?INOEOOO I*IEO OAI?IA ? OEAIEIII? OA?AI??

?I. A. I. O?EAOIAA

O?II?IA

Na?oeaia Aeueo?aae?aia

OAeE 617.77-007.217-053.1-089

?IC?IAEA EIIIEAENIIAI IAOIAeO O??O?A?*IIAI

E?EOAAIIss A?IAeAEAIIAI NEIAe?IIO AEAOA?IO?IICO

14.01.18 – I/i? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999 ?

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I.
O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Aia?iaa Iaae?y Oaaei??aia

?inoeooo i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii?
oa?ai??

?i. A.I.O?eaoiaa, ea??aiee
a?aeae?eaiiy aeeoy/i?

iooaeueiieia??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?o Aaea??e A?eoi?iae/

?inoeooo i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii?
oa?ai??

?i. A.I. O?eaoiaa, ea??aiee
eaai?aoi??? iaoieia?/ii?

ii?oieia?? oa ?ioiieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?aioue?aa Ethaeieea Na?a??aia,

?inoeooo i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I. O?eaoiaa, ea??aiee
a?aeae?eaiiy iooaeueiiiieieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aacae?oei Iaaei Aiae??eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i/ieo
oai?ia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y,
eaoaae?a

i/ieo oai?ia, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 19 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.556.01 a
?inoeooo? i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I.O?eaoiaa ca
aae?anith: 270061, i.Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 49/51.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i/ieo
oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I.O?eaoiaa (aae?ana: 270061, i.Iaeana,
O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 49/51).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 10 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iiiiia?/oe A.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Neiae?ii aeaoa?io?iico ? aaaeeith a?iaeaeaiith iaoieia??th aeiiii?aeiiai
aia?aoo iea oa i?a?oe o ae?oae, noai?thth/e, ca aeaieie ?yaea aaoi??a,
a?ae 6 aei 20-24 % aei caaaeueiiai /enea a?iaeaeaieo ioic?a aa?oiuei?
iia?ee o ae?oae (O??iaiei A.I., 1977; Eaaaa?i A.A., 1988; Beyer-Machule
Ch.K., 1988; Aciaaa?a I.O. c ni?aaao., 1994).

Iniiaia ee?i?/ia o??aaea neiioii?a — iiaiee ioic aa?oiuei? iia?ee,
cai?ioiee ai?eaioon, nei?i/aiiy i/ii? u?eeie – oi?io? iniaeeaee
neiioiiieiiieaen, yeee i?aaenoaaey? niaith cia/iee einiaoe/iee aeaoaeo,
o?aaioth/ee ineo?eo aeeoeie, caaaaeath/ee ?? aaeaioaoe?? a nioe?aeueieo
oiiaao. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?iceaaee i?aaio ci?o, aeieeath/? i?e neiae?ii?
aeaoa?io?iico, iia’ycai? c iino?eiei iaiiaiei ?ice?eooyi i/ieo u?eei
aiane?aeie iiaiiai ioico aa?oiuei? iia?ee ? i?iyaeythoueny cieaeaiiyi
aino?ioe ci?o, i?e/eiith yeiai ? ?icaeoie ianeo?aoe?eii? aiae?ii??,
?iceaaeiaiiyi a?iieoey?iiai ci?o, ?icaeoeii einiieino? (O??iaiei A.I.,
1983; Nadera W., 1992; Konen W. et al, 1993; Lawson C.T. et al, 1995).

Aea/aiiy neiae?iio aei oaia??oiueiai /ano iaiaaeoaaeinue iienii
ciai?oi?o ee?i?/ieo iciae neiioiiieiiieaeno oa ie?aieo eiai
iniaeeainoae, ye? aeyaeyeeny i?ae /an o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue (Oley
Ch.,1988; Jewett N. et al, 1993). E?euee?noue ee?i?/ieo aeiaaee?a o
a?eueoino? ?ia?o aoea iaeeie/iith, ui ia aoei aeinoia??iei aeey
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co (Eaaaa?i A.?., 1988; Nakajima T. et al, 1991;
Fujita H., 1992; Boccone L., 1994; Amano T., 1995). A?aeiiinoae i?i
oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea ?
i?a?oe oa ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oeaiei oe??? iaeano? i?e neiae?ii?
aeaoa?io?iico o aeinooii?e e?oa?aoo?? iaie ia ciaeaeaii.

Iniiaiee i?aeo?ae aei o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico,
yeee neeaany o oaia??oi?e /an, i?noeoueny o iiaoaii?e ei?aeoe?? ie?aieo
neeaaeath/eo eiai neiioii?a. I?e oeueiio aeey ei?aeoe?? iniiaii? eaiee
neiioiiieiiieaeno – iiouaiiy aa?oiuei? iia?ee – ??cieie
iooaeueiio??o?aaie i?iiiioaaeenue ye iia?aoe?? i?aea?ooth/iai oeio, i?e
yeeo ooieoe?y eaaaoi?o aa?oiuei? iia?ee ia?aiineoueny ia eiaiee i’yc
(Morax S., 1986; Beyer-Machule Ch.K., 1988; Wilson M.E., Johnson R.W.,
1991; ?oaoeaoia ?.O., ?neaiaea?ia ?.O., 1995), oae ? iia?aoe??
aaciina?aaeiuei ia i’yc? eaaaoi?o (O??iaiei A.I., 1983; Eaaaa?i A.?.,
1988; Eaoa?a I.A., 1995, 1996).

On?ia o??o?aaie, ye? aea/aee i?iaeaio ei?aeoe?? neiae?iio
aeaoa?io?ii-co, a?aecia/aeenue cia/i? o?oaeiiu? o i?iaaaeaii?
o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue ? iecueea aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy o ii??aiyii? c
?ioeie aeaeaie a?iaeaeaieo ioic?a o ae?oae (O??iaiei A.I., 1983; Eaoa?a
I.A., 1996). ?ic?iaeai? aei oaia??oiueiai /ano iaoiaeeee o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico ia caaaeaee aeicaieythoue aeiaeoeny
iiaiioe?iiiai o einiaoe/iiio oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiio a?aeiioaii?
?acoeueoaoo, ui iio?aao? i?iaaaeaiiy iiaoi?ieo, /anoi iaiaeii?aciaeo,
o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue.

Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaea iiaiai aoaeoeaiiai iaoiaeo o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??,
yeee a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico, i?iaaaeaia ia
iniia? aea/aiiy aiaoiii-oiiia?ao?/ii? iiaoaeiae i?a?oe oa
aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea i?e oe?e iaoieia??, ? aeooaeueiith ?
nai?/aniith.

