18

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I. ?. AEoeianueeiai

“Oa?e?anuee?e aa?aoe?eiee ?inoeooo”

EE?E*AIEI IEAA ?AI?IAE*

OAeE 621.45.018.2:519.248

?IC?IAEA ? OAeINEIIAEAIIss OAOIIEIA?*IIAI I?IOeANO AE?IAIEOeOAA

AOAe OEssOII NOIOANOE*IIAI AIAE?CO AIEIAIEO IA?AIAO??A

AE?IA?A CA ?ACOEUeOAOAIE EIIO?IEUeIEO AEI?IAOAAIUe

05.07.04 – Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?ienoa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Caii??aeaey).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ii?icia Eaa Aaneeueiae/,

ea??aiee eaai?aoi??? “Iaae?ei?noue ?

noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee aei?iaoaaiue”,

Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaaooe?i Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Ain?i ?aaai ?aaaiiae/, aieiaa i?aae?iiy AAO
Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-oaoiieia?/iee eiiieaen.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
I?ienoa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.062.04 Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?. AEoeianueeiai “OA?”.

(Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?. AEoeianueeiai, “OA?”.
310070, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. *eaeiaa, 17).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaiiai
aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?. AEoeianueeiai “OA?” (310070, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. *eaeiaa, 17).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_13__” _aa?aniy_1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ei?i?eia A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A e o o a e ue i ? n o ue o a i e. A aaeoc? aa?aoe?eiiai
aeaeaoiiaoaeoaaiiy aaaeeeaa i?noea a?aeaiaeeoueny i?aeaeuaiith
iaae?eiino? ? yeino? i?iaeoeoe??. Iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a ae??oaiiy aeaii?
i?iaeaie ? ?ic?iaea caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe??
na??eieo AOAe ? ae?iaeaiiy ea?oth/eo ae?e ia oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane
aeaioiaeaiiy, cae?aiiy ? aei?iaiaoaaiiy aeaeaoi?a.

I?iaeaia ? neeaaeiith ? ioiieth? oe?ieee niaeo? ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
oai???th oa i?ioeanaie aeaioiaeaiiy aeaeaoi?a, c? noaoenoe/ieie ?
oe?eeii ?iia??ieie iaoiaeaie eiio?ieth ? ioe?iee, iao?ieia?/iei
caaacia/aiiyi ae?iaieoeoaa ? o. ?i.

?ica’ycaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo caaaeaiue iaiiaeeeaa aac aaoiiaoecaoe??
aei?iaoaaiue ? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ia aac? AII, ine?eueee
eeoa canoinoaaiiy ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee a?aee?eaa? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino?
ye o aaeineiiaeaii? i?ioeano aei?iaoaaiue AOAe, oae ? a ?aae?caoe??
caoiae?a uiaei iioei?caoe?? ?ano?n?a ? iaae?eiino? i?iaeoeoe??, ui
aeionea?oueny. Ei?ioei eaaeo/e -: /a?ac aaoiiaoecaoe?th oaoiieia??
aei?iaoaaiue aei aaoiiaoeciaaiiai caaacia/aiiy oi/iino? ? noaa?eueiino?
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe.

Oeei aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi caaacia/aiiy yeino? AOAe, ye? aeioneathoueny,
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o iaae?eiino? ia iniia? noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
na??eieo aei?iaoaaiue ? i?enay/aia aeaia ?iaioa.

I a o a ? i a i o e. I?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa
na??eieo AOAe ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue aei??yieo ia?aiao??a i?e
aei?iaoaaiiyo ? ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ?o ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iinoaaeaii ? ae??oaii oae? caaea/?:

1. Aeeiiaii eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo oa?aeoa?enoee AOAe ?
oaoiieia?? ?o ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeyaeaii ia oe?e iniia? aecia/ai? oaeoi?e,
ye? aeeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue oa ye?noue ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeaoi?a.

2. ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeyaeaiiy ci?ie aieiaieo ia?aiao??a AOAe
i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo caeaaeii a?ae oaoiieia?? ?o ae?iaieoeoaa.

3. Aea/aii iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy noioanoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeey ?ic?iaee
iiaeae? oa oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue noioanoe/ii? ioe?iee yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe.

5. C?iaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueio ai?iaaoe?th cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? c
iaoith i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae?
?aaeueiiio i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai? noioanoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aacothoueny ia aaeeeiio ianyc? ?acoeueoao?a na??eieo aei?iaoaaiue
aae?eiioa?iiai aeaeaoia OA3-117AI.

I a o e i a a i i a e c i a i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a c o e ue o a o
? a:

1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii noioanoe/io iiaeaeue eiiieaenii? ioe?iee oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino?

oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa na??eieo AOAe ca ?o aieiaieie
aeo?aeieie ia?aiao?aie, yea aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe aacia?a?aiee
noaoenoe/iee eiio?ieue yeino? i?ioeano ? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. Oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?aaeaiaioieo
?ia?o noaiaeiaiai

oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia a??ia?aei?noue ioe?iee ia?aiao??a AOAe i?e
aei?iaoaaiiyo ? onoaiiaeaii e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? no?ie?a i?iaaaeaiiy
?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiae?a.

3. ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiai iiaee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aoaeiioaaiiy
noaiae?a aac

aeei?enoaiiy aoaeiiiiai aeaeaoia, iniiaaiee ia noioanoe/iiio iaoiae?
ii??aiyiiy noaiae?a (aac coieiee noaiae?a ia aoaeiioaaiiy).

O a i ? a o e / i a c i a / a i i y i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a c o e
ue o a o ? a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiiiaiththoue ?nioth/? oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy noioanoe/ieo iaoiae?a eiio?iey yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe,
oaoiieia?? aei?iaoaaiue na??eieo aeaeaoi?a.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iaaeioe?euei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy i?ny/ieo
?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiaeiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Ia iniia? aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy noioanoe/iiai iaoiaeo aoaeiioaaiiy noaiae?a aac
aeei?enoaiiy aoaeiiiiai aeaeaoia.

I ? a e o e / i a oe ? i i ? n o ue i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a c o e
ue o a o ? a

1. ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo ? aeai?eoi ioe?iee yeino?
ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aecia/athoue aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii, anoaiiaeaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee noaio
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa oa aei?iaoaaiue AOAe.

2. Oaeineiiaeaii oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa ?, ??? nooiai?a niieiaiai
aia?aoa oo?a?i ae?ia?a OA3-117 ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co ae?aa?ai
noioanoe/iiai eiio?iey yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

3. ?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai iiaeaeue noioanoe/ii?
ioe?iee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa na??eieo AOAe ca
?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue.

4. Ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai oaeineiiaeaia oaoiieia?y i?iaaaeaiiy
?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o, ui cieceei aeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo ?ia?o o 2,2
?aca aac cieaeaiiy a??ia?aeiino? ioe?iee aieiaieo ia?aiao??a na??eieo
AOAe i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo, cieceeanue nia?aa?o?noue aei?iaoaaiue.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee iiaeeea?noue oaeineiiaeeoe oaoiieia?th
ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeaoi?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? ia
Caii??cueeiio AAO «Iioi? Ni/».

I n i i a i ? i a o e i a ? oa o a i ? a o e / i ? ? a c o e ue
o a o e, y e ? a e i i n y o ue n y ae i c a o e n o o

1. Iiaeaeue noioanoe/ii? ioe?iee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa
na??eieo AOAe ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue.

2. Oaeineiiaeaia oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy ?, ???-? nooiai?a niieiaiai
aia?aoa oo?a?i aeaeaoia OA3-117AI.

3. ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ? aeai?eoi ioe?iee yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe ca
?acoeueoaoaie na??eieo aei?iaoaaiue.

4. Oaeineiiaeaiee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o
noaiaeiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

5. I?eioeeiiai iiaee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean aoaeiioaaiiy aei?iaoaaeueieo
noaiae?a AAOAe aac aeei?enoaiiy aoaeiiiiai aeaeaoia.

