 5.

*a?ac aeniea aieiaiiiaeeiaiiy noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, noi?o? eiai ?c
ni??oe?iith (2:1) ? iai?aeaeyi aaeaeieeiei (2:1) iathoue aeineoue aaeee?
cia/aiiy aieiaiai?noo, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iia??oaiiy ?o oaoiieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae, ii??aiyii c aeo?aeieie noanoaioe?yie. Oiio c iaoith
iie?ioeoe oe? iieacieee iaiao?aeii aaaaeaiiy aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei aei
oaaeaoi/ieo ian.

?ic?iaea neeaaeo ? oaoiieia?? oaaeaoie “Iieaiae?i”

Aeineoue aenie? cia/aiiy aieiaiai?noo noi?o? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo ?
iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai, iecuee? cia/aiiy i?ano?iino? ? neio/ino?
iaoe?eeee ia aea?? oeo aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei, ye? caaania/othoue
iaiao?aeio neio/?noue oa i?ano?i?noue ian aeey oaaeaooaaiiy.
Oaaeaooaaiiyi noi?o? iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii
iaea?aeai? oaaeaoee c /anii ?iciaaeo 50 oaeeei, ui aeaco? ia
iaiao?aei?noue aaaaeaiiy aei neeaaeo oaaeaoie ?ice?eooth/eo ?a/iaei, ye?
a ciaiooaaee /an ?iciaaeo oaaeaoie.

A?aoiaoth/e aenie? aieiaini?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? noi?o? ae?th/eo ?a/iaei,
iaiao?aeii canoinoaaiiy oaeeo aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei, ye? a aieiae?ee
aieiai?aaoethth/eie aeanoeainoyie. Oiio aoea aea/aia caeaoi?noue noi?oae
ae?th/eo noanoaioe?e c aa?ineeii, iaai?th ea?aiiaoii, iao??th
a?ae?iea?aiiaoii, eeiiiiith eeneioith, iao??th oei?eaeii,
i?e?ie??noae?/iith oeaetheicith iiaeeiaoe aieiao c iia?o?y o
noaiaea?oieo oiiaao: aieia?noue 90% ? oaiia?aoo?a + 20 ±2 °N (oaae. 2).

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e??no aieiae a aeine?aeaeoaaieo
c?aceao neeaa a?ae 0,54 % o noi?o? c iao??th oei?eaeii aei 2,5 % o
noi?o? c iao??th a?ae?iea?aiiaoii oa eeiiiiith eeneioith. Cia/ia
cieaeaiiy aieiaini?aoe?eieo aeanoeainoae noi?o? aeeeeea? i?enooi?noue
iao??th oei?eaea, iaai?th ea?aiiaoa, i?e?ie??noae?/ii? oeaetheice.

Oaaeeoey 2 — Aieiaini?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? noi?oae iai?aeaey
aaeaeieeiiai, noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo ? aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei

Neeaae noi?oaeI?e??no aieiae ca . . . aiae.; %ii/aoie312244872Iai?aeaey
aaeaeieeia

Noae?iiaaiee iaae (2:1)3,14

0,013,39

0,013,88

0,024,61

0,014,88

0,025,12

0,02Iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia

Noae?iiaaiee iaae

Aa?inee3,20

0,023,44

0,023,81

± 0,024,32

0,014,59

0,025,02

0,03Iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia

Noae?iiaaiee iaae

Iaai?th ea?aiiao3,05

0,013,17

0,023,51

0,013,64

0,023,79

0,033,59

0,04Iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia

Noae?iiaaiee iaae

Iao??th a?ae?iea?aiiao

Eeneioa eeiiiia3,21

0,013,58

0,024,23

0,024,92

0,015,44

0,025,71

0,04Iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia

Noae?iiaaiee iaae

Iao??th oei?eae2,97

0,023,05

0,023,25

0,023,54

0,013,72

0,023,87

0,03Iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia

Noae?iiaaiee iaae

I?e?ie?enoae?/iaoeaetheica3,11

0,023,19

0,013,47

0,013,69

0,033,81

0,024,11

0,01I?ei?oea. n = 5.

I?aeae?ath/e aoaeoeaiee a?ae?io?e?caoi?, ie coieieeeny ia aa?inee?. Aeey
noai?aiiy ia iiaa?oi? iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai iie?/anoeiaiai oa?o
aa?ineeo iaiao?aeii aeiaeaaaiiy eiai a noi?o a e?eueeino? 3 %, ui cia/ii
iie?aueei aiaeii?iieei?noue iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai.

Aea/aee oaeiae caeaaei?noue neieino? noi?o? ae?th/eo ?a/iaei a?ae ai?noo
aa?ineeo (?en. 2).

I?e aeiaeaaaii? 4-5 % aa?ineeo neie?noue noi?o? iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai ?
noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo i?aeaeueeany o 1,3 ?ace.

?en. 2 — Aieea aa?ineeo ia neie?noue noi?o? iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai c
noae?iiaaiei iaaeii

Aeey aecia/aiiy neeaaeo ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?ia?aae??ioaie a
oaaeaoeao ioe?ithaaee 6 neeaae?a oaaeaoi/ieo ian: aecia/aee ?o
aieiaiai?no ? neie?noue (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3 — Neeaaee oaaeaoi/ieo ian c iai?aeaeyi aaeaeieeiei ?
noae?iiaaiei iaaeii

