.

Розробка системи теплового контролю і оцінка залишкового ресурсу за цим фактором строку служби ізоляції рудникових тягових електродвигунів: Автореф. д

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AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?ae Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 629.423.31:621.3.048.008.6

?IC?IAEA NENOAIE OAIEIAIAIEIIO?IETH ? IOe?IEA

CAEEOEIAIAI ?ANO?NO CA OeEI OAEOI?II NO?IEO NEOAEAE ?CIEssOe??
?OAeIEEIAEO OssAIAEO AEAEO?IAeAEAOI?A

Niaoeeaeuei?noue 05.09.01 – aeaeo?e/i? iaoeie ? aia?aoe

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaaei?ia Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/, aeioeaio eaoaae?u OIA Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Ao?eianueeee Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aeaeo?e/ieo
iaoei ?inoeoooo Oe?IAe?AA, i. Aeiiaoeuee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaace?i Ai?en ?naaeiae/, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeaeo?iiaoai?ee
No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 eenoiiaaea 1999 a. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E11.052.02 o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: Oe?a?ia, 340000, i.
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, 1 o/aiaee ei?ion, e. 201

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? AeiiAeOO ca
aae?anith: 340000, i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. A?oaia, 58, 2 o/aiaee ei?ion

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?acineaiee ” 15 ” aeiaoiy 1999 a.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeeae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, eaiae. oaoi. iaoe,
aeioeaio

Ea??i A.I.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Eieiiioeaiee o?ainii?o ? aaaeeeaith eaieith
oaoiieia?/iiai o?ainii?oo ia oaooao. Aeey eiai i?eaiaeo
aeei?enoiaothoueny ?oaeieeia? oyaia? aeaeaoie iino?eiiai no?oio
iine?aeiaiiai caoaeaeaiiy. Aaaee? oiiae aenieoaoaoe?? (aaeeea
e?euee?noue ione?a oa aaeueioaaiue) aeeeeeathoue nenoaiaoe/i? oaieia?
ia?aaaioaaeaiiy ? ye iane?aeie, ia?aae/aniee aeo?ae c eaaeo
aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a. Aoaeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieiiioea?a a oaeeo oiiaao
aeiaaa? noai?aiiy ?aca?ao aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a, ui nei?i/o? cai?ioi? caniae
i?aei?e?inoa oa ca?eueoo? aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio.

I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a eieiiioea?a
iiaeia ca ?aooiie eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy oeueiai
caaaeaiiy, ui iieyaa? o ai?iaaaeaeaii? cania?a oaieiaiai eiio?ieth oa
i?iaiicoaaii? ia oe?e i?aenoaa? caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ?cieyoe??
?oaeieeiaeo oyaiaeo aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a (?OAe).

A?aeii? ?ic?iaee iiaeaeae ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae
/an i?iaeooaaiiy aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a ? a nenoaiao aaciina?aaeiueiai
eiio?ieth ?o ia?ooiieo aoce?a. Aeey caoenoo aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a ia?anoaieo
ia’?eo?a, a oiiaao oaoo aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iiaeaeae iaiaaeaii. O
i?eno?iyo iai?yiiai eiio?ieth oaieiaiai noaio, ui aeeiiothoueny ia
?acenoi?ao oa ?iiinoyo nooo?aei iaaeie?eii ? ianoaa?euei?noue
oa?aeoa?enoee ?iiinoae oa iaiiaeeea?noue aaoiiaoe/iiai aeai?o ia?aiao??a
iiaeae? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeeio ?iaioe. A?aeii? iaoiaeeee
i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ?cieyoe?? aeaeaoi?a
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eeoa aeey noaeeo ?aaeei?a, a ia a nenoaiao
aacia?a?aiiai eiio?ieth.

Oaeei /eiii ?ic?iaea nenoaie oaieiaiai eiio?ieth oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ?cieyoe?? iaiioie aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a ? aeineoue
aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoai aeanoue ciiao nai?/anii
i?eeiaoe i?aai?caoe?ei? oa oaoi?/i? caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a eieiiioeaiiai o?ainii?oo.

