6

oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aa?a?ieo iaoe

?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii?

aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie

_______________________________________________________

A?ea Iaoae?y Aaea???aia

OAeE 619:616.98:578.825.1:616.98:578.831.1:616-076

?ic?iaea iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa oai?iae
Iuetheanea ca aeiiiiiaith oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a

16.00.03 — aaoa?eia?ia i?e?ia?ieia?y oa a??onieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o ?inoeooo? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaae?i Aaea??e
Oaaei?iae/, ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a
?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e OAAI
E?ani?eia Aaiiaae?e Aiae??eiae/, ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii?
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? iaoiii?oieia??

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe Iai?ea? ?ai? ?ai?aae/, Iieoaanueeee
aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, a. i. aeioeaioa eaoaae?e
?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a i?e?ia?ieia??,
a??onieia?? oa ciieia??, i. A?ea Oea?eaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_22_”___/a?aiy___ 1999 ?. i _17-00_ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.359.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI (310023,
Oa?e?a-23, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 83)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI (310023,
Oa?e?a-23, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 83).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_20__” __o?aaiy__ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Eiia?aeaanueeee E.?.

CAAAEUeIA oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae ?ioaeoe?eieo oai?ia o ioao?aieoeoa? a oeae
/an iathoue iniaeeaa aeiiii?/ia cia/aiiy ?ioaeoe?eiee ea?eiaio?aoa?o
(?EO) ? iuetheanenueea oai?iaa (IO) (Iaeiaii e ae?., 1985; Gork et al.,
1989; King, 1996).

O ca’yceo c oe?ieei ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi caoai?thaaiue a??onii? ao?ieia??
ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi i?e i?iaaaeaii? caoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee ?
e?ea?aeaoe?? ?EO oa IO caeeoa?oueny nai?/ania iinoaiiaea ae?aaiico.
Aaeeeo ?ieue ia? aeni?an-ae?aaiinoeea, iniaeeai i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
cia/ii? e?eueeino? i?ia iaoieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo a?ae oaa?ei c ??cieie
oi?iaie i?iyao oai?iae, a oaeiae iaeiiiiiaioia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iaio
caoaeiee?a (Nth??i, *enoiaa, 1962).

Iaoiaee i?enei?aii? eaai?aoi?ii? ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eieo oai?ia
?icaeaathoueny ia iniia? eeane/ieo noai a??onieia?/iiai aiae?co, ye?
caiaeyoueny aei aeae?eaiiy ?cieyoo a??ono c ianooiiith ?aeaioeo?eaoe??th
ca a?ieia?/ieie, ii?oieia?/ieie oa aioeaaiieie aeanoeainoyie.
Aaaaoiaoaii?noue oeeo ?ia?o iaoiiaeth? ?o o?eaae?noue ? i?aeoe/ii
aeeeth/a? aeni?ani?noue, yea a caaeiaieueiyea i?aeoeeo (Adair et al.,
1989; Cadman et al., 1997).

?iiae? iaiiaeeea?noue aeaoaeoe?? a??oniiai aioeaaio o iaoieia?/iiio
iaoa??ae? iia’ycaia ia c iecueeith /ooeea?noth ae?aaiinoe/ii? iaoiaeeee,
a c a?aenooi?noth o ?aaeoe?ei?e noi?o? iioeiaeueieo e?eueeinoae ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiue ?ioii?aaaaio?a, aiane?aeie /iai iaa?oue i?e ooai?aii?
eiiieaeno aioeaai–aioeo?ei aai o?enaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a ia eiiieaen?
aioeaai–aioeo?ei, iae?ineii?/ia ?aaeoe?y (aaiaaethoeiaoe?y,
i?aoeei?oaoe?y aai iaeo?ae?caoe?y) iiaea ia i?iyaeoeny. E??i oiai,
cia/iei iaaeie?eii oeeo ?aaeoe?e ? ianoaa?euei?noue ?, o ?yae?
aeiaaee?a, ianiaoeeo?/i?noue io?eiaieo aeaieo. O naith /a?ao
a?aenooi?noue iiaeeeaino? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iae?eo ?acoeueoao?a
aiinyoue noa’?eoea?ci o ?o ioe?ieo (Toth et al., 1977).

Iaeiei c iiaeeeaeo iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie ? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a (IOC), yeee
aeicaiey? oaeaeei aeyaeoe caoaeieea oa aea? iiaeeea?noue iinoaaeoe
caeeth/iee ae?aaiic i?ioyaii 1 aiaeeie (Shibata et al., 1991; Williams
et al., 1992).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaia oaia
aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?AEAI OAAI, cie?aia, aei
ca?a?no?iaaii? iaoeiai? oaiaoeee 07.08. “?ic?iaeoe eiiieaeniee iaa??
aeey ae?aaiinoeee a??onieo caoai?thaaiue ioeoe? ca aeiiiiiaith
oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U000760).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue: ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa???
ae?aaiinoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a aeey
?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a ?EO oa IO o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ioeoe? oa
i?iaanoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo ?? a?aeiinii ?nioth/eo eaai?aoi?ieo
oano?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iio??aii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

– aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? iiii- oa ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae;

– aecia/eoe aieea oaiia?aoo?e eoeueoeaoaaiiy ia a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino?
a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo;

– aea/eoe ??ai? iaeiie/aiiy a??ono ?EO (A?EO) i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? c
a??onii IO (AIO);

– io?eiaoe eiiiiiaioe ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaai?o aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? iuetheanenueei? oai?iae iaoiaeii
oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a;

– i?iaanoe i?aea?? ciiae?a oa oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiae OC aeey ?iaeeeaoe??
a??on?a ?EO ? IO;

– ii??aiyoe ae?aaiinoe/io aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a
c ?nioth/eie eaai?aoi?ieie oanoaie (?OA, ?AA, ?CAA).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? aeey
ae?aaiinoeee anioe?eiaaieo ?ioaeoe?e (?EO oa IO) o eo?ae cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoiae OC.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai
ca oioiiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie oeoi?anoeaioiiai ciiaeo AeNI-13.

Aea/aii aeeiai?eo oa iniaeeaino? iaeiie/aiiy a??on?a ?EO oa IO i?e
ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe
iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aeei?enoaiiy
oeoi?anoeaioiiai ciiaeo AeNI-13 c iaoith aeyaeaiiy caoaeiee?a ?EO ? IO
ioeoe?. Aeaioiaeaii eiiiiiaioe, ui aoiaeyoue aei ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaai?o
aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? aeacaieo ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
OC.

Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a o ii??aiyii? ?c
noaiaea?oieie ?aaeoe?yie (?AA, ?CAA, ?OA oa ?i.) i?enei?th? oa?i?i
ae?aaiinoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo
oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae o 10–12 ?ac?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i eiai
aeni?ani?noue ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aaoa?eia?i?e neoaea?
nai?/anii ia o?eueee iinoaaeoe ae?aaiic, aea e i?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie
ai?ciioe/ii? neooaoe??.

Aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ?
iuetheanenueei? oai?iae a oiiaao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eaai?aoi??e
?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo “Oei/aniai? ianoaiiae ii ae?aaiinoeoe? ?EO ? IO ca
aeiiiiiaith oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a”.