?ia?aae??ioe

Ia?aiao?eIiia?e neeaae?aIIIIIIIVVVIIai?aeaey
aaeaeieeia0,30,30,30,30,30,3Noae?iiaaiee
iaae0,150,150,150,150,150,15Iao??th
oei?eae0,050,04Aa?inee0,020,020,020,030,02E?ioiaeue
ea?oiieyiee0,030,02—Iaai?th ea?aiiao0,020,040,02I?e?ie?enoae?/ia
oeaetheica0,030,030,02Na?aaeiy iana,
a0,500,520,510,520,550,51Aieiaiai?no, %6,3 0,25,5 0,46,0 0,35,9
0,25,9 0,15,4 0,2Neie?noue, a/n4,2 ± 0,33,3 ± 0,24,7 ± 0,24,9 ± 0,35,3
± 0,45,2 ± 0,4Noe?ai?noue, %93,9 0,8497,71 0,2197,60 0,4597,20
0,2597,30 0,3698,20 0,15I?oei?noue, I22,50 ± 0,3543,28 ± 1,7557,16 ±
2,8235,11 ± 1,6944,90 ± 1,7567,78 ± 1,75?iciaae, oa.21,8 0,724,1
0,424,7 0,721,5 0,319,1 0,331,0 1,2I?ei?oea. n = 5.

Iaea?eueo oaoiieia?/iei aeyaeany neeaae ? 5. Iaeiae eieeaaiiy cia/aiue
neio/ino? iacaaeia?eueith? iieacieee yeino? iaea?aeaieo oaaeaoie-yaea?
ca ?aooiie ia??aiii??ii? iiaea/? oaaeaoiaaii? iane a iao?e/ia ai?caei.
Oaaeaoee-yae?a ia a?aeiia?aeaee aeiiaai AeO O?, ye ii a?aeoeeaiith a
ian?, oae ? ii aeicoaaiith a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo noanoaioe?e a i?aia?ao?.
Oiio iaaeae? aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae aieiai? a?aioeyoe??.

C? caieiaeoaa/?a iaie aoei aea/aii: 95 % nie?o aoeeiaee oa nie?oia?
?ic/eie IAI eiioeaio?aoe?e 2 %, 5 % ? 10 %. ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en. 3.

C ?en. 3 aeaeii, ui iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei caieiaeoaa/ai ? 2 % nie?oiaee
?ic/ei IAI a e?eueeino? 15 % a ian?, ui oaaeaoothoue. I?oei?noue
oaaeaoie i?e oeueiio neeaaea? 63-65 I, ui ? oe?eeii aeinoaoi?i aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano iie?eooy oaaeaoie iaieiieith.

?en. 3 — Caeaaei?noue i?oeiino? oaaeaoie “Iieaiae?i” a?ae aeaeo ?
e?eueeino? caieiaeoaa/a.

? — 95% nie?o aoeeiaee; ?? — 2% nie?oiaee ?ic/ei IAI; ??? — 5% nie?oiaee
?ic/ei IAI; IV– 10 % nie?oiaee ?ic/ei IAI

I?ney caieiaeaiiy oaaeaoi/ii? iane 2 % nie?oiaei ?ic/eiii IAI i?iaiaeeee
aieiaa a?aioethaaiiy e??cue neoi c ae?aiao?ii ioai??a 1,5 ii. A?aioeyo
nooeee aei caeeoeiai? aieiaino? 1,7 % c oiaueiith oa?o 1 ni i?e
oaiia?aoo?? + 37 ± 2 °N ai?iaeiaae 8 aiaeei. Aei aenooaiiai a?aioeyoo
aeiaeaaaee ye eiacio ?a/iaeio, c iaoith iie?ioaiiy neieino? ? ciaioaiiy
neee aeooiaooaaiiy – eaeueoe?th noaa?ao (a e?eueeino? 1 % a?ae iane
oaaeaoee). C iaea?aeaieo a?aioe oaaeaooaaee ia iaeiiioainiiiiio
oaaeaoi/iiio i?an? “Korsch” o??ie “A?aaea” oaaeaoee ae?aiao?ii 12 ii,
ianith 0,56 a.

I?e caa??aaii? oaaeaoie-yaea? “Iieaiae?i” a aaieao c aeiaoi-aa?y/iai
neea ca?eueoo?oueny aieiaiai?no, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?o ye?noue.
Oiio oaaeaoee-yae?a “Iieaiae?i” iie?eaaee ie?aeiaei iie?eooyi. sse
ie?aeiooai?thaa/ canoiniaoaaee 2 % nie?oi-aiaeiee ?ic/ei
iaoeeoeaetheice. I?iaiaeeee ioe?ieo i?aiaio?a ? aa?aiee?a, eio??
canoiniaoaaee ??cieo a?aeo?ie?a o ca’yceo c oei, ui oaaeaoee-yae?a
iathoue ei?e/iaaee ie?an. Aeey i?aiaiooaaiiy iie?ia?ii? ie?aee
aeei?enoiaoaaee oeoaio aeaiieen. sse aa?aieee aeiaeaaaee eeneioiee
/a?aiiee 2 N, o?iiaie?i II.

Aeoiaey/e c aeua aeeeaaeaiiai, ?ic?iaeaii neeaae oaaeaoie a iaieiioe?
“Iieaiae?i” (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4 — Neeaae oaaeaoie «Iieaiae?i», iie?eoeo iaieiieith

Neeaae oaaeaoie-yaea?, aNeeaae iaieiiee, aIai?aeaey aaeaeieeia 0,300

Iaae noae?iiaaiee 0,150

Iao??th oei?eae 0,040

Aa?inee 0,031

I?e?ie?enoae?/ia oeaetheica 0,030

Iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii 0,004

Eaeueoe?th noaa?ao 0,005

0,560Iaoeeoeaetheica 0,01498

Oeoaio aeaiieen 0,00460

O?iiaie?i II 0,00040

Eeneioiee /a?aiiee 2 N 0,00002

0,02000Iaea?aeai? oaaeaoee ”Iieaiae?i” a iaieiioe? aei?iaoaaee ia
?iciaae a ooo/iiio oeoieiaiio nioe?. *an ?iciaaeo oaaeaoie “Iieaiae?i”
neeaaea? 24 ± 1 oaee.

