I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE

?I. I.E.OOIEEA

NIEIIEI Aiaoie?e Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 617.55 —
089.86+615.468.6:615.454

?IC?IAEA ? IAA?OIOOAAIIss NIINIA?A OI?IOAAIIss

OA CAOENOO AIANOIIIC?A A AAAeII?IAEUeI?E O??O?A??

(Aenia?eiaioaeueii-ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy)

14.01.03 — o??o?a?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe

?i. I.E.Ooieea I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI oa AII Oe?a?ie, eao?aao aea?aeaaii?
i?ai??

N?N?, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NA?IEI Aaea??e Oaiaein?eiae/,

aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?EEE Aieiaeeie? sseiae/,
ia/aeueiee

Aieiaiiai a?enueeiai-iaaee/iiai oi?aae?iiy II Oe?a?ie — ia/aeueiee
iaaee/ii? neoaeae CN Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee o??o?a II Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? CAOA?AO Ieoaeei Iao?iae/,
ia/aeueiee Iaaee/iiai oi?aae?iiy Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe AeIIAINUeEEE Ai?en Anaaieiaeiae/,
aee?aeoi? ee?i?ee iaa?aeeeaaeii? o??o?a?? Ee?anueei? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii?
e?ea?i? oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC
Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a caaaeueii? o??o?a?? ? 1

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny ” 29 ” aeiaoiy______1999 ?.
i_11_aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.02 i?e
Ee?anuee?e

iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
(254112, i. Ee?a — 112, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea
(i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 28 ”_aa?aniy______ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiae. iaae. iaoe, aeioeaio
AAICAessE I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiic?a, ui
aeieea? i?ney aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e ia i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo, iaeia c
iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo o i?aeoe/i?e o??o?a?? (A.A.Oaeeiia e niaao.,
1996; A.A.I?ioeaiei, 1998; A.I.Aeania e niaao., 1999). ?nioaaiiy iiiaae
400 niinia?a ? iiaeeo?eaoe?e oi?ioaaiiy eeoeiaiai oaa oa ?ic?iaea iiaeo
na?ae/aoue i?i eiai iaaeineiiae?noue (A.I.Iaeueiee e niaao., 1996;
A.I.Aoyiia e niaao., 1999).

A?aeiia?aeii aei noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo, /anoioa iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a
aianoiiica, yea aeieea? a ?aiiueiio ia??iae? i?ney cae?eniaiiy iia?aoe?e
ia i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo noaiiaeoue 3,2 — 69%, eaoaeuei?noue a?ae
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia?eoii?oo aiane?aeie oeueiai oneeaaeiaiiy aeinyaa?
50-92% (E.I.Aaeia e niaao., 1985; A.O.*a?iionia e N.A.Iieeea?iia, 1994;
A.I. ?u/aaia e niaao., 1997; N.A.Aeeaa, 1998; G.Pye, R.J.Steele, 1996).

A?eueo?noue a?o/eciyieo o??o?a?a oa oao?aoe?a e?a?i NIAe
aeei?enoiaothoue ?o/iee aeai- aai o?e?yaeiee oia ( A.E.Iao?ia e niaao.,
1994; A.N.Iiiaeia e niaao., 1995; I.A.Aii/a?aiei, 1997; TH.I.Oeiioaaa,
A.N.Aiaiueaa,1999), ine?eueee aaaaeathoue, ui ae?oaee ? o?ao?e ?yae
ca?eueoo? iaoai?/io i?oei?noue oaa, caaacia/o? a?eueoo aa?iaoe/i?noue
oa anaioe/i?noue aianoiiica. I?e oeueiio, ye i?aaeei, aioo??oi?e ?yae
oa?a iaeeaaeathoue ca aeiiiiiaith eaoaooo, na?icii-i`ycia? oae —
ia?icniieooaaeueieo ieoie.

I?ioa a aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeiaaaeai?
iaaeie?ee aaaaoi?yaeieo oa?a. I?ney iaeeaaeaiiy aeai, a oei a?eueo
o?e?yaeieo oa?a cia/ii iia??oothoueny e?iaiia?a oa ?ia?aaoe?y coeoeo
oeaiei, /anoi aeieea? aianoiiiceo, ui coiiaeth? oiia?eueiaiiy
a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? iia?iaaiiai i?aaia, eiai aeaoi?iaoe?th, caoaeaiiy
aianoiiica, ooai?aiiy i?e?iaanoean?a i?ae ?yaeaie oa?a (A.N.Caineia,
I.A.Aia?ia, 1989; Y.C.E?aneaneee, 1991; A.E.Aiaeeaaneee e
A.A.Oai?eineee, 1995). I?iieei?noue aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo c
aeei?enoaiiyi aaaaoi?yaeieo oa?a, aeey i?e?ii?aai?ci?a cia/ii a?eueoa,
i?ae i?e canoinoaaii? iaeii?yaeiiai oaa ( A.E.*aio?iie e niaao., 1994;
A.I.Eeeiaiei e niaao., 1998; A.A.Aiueinueeee, 1998; N.Demartines et al.,
1990; C.Eden, 1992; M.Testini et al., 1998).

Iaeii?yaeiee oia ni?e/eiy? iaioo o?aaiaoecaoe?th oa ?oai?th coeoeo
oeaiei, ui caiia?aa? aeieeiaiith eiai iani?iiiaeiino? oa ?oaoeaai?
aeaoi?iaoe?? aianoiiica (Y.E.Aaeueia?ei, I.O.Eociaeaa, 1995; A.A.Oaeeiia
e niaao., 1996; O.A.Eoea/ae ? ni?aaao., 1997, 1998; I.I.Aaeeaioeeee e
niaao., 1998; S.T.Irwin et al., 1990; C.M.Cealdi et al., 1993; M.Testini
et al., 1998).

A inoaii? ?iee a aaaeii?iaeueio o??o?a?th ai?iaaaeaeothoue i?aoeec?eio
oaoi?eo c aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a??. Aaoi?e aaaaeathoue, ui
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe??? oaoiieia?? aeicaieeoue i?aeiyoe oeae ?icae?e
o??o?a?? ia a?eueo aenieee ye?niee ??aaiue ( Ae.TH.E?ea/aiy e niaao.,
1993; A.A.Iicaeiyeia e niaao., 1994; A.Ae.Oaoaeia, 1998; A.A.Neoin,
1999; M.Feller et al., 1986; P.Bertram et al., 1994).

No?eioth/ei iiiaioii ? aeniea aa?o?noue ?iii?oiiai i?e?io??o?a?/iiai
ao?aaiaoe/iiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo (IAOI), a?aenooi?noue a?o/eciyieo
c?ace?a, a oaeiae ca?eueooaaeueii? iioeee oa niaoe?aeueieo
i?e?io??o?a?/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a.

C 1984 ?. aeicaieaiee aei na??eiiai aeioneo ? ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy
ia?oee a?o/eciyiee IAOI iaoaeao?aai (6/0-11/0). ?iia??ii, ui
iaoaeao?aai, yeee oni?oii aeei?enoiaothoue o ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?ae
/an aeeiiaiiy iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ia ia?eoa?e/ieo ia?aao,
a?oa??aeueieo, aaiicieo oa e?ioaoe/ieo noaeeiao (I.O.Ae?the e niaao.,
1984; I.A.Oeeiaeei, 1989), a cia/i?e i??? aeicaieeoue ae??oeoe oeth
i?iaeaio.

Iaai? iaae?? uiaei iie?auaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ia
i?aaiao /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie iia`ycothoue c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi a o??o?a?/io
i?aeoeeo iaoiaeee aac-oiaiiai oa oiaii-eeaeiaiai aianoiiicoaaiiy, ye?
aeicaieythoue aeinyaoe a?ieia?/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiica, i?aeaeueoe
eiai iaoai?/io i?oei?noue, ciaioeoe ?ecee aeieeiaiiy oneeaaeiaiue,
cie?aia a ineaaeaieo oai?eo, iioeeiai ? noa?a/iai a?eo, iaoe??io?a c
iieieia?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie, a oaeiae i?e a?aeiiaieo iia?aoeaieo
ao?o/aiiyo (A.A.Aeiiaineee, 1990; TH.A.Oo?iaiia e niaao., 1994;
I.A.Aii/a?aiei, 1997; L.Zhang et. al., 1997; T.L.Zilling et al., 1999).

Aeia?? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? i?e aeei?enoaii? aeey aa?iaoecaoe?? oa?a a
aaaeii?iaeuei?e o??o?a?? o?a?eiiaiai eeath (OE), yeee ia? ia?aaaae o
ii??aiyii? c neioaoe/ieie eeayie iaaee/iiai i?ecia/aiiy (A.A.A?oaiee e
niaao., 1993; H.W.Waclawiczek, O.Boeckle, 1988; G.Sunderland et al.,
1993; S.Ohwada et al., 1998 oa ?io?).

I?ioa ?iaioe, i?enay/ai? aea/aiith oa ?ic?iaoe? eeaeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e ia
iniia? o?a?eiiaaio, ye? i?iaiaeyoue a?o/eciyi? aeine?aeieee,
i?iaeiaaeothoueny.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaith e aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith, ii?yae c iaoiaeaie
c`?aeiaiiy, ? aea?? o??o?a?/iiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo (A.N.Caineia,
I.A.Aia?ia, 1989; TH.I.Iieion e niaao., 1994; I.N.Ne?eiieeia e niaao.,
1997; S.Chittmittrapap et al., 1993; T.Zoedler et al., 1995; K.Kubo et
al., 1998). Eiai iiiaieeaoo?a a Oe?a?i? aeoaea iaiaaeaia, a ye?noue
cia/ii iinooia?oueny oae?e na?oiaeo c?ace?a.

A iao?e e?a?i? ?ic?iaeaiee neioaoe/iee ?icniieooaaeueiee oiaiee
iaoa??ae (N?OI) ieoeaeii, iniiao yeiai neeaaea? iiiiea?aieneeoeaetheica.
Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? oe??? ieoee a?aee?eaa?
aeiaeaoeia? iiaeeeaino? o ai?iouea? c i?neyiia?aoe?eieie oneeaaeiaiyie,
coiiaeaieie aeei?enoaiiyi oiaieo iaoa??ae?a, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? oa iaae?eiino? iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy
aianoiiic?a (TH.A.Oo?iaiia e niaao., 1989).

Iaaeaeue, aeiaeai niin?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica, iaoiae eiai caoenoo, a
oaeiae oiaiee iaoa??ae ia a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai no/anii? o??o?a??.
E?eoe/ia ioe?iea cacia/aiiai na?ae/eoue, ui niiniae oi?ioaaiiy
aianoiiica oa ?nioth/? oiai? iaoa??aee a cia/i?e i??? ae/a?iaee naaa,
?o aeei?enoaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia iiaea ci?ieoe neooaoe?th ia e?aua. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeooaeuei?noue oa iaae??oai?noue i?iaeaie oa
aeioe?euei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii-ee?i?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?aaiaioii
aaeocaai? iaoeiai? i?ia?aie eaoaae?e oi?aeiaaaeii?iaeueii? oa noaeeiii?
o??o?a?? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.
I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie “O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy ?oaoeaaeo no?eeoo? aeia/ieo
i?ioie”( ? 01860068121 aea?ae?a?no?aoe??).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ciaioaiiy /anoioe i?neyiia?aoe?eieo
oneeaaeiaiue, iie?auaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a iia?aoeaieo
ao?o/aiue ia ii?iaeienoeo i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo oeyoii iaa?oiooaaiiy e
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?ic?iaee iaae?eieo niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy oa caoenoo
aianoiiic?a, a oaeiae aeai?o oiaiiai iaoa??aeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o a
ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1. I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy oeoieiai-eeoeiaeo oa eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi N?IO aeaeniio, a?e?eeo,
iie?ae?ienaiiio oa ieoeaeiio.

2. I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae
no?aaio?aeieo, eeoeiaeo, aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ?c
canoinoaaiiyi i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee oa IAOI a??aeaeei n?ee, i?ie?i,
iaoaeao?aai.

3. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a c`?aeiaiiy ii?iaeienoeo i?aai?a o?aaiiai eaiaeo c
canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee, IAOI, ui ia ?icniieoothoueny oa
?icniieoothoueny.

4. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? caai?iiy eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca
aeiiiiiaith caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiae?a oa c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii?
oaoi?ee ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith.

5. ?ic?iaeoe a aenia?eiaio? iiaeae? aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe??, ui
aeicaieeoue aea/aoe iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a a oiiaao, iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaieo aei ee?i?/ieo, i?iaanoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe??.

6. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? eeoeiaeo oa aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a,
coi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi iaaee/iiai eeath noeueoae?eeao-1 ? OE.

7. ?ic?iaeoe oa aea/eoe caniae caoenoo eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo a oiiaao aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe?? ca
aeiiiiiaith OE.

8. ?ic?iaeoe i?eno??e, yeee aeicaiey? a aenia?eiaio? cae?enithaaoe
aaaaoi?aciaa ?ice?eooy /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie a iaei??? oaa?eie c iaoith
acyooy iaoa??aeo aeey aaeoa??ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa iaa?oiooaaoe
aeioe?euei?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy a ee?i?/ieo oiiaao aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
i?ia?aiiaaiiai eaaaaeo oa eiio?ieth noaio i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie c
i?i?iaeueiith o?aaiaoecaoe??th oai?iai.

9. Aea/eoe iiaeeea?noue oa iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy OE
? oei/aniaeo i?ioei?e?iaieo eeoeiaeo aiaeii?ioaeoi??a c iie?a?i?eiaiai
nie?oo (IAN) aeey caoenoo oianoieeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a.

10. Ai?iaaaeeoe a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
?ic?iaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa ia iiaeaeyo ee?i?/ieo
iia?aoe?e i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ii?oieia?/ia ioe?iea ia?aa?ao
?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a o oeaieiao ae?eyiee oeoieiai-eeoeiaeo ? eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi N?OI — ca?oa?aeieo (aeaeniio,
a?e?eeo, iie?ae?ienaiiio) oa a?o/eciyiiai (ieoeaeiio). Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ieoeaeii ca nai?ie aeanoeainoyie ia iinooia?oueny ca?oa?aeiei aiaeiaai.
Iniiaia iiceoeaia ye?noue ieoee, yea aeae?ey? ?? c ?yaeo N?OI,
iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy no?ie?a ao?aoe i?oeiino? ? ?icniieooaaiiy
oeyoii ci?ie nooiaith ?? ieeneaiiy i?ae /an aeaioiaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii niin?a oi?ioaaiiy iaeii?yaeiiai oaa o?aaiiai eaiaeo c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoa??aeo, ui ?icniieoo?oueny (A.n. 1146016).

Aia?oa aea/ai? iniaeeaino? no?aaio?aeieo, eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi IAOI iaoaeao?aai, i?ie?i ?
a??aeaeei n?ee: ia?aa?a i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? a ciiao
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee oa
IAOI.

Aia?oa i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy eeoeiaeo oa aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a
canoiniaaaaia iiaeeo?eiaaia ieoea iaoaeao?aai c i?aeaeuaiith no?ee?noth
aei inaaeaeaiiy ia ?? iiaa?oi? nieae aeia/ieo eeneio ? ai?noo eeoa/ieeo,
yeo caaacia/o? iie?ia?ia a?ae?ioiaia iie?eooy.

?ic?iaeai? ? aea/ai? i?ea?iaeuei? iiaeae? aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe??,
ye? aeicaieythoue a oiiaao, iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaieo aei ee?i?/ieo,
aeine?aeaeoaaoe ia?aa?a i?ioean?a o ae?eyioe? noi?iiaaieo aianoiiic?a,
a oaeiae aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a ?o caoenoo (A.n. 1501129; iina?ae/aiiy
i?i aaeocaao ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeo i?iiiceoe?th ? 901).

