OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Iaea?the Iaaei Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 541.183:577.4:3:628.31

?IC?IAEA ?ANO?NICAIUAAeII? OAOIIEIA?? I?IIEAAIIss IAEO?AE?CIAAIEO AEE??A
IA INIIA? IAOIAeA AEAEO?IOEIOIEIAAOEssOe??

05.18.06 – oaoiieia?y aee??a, ao??ieo ianae oa

ia?othia?ii-einiaoe/ieo i?iaeoeo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

Aa?acooeueeee Ay/aneaa Aieiaeeie?iae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ioi?iie i?aoe? oa iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

Aeaieaeia ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oaoiieia?? aee??a;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Aeooe?i Noai?neaa Noai?neaaiae/

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy ? i/enoee aiae.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo iieiea oa i’yna
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “2 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 16-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.05 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? 310002, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.O?oica,
21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoaoa? ?ic?neaiee “ 27 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oei/aiei A.E.

10

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Nueiaiaei? ?ao?iaoe?y noaea iniiaiith eaieith a
neeaaei?e nenoai? io?eiaiiy ? ia?a?iaee ?ineeiieo ianae ? aee??a.
ssaeyth/enue neeaaeiei eiiieaenii ??cieo o?ce/ieo ? o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a,
aiia a?ae??ciy?oueny o?eaae?noth ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ?
cia/iith aeo?aoith ?aaa?io?a. Oaeei “aocueeei” i?noeai a ?ao?iaoe??
aee??a caeeoa?oueny i?iieaea iaeo?ae?ciaaiiai ianea ? ii?aeiaia c iath
cia/ia aeo?aoa eiiaeainaoo aai iii’yeoaii? aiaee, ye? ia i?aeeyaathoue
iiaa?iaiith a oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aiane?aeie caa?oaeiaiiy ?a/iaeiaie
aee?iai? i?e?iaee.

A ca’yceo c oeei, i?aei?e?inoaa ianeyii-aee?iai? i?iieneiaino? ui??/ii
ianooue cia/i? caeoee a?ae ia?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aiaee,
aeeeae?a caa?oaeiaieo aiae a eaiae?caoe?th, iaaeinoaoiueiai ??aiy
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei ? a?aenooi?noue ?o iaeaaeii? ooee?caoe??.

Iaeiei c iniiaieo iai?yi?a ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ? noai?aiiy
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ? iaeia?aeoiaeieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a c
nenoaiaie caieiooi? ?aoee?eoeyoe?? oaoiieia?/ii? aiaee. Aea, ine?eueee
?nioth/? iaoiaee aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c i?iieaieo aiae
?ao?iaoe?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeathoue iaaenieee nooi?iue i/euaiiy
(50-80%), aeacaia i?iaeaia aei oeueiai /ano ia ciaeoea inoaoi/iiai
ae??oaiiy. E??i oeueiai, iaa?oue iaea?eueoia?niaeoeai? aeaeo?io?i?/i?
iaoiaee aeeo/aiiy aee??a c i?iieaieo aiae neeaaei? eiino?oeoeaii ? a
aenieoaoaoe??, iio?aaothoue cia/ieo aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a??, a oaeiae ia
caaacia/othoue oiia oaoiiaaiii? aaciaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

A ca’yceo c iaaaaeaiei aeua, ?ic?iaea ?ano?nicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia?? ?
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c i?iieaieo aiae
?ao?iaoe?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye? caaacia/oaaee a aenieee aoaeo i/euaiiy
? caieiooee oeeee aiaee, a oaeiae ooee?caoe?th aoi?eiieo aee?iaeo
a?aeoiae?a, ? aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi.

Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei c a?aeiieo ia nueiaiaei? ? iaoiaee
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eii? ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae. Aia?aoe, ye?
i?aoeththoue c canoinoaaiiyi aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eieo iaoiae?a
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c aiaee, iathoue iaaeinoaoiuei iiooaei?noue,
neeaaei? eiino?oeoeaii ? a aenieoaoaoe??, iio?aaothoue cia/ieo aeo?ao
aeaeo?iaia?a??, a oaeiae ia caaacia/othoue oiia oaoiiaaiii? aaciaee.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
IAeIE? “Iieiey”, eaoaae?e ioi?iie i?aoe? ? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? aa?eoea a
?aa?iiaeueio i?ia?aio i.Oa?eiaa o ?icae?e 4 “Aeieia?y”, §12, 1998 ?.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Noai?aiiy ?ano?nicaiuaaeii? oaoiieia??
i?iieaee iaeo?ae?ciaaiiai ianea ia iniia? aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eieo
niinia?a aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c aiae, ye? a caaacia/oaaee
iiaa?iaiiy i?iieaieo aiae o ae?iaieoeoai.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeeoe aoaeoeai?noue i?iieneiaeo niinia?a aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo
?a/iaei c i?iieneiaeo aiae ?ao?iaoe?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— noai?eoe eaai?aoi?io onoaiiaeo ? ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaeo ? yeino? i?iieaieo aiae;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ooee?caoe?? aeaeo?ie?ciiai
aiaeith ? aoi?eiieo aee?iaeo a?aeoiae?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeaiee niin?a, aiia?ao ? onoaiiaeo aeey
?ano?nicaa??aath/i? aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eii? ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo
aiae;

— aeeiiaoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo cai?iiiiiaaieo ?ic?iaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ? iieiaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeai? a ?iaio? io?eiai? aia?oa,
a oiio /ene? o?, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? aoaeoa aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c aiaee
a?ae: o?eaaeino? oeioaoe??, eiioeaio?aoe?? aee?iaeo aeii?oie,
oaiia?aoo?e ?ic/ei?a, eiioeaio?aoe?? caaeneeo /anoie aee?ii?noeeo aiae,
aaee/eie ? u?eueiino? aeaeo?ie?ciiai no?oio;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii niin?a ? iaeaaeiaiiy aeaeo?ioeioieiaao-eyoe?eiiai
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c i?iieaieo aiae ?ao?iaoe?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
ye? a?ae??ciythoueny aenieei aoaeoii;

— aia?oa iieacaii aieea ioeuenoth/i? iiaea/? aeo?aeii? i?iieaii? aiaee
ia aoaeo ?iaioe aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aia?aoo;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?th aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aia?aoo
aeey aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c oaoiieia?/ieo aiae c
aaoi?aaoethaaiiyi iioie?a aiaee ana?aaeei? aia?aoo;

— aia?oa iieacaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?ie?cieo aac?a
aiaeith ? eenith, ye? o?aaeeoe?eii aeaeaeythoueny i?e
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?ei?e ia?iaoe? aiae a aeiaeaoeiaeo iia?aoe?yo ii
oeioaoe?ei?e ia?iaoe? aee?ii?noeeo aiae;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ooee?caoe?? aethiiaee?ii?noeeo
a?aeoiae?a.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii
aoei noai?aiiy i?ea?iaeueieo eaai?aoi?ieo onoaiiaee c canoinoaaiiyi
o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiaeee aiae?co aee?ii?noeeo eiiiiiaio?a, neeaaee aiaee ?
o.?i., a oaeiae iao?aaeeoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ? iaoiaeee c canoinoaaiiyi
aaciaeo aiae?caoi??a oeio NOO-5, o?iiioia?ao?a, i?ioi/ieo iooiii???a ?
o.?i. A i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioao aecia/aeenue no?oeoo?e ? ?iciiae?eaiiy
aaciaeo aoeueaaoie, ye? ooai?ththoueny i?e oeioaoe??, oaeaee?noue ?
eiaaoeyoe?eia aeoeai?noue a?ae?iieen?a iaoae?a, a oaeiae aieea aiaeith
ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioean?a i/enoee. Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue oaoiieia?/i?
iiaeeeaino? ooee?caoe?? aee??a, ye? i?noyoue aeii?oee a?ae?iieneae?a
aethi?i?th. Io?eiai? i?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?acoeueoaoe i?aeaeaaaeenue
noaoenoe/iiio ?aa?an?eiiio aiae?cai c canoinoaaiiyi oeiiaeo i?ia?aii ?
AII.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Io?eiai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe ? ?ic?iaeaia
oaoiieia?/ia iaeaaeiaiiy, aeicaieythoue ae??oeoe ia i?aeoeoe? aaaeeeaa
aeey ianeiaee?iai? i?iieneiaino? caaaeaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aeei?enoaiiy ieoii? aiaee a oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao aee?iaeo eiia?iao?a, cie?aia i?ioean?a ?ao?iaoe??, ca ?aooiie
noai?aiiy ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo e?i?e c caieiooei aiaeiaeei?enoaiiyi,
a?eueo iiaiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a c ianooiiith
ooee?caoe??th eiai ? caoenoii iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua
a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy aee?iaeie /anoeaie, a oaeiae:

— io?eiaii aeai? aeey ?ic?aooieo i?ioeano aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoey-oe?eiiai
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c aiaee;

— io?eiaii aeai? aeey ?ic?aooieo oeioaoe?eiiai i/euaiiy aee?ii?noeeo
aiae a?ae?iaaiiaa?inoi?ooth;

— ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaiii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee niiniao
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie;

— ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?iaeooaaiiy ?
aeaioiaeaiiy aia?aoo aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo
?a/iaei c aiaee;

— ia aee?eiia?iao? i.Oa?eiaa cai?iaaaeaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea
ii aeeo/aiith iaeo?ae?ciaaiiai aee?o c i?iieaieo aiae.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a caeeth/a?oueny a ?ic?iaoe? eaai?aoi?ieo
onoaiiaie ? aeeiiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, o aeeiiaii? ia
AII ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co ? io?eiaii? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioean?a
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?o ? io?eiaiiy aeaeo?ie?ciiai
aiaeith, a i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee, ?ic?iaoe? noaie ae?iaie/i?
onoaiiaee aeey aeeo/aiiy iaeo?ae?ciaaiiai aee?o c i?iieneiaeo aiae
aee?eiia?iao?a.

Iniaenoee aeeaae aeena?oaioa a i?aoeyo, ye? iioae?eiaai? a
ni?aaaoi?noa?, ianooiiee:

— a ?iaio? [1] aaoi? iniaenoi aeeiiaa aenia?eiaioe, ?ic?aooaaa
e?euee?ni? iieacieee i?ioeano ?aaaaioii? ia?iaee c a?aenoithaaiiyi,
i?aeaiooaaa ?iaioo aei ioae?eaoe??;

— a ?iaio? [2] aaoi? i?ia?a aenia?eiaio ia aeine?aei?e onoaiiaoe? ii
aeeo/aiith aeii?oie c aiaee, aeeiiaa aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a;

— a ?iaio? [4] aaoi? i?aeaiooaaa iaoa??aee aeey ioae?eaoe?? ia iniia?
aeeiiaieo iei aenia?eiaio?a, c?iaea aeniiaee i?i aoaeoeai?noue
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?? a iia?aoe?yo ii aeeo/aiith
aee?iaeo aeii?oie;

— a ?iaioao [6-8] aaoi? i?aeaiooaaa iaoa??aee aei iioae?eoaaiiy ia
i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a, ye? aeeiiaa iniaenoi, ? aenooiaa c
ieie ia eiioa?aioe?yo;

— a ?iaio? [9] aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?aeay, a oaeiae aea?? ? aeeiiaiiy
ii??aiyeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ca aiaeiaaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??:
iaoea, ina?oa, caei?ia’y” (i.Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/aniee ?iaeaia? ? aeaeeaaiiy
ethaenoaa” (E?ei, i.Aeoooa, 1996 ?.), ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ethaeeia ? iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua: i?iaeaie aacia?a?aii?
aeieia?/ii? ina?oe a aocao” (i.Iaeana, 1998 ?.), ia VII i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??: iaoea,
oaoi?ea, oaoiieia?y, ina?oa, caei?ia’y” (i.Oa?e?a, 1999 ?.), ia
iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? a ?iaeaia?i?e aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
(i.Oa?e?a, 1999 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a 9 ?iaioao, ye?
aeeth/athoue iaeio noaooth a aeo?iae?, /ioe?e noaoo? a iaoeiaeo
ca??ieeao ( aea? aac ni?aaaoi??a) ? o?e ?iaioe a ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a
eiioa?aioe?e, cayaea ia aeiao?ae.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue anooi, i’youe
?icae?e?a, caaaeuei? aeniiaee, ia?ae?e e?oa?aoo?e c 155 iaeiaioaaiue,
aeiaeaoe?a ia? 17 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 4 oaaeeoe?, 4 ?enoie?a, 17
anueiai noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi i?noeoue iaa?oiooaaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy i?i aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe,
oi?ioethaaiiy iaoe ? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiai? iiaecie, i?aeoe/ii?
oe?iiino?, iieiaeaiiy, eio?? aeianai? ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/iai iieiaeaiiy a
aaeoc? aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c i?iieaieo aiae, oaoiieia?e ?
iaeaaeiaiiy, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny.

E?oa?aoo?i? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui canoiniaoaai? oaoiieia?? ?
iaoiaee aeey ae??oaiiy aeua aeacaiiai caaaeaiiy ca ei?aeiiii ? a iao?e
e?a?i?, oae?, ye ?aaaaioiee, iaii?iiai o?eueo?oaaiiy, a?aenoithaaiiy, ia
aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe aoaeo aeeo/aiiy ca aee?iaeie ?a/iaeiaie aeua 60%.

Canoiniaoaai? iaoiaee ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae, ye? iniiaai? ia
i?ioeanao aaeni?aoe??, naia?aoe??, aeei?enoaii? e?iio?eueieo iaoa??ae?a
? iai?ai?iieeeeaeo iaia?ai, i/aaeaeii, aoaeoeai? i?eioeei?aeueii. I?ioa
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey cae?eniaiiy oaeeo iaoiae?a aeey cia/ieo aeo?ao aiaee ia
?ic?iaeaii, c iaeiiai aieo, c ae?oaiai – oae? iaoiaee aeeo/aiiy aee?o ?
aei?iaeie ? aia?aicao?aoieie, a i?ioeaaeo?a ?aaaia?aoe?? i?iaeoeo?a, ye?
ooai?ththoueny i?e oeueiio, a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia oaoiieia?/ia.

A?ieia?/i? iaoiaee aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee a iao?e ee?iaoe/i?e cii?
Oe?a?ie ia caaaeaee i?aeoiaeyoue, iniaeeai c-ca aaeeeeo aeo?ao aiaee.
Oeioaoe?ei? iaoiaee ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae, ye? canoiniaothoueny,
aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe a?eueoee aoaeo, /ei ?aaaaioiee iaoiae ?
a?aenoithaaiiy c o?eueo?oaaiiyi, i?ioa ? aeinoaoiuei aia?aiaieeie ? ia
aeicaieythoue a ?yae? aeiaaee?a io?eiaoe iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e iia?o?yieo
aoeueaaoie, ye? i?eeiathoue o/anoue o oeueiio i?ioean?.

Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei ? aeaeo?io?i?/iee iaoiae aeeo/aiiy aeii?oie c
aiaee c canoinoaaiiyi ?ic/eiieo ? oiiaii ?ic/eiieo aeaeo?iae?a, ui
iiynith?oueny iiaeeea?noth ?aaoethaaiiy nooiaith aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a
ia ye?noue i?ioeano. I?ioa, ?icaeyioo? oaoiieia?? iaaeinoaoiuei
ia?aaeaa/athoue ieoaiiy oaoiiaaiii? aaciaee ? aia?ai?ie?.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ii
ia?iaoe? aee?ii?noeeo aiae c aeiiiiiaith ??cieo oaoiieia?e ia
eaai?aoi?ieo onoaiiaie, ia?ae?e canoiniaoaaieo ?aaaaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a, a
oaeiae i?eaiooaaiiy ?iai/eo aeo?ao ?aaaaio?a, i?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
aiae?c?a, ia?a?aoiaaii i?eeaaee ? iaeaaeiaiiy, iaaaaeaii oaoiieia?/i?
noaie eaai?aoi?ieo onoaiiaie.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeeo/aiith aee?iaeo
aeii?oie c oaoiieia?/ieo aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a c canoinoaaiiyi iaii?iiai
o?eueo?oaaiiy, ?aaaaioii? ia?iaee c ianooiiei a?aenoithaaiiyi, ia?iaeith
eiaaoeyioii c ianooiiei o?eueo?oaaiiyi, a oaeiae aeaeo?ioeioaoe?eiee.

I?e oeueiio eiio?iethaaeenue ianooii? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e: aeo?aoe
i/euaii? aiaee, aei3/n; eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei, ia/aei3;
eiioeaio?aoe?y aee?o ia/aei3; aeice eiaaoeyioo, ea/i3; eiioeaio?aoe?y
?iai/eo ?ic/ei?a eiaaoeyio?a, %; ieoiia aaaa ?ic/ei?a, a/i3; oaeaee?noue
o?eueo?oaaiiy, i/aiae.; oaiia?aoo?a noieo; o?eaae?noue o?eueo?ioeeee?a;
iai?oaa,A; aaee/eia aeaeo?ino?oio, iA; ia aeaeo?iaeao aia?ao?a ANE5;
ia?aiao?e ioeuenaoe?? aiaee, yea iiaea?oueny ia i/enoeo; ia?aiao?e
aaciaiae?co.

Oaoiieia?/i? noaie eaai?aoi?ieo onoaiiaie aeey aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee
iaii?iei o?eueo?oaaiiyi, eiaaoethaaiiyi c ianooiiei o?eueo?oaaiiyi, a
oaeiae aeaeo?ioeioaoe??th iaaaaeai? a ?iaio?.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ii??aiyeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a c
ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae. Aenia?eiaioe i?iaiaeeeenue a oiiaao
iaeiaeiaeo aeo?aeieo aeaieo ii aiae? ia eaai?aoi?ieo onoaiiaeao, ye?
iiaeaeththoue ??ciiiai?oi? oaoiieia??, canoiniaoaai? aeey aeeo/aiiy
aee?o c aiaee.

Iai?eeeaae, ia?iaea aee?ii?noeiai noieo 10% noniaic??th aaiia c
iiaeaeueoei a?aenoithaaiiy i?ioyaii 40 oaeeei aeicaieeea io?eiaoe aoaeo
aeeo/aiiy aeii?oie, yeee ii aee?o ia ia?aaeuo? 43%, a ii ONE – 46%. A
?iaio? iaaaaeaii caeaaeiino? aoaeoo ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae ?aaaaioaie
? a?aenoithaaiiyi a?ae aeice aaiiyiiai iieiea.C io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae
aeaeii, ui ia?iaea aiaee aeicaie aaiiyiiai iieiea, ui ia?aaeuothoue 100
ia/aei3 iaaeioe?eueia ?c-ca iacia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoo aeeo/aiiy
aee?iaeo aeii?oie c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeueii caeaaeiino?
aoaeooaeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a i?e o?eueo?oaaii? /a?ac
o?eueo?oth/o caa?oceo c i?iiiie?o?eoaia, a?ae oaeaeeino? o?eueo?oaaiiy.
C io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iaea?eueoee
aoaeo ii aeeo/aiith aee?o c oaoiieia?/ieo ?ic/ei?aaeinyaa?oueny i?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? oei?iiai cae?ca 80-100 ia/aei3, ? oaeaeeino?
o?eueo?oaaiiy Vo i?e oeueiio iathoue cia/aiiy a ae?aiacii? 15-20 i/aiae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano aea?eueiaiiy aee?ii?noeeo aiae a?ae aee?o
iaia?iei o?eueo?oaaiiyi cae?enithaaeinue a ae?iaie/eo ? eaai?aoi?ieo
oiiaao, ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith, iienaiith a ae?oaiio ?icae?e?. Aenioa
oa?o o?eueo?oth/i? caa?ocee a o?eueo?oaaeuei?e eieiioe? neeaaeaea 1000
ii, aaee/eia /anoie o?eueo?oth/i? caa?ocee – 20 ii. Oaeaee?noue
o?eueo?oaaiiy aa??thaaea a ae?aiacii? 15-35 i/aiae.

A ?iaio? aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? io?eiaii
caeaaeiino? aoaeoo aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee iaoiaeii iaii?iiai
o?eueo?oaaiiy a?ae oaeaeeino? o?eueo?oaaiiy ? aeo?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe??
aee?iaeo aeii?oie. Ca oa?aeoa?ii a?ao?e?a iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
oa, ui aoaeo aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a caeaaeeoue a?ae
oaeaeeino? o?eueo?oaaiiy ? iaei caeaaeeoue a?ae aeo?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe??
aee?iaeo aeii?oie.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ii??aiyeueieo aenia?eiaio?a c ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae
aeaeo?ioeioaoe??th aeo?aei? ia?aiao?e aiaee, yea i/euo?oueny, aoee oae?
ae, ye ? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?ioeo oaoiieia?e c iaoith ni?anoaaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a. Canoinoaaeenue oeoaiia? aeaeo?iaee. U?euei?noue
aeaeo?ioieo aa??thaaea a iaaeao 7,0-47,0 iA/ni2. A oaoi?oe?, yea
aeei?enoiaoaaeanue aeey aeaeo?io?i?/ii? ia?iaee aiaee, ieoaiiy oi?ie ?
iaoa??aeo aeaeo?iae?a aeinoaoiuei aea/ai? ? aeaiith na???th
aenia?eiaio?a ia?aaeaa/aeinue aecia/eoe caeaaei?noue aoaeoo aeeo/aii
aee?o eiia?ioaaiiyi canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?i?ic/eiieo ? ia?ic/eiieo
aeaeo?iae?a ia eaai?aoi?i?e onoaiiaoe?, oiaoi aeei?enoaoe
aeaeo?ieiaaoeyoe?? ? aeaeo?ioeioaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui
iioeiaeueiith oaiia?aoo?ith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano ia?iaee aiaee ?
ae?aiacii 30-40 0N, aoaeo i?e oeueiio aeinyaa? 78-80 %. Aeine?aee
i?iaiaeeeenue i?e caaeaieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo aee?iaeo caa?oaeiaiue 200-600
ia/aei3 ? o?eniaaieo iai?oc? u?eueiino? aeaeo?ioieo ? oaiia?aoo??
aeo?aeii? aiaee.

A ianooii?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a aeei?enoiaoaaany ?ic/eiiee aeaeo?iae c
aethi?i?th, a aeo?aeia aiaea iaea eiioeaio?aoe?th ca aee?iaeie
caa?oaeiaiiyie 20000-40000 ia/aei3 . Aoaeo aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c
aiaee ?ic?aoiaoaaany ca a?aeiiith iaoiaeeeith. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1 – Aoaeo aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c aiaee
aeaeo?ioeioi-eiaaoeyoe??th

? aeine?aeo

Eiioeaio-?aoe?y aee?o a aeo?aei?e aiae?, ia/aei3

Aeo?aoa iaoa??aeo ?ic/eiiiai aeaeo?iaeo,

ia/aei3

Iai?oaa ia aeaeo-?iaeao, V, A

U?euei?noue iino?eiiai aeaeo?i-no?oio,

1, A/ni2

E?ioeaaee ai?no aee?o,

ia/aei3

Aoaeo aeeo/ai-iy aee?o c aiaee,
%1200004060,0160097,02250005560,0162597,53300007060,01600984350008560,01
52598,554000010060,0156098,6

C aeaieo oaaeeoe? aeaeii, ui aoaeo aeeo/aiiy c aiaee aee?iaeo aeii?oie
aeine?aeaeoaaiei iaoiaeii aacia?a/ii aeua iaa?oue i?e eiioeaio?aoe??
aee?o o aeo?aei?e aiae? ia aeaa ii?yaeee aeua a aeai?e na???
aenia?eiaio?a.