Canoinoaaiiy iiaiai iaoiaeo aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue iaaeaiiy
ye?nii? aeiiiiiae ae?oyi c oaeith aaaeeith a?iaeaeaiith iaoieia??th
aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea oa i?a?oe, yeei ? neiae?ii aeaoa?io?iico,
cieceoe a?aenioie iiaoi?ieo ao?o/aiue, noai?eoe oiiae aeey iaeneiaeueii?
ei?aeoe?? anueiai neiioiiieiiieaeno c iaoith a?aeoai?aiiy i?aaeeueii?
aiaoii?/ii? iiaoaeiae ? ooieoe?iiaeueii? cae?aiino? aeiiii?aeiiai
aia?aoo iea, i?aeaeuaiiy iioe/ii? ooieoe?? i?aaio ci?o.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie

O?aaiaioe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoee aei IAe? ?inoeoooo i/ieo
oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i A.I.O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie: «?ic?iaea
iiaeo o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ae?oae c a?iaeaeaieie
oneeaaeiaieie ioicaie, aaeeeeie ci?oaieie aaiaia?iiaie iia?e,
iai?io?aei?noth neueici-iiniaiai aia?aoo» (? aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
0196U002783).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o??o?a?/ii?
ei?aeoe?? a?iaeaeaiiai neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico o ae?oae oeyoii ?ic?iaee
iiaiai iaoiaeo o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ia iniia? iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy
ee?i?/ieo, oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aeacaii?
iaoieia??.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe ee?i?/i? oa oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae i?a?oe
oa aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea o ae?oae c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico.

2.Aea/eoe ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oeaieiieo no?oeoo? aeiiii?aeiiai
aia?aoo iea i?e

neiae?ii? aeaoa?io?iico.

Aea/eoe oa?aeoa? oniaaeeoaaiiy neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico.

?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio iaoiaeeeo iaeiiiiiaioiiai o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
neiae?iio

aeaoa?io?iico oa aea/eoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

Oaeineiiaeeoe o??o?a?/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoeaieo
ao?o/aiue ii

onoiaiith ioico oa ai?eaioono.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy ae?oae c a?iaeaeaiei neiae?iiii
aeaoa?io?iico ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo iaai?oii-?aciiainii? oiiia?ao??
iaea?aeai? oa iienai? i?eaeeoo?ai aeyaeai? ?ai?oa iaa?aeii? oiiia?ao?/i?
iniaeeaino? aoaeiae no?oeoo? aa?oiuei? iia?ee oa ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo
i?a?oe i?e neiae?ii? aeaoa?io?iico: 1) aei’y/oaaiiy oa?cii?a?oaeueii?
oanoe?? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ia’?io i?aaiiiaa?ioe/ii? aee?iai? ee?oeiaeie; 2)
iioiauaiiy noai?a?-eoey?iiai oa?o aee?iai? ee?oeiaeie; 3) nei?i/aiiy ?
iioiauaiiy ?ooiii? /anoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee; 4) neaaea ae?aaeai?noue ?
iecueea ?icoaooaaiiy iaeueiaa?aeueii? ai?icie.

Aia?oa aeyaeai? ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae i’yeeo
oeaiei aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea i?e neiae?ii? aeaoa?io?iico, ye?
i?noyoueny a ?yae? iaoieia?/ieo iciae a iiaoaeia? i’yciaeo aieieii,
caeicenoeo ? ia?aiaeo ooai?aiue, ye? a oe?eiio iathoue aeaaaia?aoeaiee
oa?aeoa?, a o /anoeie oai?eo noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeo?aeieie caiaeueieie
ci?iaie. I?e oeueiio aeyaeaii iaaaoeaiee aieea aeo?aeiiai o?ii?/iiai
caiaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei ia ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia iaoiaaiaoe/ii ni?yiiaaia iaoiaeeea
iaeiiiiiaioiiai onoaaiiy ioico ? ai?eaioono i?e neiae?ii?
aeaoa?io?iico (A.n. ? 10404 A), yea aeicaiey? iaaeeceoe aei ii?ie
aiaoiii-oiiia?ao?/i? ni?aa?aeiineie no?oeoo? ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo
i?a?oe ? aa?oiuei? iia?ee, caaaeyee /iio cia/ii i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oe??? iaoieia??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? aeaieo i?eaeeoo?aeo aeine?aeaeaiue (iiaeeaeai?
ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ii?oiiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy, iaai?oii-?aciiainia
oiiia?ao?y) eiiieaenia iaoiaeeea iaeiiiiiaioii? ei?aeoe?? neiae?iio
aeaoa?io?iico aeicaieeea i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue
(aei 91,9 %), caaacia/eoe io?eiaiiy noaa?eueiiai einiaoe/iiai oa
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?acoeueoaoo e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia i?ioyc? 5 ?ie?a
niinoa?aaeaiue, i?aeoe/ii aeeeth/eoe ?icaeoie oneeaaeiaiue.

Oaeineiiaeaiee ?ino?oiaioa??e aeicaieea iieaaoeoe oa iioei?coaaoe
aeeiiaiiy iaea?eueo neeaaeieo oa o?oaeii?noeeo aoai?a o??o?a?/ieo
ao?o/aiue ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith.

Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo o ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi
aeicaieea aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? no?iee i?iaaaeaiiy o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue
– 11-12 ?ie?a ? noa?oa.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico
ai?iaaaeaeaia a ?iaioo a?aeae?eaiiy aeeoy/i? iooaeueiieia?? ?inoeoooo
i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I.O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?eo iaoieia?? i/ae o ae?oae oa a?aeae?eo o?aaiaoieia??,
?aeiino?oeoeaii? o??o?a?? oa i/iiai i?ioacoaaiiy Iineianueeiai
IAe? i/ieo oai?ia ?i. Aaeueiaieueoea. Aeaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno
“Iieacaiiy oa ianya ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo aeey o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??
a?iaeaeaiiai neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico”, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? yeiai
ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?iaioo i/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy Iaeaniiai aeeoy/iai
ee?i?/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy i. Aeiiaoeueea. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeeth/ai? aei i?ia?aie eaeoe?e oa i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue oaeoeueoaoo
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aeeiiai? ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy 47
ae?oae (94 iea) c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico, naiino?eii i?iaaaeai? 11
iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ca ?ic?iaeaiith i?ea?iaeueiith iaoiaeeeith.

Aaoi?ii ia?iaeai? oa i?iaiae?ciaai? ?noi??? oai?iae oa
aiaoeaoi?i? ea?oee 61 oai?iai, ye? ciaoiaeeeenue ia noaoe?iia?iiio
e?eoaaii? o a?aeae?eaii? aeeoy/i? iooaeueiieia?? oa i?e?io??o?a??
?inoeoooo i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I.O?eaoiaa AII
Oe?a?ie.

I?ae ea??aieoeoaii i?io. A?oa A.A. naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii
iaoiii?oieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy 88 c?ace?a oeaiei.