Iaoeiaa aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iaoiiaeaia
iaiaoiaeiinoth oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeeiia iiaoaeiae nenoaie
oaieiaiai eiio?ieth i i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei?
iaiioie aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a.

Iaoa ?iaioe. ?ic?iaea nenoaie oaieiaiai eiio?ieth oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ?cieyoe?? iaiioie aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a c
o?aooaaiiyi nenoaiaoe/ieo oaieiaeo ia?aaaioaaeaiue, ui iaaea? ciiao
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieiiioea?a a oe?eiio oa
ciaioeoe aeo?ae c eaaeo e?eueeino? aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a.

Iaeay ?iaioe a?oioo?oueny ia cae?eniaii? ae?aaiinoeee aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a
caniaaie iai?yiiai eiio?ieth c aeei?enoaiiyi ia?aiao??a iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? oaieiaeo ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ca ?ic?iaeaiith
iaoiaeeeith.

Iniiaii caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue:

?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei oaieiaeo ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a oyaiaiai
aeaeo?iaeaeaoia aeey anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiiii?iinoae ciiie oaiia?aoo?e
aoce?a o o?eaaeeo ? iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao.

?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei?
iaiioie aeaeo?iaeaeaoia, ui i?aoeth? o iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao.

?ic?iaea nenoaie oaieiaiai eiio?ieth i i?eno?i?a, ui caaacia/othoue
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia:

1. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaieiaeo ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a ?oaeieeiaiai
oyaiaiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia, yea a?aoiao? aca?iiee oaieiaee aieea onio
iniiaieo aeaiaioia aeaeo?iaeaeaoia, i aiae?iciy?oueny aiae ?ioeo
aiaeiieo oei, ui aeicaiey? ia iniia? eiio?ieth no?oio yei?y iiaeaethaaoe
aeeiaiieo oaieiaeo i?ioean?a ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy
a nenoai? ae?aaiinoeee.

2. Iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei? iaiioie,
yea aiae?iciy?oueny o?aooaaiiyi no/anii? oai?i? oa/i? oiii/ieo ?aaeoeie
a iciethth/eo iaoa?iaeao iiae aieeaii oaieiaeo aeie a
iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aeaeo?iaeaeaoia ? eiio?ieai
oaiia?aoo?e aeey ooi/iaiiy aeiionoeiiai ?? i?e?inoo aeey ?cieyoe??
??cieo eean?a.

3. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae nenoaie oaieiaiai eiio?ieth oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ?cieyoe?? iaiioie ?oaeieeiaeo
oyaiaeo aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a, ye? aacothoueny ia aacia?a?aiiio eiio?ie?
no?oio, /anoioe iaa?oaiiy oa noaio ?aeeiaiai oeyoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia:

?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeie oa aeai?eoi ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oaieiaiai
eiio?ieth aeicaieythoue i?aeo?eioaaoe aeiionoei? ??ai? oaiia?aoo?e oa
aeeiioaaoe i?iaiic caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ?cieyoe?? iaiioie c
o?aooaaiiyi on?o iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oaieiaee ciin.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee aiaeico, oice/iiai i iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
?iaioe nenoaie oaieiaiai eiio?ieth oa ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe oaoiiei – aeiiiii/ii iieacieee ?aaeeiia ?iaioe
aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia.

?ic?iaeaiee aeaaa/ aieiaino? aeicaiey? a?eueo ye?nii eiio?iethaaoe
oaieiaee noai iaiioie, oa aecia/aoe noai ?aeeiaiai oeyoo, eiao?oe??io
c/aieaiiy, ?icoaooaaiiy eieiiioeaa a i?inoi??.

Iaa?oioiaaiinoue oa aeinoiai?iinoue iaoeiaeo aeniiaeia oa ?aeiiaiaeaoeie
iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi aei?iaoaaieo ?aiioa iaoiaeia oaieiaeo
aeineiaeaeaiue, ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiue oai?ie iaa?iao oa
ioieiaeaeaiiy aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia, a oaeiae caaeiaieueieie ni?aiaaeaiiyie
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieia oa aenia?eiaioia( iioeaee ia ia?aaeuothoue
10%).

?aaeicaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia ?iaioe. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ii? nenoaie,
a ye?e aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaieiaeo
i?ioean?a a aeaeo?iaeaeaoiao, iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy oa aecia/ai?
ia?aaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ?aaeiciaaii ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?ii?ioeani?iiai
iiaeoey. Oeae iiaeoeue ? caaa?oaiei aeieii, ui eaaei anoaiiaeth?oueny
a inioth/iio aeaooiaacia/iiio ei?ioni nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?OAe. Iiaeoeue
aeeiiaii ia iiaenoaai iaeiie?enoaeueii? AII oeio E?1816AA35. Iaoa?iaee
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeei?enoaii aia?ai?aiiioiei iiaei?e?inoaii o/o
“Aeiiaan” AI “Aeiiaoeueeaoaieey” aeey aeeiiaiiy ?aiiioieo ? ?aaeaiaioieo
?ia?o. Ia iiaenoaai iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia noi?ioeueiaai? iniiaii
?aeiiaiaeaoei? c oaoii/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a eieiiioeaia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoaoia ?iaioe. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe
aeiiiaiaeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia naiiia?ao IAI Oe?a?ie (1994 ?.,
i. Aeiiaoeuee); ia ia?oiio iiaeia?iaeiiio iaoeiai-oaoii/iiio naiiia?i
”Aeaeo?iiaoaii/ii nenoaie c eiii’thoa?iei ea?oaaiiyi ia aaoio?ainii?oieo
caniaao oa a ?o ?iaioeciaaiiio ae?iaieoeoai” (1993 ?., i. Naaanoiiieue);
ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo a AeiiAeOO (1995-1996 ??.); ia ???
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ” No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa
aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ethaeeie” ( 1998 ?., i.
Eai’yiaoeue – Iiae?euenueeee); ia ?? i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? ” I?iaeaie aeiiii?? aia?a??” ( 1999 ?., i. Euea?a ).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iaae?oeiaaii 10 ?iaio: 1- a
iaoeiai-oaoii/iiio aeo?iaei; 3- o cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue AeiiAeOO;
1-o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”; 3- aeaiiiiaaii a AeIOA Oe?a?ie; 2- o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue ??? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? ” No/ani?
?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy
ethaeeie”.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, ia?aeieo eioa?aoo?e 89 aeaea?ae,
/ioe?ueio aeiaeaoeia, iinoeoue 129 iaoeiiae?oeiaaieo noi?iiie
iniiaiiai oaenoo, 45 ?enoieia, 17 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooii iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeueiinoue ?iaioe. Noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa e
caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaie, iaaaaeaia iaoeiaa iiaecia i
i?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Iaaaaeaia caaaeueia
no?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei ?icaeyiooi iniiaii i?e/eie aeoiaeo c eaaeo
?oaeieeiaeo oyaiaeo aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia. ?o ia?aeie iaaaaeaii a oaae. 1.

Aeieacaii, ui iaeaieueoa eieueeinoue aiaeiia o?aiey?oueny c i?e/ei
oaieiaeo ia?aaaioaaeaiue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui inioth/i nenoaie ea?oaaiiy
aeaeo?iaeaeaoiaie iaoiiaeththoue caieueoaii aeo?aoe aia?ai? i?e ioneao i
aaeueioaaiiyo, oa aiaeiiaiaeii ?o oaieiai ia?aaaioaaeaiiy. Iiioeuenia
aeeaeaiiy i ea?oaaiiy aeaeo?iaeaeaoiaie ca aeiiiiiaith oe?enoi?ieo
ia?aoai?thaa/ia iioe?aiiy ia caeiaoei.

