18

. Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao

EOEssIAIEI IAO?I AANEEUeIAE*

OAeE 677.11.051

?IC?IAEA I?IOeANO AEAe?EAIIss AeIAAIAI AIEIEIA EUeIIO IA INIIA?
NE?AAEIAI-O?IAEUeIEO ?IAI*EO I?AAI?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.03 – ia?aeiia ia?iaea oa caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeo?a
?ineeiieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?nii – 1999?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? eoayieo eoeueoo? Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe .

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?iii?i Ieoaeei Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo eoayieo eoeueoo? OAAI

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Ea?iaoeue

?aai Iaie?aoiae/, ?inoeooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI,

caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii eueiio;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Iae?e/oe Aieiaeeie? Eiinoyioeiiae/,
Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
oaoi?/iiai na?a?no ? ?iaeaia?ii? aeieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny,
a?aeae?e

eueiio, OAAI, i. AEeoiie?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_16_”____ea?oiy__________________1999 ?.

i _10____ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ae67.052.02 i?e Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca
aae?anith: 325008, i.Oa?nii, Aa?eneaanueea oina, 24.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

( 325008 , i. Oa?nii, Aa?eneaanueea oina, 24 ).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_12_”___aa?aciy____________1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
sseei/oe ?.I.

 CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a Oe?a?i? na?aae iaoo?aeueieo ?ineeiieo aieieii
caeiathoue aieieia c noaaae eueiio.

Aeiaaa aieieii eueiio aeei?enoiaothoue aeey ae?iaieoeoaa iiaooiaeo oa
oaoi?/ieo oeaiei, ei?ioea aieieii — aeey niiiiaycaeueiiai oa
iaeoaaeueiiai oiaaaoo, i?yae? aeey iaaeaie, iaia?o oa ?ioeo ae?ia?a.

Ae?iaieoeoai aeiaaiai oa ei?ioeiai aieieia eueiio cae?enith?oueny ia
caaiaeao ia?aeiii? ia?iaee, aea ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueieo iaoei oa
iaoai?ci?a oeyoii iaoai?/ieo ae?e ?c noaaae o?anoe aeae?eythoue aieieii.
Aeiaaa aieieii a ii??aiyii? c ei?ioeei ? iaea?eueo oe?iiei, a oiio
ieoaiiy, iiaycai? c aeae?eaiiyi aenieiye?niiai aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio
ca iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiai eiai aeoiaeo ? iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie.

Ca ?nioth/ith oaoiieia??th ae?iaieoeoaa aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia
iyeueii- o?iaeueieo aa?aaaoao /IOA/ c onueiai aieieia, yea
ae?iaey?oueny, aeiaaa neeaaea? iaioa iieiaeie. Oeueiio ni?eythoue ye
iaaeineiiaea i?aeaioiaea oa?o eueiiio?anoe aei iaoai?/ii? ?? ia?a?iaee,
oae ? iaaeie?ee iyeueieo oa o?iaeueieo iaoei i?e ia?a?iaoe? o?anoe ?c
ci?iieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie. E??i oiai, iaeaaeiaiiy IOA
ia? aenieo iaoaeii?noe?noue oa aia?ai?ii?noue. Oiio iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaeaia i?iaeaiith i?aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo
aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio i?e cieaeaii? iaoaeii?noeino? oa aia?ai?iiino?
oaoi?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

 _Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. . I?e aeae?eaii? aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio
ia inioth/eo IOA nooi?iue i?iieio i’yeueiith iaoeiith o?anoe, yea, ye
i?aaeei, ia? ?icii oiceei-iaoaii/ii aeanoeainoi, ia iaeiaeiaee ?
aeoaea iecueeee (10-40), oiio ne?aoeue o o?iaeueio naeoe?th iaaeoiaeeoue
c i?aeaeuaiith aei?noe?noth. E??i oiai, aiane?aeie a?aenooiino? caoeneo
noaaae a iyeuei?e iaoei? aeayea ?o /anoeia ia iio?aiey? a caoene
o?ainii?ooth/iai iaoai?cio ia?aae o?iaiiyi.

C ?ioiai aieo, aenieioaeaeeini? aei? (9-12i/n) aee oiiaeueieo
aa?aaaiia, yei aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey caaa?oaeueii? i/enoee ne?oeth
i?ney iyeueii? iaoeie, iaio iaaacia/i? aeey caa?aaeaiiy oeieiniinoi
aeiaaeo aieieii a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aiie ia iiiaio ia?iaee aoaeooue
i/euaii aiae eino?eoei ca ?aooiie iaeneiaeueiiai ?? aeeo/aiiy aei
oiiaiiy i cia/ia /anoeia ?o aoaea ciaoiaeeoeny a caoeneo o?ainii?ooth/eo
iania, caaaeyee /iio, a i?aenoieo, aeo?ae aeiaaiai aieieia
i?aeaeueoueny.

Iaeiei ic aiaeiieo aoaeoeaieo niiniaia aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia
eueiio, yeee aeicaiey? iiaeaeueoe aiaenioie i?iieio o?anoe ia?aae
oiiaiiyi aei 60 i i?e oeueiio caaacia/eoe caoene anio noaaae ia?aae
iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi a ciio aenieioaeaee?niiai oiiaiiy ? aeeoa?aioeieiaaiee
neiaceee caei noaaae ia iioeei anoaiiaeaieo ?iai/eo e?aeeao. I?ioa
aeaiee niinia iio?aao? iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia
aeaaaeaiiy aiaeie?aieaii? eino?eoei c ciie ia?iaee i?e
iecueei-oaeaeeiniiio oa?aeoa?? ae?e ?iai/eo i?aai?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
aeeoa?aioeiaoei? .

O?aaa oaeiae a?aecia/eoe, ui aaeee? ao?aoe aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio
niinoa??aathoueny i?e iiaoi?ieo i?iioneaiiyo caeino?e/aiiai o?iaiiai
aieieia, yea iiaeia iaea?aeaoe a i?ioean? ia?a?iaee o?anoe ia IOA.
Iaei??th c aaaiieo i?e/ei, yea oeueiio ni?ey?, ? iaaeineiiae?noue
i?ioeano o?iaiiy ca ia??aiii??iei ciaeino?e/aiiyi ne?oeth eueiio ii
aeiaaeei?, iniaeeai iaaeieaaeaii? o?anoe, aiane?aeie /iai ae?eyiee o
e?i?? caoeneo /anoi caeeoathoueny caeino?e/aieie. Iiaoi?i? i?iioneaiiy
caeino?e/aiiai o?iaiiai aieieia /a?ac o?iaeuei? naeoe?? i?ecaiaeyoue aei
cia/iiai cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aa?aaaoo.

A aeai?e ?iaio? ae??oothoueny ieoaiiy iaeiaeiai aoaeoeaiiai
ciaeino?e/aiiy o?anoe c ??cieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ca
iaeia i?iioneaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo, cieaeaiiy
iaoaeii?noeino? oa aia?ai?iiino? oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? eoayieo eoeueoo? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe o 1994-1997 ?.?. ca?aeii c caaaeaiiyi “?ic?iaeoe
oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia iniia? noai?aiiy
iiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, yea aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe eiai aeo?ae”, ia?aaeaa/aiei
i?iaeoii “Eoayi? eoeueoo?e” aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie
“I?iaeiaieuenoai-95” oa aaeocaaith iaoeiai- oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith OAAI.