Iiaee iaoiae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iaeaeaiiai neiae?iio
aeaoa?io?iico (A.n. ? 10404 A) oa oaeineiiaeaiee o??o?a?/iee
?ino?oiaioa??e ?ic?iaeai? ni?eueii c ae.i.i. Aia?iaith I.O. ? e?ea?ai
O??iaiei A.I.; niin?a ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
ioic?a, oneeaaeiaieo aeaoa?io?iicii ? ai?eaioonii ?ic?iaeaii ni?eueii c
ae.i.i. Aia?iaith I.O., ?iaeaia?ii Iaeaaeiiii N.A., iia?aoi?ii AII Ooai
I.A.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeoy/eo
iooaeueiieia?a (Iaeana, 1992 ?.), I?aeia?iaeieo o??o?a?/ieo aeiyo aeey
iieiaeeo a/aieo (Ee?a, 1993 ?.), III I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
«I?e?io??o?a?y iea. Aieea i?aeaeuaieo aeic ?aae?aoe?? ia i?aai ci?o»
(Ee?a, 1994 ?.), 1 Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ae?oae c aaaeeith iaoieia??th ci?o»
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994 ?.), X Eiia?an? ?a?iiaenueeiai
iooaeueiieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (I?eai, 1995 ?.), 9 C’?cae?
iooaeueiieia?a Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1996 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ieanoe/aneay oe?o?aey i?eaeaoi/iiai aiia?aoa aeaca e
i?aeou” (Iineaa, 1996 ?.), O I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
«Iaeana-Aaioy» (Iaeana, 1997 ?.), XI Eiia?an? ?a?iiaenueeiai
iooaeueiieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Aoaeaiaoo, 1997 ?.), can?aeaiiyo
iaeaniiai iooaeueiieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (1994, 1996 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? o 18 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo,
ye? iiai?noth a?aeia?aaeathoue ci?no aeena?oaoe??. C ieo 4 noaoo? a
«Iooaeueiieia?/iiio aeo?iae?», 13 ioae?eaoe?e a ca??eao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, iaoa??aeao oa oacao eiia?an?a, c’?cae?a, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia ?in?enueeith iiaith, aeeeaaeaia ia 198
noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo. Neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a,
caeeth/aiiy ? aeniiae?a. ?ethno?iaaia 17 oaaeeoeyie, 42 iaethieaie, ye?
caeiathoue 34 noi??iee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 259 iaca ? ?ici?uo?oueny ia 25 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Aiae?c iniaeeainoae ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie ? oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ii? aoaeiae
i?a?oe ? aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea i?e neiae?ii? aeaoa?io?iico
aaco?oueny ia aeaieo aea/aiiy 108 ae?oae (216 i/ae) — c ieo
iniaenoeo niinoa?aaeaiue 47 ae?oae (94 iea) ? ?ic?iaee a?o?aieo ?noi??e
oai?iae 61 aeeoeie (122 iea).

Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o an?o ae?oae niinoa??aaeanue
eeane/ia o??aaea iniiaieo neiioii?a – iiaiee ioic aa?oiuei? iia?ee,
cai?ioiee ai?eaioon ? nei?i/aiiy i/ii? u?eeie. Iiaeeaeaia ee?i?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy a aeine?aei?e a?oi? (47 ae?oae – 94 iea) aeicaieeei aeyaeoe
?yae aeiaeaoeiaeo ye iooaeueiieia?/ieo, oae ? caaaeueiiniiaoe/ieo
neiioii?a

Na?aae neiioii?a, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei i?aaio ci?o iaea?eueo /anoi
niinoa??aaeenue: /anoeiaee aeai??o ieaeiuei? iia?ee (41,7 %),
iaoieia?y neueicieo i?aai?a (11,1%), einiie?noue ? i?noaai (ii 7,4
%). Na?aae caaaeueiiniiaoe/ieo neiioii?a a?aecia/aeenue: oe?iea ieinea
ia?ai?nny (13,8 %), «/aoaiiae?ai?» aooa (10,2 %), aeniea a?eaaeia
i?aeiaa?iiy (3,7 %).

C iaoith ia’?eoeaiiai aea/aiey noaio i/ii? u?eeie oa ?yaeo a?eueo
aeeaieeo no?oeoo? aa?oiuei? iia?ee oa aioo??oiueiai eooa iea, a oaeiae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i’yca eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee, a aeine?aei?e a?oi?
ae?oae (94 iea) aoee i?iaaaeai? /eneaii? ii?oiiao?e/i? cai??e. Aiie
aeeth/aee ia?aaeiia?aoe?eia aei??thaaiiy oe?eie oa aeiaaeeie i/ii?
u?eeie a niiei?, oe?eie i/ii? u?eeie i?e iai?oaeaii? eiaiiai i’yca,
ooieoe?? eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee, a oaeiae ?io?aiia?aoe?eia
aei??thaaiiy oe?eie o?yuiai? ieanoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee ? aeiaaeeie
aioo??oiuei? ca’ycee iia?e.

Ii?oiiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy oe?eie ? aeiaaeeie i/ii? u?eeie o ae?oae
??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ca aeaieie aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa a?o?aieie
iieacaee aeeiai?eo ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiue ?c c?inoaiiyi a?eo ae?oae. I?e
oeueiio o a?eueo noa?oeo ae?oae a?aecia/aeinue ye ca?eueoaiiy
i?i?iaeuei?o cia/aiue iieacieea, oae ? ia?aaaaa aeiaaee?a c a?eueoeie
eiai cia/aiiyie a iaaeao a?eiai? a?oie.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea ioe?ithaaany ca
nooiaiai caa?aaeaiiy ooieoe?? eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee. I?e oeueiio a
74,5 % aeiaaee?a eaaaoi? ia ooieoe?iioaaa, a a 25,5 % aeiaaee?a
cao?eniaaia iacia/ia ooieoe?y a iaaeao 1-4 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 0,75 + 0,1
ii).

Oe?eia o?yuiai? ieanoeie a na?aaei?e o?aoei? a aeine?aei?e a?oi?
aoea a iaaeao a?ae 7 aei 15 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 11,91 + 0,16 ii).
?io?aiia?aoe?eia aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae o?yuiai? ieanoeie i?e
aeaoa?io?iic? aeyaeei oa?aeoa?io oi?io ? no?oeoo?o oeueiai aiaoii?/iiai
ooai?aiiy o ae?oae c oe??th iaoieia??th — iayai?noue ae?aaeaiiai
iaai?aiiiae?aiiai aei’y/oaaiiy i?ieneiaeueiiai e?ath a na?aaei?e
o?aoei?, iane?aeeii yeiai ? cia/ia c?inoaiiy iiia?a/iiai ?ici??o o?yuo
a oe?e iaeano?. Ci?ie iae?ino?oeoo?e o?yuiai? ieanoeie
oa?aeoa?eciaaeenue iaiaeii??aei?noth, iayai?noth aee?iaeo aeeth/aiue,
ia??ai?noth iiaa?oi?. sse iane?aeie ci?ie iae?ino?oeoo?e,
niinoa??aaeanue ci?ia aeanoe/ieo yeinoae – ia a?aei?io a?ae ii?iaeueieo,
o?yuia? ieanoeie o ae?oae c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico aoee a?eueo
noeeuei? aei aeaoi?iaoe?e.

