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Розробка методів обгрунтування штатної чисельності бойових розрахунків пожежних автомобілів: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / В.М. Чучковський, Харк

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IIIINOA?NOAI AIOO??OI?O NI?AA OE?A?IE

OA?EIANUeEEE ?INOEOOO IIAEAAEII? AACIAEE

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

*O*EIANUeEEE A`y/aneaa Ieeieaeiae/

?IC?IAEA IAOIAe?A IAA?OIOOAAIIss OOAOII? *ENAEUeIINO? AIEIAEO
?IC?AOOIE?A IIAEAAEIEO AAOIIIA?E?A

05.26.03 – iiaeaaeia aaciaea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe

Oa?eia – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

– aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aiia TH??e Ieaen?eiae/,
Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee, i?i?aeoi? ii iaoeia?e ?iaio?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaa?eeia Aaeoa?ae Aaneeueiae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
i?i?aeoi? ii iaoeia?e ?iaio?;

– eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aea?aa`yiei Ieaenaiae?
Aiaoie?eiae/, Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee, ia/aeueiee
eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : Oa?e?anuee?e a?enueeiaee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_29__” a?oaeiy1998 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E64.707.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
?inoeooo? iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 310023, i.Oa?e?a,
aoe.*a?ieoaanueeiai, 94

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoueny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
?inoeoooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_26_” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.?.E?eaoeiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?nioth/a ooaoia /enaeuei?noue aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a
ia iiaeaaeio oaoi?eo ?ic?iaeyeanue ia ii/aoeo nai? aeanyoeo ?ie?a
(i?e/iio iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui ?icaeyaeaeeny o?eueee iniiai?
iiaeaaei? aaoiiia?e?), aeoiaey/e c iiaeeeainoae noai?aieo o oie /an
oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? ocae/a?ieo oiae? aea oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a. ?acii c
oei, aiae?c iayaiino? iiaeaaeii? oaoi?ee a Oe?a?i? iieaco?, ui iaa?oue
oe??? oaoi?ee o oaia??oi?e /an ia aenoa/a?.

Ua a?eueo iieaciaei ? aiae?c /enaeueiino? o?ainii?oieo cania?a a
iiaeaaei?e ioi?ii? Oe?a?ie ii oa?i?iai aenieoaoaoe??, ine?eueee a?eueo
38% iiaeaaeii? oaoi?ee ae?iaeei na?e ?ano?n (aenieoaoo?oueny iiiaae 11
?ie?a), a ua 14% noaiooue oaeeie a iaeaeeae/? ?iee (oa?i?i ?oiuei?
aenieoaoaoe?? a?ae 8 aei 11 ?ie?a). Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny
niaoe?aeueieo aeiiii?aeieo aaoiiia?e?a ? niaoe?aeueieo iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a, a /enei yeeo aoiaeyoue, iai?eeeaae, ? aaoiiia?e?
aaciaeeiicaoenii? neoaeae.

O ca’yceo c oeei a inoaii?e /an ?ic?iaey?oueny iiaeaaeia oaoi?ea, i?e
noai?aii? yei? a?aoiaothoue, ui ci?ieeeny oiiae ianaiiy neoaeae iniaiaei
neeaaeii ? oaeoeea aan?iiy iiaeaae. O oie aea /an, aeey iiaeo iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a ae?th/eie ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie IAN Oe?a?ie acaaae? ia
ia?aaeaa/aiee ii?yaeie aecia/aiiy ooaoii? /enaeueiino?. Ana oea aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy ooaoii? /enaeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a
iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a.

Aeey ?ic?iaee oa i?eeiyooy iaa?oioiaaieo ??oaiue, ye? iai?aaeai? ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniaiaei neeaaeii
iiaeaaeii-oaoi?/iiai ica?i?iiy, iaiao?aeia ia’?eoeaia ioe?iea
?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie “aieiaee ?ic?aooiie – oaoi?/i?
caniae iiaeaaeiaan?iiy oa caaacia/aiiy aieiaeo ae?e”.