 _Iaoa  ?_ caaea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy  . Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy aoea
?ic?iaea niiniao iaoaii/ii? ia?iaee o?anoe eueiio, yeee ae caaacia/ea
iiaeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo c ia? aeiaaiai aieieia.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aea/aeeny oaei ieoaiiy:

-aiaeic i?e/ei iecueei? aoaeoeaiinoi ?iaioe i’yeueii? oa oiiaeueii?
iaoei i?e aeaeieaiii aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio;

-iiooe oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoeiiiaeueieo iaoaii/ieo aeie ia o?anoo;

-aeineiaeaeaiiy ?icieo oaoii/ieo i?eno?i?a aeey aeaeieaiiy c
o?anoe eueiio aeiaaiai aieieia ca aeiiiiiaith aeie aieueo
aoaeoeaiiai iecueeioaeaeeiniiai neiaceiai caeio noaaae ia ?iai/eo
e?aeeao;

-aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia i?eno?ith aeey aeaeieaiiy
aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio oeyoii aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue;

-aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiinoi ia?a?iaee o?anoe eueiio ic canoinoaaiiyi
iiaeo oaoii/ieo caoiaeia oa ?ic?iaea aeoiaeieo aeiia ia i?iaeooaaiiy
aeineiaeiiai c?acea aa?aaaoo.

 Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaia
iineiaeiaiinoue aeie ia o?anoo eueiio iecueeioaeaeeiniiai neiaceiai
caeio ia?ooiieie aoceaie i?ioyaoaaiiy a ii?aeiaiii c ne?aaeiaeie
aa?aaaiaie ia ii/aoeiaiio aoaii aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia i?e
iinooiiaiio caieueoaiii oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai oa
aenieioaeaeeinieo aeie oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoaii
eiai aeii/euaiiy.

Aia?oa aeineiaeaeaii ?iai/i i?aaie iaoaiicio i?i?ioaoei? aieieii
oa aiaeie?aieaieo eino?eiie ii aiaeiioaiith aei ?iai/eo e?aeie
ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia i?e iecueeioaeaeeiniiio oa?aeoa?i aeie.

I?e aeaeieaiii aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio aia?oa canoiniaaii i aea/aii
oiiaeueii aa?aaaie ciaioaiiai aeiaiao?o, anoaiiaeaii c iaoeeii aei
iai?yieo o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaoa?iaeo ic ciiiieie eooii iaoeeo oa
aneiao?i?th aeeueieo ieaiie.

Aea/aii aieea eiino?oeoeaieo oa oaoiieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ia i?ioean
aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ?ic?iaeaiei aenia?eiaioaeueiei
i?eno?i?i, anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueii oiiae ia?a?iaee o?anoe c ?icieie
oiceei-iaoaii/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

 _I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

Ia iiaenoaai i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaiee oaoiieiai/iee
i?ioean aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ic canoinoaaiiyi ia
ii/aoeiaiio aoaii ia?a?iaee o?anoe ii?aeiaiiy ii/a?aiaeo
iecueeioaeaeeinieo aeie ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy i aeaio ia?
ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia c aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie oa aenieioaeaeeinieo aeie
oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoaii ia?iaee i?e iinooiiaiio
caieueoaiii ii ii?i ciaeino?e/aiiy oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii
e?aeeai ?iai/eo i?aaiia, yei iiaeaeuothoue aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia ia
1,6% aaniethoieo i?e aenieiio i/eniiio aoaeoi ca iaeia i?iioneaiiy
o?anoe c ?icieie oiceei-iaoaii/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

?ic?iaeaii aeoiaeii aeiiae ia noai?aiiy aeineiaeiiai c?acea
aa?aaaoo aeey aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio, yei noaaeaii
A/aiith ?aaeith IEE (I?ioieie N9 aiae 11.09.1995 ?.), iaoeiai-oaoii/iith
?aaeith AeEA «Oe?eueiiieiiiieai?ii» (I?ioieie N4 aiae 19.12.1995 ?.) oa
i?aaenoaaeaii a Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieiai/iee
iinoeooo o?ainii?ooAIE ( i. Iaaii-O?aieianuee ).

I/ieoaaiee aeiiiii/iee aoaeo aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai
cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao ia?a?iaee o?anoe eueiio ca ?aooiie caieueoaiiy
aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia, cieaeaiiy iaoaeiiinoeinoi oa aia?ai?iiinoi
oaoiieiai/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy neeaaeaoeia 10000 a?i. ia 1000 oii o?anoe a
oeiiao1995 ?ieo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Eiiieaen iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeeiiaiee aaciina?aaeiuei ??
aaoi?ii, a oaeiae cae?eniaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
e?eoe/ia aea/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e o ae?iaieoeoai.

 _Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aieiaii iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia:

-?anioaeieainueeie iaoeiai-oaoii/iie eiioa?aioei?
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Eino?iinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoiieiai/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo, a oaeiae iiaeaia?ii-oaoii/ieo i?aoeiaieeia
eueiiicaaiaeia a 1994 ?ioei, i. Eino?iia;

-caniaeaiii iaoeiai-oaoii/ii? ?aaee AeEA «Oe?eueiiieiiiieai?ii»
a 1995 ?ioei, i Ee?a;

-caniaeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee Iinoeoooo eoa’yieo eoeueoo? o
1994-1997?ieao, i.Aeooia;

-caniaeaiii eaoaae?e ae?iaieoeoaa iaoo?aeueieo aieieii
Oa?niinueeiai iiaeono?iaeueiiai iinoeoooo a 1996 ?ioei, i.Oa?nii.

 _Ioaeieaoei?.  Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeai? o
iyoe noaooyo iaoeiaeo aeo?iae?a, iaei?e noaoo? ca??ieea iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, aeaio oacao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e oa iaeiiio iaoaio? ia
aeiao?ae.

 _No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.   Aeena?oaoeiy iinoeoue anooi,
iyoue ?icae?e?a iniiaii? /anoeie , aeniiaee e ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
ae?iaieoeoao, nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa o?e
aeiaeaoee.

Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 128 noi??iie, ?ethno?aoe??
caeiathoue 10 noi??iie, oaaeeoe?- 12 noi??iie, o?e aeiaeaoee -21
noi??ieo, nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (110 iaeiaioaaiue)-
11 noi??iie.

  INIIAIEE
CIINO

 _O anooii  ?ice?eoi aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue, aiaeii/aii iaoeiaa oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

 _O ia?oiio ?icaeiei  ioa?aeoa?eciaaii no/ania noaiiaeua
ae?iaieoeoaa aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio oa iaaaaeaii aiaeic
iaoeiai-aeineiaeieo ?iaio a aaeoci aeineiaeaeaiiy i?ioeania iethuaiiy,
i’yooy oa oiiaiiy, iiceoeaii yeinoi oa iaaeieiee iaoaii/ieo aeie, yei
canoiniaothoueny. Iaaaaeaii ?iaioe, iia’ycaii c aeaeieaiiyi aeiaaiai
aieieia eueiio niiniaii aeeoa?aioeieiaaiiai neiaceiai caeio noaaae,
aiaeii/aii eiai iiceoeaia cia/aiiy oa iaaeieiee. Aea?aii noaio
ciaeino?e/aiiy e noiniaii aei ia? cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe ciaioaiiy
iaoaeiiinoeinoi oa aia?ai?iiinoi oaoiieiai/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic aiaeiieo niiniaia aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia
eueiio iieacaa, ui a iao /an i?aeoe/ii ani eueiiicaaiaee e?a?i
niiaae?oaeiinoi oa caoiaeii? ?a?iie ia?a?iaeo o?anoe i?iaiaeyoue
o?aaeeoeieiei niiniaii — ia i’yeueii-oiiaeueieo aa?aaaoao, iaoaii/ii
aei? yeeo — iethuaiiy, i?iiei oa oiiaiiy — ni?eythoue ii?ooaiith
eiino?oeoei? noaaea oa aeaeieaiith aieieia.

