— 1 —

?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco

Oeie?a Aeieo?i Oaaei?iae/

OAeE 622.691.4

?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie

aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai c ia?an?/aiei

i?io?eai o?ane oa ?o iioei?caoe??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.15.13 – Iaooiaacii?iaiaee, aace oa noiaeua

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,A?oaec Aieiaeeie?
ss?ineaaiae/ ?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoaoiaooe
? aaco, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nii?oaeaeaiiy oa ?aiiioo aaciiaooii?iaiae?a
? aaciiaooinoiaeu

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Eaioeia ?aai, caa. a?aeae?eii Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?e?iaeieo aac?a (i. Oa?e?a)

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Iaai?iee Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, caa.
a?aeae?eii ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee ?i. N.?.Noaio?ia IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oii/aiei Aiaoie?e Ieeeoi?iae/
, caa. eaoaae?e Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa :?inoeooo aaco IAI Oe?a?ie , i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «21» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 20.052.04 a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco ca aae?anith: 284019,
Oe?a?ia, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea, 15

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco
(i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea, 15)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 16 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe
E. N. Oeaiae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie.

??ce? ci?ie aaee/ei aiaeai?o aaco niiaeeaa/aie, oa?aeoa?ii aeey
o?aiceoieo nenoai aaciiinoa/aiiy, aeeeeeathoue ianoaoeiiia?iinoue
oa?iiaaciaeeiaii/ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao, yei aeiaaathoue
iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aenieoaoaoei? aeaiaioia nenoaie,
i?eeiyooy ?ioaiue c iaoith nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeinoi iaonoaeaiiai
ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. Caaaeath/e ia neeaaeiinoue nenoaie i
iaiaeii?iaeiinoue iaoiaeia ea?oaaiiy, ai?ii?iee iiaeoiae aei i?iaeaie ia
iiaea aooe aei?aaaeaiei a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo. Inioth/i ae iaoaiaoe/ii
iiaeaei i ?ic?aooieiai noaie ia a?aoiaothoue i?ioieth o?ane
aacii?iaiaeo, ui iiaea i?ecaanoe aei nooo?aeo iioeaie a i?iaiicao i
niioai?aiii ?aaeueii? ea?oeie oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano. A?aooaaiiy
i?ioieth o?ane a aiaeioe/ieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?o
nooo?aiai oneeaaeiaiiy, ui aeiaaa? aaeeeeo cao?ao iaoeiiiai /ano aeey ?o
?aaeicaoei? i ia iiaea aooe i?eaeaoiei aeey iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
?aaeeiaie nenoaie. Oiio aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeia aaeaioaoei? oa
aeenia?nieii? iaeaioeoieaoei? c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao?ia ?iaioe
aacii?iaiaeia a oiiaao ia?ani/aiiai i?ioieth o?ane aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe
aaeaeaaoii ioeiiee iieacieeia ianoaoeiiia?ieo i eaacinoaoeiiia?ieo
?aaeeiia. Iaea?aeaii oaeei /eiii aaeaeaaoii i?iaiicii ia?aiao?e a naith
/a?ao aeicaieythoue ?aoeiiiaeueii ieaioaaoe ?aaeeie ?iaioe eiii?ani?ieo
noaioe?e (EN), ui a eiioeaaiio ?acoeueoaoi i?ecaaaea aei aeiiiii?
cao?ao ia o?oaii?iaiaeiee o?ainii?o aaco. Oiio i?iaeaio i?iaiicoaaiiy
?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo iaaino?aeae Oe?aiie c ia?ani/aiei
i?ioieai o?ane neiae aaaaeaoe iaeii?th c ia?oi/a?aiaeo.

Aeacaia i?iaeaia ia?ic?eaii ca’ycaia c iioeiicaoei?th oaoiieiai/ieo
i?ioeania o?ainii?oo aaco, ui ia? aaciina?aaeiie aieea ia aeo?aoo
aia?aiiini?a i iaoa?iaeia ia o?ainii?ooaaiiy aaco. I?iaeaio iioeiicaoei?
?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacii?iaiaeia neiae ?icaeyaeaoe ye aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueio
aianeiaeie oiai, ui a ?yaei aeiaaeeia iie?auaiiy iaeiiai c
iieacieeia aoaeoeaiinoi aenieoaoaoei? nenoaie iiaea i?ecaanoe aei
iiai?oaiiy ?yaeo iioeo, ui a eiioeaaiio iiaenoieo caiinoue i/ieoaaii?
aeaiaee i?eiana iaia?aaeaa/aii caeoee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ui i?iaiaeeeenue iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei naeoi?ii
a ?aieao ainiaeiaiai??a c i?iieneiaeie i?aei?e?inoaaie oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?inoeoooaie. Iniiai? ?ic?iaee ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
i?noyoueny a ?yae? ca?o?a i?i iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo ii oaiao
«Aeeaaiinoeea oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey aacii?iaiaea “A?aonoai” e
?ac?aaioea oaoieee e oaoiieiaee iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aai ?aaiou» N
1840014001, «Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe o?ainii?oa aaca ii aacii?iaiaeai
“A?aonoai” e “Nithc” i?e ia?aaiiia?iii aaciiio?aaeaiee»
N1840031496, «Enneaaeiaaiey ii iioeiecaoeee caa?ocee e ?aaeeiia ?aaiou
nenoaiu iaaeno?aeueiuo aacii?iaiaeia “A?aonoai”, “Nithc” e
“O?aiaie-Iiia?u-Oaeai?iae” a oneiaeyo ?inoa aaciiiaea/e» N 18500114157,
«Aiaeec e iioeiecaoeey ia?aea/ee aaca ii aacii?iaiaeao “A?aonoai” e
“Nithc» N185002214587, «?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia oaoie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee
ninoiyiey iaaeno?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaea ii oaoiieiae/aneei
ia?aiao?ai» N186084733.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea ?aaeeiia ?iaioe iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia
(IA) c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ia iniiai iaoiaeia aaeaioaoei? oa
aeenia?nieii? iaeaioeoieaoei? ? ?o iioeiicaoei? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueieo iiaeaeae.

Caaea/? aeineiaeaeaiiy.

1. Noaoenoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao i?ioieth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo ia
o?eaaeinoue oa oa?aeoa? ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania a nenoaii ? ioeiieo
nooiaiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi.

2. ?ic?iaea aeaoa?iiiiaaieo aaeaioeaieo iiaeaeae ?ooo aaco a
aacii?iaiaeao c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ia aaci iaoiaeia aeenia?nii?
iaeaioeoieaoei?, ye? caaaeyee iacia/iiio /ano ?aae?caoe?? ni?eythoue
iia?aoeaiiio i?eeiyooth ea?oth/eo ??oaiue a iaooaoieo neooaoe?yo.

3. Oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao i?ioieth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo ia
o?eaaeinoue i oa?aeoa? i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania c iaoith
aeyaeaiiy ne?eoeo iiaeeeainoae aacii?iaiaeo ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai iiaioaaiiy
?aaeei?a eiai aenieoaoaoe??.

4. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeia iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe
eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia a oiiaao ?iceeo ciii
aaciniiaeeaaiiy c iaoith aeiiii?? aeo?aoe iaeeaiiai aaco.

5. Iioeiicaoeiy ?aaeeiia ?iaioe iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia ca
e?eoa?i?i iiiiiaeueii? o?eaaeinoi ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano aeey a?eueo
iiaiiai ? nai?/aniiai caaacia/aiiy niiaeeaa/?a aacii.

6. Iiaoaeiaa iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia ?iaioe eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie
i eiiieieo aeieueieoeue, a oaeiae a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao oa
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?o aeei?enoaiiy c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai.

7. Aeai? e?eoa?i?a iioeiaeueiinoi ?aaeeiia ?iaioe nenoai aaciiinoa/aiiy
oa iiaoaeiaa aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueii? ooieoei? iaoe aeey iioei?caoe??
?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aia?oa aenoiaii iaeath i ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aaeaioeaiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i eaacinoaoeiiia?ieo aaciaeeiaii/ieo
i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao ia iniiai iaoiaeia aeenia?nieii?
iaeaioeoieaoei?, ? ia oe?e iniia? iiaoaeiaaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy
?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiaeo ? iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ieie.

2. Ia iniiai noaoenoe/ieo iieacieeia ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacii?iaiaeia
Caoiaeiiai ?aaiiio Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaii ioeiieo aieeao i?ioieth o?ane
aacii?iaiaeo ia o?eaaeinoue i oa?aeoa? ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania,
aianaii aeiiiaithaaeueii ciiie a i?eioeei iiaoaeiae oa /eneiai
oa?aeoa?enoeee e?eoa?ith ianoaoeiiia?iinoi.

3. Iiaoaeiaaii i?inoi?iao ianoaoe?iia?io aaciaeeiai?/io iiaeaeue
aacii?iaiaeo c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ??
?aae?caoe??.

4. Iiaeeaeaii oyaeaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe i i?eioeeie
ea?oaaiiy eiii?ani?ieie noaioeiyie a oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iinoi
aaciniiaeeaaiiy, noai?aii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ??
?aae?caoe?? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? a
oiiaao ia??aiii??iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy oa ?o iioei?caoe?? ca e?eoa???i
i?i?iaeueii? o?eaaeino? ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?ioeano.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iniiae iiaoaeiae iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia
eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie oa eiiieieo aeieueieoeue, a oaeiae a?aie/ieo
iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy i iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
?aaeeiaie ?o aenieoaoaoei?.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei i?eioeeio iioei?caoe?? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe
aacio?ain-ii?oieo nenoai a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueiinoi, ui aaco?oueny
ia noia?iiceoe?? iaoiae?a oo?aoieo ooieoe?e ? aaeaioeaiiai aeiaaeeiaiai
iiooeo, aecia/aiiy e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiino? oa iiaoaeiae ooieoe?? iaoe.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/eiinoue i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iieyaa? a ?icoe?aiii
aeiaiaciio ciaiue i?i i?e?iaeo ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a
aacii?iaiaeao c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane, aeei?enoaiii aaeaioeaieo
iaoiaeia ?o iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia iniiai aeenia?nieii?
iaeaioeoieaoei?, aeineiaeaeaiiyo aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia o?eaaeinoue i
oa?aeoa? ianoaoeiiia?ieo

i?ioeania, noai?aiii iaoiaeeee iioeiicaoei? i ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie EN a
oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy, ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeia iiaoaeiae
iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia i a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao aeey
aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai, noai?aiii iaoiaeeee aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueii?
iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe nenoai aaciiinoa/aiiy, a oaeiae a
noai?aiii iaoiaeee, aeai?eoiia i i?ia?ai ?aaeicaoei? aeacaieo caaea/.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

1. Aaoi?ii aia?oa aenoiaii iaeath aeei?enoaiiy aaeaioeaieo iaoiaeia ia
iniiai aeenia?nieii? iaeaioeoieaoei? c iaoith iiaeaethaaiiy
ianoaoeiiia?ieo iaicioa?ii/ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao c ia?ani/aiei
i?ioieai o?ane [1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 15, 16, 18, 22, 24, 25, 27].

2. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iniiae ?ic?aooieo, ea?oaaiiy i iioeiicaoei?
?aaeeiia ?iaioe EN a oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy aeoiaey/e c
oiiae iiiiioio o?eaaeinoi ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania [2, 8, 12, 14, 19,
20, 28, 29].

3. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe IA a oiiaao
aaaaoie?eoa?iaeueiinoi, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee aecia/aiiy e?eoa?i?a
iioeiaeueiinoi oa iiaoaeiae ooieoei? iaoe [3, 6, 11, 14, 21, 23].

4. Iiooeoaa/ a?aa aaciina?aeith o/anoue o ai?iaaaeaeaiii ?acoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiue, iaea?aeaieo a ?iaioi, neeaaeaiii aaeocaaeo ea?iaieo
aeieoiaioia [26, 30, 31, 32, 33].

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?o ?aaeicaoei? ?ic?iaeaii i aeaeaii ye ea?oth/i
aeieoiaioe ianooiii aaeocaai iaoiaeeee:

Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa neiaeiuo aacio?ainii?oiuo nenoai n ia?ana/aiiui
i?ioeeai o?anu .

Iaoiaeeea aeeaaiinoeee ninoiyiey iaaeno?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaea .

Iaoiaeeea iioeiecaoeee i?ioeannia i/enoee iieinoe iaaeno?aeueiuo
aacii?iaiaeia .

Iaoiaeeea iia?aoeaiiai aeeniao/a?neiai oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeiaie neiaeiuo
aacio?anii?oiuo nenoai .

?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe
aacio?anii?oieo nenoai ai?iaaaeaeaii ia iiaei?e?inoaao AI
I?eea?iaoo?ainaac, OIA Eueaiao?ainaac.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aena?oeaii a aeiiia?aeyo ?
iia?aeiieaiiyo ia:

IV eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a ia’?aeiaiiy
Aeaaothiaiiaooiaac

(Othiaiue, 1985).

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
o?oaii?iaiaeiiai o?ainii?oa iaooe e aaca” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee,1985).

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a o?oaii?iaiaeiii o?anii?oa aaca”
(Othiaiue, 1987).

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a o?oaii?iaiaeiii o?anii?oa aaca
Caiaaeiie Neae?e” (Othiaiue, 1988).

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy iaooe ? aaco” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee ,1995)

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noai i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a ,1995)

Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey
iaooaaaciaiai eiiieaena no?aiu (E?aniue Eo?aai, 1991).

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai ?inoeoooo iaooe ? aaco
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1985-1997).

Eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai ?inoeoooo iaooe ? aaco (?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1992-1996).

A iiaiiio ia’?i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e o?ainii?oo ? caa??aaiiy iaooe ? aaco ?OAeOOIA (1990,
1999) , eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee (1997) , ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii?
eaoaae?e nii?oaeaeaiiy? o?oaii?iaiae?a ? noiaeu (1998) ? can?aeaii?
i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai nai?ia?o oaeoeueoaoo
iaooiaaci-i?iaiae?a (1998).

Ioaeieaoei?.