A i ? i a a oe ? y ? a c o e ue o a o ? a ae e n a ? o a oe ? ?

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue::

— ia ca?oieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Caii??cueeiai
iaoeiiaoae?aiiai ?inoeoooo a a a 1982,

1986, 1988??., nai?ia?ao 1991 – 1998??.;

— ia?o?e iaeani?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iieiae? a/ai? oa
niaoe?ae?noe iaeano? –

?aae?caoe?? oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai, i?enei?aiith
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano”, Caii??aeaey, 1984 ?.;

— aaeocaaiio nai?ia?? “Aeina?ae aaoiiaoecaoe?? noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue
aeaeaoi?a”, IAe?Ae, Ooa,

1988?.;

— i?aeaaeocaa?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? cania?a
noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue oa ?o

aoce?a”, Iineaa, Oe?AI ?i. I.?. Aa?aiiaa, 1988?.

I o a e ? e a oe ? ?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 8
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue.

N o ? o e o o ? a o a i a n y a ae e n a ? o a oe ? ?.
Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ii ?iaio?,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya
?iaioe — noi?., o oiio /ene? ?enoie?a,
oaaeeoeue, nienie e?oa?aoo?e c iaeiaioaaiue ia
noi?., aeiaeaoe?a ia noi?. Iniiaia /anoeia ?iaioe
i?noeoue noi?.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O a n o o i ? aeeeaaeaii noai ieoaiiy, aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoa,
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O i a ? o i i o ?icae?e? iiaeaii iaeyae no/aniiai noaio ?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo niinia?a ioe?iee oa ae?aaiinoeee noaio AOAe ca
?acoeueoaoaie oaoiieia?? aei?iaoaaiue. ?icaeyiooi iniiai? aeaee oa
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aaoiiaoeciaaieo
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aei??thaaeueieo nenoai (A?AN) aei?iaoaaiiy aeaeaoi?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui, aeei?enoiaoth/e oie aaaaoee iaoa??ae, yeee ia?ii i?e
aei?iaoaaiiyo aeaeaoi?a, iiaeia ?ica’ycaoe ??ciiiai?oi? caaaeaiiy,
iia’ycai? c ioe?ieith yeino? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aeaeuaiiyi
iaae?eiino? AOAe, iioei?caoe??th oaoiieia?/ieo aeiione?a ia ia?aiao?e,
?ic?iaeyoe ? aaeineiiaethaaoe oaoiieia?th aei?iaoaaiiy aeaeaoi?a. ?acii
c oei aei nueiaiaei? a?aenooiy iiaia iiaeaeue ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy
yeino? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe. Ia iniia? aeeiiaiiai aiae?co oa
aaea ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a ae?aaiinoeee AOAe ca aeo?aeieie ia?aiao?aie
iieacaii, ui ae?aaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue ia?aiao??a noaio AOAe ia?
?iia??i?niee oa?aeoa? ? ui nenoaia i?eeiaiiy oa caa?aeoaaiiy aeaeaoi?a
iia’ycaia c iiaeeeainoyie iiieeie 1-ai ? 2-ai ?iaeo, ye? i?eaiaeyoue aei
iiyae /ioe?ueio ae?aaiinoe/ieo ??ai?a:

1. Iaai?noue ae?aaiico 1-ai ?iaeo – ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui i?eaeaoiee
aeaeaoi aecia?oueny

i?eaeaoiei.

2. ?ecee caa?aeoaaiiy 1-ai ?iaeo – ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui i?eaeaoiee
aeaeaoi aecia?oueny

aeaoaeoiei.

3. Iaai?noue ae?aaiico 2-ai ?iaeo – ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui aeaoaeoiee
aeaeaoi aecia?oueny

aeaoaeoiei.

4. ?ecee caa?aeoaaiiy 2-ai ?iaeo – ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui aeaoaeoiee
aeaeaoi aecia?oueny i?eaeaoiei.

I/aaeaeii, ui e?i?oiaaieie ??aiyie aoaeooue 2-e oa 4-e, caaaeaiiy aei
i?i?ioio eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy yeeo oeaaea ia aeioe?euei?noue
i?eeiyoiai iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee.

Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ? cania?a ei?aeoii?
ioe?iee yeino? oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ? aeinoaoiuei aeooaeueieie.

Aeaaa cae?i/o?oueny iinoaiiaeith iaoe ?iaioe oa caaea/aie, ye? o?aaa
?ica’ycaoe aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy.

O ae ? o a i i o ?icae?e? iiaeaii aiae?c ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiue
(aae?eiioa?iee aeaeaoi c a?eueiith oo?a?iith OA3-117AI), iaaaaeai?
iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeaoia oa noaiae?a, ia yeeo i?iaiaeeeenue eiai
na??ei? aei?iaoaaiiy, a oaeiae oaoiieia?y, ca yeith cae?enithaaeenue
na??ei? aei?iaoaaiiy ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co ? iniaeeainoae eiino?oeoe?? aei?iaoaaiiai
ia’?eoa ye iniiaiiai ioe?ii/iiai ?aaeeio aeey noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co
acyoee ?aaeei “Ce?o”. Iii?iaeueiee ? e?aena?nuee? ?aaeeie ?
ioe?ii/ii-aeiiii?aeieie. Ca iniiai? ioe?ii/i? ia?aiao?e noaio ia’?eoa
aeine?aeaeaiue i?eeiyo?:

— “iiooaei?noue Ne”;

— “oaiia?aoo?a aac?a ia?aae oo?a?iith Oc”;

— “aiaeeiia aeo?aoa iaeeaa GT”.

O ? a o ? e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ioe?ioe?, i?iaiicoaaiith ?
oaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe ia aac?
?ic?iaeaii? noioanoe/ii? iiaeae? ioe?iee yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca
aeo?aeieie ia?aiao?aie.

I?eeiyaoe aaaaoiaei??io ooieoe?th Q(x1,…,xn,t), ui iieno? noai
aeaeaoi?a, ye neeaaeii? oaoi?/ii? nenoaie, ia /ania?e iiiaeei? t1,…,tk,
oi caaaeaiiy ioe?iee yeino? oa ?? i?iaiicoaaiiy noi?ioethaaoe o
aeaeyae? oaeeo caaea/:

— ioe?iee ia?aiao??a ooieoe?? Q ia /ania?e iiiaeei? tkO oa ??
i?iaiicoaaiiy ia /ania?e

iiiaeei? tk+jT, aea j=1,2,3…;

— aecia/aiiy ?Q1(k+j)Q2, oiaoi ?iia??i?noue iaaeoiaeo ooieoe?? Q ca
caaeai? a?aieoe? ia

iiiaeei? tk+jT;

— aecia/aiiy /ano tk+jT aei ia?oiai aeoiaeo ooieoe?? Q ca caaeai?
a?aieoe?.

Aeey ioe?iee yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe ia? i?noea iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, o
?aieao yei? aeine?aeaeo?oueny aeiaaeeiaa ne?i/aiiii??ia iiea ?ici??iino?
N, ui iieno?oueny ooieoe??th

i(t,r); Q, i = 1,…,N. (1)

Ooieoe?y i(t,r) ? aaaaoiia?aiao?e/iith ? ia? ?ici??i?noue n+1,
ine?eueee tO, a r = r(x1…xn). O oaoi?/iiio ?icoi?ii? oey ooieoe?y
yaey? niaith aeine?aeaeoaai? aeo?aei? ia?aiao?e AOAe ia iaia?a?ai?e
/ania?e iiiaeei? t. Eii?aeeiaoe x1…xn aaeoi?a r ?
eiino?oeoi?nueeeie, oaoiieia?/ieie oa ?ioeie oaeoi?aie, ui i?eeiathoue
aeaye? cia/aiiy o i?ioean? i?iaeooaaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy, neeaaeaiiy AOAe ?
?aaoethaaiiy eiai nenoai o i?ioean? aei?iaoaaiue.