?ic?iaeaii niin?a oi?ioaaiiy iaeii?yaeiiai aoceiaiai oaa c
canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee a aeaio iiaeeo?eaoe?yo — c
aeei?enoaiiyi neioaoe/ieo IAOI, ui ?icniieoothoueny oa
ia?icniieoothoueny (A.n. 1787433).

Aea/ai? iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? a
ae?eyioe? aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
iaoiae?a oa c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee aianoiiicoaaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? niiniae caoenoo eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a ca
aeiiiiiaith OE.

Aia?oa aeiaaaeaii, ui o?eueee iiaea?eiee caoeno oianoieeoeiaiai
aianoiiico — oeyoii aa?iaoecaoe?? c aieo na?icii? iaieiiee OE oa
aioo??oiueii?ina?oiiai i?aeaaaeaiiy aei ae?eyiee aianoiiica oei/aniaiai
aioei?e?iaiiai eeoeiaiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a c IAN, caaacia/o? eiai
a?ieia?/io aa?iaoe/i?noue, iaoai?/io i?oei?noue ? iaae?ei?noue.

?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? iia? niiniae aeeiiaiiy i?ei?icaa??aath/eo oa
i?ei?ia?aeiiaethth/eo iia?aoe?e c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee
(A.n. 1572553 oa A.n. 1683697).

Cai?iiiiiaaia iia`ycea-cano?aea aeey aaaaoi?aciaiai ?ice?eooy /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie a iaei??? oaa?eie c iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy aaeoa??ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a aenia?eiaio?, a oaeiae cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai
eaaaaeo oa eiio?ieth noaio i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie a ee?i?oe?
(Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 3687-O??).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aenia?eiaio?, a iio?i a
ee?i?oe? aeiaaaeai? ia?aaaae iaeii?yaeiiai oaa o ii??aiyii? c
aeai?yaeiei. Iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy a ee?i?oe?
ia?oiai a?o/eciyiiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo, ui ?icniieoo?oueny, ieoeaeii.
Cai?iiiiiaaii i?ea?iaeueiee niin?a oi?ioaaiiy aoceiaiai oaa o aeaio
iiaeeo?eaoe?yo c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee. Aeey o??o?a??
iicaia/?ieiaeo aeia/ieo i?ioie iioeiaeueiei ? canoinoaaiiy IAOI
iaoaeao?aai c i?aeaeuaiith no?ee?noth aei inaaeaeaiiy ia eiai iiaa?oi?
aeia/ieo eeneio a ii?aeiaii? c i?aoeec?eiith oaoi?eith iia?oaaiiy.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui oiae ia ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe a
o??o?a?? aeia/ieo i?ioie /a?ac iiyao iaaaaeaieo oneeaaeiaiue, ye? ia
caeaaeaoue a?ae oaoi?ee oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica. A o??o?a?? oianoi? eeoee
ii?aaaeaiei ? iiaea?eiee caoeno aianoiiica ca aeiiiiiaith OE oa
oei/aniaeo aioei?e?iaieo eeoeiaeo aiaeii?ioaeoi??a c IAN. Canoinoaaiiy
iia’ycee-cano?aee cieaeo? a??ia?aei?noue aeieeiaiiy oneeaaeiaiue i?e
iaiao?aeiino? iiaoi?iiai ?ice?eooy /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie.

Ee?i?/ia ai?iaaoe?y aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ic?iaie aoea i?iaaaeaia o
a?aeae?eaiiyo oi?aeaeueii? o??o?a??, o??o?a?? oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo,
o??o?a?? ia/?iee, o??o?a?? i?aeoeoieiai? caeice ? ii?oaeueii?
a?ia?oaic?? ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII
Oe?a?ie, ia eaoaae?ao oi?aeiaaaeii?iaeueii? ? noaeeiii? o??o?a??,
oaeaeei? oa iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae??
a?enueeiai? o??o?a?? A?enueeiai-iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo Oe?a?inueei?
a?enueeiai-iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, o Ee?anuee?e i?nuee?e ee?i?/i?e e?ea?i?
oaeaeei? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, Aa?eoaanuee?e Oe?E Ee?anueei? iaeano?, 1-e
i?nuee?e ee?i?/i?e e?ea?i? (i. *a?i?aoe?), *aie?iaaoeuee?e Oe?E
Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano?.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iiceoeaieie iaeaeeae/eie oa
a?ae-aeaeaieie ?acoeueoaoaie iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy 177 iaoe??io?a c
??cieie o??o?a?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a o?aaiiai eaiaeo o
ieaiiaiio oa iaa?aeeeaaeiiio ii?yaeeo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeeth/ai? aei eaeoe?eiiai eo?no oaiaoe/iiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a c o??o?a?/ii? aano?iaioa?ieia?? Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,
?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie oa
eaoaae?e a?enueeiai? o??o?a?? A?enueeiai-iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo
Oe?a?inueei? a?enueeiai-iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/ai?
aaoi?ii. Aeena?oaio iniaenoi cae?eniea aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia niaaeao, e?ieyo ? eaai?aoi?ieo uo?ao c ?ic?iaee iiaeo niinia?a
oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a, ?o caoenoo, a oaeiae aeai?o oiaieo iaoa??ae?a oa
ai?iaaaeea ?o o i?aeoeeo. ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue
aeicaieythoue aea/aoe ia?aa?a caiaeueieo i?ioean?a, a oaeiae
?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica ca oiiae, iaeneiaeueii
iaaeeaeai? aei ee?i?/ieo. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?eniai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. Aeena?oaioii iniaenoi oa ca eiai
aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth aea/ai? iniaeeaino? caai?iiy aianoiiic?a
caeaaeii a?ae niiniao ?o oi?ioaaiiy, canoiniaaiiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo oa
caoenoo. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ioi?ieai? ? iaea?aeai? 5 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa oa 1
iaoaio ia aeiaoiaee. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeeeaaeai? aeena?oaioii
a iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo, ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoao, aeo?iaeueieo
noaooyo, oacao, i?aeaioiaeaieo iniaenoi oa o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaaiai?ai?
ia c`?caeao, neiiic?oiao oa eiioa?aioe?yo. On? ?icae?ee aeena?oaoe??,
aeniiaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iaienai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa iaoa??aee ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia: ?icoe?aiiio ieaioi?
i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Oe?o?aey eaaeeo e ieuaaiaea” (Aeoaane, 1988), 16-io
c`?cae? o??o?a?a Oe?a?inueei? ?N? (Iaeana, 1988), 8-io Ananithciiio
iaoeiaiio neiiiceoi? “Neioaoe/aneea iieeia?u iaaeeoeeineiai iacia/aiey”
(Ee?a, 1989), 1-e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Nia?aiaiiua iiaeoiaeu e
?ac?aaioea yooaeoeaiuo ia?aayci/iuo n?aaenoa e oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia”
(Iineaa, 1989), Congress of emergency and disaster medicine
(Czechoslovakia, 1989), 22-io ieaioi? i?aae?iiy Ananithciiai oiaa?enoaa
o??o?a?a ? 5-io c`?cae? o??o?a?a Eacaonoaio (Aeia-Aoa, 1990), can?aeaii?
i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Eneonnoaaiiua i?aaiu” (Iineaa, 1990), ae?oa?e
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeiao?aeiee?a (Ee?a,
1990), 5-io c`?cae? o??o?a?a ?anioae?e Na?aaeiuei? Ac?? ? Eacaonoaio
(Oaoeaio, 1991), i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai iaaeeoeeie
eaoano?io (Ee?a, 1992), Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie aeno?aiaeueii? iaaeeoeeie” (Ee?a, 1993), 5-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? aeiao?aeiee?a ? i?aei?e?ioe?a “Iaoea e i?iecaiaenoai —
cae?aaiio?aiaieth” (Ee?a, 1993), ? (OO??) c`?cae? o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie
(Euea?a, 1994), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iiaeaiiy aeno?aii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e iaa?aeeeaaeieo noaiao” (Ee?a,
1995), can?aeaii? iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa o??o?a?a i.Ee?aa oa Ee?anueei?
iaeano? (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? 40 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue: o oaoiaeo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo — 18, a oiio /ene? — 7
naiino?eii; o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao c’?cae?a oa eiioa?aioe?e — 22. Io?eiaii
5 na?aeioeoa oa 1 iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia aeiaoiaee, a oaeiae 3 iina?ae/aiiy
ia ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe??. Aeiouai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
oa 2 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoe.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 459 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno. Neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 5 aeaa aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy ? aeniiae?a. Iieaae/ee e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a?
649 aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 14 oaaeeoeyie oa 193 iaethieaie
? oioia?ao?yie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie, yeo aeeiiaii ia 779 eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao
(17 na??e aenia?eiaio?a), oa ee?i?/ii?, ui aeeth/a? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a oa e?eoaaiiy 177 iaoe??io?a c
??cieie o??o?a?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o
ieaiiaiio oa iaa?aeeeaaeiiio ii?yaeeo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaia ia a?eeo uo?ao,
e?ieyo, ii?iaee oeioeea oa aacii??aeieo niaaeao ianith o?ea a?ae 15 aei
35 ea. Aea?? eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei aecia/aiee iinoaaeaiieie caaaeaiiyie a
eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a. Iia?aoe?? aeeiioaaee ia
no?aaioiae?, oeoieo, oiie?e ? oiano?e eeooe?, a oaeiae ia iicaia/?ieiaeo
aeia/ieo i?ioieao.

Aea?? ia`?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa ia aeiaaeeiaei, ine?eueee iia?aoeai?
ao?o/aiiy ia aeacaieo i?aaiao, a oiio /ene? ??ci? niiniae oi?ioaaiiy
aianoiiic?a, oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoue a no/ani?e i?aeoe/i?e o??o?a??,
ui iio?aaoaaei aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue noai?aiiy iiaeaeae
ee?i?/ieo iia?aoe?e ia oeeo i?aaiao.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo i?iaaaeaia ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa???a
O?oa?a-No’thaeaioa, c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai.

Aiae?c aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e, i?enay/aii? aena?oeaiith i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
eeoeiai oaa, na?ae/eoue, ui c aaeeei? e?eueeino? i?e/ei ? oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia eiai ye?noue ? iaae?ei?noue, iniiaieie ? oae?: 1) niin?a
? oaoi?ea oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica; 2) canoiniaaiee aeey oeueiai oiaiee
iaoa??ae; 3) niin?a caoenoo aianoiiica.

C iaeyaeo ia oea ?iaioa aoaeoaaeanue ca i?eioeeiii iine?aeiaiiai
aea/aiiy iniiaieo i?e/ei ? oaeoi??a, a?ae yeeo a iaea?eueo?e i???
caeaaeaoue ye?noue ? iaae?ei?noue noi?iiaaiiai aianoiiica, c iiaeaeueoei
?o oaeineiiaeaiiyi oa ?ic?iaeith iiaeo, ui ni?eyoeeai aieeaaoeia ia
ia?aa?a i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? a ae?eyieao aianoiiic?a oa
caaacia/oaaoeia ?o iaeneiaeueio iaae?ei?noue.

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue, ui iniiai? i?e/eie,
ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia ye?noue aianoiiica oae?: 1. Ia i?aaeeueiee
aea?? niiniao oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica aai eiai iaaaeaeaaoia aeei?enoaiiy
yeui aianoiiic noi?iiaaiee ca aeiiiiiaith aeai- oa o?e?yaeiiai oaa,
i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ecee eiai iani?iiiaeiino? aiane?aeie o?aaiaoe/iino?,
aaeeei? e?eueeino? oiaiiai iaoa??aeo ye ?aaeoe?y ia /oaei??aeia o?ei,
aoi?eiiiai ?io?eoaaiiy oeaiei, ii?ooaiiy ?iia?aaoe?? ? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy
c`?aeiaieo oeaiei, i?iieeiaiiy ?ioaeoe?? i?ae iaieiieaie. Ia?aaaao,
ne?ae iaaeaaaoe iaeii?yaeiiio oao c oi/iei ni?anoaaeaiiyi iaeii??aeieo
iaieiiie ? canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee. 2. Aea?? oiaiiai
iaoa??aeo, iaaaeaeaaoiiai ca a?ieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie oa no?oeoo?ith.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui c aea/aieo oiaieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? a iaea?eueo?e i???
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai no/anii? o??o?a??, iaea?eueo i?eeiyoi?
neioaoe/i? ieoee, ui ?icniieoothoueny oa IAOI (ca aeeeth/aiiyi oiaeo).
3. Iaaeinoaoi? aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e o??o?a?? iaoiae?a caoenoo
aianoiiic?a (c aei?iaoaaieo iaie iaoiae?a iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie
aeyaeeeny aa?iaoecaoe?y e?i?? oa?a OE (e?aua aooieea?i) oa
aioo??oiueii?ina?oia i?aeaaaeaiiy aei ae?eyiee aianoiiica oei/aniaiai
eeoeiaiai aioei?e?iaiiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a c IAN.

Oaeei /eiii, o?eueee eiiieaenia ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie, a oaeiae
iioeiaeueia ii?aeiaiiy iniiaieo neeaaeiaeo, ye? a iaea?eueo?e i???
aieeaathoue ia iaae?ei?noue aianoiiica, ni?eyoeia ciaioaiith /anoioe
aeieeiaiiy iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiic?a, iie?auaiith
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ia ii?iaeienoeo
i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo.

Ia?aaaaa neioaoe/ieo ieoie, ui ?icniieoothoueny o ii??aiyii? c
a?ieia?/ieie, a oaeiae neioaoe/ieie, ui ia ?icniieoothoueny iacaia?a/ia
(Y.C.E?aneaneee, 1991; I.K.Stone, 1988), oiio i?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aaaaeaee ia aeioe?eueiei. Nii/aeo aoee i?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeaeyae? /ioe?ueio na??e c ii??aiyeueiiai aea/aiiy
eeoeiaeo oa oeoieiai-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi
neioaoe/ieie oiaieo iaoa??ae?a ui ?icniieoothoueny — aeaeniio, a?e?eeo,
iie?ae?ienaiiio oa ia?oiai a?o/eciyiyiiai neioaoe/iiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo
, ui ?icniieoo?oueny ieoeaeiio.

Ieoea ?ic?iaeaia ni?a?ia?oieeaie Aea?aeaaiiai Oeaio?o c aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a i.Oa?ueeiaa (A.A.ssnieoeueeee, A.I.Oeoeaiiaa,
A.I.I?eaei?iaa, ss.?.Oiaeaeae), a oaeiae ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie (I.I.Oae?iia, TH.I.Oo?iaiia,
A.I.Neeue/aiei, N.I.Oae?iia). Oea neioaoe/ia e?o/aia aooinoa?eeueia
ieoea c iiaeeo?eiaaii? oeaetheice. Aiia ia ni?aaey? nainea?e?coth/iai oa
a?noioiene/iiai aieeao, ai??iaaiia. Ieoeaeii ia? oi?io? iai?ioeyoe?ei?
aeanoeaino?. Iniiaiith ia?aaaaith ieoee, ui aeae?ey? ?? c ?yaeo N?OI, ?
iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy no?ie?a ao?aoe i?oeiino? ? ?icniieooaaiiy
oeyoii ci?ie nooiaith ?? ieeneaiiy i?ae /an aeaioiaeaiiy.