Aecia/aia oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue aaeoeeiiiai ooaio AIAe?OI-O
(noaa?euei?noue ?ai?iaeoeoe?? i?e 39 N) aianaia aei oaoiieia?/iiai
?aaeaiaioo aeaioiaeaiiy aeeai? a??on-aaeoeeie i?ioe ?EO (OO O
46.15.304-98).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii iiai?noth ? naiino?eii
aeeiiaii aanue ianya iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo ?ia?o, niinoa?aaeaiue ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaia ?o noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea. Ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaioii noi?ioeueiaai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

– aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? iiii- oa ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae;

– io?eiaoe eiiiiiaioe ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaai?o aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? iuetheanenueei? oai?iae iaoiaeii
oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a;

– ii??aiyoe ae?aaiinoe/io aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a
c ?nioth/eie eaai?aoi?ieie oanoaie (?OA, ?AA, ?CAA).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa ai?iaiaai? ia:

– can?aeaiiyo oa ca?oieo nan?yo A/aii? ?aaee ?AEAI OAAI 1997-1998 ??.
(ii ?icaeyaeo iaoa??ae?a ??/ieo ca?o?a ? ii ?acoeueoaoai ani??aioo?e);

– can?aeaiiyo iaoiaee/ii? ?aaee ?AEAI OAAI (1996–1998 ??.);

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ae?aaiinoeea oai?ia
ioeoe?” (22–24 eeiiy 1997 ?., i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee);

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie aaoa?eia?ii?
iaoee a Oe?a?i?: caeiaooee oa i?iaeaie” (24–26 aa?aniy 1997 ?., i.
Oa?e?a);

– i?iaaaeai? i?aeeaai?aoi?i? eii?n?ei? aei?iaoaaiiy “Niiniao ?iaeeeaoe??
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? iuetheanenueei? oai?iae iaoiaeii
oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a”, ye? ioi?ieai? a?aeiia?aeieie aeieoiaioaie.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeeeaaeai? ia 138 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? i?noyoue anooi,
iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, aeani? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i?
i?iiiceoe??, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoee. Nienie
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 169 aeaea?ae, a oiio /ene? 70 –
?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 20 oaaeeoeyie oa 13 ?enoieaie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 iaoeia? ?iaioe o
oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

aeani? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee. O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee:

1. Eoeueoo?e ee?oei: NIAA (eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ee
naeiae); IIE-66a (eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ie ii?inyo);
INAE-30 (eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ee nea??nueeiai
a??nueeiai eica?iao); OAE (ia?aeiii o?einei?ciaaia eoeueoo?a
o?a?iaeano?a eo?y/eo aia??ii?a); AIE-21 (eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i??
ee?oei ie?ee iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai n???enueeiai oiiy/ea); IE (eoeueoo?a
ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ee aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae); Vero
(eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ee caeaii? iaaie); IE
(eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei iaeaee-?acona); IO (eoeueoo?a
ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ee oaeyo); Hep-2 (eoeueoo?a
ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ai?oae?i?aeiiai ?aeo ai?oai? ethaeeie);
Hela (eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ai?oae?i?aeiiai ?aeo oeeee
iaoee ethaeeie); RH (eoeueoo?a ia?auaiethaaii? e?i?? ee?oei ie?ee
aia??iia ethaeeie).

2. A??one: iuetheanenueei? oai?iae, aaeoeeiiee ooai Ea-Nioa;
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo, ooaie: a??oeaioiee A ? aaeoeeiiee
AIAe?OI-O; ei?iiaa??on A?O; ?ioaa??on iaai.

3. A?ia??ioii? niaoeeo?/i? ne?iaaoee: aei a??on?a iuetheanenueei?
oai?iae oa ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ioeoe?, ?ioaa??ono iaai;
ei?iiaa??ono A?O, aia??iiaeueia A?O oa ii?iaeueia a?ae e?ie?a ? ioeoe?,
yeeo oo?eioaaee a oiiaao, aeecueeeo aei NIO.

4. Oeoi?anoeaioi? ciiaee aeaio ?yae?a:

1) eoia?eiia?: IAeE; OOE; AOE; OOIE; AOIE; iaoien?eoia?ei;

2) i??ei?aeeiia?: AeNI; AeNI-6; AeNI-1; AeNI-13; AeII-2.

5. Eaai?aoi?i? oaa?eie oa ?io? a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe. I?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?ae?a aoei aeei?enoaii 30 eo?/ao 90–110-aeaiiiai a?eo, 1 eica, 21
e?ieee, 3 i?aiy, 2500 eo?y/eo aia??ii?a 9–10-aeaiii? ?ieoaaoe??.

Ia?iaea ?ioaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo. Aeey a??onieia?/ieo ? na?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aioeaaio a??ono ?EO (ooaie A oa AIAe?OI-O) a?ae
aenia?eiaioaeueii ca?aaeaii? ioeoe? (eo?/ao 90–110-aeaiiiai a?eo)
a?aeae?aee c?acee oeaiei i?aai?a aeeoaiiy (o?aoay, a?iioe, eaaai? ?
iia?o?yiini? i?oo?e), ye? caa??aaee i?e oaiia?aoo?? i?ion 12–18 N. I?e
oanooaaii? a??ono c?acee iaoiaoa??aeo ia?iaeyee oeyoii noniaiaeoaaiiy o
?ic/ei? Oaiena ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

A??onieia?/i? iaoiaee. Eoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a ?EO ? IO ia eo?y/eo
aia??iiao, ye? ?icaeaathoueny. A??on iuetheanenueei? oai?iae
eoeueoeaoaaee ia 9-aeiaiaeo aia??iiao, yeeo ca?aaeaee o aeaioi?nio
ii?iaeieio o aeic? 0,2 ni3 oa ?ieoaoaaee i?ioyaii 72 aiaeei i?e +37 oa
+39 N. Eoeueoeaoaaiiy a??ono ?EO cae?enithaaee ia 10–11-aeaiieo eo?y/eo
aia??iiao; ca?aaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia oi??iiaeaioi?nio iaieiieo o ia’?i?
0,2 ni3, a ?ieoaaoe?th – i?ioyaii 120 aiaeei i?e +37 oa +39 N.

Ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a ?EO (aaeoeeiiee ? a??oeaioiee ooaie) oa IO
(ooai Ea-Nioa). Ni?aeoeueoeaaoe?th cae?enithaaee ia a?inenoai? – eo?y/ee
aia??ii, c aei?iaoaaiiyi aeaio iaoiae?a. Ca ia?oei iaoiaeii (iaoiae ?)
aeei?enoiaoaaee noi?o iaeiaeiaeo aeanyoe?aciaeo ?icaaaeaiue (10-1–10-7)
eiaeiiai a??ono, yeith ?io?eoaaee aia??iie c iiaeaeueoith ?ieoaaoe??th
i?ioyaii 72 oa 120 aiaeei ? aeae? a?aoiaoaaee e?ioeaaee oeo?
aaiaaethoeiaoe?? aeey eiaeiiai a??ono. Ca ae?oaei iaoiaeii (iaoiae ??)
aeei?enoiaoaaee noi?o ??aieo ia’?i?a iecueeiai ?icaaaeaiiy iaeiiai
a??ono c ??aieie ia’?iaie 10-?aciaeo ?icaaaeaiue ?ioiai. Oa?i?i
?ieoaaoe?? – ye i?e iaoiae? ?.

Ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ca oaeeie iieacieeaie:

– aeeiai?ea caaeaae? eo?y/eo aia??ii?a;

– oa?aeoa? ci?i ia OAI oa aia??ii? aeey eiaeiiai a??ono;

– iayai?noue aai a?aenooi?noue aaiaaethoeiaoe??;

– ?iaeeeaoe?y caoaeiee?a ca aeaieie ?CAA, IOC, ?OA.

Na?ieia?/i? iaoiaee. Aeey aeyaeaiiy a??on?a ?EO oa IO aoee aeei?enoai?:
?AA, ?CAA, ?OA, IOC.

I/enoea ? eiioeaio?aoe?y a??on?a ?EO ? IO. Aeey i/enoee ?
eiioeaio?oaaiiy a??on?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo canoiniaoaaee
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? o a??onieia?? iaoiaee. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaee
??ci? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie (o?aii-113, 10%-aee noeueoao aiii?th, oei?ioi?i
(1:3)), a oaeiae oeueo?aoeaio?eooaoaaiiy (oeaio?eooaa ?N-6).

Aecia/aiiy aioeaai?a a??on?a ?EO ? IA ca aeiiiiiaith oeoi?anoeaioieo
ciiae?a. I?iaaaeaiiy oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaeaeinue c 2-o aoai?a:
eiio?ieueii? oeoi?iiao??? ee?oei oa ?iaeeeaoe?? a??on?a ca IOC.

Eiio?ieueia oeoi?iiao??y ?ioaeoieo ee?oei. Aei 0,5 ni3 noniaic??
eoeueoo?e aeine?aeaeoaaieo ee?oei ia na?aaeiaeu? 199 c ai?noii 1 iei.
ee?oei/ni3 aeiaeaaaee 0,1 ni3 10%-aiai aiaeiiai ?ic/eio ciiaeo AeNI-13
aei e?ioeaai? eiioeaio?aoe?? 20 ieI, i?ney /iai ?ieoaoaaee 15–20 oaeeei
i?e +37 N c iiaeaeueoith oeoi?iiao???th ca aeiiiiiaith ethi?ianoeaioiiai
i?e?ineiia ETHIAI 1-1 c oioiiao?e/iith ianaaeeith OIAE-1A. Ca iaeeieoeth
aei??o oeoi?anoeaioe?? i?eeiaee na?aaei? cia/aiiy oeoi?anoeaioe?? 10–20
ee?oei (F) (Aeia?aoeia, 1989).

Aecia/aiiy aioeaaio a??ono ?EO ca aeiiiiiaith OC. Aei 0,5 ni3 noniaic??
iaei??? c aeine?aeaeoaaieo eoeueoo? ee?oei aeiaeaaaee 0,2 ni3 i?iae, yeo
eiio?iethaaee, noi?o ?ieoaoaaee 30 oaeeei i?e +37 N, i?ney /iai aiineee
0,1 ni3 aiaeiiai ?ic/eio iaeiiai c ciiae?a. A iiaeaeueoiio i?iaiaeeee
oeoi?iiao??th. Aaee/eia aei??thaaiiy oeoi?anoeaioe?? oiiaia, aiia
ae?aaea?oueny o iA. ?ic?aoiaoaaee na?aaeith a?eoiaoe/io aaee/eio
oeoi?anoeaioe?? 10 ee?oei aenia?eiaioaeueii? i?iae – wmetafile8?
??c???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @A???&??yyyy?????Ay®y?i ???&? ?MathType??
????u????????????-?????Z?@????Z?j???u@th??????E=wmetafile8
? ??c???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @A???&??yyyy?????Ay®y?i ???&? ?MathType??
????u????????????-?????Z?@????Z?j???u@th??????Cia/aiiy
iieacieea ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? E, yea aei??aithaaei 1,5 aai
aeua na?ae/eei i?i iayai?noue a??ono o aeine?aeaeoaai?e i?ia?.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?/iino? aeyaeaiiai ?ioaeoe?eiiai aaaioa
aeei?enoiaoaaee aiii- oa aaoa?ieia?/i? a?ia??ioii? ne?iaaoee o
a?aeiia?aeiiio ?icaaaeaii?. C oe??th iaoith aei 0,1 ni3 i?iae aeiaeaaaee
0,1 ni3 niaoeeo?/ii? ne?iaaoee oa 0,5 ni3 ee?oeiii? noniaic??. Io?eiaio
noi?o ?ieoaoaaee i?ioyaii 30 oaeeei i?e 37 N, iio?i aeiaeaaaee 0,1 ni3
?ic/eio oeoi?anoeaioiiai ciiaeo ? i?iaiaeeee oeoi?iiao??th ca
aeuaaeacaiith iaoiaeeeith. Iayai?noue a??on?a aaaaea?oueny aeiaaaeaiith
i?e cia/aii? iieacieea ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? E ieae/a 1,5.

Aecia/aiiy aioeaaio a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ca aeiiiiiaith OC.
Iaoiaeeea aiaeia?/ia aeuaiienai?e uiaei aeyaeaiiy aioeaaio a??ono
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo c o??th eeoa ??cieoeath, ui aeey
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?/iino? aeei?enoiaoaaee aiiieia?/io ne?iaaoeo.

Iaoiaee noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a noaoenoe/ii
ia?iaeyee ia eiii’thoa?? oeio IBM PC/AO, c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo i?ia?ai
“Stadia” (1992 ?.).

?ACOEUeOAOE aeine?aeaeaiue

Aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae a??ono ?EO. I?e aea/aii? a?ieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
iniaeeaino? iae?ineii?/ieo ci?i ia OAI, aeeeeeai? ?iciiiaeaiiyi
caoaeieea, caeaaeaoue a?ae aeice ? ooaio a??ono. Oae, i?e aaaaeaii?
eo?y/ei aia??iiai a iaeiaeia?e aeic? ooai A coiiaethaaa ooai?aiiy
aaeeeeo aiaieu iae?ico, a oie /an ye aaeoeeiiee ooai – a?eueo ae??aieo
aoceee?a aai ?o iiaio a?aenooi?noue i?e cia/i?e cii? iaa?yeo o i?noe?
aaaaeaiiy a??ono.

Ui noino?oueny iaoiaaiiino? a??ono o a?aeiioaii? aei eo?y/eo aia??ii?a,
ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui i?e ca?aaeaii? ooaiii A ?a?no?oaaee i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy caaeaae? aia??ii?a ?c ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? i?iaaaeaieo
ianaae?a, oa i?aeaeuaiiyi ?ioaeoe?eiiai oeo?o a??ono c 5,3 aei 6,8 lg
A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3. ?ioaeoe?eiee oeo? aaeoeeiiiai ooaio ca?eueooaaany c 4,7
aei 5,7 lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3 ? i?e iiaeaeueoiio eoeueoeaoaaii? i?aeaeuaiiy
oeo?o ia niinoa??aaee.

Iaeii/anii aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e na??eiiio ianaaeoaaii? i?e +37 N
a?aeaoaaeinue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaeiie/aiiy a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo o?eueee aei 3–4 ianaae?a.