Noioanoe/iee aiae?c iia’ycaiee c aeine?aeaeaiiyi caeiiii??iino? ci?ie
noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iciiae?eo i(t, r) aeey iiiaioo t = t0,
ui a?aeiia?aea? i?ioiaeaeaiith aeaeaoiii eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue.

?icn?thaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue ia?aiao??a i(t0,r) iaoiiaeaii
aeiaaeeiaith i?e?iaeith aei??thaaiiai ia?aiao?a oa aeiaaeeiaeie
iioeaeaie aei??thaaeueieo nenoai.

O ca’yceo c oei, ui ia?aiao?e i(t0,r) ii nai?e noo? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
ye?noue ?iaioe aeaeaoi?a, a ai??i?ia ?o ioe?iea c aeinoaoiueith
oi/i?noth ia iiaea aooe c?iaeaia, iaiao?aeia aeei?enoaiiy noaiaeiaeo
aei?iaoaaiue. Ine?eueee aeo?ae oiai /e ?ioiai ia?aiao?a i(t0,r) ca
onoaiiaeai? iaae? iia’ycaiee ?c aeno?aiaeueieie cia/aiiyie, ui
caeaaeaoue a?ae iaea?eueoiai oa iaeiaioiai cia/aiue o aea??oe?
aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei, anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeueiee ianya aea??ee aeey
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co. Iniiaith aea??eiaiai iaoiaeo ? cai?iiiiiaaiee
aea??eiaee iaoiae c? ci?uaiiyi. Aeey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a ca
iiaiith aea??eith oa ?aae?caoe?? aea??eiaiai iaoiaeo c? ci?uaiiyi aoea
?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeey AII aeey aaoiiaoeciaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aei??thaaeueii? nenoaie (A?AN) aei?iaoaaeueii? noaioe??
i?aei?e?inoaa «Iioi? N?/».

O ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia aeie-noaia i?aeaioiaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeao
aeaieo aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a aei?iaoaaieo aeaeaoi?a aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iiaeae? o ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano o aeaeyae? oi/i?nieo ae?aa?ai
noaoenoe/iiai eiio?ieth yeino?.

Aiae?c a?noia?ai ?iciiae?eo aeiaaeeiaeo cia/aiue ia?aiao??a Ne, Tc, GT
ia ??cieo ?aaeeiao ? noaiaeao iieacaa, ui ?iciiae?e ia?iao??a ia?
aneiao?e/io oi?io. ?ic?aooiee, i?iaaaeai? ia AII c iaoith
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeiaaeeiaeo cia/aiue ia?aiao??a oai?aoe/iith iiaeaeeth,
oiaoi: -?iciiae?eii, ?iciiae?eii ?aeay, log-ii?iaeueiei ?iciiae?eii ?
?iciiae?eii Aaeaoeea, na?ae/eee, i?i oa , ui iaee?auo ca?aei?noue
oai?aoe/ieo oa aii??e/ieo /anoio ca e??oa???i O?-eaaae?ao ia an?o
onoaeaieo ?aaeeiao ? aei??thaaeueieo noaiaeao aeaa caeii ?iciiae?eo
Aaeaoeea, a aeey ia?aiao?a Oc caeii Aaeaoeea i?eeiyoiee ca oiiae
ia?aoai?aiiy (Oc)=Oc-1. I?e oeueiio ooieoe?y u?eueiino? aaee/eie (Oc)-1
iieno?oueny oi?ioeith:

aea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 — ia?aiao?e
oi?ie, ianooaao, iieiaeaiiy.

Ei?aeoia ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae a??iiai
niiniao iaeiie/aiiy, oi?ioaaiiy, oa ia?iaee iioieo ?ioi?iaoe??
aeaeaoi?a, ui aei?iaiaothoueny. ?ioi?iaoe?y, ui iaaeoiaeeea, aoea
?iciiae?eaia ia iia?aoeaio oa i?aenoieiao. Iia?aoeaia ?ioi?iaoe?y
i?ecia/aia aeey i?aeo?eiee yeino?, i?aenoieiaa – aeey iioei?caoe??
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa c iaoith ei?aeooaaiiy o
aeaioiaeaii? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a ? aoce?a AOAe.

Aeey i?eeiaeueiiai noaoenoe/iiai eiio?ieth aoei ?ic?iaeaii a iiaeae?
i?ia?aio, ui aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe aea??eo aoaeue-yeiai ianyao i?e
caaeaiiio ci?uaii? m. Ii eiaei?e aeai?oe? o iaae?oeiaaiiio i?ioieie?
aoaeo?oueny a?noia?aia, ia/eneththoueny cia/aiiy na?aaeiueiai
a?eoiaoe/iiai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, aeenia?n??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, cia/aiiy
eaaioee?a 0,025; 0,096; 0,0904; 0975 aeey i?eeiyoiai caeiio
?iciiae?eaiiy, a oaeiae cia/aiiy iiaee I0 ? iaae?aie Ia;
ae?aoiaothoueny ii ?ioa?aaeao /anoio cia/aiiy u?eueiino? oa
?ioaa?aeueii? ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eaiiy, oai?aoe/i? oa aii??e/i? /anoioe
aeey a?aeiia?aeieo ?ioa?aae?a. Ia ?en.1 iieacaii ae?aa?aio iiaaae?iee
aea??eiaeo noaoenoee ia?aiao?a Na ia i?ioyc? eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo. I?e
oeueiio ianya /anoeiai? aea??ee ia ae?aa?ai? aei??aith? aeanyoe
niinoa?aaeaiiyi i?e ci?uaii?, ui aei??aith? iaeeieoe?. Aiae?c ae?aa?ai
ia?aiao??a Ne, O3, GT cae?enithaaany ii /ioe?ueio aei?iaoaaeueieo
noaiaeao ia ce?oiiio, iii?iaeueiiio, 1-io oa 2-io e?aena?nueeeo
?aaeeiao.

I?e ?aoaeueiiio aea/aii? ae?aa?ai ia?aiao?a Ne aeyaeaia noiae?noue
iiaaae?iee aea??eiaeo noaoenoee ia?aiao?a ia ??cieo ?aaeeiao.
Niinoa??aa?oueny iacia/ia ?o eieeaaiiy ia i?ioyc? ?ieo. Aeaeaoie,
aei?iaoaai? a o?aai?-/a?ai? ? aa?ani?-aeiaoi?, iathoue a?eueoo
iiooaei?noue, i?ae a ?io? ii?e ?ieo. I?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy na?aaeiueiai
ii ia?aiao?o Ne noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ??cei ae?aaeaiith aneiao???th
?iciiae?eo ia?aiao?a. ?c oeueiai aoei c?iaeaii aeniiaie , ui c?inoaiiy
aneiao??? iieaco? ia cieaeaiiy iiooaei?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee AOAe, ye?
aeioneathoueny. Aaaeeeai a?aecia/eoe, ui ii an?o noaiaeao iieiaeaiiy
e?i?e aea??eiaeo na?aaei?o aeua iii?iaeueieo cia/aiue (aeey ce?oiiai
?aaeeio Ne = 1544,5 eAo). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue caiano
iiooaeiino?. I?ioean iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe noaa?eueiei ii iaaeoiaeo
?iia??iinieo a?aieoeue ca e?aei? iaae?. Iayai?noue iaeiaeiaeo
oaiaeaioe?e iiaaae?iee noaoenoee ia ae?aa?aiao ??cieo noaiae?a
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oe? oaiaeaioe?? iia’ycai? c ae?iaieoeoaii. C
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae iiaaae?iee aea??eiaeo noaoenoee ia?aiao?a Ne
aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii ioe?ieo oa i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa ae?ia?a OA3-117AI i?iaiaeeoe ca aeiiiiiaith -ae?aa?ai
ia?aiao?a oi?ie ?iciiae?eo Aaeaoeea, a naia : iiaoaeiaa aeia??/eo
a?aieoeue aeey ia?aiao?a oeueiai ?iciiae?eo ? aea/aiiy aea??eiaeo
ioe?iie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?aeiinii
oeeo a?aieoeue. Ieaeiy i oa aa?oiy a aeia??/? a?aieoe? ooai?ththoue
aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae aeey , ui a?aeiia?aea? aeia??/?e ?iia??iino?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picscalex100010009000003710200000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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 (3)