C iaeyaeo ?iaio I.A.E?aaaeuenueeiai, I.I.Noneiaa, I.I.Iiaoiaa,
I.I.Aa?aaeiaa, A.E.Eociaoeiaa, A.I.Nie?iiaa oa iioeo aiaeiii, ui
iethuaiiy o?anoe eueiio — iaiaoiaeia i ei?enia iiaeaioia/a iia?aoeiy aei
i’yooy, yea ni?ey? ae?iaithaaiith iaoaii/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa?iaeo, ui
ia?a?iaey?oueny, iieaaoaiith ianooiii? iaoaii/ii? ia?iaee i
iiaeaeuaiith aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia. Iaeiae caieueoaiiy e?aoiinoi
iiia?aaeiueiai iethuaiiy ia? e iaaaoeaii noi?iie (aei?noeinoi aea?aaeie
oa aieieia ae?iaiththoueny), aianeiaeie /iai iiaeaeueoa ia?a?iaea
o?anoe iiai?oo?oueny.

C iaoeiaeo i?aoeue A.I.Nie?iiaa, I. I.Iiaoiaa,
A.I.Eyne/a, A.A.Ui/eiia, I.E.Ni?ieiia oa iioeo aiaeiii, ui
oeiiieaeooaaiiy i’yeueieo iaoei iaai?ii aaeueoeia ?iciiai i?ioieth
?eoeaiiy ia caaacia/o? aoaeoeaiiai i?iieio o?anoe eueiio ?icieo
oiceei-iaoaii/ieo aeanoeainoae. Oae,aiaenioie i?iieio oiieinoaaeiai?
o?anoe c iecueeith aiaeie?aiethaaiinoth aieieia aiae aea?aaeie ia
ia?aaeuo? 15 , a ia?aeaaeaii? oianoinoaaeiai? -40-45%.

Ie?ii oiai, aeineiaeaeaiiyie A.I.Ia?aiaiiaa oa ?.E.Iaoeia
anoaiiaeaii, ui ?eoei i’yeueieo aaeueoeia ni?eythoue ciaioaiith
aiae?icea iiae aa?oeiieie oa i?eei?aiaaeie eiioeyie noaaae, a oaeiae
aeiaeaoeiaiio ?o ?icai?ioo, aianeiaeie /iai cieaeo?oueny iiiai?iinoue
iiiaaeaiiy ne?oeth iiae caoene o?ainii?ooth/iai iaoaiicio ia?aae aoiaeii
a oiiaeueio naeoeith oa aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia.

C aiaeico aiaeiieo niiniaia iaoaii/iiai aeaeieaiiy aieieia aoei
ia?aii niinia aeeoa?aioeieiaaiiai neiaceiai caeio noaaae eueiio,
yeee iiaeaeuo? aiaenioie i?iieio o?anoe ia?aae oiiaiiyi aei 60 a
ii?iaiyiii c aaeueoeueiaeie i’yeueieie iaoeiaie. Aeaiee niinia
aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia c noaaae eueiio, eiiiiaeue oa eaiaoo
aeineiaeaeoaaee I.I.Eaaeonueeee, I.I.Iiaoia, A.I.Eyne/, A.A.Oaoeiia,
?.E.Iaoei, ?.I.Aieycaoaeiiia oa iioi. Iaeaieueo iiaii aeineiaeaeaiiy
iaeaaeaoue I.I.Eaaeonueeiio, yeee ia?iaii c iioeie aaoi?aie aiaecia/ea
eiai iniiaii ia?aaaae: ia?aeaeicaoeiy aeiaaiaieieienoeo eiiieaenia i?e
caoeneo ne?iaeie a o?ainii?ooth/iio iaoaiicii, caa?aaeaiiy oeieiniinoi
oa no?i/eiainoi aieieii i?e iecueeioaeaeeiniiio i?ioyaeiiio oa?aeoa?i
aeie, aeoaea aeia?a i/euaiiy aiae eino?eoei na?aaeiuei? /anoeie aieieia,
aianeiaeie /iai iiaeaeuo?oueny iieaciee i?iieio oa eieaiaeo?oueny iaeei
c iaaaaeaieo iaaeieieia i?ioeano oiiaiiy.

Iiaeaeuaiiy aiaenioea i?iieio ii noaii aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai
aieieia eueiio I.I.Eaaeonueeiai aeicaieeei cieceoe iioaineaiinoue aeie
oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoaii i/euaiiy aieieia aiae
eino?eoei. Oi/a, c iioiai aieo, iaoeia? i?aoe? I.I.Neaoeiaa oa
A.A.O?eoiiiaa na?ae/aoue, ui aenieioaeaeeinii aei? aee oiiaeueieo
aa?aaaiia iaio iaaacia/ii aeey caa?aaeaiiy oeieiniinoi aeiaaeo
aieieii, eiee inoaiii ia?aae oiiaiiyi iaaoaeooue iaeaieueoi?
aio/einoi ca ?aooiie iaeneiaeueiiai aeaeaeaiiy eino?eoei oa iniiaia ?o
/anoeia aoaea ciaoiaeeoeny a caoeneo o?ainii?ooth/eo iania.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e canoinoaaiii aeie aeeoa?aioeieiaaiiai neiaceiai
caeio caiinoue aeie ?eoaeue aaeueoeia i’yeueieo iaoei iaaeieiee
i?ioeano oiiaiiy (ia?iaiiii?ia iioaineaiinoue aeie ii aeiaaeeii iania
aieieia, a ioaea, i iaiaeiaeiaa i?i?iaea ?icieo eiai aeieyiie;
aenieioaeaeeinii iaeiaeeoa?aioeieiaaii aei? ?iai/eo i?aaiia ia iaoa?iae
ii aeiaaeeii aa?aaaia oa iioi) i?iyaeythoueny iaioa.

Iaeiae ia iniiai i?aoeue I.I.Eaaeonueeiai oa ?.I.Aieycaoaeiiiaa
aeyaeaiee iaaeieie i?ioyaoaaiiy noaaae /a?ac e?aeee, yeee iieyaa? o
aiaenooiinoi oiia aecia/aiiai i?i?iooaaiiy aiaeie?aieaieo eino?eiie
aeey ?o ni?eyoeeaiai aeoiaeo ic ciie ia?iaee.

I?e caaacia/aiii ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeoiaeo eino?eoei ic ciie ia?iaee
i iiaeaeueoiai caieueoaiiy aiaenioea i?iieio o?anoe c’yaey?oueny
iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoaiiy iaio iioaineaieo aeie oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia
ciaioaiiai aeiaiao?a c iaoith cieaeaiiy iaoaeiiinoeinoi oa aia?ai?iiinoi
oaoiieiai/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.O ca’yceo c oeei aoei iinoaaeaii caaaeaiiy
?ic?iaeoe i?ioean aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia iniiai aeie
aeeoa?aioeieiaaiiai neiaceiai caeio noaaae, yeee aeicaiey? caieueoeoe
aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia ca ?aooiie iiaeaeuaiiy aiaenioea i?iieio o?anoe
ia?aae oiiaiiyi i?e noai?aiii ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeoiaeo eino?eoei c ciie
ia?iaee, caa?aaeaiii oeieiniinoi aeiaaiaieieienoeo eiiieaenia oa
iiaeaeuaiii iioaineaiinoi aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia ia iaoa?iae ii ii?i eiai
ia?iaee.

