.

Розробка методів керування режимами газотранспортних систем з пересіченим профілем траси та їх оптимізації: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / Д.Ф. Тим

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 3541
Скачать документ

– 1 –

?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco

Oeie?a Aeieo?i Oaaei?iae/

OAeE 622.691.4

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie

aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai c ia?an?/aiei

i?io?eai o?ane oa ?o iioei?caoe??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.15.13 – Iaooiaacii?iaiaee, aace oa noiaeua

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,A?oaec Aieiaeeie?
ss?ineaaiae/ ?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoaoiaooe
? aaco, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nii?oaeaeaiiy oa ?aiiioo aaciiaooii?iaiae?a
? aaciiaooinoiaeu

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Eaioeia ?aai, caa. a?aeae?eii Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?e?iaeieo aac?a (i. Oa?e?a)

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Iaai?iee Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, caa.
a?aeae?eii ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee ?i. N.?.Noaio?ia IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oii/aiei Aiaoie?e Ieeeoi?iae/
, caa. eaoaae?e Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa :?inoeooo aaco IAI Oe?a?ie , i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 20.052.04 a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco ca aae?anith: 284019,
Oe?a?ia, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea, 15

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco
(i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea, 15)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 16 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe
E. N. Oeaiae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie.

??ce? ci?ie aaee/ei aiaeai?o aaco niiaeeaa/aie, oa?aeoa?ii aeey
o?aiceoieo nenoai aaciiinoa/aiiy, aeeeeeathoue ianoaoeiiia?iinoue
oa?iiaaciaeeiaii/ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao, yei aeiaaathoue
iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aenieoaoaoei? aeaiaioia nenoaie,
i?eeiyooy ?ioaiue c iaoith nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeinoi iaonoaeaiiai
ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. Caaaeath/e ia neeaaeiinoue nenoaie i
iaiaeii?iaeiinoue iaoiaeia ea?oaaiiy, ai?ii?iee iiaeoiae aei i?iaeaie ia
iiaea aooe aei?aaaeaiei a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo. Inioth/i ae iaoaiaoe/ii
iiaeaei i ?ic?aooieiai noaie ia a?aoiaothoue i?ioieth o?ane
aacii?iaiaeo, ui iiaea i?ecaanoe aei nooo?aeo iioeaie a i?iaiicao i
niioai?aiii ?aaeueii? ea?oeie oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano. A?aooaaiiy
i?ioieth o?ane a aiaeioe/ieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?o
nooo?aiai oneeaaeiaiiy, ui aeiaaa? aaeeeeo cao?ao iaoeiiiai /ano aeey ?o
?aaeicaoei? i ia iiaea aooe i?eaeaoiei aeey iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
?aaeeiaie nenoaie. Oiio aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeia aaeaioaoei? oa
aeenia?nieii? iaeaioeoieaoei? c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao?ia ?iaioe
aacii?iaiaeia a oiiaao ia?ani/aiiai i?ioieth o?ane aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe
aaeaeaaoii ioeiiee iieacieeia ianoaoeiiia?ieo i eaacinoaoeiiia?ieo
?aaeeiia. Iaea?aeaii oaeei /eiii aaeaeaaoii i?iaiicii ia?aiao?e a naith
/a?ao aeicaieythoue ?aoeiiiaeueii ieaioaaoe ?aaeeie ?iaioe eiii?ani?ieo
noaioe?e (EN), ui a eiioeaaiio ?acoeueoaoi i?ecaaaea aei aeiiiii?
cao?ao ia o?oaii?iaiaeiee o?ainii?o aaco. Oiio i?iaeaio i?iaiicoaaiiy
?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo iaaino?aeae Oe?aiie c ia?ani/aiei
i?ioieai o?ane neiae aaaaeaoe iaeii?th c ia?oi/a?aiaeo.

Aeacaia i?iaeaia ia?ic?eaii ca’ycaia c iioeiicaoei?th oaoiieiai/ieo
i?ioeania o?ainii?oo aaco, ui ia? aaciina?aaeiie aieea ia aeo?aoo
aia?aiiini?a i iaoa?iaeia ia o?ainii?ooaaiiy aaco. I?iaeaio iioeiicaoei?
?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacii?iaiaeia neiae ?icaeyaeaoe ye aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueio
aianeiaeie oiai, ui a ?yaei aeiaaeeia iie?auaiiy iaeiiai c
iieacieeia aoaeoeaiinoi aenieoaoaoei? nenoaie iiaea i?ecaanoe aei
iiai?oaiiy ?yaeo iioeo, ui a eiioeaaiio iiaenoieo caiinoue i/ieoaaii?
aeaiaee i?eiana iaia?aaeaa/aii caeoee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ui i?iaiaeeeenue iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei naeoi?ii
a ?aieao ainiaeiaiai??a c i?iieneiaeie i?aei?e?inoaaie oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?inoeoooaie. Iniiai? ?ic?iaee ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
i?noyoueny a ?yae? ca?o?a i?i iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo ii oaiao
“Aeeaaiinoeea oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey aacii?iaiaea “A?aonoai” e
?ac?aaioea oaoieee e oaoiieiaee iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aai ?aaiou” N
1840014001, “Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe o?ainii?oa aaca ii aacii?iaiaeai
“A?aonoai” e “Nithc” i?e ia?aaiiia?iii aaciiio?aaeaiee”
N1840031496, “Enneaaeiaaiey ii iioeiecaoeee caa?ocee e ?aaeeiia ?aaiou
nenoaiu iaaeno?aeueiuo aacii?iaiaeia “A?aonoai”, “Nithc” e
“O?aiaie-Iiia?u-Oaeai?iae” a oneiaeyo ?inoa aaciiiaea/e” N 18500114157,
“Aiaeec e iioeiecaoeey ia?aea/ee aaca ii aacii?iaiaeao “A?aonoai” e
“Nithc” N185002214587, “?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia oaoie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee
ninoiyiey iaaeno?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaea ii oaoiieiae/aneei
ia?aiao?ai” N186084733.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ?iaioe – ?ic?iaea ?aaeeiia ?iaioe iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia
(IA) c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ia iniiai iaoiaeia aaeaioaoei? oa
aeenia?nieii? iaeaioeoieaoei? ? ?o iioeiicaoei? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueieo iiaeaeae.

Caaea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy.

1. Noaoenoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao i?ioieth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo ia
o?eaaeinoue oa oa?aeoa? ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania a nenoaii ? ioeiieo
nooiaiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi.

2. ?ic?iaea aeaoa?iiiiaaieo aaeaioeaieo iiaeaeae ?ooo aaco a
aacii?iaiaeao c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ia aaci iaoiaeia aeenia?nii?
iaeaioeoieaoei?, ye? caaaeyee iacia/iiio /ano ?aae?caoe?? ni?eythoue
iia?aoeaiiio i?eeiyooth ea?oth/eo ??oaiue a iaooaoieo neooaoe?yo.

3. Oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao i?ioieth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo ia
o?eaaeinoue i oa?aeoa? i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy ne?eoeo iiaeeeainoae aacii?iaiaeo ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai iiaioaaiiy
?aaeei?a eiai aenieoaoaoe??.

4. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeia iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe
eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia a oiiaao ?iceeo ciii
aaciniiaeeaaiiy c iaoith aeiiii?? aeo?aoe iaeeaiiai aaco.

5. Iioeiicaoeiy ?aaeeiia ?iaioe iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia ca
e?eoa?i?i iiiiiaeueii? o?eaaeinoi ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano aeey a?eueo
iiaiiai ? nai?/aniiai caaacia/aiiy niiaeeaa/?a aacii.

6. Iiaoaeiaa iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia ?iaioe eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie
i eiiieieo aeieueieoeue, a oaeiae a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao oa
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?o aeei?enoaiiy c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai.

7. Aeai? e?eoa?i?a iioeiaeueiinoi ?aaeeiia ?iaioe nenoai aaciiinoa/aiiy
oa iiaoaeiaa aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueii? ooieoei? iaoe aeey iioei?caoe??
?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aia?oa aenoiaii iaeath i ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aaeaioeaiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i eaacinoaoeiiia?ieo aaciaeeiaii/ieo
i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao ia iniiai iaoiaeia aeenia?nieii?
iaeaioeoieaoei?, ? ia oe?e iniia? iiaoaeiaaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy
?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiaeo ? iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ieie.

2. Ia iniiai noaoenoe/ieo iieacieeia ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacii?iaiaeia
Caoiaeiiai ?aaiiio Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaii ioeiieo aieeao i?ioieth o?ane
aacii?iaiaeo ia o?eaaeinoue i oa?aeoa? ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania,
aianaii aeiiiaithaaeueii ciiie a i?eioeei iiaoaeiae oa /eneiai
oa?aeoa?enoeee e?eoa?ith ianoaoeiiia?iinoi.