Aeey aecia/aiiy /enaeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iniiaieo iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a o na?e /an aeei?enoiaoaaeenue noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee,
aeei?enoaiiy yeeo caaeaaeaei aiae?co ii?yaeeo 30000 noaoeenoe?a i?i
iiaeaae? oa caeiaiiy i?aeoe/ii ca aeanyoe??//y. Oaeee i?aeo?ae oe?eeii
iai?eionoeiee iaa?oue aeey aaea i?eeiyoeo ia ica?i?iiy niaoe?aeueieo
iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, ine?eueee aeey io?eiaiiy a??ia?aeieo aeniiae?a
aeiaaathoueny noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy ca /an, ui o 3-4
?ace ia?aaeuo? aa?aio?eiee ?ano?n oe???? oaoi?ee. Oei a?eueo, eiai ia
iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ooaoii? /enaeueiino? ia?niaeoeaii?
iiaeaaeii? oaoi?ee, a oaoi?/i? caaaeaiiy ia noai?aiiy yei? ua o?eueee
caeeaaea?oueny iiaeeea?noue ?aae?caoe?? iiaeo oaeoe/ieo i?eeii?a.

Ioe?iee, ye? c?iaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith aenia?oieo iaoiae?a, ui
a?oioothoueny ia ?aiaia?e ioe?ioe? ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a ooaoii?
/enaeueiino? aieiaiai ?ic?aooieo, no?aaeaeathoue iaaiei noa`?eoea?ciii.
Oei a?eueo, ui a?aenooi?noue ?aaeueieo (aei caaa?oaiiy aoaio
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o) aai iayai?noue iiiaeeiieeo c?ace?a
iiaeo iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei noaoenoe/ii iaa??ia?aeieo
ioe?iie. Canoinoaaoe ae aaciina?aaeiuei iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee ioe?iee ia
iiaeia, ai iaiiaeeeai iiai?noth oi?iae?coaaoe iien nenoaie “aieiaee
?ic?aooiie – oaoi?/i? caniae iiaeaaeiaan?iiy oa caaacia/aiiy aieiaeo
ae?e” (?c-ca naiaiaee ae?e aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a o
?aieao ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie, ianoaeino? ?? no?oeoo?e,
aaaaoie??oa??aeueiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ia/?oeiai caaaeaiiy naieo
e?eoa???a, aieeao aaeeei? e?eueeino? aeiaaeeiaeo /eiiee?a oa ?i.).

Aiae?c iiaeeeainoae iiaeaethaaiiy iieacaa, ui iaa?oiooaaiiy ooaoii?
/enaeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, ye?
?ic?iaeythoueny, aeioe?eueii aeeiioaaoe, nie?ath/enue ia ?i?oaoe?eio
ioe?ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a
o i?ioean? aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy. Aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ia AII iiaeooue aooe io?eiai? i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a ia c?aceao iiaeaaeii-oaoi?/iiai ica?i?iiy, ui a
o?e aai ?io?e i??? aiaeia?/i? oaoi?oe?, yea ?ic?iaey?oueny, aai ae o
?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a aaciina?aaeiuei? aenia?oii? ioe?iee.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yeee aea?aii o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, a?aeiia?aea?
ia?ae?eo i?iaeai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo Aea?aeaaii? Iiaeaaeii?
Ioi?iie IAN Oe?a?ie ia ia??iae 1995-2000 ??., a oaeiae i?ia?aiai IAe?
(?? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U012410 e 0197U017568), ui ? caaeaieie
Aieiaiei Oi?aae?iiyi Aea?aeaaii? Iiaeaaeii? Ioi?iie IAN Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
ooaoii? /enaeueiino? iiaeo iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

– nenoaiiee aiae?c ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a;

– aea?? iaoiae?a oa niinia?a io?eiaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo;

– iaa?oiooaaiiy niiniao iiaeaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo o i?ioean?
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy;

– ioe?iea ooaoii? /enaeueiino? ie?aieo c?ace?a iiaeo iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia canaae? ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a
ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo oa anaa?/iiai
aiae?co ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a :

– iaa?oioiaaii niin?a iiaeaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo o i?ioean? ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ia AII, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia iien? ?iciiae?eo /ano
aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith -?iciiae?eo. C
oeie ?yaeaie ?iciiae?eo, ui ?icaeyaeaeenue, i?e iiceoeai?e neioaii?no?
ca 10%-ai ??aiy cia/eiino? ocaiaeaeo?oueny ooieoe?y ieioiino? ?iciiae?eo
c ia?aiao?aie oa , ui aei??aiththoue a?aeiia?aeii 2.007 oa 2.810;
aiaeia?/i? ioe?iee aeey ?iciiae?eo c iaaaoeaiith neioaii?noth aoaeooue
= 2.903, = 2.225;

– cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiiaiiy aieiaei ?ic?aooieii
iiaeaaeiiai aaoiiia?ey iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy, yeee aaco?oueny
ia ia/eneaii? cai?ioii? ooieoe?? -?iciiae?eo;

– iieacaii, ui i?ae /an ni?iuaii? ioe?iee yeino? aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e
aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeii-oaoi?/iiai ica?i?iiy aei?aaaeiaaia
aeei?enoaiiy aenia?oii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o?eueee uiaei a?aie/ieo cia/aiue
?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo iia?aoe?e, a oaeiae ??ai?a
i?aeaioaeaiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo;

– ?ic?iaeaii niin?a ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo
?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a ioe?iee
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a
aeicaiey? io?eiaoe ai??i?io ioe?ieo ooaoii? /enaeueiino? iiaeaaeii?
oaoi?ee, yea iaoiaeeoueny o i?ioean? ?ic?iaee. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ?aae?ciaai? o ?aieao aeeiiaiiy IAe? “?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, ye? ?aaeaiaioothoue iaa?oiooaaiiy ooaoii? iieiaeaiino?
aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a ia iiaeaaeio oaoi?eo” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0195U012410) oa “?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0197U017568), ui ? caaeaieie Aieiaiei Oi?aae?iiyi Aea?aeaaii? Iiaeaaeii?
Ioi?iie IAN Oe?a?ie.