A oie aea /an aoei eiinoaoiaaii, ui eoeueoeaoaaiiy iaio ooai?a a??ono
?EO i?e oaiia?aoo?? +39 N noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino?
a??ono ooaio A ia 2 lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3, a ooaio AIAe?OI-O – ia 1,3 lg
A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3 o ii??aiyii? c eoeueoeaoaaiiyi i?e +37 N.

?ioaeoe?eia aeoeai?noue a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo i?e
caa??aaii? OAI, a?ae?a?aieo a?ae ca?aaeaieo aia??ii?a, o aeaioi?ni?e
??aeei?, a oaeiae o aeaeyae? 10%-ai? noniaic?? ia o?c?ieia?/iiio ?ic/ei?
i?e aaaaoi?aciaiio caii?iaeoaaii? – a?aeoathaaii? (oaiia?aoo?a i?ion
12 N) cieaeoaaeanue ia 2–3 lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3. Iioeiaeueia
caa?aaeai?noue aeoeaiino? a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo i?ioyaii
6 i?nyoe?a aoea ca?a?no?iaaia i?e oaiia?aoo?? i?ion 18 N.

I?e aea/aii? aaiaaethoeioth/eo aeanoeainoae caoaeieea ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo (ooai AIAe?OI-O) aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioyaii 3
ianaae?a aaiaaethoeioth/a aeoeai?noue eiai c?inoaea c iiaeaeueoith
noaa?e?caoe??th. E??i oiai, aoei cao?eniaaii a?eueo aenieee oeo?
aaiaaethoei?i?a a??ono i?e oaiia?aoo?? eoeueoeaoaaiiy ?io?eiaaieo
aia??ii?a +39 N o ii??aiyii? c +37 N (a?aeiia?aeii 3,21130,12 oa
2,20750,12 lg).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui caaeaaeue aia??ii?a caeaaeaea a?ae aeice ca?aaeaiiy ?
ooaio a??ono. Oae, aaeoeeiiee ooai AIAe?OI-O o oeo?? 4,5 lg A?Ae
50/0,2 ni3 aeeeeeaa

caaeaaeue 20% ?io?eiaaieo aia??ii?a, a ooai A i?e aeic? ca?aaeaiiy 4,3
lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3 – 80%.

Ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ?
iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?ae?a
ii ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiith aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iae?ineii?/i? ci?ie o
aeaeyae? aaeeeeo ? ae??aieo iae?ioe/ieo ae?eyiie ia oi??iiaeaioi?nieo
iaieiieao, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ?icaeoeo a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo, aecia/aee o?eueee o aia??ii?a, ca?aaeaieo a??onii
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo iaoeaiei (5,3 lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3) ? o
?icaaaeaii? aei 10-3 (2,3 lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3). O aeueo ?icaaaeaiiyo (aei
10-5, 0,3 lg A?Ae 50/0,2 ni3) niinoa??aaee iae?ioe/i? ae?eyiee ?ici??ii
a?ae 2 aei 3 ii c ciiith iaa?yeo o i?noe? ?iieoeyoe?? a??ono aai
a?aenooi?noue iiae?aieo o?aaeaiue.

Iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe, ui i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? a??on?a aia??iie
cia/ii a?aenoaaaee o ?icaeoeo a?ae ca?iaee?a, ca?aaeaieo iaeiei ?c
a??on?a, a iniaeeai a?ae eiio?ieueieo.

sse na?ae/aoue io?eiai? aeai?, i?e ?iieoeyoe?? iaoeaiiai a??ono
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae o ?icaaaeaiiyo
100–10-5 eieeaaiiy caaeaae? eo?y/eo aia??ii?a noaiiaeee a?ae 100 aei
20%. Ii i??? ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo o ?iieoeueiaai?e noi?o? ??aaiue iaoiaaiiino? aeey
ca?iaee?a cieaeoaaany. Cie?aia, i?e aaaaeaii? noi?o?, yea aeeth/aea
a??on ?EO o ?icaaaeaii? 10-1–10-2 oa a??on IO – 10-3–10-5, caaeaaeue
aia??ii?a ia ?a?no?oaaee. Aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? i?e ca?aaeaii?
ca?iaee?a caoaeieeii ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei?
oai?iae a?aeiia?aeii o eiioeaio?aoe?? 10-3–10-5 oa 10-1–10-5. Iaoa??aee
aea/aiiy iaoiaaiiino? caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ?
iuetheanenueei? oai?iae i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? a a?inenoai? iiaeai? o
oaaeeoe? 1.

Aeae?eaiiy a??on?a i?ney ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy. I?ney ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy
a??on?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae,
iaoa??ae c aia??ii?a aeine?aeaeoaaee o ?CAA aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae, a i?e
a?aenooiino? iaeiiai c aioeaai?a, aeiaeaoeiai – o ?OA ? IOC, a oaeiae ia
EA i?ney ia?iaee iaoa??aeo ne?iaaoeith, aiiieia?/iith aeae?eaiiio
a??ono. I?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? o a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?ia
anoaiiaeaii iaeiie/aiiy iaio a??on?a. Aeeeth/aiiy neeaee noi?o?, a yeeo
ia aoei aeyaeaii caoaeieea ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo (aeeth/aee
ianooii? ?icaaaeaiiy: 100–10-3 A?EO oa 10-7 –AIO; 10-5, 10-6 –A?EO oa
100–10-2 – AIO; 10-6 – A?EO ? AIO), a oaeiae caoaeieea iuetheanenueei?
oai?iae (100–10-3 – A?EO oa 10-7 – AIO). I?ney ?iieoeyoe?? a??ono
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo o ?icaaaeaii? 10-6, a a??ono
iuetheanenueei? oai?iae – 10-7 o c?aceao ia aoei aeyaeaii aeiaeiiai c
ieo. Cacia/ai? aeaii? iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aea/aiiy iaoiaaiiino? a??on?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo
?iuetheanenueei? oai?iae i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao,ui
?icaeaathoueny (Fm)

?icaa-

aeaiiy a?-

?ono ?EO?icaaaeaiiy a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae

? a?aenioie caaeaeeo
aia??ii?a100%10-1%10-2%10-3%10-4%10-5%10010/101005/51005/2405/1205/1205/
12010-110/101005/4805/2405/005/005/0010-210/5505/1205/1205/005/005/0010-
310/3305/005/005/005/005/0010-410/2205/005/005/005/005/0010-510/1105/005
/005/005/005/00I?ei?oee: 1. *enaeueiee – e?euee?noue ?io?eiaaieo
aia??ii?a.2. Ciaiaiiee – e?euee?noue caaeaeeo aia??ii?a.

Oaaeeoey 2

?acoeueoaoe aeyaeaiiy a??on?a ?EO oa IO i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii?

?icaaaeaiiy

A?EO?icaaaeaiiy a??ono
IO10010-110-210-310-410-510-610-7100CaaeaaeueCaaeaaeue?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO
?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/–10-1CaaeaaeueCaaeaaeue?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO
/–10-2?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/–10-3?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO
/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/–10-4?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO
?EO/IO?EO/–10-5–/IO–/IO–/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/–10-6–/IO–/IO–/IO
?EO/IO?EO/IO?EO/IO–/IO–/–I?ei?oee:1.?EO/IO – ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a
ca iaoiaeeeith ?.