Oi?ioee aoaeo aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee eiia?iiaaiei iaoiaeii
aeaeo?ieiaaoeyoe?? ? aeaeo?ioeioaoe?? iiynith?oueny i?ioeanii
iaeii/anii? aca?iiae?? /anoie a?ae?iieeno aethi?i?th, ui ooai?eeeny
[Al(OH)3], c e?aieeiaie aee?o ? oeiooaaiiy ?o aaeiia?ao?a c iooe?eaie
aaco, yeee aeae?ey?oueny i?e ?eaeo?ie?c? aiaee ia iiaa?oi? ??aeeie. A
oe?eiio ae aeaiee neeaaeiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean neeaaea?oueny c ?yaeo
noaae?e: io?eiaiiy aeaeo?io?i?/iei oeyoii a?ae?iieeno iaoaeo:
eiaaoeyoe?? /anoie caa?oaeiaiue a ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae?? ?o c
a?ae?iieenii iaoaeo: aeae?eaiiy aoeueaaoie aaco ia iiaa?oi? aeaeo?iae?a
a ?acoeueoao? aeaeo?ie?co aiaee c ianooiiith oeioaoe??th ieie
aaeiiaoa??a /anoie, ye? ooai?eeeny i?e eiaaoethaaii? ?icae?eaiiy
i/euaii? ??aeeie ? i?iioeaio; aeaeaeaiiy i?iioeaio c aia?aoo; ia?iaea
aeaeo?iae?a aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?o ianneaaoe?? ? o.?i. A ?acoeueoao?
aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiaia e?iaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
?eaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?? aee?iaeo /anoie a i?iieaieo aiaeao i?e
ii/aoeia?e eiioeaio?aoe?? 40000 ia/aei3:

N0ae = 33798804 t –1,0357 , (1)

aea N0ae – caeeoeiaee ai?no aee?o a i?iieai?e aiae? ( i?e ?I = 5),
ia/aei3; t – /an, n.

Oaeiae aecia/aii iaoaiaoe/io caeaaei?noue ci?ie oaeaeeino?
aeeo/aiiy aee?o ( dN0ae /dt) c i?iieaieo aiae i?e
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?ei?e ia?iaoe?.

A aeine?aeaeaiiyo ii aeeo/aiith aee?o c aiaee aeaeo?io?i?/iei iaoiaeii
anoaiiaethaaeanue caeaaei?noue aoaeoo i/euaiiy e, % a?ae u?eueiino?
aiiaeiiai no?oio, ?, A/ni3. U?euei?noue aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio
?ic?aoiaoaaeanue a?aeiinii ieiu? aiiaeo ? ci?ithaaeanue a aeine?aeao
oeyoii ?aaoethaaiiy aaee/eie iai?oae ia aoiae? aei?yiey/a ca aeiiiiiaith
aaoio?ainoi?iaoi?a EAO?-1. A aeai?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a u?euei?noue
no?oio aeine?aeaeoaaeanue a ae?aiacii? cia/aiue a?ae 1 aei 50 iA/ni3.
Iai?oaa ia aeaeo?iaeao ?aaoethaaeanue a iaaeao a?ae 0,1 aei 15 A.
Eiioeaio?aoe?y aee?o a aeo?aei?e aiae? a aeai?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a
i?eeiaeanue a iaaeao 525-40000 ia/aei2. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui
i?e cia/aiiyo u?eueiino? aeaeo?ino?oio a?eueoa 35 iA/ni2 aoaeo aeeo/aiiy
aee?iaeo aeii?oie ii/eia? cieaeaoeny, ui iiynith?oueny ooai?aiiyi
oo?aoeaioieo iioie?a aiaee aiane?aeie ao?oeeaiai ooai?aiiy aaciaeo
aoeueaaoie a?ey aeaeo?iae?a i?e aeaiiio ae?aiacii? cia/aiue u?eueiino?
aeaeo?ino?oio. Oo?aoeaioi? iioiee a naith /a?ao ia?aoeiaeaeathoue
cae??ieaiith /anoie aee?o ia aaciaeo aoeueaaoeao, ui ? i?e/eiith
cieaeaiiy aoaeoo aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee. I?ioa, ?ioaineo?eoaaoe i?ioean
ia?iaee aee?ii?noeiai noieo iiaeia oeyoii noai?aiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai
ia?ai?ooaaiiy a cii? ooai?aiiy aaciaoeueaaoeiaeo oaeae?a,
oo?aoeaioi?noue iioie?a aoaea c??aiiaaaeoaaoeny, iai?eeeaae,
ioeuenoth/eie iiaea/aie aeo?aeii? aiaee o oeioaoi?. ?ic?iaeaii noaio
iiaea/? aiaee ia ia?iaeo ca /anii. Aeine?aeia onoaiiaea aeey i/euaiiy
aee?ii?noeeo aiae ciiioiaaia ia Oa?e?anueeiio aee?iaiio eiia?iao?.
I/euaiith i?aeaeaaaeenue noi/i? aiaee niainoieo ?ao?iaoe?eiiai oeaoo.
Aeo?aei? ia?aiao?e ia?iaethaaii? aiaee ca aee?iaeie aeii?oeaie a aiae?
ianooii?: ai?no aee?iaeo ?a/iaei aei 50 a/aei3; oaiia?aoo?a 24-500N;
?I=1,92-2; caaene? ?a/iaeie 300-500 ia/aei3. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iieacaee i?aeoe/ii 100% aoaeo i/euaiiy ? /anoeiao iaeo?ae?caoe?th aiae.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaee aee?ii?noeiai niainoieo iaaaaeaii
a oaaeeoe? 2. Iaee?auee aoaeo aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee ? caaeneeo /anoie
iiynith?oueny iioei?caoe??th a?ae?aae?/ieo ia?aiao??a ?iaioe aeine?aeii?
onoaiiaee. I?e ?aaeei? ?iaioe, a yeiio i?aoethaaea aeine?aeia onoaiiaea,
iiaa?iaiiy a ia? i/euaii? aiaee (?aoee?eoeyoe?y) oeyoii ioeuenoth/i?
iiaea/? a ?iciiae?eue/ee i?no??e caaacia/o? ae??aithaaiiy oaeaeeinoae
iioie?a ? no?oiai?a ao?aeii? aiaee ii ia?aoei? onoaiiaee, oiaoi
ona?aaeiaiiy aaciaeo aoeueaaoie ? caaeneeo ?a/iaei ii ia’?io aiaee a
onoaiiaoe?, a ioaea, ? a?eueo iiaio oeioaoe?th caa?oaeiaiue.

Oaaeeoey 2 — ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeeo/aiith aee?o c aiaee ia
ae?iaie/?e onoaiiaoe?