 _Ae?oaee ?icaeie  i?enay/aii iaa?oiooaaiith iiaeo iaoaii/ieo
aeie aeey aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio.

Ia iniiai aeineiaeaeaiue A.A.Aeoaea??aa i?i eoo ceiio iethuaieo
noaaae eueiio, aiaeiiaiaeii aei noaie aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia
I.I.Eaaeonueeiai c ia?ooiieie aoceaie i?ioyaoaaiiy, e?ieii e?aeie
t=20ii oa ?o iioa?naeoei?th i=-3+4ii aecia/aii, ui ceii noaaae
ii/eia?oueny i?e i=01ii, oiaoi a eiioei ae?oaiai oa ia ii/aoeo
o?aoueiai aocea i?ioyaoaaiiy. Iiaiaeaeaiiy eino?eiie i?e iiaeaeueoiio
iecueeioaeaeeiniiio i?ioyaoaaiii noaaae /a?ac ia?ooiii ?iai/i e?aeee
iaaoaa? noioanoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaieo i?aoeue iiney
ii/aoeo ceiio noaaae iaie aiaecia/aia aeioeieueiinoue iaiaaeaiiy
iiaeaeueoiai ?o ciaeino?e/aiiy ia?ooiieie aoceaie i?ioyaoaaiiy oa
aaaaeaiiy iiaeo aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iai/eo i?aaiia o aeaeyaei ne?aaeiaeo
aa?aaaiia c aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie, yei a caaacia/eee oiiae ni?eyoeeaiai
aeoiaeo aiaeie?aieaieo eino?eiie ic ciie ia?iaee oeyoii i?i?iooaaiiy
?o a iieiaeaiiy, ia?aeaeueia ini noaaea i?e iinooiiaiio iiaeaeuaiii
iioaineaiinoi aeie (?en.1).

Oiieee oa? iethuaieo noaaae caoeneo?oueny ca iaeei c eiioeia a
o?ainii?ooth/iio iaoaiicii i iiaea?oueny a ciio ia?iaee anoaiiaeaieo
iiae eooii ii/a?aiaeo ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy, aeaio ia?
ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia c aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie i?e iecueeioaeaeeiniiio
oa?aeoa?i aeie ic c?inoaiiyi oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii
e?aeeai oa aenieioaeaeeinieo oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia ia caaa?oaeueiiio
aoaii i/euaiiy aieieia aiae eino?eoei.

C iaoith noai?aiiy iinoieiiai iaoyao a ianiao aieieia oa onoiaiiy
?o iaiiooaaiiy ia iiaa?oith aa?aaaiia cai?iiiiiaaii /a?aoaaiiy aeie
ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy, ne?aaeiaeo i oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia.Ia
iniiai i?aoeue I.I.Eaaeonueeiai cai?iiiiiaaii ii/a?aiai ia?ooiii aocee
i?ioyaoaaiiy, ne?aaeiai oa oiiaeueii aa?aaaie anoaiiaeoe ia aeayeiio
aiaeaeaeaiii S, aiaeiiaiaeiiio iaeii/aniie aca?iiaei? noaaea c 9-10
e?aeeaie iiae eooii 15 aei iai?yio o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaoa?iaeo.

I?eno?ie aeey aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio, noai?aiee
iaie, iacaaii OAAeAE.

Aeyaeaii aca?iica’ycie iiae oaeaeeinoyie o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa
neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai ?iai/eo i?aaiia OAAeAE. Aiaecia/aii, ui
oaeaeeinoi neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai ne?aaeiaeo Ve1 ,Ve2  oa
oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia Ve3 OAAeAE iathoue iinooiiai caieueooaaoeny ii
ii?i ciaeino?e/aiiy iaoa?iaeo i?eaeecii a a?eoiaoe/iie i?ia?ani? i?e
noia?iiio ?o cia/aiii Ve ia ?iaii oaeaeeinoi ?ooo aeeueii? ieaiee
o?aaeeoeieieo oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia Ve o?aae.

Ve1 +Ve2
+Ve3 =Ve  Veo?aae.
(1)

Ve2  2Ve1 
(2)

Ve3  3Ve1
(3)

?en. 1. Noaia i?eno?ith aeey aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio
(OAAeAE): 1-o?anoa eueiio; 2,4,6-ia?ooiii aocee i?ioyaoaaiiy; 3,5-ia?oa
oa ae?oaa ia?e ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia c aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie;
7-oiiaeueii aa?aaaie.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeio?eiaiii oiia (1),(2),(3) ca iaeiaeiai?
eieueeinoi aeie o?aaeeoeieiiai oa cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniaia aeaeieaiiy
aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio (?en.2) iioaineaiinoue aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia a
iaoiio aeiaaeeo ieae/a. Caiaeii aeineiaeaeaiue I.I.Noneiaa i?e
iaeiaeiaie eieueeinoi aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia aeuee
a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee ieae/a ?o iioaineaiinoue, a ioaea, i?e
aeei?enoaiii OAAeAE aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia iiaeia iiaeaeueoe.

I?e aeio?eiaiii oiia (1),(2),(3) eieueeinoue aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia
ia iaoa?iae i?e oaeaeeinoi eiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy iiiaae 40 i/oa
aieueoa a cai?iiiiiaaiiio niiniai aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio,
iiae o o?aaeeoeieiiio, ui iiaea aooe ?aca?aii caieueoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi iaeaaeiaiiy i?e iaeiaeiaie uieueiinoi caaaioaaeaiiy
iaoeie iaoa?iaeii.

Eieueeinoue aiaeie?aieaieo eino?eiie caieueoo?oueny i?e ia?aoiaei
aiae iaeiiai iaoaiicio a OAAeAE aei iioiai. Oiio eieueeinoue aie/aoeo
aa?iioo? ia ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiao oa eieueeinoue aieie ia aa?iioo?i
iiaeiii ocaiaeaeoaaoeny c eieueeinoth aiaeie?aieaieo eino?eiie oa
nooiaiai iiaeaioiaee iaoa?iaeo ia eiaeiiio aoaii ciaeino?e/aiiy.

Aeyaeaia iaiaoiaeia oiiaa aeey iaaeaiiy aiaeie?aieaiei
eino?eieai iai?yio ia?aeaeueii ini noaaea, caiaeii yei? aeiaaeeia
ciaoiaeaeaiiy noaaea a ciii aca?iiaei? aieee ia iiaeiia aooe iaioith ca
aeiaaeeio aeieyiee noaaea, yea aeoyao?oueny c aa?aaaiia ca iaeiaeiaee
aiae?icie /ano, oiaoi

Vo? Sin   Vo? Si n

N(————-
+ t)    ————,
(4)

   b n    n

 

aea N-eieueeinoue aie/aoeo aa?iioo? ia ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiao;

Vo?. -oaeaeeinoue o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaoa?iaeo;

   — eoo iaoeeo ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia aei iai?yieo o?ainii?ooaaiiy

iaoa?iaeo;

b — eieueeinoue ?iai/eo i?aaiia ia aa?aaaii;

n — /anoioa iaa?oaiiy ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia;

t — aeiaaeeia noaaea a ciii aei? aieee, yea i?eaeecii aei?iaith?
e?ieo

?iai/eo i?aaiia aa?aaaiia.