C iaeyaeo ia iniaeeaino? N?OI, ye? aea?aeii a?ae??ciythoue ?o a?ae
iaoa??aeo, ui ia ?icniieoo?oueny, ie ?ic?iaeee “Niinia iaeiaeaiey
iaeii?yaeiiai ?annanuaathuaainy oaa ieuaaa?eoaeueiiai o?aeoa” (A.n. ?
1146016) yeee o iiai?e i??? ?ice?eaa? ia?aaaae neioaoe/ieo ieoie ui
?icniieoothoueny, a a noeoiiino? (niin?a oi?ioaaiiy ? oiaiee iaoa??ae)
caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueii ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey iiaiioe?iii? ?aaaia?aoe??
oeaiei, ye? coeaathoue, oaeaeeiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? iia?iaaiiai
i?aaia, cieaeaiiy aei i?i?ioio /anoioe oneeaaeiaiue, coiiaeaieo
canoinoaaiiyi oiaieo iaoa??ae?a oa niiniao oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei, ye? cia/ii aieeaathoue ia ye?noue oa iaae?ei?noue
aianoiiica, ? iaiaaeai?noue oaoi?/ieo iiaeeeainoae o??o?aa i?ae /an
canoinoaaiiy caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiae?a iia?oaaiiy. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
aaaeii?iaeueio o??o?a?th i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee c aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a??
aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe a?eueo ye?ni? oa iaae?ei?o? aianoiiice, a oaeiae
cia/ii iie?aueoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe iia?aoe?e ia ii?iaeienoeo
i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo ?, ioaea, i?aeiyoe oeae ?icae?e o??o?a?? ia
a?eueo aenieee ye?niee ??aaiue.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaiee o a?o/eciyi?e o??o?a?/i?e i?aeoeoe? IAOI iaoaeao?aai
aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy. Ieoea iaoaeao?aai ?ic?iaeaia
ni?a?ia?oieeaie Ee?anueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo oa ?inoeoooo
ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie.

Iaoaeao?aai — oea caaa?aeaia iie?eai?iai?aeia ieoea c aieeith,
noi?iiaaiith ia ?? e?ioe? oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai aeaeo?io?i?/iiai
inaaeaeoaaiiy aeayeeo iaoae?a. Iaoaeao?aai ia? aeia?? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? ?
iai?ioeyoe?ei? aeanoeaino?, ieoeo iiaeia ynii aa/eoe a iia?aoe?ei?e
?ai?. Aieea, ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ieoee, i?oeia, aino?a, eaaei i?ioiaeeoue
/a?ac oeaieie, ia? ??cio e?eaecio ? aeiaaeeio caeaaeii a?ae i?noey
canoinoaaiiy.

I?ae /an ?iaioe IAOI iaoaeao?aai aoa oaeineiiaeaiee, ui ni?eyei cia/iiio
iie?auaiith eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae, ieoea noaea a?eueo
i?oeiith caaaeyee canoinoaaiith i?eaeaai-eiaaeueoiaiai nieaao.
Iayai?noue iie?ia?iiai a?ae?ioiaiiai iie?eooy cia/ii i?aeaeueea ??
a?ieia?/io noi?ni?noue c oeaieiaie. Oea aaeeea ia?aaaaa ieoee, aa?o/e
aei oaaae iiaeeea?noue eiioaeoo c aa?aneaiei na?aaeiaeuai ( oeoieiaee ?
eeoa/iee nie, aeia/).

Ianooii? o?noue na??e aenia?eiaio?a aoee i?enay/ai? ii??aiyeueiiio
aea/aiith no?aaio?aeieo, eeoeiaeo oa aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a,
noi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iii?oiiai IAOI a??aeaeei n?ee, i?ie?i oa
ia?oiai a?o/eciyiiai IAOI iaoaeao?aaia c canoinoaaiiyi i?e?io??o?a?/ii?
oaoi?ee.

?ici??e caaaeueii? ia/?ieiai? i?ioiee (CII) a?eiai uo?a iano?eueee iae?,
ui ia aeicaieythoue oi?ioaaoe aeia/ii-eeoeiaee aianoiiic iaa?oue ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iia?aoe?eiiai i?e?ineiia. Aeey ca?eueoaiiy ae?aiao?a CII ?
oiaueie ?? no?iee, aeinoaoi?o aeey iiaeeeaiai aianoiiicoaaiiy, oa c
iaoith iaaeeaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a ca iaoyaeaieo oiia ? aea/aiiy
ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? a neooaoe?yo, iaaeeaeaieo
aei ee?i?/ieo (ca iayaiino? aeiaoyieoe?, oieaia?oo, ia/?ieiai?
iaaeinoaoiino?), aianoiiice oi?ioaaee i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai noaiicoaaiiy
CII a i?noe? aoiaeaeaiiy ?? a aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaeo eeoeo (AeIE) ca 7 ae?a
aei iia?aoe??.

?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue iaoo?aoe?eii? aeiaoyieoe?: aeey noaiicoaaiiy
i?ina?oo CII iaaeiei ?? onoy ia no?ieo AeIE iaeeaaeaee
na?icii-i`yciai-i?aeneeciaee oia (iina?ae/aiiy ia aaeocaao
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeo i?iiiceoe?th ? 901). I?e iiaeaethaaii?
iaoo?aoe?eii? aeiaoyieoe? ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith
i?neyiia?aoe?eia eaoaeuei?noue oaa?ei a 7 ?ac?a ia?aaeuoaaea iieaciee
i?e canoinoaaii? cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae?). Ia iniia? aeaieo a?io?i?/ieo
oa a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaia aaeaeaaoi?noue ?ic?iaeaii?
iiaeae? aiaeiaaiii? ?ioien?eaoe?? o?eaaeiio oieanoaco, ui
niinoa??aathoue o ee?i?/ieo oiiaao.

Iioeiaeueiei no?ieii aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeia/ia?aea?aeiiai aianoiiica ?
7-ia aeiaa c iiiaioo aeieeiaiiy iaoo?aoe?eii? aeiaoyieoe?. Ia oeae /an
ia oii? aeia?iye?niiai ia?aa?ao aeiaoyieoe? ae?aiao? CII noaiiaea
3,5-5,5 ii, oiaueia ?? no?iee — 0,6-0,7 ii, ai?no caaaeueiiai a?e??oa?io
a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? — (115,5+5,3) ieiieue/e. I?ae /an a?noieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a no?ioe? CII aeyaeyee aiaieuaaa caiaeueia ?ic?inoaiiy
caeic ai?oae?th c oi?ioaaiiyi niieo/ii? oeaieie.

C iaoith ii??aiyiiy ia?aa?ao caai?iiy no?aaio?aeieo ? eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a oaeiae ca iaoyaeaieo oiia iaie i?iaaaeai? o?e na???
aenia?eiaio?a (129 oaa?ei), ?acoeueoaoe yeeo na?ae/eee i?i ni?eyoeeaee
ia?aa?a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai caai?iiy, a oaeiae aenieo ye?noue oiaieo
iaoa??ae?a, ui ii??aithaaee. ?ic?iaeaiee “Niinia iiaeaee?iaaiey
?iaeiaaiiie eioieneeaoeee” (A.n. 1501129). Iaeii?aciai
aioo??oiueii/a?aaeiii aaiaeeee noi?o? niieoe, ui ? i?iaeoeoaie
i?e?iaeiiai iaoaaie?cio, aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a iiei/ii? eeneioe 330 ia/ea,
aiii?th oei?eaeo 116 ia/ea, na/iaeie 3200 ia/ea oa na/iai? eeneioe 68,5
ia/ea, ui a?aeiia?aeaei 1/2 EAe16 aeey eiaeiiai c cacia/aieo eiiiiiaio?a
ca oaeiai niiniao aaaaeaiiy. Nooi?iue oiene/iino? eiaeiiai eiiiiiaioo
aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii E?o/o?eaea ? A?eeieniia c ianooiiith iiaoaeiaith
aeicicaeaaeii? i?yii? oiene/iino?. Ee?i?/i? iciaee aiaeiaaiii?
?ioieneeaoe?? aa?eo?eiaai? aeaieie iaoiii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ia/?iee, ie?ie, na?oey oa eeoa/ieea aeyaeyee oyaee? aeeno?io?/i? oa
aiaieuaa? iae?ia?ioe/i? ci?ie i?aai?a ye iane?aeie cia/ieo ?iceaae?a
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, ui aeieeaee i?ae /an iiaeaethaaiiy aiaeiaaiii?
?ioien?eaoe?? i?ae aieeaii i?e?iaeieo iaoaaie?o?a. I?ioyaii 3 ae?a 50%
oaa?ei caaeioee a?ae aiaeioieneeico, o ?aooe a?i iaaoa o?ii?/iiai
ia?aa?ao, oaa?eie iaeoaeaee /a?ac 12-14 ae?a a?ae ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo.
Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue a?aeiia?aea? ia?aa?ao aiaeiaaiii?
?ioieneeaoe??, yeo niinoa??aathoue o ee?i?/ieo oiiaao (A.ss.Aaeue, 1987)
? iiaea aooe canoiniaaia aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a caai?iiy
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca iaoyaeaieo oiia.

AEia/ii-eeoeia? aianoiiice oi?ioaaee ca O?inoa?a?ii, iiaeeo?eoaaaoe
niin?a iaeeaaeaiiyi iaeii?yaeiiai aioo??oiueiaoceiaiai oaa. Oaeee aeae
oaa (aocee ieoie ?icoaoiaai? ia neecia?e iaieiioe?), ia?aiee iaie c
iaoith aea/aiiy e?oiaaiieo aeanoeainoae IAOI, ui aea/aee. A on?o oanoe
na??yo aenia?eiaio?a aeei?enoiaoaaee oiaiee iaoa??ae c oiiaiei iiia?ii
8/0. Iniiai? aoaie iia?aoe?? (iia?e?caoe?y i?aai?a, ?icoei aai
?acaeoe?y, oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica) aeeiioaaee c canoinoaaiiyi
i?e?io??o?a?/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a — (c iaai??a ?ino?oiaio?a aeey
i?e?inoaeeiieo oa i/ieo iia?aoe?e) ? iia?aoe?eiiai i?e?ineiia o??ie
“Karl Zeiss”, iiaeaeue 310 (ca?eueoaiiy o 4 — 40 e?ao, ?iai/a oieonia
a?aenoaiue 200 ii).

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aianoiiic?a aoee ii?oieia?/iee
(aea/aee aeeiai?eo caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? oa i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii?
?aaaia?aoe?? a no?ioe? aianoiiica) oa oaic?iiao?e/iee (aecia/aee o?ce/io
aa?iaoe/i?noue oa iaoai?/io i?oei?noue noi?iiaaieo aianoiiic?a).

I?ioeane caai?iiy a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica, noi?iiaaiiai ca oiiae
aiaeiaaiii? ?ioien?eaoe?? c canoinoaaiiyi i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee
iia?oaaiiy ? IAOI, aeeth/athoue ?yae aoai?a ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
caaaeueieie caeiiii??iinoyie iacaeaaeii a?ae canoiniaaiiai oiaiiai
iaoa??aeo.

Iaea?eueo aeinoia??io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy i?aoeec?eii?
oaoi?ee c aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a?? io?eiaee i?ae /an ii??aiyeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie
oa c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii?
oaoi?ee ? aeaiaio?a i?e?io??o?a??. Uia aeiaanoe ia?aaaae iaoiaeeee,
ne?ae aeeiiaoe ao?o/aiiy a iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao iaeieie ?oeaie. Oea noaei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ianooiieo na??e aenia?eiaio?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia 118 eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao o aeaeyae?
/ioe?ueio na??e aenia?eiaio?a. O ? oa ?? na??yo aeei?enoiaoaaee
iaea?eueo iioe?ai? a i?aeoe/i?e o??o?a?? niiniae oi?ioaaiiy
iaeii?yaeiiai aioo??oiueiaoceiaiai na?icii-i`yciai-i?aeneeciaiai oaa ca
Ie?iaiaei-Iaoaooeii ? aeai?yaeiiai oaa Eaiaa?oa-Oi?aeaia; o ??? ? ?V
na??yo — ?ic?iaeaiee iaie “Niinia iaeiaeaiey iaeii?yaeiiai oceiaiai
eeoa/iiai oaa” (A.n. 1787433), yeee oi?iothoue o aeaio aa??aioao
caeaaeii a?ae canoiniaaiiai IAOI, ui ia ?icniieoo?oueny aai
?icniieoo?oueny, c iaia`yceiaei aeei?enoaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee.

I?ae /an ?ic?iaee niiniao aianoiiicoaaiiy a?aee aei oaaae iaaeie?ee
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica, a oaeiae oiaieo
iaoa??ae?a.

I?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica iaa?oue c aeei?enoaiiyi IAOI iaea?eueo
neaaeei i?noeai ? aocie e?aaoo?e, aea iae/ano?oa aeieeathoue ??ci?
i?neyiia?aoe?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy (i?ieaaei?, ae?acee, iae?ic, o?ii?/iee
caiaeueiee i?ioean). C iaeyaeo ia oea, i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith aocee an?o oa?a (i?e aeei?enoaii? IAOI ui ia
?icniieoo?oueny — ia neecia?e iaieiioe?, ui ?icniieoo?oueny — ia
na?ici?e) ?icoaoiaoaaee a oaoiaoiiio ii?yaeeo ca e?i??th aianoiiica, ui
aeeeth/aei o?aaioaaiiy oeaiei a oe?e ae?eyioe?, a canoinoaaiiy IAOI ?
i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee c aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a?? noai?thaaei iaeneiaeueii
ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey caai?iiy aianoiiica ia?aeiiei iaoyaii ? a ei?ioe?
no?iee.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aaaa oa iaaeie?e?a ii??aithaaieo aianoiiic?a
canoinoaaee o?e iaoiaee eiio?ieth, ui aeicaieyei ia`?eoeaii ioe?ieoe ?o
— ii?oieia?/iee, oaic?iiao?e/iee ? ?aioaaiieia?/iee.

Iiaioaaiiy oaoiieia?? i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee iia?oaaiiy c on?ia ??
eiiiiiaioaie aeicaieeei ?ic?iaeoe a aenia?eiaio? oa ai?iaaaeeoe a
ee?i?eo iaoiaee i?ei?icaa??aath/eo oa i?ei?ia?aeiiaethth/eo iia?aoe?e c
i?eaiaeo oneeaaeiaii? ae?aceiai? oai?iae oeoiea ? AeIE : “Niinia
ieei?iieanoeee” (A.n. 1683697), “Niinia oi?ie?iaaiey aeiia eoeueoe
aeaeoaeea i?e aai ?acaeoeee” (A.n. 1572553). Canoinoaaiiy oe???
oaoi?ee iia?oaaiiy aeicaieeei aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe oiie? aiaoii?/i?
no?oeoo?e, niaoe?aeueia ?iai/a iiaa?oiy i?e?io??o?a?/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a
caaacia/oaaea i?i?iaeueia o?aaioaaiiy oeaiei aac ii?ooaiiy ?o
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy oa ?iia?aaoe??. Canoinoaaiiy oiieiai a?aaeoeaiiai
a?o/eciyiiai IAOI iaoaeao?aai 5/0-6/0 oa ca?eueooaaeueii? iioeee (o 4,5)
aeicaieeei oi/ii ? ao?aaiaoe/ii c`?aeioaaoe iaeii??aei? oeaieie.

Ianooiiei aoaiii aoea ?ic?iaea niinia?a caoenoo aianoiiica, ui ia?
aaee/acia cia/aiiy a i?aeoe/i?e o??o?a??. Iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo
iai?yie?a ? ?ic?iaea niinia?a oiaii-eeaeiaiai aianoiiicoaaiiy, ye?
caaacia/othoue a?ieia?/io aa?iaoe/i?noue aianoiiica, aenieo iaoai?/io
i?oei?noue. Iaea?eueo iiceoeaii ca?aeiiaiaeoaaee naaa eiiiiceoe?? ia
iniia? ae?eeao?a, cie?aia iaaee/iee eeae noeueoae?eeao — 1
(A.A.Aenaeoia, 1984; I.A.Aii/a?aiei, 1997), a oaeiae o?a?eiia?
eiiiiceoe?? (S.Ohwada et al., 1998).