Ii oaii aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 33 ae?oeiaaii ?iaioe, a oiio /ene? 2
iiiia?aoi?, 1 iaa/aeueiee iiniaiee, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioenoai.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, a yeiio i?eaaaeaia
caaaeueia ?? oa?aeoa?enoeea, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae, ui ai?uo? 237 iaca ioae?eaoe?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Ia’?i
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo neeaaea? 333 noi??iie, 58 ?enoie?a, 24 oaaeeoe?.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
aacii?iaiae?a OIA I?eea?iaoo?ainaac c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy iniiaieo
ai??i?ieo caeaaeiinoae i?ae ia?aiao?aie ianoaoe?iia?ieo
oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a.

C oi/ee ci?o ea?oaaiiy oaoiieiai/ieie ?aaeeiaie o?ainii?oo aaco ii IA
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy neiae i?eaeaoe oa?aeoa?o i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao, oiio ui ianoaa?euei?noue aaciaiai iioieo
i?ecaaaea aei cia/ieo caeoe?a, aeeeeeaieo iaaeiiinoaaeaie aaco ?iii?oiei
niiaeeaa/ai, ui a naith /a?ao nei?ioeoue ia’?i iinoaaie aaco
niiaeeaa/ai aea?aeaae.

Oa?aeoa?o i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao
i?enay/aii aeineiaeaeaiiy Aia?ianueeiai N.A., Aae?oee?ia C.O., A?oaeca
A.ss.., AEeaeeiai? I.I., Eaioeiaa ?.?., sseiae?aa ?.? oa ?i., a
yeeo iiaeaii iniiaii oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano, ui aecia/athoue ciiio a
/ani ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano.

Iaeiae caoiaeii aeieueieoei aacio?ainii?oiiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie,
aiae ?aaeeio ?iaioe yeeo a iniiaiiio caeaaeeoue iaaeieiinoue
caaacia/aiiy aacii iiii?oieo niiaeeaa/ia, i?ieyaathoue /a?ac o?aaao
Ea?iaonueeeo ai? i iathoue ?icei ae?aaeaiee ia?ani/aiee i?ioieue o?ane.
O ca’yceo c oeei iaiaoiaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia
oa?aeoa? i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania. Ia?oei e?ieii a oeueiio
iai?yii neiae aaaaeaoe noaoenoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo ?aaeeiia
?iaioe aacii?iaiaeia Caoiaeiiai ?aaiiio aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie
Oe?a?ie, aei yeeo neiae aiaeianoe aeieueieoei oaeeo aaeeeeo i
aaaeeeaeo aacii?iaiaeia, ye «A?aoa?noai», «Nithc», «O?aiaie-
Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae» i «I?ia?an».

I?e/eie aeieeiaiiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi aaciaiai iioieo a aacii?iaiaei c
oaoiieiai/ii? oi/ee ci?o iiaeia iiaeieeoe ia aeai a?oie. Aei ia?oi?
neiae aiaeianoe ianoaoeiiia?ii i?ioeane, aeeeeeaii oaoiieiai/ieie
ieaiiaeie aieeaaie ia nenoaio (ciiia oaoiieiai/ii? noaie EN, ?icii
ciiie a iinooieaiii /e aiaeai?i aaco c nenoaie). Ianoaoeiiia?iinoue
iioieo, aeeeeeaia aei?th oeeo aieeaia, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaeeeith
aiieiooaeith ciiie oaoiieiai/ieo ia?aiao?ia i cia/iith o?eaaeinoth
ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. Iaeiae, iiiaio ii/aoeo ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano
a oeueiio aeiaaeeo caeaaieueoiai cacaeaeaaiaeue aiaeiiee, ui aeicaiey?
caa/anii iiaeaethaaoe iaeaooiie ianoaoeiiia?iee i?ioean i i?eeiyoe
aiaeiiaiaeii ea?oth/i ?ioaiiy.

Aei ae?oai? a?oie aiaeiinyoueny ianoaoeiiia?ii i?ioeane, aeeeeeaii
aaa?ieieie neooaoeiyie ia aacii?iaiaeao (ye ia eiii?ani?ieo noaioeiyo,
oae i ia eiiieieo aeieueieoeyo). Oaei i?ioeane iniaeeai oa?aeoa?ii aeey
aaciaeo iaaino?aeae, i?ieeaaeaieo a ai?nueeeo oiiaao. Iaenooo?aioith
aiaeiiiiinoth ?o aiae i?ioeania ia?oi? a?oie neiae aaaaeaoe
iaia?aaeaa/aiinoue iiiaioo ?o aeieeiaiiy, ui ia aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe
neeaaeii aaciaeeiaii/ii iiaeaei c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ciiie
ia?aiao?ia i o?eaaeinoi ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. Aeaoioeeo /ano aeey
i?eeiyooy iioeiaeueieo ea?oth/eo aieeaia a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeiaaa?
ni?iuaiiy inioth/eo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae. Iaeiae oaea ni?iuaiiy
aeiionoeia o?eueee a oeo iaaeao, a yeeo iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoii
aiaeoai?thaaoeia ?aaeueio ea?oeio ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano. Oiio
aaaeeeaeie a oaeeo aeiaaeeao iiaeooue aeyaeoeny ai?ii?ii ciaiiy i?i
i?e?iaeo ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a eiie?aoieo aacii?iaiaeao.

C iaoith noaoenoe/ii? ioeiiee aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia ia?aaia
ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a aacii?iaiaeao a ?aieao eiiieaeniiai
aeiaaioa?iiiiaiai aeineiaeii-i?iieneiaiai aenia?eiaioo, ui i?iaiaeeany
ia aacii?iaiaeao «Nithc» i «O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae», aeeiiaii
niianoaaeaiiy o?eaaeinoi i oa?aeoa?o i?ioieaiiy ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania aeey aeieueieoeue, i?ieeaaeaieo a ?iaieiieo oiiaao i ii
ia?ani/aiiio i?ioieth o?ane c ?icieie eiai oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?e
niianoaaeaiii aeae?aeenue ianoaoeiiia?ii i?ioeane ia ?icieo
aeieueieoeyo, aeeeeeaii iaeiioeiieie i?e/eiaie.

Cacia/aii aacii?iaiaee iaeiaeiaiai aeiaiao?o i?ieyaathoue ia ?iaieiiie
iinoeaainoi ia aeieueieoei Aonyoei-Aiai?iae/aie, i aeaeueoa
ia?aoeiathoue Ea?iaonueeee o?aaao. Ia aeieueieoei Aiai?iae/aie-Oono
(aacii?iaiae «Nithc») i Aiai?iae/aie-Aieyoei (aacii?iaiae
«O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae») o?ana iiaeiiia?oueny aaa?o i oiio i?ioieue
?iciiuo?oueny iaae ai?eciioaeeth, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo
(eiii?ani?ia noaioeiy Aiai?iae/aie). A iiaeaeueoiio o?ana aacii?iaiaeia
iionea?oueny a ?aaiii Caea?iaooy i oiio i?ioieue ?iciiuaiee iiae
ai?eciioaeeth, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo o?ane. Aiaeaeaei
iiae eiii?ani?ieie noaioeiyie i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai, ui iiaeiii
aeeeth/aoe aieea aeiaaeeie aacii?iaiaeo ia ia?aiao?e ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania.

Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia iieaco?, ui yeinii oa?aeoa? ciiie ia?aiao?ia
ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania a ?iaieiieo aeieueieoeyo i a aacii?iaiaeao c
i?ioieai o?ane iaeaioe/iee. I?e oeueiio i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai (a iaaeao
aiaeoeeaiiy 3-5%) iaeneiaeueii aiieiooaeii cia/aiiy eieeaaiue a /ani
aeo?aoe i ?iai/iai oeneo. Iaeiae, aeey aacii?iaiaeia c ia?ani/aiei
i?ioieai o?ane oa?aeoa?ieie ? ioeuenaoei? oeneo, a oie /an ye aeey
?iaieiiiai aacii?iaiaeo ciiia oeneo a /ani ? aieueo ieaaiith. Iniaeeai
nooo?ai ioeuenaoei?, oa?aeoa?ii aeey aacii?iaiaeo c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai
o?ane, ui neeaaea?oueny c iineiaeiaii c’?aeiaieo aeno?aeii? ? iecoiaeii?
aeieyiie, oiaoi oaeiai, aeey yeiai ieiua, iaiaaeaia i?ioieai, eaaeeoue
aeua ai?eciioaeueii? i?yii?, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo
o?ane aeieueieoei aacii?iaiaeo.

Aeey ?iaieiieo aeieueieoeue aacii?iaiaeia Nithc i
O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae (aeieueieoei Aonyoe-Aiai?iae/aie) o?eaaeinoue
ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania iaioa ia 12-15% ii ciiii aeo?aoe i ia
9-11% ii ciiii ?iai/eo oeneia. I?e oeueiio ic caieueoaiiyi
aiieiooaee eieeaaiue ia?aiao?ia (aeiaaeie aiaeeeth/aiiy eiii?ani?ii?
noaioei? Aiai?iae/aie) aeacaia ?icieoey a o?eaaeinoi ianoaoeiiia?ieo
i?ioeania c?inoa?.

Aeey aeieueieoeue Aiai?iae/aie-Oono (aacii?iaiae Nithc) i
Aiai?iae/aie-Aieyoei (aacii?iaiae O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae), ui
yaeythoue niaith iineiaeiaia c’?aeiaiiy aenoiaeieo i iecoiaeieo aeieyiie
o?ane o?eaaeinoue ianoaoeiiia?ieo i?ioeania iaea?eueoa. Aiaeic a?aoieia
?aaeeiia iieaco?, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai
i?ioeano a?eueoa, iiae a ai?eciioaeueiiio aacii?iaiaei ia 8-12% ii ciiii
aeo?aoe i ia 5-9% ii ciiii oeneo. sse i a iiia?aaeiueiio aeiaaeeo
?icieoey a o?eaaeinoi ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania c?inoa? c ?inoii
aiieiooaee eieeaaiiy ia?aiao?ia.

Caaaeueiiaiaeiii, ui aianeiaeie aiae?aaei/ieo ao?ao oene aaco ii
aeiaaeeii aacii?iaiaeo ciaioo?oueny, ui aianeiaeie noeneeainoi aaco
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy eiai aonoeie ii aeiaaeeii eiiieii?
aeieueieoei. Iaeiae, a ai?eciioaeueieo aacii?iaiaeao aonoeia aaco ia
aieeaa? ia aaee/eio nee a?aaioaoei?. sseui ae aeieueieoey
aacii?iaiaeo ? aenoiaeiith, oi ciaioaiiy aonoeie aaco ii ?? aeiaaeeii
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy aonoeie ca aaiaeace/iith aiaeiioeith. Ioaea,
c iiaeiyooyi aai?o aonoeia aaco ciaioo?oueny. Iaeaaae/i oa?e aaco
ciaoiaeyoueny a ieaeiie /anoei? aenoiaeii? aeieueieoei. Oiio
a?aaioaoeieii neee, ui aeithoue ia iioie aaco a aacii?iaiaei,
caaacia/othoue noieeinoue iaoeeaiiai noiaia aaco.

sseui aac ?ooa?oueny ii iecoiaeiie aeieueieoei o?ane, oi iaeneiaeueiee
oene i iaeaieueoa aonoeia aaco ciaoiaeyoueny ia ii/aoeo aeieueieoei i
aiaeiiaiaeii a iaeaeuie ?? oi/oei. C i?inoaaiiyi acaeiaae eiiieii?
aeieueieoei oene i aonoeia aaco iaaeathoue. Ioaea, c ciaioaiiyi
aaiaeace/ii? aiaeiioee o?ane aonoeia aaco ciaioo?oueny. Iaeeaaoi oa?e
aaco ciaoiaeyoueny a ieaeiie /anoeii iaoeeaiiai noiaia aaco, a iaeaaae/i
— o aa?oiie. Oaeee ?iciiaeie aonoeie ii aenioi iaoeeaii? aeieueieoei
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ianoieeinoi noiaia aaco.

I?e noaoeiiia?iiio ?oni aaco aeacaia ea?oeia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icieoei
aiae?aaei/ieo ao?ao ia aenoiaeiie i iecoiaeiie aeieueieoeyo. I?e iiyai
cao?aiue, ui aeeeeeathoue ianoaoeiiia?iee i?ioean a iaoeeaiie
aeieueieoei aacii?iaiaeo aianeiaeie ianoieeinoi noiaia aaco a
iecoiaeiie aeieueieoei niinoa?iaathoueny cia/iioi ioeuenaoei? aaco,
ui aeeeeea? caieueoaiiy o?eaaeinoi ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano. O aenoiaeiie
aeieueieoei cao?aiiy, ui aeeeeeathoue ianoaoeiiia?iee i?ioean, oaeaeei
aanyoueny aianeiaeie noieeinoi noiaia aaco a aacii?iaiaei.

Aiae?c ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a ?aaeueieo aacii?iaiaeao ?
iaoaiaoe/ii? ?o iiaeae? iieaco?, ui aeey aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei
i?io?eai o?ane o ae?ac e?eoa??th ianoa-oe?iia?iino? ne?ae aianoe
iii?aaeo ia aieea i?io?eth o?ane. Oiae? ae?ac aeey e?eoa??th
ianoaoe?iia?iino? c a?aooaaiiyi i?io?eth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo iaoeia
aeaeyae

,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aea Fr — e?eoa??e O?oaea.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieia iieacothoue, ui aeey ai?eciioaeueieo eiiieieo
aeieueieoeue Aonyoei-Aiai?iae/aie ia?aiao?e i?iaiico o?eaaeinoi
ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioeano i?aeoe/ii niiaiaaeathoue c aeii?yieie
aeaieie. Iioeaea a /ani ia ia?aaeuo? 1.6%.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae
aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane oa aeine?aeaeaiiyi aieeao
i?io?eth ia oa?aeoa? oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Iniiaieie ?iaiyiiyie, yei aiaeia?aaeathoue oa/ith aaco ii
o?oaii?iaiaeao, ? ?iaiyiiy ?ooo, ia?ic?eaiinoi, aia?ai? oa
oaieii?iaiaeiinoi o aeaiii?iie /e iaeiiii?iie iinoaiiaoei caeaaeii aiae
i?ecia/aiiy caaea/i. Aeey caaea/ iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy
aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeiiii?ia iinoaiiaea, oiaei ye aeey aecia/aiiy
ianoaoeiiia?iiai eiaoioe??ioa oaieiiaiiio iaiaoiaeia ?ica’ycaiiy
aeaiii?ieo ?iaiyiue ia?aiino oaiea.