3. Iiaoaeiaaii i?inoi?iao ianoaoe?iia?io aaciaeeiai?/io iiaeaeue
aacii?iaiaeo c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ??
?aae?caoe??.

4. Iiaeeaeaii oyaeaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe i i?eioeeie
ea?oaaiiy eiii?ani?ieie noaioeiyie a oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iinoi
aaciniiaeeaaiiy, noai?aii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ??
?aae?caoe?? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? a
oiiaao ia??aiii??iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy oa ?o iioei?caoe?? ca e?eoa???i
i?i?iaeueii? o?eaaeino? ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?ioeano.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iniiae iiaoaeiae iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia
eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie oa eiiieieo aeieueieoeue, a oaeiae a?aie/ieo
iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy i iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
?aaeeiaie ?o aenieoaoaoei?.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei i?eioeeio iioei?caoe?? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe
aacio?ain-ii?oieo nenoai a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueiinoi, ui aaco?oueny
ia noia?iiceoe?? iaoiae?a oo?aoieo ooieoe?e ? aaeaioeaiiai aeiaaeeiaiai
iiooeo, aecia/aiiy e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiino? oa iiaoaeiae ooieoe?? iaoe.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/eiinoue i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iieyaa? a ?icoe?aiii
aeiaiaciio ciaiue i?i i?e?iaeo ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a
aacii?iaiaeao c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane, aeei?enoaiii aaeaioeaieo
iaoiaeia ?o iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia iniiai aeenia?nieii?
iaeaioeoieaoei?, aeineiaeaeaiiyo aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia o?eaaeinoue i
oa?aeoa? ianoaoeiiia?ieo

i?ioeania, noai?aiii iaoiaeeee iioeiicaoei? i ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie EN a
oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy, ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeia iiaoaeiae
iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia i a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao aeey
aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai, noai?aiii iaoiaeeee aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueii?
iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe nenoai aaciiinoa/aiiy, a oaeiae a
noai?aiii iaoiaeee, aeai?eoiia i i?ia?ai ?aaeicaoei? aeacaieo caaea/.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

1. Aaoi?ii aia?oa aenoiaii iaeath aeei?enoaiiy aaeaioeaieo iaoiaeia ia
iniiai aeenia?nieii? iaeaioeoieaoei? c iaoith iiaeaethaaiiy
ianoaoeiiia?ieo iaicioa?ii/ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao c ia?ani/aiei
i?ioieai o?ane [1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 15, 16, 18, 22, 24, 25, 27].

2. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iniiae ?ic?aooieo, ea?oaaiiy i iioeiicaoei?
?aaeeiia ?iaioe EN a oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy aeoiaey/e c
oiiae iiiiioio o?eaaeinoi ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania [2, 8, 12, 14, 19,
20, 28, 29].

3. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe IA a oiiaao
aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueiinoi, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee aecia/aiiy e?eoa?i?a
iioeiaeueiinoi oa iiaoaeiae ooieoei? iaoe [3, 6, 11, 14, 21, 23].

4. Iiooeoaa/ a?aa aaciina?aeith o/anoue o ai?iaaaeaeaiii ?acoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiue, iaea?aeaieo a ?iaioi, neeaaeaiii aaeocaaeo ea?iaieo
aeieoiaioia [26, 30, 31, 32, 33].

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?o ?aaeicaoei? ?ic?iaeaii i aeaeaii ye ea?oth/i
aeieoiaioe ianooiii aaeocaai iaoiaeeee:

Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa neiaeiuo aacio?ainii?oiuo nenoai n ia?ana/aiiui
i?ioeeai o?anu .

Iaoiaeeea aeeaaiinoeee ninoiyiey iaaeno?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaea .

Iaoiaeeea iioeiecaoeee i?ioeannia i/enoee iieinoe iaaeno?aeueiuo
aacii?iaiaeia .

Iaoiaeeea iia?aoeaiiai aeeniao/a?neiai oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeiaie neiaeiuo
aacio?anii?oiuo nenoai .

?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe
aacio?anii?oieo nenoai ai?iaaaeaeaii ia iiaei?e?inoaao AI
I?eea?iaoo?ainaac, OIA Eueaiao?ainaac.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aena?oeaii a aeiiia?aeyo ?
iia?aeiieaiiyo ia:

IV eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a ia’?aeiaiiy
Aeaaothiaiiaooiaac

(Othiaiue, 1985).

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
o?oaii?iaiaeiiai o?ainii?oa iaooe e aaca” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee,1985).

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a o?oaii?iaiaeiii o?anii?oa aaca”
(Othiaiue, 1987).

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a o?oaii?iaiaeiii o?anii?oa aaca
Caiaaeiie Neae?e” (Othiaiue, 1988).

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaooe ? aaco” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee ,1995)

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noai i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a ,1995)

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey
iaooaaaciaiai eiiieaena no?aiu (E?aniue Eo?aai, 1991).

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai ?inoeoooo iaooe ? aaco
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1985-1997).

Eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai ?inoeoooo iaooe ? aaco (?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1992-1996).

A iiaiiio ia’?i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e o?ainii?oo ? caa??aaiiy iaooe ? aaco ?OAeOOIA (1990,
1999) , eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee (1997) , ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii?
eaoaae?e nii?oaeaeaiiy? o?oaii?iaiae?a ? noiaeu (1998) ? can?aeaii?
i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai nai?ia?o oaeoeueoaoo
iaooiaaci-i?iaiae?a (1998).

Ioaeieaoei?.

Ii oaii aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 33 ae?oeiaaii ?iaioe, a oiio /ene? 2
iiiia?aoi?, 1 iaa/aeueiee iiniaiee, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioenoai.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, a yeiio i?eaaaeaia
caaaeueia ?? oa?aeoa?enoeea, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae, ui ai?uo? 237 iaca ioae?eaoe?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Ia’?i
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo neeaaea? 333 noi??iie, 58 ?enoie?a, 24 oaaeeoe?.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
aacii?iaiae?a OIA I?eea?iaoo?ainaac c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy iniiaieo
ai??i?ieo caeaaeiinoae i?ae ia?aiao?aie ianoaoe?iia?ieo
oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a.

C oi/ee ci?o ea?oaaiiy oaoiieiai/ieie ?aaeeiaie o?ainii?oo aaco ii IA
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy neiae i?eaeaoe oa?aeoa?o i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao, oiio ui ianoaa?euei?noue aaciaiai iioieo
i?ecaaaea aei cia/ieo caeoe?a, aeeeeeaieo iaaeiiinoaaeaie aaco ?iii?oiei
niiaeeaa/ai, ui a naith /a?ao nei?ioeoue ia’?i iinoaaie aaco
niiaeeaa/ai aea?aeaae.

Oa?aeoa?o i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao
i?enay/aii aeineiaeaeaiiy Aia?ianueeiai N.A., Aae?oee?ia C.O., A?oaeca
A.ss.., AEeaeeiai? I.I., Eaioeiaa ?.?., sseiae?aa ?.? oa ?i., a
yeeo iiaeaii iniiaii oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano, ui aecia/athoue ciiio a
/ani ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano.

Iaeiae caoiaeii aeieueieoei aacio?ainii?oiiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie,
aiae ?aaeeio ?iaioe yeeo a iniiaiiio caeaaeeoue iaaeieiinoue
caaacia/aiiy aacii iiii?oieo niiaeeaa/ia, i?ieyaathoue /a?ac o?aaao
Ea?iaonueeeo ai? i iathoue ?icei ae?aaeaiee ia?ani/aiee i?ioieue o?ane.
O ca’yceo c oeei iaiaoiaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia
oa?aeoa? i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania. Ia?oei e?ieii a oeueiio
iai?yii neiae aaaaeaoe noaoenoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo ?aaeeiia
?iaioe aacii?iaiaeia Caoiaeiiai ?aaiiio aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie
Oe?a?ie, aei yeeo neiae aiaeianoe aeieueieoei oaeeo aaeeeeo i
aaaeeeaeo aacii?iaiaeia, ye “A?aoa?noai”, “Nithc”, “O?aiaie-
Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae” i “I?ia?an”.