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie eiio?ieth yeino? oiaii-eeaeiaeo aianoiiic?a aoee
ii?oieia?/iee (aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? a no?ioe?
aianoiiica, i?ioean?a ?aia?aoe??), oaic?iiao?e/iee (aecia/aiiy
oaeaeeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy i?oeiino? oa o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiica),
aaeoa??ieia?/iee (ioe?iea a?ieia?/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiica oa
nooiaiy eiai i?e?iaii? i?iieeiino?, yeee, a naith /a?ao, aecia/a?
oyaee?noue caiaeueii-iae?ioe/ieo ci?i no?iee aianoiiica oa ?o aeeaeio).

I?iaaaeai? o?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a c ii??aiyeueiiai aea/aiiy niinia?a
oiaii-eeaeiaiai oi?ioaaiiy eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a ia
124 eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao. Anueiai noi?iiaai? 174 aianoiiice ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee ? ieoie
iaoaeao?aai, aeaenii ? a?e?ee 6/0-8/0. Aeey aa?iaoecaoe?? oa?a
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaaee/iee eeae noeueoae?eeao-1 oa a?ieia?/io
aeaieiiiiiaioio eeaeiao eiiiiceoe?th ia iniia? o?a?eiiaaio ( ?ic?iaea
ni?a?ia?oiee?a eaai?aoi??? a?io?i?? Ee?anueeiai IAe? ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i.
I.?.Eieii?e/aiea IIC Oe?a?ie oa ?inoeoooo ee?i?/ii? ? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
o??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie) ye iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeai?, c iaoith ioe?iee ?o
ia?aaaa ? iaaeie?e?a.

Ia?oei eiiiiiaioii OE aoa a?eeiaee eiioeaio?ao (o?a?eiiaai,
o?a?einoaa?e?coth/ee oaeoi?, o?a?iiaeoei) oa ?ia?a?oi? i?ioaac; ae?oaei
— o?iia?i, ?ic/eiaiee a ?cioii?/iiio ?ic/ei? iao??th oei?eaeo c
aeiaeaaaiiyi 0,44% ?ic/eio eaeueoe?th oei?eaeo.

Neeaaeia? /anoeie OE (i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai iaa??aaiiy aei oaiia?aoo?e
370 N) iaeii/anii iaiineee ia e?i?th oa?a noi?iiaaiiai aianoiiica ca
aeiiiiiaith ?i?iaeaiiai i?eno?ith (iina?ae/aiiy i?i ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeo
i?iiiceoe?th ? 28/90).

C iaoith caaacia/aiiy a?eueoi? iaae?eiino? oianoieeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a,
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o a?ieia?/ii? oa o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a
?o iiaea?eiiai caoenoo (c aieo neeciai? iaieiiee — ca aeiiiiiaith
oei/aniaiai i?ioei?e?iaiiai eeoeiaiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a c IAN, c aieo
na?icii? iaieiiee — OE).

C iaoith aea/aiiy i?ioei?e?iaieo aeanoeainoae aiaeii?ioaeoi?a ia
oaa?eiao o aeeiai?oe?, a oaeiae iaae?eiino? oa a?ieia?/ii? aa?iaoe/iino?
aianoiiic?a c iiaea?eiei caoenoii ?ic?iaeaia iia’ycea-cano?aea (Iaoaio
Oe?a?ie 3687-O??).

O ee?i?oe? eiio?ieue yeino?, o?c?ieia?/iino? oa iaae?eiino?
ai?iaaaeaeaaieo iaoiae?a cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith ee?i?/ieo,
eaai?aoi?ieo, ?aioaaiieia?/ieo oa aiaeineii?/ieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iiaiioe?iia oa iaoneeaaeiaia caai?iiy aianoiiica caaacia/othoue ?yae
oaeoi??a, c iaeiiai aieo oaoi?ea ? niin?a eiai oi?ioaaiiy, c ?ioiai,
ye?noue oiaiiai iaoa??aeo. I?ae /an aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy iaeii?yaeiiai oaa ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoa??aeo ui ?icniieoo?oueny
caaacia/o? aeinoaoith iaae?ei?noue aianoiiica, caaaeyee ni?anoaaeaiith
iaeii??aeieo oeaiei, i?i?iaeuei?e ?o o?aaiaoecaoe??, cieaeaiith ?eceeo
?io?eoaaiiy no?iee aianoiiica (ieoee ia aeoiaeyoue a i?ina?o i?aaia).
Iaea?eueo iaae?eiee aianoiiic, noi?iiaaiee c aeei?enoaiiyi ieoee
ieoeaeii. Ieoea ia? aioei?e?iai? aeanoeaino? /a?ac iayai?noue a i?e
ieneo?iie?io, ui o aaeee?e i??? cieaeo? ?ecee ?io?eoaaiiy no?iee i?aaia
? oiaieo eaiae?a oa iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeeaiai i?iieeiaiiy ?ioaeoe?? aei
a?eueii? /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie.

Ieoea iie?ae?ienaiii ia? iacaaeia?euei? iai?ioeyoe?ei? aeanoeaino?:
aeoaea aei?noea, aeey ooai?aiiy i?oeiiai aocea iio??aii i?eeeanoe aaeee?
coneeey, aeey eiai oo?eiaiiy ne?ae caa`ycoaaoe o?e, a oi ? /ioe?e
aocee. E?ioe? ieoee o?aaiothoue iaaeieeoi? oeaieie, ui a on?o
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei ni?e/eieei ae?aaeaiee niaeeiaee i?ioean, a o
aeaio niinoa?aaeaiiyo — iani?iiiaei?noue oa?a aianoiiica ? caaeaaeue
oaa?ei, ui iia`ycaia ia c iaoiaeeeith oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica, a c
canoiniaaiei oiaiei iaoa??aeii.

O ii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiio aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeniio, a?e?eeo, iie?ae?ienaiiio ? ieoeaeiio aeiaaaeaii, ui ia?aa?a
?aiiaiai i?ioeano a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica i?eioeei?aeueii iaeiaeiaee,
iniaeeaino? caiaeaiiy aeyaeyee o?eueee a ciiao eieae?caoe?? oiaiiai
iaoa??aeo. I?e oeueiio a?aei?/aii a?eueo o?eaaea ia?aaoaaiiy a oeaieiao
ieoie iie?ae?ienaiiio oa iaio ?ioaineaia ?o ?icniieooaaiiy, ui a aeayeeo
oaa?ei coiiaethaaei ii?ooaiiy i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe??. I?i oea na?ae/eea
cao?eiea ?aaaia?aoe?? neeciai? iaieiiee.

I?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy eeoeiaeo ? oeoieiai-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith c aeei?enoaiiyi neioaoe/ieo ieoie, ui
?icniieoothoueny, aeaeniio, a?e?eeo, iie?ae?ienaiiio ? ieoeaeiio
niinoa??aaee a?aeiiaeaiiy neeciai? iaieiiee oa oi?ioaaiiy
niieo/iioeaieiiiai ?oaoey a no?ioe? aianoiiica iaeaea a iaei? e o?ae
nai? no?iee. I?ioa, ia?aa?a i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe?? a oeaieiao, coeoeo
ieoeith ieoeaeii, aoa a?eueo ni?eyoeeaei, ine?eueee ieoea c ia?oeo
oaeeei ?? ?iieaioaoe?? i?inyeoaaeanue e?ia`th ? oeaieiiith ??aeeiith,
ii/eiaea ?icaieieiyoenue, i?aeo?a?eey?i? u?eeie ? ?aiia? eaiaee
o?iiaoaaeeny ai?noii ?aie. Caaaeyee aenie?e ?aci?aoeai?e caeaoiino?
oiaiiai iaoa??aeo, ieoea aei 10-21-? aeiae ao?a/aea i?oei?noue,
/anoeiai ?icaieieiyeanue, ?icniieooaaeanue, aiane?aeie /iai ciaiooaaany
o?aeoe?eiee oene ia coeo? oeaieie, ui ni?eyei iaoneeaaeiaiiio ia?aa?ao
?aiiaiai i?ioeano. Aeaenii, a?e?ee ? iie?ae?ienaiii a?eueo no?ee? aei
?icniieooaaiiy, iicaaaeai? oeeo iiceoeaieo yeinoae. E??i oiai, aei
neeaaeo ieoeaeiio aoiaeeoue ien?o?iie?i, ui caaacia/o? eieaeueiee
aaeoa??inoaoe/iee aoaeo. Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i cia/i? ia?aaaae
ieoeaeiio o ii??aiyii? c ca?oa?aeieie aiaeiaaie. Ieoea a?eueo i`yea ?
aeanoe/ia, i?ae ?iii?oi? ieoee, ca i?i?iaeueieo coneeue ooai?ththoueny
i?oei? eiiiaeoi? aocee, i?e oeueiio aeinoaoiuei caa’ycaoe ?o aea?/?, ui
aeicaiey? ciaioeoe e?euee?noue oiaiiai iaoa??aeo, ui caeeoa?oueny a
oeaieiao. E?ioe? ieoee ia o?aaiothoue oeaieie. Ieoeaeii ia ia? aiaeia?a
ca ei?aeiiii, no?iee eiai ?icniieooaaiiy a oeaieiao ?aaeaiaioiaai? i?ae
/an aeaioiaeaiiy ieoee ? caeaaeaoue ia o?eueee a?ae ?? oiaueie, a e
a?ae nooiaith ieeneaiiy, ui ? cia/iith ia?aaaaith o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie
ieoeaie. Canoinoaaiiy ieoeaeiio iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy
iaeii?yaeieo oa?a.

Oaeei /eiii, ia?oa a?o/eciyia neioaoe/ia ieoea, ui ?icniieoo?oueny,
ieoeaeii ? no/aniei o??o?a?/iei oiaiei iaoa??aeii, ia iinooia?oueny
caei?aeiiiei aiaeiaai, a ca aeayeeie ia?aiao?aie e ia?aaa?oo? ?o, ui
ni?ey? ciaioaiith /anoioe i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue, iia`ycaieo ?c
canoinoaaiiyi oiaieo iaoa??ae?a, oa a?eueo ni?eyoeeaiio ia?aa?ao
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Cia/i? ?aca?ae ii nei?i/aiith
i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue iia’ycai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi IAOI ia aac?
ieoeaeiio. Ine?eueee oeaetheica ? aeaoaaith ? aeinooiiith ne?iaeiith o
ii??aiyii? c ne?iaeiith aeey aeaioiaeaiiy ?iii?oieo ieoie, oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy ieoeaeiio iaoeia aaeeeee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo.

I?ae /an ii??aiyeueii? ii?oieia?/ii? ioe?iee aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo c
aeei?enoaiiyi IAOI a??aeae?i n?ee, i?ie?i oa iaoaeao?aai, anoaiiaeaii,
ui iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?? oeaiei iaaeiei ??cieo oiaieo iaoa??ae?a
ianiaoeeo?/i?, ?o ne?ae ?icoe?ithaaoe ye “a?aioeueiio noi?iiiueiai
o?ea”. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaa?oue i?e canoinoaaii? ieoie aenieeo oiiaieo
iiia??a (8/0) oa iaeiioeiiaino? ee?oeiii? ?aaeoe?? ia ?o ?iieaioaoe?th,
ae?aaeai?noue oa o?eaae?noue caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? iaaeiei ieoie
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo oiaiiai iaoa??aeo, ianaiia?aae, eiai no?oeoo?e.
I?e canoinoaaii? ioeueoeo?eaiaioieo oiaeiaeo ieoie aenieee ?ecee
?io?eoaaiiy oa?a aianoiiica aiane?aeie ?o ?icaieieiaiiy oa aenieeo
aiioiaeo aeanoeainoae, ia?nenoaioe?? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano i?ioyaii 360
ae?a i?ney iia?aoe??. Ia?aaoaath/e a i?ina?o? aianoiiica, oiaeia? ieoee
iaaooathoue, ?icaieieiythoueny, noathoue aeia?ei i?ia?aeieeii i?e?ioei?e
oa ai?noo eeoa/ieea aei no?iee aianoiiica, a oaeiae /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie, ui a 67,4—86,7% niinoa?aaeaiue coiiaethaaei aeieeiaiiy
ae?a-aeaiiai niaeeiaiai i?ioeano a 4,6% — eeoeiaeo oa o 8,8% —
aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a noaei i?e/eiith ?o iani?iiiaeiino? ?
caaeaae? aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei. O oaa?ei, ui aeea?, a ae?eyioe?
aianoiiica niinoa??aaee iaaei??ia ?ic?inoaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie ?, ye
iane?aeie, oi?ioaaiiy a?oaiai ?oaoey, ui ni?e/eiyei ooieoe?iiaeueio
iaiiaiioe?ii?noue aianoiiica ? aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o oneeaaeiaiue.

I?ney oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica c aeei?enoaiiyi iiiie?oieo ieoie i?ie?i ?
iaoaeao?aai a?aei?/aee iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeao ?aaeoe?th oeaiei ia oiaiee
iaoa??ae, i?e oeueiio ?noioieo ?ica?aeiinoae a ?ioaineaiino? oa
o?eaaeino? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? iaaeiei ieoie ia niinoa??aaee, aiie
cae?i/oaaeenue aei 21-? aeiae, a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica oi?ioaaany oiieee
niieo/iioeaieiiee ?oaaoeue. Iaei ae?aaeaiee niaeeiaee i?ioean a /a?aai?e
ii?iaeiei? niinoa??aaee o 46,3-52,3% oaa?ei i?e aeei?enoaii? ieoie
i?ie?i oa o 35,6-41,3% — iaoaeao?aai. Iani?iiiaei?noue oa?a eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a i?e canoinoaaii? ieoee i?ie?i aeieeea o 2,4% niinoa?aaeaiue,
aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo — a 4,7%; i?e aeei?enoaii? ieoee iaoaeao?aai —
a?aeiia?aeii a 2,2 oa 4,3%.

Aaaaeath/e ia ?aeaioe/i?noue niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a, ne?ae
aeciaoe a?eueo aeioe?eueiei aeei?enoaiiy a o??o?a?? eeoa/ieea ieoie
i?ie?i ? iaoaeao?aai.

I?ae /an aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino? eiie?aiaioiooai?aiiy ia e?aaoo?ao
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e oi?ioaaii? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi ieoee iaoaeao?aai oea aeyaeaii a iaeiiio niinoa?aaeaii?
(i?ney 46 iia?aoe?e), ieoee i?ie?i — a 5 (i?ney 42 iia?aoe?e), ieoee
a??aeaeei n?ee — a 14 (i?ney 45 iia?aoe?e), oiaoi ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
/anoioe aeieeiaiiy oeueiai oneeaaeiaiiy i?e canoinoaaii? cacia/aieo
oiaieo iaoa??ae?a noaiiaeei a?aeiia?aeii 1:5:14 (2,17%, 11,9%, 31,1%).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iaaeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
oiaeiaeo ieoie a o??o?a?? iicaia/?ieiaeo aeia/ieo i?ioie.

Ioaea i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e ia iicaia/?ieiaeo aeia/ieo i?ioieao
ia?niaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaieo oeyoii iaianaiiy aeia/ino?eeeo
iie?ia?ieo iie?eoo?a ia iiiio?eaiaioi? iie?eai?iai?aei? neioaoe/i?
ao?aaiaoe/i? ieoee iaoaeao?aai aenieeo oiiaieo iiia??a (5/0-8/0) a
ii?aeiaii? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee aianoiiicoaaiiy. Oea
aeicaieeoue iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy ? ciaioeoe
/anoioo oneeaaeiaiue, o ii??aiyii? c oaeith i?e canoinoaaii?
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo oiaieo iaoa??ae?a.

Ca ?ioaineai?noth a?aeiiaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy iaoai?/ii? i?oeiino? oa
o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? ioe?iththoue ae?aaeai?noue caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? a
ae?eyioe? aianoiiica, nooiaiy o?aaiaoe/iino? oa o?c?ieia?/iino? niiniao
oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica, a ioaea, eiai iaae?eiino?. Oaic?iiao?e/iee iaoiae
o cia/i?e i??? aeiiiaith? ii?oieia?/iee, ui aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe oa
iiaeeaeoe ciaiiy i?i ye?noue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aianoiiica, aeaoe eiio
ia`?eoeaio ioe?ieo.

