.

Розробка методів і засобів тестування цифрових пристроїв в системах покомпонентного діагностування: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / О.М. Арапова, В

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 2742
Скачать документ

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao

A?aiiaa Ieaia Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 681.518.54

?IC?IAEA IAOIAe?A ? CANIA?A OANOOAAIIss OeEO?IAEO

I?ENO?I?A A NENOAIAO IIEIIIIIAIOIIAI

Ae?AAIINOOAAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.11.16 – ?ioi?iaoe?eii-
aei??thaaeuei? nenoaie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

A?iieoey – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ia eaoaae?? aaoiiaoeee oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-
aei??thaaeueii? oaoi?ee

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ea?oiee ?iiai Iaoiiae/

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoiiaoeee oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-

aei??thaaeueii? oaoi?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?iiaieaae/ Ieaen?e Ieoaeeiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee

?inoeooo”, i?ioani? eaoaae?e niaoe?ae?ciaaieo eiii’thoa?ieo nenoai;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eooa?/oe Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e

iao?ieia?? oa i?iieneiai? aaoiiaoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a

i?eeaae?a oa iaoiae?a iaiioeiaeaeoth/iai eiio?ieth,

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 1 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 9.30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 05.052.02 A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca
aae?anith: 286021, i.A?iieoey, Oiaeueieoeueea oina, 95, AOE.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 “ na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee _____________ THoei/oe N.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith no/aniiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a (OeI) ? aacia?a?aia c?inoaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae ? iiaeaeueoa oneeaaeiaiiy no?oeoo?e aeaiaioii? aace.
Iaooeeueiee ??no neeaaeiino? OeI aecia/a? i?aeaeuai? aeiiae aei ?o
iaae?eiino?. Aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy iaae?eiino? caaacia/o?oueny
?yaeii oaoiieia?/ieo, aenieoaoaoe?eieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a,
na?aae yeeo aeae?eythoueny iaoiaee oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee. Nueiaiaei?
o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? caaaeueiee (no?oeoo?iee),
iieiiiiiaioiee (iiaeaiaioiee) ? eiia?iiaaiee (ci?oaiee iiaeaiaioii –
no?oeoo?iee). Iaiaaeai?noue caaaeueiiai iaoiaeo ae?aaiinooaaiiy, aea
cae?enith?oueny oanooaaiiy ia’?eoo a oe?eiio ca i?eioeeiii “i?eaeaoiee –
iai?eaeaoiee”, i?eaaei aei iiyae iiaeo i?aeoiae?a ? noai?aiiy iaoiaeo
iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Iaoiae iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy
cae?enith? iine?aeiaia i?iaaaeaiiy oanooaaiiy eiaeiiai eiiiiiaioo
(aeaiaioo) i?e aeeiiaii? oiia aeeo/aiiy aca?iiiai aieeao aeaiaio?a. I?e
oeueiio caaacia/o?oueny aeinooi aei aioo??oi?o eiio?ieueieo oi/ie
ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy, caoeno aeaiaio?a a?ae iioeiaeaeaiiy i?e
oanooaaii?, iieac oi/iiai i?noey aeaoaeoo ? aeaeo aeaoaeoo. ?icaeoie
nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaaaoi a /iio onoioa iaaeie?ee
nenoai caaaeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Iaeiae, ?nio? ?yae i?iaeai, ye?
iaeeaaeathoue iaiaaeaiiy ia i?ioean ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? cieaeothoue eiai
ye?noue: /an oanooaaiiy cia/iee; neeaaei?noue ? o?oaeii?noe?noue
i?aeaioiaee oanoiaeo i?ia?ai aaeeea; aeey eiii’thoa?ii? ?aae?caoe??
iiaeaethth/eo i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia aenoa/a? o?ce/ii? iai’yo?.
Oaeaee?noue ? oi/i?noue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeaoaeo?a a nenoaiao
iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaaaoi a /iio aecia/a?oueny aeai?ii
aoaeoeaii? no?aoaa?? ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Aeai?eoie iieiiiiiaioiiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia aeai?eoie, ui aeae?eythoue
iiaeaiaioio no?oeoo?o, aei?noeo oa ci?iio eiiiiiaioio no?oeoo?o.
?icaeoie aeai?eoi?/ieo cania?a aeey nenoai aeaiiai eeano aeicaieea
ni?inoeoe neeaaeio ? o?oaeii?noeo caaea/o iiooeo i?noey aeaoaeoo a
ia’?eo? ae?aaiinooaaiiy aei ?yaeo iaio neeaaeieo oeyoii aeaeiiiiceoe??
ia’?eoo ia aaaaoiaeaiaioi? o?aaiaioe (eiiiiiaioe). Aeey oiai, uia
i?aaeeueii ioe?ieoe o?ae i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa noai ia’?eoo, ui
ia?aa??y?oueny nenoaia iiaeiia caaacia/eoe aeyaeaiiy iani?aaiino? c
caaeaiith oi/i?noth ? ca caaeaiee ?ioa?aae /ano. Aeinoia??i?noue
i?ioean?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy aecia/a?oueny aieiaiei /eiii ?o no?aoaa?yie oa
aeai?eoiaie, a aoaeoeai?noue aeai?eoi?a iiooeo iani?aaiinoae oei aeua,
/ei iaioa /an iiooeo oe??? iani?aaiino?. Aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy
??cieo no?aoaa?e aeaeiiiiceoe?? caiaeeoueny aei iioeiaeueiiai
?ici?uaiiy caaeaiiai /enea eiio?ieueieo oi/ie a ia’?eo? ae?aaiinooaaiiy
i?e iaiaaeaii? neeaaeiino? aeae?eaieo eiiiiiaio?a, aeeaeie iiooeo
aeaoaeo?a, /ano ?aae?caoe?? aeai?eoi?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa ?ioa.
Iiaeeeaino? aia?aoii – i?ia?aiieo cania?a nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy cae?enithaaoe ooo/i? eaiaee ia?aaea/? oanoiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? ?iaeyoue ia?niaeoeaiei aeine?aeaeaiiy aeai?eoi?a ci?iii?
eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e, ui a?oioothoueny ia aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiio i?aeoiae?
(noai?aiiy ooo/ieo o?aaiaio?a o?eueee ia /an i?iaaaeaiiy ae?aaiinoe/iiai
aenia?eiaioo, c?o/ieo oa ?aoe?iiaeueieo aeey oe??? iaoe). Iioeiaeueia
aeano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy noiniaii iiaeeeainoae nenoai
iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeicaiey? i?i?i?coaaoe ?aae?caoe?eii-
/ania? aeo?aoe, oiaoi ni?inoeoe i?ioean oanooaaiiy, i?aeaioiaeo oanoiaeo
i?ia?ai oa nei?ioeoe caaaeueiee /an oanooaaiiy anueiai i?eno?ith. Oea e
iaoiiaeei aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue. ?ica’ycaiiy
iinoaaeaieo caaea/ : caaacia/o? iioeiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae
nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa aea? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe
iaiao?aei? iieacieee ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao i?ioeano
ae?aaiinooaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoe/iei ieaiii i?iaaaeaiiy IAeAeE?
o A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca ?aooiie eioo?a
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ocaiaeaeaiei I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie (?
aea?ae.?a?no?aoe?? 0194U013577).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaeo iieiiiiiaioiiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaee aeai?eoi?/ieo cania?a oanooaaiiy
oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a a nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ca
e?eoa??yie ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao oa yeino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy.
Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe ianooii? caaea/?:

– ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy;

– cai?iiiioaaoe oi?iaeueiee aia?ao iiaoaeiae eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?
(aeaeiiiiceoe?y) ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy;

– ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? a oiiaao
caaeaieo iaiaaeaiue;

– ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoie ioe?iee neeaaeiino? oa ei?aeoe?? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai
aeey ooai?aii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e;

– ?ic?iaeoe iaoiae aaeaioeaiiai oanooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a a
nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa
?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ? aeai?eoie ci?iii? eiiiiiaioii?
no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy ca i?eioeeiii no?oeoo?ii? aaeaioaoe??,
ye? aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueii? no?aoaa??
ae?aaiinooaaiiy uiaei caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo iieaciee?a ?aae?caoe?eii
– /aniaeo aeo?ao oa yeino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ?
oi?aa?naeueieie oiio, ui iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? i?e ae?aaiinooaaii?
oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a aoaeue – yeiai nooiaiy ?ioaa?aoe??. A ?iaio?
io?eiai? ianooii? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

1.?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia iniia?
iiaeeo?eiaaii? ia?aae? Iao??.