I?e/eie aeieeiaiiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi aaciaiai iioieo a aacii?iaiaei c
oaoiieiai/ii? oi/ee ci?o iiaeia iiaeieeoe ia aeai a?oie. Aei ia?oi?
neiae aiaeianoe ianoaoeiiia?ii i?ioeane, aeeeeeaii oaoiieiai/ieie
ieaiiaeie aieeaaie ia nenoaio (ciiia oaoiieiai/ii? noaie EN, ?icii
ciiie a iinooieaiii /e aiaeai?i aaco c nenoaie). Ianoaoeiiia?iinoue
iioieo, aeeeeeaia aei?th oeeo aieeaia, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaeeeith
aiieiooaeith ciiie oaoiieiai/ieo ia?aiao?ia i cia/iith o?eaaeinoth
ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. Iaeiae, iiiaio ii/aoeo ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano
a oeueiio aeiaaeeo caeaaieueoiai cacaeaeaaiaeue aiaeiiee, ui aeicaiey?
caa/anii iiaeaethaaoe iaeaooiie ianoaoeiiia?iee i?ioean i i?eeiyoe
aiaeiiaiaeii ea?oth/i ?ioaiiy.

Aei ae?oai? a?oie aiaeiinyoueny ianoaoeiiia?ii i?ioeane, aeeeeeaii
aaa?ieieie neooaoeiyie ia aacii?iaiaeao (ye ia eiii?ani?ieo noaioeiyo,
oae i ia eiiieieo aeieueieoeyo). Oaei i?ioeane iniaeeai oa?aeoa?ii aeey
aaciaeo iaaino?aeae, i?ieeaaeaieo a ai?nueeeo oiiaao. Iaenooo?aioith
aiaeiiiiinoth ?o aiae i?ioeania ia?oi? a?oie neiae aaaaeaoe
iaia?aaeaa/aiinoue iiiaioo ?o aeieeiaiiy, ui ia aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe
neeaaeii aaciaeeiaii/ii iiaeaei c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ciiie
ia?aiao?ia i o?eaaeinoi ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. Aeaoioeeo /ano aeey
i?eeiyooy iioeiaeueieo ea?oth/eo aieeaia a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeiaaa?
ni?iuaiiy inioth/eo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae. Iaeiae oaea ni?iuaiiy
aeiionoeia o?eueee a oeo iaaeao, a yeeo iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoii
aiaeoai?thaaoeia ?aaeueio ea?oeio ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano. Oiio
aaaeeeaeie a oaeeo aeiaaeeao iiaeooue aeyaeoeny ai?ii?ii ciaiiy i?i
i?e?iaeo ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a eiie?aoieo aacii?iaiaeao.

C iaoith noaoenoe/ii? ioeiiee aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia ia?aaia
ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao a ?aieao eiiieaeniiai
aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai aeineiaeii-i?iieneiaiai aenia?eiaioo, ui i?iaiaeeany
ia aacii?iaiaeao “Nithc” i “O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae”, aeeiiaii
niianoaaeaiiy o?eaaeinoi i oa?aeoa?o i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania aeey aeieueieoeue, i?ieeaaeaieo a ?iaieiieo oiiaao i ii
ia?ani/aiiio i?ioieth o?ane c ?icieie eiai oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?e
niianoaaeaiii aeae?aeenue ianoaoeiiia?ii i?ioeane ia ?icieo
aeieueieoeyo, aeeeeeaii iaeiioeiieie i?e/eiaie.

Cacia/aii aacii?iaiaee iaeiaeiaiai aeiaiao?o i?ieyaathoue ia ?iaieiiie
iinoeaainoi ia aeieueieoei Aonyoei-Aiai?iae/aie, i aeaeueoa
ia?aoeiathoue Ea?iaonueeee o?aaao. Ia aeieueieoei Aiai?iae/aie-Oono
(aacii?iaiae “Nithc”) i Aiai?iae/aie-Aieyoei (aacii?iaiae
“O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae”) o?ana iiaeiiia?oueny aaa?o i oiio i?ioieue
?iciiuo?oueny iaae ai?eciioaeeth, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo
(eiii?ani?ia noaioeiy Aiai?iae/aie). A iiaeaeueoiio o?ana aacii?iaiaeia
iionea?oueny a ?aaiii Caea?iaooy i oiio i?ioieue ?iciiuaiee iiae
ai?eciioaeeth, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo o?ane. Aiaeaeaei
iiae eiii?ani?ieie noaioeiyie i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai, ui iiaeiii
aeeeth/aoe aieea aeiaaeeie aacii?iaiaeo ia ia?aiao?e ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania.

Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia iieaco?, ui yeinii oa?aeoa? ciiie ia?aiao?ia
ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a ?iaieiieo aeieueieoeyo i a aacii?iaiaeao c
i?ioieai o?ane iaeaioe/iee. I?e oeueiio i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai (a iaaeao
aiaeoeeaiiy 3-5%) iaeneiaeueii aiieiooaeii cia/aiiy eieeaaiue a /ani
aeo?aoe i ?iai/iai oeneo. Iaeiae, aeey aacii?iaiaeia c ia?ani/aiei
i?ioieai o?ane oa?aeoa?ieie ? ioeuenaoei? oeneo, a oie /an ye aeey
?iaieiiiai aacii?iaiaeo ciiia oeneo a /ani ? aieueo ieaaiith. Iniaeeai
nooo?ai ioeuenaoei?, oa?aeoa?ii aeey aacii?iaiaeo c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai
o?ane, ui neeaaea?oueny c iineiaeiaii c’?aeiaieo aeno?aeii? ? iecoiaeii?
aeieyiie, oiaoi oaeiai, aeey yeiai ieiua, iaiaaeaia i?ioieai, eaaeeoue
aeua ai?eciioaeueii? i?yii?, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo
o?ane aeieueieoei aacii?iaiaeo.

Aeey ?iaieiieo aeieueieoeue aacii?iaiaeia Nithc i
O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae (aeieueieoei Aonyoe-Aiai?iae/aie) o?eaaeinoue
ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania iaioa ia 12-15% ii ciiii aeo?aoe i ia
9-11% ii ciiii ?iai/eo oeneia. I?e oeueiio ic caieueoaiiyi
aiieiooaee eieeaaiue ia?aiao?ia (aeiaaeie aiaeeeth/aiiy eiii?ani?ii?
noaioei? Aiai?iae/aie) aeacaia ?icieoey a o?eaaeinoi ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania c?inoa?.

Aeey aeieueieoeue Aiai?iae/aie-Oono (aacii?iaiae Nithc) i
Aiai?iae/aie-Aieyoei (aacii?iaiae O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae), ui
yaeythoue niaith iineiaeiaia c’?aeiaiiy aenoiaeieo i iecoiaeieo aeieyiie
o?ane o?eaaeinoue ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania iaea?eueoa. Aiaeic a?aoieia
?aaeeiia iieaco?, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai
i?ioeano a?eueoa, iiae a ai?eciioaeueiiio aacii?iaiaei ia 8-12% ii ciiii
aeo?aoe i ia 5-9% ii ciiii oeneo. sse i a iiia?aaeiueiio aeiaaeeo
?icieoey a o?eaaeinoi ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania c?inoa? c ?inoii
aiieiooaee eieeaaiiy ia?aiao?ia.

Caaaeueiiaiaeiii, ui aianeiaeie aiae?aaei/ieo ao?ao oene aaco ii
aeiaaeeii aacii?iaiaeo ciaioo?oueny, ui aianeiaeie noeneeainoi aaco
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy eiai aonoeie ii aeiaaeeii eiiieii?
aeieueieoei. Iaeiae, a ai?eciioaeueieo aacii?iaiaeao aonoeia aaco ia
aieeaa? ia aaee/eio nee a?aaioaoei?. sseui ae aeieueieoey
aacii?iaiaeo ? aenoiaeiith, oi ciaioaiiy aonoeie aaco ii ?? aeiaaeeii
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy aonoeie ca aaiaeace/iith aiaeiioeith. Ioaea,
c iiaeiyooyi aai?o aonoeia aaco ciaioo?oueny. Iaeaaae/i oa?e aaco
ciaoiaeyoueny a ieaeiie /anoei? aenoiaeii? aeieueieoei. Oiio
a?aaioaoeieii neee, ui aeithoue ia iioie aaco a aacii?iaiaei,
caaacia/othoue noieeinoue iaoeeaiiai noiaia aaco.

sseui aac ?ooa?oueny ii iecoiaeiie aeieueieoei o?ane, oi iaeneiaeueiee
oene i iaeaieueoa aonoeia aaco ciaoiaeyoueny ia ii/aoeo aeieueieoei i
aiaeiiaiaeii a iaeaeuie ?? oi/oei. C i?inoaaiiyi acaeiaae eiiieii?
aeieueieoei oene i aonoeia aaco iaaeathoue. Ioaea, c ciaioaiiyi
aaiaeace/ii? aiaeiioee o?ane aonoeia aaco ciaioo?oueny. Iaeeaaoi oa?e
aaco ciaoiaeyoueny a ieaeiie /anoeii iaoeeaiiai noiaia aaco, a iaeaaae/i
– o aa?oiie. Oaeee ?iciiaeie aonoeie ii aenioi iaoeeaii? aeieueieoei
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ianoieeinoi noiaia aaco.

