8

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

Iane?eia Iaenei Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 536.2 , 664.1

?IC?IAEA IAOIAeIA AeINEIAeAEAIIss, ?IC?AOOIEO OA I?IAIICOAAIIss
I?IOeANIA OAIEIIANIIA?AIINO I?ae /an O?EAAEIai CAA?IAAIIy OeOE?O

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.14.04 — i?iieneiaa oaieiaia?aaoeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a—1998 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ssAeEI Ieeiea
Ieaen?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?iieneiai? oaieiaia?aaoeee OAeOOO

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OAAeI??A
Aieiaeeie? Aaa?eeiae/, eaoaae?a oaieioaoi?ee OAeOOO

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aa?aiia Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?inoeoooo i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ?
ia?ai?aeaioiaee ea??aieo i?aoe?aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a oa?/iai? ?
ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 17 ” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 16
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee E 26.058.05 i?e
Oe?a?inueeiio Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca
aae?anith:

252601, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68, niaoe?ae?ciaai? ?aaee
OAeOOO, aoae.311.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? OAeOOO ca aae?anith:
i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68,.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17 ” n?/iy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee eaiae. oao. iaoe A.I.O?eiiaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Oe?a?ia ia? aaeee? iiaeeeaino? ii ae?iaieoeoao oa aenii?oo oeoe?o. Oea
ae?iaieoeoai ia? naciiiee oa?aeoa?, oiio iinoa? i?iaeaia caa??aaiiy
oeoe?o aei ?aae?caoe??. I?ae /an caa??aaiiy o oeoe?? aeieeathoue
a?aae??ioe oaiia?aoo?e oa aieiaiai?noo, /a?ac ui a?aeaoaa?oueny
i?a?aoe?y aieiae. Eieeaaiiy aieiaiai?noo oeoe?o i?ecaiaeyoue aei
iia??oaiiy eiai yeino? oa oiaa?iiai aeaeyaeo: a?oaeeoaaiiy, ia?inoaiiy
eieuei?iaino? oa ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo ?aaeoeoth/eo ?a/iaei.

Ia nueiaiaei? a?aenooi?e iaae?eiee ?ic?aooieiaee aia?ao aeey ?ica’ycaiiy
caaea/? oaieiaieiaiia?aiino a o?e? c ?ic/eiiei nooei neaeaoii, ui ia?
aaeeeo ii?eno?noue oa iaeee aieiaiai?no. Iaia? aeaieo i?i aieea ?ooo
iia?o?y o eaiaeao i?ae i?oeaie ia oaieiaieiaiia?aiin. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue
aei iaaei??iiai ni?iuaiiy i?aeoiaeo aei ?ic?iaee oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?nieo
?aaeei?a caa??aaiiy oeoe?o, a oaeiae aei iaiiaeeeaino? aanoe
i?iaiicoaaiiy ci?ie eiai oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niiai noaio oa ye?nieo
iieaciee?a i?ioyaii caa??aaiiy.

Aeooaeueiith ? iioei?caoe?y oiia caa??aaiiy oeoe?o c iaoith caa?aaeaiiy
eiai yeino? oa oiaa?iiai aeaeyaeo, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino?
iaoe ?ic?aooieiaee aia?ao aeey aiae?co oaieiaieiaiiai?io o ianea?
oeoe?o.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoeiaiai iai?yieo
OAeOOO “?ic?iaea iiaeo iniia oaieiianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a oa?/iaeo
ae?iaieoeoa c iaoith noai?aiiy iiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, cania?a
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oa iaoai?caoe??”, caoaa?aeaeaiiai A/aiith ?aaeith EO?OI
29 n?/iy 1993 ?., i?ioieie ? 6.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo, aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ianea? oeoe?o-i?neo i?e eiai
caa??aaii?. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? caaea/?:

1. Noai?aiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ianea?
oeoe?o-i?neo i?ae /an caa??aaiiy.

2. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oaieiaieiaiia?aiino i?ae
/an caa??aaiiy oeoe?o

3. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niiai noaio oa
yeino? oeoe?o caeaaeii a?ae ?aaeueii? aeeiai?ee oaiia?aoo?e oa aieiaino?
iia?o?y a neeaae? i?ae /an caa??aaiiy.

Iaoiaee oa ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, a??ia?aei?noue eiai ?acoeueoao?a

I?e iaa?oiooaaii? ?ic?aooieo oaieiaieiaiiai?io o ianea? oeoe?o i?neo
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee, i?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioo – noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaieiaieiaiia?aiino aeei?enoiaoaaeiny eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ianea oeoe?o-i?neo. Aeey iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo a i?oeao, caeeaaeai? ia
caa??aaiiy o iaiiaethaaieo neeaaeao oeoe?iaeo caaiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Noai?aii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ianea? oeoe?o-i?neo
i?ae /an eiai caa??aaiiy. Iiaeaeue iieno? ?iciiae?ee oaiia?aoo?e,
iioaioe?aeo aieiaiia?aiino oa aieiaino? oeoe?o, a oaeiae iioiee oaieioe
oa aieiae o /an?. Aaeaeaaoi?noue iiaeae? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeine?aeaie.