Oaaeaoee “Iieaiae?i” i?ioiaeyoue aeiee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?ic?iaea neeaaeo oa oaoiieia?? oaaeaoie “Ni??oiae”

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?e ?ic?iaoe? neeaaeo ? oaoiieia??
oaaeaoie “Ni??oiae” oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae noi?o? ni??oe?ie c iaaeii
(2:1) iieacaee, ui oey noi?o /a?ac aenieee aieiaiai?no ia? iecuee?
cia/aiiy neieino?, i?ano?iino? ? aaeee? cia/aiiy neee aeooiaooaaiiy.
Ioaea noi?o ni??oe?ie c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii ia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
aeey i?yiiai i?anoaaiiy. Oaaeaoee ye? aoee cai?aniaai? c noi?o?
ni??oe?ie c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii iaee aeineoue aaeeeee /an ?iciaaeo – 52
oaeeeie. Oea aecia/eei canoinoaaiiy a oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy oaaeaoie
“Ni??oiae” iaoiaeo aieiaiai a?aioethaaiiy, a oaeiae aeiiii?aeieo
?a/iaei, ye? caaacia/othoue aenieee nooi?iue i?aniaaiino?, aeinoaoith
iaoai?/io i?oei?noue ? iioeiaeueiee /an ?iciaaeo oaaeaoie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei noi?o? ni??oe?ie c
iaaeii aa?ineeo a e?eueeino? 4 %, cia/ii iie?aueeenue cia/aiiy neieino?.
Iaeiae, canoinoaaiiy o?eueee iaeiiai aa?ineeo ia caaacia/o? oaeaeei?
aeac?ioaa?aoe?? oaaeaoie. Ine?eueee aa?inee – oea ae??aiiae?nia?niee,
aii?oiee ii?ioie, i?e i?anoaaii? a?i ia ni?ey? ooai?aiith ii?enoeo
oaaeaoie, aiane?aeie /iai i?ioean i?iieeiaiiy aiaee ii aocueeee
eai?ey?i?e nenoai? oo?oaeith?oueny. Oiio i?e aecia/aii? neeaaeo oaaeaoie
iaiao?aeii aaaaeaiiy ?icioooaa/?a. Aoaeoeaiei ?icioooaa/ai ? e?ioiaeue.

Noi?nia canoinoaaiiy aa?ineeo ? e?ioiaeth cia/ii iie?aueei /an ?iciaaeo
oaaeaoie. Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy e?eueeino? e?ioiaeth a noi?o? aoee
cai?aniaai? aeae?eueea na??e oaaeaoi/ieo ian aei yeeo aaiaeeee 1 %, 3 %,
6 %, 10 % oa 15 % e?ioiaeth. Oaaeaoee ioe?ithaaee ca o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie
iieacieeaie (oaae. 5).

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aieea e?eueeino? e?ioiaeth ia ye?noue oaaeaoie-yaea?
«Ni??oiae»

E?euee?noue e?ioiaeth, %O?ceei-iaoai?/i? iieacieee oaaeaoieCiai?oi?e
aeaeyaeI?oei?noue, INoe?aii?noue, %?iciaae, oa.1caaeia?eueiee41,65 ±
1,782,15 ± 0,0126,0 ± 0,33oaae40,18 ± 1,102,16 ± 0,0125,0 ±
0,46oaae26,95 ± 1,752,28 ± 0,0122,0 ± 0,3?N-5710e?a? e?eoaoueny26,95 ±
1,752,60 ± 0,0121,0 ± 0,315oaae22,05 ± 1,532,95 ± 0,0120,0 ±
0,6I?ei?oea. n = 5.

C oaae. 5 aeaeii, ui aeioe?eueiei ? canoinoaaiiy e?ioiaeth a e?eueeino?
6 % a?ae oaaeaoi/ii? iane.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aoei ?ic?iaeaii 5 i?iien?a oaaeaoi/ieo ian, aea/ai? ?o
oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ia iniia? yeeo aea?aii iioeiaeueiee neeaae
oaaeaoie-yaea? (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6 — Neeaae oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» iie?eoeo iaieiieith

Neeaae oaaeaoie-yaea?, aNeeaae iaieiiee, aNi??oe?ia 0,300

Iaae noae?iiaaiee 0,150

Aa?inee 0,020

E?ioiaeue 0,030

Iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii 0,008

Eaeueoe?th noaa?ao 0,005

0,513Iaoeeoeaetheica 0,0160

Oeoaio aeaiieen 0,0039

Sicovit gruen 0,0001

0,0200Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao ca’ycoth/eo ?a/iaei ia oaoiieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? a?aioeyo?a ? iieacieee yeino? oaaeaoie, iaea?aeaieo c ieo,
aea/aee ??ci? caieiaeoth/? aaaioe. I?e canoinoaaii? aiaee, 3 %
e?ioiaeueiiai eeaenoa?o, 3 % nie?oiaiai ?ic/eio iaoeeoeaetheice
niinoa??aaeinue caeeiaiiy ioai??a a?aioeyoi?a. Oiio iaaeae? ie ae/aee
oae? caieiaeoaa/?, ye: nie?o aoeeiaee 70 % ? 95 %, oa nie?oia? ?ic/eie
IAI 2 %, 5 %, 10 % ? 20 % (oaae. 7)