2. ?EO/IO – ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a ca iaoiaeeeith II.

3. «–» – a??on ia aeyaeaii.

Oeo?e aaiaaethoei?i?a i?ney ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyeenue
a?ae oeo??a i?e iiiieoeueoeaoaaii? ye a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo, oae ? a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae. Na?aaeiy
aaiiao?e/ia oeo?o aaiaaethoei?i?a a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo
i?e iiiieoeueoeaoaaii? aoea 5,90,3 lig2, a i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? neeaea
5,770,02 lig2, a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae – 9,970,02 lig2 ? 9,730,02
lig2, a?aeiia?aeii.

I?eeiath/e aei oaaae aeuacacia/aia, iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

1. I?e i?iaaaeaii? ni?eueiiai eoeueoeaoaaiiy a??on?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? iuetheanenueei? oai?iae o iaei?e a?ieia?/i?e nenoai?
ia ca?a?no?iaaii i?iyao ?ioa?oa?aioe?? i?ae /an ?o ?aie?eaoe??. Iaeiae
aoei a?aei?/aii, ui aia??iie, ca?aaeai? iaiia a??onaie, cia/ii
a?aenoaaaee o ?icaeoeo a ii??aiyii? ?c ca?iaeeaie, ?io?eiaaieie iaeiei c
ieo, oa iniaeeai c eiio?ieueieie.

2. ?iieoeyoe?y noi?o?, aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeee a??on ?EO o ?icaaaeaii?
10-3–10-4 oa IO o ?icaaaeaii? 10-1–10-5, ia aeeeeeaea caaeaae? eo?y/eo
aia??ii?a. I?eeiath/e aei oaaae, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeyaeyeenue
iaeaeaa caoaeieee, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?o ?icaaaeaiue iiaeia aaaaeaoe
iioeiaeueieie aeey ca?aaeaiiy ca?iaee?a c iaoith iiaeaeueoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ii ?ic?iaoe? anioe?eiaaii? aaeoeeie i?ioe ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae.

Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?EO ? IO.
I?aea?? oeoi?anoeaioii? ?a/iaeie ? aecia/aiiy ?? ?iai/i? eiioeaio?aoe??.
C o?aooaaiiyi aenia?eiaio?a ii aea/aiith ?ioaineaiino? na?/aiiy
na?aeii?eaioiaeaieo ciiae?a iaea?eueo i?eaeaoieie c aei?iaoaaieo
oeoi?io?ii?a aoee AeNI-1, AeNI-13 ? AeII-2.

*a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a caa??aaiiy i?e +4 N o oaiiiio i?noe? aoei aecia/aii, ui
o ?icaaaeaii? 10-1 I iieacieee na?o?iiy an?o ?ic/ei?a aeacaieo ciiae?a
ia ci?ithaaeenue. Oioiiao?e/i? iieacieee oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a
i??ei?aeeiiaiai ?yaeo cia/ii cieceeenue o ii??aiyii? c ii/aoeiaith
oeoi?anoeaioe??th, a naia: o ?icaaaeaii? 10-3 I ciiae AeNI-1 ciecea
na?o?iiy o 5,5 ?ac?a, a AeNI-13 – o 1,4 ?ace, AeII-2 – a 30 ?ac?a. Oaeei
/eiii, iaea?eueo noaa?eueiei ciiaeii aeyaeany AeNI-13. O caceo c oei, ui
AeII-2 cia/ii ciecea naith aeoeai?noue, oiaoi aoa iano?eeei oeo?io?iiii,
aeae? eiai o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia aeei?enoiaoaaee.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaeueoeo aenia?eiaio?a anoaiiaeaii, ui e?ioeaaa
eiioeaio?aoe?y oeoi?anoeaioieo ?a/iaei aeey AeNI-1 neeaea 14 ieI, a aeey
AeNI-13 – 20 ieI.

I?aea?? ca aeiiiiiaith oeoi?anoeaioiiai ciiaeo oano-eoeueoo? aeey
?iaeeeaoe?? a??ono ?EO ? IO. Aei a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ? a??ono
?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo aeyaeeenue /ooeeaeie o?e e?i?? eoeueoo?
ee?oei: IIE-66a, NIAA ? INAE-30. Ia?aaaaa aoea a?aeaeaia eoeueoo??
ee?oei NIAA, oiio ui aiia iaea?eueo inai?ia oa iioe?aia a ?iaio?
ae?iaie/eo eaai?aoi??e.

Aecia/aiiy niaoeeo?/iino? ne?iaaoie aei A?EO ? AIO. I?eioeei
aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?/iino? a?ia??ioiieo ne?iaaoie iieyaaa o oiio, ui
o ?acoeueoao? iaeo?ae?caoe?? a??ono niaoeeo?/ieie aioeo?eaie, caoaeiee
ao?a/aa caeaoi?noue ca’ycoaaoeny c ?aoeaioi?aie ee?oeie. I?e oeueiio
noai iaia?ai ee?oei-i?oai?a ia ci?ithaaany ? iieaciee ?ioaineaiino?
oeoi?anoeaioe?? (E) ia ia?aaeuoaaa eiio?ieueiiai cia/aiiy. O aeiaaeeo
a?aenooiino? o ne?iaaooe? niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e, iaeo?ae?caoe?? a??ono ia
a?aeaoaaeinue, aioeaai ni?aoaaany ia ?aoeaioi?e ieaciieaie, ui
i?ecaiaeeei aei ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i ee?oei ? iieaciee ?ioaineaiino?
oeoi?anoeaioe?? E aei??aithaaa aai ia?aaeuoaaa 1,5. Iaoa??aee oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaenoaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 3.

Oaaeeoey 3

?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy niaoeeo?/iino? a?ia??ioiieo ne?iaaoieaei a??on?a
?EO ? IO iaoiaeii oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a o NIAA

Oa?aeoa?enoeea

aeine?aeaeoaaiiai

iaoa??aeoAeine?aeaeoaai? a??oneIaaa-

oeaiee

aioeaai?EO (aae-

oeeiiee)?EO

(A)IO?ioa-

(iaai)Ei?iia-

(A?O)Aac ne?iaaoee1,021,781,962,111,621,56Aia??iiaeueia

ne?iaaoea A?O1,041,831,922,031,571,60Niaoeeo?/ia

ne?iaaoea aei ?EO1,071,10*1,04*2,001,561,58Niaoeeo?/ia

ne?iaaoea aei IO1,061,851,901,15*1,631,55Niaoeeo?/ia ne?iaaoea

aei ?ioaa??on?a iaai1,021,811,932,161,03*1,64Niaoeeo?/ia ne?iaaoea

aei ei?iiaa??on?a A?O1,051,891,962,051,591,02*Eoeueoo?a ee?oei

aac a??ono1,01,01,01,01,01,0I?ei?oea. * — cieaeaiiy iieacieea
?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? E o c?aceao, ye? i?noyoue a??on ?
aiiieia?/io ne?iaaoeo.