Aeioeieueiinoue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo nioie c iayaiith noaiith aeey
ni?iuaieo caaea/ aea?aeii ? oiae?, eiee aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeiiii?ia
?iaiyiiy oaieii?iaiaeiinoi aeey no?iee o?oaii?iaiaeo. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aeiaiaeeoueny ciaoiaeeoe ooieoei? oeneo ?, oaiia?aoo?e T, oa
aeo?aoe M iaoiaeii iineiaeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue. ?iaiyiiy, ui iienothoue
oa/ith aaco a o?oaii?iaiae?, iiaeathoueny o aeaeyi:
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aea ai — noae? eiao?oe??ioe, ui aecia/athoueny /a?ac oa?aeoa?enoeee
nenoaie.

Neiae aiaecia/eoe, ui a ?icaeyaeoaaieo caaea/ao iio?iaii caaeaaaoe
a?aie/ii oiiae oaiia?aoo?e i oeneo ia ii/aoeo aeieueieoei
aacii?iaiaeo, a cia/aiiy ianiai? aeo?aoe aaco — o eiioeaaie oi/oei.
Oiio cia/aiiy ianiaii aeo?aoe o aoceao nioee aeioeieueii ciaoiaeeoe
iaoiaeii i?iaiiee.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee aeathoue ciiao ciaeoe ?iciiaeie ianiaii aeo?aoe
ii aeiaaeeii o?oaii?iaiaeo a iiiaio /ano + . Ae?aceaoe ooieoei?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 /a?ac aiaeiii cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo? noiiee oa
aaco, oeneo i ianiai? aeo?aoe aeey aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e oa oeneo o
ae?oaiio aocei nioee, i?eionoeii, ui aeey aeieyiee iiae oi/eaie i=1,
i=2 /eaie, yei aiiuothoue ae?oai iioiaeii, iaei. Oea oeieeii
ni?aaaaeeeai i?e iacia/ieo ia?a-iaaeao oaiia?aoo?e aaco ca /an ,
ineieueee o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ?? ciiia ia iaeiiio iioa?aaei x c
aeinoaoiii nooiaiai oi/iinoi iiaea ai?ieneioaaoe eiiieiith ooieoei?th.
C ae?oaiai aieo, eiaoioe??ioe oaiieii?iaiaeiinoi aaco oa noiiee iaei
ii?iaiyii c iioeie ia?aiao?aie ?iaiyiue, oiio iaa?aooaaiiy /eaiia,
yei aiiuothoue ae?oai iioiaeii, ia ni?e/eieoue cia/ii? ao?aoe
oi/iinoi. Aiaeeeaeath/e /eaie c ae?oaith iio?aeiith oa aeei?enoiaoth/e
?icieoeaao ai?ieneiaoeith iacaae iiney a?aeiiaiaeieo ia?aoai?aiue,
iaea?aeo?ii:picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902
000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102
01000000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00ffff
ffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61
746854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000
2b0008000000320a14015a0201000000440008000000320a00000000320ac00185140100
0000290008000000320ac001e31301000000310000000000320ac001dd10010000002800
08000000320ac001bb0e0100000032000000000005000000060000000700000008000000
090000000a0000000b000000000000000000000000000000

Aeai?eoi ?ica’yceo caaea/i iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyaei:

1. I?e caaeaieo a?aie/ieo i ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao ciaeoe ?iciiaeie
ianiaii aeo?aoe ii aeiaaeeii o?oaii?iaiaeo.

2. Iaoiaeii iineiaeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue ciaeoe cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo? noiiee
oa aaco,oeneo o ae?oaiio aocei nioee.

3. I?iaanoe iioaa?oaaiiy ii iioieo.

4. Iiaoi?eoe e?ie 1,2,3 aei noiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano ?ica’ycaiiy.

5. I?iaanoe iioaa?oaaiiy ca /anii aeey iiia?aaeiio a?aie/ieo i iiaeo
ii/aoeiaeo oiia.

6. Ciaeoe iiai cia/aiiy ooeaieo ooieoeie.

O i?ioeani ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/i iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy iiaea
iaaeoiaeeoe aeiaeaoeiaa iioi?iaoeiy i?i ia’?eo. Oiaei iaiaoiaeii
i?iaanoe ei?aeoeith iaeaioeoieiaaieo ia?aiao?ia. Aaeaioeaiee iaoiae aeey
aeene?aoieo ia’?eoia caaaeaee iieno?oueny ?aeo?aioiith oi?ioeith

aea Ci — aaeoi? iaeaioeoieiaaieo ia?aiao?ia ia i-io e?ioei
aaeaioaoei?;

Xi ,Yi — aaeoi?e aoiaeieo i aeoiaeieo ia?aiao?ia ia i-io e?ioei
aaeaioaoei?.

I?eaaaeaiee ae?ac c?o/iioa ia?aienaoe o aeaeyaei:

Ci = Ci-1 + Ci , (5)

aea Ci — i?e?ino, ui ?aaeico?oueny aeai?eoiii aaeaioaoei?

Iaeaioeoieaoeiy aeieyiee aacii?iaiaeo i?iaiaeeoueny ca
eoneiai-iinoieiith noaiith, oiaoi i?ioyaii i-ai e?ieo aiaeiiaethaaii
ia?aiao?e aaaaeathoueny iinoieieie. Iio?iaii caoaaaeeoe, ui ca oaeei
aeai?eoiii aaeaioaoei? ia iiaeia ?ic’ycaoe caaea/o iaeaioeoieaoei?
aaniethoii oi/ii, a onyeiio ?aci a ianeaiiio aa?iaioi. Aii aea? ciiao
eeoa iinoieii iieiiooaaoe cia/aiiy iaeaioeoieaoeieieo ia?aiao?ia. Oiio
eiai aeioeieueii canoiniaoaaoe aeey iaeaioeoieaoei? ia’?eoia,
ia?aiao?e yeeo iiaieueii ciiiththoueny.

Iaea?eueo i?eaeaoiei iaoiaeii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeaeae iaonoaeaieo
ia?cioa?i?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? ?ioaa?aeueiee, i?e/iio i?ae /an ?ica’ycaiiy
nenoai iae?i?eieo ??aiyiue aeia?a ca?aeiiaiaeoaaa naaa iiaeeo?eiaaiee
iaoiae Iuethoiia c ooi/iaiiyi cia/aiue a?aae??ioa /a?ac ?oa?aoe??.

?ic?aooiee canaiae/othoue, ui c aeiiiiiaith iienaiiai iaoiaeo
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao?ia iiaeia iaea?aeaoe cia/aiiy aeoiaeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, yei aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeeniao/a?nueeeie aeaieie.
Na?aaeii iioeaee aeey oeneo noaiiaeyoue 0,4%; aeey oaiia?aoo?e-0,4%;
aeey aeo?aoe aaco-1,4%, ui aea? ciiao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iaea?aeaii iiaeaei
aeey oe?ieiai i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
aeei?enoaii c iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao i?io?eth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo
ia ia?aa?a ianoaoe?iia?ieo oa?iiaaciaeeiai?/ieo i?ioeania.
Aeineiaeaeoaaiee aacii?iaiae ?icaeyaeaany ye iineiaeiaia c’?aeiaiiy
aeieueieoeue o?ane c ?icieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioieth. Ia?aoiaeiee a
aacii?iaiaei coiiaeth?oueny ciiiith iaeiiai c ia?aiao?ia ia?aea/oaaiiy
ia iaaei aacii?iaiaeo: oeneo aai oaiia?aoo?e ia ii/aoeo aacii?iaiaeo /e
ianiai? aeo?aoe a eiai eiioei.

O?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania o aacii?iaiaei c ?icieie oi?iaie
i?ioieth o?ane ii?iaithaaee c o?eaaeinoth ?o a ai?eciioaeueiiio
aacii?iaiaei i?e oeo aea /enaeueieo cia/aiiyo noaoeiiia?ieo ?aaeeiia
ia?aea/oaaiiy. Aeey ioeiiee aieeao i?ioieth o?ane ia ia?aoiaeii i?ioeane
a aacii?iaiaei aeioeieueii i?eeiyoe eiao?oe??ioe

aea + , — — o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania o aacii?iaiaei c
aeiaeaoi?i i aiae’?iiei i?ioieai; 0 — o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano
a ?iaieiiiio aacii?iaiaei; — ia?aiao? ia?aea/oaaiiy (aeo?aoa, oene,
oaiia?aoo?a), ciiia yeiai ia iaaei aeieyiee coiiaeea ia?aoiaeiee
i?ioean.

Oaeei /eiii, yeui o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano a aacii?iaiaei
c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ia aiae?iciy?oueny aiae eiai o?eaaeinoi o
?iaieiiiio aacii?iaiaei, oi iieaciee = 1. sseui ca aeiionoeio
iioeaeo a ?ic?aooieao aacii?iaiaeia i?eeiyoe 5%, oi aeiionoeii cia/aiiy
o aecia/aiii , ca yeeo i?ioieue o?ane iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe, aoaeooue
a iioa?aaei [ ] [0,95; 1,05]. I?e aeoiaei cia/aiiy ca iaae?
caaeaiiai iioa?aaeo a ?ic?aooieao aacii?iaiaeia iaia’yceiai iaiaoiaeii
a?aooaaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioieth o?ane. O i?ioeeaaeiiio aeiaaeeo
aeiionoeia iioeaea ?ic?aooieia ia?aaoaaoeia ca iaaeaie caaeaiiai
iioa?aaeo.

O i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiiyo aaee/eia ia?aaeuaiiy eiioey iaoeeaii?
aeieueieoei h iaae ai?eciioaeeth ciiithaaeenue ii aaniethoiie aaee/eii
iioa?aaeo 0…100 i c e?ieii 10 i. Aeey eiaeiiai aa?iaioo ?ic?aoiaoaaee
cia/aiiy M . ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui, ii/eiath/e c h = 80 i, M ia
iio?aiey? o iaaei caaeaiiai iioa?aaeo. Ioaea, i?e ia?aaeuaiii ia o?ani h
80 i i?ioieue o?ane iiaeia ia a?aoiaoaaoe iiae /an ?ic?aooieo
ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioeania. Iioeaea ca /anii i?e oeueiio ia
ia?aaeuoaaoeia 5% . Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia ?ic?aooieia iieaco?, ui
no?eaeiiiaeiaia ciiia ia?aiao?ia ia?aea/oaaiiy ia iaaei aeieyiee
aeeeeea? eieeaiee i?ioean o aacii?iaiaei. I?e oeueiio eieeaaiiy
oeneo oa ianiai? aeo?aoe ia aeieyieao c iaoeeii ca aiieiooaeith
ia?aaaaeathoue aiaeiai/ii eieeaaiiy ia ?iaieiieo aeieyieao.
Aiieiooaea eieeaaiue c?inoa? ci caieueoaiiyi eooa aacii?iaiaeo aei
ai?eciioo, iiaeaeuaiiyi aaiaea-ce/iii ?icieoei aenio i aeo?aoe aaco.
Oaiia?aoo?ii eieeaaiiy iaio aiae/ooii aianeiaeie aaeeei? iia?oeieiinoi
oaieiaeo i?ioeania. sse i neiae aoei /aeaoe, oaiia?aoo?a ia iecoiaeiie
aeieyioei c?inoa? ca ?aooiie caieueoaiiy ?iaioe nee oa?oy.

Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia iieacaa, ui iaa?aooaaiiy ciiie oaiia?aoo?e o
ia?aoiaeiiio i?ioeani aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa? i?ioeano eeoa i?e ?ic?aooieo
ei?ioeeo o?oaii?iaiaeia, eiee iia?oeieii aeo?aoe aiaeia?athoue
ae?ioaeueio ?ieue. Oaeei /eiii, aeey aeiaaeo o?oaii?iaiaeia iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue i?ioeano iiaea iiaeaaaoeny eeoa ?iaiyiiyie ?ooo oa
ia?ic?eaiinoi. Aeey ei?ioeeo o?oaii?iaiaeia o iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
i?ioeano iaiaoiaeii aaiaeeoe ?iaiyiiy aia?ai?, ui a?aoiao?
iaicioa?ii/iinoue i?ioeano. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeiaeaoeiaiai
oneeaaeiaiiy iaoaiaoe/iii iiaeaei. I?ioa iaa?aooaaiiy iaicioa?ii/iinoi
o oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei iioeaie, ui ia?aaeuothoue 5% .
A?aie/io iaaeo, i?e yeie o iiaeaeue i?ioeano iaiaoiaeii aaiaeeoe
?iaiyiiy aia?ai?, iiaeia caaeaoenue e?eoa?i?i ianoaoeiiia?iinoi Nt A? =
3,5. sseui aeey caaeaiiai i?ioeano Nt < Nt A? , oi iaicioa?ii/iinoue i?ioeano iiaea ia a?aoiaoaaoenue. C iaaaaeaii? oiiae ciaoiaeyoue i?eaaaeaio aeiaaeeio aacii?iaiaeo L, ia?aaeuaiiy yei? aea? ciiao aeeeth/eoe c iiaeaei i?ioeano ?iaiyiiy aia?ai?. Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue ianoaoeiiia?iinoi i?ioeania o aacii?iaiaeao c ?icieie oi?iaie i?ioieth o?ane canaiae/o?, ui o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania, coiiaeaieo ciiiith ia?aiao?ia ia?aea/oaaiiy a aacii?iaiaei, yeee iineiaeiaii c’?aeio? aenoiaeio oa iecoiaeio aeieyiee, c?inoa? ii?iaiyii c o?eaaeinoth aiaeiai/ieo i?ioeania o ?iaieiieo aacii?iaiaeao ia 5...20% caeaaeii aiae oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioieth o?ane. O aacii?iaiaeao, ui c’?aeiothoue ieco?aeio oa aenoiaeio aeieyiee, o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania ia 3...60% iaioa, iiae o ?iaieiieo aacii?iaiaeao. Aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi aenieoaoaoei? neeaaeieo aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane ? aoaeoeaiinoue iiaeieoeiaeo ia?aie/ie. I?e oeueiio aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ia oieueee eiiieia eii?aeeiaoa ia?aie/ee, aea i ?? aaiaeace/ia aiaeiioea. ?ic?aooiie ia?aoiaeieo i?ioeania, yei aeeeeeaii aiaee?eooyi i cae?eooyi iiaeieoeiaeo ia?aie/ie aeey ia?aeaeueii? nenoaie aacii?iaiaeia c ia?ani/aiei i?ioieai o?ane, i?iaaaeaii aa?aaaoeaiei iaoiaeii aeey oi?? ae oaoiieiai/ii? o?ane. Oi?io ?aeue?oii? aeieyiee o?ane caaeaaaee ia?aaeuaiiyi eiioey ia?oi? iaoeeaii? aeieyiee iaae ?? ii/aoeii. Ciiiith ia?aaeuaiiy ca cia/aiiyi i ciaeii aaeaeiny iaea?aeaoe iineiaeiaia c’?aeiaiiy aenoiaeii? aeieyiee c iecoiaeiith oa iaaiaee. I?e ?iciiuaiii ia?aie/ee ia ii/aoeiai-ai?eciioaeueiie aeieyioei e?eoa?ie ianoaoeiiia?iinoi i?ioeano Nt1 = 2,539, i?e ?? ia?aiiuaiii aei ii/aoeo ?aeue?oii? aeieyiee o?ane aii c?inoa? aei Nt2 = 3,597 (a 1,4 ?aca). I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeo o?eaaeinoue ia?aoiaeiiai i?ioeano (8500 n), ciiia ia?aiao?ia i?ioeano i?ioyaii /ano iacia/ia. Iaeneiaeueia aiaeoeeaiiy aeo?aoe aiae ?? noaoeiiia?iiai cia/aiiy 0,15%, oeneo 0,2%, oaiia?aoo?e 0,1%. I?e ?icoaooaaiii ia?aie/ee o eiioei aenoiaeii? aeieyiee (iiceoeaia ia?aaeuaiiy eiioeaai? oi/ee iaae ii/aoeii) e?eoa?ie ianoaoeiiia?iinoi i?ioeano Nt = 2,962 (ii?iaiyii c ia?oith ia?aie/eith caieueoaiiy a 1,7 ?aca). Iaeiae eieeaaiiy ia?aiao?ia ia?aea/oaaiiy o oeueiio aeiaaeeo cia/ii aieueoa. Ciiia aeo?aoe ii?iaiyii c ?? ia?oei noaoeiiia?iei cia/aiiyi aeinyaa? 0,32%, oeneo 0,15%, oaiia?aoo?e 0,15% . Ua neeuei?oa aea?oueny aciaee aieea i?aeieoeiai? ia?aie/ee, yea ?icoaoiaaia o i?eia?e oi/oe? i?ae ieco?aeiith ? aeno?aeiith ae?eyieaie o?ane.Ooo e?eoa??e ianoaoe?iia?iino? Nt =1,135, a ci?ia aeo?aoe ii??aiyii c ii/aoeiaei noaoe?iia?iei noaiii nyaa? 0,5%, oeneo 0,1%, oaiia?aoo?e 0,2%. I?e ?ici?uaii? ia?aie/ee aaciina?aaeiuei ca i?io?eueiith ae?eyieith o?ane ?? aoaeoea-i?noue iii?oii ciaioo?oueny. E?eoa??e ianoaoe?iia?iino? Nt =2,623, a ci?ia ia?aiao??a ia?aie/ee oaea:aeo?aoe 0,3%, oeneo 0,12%, oaiia?aoo?e 0,1%. Oaeei /eiii, o?eaae?noue ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a, coiiaeaia ia?aieeaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo noai ia?aea/oaaiiy o aacii?iaiaeao c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane, cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o i?io?eth o?ane. Iai?eeeaae, e?eoa??e ianoaoe?iia?iino? i?e aeioeeiio i?io?e? (ieiua o?ao?e, iaiaaeaia i?io?eai o?ane oa ai?eciioaeeth, i?iaaaeaiith /a?ac ii/aoeiao oi/eo, aeiaeaoia) F = 89,8 10 i2 noaiiaeoue Nt = 2,623, i?e F = 0 Nt =3,776 ? i?e aaiooiio i?io?e? F = -39,8 10 i2 Nt = 1,135. Iaiao?aeii oaeiae a?aecia/eoe, ui ia?aie/ee o aacii?iaiae? c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane neeuei?oa aieeaathoue ia oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean. A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe eiii?ani?ieo noaioe?e a oiiaao ianoaoe?iia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy. I?e iioeiicioei? na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiioeaai? EN a oiiaao ianoaoeiiia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy iniiaiei iaiaaeaiiyi ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ianoaoeiiia?iiai i?ioieaiiy aaco. Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? EN i?e caaeai?e ooieoei? i?iaiico ianoa-oeiiia?iiai aaciniiaeeaaiiy i?ii?eoaoii? a?oie niiaeeaa/ia, ia? iinoea ae?oaa e?a?aa caaea/a. O iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo caaea/i, e??i ii/aoeiaeo ? a?aie/ieo oiia, iiaeiii oaieoe oaeiae oaoiieiai/ii iaiaaeaiiy oeneo a eiioeaaie aeieueieoei iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo, oa iaiaaeaiiy ii i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiii?ani?ii? noaioe??. Acyaoe aei oaaae oa, ui aiaenooiy o yaiiio aeaeyaei caeaaeiinoue ia?aiao?a aiae QCP, oi?iaeueia i?aaenoaaeaiiy ooieoe?? iaoe iiaeeeaa oieueee a caaaeueiiio aeaeyaei: I = max (QCP ) . Aeaia caaea/a aiaeiineoueny aei eeano caaea/ iaeiiieiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy i aeiionea?oueny oieueee /eneiaee ?ica'ycie. Iiaeeeai aeaa iai?yiee o ?ica'yceo caaea/i - ?ica'ycie o i?yiie iinoaiiaoei, aai ia?aoiae aei aeayei? iiaeeoieiaaii?, ni?iuaii? caaea/i ia iniiai aeei?enoaiiy niaoeeoiee aca?iica'yceo iaiaaeaiue, iaoiiaeaii? oaoiieiai?th o?ainii?oo aaco c iaoith iiaoaeiae aieueo i?inoeo aeai?eoiia ?? ?ica'yceo. I?eeiyoi ae?oaee oeyo, ye aieueo ?aoeiiiaeueiee. Iniiaith aeey aeei?enoaiiy ae?oaiai iiaeoiaeo a aeaiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo ? caeaaeiinoue oeneo a eiioeaaie aeieueieoei iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo aiae aaee/eie na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe??. I?e oieniaaiiio oa?aeoa?i aaciniiaeeaaiiy ciiia na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi iiaea i?eaanoe aei aeinyaiaiiy a?aieoeue oaoiieiai/ieo iaiaaeaiue ca oeneii – Pmin , Pmax. Oiaoi, aeey aoaeue-yeiai iiiaioo /ano t [0,T] iiaeia ciaeoe cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi Qmin (t), i?e yeiio a iiiaio /ano t oene aeinyaa? Pmin , a oaeiae – cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi Qmax(t), i?e yeiio oene a iiiaio t aeinyaa? Pmax . I/aaeaeii, aiae?icie [Qmin(t), Qmax(t)] ? iaeanoth oaoiieiai/ii? aeiionoeiinoi ca oeneii ia iiiaio /ano t. Iaiaoiaeii aiaecia/eoe, ui na?aaei? cia/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN, aea?aia a aeiaiaciii [Qmin(t), Qmax(t)] ? oaoiieiai/ii aeiionoeiei ca oeneii oieueee a iiiaio /ano t [0,T], a ii-ia?aaeii iiiaioe /ano ia aeeeth/aii, ui oene iionea?oueny ieae/a Pmin aai ia?aaeuo? Pmax. Aeey ?ica'ycoaaii? caaea/i iioeiicaoei? iathoue ?ioa?an oieueee oi cia/aiiy QCP , yei oaoiieiai/ii aeiionoei? o eiaeiie oi/oei aiae?iceo [0, T ], oiaoi aiae iaiaaeaiue [Qmin(t), Qmax(t)] iio?iaii ia?aeoe aei iaiaaeaiue: [max Qmin(t), min Qmax(t)], t [0,T] . (7) Cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi, aea?aii? o aeaiiio aeiaiaciii, oaoiieiai/ii aeiionoeia ia anueiio aiae?iceo [0,T], oae ye aiii oaoiieiai/ii aeiionoeia a eiaeiie oi/oei oeueiai aiae?icea. Ioaea, oaoiieiai/ii iaiaaeaiiy ca oeneii, ye iieacaa i?eaaaeaiee aeua aiaeic, iiaeathoueny o oa?iiiao i?iaeoeoeaiinoi i iiaeooue aooe ia’?aeiaii c iaiaaeaiiyie ca i?iaeoeoeaiinoth eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? [Qmin, Qmax]. ?acoeueoaoii oaeiai ia’?aeiaiiy ? aiae?icie: [maxQ, max Qmin (t), minQ, min Qmax (t)] . (8) t [0,T] t [0,T] Oey oiiaa iaiaaeaiiy aae?a? a naaa i?aeoe/ii ani iaiaaeaiiy caaea/i ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii? na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? ca e?eoa?i?i iaeneioio o?eaaeinoi. Oaeei /eiii, i?e iiooeo iioeiaeueiiai ?ica'yceo caaea/i aeineoue i?inoi aanoe ia?aai? ii i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ia caa?oath/enue ia eiaeiiio e?ioei aei ?ica'yceo e?a?ai? caaea/i. Iaea?aeaii a?aieoei oaoiieiai/ii? aeiionoeiinoi aeey QCP yaeythoue niaith ia eiinoaioe, a aeayei ooieoei? /ano, iiaaaeiiea yeeo aecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?ii aaciniiaeeaaiiy. Aeey iaoaiaoe/iiai no?iaiai iieno ia?aoiaeo aei iiaeeoieiaaii? iinoaiiaee caaea/i iioeiicaoei?, yeee aeeth/a? iaea?aeaii ooieoei? - iaiaaeaiiy ca i?iaeoeoeaiinoth eiioeaai? EN, iaiaoiaeii aaanoe ?yae aecia/aiue. Ooieoeiy Qmin(t) ? ooieoei?th ieaeiuei? a?aie/ii aeiionoeii? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi. Aiia aecia/a?oueny oaeei /eiii: yeui o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano QCP = Qmin(t), t > 0, oi oene o eiioeaaie aeieueieoei
iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ia iiaeiai iioneaoeny ieae/a Pmin ia
aiae?iceo [0, t]. Ooieoeiy Qmax(t) ? ooieoei?th aa?oiuei? a?aie/ii
aeiionoeii? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN. Aiia aecia/a?oueny oae: yeui a
ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano QCP = Qmax(t), t > 0, oi oene a eiioeoeaaie
aeieueieoei iaa?no?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ia iiaeiai ia?aaeuoaaoe Pmax
ia aiae?iceo [0, t], i?e/iio a aeayeee iiiaio /ano t [0,t] oene
aeinyaa? Pmax .

Oaeei /eiii, ooieoei? [Qmin, Qmax]. ooai?ththoue iaeanoue
oaoiieiai/ii? aeiionoeiinoi aeey QCP . Oea aeicaiey? ia?aeoe aei
ni?iuaii?, iiaeeoieiaaii? iinoaiiaee caaea/i ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii?
na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN eiioeaai? aeieueieoei iaaino?aeueiiai
aacii?iaiaeo ca e?eoa?i?i i?i?ioio o?eaaeinoi i?e ianoaoeiiia?iie
iiaeaei i?ioieaiiy aaco, yea iayaii aoiaeeoue a iaiaaeaiiy ??oaiiy
caaea/i.

O ?iaioi cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae iiaoaeiae ooieoeie-iaiaaeaiue Qmin(t),
Qmax(t) ia iniiai iioeo ooieoeie-iaiaaeaiue, yei ooai?ththoue aeey QCP
iaeanoue oae caaii? «oi/eiai?» oaoiieiai/ii? i?eionoeiinoi — Qmin(t),
Qmax(t), ia aiaeiiio aiae ooieoeie iaiaaeaiue Qmin(t), Qmax(t), yei
ooai?ththoue aeey ia?aiao?a na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiioeaai?
eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? iaeanoue oaoiieiai/ii? i?eionoeiinoi ia aiae?iceo
0,t.

Oice/iee ciino i iaeii/anii aecia/aiiy ooieoeie Qmin(t) oaeee: yeui a
ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano na?aaeiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoue EN eiioeaai?
aeieueieoei iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ?iaia cia/aiith ooieoei? o
aeayeee iiiaio /ano t, oiaoi QCP = Qmin(t ), oi, i?e iaciiiiinoi QCP
, a iiiaio t oene o o?oai aeinyaa? Pmin . O iiia?aaeii iiiaioe
/ano, i?e aea?aiiio cia/aiii na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi EN oene iiaea
iioneaoeny ieae/a, ui iaaeiionoeii o aeiaaeeo, eiee QCP = Qmin(t ).

Ciino Qmax(t ) aiaeiai/iee: yeui o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano na?aaeiy
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eiioeaai? EN ?iaia cia/aiith oei?? ooieoei? o aeayeee
iiiaio /ano t, oiaoi QCP = Qmax(t ), oi a iiiaio t oene o o?oai
aeinyaa? Pmax .

?ic?aooiie iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiinoi
eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? QCP max i ?? o?eaaeinoi aeicaiey?
aeineoue i?inoi ?ica’ycoaaoe aaaeeeao caaea/o
iia?aoeaii-aeeniao/a?nueeiai ea?oaaiiy: /e inio? oaoiieiai/ii
i?eionoeiee noaoeiiia?iee ?aaeei aacii?iaiaeo i?e caaeaiiio a?aoieo
i?iaiico aaciniiaeeaaiiy i??i?eoaoii? a?oie niiaeeaa/ia ia iioa?aaei
ieaioaaiiy [0,T]. Aeey aiaeiiaiaei ia oea ieoaiiy aeineoue niianoaaeoe
max i T. sseui max >T, oi, i/aaeaeii, noaoeiiia?iee ?aaeei inio?,
oae ye aii inio? aeey eiioeaai? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe??, a ioaea, i aeey
anio i?iiiaeieo. A iioiio aeiaaeeo ?iaioa aacii?iaiaeo a
noaoeiiia?iiio ?aaeeii i?e caaeaiiio a?aoieo aaciniiaeeaaiiy ia
iioa?aaei [0,T] iaiiaeeeaa. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaiaoiaeii canoiniaoaaoe
aeai?eoie iioeiicaoei? ianoaoeiiia?ieo ?aaeeiia i ia?aoiaeeoe aei
iiooeo iioeiaeueieo ooieoeie i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie
iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo, iie?ath/enue ia iiaeaei ianoaoeiiia?iiai
i?ioieaiiy aaco.

Aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?aaeicaoei? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeia iioeiicaoei? aea?aii
aeaa aacii?iaiaee, iaeei c yeeo ? oeiiaei i?aaenoaaieeii iaaino?aeueieo
aacii?iaiaeia iiaiai iieieiiiy, iiaoaeiaaiee c o?oa aaeeeiai aeiaiao?o i
i?aoethth/ee ia oeneo 7,5 IIa, a ?oaee — aacii?iaiae aieueo noa?iai
oeio, yeee i?aoeth? i?ae oeneii 5,6 IIa i ia? cia/ii iaioee aeiaiao?.

I?e i?i?i?caoe?? iaaeiiiaea/? aaco i??i?eoaoi?e a?oi? niiaeeaa/?a
aeei?enoiaoaaany ocaaaeueiaiee iaoiae eiacath/iai ona?aaeiaiiai, ia
iniia? yeiai ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi i?i?i?caoe?? iaaeiiiaea/? aaco.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe??,
i?e iioeiaeueiiio ca e?eoa???i iaeneioio ia’?io iinoaaie aaco,
?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi iioei?caoe??.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae iaeanoae
aeiionoeieo ?aaeei?a ? a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao c iaoith
iioei?caoe?? ea?oaaiiy aacio?ainii?o-ieie nenoaiaie a oiiaao
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino?.

?ica’ycaiiy caaea/i iaeaioeoieaoei? iia’ycaia c i?iaaaeaiiyi
aenia?eiaioo, oiaoi ?acoeueoaoe aeii?ia aoiaeieo i aeoiaeieo ciiiieo
i?ioeano, iaea?aeaieo oeyoii aeoeaiiai aai ianeaiiai aeineiaeo
neoaeaoue aeey noai?aiiy aai ooi/iaiiy aea?aii? ai?ii?ii? iiaeaei.

O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c caaaeueieie iaoiaeaie iaeaioeoieaoei?
aeeiaii/ieo ia’?eoia a oiiaao iaaecia/aiinoi iaa?no?aeueiee
aacii?ia?ae cia?aaeaii o aeaeyaei aaaaoiii?iiai ia’?eoo. Ia aoiaei
aei? aaeoi? aoiaeieo ciiiieo X(t) = X x1 (t),…xn (t) c n neeaaeiaeie
xi (t). Aaeoi? Y(t) = Y(y1 …yn ) oa?aeoa?eco? iaoo ea?oaaiiy.
Cia/aiiy xi (t), yi (t) — aiaeiiaiaeathoue iaia?aae aea?aiei ao?aeiei i
aeoiaeiei ia?aiao?ai aacii?iaiaeo. ?icaeyaeath/e iiaeaeue
iaa?-no?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo, ye aaeoi?iee iia?aoi? ia?aoai?aiiy iaaieo
aeeiaii/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, iiaeia caienaoe aeey eiaeii? aeoiaeii?
ciiiii?:

Yi (t) = Ai xi (t),…,xn (t) .

Eieueeiniith ioeiieith noaiaiy aeecueeinoi A(t) i A(t) ?
ooieoeiy [Y(t), Y(t)], yea iiiiiico? ?icaiaeiinoue iiae ?aaeueiei
cia/aiiyi aeoiaeo ia’?eoo i cia/aiiyi, ?ic?aoiaaiei ia iniia? iiaeaei.
Iioeiaeueiith ii e?eoa?ith na?aaeiueiai ?eneo ? ioeiiea A(t), i?e yeie

I [y+ , yt xs ], S T min A .

Oaeei /eiii, caaea/a iaeaioeoieaoei? iia’ycaia c aeaeiiiiceoei?th
oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano o?ainii?oo aaco ia ie?aii aea/aii aeaiaioe, aeey
yeeo iiaeooue aooe aecia/aii iia?aoi?e ia?aoai?aiiy Ai(t). I?e
iienaii? iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo ye oae? aeaiaioe i?eeia-eenue
eiii?ani?ii noaioei? oa e?i?ei? aeieyiee.

Ieaioaaiiy ?aaeeiia iaaino?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaeo iiaeiii
i?iaiaeeoenue ic a?aoo-aaiiyi oaoiieiai/ieo iaiaaeaiue, iaoiiaeaieo
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?oeiino? o?oa, a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieie ? oaiia?aoo?ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aacii?iaiae?a ? AIA.Aei oeeo iaiaaeaiue aiaeiineoueny
iaeneiaeueiee ?iai/ee oene a aacii?iaiaei ?max, iiiiiaeueia Qmin i
iaeneiaeueia Qmax i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia aoiaei a iaaiioa/, iaeneiaeueii
aeiionoeia oaiia?aoo?a Omax , aeiaiacii ciiie /anoioe iaa?oaiiy
iaaiioa/a n, iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaeo i?eaiaeo
Nmax. Oei iaiaaeaiiy ae?aaeaii o aeaeyaei nenoaie ia?iaiinoae:
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 ;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 ;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 ;

(9)
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 ;
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 ;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 ,

aea n0 -iiiiiaeueia cia/aiiy /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a iaaiioa/a.

Iaeanoue aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia (IAe?) aoaeo?oueny aeey iaeiiai AIA, aai
a?oie iineiaeiaii c’?aeiaieo AIA i aeaeueoa ocaaaeueith?oueny ia oeao
i EN a oeieiio. I?e oieniaaieo oiiaao aniieooaaiiy IAe? yaey? niaith
iaeanoue a eii?aeeiaoiie niooei (QK, ), yea iinoeoue ani ?aaeeie
aiaeiiaiaeiiai aeaiaioo aacio?ainii?oiii nenoaie, ui caaeiaieueiythoue
oaoiieiai/iei iaiaaeaiiyi.

I?e iiaoaeiai iaeanoi aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia AIA ia?o ca ana
aecia/athoueny cia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? i iiiiiaeueii? eiia?oeieii?
i?iaeoeoeaiinoi QK max i QK min .

Iioa?aae (QK max QK min) ?icaeaa?oueny ia aeene?aoe, eieueeinoue
eio?eo aecia/a?oueny aeiiaaie aei oi/iinoi, iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.
Aeey eiaeii? aoceiai? oi/ee ?icaeaa?oueny QKmin QK i QKmax
aeieno?oueny iaeneiaeueia i iiiiiaeueia aeiionoeii cia/aiiy nooiaiy
noeneo aaco AIA. Iioii ia/eneth?oueny cia/aiiy oeneo, oaiia?aoo?e ia
aoiaei AIA i iiooaeiinoi,yea niiaeeaa?oueny iaaiioa/ai aeey iaio oi/ie.

O oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aaea?oueny iiaoaeoaaoe cia/aiiy min i max aeey
o?ueio i aieueoa cia/aiue QK i iaeanoue aaaaea?oueny iiaoaeiaaiith.
Cia/aiiy min i max aeey oi/ie Q[Qmin,Qmax], yei ia ? aoceiaeie,
aeiaoaeiaothoueny a iaei?inoioiio aeiaaeeo ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieii?
iioa?iieyoei?. I?e iaiaoiaeiinoi iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieiiiiiaeueio
iioa?iieyoeith.

Aeanoeainoue, yeith iiney iiaoaeiae aieiaeithoue ani IAe?, iieyaa? a
oiio, ui i?e caaeaieo oiiaao aoiaeo a AIA eiaeiiio aeiionoeiiio ?aaeeio
ia’?eoa (AIA, oeao aai EN a oe?eiio) a?aeiiaiaea? aeayea oi/ea c
iaeanoi. C iioiai aieo iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeey aeia?eueii? oi/ee
(QK, ), yea iaeaaeeoue IAe?, inio? oaea cia/aiiy n (aeey AIA) aai
noeoiiinoue cia/aiue ni (aeey a?oie aai oeaoo), yea aeicaiey?
iaea?aeaoe ia aeoiaei ia’?eoa nooiiiue noeneo aaco i?e cia/aiii
aoiaeii? eiia?oeieii? aeo?aoe QK? aac ii?ooaiiy oaoiieiai/ieo
iaiaaeaiue. AEiaeia oi/ea, yea ia iaeaaeeoue IAe?, oei?th aeanoeainoth
ia aieiaei?. Iaeiae aiai?eoe i?i ?ciii?oeci iiae iiiaeeiith
aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia ia’?eoo i iiiaeeiith oi/ie IAe? iiaeia oieueee
aeey AIA, oae ye, oi/oei IAe? oeaoo i EN iiaeooue aiaeiiaiaeaoe ?aaeeie
?aaeiciaaii i?e ?iciiio ?iciiaeiei iaa?oia i?ae aa?aaaoaie.

O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aeno?aiaeueii cia/aiiy aieiaiiai e?eoa?ith i
e?eoa?i?a, yei aenooiathoue iaiaaeaiiyie, eaaeaoue ia a?aieoei IAe?,
ia?aoiae aiae iaeii? iinoaiiaee aaaaoiaeno?aiaeueii? caaea/i
iioeiicaoei? aei ae?oai? aeineoue i?inoee. Aeaui neeaaeiioa noi?oue
ni?aaa a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee aeno?aiaeueia cia/aiiy aeinyaa?oueny o
aioo?ioiie oi/oei IAe?. Oaea neooaoeiy oa?aeoa?ia iai?eeeaae, aeey
iioeiicioei? ?aaeeio aacii?iaiaeo ii e?eoa?ith iiiiioio aia?aicao?ao ia
aeanii iio?aae.

O oeueiio aeiaaeeo a yeinoi ooieoei? iaoe iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
noia?io iiooaeiinoue N, ui niiaeeaa?oueny AIA i iioeiicaoeiy
caeienith?oueny c aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oii? i?ioeaaeo?e aeeiaii/iiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy.

I/aaeaeii, ui o aeiaaeeo, eiee oeaoe EN iienaii c aeiiiiiaith nai?o
IAe?, oaeee aeai-?eoi iiaeia ?aaeicoaaoe oieueee aeey a?aie/ieo oi/ie
iaeano?, oae ye aeey aioo?ioiio oi/ie inoeiii cia/aiiy ni iaaiaeiii.
Oiio aeey ia/eneaiiy aia?aicao?ao i?eeiyoi aeei?enoiaoaaoe
oa?iiaeeiaii/ia niiaaiaeiioaiiy oeio:

, (10)

aea , — eiao?oe??ioe, ye? ia/eneththoueny ii
oi?ioeai:picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000
000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010
00000050000000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00fffffff
f000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746
854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000b57c5abe5abe000280fe0000000000009001000
000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f000000000000000000000000 ;

aea Ni — iiooaeiinoue, ui niiaeeaa?oueny i-i oeaoii; QK i —
eiia?oeieia aeo?aoa aaco /a?ac oeao; K — iieaciee aae?aaaoe, , mex —
iie?o?iiiee, iaoai?/iee e.e.ae.; a — eiaoioe??io, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?
oiiae aniieooaaiiy.

Oaeoe/ii ?aaeeie iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia, ye i?aaeei,
aiae?iciythoueny aiae iioe-iaeueieo ieaiiaeo ?aaeeiia. I?e/eiith ?
ianoaoeiiia?iinoue i?ioeano o?ainii?oo aaco, iaiiaiioa ?ioi?iaoei? i?i
ia’?eo ea?oaaiiy i ciaiioi? na?aaeiaeua ia aoaii ieaioaaiiy,
ni?iuaiinoue iiaeaeae, yei aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?ioeaaeo?i
iioeiicaoei?, i ?yae iioeo oaeoi?ia. Eiiiainaoeiy ?icoiaeaeaiue iiae
oaeoe/ieie ?aaeeiaie AON i ieaiiaeie caeienith?oueny aeeniao/a?nueeeie
neoaeaaie aiaeiiaiaeiiai ?iaiy ia iniiai iia?aoeaii? iioi?iaoei? i?i
a?aeo/ee noai ia’?eoo i na?aaeiaeua a ?aaeeii ?aaeueiiai /ano. Oey
i?ioeaaeo?a caeienith?oueny aei iiiaioo i?eeiyooy iiaiai ieaio, yeee
a?aoiao? ciiiaiee noai ia’?eoo ea?oaaiiy i iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

A neeo aeiaaeeiai? i?e?iaee aieueoinoi cao?aiue, ui aecia/athoue
oaeoe/iee ?aaeei aacii?iaiaeo, aeaii aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei? ?
aeiaaeeiaeie aaee/eiaie. Oiio i?ioeaaeo?e i?eeiyooy ?ioaiue, a yeeo
aeei?enoiaothoueny oei aeaii, ca’ycaii c noaoenoe/iith
iaeaioeoieaoei?th ia’?eoo ea?oaaiiy. A?aooaaiiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi
i?ioeano o?ainii?oo aaco ia?aaeaa/aeinue cae?enithaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith
noioanoe/ii? ai?ieneiaoei? ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao?ia.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee iiaoaeiae
?aa?anieieo iiaeaeae i noaoenoe/ii? ioeiiee aaeaeaaoiinoi.