Oaaeeoey 7 — ?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy aieeao ca’ycoth/eo ?a/iaei ia
iieacieee yeino? a?aioeyoo ? oaaeaoie-yaea? «Ni??oiae»

sse?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aioeyo?a ? oaaeaoieNie?o aoeeiaeeEiioeaio?aoe?y
nie?oiaeo ?ic/ei?a IAI70 %95 %2 %5 %10 %20 %Ia’?iia aonoeia, a/ni30,480
± 0,0020,460 ± 0,0020,510 ± 0,0020,520 ± 0,0020,550 ± 0,0020,550 ±
0,002Neie?noue, a/n8,30 ± 0,017,50 ± 0,039,70 ± 0,0310,00 ± 0,0210,00 ±
0,0210,00 ± 0,01Ciai?oi?e aeaeyae oaaeaoieaeaoi?iaoe?y e?a?a
oaaeaoieiiaa?oiy oi?iooaaoa, ia??ai? e?a?iiaa?oiy aeaaeea, e?a?
??ai?oaaeoaaeoaaeI?oei?noue:ia ceai, I46,55 ± 0,3441,65 ± 0,3453,9 ±
1,4056,35 ± 0,3471,05 ± 0,3493,1 ± 1,40ia noe?aiiy, %95,9 ± 0,0995,7 ±
0,1298,7 ± 0,1298,9 ± 0,1499,0 ± 0,0999,2 ± 0,07*an ?iciaaeo, oa.19,5 ±
0,4119,5 ± 0,3423,0 ± 0,3423,1 ± 0,3429,5 ± 0,3435,1 ± 0,34I?ei?oea. n =
5.

C oaae. 7 aeaeii, ui iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei caieiaeoaa/ai ? 5 % nie?oiaee
?ic/ei IAI, iioeiaeueiith e?euee?noth yeiai ? 20 % a ian? ui
oaaeaoothoue. I?oei?noue oaaeaoie i?e oeueiio neeaaea? 56 I.

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueii? aieiaino? a?aioeyoo aea/aee ?? aieea ia
i?oei?noue oaaeaoie, iaea?aeaieo i?e ??cieo oeneao i?anoaaiiy (oaae. 8).

C oaae. 8 aeaeii, ui ye?ni? oaaeaoee iaea?aeoaaee c a?aioeyoo aieia?noth
1,0 ± 0,2 % i?e oeneo i?anoaaiiy 1200-1600 ea/ni2.

Aea/ath/e e?iaoeeo nooee anoaiiaeaii, ui /an noo?iiy a?aioeyoo aei
caeeoeiai? aieiaino? 1,0 ± 0,2 % neeaaea? 12 aiaeei i?e oiauei? oa?o
a?aioeyoo 1 ni, aeoeaiiio iia?o?iiai?i? ? oaiia?aoo?? + 37 ± 2 °N.

Oaaeeoey 8 — Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue ii aecia/aiith iioeiaeueii? caeeoeiai?
aieiaino? a?aioeyoo oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae»

Aieia?noue a?aioeyoo, %Oene i?anoaaiiy,
ea/ni2600800120016002000I?oei?noue oaaeaoie ia ceai, I0,512,31 ±
0,1414,75 ± 0,124,5 ± 0,2126,96 ± 0,0415,51 ± 1,750,738,29 ± 0,1441,74 ±
0,2058,83 ± 0,0766,18 ± 0,0563,73 ± 0,011,146,68 ± 0,2849,06 ± 0,0556,42
± 0,0763,73 ± 0,0495,62 ± 0,072,124,58 ± 0,1738,28 ± 0,1341,68 ±
0,2846,62 ± 0,1148,05 ± 0,033,1—19,67 ± 0,0122,05 ± 0,0139,27 ±
0,0541,68 ± 0,014,7—14,75 ± 0,0434,33 ± 0,0744,13 ± 0,0744,2 ±
0,12I?ei?oea. n = 5.

I?ae aieeaii /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ci?iththoueny
o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? oaaeaoie-yaea? “Ni??oiae”. Oiio ia yae?a
iaiineee ie?aeiaa iie?eooy. Neeaae iaieiiee iaaaaeaii a oaae.6, c yei?
aeaeii, ui aei neeaaeo iie?eooy aoiaeeoue iie?ia?ia niieoea –
iaoeeoeaetheica, yea iaaea? iaieiioe? ieanoe/iino?, oeoaio aeaiieen, ui
iie?auo? iaooth/e aeanoeaino? iaieiiee ? caiia?aa? aeeooc??
aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o iiaa?oiaa? oa?e iie?eooy, aa?aiee caeaiiai
eieuei?o Sicovit gruen.

Oaoiieia?/ia noaia ae?iaieoeoaa oaaeaoie “Ni??oiae” iaaaaeaia ia ?en. 4.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaeaoie c noae?iiaaiei iaaeii

Oaaeaoee “Iieaiae?i” ae?aiao?ii 12 ii c na?aaeiueith ianith 0,58 a
iie?eo? iaieiieith i?aiaeaaiai eieuei?o.

Oaaeaoee “Ni??oiae” ae?aiao?ii 12 ii c na?aaeiueith ianith 0,53 a
iie?eo? iaieiieith caeaiiai eieuei?o.

Iaie i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a yeino? oaaeaoie iie?eoeo
iaieiieith ca aeiiaaie AeO O? aeae., a oaeiae noaa?euei?noue i?aia?ao?a
o i?ioean? caa??aaiiy. Noaa?euei?noue i?aia?aoo “Ni??oiae” aea/aee
i?ioyaii 2 ?ie?a , i?aia?aoo “Iieaiae?i” – i?ioyaii 1 ?ieo a eiiaaethoao
? aaieao c aeiaoi-aa?y/iai neea ? iaaaei/oaaieie e?eoeaie c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy oa?i?i?a ? oiia caa??aaiiy.