2.Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?iaeueiee aia?ao iiaoaeiae eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? ia
iniia? oai?aoeei – iiiaeeiiiai i?aeoiaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi a?ia?a?ao?a oa
iaea?aeai? iia? aeaeiiiiceoe?ei? no?aoaa?? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo
no?oeoo?.

3. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e aeey
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a a iieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao, ye?
aeano?oeoo?ecothoue ia’?eo ia ci?iio eiiiiiaioio no?oeoo?o ca i?eioeeiii
no?oeoo?ii? aaeaioaoe??. E?eoa???i aoaeoeaiino? ? ?icaeooy no?oeoo?e
oeeo?iaiai ia’?eoo ia i?i?iaeueio e?euee?noue eiiiiiaio?a (o?aaiaio?a)
i?e aecia/aiiio iieacieeo neeaaeiino?.

4. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie ioe?iee neeaaeiino? ? ei?aeoe?? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai
aeey ooai?aii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e eiia?iaoe?eii? /anoeie oeeo?iaeo
i?eno?i?a, ye? ? iiaeaeueoei oaeineiiaeaiiyi i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
oanoiaeo iao?eoeue.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a
aeey iieiiiiiaioieo nenoai, aea aia?oa canoiniao?oueny no?aoaa?y, yea
a?oioo?oueny ia iiaeeeaino? iieiiiiiaioieo nenoai cae?enithaaoe
aaciina?aaei?e aeinooi aei ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Oi?aae?iiy aeinooiii
?aae?co?oueny ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a ? aeicaiey?
aaeaiooaaoenue aei no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy (iiaecia
aia?aoii? ?aae?caoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie: ?14810A
“Niin?a eiio?ieth ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo noai” a?ae 18.02.97 oa
?21399A “Niin?a eiio?ieth ? ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo noai” a?ae
02.12.97) oa ?ino?oiaioaeueiee can?a oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e
oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a, ye? ia aoai? i?aeaioiaee ia’?eoo aei ae?aaiinooaaiiy
aeicaieythoue cae?enithaaoe aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueii? no?aoaa?? oanooaaiiy ca
e?eoa??yie ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao oa yeino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ui
?icoe?th? iiaeeeaino? nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii ia a?aee?eoiio
aeoe?iia?iiio oiaa?enoa? “Iaye” (i.A?iieoey) oa cae?eoiio aeoe?iia?iiio
oiaa?enoa? “OOA?I” (i.A?iieoey).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae?, aeai?eoie oa iaoiaee a?aeiinii nenoai
cacia/aiiai eeano, ?ic?iaeai? caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny aaoi?ii ia 7 iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, na?aae ieo:
iaoeiaa oeiea-nai?ia? “Iaoiaeu aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey
yeaeo?iiii- au/eneeoaeueiie aiia?aoo?u e NAEN” (A?iieoey, 1988);
?anioae?eainueea iaoeiai- oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eioi?iaoeea e
aaoiiaoecaoeey a ?aaeiia” (A?iieoey, 1988); OOIY ana?in?enueea
iieiae?aeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “Aaaa?eineea /oaiey” (Iineaa, IAO?,
1998) ; II i?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai- oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Iiaeaee?iaaiea e
enneaaeiaaiea neiaeieo nenoai” (Iineaa, Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y
i?eeaaeiaoaeiaaiiy ? ?ioi?iaoeee, 1998 ) ; ui??/i? iaoeiai- oaoi?/i?
eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei- aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, nai?ia?e eaoaae?e aaoiiaoeee ?
?ioi?iaoe?eii- aei??thaaeueii? oaoi?ee (A?iieoey, 1995- 1998 ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 9
?ia?o, c ieo 3 noaoo? a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, 2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie oa
4 oace aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue anooi, /ioe?e
?icae?ee, aeniiaee ? aeiaeaoee. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea?
224 noi??iee, a oiio /ene? 155 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 38
?enoie?a, 15 oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea? 94
iaeiaioaaiiy. Aeiaeaoee i?noyoue iien aeai?eoi?a, i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy
oa aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo nai?io ia?oiio ea??aieeo ae.o.i.,i?io. Aaeae?
I.I., e.o.i.,aeioe. Ia?aaici?eiao N.?. oa ae.o.i. Aeoaiaiio A.I. ca
iaoeia? eiinoeueoaoe??.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aei aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?? oaiaoeee,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe, icia/ai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, iienai?
iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ioa?aeoa?eciaai? ?o iiaecia,
aeinoia??i?noue, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, nooi?iue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa
ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaeyaeo noaio i?iaeaie oa oi?ioethaaiith
caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy. A iueiio i?iaaaeaii aiae?c: OeI, ye ia’?eoo
ae?aaiinooaaiiy; aeaoaeo?a a OeI; ?nioth/eo nenoai ae?aaiinooaaiiy;
iniaeeainoae oanooaaiiy OeI; iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ia’?eoo
ae?aaiinooaaiiy. sse iieaco? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c (?en.1), iaeiei ?c
ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ? aoaeoeaiino? ?nioth/eo
nenoai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? iiooe iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei aeaeiiiiceoe??, a
oaeiae

?en.1 Aiae?c aeai?eoi?/ieo cania?a a neoaiao
iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy

no?aoaa?? ooo/iiai iio?aaiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy OeI. Aiie iathoue
iiaeeea?noue ii?aeioaaoe oaeaee?noue ? iiaiioo ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
oanooaaiiy c i?inoioith ? aeeaeiith iiooeo aeaoaeo?a i?e iieiiiiiaioiiio
ae?aaiinooaaii? ia’?eo?a. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aecia/ea iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiue, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo aoaeoeaieo eiii’thoa?ieo
i?ioeaaeo? aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiai iiooeo aeaoaeo?a, iiaeaethth/eo aeai?eoi?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy OeI ia iniia? ci?ii? no?oeoo?e, a oaeiae no?aoaa?e, ye?
ni?iuothoue i?aeaioiaeo i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy ca ?aooiie
aeano?oeoo?ecaoe?? naiiai ia’?eoo c a?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoae aia?aoieo
cania?a nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ? ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo
aeaeiiiiceoe?eieo i?aeoiae?a aei oanooaaiiy OeI a nenoaiao
iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. A iueiio ia’?eo ae?aaiinooaaiiy
?icaeyaea?oueny ye eiiiiiaioia no?oeoo?a. I?e/iio, c iaeiiai aieo, oea
e?ioeaaa iiiaeeia eiiiiiaio?a (o?aaiaio?a) L(G)=G1,G2,…,G?, ia ye?
?icaeoa aeo?aeia noaia. Eiaeiiio o?aaiaioo G?L(G) a?aeiia?aea? i?aea?ao
G?(V?,E?), aea i?aeiiiaeeia aa?oei V? a?aeiia?aea? aeaiaioai
i?eioeeiiai? noaie; i?aeiiiaeeia aeoa E? a?aeiia?aea? ca’yceai aeaiaio?a
?-ai o?aaiaioo. C ?ioiai aieo, – o aeaeyae? a?ia?a?aoa G(V,E), aea V
-iiiaeeia aa?oei, yea a?aeiia?aea? eiiiiiaioai iiiaeeie L(G); A
-iiiaeeia aeoa, yea aecia/a?oueny an?ia ca’yceaie eiiiiiaio?a. Ia iniia?
aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aecia/ai? aeanoeaino? ? ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino?
oi?iaeueii? aeaeiiiiceoe?? ia’?eoo ia oanoiaai? o?aaiaioe c a?aooaaiiyi
?o aca?iieo ia?aoei?a. I?e oeueiio, – ?icaeooth iinoaaeai? o
a?aeiia?aei?noue ia?aiao?e

, aea ()- aeeaeia ae?aaiinooaaiiy, (?)-
/enei eiiiiiaio?a ?icaeooy, ()- oa?aeoa?enoeea /enea ia?aoei?a ? ()-
iieaciee ?o iiaiioe. Ciaeaeaia e?i?eia caeaaei?noue iieacieea aeeaeie
ae?aaiinooaaiiy a?ae /enea eiiiiiaio?a ?icaeooy: ?+. No?oeoo?a ia’?eoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caaaeuei? aeanoeaino? a?athoue cia/io ?ieue i?e
i?i?i?caoe?? i?ioeaaeo? ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Oiio, aeey ni?iuaiiy
aeai?eoi?/iiai aiae?co ae?aaiinoe/ieo aeanoeainoae aecia/ai? aacia? oeie
eiiiiiaio?a, ye? ooai?ththoue no?oeoo?o aeaeiiiiciaaiiai ia’?eoo: G=G?
Gi Gi , aea G? , Gi , Gi – a?aeiia?aeii ?cieueiaai?, iiai? ? iaiiai?
eiiiiiaioe. Ia ?o iniia? aaaaeai? ? ?icaeyioo? oae? ooai?aiiy, ye
aioo??oi? ? ciai?oi? eaioethae eiiiiiaioieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue, ye?
aeicaieythoue iiaeaethaaoe ??ci? no?oeoo?e. Aeey ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?e
aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiai oanooaaiiy ia’?eoo i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ae?aaiinoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae no?oeoo? – ?icaeoo?a a oiiaao aeno?aiaeueieo cia/aiue
ia?aiao??a ? , iaoa yeiai i?i?i?caoe?y /enea (?) i?e caaeaiiio cia/aii?
(). I?e oa?aeoa?enoeeao aeaeiiiiceoe??