Aiiiaeueii aeeaiea ?icoaooaaiiy aioo??oiuei? ca’ycee iia?e aeyaeaii o
an?o ae?oae. Aei??thaaiiy oeueiai aiaoii?/iiai ooai?aiiy o 20 ae?oae (24
iea) iieacaee, ui aeiaaeeia ?? aoea a iaaeao a?ae 9 aei 14 ii,
neeaaeath/e a na?aaeiueiio 11,6 + 0,24 ii.

Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei ?ino?oiaioaeueiei iaoiaeii ianoaaeaiiy c’yaeany
iaoiae iaai?oii-?aciiainii? oiiia?ao?? (I?O), aia?oa canoiniaaiee iaie o
ae?oae c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico. Aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo
aeicaieeei i?eaeeoo?ai aeyaeoe ?yae ?ai?oa iaa?aeiieo iniaeeainoae
iiaoaeiae i’yeeo oeaiei ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo i?a?oe ? aeiiii?aeiiai
aia?aoo iea o ae?oae c oe??th iaoieia??th. Na?aae ieo: 1) aei’y/oaaiiy
oa?cii?a?oaeueii? oanoe?? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ia’?io i?aaiiiaa?ioe/ii?
aee?iai? ee?oeiaeie; 2) iioiauaiiy noai?a?-eoey?iiai oa?o aee?iai?
ee?oeiaeie; 3) nei?i/aiiy ? iioiauaiiy ?ooiii? /anoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee;
4) neaaea ae?aaeai?noue ? iecueea ?icoaooaaiiy iaeueiaa?aeueii? ai?icie,
ui a?aeiia?aea? ee?i?/iei aeaiei.

Ii?oieia?/ia aoaeiaa oeaiei aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea aea/aia o 23
oai?eo: aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ?acaeiaai? ae?eyiee aiiiaa?ioe/ii? /anoeie
i’yca eaaaoi?a (46 o?aaiaio?a) ? i?ieneiaeueii? /anoeie o?yuiai?
ieanoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee (42 o?aaiaioe). I?e oeueiio a 45 % aeiaaee?a
aia?oa a a?noii?aia?aoao aoee aeyaeai? aeo?aei? caiaeuei? ci?ie i’yeeo
oeaiei eaaaoi?a ? o?yuiai? ieanoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee o aeaeyae?
oieaeueii? ? aeeoocii? ?io?eueo?aoe?? c ia?aaaaith a ?io?eueo?ao?
eeioioeeo?a ??ciiai nooiaiy c??eino? ? aaeeeith e?euee?noth aiceiio?e?a.
Ca iaoei i?eiouaiiyi, o?ii?/ia caiaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei, iaiaaii, a?a?
iaaio ?ieue o iaoiaaiac? neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico, i?yii /e iia?/ii
aieeaath/e ia aioo??oo?iaia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo? oe??? iaeano?.

Aeey ooi/iaiiy oa?aeoa?o niaaeeiaino? oa aeyaeaiiy iia’ycaiiai c oeei
oeio neiae?iio, a oaeiae ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aioiino? neiae?iio
aeaoa?io?iico aoei i?iaaaeaii iaaeeei-aaiaoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy.
?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy aeiaaee, ui niaaeeiai-aeaoa?i?iiaaiee oa?aeoa?
neiae?iio iaa i?noea o 34,0 % ae?oae o aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Canoinoaaiiy
ee?i?ei-aaiaaeia?/iiai iaoiaeo aeicaieeei aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe
niaaeeia? aeiaaeee neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico ia 2 oeia ii Zlotogora.
Iaea?eueo aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy i?e oeueiio iaaoaa? aeyaeaiiy I oeio
neiae?iio, yeee noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ae?ii/ei aacie?aeaeyi.

A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooieo iaiao?aioiino? iaea?aeai? eiai cia/aiiy a
iaaeao 0,7 -1.0 (a na?aaeiueiio 0,86), ui na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo
iaiao?aioi?noue aeaiiai aaio ? iiaeeea?noue aeineoue aaeeeiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy iciaee a iiioeyoe?? ? ?eceeo eiai oniaaeeoaaiiy.

Aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo iaoiae?a o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??
neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico aea/ai? ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy 61
aeeoeie (112 i/ae) ca aeaieie a?o?aieo ?noi??e oai?iae ? 22 ae?oae (31
iei) aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue. Ae?oe aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia o?e i?aea?oie a
caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaiiai niiniao o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??. A ia?o?e
i?aea?oi? (27 ae?oae – 47 i/ae) aoa canoiniaaiee niin?a ?icae?eueiiai
onoaaiiy ioico oa ai?eaioono, aoaeoeai?noue yeiai neeaea 51,1 %. O
ae?oa?e i?aea?oi? (34 aeeoeie – 65 i/ae) canoiniaoaaany niin?a
iaeiiiiiaioiiai onoaaiiy ioico oa ai?eaioono ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iaoiaeeeaie, aoaeoeai?noue yeiai neeaea 55,4 %. A i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio
ia??iae? o ae?oa?e i?aea?oi? aoei a?aei?/aii ?yae oneeaaeiaiue:
aeaoi?iaoe?y oa aeai??o o?yuiai? ieanoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee a 7,6 %,
aeniiceoe?eiee ea?aoeo a 4,6 %. O?aoth eiio?ieueio i?aea?oio neeaee 22
aeeoeie (31 iei) ?c a?oie aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue, o yeeo iaeiiiiiaioia
ao?o/aiiy aoei aeiiiaiaii iaeeaaeaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaiai ?yaeo oe??iethth/eo
oa?a ia i?ieneiaeueiee e?ae o?yuiai? ieanoeie, ui i?eaaei aei c?inoaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy aei 81,3 %.

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy iaie
?ic?iaeaia iiaa eiiieaenia iaoiaeeea iaeiiiiiaioii? ei?aeoe?? neiae?iio
aeaoa?io?iico. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? io?eiaieo a ?acoeueoao?
aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeo aeaieo i?i ee?i?/i? oa aiaoiii-oiiia?ao?/i?
iniaeeaino? neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico oa aeaieo aiae?co iaaeinoaoiuei
aeniei? aoaeoeaiino? ? iayaieo oneeaaeiaiue o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ai?oa canoiniaoaaaoeony iaoiae?a ca aeaieie a?o?aiiai
iaoa??aeo.