Iaeiae aeey ianoaoeiiia?ieo ia’?eoia, yeeie ? aeaiaioe AON,
ia?aiao?e ciiiththoueny c /anii i, oaeei /eiii, /a?ac iaaiee
oa?i?i, yeee caeaaeeoue aiae nooiaiy ianoaoeiiia?iinoi i?ioeano,
?aa?anieia ?iaiyiiy ia?anoa? aaeaeaaoii iienoaaoe ia’?eo, ii iueiio
iaiiaeeeai ia?aaeaa/aoe iiaaaeiieo ia’?eoa i ea?oaaoe iei. Uia
caiiaiaoe oeueiio, ioeiiee ia?aiao?ia iiaeaei neiae aacia?a?aii
ooi/ithaaoe. Ooi/iai? a i?ioeani ooieoeithaaiiy ia’?eoo iiaeaei
iinyoue iacao aaeaioeaieo iiaeaeae, i aaeaioaoeiy ?aa?anieieo ?iaiyiue
ii aeaieo aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoe?? aea? iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?o a ea?oaaii? ianoaoeiiia?iei i?ioeanii o?ainii?oo aaco.

Aaeaioeaia nenoaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe??(AN?) ia?aaeaa/a? aeaa aoaie:
no?aoaai/iee (iaeaioe-oieaoeiy a oe?ieiio ?icoiiiii) i iia?aoeaiee (o
aocueeiio ?icoiiiii). Ia aoaii no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei?
aecia/a?oueny iiia?aaeiy iioi?iaoeiy i?i ia’?eo: nooiiiue iaeiiieiinoi,
nooiiiue ianoaoeiiia?iinoi, aoiaeii i aeoiaeii ciiiii i nooiiiue ca’yceo
iiae ieie, eean iiaeaei i ?? aaeaeaaoiinoue ?aaeueiiio i?ioeano.
No?aoaai/ia iaeaioeoieaoeiy caeienith?oueny iica eiioo?ii, oiaoi aei
aeeth/aiiy iiaeaei a eiioo? ea?oaaiiy , i?eioneath/e, ui iiaoaeiaaia
iiaeaeue caeeoa?oueny iaciiiiith. Aeeth/aiiy no?aoaai/iiai
iaeaioeoieaoi?a a ANI ca’ycaii c iaiaoiaeiinoth ia?iiaee/ii
ia?a?aoiaoaaoe oi /e iioi oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeaei o ca’yceo c ciiiith
ia’?eoo.

Iia?aoeaiee iaeaioeoieaoi? ca’ycaiee c iioi/iith ioeiieith ia?aiao?ia
iiaeaei. Aeey iueiai ii/aoeiaith iioi?iaoei?th ? iiaeaeue, ae?iaeaia
a no?aoaai/iiio iaeaioeoieaoi?i, i iaai? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeii?thaaiiy aoiaeo i aeoiaeo ia’?eoo.

I?e iiaoaeiai iiaeaeae oaeeo aeaiaioia AON, ye EN, EAe ia aoaii
no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioe-oieaoei? aoaeo?oueny ?aa?anieia ?iaiyiiy ia’?eoa.

Aeey iia?aoeaii? iaeaioeoieaoei? ia?aiao?ia iiaeaei aeioeieueii
canoiniaoaaoe iaeiie?iei-aee iioeiaeueiee aeai?eoi, yeee aiae?iciy?oueny
i?inoioith a ?aaeicaoei?, iiiiiaeueiith iio?aaith a iia?aoeaiie iai’yoi
AII i aenieith iiaieueiinoth, oiaoi /ooeeaith ?aaeoei?th ia ciiio
ia?aiao?ia ia’?eoo.

Ia aoaii no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei? EN i EAe ye aoiaei? ciiii?
aea?aii oene ia aoiaei ?ao i iiaea/a aaco Qao . Aeoiaeiei ia?aiao?ii
neoaeeoue cae/aeii oene ia aeoiaei eiiieii? aeieyiee aai oene iaaiioa/a
EN ?aeo . E?ii oiai, aeey EN iaiaoiaeii ioeiithaaoe aia?aicao?aoe N.

Noaoeiiia?iee ?aaeei ?iaioe EN i EAe iieno?oueny ia?aaiei/iei ?iaiyiiyi
. Acyaoe oea ?iaiyiiy ca iniiao i?e iaeaioeo?eaoei? ianoaoeiiia?iiai
?aaeeio, iaea?aeeii niiaaiaeiioaiiy

, (11)

aea N1 — e?ie aaeaioaoe??, a1, a2 — eiao?oe??ioe iiaeae?.

Ia aoaii iia?aoeaii? iaeaioeoieaoei? EN i EAe ?oii iiaeaei ooeathoueny
a aeene?aoii iiiaioe /ano i aaeaioaoeiy caeienith?oueny ii
iioeiaeueiiio iaeiie?ieiaiio aeai?eoio. Iioa?aae iiae oaeoaie
aaeaioaoei? aiaeiiaiaea? i?iiiaeeo /ano iiae aeaiia iineiaeiaieie
iiiaioaie ia?aaea/i iia?aoeaiii iioi?iaoei? c ia’?eoa ia
aeeniao/a?nueeee ioieo aacio?ainii?oiiai iiaei?e?inoaa.

Iaeaioeoieaoeiy EN i eiiieieo aeieyiie ia? naiinoieia cia/aiiy aeey
caeieniaiiy aeaoeaio?aeiciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy o?ainii?oii aaco. Iaeiae,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ia?aiao?e iiaeaeae oaoiieiai/ieo aeieueieoeue,iiaeia
iiaoaeoaaoe iiaeaeue aacii?iaiaeo a oeieiio. sseui ?icaeyaeaoe IA ye
eiiith iineiaeiaii? ia?aea/ee, oi iia?aoi?, yeee iieno? aacii?iaiae, ye
aeeiaii/iee ia’?eo, caieoaoueny o aeaeyaei:

A = An An-1 … A1 (x) … , (12)

oiaoi yaey? niaith noia?iiceoeith iia?aoi?ia, yei iienothoue
oaoiieiai/ii aeaiaioe.

Aeae iaea?aeaii? iiaeaei aacii?iaiaeo aiaeiiaiaea? caaaeueiiio
aeaeyaeo aaeaeaaoieo iiaeaeae aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai, iaeiae ia?aiao?e
Ai ?iaiyiiy ia ooi/iththoueny aaciina?aaeiuei ca aeaieie
aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei?, a ia?a?aoiaothoueny eiaeai ?ac iiney oiai,
ye i?iaaaeaia aaeaioaoeiy iiaeaeae ieaeiueiai ?iaiy. Oei ia iaioa,
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aacii?iaiaeo ? aaeaioeaiith iiaeaeeth c oi/ee
ci?o aecia/aiiy, oiio ui ?? ia?aiao?e ooi/iththoueny a oiaei
ooieoeithioaaiiy aacii?iaiaeo.

Ineieueee aia?aicao?aoe ia eiii?eioaaiiy aecia/athoueny ia oieueee
aoiaeieie cia/aiyie ?BX i Q, aea i oeneii iaaiioaiiy aaco ?H, oi
iia?aoi?, yeee iieno? ooieoeii-ioaaiiy EN a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo, aoaea iaoe
aeaeyae A = A2(x,A1(o)).

Aeey caa?iaaiiy caaaeueiino? eeano iiaeaeae iia?aoi? A2 ooea?ii o
aeaeyaei eiiieiiai ?iaiyiiy:

Ni (N1) = Ci (N1-1)Qi (N1) + di (N1-1)PAO?(N1) + li (N1-1)PHi .

Cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeaei aacii?iaiaeo aiaeiinyoueny aei i??a?oi/ieo a
oiio ?icoiiiii, ui ioeiiee ia?aiao?ia oeeo iiaeaeae ia aecia/athoueny
aaciina?aaeiuei ia iniiai aeeniao/a?nueeeo aeaieo, a ia/eneththoueny ca
oi?ioeaie /a?ac ia?aiao?e iiaeaeae ieaeiueiai ?iaiy. Iaeiae iiaeeeaee
i ae?oaee iiaeoiae aei iaeaioeoieaoei? aacii?iaiaeo, eiee iiaeaeue
aeae?a?oueny oaeei /eiii, ui aeicaiey?oueny aaciina?aaei? iaea?aeaiiy
ioeiiee ia?aiao?ia ye ia aoaii no?aoaai/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei?, oae i ia
aoaii aaeaioaoei?.

I?iaiicoaaiiy noaio na?aaeiaeua i?e ea?oaaii? aacii?iaiaeii ii
?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeyo iieyaa? o aecia/aiii cia/aiue iiaea/i aaco Qi
ia e?ioei (N1+1) ii aiaeiieo iiia?aaeiio cia/aiiyo Qi (N1), Qi (N1-1) i
o.ae. A ?acoeueoaoi ia?iaiiii?iinoi iiaea/i aaco a nenoaio i ciiiiiai
oa?aeoa?o oeyoiaeo aiaeai?ia cia/aiue Qi (N1), N1=1,2,… iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye ?aaeicaoeith aeiaaeeiai? iineiaeiaiinoi. Iaei?inoioei
iaoiaeii, yeee canoiniao?oueny i?e i?iaiicoaaiii oaeeo iineiaeiaiinoae,
? iaoiae na?aaeiueiai eiacath/iai, yeee iieyaa? a ianooiiiio.
?icaeyaeath/e iineiaeiaiinoue, ye ooieoeith (N1) c oeiei/enaeue-ieie
a?aoiaioaie, i?iaiicoth/a cia/aiiy iaea?aeo?ii, ona?aaeithth/e inoaiii
I cia/aiue:

. (13)

A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iineiaeiaiinoue a(t) iiaeii?yaeeiao?oueny
niiaaiaeiioaiith

a(N1) = (N1) + (1- ) a(N1-1), (14)