Ia ?en.2 iieacaii ae?aa?aio aea??eiaeo ioe?iie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 .
Niinoa?aaeoaaia ia ae?aa?ai? (aeea. ?en. 1) ??cea ca?eueoaiiy aneiao???
aea??ie 49-57 iiaea?oueny ia ae?aa?ai? (aeea. iae.2) cia/aiiyie
picscalex100010009000003ad0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffff00010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a8001340001000000680015000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000069040000002d01
010004000000f001000008000000320a680161000100000088000a00000026060f000a00
ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379
7374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000, aeecueeeie
aei iaeeieoe?. Ine?eueee ?iciiae?e Aaeaoeea iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
ocaaaeueiaiiy aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai ?iciiae?eo (i?e =1), oi aoei c?iaeaii
aeniiaie: aea??ee 49-57 ?iciiae?eai? aeniiiaioe?aeueii. Oea ?
na?ae/aiiyi cieaeaiiy iiooaeiinieo oa?aeoa?enoee AOAe, ye? iia’ycai? c
ae?iaieoeoaii (cieaeaiiy e eiii?ani??a, e.e.ae. oo?a?i ? o.ae.).Ia aac?
i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iiaaae?iee aea??eiaeo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 cai?iiiiiaaii
eiio?ieue ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ca ia?aiao?ii Ne i?iaiaeeoe ii ieaei?o
aeia??/eo a?aieoeyo ia?aiao?a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. Aa?oiy
aeia??/a a?aieoey a iiaea aooe acyoa ia aei?noei ? neoaeeoe ye
eiio?ieueii-?ioi?iaoeaia.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoe /ioe?e ??aiy iaeiinoi?iii?o
aeia??/eo ?iia??iinoae (aeea. ?en. 2), a?aeiia?aeieo aeia??/ei a?aieoeyi

(1)3 – 0,95 – a?aieoey ei?aeooth/iai aieeao (i)3;

(1)4 – 0,98 – e?eoe/ia a?aieoey (i)4.

Aiae?c ae?aa?ai aea??eiaeo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 oeaco? ia oa,
ui aeey iaeieo noaiae?a e?i?y aea??eiaeo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 eaaeeoue
aeeae/a aei 1, /ei ia ?ioeo. Oey iniaeea?noue na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
nenoaiaoe/ii? iioeaee o nenoai? aei??thaaiiy Ne.

Aiae?c ae?aa?ai ia?aiao?a Oc iieacaa: i?eeiyoiith noaoenoe/iith
iiaeaeeth iiaea aooe caeii Aaeaoeea, iaeiae, aeei?enoaiiy ia?aoai?aiiy
(Oc)=Oc -1 i?e ai?ieneiaoe?? oei aea caeiiii a?eueo i?eeiyoia.
?icaeyioaoe iiaaae?ieo aea??eiaeo na?aaei?o ii noaiaeao, iiaeia c?iaeoe
oae? aeniiaee:

1. Ia i?ioyc? eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo niinoa??aa?oueny ia??iaee/i?noue, yea
ae?aaeaia ia e?i?? aea??eiaeo

na?aaei?o aeaiia “ai?aaie” ?inoo oaiia?aoo?e, ui i?eiaaeathoue ia
o?aaaiue-/a?aaiue ? aa?anaiue-aeiaoaiue (aiaeia?/ia niinoa??aa?oueny
aeey ia?aiao?a Ne).

2. C ia?aoiaeii a?ae ce?oiiai aei e?aena?nueeiai ?aaeeio ia??iaee/i?noue
? oa?aeoa? iiaaae?iee

aea??eiaeo na?aaei?o ia ci?iththoueny.

Oaiaeaioe?y aei ?inoo O3 o oaie? ia??iaee ?ieo iiaea aooe iia’ycaia c
iioeaeaie i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao?a c NAO (O0=288,15 E (15,15 N),
A0=0,101(3) IIa (760 ii.?o.no.)), a aeieeiaiiy “ai?a?a” – ?
ianoaa?euei?noueth ae?iaieoeoaa. Ianoaa?euei?noue oey ia? aea?
neeaaeia?: ia’?eoeaio : ui ia? aeiaaeeiao i?e?iaeo, ? noa’?eoeaio – ye
?acoeueoao oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aieeao ia i?ioean aeaioiaeaiiy ie?aieo
aeaiaio?a AOAe (iai?eeeaae, a?aee?eooy /e i?ee?eooy, ui
i?aeoeeo?oueny, niieiaeo aia?ao?a (a iaaeao aeiioneo) eiii?ani??a aai
oo?a?i).

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c c?inoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e a ie?ai? ii?e ?ieo
niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy iiey ?icn?thaaiiy aei??thaaeueieo cia/aiue
oaiia?aoo?. Oea aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ia
noaioe?th o o?aai?-/a?ai? oa aa?ani?-aeiaoi? “aa?y/eo” aeaeaoi?a ia
aaaea aei ?o ca a?aeoaaiiy /a?ac ooo/ia caieaeaiiy ia?aiao??a i?e
iaeaaiaeaeaii?.

sse ei?aeooth/? neaiaee i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa ca ia?aiao?ii O3 i?eeiyoi
aaaaeaoe iiiaioe ia?aoeiaiiy aeia??/eo a?aieoeue aei na?aaei?o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 c aeia??/eie a?aieoeyie aaia?aeueiiai
na?aaeiueiai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.

Aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?aiao?a GT aacoaaeiny ia oeo aea
iaoiaeao, ui ? i?e aea/aii? ia?aiao??a Ne oa O3. Aiae?c ae?aa?ai GT
aeaco? ia oa, ui a?aie/ii aeiionoei? cia/aiiy aeey an?o ia?ao?aeieo
?aaeei?a ? oeo, ye? onoaiiaeeeny, yaii caaeuai?, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
ae?iaieoeoao cieaeoaaoe aeiiae aei aeaioiaeaiiy ie?aieo aeaiaio?a AOAe,
a oea iaaaaeaii, ?, i?e?iaeii, a?aeaeaa?oueny ia iieacieeao yeino?
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Ia aeiaeaoie oeueiai aoei anoaiiaeaii :

1. Ii an?o noaiaeao ? ?aaeeiao ia i?ioyc? ?ieo
niinoa??aa?oueny “ae?aeo” aea??eiaeo na?aaei?o, ae?aaeaiee aeaiia
“ai?aaie” ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao iaeeaa, ui i?eoiaeyoueny ia o? ae /ania?
ia??iaee, ui ? aeey ia?aiao?a O3 .

2. Niinoa??aath/e ia??iaee/i?noue aea??eiaeo na?aaei?o ? iiae ia
iaeieo noaiaeao

ia?ii oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy Go o /an?, a ia ?ioeo — aei
c?inoaiiy.

3. Ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao iaeeaa i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai ca?eueoaiiy
aneiao??? ? ?icn?thaaiiy cia/aiue ia?aiao?a.

Aeaeii, ui ia??iaee/i?noue, yea niinoa??aa?oueny, iia’ycaia
c oaiia?aoo?iith iai?oaeai?noth AOAe. I?e/eie iiyae iaio aeiiii?/ieo
ia?o?e aeaeaoi?a aeeeeeai? iayai?noth a AOAe aoce?a, ye? iathoue
caieaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Oey iniaeea?noue ia? nooi ae?iaie/ee aniaeo ?
ia ca’ycaia c iaoiaeeeith aaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a aei NAO ? ye?noth
aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo.