I?e noaoeiiia?iiio ?oni aaco aeacaia ea?oeia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icieoei
aiae?aaei/ieo ao?ao ia aenoiaeiie i iecoiaeiie aeieueieoeyo. I?e iiyai
cao?aiue, ui aeeeeeathoue ianoaoeiiia?iee i?ioean a iaoeeaiie
aeieueieoei aacii?iaiaeo aianeiaeie ianoieeinoi noiaia aaco a
iecoiaeiie aeieueieoei niinoa?iaathoueny cia/iioi ioeuenaoei? aaco,
ui aeeeeea? caieueoaiiy o?eaaeinoi ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. O aenoiaeiie
aeieueieoei cao?aiiy, ui aeeeeeathoue ianoaoeiiia?iee i?ioean, oaeaeei
aanyoueny aianeiaeie noieeinoi noiaia aaco a aacii?iaiaei.

Aiae?c ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a ?aaeueieo aacii?iaiaeao ?
iaoaiaoe/ii? ?o iiaeae? iieaco?, ui aeey aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei
i?io?eai o?ane o ae?ac e?eoa??th ianoa-oe?iia?iino? ne?ae aianoe
iii?aaeo ia aieea i?io?eth o?ane. Oiae? ae?ac aeey e?eoa??th
ianoaoe?iia?iino? c a?aooaaiiyi i?io?eth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo iaoeia
aeaeyae

,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aea Fr – e?eoa??e O?oaea.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieia iieacothoue, ui aeey ai?eciioaeueieo eiiieieo
aeieueieoeue Aonyoei-Aiai?iae/aie ia?aiao?e i?iaiico o?eaaeinoi
ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano i?aeoe/ii niiaiaaeathoue c aeii?yieie
aeaieie. Iioeaea a /ani ia ia?aaeuo? 1.6%.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae
aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane oa aeine?aeaeaiiyi aieeao
i?io?eth ia oa?aeoa? oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Iniiaieie ?iaiyiiyie, yei aiaeia?aaeathoue oa/ith aaco ii
o?oaii?iaiaeao, ? ?iaiyiiy ?ooo, ia?ic?eaiinoi, aia?ai? oa
oaieii?iaiaeiinoi o aeaiii?iie /e iaeiiii?iie iinoaiiaoei caeaaeii aiae
i?ecia/aiiy caaea/i. Aeey caaea/ iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeiiii?ia iinoaiiaea, oiaei ye aeey aecia/aiiy
ianoaoeiiia?iiai eiaoioe??ioa oaieiiaiiio iaiaoiaeia ?ica’ycaiiy
aeaiii?ieo ?iaiyiue ia?aiino oaiea.

Aeioeieueiinoue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo nioie c iayaiith noaiith aeey
ni?iuaieo caaea/ aea?aeii ? oiae?, eiee aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeiiii?ia
?iaiyiiy oaieii?iaiaeiinoi aeey no?iee o?oaii?iaiaeo. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aeiaiaeeoueny ciaoiaeeoe ooieoei? oeneo ?, oaiia?aoo?e T, oa
aeo?aoe M iaoiaeii iineiaeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue. ?iaiyiiy, ui iienothoue
oa/ith aaco a o?oaii?iaiae?, iiaeathoueny o aeaeyi:
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aea ai – noae? eiao?oe??ioe, ui aecia/athoueny /a?ac oa?aeoa?enoeee
nenoaie.

Neiae aiaecia/eoe, ui a ?icaeyaeoaaieo caaea/ao iio?iaii caaeaaaoe
a?aie/ii oiiae oaiia?aoo?e i oeneo ia ii/aoeo aeieueieoei
aacii?iaiaeo, a cia/aiiy ianiai? aeo?aoe aaco – o eiioeaaie oi/oei.
Oiio cia/aiiy ianiaii aeo?aoe o aoceao nioee aeioeieueii ciaoiaeeoe
iaoiaeii i?iaiiee.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee aeathoue ciiao ciaeoe ?iciiaeie ianiaii aeo?aoe
ii aeiaaeeii o?oaii?iaiaeo a iiiaio /ano + . Ae?aceaoe ooieoei?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 /a?ac aiaeiii cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo? noiiee oa
aaco, oeneo i ianiai? aeo?aoe aeey aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e oa oeneo o
ae?oaiio aocei nioee, i?eionoeii, ui aeey aeieyiee iiae oi/eaie i=1,
i=2 /eaie, yei aiiuothoue ae?oai iioiaeii, iaei. Oea oeieeii
ni?aaaaeeeai i?e iacia/ieo ia?a-iaaeao oaiia?aoo?e aaco ca /an ,
ineieueee o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ?? ciiia ia iaeiiio iioa?aaei x c
aeinoaoiii nooiaiai oi/iinoi iiaea ai?ieneioaaoe eiiieiith ooieoei?th.
C ae?oaiai aieo, eiaoioe??ioe oaiieii?iaiaeiinoi aaco oa noiiee iaei
ii?iaiyii c iioeie ia?aiao?aie ?iaiyiue, oiio iaa?aooaaiiy /eaiia,
yei aiiuothoue ae?oai iioiaeii, ia ni?e/eieoue cia/ii? ao?aoe
oi/iinoi. Aiaeeeaeath/e /eaie c ae?oaith iio?aeiith oa aeei?enoiaoth/e
?icieoeaao ai?ieneiaoeith iacaae iiney a?aeiiaiaeieo ia?aoai?aiue,
iaea?aeo?ii:picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902
000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102
01000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00ffff
ffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61
746854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000
2b0008000000320a14015a0201000000440008000000320a00000000320ac00185140100
0000290008000000320ac001e31301000000310000000000320ac001dd10010000002800
08000000320ac001bb0e0100000032000000000005000000060000000700000008000000
090000000a0000000b000000000000000000000000000000

Aeai?eoi ?ica’yceo caaea/i iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyaei:

1. I?e caaeaieo a?aie/ieo i ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao ciaeoe ?iciiaeie
ianiaii aeo?aoe ii aeiaaeeii o?oaii?iaiaeo.

2. Iaoiaeii iineiaeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue ciaeoe cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo? noiiee
oa aaco,oeneo o ae?oaiio aocei nioee.

3. I?iaanoe iioaa?oaaiiy ii iioieo.

4. Iiaoi?eoe e?ie 1,2,3 aei noiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano ?ica’ycaiiy.

5. I?iaanoe iioaa?oaaiiy ca /anii aeey iiia?aaeiio a?aie/ieo i iiaeo
ii/aoeiaeo oiia.

6. Ciaeoe iiai cia/aiiy ooeaieo ooieoeie.

O i?ioeani ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/i iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy iiaea
iaaeoiaeeoe aeiaeaoeiaa iioi?iaoeiy i?i ia’?eo. Oiaei iaiaoiaeii
i?iaanoe ei?aeoeith iaeaioeoieiaaieo ia?aiao?ia. Aaeaioeaiee iaoiae aeey
aeene?aoieo ia’?eoia caaaeaee iieno?oueny ?aeo?aioiith oi?ioeith

aea Ci – aaeoi? iaeaioeoieiaaieo ia?aiao?ia ia i-io e?ioei
aaeaioaoei?;

Xi ,Yi – aaeoi?e aoiaeieo i aeoiaeieo ia?aiao?ia ia i-io e?ioei
aaeaioaoei?.

I?eaaaeaiee ae?ac c?o/iioa ia?aienaoe o aeaeyaei:

Ci = Ci-1 + Ci , (5)

aea Ci – i?e?ino, ui ?aaeico?oueny aeai?eoiii aaeaioaoei?

Iaeaioeoieaoeiy aeieyiee aacii?iaiaeo i?iaiaeeoueny ca
eoneiai-iinoieiith noaiith, oiaoi i?ioyaii i-ai e?ieo aiaeiiaethaaii
ia?aiao?e aaaaeathoueny iinoieieie. Iio?iaii caoaaaeeoe, ui ca oaeei
aeai?eoiii aaeaioaoei? ia iiaeia ?ic’ycaoe caaea/o iaeaioeoieaoei?
aaniethoii oi/ii, a onyeiio ?aci a ianeaiiio aa?iaioi. Aii aea? ciiao
eeoa iinoieii iieiiooaaoe cia/aiiy iaeaioeoieaoeieieo ia?aiao?ia. Oiio
eiai aeioeieueii canoiniaoaaoe aeey iaeaioeoieaoei? ia’?eoia,
ia?aiao?e yeeo iiaieueii ciiiththoueny.