Iacaa

aiae?coEiioeai-o?aoe?y aee?iaeo ?a/iaei, ia/aei3Iai?oaa aeaeo?i-no?oio,
V,ACaaene? ?a/i-aeie, ia/aei3Aaee/eia aeaeo?i-no?oio, iA

?IAeica aethi?-i?th, a/i3Aeo?aoa no?/ii? aiaee, e//Aiaea aei i/euai-iy

4100

0,7

467

10

1,92

3,98

10Aiaea i?ney i/euai-iy

1-5

-“-

4

-“-

-“-

-“-

-“-

A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaieo aenia?eiaio?a io?eiaii caeaaeiino? aoaeoo
aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee i?e ??ci?e o?eaaeino? oeioaoe?e ? aeeaei? oa?o
aiaee a onoaiiaoe?, a oaeiae oaeaeeino? nieeaaiiy oeioiaaieo aeii?oie,
ye? caa?oaeiththoue aiaeo, a?ae ??aiy aiaee a onoaiiaoe?. Iniiaiei
e?eoa???i ioe?iee i?ia?ano ioeuenoth/i? iiaea/? iioieo aiaee ia ia?iaeo
? a?aeiioaiiy iane m aiaee, ui iiaea?oueny ia ia?iaeo aei iane I aiaee
i?ney ioeuenaoe?? – m/M.

Ia ?en.1. iaaaaeaii a?ao?e caeaaeiino? aoaeoo aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee
i?e ci?i? a?aeiioaiiy m/M ? o?eniaaiiio cia/aii? /ano, O,n. Aaee/eie t i
T anoaiiaeththoueny ca ?aea /ano EAI-12O.

Ia??iaee/i?noue iiaea/? aiaee, m, nae

?en.1. A?ao?ee caeaaeiino? aoaeoo aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie a

caeaaeiino? a?ae caaeaieo cia/aiue O, n – ia??iae?a iiaea/? ian aiaee,
m, ea, i?e o?eniaaieo aaee/eiao t,n

A ?iaio? iaaaaeaia noaia oi?ioaaiiy aaciaoeueaaoeiaeo “oaeae?a” a
aeine?aei?e aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?ei?e onoaiiaoe?. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie
anoaiiaeaii ia?aaaae iaoiaeo ia?iaee aiaee c canoinoaaiiyi
a?ae?aae?/iiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy a ?iai/?e ae?eyioe? onoaiiaee, ui
iiynith?oueny a?aenooi?noth oae caaieo cano?eieo cii, eiioo?e
aaciaoeueaaoeiaeo “oaeae?a” cieeathoueny ? iaeeaaeathoueny a ia’?i?
ia?iaethaaii? aiaee a onoaiiaoe?. I?e ia?ai?ooaaii? a ?iai/?e cii?
aia?aoo, noai?th?oueny aeiaeaoeiaa oo?aoeaioi?noue iioie?a aiaee, a
yeeo, ia ?oeioth/enue, oeioothoueny aacia? aoeueaaoee, eio?? a naith
/a?ao aoaeoeaii caoiieththoue caa?oaeiaiiy ? oeioothoue eiai ia
iiaa?oith aiaee, yeo i/euothoue. E??i oeueiai, ia caoeaieth?oueny
i?aeaeaeo?iaeiee i?ino?? ? ia niinoa??aa?oueny iaeeiaiiy i?ie ia no?iee
onoaiiaee, oeioii?ia aoaeoeaii aeaeaey?oueny.

A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiaii caeaaeiino? aoaeoo
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie a caeaaeiino? a?ae caaeaieo cia/aiue O, n –
ia??iae?a iiaea/? ian aiaee, m, ea, i?e o?eniaaieo aaee/eiao, t,n.
Oa?aeoa? e?eaeo aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i a?aeaeaaaiiy ia?aaaae
cia/aiiyi m/M=0,1 –0,15, aeey aiaee c aeo?aeiei ai?noii aee?iaeo
caa?oaeiaiue aei 41 oen.i2/aei3 ? cia/aiiyo O=60-1000N.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaoeee
aeaeaeaiiy aiaeith i?e aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?ei?e ia?iaoe? aee?ii?noeeo
aiae ? iiaeeeaino? ooee?caoe?? iia?aeiiaiaeaeo?ie?ciiai aiaeith, ye
iia?/iiai aoaeoo i?ioean?a, iia’ycaieo c aeaeo?ie?cii aiaee. sse iieaco?
e?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae aeinooiii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ia
a?aeiiee a i?aeoeoe? canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ie?co aiaee, ?ioee niin?a, ye
o?eueee aeaeaeaiiy aeaeo?ie?cieo aac?a, ui ooai?ththoueny a aoiinoa?ia
iia?o?y, a oiio /ene? ? i?e i/euaii? aee?ii?noeeo aiae. I?iaaaeaiee
aiae?c iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e i?i iiaeeeaino? caa?aaeaiiy ?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy aeaeo?ie?ciiai aiaeith.

A oiae? aenia?eiaioo aeey aecia/aiiy ieaeiuei? eiioeaio?aoe?eii? iaae?
niaeaooaaiiy aaciaiaeiaaeo noi?oae a aeai?e ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee
aiae?caoi? NOO-5A. A oaaeeoe? 3 iaaaaeaii aeai? ?acoeueoao?a aeaii?
na??? aenia?eiaio?a.

Oaaeeoey 3 – ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a

? aeine?aeo*an, nCia/aiiy ia?aiao?a,
Vn?1302,50832453,76373605,0177418015,0477524020,064636030,0967748040,126
3 Vn? — ca?aaei? a?eoiaoe/ia cia/aiiy ia?aeaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a i?e
aecia/aii? e?eueeino? aiaeith, yeee aeae?eeany.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? oaeiae iienaii aenia?eiaioe ii aea/aiith aieeao
aeiaaaee iia?aeiiai aeaeo?ie?ciiai aiaeith ia i?ioeane aa?aoe??
aee?ii?noeeo aiae ? aiae?c iiaeeeaino? a?ae?iaai?caoe?? aee?iaeo
caa?oaeiaiue “iia?/iei” aiaeiai.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aoei aecia/aii, ui a cae/aeieo oiiaao aeeiiaoe
a?ae?iaai?caoe?th aee?o, iaa?oue c aeei?enoaiiyi eaoae?caoi?a, ia
i?aaenoaaey?oueny iiaeeeaei. I?ioa, aenia?eiaioe iieacaee aenieee aoaeo
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie i?e canoinoaaii? aeaeo?ie?cieo aac?a
(aiaeith). Io?eiaiee aenieee aoaeo, aecia/a?oueny, ui oaeaee?noue
oeioaoe?? caa?oaeiaiue aoeueaaoeaie aiaeith, yea aecia/a?oueny, a
a?eueoino? eiai ieoiiith aaaith, i?aeoe/ii a 10-15 ?ac?a aeua, i?ae o
aeiaaeeo ?ioi? aaciiia?o?yii? noi?o?. Ia ?en.2 iieacaia noaia
aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee.

1 – i?aeaaaeaiiy aeo?aeii? aiaee a aeaeo?ie?ca? 2; 3 – ani??aoe?eia
onoaiiaea;

4 – aa?aoi? aeey i/enoee aiaee; 5 – iiaea/a a?ae?iaaiiaa?inoi?o?; 6 –
iiaea/a aiaee ia aeii/euaiiy a aa?aoi?; 7 – a?aenin
a?ae?iaaiiaa?inoi?o?; 8 – aiae?caoi? aaciai? a?ae?iaaiiaa?inoi?o?
(NOO-5A); 9 – a?aeaaaeaiiy i/euaii? aiaee;

10 — aeaeaeaiiy oeioii?ie.

?en.2. Noaia aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee aeey aenia?eiaio?a c
aeaeo?ie?cieie aacaie

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo i?i ??aaiue
oaoiieia?? aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c aiae ianeiaee?iaeo
i?aei?e?inoa ca ei?aeiiii ? a e?a?iao NIAe ? ooee?caoe?? iia?aeieo
a?aeoiae?a.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ieaioaaiiy ? ia?iaeo aeaieo
aenia?eiaio?a c aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaoeee aeae?eaiiy aiaeith ia
aeine?aei?e onoaiiaoe? i?e ia?iaoe? aee?ii?noeeo aiae, a oaeiae
iaoaiaoe/iee iien i?ioeano aeae?eaiiy aiaeith, yeee i?aaenoaaeaiee
??aiyiiyi aeaeo:

Y = 0,1103 + 0,083290 X . (2)

A ?iaio? iieacaii iiaeeeaee iai?yi ooee?caoe?? aeaeo?ie?cieo aac?a,
iia’ycaiee c aan?iiyi iiaeaae aeaooii, ui aeicaieythoue aeanoeaino?
aiaeith aeaooaoe aac ai??iiy. Aeeiiaia ?ic?iaea i?iieneiaiai aia?aoo
aeey aeaeo?ieiaaoeyoe?eii? ia?iaee aee?ii?noeeo aiae. Ia ?en.3
i?aaenoaaeaia noaia iiai? eiino?oeoe?? aia?aoo aeey
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?o c oaoiieia?/ieo aiae.