?iaeeeaoe?y ? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y a??on?a ?EO ? IO iaoiaeii OC o
?ioaeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae?. I?e ?iaeeeaoe?? a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
ea?eiaio?aoa?oo iaoiaeii oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a o c?aceao iaoieia?/iiai
iaoa??aeo, io?eiaiiai a?ae ca?aaeaieo aia??ii?a ? aenia?eiaioaeueii
?io?eiaaieo eo?/ao (oiaoi o i?iaao, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeea iaoa??ae,
ui i?noeoue a??on, ? ii?iaeueia ne?iaaoea) iieaciee E eieeaaany a?ae
1,75 aei 5,09. Na?aaei?e iieaciee E ia?oi? aea??ee (I) – 2,4, na?aaeiy
noaoenoe/ia iiieeea (m) – 0,09, aeenia?n?y (S2) – 0,39, t=2,0.

I?ney aianaiiy niaoeeo?/ii? ne?iaaoee na?aaei?e iieaciee ?ioaineaiino?
oeoi?anoeaioe?? E neeaa 1,57, na?aaeiy noaoenoe/ia iiieeea – 0,06,
aeenia?n?y – 0,2, t=2,0.

Aiaeia?/i? aenia?eiaioe aoee i?iaaaeai? ii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a??ono
iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ?c iaoiaoa??aeo ?io?eiaaieo aia??ii?a. Oae, ca
?acoeueoaoaie oioiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c?ace?a iaoiaoa??aeo c
ii?iaeueiith ne?iaaoeith, na?aaei?e iieaciee ?ioaineaiino?
oeoi?anoeaioe?? (E) neeaa 2,6, na?aaeiy noaoenoe/ia iiieeea – 0,2,
aeenia?n?y – 1,25, t=2,0, a i?ney aca?iiae?? c niaoeeo?/iith
ne?iaaoeith: na?aaei?e iieaciee ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? (E) aoa
1,4, na?aaeiy noaoenoe/ia iiieeea – 0,09, aeenia?n?y – 0,3, t=2,0.

Iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iieaciee ?ioaineaiino? na?o?iiy (E)
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iae, yea i?noeoue a??on ?EO aai IO, i?ney aca?iiae??
?c niaoeeo?/iith ne?iaaoeith cieaeoaaany o 1,5 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoia??i?noue niaoeeo?/ii aeyaeaiiai a??oniiai aaaioa.
Eiia??i?noue iiieeee a oeueiio aeiaaeeo neeaaea? 0,01%.

Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a
aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? ? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo
? a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue eiai niaoeeo?/i?noue
? /ooeea?noue. E??i oiai, ca oaeaee?noth io?eiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a oeae
iaoiae iiaeia a?aeianoe aei eaoaai??? aeni?an-iaoiae?a. Iaei??th c
iiceoeaieo iniaeeainoae iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a ? oaeiae
iiaeeea?noue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caoaeiee?a ia o?eueee i?e iiii-, a e i?e
anioe?eiaaieo caoai?thaaiiyo.

Aecia/aiiy ae?aaiinoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a o
ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie eaai?aoi?ieie oanoaie. Iaoa??aee ii??aiyeueii?
ioe?iee eaai?aoi?ieo oano?a: ?OA, IOC, ?CAA oa ?cieyoe?? a??ono ?EO o
a?ieia?/i?e nenoai? iiaeai? o oaaeeoe? 4.

Oaaeeoey 4

Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?OA, IOC ? ?CAA o ii??aiyii? c aeae?eaiiyia??ono
?EO ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao, ui ?icaeaathoueny