aeey caaeaii? i?aeiiiaeeie
eiao?oe??io?a a?|i3,r ?-?icaeooy : ia?aiao? (?) iaeneiaeueiee ? ??aiee
?=?, yeui aeeiio?oueny oiiaa p=?-?ai(1/2i-1); yeui aeeiio?oueny oiiaa
?=?, a oaeiae ?ai=0, oi ia?aiao? (p) i?eeia? iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy i?e
?=?; yeui aeeiio?oueny oiiaa ?=1/2?’+2, aea ?’= ?-?mod2 ? ?=?,
cia/aiiy (?) i?i?iaeueia; yeui aeeiio?oueny ??ai?noue p=?1/2? ?+1 ?
oiiaa ? , oi cia/aiiy (?) i?i?iaeueia; iieaciee (?) i?i?iaeueiee oa ??aiee ?=p-1 i?e aeeiiaii? oiia p= ?1/2? ?+1 ? ;. yeui i?e ?-?icaeoo? aa?oei a?aoa G aeeiio?oueny oiiaa ? = ?+1, oi ia?aiao? ? aecia/a?oueny ia iiiaeei? cia/aiue 0,1. Aecia/ai? oeie no?oeoo?, ye? a ??cieo niieo/aiiyo iienothoue anth ??ciiiai?oi?noue o?aaiaioieo ia?aoei?a ia’?eoo: eaioethaia?, ?aae?aeuei?, e?eueoeaa? (?en=??n? ?en), ?aae?aeueii- eaioethaia?, a oaeiae i?eaaaeai? i?aaeea ?o iiaoaeiae. Aeaeiiiiceoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aecia/athoueny oiiieia??th aeeth/aiiy aeaiaio?a ia’?eoo. Aiae?c no?oeoo?e aoaeue- yeiai OeI aea? iiaeeea?noue aeae?aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aaaae o??? aai ?ioi? no?aoaa?? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaio?a ia’?eoo. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no?aoaa?e aeaeiiiiceoe?? (oaae.1) iieacaa, ui a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueia – oea ?aae?aeueii-eaioethaiaa no?aoaa?y aeaeiiiiceoe?? ia’?eoo. Oaaeeoey 1 Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no?aoaa?e aeaeiiiiceoe?? L(G) ?N EN EN ?E 5 3 3 3 3 10 6 6 5 4 15 8 8 8 5 20 11 11 10 6 30 16 16 15 8 . . . 50 26 26 25 10 . . . Oeeo?iaee ia’?eo ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ia?ic?eaiee ooieoe?iiaeueii – eiino?oeoeaiee aocie ? i?aaenoaaey? niaith aaaaoi??aiaao iiaeaeue. A iniia? i?aeoe/ieo aeai?eoi?a aiae?co, neioaco oa ia?aoai?aiiy aeene?aoieo aeeiai?/ieo nenoai oa ia?aeaeueieo i?ioean?a eaaeaoue ia?aaeaa? iiaeae?, aiae?c ?o aeanoeainoae, neioac oa ia?aoai?aiiy (cie?aia, aia?ao ia?aae Iao??). Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ia?aae? Iao?? aeiaaee, ui ?? iiaeeo?eaoe?y (aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo ao?eaoo?a eiiiiiaio?a) aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe iiaeeeaino? eeano ia?aae Iao?? oa ?o ae?acio iiooaei?noue (a naia, aiane?aeie caeo/aiiy aeaieo i?i aeiaaeueio neooaoe?th a nenoai? ? c?inoa? ae?acia iiooaei?noue ia?aae). Aeey oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo ooai?aiue ? iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy OeI aeei?enoiaoaa?oueny iiaeeo?eiaaia ia?aaea Iao??. Iiaeaeue OeI ia? aeaeyae: ( H, F, U, B, T ), aea H=V1, V2, I, O - i?inoa ia?aaea Iao??, o yei? : V1=vi1 | i(1,n)- iiiaeeia iiceoe?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue i?ia?aeieeai i?eno?ith; V2=vj2 | j(1,m)- iiiaeeia ia?aoiae?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaiaioai i?eno?ith; I, O - ao?aeia ? aeo?aeia ooieoe?? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia?aoiae?a (iiceoe?e) a eiiieaeo iiceoe?e (ia?aoiae?a): vi2,vj2 (i?j) ia?aae? aeeiio?oueny oiiaa O(vi2)?O(vj2)=?, aea ? - ionoa iiiaeeia; vi2?V2 aeeiio?oueny oiiaa I(vi2)?O(vi2)=?; vk1?V1 ia?aae? , o yei? I(vk1)?? ??O(vk1)?? , aeeiio?oueny oiiaa ????vi2?I?vk1?????? ??vj2?O?vk1?? ; vi2?I(vk1) vj2?O(vk1) B=0 1 z - iiiaeeia ?ici?oie (eieuei??a) ia?ea??a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue neaiaeai eia?/iiai ioey, eia?/ii? iaeeieoe? ? aeniei?iiaaeainiiio noaio : ii/aoeiaa ia?e??iaea aoaeue- yei? iiceoe?? vk1?Vv1, o yei? I(vk1)=? , iiaeiia aecia/aoenue oaeei /eiii ??vk1? ? ? ?(vj2, O(vk1)) . vj2?O(vk1) Iia?aoe?y oiiaiiai ia?e??oaaiiy ?k = (?i | ??j ), aea i,j?0,1,X,Z, iiceoe?? vk?V1 ia?aae? - oea oei/aniaa ?ici?uaiiy a i?e ia?ea?a ?ici?oee ?i (?i ??j) i?e yeiio aeeiio?oueny oaea oiiaa ?k (?i | ??j ) = ?k (??i ), aea ? - /enei ia?ea??a a iiceoe?? vk. F=Fk | k(1,m)- iiiaeeia ooieoe?e ni?aoethaaiue ia?aoiae?a ia?aae?; F? =fi1, fi2, ... , fil - ooieoe?y ni?aoethaaiiy ia?aoiaeo vi2?V2 ia?aae? , yeui (?fij?Fi?????p??q?????fij ? ?p?I(vi2?)??q?O(vi2?))?? a oaeiae ??vk1?vi1? ???p?vk1)?B)???q?vk1?????, aea M - iiiaeeia an?o ia?e??iaaieo noai?a ia?aae?, fij - a?aeiia?aea? no??/oe? oaaeeoe? ooieoe?iioaaiiy (OO) i-ai eiiiiiaioo; l - /enei no??/ie OO i-ai aeaiaioo OeI; O=tl | l(1,m) - /an anoaiiaeaiiy aaeoi?a ii/aoeiaeo oiia ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeey eiaeiiai ia?aoiaeo ia?aae?; U=uij | (vi2,vj1) (vj1 vi1 ) (uij : (vj1,vi2) N - ooieoe?y aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a aeoa a?aoa ia?aae?, aea vi1 =I(vi2 ) O(vi1 ). Aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo ao?eaoo?a oa aecia/aiiy ?o aeanoeainoae aeey eiiiiiaio?a ia?aae? aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe oe? a?aei?iiino? aeey oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy, a niaoe?aeuei? ?ici?oee iiaeaeththoue aeeiiaiiy caaeaieo oiia. Aeanoeaino? aca?iiae?th/eo ia?aeaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a ia?aae?, iacaeaaei? ?o ni?aoethaaiiy, ia?e??oaaiiy iiceoe?e oa aecia/aiiy /ano ia?anoaaiiy ia?ea??a ia?aaeaai? iiaeae? aeicaieythoue canoiniaoaaoe no?aoaa?th aeaeiiiiceoe?? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e, iaea?eueo aeioe?eueio aeey aeaiiai ia'?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaeiae aeicaiey? aiae?coaaoe a i?ioean? aeaeiiiiceoe?? ia'?eoo neeaaei?noue ooo/ieo o?aaiaio?a (iaiaaeaiiy, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue neeaaeiino? aeae?eaieo eiiiiiaio?a, aaaaoi a /iio aecia/athoue o?oaeii?noe?noue oi?ioaaiiy oanoiaeo i?ia?ai) oa a?aooaaoe oiiieia?/i? iniaeeaino? aeaiaio?a eiaeiiai eiiiiiaioo. Iieaciee neeaaeiino? (?-ai eiiiiiaioo) : ? ?ai ?a ?iae ? , aea ai - /enei aeaiaio?a iai'yo?; a - /enei aeaiae?a, ui ca'ycothoue ?-ee eiiiiiaio c ?ioeie; iae - caaacia/aiiy aaeoi?a iaooeiaeaeoth/iai ?aaeeio ae?aaiinooaaiiy i?e oanooaaii?; - aeiionoeiee /an iiaeaiiy oanoiaeo aaeoi??a ia ia'?eo (e?eoa??e iaiaaeaiiy o?eaaeino? ?aae?caoe?? aaeoi??a onoaiiaee iaiioeiaeaeoth/iai ?aaeeio ae?aaiinooaaiiy). O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee noai?aiith aeai?eoi?a oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? aeey iaea?aeaiiy iioeiaeueieo i?ia?ai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii – ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ia’?eoo aeei?enoiaothoueny iiaeaethth/? aeanoeaino? aia?aoo iiaeeo?eiaaii? ia?aae? Iao?? (aeey aecia/aiiy oaeoe/ieo oiiieia?e aeeth/aiiy aeaiaio?a ia’?eoo oa ?o ?aiaeoaaiiy ). Cai?iiiiiaaiee oi?iaeueiee aiia?ao iieno eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?, ?o aeanoeaino?, i?aaeea iiaoaeiae eaaeaoue a iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoi?a oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?. I?e oeueiio cae?enith?oueny iiooe i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy /enea eiiiiiaio?a, a?aoiaoaath/e caaeaio neeaaei?noue eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e. Aeaiee i?aeo?ae oaeiae a?oioo?oueny ia ioe?ioe? iaeneiaeueii? ca’ycaiino? eiiiiiaio?a. Aeaeiiiiceoe?y ia'?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia i?i?iaeueio e?euee?noue eiiiiiaio?a i?e aecia/ai?e neeaaeiino? i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae? a?ao?ea ia ?en.2. ?en.2 Aeaeiiiiceoe?y ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia i?i?iaeueio e?euee?noue eiiiiiaio?a i?e aecia/aii?e neeaaeiino? Ia i?ioean aeaeiiiiceoe?e nooo?ai aieeaathoue /ania? iaiaaeaiiy oanooaaiiy aeae?eaieo eiiiiiaio?a: it iiae 1, aea ?t - /an ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?ai oanooaaiiy ?