I?e oeueiio aecia/aee ciai?oi?e aeaeyae oaaeaoie, ?iciaaea?i?noue,
aieiaiai?no, a oaeiae e?euee?niee ai?no a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei a
i?aia?aoao (oaae. 9).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui i?aia?aoe “Ni??oiae” ?
“Iieaiae?i” noaa?euei? i?ioyaii onueiai no?ieo niinoa?aaeaiiy i?e
ca???aaii? a eiiaaethoao ? aaieao c aeiaoi-aa?y/iai neea a nooiio i?noe?
i?e oaiia?aoo?? + 5 ± 2 °N.

– –

?en. 4 — Oaoiieia?/ia noaia ae?iaieoeoaa oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae»

Oaaeeoey 9 — Aea/aiiy noaa?eueiino? oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» ? «Iieaiae?i» a
i?ioean? caa??aaiiy i?e oaiia?aoo?? +5 ± 2 °N

Iaeiaioaaiiy iieaciee?a yeino? oaaeaoieOa?i?i caa??aaiiy, i?n.A /an
i?eaiooaaiiy691224Oaaeaoee «Ni??oiae»Ciai?oi?e
aeaeyaecaaeia?eueieeoaaeoaaeoaaeoaae*an ?iciaaeo, oa.25,0 ± 0,425,5 ±
0,525,2 ± 0,126,5 ± 0,427,1 ± 0,3Aieiaiai?no, %1,61 ± 0,011,62 ±
0,021,60 ± 0,011,57 ± 0,031,57 ± 0,01E?euee?niee ai?no iaca’ycaiiai
a?eeo, %9,80 ± 0,059,70 ± 0,039,80 ± 0,049,81 ± 0,039,63 ±
0,02E?euee?niee ai?no ea?ioeii?ae?a, ia/%31,7 ± 0,0231,5 ± 0,0131,5 ±
0,0231,4 ± 0,0130,01 ± 0,01E?euee?niee ai?no a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a,
%83,9 ± 0,283,9 ± 0,183,7 ± 0,183,8 ± 0,383,7 ± 0,1Oaaeaoee
«Iieaiae?i»Ciai?oi?e aeaeyaecaaeia?eueieeoaaeoaaeoaae—*an ?iciaaeo,
oa.24,0 ± 0,123,5 ± 0,124,0 ± 0,224,5 ± 0,3—Aieiaiai?no, %2,1 ± 0,022,0
± 0,012,1 ± 0,011,91 ± 0,02—E?euee?niee ai?no ne?iai i?ioa?io, %22,9 ±
0,0122,9 ± 0,0322,7 ± 0,0422,8 ± 0,03—E?euee?niee ai?no oeaaiii?ae?a,
%4,75 ± 0,034,61 ± 0,014,60 ± 0,014,59 ± 0,02—E?euee?niee ai?no
a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a, %82,1 ± 0,182,2 ± 0,182,2 ± 0,381,9 ±
0,2—I?ei?oea. n = 5.

I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe i?iaeoe OON
eaai?aoi?iee ?aaeaiaio ia ae?iaieoeoai i?aia?ao?a “Ni??oiae” ?
“Iieaiae?i”.

Oa?iaeieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaeaoie “Ni??oiae”

Aenia?eiaioaeueiith ioe?ieith a?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae oaaeaoie
“Ni??oiae” ia eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao i?e aeine?aeaeaii? aino?i? oa
o?ii?/ii? oiene/iino? aeiaaaeaii, ui i?aia?ao ? iaoe?aeeeaei.
?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy niaoeeo?/ii? aeoeaiino? iieacaee, ui oaaeaoee
«Ni??oiae» aieiae?thoue ae?aaeaiith aeoii?ioaeoi?iith ?
iaia?aiinoaa?e?coth/ith ae?yie.

aeniiaee

1. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaia
iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy iiaeo eiia?iiaaieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a o
aeaeyae? oaaeaoie, ui aieiae?thoue aeoii?ioaeoi?iith oa aia?a?coth/ith
ae?yie.

2. Aea/ai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino?, e?enoaeia?ao?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ni??oe?ie, noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
noae?iiaaiee iaae aieiae?? cia/iei aieiaiiiaeeiaiiyi. Aea/ai?
oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? oeeo noanoaioe?e, a oaeiae noi?oae: ni??oe?ie c
iaaeii (2:1) ? iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai c iaaeii (2:1)

3. Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiue noanoaioe?e oa ?o aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaa?oioiaaieo noi?oae aea/aii aieea aeiiii?aeieo ?a/iaei ia oaoiieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? i?ano?ieo ian. ?ic?iaeaii neeaae oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» ?
«Iieaiae?i».

4. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» ? «Iieaiae?i», yea
ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy aieiaiai a?aioethaaiiy. Iioeiaeueiei
caieiaeoaa/ai aeey oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» aea?aii 5 % nie?oiaee ?ic/ei IAI,
aeey oaaeaoie «Iieaiae?i» – 2 % nie?oiaee ?ic/ei IAI. Aecia/aii:
ii?yaeie aaaaeaiiy ?ia?aae??io?a a iano, caeeoeiao aieia?noue,
oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei oa /an noo?iiy a?aioeyo?a, a oaeiae oene i?anoaaiiy
oaaeaoie.

5. Aeey caoenoo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei a?ae ae?? aieiae ? ?ioeo
ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a, ?ic?iaeaii e?euee?niee neeaae ie?aeiaiai iie?eooy ia
iniia? 2 % nie?oiaiai ?ic/eio iaoeeoeaetheice c aeiaeaaaiiyi ieaiaio?a ?
a?aeiia?aeieo aa?aiee?a.