Cian?i ?ioo ea?oeio ia? oaiaeaioe?y, yea niinoa??aa?oueny ia ae?aa?aiao,
c?inoaiiy cia/aiue ia?aiao?a GT ia iaeieo noaiaeao ? cieaeaiiy – ia
?ioeo. Oea iia’ycaii c ye?noth ?iaioe aeao/ee?a OAeA, oa?aeoa?enoeee
yeeo ci?iththoueny /a?ac ??cia iai?aoethaaiiy ia ??cieo noaiaeao. Ia
aac? cai?iiiiiaaiiai niiniao aiae?co aeaieo aoei ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi
i?eeiaeueiiai noaoenoe/iiai eiio?ieth yeino?. ?acii ?c neoaeaaie AAO ?
neeaaeaeueiiai oeaoo AAO “Iioi? N?/” oaeineiiaeaii oaoiieia?th
ae?iaieoeoaa , nooiai?a niieiaeo aia?ao?a ae?ia?a OA3-117.

Ioe?iea yeino? AOAe cae?enith?oueny ii ?iia??iino? aeoiaeo oi/ ae
iaeiiai ia?aiao?a ca e?eoe/i? iaae?. Aeoiaey/e c i?ia?aie aeioneo
ae?ia?a, ioe?ieo ?iia??iinieo ?iciiae?e?a iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe o
aeiaaeeo aeoiaeo ?%-ieo a?aieoeue ca onoaiiaeai? iaae?. Iiae??, ye?
iieyaathoue o oiio, ui ?%-i? eaaioee? aea??eiaeo ?iciiae?e?a ia
aeoiaeyoue ca onoaiiaeai? iaae? icia/athoue, ui i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa
AOAe ? noaoenoe/ii ea?iaaiee. A?aie/i? iaae? ?aaoethaaiiy aeey eiaeiiai
ia?aiao?a ? noaiaea caeeoathoueny iaci?iieie aei oiai iiiaioo, aeiee
aiie ia aoaeooue ci?iai? i?e ocaiaeaeaii? i?ae caiiaieeii ?
aeaioiaethaa/ai ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co 95%-ieo a?aieoeue ?aaoethaaiiy
ia?aiao??a. I?e aeoiae? ca oe? iaae? iio??aii i?iaanoe aiae?c
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa aeey onoiaiiy ii?ooaiue oa
ooi/iaiiy noaoenoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aeicaiey?
i?iaiicoaaoe iiaeeea? aeaoaeoe ae?iaie/iai oa?aeoa?o ? ?ic?iaeyoe caniae
oaoiieia?/iiai aieeao ia aei?aaeaiiy aeaoaeo?a.

* a o a a ? o e e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee oaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o (?. ?.) noaiae?a aeaeaoi?a
OA3-117AI ,ui aei?iaiaothoueny. Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean i?iaaaeaiiy ?. ?.
ia? aeinoaoiuei neeaaeio no?oeoo?o (aeea. ?en.3). I?e oeueiio oaoi?ioean
aeeth/a?: i’yoiaaeoeyoeaeaii?, i?ny/i?, o?ueioi?ny/i?, i?a??/i?, ??/i?
?. ?. O i?aeoeoe? aei?iaoaaiue AOAe aoei i?eiouaiiy, ui i?ny/i? ?. ?.
uiaei ia?aa??ee aei??thaaeueieo nenoai ia?aiao??a «iiooaei?noue Ne»,
«oaiia?aoo?a O3», «aeo?aoe iaeeaa GT», «/anoio iaa?oaiiy ?ioi??a noe,
nno» i?iaiaeeoe iaaeioe?eueii. Ia iath/e iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
aeniiae?a aeey oeueiai i?eiouaiiy, i?yeeo eiie?aoieo ae?e, ni?yiiaaieo
ia ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ?. ?., ia ?icii/eiaeinue.

O ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?aeo?ae, yeee aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aieea
i?ny/ieo ?. ?. noaiae?a, ui aaco?oueny ia noaoenoe/iiio aiae?c? aeaieo,
aeei?enoaieo o ?iaio?.

Aeey ioe?iee aieeao ?. ?. ia noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa iiaaae?ieo
ia?aiao??a, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny, i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae aeaeaoia aei
aeaeaoia aoei cai?iiiiiaaii noi?ioaaoe noaoenoe/i? ?yaee aaniethoieo
??cieoeue noi?aeieo aei???a ia?aiao??a ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei?iaoaaiue ia
i?ioyc? eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo. Ooai?aiee ?yae ii eiaeiiio noaiaeo ia? oaeee
aeaeyae:

? — ii?yaeeiaee iiia? ??cieoe? noi?aeieo cai???a cia/aiue, -ai
ia?aiao?a a ii?yaeeo aei?iaoaaiue aeaeaoi?a;

— aaniethoia cia/aiiy ??cieoe? noi?aeieo cai???a cia/aiue ia?aiao??a
a ii?yaeeo aei?iaoaaiue aeaeaoi?a.

?yae (4) i?noeoue cia/aiiy an?o ??cieoeue, ye oaeeo, ui i?eoiaeyoueny,
oae ? oaeeo, ui ia i?eoiaeyoueny ia ?aaeaiaioi? ?iaioe. Ioaea, noio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 iiaeia iiaeaoe o oaeiio aeaeyae?:
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- noia ??cieoeue, ye? i?eoiaeyoueny
ia ?aaeaiaioi? ?iaioe.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? ne?ae aeei?enoaoe noaoenoe/i? i?ioeaaeo?e uiaei
aeyaeaiiy cia/ouino? ??cieoeue noaoenoee noi?iiaaieo ?yae?a. Aeey
oeueiai nii/aoeo iio??aii aoei ia?aeiiaoenue, ui ia ??cieo noaiaeao
caeiie ?iciiae?eo a?aeiia?aeieo ?yae?a ?aeaioe/i?. Oey oiiaa aeey
eiaeiiai ?yaeo ii /ioe?ueio noaiaeao A, A, A, A aoea caienaia a oaeiio
aeaeyae?:

Ine?eueee aeae ?iciiae?eo ia aeacaiee, ie c?ooiaoo?iny c a?iioacith
iaia?aiao?e/iiai noaiaeao ?aeaioe/i?. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaiiai
caaaeaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii aeaiaea??eiaee V – e?eoa??e A?eeieniia,
iniiaaiee ia ?aiaiaeo ii?yaeeiaeo noaoenoeeao. Aiae?c cia/aiue VA-A,
VA-A, VA-A e?eoa??th na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue cia/oui? ??cieoe? c
5%-iei ??aiai.

Aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c aeyaeaiiy aieeao ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o ia ia?aiao?e,
ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny, aeacaa ia a?aenooi?noue a?aei?iiino? o
aeenia?n?yo ?yae?a

O ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy i?ioeano oa aiae?co iiaaae?iee aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ia?aiao??a aeaeaoi?a aoee aeaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ci?ie no?ie?a
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiaeiai? aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e, ui
a 2,2 ?aca i?aeaeueei noaiaeia?aeaea/o.

I ‘ y o a aeaaa i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? i?eioeeiiai iiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano, iia’ycaiiai c aoaeiioaaiiyi (ii??aiyiiyi) noaiae?a aeey
eiio?ieth oa aei?iaoaaiiy AOAe.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a oi?ioaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo ?yae?a aea? iiaeeea?noue
?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ii??aiyiiy noaiae?a aac aeei?enoaiiy aoaeiiiiai
aeaeaoia, ine?eueee aoaeiioaaiiy aeaeaoiii ia? ?yae nooo?aeo iaaeie?e?a.
Aei ieo iiaeia a?aeianoe:

1. Aoaeiiiee aeaeaoi ia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee ca i?ecia/aiiyi ? a
no?ie.

2. Ia aoaeiioaaiiy aeo?a/a?oueny /anoeia ?ano?no aeaeaoia, ui
iai?eionoeii aeey aeaeaoi?a

iaeii?aciaiai aeei?enoaiiy.

3. Aoaeiioaaiiy aeaeaoiii aeiaaa? coieiee noaiaeo.

4. Iaiiaeeea?noue aacia?a?aiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ?iaioith noaiaeiaiai
oaoiieia?/iiai

iaeaaeiaiiy, a oei a?eueoa ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ii noaiaeao.