Iniaiaee aeeaae iieyaa? o aeai?? i?aeoiae?a aei ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a
ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a [2, 4, 12, 14],
nenoaiiiio aiae?c? ?o ae?yeueiino? [12, 10], iaa?oiooaaii? niiniao
iiaeaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo o i?ioean? ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy [2,
10], ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia AII aeeiiaiiy
iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy [6, 10, 11], ioe?ioe? ooaoii?
/enaeueiino? ie?aieo c?ace?a iiaeo iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a [4, 7] ?
?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aieiai? ?iaioe iniaiaiai neeaaeo [1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeieeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia II oa III iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
“Iiaeaaeia aaciaea” (Oe?IAe? IA, i. Ee?a, 1995, 1997 ?.?.), XXI
Ana?in?enuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaea?iay
aaciianiinoue-95” (AIEEII IAAe ?O, a. Iineaa, 1995 a.), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “A?aiiii?ea ia aaoiiia?eueiiio o?ainii?o?”
(OAeAAeOO, i. Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
iaae?oeiaai? o 10 iaoeiaeo noaooyo, c yeeo 4 o aeaeaiiyo, ui
?aeiiaiaeiaai? AAE Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o iaoaio? ia aeiao?ae ? 3 oacao
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, 2-o aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? ioiieth? 155 noi??iee, 63 iaethiea, 24 oaaeeoe? oa
79 iaeiaioaaiue nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? ? aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/athoueny
iaoa caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia
? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? ?iaioe aieiaeo
?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, ?nioth/? caniae iaa?oiooaaiiy
ooaoii? /enaeueiino?, a oaeiae iaoiaee ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?
iniaiaiai neeaaeo, noaaeyoueny iniiaia oa /anoeia? iaoeia? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iieacaa, ui ?o
ae?yeuei?noue iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe ye ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeeei? nenoaie
“aieiaee ?ic?aooiie – oaoi?/i? caniae iiaeaaeiaan?iiy oa caaacia/aiiy
aieiaeo ae?e”. Oea aecia/eei aeei?enoaiiy aeey aiae?co ae?yeueiino?
aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, ui ?icaeyaeaany ye ii?aeiaiiy
eiiiiiaioiiai, no?oeoo?iiai, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai, ?ioaa?aoeaiiai ?
aaiethoe?eiiai aniaeo?a.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy ooaoii? /enaeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeo iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a iio?aao? ia`?eoeaio e?euee?nio ioe?ieo ?o ae?yeueiino?.
Ai??i?ia ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a niieo/aia c iecueeith i?iaeai, ye?
iia`ycai? c oei, ui ae?yeuei?noue ia?niiaeo, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny,
i?ioiaeeoue a oiiaao, ye? oyaeei i?aeaeathoueny o?ce/i?e ?i?oaoe?? i?ae
/an iiaeaethaaiiy onueiai eiiieaeno ?ia?o, c yeeie ia? ni?aao iniaiaee
neeaae. Oei a?eueo neeaaeii canoiniaoaaoe aaciina?aaeiuei iaoaiaoe/i?
iaoiaee, oiio ui /a?ac a?euei?noue ae?e aieiaiai ?ic?aooieo a ?aieao
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie, iaiino?eiino? no?oeoo?e,
aaaaoie??oa??aeueiino?, a oaeiae ia/?oeiai caaaeaiiy naieo e?eoa???a
iaiiaeeeai oe?eeii oi?iae?coaaoe ?iaioo iniaiaiai neeaaeo. Aeei?enoaiiy
ae iaoiaeo aenia?oieo ioe?iie iaaeioe?eueii: /a?ac a?aenooi?noue ia /an
ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy uiaei /enaeueiino? aieiaiai ?ic?aooieo (aei caaa?oaiiy
aoaio aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o) aai iayai?noue iiiaeeiieeo
c?ace?a iiaeo iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a aiii i?eaiaeeoue aei oaeoe/ii
iaaeinoia??ieo ioe?iie.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeeo oaeoi??a i?eionea?oueny ?i?oaoe?eia ioe?iea
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a.
Aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia AII aeicaieea
aecia/eoe, ui aeey ai??i?ii? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo
?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a aeioe?eueii aeei?enoaoe oae caai?
?i?oaoe?ei? iiaeae? a?oiiai? iiaaae?iee a nenoai?
“ethaeeia-iaoeia-na?aaeiaeua”. A iniia? canoinoaaiiy oaei? ioe?iee aei
iaa?oiooaaiiy ooaoii? /enaeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a eaaeeoue aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoi?a aeeiiaiiy ia?aaaaeieo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, iaea?eueo niaoeeo?/iei c yeeo ? aieiaa
?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeii? oaoi?ee. Naia o i?ioean? aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy
iathoue i?noea oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino?, ye? ? i?eoaiaiieie eiaeiiio
iiaeaaeiiio aaoiiia?eth. Aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a ia iiaeaaei? aaoiiia?e?, ui o?eueee
?ic?iaeythoueny, iiaeia aecia/eoe oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoo?ieo
aenia?eiaio?a ia ?nioth/eo c?aceao iiaeaaeii-oaoi?/iiai ica?i?iiy, yea o
oie /e ?io?e i??? ? aiaeia?/iei iia?e oaoi?oe?, aai ae o ?acoeueoao?
canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a aaciina?aaeiuei? aenia?oii? ioe?iee. Ia i?aenoaa?
oeueiai noi?ioeueiaai? iniiaia oa /anoeia? iaoeia? caaea/?.

O Ae?OAIIO ?ICAe?E? ?ic?iaeythoueny iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?
aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo iiaeiia
aeicaieeoe ca aea?aieie aeo?aeieie aeaieie uiaei oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
oa aieiaeo iia?aoe?e, oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy cae?enieoe ?i?oaoe?eia
iiaeaethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo, o oiio ?ac? i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy ia iaeaaeiaii?, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny, caaaeaiue, ye? ia aoee
ia?aaeaa/ai? c ii/aoeo. Ca io?eiaieie aeaieie uiaei ?iai/iai
iaaaioaaeaiiy caaaeaiue aeey eiaeii? ?oa?aoe?? ?ic?aoiaothoueny aea?ai?
iieacieee ae?yeueiino? (iai?eeeaae, /an aeeiiaiiy aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy).
?o ioe?iea aeeiio?oueny oeyoii io?eiaiiy na?aaeiueiai a?eoiaoe/iiai
aaeeei? e?eueeino? ie?aieo i?ia, eiaeio c yeeo io?eiaii ca aeiiiiiaith
?i?ooth /i? ae?? a?aeiia?aeii c a??ia?aeiei ?iciiae?eii. ?i?oaoe?eia
ioe?iea ia iiaea aooe cae?eniaia aac caa/aniiai aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
?iciiae?eo iieaciee?a aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo i?ae caaea/, ye? aeeiiothoue
a?aeiia?aei? iiia?e aieiaiai ?ic?aooieo iiaeaaeiiai aaoiiia?ey.
Iieacaii, ui ?acoeueoaoe iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a aeioe?eueii ia?iaeyoe ca
aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oieo iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c caeo/aiiyi
noaiaea?oiiai iaeaoo i?eeeaaeieo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai. O ca`yceo c oei,
ui iieacieee aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo iia?aoe?e, c yeeo neeaaea?oueny i?ioean
aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, iinyoue a??ia?aeiee
oa?aeoa?, oiio ui caeaaeaoue a?ae aaeeei? e?eueeino? oaeoi??a, ye?
aaaeei o?aooaaoe, i?eionea?oueny, ui a??ia?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiiaiiy
iia?aoe?e iienothoueny -?iciiae?eii.

