OA?E?ANueEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AAOIIIA?EUeII-AeI?IAEI?E OAOI?*IEE
OI?AA?NEOAOOA?E?ANueEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AAOIIIA?EUeII-AeI?IAEI?E OAOI?*IEE
OI?AA?NEOAO

E?eAIOAIIA Na?a?e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 629.113.004

?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee oa aeai?eoio caaaeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaoiiia?e?a
ca ci?iith eiao?oe??ioa ei?enii? ae??

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.22.10 — Aenieoaoaoe?y aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?eue-iiai
o?ainii?oo, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiai?ouaiei Ieeiea sseiae/

Io?oe?e? iiiiaioe: Caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?aeoi??a oa aaoiiia?e?a
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?a?ae?a Aiaoie?e
Oeoiiiae/

Ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e oaeoeei-niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaee Oa?e?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oieo ni?aa, eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Oaoa ?ai?
Einoyioeiiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee AAE Oe?a?ie Ae.64.059.02 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca
aae?anith: 310002, Oe?a?ia, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iao?ianueeiai, 25.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Iao?ianueeiai, 25).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee,

ae-? oaoi. iaoe, i?io. ___________ I.A. Iiae?eaaei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ii?iaoea?a aeo?ao
iaeeaa ? caoiae?a ii ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiith ? iaeiei c aeooaeueieo
o?ainii?oieo i?iaeai Oe?a?ie. I?ioa, aein? a iaoeia?e oa o/aia?e
e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? caniae aecia/aiiy
eiao?oe??io?a ei?enii? ae?? aaoiiia?ey oa eiai aa?aaao?a, i?eaeaoieo
aeey ae??oaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo caaaeaiue c i?iaeooaaiiy, iiaea?i?caoe?? oa
aenieoaoaoe?? o?ainii?oieo iaoei. ?ic?iaea iiaeo cania?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy
aaoiiia?e?a aeicaieeoue cieceoe o?oaeii?noe?noue ? aa?o?noue
i?io?eaeoe/ieo ianeoaiaoaaiue, ciaioeoe aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? caianieo
/anoei, a oaeiae ciaioeoe e?euee?noue aei?iaeiuei-o?ainii?oieo i?eaiae ?
nei?ioeoe aeeeae oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei o a?aei?aoeueiaaieo aacao.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe??
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ? i?iaeaiii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi???
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?e?a OAeAAeOO.
Aiia ni?yiiaaia ia iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy
aaoiiia?e?a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy
cania?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?e?a ca aia?aaoe/iei
iieacieeii – EEAe aaoiiia?ey.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee ae??oai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Neeaaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy EEAe aeaeaoia, o?aini?n??
oa eie?n a caeaaeiinoe a?ae oiia aenieoaoaoe?? ia aei?ic? oa ia noaiae?
c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie.

2. Anoaiiaeaii /eneia? cia/aiiy ci?ie EEAe aaoiiia?ey oa eiai aa?aaao?a
a caeaaeiino? a?ae aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a oa oaoi?/iiai noaio
aaoiiia?ey.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo eiio?ieth EEAe aaoiiia?ey oa eiai aa?aaao?a ia
noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie ?c canoinoaaiiyi AII.

4. ?ic?iaeaii oaoi?/i? i?eeaaee aeey aei??thaaiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey ia
noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie.

5. Aecia/aii aoaeoeai?noue i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey ia aei?ic? oa ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie
aa?aaaiaie, yea ia a?aei?io a?ae ?nioth/eo, a?eueo iiaii a?aoiao?
iniiai? aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e aaoiiia?ey ia
noaiae?; iaea?aeaii iia? oa?aeoa?enoeee caeaaeiino? ci?ie EEAe
aaoiiia?ey a?ae oaoi?/iiai noaio nenoai aeaeaoia, o?aini?n??, i?aea?nee
? eie?n; ?ic?iaeaii iiao iaoiaeeeo oa aeai?eoi caaaeueiiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy aeaeaoia, o?aini?n??, i?aea?nee ? eie?n ca aia?aaoe/iei
e?eoa???i ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue EEAe aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue
aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe?? ? aea? iiaeeea?noue
a?eueo oi/ii anoaiiaeoe aeiiii?/i? oa iiooaei? iieacieee ?ooiiiai
neeaaeo.

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey oa
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai EEAe, yeo cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e
ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiinoe ?iaioe ?ooiiiai neeaaeo c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
eiai eiino?oeoe??, oaoi?/iiai noaio oa oiia aenieoaoaoe??.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea caaaeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaoiiia?ey, ui
cai?iaaaeaeaia i?e ae?aaiinooaaii? eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a ia ia?anoaii?
noaioe?? ae?aaiinoeee IAeN-E (ae?aaeeoaoe?y Aea?aenoaiaea?oo Oe?a?ie
a?ae 25.12.1998 ?. ? 100-0217198) oa AeA?. Iaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
canoinoaaiiy oe??? iaoiaeeee a ?ioeo AOI oa NOI.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:

1. Cia/ii oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iniiaieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo
iieaciee?a o?ainii?oieo iaoei, yea aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ioani?ii I.ss.
Aiai?ouaiei. Io?eiai? a?eueo iiai? aeai? caeaaeiino? EEAe aaoiiia?ey o
aeiaaeeao ?ooo eiai ii aei?ic? oa ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie.

2. Oaeineiiaeaia aei??thaaeueia nenoaia aeey ia?anoaii? noaioe??
ae?aaiinoeee aaoiiia?e?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi AOeI oa AII. ?ic?iaeaii
aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio aeey AII, ui canoiniao?oueny aeey ae?aaiinooaaiiy
oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?ey.