Iaoai?/io i?oei?noue ? o?ce/io aa?iaoe/i?noue aianoiiic?a aea/aee ca
aeiiiiiaith a?ae?ii?an?? i?ae aiaeith a no?iee 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9 oa 12
ae?a i?ney iia?aoe??. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a cana?ae/ea, ui an? aianoiiice,
noi?iiaai? c canoinoaaiiyi i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee, IAOI iaoaeao?aai ca
oiiae aiaeiaaiii? ?ioien?eaoe??, a no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy 1-12 ae?a aoee
o?ce/ii aa?iaoe/i?, iieaciee i?oeiino? ia?aaeuoaaa eiio?ieueio aaee/eio
(eeoeiaeo — 4,7 eIa, aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo — 6,0 eIa). I?ney iia?aoe??
?ic?ea no?iee i?aaia ii ca ciiith eeoeiaiai aianoiiica niinoa??aaee ia
5-oo aeiao, aeia/ii-eeoeiaiai — ia 7-io aeiao. A?aeoae, i?oei?noue
eeoeiaiai aianoiiica /a?ac 5 ae?a, aeia/ii- eeoeiaiai — /a?ac 7 ae?a
aoea aeuith i?ae i?oei?noue iaooeiaeaeaii? no?iee, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
iioeiaeuei? oiiae ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe??, a oaeiae
iiaiioe?ii?noue ooai?aiiai niieo/iioeaieiiiai ?oaoey.

I?e canoinoaaii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oaoi?ee i?oei?noue aianoiiic?a
ia?aaeuo? oaeo iaooeiaeaeaii? no?iee o?eueee /a?ac 12-14 ae?a i?ney
iia?aoe?? A.TH.THionia (1966), A.I.Eeeiaiei (1983), A.E.Iieaea (1984),
O.A.Eoea/ae (1986). Ioaea i?e canoinoaaii? i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee,
noai?ththoueny iaeneiaeueii ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey i?ioean?a ?aia?aoe??,
ye? cae?eniththoueny ia cia/ii aeuiio ye?niiio ??ai?, a i?oei?noue
ca?eueoo?oueny a 2 ?ace oaeaeoa, i?ae a aianoiiicao, noi?iiaaieo ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie. I?e oeueiio, ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a
i?oeiino? oa o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? i?ney canoinoaaiiy i?e?io??o?a?/ii?
oaoi?ee ia a?aei?/aee.

?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai aea/aiiy aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiae?a oa ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith
c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee c aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a??
na?ae/aoue, ui i?e iaeeaaeaii? iaeii?yaeiiai oaa ca ?ic?iaeaiith
iaoiaeeeith iiiaeeiie? niaeee aeyaeai? a 49,3-51,2% niinoa?aaeaiue,
aeaoi?iaoe?th ? caoaeaiiy aianoiiica ia a?aecia/aii. Iani?iiiaei?noue
oa?a aianoiiica aeieeea a 1 (1,2%) niinoa?aaeaii? i?ney canoinoaaiiy
IAOI, ui ia ?icniieoo?oueny, i?ney canoinoaaiiy IAOI, ui
?icniieoothoueny, oeueiai oneeaaeiaiiy ia aoei. I?ney iaeeaaeaiiy
iaeii?yaeiiai oaa Ie?iaiaa-Iaoaooea oa aeai?yaeiiai oaa
Eaiaa?oa-Oi?aeaia iiiaeeiie? oa /eneaii? niaeee aeyaeai? a?aeiia?aeii a
83,5 ? 100% niinoa?aaeaiue, iani?iiiaei?noue oa?a aianoiiic?a — a 2,7 oa
6,0%.

Ca aeaieie ii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ney oi?ioaaiiy aeai?yaeiiai
oaa oneeaaeiaiee ia?aa?a o aeaeyae? ?io?aio?aeueii? ii?eoe?, cia/iiai
iioiauaiiy no?iee i?aaia a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica aiane?aeie
a?oaiaieieienoiai neea?ico, ia?nenoaioe?? aeueoa?aoeaii-aeano?oeoeaiiai
i?ioeano neeciai? iaieiiee (ooai?aiiy a?ic??, ae?acee), iioe?aiiy
caiaeaiiy ca iaae? iniiaiiai i?ioeano (ia na?icio iaieiieo, iaaeieeoi?
i?aaie). Cao?eiea ai?oae?caoe?? neeciai? iaieiiee coiiaeth?
aeano?oeoe?th aeanieo oeaieiieo no?oeoo?, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
aooiaaiiith aa?an??th. Aeeiai?ea ia?aa?ao caiaeueiiai i?ioeano cia/ii
niia?eueith?oueny.

I?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee,
aecia/athoue oi/ia ni?anoaaeaiiy iaeii?iaiieo iaieiiie coeoeo i?aai?a,
i?i?iaeueio o?aaiaoecaoe?th, eiio?aeoe?th, aeaoi?iaoe?th oa ?io?eoaaiiy
oeaiei, iiaio ?aaaia?aoe?th neeciai? iaieiiee niinoa??aathoue aaea /a?ac
7-10 ae?a i?ney iia?aoe??. Caaaeyee i?i?iaeuei?e e?eueeino? oiaiiai
iaoa??aeo, eiai o?i?/i?e ?ia?oiino? ? a?ieia?/ii? noi?niino?, oaeiae
noai?ththoueny ni?eyoeeaea? oiiae aeey iaoneeaaeiaiiai ia?aa?ao
caiaeueiiai i?ioeano.

Aeai? ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aianoiiic?a na?ae/aoue i?i ia?aaaae
canoinoaaiiy oiaiiai iaoa??aeo, ui ?icniieoo?oueny, yeee, aeeiiaaoe
naith ooieoe?th, cieea? c i?aai?cio aac ne?aeiai? ?aaeoe??.
?icniieooaaiiy cae?enith?oueny a iniiaiiio aiane?aeie ?aci?aoe??
iae?ioaaaie, yea ii/eia?oueny c 7-? aeiae ? o?eaa? i?ioyaii 180 ae?a.

Aea/aiiy ii?oiaeeiai?ee i?ioean?a, ui eaaeaoue a iniia? caai?iiy
aianoiiic?a iieacaei, ui ia?aa?a caai?iiy aianoiiic?a noi?iiaaieo ca
iaoiaeeeith Ie?iaiaa-Iaoaooea (iaeii?yaeiee na?icii-i`yciai-i?aeneeciaee
oia) c canoinoaaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oaoi?ee aiaeia?/iee oiio i?e
aeei?enoaii? i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee, aea no?iee caai?iiy ? /anoioa
oneeaaeiaiue a?eueoa. Aiane?aeie oeueiai ooai?th?oueny a?eueo a?oaee
?oaaoeue, ?ieiee — aoi?eii? ae?acee. Iayai?noue /oaei??aeiiai oiaiiai
iaoa??aeo ?noioii aieeaa? ia ae?aaeai?noue ?oaoeaai-neea?ioe/ieo ci?i o
coeoeo oeaieiao.

Ioaea, aeio?eiaiiy an?o oiia ? i?eioeei?a i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee c
aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a?? (canoinoaaiiy ca?eueooaaeueii? iioeee,
i?e?io??o?a?/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a ? IAOI, e?aua N?OI) caaacia/o?
ni?eyoeeaee ia?aa?a ?aiiaiai i?ioeano a no?ioe? aianoiiica iaeaea a on?o
niinoa?aaeaiiyo.

A oie aea /an, iane?aeee iaeeaaeaiiy aeai?yaeiiai oaa,
caaaeueiii?eeiyoei niiniaii iaio i?iaiiciaai?, ine?eueee nthaee
aeeth/athoueny aeiaeaoeia? oaeoi?e ?eceeo, ye? aeoaea aaaeei
ia?aaeaa/eoe, iaa?oue i?e aeineiiae?e oaoi?oe? oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oeiino? ? o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino?
ii??aithaaieo aianoiiic?a na?ae/eoue, ui a aianoiiicao, noi?iiaaieo ca
?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee, a 1-oo
aeiao i?ney iia?aoe?? oe? iieacieee ieae/?, i?ae a aianoiiicao,
noi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi aeai?yaeiiai oaa, oa aeu?, i?ae a
aianoiiicao, noi?iiaaieo ca iaoiaeeeith Ie?iaiaa-Iaoaooea — a?aeiia?aeii
(8,7+0,14), (13,10+0,18) oa (8,5+0,13) eIa. O oiieieeoeiaeo aianoiiicao
oe? iieacieee aeaui iaio?, aea ia 3-oth aeiao aiie aaea aiaeia?/i?
iieacieeai a 1-oo aeiao; o oianoieeoeiaeo aianoiiicao -a?eueo? c 1-?
aeiae i?ney iia?aoe??. ?ic?ea no?iee eeoee iica aianoiiicii i?ney
iaeeaaeaiiy aeai?yaeieo oa?a aeieea? o oianoieeoeiaeo — ia 7-io aeiao,
oiieieeoeiaeo — ia 9-oo aeiao i?ney iia?aoe???. I?ney iaeeaaeaiiy
iaeii?yaeiiai oaa ca Ie?iaiaei-Iaoaooeii — a?aeiia?aeii ia 5-oo oa 7-io
aeiao; i?e oi?ioaaii? aianoiiic?a ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith iieacieee
aiaeia?/i? oaeei a aianoiiicao, noi?iiaaieo ca Ie?iaiaei-Iaoaooeii.

Oaeei /eiii, oaeaee?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy iaoai?/ii? i?oeiino? ? o?ce/ii?
aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiic?a cia/ii a?eueoa a oeaieiao, coeoeo c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaeii?yaeiiai oaa, a i?e canoinoaaii? ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica oa i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee c aeaiaioaie
i?e?io??o?a?? — ua a?eueoa, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaeneiaeueii ni?eyoeea?
oiiae ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? aiane?aeie
i?i?iaeueii? o?aaiaoecaoe?? oeaiei, ?aeaaeueiiai ni?anoaaeaiiy
iaeii??aeieo aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo?, a?aenooiino? ?aaeoe?? oeaiei ia
IAOI.

C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?iaoe/iino?, i?io?aeiino?, aeaoi?iaoe??,
ioe?iee oe?eie aianoiiica, i?iaaaeaii ?aioaaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
/a?ac 7, 14, 30, 90 ? 180 ae?a i?ney iia?aoe??. A aianoiiicao,
noi?iiaaieo ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie, aeaeyee aeaoi?iaoe?th,
caoaeaiiy i?ina?oo i?aaia, ooai?aiiy a?oaiai oeaieiiiai aaeeea,
ae?eaoaoe?th i?ea?aeiiai naaiaioa eeoee. Oea a iiaeaeueoiio ni?aaeyei
iaaaoeaiee aieea ia ye?noue niieo/iioeaieiiiai ?oaoey, oaeaee?noue
a?aeiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ? ooieoe?? iia?iaaiiai i?aaia.

I?ney oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith c canoinoaaiiyi
i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee aeaoi?iaoe??, caoaeaiiy, ii?ooaiiy i?io?aeiino?,
iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiica ia niinoa??aaee, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
o?c?ieia?/i?noue oa iaae?ei?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee.

Ca aeaieie ii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ei?icaa??aath/eo ?
i?ei?ia?aeiiaethth/eo iia?aoe?e aaea /a?ac 14 ae?a i?ney aeeiiaiiy
iiai?noth a?aeiiaethaaeanue neeciaa iaieiiea a i?iaeoe?? o?eniaaiiai
eeaioy aai a?aeiiaeaiiai no?ieoa?a ai?ioa?y. O a?aeaeaeai? no?iee
a?noieia?/i? ci?ie ia aeyaeai?, ui na?ae/eei i?i cae?i/aiiy ?aia?aoeaieo
i?ioean?a a no?iee aei 14 ae?a.

A?aeoae, canoinoaaiiy i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee iia?oaaiiy aeicaiey?
aaeaeaaoii a?aeiiaeoe ooieoe?th no?ieoa?a ai?ioa?y oeyoii eiai
ieanoe/iiai cai?uaiiy no?oeoo?aie aio?aeueiiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea aai eiai
caa?aaeaiiy. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe??? ia?niaeoeaii? oaoiieia?? a ieanoe/io
o??o?a?th oeoiea aeicaieeei a 2 ?ace ciaioeoe /anoioo oneeaaeiaiue i?ney
aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e c i?eaiaeo oneeaaeiaii? ae?aceiai? oai?iae oeoiea ?
AeIE.

Ia iniia? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a, aa?iaoeciaaieo ca
aeiiiiiaith iaaee/iiai eeath noeueoae?eeao-1 ? OE, anoaiiaeaii: aeey
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi eeath noeueoae?eeao-1,
oa?aoa?iee cia/ii ae?aaeaiee niaeeiaee i?ioean, yeee ni?e/eith?
aeaoi?iaoe?th eeoee, caoaeaiiy aianoiiica, ooai?aiiy a?oaiai ?oaoey,
ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? i?aaia (noac o i?ea?aei?e iaoe? eeoee). Ca aeaieie
ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui eeae noeueoae?eeao-1
ni?ey? ia?nenoaioe?? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe??, coiiaeaii? oieneei-aea?a?/iith
?aaeoe??th oeaieiieo oa ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a eeoee ia /oaei??aeia o?ei
(eeaeiao iano). C 38 niinoa?aaeaiue (53 aianoiiica) o 2 (5,2%) aeieeea
iani?iiiaei?noue oa?a aianoiiica, ui noaei i?e/eiith caaeaae? oaa?ei.

I?e canoinoaaii? OE, a oei a?eueoa aooieeath ia o?a?eiia?e iniia?, o
24,5% niinoa?aaeaiue aeyaeaiee iacia/iee niaeeiaee i?ioean, a?aecia/aii
ooai?aiiy oiieiai i?aeiiai ?oaoey, oaeaeea a?aeiiaeaiiy ao?a/aii?
ooieoe?? iia?iaaiiai i?aaia. A?aenooi?noue ee?oeiii? ?io?eueo?aoe??
iaaeiei eeaeiaeo ian aeeeth/a? oneeaaeiaiee ia?aa?a caiaeueii? ?aaeoe??,
na?ae/eoue i?i a?ieia?/io aeioe?euei?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy, a aenie?
ieanoe/i? yeino? — i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy OE aeey
aa?iaoecaoe?? eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a. I?ney 44 iia?aoe?e (79 aianoiiic?a)
iani?iiiaei?noue oa?a aianoiiica ia niinoa??aaee.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, iiaeaeueoa canoinoaaiiy eeath
noeueoae?e-eao-1 aaaaeaee iaaeioe?eueiei. Oiio aeey aa?iaoecaoe??
aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a aeei?enoiaoaaee o?eueee OE. ?acoeueoaoe
aoee aiaeia?/i? oaeei i?e canoinoaaii? OE aeey aa?iaoecaoe?? eeoeiaeo
aianoiiic?a. I?ney 42 iia?aoe?e iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiica ia
niinoa??aaee.