Iieacaii, ui iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy aenia?oii? ioe?iee /ano aeeiiaiiy
j-i? iniiaii? iia?aoe?? aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeiiai aaoiiia?ey
iiaea aooe aecia/aii ye

wmetafile8? ??±???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy ??E?????&??MathType??a?
???u?????????”[email protected]????*?????/[email protected]
th??????

aea A – ei??iue ??aiyiiy

(t2j min – 2t j mint j max + t2j max) x6 + (40t j mint j max-2 t2j max-

-36t j minwmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??‹?????&?
?MathType???????uath??????-146t j mint j max-216wmetafile8?
??3/4???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??‹?????&?
?MathType???????uath??????+180t j mint j max+324wmetafile8?
??3/4???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??‹?????&?
?MathType???????uath??????

wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??‹?????&?
?MathType???????uath?????? tj min , tj max – ioe?iea, a?aeiia?aeii,
i?i?iaeueiiai oa iaeneiaeueiiai /ano aeeiiaiiy j-i? iniiaii? iia?aoe??.

O O?AOUeIIO ?ICAe?E? ioe?iththoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a oa
iaa?oioiaothoueny niiniae iiaeaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo o i?ioean?
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, a oaeiae nai niin?a iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiiaiiy
aieiaei ?ic?aooieii iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a ?c niaoe?aeueiei
iiaeaaeii-oaoi?/iei ica?i?iiyi i?iaiaeeeinue o i?ioean? aieiaiai
?icai?oaiiy ?nioth/eo iniiaieo iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, a oaeiae a ?aieao
?icaeyaeo aaoiiia?ey aaciaeeiicaoenii? neoaeae AAAeCN-16/42021 ia oan?
EAC, yeee noai?thaaany o oie /an. Ca oaoi?/iei i?iaeoii AAAeCN-16/42021
aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iniiaieo iia?aoe?e, ye? iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe
aieiaiio ?ic?aooieo aaoiiia?ey i?e aieiaiio ?icai?oaii?. *an aeeiiaiiy
aecia/aany oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a ia iayaieo c?aceao
iiaeaaeii? oaoi?ee.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaea, ui aiie, ca ??aeeei
aeiyoeii, ia i?aeaeathoueny iieno o aeaeyae? ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo, a
ia?oo /a?ao /a?ac ?noioio a?aeciaeo iieacieea ianeiao?e/iino? a?ae ioey
|Sk|>>0. Oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie ?iciiae?eo iieaciee?a aeeiiaiiy
aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a ? iai?e?eai?noue oa
c??cai?noue, a oaeiae iayai?noue iaei??? aa?oeie (ye c iiceoeaiith, oae
? c iaaaoeaiith neioaii?noth). Oea aeicaiey? aeo?aei? aeai? aeey
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy iienoaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith -?iciiae?eo.
Aaia?aoe?y aea??ee aeiaaeeiaeo /enae xi, ye? ?iciiae?eythoueny ca?aeii
?c caaeaiei caeiiii, o oie /an, eiee ii/aoeiaee iaa?? /enae zi
aaia?o?oueny aeao/eeii aeiaaeeiaeo /enae, ye? ?iciiae?eythoueny
??aiii??ii o ae?aiacii? [0, 1], aeiaaa? ??oaiiy a?aeiinii xi ??aiyiiy

wmetafile8? ??ue???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
@`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??u?????&??MathType??
???u?????????”????-?????°…???°[email protected]??????

aea B (, ) – -ooieoe?y Aeea?a;

, – ia?aiao?e -?iciiae?eo, yeee a?aeiia?aea? io?eiaiei
aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeaiei.