I?iaiaeiciaaii caniae caoenoo, yei anoaiiaeththoueny ia eieiiioeae. I?e
oeueiio c’yniaaii ui i?eeaaee, yei aeei?enoiaothoue, caaacia/othoue
eeoa caoeno aeoioeyoi?ii? aaoa?a? oa aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia aiae no?oio
ei?ioeiai ia?aieeaiiy. Caniae aacia?a?aiiai oaieiaiai eiio?ieth noaio
icieyoei? iaiioie aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aeaei a ciiao
iaiaaeeoe aieea oaieiaeo ia?aaaioaaeaiue oa caiiaiaoe aeoiae c eaaeo
aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia, ia eieiiioeaao aiaenooii.

I?iaiaeiciaaii iioi aeaee, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey caoenoo aiae
oaieiaeo ia?aaaioaaeaiue i ioeiiaia iiaeeeainoue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
nenoaiao oaieiaiai eiio?ieth.

Noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue

Oaaeeoey 1

?acoeueoaoe aeaoaeoineiii/ii? eenia?oece iaeaieueoa oa?aeoa?ieo

aiaeiia aoceia aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia ?oaeieeiaeo eieiiioeaia

Aeaoaeoe a aeaiaioao eiino?oeoei? Aeaeaoi Ae?O-13

aeaeaoia Eieueeinoue %

N o a o i ?

Ei?ionii ia?aieeaiiy eioooie iiethnia

Aeoeiaa ia?aieeaiiy eioooie iiethnia

?ic?ea iaiioee

ss e ? ?

Ei?ionii ia?aieeaiiy iaiioee

Aeoeiaa ia?aieeaiiy iaiioee

?ic?ea aaiaeaaeo

?oeioaaiiy oiiieiaiai iaco

E i e a e o i ?

Ia?aieeaiiy ieanoei

Uioeiaee aia?ao

?oeioaaiiy uioeiaiai aia?aoo

Iiaeoeiieeiaee aocie

?oeioaaiiy iiaeoeiieeiaiai aocea

229

41

23

187

112

81

81

119

112

117

23,9

3,28

1,87

14,9

8,9

6,5

6,5

15,92

8,9

9,35

Ae?oaee ?icaeie i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoei i?eioeeiia iiaoaeiae nenoai
oaieiaiai eiio?ieth i i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei?
iaiioie ?oaeieeiaeo oyaiaeo aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia.

Iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy caaaeaiiy ?ic?iaee
nenoaie oaieiaiai eiio?ieth ? i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae
?cieyoe?? ?oaeieeiaeo oyaiaeo aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a aeiaaa? ii?yae c
?ic?iaeith i?eeaae?a caoenoo aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a iino?eii eiio?iethaaoe oa
i?iaiicoaaoe i?e/eio iioeiaeaeaiiy aeaeaoi?a – oaieiaee noai iaiioie.O
ca’yceo c oeei i?e noai?aii? nenoai oaieiaiai eiio?ieth iaiao?aeii:

1. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae
?cieyoe?? iaiioie aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a.

2. I?iaiae?coaaoe ??ci? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo oaiia?aoo?e oa aea?aoe oaeee,
ui iaea?eueoa caaeiaieueiy? ae??oaiith oeueiai caaaeaiiy.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaieiaeo ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a
?oaeieeiaiai oyaiaiai aeaeaoia.

4. Aeeiiaoe ?ic?aooiee ia?aiao??a iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey
a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi ?ica’ycaiiy nenoaie
??aiyiue ? aeeiiaoe eiai i?ia?aiio ?aae?caoe?th.

Aeey ae?ioaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy i?iaiaeiciaaii ?icii iaoiaee aecia/aiiy
oaiia?aoo?e i aeei?enoaii iaoiae aeaiaaeaioieo oaieiaeo noai (AON).