Iaea?eueo i?eaeaoiei iaoiaeii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeaeae iaonoaeaieo
ia?cioa?i?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? ?ioaa?aeueiee, i?e/iio i?ae /an ?ica’ycaiiy
nenoai iae?i?eieo ??aiyiue aeia?a ca?aeiiaiaeoaaa naaa iiaeeo?eiaaiee
iaoiae Iuethoiia c ooi/iaiiyi cia/aiue a?aae??ioa /a?ac ?oa?aoe??.

?ic?aooiee canaiae/othoue, ui c aeiiiiiaith iienaiiai iaoiaeo
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao?ia iiaeia iaea?aeaoe cia/aiiy aeoiaeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, yei aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeeniao/a?nueeeie aeaieie.
Na?aaeii iioeaee aeey oeneo noaiiaeyoue 0,4%; aeey oaiia?aoo?e-0,4%;
aeey aeo?aoe aaco-1,4%, ui aea? ciiao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iaea?aeaii iiaeaei
aeey oe?ieiai i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
aeei?enoaii c iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao i?io?eth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo
ia ia?aa?a ianoaoe?iia?ieo oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieo i?ioeania.
Aeineiaeaeoaaiee aacii?iaiae ?icaeyaeaany ye iineiaeiaia c’?aeiaiiy
aeieueieoeue o?ane c ?icieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioieth. Ia?aoiaeiee a
aacii?iaiaei coiiaeth?oueny ciiiith iaeiiai c ia?aiao?ia ia?aea/oaaiiy
ia iaaei aacii?iaiaeo: oeneo aai oaiia?aoo?e ia ii/aoeo aacii?iaiaeo /e
ianiai? aeo?aoe a eiai eiioei.

O?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania o aacii?iaiaei c ?icieie oi?iaie
i?ioieth o?ane ii?iaithaaee c o?eaaeinoth ?o a ai?eciioaeueiiio
aacii?iaiaei i?e oeo aea /enaeueieo cia/aiiyo noaoeiiia?ieo ?aaeeiia
ia?aea/oaaiiy. Aeey ioeiiee aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia ia?aoiaeii i?ioeane
a aacii?iaiaei aeioeieueii i?eeiyoe eiao?oe??ioe

aea + , – – o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania o aacii?iaiaei c
aeiaeaoi?i i aiae’?iiei i?ioieai; 0 – o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano
a ?iaieiiiio aacii?iaiaei; – ia?aiao? ia?aea/oaaiiy (aeo?aoa, oene,
oaiia?aoo?a), ciiia yeiai ia iaaei aeieyiee coiiaeea ia?aoiaeiee
i?ioean.

Oaeei /eiii, yeui o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano a aacii?iaiaei
c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ia aiae?iciy?oueny aiae eiai o?eaaeinoi o
?iaieiiiio aacii?iaiaei, oi iieaciee = 1. sseui ca aeiionoeio
iioeaeo a ?ic?aooieao aacii?iaiaeia i?eeiyoe 5%, oi aeiionoeii cia/aiiy
o aecia/aiii , ca yeeo i?ioieue o?ane iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe, aoaeooue
a iioa?aaei [ ] [0,95; 1,05]. I?e aeoiaei cia/aiiy ca iaae?
caaeaiiai iioa?aaeo a ?ic?aooieao aacii?iaiaeia iaia’yceiai iaiaoiaeii
a?aooaaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioieth o?ane. O i?ioeeaaeiiio aeiaaeeo
aeiionoeia iioeaea ?ic?aooieia ia?aaoaaoeia ca iaaeaie caaeaiiai
iioa?aaeo.

O i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiiyo aaee/eia ia?aaeuaiiy eiioey iaoeeaii?
aeieueieoei h iaae ai?eciioaeeth ciiithaaeenue ii aaniethoiie aaee/eii
iioa?aaeo 0…100 i c e?ieii 10 i. Aeey eiaeiiai aa?iaioo ?ic?aoiaoaaee
cia/aiiy M . ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui, ii/eiath/e c h = 80 i, M ia
iio?aiey? o iaaei caaeaiiai iioa?aaeo. Ioaea, i?e ia?aaeuaiii ia o?ani h
80 i i?ioieue o?ane iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe iiae /an ?ic?aooieo
ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioeania. Iioeaea ca /anii i?e oeueiio ia
ia?aaeuoaaoeia 5% . Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia ?ic?aooieia iieaco?, ui
no?eaeiiiaeiaia ciiia ia?aiao?ia ia?aea/oaaiiy ia iaaei aeieyiee
aeeeeea? eieeaiee i?ioean o aacii?iaiaei. I?e oeueiio eieeaaiiy
oeneo oa ianiai? aeo?aoe ia aeieyieao c iaoeeii ca aiieiooaeith
ia?aaaaeathoue aiaeiai/ii eieeaaiiy ia ?iaieiieo aeieyieao.
Aiieiooaea eieeaaiue c?inoa? ci caieueoaiiyi eooa aacii?iaiaeo aei
ai?eciioo, iiaeaeuaiiyi aaiaea-ce/iii ?icieoei aenio i aeo?aoe aaco.
Oaiia?aoo?ii eieeaaiiy iaio aiae/ooii aianeiaeie aaeeei? iia?oeieiinoi
oaieiaeo i?ioeania. sse i neiae aoei /aeaoe, oaiia?aoo?a ia iecoiaeiie
aeieyioei c?inoa? ca ?aooiie caieueoaiiy ?iaioe nee oa?oy.

Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia iieacaa, ui iaa?aooaaiiy ciiie oaiia?aoo?e o
ia?aoiaeiiio i?ioeani aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa? i?ioeano eeoa i?e ?ic?aooieo
ei?ioeeo o?oaii?iaiaeia, eiee iia?oeieii aeo?aoe aiaeia?athoue
ae?ioaeueio ?ieue. Oaeei /eiii, aeey aeiaaeo o?oaii?iaiaeia iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue i?ioeano iiaea iiaeaaaoeny eeoa ?iaiyiiyie ?ooo oa
ia?ic?eaiinoi. Aeey ei?ioeeo o?oaii?iaiaeia o iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
i?ioeano iaiaoiaeii aaiaeeoe ?iaiyiiy aia?ai?, ui a?aoiao?
iaicioa?ii/iinoue i?ioeano. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeiaeaoeiaiai
oneeaaeiaiiy iaoaiaoe/iii iiaeaei. I?ioa iaa?aooaaiiy iaicioa?ii/iinoi
o oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei iioeaie, ui ia?aaeuothoue 5% .
A?aie/io iaaeo, i?e yeie o iiaeaeue i?ioeano iaiaoiaeii aaiaeeoe
?iaiyiiy aia?ai?, iiaeia caaeaoenue e?eoa?i?i ianoaoeiiia?iinoi Nt A? =
3,5. sseui aeey caaeaiiai i?ioeano Nt 0, oi oene o eiioeaaie aeieueieoei
iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ia iiaeiai iioneaoeny ieae/a Pmin ia
aiae?iceo [0, t]. Ooieoeiy Qmax(t) ? ooieoei?th aa?oiuei? a?aie/ii
aeiionoeii? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN. Aiia aecia/a?oueny oae: yeui a
ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano QCP = Qmax(t), t > 0, oi oene a eiioeoeaaie
aeieueieoei iaa?no?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ia iiaeiai ia?aaeuoaaoe Pmax
ia aiae?iceo [0, t], i?e/iio a aeayeee iiiaio /ano t [0,t] oene
aeinyaa? Pmax .

Oaeei /eiii, ooieoei? [Qmin, Qmax]. ooai?ththoue iaeanoue
oaoiieiai/ii? aeiionoeiinoi aeey QCP . Oea aeicaiey? ia?aeoe aei
ni?iuaii?, iiaeeoieiaaii? iinoaiiaee caaea/i ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii?
na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN eiioeaai? aeieueieoei iaaino?aeueiiai
aacii?iaiaeo ca e?eoa?i?i i?i?ioio o?eaaeinoi i?e ianoaoeiiia?iie
iiaeaei i?ioieaiiy aaco, yea iayaii aoiaeeoue a iaiaaeaiiy ??oaiiy
caaea/i.