I?e aea/aii? o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? ? iaoai?/ii? i?oeiino? aianoiiic?a,
noi?iiaaieo ca oiiae aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe?? (eiio?ieai aoee
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a,
noi?iiaaieo aac aa?iaoecaoe?? OE) anoaiiaeaii, ui /a?ac 1 aeiao i?ney
iia?aoe?? iieaciee i?oeiino? oiaii-eeaeiaeo aianoiiic?a aeuee i?ae
aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo aac aeiaeaoeiai? aa?iaoecaoe?? eea?i,
noaiiaeoue a?aeiia?aeii: aeey eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a (7,60+0,11) oa
(6,6+0,1) eIa, aeey aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo — (24,10+0,12) ? (18,90+0,11) eIa
(?<0,05). Oey caeiiii??i?noue caa??aaeany a on? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy (9 ae?a). Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe a?aei?ii? aaeaaceai? aeanoeaino? eeaeiai? ie?aee, ?? aeanoe/i?noue ? i?oei?noue, i?i ui na?ae/eei caa?aaeaiiy ?? oe?e?niino? i?e ii?ooaii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiica - ie?aea aeo?eioaaea aeiaeaoeiaa i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo aei 1,3 eIa. Aaea /a?ac 4 aeiae i?ney iia?aoe?? i?oei?noue aianoiiic?a, aa?iaoeciaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith OE, aoea a?eueoith i?ae i?oei?noue iaooeiaeaeaii? no?iee i?aaia, i?i ui na?ae/ea ?ic?ea ?? iica ae?eyieith aianoiiica. A aianoiiicao, noi?iiaaieo aac canoinoaaiiy eeath, oea niinoa??aaee ia 5-oo aeiao - aeey oianoieeoeiaeo ? o?eueee ia 7-io aeiao - aeey aei/ii-eeoeiaeo. Ioaea canoinoaaiiy OE aeey aa?iaoecaoe?? eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a (a oiiaao aiaeiaaiii? ?ioien?eaoe??) ni?eyei cia/iiio i?aeaeuaiith iieaciee?a ?o iaoai?/ii? ? o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? a on? no?iee i?ney iia?aoe?? ?, ui aeoaea aaaeeeai, a ia?o? 3-7 ae?a - iaea?eueo iaaacia/i? no?iee uiaei aeieeiaiiy iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiica, a ii??aiyii? c oeeie iieacieeaie i?e oi?ioaaii? aianoiiic?a aac canoinoaaiiy eeath. Oea na?ae/eei i?i iaae?ei?noue iaoiaeeee oiaii-eeaeiaiai aianoiiicoaaiiy a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy OE aeey aa?iaoecaoe??? aianoiiic?a a aaaeii?iaeuei?e o??o?a??. Aea/aii a?ieia?/io aa?iaoe/i?noue aianoiiic?a i’yoe aeae?a, o oiio /ene?: oianoieeoeia?: 1-e aeae - noi?iiaai? c canoinoaaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oaoi?ee, 2-e aeae - i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee, 3-e aeae - i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee c aeiaeaoeiaith aa?iaoecaoe??th OE; aeia/ii-eeoeia?: 4-e aeae - aac aa?iaoecaoe?? OE, 5-e aeae c aa?iaoecaoe??th OE. *a?ac 12 aiae i?ney iia?aoe?? an? o?ce/ii aa?iaoe/i? aianoiiice aeyaeeeny i?iieeieie aeey i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, i?ioa o ??ci?e i???. Iaea?eueo aenieith aoea i?iieei?noue aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie. I?e oeueiio i?e?ii?aai?cie aeyaeyee a?ae iaaaeeeeo (o 4) niinoa?aaeaiiyo aei aaeeeeo (o 8) neoi/aiue, ia?aaaaeii a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica. I?e canoinoaaii? i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee aianoiiicoaaiiy ?o aeyaeyee a?ae iiiaeeiieeo (o 3) niinoa?aaeaiiyo aei iaaaeeeeo (o 7) oa aaeeeeo (a 1) neoi/aiue. A aianoiiicao, noi?iiaaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee ? aa?iaoeciaaieo OE, o?eueee a 3 niinoa?aaeaiiyo ?c 12 ( oianoieeoeiaeo oa aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo) a?aei?oeee iacia/iee ??no i?e?ioei?e, ui, iiaeeeai, ni?e/eiaia ii?ooaiiyi oe?e?niino? eeaeiai? ie?aee i?ae /an ?ic’?aeiaiiy niaeie a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica. Ia caaaeath/e ia oea, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui aa?iaoecaoe?y aianoiiic?a ca aeiiiiiaith OE ni?ey? cia/iiio ciaioaiith ?eceeo ?io?eoaaiiy /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie /a?ac o?ce/ii aa?iaoe/i? oae. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaaaea?ii, ui e?eoa???i yeino? eeoeiaiai oaa ? nooi?iue eiai i?e?iaii? i?iieeiino? aeey i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, yeee na?ae/eoue i?i oyaee?noue caiaeueii-iae?ioe/ieo ci?i ? ?o iioe?aiiy aei i/a?aaeie, a oea a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae o?c?ieia?/iino? ? o?aaiaoe/iino? iaoiaeo oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica, aeei?enoaiiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo, a oaeiae eiai caoenoo. ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy iaoai?/ii? i?oeiino?, o?ce/ii? ? a?ieia?/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? oiaii-eeaeiaeo eeoeiaeo oa aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a o ii??aiyii? c oaeeie aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith oa?a, ia?aeiieeai na?ae/aoue i?i ia?aaaae, a oaeiae aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?. Aea iaa?oue canoinoaaaoe iaeneiaeueii iuaaeeiee niin?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica ? aeiaeaoeiai aa?iaoecoaaaoe eiai ca aeiiiiiaith OE c aieo na?icii? iaieiiee, ia iiaeia caiia?aoe i?iieeiaiith i?e?ii?aai?ci?a /a?ac e?i?th oa?a aei /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (a iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? a 6 c 24 niinoa?aaeaiue). I?e?ioei?a, ui aaaaoo? a i?ina?o? eeoee, oa ?? oieneie aeanoaa?e?cothoue ooai?aiiy ye?niiai o?a?eiiaaio, iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia eieaaaiiooai?aiiy - iniiaiee oaeoi? a?aeiiaeaiiy oe?einoiino? oeaiei eeoeiai? ?aie oa i?oeiino? aianoiiica, ui iiaea noaoe ioneiaei iaoai?ciii aeieeiaiiy iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiica. Aaeoa??aeueia caa?oaeiaiiy aianoiiica ia? a?eueoa cia/aiiy aeey aeieeiaiiy eiai iani?iiiaeiino?, i?ae ?oai?y a ae?eyioe? e?i?? coeoeo oeaiei (S.R.Cohen e niaao., 1985). Ie ia?aeiiai?, ui oe? oaeoi?e aca?iiiia’ycai? ? iioaioe?ththoue iaeei iaeiiai. Oiio i?ae /an ?ic?iaee niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica, ne?ae caaaeaoe i?i noai?aiiy ia o?eueee ? ia no?eueee o?ce/ii, ne?eueee a?ieia?/ii aa?iaoe/iiai aianoiiica. Iaie ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a iiaea?eiiai caoenoo aianoiiica (c aieo na?icii? ? neeciai? iaieiiie) c iaoith i?eai?/aiiy ?inoo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica ? caiia?aaiiy ?o i?iieeiaiith i?ae c’?aeiaieie iaieiieaie (c aieo neeciai? iaieiiee), a oaeiae aei /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (c aieo na?icii? iaieiiee). Oea aeicaiey? onoiooe iaaaoeaiee aieea i?e?ioei?e oa ?? oienei?a ia o?a?ei ? neioac eieaaaio, ui caaacia/o? a?ieia?/io aa?iaoe/i?noue ? iaoai?/io i?oei?noue aianoiiic?a, caiia?aa? ?io?eoaaiith /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, ni?ey? ooai?aiith a ei?ioe? no?iee iiaiioe?iiiai i?aeiiai niieo/iioeaieiiiai ?oaoey. C oe??th iaoith ?ic?iaeaiee oei/aniaee eeoeiaee aioei?e?iaiee aiaeii?ioaeoi? ?c IAN, (iina?ae/aiiy i?i ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeo i?iiiceoe?th ? 18/92). Oea eiioniiiae?aiee ae??a, aeaioiaeaiee c aaeth iaaee/iiai IAN, ciai?oi?e ae?aiao? yeiai ieaaii ca?eueoo?oueny a?ae 19 aei 29 ii, oiaueia no?iee - a?ae 0,9 aei 1,2 ii. Eiino?oeoe?y i?ioaeoi?a i?noeoue e?eueoey aei?noeino?, ?icoaoiaai? ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei eiai in?, ui iaaea? eiio iio??aio i?oaei?noue. IAN ? iao?eoeath, yea i?noeoue ae?oea?ei 25% ? eaiai?oeei 20-25% a?ae iane IAN, ui caaacia/o? aeanoe/i?noue ? i?ioei?e?iai? aeanoeaino? aiaeii?ioaeoi?a. Eiioniiiae?aia oi?ia aiaeii?ioaeoi?a aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe eiai aeey aoaeue-yeiai ae?aiao?a eeoee. I?e oaiia?aoo?? 36-38i N ae?aiao? aiaeii?ioaeoi?a ca?eueoo?oueny ia 10-15%, ui caaacia/o? u?eueiee eiioaeo ?c neeciaith iaieiieith eeoee ?, ?acii c e?eueoeyie aei?noeino?, ye? aenooiathoue acaeiaae ciai?oiueiai eiioo?a i?ioaeoi?a, ia?aoeiaeaea? i?iieeiaiith ai?noo eeoa/ieea i?ae no?ieith ? i?ioaeoi?ii. Ca aeaieie ii?oieia?/iiai aiae?co ia anoaiiaeaii iaaaoeaiiai aieeao i?ioaeoi?a ia neeciao iaieiieo eeoee oa aianoiiica. Aeey aea/aiiy aioei?e?iaieo aeanoeainoae eeoeiaiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a i?iaaaeai? aaeoa??ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aei eiai ?iieaioaoe??. Ae??caee eeaio? ?ici??aie 1 o 1 ni, ai?uaee o /aoee Iao??. Ciia cao?eiee ?inoo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a (i?ioae, noao?eieie, neiueiai?eia iaee/ea - ee?i?/i? ooaie) ia oaa?aeiio iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeu? i?ney ?ieoaaoe?? a oa?iinoao? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 37i N ia i?ioyc? 24 aiae noaiiaeea 30 - 40 ii, ui na?ae/eei i?i aeia?? aioei?e?iai? aeanoeaino? i?ioaeoi?a a noaoe/ieo oiiaao (in vitro). I?ney a?aeoiaeaeaiiy aiaeii?ioaeoi?a c ai?noii eeoa/ieea /a?ac 5-7 ae?a i?ney iia?aoe?? eiai a?aeieaaee a i?ioi/i?e aiae?, ae??caee eeaio? ?ici??aie 1 o 1 ni, ai?uoaaee o /aoee Iao??. Ciia cao?eiee ?inoo (oeo aea ooai?a) noaiiaeea 30 - 40 ii, oiaoi ia a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae oaei? aei ?iieaioaoe?? i?ioaeoi?a. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i ??aiii??io aeani?aoe?th aioea?ioeea, a oaeiae i?i aeia?? aioei?e?iai? aeanoeaino? aiaeii?ioaeoi?a iaa?oue /a?ac 7 ae?a i?ney ?iieaioaoe??, ui i?iyaeyeinue aoaeoeaiei i?eai?/aiiyi ?inoo i?e?ioei?e ia oaa?aeiio iiaeeaiiio na?aaeiaeu? oa i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaei ?acoeueoaoe aaeoa??ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c e?i?? aianoiiica oa na?icii? iaieiiee eeoee /a?ac 12-72 aiae. Aeey aea/aiiy aioei?e?iaieo aeanoeainoae aiaeii?ioaeoi?a a aeeiai?oe? ia oaa?eiao (in vivo), a oaeiae ioe?iee a?ieia?/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiic?a c iiaea?eiei caoenoii ?ic?iaeaiee i?eno??e iia’ycea-cano?aea (Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 3687-O?? ), yeee aeicaiey? ao?aaiaoe/ii, c aeiaea?aeaiiyi i?aaee anaioeee, aeeiioaaoe ?ice?eaaoe /a?aaio ii?iaeieio a iai?/ai? no?iee c iaoith aaaaoi?aciaiai acyooy iaoa??aeo aeey aaeoa??ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaei??? oaa?eie. ?ic?iaeaia ca iaoith o/anoth iia`ycea-cano?aea canoiniao?oueny a ee?i?oe? c iaoith caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeaino? ao?aaiaoe/iiai i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaaoi?aciaiai ?ice?eooy /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie aeey cae?eniaiiy eaaaaeo o oai?eo c ai?eiei ia?eoii?oii, a oaeiae eiio?ieth caai?iiy aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca oiiae ia?eoii?oo, iai?io?aeiino? eeoa/ieeo oa ?ioeo oneeaaeiaiue, ui iio?aaothoue iiaoi?iiai ?ice?eooy /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. Iia`ycea-cano?aea neeaaea?oueny c cano?aee-aeeneaaee oa iie?a ?c a?inoi?niiai iaaee/iiai iaoeaiiai iaoa??aeo, ye? ia?ae?eaathoue cano?aeo-aeeneaaeo cieco ? caa?oo, ui caiia?aa? o?aaioaaiith iiaeieeoi?o oaiei ? i?aai?a oa caaacia/o? iaae?ei?noue iia’ycee i?ae /an ?? aeei?enoaiiy. Ieaei?e oa? iie?a, yeee eiioaeoo? c i`yeeie oeaieiaie, neeaaea?oueny c a?ae?ioiaiiai iaoeaiiai eea?iiai iieioia c iaeiia?/iei aethi?ioaaiiyi, ui caiia?aa? i?eeeiaiith aei iueiai i’yeeo oeaiei, oa ?o o?aaioaaiiy; aa?oi?e - a?ae?io?eueia iaoeaia eea?ia iieioii. Iia`ycea-cano?aea caaacia/o? aa?iaoe/i?noue /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. Aeionea?oueny a iiaea?eieo iie?aoeeaiiaeo iaeaoao e?eueeio ?ici???a, ui aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe ?? aeey ?aie ethaiai ?ici??o. Noa?ee?ciaaia aaia-i?iiaiyie a aeic? 25000 A?. Ca aeaieie aaeoa??ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aianoiiic?a c iiaea?eiei caoenoii (oei/aniaee aioei?e?iaiee eeoeiaee aiaeii?ioaeoi? oa OE), aeeiiaieo /a?ac 12, 24, 48 oa 72 aiae i?ney iia?aoe?? (eiio?ieai aoee ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oianoieeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a o niaae, aa?iaoeciaaieo o?eueee ca aeiiiiiaith OE), iacee-a?aeaeoee ?c ae?eyiee aianoiiica oa i/a?aaeie, ui ae?eaa? iaoe? eeoee, aeyaeeeny noa?eeueieie. O eiio?ie? aeyaeai? iiiaeeiie? eieii?? a ae?eyioe? niieo/aiiy (o 2 niinoa?aaeaiiyo) /a?ac 48 ? 72 aiae oa ia iaoeyo eeoee (o 2) /a?ac 48 aiae i?ney iia?aoe??. Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oiai, ui aaaaooth/a a eeoa/ieeo i?e?ioei?a iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia oaeaee?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy i?oeiino? aianoiiica, iaie aeine?aeaeai? o?ce/ia aa?iaoe/i?noue oa iaoai?