O iaoiae? AON ?aaeuei? oeyoe ia?aaea/? oaieiaeo iioie?a cai?iththoueny
oaieiaeie iii?aie. Noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ui aacothoueny ia
oeueiio iaoiae? iia’ ycaii c oieeiaiiyi o?oaeiiu?a ?ic?aooieo aeaio- aai
o?ueioi??iiai iiey oaiia?aoo?e a aeoeaieo /anoeiao aeaeaoi?a o
ii??aiyii? c /enaeueiei ?ica’ycaiiyi ??aiyiue Ioaniia. Aaaaoii??i?
oaieia? iioiee ?icaeyaeathoueny ye ?acoeueoao aca?iiae?? iaeiii??ieo,
eiaeai c ieo o a?aeiia?aeiiio iai?yieo cacia? oaieiaee ii??. Iniiai?
i?eiouaiiy iaoiaea aeicaieythoue i?enoiniaoaaoe aei iueiai caeiie oa
iaoiaee oai??? aeaeo?e/ieo e?e, ui iieyaathoue a cai?i? ?iciiae?eaieo
aeaea?ae oaiea ? oaieiaeo iii??a aeayeith e?euee?noth cina?aaeaeaieo
aea?aaeaioieo oaieiaeo iii??a.

Iaaeie?e iaoiaea iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i ia aeicaiey? io?eiaoe iiaio
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iiea oaiia?aoo?, a o?eueee aeaye? na?aaei? cia/aiiy
oaiia?aoo?e ie?aieo aoce?a.

Iaoiae aeicaiey? aieiaia – noai?eoe aeineoue oi/io oa c?o/io iiaeaeue
oaieiaeo i?ioean?a ?oaeieeiaiai oyaiaiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia. A?i ia?
aeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooee iaoaiaoe/iee aiia?ao, ui ? aieiaiith oiiaith
o?aooaaiiy on?o iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee oaieiaeo i?ioean?a.

?oaeieeiai oyaiai aeaeaoie na?i? Ae?O-13, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny ye
ia’?eoe aeineiaeaeaiue, ? aeaooicaoeuaieie aeaeo?e/ieie iaoeiaie
cae?eoiai aeeiiaiiy c i?e?iaeiei ioieiaeaeaiiyi. AON oaeeo aeaeaoiia
aeinoaoiuei neeaaeii oa aacothoueny ia aeineiaeii – aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo i?i aeaea?aea oaiea, cia/aiiyo oaieiaeo iii?ia ie?aieo aoceia
iaoeie, i?i ?iciiaeie oaieiaeo iioieia o iaoeii, oa ?o aca?iiee aieea. O
oeie ?iaioi ?ic?iaeaia AON, noaia yei? iaaaaeaia ia ?en.1.

?en. 1. Canooiia oaieiaa noaia ?oaeieeiaiai oyaiaiai aeaeo?iaeaeaoia

Ia noaii aoceai a?aeiia?aea?: 1 – iaciaa /anoeia iaiioee yei?y; 2, 4 –
eiaiai /anoeie iaiioee yei?y; 3 – eieaeoi?; 5 – ina?aey; 6 – iaiioea
caoaeaeaiiy; 7-ina?aey aieiaiiai iiethna; 8 – iaeiia/iee aieiaiiai
iiethna; 9 – aioo?ioi? iiaio?y; 10 – ei?ion. Nenoaia aeeoa?aioeieieo
?iaiyiue (1) aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe aeeiaiieo oaieiaiai i?ioeano
iaa?iao. sseui iaiaoiaeii iiaeaethaaoe aeeiaiieo ?aaeeio
ioieiaeaeaiiy, oi i?aao /anoeio nenoaie aeeoa?aioeieieo ?iaiyiue
aei?iaiththoue ioeth i aeeiiothoue ?? ?ica’ycaiiy, aea i?e oeueiio
iaiaoiaeii ciiieoe cia/aiiy aeayeeo oaieiaeo i?iaiaeiinoae, ui iia’ycaii
c ?icieie oiiaaie oaieiiaiiio a ?aaeeiao iaa?iao oa ioieiaeaeaiiy.