?en.3. I?eno??e aeey aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eii? ia?iaee i?iieaieo aiae:

1 – ei?ion aia?aoo; 2 – a?aeaaaeaiiy i/euaii? aiaee; 3 – “eeoaiy”
a?aeaaaeaiiy aiaee; 4 – aeo?aeia eaia?a; 5 – eaia?a caniiei?iiy t
eiaaoethaaiiy (oaeaeeiai); 6 – i?iia?aeaiaeia eeoaiy; 7 – eaia?a
“eiioaeoia”; 8 – i?eno??e aaiaeo ? “eiioaeoo”; 9 – eaiae, yeee
a?aeaiaeeoue i?io; 10 – aeo?aeiee i?eno??e c iao?oaeii.

Aia?ao i?ecia/aiee aeey aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie niiniaii
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe??. Aiaea, yea i?noeoue aeii?oee aee?o,
iaaeoiaeeoue /a?ac iao?oaie 10 o ao?aeiee i?eno??e, aeeiiaiee o aeaeyae?
ieineiia?aeaeueieo aocueeeo eaiae?a, ui caaacia/othoue nai?i
eiino?oeoeaiei aeeiiaiiyi ??cieoeth oene?a. Oea caaacia/o? i?aei?iaiiy
??aeeie c eaiaeo, aea anoaiiaeai? aeaeo?iaee 12 ? ianooiia aeoeaia
ia?ai?ooaaiiy oeeo aeaio oa/?e a i?eno?i? aaiaeo ? “eiioaeoo” 8. A
eaia?? “eiioaeoii?” 7 i?ioiaeeoue i?ioean eiaaoethaaiiy ? ooai?aiiy
oeioii?ie, eio?a aeaeaey?oueny /a?ac eeoaith 6. Aeae? aiaea ia?ao?ea? a
eaia?o caniiei?iiy a eiaaoethaaiiy, aea aeieeaath/ee aee? o aeaeyae?
i?iiiai oa?o aeaeaey?oueny a eeoaith 6 c iiaa?oi? aiaee. I?ney oeueiai
aiaea iaaeoiaeeoue o aeo?aeio eaia?o 4 ? aeaeaey?oueny c aia?aoo, a
/anoeia ?? iinooia? a aeaeo?iaeio eaia?o, aea anoaiiaeai? aeaeo?iaee 12,
ui caaacia/o? ?ic/eiaiiy aeaeo?iae?a a /eno?e aiae? ? iiia?aaeaeo?
caoeaieaiiy i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiai i?iniio?o i?iaeoeoaie aeaeo?ie?co. E??i
oeueiai, ana?aaeai? aia?aoo cae?enith?oueny iino?eia oee?eoeyoe?y iioieo
aiaee, oaeaee?noue yeiai “aaoiiaoe/ii” ?aaoeth?oueny iaii?ii aiaee, yea
iiaea?oueny a aia?ao, i?e iaaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ?ici??ao ao?aeieo
eaiae?a.

Ia ?en.4. i?aaenoaaeaia oaoiieia?/ia noaia ?ic?iaeaiio
?ano?nicaa??aath/i? oeaoiai? onoaiiaee aeey aeeo/aiiy iaeo?ae?ciaaieo
aee??a c aiae c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe??.

AEe?ii?noea aiaea ioeuenoth/eie iioieaie iaaeoiaeeoue c oeaoiaiai
aee?iaethaa/a ia aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoi?e 3 c ?ic/eiieie aethi?i??aeie
aeaeo?iaeaie. Aeoyaiooee aee?, o aeaeyae? aethii-aee?i-i?iioeaio,
cae?a?oueny a ?ieinyoo 4, aeae? aiaea iaaeoiaeeoue a ei?eaei?iee
a?aeno?eiee 6, aea i?ioiaeeoue iiaeaeueoa a?aeae?eaiiy aee?ii?noeeo
aeii?oie, ye? anieeaathoue ? in?aeathoue. C ei?eaei?iiai a?aeno?eieea 6
aiaea caae?a?oueny ianinaie 7, eio?? iiaeathoue aiaeo ia iiaeaeueoo
ia?iaeo o oeioaoi?e 8. O oeioaoi?e 8 oaeiae iiaea?oueny
a?ae?iaaiiaa?inoi?o, yea aa?aoueny ianinii c aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoi??a 3.
Aeoyaiooee aee? ? aeii?oee cae?athoueny a oeaiica??ieeao 4.Iaacaee?aia
aiaea, ciaoiaeeoueny a ?ieinoyo 8 ? 9, a iio?i iai?aaey?oueny aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai. Caeiaooee aee?, yeee i?noeoue
aeii?oee a?ae?iieneaeo aethi?i?th, i?ney iiia?aaeiuei? ia?iaee,
iai?aaey?oueny aeey i?eaiooaaiiy ieth/eo iano.

A cai?iiiiiaaiiio i?aei?e?inoao aa?eaio? aei oe??? ?ic?iaee, cai?noue
oeioaoi??a iiaeii? aoee aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeaeo?ioeioaoi?e, ui i?aeoe/ii
a aeaa ?ace ca?eueooaaei aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??. C?iaeoe cai?io
aeicaieeei iiaoi?ia aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?ie?cieo aac?a aeey
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a oeioaoe?? o oeioaoi?ao.

Ia cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo aeii?oie c aiaee iiaeaia
cayaea ia aeiao?ae.

?en.4. Noaia ae?iaie/i? onoaiiaee aeeo/aiiy iaeo?ae?ciaaiiai aee?o c
i?iieaieo aiae

A oinoiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aeiiii?ei-nioe?aeueia ?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aeeiiaieo ?ic?iaie ca
caaaeueiii?eiyoith

iaoiaeeeith. Iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aiaeith aeey i?ioeano
aeii/enoee, ui aeicaiey? cieceoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 10-20 eAo a
aiaeeio.

Aeiiii?ei-nioe?aeueia aoaeoeai?noue aeeiiaieo caoiae?a aeey aee?iaiai
eiia?iaoo i.Oa?eiaa neeaaea? 900000 a?i.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii ?ano?nicaiuaaeio oaoiieia?th i?iieaaiiy
iaeo?ae?ciaaieo aee??a, yea ia?aaeaa/a? caieiooee oeeee oaoiieia?/ii?
aiaee, iniiaaia ia aenie?e ( > 99,99%) aoaeoeaiino?
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai niiniao aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c
i?iieaieo aiae.

2. Aecia/aii, ui canoinoaaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy iioie?a aiaee
?? ioeuenaoe??th i?e aeaeo?ieiaaoeyoe?ei?e ia?iaoe? i?iieaieo aiae
aeicaiey? caa??aaoe ia o?eueee aenieee aoaeo aeeo/aiiy aee?o, aea ?
ca?eueoeoe i?iioneio caeaoi?noue aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoi?a, iiia?aaeeoe
caoeaieaiiy i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiai i?inoi?o, e?ea?aeoaaoe cano?ei? ae?eyiee ?
ye iane?aeie, cieceoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??.

3. Aeine?aeaeaii iaoiae aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo
?a/iaei c i?iieaieo aiae ? io?eiaii e?iaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano.