3. Aecia/aii aieea oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?ey ia EEAe oa ia iaoai?/i?
aeo?aoe. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy EEAe oa iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao
aeaeaoia, o?aini?n?? oa eie?n ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie, ia
?icae?ath/? aaoiiia?ey.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iaaiai?aia ?
noaaeaia ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e “Aenieoaoaoe??
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo” Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny: ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe eie?nieo ? aonaie/ieo iaoei o noai?eo
oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??” (i. Othiaiue, OAeIAO, 1996 ?.); ia eiioa?aioe?? “C
i?iaeai caoenoo iia?o?yiiai aanaeio a?ae oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a
aaoio?ainii?oieo cania?a” (i. Oa?e?a, OAeAAeOO, 1997 ?.); ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Nenoaiioaoi?ea ia aaoiiia?eueiiio
o?ainii?o?” (i. Oa?e?a, OAeAAeOO, eenoiiaae 1998 ?.) oa ia ui??/ieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a (i. Oa?e?a, OAeAAeOO, 1995-1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 6 iaoeiaeo ?iaioao,
na?aae yeeo 3 a oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

Ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i`yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoea. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c 140 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 64 iaethie?a oa 8
oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iae?/o? 144 iaeiaioaaiiy.

Ei?ioeee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii oaio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, yea ni?yiiao?oueny ia
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy oaoi?/iiai
noaio aaoiiia?ey.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iniiai? /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia ci?io
oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?ey. Iaaaaeaii aiae?c cania?a caaaeueiiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaoiiia?ey, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeaii aia?aaoe/iee
i?aeo?ae.

A?aecia/a?oueny, ui ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio aaoiiia?ey eeoa ca e?eoa??yie
aeo?ao iaeueiiai aai ca ei?eniith iiooaei?noth ia aea? i/?eoaaiiai
?acoeueoaoo. Oiio i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye caaaeueiee
ae?aaiinoe/iee e?eoa??e oaeee aia?aaoe/iee iieaciee, ye eiao?oe??io
ei?enii? ae??.

Ieoaiith aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey oa eiai iniiaieo aa?aaao?a:
aeaeaoia, o?aini?n??, i?aea?ne? oa eie?n, i?enay/aia aaeeea e?euee?noue
?ia?o ??cieo aaoi??a, na?aae yeeo ne?ae aeae?eeoe ?iaioe: Aeaenaiae?iaa
?. E., Aenioeueeiai I. N., Aiai?ouaiea I. ss., Eii?ica A. ?., Iineiaeeia
A. A., I?eeia A. N., Iao?ooeiaa A. A., Naaaeue?aa A. A., Neea?aa A. A.,
Nieiaeiaa A. ?., Oaaei?aaeca ?. A., Oiea?aaa A. A., Oa?ia?ia ss. ?.,
*oaeaeiaa ?. A., ssoeaiea I. I. oa ?i. A aeaieo ?iaioao EEAe aaoiiia?ey
?icaeyaeaany ye c oi/ee ci?o eiino?oeoe?? aaoiiia?ey, oae ? c oi/ee ci?o
oai??? aaoiiia?ey. Iaeiae, aaaaoi i?eioeeiiaeo iiiaio?a caeeoathoueny ia
c’yniaaieie:

1) na?aae aaoi??a iaia iaeiinoaeiiai oeoia/aiiy ieoaiue aecia/aiiy oa
ioe?iee EEAe aaoiiia?ey ? eiai aa?aaao?a;

2) a?eueo?noue cania?a aiae?oe/iiai aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey
iiaoaeiaaia ia aii??e/ieo caeaaeiinoyo, io?eiaieo o ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iaaieo ia?ie aaoiiia?e?a;

3) ia o iiaiiio ianyc? ?icaeyiooi i?iaeaio aieeao oaoi?/iiai noaio oa
??ciiiai?oieo oiia aenieoaoaoe?? ia ci?ie o EEAe aaoiiia?ey.

A?aenooi?noue oi/ii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey aiae?oe/iiai aecia/aiiy
EEAe aaoiiia?ey iiynith?oueny neeaaei?noth o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o nenoaiao aaoiiia?ey, ??ciiiai?oi?noth
eiino?oeoi?nueeeo oa oaoiieia?/ieo noai ia?aaea/? iiooaeiino? ? aaeeeith
e?euee?noth /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia eieeaaiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey i?e
ci?iao o eiai oaoi?/iiio noai? ? i?e ??cieo oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeo e?euee?noue ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo ?icaeyaeo ieoaiue
aieeao eiino?oeoeaieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo /eiiee?a ia ?iaioo nenoai
aaoiiia?ey, ieoaiiy aieeao oaoi?/iiai noaio oa oiia aenieoaoaoe?? ia
ci?io EEAe aaoiiia?ey caeeoathoueny iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie ?
aeiaaathoue i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

A?aenooi?noue iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey ?
/eiieeii, ui cao?eio? aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai iieacieea ye ae?aaiinoe/iiai
ia?aiao?o. Na?aae ?ioeo i?e/ei iaaeinoaoiueiai aeei?enoaiiy EEAe a
yeino? ae?aaiinoe/iiai ia?aiao?o ? a?aenooi?noue i?eeiyoi? iaoiaeeee oa
aeai?eoio ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui ia?
aeinoaoith oaoiieia?/i?noue, ?ioi?iaoeai?noue oa oi/i?noue.

A no/anieo oiiaao aeinyaoe cia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ae?aaiinoe/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ? eiai oaoiieia?/iino?, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy o?oaeii?noeino?
i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy iiaeeeai eeoa ia iniia? oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy
i?e?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoiieia??. Iaeiae, oaea iaeaaeiaiiy, ye i?aaeei,
aeionea?oueny ca ei?aeiiii, ? niaoe?ae?ciaaiei ? a?aeiineoueny aei
?ic?yaeo “cae?eoeo” nenoai. Aeei?enoaiiy IAII aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeyoe
“a?aee?eo?” nenoaie ae?aaiinooaaiiy, oiaoi aea? iiaeeea?noue oaeaeeiai
ia?ai?io?ethaaiiy, iano?ieee oa “iaa/aiiy” ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy
oeyoii canoinoaaiiy iaiao?aeieo iiaeoe?a ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, ui
iaoiiaeth? oi?aa?naeuei?noue oaeiai iaeaaeiaiiy. I?ioa, a iao?e e?a?i?
oae? nenoaie aein? na??eii ia aeioneathoueny.

O ca’yceo c oeei, iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee oa oaoi?/ieo
cania?a ae?aaiinoeee iiaeia aaaaeaoe aeooaeueiith caaea/ath.