Eiee aeieea? iaiaoiaeiinoue iiaeaethaaoe iiaoi?ii – ei?ioei/anii ?aaeeie
?iaioe aeaeaoia, aeeiio?oueny ia?iiaee/ia ?ica’ycaiiy ?iaiyiue ia
iaa?iaaiiy oa ioieiaeaeaiiy aei eaacinoaoeiiia?iiai noaio. Ie?ii
?ic?aooieia aeeiaii/ieo ?aaeeiia, ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie iiaeia
iaea?aeaoe i cia/aiiy noaeeo ia?aaeuaiue oaiia?aoo?e aoceia
aeaiaaeaioii? noaie. Aeey oeueiai a nenoaii aeeeth/athoueny ani /eaie
?iaiyiue, yei iathoue aeeoa?aioeiaee. ?ica’ ycaiiy oaeeo nenoai
aeeiio?oueny ?icieie iaoiaeaie. O oeie ?iaioi aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae
?oiaa- Eoooa.

,(1)

aea (1, (2,…(10 – ia?aaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aoceia, ui
iaaeoiaeyoue o noaio;

(1, (2,…(10,11 – oaieiai i?iaiaeiinoi iiae aoceaie;

N1, N2,…N10 – oaiei?iiinoi aiaeiiaiaeieo aoceia;

?1, ?2,…?8 – ao?aoe aia?ai? a ie?aieo aoceao iaoeie i?e
oaiia?aoo?i na?aaeiaeua, ui ioi/o?;

(1 – oaiia?aoo?iee eiaoioei?io ciiie iii?o;

ei= I/Ii – eiaoioei?io iaaaioaaeaiiy no?oio;

I – no?oi yei?y aeaeaoia;

Ii – iiiiiaeueiee no?oi yei?y aeaeaoia.

Aeey iai/iinoi ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieia iiaeooue aooe iaea?aeaii o
aeaeyaei a?aoi/ieo caeaaeiinoae (no=f(ei), (=f(t).

?acoeueoaoe ?ica’ycaiiy iiaeaii? nenoaie aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
?ic?aooieia caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei? iaiioie
aeaeo?iaeaeaoiia.

O ?icaeiei ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae
aeey icieyoei? ??cieo eeania, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a
aeaeo?iiaoeiiaoaeoaaiii, yea aiae?iciy?oueny aiae aiaeiieo oei, ui
aeicaiey? aeeiioaaoe i?iaiicoaaiiy a iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao c
aeei?enoaiiyi oai?i? i?i oiii/ii ?aaeoei? a ?icieo iaoa?iaeao iiae
aieeaii oaieiaeo aeie.

I?ioean iiaeia aecia/eoe:

e=Aa -Ea/RO ,
(2)

aea e – iinoieia oaeaeeinoi ?aaeoei?;

A -iinoieia , ui a?aoiao? oiii/iee neeaae oa no?oeoo?o iaoa?iaeo.

Aa – aia?aiy aeoeaaoei?, oiaoi ia?aaeuaiiy aia?ai?, yeith iiaeiia
aieiaeioe iieaeoea, uia iiaeieaoe aia?aaoe/iee aa?’?? oa anooieoe a
oiii/io ?aaeoeith, Aeae/iieue;

R= 8.37 – oiiaa?naeueia aaciaa iinoieia, Aeae/a?aae iieue;

O – oaiia?aoo?a, i?e yeie caeiecith?oueny oiii/ia ?aaeoeiy,a?aae .

O aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy oei?? caeaaeiinoi, iaiaoiaeii ciaoe ia
oaeaeeinoue i?ioieaiiy oiii/ieo ?aaeoeie, a /an, i?ioyaii yeiai,
aianeiaeie noa?iiiy, icieyoeiy aeinyaa? naiai e?eoe/iiai noaio. No?ie
neoaeae icieyoei? D( c oaiia?aoo?ith iaa?iaaiiy ( aecia/a?oueny:

.