Io?eiaii aeine?aei? aeai? i?i iiey oaiia?aoo? o ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo,
aeeiai?eo ci?ie eiai aieiaiai?noo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a, i?i ci?io
oaiia?aoo?e oa a?aeiinii? aieiaino? iia?o?y o iaiiaethaaieo neeaaeao
oeoe?o i?ioyaii caa??aaiiy (aeiaoaiue — /a?aaiue).

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iie?a oaiia?aoo?e oa
aieiaiai?noo i?ae /an caa??aaiiy oeoe?o-i?neo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aiae?co oa i?iaiicoaaiiy noaio oeoe?o
i?ae /an caa??aaiiy:

· iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niiai noaio oa yeino?
oeoe?o a ooaaae? /e neein? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeueii? aeeiai?ee
oaiia?aoo?e oa aieiaino? iia?o?y a neeaae?;

· i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ia AII noaio oeoe?o i?ae /an caa??aaiiy ca
aecia/aieo oiia (/an caa??aaiiy, ii/aoeiaee noai oeoe?o, niin?a
oeeaaeaiiy ooaaaey, oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niee ?aaeei oiui);

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o:

· aaeineiiaeaii? iiaeae? oaieiia?aiino o eai?ey?ii-ii?enoeo o?eao,
cai?iiiiiaaii? A.I. Iaoiiiaei, i?enoinoaaii? ?? aei oiia e?enoae?/iiai
o?ea c ?ic/eiiei neaeaoii, ui ia? aaeeeo ii?eno?noue oa iaeee
aieiaiai?no;

· noai?aii? aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo oaieiaieiaiiai?io o ianea?
oeoe?o-i?neo;

· ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oaieiaieiaiiai?io;

· aeaioiaeaii? oa?iiciiae?a;

· i?iaaaeaii? aeine?ae?a oa aiae?c? ?o ?acoeueoao?a:

· ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? oeoe?o i?ae /an caa??aaiiy;

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui ?o aaoi? aeiineoue ia caoeno

1. Aieiaiia?aiin o ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
aeeooc?? aiaeyii? ia?e o i?aee?enoaeueiiio iia?o??, a ia eai?ey?iei
oeyoii. I?e oeueiio iniiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue a?aae??ioe oaiia?aoo?e.

2. Oaieiiai?i o ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
oaieii?ia?aeiino? oeoe?o oa eiiaaeoe?? iia?o?y o eaiaeao i?ae i?oeaie.
?oo iia?o?y o eaiaeao a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie i?e?iaeii? oee?eoeyoe??.

3. Aioaeuei?y aieiae, ui ia?aaoaa? o aeaeyaee ia?e a i?aee?enoaeueiiio
iia?o?? iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoeny i?e ?ic?aooieao oaieiiai?io.

4. Eiiaaeoe?y o eaiaeao iiaea aooe a?aoiaaia oeyoii aaaaeaiiy
iii?aaeiaiai eiao?oe??ioa aei eiao?oe??ioa oaieii?ia?aeiino? oeoe?o.
Iii?aaeiaee eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiee iiaeoeth ??cieoe? oaiia?aoo?
iia?o?y o i?ei?uaii? neeaaeo oa oeoe?o.

5. Oaieia? aoaeoe ?ic/eiaiiy oa e?enoae?caoe?? oeoe?ice a?ae?a?athoue
iacia/io ?ieue o caaaeuei?e ea?oei? oaieiiai?io oa iiaeooue aooe
ciaoooaai?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ia: I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oaoieea e oaoiieiaey ieuaauo
i?iecaiaenoa”, (25-27 aa?aciy 1998 ?., Iiaeeueia, ?anioae?ea A?ei?onue);
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia?e
oa iaeaaeiaiiy aeey oa?/iai? oa ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?”, (19-24
aeiaoiy 1997 ?., Ee?a); Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e oa iaeaaeiaiiy o
oa?/iao oa ia?a?iaio i?iieneia?noue” (17-20 aeiaoiy 1995 ?., Ee?a);
Ia?o?e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea ? ina?oa ‘98” (28-30 ea?oiy
1998 ?., Aei?i?iiao?ianuee); iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo OAeOOO.

Ioae?eaoe??

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii o 3 noaooyo oa 12 oacao aeiiia?aeae ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 125 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 42 ?enoiee
ianyaii 26 noi??iie, 12 oaaeeoeue ianyaii 7 noi??iie, 7 aeiaeaoe?a
ianyaii 28 noi??iie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue
114 iaeiaioaaiue oa caeia? 7 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo niinia?a oa ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieiaieiaiia?aiino oa i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue i?ae
/an caa??aaiiy oeoe?o.