6. A i?ioean? aenia?eiaioo aecia/ai? iieacieee yeino? oaaeaoie
«Ni??oiae»: i?oei?noue 63,73 ± 0,3 I, /an ?iciaaeo 25 ± 1 oa.,
aieiaiai?no 1,6 ± 0,1 %; oaaeaoie «Iieaiae?i»: i?oei?noue 65,33 ± 0,3 I,
/an ?iciaaeo 24 ± 1 oa., aieiaiai?no 2,0 ± 0,1 %

7. Aea/aia noaa?euei?noue oaaeaoie, iie?eoeo iaieiieith i?ioyaii aeaio
?ie?a aeey oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» ? iaeiiai ?ieo aeey oaaeaoie «Iieaiae?i»
(/an niino?aaeaiiy) a eiiaaethoao ? aaieao c aeiaoi-aa?y/iai neea i?e
oaiia?aoo?? + 5 ± 2 °N.

8. I?iaaaeaieie oa?iaeieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiyie aeiaaaeaia
iaoe?aeeea?noue oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» oa ae?aaeaiee aeoii?ioaeoi?iee
aoaeo. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y ia oaaeaoee «Ni??oiae» ? i?aaenoaaeaia aei
Oa?iaeieia?/iiai eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie.

9. O?aaiaioe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ?yaeo iaaee/ieo
aoc?a Oe?a?ie.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaia a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. No/aniee noai ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo
e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a ia iniia? i?iaeoeo?a aaeae?eueieoeoaa (I.?.
Oeoiiia, O.A. ss?ieo, ?.I. Eo?/aiei, O.I. Aoaei?eiaa, I.Ae. Aaaeii?i,
I.I. Eioaiei, A.I. Niaieaaa, ?.TH. Iinoieuei?e, O.A. Ia?oeithe, N.A.
Aiae?a?aa, N.I. Oeoiiiaa, A.A. E?oea, TH.I. Aca?aiei, O.Ae. Aoa/aiei,
I.A. AEeai?a, O.A. Eae?i?/aiei, TH.A. Eiaooi, A.I. Eaaeianueeee, E.I.
Iiaei?iaeia, E.A. Nieieiaa, ?.A. Nieo?aiei, ?.A. Oea/oe, A.A. *a?iaiei,
E.?. Uaaeee?ia, E.?. sseiaaiei, A.E. sseiaaiei, I.N. Aeaiueeaae///
A?niee oa?iaoe??. – 1996. – 1-2 – N. 75-81.

2. Oeoiiia A.E., Nieo?aiei E.A., Iaoiaa I.Ae. ?ac?aaioea ninoaaa e
oaoiieiaee oaaeaoie ia iniiaa nie?oeeiu e noaeeie?iaaiiiai iaaea//
Eaea?noaa – /aeiaaeo: Iaaeaeoia?. na. iao/. o?. IV iao/.-i?aeo.eiio. ii
nicaeaieth e ai?iaaoeee iiauo eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa, 1997. –o. III –
Oa?ueeia –n. 324-330.

3. Nieo?aiei E.A., Oeoiiiaa N.I.. ?ic?iaea neeaaeo ? oaoiieia?? oaaeaoie
ia iniia? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo oa iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai// A?niee
oa?iaoe??. – 1998. – ?1. – N. 29-32.

4. Aea/aiiy aino?i? oiene/iino? oa eoioeyoeaieo aeanoeainoae
e?io?e?c??iaaiiai i?aia?aoo iaaeo «Iae?io» ia eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao/
I.A. Aiaooeueea, I.?. Oeoiiia, O.A. Ia?oeithe, ?.A. Nieo?aiei //A?niee
oa?iaoe??. – 1998. – o.2, ?3. – N. 59-61.

5. Ia?aniaeoeae canoinoaaiiy ni??oe?ie oa noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo a
oaoiieia?? e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?o?a / I.?. Oeoiiia, O.A. Ia?oeithe, ?.A.
Nieo?aiei, E.A. Nieieiaa// Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? oa ee?i?/ii?
iaaeeoeeie ia no/aiiio ??ai?: Iaoa??aee aeii.iaoe.eiio., 20 o?aa. 1996
?. – Iieoaaa. – N. 403-404.

6. Noai?aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo i?aia?o?a c
i?iaeoeo?a aaeae?eueieoeoaa/ I.?. Oeoiiia, O.A. ss?ieo, N.I. Oeoiiiaa,
E.A. Iiaei?iaeia, I.N. Aeaiueeaae/, ?.A. Nieo?aiei// Aeine?aeaeaiiy
no/anii? oa?iaoe?? – a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo: Oac. aeii. Oa?e?a, 1996. – N.
322.

7. Nieo?aiei A.E. Eniieueciaaiea nie?oeeiu e iaaea, eae
eiioiinoeioee?othuaai e yia?aaoe/aneiai n?aaenoaa// Nia?aiaiiua
ooiaeaiaioaeueiua e i?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu eeeieee aioo?aiieo aieaciae:
Iaoa?eaeu iao/.-i?aeo. eiio., 17 ai?. 1997 a. – Oa?ueeia, 1997. – N.
110.

8. Iaoaeaiei Ae.TH., sseiaeaaa E.A., Nieo?aiei E.A. Oa?iaeieiae/aneia
eco/aiea eiiieaena nie?oeeiu n iaaeii eae iioaioeeaeueiiai
aaeaioiaaiiiai n?aaenoaa// Oai??y ? i?aeoeea noai?aiiy e?ea?nueeeo
i?aia?ao?a: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?. eiio. – Oa?e?a, 1998. – N. 182-189.

Nieo?aiei E.A. ?ac?aaioea ninoaaa e oaoiieiaee eiiaeie?iaaiiuo
eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa a aeaea oaaeaoie ia iniiaa noaeeie?iaaiiiai
iaaea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oa?iaoeaaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 15.00.01 – oaoiieiaey eaea?noa e i?iiuoeaiiay
oa?iaoeey. – Oe?aeineay oa?iaoeaaoe/aneay aeaaeaiey, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aia?aua i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea ii nicaeaieth oaaeaoie
nie?oeeiu e iaiiaeee i/aeeiie ia iniiaa aeieiae/anee aeoeaiie
noanoaioeee – noaeeie?iaaiiiai iaaea, aeey i?eiaiaiey eae
aeoii?ioaeoi?iiai n?aaenoaa.