Ia iniia? aiae?co noaio ieoaiiy aoei iai?/aii iaoo, i?aaeiao ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy aiae?oe/iiai
aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey.

Eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? aaoiiia?ey — oea eiiieaeniee iieaciee, ui
a?aoiao? aeo?aoe aia?a?? a on?o aoceao ? aa?aaaoao aaoiiia?ey, oiio
caaaeueiee EEAe aaoiiia?ey aecia/a?oueny /a?ac aeiaooie EEAe aeaeaoia,
o?aini?n??, i?aea?nee oa eie?n: wmetafile8? ??c???H????????
?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? `@
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy? ???? ???&? ?MathType??p? ???u
y??????Eiao?oe??ioe ei?enii? ae?? iniiaieo neeiaeo aa?aaao?a
?ic?aoiaothoueny ca ne?aeoth/eie caeaaeiinoyie:

?en. 1. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey:

Ii , Ii , Io? , Ii , Ie — a?aeiia?aeii, ?iaeeeaoi?i? oa iaoai?/i?
aeo?aoe aia?a?? o aeaeaoi?, o?aini?n??, i?aea?noe? oa eieanao; Ni , Ne ,
Nie , Nae — a?aeiia?aeii, ?iaeeeaoi?ia oa aoaeoeaia iiooaei?noue
aeaeaoia ? iiooaei?noue, ye? i?aeaaaeai? aei i?aea?nee, eie?n ? aei
aei?iae (a?aiaeo aa?aaai?a); Q — aeo?aoa iaeeaa ca aiaeeio, ea/aiae.; Hu
— ieae/a oaieioa cai?yiiy iaeeaa, eAeae/ea; hi , hm , ho? , hie —
a?aeiia?aeii, ?iaeeeaoi?iee oa iaoai?/iee EEAe aeaeaoia, EEAe
o?aini?n??, EEAe i?aea?nee oa eieaniiai iaoai?cio.

— EEAe ?iaeeeaoi?iee:

wmetafile8? ??9???N???????
?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? ?
`3???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy 3??% ?? ???&?
?MathType??????u????????????-?????ss0???ss<???ss‰?? ?ss•???5 ???A???@o???@A ???@—???@3 ???u?th??????- iaoai?/iee EEAe: wmetafile8? ??Z???i???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy@ ??oe?? ???&? ?MathType?????u????????????-?????Ai???A±???A7??? A???AE???Aa ???u y??????- EEAe o?aini?n??: wmetafile8? ??????w???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??? ???u¦yY?????- EEAe eieana: wmetafile8? ??o???S???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???o?? ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-??????????o ???u y??????Caaaeueiee EEAe aaoiiia?ey ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca ??aiyiiyi: wmetafile8? ??…???c???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @ !???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`!??o?? ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-??????,????@ ???uthY?????aea wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy@??a?? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???uthY?????O?ce/iee ci?no ?ioeo iaaaaeaieo neiaie?a iiyniaiee o aeena?oaoe??. O oaaeeoe? 1 iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey, ye? io?eiai? ca iaoaiaoe/iith iiaeaeeth aeey ??cieo a?oi aei??a. EEAe aaoiiia?ey a ?aaeueieo oiiaao aenieoaoaoe?? ia ia?aaeuo? 12 %. EEAe iaaea? ?c ciaioaiiyi oaeaeeino? ? c?inoa? c? ca?eueoaiiyi iaaaioaaeaiiy. EEAe aaoiiia?ey ia aei?iaao ?c aaeineiiaeaiei iie?eooyi a 2…2.5 ?ace a?eueoee, i?ae aac iie?eooy. EEAe aaoiiia?ey c aeecaeueiei aeaeaoiii a 1.5 ?ace a?eueoee, i?ae c ea?ath?aoi?iei. Iaaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? caeaaeiino? EEAe aaoiiia?ey oa eiai aa?aaao?a a?aeiia?aeathoue ii?iaeueiei oiiaai ?ooo ii aei?ic? aai ia noaiae?. Ci?ia aoiinoa?ii-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia a?aoiao?oueny oaiia?aoo?iei wmetafile8? ??ae???? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy@??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`? ???u y?????? Oaaeeoey 1 Cia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey AAC-31029 oa eiai aa?aaao?a i?e ?on? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??cieo a?oi aei??a O aeiaaeeo ?ooo aaoiiia?ey ii aei?ic? wmetafile8? ??.???g???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyy???$?? ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-?????@&???@???@©???@  ???u y??????Aca?iiae?y eieana c ?ieeeaie noaiaea a?aeaeaa?oueny o ne?aeoth/?e nenoai?: wmetafile8? ??A ?acoeueoao? ??oaiiy oe??? nenoaie aoei iaea?aeaii ??aiyiiy aeey eiao?oe??ioa iii?o ei/aiiy eieana ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie: wmetafile8? ??D ???$??????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? Aa9???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy 9??w?? ???&? ?MathType?????u????????????-?????-????-6 ???-¤ ???- ???-Ae???-P???-i???-”???-% ???-i!???-%???-™'???-¤-???-I0 ???uthY?????O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaoiaeeoe? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey. Aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey i?iaiaeeeinue ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie ia?anoaii? noaioe?? ae?aaiinoeee, aeaioiaeaii? ia eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a OAeAAeOO. sse ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ia?aii aaoiiia?eue AAC-31029. EEAe aaoiiia?ey aecia/aany /a?ac oaeaee?noue, iiooaei?noue ? aeo?aoo iaeeaa, ye a?aeiioaiiy ei?enii? aia?a??, ui ?aae?co?oueny ia eieanao aaoiiia?ey, aei iioaioe?eii? aia?a??, aianaii? o aeaeaoi /a?ac iaeeai wmetafile8? ??e???L???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy  ??o?? ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-??????,????? ???u y??????aea Ie - e?ooiee iiiaio ia ?ieeeao noaiaea, H*i; Q - aeo?aoa iaeeaa, e/100 ei; Hu - ieae/a oaieioa cai?yiiy, eAeae/ea. Cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? oa iiooaeiino? aecia/aeeny ca aeiiiiiaith aeao/ee?a, ui aoiaeeee o aei??thaaeueio nenoaio noaiaea, a aeo?aoa iaeeaa - ii?oiaaei aeo?aoii??ii, oaeiae ?ic?iaeaiei ia eaoaae??. Neaiaee a?ae aei??thaaeueii? nenoaie noaiaeo ? aeo?aoii??o iaaeoiaeeee aei IAII. Ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii a?aeaoaaeinue ca niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith, ui cae?enithaaea i?ioean iaea?aeaiiy, caa??aaiiy oa ia?iaee ae?aaiinoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Noaia cai??o EEAe aaoiiia?ey iieacaia ia ?en. 2. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aecia/aany EEAe aaoiiia?ey aeey oaoi?/ii ni?aaiiai ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie, a oaeiae aecia/aeeny EEAe neeiaeo aa?aaao?a aaoiiia?ey: aeaeaoia, o?aini?n?? oa eie?n. EEAe ie?aieo aa?aaao?a aecia/aany aac?icai?iei niiniaii iine?aeiaiiai aeeeth/aiiy: oeyoii aecia/aiiy EEAe a ii?iaeueiiio noai? i?e aeieiooiio ? oa?ieiooiio c/aieaii? oa i?e aea?oaieo eieanao. Aei??e i?iaiaeeeenue i?e noaeiio ?on? aaoiiia?ey c ??cieie oaeaeeinoyie oa iaaaioaaeaiiyie. Iaoith oeueiai aoaio aoei oaeiae anoaiiaeaiiy /eneiaeo cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a, ui aoiaeyoue o ?ic?iaeaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aecia/aeeny EEAe aaoiiia?ey ? EEAe neeiaeo aa?aaao?a ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie i?e iiaeaethaaii? oaoi?/ieo iani?aaiinoae. O aeine?aeaeoaaiee aaoiiia?eue iine?aeiaii aoee aianai? ne?aeoth/? iani?aaiino?: ci?ia oeneo iia?o?y a oeiao (+50, +25, -25, -50 % a?ae iii?iaeueiiai); ca?eueoaiiy oa?oy a o?aini?n?? oeyoii ii?ooaiiy caci??a i?ae aaeuei?aieie eieiaeeaie oa aa?aaaiaie, iaaei??iith caoyaeeith i?aeoeiiee?a eie?n ? o?aini?n??; cani?/aiiy iia?o?yiiai o?eueo?o, oeyoii ci?ie i?iioneii? caeaoiino? aioneiiai eieaeoi?a (+50, +25% a?ae iii?iaeueiiai ia?a??co); ci?ia caci?a o na?/eao caiaethaaiiy (0.4, 1.2 ii); a?aenooi?noue i?aoeacaeaoiino? na?/ie (iaeia, aea? na?/ee ia i?aoeththoue); a?aeeeth/aiiy aaeooiiiai ?aaoeyoi?a aeia?aaeaeaiiy caiaethaaiiy; iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue a?aeoeaio?iaiai ?aaoeyoi?a aeia?aaeaeaiiy caiaethaaiiy (ia?ea i?oaeei, caeeeithaaiiy oyaa?oe?a); ci?ia ??aiy iaeeaa o iiieaaeia?e eaia?? (+10, -10 ii); ci?ia i?iioneii? caeaoiino? aieiaiiai aeeeea?o (100, 400 ni2/oa.); a?aenooi?noue i?aoeacaeaoiino? nenoai ea?ath?aoi?a (ia i?aoeth? aeiiiiaeca?, ia i?aoeth? ianin-i?enei?thaa/); ii?ooaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy nenoaie oieinoiai oiaeo (caaaa/aiiy noi?o? oeyoii aee?o/oaaiiy aaeioa yeino? ia 1 oa 2 iaa?oe a?ae iii?iaeueiiai, ca?aeiaiiy noi?o? – ia 1 oa 2 iaa?oe). ?en. 2. Noaia aei??o EEAe aaoiiia?ey ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie: 1 - aaoiiia?eue, 2 - noaiae c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie, 3 - aaoiiia?eueiee iaeeaiee aae, 4 - iaeeaii?ia?ae, 5 - ea?ath?aoi?, 6 - iaeeaiee ianin, 7 - aeo?aoii?? iaeeaa, 8 - i?aeneethaa/? aeaeo?e/iiai neaiaeo, 9 - aeaea?aei aeaeo?e/iiai aeeaeaiiy, 10 - oaiciiao?e/iee aeao/ee e?ooiiai iiiaioo, 11 - aeao/ee aei??o eooiai? oaeaeeino? eieana, 12 - AOeI, 13 - IAII, 14 - o?eueo?, 15 - i?eeaae aeey ia?aa??ee NI oa NI, 16 - i?eeaae aeey ia?aa??ee NOx. Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aecia/aee iaoai?/i? ao?aoe a aeaeaoi?, o?aini?n?? oa eieanao aaoiiia?ey. Ao?aoe aecia/aeeny i?e aeeiai?/iiio oa neeiaiio ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aaoiiia?ey ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie. Aeeiai?/iee ?aaeei iieyaaa o aecia/aii? ooieoe?? c iiaeaeueoei ia?a?aooaaiiyi o neeo ? iiooaei?no? iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao. I?e neeiaiio ?aaeei? iiooaei?noue iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao aecia/aeany i?e iaa?oaiiyi eie?n aaoiiia?ey a?ae i?eaiaeo noaiaea ca ?aaeoeaiei iiiaioii ia aeae?iiioi??. Ia /aoaa?oiio aoai? aecia/aany aieea oaoi?/iiai noaio aa?aaao?a o?aini?n?? ia aaee/eio iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao o aeaeaoi?, o?aini?n?? oa eieanao aaoiiia?ey. A aa?aaaoe o?aini?n?? oa eie?n aoee iine?aeiaii aaaaeai? ianooii? iani?aaiino?: ci?ia oeneo iia?o?y a oeiao (+50, +25, -25, -50 % a?ae iii?iaeueii? aaee/eie); ci?ia ??aiy ianea a ea?oa?? aaaeo/iai iinoa oa ei?iaoe? ia?aaea/ (ianei a?aenooi?, ??aaiue ieae/a ia 50 ii, ??aaiue aeua ia 50 ii); iaaei??ia caoyaeea i?aeoeiiee?a aaaeo/eo eie?n; ii?ooaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy caci??a i?ae aaeuei?aieie eieiaeeaie oa aa?aaaiii oa ?i. Aecia/aiiy iiooaeiino? iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao i?iaiaeeeiny ia aeeiai?/iiio ?aaeei? i?e a?eueiiio aea?ao aaoiiia?ey ia noaiae?. Ia i’yoiio aoai? i?iaiaeeeany ioe?iea iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao noaiaea c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie ?ia?oe?eiei oa neeiaei niiniaaie. A caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo ioe?iaii iiieeeo aei???a, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeino? oa oa?i?io cai??o, ? anoaiiaeaii ui aiia ia ia?aaeuo? 3%. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui EEAe eaaeiaiai ea?ath?aoi?iiai aaoiiia?ey ia ia?aaeuo? 15 %. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? oa iaaaioaaeaiiy EEAe c?inoa?. A?ao?e caeaaeiino? EEAe aaoiiia?ey a?ae oaeaeeino? oa iaaaioaaeaiiy, io?eiaiee ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie, iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 3. ?en. 3. Caeaaei?noue EEAe aaoiiia?ey AAC-31029 a?ae oaeaeeino? oa iiooaeiino? ia eieanao i?e “?on?” ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ia?aaeaoi/iiai /enea ei?iaee ia?aaea/ EEAe aaoiiia?ey ciaioo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 10…15 %. Aaee/eia EEAe aaoiiia?ey caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio aeaeaoia ? o?aini?n??. EEAe “i?ia??oiai” aaoiiia?ey a na?aaeiueiio ia 15…20 % aeuee, i?ae “oieiaeiiai”. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee cia/iee aieea ia EEAe aaoiiia?ey oaoi?/iiai noaio nenoai caiaethaaiiy oa aeeaeaiiy aeaeaoia (aeea. ?en. 4). Oae, /a?ac iani?aaiino? nenoaie aeeaeaiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey iiaea ciaioeoeny ia 20…30 %, nenoaie caiaethaaiiy - ia 25…50 %, o?aini?n?? – ia 25…35%, i?aea?nee – ia 5…8 %, eie?n – ia 15…25 %. Cieaeaiiy oeneo iia?o?y a oeiao ia 25 % i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaae?iiy EEAe ia 10…15 %. Aieea ?ioeo iani?aaiinoae ia EEAe aaoiiia?ey iaaaaeaii a oaae. ?en. 4. Aieea iniiaieo iani?aaiinoae nenoai ? aa?aaao?a aaoiiia?ey ia EEAe aaoiiia?ey i?e “?on?” ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie. O iacia/i?e i??? aieeaathoue ia ci?io EEAe aaoiiia?ey iani?aaiino?, aeeeeeai? ciiooaaiiyi. O oe?e ?iaio? iaoai?/i? ao?aoe o aeaeaoi? oa o?aini?n?? aecia/aeeny ca “aea?aii” aaaeo/eo eie?n aaoiiia?ey ia ?ieeeiaiio noaiae?. I?eeiaeiny, ui neea iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao ae?aaeaia iie?iii?aeueiith caeaaei?noth 2 aai 3 nooiaiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? ?ooo aaoiiia?ey. Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ia/eneaii ca ??aiyii?i aaeaino nee i?e a?eueiiio aea?ao aaoiiia?ey, aeey aeiaaeeo eaaae?aoii? caeaaeiino?: wmetafile8? ??r???w???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??“?? ???&? ?MathType??A????u????????????-??????@?????????e??? ?X ???u¦yY?????wmetafile8? ??r???x???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? Aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??f?? ???&? ?MathType??????u????????????-?????`’???`j???`? ???`U ???u?th??????A ?iaio? iaea?aeai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aeey caeaaeiino? 2-ai ? 3-ai nooiaiy neee iaoai?/ieo ao?ao aeaeaoia, o?aini?n?? oa eie?n aaoiiia?ey, a oaeiae iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao noaiaea. I?e oaeaeeino? 50 ei/aiae. neea iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao a aeaeaoi? aaoiiia?ey AAC-31029 neeaaea? 200 I, o?aini?n?? – 80 I, a eieanao – 50 I. Ia ?en. 5 iaaaaeai? a?ao?ee aieeao ie?aieo iani?aaiinoae o?aini?n?? oa eie?n ia aaee/eio iiooaeiino? iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui cieaeaiiy oeneo iia?o?y a oeiao ia 25% i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy iiooaeiino? iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao ia 25%; caoe?aiiy aaeuei?aieo aa?aaai?a – ia 35%; i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ianea – ia 5%. ?en. 5. Aieea iniiaieo iani?aaiinoae aa?aaao?a o?aini?n?? ? eie?n ia iaoai?/i? ao?aoe aaoiiia?ey i?e “?on?” ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie Cia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe?? iiaea aooe i?aeaeuaia oeyoii i?aeai?o ?aaeei?a ?ooo aaoiiia?ey, i?aeo?eiaiiy nenoai a oaoi?/ii ni?aaiiio noai?, oaeineiiaeaiiyi ?iaioe nenoai aeaeaoia, o?aini?n?? oa eie?n. Iaeiei c oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey ? canoinoaaiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo aiiiaai?caoi??a, ?ic?iaeaieo o OAeAAeOO. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o oeueiio iai?yieo iieacaee i?aeaeuaiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey ia 2…5%, a ia aeayeeo ?aaeeiao – aei 8%. I`yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaoiiia?ey ca ci?iith eiai EEAe. Iaoiaeeea ae?aaiinooaaiiy caaaeueiiai noaio aaoiiia?ey iieyaa? o aecia/aii? cia/aiue EEAe aaoiiia?ey i?e iaaieo oaeaee?nieo oa iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe aaoiiia?ey ca aeiiiiiaith ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?eeaae?a ia noaiae? c a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie. Oeyoii i?ioenoaaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c aoaeiiieie (?ic?aooieiaeie aai aenia?eiaioaeueieie) cia/aiiyie iiaeeeai c`ynoaaoe caaaeueiee oaoi?/iee noai aaoiiia?ey: wmetafile8? ??????o???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? `@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy? ???? ???&? ?MathType??A????u????????????-?????6™???6t????®??? ?” ???u`y??????aea wmetafile8? ??e???? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy???ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`? ???u y?????? A oaae. 2 iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioa oaoi?/iiai noaio a?ae aeayeeo iniiaieo iani?aaiinoae, ui aeieeathoue a aa?aaaoao aaoiiia?ey. A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaia a?aie/ia ci?ia cia/aiiy wmetafile8? ?????)???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`? ???u y??????Aecia/aiiy i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy iani?aaiino? caniiaaii ia iae?i?eiiio oa?aeoa?? aieeao iani?aaiinoae nenoai aaoiiia?ey ia EEAe a ??cieo oi/eao oaeaee?nii? oa iaaaioaaeoaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoee. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?ey ia ci?io EEAe aaoiiia?ey i?e iaaieo oaeaee?nieo oa iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo ?aaeeiao aoee io?eiai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aij nenoaie ??aiyiiy: wmetafile8? ??????(??????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyya ??|?? ???&? ?MathType??@ ???u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??????? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy&??????†?? ???&? ?MathType??0? ???u?th???????ic`aycaiiy nenoaie ??aiyiue caiaeeoueny aei aecia/aiiy xi, oiaoi a?aeoeeaiiy cia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey i?e iayaiino? iaaii? iani?aaiino?. I?ioenoaaeyth/? cia/aiiy xi c a?aie/iei aeiionoeiei a?aeoeeaiiyi xyi, ui a?aoiao? aeiionoeio ci?io a?aeiia?aeiiai ia?aiao?o, a oaeiae iioeaeo aei??o ? ?ic?aooieo, ?iaeii aeniiaie i?i iayai?noue a?aeiia?aeii? iani?aaiino?: wmetafile8? ??/???%???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??p? ???u y??????Canoinoaaiiy a i?ioean? ae?aaiinooaaiiy IAII aeicaiey? ca ?ic?iaeaiith i?ia?aiith i?iaanoe ia?iaeo cia/aiue EEAe aaoiiia?ey, io?eiaieo ia caaeaieo oaeaee?nieo oa iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo ?aaeeiao, ii??aiyoe ?o c aoaeiiieie cia/aiiyie, io?eiaieie ?ic?aooieiaei oeyoii ca iaoaiaoe/iith iiaeaeeth aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey aai c iaeiie/aii? aace aeaieo ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiia?aaei?o cai???a, c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i oaoi?/iee noai aaoiiia?ey ? caianoe ?acoeueoaoe cai??o a a?o?aio aaco aeaieo. I?aeeeth/aiiy aei aei??thaaeueii? nenoaie AII ?c caniaaie aaaaeaiiy-aeaaaeaiiy oa i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi aeicaiey? noai?eoe aaoiiaoeciaaio nenoaio oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii ae?aaiinooaaiiy ? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. Oaea nenoaia aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe a??ia?aei?noue i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy aaoiiia?ey, ca?eueoeoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ? cieceoe eiia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy iiieeie. Ioe?iea noaio o?ainii?oiiai caniao ca aac?ici??iei oaoi?/iei iieacieeii EEAe aaoiiia?ey ia oa?aeoa?eco? iiaiith i??ith aoaeoeai?noue aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?ey ? iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo ae?e. Oiio aoa aaaaeaiee aac?ici??iee aa?o?niee iieaciee – oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee EEAe, yeee aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith io?eiaiiai i?eaooeo a?ae ?iaioe aaoiiia?ey ia e?i?? aei aeeiiaii? o?ainii?oii? ?iaioe, ae?aaeaii? a iaeeieoeyo aa?oino?: wmetafile8? ??R???V???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy@??Y?? ???&? ?MathType??A????u????????????-????? ??? B??? AE ??? i ??? r??? ; ???u?th??????C o?aooaaiiyi o?ainii?oii? ?iaioe ? aeo?ao, iaiao?aeieo ia ?? aeeiiaiiy, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee EEAe ae?aaea?oueny /a?ac e?i?eio aeo?aoo iaeeaa ca oi?ioeith: wmetafile8? ??©???o??????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @ @>???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy?>??ue?? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???uthY?????Aieea iani?aaiinoae ia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee EEAe iaaaaeaii
o oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ci?ia eiao?oe??ioa oaoi?/iiai noaio oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai EEAe a?ae
aeayeeo iani?aaiinoae