Oeoei? ? ?ic/eiiei a?a?ineii?/iei i?iaeoeoii, aieiaa o yeiio ia?aaoaa? o
o?ueio iniiaieo oi?iao: a?eueia (o ie?aoe? ?ic/eio ia iiaa?oi?
e?enoae?a), ca’ycaia (o oa?? aii?oii? oeoe?ice) oa aioo??oiy (o
ii?iaeieiao iiaaii noi?iiaaieo e?enoae?a). C /anii ca’ycaia aieiaa
ia?aoiaeeoue aei a?eueii? oi?ie. Aca?iiae?y oeoe?o c aieiaei iia?o?yi
iieyaa? o ni?aoe?? oa aeani?aoe?? a?eueii? aieiae aei aeinyaiaiiy
??aiiaaaeiiai cia/aiiy aieiaiai?noo, ui aecia/a?oueny ?cioa?iaie
ni?aoe??. Ia iniia? aiae?co ?cioa?i ni?aoe?? anoaiiaeaii, ui
??aiiaaaeiee aieiaiai?no oeoe?o c?inoa? c? c?inoaiiyi caaaeueiiai ai?noo
iaoeoe??a oa ciaioaiiyi ?ici??o e?enoae?a.

I?ae aieeaii a?aae??io?a oaiia?aoo? oa iioaioe?ae?a ia?aiino aieiae o
ianea? oeoe?o eaea i?a?aoe?y aieiae. I?e oeueiio a iaeanoyo, ui
ao?a/athoue aieiao, a?aeaoaa?oueny a?oaeeoaaiiy oa ceaaeoaaiiy oeoe?o, a
oaeiae iineeth?oueny ieeiooai?aiiy. A iaeanoyo, eoaee iaaeoiaeeoue
aieiaa ? aea a?aeaoaa?oueny ?? iaeiie/aiiy, iineeththoueny
o?i?ei-i?e?ia?ieia?/i? i?ioeane, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iia??oaiiy yeino?
oeoe?o. Ia an? oe? i?ioeane iaeneeuei?oa aieeaa? oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niee
?aaeei caa??aaiiy. C?iaeaii ei?ioeee iaeyae oa?iiai oa aacoa?iiai
niinia?a caa??aaiiy oeoe?o, cie?aia eiino?oeoe?e neeaae?a, aeae?a oa?e,
?aaeaiaioiaaieo oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?nieo ia?aiao??a caa??aaiiy ? iaoiae?a
eiio?ieth ca noaiii oa ye?noth oeoe?o i?ae /an caa??aaiiy.

I?iaiae?ciaaii iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iniiaieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieiaieiaiia?aiino aeey ?ica’yceo iinoaaeaii? caaea/?.
C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaieiaieiaiia?aiino ia iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? /a?ac iae?i?ei?noue
caaea/? oa neeaaei? oi?ie ooaaae?a. Iaoo?ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iioie?a
oaieioe oa aieiae, iai?eeeaae ca aeiiiiiaith oaieiaieiaii???a, ia iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny /a?ac iaeee aieiaiai?no oeoe?o-i?neo oa a?aeiia?aeii
iae? cia/aiiy oeeo iioie?a. *ooeea?noue ?nioth/eo oaieiaieiaii???a ia
aea? ciiae aecia/eoe ?o c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth. Oaeei /eiii, aeey
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ianea? oeoe?o-i?neo iaiao?aeii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe /eneia? iaoiaee. Na?aae oeeo iaoiae?a ia?aii iaoiae
e?ioeaaeo ??cieoeue, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue io?eioaaoe ?ica’ycee
iae?i?eieo aaaaoii??ieo caaea/ c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth.

I?iaiae?ciaaii ?nioth/? ??aiyiiy oaieiianiia?aiino o ii?enoeo o?eao.
Iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eaii ??ciei iioaioe?aeai aieiaiia?aiino. Na?aae ieo
aeae?eaii iioaioe?ae aieiaiia?aiino , cai?iiiiiaaiee A. I. Iaoiiiaei,
oeaea yeiai iiaoaeiaaia ia aieiaiai?no? aieiaiai iia?o?y. Oeae
iioaioe?ae aei??th?oueny o a?aaeonao iioaioe?aeo (?)

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ic?aooie?a
oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ianea? oeoe?o-i?neo.

O cai?iiiiiaai?e iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? aeei?enoaii iioaioe?ae
aieiaiia?aiino A. I. Iaoiiiaa. Aeey ?ic?aooie?a o ?ioa?aae? 263 – 308 E
oi?ioeo aeey aecia/aiiy oeueiai iioaioe?aeo caaaeaii aei aeaeyaeo

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a@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy???‹?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????  ??? X???u y??????aea O –
oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y, E, – a?aeiinia aieia?noue iia?o?y, iae.

Oeoei? i?nie ia? aaeeeo ii?eno?noue oa iaeee caaaeueiee aieiaiai?no.
Oiio c?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui aieiaa o ian? oeoe?o ia?aiineoueny
aeeooc??th aiaeyii? ia?e /a?ac i?aee?enoaeueia iia?o?y ca caeiiii O?ea,
a ia?aianaiiy oaieioe cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie oaieii?ia?aeiino? oa c
aeeooc?eiei iioieii aieiae.