aea 0< < 1. I?e =1 i?iaiicoaaiiy caeienith?oueny ii inoaiiueiio niinoa?aaeaiith. Ic ciaioaiiyi caieueoo?oueny noieeinoue i?iaiicoaaiiy. ?ieue ia?aaeaa/aiiy iiaeneeth?oueny i?e canoinoaaiii aeaie?ieiaiai iaoiaeo. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo ii?yae c iineiaeiaiinoth a(N1) aaiaeeoueny iineiaeiaiinoue b(N1), yea aecia/a?oueny oi?ioeith b(N1) = a(N1) + (1- ) b(N1-1) . (15) Oiaei ia?aaeaa/aiiy caeienith?oueny ca oi?ioeith Iiney oiai, ye i?iaiicii cia/aiiy picscalex100010009000003150100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02200380071200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb9ffffff40070000d90200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000a00010000000fb02dbfde300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320add01790201000000280010000000fb02dbfde3000000 00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000 08000000320add01f30601000000290015000000fb0240fe000000000000900100000000 0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ae040000002d01000004000000f001 010008000000320ae0012d0601000000310008000000320ae00117040100000031000800 0000320ae001f602010000004e0008000000320ad002810101000000690008000000320a e001320001000000510010000000fb0240fe000000000000900100000002000200105379 6d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ae001180501000000 2b0008000000320a34017a01010000002a000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000 000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400 00002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000 ia/eneaii, ?iaiyiiy iathoue aeaeyae: aea y - iiaeaeueiaaia ciiiia IA, a iaoiio aeiaaeeo oene aai aia?aicao?aoe; xi - ea?oth/i aoiaeii ciiiii, aeey ian - oene iaaiioaiiy aai nooi?iue noeneo aaco ia EN. Oiiaa noaaieicaoei? aeoiaeii? aaee/eie aeaeyaea? oaeei /eiii: picscalex100010009000003f30200000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c024004801a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb1ffffff401a0000f10300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00010000000fb0203fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a7e020b0101000000280010000000fb0203fee3000000 00009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000 08000000320a7e02070501000000290009000000fa020000100000000000000022000400 00002d0100000500000014021d01eb060500000013021d013f0810000000fb0203fee300 000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001 010008000000320a7e02500801000000280010000000fb0203fee3000000000090010000 00020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a 7e027e0a0100000029000500000014021d01ff0d0500000013021d01230f10000000fb02 03fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102000400 0000f001010008000000320a7e02340f01000000280010000000fb0203fee30000000000 9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00102000800 0000320a7e02621101000000290010000000fb0203fee300000000009001000000020002 001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a7e020713 01000000280010000000fb0203fee300000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c 0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a7e0203170100000029001500 0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e0000de040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ae002c419010000003000 08000000320ae002941201000000690008000000320afa00c60c010000006e0008000000 320aee032b0d01000000310008000000320aee03750c01000000690008000000320ae002 c10e01000000690008000000320ae002b00701000000300015000000fb0280fe00000000 00009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000de040000002d01 010004000000f001020008000000320a8002ed1801000000790008000000320a80025516 01000000310008000000320a8002871401000000310008000000320a80028b1301000000 4e0008000000320a8002b41101000000780008000000320a8002b4100100000031000800 0000320a8002b80f010000004e0008000000320a8002f30d01000000610008000000320a 8002d00901000000310008000000320a8002d408010000004e0008000000320a8002df06 01000000610008000000320a8002590401000000310008000000320a80028b0201000000 310008000000320a80028f01010000004e0008000000320a800246000100000079001000 0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01 020004000000f001010008000000320a8002b817010000003d0008000000320a80026515 010000002b0008000000320a80021e0b010000002b0008000000320a8002bc0501000000 3d0008000000320a80026903010000002b0010000000fb02c0fd00000000000090010000 00020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a d802350c01000000e50010000000fb0220ff000000000000900100000002000200105379 6d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aee03bf0c01000000 3d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000 bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00102000300 00000000 . (18) A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iaaaaeaia ?iaiyiiy aecia/a?oueny ia ?aeeieie iaai?ii cia/aiue ea?oth/eo ciiiieo xi (N1+1). Aeiiiaith? caaea/o aeai? e?eoa?ith iioeiaeueiinoi, a yeinoi eio?iai iiaeia acyoe iiiiioi aia?aicao?ao, iaeneioi oeneo a nenoaii aai iaeneioi i?iioneii? caeaoiinoi. Aeai? iioeiaeueieo ea?oth/eo aieeaia caiaeeoueny aei ?ica'yceo ia eiaeiiio e?ioei caaea/i iaoaiaoe/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy aeaeyaeo : picscalex1000100090000037d0100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02400420091200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb1ffffffe0080000f10300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000066040000002d01000009000000320a80024f06030000006d617800 15000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f 6d616e000066040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320aef033a0101000000 310010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c00020400 00002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a80027e0401000000ae0010000000fb02 c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101000400 0000f001000008000000320ad902370001000000e50010000000fb0220ff000000000000 9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f00101000800 0000320aef03c300010000003d0015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000000402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d01010004000000f0010000 08000000320ae002bf0301000000690008000000320afa00cc00010000006e0008000000 320aef036b0001000000690008000000320ae002b60201000000690015000000fb0280fe 0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000660400 00002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a80021d0301000000780008000000320a 8002fd010100000061000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02 1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0101000400 0000f00100000300000000000000ffffffff000000000000000000000000 , (19) i?e iaiaaeaiii, yea ae?aaea? aeiiae noaaieicaoei? aeoiaeii? ciiiii? . (20) E?ii aeacaieo iaiaaeaiue, i?e aecia/aiii ea?oth/eo aieeaia iaiaoiaeii a?aooaaoe oaoiieiai/ii iaiaaeaiiy, ui iaeeaaeathoueny ia ?aaeeie EN. Oi?iaeicaoeiy oeeo iaiaaeaiue a oa?iiiao ia?aiao?ia aaeaioeaieo iiaeaeae EN iiaea aeeeeeaoe oneeaaeiaiiy. Cie?aia, oaei iaiaaeaiiy, ye iiiiioi ia’?iii? aeo?aoe aaco ia aoiaei a iaaiioa/, iaeneioi iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaeo i?eaiaeo iiaeiii aeeiioaaoeny ii eiaeiiio aa?aaaoo, a oie /an, ye iaaaaeai? iiaeaei EN ia iienothoue i?ioean eiii?eioaaiiy aaco oae aeaoaeueii. Iaa?aooaaiiy oaoiieiai/ieo iaiaaeaiue iiaea i?ecaanoe aei oiai, ui iioeiaeueiee aaeoi? O, iaea?aeaiee i?e ?ic'ycaiii caaea/i, noai?th? a aacii?iaiae? aaa?ieiee ?aaeei. Iaeaieueo ?aoeiiiaeueiei niiniaii a?aooaaiiy oaoiieiai/ieo iaiaaeaiue ia aoaii ieaioaaiiy ?aaeeio aacii?iaiaeo ? aeei?enoaiiy iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia. Caoienoaaaoe noaio c’?aeiaiiy aa?aaaoia, cia/aiiy ?BX, OBX ie aecia/a?i ?aeeio ii aa?aaaoo, oeaoo aai EN aeiionoeio iaeanoue, a caaeaaoe aeiaeaoeiai cia/aiiy aeo?aoe aaco Q, ii IAe? iiaeia iaeiicia/ii aeaeieeoe iioa?aae (min, max) i aiaeiiaiaeiee eiio iioa?aae (PHmin,PHmax), yeee iaiaaeo? cia/aiiy a?aeiiaiaeieo ia?aiao?ia ?aaeeio. Iaeiae ia aoaii iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiii IA a eiaeiee iiiaio /ano t aoiaeii cia/aiiy EN ? aeiaaeeiaeie aaee/eiaie, yei iiaeooue nooo?ai a?ae?iciyoeny aiae ieaiiaeo cia/aiue. Oaeei /eiii, a eiaeiee iiiaio /ano ?aaeei EN iieno?oueny iiaith aeiionoeiith iaeanoth i ia?aie cia/aiue min(t), max(t), PHmin(t), PHmax(t). Aeei?enoaiiy ieaiiai? IAe? a oeie neooaoei? i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/ii? iioeaee, a iiaoaeiaa IAe? aeey eiaeiiai c ni?aa?aeiioaiue ia?aiao?ia, yei cono?i/athoueny i?e ?ica’ycaii? caaea/i iioeiicioei? iia'ycaii ic i?aeoe/ii iaaecia/aieie o?oaeiiuaie ia/enethaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. A i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiae?a. Aeey iioeiicaoei? aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiae iiooeo aeiaaeueiiai aeno?aioio oeieaai? ooieoei?, iiaoaeiaaii? ia iniiai aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei? ic a?aooaaiiyi aaeaioaoei? eiaoioe??ioia ?aa?aneaiiai ?iaiyiiy. I?e oeueiio /anoioa aaeaioaoei? eiaoioe??ioia ?aa?aneaii? iiaeaei ii aeaieo aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei? iiaeiia caaeiaieueiyoe oi/iinoi ia?aaeaa/aiiy ii iiaeaei aeey aea?aiiai iiaeaeueiaaiiai ia?aiao?o ?aaeeio ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie. Iioeiicioeiy ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai iiaea i?iaiaeeoeny c ianooiiith iaoith: -i?e caaeaieo a?aoieao aaciiinoa/aiiy iniiaieie i noiooieie ei?enooaa/aie i?e oiiai caa?iaaiiy anio oaoiieiai/ieo iaiaaeaiue ic iaeanoi aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia aea?aoe aenieoaoaoeieiee ?aaeei oaeei /eiii, uia i?e oeueiio caaacia/oaaeiny iiiiioi noia?ieo aeo?ao ia o?ainii?o aaco; i?e caaeaieo iaiaaeaiiyo ia noia?ii aia?aaoe/ii aai aenieoaoaoeieii aeo?aoe iaeneiicoaaoe aaciiinoa/aiiy ia i?ioyci aecia/aiiai aiae?iceo /ano; -ic iaeanoi aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie aea?aoe ?aaeei, yeee iaeneiico? ia i?ioyci caaeaiiai i?iiiaeeo /ano aaciiinoa/aiiy aac iaiaaeaiue ia aenieoaoaoeieii oa aia?aaoe/ii cao?aoe; -ic iaeanoi aeiionoeieo ?aaeeiia aea?aoe ?aaeei aenieoaoaoei? aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie, yeee i?i?i?co? ao?aoe i?e aaa?ieieo neooaoeiyo. Caaea/a iiaoaeiae iiaeaei aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie iia'ycaia ic caaea/ath ea?oaaiiy ii iiaeaei. Aeai? e?eoa?ith iioeiicaoei? aecia /a?oueny iiaeeeainoth io?eiaiiy iia?aoeaii? iioi?iaoei?. ?aeeiith iia?aoeaiith iioi?iaoei?th i?i ?aaeeie ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie ? aeeniao/a?nueea iioi?iaoeiy. A iniiao iiaoaeiae iiaeaei aeey noaoenoe/ii? iaeaioeoieaoei? ?aaeeiia aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai acyoi ?iaiyiiy aeey aiae?aaei/iiai ?ic?aooieo noaoeiiia?iiai i?ioieaiiy aaco a o?oaii?iaiaeao. Aeey ?ic?aooieo eiii?ani?ieo noaioeie oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy io?eiaea ai?iene-iaoeiy aeai/eaiiith iiaeaeeth, a aeey iieno ?aaeeio ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie aeei?enoiao?oueny ?aa?aneaia ?iaiyiiy a iao?e/iiio aeaei picscalex100010009000003170100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c028002a0061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffbaffffff600600003a0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000600015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e0000ab040000002d01000008000000320a200207060100000069000800 0000320a1401110401000000540008000000320a2002ed0001000000690015000000fb02 80fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ab 040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ac001e80401000000580008000000 320ac001200301000000410008000000320ac001220001000000590015000000fb0280fe 0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000ab0400 00002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a54015f0301000000880010000000fb02 80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101000400 0000f001000008000000320ac001ca01010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff 01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d 00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000526f6d616e00009404000000 2d0100000400000000000000540000000000 , (21) aea Yi , Xi - aeoiaeia i aoiaeia ciiiii a aeaiee iiiaio /ano. Iiaeaeue aoaeoaaeanue ca aeaieie aeeniao/a?nueei? iioi?iaoei?, yea iinooieea a iaaiee iiiaio /ano . Caaea/a iioeiicaoei? ?aaeeiia ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie caiaeeoueny aei ianooiiiai:ooea?oueny max(F(picscalex100010009000003c70000000200190000000000050000000902000000 000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000 00050000000b0200000000050000000c02c00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00 0010000000c0ffffffc6ffffff00010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854 7970650000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573 204e657720526f6d616e0000c3040000002d01000008000000320a60014c000100000078 0011000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200104d54204578747261000204 0000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6a005f000100000072001900000026 060f0028004d6174685479706555551c0003010103000a0132837800060b000000000435 0432043e044cc449000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb0210 00070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010000040000 00f0010100030000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff00000000000000 0000000000) i?e iaiaaeaiiyo aeaeo xp Fi(x) = 0; i=1,2,............,L , (22) j(x) 0; j=1,2,............,L , aea p - iaeanoue i?aoeacaeaoiinoi aeey ooieoei? F(x); F(picscalex100010009000003ae00000002001500000000000500000009020000000004 00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005 0000000b0200000000050000000c02a00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010 000000c0ffffffc6ffffff00010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970 650000200015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e 657720526f6d616e00007e040000002d01000008000000320a6001400001000000780011 000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200104d542045787472610002040000 002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6a0053000100000072000a00000026060f 000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202 2253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000) - oeieueiaa iioeiicoth/a ooieoeiy (iiaeaeue aacio?ainii?oii? nenoaie); Fi (picscalex100010009000003c7000000020019000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02c00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffc6ffffff00010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e6 57720526f6d616e0000c3040000002d01000008000000320a60014c00010000007800110 00000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200104d5420457874726100020400000 02d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6a005f000100000072001900000026060f0 028004d6174685479706555551c0003010103000a0132837800060b00000000043504320 43e044cc449000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070 000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00 10100030000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff0000000000000000000 00000) - ooieoeiy iaiaaeaiue o aeaei ?iaiinoi; j (picscalex100010009000003c7000000020019000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02c00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffc6ffffff00010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e6 57720526f6d616e0000c3040000002d01000008000000320a60014c00010000007800110 00000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200104d5420457874726100020400000 02d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6a005f000100000072001900000026060f0 028004d6174685479706555551c0003010103000a0132837800060b00000000043504320 43e044cc449000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070 000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00 10100030000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff0000000000000000000 00000) - ooieoeiy iaiaaeaiue o aeaei ia?iaiinoi. Caaea/a iioei?caoe?? ?ica'yco?oueny iaoiaeii oo?aoieo ooieoeie, aeey /iai aoaeo?oueny ooieoeiy oo?aoo : aea - ia?aiao? oo?aoo. Aeai?eoi aeiaaeeiaiai iiooeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui X ?iciiuo?oueny a oi/oei c iioeiaeueiei aai aeiaieueiei cia/aiiyi iioeiicoth/i? ooieoei?, oiaoi FK (x) = min(-F(picscalex138010009000003c7000000020019000000000005000000090200000 0000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000 000050000000b0200000000050000000c02c00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0 00010000000c0ffffffc6ffffff00010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685 47970650000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d657 3204e657720526f6d616e0000c3040000002d01000008000000320a60014c00010000007 80011000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200104d5420457874726100020 40000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6a005f00010000007200190000002 6060f0028004d6174685479706555551c0003010103000a0132837800060b00000000043 50432043e044cc449000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021 000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000 000f0010100030000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff0000000000000 00000000000)) = Q* (24) Iiooe Q* i?iaiaeeoueny ia iniiai ?aeo?aioii? i?ioeaaeo?e aea i - e?ie ?aeo?aioiiai iiooeo. Iienaia iaoiaeeea iieeaaeaia a iniiao iioeiicaoei? oa /eneiaeo ?ic?aooieia iioeiaeue-ieo ?aaeeiia aeey iaaino?