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??Caaaeuei? aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

1. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a OAeAAeOO, a oaeiae ia iiaeaeueoei
?icaeoeii oai??? oa i?aeoeee aenieoaoaoe??, ae?aaiinooaaiiy ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio o?ainii?oieo iaoei.

2. A ?iaio? ae??oo?oueny i?iaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa yeino?
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio aaoiiia?ey oeyoii cieaeaiiy
o?oaeii?noeino? i?ioeano ae?aaiinooaaiiy, eiai aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?
i?aeaeuaiiy eiia??iino? io?eiaii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

3. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aecia/aiiy EEAe aaioaaeieo oa eaaeiaeo
aaoiiia?e?a, ui iia’ycothoue eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? aaoiiia?e?a ca
??cieie oiiaaie ?o ?iaioe /a?ac iniiaiee aenieoaoaoe?eiee ia?aiao? —
na?aaeith oaoi?/io oaeaee?noue ?ooo. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie
?ic?aooie?a ca iaoaiaoe/ieie iiaeaeyie ia AII, ui aeicaiethoue aecia/aoe
EEAe aaoiiia?e?a i?e ??cieo ?aaeeiao ?ooo.

4. Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui EEAe aaoiiia?ey c
ea?ath?aoi?iei aeaeaoiii o aeia?eo aei?iaei?o oiiaao ci?iththoueny o
iaaeao 0.11… 0.12, a o iiaaieo cieaeo?oueny aei 0.05… 0.07. Aeey
ii?iaeiueiai aaoiiia?ey EEAe aaoiiia?ey aeaui iaiueo?, i?ae aeey
iaaaioaaeaiiai. Aeey aeecaeueieo aaoiiia?e?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae
aei?iaei?o oiia ha ci?ith?oueny o iaaeao 0.15… 0.20. Aeey
iaaaioaaeaiiai aaoiiia?ey ha a?eueoee, i?ae aeey ii?iaeiueiai, ? oey
??cieoey iniaeeai aeyaey?oueny i?e ?iaio? o aaaeeeo aei?iaei?o oiiaao.