O ?iaioi cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae iiaoaeiae ooieoeie-iaiaaeaiue Qmin(t),
Qmax(t) ia iniiai iioeo ooieoeie-iaiaaeaiue, yei ooai?ththoue aeey QCP
iaeanoue oae caaii? “oi/eiai?” oaoiieiai/ii? i?eionoeiinoi – Qmin(t),
Qmax(t), ia aiaeiiio aiae ooieoeie iaiaaeaiue Qmin(t), Qmax(t), yei
ooai?ththoue aeey ia?aiao?a na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiioeaai?
eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? iaeanoue oaoiieiai/ii? i?eionoeiinoi ia aiae?iceo
0,t.

Oice/iee ciino i iaeii/anii aecia/aiiy ooieoeie Qmin(t) oaeee: yeui a
ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano na?aaeiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoue EN eiioeaai?
aeieueieoei iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ?iaia cia/aiith ooieoei? o
aeayeee iiiaio /ano t, oiaoi QCP = Qmin(t ), oi, i?e iaciiiiinoi QCP
, a iiiaio t oene o o?oai aeinyaa? Pmin . O iiia?aaeii iiiaioe
/ano, i?e aea?aiiio cia/aiii na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN oene iiaea
iioneaoeny ieae/a, ui iaaeiionoeii o aeiaaeeo, eiee QCP = Qmin(t ).

Ciino Qmax(t ) aiaeiai/iee: yeui o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano na?aaeiy
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eiioeaai? EN ?iaia cia/aiith oei?? ooieoei? o aeayeee
iiiaio /ano t, oiaoi QCP = Qmax(t ), oi a iiiaio t oene o o?oai
aeinyaa? Pmax .

?ic?aooiie iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi
eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? QCP max i ?? o?eaaeinoi aeicaiey?
aeineoue i?inoi ?ica’ycoaaoe aaaeeeao caaea/o
iia?aoeaii-aeeniao/a?nueeiai ea?oaaiiy: /e inio? oaoiieiai/ii
i?eionoeiee noaoeiiia?iee ?aaeei aacii?iaiaeo i?e caaeaiiio a?aoieo
i?iaiico aaciniiaeeaaiiy i??i?eoaoii? a?oie niiaeeaa/ia ia iioa?aaei
ieaioaaiiy [0,T]. Aeey aiaeiiaiaei ia oea ieoaiiy aeineoue niianoaaeoe
max i T. sseui max >T, oi, i/aaeaeii, noaoeiiia?iee ?aaeei inio?,
oae ye aii inio? aeey eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe??, a ioaea, i aeey
anio i?iiiaeieo. A iioiio aeiaaeeo ?iaioa aacii?iaiaeo a
noaoeiiia?iiio ?aaeeii i?e caaeaiiio a?aoieo aaciniiaeeaaiiy ia
iioa?aaei [0,T] iaiiaeeeaa. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaiaoiaeii canoiniaoaaoe
aeai?eoie iioeiicaoei? ianoaoeiiia?ieo ?aaeeiia i ia?aoiaeeoe aei
iiooeo iioeiaeueieo ooieoeie i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie
iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo, iie?ath/enue ia iiaeaei ianoaoeiiia?iiai
i?ioieaiiy aaco.

Aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?aaeicaoei? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeia iioeiicaoei? aea?aii
aeaa aacii?iaiaee, iaeei c yeeo ? oeiiaei i?aaenoaaieeii iaaino?aeueieo
aacii?iaiaeia iiaiai iieieiiiy, iiaoaeiaaiee c o?oa aaeeeiai aeiaiao?o i
i?aoethth/ee ia oeneo 7,5 IIa, a ?oaee – aacii?iaiae aieueo noa?iai
oeio, yeee i?aoeth? i?ae oeneii 5,6 IIa i ia? cia/ii iaioee aeiaiao?.

I?e i?i?i?caoe?? iaaeiiiaea/? aaco i??i?eoaoi?e a?oi? niiaeeaa/?a
aeei?enoiaoaaany ocaaaeueiaiee iaoiae eiacath/iai ona?aaeiaiiai, ia
iniia? yeiai ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi i?i?i?caoe?? iaaeiiiaea/? aaco.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe??,
i?e iioeiaeueiiio ca e?eoa???i iaeneioio ia’?io iinoaaie aaco,
?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi iioei?caoe??.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae iaeanoae
aeiionoeieo ?aaeei?a ? a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao c iaoith
iioei?caoe?? ea?oaaiiy aacio?ainii?o-ieie nenoaiaie a oiiaao
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino?.

?ica’ycaiiy caaea/i iaeaioeoieaoei? iia’ycaia c i?iaaaeaiiyi
aenia?eiaioo, oiaoi ?acoeueoaoe aeii?ia aoiaeieo i aeoiaeieo ciiiieo
i?ioeano, iaea?aeaieo oeyoii aeoeaiiai aai ianeaiiai aeineiaeo
neoaeaoue aeey noai?aiiy aai ooi/iaiiy aea?aii? ai?ii?ii? iiaeaei.

O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c caaaeueieie iaoiaeaie iaeaioeoieaoei?
aeeiaii/ieo ia’?eoia a oiiaao iaaecia/aiinoi iaa?no?aeueiee
aacii?ia?ae cia?aaeaii o aeaeyaei aaaaoiii?iiai ia’?eoo. Ia aoiaei
aei? aaeoi? aoiaeieo ciiiieo X(t) = X x1 (t),…xn (t) c n neeaaeiaeie
xi (t). Aaeoi? Y(t) = Y(y1 …yn ) oa?aeoa?eco? iaoo ea?oaaiiy.
Cia/aiiy xi (t), yi (t) – aiaeiiaiaeathoue iaia?aae aea?aiei ao?aeiei i
aeoiaeiei ia?aiao?ai aacii?iaiaeo. ?icaeyaeath/e iiaeaeue
iaa?-no?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo, ye aaeoi?iee iia?aoi? ia?aoai?aiiy iaaieo
aeeiaii/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, iiaeia caienaoe aeey eiaeii? aeoiaeii?
ciiiii?:

Yi (t) = Ai xi (t),…,xn (t) .

Eieueeiniith ioeiieith noaiaiy aeecueeinoi A(t) i A(t) ?
ooieoeiy [Y(t), Y(t)], yea iiiiiico? ?icaiaeiinoue iiae ?aaeueiei
cia/aiiyi aeoiaeo ia’?eoo i cia/aiiyi, ?ic?aoiaaiei ia iniia? iiaeaei.
Iioeiaeueiith ii e?eoa?ith na?aaeiueiai ?eneo ? ioeiiea A(t), i?e yeie

I [y+ , yt xs ], S T min A .

Oaeei /eiii, caaea/a iaeaioeoieaoei? iia’ycaia c aeaeiiiiceoei?th
oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano o?ainii?oo aaco ia ie?aii aea/aii aeaiaioe, aeey
yeeo iiaeooue aooe aecia/aii iia?aoi?e ia?aoai?aiiy Ai(t). I?e
iienaii? iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ye oae? aeaiaioe i?eeia-eenue
eiii?ani?ii noaioei? oa e?i?ei? aeieyiee.

Ieaioaaiiy ?aaeeiia iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo iiaeiii
i?iaiaeeoenue ic a?aoo-aaiiyi oaoiieiai/ieo iaiaaeaiue, iaoiiaeaieo
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?oeiino? o?oa, a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieie ? oaiia?aoo?ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aacii?iaiae?a ? AIA.Aei oeeo iaiaaeaiue aiaeiineoueny
iaeneiaeueiee ?iai/ee oene a aacii?iaiaei ?max, iiiiiaeueia Qmin i
iaeneiaeueia Qmax i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia aoiaei a iaaiioa/, iaeneiaeueii
aeiionoeia oaiia?aoo?a Omax , aeiaiacii ciiie /anoioe iaa?oaiiy
iaaiioa/a n, iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaeo i?eaiaeo
Nmax. Oei iaiaaeaiiy ae?aaeaii o aeaeyaei nenoaie ia?iaiinoae:
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 ;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 ;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 ;

(9)
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 ;
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 ;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 ,

aea n0 -iiiiiaeueia cia/aiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a iaaiioa/a.

Iaeanoue aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia (IAe?) aoaeo?oueny aeey iaeiiai AIA, aai
a?oie iineiaeiaii c’?aeiaieo AIA i aeaeueoa ocaaaeueith?oueny ia oeao
i EN a oeieiio. I?e oieniaaieo oiiaao aniieooaaiiy IAe? yaey? niaith
iaeanoue a eii?aeeiaoiie niooei (QK, ), yea iinoeoue ani ?aaeeie
aiaeiiaiaeiiai aeaiaioo aacio?ainii?oiii nenoaie, ui caaeiaieueiythoue
oaoiieiai/iei iaiaaeaiiyi.