-ai eiiiiiaioo; ?iae - iaeneiaeueia o?eaae?noue caaacia/aiiy aaeoi??a iaiioeiaeaeoth/iai iaaaaeaiiy oanoiaeo neaiae?a ?-ai o?aaiaioo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae oaeiae a?aoiaoaa? /aniaee iieaciee oaieio?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo no?oeoo? i?e?inoai eiiiiiaio?a ia'?eoo. E??i oiai, i?e aeai?? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aa??aioo aeaeiiiiceoe?? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe neooaoe??, eiee aeey aeayei? iiiaeeie aa??aio?a ii?aeiaiiy aeaiaio?a a ooo/i? o?aaiaioe, aaeoi?e iaiioeiaeaeoth/iai iaaaaeaiiy oanoiaeo neaiae?a anoaiiaeththoueny eeoa /anoeiai. Aiane?aeie /iai ?aae?co?oueny o?eueee /anoeia ni?eueiiai oanoo ?icaeyiooiai eiiiiiaioo. Ca?aeii c oeei, aaaaeaii iiiyooy aeeaeie oanoiaiai eiio?ieth eiiiiiaioo no?oeoo?e oeeo?iaiai ia'?eoo: ?=t? / T? , aea t? - /anoeiaee oano (aeiionoeia /enei aaeoi??a- no??/ie iao?eoe? aiae?coth/iai ?-ai o?aaiaioo), O? - iiaiee oano (caaaeueia /enei oano - aaeoi??a ?-ai o?aaiaioo), i?e/iio ? 1. Inoaoi/iee aa??aio aeaeiiiiceoe?? i?eeia?oueny oaeee, aeey yeiai ? = max na?aae iiiaeeie aa??aio?a. Aeai? iaiaaeaiiy i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy, oiiieia?y oaeoe/iiai aeeth/aiiy aeaiaio?a ia’?eoo, iieacieee neeaaeiino? e aecia/athoue no?aoaa?th aeaeiiiiceoe??, ui ? iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiith aeey aeaiiai ia’?eoo. Ia oeueiio e a?oioothoueny noai?ai? aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e. Aoaeoeai?noue aoaeue- yei? no?aoaa?? oanooaaiiy, yea a?oioo?oueny ia aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiio i?aeoiae?, aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee eiino?oeoeaieie iiaeeeainoyie nenoai ?icaeyiooiai eeano, aea ? i?aai?caoe??th oii?yaeeiaaii? iiaea/? ? ciyooy oanoiaeo ae?e. I?iaiae?ciaai? no?oeoo?ii- ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? eiia?iaoe?eii? /anoeie oeeo?iaeo ia'?eo?a, iieyaathoue a iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoi?a ioe?iee neeaaeiino? ? ei?aeoe?? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai eiiiiiaio?a ia iniia? aaaaeaiiai iiiyooy ocaiaeaeaiiino? oanoiaeo iao?eoeue ca'ycaieo i?ae niaith aeaiaio?a o?aaiaio?a. Aeaiee i?aeo?ae aiae?co? ao?aei? ? aeo?aei? noenioo? oa?aeoa?enoeee oanoiaeo iao?eoeue aeaiaio?a o?aaiaioo ? ii ?o niieo/aiith oi?io? /eneiaee iieaciee oanoiai? neeaaeiino? eiaeiiai coi?iiaaiiai eiiiiiaioo no?oeoo?e ia'?eoo: n n t ij = (t), yi = (y), i=1 i=1 aea (t), (y)0,1 ao?aeia ? aeo?aeia oa?aeoa?enoeee iao?eoe? O=|| tij | yi || , aea tij - cia/aiiy iiaeaiiai oanoiaiai neaiaeo, yi - cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeii? ?aaeoe?? ia iiaeaiee aaeoi? ti (i,j1,n), n- /enei aeaiae?a eiia?iaoe?eii? noaie, - neeaaeaiiy ii iiaeoeth aeaa. Aecia/aii, ui aeiaaeeia ae?aaiinoe/iiai oanoo aoaeue- yeiai eiia?iaoe?eiiai o?aaiaioo ia'?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy i?ae?aoiaoaa?oueny a?eoiaoe/iei oeyoii, c a?aooaaiiyi ocaiaeaeaiiino? oanoiaeo iao?eoeue eiai ca'ycaieo aeaiaio?a (ii oa?aeoa?enoe/iei ooieoe?yi (t) i (y)). A ca'yceo c oeei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ??cieo no?oeoo? eiia?iaoe?eieo o?aaiaio?a aeey aecia/aiiy aeiaaeeie ?o ae?aaiinoe/ieo oano?a: L = max Li , Li = max | Tj |, m=| Vk2 |, vi2Vk2 i1,k j 1,m I?e oeueiio eiaeiee aeaiaio no?oeoo?e i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae?: T((t), (y), l ), aea l- ii/aoeiaa aeiaaeeia noaiaea?oiiai oanoo eiia?iaoe?eiiai aeaiaioo. Oanoiaa neeaaei?noue aoaeue- yeiai coi?iiaaiiai o?aaiaioo aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee iaeneiaeueiith iiooaei?noth oanoo iaeiiai ?c eiai aeaiaio?a, aea ? iaocaiaeaeai?noth aaeoi??a oanoiaeo iao?eoeue. E??i oiai, oaeiae a?aoiaothoueny iiaeeea? aca?ii? noia?a/iino? iiaeaieo oanoiaeo aaeoi??a ia aoceia? aeaiaioe. I?e iayaiino? noia?a/iiai oano - aaeoi?a aiae?co?oueny eiai iaeaaei?noue oanoiai? iao?eoe? aoceiaiai aeaiaioa ? i?eeia?oueny a?aeiia?aeia ??oaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? ei?aeooaaoe oanoiao iao?eoeth aei iiiaioo oi?ioaaiiy oanoiaeo i?ia?ai. Ia oeueiio e a?oioothoueny ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ioe?iee neeaaeiino? oa ei?aeoe?? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia iniia? oeeo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Aeey caaacia/aiiy eiio?ieai?eaeaoiino? iaiao?aeii iaoe oi?aaey?i?noue a iaaieo aioo??oi?o aoceao ia'?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Iiaeeeaino? nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy iathoue aa?io ia?niaeoeao aeey i?iaeooaaiiy eiio?ieai?eaeaoieo ia'?eo?a. Iiaeeea?noue aaciina?aaeiueiai aeinooio o aioo??oi? aocee OeI ? ci?ia no?oeoo?e i?eno?ith (o?eueee ia ia??iae eiai oanooaaiiy) aeicaieythoue oaeei nenoaiai aoaeoeaii aaeaiooaaoenue (i?enoiniaoaaoenue) aei iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e ia'?eoo ? ?aae?ciaoaaoe ??ci? aeaeiiiiceoe?ei? no?aoaa?? ae?aaiinooaaiiy (iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeuei? aeey aeaiiai ia’?eoo), a?aoiaoth/e caaeai? iaiaaeaiy. Eiioeaioe?y oaeiai i?aeoiaeo a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae aeaiaio?a ia'?eoo, a oaeiae ia aaaaeaii? caniaaie nenoaie aeiaeaoeiaeo ooo/ieo eaioetha?a i?ae ie?aieie aioo??oi?ie aoceaie ia'?eoo. Aieiaiei oaeoi?ii oi?ioaaiiy ??cieo ooo/ieo o?aaiaio?a noai ? iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeaiiy iaiioeiaeaeoth/iai ?aaeeio ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeey aeaiaio?a. Caaacia/aiiy yeeo, oaeoe/ii caiaeeoueny aei aeaeo?e/ii? ?cieyoe?? aeaiaio?a iaeei a?ae iaeiiai: iiaea/a oanoiaeo ae?e a aoaeue- yeo aioo??oith oi/eo ia aieeaa? ia i?ioean oanooaaiiy. Oaea iiaeeea?noue aeicaiey? ooo/iei niiniaii oi?ioaaoe ia iiiaeei? oaeeo "iacaeaaeieo" aeaiaio?a ??ci? o?aaiaioe. I?e oeueiio, yeui a i?ioean? oanooaaiiy o?aaiaioo o?eno?oueny iani?aai?noue, oi iiaeaeueoee iiooe i?noey aeaoaeoo aaaeaoueny ana?aaeei? no?oeoo?e ?icaeyiooiai o?aaiaioo. Iiaeeea?noue aeinooio, yeee oi?aaey?oueny ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a, aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe ?icaeyioo? aeai?eoi?/i? caniae a eean iaoiae?a aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia'?eo?a. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo cai?iiiiiaaia ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea oanooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a a nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Ai?iaaoe?y iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaia a oiiaao aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeey oiai, uia i?aaeeueii noaeeoe i?i o?ae i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? i?i noai ia'?eoo, ui ia?aa??y?oueny, ae?aaiinoe/ia nenoaia iiaeiia caaacia/eoe aeyaeaiiy iani?aaiino? c caaeaiith oi/i?noth ? ca caaeaiee ?ioa?aae /ano. Aeinoia??i?noue i?ioean?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy aecia/a?oueny aieiaiei /eiii ?o no?aoaa?yie oa aeai?eoiaie. Aoaeoeai?noue aeai?eoi?a iiooeo iani?aaiinoae oei aeua, /ei iaioa /an iiooeo oe??? iani?aaiino?. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aeinoia??iino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy ??cieo oei?a aeai?eoi?a aeey nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy i?eaaaeaia a oaae.2. Iieacieee i?ae?aoiaai? aeey ocaaaeueiaiiai aeiaaeeo c e?euee?noth eiio?ieueieo oi/ie - 80. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?eeiyooy iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue iiaeeeaa caaaeyee ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e, yea ?aae?ciaaii ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a. Oaaeeoey 2 Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aeinoia??iino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy a iieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao Oei aeai?eoio Caaaeueiee /an ae?aaiinooaaiiy ( n )?iia??i?noue i?aaeeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy Aeae?eaiiy iiaeaiaioii? no?oeoo?e 1400 0.89Aeae?eaiiy aei?noei? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e 1000 0.92Aeae?eaiiy ci?iii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e 500 0.96Aeae?eaiiy ci?iii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e ia iniia? aaeaioeaiiai iaoiaeo 312.5 0.975 AENIIAEE Ia iniia? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen aeai?eoi?/ieo cania?a aeey iieiiiiiaioieo nenoai, yeee aeicaiey? ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a ca e?eoa??yie i?i?i?caoe?? ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao oa yeino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Noeoii?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?eaaaeai? a ?iaio?, aeicaiey? oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiae iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. ?icaeoie yeiai aeicaiey? noai?thaaoe aio/e? iiaeoeuei? nenoaie eiio?ieth, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai no/aniiai ?aae?iaeaeo?iiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaea?aeai? oae? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe: 1. Ia iniia? aiae?co i?ioean?a iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy no/anieo oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a cai?iiiiiaaii ?o iien ia?aaeaaeie iiaeaeyie Iao??. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oeeo?iaiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy, yeo ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia? iiaeeo?eiaaii? ia?aae? Iao??, ? iiaeaeueoei oaeineiiaeaiiyi canoinoaaiiy aia?aoo ia?aae Iao?? oa aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe aaeaeaaoi?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy neeaaeieo i?ioean?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a ca ?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae ia?aae. Aeanoeaino? aca?iiae?th/eo ia?aeaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a ia?aae? oa ?o iacaeaaei? ni?aoethaaiiy aeicaieythoue aoaeoeaii canoiniaoaaoe no?aoaa?? no?oeoo?ii? aaeaioaoe?? i?e ae?aaiinooaaii? oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a a iieiiiiiaioieo nenoaiao. 2.Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?iaeueiee aia?ao iiaoaeiae eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?,ui a?oioo?oueny ia oai?aoeei – iiiaeeiiiio i?aeoiae? c aeei?enoaiiyi a?ia?a?ao?a. Aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aeai?eoi?a i?ioeano iiooeo iioeiaeueieo eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? ?ic?iaeaii iia? aeaeiiiiceoe?ei? no?aoaa?? oanooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a ca i?eioeeiii no?oeoo?ii? aaeaioaoe??. I?iaaaeaii ?o ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c. Oe? no?aoaa?? ? ?icaeoeii iaoiae?a aeaeiiiiceoe??, ui canoiniaoaathoueny a caaea/ao eiiiiiiaee oa ?ici?uaiiy aeaiaio?a ia ieaoao a iai?yieo i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?ioean?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy. 3.?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? oeeo?iaiai ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy, aea aeey iiaeaethaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo ooai?aiue ? i?ioean?a iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeei?enoiao?oueny iiaeeo?eiaaia ia?aaea Iao??. Noai?ai? aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e aacothoueny ia cai?iiiiiaaiiio aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiio i?aeoiae?, a?aoiaothoue /ania? iaiaaeaiiy ia i?ioean ae?aaiinooaaiiy, aiae?cothoue no?oeoo?ii - ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeaiaio?a ia’?eoo. I?e oi?ioaaii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e i?iiiio?oueny iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiee aa??aio aeaeiiiiceoe?? aeaiiai ia’?eoo. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?acoeueoaoo iieyaa? a oiio, ui caaaeueiee /an ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia’?eoo oa ?aae?caoe?ei? aeo?aoe ciaioothoueny a 2 -3 ?ace ii??aiyii c canoinoaaiiyi a?aeiieo aeai?eoi?a. E??i oiai, aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiaeyoue, ui ye?noue ae?aaiinooaaiiy i?e canoinoaaii? ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoi?a oaeiae c?inoa? (?iia??i?noue i?aaeeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy a ocaaaeueiaiiio aeiaaeeo noaiiaeoue 0.975 ). 4. C iaoith ioe?iee aeioe?eueiino? no?aoaa?? ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ni?iuaiiy i?aeaioiaee oa o?oaeii?noeino? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie ioe?iee neeaaeiino? ? ei?aeoe?? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai aeey ooai?aii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e. Aoaeoeai?noue aoaeue- yei? no?aoaa?? oanooaaiiy, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiio i?aeoiae? aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee eiino?oeoeaieie iiaeeeainoyie nenoai ?icaeyiooiai eeano, aea e i?aai?caoe??th oii?yaeeiaaii? iiaea/? ? ciyooy oanoiaeo ae?e. Iaiaaeaiiy, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue neeaaeiino? aeae?eaieo eiiiiiaio?a, aaaaoi a /iio aecia/athoue o?oaeii?noe?noue oi?ioaaiiy oanoiaeo i?ia?ai, a no?oeoo?ii – ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo? eiia?iaoe?eii? /anoeie oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a eaaeaoue a iniia? aaaaeaiiai iiiyooy ocaiaeaeaiino? oanoiaeo iao?eoeue ca’ycaieo i?ae niaith aeaiaio?a o?aaiaio?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae ? iiaeaeueoei oaeineiiaeaiiyi i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oanoiaeo iao?eoeue ? aeicaiey? ei?aeooaaoe oanoiao iao?eoeth ua aei iiiaioo oi?ioaaiiy oanoiaeo i?ia?ai. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie aeicaieythoue onoiooe iiaeeea?noue iiyae a aia?aoieo caniaao iaaaaeaiiy oanoiaeo neaiae?a aeaoaeo?a, a oaeiae oieeiooe iaaeinoia??ii? aeaoeo?aoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy. 5.?