Iaeii/anii c oeeie i?ioeanaie a?aeaoaa?oueny oaieiaieiaiiai?i i?ae
ie?aeith ?ic/eio ia iiaa?oi? e?enoae?a oeoe?o oa aieiaei iia?o?yi (aeea.
?en.1).

?en.1. Noaia oaieiaieiaiiai?io i?ae aieiaei iia?o?yi oa oeoe?ii

C?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui o a?aie/iiio oa?? oaieioa ia?aaea?oueny o?eueee
aiane?aeie oaieii?ia?aeiino?, a aieiaa o?eueee aiane?aeie aeeooc??. C?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Eueth?na, canoinoaaaoe (1), iaea?aeaii i?ney ni?iuaiiy:

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?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy@??¶?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????y????’???u?th??????aea —
eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/? c iiaa?oi? e?enoae?a aei iia?o?y, Ao/(i2E);
– eiao?oe??io iania?aeaea/?, caaaeaiee aei iioaioe?aeo aieiaiia?aiino A.
I. Iaoiiiaa, ea/(i2n? ).

C oaieiaiai oa aieia?niiai aaeain?a aca?iiae?? aieiae oa oeoe?o
iaea?aeaii oi?ioee aeey iioie?a aieiae oa oaieioe, ui iaaeoiaeyoue aei
iia?o?y c e?enoae?a 1 ea oeoe?o:

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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????aea F – ieoiia ieiua iiaa?oi? e?enoae?a
oeoe?o, i2/ea; a – iioaioe?ae ia?aiino aieiae iia?o?y, ?; w – iioaioe?ae
ia?aiino aieiae iia?o?y o noai? ni?aoe?eii? ??aiiaaae c oeoe?ii ca
aeaii? oaiia?aoo?e, ?; h oa h – ieoii? aioaeuei?? a?aeiia?aeii aiaee oa
aiaeyii? ia?e ia e?i?? iane/aiiy, Aeae/ea;

I?ae /an oeeaaeaiiy ooaaaey i?ae i?oeaie ooai?ththoueny eaiaee neeaaeii?
oi?ie, aea a?aeaoaa?oueny oee?eoeyoe?y iia?o?y ca ?aooiie naiioyae oa
eiiaaeoeaiee oaieiiai?i. Eiiaaeoeaio neeaaeiao oaieiiai?io a?aoiaaii
oeyoii aaaaeaiiy iii?aaeiaiai eiao?oe??ioo aei oaieii?ia?aeiino?
oeoe?o-i?neo, i?iii?oe?eiiai ??cieoe? oaiia?aoo? i?ae ciai?oi?i iia?o?yi
oa oeoe?ii

wmetafile8? ??M???????????
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???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyya??q?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????O?f???qf???O?E???qE???u
y??????aea n—eiao?oe??io, aecia/aiee c aeine?aeieo aeaieo. Aeey
aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa n aoa i?iaaaeaiee aeine?ae ia ?aaeueiiio
ooaaae?.

Aea?aaeaioiee eiao?oe??io oaieii?ia?aeiino? ooaaaey c a?aooaaiiyi
eiiaaeoeaiiai oaieiiai?io

wmetafile8? ??‡???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @?
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy@ ????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????aea oe – eiao?oe??io oaieii?ia?aeiino?
oeoe?o.

O ??aiyiiy aca?iiiia’ycaiiai oaieiianiia?aiino aoiaeeoue aioaeuei?y
iai?iiiai eiiiiiaioo (aieiae) ha. A?eueia aieiaa a oeoe?? iiaea
ia?aaoaaoe o oaa?aeiio, ??aeeiio /e ia?iiiae?aiiio noai?. Ca oiia
caa??aaiiy o neeaaeao ai?noii aieiae o oaa?aeiio noai? iiaeia
ciaoooaaoe, ai oaiia?aoo?a iniiaii? iane oeoe?o aeua ca oaiia?aoo?o
caia?caiiy oeoe?iaiai ?ic/eio.

Aieiaa o ia?iiiae?aiiio noai? ia?aaoaa? o iia?o??, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o
ii?ao i?ae e?enoaeaie oeoe?o, ii?eno?noue yeiai neeaaea? 40 – 60 %. ??
ai?no ii??aiyii iaeee (aei 0,5 % a?ae caaaeueiiai aieiaiai?noo oeoe?o),
aea ca ?aooiie aeniei? ieoiii? aioaeuei?? aiaeyii? ia?e aioaeuei?y oe???
/anoee neeaaea? aei 10 % caaaeueii? aioaeuei?? aieiae. Oiio aiia iiaeiia
a?aoiaoaaoeny i?e ?ic?aooieao oaieiia?aiino o oeoe??.