?aaeoe?y

iaoiae?aIiceoea-

ieo i?iaIaaaoea-

ieo i?iaAnueiaiA?aenioie ni?aiaae?iiyIiceoeai?/

Iaaaoeai?AnueiaiAeae?eaiiy a??ono ia EA682896?OA
+6687497,11,7289,63,31* –2202271,44,64IOC +5815985,33,6388,53,48
–10273796,41,91?CAA +3674352,95,1259,36,56 –32215375,04,44P < 0,05 I?ei?oea.  – e?euee?noue iiceoeaieo aai iaaaoeaieo c?ace?a, ye? ni?aiaee c aiaeia?/ieie i?iaaie i?e aeae?eaii? a??ono ia EA. C i?eaaaeaieo o oaaeeoe? 4 aeaieo aeaeii, ui iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee ni?aiaae?iiy ?acoeueoao?a a?aei?/ai? i?e ?cieyoe?? a??ono ?EO ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao ? aeei?enoaii? ?ioiioa?iaioiiai aiae?co: 89,63,31%, a oaeiae iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a ? aeae?eaiiy a??ono ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao – 88,53,48%. sse aa/eii, a?aenioie ni?aiaae?iiy ?ioiioa?iaioiiai aiae?co ? iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a ia ia? a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? (i?e p<0,05). Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui a?aenioie iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oeeo aeaio iaoiae?a o ii??aiyii? c aeae?eaiiyi ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao nooo?ai a?ae??ciyany: ?ioiioa?iaioiee aiae?c – 71,44,64% ? iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a – 96,41,91%. Oae, c 28 iaaaoeaieo i?ia i?e aeae?eaii? ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao ? o ?ioiioa?iaioiiio aiae?c? ni?aiaei o?eueee 20 (71,4%), a o iaoiae? oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a – 27 i?ia (96,4%). Oaeei /eiii, i?e aeine?aeaeaii? c?ace?a o IOC ? io?eiaii? iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui i?iaa ia i?noeoue a??oniiai aioeaaio. Ni?aiaae?iiy ?acoeueoao?a ?aaeoe?? cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe?? ? aeae?eaiiy ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao iaaeniea, a naia: i?e iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoaoao 52,95,12% oa iaaaoeaieo 75,04,44%, ui iiaeia iiynieoe eiai iaeiaioith /ooeea?noth. ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyiiy ni?aiaae?iue iiceoeaieo ? iaaaoeaieo ?aaeoe?e i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? IO iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 5. Oaaeeoey 5 Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?CAA ? IOC o ii??aiyii? c aeae?eaiiyia??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao OanoIiceoea- ieo i?iaIaaaoea- ieo i?iaAnueiaiA?aenioie ni?aiaae?iueIiceoeai?/ Iaaaoeai?AnueiaiAeae?eaiiy a??ono ia EA831194?CAA +3644043,45,153,55,2 –4775463,65,25IOC +6516678,35,084,63,7 –18102890,93,0I?ei?oea.  – e?euee?noue iiceoeaieo aai iaaaoeaieo c?ace?a, ye? ni?aiaee c aiaeia?/ieie i?iaaie i?e aeae?eaii? a??ono ia EA. sse aeaeii c i?aaenoaaeaieo o oaaeeoe? aeaiieo, a?aenioie ni?aiaae?iue iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a o ?aaeoe?? cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe?? neeaa 43,45,1%, a o iaoiae? oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a – 78,35,0%. Ni?aiaae?iiy iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a o oeeo iaoiae?a aeaui aeua, i?ae iiceoeaieo, a naia: o ?aaeoe?? cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe?? – 63,65,25%, o iaoiae? oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a – 90,93,0%. Caaaeueia ni?aiaae?iiy ?acoeueoao?a ?aaeoe?? cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe?? aoei 53,55,2%, a iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a – 84,63,7%. Ocaaaeueithth/e aeuaaeeeaaeaia, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe, ui c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy eiia??iino? aecia/aiiy ae?aaiico, ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia iaioa aeaio oano?a (cie?aia, iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a) aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy eiaeii? i?iae, uia aeeeth/eoe iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a. sse a?aeiii, aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? iaoiaee: ?aaeoe?th cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe??, ?ioiioa?iaioiee aiae?c, aeae?eaiiy ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao ? iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a. Iaie i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea eiaeiiai c oeeo iaoiae?a ca o?noueiia e?eoa??yie ii aeanyoeaaeuei?e oeae?. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 6. Oaaeeoey 6 Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee ?EO ? IO Iaoiae*ooee- a?noueNiaoee- o?/i?noueAeiii- i?/i?noueOaeae- e?noueI?in- oioaAeinooi- i?noueAnueiai, aae?a?CAA35535728?OA77462228Aeae?eaiiy a??ono ia EA910212529OC77384433Io?eiai? aeaii? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ?aaeoe?y cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe?? oi/a ? iinooia?oueny ?ioei iaoiaeai o niaoeeo?/iino? ? /ooeeaino?, aea caaaeyee i?inoio? aeeiiaiiy, aeiiii?/iino? ? aeinooiiino?, aiia ciaoiaeeoue oe?iea canoinoaaiiy o ?iaio? i?aeoe/ieo eaai?aoi??e. ?ioiioa?iaioiee aiae?c aeineoue ?ioi?iaoeaiee, aeni?aniee, aeiiii?/iee i?e ne?ei?iaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, aea iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeiiai ??aiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aeeiiaaoe?a ? niaoe?aeueiiai ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy. Iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a ca ?yaeii e?eoa???a ia iinooia?oueny ?OA: niaoeeo?/iee, /ooeeaee, aeinooiiee oa aeineoue i?inoee o iinoaiiaoe?. A oie aea /an, a?i iaea?eueo aeni?aniee o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie eaai?aoi?ieie oanoaie. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaiaey/e ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo eaai?aoi?ieo iaoiae?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? iuetheanenueei? oai?iae, ne?ae c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui c oe??th iaoith iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe on? aeuacacia/ai? ?aaeoe??. A oie aea /an, i?e aeai?? iaoiaeo iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe neeaaei?noue ai?ciioe/ii? neooaoe??, oa?i?ie ? oiiae io?eiaiiy iaoieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo, a oaeiae iniaeeaino? eiaeiiai ?c oano?a. sse iieacaei ii??aiyiiy eaai?aoi?ieo oano?a, i?e ?iaeeeaoe?? a??on?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ia?aaaaa iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a iaae ?aaeoe??th cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe?? i/aaeaeia. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe oaeiae, ui aeae?eaiiy a??on?a o a?ieia?/i?e nenoai?, ?ioiioa?iaioiee aiae?c ? iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a – oanoe, ye? ca ?ioi?iaoeai?noth i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny. I?e oeueiio, iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a ca oaeaee?noth io?eiaiiy caeeth/iiai ?acoeueoaoo ia?aaeuo? oe? iaoiaee, a oaeiae ? noaa?eueiei i?e a?aeoai?aii? ? aeeeth/a? noa'?eoea?ci o ioe?ioe? aeaieo. Iacaai? iieacieee na?ae/aoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue eiai aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo aeine?aeieoeueeeo ? ae?aaiinoe/ieo eaai?aoi??e o aeiaaeeo ae?aaiinoeee oa aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ioeoe?, ye? a?aeianai? aei aeiiii?/ii cia/oueo oai?ia. AENIIAEE 1. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia aeoeai?noue oa niaoeeo?/i?noue iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a i?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ooai?a a??on?a ?EO oa IO, ye a aenia?eiaioaeueieo, oae ? o eaai?aoi?ii-ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. 2. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a o ii??aiyii? ?c noaiaea?oieie oanoaie (?aaeoe?? aaiaaethoeiaoe??, cao?eiee aaiaaethoeiaoe??, ?ioiioa?iaioiee aiae?c oa ?io?) cia/ii i?enei?th? oa?i?i ae?aaiinoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae, ui coiiaeaii eiai aenieith niaoeeo?/i?noth oa /ooeea?noth, aenieith oaeaee?noth io?eiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, iiaeeea?noth ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caoaeiee?a ?EO oa IO i?e iiii- ? anioe?eiaaieo ?ioaeoe?yo. 3. Aeine?aeaeaii iia? oeoi?anoeaioi? ciiaee, na?aae yeeo ca oioiiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ? AeNI-13 o e?ioeaa?e eiioeaio?aoe?? 20 ieI. Aeaaaeaii noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??iee iieaciee cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? (E) c?ace?a i?e aca?iiae?? ?c aiiieia?/iith ne?iaaoeith. Ciaioaiiy iieacieea ?ioaineaiino? na?o?iiy o 1,5 ?ace na?ae/eoue i?i i?enooi?noue aioeaai?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo aai iuetheanenueei? oai?iae a iaoieia?