I?e iiaoaeiai iaeanoi aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia AIA ia?o ca ana
aecia/athoueny cia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? i iiiiiaeueii? eiia?oeieii?
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi QK max i QK min .

Iioa?aae (QK max QK min) ?icaeaa?oueny ia aeene?aoe, eieueeinoue
eio?eo aecia/a?oueny aeiiaaie aei oi/iinoi, iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.
Aeey eiaeii? aoceiai? oi/ee ?icaeaa?oueny QKmin QK i QKmax
aeieno?oueny iaeneiaeueia i iiiiiaeueia aeiionoeii cia/aiiy nooiaiy
noeneo aaco AIA. Iioii ia/eneth?oueny cia/aiiy oeneo, oaiia?aoo?e ia
aoiaei AIA i iiooaeiinoi,yea niiaeeaa?oueny iaaiioa/ai aeey iaio oi/ie.

O oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aaea?oueny iiaoaeoaaoe cia/aiiy min i max aeey
o?ueio i aieueoa cia/aiue QK i iaeanoue aaaaea?oueny iiaoaeiaaiith.
Cia/aiiy min i max aeey oi/ie Q[Qmin,Qmax], yei ia ? aoceiaeie,
aeiaoaeiaothoueny a iaei?inoioiio aeiaaeeo ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieii?
iioa?iieyoei?. I?e iaiaoiaeiinoi iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieiiiiiaeueio
iioa?iieyoeith.

Aeanoeainoue, yeith iiney iiaoaeiae aieiaeithoue ani IAe?, iieyaa? a
oiio, ui i?e caaeaieo oiiaao aoiaeo a AIA eiaeiiio aeiionoeiiio ?aaeeio
ia’?eoa (AIA, oeao aai EN a oe?eiio) a?aeiiaiaea? aeayea oi/ea c
iaeanoi. C iioiai aieo iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeey aeia?eueii? oi/ee
(QK, ), yea iaeaaeeoue IAe?, inio? oaea cia/aiiy n (aeey AIA) aai
noeoiiinoue cia/aiue ni (aeey a?oie aai oeaoo), yea aeicaiey?
iaea?aeaoe ia aeoiaei ia’?eoa nooiiiue noeneo aaco i?e cia/aiii
aoiaeii? eiia?oeieii? aeo?aoe QK? aac ii?ooaiiy oaoiieiai/ieo
iaiaaeaiue. AEiaeia oi/ea, yea ia iaeaaeeoue IAe?, oei?th aeanoeainoth
ia aieiaei?. Iaeiae aiai?eoe i?i ?ciii?oeci iiae iiiaeeiith
aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia ia’?eoo i iiiaeeiith oi/ie IAe? iiaeia oieueee
aeey AIA, oae ye, oi/oei IAe? oeaoo i EN iiaeooue aiaeiiaiaeaoe ?aaeeie
?aaeiciaaii i?e ?iciiio ?iciiaeiei iaa?oia i?ae aa?aaaoaie.

O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aeno?aiaeueii cia/aiiy aieiaiiai e?eoa?ith i
e?eoa?i?a, yei aenooiathoue iaiaaeaiiyie, eaaeaoue ia a?aieoei IAe?,
ia?aoiae aiae iaeii? iinoaiiaee aaaaoiaeno?aiaeueii? caaea/i
iioeiicaoei? aei ae?oai? aeineoue i?inoee. Aeaui neeaaeiioa noi?oue
ni?aaa a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aeno?aiaeueia cia/aiiy aeinyaa?oueny o
aioo?ioiie oi/oei IAe?. Oaea neooaoeiy oa?aeoa?ia iai?eeeaae, aeey
iioeiicioei? ?aaeeio aacii?iaiaeo ii e?eoa?ith iiiiioio aia?aicao?ao ia
aeanii iio?aae.

O oeueiio aeiaaeeo a yeinoi ooieoei? iaoe iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
noia?io iiooaeiinoue N, ui niiaeeaa?oueny AIA i iioeiicaoeiy
caeienith?oueny c aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oii? i?ioeaaeo?e aeeiaii/iiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy.

I/aaeaeii, ui o aeiaaeeo, eiee oeaoe EN iienaii c aeiiiiiaith nai?o
IAe?, oaeee aeai-?eoi iiaeia ?aaeicoaaoe oieueee aeey a?aie/ieo oi/ie
iaeano?, oae ye aeey aioo?ioiio oi/ie inoeiii cia/aiiy ni iaaiaeiii.
Oiio aeey ia/eneaiiy aia?aicao?ao i?eeiyoi aeei?enoiaoaaoe
oa?iiaeeiaii/ia niiaaiaeiioaiiy oeio:

, (10)

aea , – eiao?oe??ioe, ye? ia/eneththoueny ii
oi?ioeai:picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000
000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010
00000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00fffffff
f000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746
854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000b57c5abe5abe000280fe0000000000009001000
000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f000000000000000000000000 ;

aea Ni – iiooaeiinoue, ui niiaeeaa?oueny i-i oeaoii; QK i –
eiia?oeieia aeo?aoa aaco /a?ac oeao; K – iieaciee aae?aaaoe, , mex –
iie?o?iiiee, iaoai?/iee e.e.ae.; a – eiaoioe??io, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?
oiiae aniieooaaiiy.

Oaeoe/ii ?aaeeie iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia, ye i?aaeei,
aiae?iciythoueny aiae iioe-iaeueieo ieaiiaeo ?aaeeiia. I?e/eiith ?
ianoaoeiiia?iinoue i?ioeano o?ainii?oo aaco, iaiiaiioa ?ioi?iaoei? i?i
ia’?eo ea?oaaiiy i ciaiioi? na?aaeiaeua ia aoaii ieaioaaiiy,
ni?iuaiinoue iiaeaeae, yei aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ioeaaeo?i
iioeiicaoei?, i ?yae iioeo oaeoi?ia. Eiiiainaoeiy ?icoiaeaeaiue iiae
oaeoe/ieie ?aaeeiaie AON i ieaiiaeie caeienith?oueny aeeniao/a?nueeeie
neoaeaaie aiaeiiaiaeiiai ?iaiy ia iniiai iia?aoeaii? iioi?iaoei? i?i
a?aeo/ee noai ia’?eoo i na?aaeiaeua a ?aaeeii ?aaeueiiai /ano. Oey
i?ioeaaeo?a caeienith?oueny aei iiiaioo i?eeiyooy iiaiai ieaio, yeee
a?aoiao? ciiiaiee noai ia’?eoo ea?oaaiiy i iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

A neeo aeiaaeeiai? i?e?iaee aieueoinoi cao?aiue, ui aecia/athoue
oaeoe/iee ?aaeei aacii?iaiaeo, aeaii aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei? ?
aeiaaeeiaeie aaee/eiaie. Oiio i?ioeaaeo?e i?eeiyooy ?ioaiue, a yeeo
aeei?enoiaothoueny oei aeaii, ca’ycaii c noaoenoe/iith
iaeaioeoieaoei?th ia’?eoo ea?oaaiiy. A?aooaaiiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi
i?ioeano o?ainii?oo aaco ia?aaeaa/aeinue cae?enithaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith
noioanoe/ii? ai?ieneiaoei? ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao?ia.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee iiaoaeiae
?aa?anieieo iiaeaeae i noaoenoe/ii? ioeiiee aaeaeaaoiinoi.

Iaeiae aeey ianoaoeiiia?ieo ia’?eoia, yeeie ? aeaiaioe AON,
ia?aiao?e ciiiththoueny c /anii i, oaeei /eiii, /a?ac iaaiee
oa?i?i, yeee caeaaeeoue aiae nooiaiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi i?ioeano,
?aa?anieia ?iaiyiiy ia?anoa? aaeaeaaoii iienoaaoe ia’?eo, ii iueiio
iaiiaeeeai ia?aaeaa/aoe iiaaaeiieo ia’?eoa i ea?oaaoe iei. Uia
caiiaiaoe oeueiio, ioeiiee ia?aiao?ia iiaeaei neiae aacia?a?aii
ooi/ithaaoe. Ooi/iai? a i?ioeani ooieoeithaaiiy ia’?eoo iiaeaei
iinyoue iacao aaeaioeaieo iiaeaeae, i aaeaioaoeiy ?aa?anieieo ?iaiyiue
ii aeaieo aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoe?? aea? iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?o a ea?oaaii? ianoaoeiiia?iei i?ioeanii o?ainii?oo aaco.