Ine?eueee aeei?enoaiiy (2) ? aeineoue o?oaeii?noeei, aeiaaaeaii, ui
?i?oaoe?th aeeiiaiiy aieiaei ?ic?aooieii iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy,
ye? iathoue ?iciiae?e, ui a?aeiia?aea? io?eiaiei aenia?eiaioaeueiei
aeaiei, iiaeia cae?enieoe oeyoii ia/eneaiiy cai?ioii? ooieoe??
-?iciiae?eo

xi = F –1 ((xi,,)) = F-1 (zi) . (3)

Oea aeicaiey? i-oo ?oa?aoe?th ?i?oaoe?? ia AII aeeiiaiiy j-i? iniiaii?
iia?aoe?? aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy iiaeaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a cae?enithaaoe
a?aeiia?aeii c aeie-noaiith, yeo cia?aaeaii ia iaethieo 1.

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui ?yaee ?iciiae?eo /ano
aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy, ui iathoue iiceoeaio
neioaii?noue, i?e 10%-iiio ??ai? cia/eiino? ocaiaeaeothoueny ooieoe??th
ieioiino? ?iciiae?eo c ia?aiao?aie oa , ui aei??aiththoue a?aeiia?aeii
2.007 oa 2.810. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo ooieoe?y ieioiino? ?iciiae?eo /ano
aeeiiaiiy j-i? iniiaii? iia?aoe?? ia? aeaeyae

wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
AA???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy???c?????&??MathType??
???u?y??????

Oea aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui

wmetafile8? ??y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
[email protected]???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy???b?????&??MathType????
???u?????????”[email protected]????f?*[email protected]??????Gj = 0.204
(tj max – tj min), (6)

aea Gj – na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeeeiiaiiy /ano aeeiiaiiy j-i?
iniiaii? iia?aoe??.

Aiaeia?/i? ioe?iee aeey ?iciiae?eo c iaaaoeaiith neioaii?noth ( = 2.903,
= 2.225)

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
[email protected]!???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy?!??c?????&??MathType??
???u?y??????

aeathoue ianooii? ae?ace aeey iaoaiaoe/iiai i/?eoaaiiy oa
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeeeiiaiiy

wmetafile8? ??y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
[email protected]???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy???b?????&??MathType????
???u?????????”[email protected]????f?*[email protected]??????Gj = 0.2 (tj
max – tj min). (9)

Eiee ae neioaii?noue a?aenooiy ,

wmetafile8? ??p???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
Aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy ??b?????&??MathType????
???u?????????”[email protected]????f?*[email protected]??????Gj = 0.224
(tj max – tj min). (11)

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?oii? ioe?iee /ano aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo iia?aoe?e
aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy ianinii-?oeaaii? noaioe?? I?N-110 iiaeaeue 258 ia
oan? E?AC-260A, yeee noai?th?oueny a Oe?a?i?, iieacaa, ui iathoue i?noea
aeiaaeee, eiee ioe?iee iaea?eueo a??ia?aeiiai /ano aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e o
ie?aieo aenia?o?a ??cei a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oaeeo aea ioe?iie ae?oaeo
niaoe?ae?no?a. O ca`yceo c oeei ii eiaei?e j-?e iia?aoe?? aoea
ia?aa??aia ocaiaeaeai?noue aenia?o?a ii oiio, o yeiio i?no? ?ioa?aaeo [
t j min , t j max ] ciaoiaeeoueny iaea?eueo a??ia?aeiee /an aeeiiaiiy
iia?aoe?? wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??‹?????&?
?MathType???????uath??????O *AOAA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? iaa?oioiaaii
/enaeuei?noue aieiaeo ?ic?aooie?a eiie?aoieo c?ace?a iiaeaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a, ye? noai?ththoueny a Oe?a?i?, ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai
niiniao ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aieiaiai ?icai?oaiiy
aaoiiia?ey aaciaeeiicaoenii? neoaeae AAAeCN-16/42021 ia oan? EAC
aieiaeie ?ic?aooieaie ??cii? /enaeueiino? io?eiaii caeaaei?noue

te = 1811 –694n + 114n2 – 6.6n3 aeey 2

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