?en. 2. Caeaaeiinoue eieueeinoi aeie aiae /anoioe iaa?oaiiy
aa?aaaiia

Ia iniiai aeineiaeaeaiue O.A/ieaei?aa i?i aieea eooa iaoeeo aeeueieo
ieaiie oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia aeey aeaeieaiiy eoao c noaaae eaiaoo ia
iieacieee eiai aeoiaeo, caeino?e/aiinoi oa ?icuaieaiinoi, aiaeiiaiaeii
aei OAAeAE onoaiiaeaii, ui ic caieueoaiiyi eooa iaoeeo aeeueieo ieaiie
c?inoathoue noia?ii eooe ioiieaiiy aeineiaeaeoaaeueiei iaoa?iaeii
?iai/eo i?aaiia o ciii oiiaiiy i?e ?icieo eooao iiai?ioo oiiaeueieo
aa?aaaiia. Iaeneiaeueii cia/aiiy eooia ioiieaiiy i?eiaaeathoue ia
?icii aeieyiee iaoiaeaeaiiy iaoa?iaeo a ciii aca?iiaei? c iei ?iai/eo
ieaiie, ui iiaea aooe iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoeaii? ?? i?i?iaee ii anie
aeiaaeeii.

 _O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei  iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue
ii?aeiaiiy iane?iciiai oa ia?a?eaenoiai iecueeioaeaeeiniiai
aeeoa?aioeieiaaiiai neiaceiai caeio noaaae i?e aeaeieaiii aeiaaiai
aieieia eueiio. Aenaioeaii ieoaiiy iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioia
oa ia?iaee iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia, iaaaaeaii aiaeiiinoi i?i aoaeiao
eaai?aoi?ieo noaiaeia oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo i?eno?i?a, ia yeeo
i?iaiaeeeeny aeineiaee.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy niiniao aaiaeo o?anoe a ciio ia?iaee ?? ne?aaeiaeie
aa?aaaiaie i?iaiaeeeeny ia niaoeiaeueiiio eaai?aoi?iiio noaiaei.
Aianeiaeie i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeai?i ii/aoeo
ia?iaee aiae iinoey caoeneo aei aieueieo eiioeia ca iaeiaeiaiai aeoiaeo
aeiaaiai aieieia aiino eino?eoei iaeaea a o?e ?ace ieae/ee, iiae i?e
ciaeino?e/aiii o?anoe aiae eiioeia aei iinoey ?? caoeneo a
o?ainii?ooth/iio iaoaiicii. Iiaeaeueoi aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia
i?eno?i? c ii/a?aiaeie aeiyie ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy oa
o?ueio ia? ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia c iinooiiaei caieueoaiiyi eooia
ioiieaiiy noaaeii ?iai/eo i?aaiia ca ?aooiie ciiie ?o e?ieo oa
iioa?naeoei? i?e iecueeioaeaeeiniiio oa?aeoa?i aeie. Aeineiaee
canaiae/eee, ui i?e canoinoaaiii iaaaeeeeo oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy
noaaae aiaeiinii ?iai/eo i?aaiia caa?iaa?oueny oeieiniinoue
aeiaaiaieieienoeo eiiieaenia, aianeiaeie /iai aeoiae /enoiai aieieia
eueiio ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio i?eno?i? aeuee, iiae ia i’yeueii
oiiaeueiiio aa?noaoi NIO-200I. Iaeiae ia? iinoea iiaeaeuaiee aiino
eino?eoei o aieieii. Iaeaieueo aoaeoeaii i/euo?oueny na?aaeiy /anoeia
noaaea i iaio aoaeoeaii — eiioeaai eiai ciie. Aiaecia/aii, ui aeey
?iaiiii?iiai i/euaiiy iaoa?iaeo aiae eino?eoei ii aeiaaeeii iaiaoiaeii
caaa?oaeueio ia?iaeo eiai caeienieoe aenieioaeaeeinieie aeiyie.

 _*aoaa?oee ?icaeie   i?enay/aii aeeeaaeaiith aeineiaeaeaiue,
iia’ycaieo c aecia/aiiyi iioeiaeueieo aa?iaioia ?iaioe OAAeAE oa aieeao
?icieo oaeoi?ia ia ?acoeueoaoe ia?a?iaee ?ioaioeaai? o?anoe eueiio
ii?aeiaiiyi iecueeioaeaeeinieo aeie ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy i
aeaio ia? ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia c aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie ia ii/aoeiaiio
aoaii aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia oa aenieioaeaeeinieo aeie oiiaeueieo
aa?aaaiia — ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoaii i?e iinooiiaiio caieueoaiii
oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai aa?aaaiia.

. Aianeiaeie i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iieacaii, ui i?e
?iciiuaiii caiinoue o?aouei? ia?e ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia — oiiaeueieo
iaeiai aeiaiao?o i caieueoaiii /anoioe iaa?oaiiy inoaiiio aei 600 oa-1
i?e eooi iaoeeo aeeueieo ieaiie 15 a?aaeonia aeoiae aeiaaiai
aieieia eueiio ciaioo?oueny iacia/ii, a oie /an ye aiino eino?eoei
cieaeo?oueny aieueoa, iiae a o?e ?ace i anoaiiaeth?oueny ia ?iaii
aiaeiai/ieo iieacieeia i?e ia?a?iaoei ?ioaioeaai? o?anoe ia NIO-200I.

Eieueeinoue aaeanoo, aeaeaeaiiai i?e ia?a?iaoei ?ioaioeaai? o?anoe
eueiio c ?icieie aeanoeainoyie ia?ooiieie ?iai/eie i?aaiaie oa aeaiia
ia?aie ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia ia?aae caaa?oaeueiei i/euaiiyi ne?oeth
oiiaeueieie aa?aaaiaie, iiaeaeuo?oueny a ii?iaiyiii c ?aiioa
?icaeyiooeie niiniaaie aei 60-75%.

Iioeiaeueii oaeaeeinoi neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai ne?aaeiaeo oa
oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia i?e aeaeieaiii aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia OAAeAE c
iiia?aaeiuei iethuaii? ?ioaioeaai? o?anoe:

— aeey ia?oi? ia?e ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia — 1,4-1,5 i/n;

— aeey ae?oai? ia?e — 4,5-5,0 i/n;

— aeey ia?e oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia — 5,7-6,0 i/n.

Iieacaii, ui i?e iinooiiaiio caieueoaiii oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy
iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai aa?aaaiia ca oiaeii ia?iaee (OAAeAE) aeoiae
aeiaaiai aieieia i?e ciaeino?e/aiii aeaa’yoe ?icieo ca aeiaiao?ii oa
nooiaiai aeeaaeoaaiiy ia?oie ?ioaioeaai? o?anoe eueiio caieueoo?oueny a
ii?iaiyiii c ia?a?iaeith aiaeiai/ieo ia?oie ne?iaeie ia NIO-200I
(oaae.1).

Aea/aia aeeiaiiea ?iciiaeieo ei?ioeeo o?aeoeie aieieia ii
ia?aoiaeai ia?a?iaee o?anoe eueiio.

Aeyaeaii, ui /a?aoaaiiy aeie ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy,
ne?aaeiaeo oa oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia caaacia/o? aoaeoeaia i/euaiiy aiae
eino?eoei anio cii aeineiaeaeoaaeueiiai iaoa?iaeo ii aeiaaeeii.

Onoaiiaeaii caeaaeiinoi aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio i
aiinoo eino?eoei a iueiio aiae ?yaeo oaoiieiai/ieo oa eiino?oeoeaieo
oaeoi?ia (oaeaeeinoi o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaoa?iaeo, uieueiinoi oa
ia?iaiiii?iinoi ca uieueiinoth caaaioaaeaiiy o?ainii?ooth/iai iaoaiicio,
aieiainoi ne?iaeie, e?aoiinoi iethuaiiy noaaae aei ia?a?iaee ia OAAeAE,
?icoaooaaiiy aieie ia aa?iioo?i, /anoioe iaa?oaiiy, eooa iaoeeo aeeueieo
ieaiie, aneiao?i? i iioa?naeoei? e?aeie oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia oa iioeo).