I?ae /an ni?aoe?? aieiae oeoe?ii eaea ?ic/eiaiiy iiaa?oi? e?enoae?a, a
i?ae /an aeani?aoe?? aieiae — e?enoae?caoe?y oeoe?ice ia ?o iiaa?oi? aai
iiaeeco ia?. Oe? i?ioeane noi?iaiaeaeothoueny oaieiaeie aoaeoaie —
iiaeeiaiiyi oa aeae?eaiiyi oaieioe. Iieacaii, ui aieea oeeo aoaeo?a ia
oaieiiai?i iacia/iee ? iiaea aooe ciaoooaaiee.

Oaeei /eiii, nenoaia ??aiyiue aeey aecia/aiiy iioie?a oaieioe oa aieiae
o ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo:

wmetafile8? ??„???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy@??ue?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ??o?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Ci?io oaiia?aoo? oa iioaioe?ae?a ia?aiino
aieiae aeey oeoe?o ? iia?o?y iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe ie?aii.

Aeey i?aee?enoaeueiiai iia?o?y:

wmetafile8? ??i???????????
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@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy@??c?? ???&? ?MathType??a
???u?????????»????-?????/????/=???/j???/????6
????6t???6???6» ???u?th??????Aeey oeoe?o:

wmetafile8? ??e???????????
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@A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy???c?? ???&? ?MathType??a
???u?????????»????-?????/????/>???/j???/„???6
????6t???6???6? ???u?th??????Eiao?oe??io
?ciaa?ii-?cioa?i?/ii? aieiai?iiino? oeoe?o-i?neo nm aecia/a?oueny ye
/anoeiia iio?aeia ooieoe?? iiaea?i?ciaaii? ?cioa?ie ni?aoe?? U=f (T, )
ca iioaioe?aeii aieiaiia?aiino .

??aiyiiy (8) – (10) ?ica’ycai? iaoiaeii e?ioeaaeo ??cieoeue. ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo ?iciiae?eo oaiia?aoo? ? aieiaiai?no?a o
i?io?eueiiio ia?a??c? ooaaaey oeoe?o i?ae /an caa??aaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iienaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oaieiaieiaiia?aiino i?ae /an caa??aaiiy oeoe?o.

Aeey aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a i?ae /an caa??aaiiy o ooaaae?
oeoe?o-i?neo ?ici?uoaaeeny oa?iiciiaee, ui neeaaeaeeny c
i?aeue-eiinoaioaiiaeo oa?iiia? (aeea. ?en.2). Iieace oa?iiia?
o?enoaaeeny o aecia/ai? aiaeeie 1-2 ?ace ia oeaeaeaiue.

E??i oaiia?aoo? ana?aaeei? ianeao ca aeiiiiiaith ani??aoe?eiiai
ineo?iiao?a Anniaia aei??thaaeenue oaiia?aoo?e oa a?aeiini? aieiaino?
iia?o?y o i?ei?uaii? neeaaeo oa ca eiai iaaeaie. O i?ei?uaii? neeaaeo
aei??e aaeeny o o?ueio oi/eao: ia aenio? 1 i, ia aenio? 4 i (na?aaeeia
ooaaaey) ? ia aenio? 8 i (aa?oiy iaaea ooaaaey). Oaiia?aoo?a oa
a?aeiinia aieia?noue ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y aei??thaaeeny ia aenio?
ethaenueeiai c?inoo, ia a?aenoai? 1-2 i a?ae no?ie neeaaeo.

I?ioyaii caa??aaiiy o o?ueio oi/eao ia iiaa?oi? ooaaaey (aeea. ?en. 2)
a?aeae?aeeny i?iae oeoe?o, aeey aecia/aiiy aieiaiai?noo oa
eieuei?iaino?. I?ae /an caeeaaeaiiy ooaaaey oa eiai ?icae?aiiy
aeiaeaoeiai i?iaiaeeeiny aecia/aiiy ai?noo oeoe?ice oa ?aaeoeoth/eo
?a/iaei.

?en.2. Noaia ?ici?uaiiy oa?iiia? ? oi/ie a?aeai?o i?ia oeoe?o o ooaaae?.

I?ae /an ?icae?aiiy ooaaaey aecia/aany ?iciiae?e aieiaiai?no?a oeoe?o o
eiai oeaio?aeueieo i?io?eueieo ia?a??cao. I?iae a?aeae?aeeny o oi/eao,
?icoaoiaaieo o aeaeyae? n?oee c e?ieaie 2 i ca ai?eciioaeeth oa 0,7 i ca
aa?oeeaeeth.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ia/enethaaeueiiai
aenia?eiaioo, i?iaaaeaiiai ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Ooaaaeue” oa
?acoeueoaoe iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ooaaae?
oeoe?o-i?neo i?ae /an caa??aaiiy.

C aeine?aeieo ?acoeueoao?a aoa ?ic?aoiaaiee eiao?oe??io n o oi?ioe? (6).
Aecia/aii, ui n=2,0. Oea cia/aiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeiny aeey ?ic?aooieo
anueiai /ano caa??aaiiy. Ioaea, aaeaeiny caieiooe nenoaio ??aiyiue (8).