Iaoiaeeea cae?enith?ueny oaeei /eiii:

— ?iaeyoue neeaaeii? eiio?ao?aoe?? ?ic??c oe??e ii ia?aaeaa/a?i?e
iaeueiaa?aeuei?e neeaaeoe? aa?oiuei? iia?ee c i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ia
aioo??oi?e eoo iea o aeaeyae? ai?eciioaeueii ?icoaoiaaiiai
«V»-iiae?aiiai ?ic??ca ?c ianooiiith a?aenaia?iaeith oe??ii-i’yciaiai
eineooo, yeee aeeth/a? oe??o oa i?a?eoey?iee i’yc ia anueiio i?ioyc?
aa?oiuei? iia?ee ? aioo??oiueiai eooa iea;

— a?ae aa?oeie «V»-iiae?aiiai ?ic??co a iaeano? aioo??oiueiai eooa
i?iaeiaaeothoue aeiciaaiee oe??ii-i’yciaee ?ic??c a ai?eciioaeueiiio
iai?yieo a noi?iio iina;

— aeae?eythoue aioo??oith c’ayceo iia?e, yeo iio?i i?ioeaathoue a i?noe?
i?ee??ieaiiy ?? aei ia??inoo ? a iaeano? neueiciiai i’ynoea; caoyaoaaiiy
? caa’ycoaaiiy e?aaoo?e oi?io? neeaaeeo (aeoae?eaoo?o) aioo??oiuei?
c’aycee, ui ? i?eaiaeeoue aei ?? nei?i/iiy;

— ?iaeyoue ?acaeoe?th i?ieneiaeueii? a?ia?ieaciaaii? ae?eyiee o?yua
aa?oiuei? iia?ee a iaaeao 2-4 ii a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy a?ia?ieac??;
ia e?a? ooai?aiiai aeaoaeoo iaeeaaeathoue aoceia? a?ioae, e?ioe?
yeeo aeaiaeyoue ia iiaa?oith aeae?eaiiai eaaaoi?o aa?oiuei? iia?ee
aeua i?noey ia?aaeaa/aii? ?acaeoe??;

— /anoeiai ?acaeothoue eaaaoi? aa?oiuei? iia?ee;

— iiaoi?ii o?enotho caeeoaio /anoeio eaaaoi?a aei o?yua o a?eiiai
eiai e?ath;

— ?iaeyoue ieanoeeo oe??e aioo??oiueiai eooa iea, ci?uoth/e i?e
oeueiio aanue a?aenaia?iaaiee oe??ii-i’yciaee eineoo a noi?iio iina.

A oe?eiio ?ic?iaeaia i?ea?iaeueia iaoiaeeea, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia? oae?
aaaeeea? ia?aaaae:

1. Aeae?eaiiy aaeeeiai oe??ii-i’yciaiai eineooo, yeee aeeth/a? oe??o
aioo??oiueiai eooa iea, aa?oiuei? iia?ee oa ni?eueiee aeey ieo
i?a?eoey?iee i’yc, aeicaiey? ciaioeoe iaoieia?/ia nei?i/aiiy i’yeeo
oeaiei, ye? ?icoaoiaai? iiia?aaeo a?ae oa?cii?a?oaeueii? oanoe?? ca
?aooiie ?o aecaieaiiy, iieaaoeoe ia?ai?uaiiy oeaieie i?ae /an
oe??yii? ieanoeee.

2. ?acaeoe?y aiiiaeueii? /anoeie o?yuiai? ieanoeie ? iaaeaiiy ?e
a?eueo i?aaeeueii? oi?ie oa ?ici???a caaacia/o? iaea?eueoa i?aeiyooy
aa?oiuei? iia?ee i?e iaeneiaeueiiio iaoyaoaaii? eaaaoi?a aac
oaiaeaioe?? aei aeai?ioo.

3. Aeiaeaoeiaa oiaia o?enaoe?y ?acaeiaaiiai eaaaoi?a aei o?yuiai?
ieanoeie a cii? ?acaeoe?? aa?aioo? a?ae aeai?ioo iia?e, a oaeiae
i?aeaeuo? iaae?ei?noue o?enaoe?? eaaaoi?a i?e iaeneiaeueiiio eiai
iaoyaiaii?.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy iaea?eueo o?oaeii?noeeo aoai?a iia?aoe?? ii
?ic?iaeai?e iaoiaeeoe? aoee oaeineiiaeai? i?ioeao aeey o?enaoe??
eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee oa aieea aeey i?ioeaaiiy aioo??oiuei?
c’aycee iia?e.

Ei?aeoe?y neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico ca ?ic?iaeaiith i?ea?iaeueiith
iaoiaeeeith ?c canoinoaaiiyi oaeineiiaeaiiai ?ino?oiaioa??y aeeiiaia o
32 ae?oae (ia 56 i/ao) o a?oe? a?ae 3 aei 16 ?ie?a.

A ?acoeueoao? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy o an?o i?iiia?iaaieo ae?oae
aoa iaea?aeai iiceoeaiee einiaoe/iee ? ooieoe?iiaeueiee ?acoeueoao.
Ioic ? ai?eaioon aoee onoioo?; i/ia u?eeia ?icoe?eeanue ia 2-7 ii (a
na?aaeiueiio 5,2 + 0,2 ii), aeinyaath/e 5-9 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 8,2 +
20,12 ii), a oaeiaea iiaeiaaeeeanue ia 2-6 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 3,8 + 0,14
ii), aeinyaath/e i?ney iia?aoe?? 20-30 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 24,7 + 2,87
ii). Aoea noi?iiaaia neiao?e/ia iaeueiaa?aeueia neeaaeea.

Aeey a?eueo iiaii? ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee ci?i ia?aiao??a i/ii? u?eeie a
?acoeueoao? iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy o ae?oae c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico
iaie cai?iiiiiaai niin?a ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
ioic?a, oneeaaeiaieo aeaoa?io?iicii oa ai?eaioonii, yeee caniiao?oueny
ia aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ia/eneaii? ieiu? i/ii? u?eeie. ?acoeueoaoe
ia/eneaiiy oa ?o noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iieacaee, ui o an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao
a?aei?/aii noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy na?aaei?o cia/aiue ieiu?
i/ii? u?eeie ia 37,7- 60,0 % (a n?aaeiueiio 58,3 + 4,72 %) a
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeieie iieacieeaie.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee ?acoeueoao o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ae?aaeaany a iiya?
ooieoe?? eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee, yeui aiia aoea a?aenooiy oa ??
i?aeneeaii?, yeui aiia aoea iacia/iith. Iiyaa ooieoe?? eaaaoi?a i?ney
iia?aoe?? a?aei?/aia o an?o aeiaaeeao ?? a?aenooiino? ia?aae ao?o/aiiyi
(74,5 % a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?). Ca?eueoaiiy oeueiai iieacieea o
ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiei ??aiai neeaei 3-10 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 5,66 +
0,19 ii). O a?aeaeaeai? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiue aeinyaioo? cia/aiiy
ooieoe?? eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee 3-10 ii (a na?aaeiueiio 6,41 + 0,21
ii).