/iiio iaoa??ae?. 4. Aecia/aii iniiai? a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? aaeoeeiiiai oa a??oeaioiiai ooai?a a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo i?e eoeueoeaoaaii? ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniaeeaino? iae?ineii?/ieo ci?i ia OAI, a oaeiae iaoiaaii?noue ii a?aeiioaiith aei ca?iaee?a caeaaeaoue a?ae aeice ca?aaeaiiy ? ooaio a??ono. 5. Ia aeyaeaii ?ioa?oa?aioe?? caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? o a?ieia?/i?e nenoai? (eo?y/eo aia??iiao). 6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iioei?caoe?y ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo aeanoeainoae a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ia? i?noea i?e eoeueoeaoaaii? ia aia??iiao eo?ae i?e +39 N. 7. Aeioe?eueiei niiniaii caa??aaiiy a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ia i?ioyc? 6 i?nyoe?a ? oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei i?ion 18 N. 8. ?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo oei/aniai? ianoaiiae ii ae?aaiinoeoe? ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a. Io?eiaii eiiiiiaioe ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaai?o aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae. IOAE?EAOe?? 1. I?ioi?yoiaa I., Aaae?i A., A?ea I. Ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy aa?ian- oa ia?ai?enia??on?a ioao?a ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao // Aao. iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie. – 1999. – ? 3. – N. 16–17. 2. I?ioi?yoiaa A. A., Aaeay I. A. Eiaeeeaoeey e eaeaioeoeeaoeey aieaciae Iuetheanea e eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa n iiiiuueth iaoiaea oeoi?anoeaioiuo ciiaeia // Aao. iaaeeoeeia: I?aea?ae. oaiaoe/. iaoe. ca. – O., 1998. – Aei. 73. – N. 42–44. 3. Io?eiaiiy e?io?e?ciaaiii? a??on-aaeoeeie c? ooaio “AIAe?OI-O” i?ioe ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ioeoe? / A. O. Aaae?i, A. A. Aa?iai, I. A. A?ea, ?. A. Aa?iai // I?iae. cii?iaeaia??? oa aao. iaaeeoeeie. – 1998. – O. 2, aei. 4. – N. 89–90. 4. Aiaoayi I. A. Aoaeoeai?noue aeine?aeiiai c?acea aaeoeeie i?ioe oai?ia Aaiai?i ? Iuetheanea // Aao. iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie. – 1997. – ? 1. – N. 19. A?ea I. A. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? oai?iae Iuetheanea ca aeiiiiiaith oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.03 – aaoa?eia?ia i?e?ia?ieia?y oa a??onieia?y. – ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeo oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae. O ?iaio? aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii iaeiie/aiiy a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ? a??ono iuetheanenueei? oai?iae i?e ni?aeoeueoeaoaaii? ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee anioe?eiaaieo ?ioaeoe?e o eo?ae aeei?enoaii iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a aeei?enoaiiy oeoi?anoeaioiiai ciiaeo AeNI-13 c iaoith aeyaeaiiy caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ioeoe?. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae eoeueoeaoaaiiy a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo ia eo?y/eo aia??iiao aoee aeei?enoai? i?e eiino?othaaii? aeeai? e?io?e?ciaaii? aaeoeeie c? ooaio AIAe?OI-O i?ioe ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo. Iieacaii, ui iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioieo ciiae?a aeicaiey? cia/ii i?enei?eoe ?iaeeeaoe?th caoaeiee?a ?ioaeoe?eiiai ea?eiaio?aoa?oo oa iuetheanenueei? oai?iae ioeoe? o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie eaai?aoi?ieie oanoaie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ioeoey, ?ioaeoe?eiee ea?eiaio?aoa?o, iuetheanenueea oai?iaa, oeoi?anoeaioiee ciiae, ae?aaiinoeea, ni?aeoeueoeaoaaiiy, a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino?. Aaeay I. A. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea aeeaaiinoeee eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa e aieacie Iuetheanea n iiiiuueth oeoi?anoeaioiuo ciiaeia. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.03. – aaoa?eia?iay iee?iaeieiaey e ae?onieiaey. – Einoeooo yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu OAAI, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea oeoi?anoeaioiuo ciiaeia aeey aeeaaiinoeee eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa e iuetheaneneie aieacie. A ?aaioa aia?aua a Oe?aeia aeey aeeaaiinoeee annioeee?iaaiiuo eioaeoeee (EEO e IA) o eo? eniieueciaai iaoiae oeoi?anoeaioiuo ciiaeia. I?e yoii iieacaii, /oi ec enneaaeiaaiiuo 10 iiauo oeoi?anoeaioiuo ciiaeia, n o/?oii oioiiao?e/aneeo iieacaoaeae, iaeaieaa i?eaieaiui aeey eiaeeeaoeee e eaeaioeoeeaoeee aicaoaeeoaeae eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa e iuetheaneneie aieacie yaeyaony AeNI-13. I?e eniieueciaaiee oeacaiiiai ciiaea aeey aeeaaiinoeee eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa e iuetheaneneie aieacie ii?aaeaeaia aai eiia/iay eiioeaio?aoeey (20 ieI), a oaeaea auaaaeai noaoenoe/anee aeinoiaa?iue iieacaoaeue nieaeaiey eioaineaiinoe oethi?anoeaioeee i?ia i?e acaeiiaeaenoaee ni niaoeeoe/aneeie nuai?ioeaie (E), eioi?ue ?aaiyeny 1,5. Eco/aia aeeiaieea e iniaaiiinoe iaeiieaiey ae?onia eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa e iuetheaneneie aieacie i?e nieoeueoeae?iaaiee ia ?acaeaathueony eo?eiuo yia?eiiao. I?e yoii eiinoaoe?iaaii au?aaeaiiia ionoaaaiea a ?inoa e ?acaeoee eo?eiuo yia?eiiia, ca?aaeaiiuo iaieie ae?onaie a n?aaiaiee n oaie, eioi?ua auee eioeoee?iaaiu oieueei iaeiei ec ieo, a oaeaea ionoonoaea eioa?oa?aioeee ai a?aiy eo ?aieeeaoeee ii o?iaith aaiaaaethoeie?othueo oeo?ia. Ii?aaeaeaiu aeieiae/aneea naienoaa ae?ona eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa i?e eoeueoeae?iaaiee aai ia ?acaeaathueony eo?eiuo yia?eiiao. I?e yoii onoaiiaeaii neaaeothuaa. 1. Iniaaiiinoe iae?ineiie/aneeo eciaiaiee ia OAI, aucaaiiua ?aciiiaeaieai aicaoaeeoaey, caaenyo io aeicu ca?aaeaiey e ooaiia ae?ona. 2. Iaoiaaiiinoue yaeyaony noaaeeueiui i?eciaeii eae aeey aaeoeeiiiai, oae e ae?oeaioiiai ooaiia ae?ona eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa. 3. ?ai?iaeoeoeaiua naienoaa ae?ona eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa iioeiece?othony i?e eoeueoeae?iaaiee aai i?e +39 N. 4. Ia i?ioyaeaiee 3 iannaaeae i?ienoiaeeei ia?anoaiea aaiaaaethoeie?othuae aeoeaiinoe aicaoaeeoaey eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa n iineaaeothuae a noaaeeecaoeeae. Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey iniaaiiinoae eoeueoeae?iaaiey ae?ona eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa ia eo?eiuo yia?eiiao auee eniieueciaaiu aeey eiino?oe?iaaiey aeeaie eeioeeece?iaaiiie aaeoeeiu ec ooaiia AIEEAI-O i?ioea eioaeoeeiiiiai ea?eiaio?aoaeoa (OO O 46.15.304-98). Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi aeaiiue oano iaeaaeaao aunieie niaoeeoe/iinoueth e /oanoaeoaeueiinoueth, yaeyaony yeni?anniui, oa?aeoa?ecoaony noaaeeueiinoueth aini?iecaaaeaiey, /oi iaoneaaeeaaao aai i?aeoe/aneoth cia/eiinoue. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ioeoea, eioaeoeeiiiue ea?eiaio?aoaeo, iuetheaneneay aieaciue, oeoi?anoeaioiue ciiae, aeeaaiinoeea, nieoeueoeaiaaiea, aeieiae/aneea naienoaa. Belaya N. V. The development of the method of infectious laryngotracheitis and Newcastle disease diagnosis by means of fluorescent probe. – Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate's degree in veterinary sciences by speciality 16.00.03. – Veterinary microbiology and virology. – Institute of experimental and clinical veterinary medicine UAAS, Kharkov, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the development of the method of fluorescent probe for the diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis and Newcastle disease. The accumulation of infectious laryngotracheitis virus and Newcastle disease virus under condition of co-cultivation on the chicken – embryos has been investigation first. The method of fluorescent probes has been used for diagnosis of associated infections in hens. It has been developed and proposed the new fluorescent probe DSP-13 for the detection of infectious laryngotracheitis and Newcastle disease agents. The findings about features of infectious laryngotracheitis virus cultivation on chicken embryos has been used when the live lyophilised vaccine against infectious laryngotracheitis was constructed from VNIIDP-U strain. It has been shown that the method of fluorescent probes makes the indication of infectious laryngotracheitis and Newcastle disease agents more rapid in comparison with other laboratory tests. Key words: poultry, infectious laryngotracheitis, Newcastle disease, fluorescent probe, diagnosis, co-cultivation, biological features.

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