Ii/aoeiaee ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo? c aeine?aeo aoa i?eeiyoee o yeino?
ii/aoeiaeo oiia aeey iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ioieiaeaeaiiy oeoe?o o oeaio?aeuei?e oa ieaei?e /anoeiao
ooaaaey i?ioiaeeoue aeoaea iia?eueii. Ci?ia oaiia?aoo? oeoe?o ia
oeaio?aeuei?e aa?oeeaeuei?e in? ooaaaey oa oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y o neeaae?
i?ioyaii aeine?aeo iieacaia ia ?en. 3.

?en. 3. Ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y o neeaae? (oi/ea I)

oa oeoe?o a ooaaae? ca a?nnth oa?iiia? 10-6…2-2.

I?ney caa??aaiiy i?ioyaii 8 i?nyoe?a o na?aaei?e /anoei? ooaaaey
ooai?eeeny aea? iaeano?: i?aeaeuaii? (u>0,14%) oa cieaeaii? aieiaino?
(u<0,09%) (?en.4). ?icoaooaaiiy oeeo iaeanoae ii?o/ iaoiiaeaia oei, ui iniiaio ?ieue o aieiaiia?aiin? a oeoe?? a?ae?a?a? oaiia?aoo?a, ye iniiaiee oaeoi?, a?ae yeiai caeaaeeoue iioaioe?ae aieiaiia?aiino. O iaeano? cieaeaii? aieiaino? a?aecia/aii ceaaeoaaiiy oeoe?o, a o cii? i?aeaeuaii? aieiaino? — ?ic/eiaiiy iiaa?oiiue eiai e?enoae?a oa ceeiaiiy. Aieia?noue oeoe?o ia iiaa?oi? ooaaaey eaaeeoue o iaaeao 0,9—0,11%, ui iiynith?oueny ni?aoe?eiith aieia?niith ??aiiaaaith oeoe?o-i?neo oa iia?o?y a neeaae?. ?en.4. ?iciiae?e aieiaiai?no?a o oeaio?aeueiiio i?io?eueiiio ia?a??c? ooaaaey i?ioyaii caa??aaiiy. Ianea oeoe?o ca ?aooiie eiai a?a?ineii?/iino? a?ae?a?a? ?ieue aeoioeyoi?a aieiae. Oiio a?aeiinia aieia?noue iia?o?y o neeaae? a in?iiuei-ceiiaee ia??iae ieae/a a?ae ciai?oiuei?. O aaniyii-e?oi?e ia??iae i?aeaeuaiith a?aeiinia aieia?noue iia?o?y o neeaae? ni?ey? i?a?aoe?y aieiae cciai? i?ae aieeaii ??cieoe? oaiia?aoo? oa iioaioe?ae?a aieiaiia?aiino. I?ioyaii in?iiuei-ceiiaiai ia??iaeo caa??aaiiy aieia?noue oeoe?o ia eiai iiaa?oi? c?inoaea. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe c iaeiiai aieo i?aeaeuaiith aieia?noth iia?o?y o oeae /an, a c ae?oaiai aieo — i?a?aoe??th aieiae cna?aaeeie ooaaaey aei iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a. I?ioyaii aaniyii-e?oiueiai ia??iaeo caa??aaiiy aieia?noue oeoe?o ia iiaa?oi? cieaeo?oueny, iacaaaeath/e ia aenieo a?aeiinio aieia?noue iia?o?y a oeae /an. Oea aeeeeeaii i?a?aoe??th aieiae c iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a ooaaaey aei eiai aioo??oi?o iaeanoae ca ?aooiie ??cieoe? oaiia?aoo? oa a?aeiia?aeii iioaioe?ae?a aieiaiia?aiino. Ca /an caa??aaiiy a?aeaoeiny cia/ia iia??oaiiy yeino? oeoe?o o iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? ooaaaey, ui aeyaeeiny o c?inoaii? eieuei?iaino? aaea?/? oa ai?noo ?aaeoeoth/eo ?a/iaei o 3-5 ?ac?a (oaae.1). Oaeei /eiii, ye?noue oeoe?o i?ney o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy a iaiiaethaaiiio neeaae? ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai noaiaea?oo. Oaaeeoey 1 ?acoeueoaoe aiae?c?a ye?nieo iieaciee?a oeoe?o. AeaoaEieuei?ia?noue, iae. Oo.Ai?no ?aaeoeoth/eo ?a/iaei, %I=1I=8,5 iI=1 iI=8,5 i19.10.19970,60,60,0130,01323.12.19971,360,81——20.01.19971,480,94——12.05 .19981,561,170,070,044 Aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiie oaieiaieiaiiai?io o i?io?eueiiio ia?a??c? ooaaaey oeoe?o-i?neo ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Ooaaaeue”. Aoa ciiaeaeueiaaiee oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niee ?aaeei caa??aaiiy, ui niinoa??aaany i?ioyaii aeine?aeo. Ni?anoaaeaii ?ic?aooieia? oa aeine?aei? aeai? aeey ai?eciioaeueii? in? ooaaaey ia aenio? 3 i. ?ic?aoiaai? aaniethoia ? a?aeiinia iioeaee oa eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? iieacaee, ui ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo oa aeine?aei? aeai? ei?aeththoueny c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth. Ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Ooaaaeue” iiaeia i?iaiicoaaoe oaiia?aoo?ii-aieia?niee noai oeoe?o-i?neo. sse aeo?aei? aeai? aei ?ic?aooieo caaeathoueny: ?ici??e ianeao oeoe?o, ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo? oa aieiaiai?no?a oeoe?o, oaiia?aoo?e oa a?aeiini? aieiaino? iia?o?y i?ae /an caeeaaeaiiy oa i?ioyaii caa??aaiiy (i?iaiiciaai?), ianea ?cioa?i ni?aoe?? aeey oeoe?o, iieacieee yeiai (ai?no oeoe?ice, cieuei?noue, a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae) a?aeiia?aeathoue na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi aeey oeoe?o, ui caeeaaea?oueny ia caa??aaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo (?iciiae?ee oaiia?aoo?, iioaioe?ae?a oa aieiaiai?no?a oeoe?o) caa??aathoueny o oaeeao. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? oeoe?o ca eiai eieuei?ia?noth, caeaaeii a?ae o?eaaeino? oa oiia caa??aaiiy. I/?eoaaia eieuei?ia?noue oeoe?o i?ney caa??aaiiy i?ioyaii i?nyoe?a aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith wmetafile8? ??…??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-??????D???? ???u?th??????aea Oe0 eieuei?ia?noue oeoe?o i?ae /an caeeaaeaiiy ia caa??aaiiy, iae. Oo; – na?aaeiy a?aeiinia aieia?noue iia?o?y i?ioyaii caa??aaiiy, % O aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeaii oaaeeoe? iioaioe?aeo ia?aiino aieiae ? oa iiaea?i?ciaaieo ?cioa?i ni?aoe?? oeoe?o-i?neo, aeai?eoi oa iien i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo oaieiaieiaiia?aiino a ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo. AENIIAEE 1. Noai?aii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oaieiaieiaiiai?io o ii?enoiio o?e? c ?ic/eiiei neaeaoii, ui ia? aaeeeo ii?eno?noue oa iaeee aieiaiai?no. 2. Aeyaeaii oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeine?aeaie, ui aieiaio ?ieue o aieiaiiai?i? a ianea? oeoe?o a?ae?a?athoue a?aae??ioe oaiia?aoo?. 3. Noai?aii i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo oaieiaieiaiiai?io i?ae /an caa??aaiiy oeoe?o, ui aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe oaiia?aoo?e, aieiaiai?no oa noai oeoe?o i?ae /an caa??aaiiy, i?iaiaeeoe iioei?caoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy oiia caa??aaiiy, oi?i ooaaaey. 4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iie?a oaiia?aoo?e oa aieiaiai?noo a ianea? oeoe?o-i?neo i?ae /an caa??aaiiy. 5. Io?eiaii aeine?aei? aeai? i?i ci?io oaiia?aoo? o ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo i?ae /an caa??aaiiy, aeeiai?eo ci?ie eiai aieiaiai?noo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii ca’ycie i?ae oiiaaie caa??aaiiy oeoe?o oa ci?iith eiai yeino?. 6. Io?eiaii aeine?aei? aeai? i?i ci?io oaiia?aoo?e oa a?aeiinii? aieiaino? iia?o?y o iaiiaethaaiiio neeaae? oeoe?o i?ioyaii ia??iaeo caa??aaiiy (aeiaoaiue — /a?aaiue). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy Aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o ?iaioao: 1. I. I. Iane?eia, A. I. Iaoiiia, I. I. I?yaeei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieiiai?io a ooaaae? oeoe?o i?e o?eaaeiio caa??aaii?. O ca.: I?aoe? OAeOOO. – 1999. – n. 56-57. 2. I. I. Iane?eia, I. I. I?yaeei, Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaieiaieiaiia?aiino a ianea? oeoe?o-i?neo i?e o?eaaeiio caa??aaii?. – Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai, 1998, ? 1-2, n. 43-44. 3. I. I. Iane?eia, Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?ie oaiia?aoo? o ooaaae? oeoe?o i?e caa??aaii?.— Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai, 1998, ? 1-2, n. 44-47. 4. I. I. Iane?eia, A. I. Iaoiiia, I. I. I?yaeei. Oaieiaieiaiiai?i o ooaaae? oeoe?o i?e o?eaaeiio caa??aaii?. Oace aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e oa iaeaaeiaiiy o oa?/iao oa ia?a?iaio i?iieneia?noue. 17-20 aeiaoiy 1995 ?., – E. : OAeOOO, – 1995. 5. I. I. Iane?eia, A. I. Iaoiiia, I. I. I?yaeei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieiiai?io a ooaaae? oeoe?o i?e caa??aaii? // ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia?e oa iaeaaeiaiiy aeey oa?/iai? oa ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino? Oace aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, Ee?a, 19-24 aeiaoiy 1997 ?. – Ee?a. – 1997. – n. 45. 6. I. I. Ianeeeia. Enneaaeiaaiea oaieiiaiaia i?e o?aiaiee naoa?a // Oaoieea e oaoiieiaey ieuaauo i?iecaiaenoa. Oac. aeiee. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee, Iiaeeaa, ?anioaeeea Aaea?onue, 25-28 ia?oa 1998 a.– Iiaeeaa.– 1998.– n. 186. 7. I. I. Iane?eia. Iiaeaethaaiiy oaieiaieiaiia?aiino i?e o?eaaeiio caa??aaii? oeoe?o-i?neo // Iaoea ? ina?oa 98. Oace aeiiia?aeae Ia?oi? I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 28-30 ea?oiy 1998 ?. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. – 1998. – n. 148 8. I. I. Iane?eia. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a o ooaaae? oeoe?o i?e caa??aaii? // Iaoea ? ina?oa ?98. Oace aeiiia?aeae Ia?oi? I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 28-30 ea?oiy 1998 ?. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. – 1998. – n. 149 Aiioaoe?? Iane?eia I. I. ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioean?a oaieiianiia?aiino i?ae /an o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy oeoe?o.– ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.14.04 – i?iieneiaa oaieiaia?aaoeea.– Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e. Ee?a. 1998. I?iaiae?ciaaii i?ioean o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy oeoe?o. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaieiaieiaiia?aiino a ii?enoiio o?e? c ?ic/eiiei neaeaoii, ui ia? aaeeeo ii?eno?noue oa iaeee aieiaiai?no. Ia ?? iniia? noai?aii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo oaieiaieiaiia?aiino i?ae /an caa??aaiiy oeoe?o ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a oaieiaieiaiia?aiino o ianea? oeoe?o. Io?eiaii aeine?aei? aeai? i?i oaiia?aoo?i? iiey o ooaaae? oeoe?o-i?neo, aeeiai?eo ci?ie eiai aieiaiai?noo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a i?ae /an caa??aaiiy, ci?io oaiia?aoo?e oa a?aeiinii? aieiaino? iia?o?y o iaiiaethaaiiio neeaae? oeoe?o i?ioyaii ia??iaeo caa??aaiiy. Noai?aii iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy oaieiaieia?niiai noaio oa yeino? oeoe?o i?ioyaii caa??aaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeoei?, caa??aaiiy, oaieiianiiai?i. Ianeeeia I. I. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey, ?an/aoa e i?iaiice?iaaiey i?ioeannia oaieiianniia?aiina i?e aeeeoaeueiii o?aiaiee naoa?a.– ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.14.04 – i?iiuoeaiiay oaieiyia?aaoeea. – Oe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ieuaauo oaoiieiaee. Eeaa. 1998. I?iaiaeece?iaai i?ioeann aeeeoaeueiiai o?aiaiey naoa?a. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue oaieiaeaaiia?aiina a ii?enoii oaea n ?anoai?eiui neaeaoii, eioi?ia eiaao aieueooth ii?enoinoue e iaeia aeaainiaea?aeaiea. Ia aa iniiaa nicaeaiu aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa oaieiaeaaiia?aiina i?e o?aiaiee naoa?a ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iaoo?iuo enneaaeiaaiee i?ioeannia oaieiaeaaiia?aiina a ianneaa naoa?a. Iieo/aiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaiiua i oaiia?aoo?iuo iieyo a ooaaaea naoa?a-ianea i?e o?aiaiee, aeeiaieea eciaiaiey aai aeaainiaea?aeaiey e ea/anoaaiiuo iieacaoaeae i?e o?aiaiee, eciaiaieth oaiia?aoo?u e ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe aicaeooa a iaioaieeaaaiii neeaaea naoa?a ia i?ioyaeaiee ia?eiaea o?aiaiey. Nicaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiice?iaaiey oaieiaeaaeiinoiiai ninoiyiey e ea/anoaa naoa?a ia i?ioyaeaiee o?aiaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: naoa?, o?aiaiea, oaieiianniiaiai. Maslikov M. M. Development of methods of research, calculating and forecasting of heat-mass transferring processes at a long storage of sugar.– Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 05.14.04 – thermal engineering.– The Ukrainian State University of Food Technologies. Kyiv. 1998. The process of a long storage of sugar is analysed. The mathematical model of heat-mass transferring in a porous body with a soluble skeleton, which has large porosity and small water content, is developed. The algorithm and the program of account heat-mass transferring at a storage of sugar are created on its basis. Technique of natural researches of processes heat-mass transferring in a sugar bulk is developed. The experimental data about heat transfer in a stack of sugar-sand at a storage, dynamics of change its water content and qualitative parameters at a storage, change of temperature and relative humidity of air in a not heated warehouse of sugar during the period of a storage are received. The technique of forecasting heat and humidity of a condition and quality of sugar is created during storage. Key words: sugar, storage, heat-mass transferring I?aei. aei ae?oeo Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? ?AOe OAeOOO, 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68

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