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a aeey iieiiiiiaioieo nenoai. Cai?iiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae a?oioo?oueny ia oiio, ui nenoaie iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy iathoue: iiaeeeaino? aaciina?aaeiueiai aeinooio o aioo??oi? aocee ia’?eoo, aaaaeaiiy ooo/ieo eaiae?a ia?aaea/? oanoiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, iiaeeeaino? iaiioeiaeaeoth/iai ?aaeeio ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeey aeaiaio?a, a oaeiae ci?ie no?oeoo?e i?eno?ith o?eueee ia ia??iae eiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Oea aeicaiey? oaeei nenoaiai aoaeoeaii aaeaiooaaoenue aei iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo ? ?aae?ciaoaaoe ??ci? aeaeiiiiceoe?ei? no?aoaa?? ae?aaiinooaaiiy, ye? ? iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueieie aeey aeaiiai ia’?eoo a oiiaao caaeaieo iaiaaeaiue i?ioeano iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeaiee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? i?i?i?coaaoe ?aae?caoe?eii – /ania? aeo?aoe i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy (a 2 –3 ?ace ii??aiyii c a?aeiieie iaoiaeaie ) oa i?aeaeueoe eiai ye?noue. 6.?ic?iaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a ca e?eoa??yie ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao oa yeino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy, yeee aeeth/a? ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/a? iine?aeiai?noue aeioe?eueieo e?ie?a i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Ciaioaiiy o?oaeii?noeino? i?ioeaaeo? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?, iaiao?aeieo aeey i?eeiyooy iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue caaacia/o?oueny canoinoaaiiyi i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, a yeiio ?aae?ciaai? on? cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? oa aeai?eoie. Aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueii? no?aoaa?? oanooaaiiy cae?enith?oueny ia aoai? i?aeaioiaee ia’?eoo aei ae?aaiinooaaiiy ca e?eoa??yie ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao oa yeino? ae?aaiinooaaiiy. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue oeeo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a noai?aii? ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai caniao aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1.Ia?aaici?eia N.?., A?aiiaa I.I. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee neeaaeiino? o?aaiaio?a oeeo?iaeo noai o nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy // A?niee AI?.- 1994.- ?4(5).- N.21- 24. Aeena?oaioii ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie ioe?iee neeaaeiino? oa ei?aeoe?? oanoiaeo i?ia?ai aeey ooai?aii? eiia?iaoe?eii? /anoeie oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a. 2.Ia?aaici?eia N.?., A?aiiaa I.I., Iinea?ia N.I., Ao?oo?ei ?.I. Aiae?c iaoiaeee aeaeiiiiceoe?e oeeo?iaeo iaeaaeiaiue a nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy// A?niee AI?.-1997.-?4.-N.9-13. Aeena?oaioii aecia/aii oi?iaeueiee aiia?ao iiaoaeiae oa aeaeiiiiceoe?ei? no?aoaa?? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?. I?iaaaeaii ?o ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c. 3.A?aiiaa I.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a aeey nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy // A?niee AI?.- 1998.- ?3.- N.12- 15. 4. Iaoaio 14810 A Oe?a?ie, IE? G01R 31/28. Niin?a eiio?ieth oa ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo noai / Aaeaea I.I., Ia?aaici?eia N.?., A?aiiaa I.I. (Oe?a?ia).- ?94032831; Cayae.22.03.94; Iioae.18.02.97; Athe.?3.-8n. Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii iine?aeiaia iiaeaeue no?oeoo?ii? aaeaioaoe?? oeeo?iaiai ia’?eoo aeey nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. 5.Iaoaio 21399 A Oe?a?ie, IE? G01R 31/28. Niin?a eiio?ieth oa ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo noai / Aaeaea I.I., Ia?aaici?eia N.?., A?aiiaa I.I. (Oe?a?ia).- ?94053216; Cayae.24.05.94; Iioae.02.12.97; Athe.?3.- 1998.-8n. Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii ia?aeaeueia iiaeaeue no?oeoo?ii? aaeaioaoe?? oeeo?iaiai ia’?eoo aeey nenoai iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. 6.A?aiiaa A.I. No?aoaaee aeaeiiiiceoeee oanoiaiai eiio?iey oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa a neoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey // Iaoa??aee i?aei. iaoe.- oaoi. eiio."Iiaeaee?iaaiea e enneaaeiaaiea neiaeiuo nenoai".- Iineaa.- 1998.- *.2.- N.158- 161. 7.A?aiiaa A.I. Niiniau iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe oanoiaiai eiio?iey oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa // Iaoa??aee Ana?in. iieiae?ae. iaoe.- oaoi. eiio. "Aaaa?eineea /oaiey".- Iineaa.- 1998.- *.9.- N.35. 8.A?aiia N.I., Naa/oe O.A., A?aiiaa A.I. Oeaiia//eaau i?eioeeiu a iiauoaiee iaaeaaeiinoe i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey NAI? // Iaoa??aee iaoe. oe.- nai?i. "Iaoiaeu aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey yeaeo?iiii- au/eneeoaeueiie aiia?aoo?u e NAEN".- A?iieoey.- 1988.- N.11. Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii ?aae?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy. 9.A?aiia N.I., A?aiiaa A.I., Naa/oe O.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiii- ecauoi/iue iiaeoiae e iino?iaieth aunieiiaaeaaeieo aaieia ANO // Iaoa??aee iaoe. oaoi. eiio. "Eioi?iaoeea e aaoiiaoecaoeey a ?aaeiia".- A?iieoey.- 1988.- N.82. Aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy. AIIOAOe?? A?aiiaa I.I. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ? cania?a oanooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a a nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.11.16 - ?ioi?iaoe?eii- aei??thaaeuei? nenoaie.- A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, A?iieoey, 1999?. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeo iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Cie?aia, aeine?aeaeaiith aeai?eoi?a ci?iii? eiiiiiaioii? no?oeoo?e aeey oeeo?iaeo ia’?eo?a. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia'?eoo ae?aaiinooaaiiy ia iniia? iiaeeo?eiaaii? ia?aae? Iao??. Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?iaeueiee aia?ao iieno oa i?aaeea iiaoaeiae eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?ei?/i? caniae oi?ioaaiiy eiiiiiaioieo no?oeoo?, ye? aacothoueny ia aeaeiiiiceoe?eiiio i?aeoiae?, a?aoiaothoue /ania? iaiaaeaiiy ia i?ioean ae?aaiinooaaiiy, no?oeoo?ii - ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeaiaio?a oeeo?iaeo ia'?eo?a, a?aoiaoaathoue ioe?ieo neeaaeiino? oa ei?aeoe?th oanoiaeo i?ia?ai ooai?aieo eiiiiiaio?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae oa ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aaeaioeaiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo ia'?eo?a a neoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy, aea iiaeeea?noue aeinooio aei ia’?eoo ae?aaiinooaiiy oi?aaey?oueny ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ae??oeoe caaea/o aeai?o aoaeoeaii? no?aoaa?? oanooaaiiy oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a a nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy i?e nooo?aiio cieaeai? ?aae?caoe?eii – /aniaeo aeo?ao oa i?aeaeueoe ye?noue ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa : nenoaia iieiiiiiaioiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy, oeeo?iaee i?eno??e, iiaeeo?eiaaia ia?aaea Iao??, aeai?eoie aeaeiiiiceoe??, eiiiiiaioia no?oeoo?a, aaeaioeaiee iaoiae ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Arapova E.M. Development of methods and means of testing of digital devices in diagnostic component systems.- the Manuscript. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of engineering science on a speciality 05.11.16 - information - measuring systems.