5. Naia ii nia? iiiyooy “aoaeiiiee” iiaea aooe i?eeiyoa aeineoue oiiaii,
ine?eueee oaeee

aeaeaoi ia aeaioiaey?oueny ca yei?nue aoaeiiii? oaoiieia??.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai aoei cae?eniaii e?ie uiaei iiooeo a?eueo aeaoaaiai
oa iaae?eiiai niiniao ii??aiyiiy noaiae?a, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeai?
oai?aoe/ii-?iia??i?noi? iaoiaee.

Ine?eueee noaiaee a?ae??ciythoueny iaeei a?ae iaeiiai ? oey ??cieoey
i?ney aoaeiioaaiiy (aeaeaoiii) noa? ana a?eueo nooo?aith, iiaeia
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ? aeo?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?iaoaaieo aeaeaoi?a
iathoue a?aei?iiino? a neeo oeeo i?e/ei. I?e ii??aiyii?, iai?eeeaae,
na?aaei?o a?eoiaoe/ieo ? aeenia?n?e aaniethoieo ??cieoeue aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy oeeo noaoenoee ia? noaiae A.
A?aecia/eii, ui aoaeiioaaiiy noaiae?a aeaeaoiii aeaei aiaeia?/iee
?acoeueoao. Ioaea, iiaeia i?iaanoe aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c ii??aiyiiy
noaiae?a, acyaoe ?oaeiiiee noaiae A (aeey aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?ii?aeeo
/ano), aeei?enoaaoe aeaiaea??eiaee e?eoa??e F. ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui
a?aei?iiino? a aeenia?n?yo iacia/ou? i?ae noaiaeaie A ? A ? cia/ou? i?ae
noaiaeaie A, A ? A. Ii??aithth/e na?aaei? aaniethoieo ??cieoeue ? ii
noaiaeao aeei?enoa?ii aeiaaeie, eiee aeenia?n?? iaa?aeii? ? ia
aeiionea?oueny, ui aiie ??ai? i?ae niaith. I?e oeueiio ne?ae aeei?enoaoe
e?aee t-e?eoa??e, ine?eueee iaei i?eiouaiiy, ui noaiaee A, A ? A
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae noaiaea A. ?ic?aooiee t-e?eoa??th ii??aiyiiy
na?aaei?o oeacaee ia oa, ui noaiaee A ? A oa A ? A ia iathoue cia/oui?
??cieoe?, a oie /an ye noaiaee A ? A a?ae??ciythoueny cia/ii.

Iiaeaiee niin?a ii??aiyiiy aeeiai?/iee, oiaoi ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
iiaeia aanoe aacia?a?aii ca aeiiiiiaith AII ii iaa?iiaaeaeaieo
noeoiiinoyo oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai cnoao c? ci?uaiiyi.

Oaeei /eiii, na?aaei? a?eoiaoe/ia oa aeenia?n?y aaniethoieo ??cieoeue ?
— aea? iaeaaaeeea?o? oa?aeoa?enoeee cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo. Na?aaei?
a?eoiaoe/ia – oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeoeeaiiy ??ai?a a?ae aoaeiiiiai ??aiy,
aeenia?n?y – aeicaiey? ii??aiyoe ?iceeae ia?aiao??a, i?eaianaiee
noaiaeiaei aei??thaaeueiei iaeaaeiaiiyi.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE OA ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE

1. Aeeiiaii eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo, aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
?ic?iaie, ui aeicaieythoue ?ic?iaeoe noioanoe/iee iaoiae ioe?iee
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue,
yeee aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ?iia??i?nio ioe?ieo oa i?iaiicoaaiiy iieaciee?a
yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, ui ae?iaey?oueny.

2. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?aae?ciaaii o
ae?iaieoeoa? aeaeaoi?a OA3-117AI iaoiae oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano aeaioiaeaiiy AOAe ca aeiiiiiaith oi/i?nieo ae?aa?ai
noaoenoe/iiai eiio?ieth yeino?, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aea??eiaiio iaoiae?
c? ci?uaiiyi. Iaoiae aeinoaoiuei aeeiai?/iee, oiaoi aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe
aea??ee ??ciiai ia’?io i?e caaeaiiio ci?uaii? k caeaaeii a?ae i?ia?aie
aeioneo aeaeaoi?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii ii noaiaeao. Iaoiae ?aae?ciaaii o
aeaeyae? ?iai/i? i?ia?aie ia AII, yea i?aoeth? a neeaae? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aei??thaaeueii? nenoaie aei?iaoaaeueii? noaioe?? AAO
«Iioi? N?/».

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iciiae?e aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei ia?aiao??a»iiooaei?noue
Ne», «oaiia?aoo?a aac?a ia?aae oo?a?iith O3», «aiaeeii? aeo?aoe iaeeaa
GT» ca iaeiie/aieie noeoiiinoyie N, iathoue aneiao?e/io oi?io.
Aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo caeii?a ?iciiae?eo aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei
iieacaei, ui iaee?auo noiaeei?noue ca e?eoa???i O?-eaaae?ao ia an?o
?aaeeiao ? noaiaeao ii ia?aiao?ao Ne i GT iieacaa caeii ?iciiae?eo
Aaeaoeea, a aeey ia?aiao?a O3 caeii Aaeaoeea i?eeiyoi i?e oiia?
ia?aoai?aiiy ( O3)= O3-1. Oea aeicaiey? c a?eueoith a??ia?aei?noth
ioe?ieoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa.

4. Anoaiiaeaii «ae?aeo» cia/aiue aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei ia?aiao??a Ne, O3,
GT ae?ia?a OA3-117AI ia i?ioyc? eaeaiaea?iiai ?ieo, ui iia’ycaii c
ianoaa?euei?noth ae?iaieoeoaa oa iioeaeaie i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a aei
NAO. O ca’yceo c oeei aoei ?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai
ea?oe eiio?ieueieo ??ai?a aeey ioe?iee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy noaa?eueiino?
oaoi?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa.

5. sse ei?aeooth/? neaiaee iia??oaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeaoi?a ca ia?aiao?aie O3 ? GO cai?iiiiiaaii aaaaeaoe
ia?an?/aiiy aeia??/eo a?aieoeue aea??eiaeo na?aaei?o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 c aeia??/eie a?aieoeaie
aaia?aeueiiai na?aaeiueiai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.

6. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii eiio?ieue ca noaa?euei?noth oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano ca ia?aiao?ii Na cae?enithaaoe ca ia?aiao?ii oi?ie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 ?iciiae?eo
Aaeaoeea, ui ni?iuo? ?ic?aooiee oa i?aeaeuo? oi/i?noue ioe?ii/ieo
i?ioeaaeo?.

7. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c c?inoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e O3 a ie?ai? naciie ?ieo
niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy iiey ?icn?yiiy ia?aiao?a. Oea aea? i?aenoaao
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui /anoeia aeaeaoi?a, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue aei
aei?iaoaaeueii? noaioe??, ia? caaeuaiee iieaciee ii ia?aiao?o O3 ? iiaea
i?eaanoe aei ia?aa??ao ?iai/eo eiiaoie oo?a?ie.

8. Aiae?c oi/i?nieo ae?aa?ai ia?aiao?a GO ia ??cieo noaiaeao aeaco? ia
iayai?noue nenoaiaoe/ii? iioeaee. Oea iia’ycaii c ye?noth ?iaioe
oo?a?iieo aeao/ee?a aeo?ao (OAeA), oa?aeoa?enoeee yeeo ci?iththoueny
i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe??. Oeth i?iaeaio iiaeia ae??oeoe iaeii/aniai
ci?iith aeao/ee?a OAeA ia an?o aei?iao aaeueieo noaiaeao.

9. ?acii ?c neoaeaaie AAO oa neeaaeaeueiiai oeaoo AAO «Iioi? N?/»
?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa I oa III nooiai?a
oo?a?i ae?ia?a OA3-117.

10. Oaeineiiaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai oaoiieia?th
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiaeiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy
aei?iaoaaeueii? noaioe?? i?aei?e?inoaa «Iioi?-N?/», ui o 2,2 ?aca
cieceei aeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiae?a.

11. ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiai iiao oaoiieia?th aoaeiioaaiiy noaiaeiaiai
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aac aeei?enoaiiy yoaeiiiiai aeaeaoia, yea ia?
aeae?eueea ia?aaaa ia?aae ?nioth/eie ia na??eieo aei?iaoaaeueieo
noaioe?yo aa?aiioi?iaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa.

E aieiaiei ia?aaaaai aeaii? oaoiieia?? iiaeia a?aeianoe:

— i?aeaeuaiiy noaiaeia?aeaea/? o 2-2,5 ?ace;

— i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino? aei??thaaiiy aieiaieo ia?aiao??a aiane?aeie
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?? eiio?ieth oa aei?iaoaaiue;

— aeiiii?th iaeeaa, aia?a??, ?ia?oie/i? i?aoe? oa ?ioeo aeo?ao, ye?
aeicaieythoue iaea?aeaoe aeiiii?th ia «Iioi? N?/» ii?yaeeo 250 oen.e?a.
(ca ?ic?aooieaie 1988 ?.) ia ??e.

Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? aeei?enoaiiy oe??? oaoiieia?? ia aei?iaoaaeueieo
noaioe?yo aeaeaoi?a iaeii?aciaiai aeei?enoaiiy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Ii?icia E.A., Ee?e/aiei 0.E. Eniieueciaaiea auoiaeiuo ia?aiao?ia AOAe
aeey niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna eo i?iecaiaenoaa //
Aanoiee OAIO. — Oa?ueeia, 1998.- Aui.21. — N.126-128.

2. Ee?e/aiei I.E. Niinia oi?ie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai ianneaa auoiaeiuo
ia?aiao?ia na?eeii auioneaaiuo ecaeaeee // Aanoiee OAIO.-Oa?ueeia,
1998.-Aui.21.-N.119-121.

3. Ii?icia E.A., Ee?e/aiei 0.E. Auai? iioeiaeueiuo n?ieia i?iaaaeaiey
?aaeaiaioiuo ?aaio noaiaeiaie ecia?eoaeueiie aiia?aoo?u i?e eniuoaieyo
aaeaoeeiiiuo AOAe // Aaeaoeeiiiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue. — 1989. — ? 6. —
N.68-69.

4. Ii?icia E.A., Ee?e/aiei 0.E. Ioeaiea ea/anoaa i?iecaiaenoaa AAAe ii
?acoeueoaoai eiio?ieueii-naeaoi/iuo eniuoaiee // Aaeaoeeiiiay
i?iiuoeaiiinoue. — 1987. — ?10. — N.66-67.

5. Ee?e/aiei I.E. Auai?i/iia ?ani?aaeaeaiea n?aaeiaianniauo oaiia?aoo?
aacia ia?aae oo?aeiie ii ?acoeueoaoai eiio?ieueii-naeaoi/iuo
eniuoaiee//.: Eioaineoeeaoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia e iiauoaiea
?ano?na ecaeaeee.-E.: OIE AI, 1991.-N.79-85.

6. Ee?e/aiei I.E., Eaeaeaea A.O., Ooiiaea A.I. I?eiaiaiea n?aaenoa
au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee i?e noaiaeiauo eniuoaieyo aaeaaeaeaaoaeae//
O?oaeu io?aneaaiai naieia?a «Iiuo aaoiiaoecaoeee eniuoaiee
aeaeaaoaeae».- Ooa: Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo oaoiieiaee e
i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeaaoaeae.-1988.-N.18-19.

7. Ee?e/aiei I.E. Ioeaiea ea/anoaa AOAe ii auai?i/iiio ?ani?aaeaeaieth
aeaiiuo eiio?ieueii-naeaoi/iuo eniuoaiee// O?oaeu io?aneaaiai naieia?a
«Iiuo aaoiiaoecaoeee eniuoaiee
aaeaaeaeaaoaeae».-Ooa:Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo oaoiieiaee e
i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeaaoaeae.-1988.-N.27.

8. Ee?e/aiei I.E. Noaoenoe/aneee aiaeec ia?aiao?ia aacioo?aeiiuo
aeaeaaoaeae a i?ioeanna eiio?ieueii-naeaoi/iuo eniuoaiee// Oac. aeiee.
iao/ii-oaoi.eiio.-Caii?iaeuea,CI?, 1984.-N.44.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Ee?e/aiei I.?. ?ic?iaea ? oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa AOAe oeyoii noioanoe/iiai aiae?co aieiaieo ia?aiao??a
ae?ia?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
c? niaoe?aeueiino? 05.07.04 — Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa e?oaeueieo
aia?ao?a. — Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.?.
AEoeianeiai “OA?”, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
uiaei caaania/aiiy yeino? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy na??eieo AOAe,
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o iaae?eiino? ia iniia? noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aeaieo
na??eieo aei?iaoaaiue. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aeaioiaeaiiy AOAe ca
?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo aei?iaoaaiue. Iaaaaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
aieeao ?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiaeiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia
aeo?aei? ia?aiao?e na??eieo AOAe. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aoaeiioaaiiy
aei?iaoaaeueieo noaiae?a aac aeei?enoaiiy aoaeiiiiai aeaeaoia.
Ai?iaaaeaeaii caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ii ci?io no?ieo i?iaaaeaiiy
?aaeaiaioieo ?ia?o noaiaeiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ui cia/ii
i?aeaeueei noaiaeia?aeaea/o aei?iaoaaeueii? noaioe?? AAO “Iioi? N?/”.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aacioo?a?iiee aeaeaoi, ye?noue, oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean,
i?iaiicoaaiiy yeino?, aei?iaoaaeueiee noaiae oa aia?aoo?a, ?iia??i?
?iciiae?ee, noioanoe/iee i?ioean, ?aaeaiaioi? ?iaioe, aoaeiioaaiiy
noaiae?a.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Ee?e/aiei I.E. ?ac?aaioea e oniaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa AOAe i?e iiiiue noioanoe/aneiai aiaeeca aeaaiuo
ia?aiao?ia ecaeaeee ii ?acoeueoaoai eiio?ieueiuo eniuoaiee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.07.04 – Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa eaoaoaeueiuo
aiia?aoia. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue ay?ieinie/aneee oieaa?neoao ei.
I.A. AEoeianeiai “Oa?ueeianeee aaeaoeeiiiue einoeooo”, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey ii iaania/aieth ea/anoaa oaoiieiaee ecaioiaeaiey AAOAe,
iiauoaieth eo iaaeaaeiinoe ia iniiaa noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca aeaiiuo
na?eeiuo eniuoaiee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi, eniieuecoy oio aiaaoue
eioi?iaoeeiiiue iaoa?eae, eioi?ue eiaaony i?e eniuoaieyo AOAe, iiaeii
?aoaoue ?acee/iua caaea/e, naycaiiua n oniaa?oainoaiaaieai oaoiieiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa, ioeaieie ea/anoaa, iioeiecaoeeae oaoiieiae/aneeo
aeiioneia ia ia?aiao?u e iiiaia ae?oaia. Ia iniiaaiee auiieiaiiiai
aiaeeca e oaea ?ac?aaioaiiuo niiniaia aeeaaiinoeee AOAe ii auoiaeiui
ia?aiao?ai iieacaii, /oi aeeaaiinoe/aneay oeaiiinoue ia?aiao?ia
ninoiyiey AOAe iineo aa?iyoiinoiue oa?aeoa?.