Aaeaioeaia nenoaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe??(AN?) ia?aaeaa/a? aeaa aoaie:
no?aoaai/iee (iaeaioe-oieaoeiy a oe?ieiio ?icoiiiii) i iia?aoeaiee (o
aocueeiio ?icoiiiii). Ia aoaii no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei?
aecia/a?oueny iiia?aaeiy iioi?iaoeiy i?i ia’?eo: nooiiiue iaeiiieiinoi,
nooiiiue ianoaoeiiia?iinoi, aoiaeii i aeoiaeii ciiiii i nooiiiue ca’yceo
iiae ieie, eean iiaeaei i ?? aaeaeaaoiinoue ?aaeueiiio i?ioeano.
No?aoaai/ia iaeaioeoieaoeiy caeienith?oueny iica eiioo?ii, oiaoi aei
aeeth/aiiy iiaeaei a eiioo? ea?oaaiiy , i?eioneath/e, ui iiaoaeiaaia
iiaeaeue caeeoa?oueny iaciiiiith. Aeeth/aiiy no?aoaai/iiai
iaeaioeoieaoi?a a ANI ca’ycaii c iaiaoiaeiinoth ia?iiaee/ii
ia?a?aoiaoaaoe oi /e iioi oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeaei o ca’yceo c ciiiith
ia’?eoo.

Iia?aoeaiee iaeaioeoieaoi? ca’ycaiee c iioi/iith ioeiieith ia?aiao?ia
iiaeaei. Aeey iueiai ii/aoeiaith iioi?iaoei?th ? iiaeaeue, ae?iaeaia
a no?aoaai/iiio iaeaioeoieaoi?i, i iaai? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeii?thaaiiy aoiaeo i aeoiaeo ia’?eoo.

I?e iiaoaeiai iiaeaeae oaeeo aeaiaioia AON, ye EN, EAe ia aoaii
no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioe-oieaoei? aoaeo?oueny ?aa?anieia ?iaiyiiy ia’?eoa.

Aeey iia?aoeaii? iaeaioeoieaoei? ia?aiao?ia iiaeaei aeioeieueii
canoiniaoaaoe iaeiie?iei-aee iioeiaeueiee aeai?eoi, yeee aiae?iciy?oueny
i?inoioith a ?aaeicaoei?, iiiiiaeueiith iio?aaith a iia?aoeaiie iai’yoi
AII i aenieith iiaieueiinoth, oiaoi /ooeeaith ?aaeoei?th ia ciiio
ia?aiao?ia ia’?eoo.

Ia aoaii no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei? EN i EAe ye aoiaei? ciiii?
aea?aii oene ia aoiaei ?ao i iiaea/a aaco Qao . Aeoiaeiei ia?aiao?ii
neoaeeoue cae/aeii oene ia aeoiaei eiiieii? aeieyiee aai oene iaaiioa/a
EN ?aeo . E?ii oiai, aeey EN iaiaoiaeii ioeiithaaoe aia?aicao?aoe N.

Noaoeiiia?iee ?aaeei ?iaioe EN i EAe iieno?oueny ia?aaiei/iei ?iaiyiiyi
. Acyaoe oea ?iaiyiiy ca iniiao i?e iaeaioeo?eaoei? ianoaoeiiia?iiai
?aaeeio, iaea?aeeii niiaaiaeiioaiiy

, (11)

aea N1 – e?ie aaeaioaoe??, a1, a2 – eiao?oe??ioe iiaeae?.

Ia aoaii iia?aoeaii? iaeaioeoieaoei? EN i EAe ?oii iiaeaei ooeathoueny
a aeene?aoii iiiaioe /ano i aaeaioaoeiy caeienith?oueny ii
iioeiaeueiiio iaeiie?ieiaiio aeai?eoio. Iioa?aae iiae oaeoaie
aaeaioaoei? aiaeiiaiaea? i?iiiaeeo /ano iiae aeaiia iineiaeiaieie
iiiaioaie ia?aaea/i iia?aoeaiii iioi?iaoei? c ia’?eoa ia
aeeniao/a?nueeee ioieo aacio?ainii?oiiai iiaei?e?inoaa.

Iaeaioeoieaoeiy EN i eiiieieo aeieyiie ia? naiinoieia cia/aiiy aeey
caeieniaiiy aeaoeaio?aeiciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy o?ainii?oii aaco. Iaeiae,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ia?aiao?e iiaeaeae oaoiieiai/ieo aeieueieoeue,iiaeia
iiaoaeoaaoe iiaeaeue aacii?iaiaeo a oeieiio. sseui ?icaeyaeaoe IA ye
eiiith iineiaeiaii? ia?aea/ee, oi iia?aoi?, yeee iieno? aacii?iaiae, ye
aeeiaii/iee ia’?eo, caieoaoueny o aeaeyaei:

A = An An-1 … A1 (x) … , (12)

oiaoi yaey? niaith noia?iiceoeith iia?aoi?ia, yei iienothoue
oaoiieiai/ii aeaiaioe.

Aeae iaea?aeaii? iiaeaei aacii?iaiaeo aiaeiiaiaea? caaaeueiiio
aeaeyaeo aaeaeaaoieo iiaeaeae aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai, iaeiae ia?aiao?e
Ai ?iaiyiiy ia ooi/iththoueny aaciina?aaeiuei ca aeaieie
aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei?, a ia?a?aoiaothoueny eiaeai ?ac iiney oiai,
ye i?iaaaeaia aaeaioaoeiy iiaeaeae ieaeiueiai ?iaiy. Oei ia iaioa,
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aacii?iaiaeo ? aaeaioeaiith iiaeaeeth c oi/ee
ci?o aecia/aiiy, oiio ui ?? ia?aiao?e ooi/iththoueny a oiaei
ooieoeithioaaiiy aacii?iaiaeo.

Ineieueee aia?aicao?aoe ia eiii?eioaaiiy aecia/athoueny ia oieueee
aoiaeieie cia/aiyie ?BX i Q, aea i oeneii iaaiioaiiy aaco ?H, oi
iia?aoi?, yeee iieno? ooieoeii-ioaaiiy EN a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo, aoaea iaoe
aeaeyae A = A2(x,A1(o)).

Aeey caa?iaaiiy caaaeueiino? eeano iiaeaeae iia?aoi? A2 ooea?ii o
aeaeyaei eiiieiiai ?iaiyiiy:

Ni (N1) = Ci (N1-1)Qi (N1) + di (N1-1)PAO?(N1) + li (N1-1)PHi .

Cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeaei aacii?iaiaeo aiaeiinyoueny aei i??a?oi/ieo a
oiio ?icoiiiii, ui ioeiiee ia?aiao?ia oeeo iiaeaeae ia aecia/athoueny
aaciina?aaeiuei ia iniiai aeeniao/a?nueeeo aeaieo, a ia/eneththoueny ca
oi?ioeaie /a?ac ia?aiao?e iiaeaeae ieaeiueiai ?iaiy. Iaeiae iiaeeeaee
i ae?oaee iiaeoiae aei iaeaioeoieaoei? aacii?iaiaeo, eiee iiaeaeue
aeae?a?oueny oaeei /eiii, ui aeicaiey?oueny aaciina?aaei? iaea?aeaiiy
ioeiiee ia?aiao?ia ye ia aoaii no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei?, oae i ia
aoaii aaeaioaoei?.

I?iaiicoaaiiy noaio na?aaeiaeua i?e ea?oaaii? aacii?iaiaeii ii
?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeyo iieyaa? o aecia/aiii cia/aiue iiaea/i aaco Qi
ia e?ioei (N1+1) ii aiaeiieo iiia?aaeiio cia/aiiyo Qi (N1), Qi (N1-1) i
o.ae. A ?acoeueoaoi ia?iaiiii?iinoi iiaea/i aaco a nenoaio i ciiiiiai
oa?aeoa?o oeyoiaeo aiaeai?ia cia/aiue Qi (N1), N1=1,2,… iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye ?aaeicaoeith aeiaaeeiai? iineiaeiaiinoi. Iaei?inoioei
iaoiaeii, yeee canoiniao?oueny i?e i?iaiicoaaiii oaeeo iineiaeiaiinoae,
? iaoiae na?aaeiueiai eiacath/iai, yeee iieyaa? a ianooiiiio.
?icaeyaeath/e iineiaeiaiinoue, ye ooieoeith (N1) c oeiei/enaeue-ieie
a?aoiaioaie, i?iaiicoth/a cia/aiiy iaea?aeo?ii, ona?aaeithth/e inoaiii
I cia/aiue:

. (13)

A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iineiaeiaiinoue a(t) iiaeii?yaeeiao?oueny
niiaaiaeiioaiith

a(N1) = (N1) + (1- ) a(N1-1), (14)

aea 0

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020