/ia i?oei?noue aeaio c?ace?a oianoieeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a, aa?iaoeciaaieo o?eueee ca aeiiiiiaith OE oa aeiaeaoeiai caoeuaieo oeyoii aioo??oiueii-?ina?oiiai i?aeaaaeaiiy aei aianoiiica oei/aniaiai aioei?e?iaiiai eeoeiaiai aiaeii?i-oaeoi?a c IAN. Iieaciee iaoai?/ii? i?oeiino? oa o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi iiaea?eiiai caoenoo, c 1-? aeiae i?ney iia?aoe?? aeuee, i?ae aianoiiic?a, aa?iaoeciaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith o?eueee OE - a?aeiia?aeii (10,60+0,14) ? (9,30+0,23) eIa. ??cieoey iieaciee?a aoea iaeneiaeueiith /a?ac 3 oa 7 ae?a i?ney iia?aoe?? - no?iee iaea?eueo iaaacia/i? uiaei aeieeiaiiy iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiica - a?aeiia?aeii (17,60+0,18), (32,60+0,13) oa (13,50+0,23), (28,00+0,32) eIa. Ioaea, i?eai?/aiiy ?inoo i?e?iia?ai?ci?a a cii? aianoiiica c aieo neeciai? iaieiiee, a oaeiae caiia?aaiiy i?iieeiaiith ?o i?ae iaieiieaie coeoiai i?aaia, caaacia/o? a?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae caai?iiy aianoiiica. I?i oea na?ae/eei i?aeaeuaiiy iaoai?/ii? i?oeiino? oa o?ce/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiica. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aaaaooth/a i?e?ioei?a a i?ina?o? eeoee ia?aoeiaeaea? eieaaaiineioaoe/iei i?ioeanai a ?ai?. Iaoai?/ia i?oei?noue aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo aac canoinoaaiiy oei/aniaiai aioei?e?iaiiai eeoeiaiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a, a on? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy iaioa, i?ae i?e eiai aeei?enoaii?. Oaeei /eiii, o?eueee iiaea?eiee caoeno oianoieeoeiaiai aianoiiico (aa?iaoecaoe?y c aieo na?icii? iaieiiee ca aeiiiiiaith OE ? aioo??oiueii?ina?oia i?aeaaaeaiiy aei i?noey niieo/aiiy oei/aniaiai aioei?e?iaiiai eeoeiaiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a c IAN) a iaea?eueo?e i??? caaacia/o? eiai a?ieia?/io aa?iaoe/i?noue ? aenieo iaoai?/io i?oei?noue, ?ecee iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c oi?ioaaiiyi aianoiiica ia oiano?e eeooe? a aenia?eiaio? caaaeaii aei i?i?ioio. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy oe??? iaoiaeeee a ee?i?oe?. Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ic?iaie niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a, ?c canoinoaaiiyi ia?oeo a?o/eciyieo neioaoe/ieo IAOI, ui ?icniieoothoueny ? ia ?icniieoothoueny, ieoeaeii ? iaoaeao?aai, caa?aaeaiiy aai a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? ai?ioa?y c i?eaiaeo oneeaaeiaii? ae?aceiai? oai?iae oeoiea ? AeIE, canoinoaaiiy i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee iia?oaaiiy, iia’ycee-cano?aee c iaoith cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai eaaaaeo ? eiio?ieth noaio i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o oai?eo c ?iceeoei ai?eiei ia?eoii?oii, a oaeiae eiio?ieth aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca oaeeo oiia, aeiaaaee ee?i?/iiai i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy. Anueiai ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a oa iaoa??ae?a iia?iaai? 177 oai?eo, o oiio /ene? ?acaeoe?y oeoiea ca A?eue?io - ? cae?eniaia 12, ?acaeoe?y oeoiea ca A?eue?io - ?? - 4, ?acaeoe?y oeoiea c a?aeiiaeaiiyi no?ieoa?a ai?ioa?y - 14, naeaeoeaia i?ieneiaeueia aaaioii?y (NIA), aen?/aiiy ae?acee AeIE c a?aeiiaeaiiyi no?ieoa?a ai?ioa?y - 4, NIA, aen?/aiiy ae?acee, ieanoeea c aeei?enoaiiyi eeaioy c aio?aeueiiai a?aeae?eo oeoiea - 8, NIA, aen?/aiiy ae?acee AeIE, i?ei?iieanoeea ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith - 22, NIA, aen?/aiiy ae?acee AeIE, aeoiaeaiiieanoeea ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith - 21, ?aeiino?oeoeaia ?acaeoe?y ca ?o - 7, noiaao?iaa aaaioii?y, aen?/aiiy ae?acee AeIE, i?ei?iaeoiaeaiiieanoeea - 1, NIA, aen?/aiiy ae?acee, i?ei?iaeoiaeaiiiean-oeea - 24, caa?oaeeiia iaeiiiiiaioia ieanoeea no?aaioiaeo oianoith eeoeith - 11, aioo??oiueia?oaeeiia ieanoeea no?aaioiaeo oeoieii - 5, oi?ioaaiiy no?aaio?aeii-oianoieeoeiaiai aianoiiica ia oe? - 8, iia?aoe?y Aaeiaea - I?eoe?/a - 3, oi?ioaaiiy a?e?ia?e?a?iiai aianoiiica - 3, oi?ioaaiiy i?aoeec?eiiai oaa ia CII i?ney ?? ?icn?/aiiy - 5, aaiao?ei?thiinoii?y - 3, oieaoeenoi?thiinoii?y - 5, oieaaeioiaeoiaeaiinoii?y - 6, ?acaeoe?y neaiiaeaeii? iaiaeiai? eeoee - 4, iano?oeoeaia ?acaeoe?y neaiiaeaeii? iaiaeiai? eeoee ca Aa?oiaiii, ?acaeoe?y iaoe? oiiei? eeoee, oi?ioaaiiy oiieieeoeiaiai aianoiiica - 1, i?aaia?/ia aai?eieaeoii?y, oi?ioaaiiy ?eaio?ainaa?ciaianoiiica e?iaoeue a e?iaoeue - 1, ?aeaia?ioii?y, naiaoe?y /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, aoeaaiiy iia`ycee-cano?aee aeey cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai eaaaaeo - 5. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a aoee i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? uiaei iaae?eiino?, o?c?ieia?/iino?, ao?aaiaoe/iino? ? i?inoioe aeeiiaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiica. I?aeoaa?aeaeai? oaeiae aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i ia?aaaae a?o/eciyieo oiaieo iaoa??ae?a ieoeaeii ? iaoaeao?aai, ye? ca nai?ie aeanoeainoyie ia iinooiathoueny ca?oa?aeiei c?aceai, a ca aaaaoueia ia?aiao?aie ia?aaa?oothoue ?o. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iia’ycee-cano?aee i?ae /an cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai eaaaaeo ? eiio?ieth caai?iiy aianoiiic?a oa noaio i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. ?? canoinoaaiiy i?inoa, c?o/ia, ao?aaiaoe/ia, aacia/ia. Oneeaaeiaiue, iia’ycaieo c ?? canoinoaaiiyi, ia aoei. Ca aeaieie ?aioaaiieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?? noi?iiaaieo ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith aianoiiic?a a ?aiiueiio i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?o aa?iaoe/i?noue, aeia?a i?io?aei?noue, a?aenooi?noue aeaoi?iaoe?? ? caoaeaiiy, a oaeiae iiaiioe?iia a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?ooaii? ooieoe?? i?aai?a a i?i?iaeuei? no?iee i?ney iia?aoe??. O?eueee a iaeiiio niinoa?aaeaii? (no?aaio?aeii-oianoieeoeiaee aianoiiic ia oe?) aeieeea /anoeiaa iani?iiiaei?noue oa?a aianoiiica, yea onoiaia ca aeiiiiiaith eiina?aaoeaieo caoiae?a. I?ae /an aiaeineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaea ia 11-15-oo aeiao i?ney iia?aoe?? e?i?th niieo/aiiy aeyaeyee c o?oaeii, a i?ney ao?o/aiiy c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee - ia aeyaeyee cian?i. Iiyae e?aaoo?ii? ii?eoe?, i?ieaaei?a, o?ii?/iiai caiaeaiiy oa ?ioeo oneeaaeiaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi oiaieo iaoa??ae?a, ia niinoa??aaee. Caiaeaiiy eaaaiue aeieeei o 5 oai?eo, iaaii?iiy iia?aoe?eii? ?aie - a 3, oiaoi oneeaaeiaiiy ia aoee iia’ycai? c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee oa iaoa??ae?a. ?acoeueoaoe iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue, cae?eniaieo c i?eaiaeo ??cieo o??o?a?/ieo caoai?thaaiue ye a ieaiiaiio oae ? iaa?aeeeaaeiiio ii?yaeeo aeathoue i?aai ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ? iaoa??aee aeey oe?ieiai ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy c iaoith ciaioaiiy /anoioe i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oa iie?auaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy ia i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo. A E N I I A E E Aianoiiice, noi?iiaai? ca aeiiiiiaith aeai?yaeiiai oaa Eaiaa?oa-Oi?aeaia ? iaeii?yaeiiai Ie?iaiaa - Iaoaooea, iathoue nooo?a? iaaeie?ee: ?o iaeeaaeaiiy o?aaiaoe/ia, i?e oeueiio ia caaacia/o?oueny ni?anoaaeaiiy iaeii?iaiieo iaieiiie, aeieeathoue aeaoi?iaoe?y oa caoaeaiiy (iniaeeai i?e aeei?enoaii? aeai?yaeiiai oaa Eaiaa?oa - Oi?aeaia). Iaeeaaeaiiy iaaeaiiai oaa i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?oai?? oa iae?ico oeaiei c ianooiiei ?o a?aeoi?aiaiiyi a i?ina?o i?aaia oa ?io?eoaaiiyi on?o iaieiiie c ooai?aiiyi a?oaiai niieo/iioeaieiiiai ?oaoey. Ae?aaeaiee caiaeueii-iae?ioe/iee i?ioean ni?ey? aeieeiaiith niaeie. No?iee ai?oae?caoe?? ca?eueoothoueny aei 30-90 ae?a. 2. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a oi?ioaaiiy iaeii?yaeiiai oaa c canoinoaaiiyi iaoa??aeo, ui ?icniieoo?oueny, aeicaiey? iaae?eii oa aac oaoi?/ieo o?oaeiiu?a ni?anoaaeyoe iaeiieiaii? iaieiiee iia?iaaiiai i?aaia, caaacia/o? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey iiaiioe?iii? ?aaaia?aoe?? coeoeo oeaiei. Ai?oae?caoe?y neeciai? iaieiiee a ae?eyioe? aianoiiica caaa?oo?oueny /a?ac 14-21 ae?a i?ney aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe??. 3. Aeey aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee iia?oaaiiy, oa?aeoa?ia i?i?iaeueia o?aaioaaiiy coeoeo oeaiei, ni?anoaaeaiiy iaeii?iaiieo iaieiiie, noai?aiiy i?aeiiai, oiieiai, iaae?eiiai ?oaoey, yeee ia aeaoi?io? i?aai. ?aaeoe?y oeaiei ia oiaiee iaoa??ae i?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy. No?iee ai?oae?caoe?? neeciai? iaieiiee noaiiaeyoue 7-10 ae?a. *anoioa aeieeiaiiy iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiic?a o ii??aiyii? c oaeith i?e iaeeaaeaii? aeai?yaeiiai oaa o 5 ?ac?a iaioa (?<0,05), iaeii?yaeiiai a 1,6 ?aco (?<0,05). I?e canoinoaaii? neioaoe/ieo ao?aaiaoe/ieo oiaieo iaoa??ae?a, ui ?icniieoothoueny, iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiic?a ia aoei. 4. Iniiaiei aeinoi?inoaii neioaoe/ii? ieoee, ui ?icniieoo?oueny ieoeaeii ? oaoiieia?/ia iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy ao?aoe ?? i?oeiino? oa no?ie?a ?icniieooaaiiy oeyoii ci?ie nooiaith ieeneaiiy ieoee i?ae /an ?? aeaioiaeaiiy. ?acii c oei, aiia ia iinooia?oueny neioaoe/iei ieoeai, ui ?icniieoothoueny, aeaenii, a?e?ee ? iie?ae?ienaiii, a ca aeayeeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (eiio?anoi?noue a ?ai?, iai?ioeyoe?ei? yeino?, iaae?ei?noue aocea) ia?aaa?oo? ?o. Ieoeaeii noi?noiee c aeeaeie oeaieiaie, ia ia?aoeiaeaea? ?o caai?iith, iiai?noth ?icniieoo?oueny /a?ac 180-360 ae?a. 5. Canoiniaaiee iaie ao?aaiaoe/iee oiaiee iaoa??ae iaoaeao?aai ia ni?aaey? iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia ia?aa?a ?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a a ae?eyioe? no?aaio?aeieo, eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a, ca nai?ie aeanoeainoyie ia iinooia?oueny i?ie?io. Iayai?noue a?inoi?niiai iie?ia?iiai iie?eooy cia/ii i?aeaeuo? no?ee?noue ieoee aei a?aeeeaaeaiiy ia ?? iiaa?oi? nieae aeia/ieo eeneio (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /anoioe e?aaoo?iiai eiie?aiaioiooai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeoue 1:5:14 (2,17, 11,9 ? 31,1%) ia ieoeao iaoaeao?aai, i?ie?i oa a??aeae?i n?ee). 6. Oiae ia ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe a o??o?a?? aeia/ieo i?ioie /a?ac ae?aaeaio caiaeueio ?aaeoe?th oeaiei a i?noe? eiai ?iieaioaoe??, yea caa??aa?oueny iaeaea aei 1 ?ieo ? ni?e/eiy? iaaei??ia ?ic?inoaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie, a oaeiae /a?ac /anoa eiie?aiaioiooai?aiiy ia e?aaoo?ao. 7. Canoinoaaiiy eeath noeueoae?eeao-1 aeey aa?iaoecaoe?? eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a iaaeioe?eueii aiane?aeie ae?aaeaii? oieneei-aea?a?/ii? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? oeaiei, ooai?aiiy niaeie, ianooiii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? caoaeaiiy aianoiiica, a oaeiae ooai?aiiy a?oaiai niieo/iioeaieiiiai ?oaoey, no?iee aeic??aaiiy yeiai noaiiaeyoue aei 30-60 ae?a. 8. Canoinoaaiiy OE oa iniaeeai aooieeath, aeey aa?iaoecaoe?? eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a caiia?aa? oneeaaeiaiiio ia?aa?ao caiaeueii? ?aaeoe??, ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith oiieiai i?aeiiai ?oaoey, no?iee aeic??aaiiy yeiai nei?i/othoueny aei 7 - 10 ae?a. OE coiiaeth? i?aeaeuaiiy a?ieia?/ii? aa?iaoe/iino? aianoiiic?a, ?o iaoai?/ia i?oei?noue ca?eueoo?oueny a 1,3-1,5 ?aco, a ii??aiyii? c oaeith i?e oi?ioaaii? aianoiiica ca aeiiiiiaith iaeeaaeaiiy oaa. 9. Iaea?eueo aeniea a?ieia?/ia aa?iaoe/i?noue ? iaoai?/ia i?oei?noue aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee iia?oaaiiy, IAOI, c aeiaeaoeiaith aa?iaoecaoe??th e?i?? oa?a ca aeiiiiiaith OE ? aioo??oiueii?ina?oiiai i?aeaaaeaiiy oei/aniaiai eeoeiaiai aioei?e?iaiiai aiaeii?ioaeoi?a c IAN. 10. ?ic?iaeai? iaie iiaeae? aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe?? aeicaieythoue ca oiiae iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeai? aei ee?i?/ieo, aea/aoe ? ia`?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe a aenia?eiaio? no?aaio?aei?, eeoeia? ? aeia/ii-eeoeia? aianoiiice. 