 _O i’yoiio ?icaeiei   iaaaaeaii oaoiiei-aeiiiii/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieiai/ii? noaie OAAeAE.

Ia iniiai i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioia oa aiaeico ?iaioe i?eno?ith aeey
aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia noaaei? ?ic?iaee aeoiaeieo aeiia
ia i?iaeooaaiiy aeineiaeiiai c?acea aa?aaaoo c?iaeaii aeiiiii/iee
?ic?aooiie eiai aoaeoeaiinoi, yea neeaaea?oueny c oaeeo noaoae:

-caieueoaiiy aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia ia iaio, iiae ia 1,6%
aaniethoieo i?e ia?a?iaoei ?icieo ca oiceei-iaoaii/ieie aeanoeainoyie
ia?oie ne?iaeie;

-cieaeaiiy aia?ai?iiinoi oaoiieiai/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia 30%;

-cieaeaiiy iaoaeiiinoeinoi aieueo ye o aeaa ?ace.

Aeiiiii/iee aoaeo aiae ia?a?iaee 1000 oii o?anoe neeaaeaoeia 10000 a?i.
o oeiiao 1995 ?ieo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Cia/aiiy iieacieeia aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia i aiinoo eino?eoei
i?e ia?a?iaoei o?anoe ?iciiai

aeiaiao?o oa nooiaiy aeeaaeoaaiiy

IieacieeAaee/eia ci?iieo oaeoi??aAe?aiao? noaaae, ii1,081,291,58Ai?no
aieieia a noaaeao, %32,8927,3527,21Iieaciee a?aeie?aieth-aaiino?,
oi.iae.4,456,086,915,536,197,585,507,708,90Aeo?ae aieieia, %
(NIO-200I)31,36

1,0330,04

1,3325,78

1,9323,76

0,7222,19

0,9322,14

1,0517,98

1,3319,76

0,8818,61

1,65Aeo?ae aieieia, % (OAAeAE)31,36

1,0730,35

0,6527,15

1,4524,26

1,1224,10

0,8822,30

1,1221,40

1,3221,77

0,8718,42

1,61Ai?no eino?eoe?, % (NIO-200I)3,22

1,181,34

0,610,76

0,300,52

0,230,27

0,060,21

0,100,90

0,420,48

0,100,16

0,09Ai?no eino?eoe?, % (OAAeAE)1,05

0,231,68

0,341,09

0,190,90

0,220,55

0,180,58

0,130,58

0,160,37

0,150,60

0,18

  AENIIAEE

1. I?ioean aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia inioth/eo
aa?aaaoao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iecueeith aoaeoeaiinoth i?iieio o?anoe c
?icieie oiceei-iaoaii/ieie aeanoeainoyie a i’yeueiie iaoeii,
ia?iaiiii?iith iioaineaiinoth aeie, a ioaea, e iaiaeiaeiaei nooiaiai
i/euaiiy ?icieo ii aeiaaeeii aeieyiie aieieia oa iaeith
aeeoa?aioeiaoei?th aenieioaeaeeinieo aeie aee oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia, yei
ni?e/eiythoue cieaeaiiy aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia.

2. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui c iaoith iiaeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia
eueiio iaiaoiaeii caaacia/eoe iaeaieueo aoaeoeaia aeaeieaiiy
eino?eoei c o?anoe ?icieo aeanoeainoae ia?aae oiiaiiyi i?e iaaeieiiio
caoeneo ne?iaeie a o?ainii?ooth/iio iaoaiicii, caaacia/oth/e i?e
oeueiio oeieiniinoue aeiaaiaieieienoeo eiiieaenia, uia iiaeaeueo?
aenieioaeaeeinii aei? aee oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia iaioa ?oeioaaee aeiaai
aieieia.

Aeey iiaeaeuaiiy aiaenioea i?iieio ne?oeth ia?aae oiiaiiyi
aeioeieueii canoiniaoaaoe caiinoue aaeueoeueiai? i’yeueii? iaoeie aei?
iecueeioaeaeeiniiai aeeoa?aioeieiaaiiai neiaceiai caeio noaaae
iaaeiei e?aeie, i?e yeeo aoaeoeaii i/euathoueny aeieyiee iiaeeco
caoeneo iaoa?iaeo i noai?ththoueny ni?eyoeeai oiiae aeey aeoiaeo
eino?eoei c ciie ia?iaee.

3. ?ic?iaeaia i?eioeeiiai iiaa noaia i?eno?ith aeey aeaeieaiiy
aeiaaiai aieieia c o?anoe eueiio (OAAeAE) ic canoinoaaiiyi ia
ii/aoeiaiio aoaii ia?ooiieo aoceia i?ioyaoaaiiy oa aeaio ia? ne?aaeiaeo
aa?aaaiia c aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie i?e iecueeioaeaeeiniiio oa?aeoa?i aeie
?iai/eo i?aaiia ia iaoa?iae, a ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoaii —
aenieioaeaeeinieo oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia.

4. Oai?aoe/ii onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iaeiaeiaie eieueeinoi aeie
?iai/eo i?aaiia ia iaoa?iae ?o iioaineaiinoue o ?ic?iaeaiiio i?eno?i?
ieae/a, iiae i?e o?aaeeoeieiiio niiniai, ui aeicaiey? iiaeaeueoe
aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia.

? iiaeeeainoue caieueoaiiy i?iioneii? caeaoiinoi o?anoe ca
?aooiie iiaeaeuaiiy oaeaeeinoi o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaoa?iaeo ca ?iaieo
cia/aiue uieueiinoi caaaioaaeaiiy.

5. Aeiaaaeaia aeioeieueiinoue anoaiiaeaiiy ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiia c
aie/aoeie aa?iioo?aie c iaoith nai?/aniiai aeaiaeo aiaeie?aieaieo
eino?eiie ic ciie ia?iaee, ui oaeiae aeicaiey? iiaeaeueoe aeoiae
aeiaaiai aieieia. Eieueeinoue aie/aoeo aa?iioo? ia ne?aaeiaeo aa?aaaiao
iiaeiia ocaiaeaeoaaoeny c eieueeinoth aiaeie?aieaieo eino?eiie oa
nooiaiai iiaeaioiaee iaoa?iaeo ia eiaeiiio aoaii ciaeino?e/aiiy.

6. Aiaeiiaiaeii aei ?ic?iaeaiiai i?ioeano aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai
aieieia eueiio onoaiiaeaii, ui ic caieueoaiiyi eooa iaoeeo aeeueieo
ieaiie oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia c?inoathoue noia?ii eooe ioiieaiiy
iaoa?iaeii e?aeie a ciii oiiaiiy, a ioaea, i iioaineaiinoue aeie.
Iaeneiaeueii cia/aiiy eooia ioiieaiiy i?eiaaeathoue ia ?icii aeieyiee
aieieii a ciii aca?iiaei? c ieie ?iai/eo ieaiie, ui ? ia?aaeoiiaith
aoaeoeaii? ?o i?i?iaee ii anie aeiaaeeii i?e oiiaiii.

7. C iaoith iaea?aeaiiy iioeiaeueieo ?acoeueoaoia ia?a?iaee
o?anoe eueiio, iioaineaiinoue aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia ii ii?i aeaeaeaiiy
eino?eiie iiaeiia iinooiiai caieueooaaoeny.

8. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeineiaeaeaiiyie iieacaii, ui
aeeoa?aioeiaoeiy aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia ia iaoa?iae ca ?aooiie
iinooiiaiai caieueoaiiy eooia ioiieaiiy oa oaeaeeinoae neiacaiiy
iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai aa?aaaiia ca oiaeii ciaeino?e/aiiy o?anoe c ?icieie
oiceei-iaoaii/ieie aeanoeainoyie caaacia/o? iiaeaeuaiiy aiaenioea
i?iieio ne?oeth ia?aae oiiaiiyi aei 60-75 o ii?iaiyiii c i’yeueiith
iaoeiith oa aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia ia 1,6% aaniethoieo.

9. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii aeoiaeii aeiiae ia
iiaee aa?aaao aeey aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio, yei noaaeaii
A/aiith ?aaeith IEE oa iaoeiai-oaoii/iith ?aaeith AeEA
«Oe?eueiiieiiiieai?ii».

Aeoiaeii aeiiae ca ?ioaiiyi AeEA «Oe?eueiiieiiiieai?ii»
i?aaenoaaeaii a Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieiai/iee
iinoeooo o?ainii?oo AIE (i.Iaaii-O?aieianuee) aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
aeineiaeiiai c?acea aa?aaaoo.

10. I/ieoaaiee aeiiiii/iee aoaeo aiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ae?iaieoeoai cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao ia?a?iaee o?anoe eueiio ca ?aooiie
caieueoaiiy aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia, cieaeaiiy iaoaeiiinoeinoi oa
aia?ai?iiinoi oaoiieiai/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy neeaaeaoeia 10000 a?i. ia 1000
o. o?anoe a oeiiao 1995 ?ieo.

  NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA
OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., A?iiia A.A., Eoeueyiaiei I.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
i?ioeanna auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eiiiiee n eniieueciaaieai
?acee/iuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo ono?ienoa. — Na. Iao/ii-enneaae. o?oaeu
AIEEEE. «Oaoiieiaey aicaeaeuaaiey e ia?aaioee eiiiiee». -Aeooia . —
1991. -N.69-84.

2. Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., Eoeueyiaiei I.A. I/enoea iaaei?aaioaiiiai
aeeeiiiai aieieia eiiiiee //Oaoie/aneea eoeueoo?u. — 1993.- N2.-N.19.

3. Eoeueyiaiei I.A., Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., Oeiiiei I.A.
Aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiia i?ioaneeaaiea noaaeae o?anou eueia ia ono?ienoaa n
iiaeaeaeiuie e iaiiaeaeaeiuie ?aai/eie e?iieaie //Ainiee aa?a?ii?
iaoee, — Ee?a. -1995.- N6.-N.91-96.

4. Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., Eoeueyiaiei I.A. Aa?aaao aeey ia?a?aaioee
eueia//Eueiyiia aeaei. — 1995. — N4.-N.26-27.

5. Eoe’yiaiei I.A., Aieycaoaeiiia ?.I. Oaeaeeinii ?aaeeie ?iaioe
ne?aaeiaeo i oiiaeueieo aa?aaaiia o i?eno?i? c ?ooiieie oa ia?ooiieie
?iai/eie i?aaiaie // Ainiee aa?a?ii? iaoee, Ee?a. — 1997.
-N2.-N.44-46.

6. Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., EoeueyiaieiI.A. Auaeaeaiea aieieia eueia
iiauie ?aai/eie i?aaiaie // Eca.aocia. Oaoiieiaey oaenoeeueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe.-1997.-N 1.-N.20-23.

7. Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., Eoeueyiaiei I.A.Cayaea N95114047/12 «Niinia
auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eueia e aa?aaao aeey aai inouanoaeaiey»
(iieiaeeoaeueiia ?aoaiea), — Iineaa, — 1997.

8. Aeeycaoaeeiia ?.I., Eoeueyiaiei I.A., ?ya/aiei A.I. E
aii?ino auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eueia iao?aaeeoeeiiiuie niiniaaie//
?anioaeeeaineay iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey «Iooe niaa?oainoaiaaiey
oaoiieiaee e iai?oaeiaaiey a eueiyiie io?anee oaenoeeueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe (Eai-94)»: Oac. aeiee.-Eino?iia, Ecae.- ai Eino?iineiai
oaoiie. einoeoooa, 1994.-N.12-13.

9. Eoe’yiaiei I.A., Aieycaoaeiiia ?.I. Aei ieoaiiy aeaeieaiiy
aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio c canoinoaaiiyi iecueeioaeaeeinieo oa
aenieioaeaeeinieo aeie ?iai/eo i?aaiia.//Iiaeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioeiy iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoeiaeinoia «Ianeiaeee iaoeiaeo
iiooeia iieiaeeo a/aieo-aa?a?ieeia a oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy AIE».:
Oac.aeii. — *aaaie, 1996. -N.128.

AIIOAOeIss

Eoe’yiaiei I.A. ?ic?iaea i?ioeano aeae?eaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ia
iniia? ne?aaeiai-o?iaeueieo ?iai/eo i?aai?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
?c niaoe?aeueiino? 05.18.03 — Ia?aeiia ia?iaea oa caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeo?a
?ineeiieoeoaa. – Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii,
1999.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien, yeee iinoeoue oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeineiaeaeaiiy a aaeoci aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio, a naia —
iiaeaeuaiiy eiai aeoiaeo.

?ic?iaeaiee i?ioean aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio ic
canoinoaaiiyi aeie iecueeioaeaeeiniiai neiaceiai caeio ia?ooiieo aoceia
i?ioyaoaaiiy a ii?aeiaiii ic ne?aaeiaeie aa?aaaiaie c aieue/aoeie
aa?iioo?aie ia ii/aoeiaiio aoaii i?e iinooiiaiio caieueoaiii oaeaeeinoae
neiacaiiy iaoa?iaeo ii e?aeeai oa aenieioaeaeeinieo aeie oiiaeueieo
aa?aaaiia ia caaa?oaeueiiio aoaii iaoaii/ii? ia?iaee. Aiaenioie i?iieio
o?anoe eueiio c ?icieie oiceei-iaoaii/ieie aeanoeainoyie ia?aae
caaa?oaeueiith ?? ia?iaeith oiiaiiyi iiaeaeuo?oueny aei 60 — 75 .

Aeoiae aeiaaiai aieieia ic canoinoaaiiyi ii?aeiaiiy aeie
iecueeioaeaeeiniiai oa aenieioaeaeeiniiai neiaceiai caeio iiaeaeuo?oueny
ia 1,6 % (aaniethoieo) o ii?iaiyiii c o?aaeeoeieiei niiniaii eiai
aeaeieaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii aeoiaeii aeiiae ia i?iaeooaaiiy aeineiaeiiai c?acea
aa?aaaoo aeey aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia eueiio,yei ca ?ioaiiyi
AeEA»Oe?eueiiieiiiieai?ii» iiaeaii aei i?iaeoii? i?aaiicaoei?.

Eeth/iai neiaa: o?anoa eueiio, aeaeieaiiy aeiaaiai aieieia,
aeeoa?aioeieiaaiee neiaceee caei, iecueeioaeaeeinii oa aenieioaeaeeinii
aei?, aiaenioie i?iieio o?anoe, iiaeaeuaiiy aeoiaeo aeiaaiai aieieia.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eoeueyiaiei I. A. ?ac?aaioea i?ioeanna auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia
eueia ia iniiaa ne?aaeiai-o?aiaeueiuo ?aai/eo i?aaiia.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.03 — Ia?ae/iay ia?aaioea e o?aiaiea i?iaeoeoia
?anoaieaaiaenoaa. — Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Oa?nii, 1999.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneea e
yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey a iaeanoe auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia
eueia, a eiaiii iiauoaiey aai auoiaea.