5. Iaoai?/i? aeo?aoe o neeiaeo aa?aaaoao, o?aini?n?? oa eieanao
aecia/athoueny oeyoii i?ie?o/oaaiiy a?aiaeie aa?aaaiaie aaaeo/eo eie?n
aaoiiia?ey c iaaiith oaeaee?noth i?e aei??? e?ooiiai iiiaioo ia
aa?aaaiao noaiaeo. EEAe ie?aieo aa?aaao?a aecia/athoueny iine?aeiaii,
ii/eiath/e c eie?n aaoiiia?ey, iaoiaeii aeeeth/aiiy iaoai?/ieo aeo?ao
eie?n, o?aini?n?? oa aeaeaoia.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiia?ey o oe?eiio oa
ie?aii eiai neeiaeo aa?aaao?a, aeicaiey? ia o?eueee aeyaeoe aia?aaoe/i?
aeo?aoe ? iinoaaeoe eiie?aoiee ae?aaiic, aea ? i?aeaeuoaaoe eiao?oe??ioe
ei?enii? ae?? ca ?aooiie onoiaiiy iao?oaeii?noeeo iani?aaiinoae ?
canoinoaaiiy aiiiaai?caoi??a OAAe?, ui i?aeaeuothoue hi ia 4… 5% ?
ciaioothoue aeeeae iiiiieneaeo aoaeaoeth o 3… 4 ?ace.

7. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie ae?aaiinooaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi AII
aeey cae?aiiy, caa??aaiiy oa ia?iaee ae?aaiinoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

8. Iiaa iaoiaeeea ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio aa?aaao?a aaoiiia?e?a
oai?iaaaeaeaia ia ia?anoaii? noaioe?? ae?aaiinoeee.
Aei?iaoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ia eaai?aoi??y io?eiaea aoanoao ae?aaeeoaoe??
Aea?aenoaiaea?oo Oe?a?ie (25.12.1998 ?. ? 100-0217198). Aeei?enoiaoeanue
i?e aeeiiaii? ainiaeiaia??ieo ?ia?o oa i?e i?iaaaeaii? oaoiaeyaeo
aaoiiia?e?a ni?eueii c AeA?.

9. Aeeiiai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?iei
oai?iaaaeaeai? o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean i?e aeeiiaii? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c
aeei?enoaiiyi IAII c eo?no “Oai??y aenieoaoaoe?? o?ainii?oieo (eieanieo)
iaoei”.

Iniiaiee ci?no iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a ianooiieo
i?aoeyo:

1. E?eaioaiia N. E. Aeeyiea ninoiyiey nenoaiu ieoaiey aeaeaaoaey ia
eiyooeoeeaio iieaciiai aeaenoaey aaoiiiaeey. // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1999. — ? 49. –
N. 91-94.

2. Aiai?ouaiei I.ss., E?eaioaiia N.E. Ii?aaeaeaiea iaoaie/aneeo iioa?ue
a o?ainiennee aaoiiiaeeae ia noaiaea n aaaiaeie aa?aaaiaie. // Aanoiee
OAAAeOO : Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia, Auione ?7 — Oa?ueeia: ?EI OAAAeOO,
1998. — N. 15-18. (iniaenoee aianie 50 %).

3. E?eaioaiia N.E. Ioeaiea aaoiiiaeey ii eiyooeoeeaioo iieaciiai
aeaenoaey. // Aanoiee OAAAeOO : Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia, Auione ?4 —
Oa?ueeia: OAAAeOO, 1996. — N. 12-15.

4. Ia?ioo E.A., E?eaioaiia N.E. Oaoiieiaey aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey
oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey eaaeiauo aaoiiiaeeae a aei?iaeiuo oneiaeyo n
iiiiuueth IAeN-AAE. // Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey ii i?iaeaia
caueou aicaeooiiai aannaeia io a?aaeiuo aua?inia aaoio?ainii?oiuo
n?aaenoa. — Oa?ueeia: OAAAeOO, 1997. — N. 31-33. (iniaenoee aianie 50
%).

5. Govoruchenko N.Y., Krivoshapov S.I. The feature the diagnosing of
automobile on power-generation criterion in conditions of low
temperaturis. // Operation efficiency increase of wheel and track
machines severity operating conditions : Proceedinge of the
international scientific and technical conference November 20-22 1996 y.
— Tyumen, 1996. — P. 33-36. (iniaenoee aianie 50 %).

6. Aiai?ouaiei I.ss., E?eaioaiia N.E. Iauaa aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea aaoiiiaeey
ii yia?aaoe/aneiio e?eoa?eth. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia e niiauaiee
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. — Oa?ueeia: OAAAeOO,
1996. (iniaenoee aianie 50 %).

AIIOAOeIssAIIOAOeIss

OAeE 629.113.004. E?eaioaiia N.I. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee oa aeai?eoio
caaaeueiiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy aaoiiiaie?a ca ciiiith eiaoeoe??ioa ei?enii?
ae??. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe ca
niaoeiaeueiinoth 05.22.10 — Aenieoaoaoeiy aaoiiiaieueiiai o?ainii?oo. —
Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee aaoiiiaieueii-aei?iaei?e oaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Oa?eia, 1999.

A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo i aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo caaaeueiiai aeiaaiinooaaiiy aaoiiiaiey ca ciiiith EEAe
aaoiiiaiey ia noaiae? c aiaiaeie aa?aaaiaie; ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue aiae?oe/iiai aecia/aiiy EEAe aaoiiiaiey, yea a?aoiao? oiiae
aenieoaoaoei? i iniaeeaino? aeiaaiinooaaiiy ia aa?aaaiieo noaiaeao;
onoaiiaeaii caeiiiii?iino? ciiie EEAe aaoiiiaiey a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oaoii/iiai noaio, iaea?aeaii ei?aeyoeiei? caeaaeiino?; ?ic?iaeaii
aeiaaiinoi/ia iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aeii?thaaiiy EEAe aaoiiiaiey. Iaea?aeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
oai?aoe/i? i?eiouaiiy.