Cia/aiiy Aa iaaaaeaii a eioa?aoo?i, a aecia/aia (( aeey eeania
icieyoeieieo iaoa?iaeia, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeaeo?iiaoeiiaoaeoaaiii
– a oaae.2.

sseui oaiia?aoo?a icieyoei? a i?ioeani aenieoaoaoei? aeaeo?e/ieo iaoei
ciiith?oueny, ia? aeocae aecia/aiiy ia caaaeueiiai, a caeeoeiaiai
?ano?no, aai caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei? iaiioie. Aeey
aeaeaoiia, ui i?aoeththoue a iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao, aea
oaiia?aoo?a ciiith?oueny c /anii ((t), i?iiiio?oueny oaea iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeiionoeiee i?e?ino oaiia?aoo?e iaa?iao icieyoei?

?cieyoeiy eeano ((, 0N Aa, Aeae/iieue

A 11.6 7.9

E 14.6 8.19

B 16.56 8.48

F 18.9 10.55

H 21 12.89

A?aoie ciiie oaiia?aoo?e icieyoei? a oeeeei ai?ieneio?oueny aeaiia
aiae?iceaie (?en.2). Oiaei na?aaei? cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e (cp a oeeeei, a
oaeiae ?? ieoo?ai cia/aiiy ((t) o ?aaeeiao iaa?iao tia oa ioieiaeaeaiii
tioe:

; (4)

. (5)

Co?ie neoaeae icieyoei? aiaeiiaiaeii na?aaeiie oaiia?aoo?i oeeeeo
aecia/a?oueny:

, (6)

i ?ic?aoiao?oueny eiaoioei?io nooiaith ciaioaiiy no?ieo neoaeae
icieyoei? (() c oaiia?aoo?ith a ii?iaiyiii c na?aaeiueith ((n?).

; (7)

– eiaoioei?io, ui aecia/a? aiaeoeeaiiy eieeaaiue oaiia?aoo?e a oeeeei
o ii?iaiyiii c iinoieiith ((, ui a?aoiao? aia?aith aeoeaaoei? iieaeoe
aeey iiiiiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e. Iiney oeueiai aecia/a?oueny cia/aiiy
caeeoeiaiai no?ieo neoaeae ca ae?acii:

, (8)

aea D0 – no?ie neoaeae icieyoei? c iiiiiaeueiith oaiia?aoo?ith, ?ieia;

Dci – aiaeiinia cia/aiiy no?ieo neoaeae;

toei – /an oeeeeo, n.

Iioi?iaoeiy i?i caeeoeiaee no?ie neoaeae caa?iaa?oueny a iai’yoi
iie?ii?ioeani?a.

O oaae.3 iaaaaeaii cia/aiiy eiaoioei?ioa ( oa aeayeeo cia/aiue
eiaoioei?ioa ?iciaoo eieeaaiue ( o oeeeei.

?en.2. Ciiia oaiia?aoo?e a iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao

Oaaeeoey 3

Caeaaeiicoue eiaoioei?ioa ciaioaiiy no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei? i?e
ciiiaiii

aiaeiiniiai ?iciaoo eieeaaiue oaiia?aoo?e

( 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 3

( 1.0 1.01 1.04 1.09 1.17 1.42

O aeiaaeeo ?iaioe aeaeaoia oa eiai icieyoei? a iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo
?aaeeiao c aeiaieueiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi (?en.3), oa?aeoa?enoeea ((t)
iiaea aooe ?icae?iaiaia ia aeaeieueea aiae?iceia, aeey eiaeiiai c
yeeo aecia/athoueny cia/aiiy ( icp, (, a cia/aiiy eiaoioei?ioa
ciaioaiiy no?ieo neoaeae icieyoei? ( ciaoiaeeoueny ye na?aaei?:

,
(9)

?en. 3. Ia?aaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e a iiaoi?ii-ei?ioei/anieo ?aaeeiao c
aeiaieueiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi

Ia iiaenoaai iaaaaeaieo ?ic?aooieia iiaeia neacaoe, ui aeey iaaeieii?
aenieoaoaoei? iaoei, o yeeo ia? iinoea eaacinoaeee oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei,
iaiaoiaeii, uia na?aaei? cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e oeeeeo ia ia?aaeuoaaei
aeiionoeii? oaiia?aoo?e aeey aiaeiiaiaeiiai eeano icieyoei?
i?e iaaaeeeiio ((

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