?ac?aaioai i?ioeann auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eueia n eniieueciaaieai
aicaeaenoaee ieceinei?inoiiai neieuecyuaai ecaeaa iaiiaeaeaeiuo oceia
i?ioaneeaaiey a ni/aoaiee ni ne?aaeiauie aa?aaaiaie n eaieue/aouie
aa?ieoo?aie ia ia/aeueiii yoaia e aunieinei?inoiuo aicaeaenoaee
o?aiaeueiuo aa?aaaiia ia caaa?oathuai yoaia iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee.

Onoaiiaeaia acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo nei?inoyie o?ainii?oe?iaaiey e
neieueaeaiey iaoa?eaea ii e?iieai ?aai/eo i?aaiia ?ac?aaioaiiiai
ono?ienoaa. Ioia/aii, /oi nei?inoe neieueaeaiey iaoa?eaea ii e?iieai
ne?aaeiauo e o?aiaeueiuo aa?aaaiia aeieaeiu iinoaiaiii iiauoaoueny ii
ia?a iaaneino?eaaiey iaoa?eaea i?eia?ii a a?eoiaoe/aneie i?ia?annee i?e
noiia?iii eo cia/aiee ia o?iaia nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey aeeueiie ieaiee
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo o?aiaeueiuo aa?aaaiia.

I?e iaeeiaeiaii eiee/anoaa aicaeaenoaee o?aaeeoeeiiiiai e
i?aaeeiaeaiiiai niiniaia auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eueia
eioaineaiinoue aicaeaenoaee ?aai/eo i?aaiia a iaoai neo/aa ieaea, a
neaaeiaaoaeueii, niaeanii enneaaeiaaieyi I.I.Noneiaa, iiaeii iiauneoue
auoiae aeeeiiiai aieieia.

Eiee/anoai aicaeaenoaee ?aai/eo i?aaiia ia iaoa?eae i?e nei?inoe aai
o?ainii?oe?iaaiey nauoa 40 i/iei aieueoa a i?aaeeiaeaiiii niiniaa
auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eueia, /ai a o?aaeeoeeiiiii, /oi iiaeao
auoue ?aca?aii oaaee/aiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe iai?oaeiaaiey i?e
iaeeiaeiaie ieioiinoe caa?ocee iaoeiu iaoa?eaeii.

Onoaiiaeaii iaiaoiaeeiia oneiaea acaeiiaeaenoaey eaieie n ioaeaeaiiie
eino?eieie, niaeanii eioi?iio aeeeia noaaey, iaoiaeyuayny a ciia
acaeiiaeaenoaey eaieee ia aeieaeia auoue iaiueoa aeeeiu o/anoea noaaey,
auoaneeaaaiiai ec aa?aaaiia ca iaeeiaeiaue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie.

Eiee/anoai aaeeanoa, oaeaeaiiiai i?e ia?a?aaioea noeaioeaaie o?anou
eueia n ?acee/iuie naienoaaie iaiiaeaeaeiuie ?aai/eie i?aaiaie e aeaoiy
ia?aie ne?aaeiauo aa?aaaiia ia?aae caeeth/eoaeueiie i/enoeie nu?oea
o?aiaeueiuie aa?aaaiaie, iiauoaaony a n?aaiaiee n nouanoaothueie
niiniaaie aei 60 — 75 %.

I?e oaaee/aiee oaea iaeeiia aeeueiuo ieaiie aic?anoatho noiia?iua oaeu
iaoaaoa enneaaeoaiui iaoa?eaeii ?aai/eo i?aaiia a ciia o?aiaiey i?e
?acee/iuo oaeao iiai?ioa o?aiaeueiuo aa?aaaiia. Iaeneiaeueiua cia/aiey
oaeia iaoaaoa i?eoiaeyony ia ?acee/iua o/anoee iaoiaeaeaiey iaoa?eaea a
ciia acaeiiaeaenoaey n iei ?aai/eo ieaiie, /oi iiaeao auoue
iiaeoaa?aeaeaieai yooaeoeaiie aai i?i?aaioee ii anae aeeeia.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie iiaeoaa?aeaeaii, /oi /a?aaeiaaiea
iaiiaeaeaeiuo oceia i?ioaneeaaiey, ne?aaeiauo e o?aiaeueiuo aa?aaaiia
iaania/eaaao yooaeoeaioth i/enoeo io eino?u anao o/anoeia enneaaeoaiiai
iaoa?eaea ii aeeeia.

I?e iinoaiaiiii oaaee/aiee nei?inoae neieueaeaiey iaoa?eaea ii e?iieai
aa?aaaiia ii oiaeo ia?aaioee e ni/aoaiee aicaeaenoaee ieceinei?inoiiai e
aunieinei?inoiiai neieuecyuaai ecaeaa auoiae aeeeiiiai aieieia i?e
iaaneino?eaaiee aeaayoe ?acee/iuo ii aeeaiao?o e noaiaie aueaaeee ia?oee
noeaioeaaie o?anou eueia oaaee/eaaaony a n?aaiaiee n ia?a?aaioeie
aiaeiae/iuo ia?oee nu?uey ia iyeueii-o?aiaeueiii noaiea NIO-200I ia 1,6
% (aaniethoiuo) aac o/aoa iiaoi?iuo i?iioneia iaaei?aaioaiiiai aieieia,
iieo/aaiiai ca o?aaeeoeeiiiie oaoiieiaeae.

?ac?aaioaiu enoiaeiua o?aaiaaiey ia i?iaeoe?iaaiea iiuoiiai ia?acoea
aa?aaaoa aeey auaeaeaiey aeeeiiiai aieieia eueia, eioi?ua ii ?aoaieth
“Oe?eueiieiiiieai?ii” i?aaenoaaeaiu a i?iaeoioth i?aaiecaoeeth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa : o?anoa eueia, auaeaeaiea aeeeiiiai aieieia,
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiue neieuecyuee ecaea, ieceinei?inoiua e
aunieinei?inoiua aicaeaenoaey,i?ioeaio oieia o?anou , iiauoaiea auoiaea
aeeeiiiai aieieia.

SUMMARY

Lukjanenko P.V. Elaboration of the process of long flax fibre on
the dase of sccraper-scutching working organs. – Manuscript.

The thesis for application of science degree of technical science
candidate on speciality 05.18.03 — Primary processing and storage of
products plant-growing. — Khersonsky State Technical University,
Kherson, 1999.

A paper, which contains theoretical and experimental researches in the
field of extraction of long flax fibre, namely yield is being raised.

The process of the extraction of long flax fibre with influences of
low-speed sliding bend of immovable needle-shaped sets on initial stage
by gradual increase of speeds of sliding material on adgas and
high-speed influences of scutching drums on the final stage of
mechanical treatment was worked out.Percentage of well worked up flax
stock with different physico-mechanical properties before final
treatment of scutching was raised up to 60-75.

Yield of long fibre from application of combination of influences
of low-speed and high-speed sliding bend in comparison with
traditional method of extraction was raised by 1,6% (abs).

The initial requisitions on designing of model production of unit
for extraction of long flax fibre were worked out us and by conclusion
of SCA «Ukrflaxhampindustry» submitted to projectal organization.

Key words: flax stock, long fibre extraction, differenciational
sliding bend, low-speed and high-speed influences, percentage of well
worked up stock, the encrease of long fibre yield.

 

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