Aeoiaey/e c i?eeiyoeo e?eoa???a ioe?iee, aeia?ei ?acoeueoao aoa
aecia/ai ia 51 ioe?, ui neeaei 91,1 %.

O a?aeaeaeai? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiue — a?ae 2 i?nyoe?a aei 5 ?ie?a (a
na?aaeiueiio 15,2 + 2,4 i?nyoe?a), aoee ianoaaeai? 22 aeeoeie (37 i/ae).
C ieo, i? o iaeii? aeeoeie ia a?aei?/aii iia??oaiiy, iai?ioe, ii i???
noeoaiiy yaeu caiaeaiiy a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?, o 15 ae?oae
a?aecia/aii aeiaeaoeiaa ?icoe?aiiy i/ii? u?eeie a iaaeao 1-3 ii o
ii??aiyii? c aaciina?aaei?i niinoa?aaeaiiyi. Oaeei /eiii,
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ca aeaiei a?aeaeaeaieo niinoa?aaeaiue
neeaea 91,9 %.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iieacaa, ui aoaeoeai?noue
eiai i?aeaeuo?oueny ?c c?inoaiiyi a?eo ae?oae. Iaee?au? ?acoeueoaoe,
ca iaoei aeaiei, aoee io?eiai? o a?oe? 11-12 ?ie?a ? noa?oa. Ie
aaaaea?ii, ui iaeiith c oiia aeinyaiaiiy ae?aaeaiiai ? noaa?eueiiai
?acoeueoaoo o??o?a?/i? ei?aeoe?? ? iaaiee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oeaiei ? no?oeoo? ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo i?a?oe ?
aa?oiuei? iia?ee aeeoeie.

I?e c?noaaeaii? aoaeoeaiino? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ae?oae c aeaieie
ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa aoea aeyaeaia oaea
caeiiii??i?noue. I?e iayaiino? aeo?aeii? caiaeueii? ?io?eueo?aoe??
oeaiei aa?oiuei? iia?ee, ?acoeueoao iia?aoe?? aoa cia/ii a??oa. C 18
aeiaaee?a ?c ciaeaeaieie caiaeueieie ci?iaie a?iiaoaeo i?ney
iia?aoe?? niinoa??aaany o 6 aeiaaeeao ? iaio ae?aaeaiee, a ii??aiyii? c
?ioeie oai?eie, aoaeo (iaioa ?icoe?aiiy i/ii? u?eeie) oaeiae o 6
aeiaaeeao. A oe?eiio, na?aaeiy oe?eia i/ii? u?eeie a a?oi? ae?oae ?c
aeo?aeieie caiaeueieie ci?iaie i’yeeo oeaiei neeaea 7,5 ii, oiae? ye
o ?io?o ae?oae — 8,6 ii (??cieoey noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia).

Ia iaoo aeoieo, o?ii?/ia caiaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei, yea i?iaeiaaeo?oueny o
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?, iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia oaeaee?noue oa
ye?noue i?aai?caoe?? niieo/ii? oeaieie a iaeano? o??o?a?/iiai
ao?o/aiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai noaeaeaiiy oyaey?oueny aeioe?eueiei
i?ecia/aiiy a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? ae?oyi, a oeaieiao o yeeo
aeyaeai? ii?oieia?/i? iciaee caiaeaiiy, i?aia?ao?a, ye? iathoue
i?ioecaiaeueio oa aioea?noai?iio ae?th c iaoith ciaioaiiy ?nioth/i?
caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? ? i?io?eaeoeee ?? i?aeneeaiiy aiane?aeie
o??o?a?/ii? o?aaie.

Iaai?oii-?aciiainia aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea i?iaaaeaii o ae?oae c neiae?iiii
aeaoa?io?iico aei ? i?ney o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy ca ?ic?iaeaiith
iaoiaeeeith iieacaei iie?auaiiy oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo ni?aa?aeiinei
no?oeoo? ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo i?a?oe oa aa?oiuei? iia?ee, yea
ae?aaea?oueny o ciaioaii? aei’y/oaaiiy oa?cii?a?oaeueii? oanoe??,
ciaioaii? oiaueie ? iiaeiaaeaii? ?ooiii? /anoeie aa?oiuei? iia?ee,
ci?uaii? aeiaa?oo a a?eueo i?aaeeueio iiceoe?th iaeueiaa?aeueii?
ai?icie, ui aeaco? ia iaoiaaiaoe/io ni?yiiaai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaea.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaeaia iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae ae?oyi c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico aei
oaia??oiueiai /ano ia ciaeoea naiai iiaiiai ae??oaiiy o ca’yceo c
a?aenooi?noth ae/a?iieo aeaieo i?i ee?i?/i?, oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? oa
ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino? aeaii? iaoieia?? ? iaaeinoaoiueith
aoaeoeai?noth ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ?? o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe??.

2. I?eaeeoo?aa aeine?aeaeaiiy (iaai?oii-?aciiainia oiiia?ao?y)
oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo iniaeeainoae iiaoaeiae ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo
i?a?oa oa aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea i?e neiae?ii? aeaoa?io?iico aeyaeei
?yae oa?aeoa?ieo, ?ai?oa iaa?aeiieo iciae a?iaeaeaii? aiiiae??: 1)
aei’y/oaaiiy oa?cii?a?oaeueii? oanoe?? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ia’?io
i?aaiiiaa?ioe/ii? aee?iai? ee?oeiaeie; 2) iioiauaiiy noai?a?eoey?iiai
oa?o aee?iai? ee?oeiaeie; 3) nei?i/aiiy ? iioiauaiiy ?ooiii? /anoeie
aa?oiuei? iia?ee; 4) neaaeo ae?aaeai?noue ? iecueea ?icoaooaaiiy
iaeueiaa?aeueii? ai?icie.

3. A ii?oieia?/i?e iiaoaeia? i’yeeo oeaiei aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea o
ae?oae c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico aeyaeaii ?yae iaoieia?/ieo iciae, ye?
a oe?eiio iinyoue aeaaaia?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?, a oaeiae ciaeaeai? ?ai?oa ia
iienai? aeo?aei? ci?ie caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o c aea?a?/iei eiiiiiaioii,
ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

4. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?nioaaiiy 2-o oei?a neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico ca
oa?aeoa?ii oniaaeeoaaiiy, a oaeiae aeyaeaii aenieo iaiao?aioi?noue
aaio, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i aeinoaoiuei aenieee ??aaiue eiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy a iiioeyoe??. Aaaeeea?noue iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai
eiinoeueooaaiiy ae?oae c neiae?iiii aeaoa?io?iico iaoiiaeaia
iiaeeea?noth i?iaiicoaaiiy na?eicieo iiiooi?o aiiiae?e, oaeeo, ye
ae?ii/a aacie?aeaey i?e I oei? neiae?iio.