- Vinnitsa State Technical University, Vinnitsa, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to problems of improvement of a component method of diagnosis. The mathematical model of object of diagnosis on the basis of the Petri modified network is developed. The formal system of the description and rule of component structures construction is offered. The algorithmic means of component structures formation based on decomposition approach taking into account the time restrictions on diagnosis process, structural - functional properties of elements of digital objects, complexity valuation and correction of the test programs of the formed components are developed. Method and engineering technique of adaptive diagnosis of digital objects in component diagnosis systems, in which possibility to access to diagnosis objects is directed according to the developed models and algorithims are worked out. The carried out research makes it possible to solve problem of choosing of the most efficient strategy of digital devices diagnosis for essential decrease realization - temporal costs and thus to increase quality of diagnosis. Keywords: diagnosis component system, digital device, Petri modified network, algorithms of decomposition, component structure, adaptive method of diagnostisis. A?aiiaa A.I. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa oanoe?iaaiey oeeo?iaeo ono?ienoa a nenoaiao iieiiiiiaioiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.11.16 - eioi?iaoeeiiii- ecia?eoaeueiua nenoaiu.- Aeiieoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiieoea, 1999 a. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaea iieiiiiiaioiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey aeey oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa. A /anoiinoe, enneaaeiaaieth aeai?eoiia ia?aiaiiie eiiiiiaioiie no?oeoo?u aeey oeeo?iauo iauaeoia ia iniiaa i?eioeeia no?oeoo?iie aaeaioaoeee. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey oeeo?iauo iauaeoia a iieiiiiiaioiuo nenoaiao ii e?eoa?eyi ?aaeecaoeeiiii – a?aiaiiuo cao?ao e ea/anoaa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey. A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaii: - iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iauaeoa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey ia iniiaa iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiie naoe Iao?e. I?aaeeiaeaiiay iiaeeoeeaoeey oniaa?oainoaoao aiia?ao naoae Iao?e, ?anoe?yy eo aiciiaeiinoe. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iicaieyao oaaee/eoue aaeaeaaoiinoue ioia?aaeaiey neiaeiuo i?ioeania iieiiiiiaioiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey e oi?ie?iaaiey eiiiiiaioiuo no?oeoo?, a oaeaea yooaeoeaii eniieueciaaoue no?aoaaee no?oeoo?iie aaeaioaoeee aeey caaea/ iieiiiiiaioiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey; - oi?iaeueiue aiia?ao iienaiey eiiiiiaioiuo no?oeoo? ia iniiaa oai?aoeei – iiiaeanoaaiiiai iiaeoiaea n eniieueciaaieai aeia?a?aoia. Ii?aaeaeaiu naienoaa e i?aaeea iino?iaiey eiiiiiaioiuo no?oeoo?. Ia iniiaa yoiai ?ac?aaioaiu aeaeiiiiceoeeiiiua no?aoaaee oanoe?iaaiey oeeo?iauo iauaeoia, i?iaaaeai eo n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec. Aeaiiua no?aoaaee yaeythony ?acaeoeai iaoiaeia aeaeiiiiceoeee, eioi?ua i?eiaiythony a caaea/ao eiiiiiiaee e ?aciauaiey yeaiaioia ia ieaoao e iai?aaeaiu ia iiauoaiea ea/anoaa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey; - aeai?eoiu oi?ie?iaaiey eiiiiiaioiuo no?oeoo? iauaeoa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, eioi?ua aace?othony ia i?aaeeiaeaiiii aeaeiiiiceoeeiiiii iiaeoiaea, o/eouaatho a?aiaiiua ia?aie/aiey ia i?ioeann aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey e aiaeece?otho no?oeoo?ii - ooieoeeiiaeueiua naienoaa yeaiaioia iauaeoa. E?eoa?eai yooaeoeaiinoe yaeyaony ?acaeaiea no?oeoo?u oeeo?iaiai iauaeoa ia ieieiaeueiia eiee/anoai o?aaiaioia i?e ii?aaeaeaiiii iieacaoaea neiaeiinoe. Aeaiiua aeai?eoiu oi?ie?otho ia?aiaiioth eiiiiiaioioth no?oeoo?o, aeano?oeoo?ecoy iauaeo ia iniiaa i?eioeeia no?oeoo?iie aaeaioaoeee. I?e yoii ?aaeecoaony iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiue aa?eaio aeaeiiiiceoeee aeaiiiai iauaeoa. Yoi iicaieyao ieieiece?iaaoue ?aaeecaoeeiiii – a?aiaiiua cao?aou (nie?aoe?aoeoue a?aiy aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey iauaeoa a oeaeii e ?aaeecaoeeiiiua cao?aou a 2 – 3 ?aca ii n?aaiaieth n ecaanoiuie aeai?eoiaie). E?iia oiai, yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi ea/anoai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey i?e i?eiaiaiee ?ac?aaioaiiuo aeai?eoiia oaeaea iiauoaaony (aa?iyoiinoue i?aaeeueiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey aeey iaiauaiiiai neo/ay ninoaaeyao 0.975). Aeai?eoiu yaeythony oieaa?naeueiuie, o.e. iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny i?e aeeaaiinoe?iaaiee oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa ethaie noaiaie eioaa?aoeee; - aeai?eoiu ioeaiee neiaeiinoe e ei??aeoeee oanoiauo i?ia?aii aeey ia?aciaaiiie eiiiiiaioiie no?oeoo?u eiiaeiaoeeiiiie /anoe oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa. Aeaiiue iiaeoiae iniiauaaaony ia iiiyoee niaeaniaaiiinoe oanoiauo iao?eoe naycaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie yeaiaioia o?aaiaioa e iicaieyao ei??aeoe?iaaoue oanoiaoth iao?eoeo aua aei iiiaioa oi?ie?iaaiey oanoiauo i?ia?aii. Yoi iicaieyao ono?aieoue aiciiaeiinoue iiyaeaiey a aiia?aoiuo n?aaenoaao iaaaaeaiea oanoiauo neaiaeia aeaoaeoia e ecaaaeaoue iaaeinoiaa?iie aeaoeo?aoeee ?acoeueoaoia aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, a oaeaea ioeaieoue oeaeaniia?aciinoue no?aoaaee aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey e oi?inoeoue iiaeaioiaeo e o?oaeiaieinoue oanoiauo i?iaaii; - iaoiae e eiaeaia?iay iaoiaeeea aaeaioeaiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey oeeo?iauo iauaeoia a iieiiiiiaioiuo nenoaiao, aaea i?eiaiyaony no?aoaaey, eioi?ay iniiauaaaony ia aiciiaeiinoe nenoai aeaiiiai eeanna inouanoaeyoue iaiin?aaenoaaiiue aeinooi e iauaeoo aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey. Oi?aaeaiea aeinooiii ?aaeecoaony ia iniiaa ?ac?aaioaiiuo iiaeaeae e aeai?eoiia e iicaieyao yooaeoeaii aaeaioe?iaaoueny e no?oeoo?a iauaeoa. Oaeie iiaeoiae iicaieyao ieieiece?iaaoue ?aaeecaoeeiiii – a?aiaiiua cao?aou i?ioeanna aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey a 2 – 3 ?aca ii n?aaiaieth n ecaanoiuie iaoiaeaie e iiauneoue ea/anoai i?ioeanna aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey; - i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea oi?ie?iaaiey eiiiiiaioiuo no?oeoo? iauaeoa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, eioi?ia yaeyaony eino?oiaioaeueiui n?aaenoaii aeey aaoiiaoecaoeee i?eiyoey iioeiaeueiuo ?aoaiee. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?iaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea a i?iaeoii – i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo, eioi?ua caieiathony i?iaeaiaie aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: nenoaia iieiiiiiaioiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey, oeeo?iaia ono?ienoai, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiay naoue Iao?e, aeai?eoiu aeaeiiiiceoeee, eiiiiiaioiay no?oeoo?a, aaeaioeaiue iaoiae aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020