I?iaaaeaiu oeceei-oeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey nie?oeeiu, iaaea
noaeeie?iaaiiiai, iaiiaeee i/aeeiie. Ana noanoaioeee ioaa/atho
o?aaiaaieyi niioaaonoaothuae ei ii?iaoeaii-oaoie/aneie aeieoiaioaoeee.

Eco/aiu aeaaini?aoeeiiiua naienoaa noaeeie?iaaiiiai iaaea, nie?oeeiu,
iaiiaeee i/aeeiie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi noaeeie?iaaiiue iaae iaeaaeaao
aunieei aeaaiiiaeiuaieai.

Eco/aiu oaoiieiae/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaenoaothueo noanoaioeee, a
oaeaea eo nianae: nie?oeeiu n iaaeii (2:1) e iaiiaeee i/aeeiie n iaaeii
(2:1). ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iieacaee, /oi ec-ca aunieiai
aeaainiaea?aeaiey, oaoiieiae/aneea naienoaa nianae cia/eoaeueii
oooaeoeeenue ii n?aaiaieth n enoiaeiuie noanoaioeeyie, /oi oeacuaaao ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aaaaeaiey a oaaeaoi/ioth ianno aniiiiaaoaeueiuo aauanoa
n oeaeueth oeo/oaiey aa oaoiieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee.

I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ii ?ac?aaioea ninoaaa e oaoiieiaee oaaeaoie
«Iieaiaeei».

Eco/aia niiniaiinoue nianae iaiiaeee i/aeeiie, noaeeie?iaaiiiai iaaea e
iaeioi?uo aniiiiaaoaeueiuo aauanoa iiaeiuaoue aeaao ec aicaeooa a
noaiaea?oiuo oneiaeyo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi cia/eoaeueiia nieaeaiea
aeaaini?aoeeiiiuo naienoa niane aucuaatho i?enoonoaea iao?ey oei?eaea,
iaaiey ea?aiiaoa e iee?ie?enoaeee/aneie oeaeetheicu.

N oeaeueth nieaeaiey a?aiaie ?aniaaeaaiinoe oaaeaoie «Iieaiaeei» a
ninoaa aaiaeeee aeae?ioeeecaoi? – aa?inee. Eco/aee caaeneiinoue
nuio/anoe oaaeaoi/iie iannu io niaea?aeaiey aa?ineea. I?e aaaaeaiee a
ianno aa?ineea a eiee/anoaa 4 % nuio/anoue niane oaaee/eeanue a 1,3
?aca.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ninoaaa oaaeaoie ioeaieaaee ianeieueei aeaeia
oaaeaoi/iuo iann. Iaeaieaa oaoiieiae/iuie yaeeny ninoaa, a eioi?ue
aaiaeeee iao?ey oei?eae, aa?inee e iee?ie?enoaeee/aneoth oeaeetheico.
I?e yoii a?aiy ?aniaaeaaiinoe oaaeaoie cia/eoaeueii oiaiueoeeinue.

Iao/ii iainiiaai auai? iaoiaea aeaaeiiai a?aioee?iaaiey a oaoiieiaee
oaaeaoie «Iieaiaeei». Eco/aia caaeneiinoue i?i/iinoe oaaeaoie io aeaea e
eiee/anoaa oaeaaeieoaey. Yooaeoeaiui naycuaathuei n?aaenoaii i?e
i?eaioiaeaiee oaaeaoie yaeyaony 2 % nie?oiaue ?anoai? IAI a eiee/anoaa
15 % a oaaeaoe?oaiie ianna.

Eco/aiu aeeyiea inoaoi/iie aeaaeiinoe a?aioeyoa ia i?i/iinoue
oaaeaoie-yaea? «Iieaiaeei», eeiaoeea nooee a?aioeyoa e aeeyiea aeaaeaiey
i?anniaaiey ia enoe?aaiinoue e a?aiy ?aniaaeaaiinoe oaaeaoie.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi nooeo a?aioeyoa oeaeaniia?acii i?iaiaeeoue i?e
oaiia?aoo?a 37 ± 2 °N aei inoaoi/iie aeaaeiinoe 1,7 ± 0,2 % n
iineaaeothuei oaaeaoe?iaaieai i?e aeaaeaiee 1600 ea/ni2.

?ac?aaioai ninoaa ieaii/iiai iie?uoey aeey oaaeaoie-yaea? «Iieaiaeei»:
iaoeeoeaeetheica 0,001498 a, oeoaia aeaoieenue 0,00460 a, o?iiaieei 00
0,00040 a, eeneioiue e?aniue 0,00002 a. Iieo/aiiua oaaeaoee «Iieaiaeei»
a iaiei/ea eiatho: i?i/iinoue 65,33 ± 0,3 I, a?aiy ?aniaaeaaiinoe 24 ± 1
iei, aeaainiaea?aeaiea 2,0 ± 0,1 %.

I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ii ?ac?aaioea ninoaaa e oaoiieiaee oaaeaoie
«Nie?oiae». A ninoaa oaaeaoie aaiaeeee aniiiiaaoaeueiua aauanoaa:
e?aoiae ea?oioaeueiue – a ea/anoaa ?ac?uoeeoaey, aa?inee –
aeae?ioeeecaoi?, neieuecyuaa aauanoai – eaeueoeey noaa?ao, ?anoai?
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia – naycuaathuaa e aeae?ioeeece?othuaa. Eco/aiii
aeeyiea eiee/anoaa e?aoiaea ia iieacaoaee ea/anoaa oaaeaoie.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaii, /oi oeaeaniia?acii aaaaeaiea e?aoiaea a
eiee/anoaa 6 %, aa?ineea 4 % io oaaeaoi/iie iannu.