5. ?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia iaoiaaiaoe/ii ni?yiiaaia iaoiaeeea o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico, yea a?aoiao? ee?i?ei-aiaoii?/i?
iniaeeaino? oa i?noeoueny a iaeiiiiiaioi?e ei?aeoe?? an?o eiai eaiie,
ui aeicaiey? noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii (? < 0,05), o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/eie iaoiaeaie, i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy (aei 91,9 % o a?aeaeaeai? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiue) oa iaaeeceoe aei ii?ie oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/io no?oeoo?o ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo i?a?oe oa aa?oiuei? iia?ee. 6. Oaeineiiaeaiee ?ino?oiaioa??e - i?ioeao aeey o?enaoe?? eaaaoi?a aa?oiuei? iia?ee oa aieea aeey i?ioeaaiy aioo??oiuei? c’aycee iia?e, aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe i?iaaaeaiiy iaea?eueo o?oaeii?noeeo ? neeaaeieo aoai?a o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aia?iaa I.O., O?eiaiei A.I., O?iieia N.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue iia?aoeaiiai ea/aiey a?iaeaeaiiiai ioica o aeaoae ?acee/iuo aic?anoiuo a?oii// Iooaeueiie. aeo?i.- 1993.- ? 4.- N. 201-206. 2. Aia?iaa I.O., O?eiaiei A.I., O?iieia N.A. Iiaue eiiieaeniue iaoiae oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee a?iaeaeaiiuo ioicia, ineiaeiaiiuo aeaoa?ioeiicii e yieeaioonii// Iooaeueiie. aeo?i.- 1995.- ? 2.- N 91-95. Aia?iaa I.O., O?iieia N.A., O?eiaiei A.I. Iniaaiiinoe oiiia?aoee aniiiiaaoaeue- iiai aiia?aoa aeaca e aa eciaiaiey iinea oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica ii aeaiiui iaaieoii-?aciiainiie oiiia?aoee// Iooaeueiie. aeo?i.- 1997.- ? 4 - N. 240-244. 4. O?iieia N.A. Oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica o aeaoae (iaci? eeoa?aoo?u) // Iooaeueiie. aeo?i.- 1997.- ? 4.- N. 254-259. 5. A.n. ? 10404. Oe?aeia. Niinia ea/aiey ioica, ineiaeiaiiiai aeaoa?ioeiicii e yieeaioonii/ Aia?iaa I.O., O?eiaiei A.I., O?iieia N.A. (Oe?aeia) – 8 n. ee.; Iioae. 25.12.96. Athe. ? 4. 6. Aia?iaa I.O., O?eiaiei A.I., O?iieia N.A. Iieacaiey e ?aiiae oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica // Oace O I?aeia?iaeiiai neiiic?oio "Iaeana-Aaioy".- Iaeana, 1997.- N. 161. 7. Aia?iaa I.O., O?iieia N.A., O?eiaiei A.I. Iniaaiiinoe iiaoi?iuo oe?o?ae/aneeo aiaoaoaeuenoa i?e neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica // Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaoneie iooaeueiieiaee”.- Iineaa, 1997.- N. 86-88. 8. Bobrova N.F., Vit V.V., Tronina S.A. Morphological changes of ocular adnexa tissues in blepharophimosis syndrom// Abstract book XXVIII Intarnational Congress of Ophthalmology, Amsterdam.-1998.- P.169. AIIOAOe?ss O?ii?ia N.A. ?ic?iaea eiiieaeniiai o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iaeaeaiiai neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.18 – i/i? oai?iae. – ?inoeooo i/ieo oai?ia ? oeaieiii? oa?ai?? ?i. A.I.O?eaoiaa AII Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiith ?ic?iaee iiaiai niiniao o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iaeaeaiiai neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico o ae?oae. Ia i?aenoaa? iiaeeaeaiiai ee?i?/iiai, ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai, ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiy aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ii? ? ii?oieia?/ii? iiaoaeiae no?oeoo? aeiiii?aeiiai aia?aoo iea ? i?a?oe i?e oe?e iaoieia??. I?iaiae?ciaai? ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a. Io?eiai? aeai? eaaee a iniiao ?ic?iaee iiaiai iaoiaeo iaeiiiiiaioii? ei?aeoe?? neiae?iio aeaoa?io?iico, yeee a?aoiao? eiai ee?i?ei-aiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? oa caaacia/o? ei?aeoe?th an?o neeaaeath/eo eiai eaiie. Aeieacaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo, yea iieyaa? a io?eiaii? e?aueo einiaoe/ieo ? ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae eiai iaoiaaiaoe/ia ni?yiiaai?noue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: neiae?ii aeaoa?io?iico, oiiia?ao?y, ii?oieia?y, o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy, ae?oe. AIIIOAOeEss O?iieia N.A. ?ac?aaioea eiiieaeniiai oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey a?iaeaeaiiiai neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.18 – aeaciua aieacie. – Einoeooo aeaciuo aieaciae e oeaiaaie oa?aiee ei. A.I.Oeeaoiaa AII Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino oaeoaeaiiiai eco/aiey iniaaiiinoae eeeieee, oiiia?aoee e ?ac?aaioea iiaiai niiniaa oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey a?iaeaeaiiiai neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica o aeaoae. Eeeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi o anao aeaoae iaaethaeaeanue eeanne/aneay o?eaaea iniiaiuo neiioiiia - iieiue ioic aa?oiaai aaea, ia?aoiue yieeaioon e oei?i/aiea aeaciie uaee. Oaeoaeaiiia ianeaaeiaaiea a iiuoiie a?oiia iicaieeei auyaeoue ?yae aeiiieieoaeueiuo iooaeueiieiae/aneeo e iauaniiaoe/aneeo neiioiiia. N?aaee iooaeueiieiae/aneeo neiioiiia iaeaieaa /anoi iaaethaeaeenue /anoe/iue auai?io ieaeiaai aaea, iaoieiaey neaciuo i?aaiia, einiaeacea e ienoaai. N?aaee iauaniiaoe/aneeo neiioiiia ioia/aiu oe?ieay ieineay ia?aiineoea, "/aoaia?aciua" ooe, aunieia a?eaaeiia i?ai. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaea iaaieoii-?aciiainiie oiiia?aoee aeey i?eaeeciaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey oiiia?aoi-aiaoiie/aneeo iniaaiiinoae no?iaiey ia?aaeiaai ioaeaea i?aeou e aniiiiaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa aeaca i?e neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica, iicaieeei auyaeoue ?yae oa?aeoa?iuo, ?aiaa iaecaanoiuo i?eciaeia a?iaeaeaiiie aiiiaeee: 1) auaooaiea oa?cii?aeoaeueiie oanoeee n oaaee/aieai iauaia i?aaiiiaa?ioe/aneie aee?iaie eeao/aoee; 2) ooieuaiea noai?aeeoey?iiai neiy aee?iaie eeao/aoee; 3) oei?i/aiea e ooieuaiea iiaeaeaeiie /anoe aa?oiaai aaea; 4) neaaoth au?aaeaiiinoue e ieceia ?aniieiaeaiea iaeueiaa?aeueiie ai?icaeu. Eco/aiea ii?oieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae no?iaiey ?acaoee?iaaiiuo oeaiae o aeaoae n neiae?iiii aeaoa?ioeiica auyaeei ?yae iaoieiae/aneeo i?eciaeia a no?iaiee iuoa/iuo aieieii, ninoaeia, aeaeacenouo e ia?aiuo ia?aciaaiee, a oeaeii, iinyueo aeaaaia?aoeaiue oa?aeoa?. Iaia?oaeaiu oaeaea ia iienaiiua ?aiaa enoiaeiua eciaiaiey a iyaeeo oeaiyo i?eaeaoi/iiai aiia?aoa aeaca ainiaeeoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a n aeea?ae/aneei eiiiiiaioii, auyaeaii eo iaaaoeaiia aeeyiea ia ?acoeueoaou oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey. Ia i?aeoeea auyaeaiea o?iie/aneiai ainiaeaiey a oeaiyo o aieueiuo n neiae?iiii aeaoa?ioeiica iiaeao neoaeeoue iieacaieai aeey iacia/aiey ei i?ioeaiainiaeeoaeueiuo e aioeaenoaieiiuo n?aaenoa a iineaiia?aoeeiiiii ia?eiaea n oeaeueth oiaiueoaiey ainiaeeoaeueiie ?aaeoeee. Eco/aiea oa?aeoa?a ianeaaeiaaiey neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica iiaeoaa?aeeei nouanoaiaaiea 2-o oeiia neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica, a oaeaea auyaeei aunieoth iaiao?aioiinoue aaia, /oi iiaeao naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue i aeinoaoi/iie ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe aai a iiioeyoeee. Aaaeiinoue iaaeeei-aaiaoe/aneiai eiinoeueoe?iaaiey aeaoae n neiae?iiii aeaoa?ioeiica iaoneiaeaia aiciiaeiinoueth i?iaiice?iaaiey ?yaea na?ueaciuo niioonoaothueo aiiiaeee, oaeeo, eae aeaineia aanieiaeea i?e I oeia neiae?iia. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey n eniieueciaaieai ?acee/iuo nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia iieacae eo iaaeinoaoi/ii aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue, aeinoaoi/ii /anoia ?acaeoea ineiaeiaiee. ?ac?aaioaiiay eiiieaeniay iaoiaaiaoe/anee iai?aaeaiiay iaoiaeeea oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica (A.n. ? 10404 A), caeeth/athuayny a iaeiiiiiaioiie ei??aeoeee anao aai caaiueaa iooai aeice?iaaiiie ?acaeoeee o?yuaaie ieanoeiu e iuooeu eaaaoi?a aa?oiaai aaea a ni/aoaiee n oei?i/aieai aioo?aiiae naycee aae e eiaeiie ieanoeeie, o/eouaathuay eeeieei-aiaoiie/aneea iniaaiiinoe neiae?iia, iicaieeea iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey aei 91,1 % iaiin?aaenoaaiii iinea aiaoaoaeuenoaa e 91,9 % a ioaeaeaiiii ia?eiaea iaaethaeaiee, nieceoue eiee/anoai iiaoi?iuo aiaoaoaeuenoa, i?aeoe/anee eneeth/eoue ?acaeoea ineiaeiaiee. ?ac?aaioaiiue eino?oiaioa?ee - ieioeao aeey oeenaoeee eaaaoi?a aa?oiaai aaea e eaea aeey i?ioeaaiey aioo?aiiae naycee aae, iicaieyao iioeiece?iaaoue i?iaaaeaiea oe?o?ae/aneiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa ii ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeea ca n/ao iaeaa/aiey e oaaee/aiey iaaeaaeiinoe i?iaaaeaiey iaeaieaa o?oaeiaieeo e neiaeiuo yoaiia oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee neiae?iia aeaoa?ioeiica. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia iia?aoeaiiai ea/aiey iieacae, /oi yooaeoeaiinoue aai iiauoaaony n oaaee/aieai aic?anoa aeaoae. Iaeeo/oea ?acoeueoaou, ii iaoei aeaiiui, auee iieo/aiu a aic?anoa 11-12 eao e noa?oa, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaiaoiaeeiinoe ii?aaeaeaiiiai o?iaaiy c?aeinoe no?oeoo? aeey aeinoeaeaiey au?aaeaiiiai e noaaeeueiiai ?acoeueoaoa oe?o?ae/aneie ei??aeoeee. Iaaieoii-?aciiainiia enneaaeiaaiea, i?iaaaeaiiia o aeaoae n neiae?iiii aeaoa?ioeiica aei e iinea aiaoaoaeuenoaa ii ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeea auyaeei oeo/oaiea oiiia?aoi-aiaoiie/aneie no?oeoo?u ia?aaeiaai ioaeaea i?aeou e aa?oiaai aaea, au?aaeathuaany a oiaiueoaiee auaooaiey oa?cii?aeoaeueiie oanoeee, oiaiueoaiee oieueiu e oaeeeiaiee iiaeaeaeiie /anoe aa?oiaai aaea, niauaiee eaa?oo a aieaa i?aaeeueioth iiceoeeth iaeueiaa?aeueiie ai?icaeu, /oi oeacuaaao ia iaoiaaiaoe/aneoth iai?aaeaiiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: neiae?ii aeaoa?ioeiica, oiiia?aoey, ii?oieiaey, oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea, aeaoe. ANNOTATION Tronina S.A. Elaboration of complex method of blepharophimosis syndrom surgical treatment.- Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.01.18 – eye diseases.- The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases and Tissue Therapy of AMS of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the question of elaboration of the new method of surgical treatment of congenital blepharophimosis syndrom in children. On the basis of the profound clinical, instrumental, morphological investigation the topographic-anatomical and morphological peculiarities of orbital and ocular adnexa structurs in this pathology have been revealed. The results of surgical treatment with use of existing methods have been analysed. The received data underlied into development of the new method of one-stage correction of blepharophimosis syndrom, which takes into account its clinical-anatomical features and provides correction of all parts, keeping it. The high efficiency of the elaborated method which consists in reception of the best cosmetic and functional results, and also its pathogenetic orientation have been proved. Key words: blepharophimosis syndrom, topography, morphology, surgical treatment, children. PAGE 17

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