4. Aeine?aeaeaii ? io?eiaii e?iaoe/io caeaaei?noue i?ioeano aeae?eaiiy
aeaeo?ie?ciiai aiaeith i?e i?ioeanao aeaeo?io?i?/ii? ia?iaee aiaee.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaeo?ie?ciee aiaeaiue, yeee iaea?aeothoue a
aeaeo?i-oeioieiaaoeyoe?eieo aia?aoao, i?iyaey? aenie? oeiooth/?
aeanoeaino? a?aeiinii aee?iaeo ?a/iaei.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee aiia?ao aeey aeaeo?io?i?/iiai aeeo/aiiy aee?o c
aiaee c i?iioneiith ni?iiiaei?noth a?eueoa 10 i3/aiae.

6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaeo?ie?ciee aiaeeiue, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey
aan?iiy iiaeaae aeaooii, a aeeo/ai? aee?ia? ?a/iaeie, ui i?noyoue
a?ae?iieenue aethi?i?th i?ney aeiiieeaiiy, iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? ye
oaoi?/i? ieth/? caniae, a oaeiae a aoae?aieoeoa? aeey a?oiooaaiiy
iiaa?oi?.

7. Aoaeoeai?noue a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? ?
iaeaaeiaiiy neeaaea? a?ae 23 aei 28 a?i. A ??e ( ca oe?iaie 1999 ?ieo).
A?aeaa?iooee caeoie i?e?iae? neeaaea? a?eueoa 3 iei.a?i. (ca oe?iaie
1999 ?ieo).

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aa?acooeeee A.A., Oa?iianeay I.E., Iaea?the I.A. I/enoea aee?iaiai
noiea ?aaaaioiie ia?aaioeie e ionoaeaaieai // Aanoiee OAIO. – OAIO. –
Aui.8.- 1997. – N.20-23. (Ia?ae?e ?1 Athe.?2 AAE Oe?a?ie, 1997, n.76).

2. Aa?acooeeee A.A., Oa?iianeay I.E., Iaea?the I.A. Iiuo i/enoee
aee?iniaea?aeaueo noieia ionoaeaaieai // Aanoiee OAIO. – OAIO. – Aui.8.-
1997. – N.26-30. (Ia?ae?e ?1 Athe.?2 AAE Oe?a?ie, 1997, n.76).

3. Iaea?the I.A. Iiuo ooeeecaoeee yeaeo?ieeciiai aiaei?iaea ionoaeaaieai
// Aanoiee OAIO. – OAIO. – Aui.8.- 1998. – N.143-146. (Ia?ae?e ?1
Athe.?2 AAE Oe?a?ie, 1997, n.76).

4. Aa?acooeueeee A.A., Oa?iianueea I.?., Iaea?the I.A. Oaoiieia?y
ia?a?iaee aee?iai?uoth/eo i?iieneiaeo noie?a niiniaii aeaeo?ieiaaoeyoe??
ionoaeaaieai // O?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie. — ?2. – 1999. – N.32-36.
(Ia?ae?e ?1 Athe.?2 AAE Oe?a?ie, 1997, n.76).

5. Iaea?the I.A. ?ano?ninaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee i?iiuaee
iaeo?aeeciaaiiuo aee?ia n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaea
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeee ionoaeaaieai // Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai
ai?iaeia: Iao/i.-oaoi.na. – E.: Oaoieea. –1999. — Aui.19.- 1997. –
N.150-152. (Ia?ae?e ?3 Athe.?4 AAE Oe?a?ie, 1997, n.25).

6. Aa?acooeueeee A.A., Oa?iianueea I.?., Iaea?the I.A. Aoiaiecaoeey
eiaeaia?iiai ia?aciaaiey e ainieoaiey aoaeouaai eiaeaia?a // Oacenu
aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneie eiioa?aioeee
“Nia?aiaiiue eiaeaia? e auaeeaaiea /aeiaa/anoaa”, E?ui, Aeoooa, 26-28
naioya?y 1996 a., OAIO.

7. Aa?acooeueeee A.A., Aa?acooeeay I.E., Iaea?the I.A., Onoeiiaa I.Ae.,
Aei?iiei A.A. I?eiaiaiea i?ia?aiiu STATGRAPHICS aeey ia?aaioee
?acoeueoaoia iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee.// eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea,
ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea. : O?oaeu iaaeaeoia?. Iao/ii-oaoi.eiio. –
Oa?ueeia, Ieoeieueoe, Iaaaeaao?a: O?oaeu OAIO, — Oa?ueeia, 1996. –
N.54-56.

8. Aa?acooeueeee A.A., Oa?iianueea I.?., Iaea?the I.A. Aannoi/iay
oaoiieiaey i/enoee aee?iniaea?aeaueo noieia n iineaaeothuae eo
?aoeeeeecaoeeae // Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneie eiioa?aioeee
“*aeiaae e ie?oaeathuay n?aaea: i?iaeaiu iai?a?uaiiai yeieiae/aneiai
ia?aciaaiey a aocao / Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneie
eiioa?aioeee, Iaeanna, 16-18 naioya?y 1998 a.

9. Cayaea ia aeiao?ae ?97094529, IIE6 NI2F1/24 Niin?a ciaa?oaeiaiiy
aiaee / Aa?acooeueeee A.A., Oa?iianueea I.?., Iaea?the I.A. (Oe?a?ia) –
Aeaoa iiaeaiiy 09.09.97.

SUMMARY

Odaruk P.V. Development of enegryconserving technology for the
washdown of neutralized fats using electric floot coagulation methid.
– Manuscript.

Candidate of technical science on a speciality 05.18.06 – process
engineering of fats, olatile oils and perfume and cosmetics. Kharkov
state polytechnical university, Kharkov, 1999.

The developed and introduced energyconserving technology for the
washdown of neutralized fats providis a closed cycle of process water
and is based on the efficiency of electric float coagulation method in
the extraction of fatty substances from washing water. It found,
that the application of hydraulic intermixing of water flow by its
pulsation, during the process of electric float coagulation of washing
water, increases the flou capacity electric coagulation, prevents
studging of interelectrode space, liquidates stagnant zones and reduces
consumption of electric power. The method electric float coagulation
fo the extraction of fatty substances from washing water has been
investigated and the kinetic model of the process has been obtained. The
kinetic dependance of process of emission of electrolysis hydrogen has
been investigated and obtained during the processes of electrochemical
treatment of water. It has been established that electrolysis
hydrogen obtained in electric float coagulation devices exhibits high
floating properties as compared with fatty substances. A new device
using electric float coagulation method fo extraction of fat from water
with a flow capacity of more than 10 cu.i/h has been developed. It has
been established that electrolysis hydrogen can be used for
extinguishing fires by explosion, while the extracted fatty substances
containing hydroxide of aluminum foatming can be used as technical
detergents and for priming of surfaces in construction.

Key words: looping washdowns, fat, electric float coagulation, device,
installation, integrated animal fat plant, energyconserving,
hydrogenoairmixture, floatation, salvaging.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaea?the I.A. ?ac?aaioea ?ano?ninaa?aaathuae oaoiieiaee i?iiuaee
iaeo?aeeciaaiiuo aee?ia ia iniiaa iaoiaea yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeee. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.06 – oaoiieiaey aee?ia, yoe?iuo ianae e
ia?othia?ii-einiaoe/aneeo i?iaeoeoia. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

?ac?aaioaia e aiaae?aia ?ano?ninaa?aaathuay oaoiieiaey i?iiuaea
iaeo?aeeciaaiiuo ue?ia, i?aaeoniao?eaathuay caieiooue oeeee
oaoiieiae/aneie aiaeu, iniiaaiiay ia yooaeoeaiinoe
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiiai niiniaa ecaea/aiey aee?iauo aauanoa ec
i?iiuaiuo aiae. ?ac?aaioaiiay oaoiieiaey aeeth/aao iia?aoeee ii
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiiio, naaeeiaioaoeeiiiiio e oeioaoeeiiiiio
ecaea/aieth aee?iauo i?eianae.