Eco/aii aeeyiea naycuaathueo aauanoa ia iieacaoaee ea/anoaa a?aioeyoa e
oaaeaoie-yaea? «Nie?oiae». Iioeiaeueiui oaeaaeieoaeai i?aaeeiaeai 5 %
nie?oiaue ?anoai? IAI a eiee/anoaa 20 % a oaaeaoe?oaiie ianna.

I?iaaaeaiiuie enneaaeiaaieyie ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiay inoaoi/iay
aeaaeiinoue a?aioeyoa 1,0 ± 0,2 % e aeaaeaiea i?anniaaiey 1200-1600
ea/ni2. Eco/aia eeiaoeea nooee a?aioeyoa i?e aeoeaiii aicaeooiiaiaia e
oaiia?aoo?a + 37 ± 2 °N.

Aeey caueou oaaeaoie-yaea? «Nie?oiae» io aiaoieo oaeoi?ia ?ac?aaioai
ninoaa ieaii/iiai iie?uoey ia iniiaa 2 % nie?oiaiai ?anoai?a
iaoeeoeaeetheicu. A ninoaa ieaieiia?acothuaai ?anoai?a aaiaeeee oeoaia
aeaoieenue e e?aneoaeue caeaiiai oeaaoa Sicovit gruen. Yenia?eiaioaeueii
onoaiiaeaii, /oi 24,3 % oeoaia aeaoieene e 0,62 % e?aneoaey
iaania/eaatho ?aaiiia?iia ie?aoeaaiea iiaa?oiinoe oaaeaoie «Nie?oiae».
Iieo/aiiua oaaeaoee ?aniaaeaeenue a eneonnoaaiiii aeaeoaei/iii niea a
oa/aiea 25 ieioo.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e o?aiaiee a eiioo?ii-y/aeeiauo oiaeiaeao e a aaieao
ec i?aiaeaaiai noaeea n iaaei/eaathueieny e?uoeaie i?e ioiineoaeueiie
aeaaeiinoe aicaeooa ia aieaa 79 % e oaiia?aoo?a +5 ± 2 °N oaaeaoee
«Nie?oiae» noaaeeueiu a oa/aiea 2 eao o?aiaiey, a oaaeaoee «Iieaiaeei»
aoa/aiea 1 aiaea o?aiaiey (a?aiy iaaethaeaiey).

Aeieiae/aneeie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaiu: au?aaeaiiue aeoii?ioaeoi?iue
e iaia?aiinoaaeeece?othuee yooaeou i?aia?aoa «Nie?oiae». Aaca?aaeiinoue
i?aia?aoa iiaeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie eco/aiey aeea?aece?othuaai
aeaenoaey, ino?ie e o?iie/aneie oiene/iinoe ia eaai?aoi?iuo aeeaioiuo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaeeie?iaaiiue iaae, nie?oeeia, iaiiaeea i/aeeiay,
oaaeaoee.

Nieo?aiei ?.A. ?ic?iaea neeaaeo oa oaoiieia?? eiia?iiaaieo e?ea?nueeeo
cania?a o aeaeyae? oaaeaoie ia iniia? noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 15.00.01 – oaoiieia?y e?e?a oa i?iieneiaa
oa?iaoeey. – Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ii noai?aiith oaaeaoie
ni??oe?ie e iai?aeaey aaeaeieeiiai ia iniia? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii?
noanoaioe?? – noae?iiaaiiai iaaeo, aeey canoinoaaiiy ye
aeoii?ioaeoi?iiai caniao.

?ic?iaeaii neeaae ? oaoiieia?th oaaeaoie «Ni??oiae» ? «Iieaiae?i»,
aea/ai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? i?aia?ao?a, noaa?euei?noue o i?ioean?
caa??aaiiy.

A?ieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii ae?aaeaia aeoii?ioaeoi?ia oa
iaia?aiinoaa?e?coth/a ae?y oaaeaoie “Ni??oiae”.

Iaoe?aeeea?noue i?aia?aoo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie aea/aiiy
aea?a?coth/i? ae??, aino?i? oa o?ii?/ii? oiene/iino? ia eaai?aoi?ieo
oaa?eiao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noae?iiaaiee iaae, ni??oe?ia, iai?aeaey aaeaeieeia,
oaaeaoee.

Sokurenko I.A. Creating of composition and development of technology of
combined medicines in the form of tablets on the base of sublimated
honey. – Manuscript.

The thesis for Master’s Degree in Pharmacy in Speciality 15.00.01
Technology of Drugs and industrial Pharmacy; Ukrainian Academy of
Pharmacy, Kharkov, 1999.

The complex research for creating of spirulina tablets and bee pollen on
the base of biologically active substance – sublimated honey for
application as actoprotective remedy has been carried out for the first
time.

The composition and rational technology of the tablets “Spirumel” and
”Polemelyn” have been developed; physico-chemical characteristics of the
preparations, their stability in the process of storage have been
studied.

Biological investigations resulted in marked action-protecting and
membrane-stabilising effect of “Spirumel” tablets.

Harmlessness of the preparations is confirmed by the results of studying
of allergetic action, acute chronic toxicity on laboratory animals.

Key words: sublimated honey, spirulina, bee pollen, tablets.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 3.03.99 ?.

Oi?iao aeaeaiiy 145o215.

Iai?? aeey iiiaeeeueieo aia?ao?a.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei??iee?a. Cai. ?

____________________________________________________

A?aeae?oeiaaii III “IiaaIuethn”, i?. 50 ?ie?a AEENI, a. 52

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