Eeth/iai neiaa: Caaaeueia aeiaaiinoeea, caniae aeiaaiinoeee, EEAe
aaoiiiaiey, aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe, neeiaa aca?iiaeiy.

ABSTRACTABSTRACT

Krivoshapov S.I. The research of method and means of general diagnostic
of the automobiles on changes of efficiency. — Manuscript.

Thesis on the searching of the scientific degree of the Candidate of
Sciences (Technology) on the speciality 05.22.10. — Exploitation of
automobile transport. — Kharkov State Automobile-Highway Technical
University, Ukranian`s Departament of Education, Kharkov, 1999.

The technique of general diagnosing of automobile on change of its
efficiency on roller chassi dynamometer is developed as a result of
theoretical and experimental researches . The mathematical model of
analytical efficiency determination of automobile, accounting condition
of operation and feature of diagnosing on roller stands is developed.
The law of efficiency change of automobile from technical condition is
established, the correlation dependencies are obtained.The diagnostic
equipment for measurement of efficiency of automobile is developed. The
experimental research results confirms the theoretical preconditions.

The key words: the general diagnostics, diagnostic means, efficiency of
automobile, power-generating losses, power interaction.

AIIIOAOeEssAIIIOAOeEss

OAeE 629.113.004. E?eaioaiia N.E. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee e aeai?eoia
iauaai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey aaoiiiaeeae ii eciaiaieth eiyooeoeeaioa
iieaciiai aeaenoaey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.10 — yenieoaoaoeey aaoiiiaeeueiiai o?ainii?oa.
— Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aaoiiiaeeueii-aei?iaeiue oaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Oa?eia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino oai?aoe/aneiai e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
ii?aaeaeaiey EIAe aaoiiiaeey e eniieueciaaieth yoiai iieacaoaey a
ea/anoaa aeeaaiinoe/aneiai e?eoa?ey.

A ?aaioa i?iecaaaeai aiaeec iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa iauae aeeaaiinoeee
aaoiiiaeey, a oaeaea iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae ii?aaeaeaiey EIAe
aaoiiiaeey, ia iniiaaiee eioi?iai naeaeai auaiae i iaiaeiicia/iinoe
oieeiaaiey yoiai ia?aiao?a ?aciuie aaoi?aie.

A ?acoeueoaoa oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee
?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aiaeeoe/aneiai ii?aaeaeaiey EIAe
aaoiiiaeey ia aei?iaa, n o/aoii oneiaee yenieoaoaoeee aaoiiiaeey e
iniaaiiinoae aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey ia noaiaeao n aaaiauie aa?aaaiaie;
onoaiiaeaia caeiiiia?iinoue eciaiaiey EIAe aaoiiiaeey io oaoie/aneiai
ninoiyiey iniiaiuo aa?aaaoia aaoiiiaeey; ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iauaai
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey aaoiiiaeey ii eciaiaieth EIAe aaoiiiaeey ia noaiaea n
aaaiauie aa?aaaiaie; ?ac?aaioaii aeeaaiinoe/aneia iai?oaeiaaiea aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey EIAe aaoiiiaeey.

A ?aaioa i?aaeeaaaaony i?iecaiaeeoue aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea aaoiiiaeey ii
iniiaiiio yia?aaoe/aneiio iieacaoaeth — eiyooeoeeaioo iieaciiai
aeaenoaey. Aeey ioeaiee noaiaie eciaiaiey EIAe aue i?aaeeiaeai
eiyooeoeeaio oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey aaoiiiaeey. Ioeeiiaiea oneiaee
ecia?aiey EIAe aaoiiiaeey i?aaeeaaaaony ei??aeoe?iaaoue oaiia?aoo?iui e
noaiaeiaui eiyooeoeeaioaie.

A ?acoeueoaoa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii cia/eoaeueiia
aeeyiea ia aaee/eio EIAe aaoiiiaeey oaeeo iaeni?aaiinoae, eae ia?ooaiey
?aaiou caaeeaaiey (aei 30 %) e oiieeaiie nenoaiu (ia 25 %), ninoiyiey
iiaeaanee e eiean (aei 15%). Iaiueoaa aeeyiea ia EIAe aaoiiiaeey
ieacuaatho iaoaie/aneea iioa?e a aeaeaaoaea e o?ainiennee, iiyoiio
ii?aaeaeaiea iaeni?aaiinoae, naycaiiuo n oaaee/aieai iaoaie/aneeo
iioa?ue, i?aaeeaaaaony i?iecaiaeeoue ii “auaaao” aaoiiiaeey ia noaiaea.
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey iaoaie/aneeo iioa?ue a aa?aaaoao
aaoiiiaeey aac eo ?acai?ee ia noaiaea n aaaiauie aa?aaaiaie. Ii
?acoeueoaoai yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee ii?aaeaeaii aeeyiea
?aciiai ?iaea iaeni?aaiinoae ia eiyooeoeeaio oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eni?aaiui aaoiiiaeeue iiaeii n/eoaoue i?e eciaiaiee
yoiai iieacaoaey n 1 aei 0,9.

Ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe yenieoaoaoeee aaoiiiaeey
i?iecaiaeeeanue ii aaaaeaiiiio iieacaoaeth — oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneiio
EIAe. Aeaiiue iieacaoaeue iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai a ea/anoaa e?eoa?ey
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?iaaaeaiey oaoie/aneeo aicaeaenoaee e i?ae?auaiey
yenieoaoaoeee o?ainii?oiiai n?aaenoaa.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea i?e ?ac?aaioea
eiino?oeoeaiiai e i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey aaoiiiaeey, iniiaaiiie ia eniieueciaaiee YAI e
n?aaenoa nii?yaeaiey. I?eiaiaiea oaeie nenoaiu iicaieyao iiauneoue
oi/iinoue e aeinoiaa?iinoue aeeaaiinoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee e nie?aoeoue
o?oaeiaieinoue i?ioeanna aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Iauay aeeaaiinoeea, n?aaenoaa aeeaaiinoeee, EIAe
aaoiiiaeey, yia?aaoe/aneea iioa?e, neeiaia acaeiiaeaenoaea.

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