A ?aaioa i?eaaaeai auiieiaiiue aiaeec nouanoaothueo oaoiieiaee e
iai?oaeiaaiey i?aaeiacia/aiiiai, aeey ecaea/aiey i?eianae ec aiaeu i?e
iia?aoeeyo i?iiuaee. ?anniio?aiu iaeaieaa oe?iei i?eiaiyaiua iaoiaeu –
?aaaaioiue, iaii?iiai oeeueo?iaaiey, ionoaeaaiey e yeaeo?ioeioaoeee. N
iiiiuueth auiieiaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee, iieacaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?ac?aaioee
iiaie oaoiieiaee i?iiuaee iaeo?aeeciaaiiuo aee?ia, ia iniiaa
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiiai iaoiaea.

Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea aeae?aaee/aneiai ia?aiaoeaaiey iioieia
aiaeu aa ioeuenaoeeae, i?e yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiie ia?aaioea
i?iiuaiuo aiae, oaaee/eaaao i?iioneioth niiniaiinoue
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoi?a, i?aaeioa?auaao caoeaieaiea iaaeyeaeo?iaeiiai
i?ino?ainoaa, eeeaeaee?oao canoieiua ciiu e nieaeaao ?anoiae
yeaeo?iyia?aee.

Enneaaeiaai iaoiae yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiiai ecaea/aiey aee?iauo
aauanoa ec i?iiuaiuo aiae e iieo/aia eeiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue i?ioeanna.
Enneaaeiaaia e iieo/aia eeiaoe/aneay caaeneiinoue i?ioeanna auaeaeaiey
yeaeo?ieeciiai aiaei?iaea i?e i?ioeannao yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiie
ia?aaioea aiaeu. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi yeaeo?ieeciue aiaei?iae, iieo/aaiue a
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiuo aiia?aoao, i?iyaeyao aunieea oeioe?othuea
naienoaa ioiineoaeueii aee?iauo aauanoa. I?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue
aeae?iaaiiay?inianue aeey oeioaoeeiiiiai ecaea/aiey aee?a.

A enneaaeiaaieyo ii ecaea/aieth aee?a ec aiaeu yeaeo?ioeie/aneei
iaoiaeii, auea ii?aaeaeaia caaeneiinoue yooaeoa i?ioeanna io ieioiinoe
aiiaeiiai oiea ia yeaeo?iaeao. Enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaii, /oi, i?e
caaeaiiuo enoiaeiuo eiioeaio?aoeeyo aee?a a i?iiuaiie aiaea (aei
40a/aei3), i?e cia/aieyo ieioiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai oiea aieaa 35 iA/ni 2
, yooaeo ecaea/aiey aee?iauo i?eianae ia/eiaao nieaeaoueny, /oi
iauyniyaony ia?aciaaieai oo?aoeaioiuo iioieia aiaeu aneaaenoaea ao?iiai
ia?aciaaiey aaciauo iocu?ueeia ieiei yeaeo?iaeia. Oo?aoeaioiua iioiee
i?aiyonoaotho cae?aieaieth /anoeoe aee?a ia aaciauo iocu?ueeao, /oi e
yaeyaony i?e/eiie nieaeaiey yooaeoa ecaea/aiey aee?iauo /anoeoe, ec
i?iiuaiuo aiae.

?ac?aaioai iiaue aiia?ao aeey yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiiai ecaea/aiey
aee?a ec aiaeu n i?iioneiie niiniaiinoueth aieaa 10 i3//. Eiino?oeoeey
aiia?aoa i?aaeoniao?eaaao aaoiiaoe/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea iioieia aiaeu
iiaeaaaaiuo aeey ia?aaioee a aiia?aoa e aioo?aiieo caieioouo aiaeiuo
oeeeeia, /oi iaania/eaaao yooaeoeaiinoue i?ioeanna
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiiai ecaea/aiey aee?a.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi yeaeo?ieeciue aiaei?iae, ia?acothueeny a i?ioeanna
yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeeiiiie ia?aaioee aiaeu, iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai,
aeey oooaiey iiaea?ia ac?uaii.

Ecaeaeaaiua aee?iaua aauanoaa, niaea?aeauea aeae?iieenue aethieiey,
iinea aeiiiueaiey, iiaoo auoue i?eiaiaiu eae oaoie/aneea iithuea
n?aaenoaa (ianou) aeey noe?ee neeueii caa?yciaiiie oeii/aoiaoiaaeiie
oeaie (?aai/ae iaeaaeaeu) e a no?ieoaeuenoaa aeey a?oioiaaiey
iiaa?oiinoae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaeu i?iiuaee, aee?, yeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoeey,
aiia?ao, onoaiiaea, aee?iaie eiiaeiao, ?ano?ninaa?aaathuay oaoiieiaey,
aeae?iaaiiay?inianue oeioaoeey, ooeeecaoeey.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaea?the I.A. ?ic?iaea ?ano?nicaiuaaeii? oaoiieia?? i?iieaaiiy
iaeo?ae?ciaaieo aee??a ia iniia? iaoiaeo aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe??. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
c niaoe?aeueiino? 05.18.06 – oaoiieia?y aee?o, ao??ieo ianae ?
ia?othia?ii-einiaoe/ieo i?iaeoeo?a. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaaaeaeaia ?ano?nicaiuaaeia oaoiieia?y i?iieaaiiy
iaeo?ae?ciaaieo aee??a, ui ia?aaeaa/a? caieiooee oeeee oaoiieia?/ii?
aiaee, iniiaaia ia aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai niiniao
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c i?iieaieo aiae. Aecia/aii, ui canoinoaaiiy
a?ae?aae?/iiai ci?ooaaiiy iioieo aiaee ?? ioeuenoaaiiyi, i?e
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?ei?e ia?iaoe? i?iieaieo aiae, ca?eueoo? i?iioneio
ni?iiiaei?noue aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoi?a, caiia?aa? caoeaieaiith
i?aeaeaeo?iaeiiai i?inoi?o, e?ea?aeo? cano?ei? ciie oa cieaeo? aeo?aoe
aeaeo?iaia?a??. Aeine?aeaeaii iaoiae aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai
aeeo/aiiy aee?iaeo ?a/iaei c i?iieaieo aiae oa io?eiaii e?iaoe/io
iiaeaeue i?ioeano. Aeine?aeaeaii ? io?eiaii e?iaoe/io caeaaei?noue
i?ioeano aeae?eaiiy aeaeo?ie?ciiai aiaeith i?e i?ioeanao
aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eii? ia?iaee aiaee. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaeo?ie?ciee
aiaeaiue, iaea?aeoaaiee a aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eieo aia?aoao, aeyaey?
aenie? aeanoeaino? oeiooaaiiy a?aeiinii aee?iaeo ?a/iaei. ?ic?iaeaii
iiaee aiia?ao aeey aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy aee?o c aiaee
?c i?iioneiith ni?iiiaei?noth iiiaae 10 i3/aiae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
aeaeo?ie?ciee aiaeaiue, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey aan?iiy iiaeaae
aeaooii, a io?eiai? aee?ia? ?a/iaeie, ui iynoyoue a?ae?iieneae
aethi?i?th, i?ney aeiiieeaiiy, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye oaoi?/i?
ieth/? caniae, a oaeiae a aoae?aieoeoa? aeey a?oiooaaiiy iiaa?oiiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aiaee i?iieaaiiy, aee?, aeaeo?ioeioieiaaoeyoe?y,
aiia?ao, onoaiiaea, aee?iaee eiia?iao, ?ano?nicaiuaaeia oaoiieia?y,
a?ae?iaaiiaa?inoi?o, oeioaoe?y, ooee?caoe?y.

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