A ea/anoaa iauaeoa enneaaeiaaiee a ?aaioa acyo aa?oieaoiue aacioo?aeiiue
aeaeaaoaeue ni naiaiaeiie oo?aeiie OA3-117AI, auioneaaiue na?eeii.
Aeaeaaoaeue yenieoaoe?oaony a ninoaaa neeiaie onoaiiaee aa?oieaoa,
ninoiyuae ec aeaoo aeaeaaoaeae e aeaaiiai ?aaeoeoi?a A?-24. Aeaeaaoaeue
ninoieo ec 12-nooiai/aoiai inaaiai eiii?anni?a, eieueoeaaie eaia?u
nai?aiey, aeaoonooiai/aoie naiaiaeiie oo?aeiu, ianeyiie nenoaiu,
i?ioeaiiaeaaeaieoaeueiie nenoaiu, nenoai ?aaoee?iaaiey.

Ia iniiaaiee oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca e iniaaiiinoae eiino?oeoeee
enneaaeoaiiai iauaeoa a ea/anoaa iniiaiiai ioeaii/iiai ?aaeeia aeey
ioeaiee ninoiyiey i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa acyo ?aaeei «Aceao».
«Iiieiaeueiue», I e ??-e E?aena?neea ?aaeeiu yaeythony
ioeaii/ii-aniiiiaaoaeueiuie. A ea/anoaa aeaaiuo ioeaii/iuo ia?aiao?ia
ninoiyiey acyou: «iiuiinoue ia aaeo naiaiaeiie oo?aeiu Ne», oaiia?aoo?a
aacia ia?aae oo?aeiie O3″, «/aniaie ?anoiae oiieeaa GT».

?annaeaaiea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo cia/aiee ia?aiao?ia i, iieo/aiiuo a
?acoeueoaoa iacaiiuo eniuoaiee, iaoneiaeaii neo/aeiie i?e?iaeie
ecia?yaiiai ia?aiao?a e neo/aeiuie iia?aoiinoyie ecia?eoaeueiuo nenoai.
A iniiao enneaaeiaaiee i?e ioeaiea noaaeeueiinoe oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa iieiaeai auai?i/iue iaoiae. Aeey eaeaioeoeeaoeee
ia?aiao?ia AOAe aa?iyoiinoiie iiaeaeueth eniieueciaaiu /aou?a naiaenoaa
aneiiao?e/iuo iaeiiiiaeaeueiuo caeiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiey. Eae iieacaee
?an/aou ,iaeeo/ooth noiaeeiinoue yiie?e/aneeo e oai?aoe/aneeo /anoio
aeae caeii Aaeaoeea aeey ia?aiao?ia Ne e GT. Aeey ia?aiao?a O3 caeii
Aaeaoeea i?eaieai n oneiaeai i?aia?aciaaiey ( O3)= O3-1.

Ia iniiaaiee i?iecaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi
oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa ia noaaeeai, a yoi i?eaiaeeo e
aicieeiiaaieth ia?oee aeaeaaoaeae ia niioaaonoaothueo OO, /oi
ia?eiaee/anee eeoi?aaeeo i?iecaiaenoai e ia aeaao aiciiaeiinoe
i?aaenoaaeyoue aeaeaaoaee caeac/eeo. Oae, aeaeaaoaee, eniuoaiiua a
iaa-ethia e naioya?a-ieoya?a eiatho a?eueooth iiuiinoue ,/ai a ae?oaea
naciiu aiaea. Aiaeec aeeaa?aii ia?aiao?a O3 oeacae ia neaaeothuaa:

1. A oa/aiea eaeaiaea?iiai aiaea iaaethaeaaony ia?eiaee/iinoue,
au?aaeaiiay ia eeiee auai?i/iuo n?aaeieo aeaoiy «ai?aaie» ?inoa
oaiia?aoo?u, i?eoiaeyueieny ia iae-ethiue e naioya?ue-ieoya?ue ianyoeu;

2. N ia?aoiaeii io aceaoiiai e e?aena?neei ?aaeeiai ia?eiaee/iinoue e
oa?aeoa? iiaaaeaiey auai?i/iuo n?aaeieo ia iaiyaony.

Iieacaii, /oi oaiaeaioeey e ?inoo O3 a oaieua ia?eiaeu aiaea naycaia n
ioeaeaie i?eaaaeaiey ia?aiao?ia e NAO, a aicieeiiaaiea «ai?aia» n
ianoaaeeueiinoueth i?iecaiaenoaa.

Aiaeec aeeaa?aii GT oeacae ia oi, /oi i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua cia/aiey
?anoiaeia ia anao ?aaeeiao yaii caauoaiu, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
i?iecaiaenoao nieaeaoue o?aaiaaiey e ecaioiaeaieth ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia
AOAe, a yoi iaaeaeaoaeueii e, anoanoaaiii, neacuaaaony ia iieacaoaeyo
ea/anoaa aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee.

Niaa?oaiii eioth ea?oeio eiaao iaaethaeaaiay ia aeeaa?aiiao ia?aiao?a GT
oaiaeaioeey aic?anoaiey cia/aiee ia?aiao?a ia iaeieo noaiaeao e
nieaeaiey ia ae?oaeo. Yoi naycaii n ea/anoaii ?aaiou oo?aeiiuo aeao/eeia
?anoiaea OAe?, oa?aeoa?enoeea eioi?uo eciaiythony a neeo ?acee/iie
ia?aaioee ia ?acee/iuo noaiaeao.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca aeeaa?aii i?aaeeiaeaiiuo aaoi?ii e niaianoii ni
neoaeaaie IAO e nai?i/iiai oeaoa i?aaei?eyoey «Iioi? Ni/» auea
oniaa?oainoaiaaia oaoiieiaey ecaioiaeaiey I-e e III-e nooiaiae niieiaiai
aiia?oaoa oo?aieiii?anni?a e naiaiaeiie oo?aeiu.

I?aaeeiaeaiiue niinia oi?ie?iaaiey auai?ie iicaieee oniaa?oainoaiaaoue
oaoiieiaeth i?iaaaeaiey ?aaeaiaioiuo ?aaio eniuoaoaeueiuo noaiaeia
AAOAe, /oi a 2,2 ?aca iiauneei noaiaeiioaea/o.

Aia?aua aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioaia i?eioeeieaeueii iiaay oaoiieiaey
yoaeiie?iaaiey noaiaeia noioanoe/aneeie iaoiaeaie aac eniieueciaaiey
yoaeiiiiai aeaeaaoaey, /oi iniaaiii aeooaeueii i?e eniuoaiee aeaeaaoaeae
iaeii?aciaiai eniieueciaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aacioo?aeiiue aeaeaaoaeue, ea/anoai, oaoiieiae/aneee
i?ioeann, i?iaiice?iaaiea ea/anoaa, eniuoaoaeueiue noaiae e aiia?aoo?a,
aa?iyoiinoiua ?ani?aaeaeaiey, noioanoe/aneee i?ioeann, ?aaeaiaioiua
?aaiou, yoaeiie?iaaiea noaiaeia.

A B S R T R A C T

Kirichenko I.?. Development and improvement of GTO manufacturing process
with the aid of stochastic analysis of products basic parameters based
on test results.- Manuscript.

Theses for a candidate of science (technical) for the specialty 05.07.04
– Aircraft production technology, Kharkov state aerospace university,
Kharkov, 1999.

This dissertation outlines theoretical and experimental investigations
on quality assurance of serial gas-turbine engines production and
reliability increase based on statistic analysis of serial tests data.
On the basis of approval tests results a mathematical model for
evaluation and quality forecasting of serial gas-turbine engines
production has been developed. The technique ensuring evaluation of
effect of test rig instrumentation scheduled maintenance on final
parameters of serial gas-turbine engines has been developed. The
technique for calibrating test rigs without the use of standard engine
has been developed. The measures for changing terms of scheduled
maintenance of test rig instrumentation have been implemented which
resulted in significant increase of test rig efficiency of Motor Sich
JSC test station.

Key words: gas-turbine engine, quality, technology, test rig and
maintenance, calibration of test rigs against a primary standard.

AAOI?AOA?AO AeENA?OAOe??

EE?E*AIEI IEAA ?AI?AAE*

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”

?ioai?eio oeiia?ao?? “OA?”

310070, Oa?e?a, 70, aoe *eaeiaa, 17

Oei “OA?”. Cae.Oe?.100. 1999

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