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeia "A?aoa?noai", "Nithc" i O?aiaie-Iiia?e-Oaeai?iae. INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? I?AeNOIEIA? AENIIAEE 1. Ae??oaii aaaeeeao iaoeiao i?iaeaio, ui ia? nooo?aa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy, yea iia’ycaia c aea/aiiyi oa?aeoa?o oa anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?io?eaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?io?eth o?ane aacii?iaiae?a. Ioe?ii/iei ia?aiao?ii, ui aecia/a? oa?aeoa? ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a, ? e?eoa??e ianoaoe?iia?iino?. Inoaii?e aieeaa? ia oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane ? aiineoue iii?aaeo aei 20% ii o?eaaeino? i?ioeano i?ioiaeaeaiiy aaco a ii??aiyii? c ??aieiieie aacii?iaiaeaie. 2. Aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia aac? ??aiyiiy ?ooo, ia?ic?eaiino?, aia?a?? oa ianoaoe?iia?iiai oaieiiai?io c a?oioii aaco oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee ?? i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? a ieine?e ? e?i?ei?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoieo oaoiieia?/ieo caaea/ (i?iaiicoaaiiy oaeaeeinoae aaco a ia?a??c? o?oaii?iaiaeo oa ?iciiae?eo ?o ii eiai aeiaaeei? ? a /an?, ia?aiao??a ia?aea/oaaiiy; aecia/aiith o?eaaeinoae ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a), a oaeiae aaeaioeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?. 3. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aiao??a ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a aacii?iaiaeao c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane oeyoii ?aae?caoe?? iiaoaeiaaieo iiaeaeae aecia/ai? a?aie/i? cia/aiiy e?eoa??th ianoaoe?iia?iino? aeey ??cieo oi?i i?io?eth aacii?iaiaeo, yeee, a naith /a?ao, aeicaiey? ooi/ieoe iiaeaeue aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio a aacii?iaiaeao, caaacia/eaoe i?e oeueiio iioeaeo i?iaiico ia a?eueoo ca 5 %. 4. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe eiii?ani?ieo noaioe?e a oiiaao ianoaoe?iia?iiai aaciiinoa/aiiy. I?e oeueiio iiaoaeiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, a eio??e ?aae?ciaaii ?yae aa??aoe?eieo caaea/ (i?iaiicoaaiiy ci?ie noaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a, aecia/aiiy iiiaio?a ae?? ea?oth/eo aieea?a, ?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a ?aaeei?a ca e?eoa???i i?i?iaeueii? o?eaaeino? ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?ioeano aaciiinoa/aiiy). 5. Aeey iioei?caoe?? ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino? cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea iiaoaeiae iaeanoae aeiionoeieo ?aaeei?a oa a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao, ye? aeicaieythoue nooo?ai nei?ioeoe iiooe iioeiaeueiiai ea?oth/iai ??oaiiy (aea?ao 50% /ano, yeui nenoaia ooieoe?iio? ia a?aieoe? ciie aeiionoeieo ?aaeei?a ? aei 20%, yeui aenieoaoaoe?y nenoaie cae?enith?oueny ana?aaeei? iaeano?). 6. Cai?iiiiiaaii aaeaioeaio nenoaio (oiaoi naiii?enoiniaaio) ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aacio?anii?oieo nenoai c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aa?an?eieo iiaeaeae, ui caaacia/othoue na?aaei? cia/aiiy ?o ia?aiao??a. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ea?oaaiiy cae?enith?oueny ia no?aoaa?/iiio oa iia?aoeaiiio aoaiao. Ia?oee aoai iia’ycaiee c aeai?ii eeano iiaeae? ? ?? aaeaeaaoiino? ?aaeueiiio i?ioeano, ia ae?oaiio aeeiio?oueny iioi/ia ioe?iea ia?aiao??a iiaeae?. 7. ?aae?ciaaii iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino?, ui aeicaieeei: - aea?aoe aeey iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a aeia?eueia /enei ??cieo e?eoa???a iioeiaeueiino? aeey iiaoaeiae ooieoe?e iaoe; - ciaeoe aeiaaeueiee aeno?aioi ooieoe?e iaoe, yeee a?aeiia?aea? iioeiaeueiiio ?aaeeio ?iaioe; - i?e a?aenooiino? aeiaaeueiiai aeno?oioia ooaeoe?? iaoe ciaoiaeeoe ?? eieaeuei? aeno?aioie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aoe?iiaeueiei ?aaeeiai ia?aea/oaaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeee a i?aeoeeo aenieoaoaoe?e aacii?iaiae?a AO Oe?aaci?ii iaea?aeaiiai aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a ?ici??? aeecueei 1 ie?ae. e?a. a ia?a?aooieo ia 1991 ??e. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii o ianooiieo ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo: 1. A?oaec A.ss.Ieoaee?a A.A.E?i/aanueeee I.I.. Oeie?a Ae.O., Ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai . –Ee?a.: 1996?. 150n. 2. sseiae?a ?.?., Eacae I.N., Ieoaee?a A.A., Oeie?a Ae.O., A?oaec A.ss. ?aaeeie aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai - Euea?a.: Na?oi/, 1991. - 160n. 3. A?oaec A.ss., Ouieea Ae.O., sseiaeaa A.E. Ianeoaeeaaiea aacio?ainii?oiuo nenoai.-Eeaa.:OIEAI,1991.-159 n. 4. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aieea i?io?eth o?ane aacii?iaiaeo ia o?eaae?noue ? oa?aeoa? ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a o neeaaeieo nenoaiao. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.34, 1997?. -N. 132-134. 5. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aea?? eeano ooieoe?e aeey ?aa?an?eieo ??aiyiue ?aaeei?a aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.34, 1997?. -N. 67-70. 6. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aenia?eiaioaeueiee aiae?c ii?iaeueiiai caeiio ?iciiae?eo aeey aeeniao/a?nueei? ?ioi?iaoe??. // Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue ?3/99, 1999, N.41-42. 7. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao i?io?eth o?ane aeey ooi/iaiiy e?eoa??th ianoaoe?iia?iino? ia o?eaae?noue ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a. // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu . ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.33, 1996?. -N. 153-156. 8. Oeie?a Ae.O. Iioei?caoe?y i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiii?ani?ii? noaioe?? ca e?eoa???i i?i?ioio o?eaaeino? ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?ioeano. // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.33, 1996?. -N. 157-160. 9. Oeie?a Ae.O. Ianoaoe?iia?i? i?ioeane o neeaaeieo nenoaiao aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane. // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.33, 1996?. -N. 149-152. 10. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aiae?c iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane. // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.33, 1996?. -N. 161-163. 11. Oeie?a Ae.O. Ea?oaaiiy aacii?iaiaeaie ?c aeei?enoaiiyi aaeaioeaieo nenoai c ?aeaioeo?eaoi?ii. // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.34, 1997?. -N. 23-26. 12. Oeie?a Ae.O. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y eiii?ani?ieo noaioe?e oa e?i?eieo ae?eyiie neeaaeieo aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai. // ?ica?aeea oa ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.35, 1998?. -N. 29-31. 13. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aiae?c aeo?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae aacio?aicii?oieo nenoai.// Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue ?4/96, 1996?. -N. 33-34. 14. A?oaec A.ss., Ieoaee?a A.A.,?oaeei A.I., Oeie?a Ae.O. ?ic?iaea nenoaie iia?aoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aacii?iaiaeo. // Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue ?4/96. 1996?. N.31-32. 15. Oeie?a Ae.O. I?iaiicoaaiiy ?aaeei?a aenieoaoaoe?? eiii?ani?ieo noaioe?e ia cao?aeieo ae?eueieoeyo aacii?iaiae?a a a??nueeeo oiiaao. // Iaoiaee oa i?eeaaee eiio?ieth yeino?. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aei.3, 1999?., N.46-47. 16. Caai?iaeiy I.A., Ea?aeoey A.A., Oeie?a Ae.O. A?aooaaiiy iaaecia/aiino? aeo?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacii?iaiae?a. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.30 1993?. N.114-116. 17. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aea?? e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane a oiiaao aaaae?eoa??aeueiino?. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.35, 1998?. -N. 18. Oeie?a Ae.O., A?oaec ss.A. Ioeiaeueia ieaioaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino?. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. ?anioae?eainueeee i?aea?ae. iaoe.-oao. ca??iee. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee aei.32, 1995?. -N.12-15 19. Oeie?a Ae.O. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?ia?o aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai. Aeai. a AeIOA ?1042 1996?. 20. Oeie?a Ae.O. ?ic?iaea ?aaeei?a ? iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy EN a oiiaao ianoaoe?iia?iino? aaciniiaeeaaiiy. Aeai. a AeIOA ?1043 1996a. 21. Oeie?a Ae.O. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae IAe? ? a?aie/ieo iaeanoae aia?aicao?ao aeey ea?oaaiiy aacio?ainii?oieie nenoaiaie. Aeai. a AeIOA ?1044 1996a. 22. Oeie?a A.Ae.,A?oaec A.ss., Oeie?a Ae.O. ?ic?aooiie iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiii?ani?ieo noaioe?e. Aeai. a AeIOA ?1045 1996a. 23. Inoaoia A. A., Oeaiaa A. A., Ouieea Ae. O. I?iaiice?iaaiea iieacaoaeae iaaeaaeiinoe aacii?iaiaeia a oneiaeyo auai?i/iiai eaieoaeueiiai ?aiiioa eeiaeiie /anoe. Anan.eiio. i?iae. ?aca. iaooaaaciaiai eiiieaena,Othiaiue 1991a.-n.78. 24. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a oaieia?aeaea/? i?e ??cieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai. Iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. Noai, i?iae. ? ia?ni. ?ica. iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno cao. ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Euea?a 1995?.-n.18. 25. Oeie?a Ae.O. A?aooaaiiy ci?iiino? aeaneainoae ia?aea/oaaiiai na?aaeiaeua i?ae /an ?ic?aooie?a aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai. Iaoeiai-oaoi. eiio. Noai, i?iae. ? ia?ni. ?ica. iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno cao. ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Euea?a 1995?.-n.18. 26. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aiae?c oaeoe/ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe AON II “I?eea?iaoo?ainaac” ? ?o iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae. Iaoeiai-oao.eiio. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee 1995?.-n.6. 27. Oeie?a Ae.O. Canoinoaaiiy aaeaioeaieo iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeey iiaoaeiae aaeaeaaoieo iiaeaeae aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai.Iaoeiai-oao.eiio.?a.-O?aie. 1995?.-n.6. 28. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a a iaa?no?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeao. Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiio. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee 1996?.-n.10. 29. Oeie?a Ae.O. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a aacii?iaiaeao c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane. Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y i?io. aeee. neeaaeo ?OAeOOIA ?aaii-O?aie?anuee 1996?.-n.10. 30. Ieoaeeea A.A.,A?oaec A.ss.,, Ouieea Ae.O. Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa neiaeiuo aacio?ainii?oiuo nenoai n ia?ana/aiiui i?ioeeai o?anu . ?E., Eeaa: *an, 1990 a. 31. Ieoaeeea A.A.,A?oaec A.ss.,, Ouieea Ae.O. Iaoiaeeea iia?aoeaiiai aeeniao/a?neiai oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeiaie neiaeiuo aacio?ainii?oiuo nenoai a oneiaeyo iaiieiie eioi?iaoeee n i?eiaiaieai YAI. ?E., Eeaa: *an, 1990 a. 32. Ieoaeeea A.A.,A?oaec A.ss.,, Ouieea Ae.O. Iaoiaeeea aeeaaiinoeee ninoiyiey aioo?aiae iieinoe iaaeno?aeueiiai aacii?iaiaea. ?E., Eeaa: *an, 1990 a. 33. A.N. 988389 NNN? IEE A 08 b 9/04 Ono?ienoai aeey i/enoee iieinoe aacii?iaiaeia io aeeaeeeo neiieaiee. A?oaec A.ss.,Ieoaeeea A.A., Eaeeiei N.E., Ouieea Ae.O. -?4156384/31-12 Cayaeaii 02.12.86 Iioae. 23.05.88 Athe.?19 – 2n.: ?e ee. Oeie?a Ae.O. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy ?aaeeiaie aacio?ainii?oieo nenoai c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane oa ?o iioei?caoe?? – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.13 – Iaooiaacii?iaiaee, aace oa noiaeua – ?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999 ?. Caoeua?oueny 33 iaoeia? ?iaioe (aea? iiiia?ao??, o/aiaee iin?aiee, aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai). Ai?uo?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo iaonoaeaieo i?ioean?a a iaa?no?aeueieo aacii?iaiaeao. ?ic?iaeai? ?aaeeie ?iaioe iaa?no?aeueieo aacii?iaiae?a c ia?an?/aiei i?io?eai o?ane ia iniia? iaoiae?a aaeaioaoe?? ? aeenia?n?eii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ? ?o iioei?caoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aaaaoie?eoi??aeueieo iiaeaeae, a oaeiae iaoiaeeee aaeaioeaiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo ? eaac?noaoe?iia?ieo i?ioean?a a aacii?iaiaeieo nenoaiao. Eeth/ia? neiaa oa ae?ace: ianoaoe?iia?iee i?ioean, aaeaioaoe?y, aeenia?n?eia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, ia?an?/aiee i?io?eue o?ane, aaciia?aea/oaaeuei? aa?aaaoe. Ouieea Ae.O. ?ac?iaioea iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey ?aaeeiaie aacio?ainii?oiuo nenoai n ia?ana/aiiui i?ioeeai o?annu e eo iioeiecaoeee – ?oe?ienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.13 – Iaooaaacii?iaiaeu, aacu e o?aieeeua. Eaaii-O?aieianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao iaooe e aaca, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1999 a. Caueuaaony 33 iao/iua ?aaiou (aeaa iiiia?aoee, o/aaiia iiniaea, aaoi?neia naeaeaoaeuenoai), niaea?aeaony enneaaeiaaiey ianoaoeeiia?iuo iaonoaiiaeaoeony i?ioeania a iaaeno?aeueiuo aacii?iaiaeao.?ac?aaioaiu ?aaeeiu ?iaiou iaaeno?aeueiuo aacii?iaiaeia n ia?ana/aiiui i?ioeeai o?annu ia iniiaaiee iaoiaeia aaeaioaoeee e aeenia?neiiiie eaeaioeoeeaoeee e eo iioeiecaoeee n eniieueciaaieai iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiuo iiaeaeae, a oaeaea iaoiaeeee aaeaioeaiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey ianoaoeeiia?iuo e eaacenoaoeeiia?iuo i?ioeannia a aacii?iaiaeao. Eeth/aaua neiaa e au?aaeaiey: Ianoaoeeiia?iue i?ioeann, aaeaioaoeey, aeenia?neiiiay eaeaioeoeeaoeey, ia?ana/aiiue i?ioeeue o?annu, aaciia?aea/eaathuea aa?aaaou. Tymkiv Dm.F. Development and Optimization of the Intersected Profile of Pipeline Route the Methods of Gas Transport Systems Regimes Control. The dissertation to the looking for the scientific degree of Doctor of Science (in 05.15.13 – Construction and Operation of Oil – an – Gas Pipelines Bases and Storages). The Ivano-Frankovsk State Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ivano-Frankovsk, 1999. Total number of scientific works: 33, two monographs, a text-book, and one author’s certificate among them. The main equations that show the gas flow in the mains are flow, continuity, energy, and thermal conductivity equations in two-dimensional or single-dimensional setting depending on the aim of the task. A single-dimensional setting is used for the operative control tasks while the heat transfer two-dimensional equation should be solved to determine the heat exchange non stationary coefficient. Chapter 2 deals with the development of the mathematical models of the intersected profile of pipeline route gas mains as well as the investigation of the profile influence upon the character of the thermogasdynamic processes. The mathematical model of the thermodynamic process that contains the differential equations in partial derivatives involves the variable coefficients of the derivatives. So, it is practically impossible to point out what type of the equations the expressions considered refer to. Chapter 3 concerns the development of the compressor station regime control methods under the conditions of non stationary gas consumption. The non stationary gas flow mathematical model is the main limitation of the final compressor station average productivity optimization under the conditions of non stationary gas consumption. To determine the compressor station average productivity by the given function of non stationary gas consumption forecast of the prior group of consumers is another regional task. The mathematical setting of the task should include the technological pressure limitation at the final section of the gas main, that of the compressor station productivity besides the initial and boundary conditions. Chapter 4 deals with the development of the methods of creating both the areas of the regimes possible and the energy expenses boundary areas to optimize the gas transport system control under the conditions of multiple criterions. The identification task solution is connected with making an experiment, that is the result of the measurements of the process input and output variables which were obtained by means of the active and passive investigation serve for creating or making more precise a priori model chosen. The gas main regime optimization has been considered in Chapter 5. The method of searching for the function global extremity built on the basis of the operator’s information with the regressive equation coefficient adaptation taken into consideration has been used for optimizing the gas main regimes. According to the operator’s information data, the regressive model coefficient adaptation frequency must satisfy the forecast precision by the model for the gas transport system regime modeled parameter chosen. Key words and phrases: Non-stabilized processes, adaptation, dispersire identification, crossed profile of track, route gas mains.

Похожие записи