11. Cai?iiiiiaaia iia`ycea-cano?aea aeicaiey? a aenia?eiaio? ao?aaiaoe/ii, a anaioe/ieo oiiaao, cae?enithaaoe aaaaoi?aciaa ?ice?eooy /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie a iai?/ai? no?iee a iaei??? oaa?eie aeey acyooy iaoa??aeo c iaoith eiai aaeoa??ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy iia`ycee-cano?aee c iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai eaaaaeo ? eiio?ieth noaio aianoiiic?a oa i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie na?ae/aoue i?i c?o/i?noue oa i?inoioo ?? aeei?enoaiiy, a?aenooi?noue oneeaaeiaiue, iia`ycaieo c ?? canoinoaaiiyi. 12. Ee?i?/ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a aianoiiicoaaiiy, ieoie ieoeaeii, iaoaeao?aai oa iia`ycee-cano?aee o 177 oai?eo, a?aenooi?noue oneeaaeiaiue, iia`ycaieo c ?o canoinoaaiiyi, na?ae/aoue i?i iaae?ei?noue, o?c?ieia?/i?noue, ao?aaiaoe/i?noue, i?inoioo oa aeioe?euei?noue ?o oe?ieiai ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aia? ss.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A., Aooaeia A.A., Aeaeiaea N.A. Ea/aiea ineiaeiaiiuo aeaaioneeo yca aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Eeei. oe?o?aey. - 1989. - ? 8. - N. 43-45. 2. Aa?aiaaiei E.I., Eecei A.E., Iioeianeee A.TH., Nieiiei A.A.,Oo?iaiia TH.A. I?eiaiaiea eiiiiceoeee oea?eiiaaia a oe?o?aee // Eeei. oe?o?aey. - 1989. - ? 10. - N. 48-52. 3. Oaaa?ia A.A., Aia? ss.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A. Ea/aiea ineiaeiaiiuo caaiioeueiuo yca aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Eeei.oe?o?aey. - 1990. - ? 7. - N. 70-72. 4. Aia? ss.A.,Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A., ?iuei A.A. Aeoiaeaiiaano?aeueiue ?aoethen iinea i?aaiinio?aiythueo iia?aoeee ii iiaiaeo ineiaeiaiiie ycaaiiie aieacie aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Eeei.oe?o?aey. - 1990. - ? 8. - N. 34-36. 5. Ooo/aiei I.E., Aia? ss.A., Nieiiei A.A. Noeieoa? i?ea?aoieea e aai ?ieue a ?aaoeyoeee i?ioeannia ieuaaa?aiey // Eeei.oe?o?aey. - 1990. - ? 8. - N. 47-50. 6. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Aa?aiaaiei E.I., Iioeianeee A.TH., Nieiiei A.A., Eecei A.E., Naaeoeeay E.I. Eniieueciaaiea ioa/anoaaiiiai oea?eiiaiai aaeaaceaa i?e iia?aoeeyo ia ia/aie a yenia?eiaioa // Eeei.oe?o?aey. - 1991. - ? 5. - N. 23-26. 7. Ooo/aiei I.E., Aia? ss.A., Nieiiei A.A., Aiae?aauaa N.A. Ieei?iainnoaiaaeeaathuea iia?aoeee i?e ineiaeiaiiie ycaaiiie aieacie aeaeoaeea e aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Eeei.oe?o?aey. - 1991. - ? 8. - N. 19-21. 8. Aia? ss.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A., Iao?iaa A.A., Oaaa?ia A.A., Aaaee A.I. ?aaeeeaeueiia ea/aiea iaiao?e?othuae ycau aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Eeei. oe?o?aey. - 1991. - ? 8. - N. 27-30.. 9. Ooo/aiei I.E., Eannai O.A., Nieiiei A.A., Eunaiei A.I., Aneaiyi N.A. I?eiaiaiea noeieoa?inio?aiythueo iia?aoeee i?e ea/aiee aeaaioneie ycau aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee // Ee?i. o??o?a?y. - 1995. - ? 2. - N. 18-19. 10. Ooo/aiei I.?., ?iuei A.A., Eeeiaiei I.I., Eenaiei A.I., Neiiaoeueeee A.?., Nieiiei A.A., Na?oee/iee A.A. E?eoaaiiy i?ei?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? ae?acee, oneeaaeiaii? ia?oi?aoe??th // Ee?i. o??o?a?y. - 1998. - ? 9-10.- N. 26-27. Ooo/aiei I.E., Oeaiae E.I., Naaoee/iue ?.A., Neiiaoeeee A.E., Nieiiei A.A., Eunaiei A.I. Iniaaiiinoe ea/aiey aieueiuo n ia?oi?aoeaiie ycaie aeaeoaeea e aeaaiaae-oeaoeia?noiie eeoee a ia?eiae ia?ae/iiai oiea //Ee?i. o??o?a?y. - 1998. - ? 9-10. - N. 88-89. Nieiiei A.A. Oiaii-eeaeia? niiniae oi?ioaaiiy eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. - 1999. - ? 1. - N.43-44. Nieiiei A.A. Ii?oieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy no?iee no?aaioiaeo ? eeoa/ieea i?e canoinoaaii? i?e?io??o?a?/iiai ao?aaiaoe/iiai oiaiiai iaoa??aeo // A?niee ii?oieia??. - 1999. - ? 1. - N. 58-59. Nieiiei A.A. Canoinoaaiiy o?a?eiiaiai eeath a o??o?a?? eeoa/ieea // Oieoaeueia o??o?a?y. - 1999. - ? 3. - N. 94-96. Nieiiei A.A. Eco/aiea aianoiiicia, noi?ie?iaaiiuo n eniieueciaaieai neioaoe/aneeo ?annanuaathueony oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia, a oe?o?aee aeaeoaeea e eeoa/ieea // Ee?i. o??o?a?y. - 1999. - ? 4. - N.41-43. Nieiiei A.A. Eco/aiea yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiaiey iee?ioe?o?ae/aneeo ao?aaiaoe/aneeo oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia a oe?o?aee aeae/iuo i?ioieia // Ee?i. o??o?a?y. - 1999. - ? 5. - N.41-42. 17. Nieiiei A.A. I?eiaiaiea iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie oaoieee a oe?o?aee aeaeoaeea e eeoa/ieea // Ee?i. o??o?a?y. - 1999. - ? 6. - N.37-38. 18. Nieiiei A.A. Iiaycea-canoaaeea aeey ea/aiey iineaiia?aoeeiiiiai aiieiiai ia?eoiieoa // Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. - 1999. - Aei. 8. - N. 79-80. 19. A.n. 1146016 NNN?, IEE 4 A 61 A 17/06. Niinia iaeiaeaiey iaeii?yaeiiai ?annanuaathuaainy oaa ieuaaa?eoaeueiiai o?aeoa /A.A.Nieiiei, TH.A.Oo?iaiia, I.E.*a?aye, A.E.Ethaeiaoeeee (NNN?). - Cayaeaii 8.07.81; Iioae. 23.03.85, Athe. ? 11. - 4 n. 20. A.n. 1501129 NNN?, IEE 4 G 09 A 23/28. Niinia iiaeaee?iaaiey yiaeiaaiiie eioieneeaoeee / N.A.Oaeeiia, TH.A.Aieoaiei, E.A.Eaenaae/, TH.I.Aeia?iaieueneee, A.A.Nieiiei, N.A.Aeaeiaea, A.A.Aeaaa (NNN?). - Cayaeaii 25.08.87; Iioae. 15.08.1989, Athe. ? 30. - 2 n. 21. A.n. 1683697 NNN?, IEE 4 A 61 A 17/00. Niinia ieei?iieanoeee / A.O.Naaiei, I.E.Ooo/aiei, ss.A.Aia?, A.I.Aaaee, A.A.Nieiiei, A.A.Oaaa?ia (NNN?). - Cayaeaii 13.07.89; Iioae. 15.10.1991, Athe. ? 38. - 3 n. 22. A.n. 1572553 NNN?, IEE 5 A 61 A 17/00. Niinia oi?ie?iaaiey aeiia eoeueoe aeaeoaeea i?e aai ?acaeoeee /I.E.Ooo/aiei, ss.A.Aia?, A.O.Naaiei, E.N.Aaeyineee, ss.A.*oo?ai, A.A.Nieiiei (NNN?). - Cayaeaii 07.12.87; Iioae. 23.06.90, Athe. ? 23. - 3 n. 23. A.n. 1787433 NNN?, IEE 5 61 A 17/04. Niinia iaeiaeaiey iaeii?yaeiiai oceiaiai eeoa/iiai oaa /N.I.AEo/aiei, A.A.Aeeueoeaithe, A.A.Nieiiei, I.E.Ooo/aiei (NNN?). - Cayaeaii 23.07.90; Iioae. 15.01.93, Athe. ? 2. - 5 n. 24. Iao. 3687-O?? Oe?a?ia, UA A61A17/08. Iia’ycea-cano?aea /AE.N.A?eai?yi, N.I.Aa??ia, A.N.Aeaaeaeaiei, A.O.Na?iei, A.A.Nieiiei, TH.A.Oo?iaiia, A.O.A?othe, A.I.?oaiia, A.I.Eiiaei, TH.?.Aa?ueiae?i. - ? 9827; Cayae. 13.07.89; Iioae. 30.09.96; Athe. - 1996. - ? 3. - 3 n. 25. Aia? ss.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A., Oaaa?ia A.A., ?iuei A.A., Aiae?aauaa N.A. Ea/aiea ineiaeiaiiie ycaaiiie aieacie aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee n ainnoaiiaeaieai ooieoeee noeieoa?a i?ea?aoieea // Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee IC ONN?. - Eeaa. - 1990. - 16 n. 26. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Ae?the I.O.,Nieiiei A.A., Ieoaeia A.A., Iioeianeee A.TH., Iaeaaa N.Ae., Oa?anaiei A.N., Neaa/aiei E.I I?eiaiaiea ao?aaiaoe/aneiai oiaiiai iaoa?eaea “Iaoaeeao?aai” // Eioi?i. ienueii IC Oe?aeiu. - Eeaa. - 1993. - 2 n.. 27. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Nieiiei A.A., Aa?eia N.I., Aeothe A.O. Iiaycea-canoaaeea aeey ea/aiey aiieiuo ?ai ioe?uoui niiniaii // Eioi?i. ienueii IC Oe?aeiu. - Eeaa. - 1993. - 2 n. 28. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Nieiiei A.A., Iioeianeee A.TH. Iee?ioe?o?ae/aneee ao-?aaiaoe/aneee oiaiue iaoa?eae “Iaoaeeao?aai” a oe?o?aee aeae/iuo i?ioieia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia OV? nuacaea oe?o?aia Oe?aeineie NN?. - Iaeanna. - 1988. - N. 235-236. 29. Oaie?caaa I.O., Oaeceaa O.Ae., Nieiiei A.A., Oo?iaiia TH.A.I?eiaiaiea ieoe ieoeaeii a oe?o?aee o?aoae e ieuaaiaea // Oacenu aeieeaaeia ?anoe?aiiai ieaioia i?iaeaiiie eiiennee “Oe?o?aey eaaeeo e ieuaaiaea”. - Aeoaane. - 1988. - N. 136-137. 30. Oaeeiia N.A., Nieiiei A.A.I?eiaiaiea iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie oaoieee a oe?o?aee ieuaaiaea // Oacenu aeieeaaeia ?anoe?aiiai ieaioia i?iaeaiiie eiiennee “Oe?o?aey eaaeeo e ieuaaiaea”. - Aeoaane. - 1988. - N. 134-135. 31. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Iioeianeee A.TH., Nieiiei A.A., ssnieoeeee A.A., Oeoeaiiaa A.I., I?eaei?iaa A.A., Iaeaaa N.Ae. ?ac?aaioea e iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneay ioeaiea neioaoe/aneeo ?annanuaathueony e iee?ioe?o?ae/aneeo oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia V??? Ananithc. iao/.neiiic. “Neioaoe/aneea iieeia?u iaaeeoeeineiai iacia/aiey”. - Eeaa. - 1989. - N. 24-25. 32. Aia? ss.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., ?iuei A.A., Nieiiei A.A., Ooaeioei A.E. Iaioeiaeiay iiiiuue i?e ino?uo aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiuo e?iaioa/aieyo // Oacenu aeieeaaeia Congress of emergency and disaster medisine. - Piestany ( Czechoslovakia). - 1989. - C. 15. 33. Aia? ss.A, Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A., ?iuei A.A.?aaeeeaeueiua ieei?iainnoaiaaeeaathuea iia?aoeee a ea/aiee aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiuo e?iaioa/aiee // Iaoa?eaeu OO?? ieaioia i?aaeaiey Ananithci. iauanoaa oe?o?aia e V nuacaea oe?o?aia Eacaonoaia. - Aeia-Aoa. - 1990. - N. 62-63. 34. Iioeianeee A.TH., Nieiiei A.A., Ieoaeia A.A., Iie?anai I.I., Iaeaaa N.Ae., Naaeoeeay E.I., Aaeeaiei I.A. Iieeooieoeeiiaeueiua aeiniaianoeiua iie?uoey aeey oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia // ?? iao/ii-oaoie/aneee naieia? «aaii- e aeiniaianoeiua iaoa?eaeu» i?iaeaiiie eiiennee “Eneonnoaaiiua i?aaiu” - I. - 1990. - N. 20-21. 35. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Aa?aiaaiei E.I., Iioeianeee A.TH., Nieiiei A.A., Eecei A.E., Naaeoeeay E.I. N?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea oiaiiai e oiaii-eeaaaiai niiniaa aianoiiice?iaaiey aiaia/aii/iuo aeae/iuo i?ioieia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia V nuacaea oe?o?aia ?anioaeee N?aaeiae acee e Eacaonoaia. - Oaoeaio. - 1991. - N. 313-314. 36. Nieiiei A.A., Oo?iaiia TH.A., Ie/eoaeei I.A., Iioeianeee A.TH. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia iainiiaaiea e eeeie/aneia i?eiaiaiea ioa/anoaaiiie iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie ieoe “Iaoaeeao?aai” a oe?o?aee aeae/iuo i?ioieia // Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu eeeie/aneie oe?o?aee. - I.: Eeeie/aneay oe?o?aey. - 1991. - N. 108-110. 37. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Nieiiei A.A., Iioeianeee A.TH.Niinia iiaeaee?iaaiey iaoaie/aneie aeaeoooe // Iaoa?eaeu ?? Eeaaneie iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeeee ecia?aoaoaeae. - Eeaa. - 1991. - *. ???. - N. 38. 38. Oo?iaiia TH.A., Nieiiei A.A., Iioeianeee A.TH.Eiiieaeniay ?ac?aaioea caueoiuo ecaeaeee aeey iaaeeoeeiu eaoano?io // Oacenu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee ii i?iaeaiai iaaeeoeeiu eaoano?io. - Eeaa. - 1992. - O. ???. - N. 15-16. 39. Ooo/aiei I.?., Eanai O.A., Nieiiei A.A.,.Aneaiyi N.A.E?eoaaiiy aaeeoainueeeo ae?acie aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee // Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeno?aiaeueii? iaaeeoeeie». - Ee?a. - 1993. - N. 64-65. 40. Ooo/aiei I.E., Nieiiei A.A., ?iuei A.A.Niinia oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey ieei?iaeoiaeaiaeueiuo yca // Oacenu aeieeaaeia O iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee ecia?aoaoaeae e i?aaei?eieiaoaeae “Iaoea e i?iecaiaenoai - cae?aaiio?aiaieth”. - Eeaa. - 1993. - N. 102-103. 41. Nieiiei A.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., ?iuei A.A. I?eiaiaiea iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie oaoieee a oe?o?aee aeaeoaeea e eeoa/ieea // Oacenu aeieeaaeia O iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee ecia?aoaoaeae e i?aaei?eieiaoaeae “Iaoea e i?iecaiaenoai - cae?aaiio?aiaieth”. - Eeaa. - 1993. - N. 83-84. 42. Nieiiei A.A., Ooo/aiei I.? Canoinoaaiiy i?e?io??o?a?/ii? oaoi?ee a aaaeii?iaeuei?e o??o?a?? // Oace aeiiia?aeae ? (OO??) c”?caeo o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie. - Euea?a. - 1994. - N. 435.. 43. Ooo/aiei I.?., ?iuei A.A., Nieiiei A.A., Eenaiei A.I.O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy oneeaaeiaii? ae?aceiai? oai?iae aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee a ii?aeiaii? c iaaeinoaoi?noth caieeath/i? ooieoe?? ea?ae?? // Oace aeiiia?aeae ? (OO??) c”?caeo o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie. - Euea?a. - 1994. - N. 442. 44. Nieiiei A.A. I?eiaiaiea iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie oaoieee a oe?o?aee aeae/iuo i?ioieia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie eiioa?aioeee «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu oe?o?ae/aneie aano?iyioa?ieiaee. - Oa?ueeia. - 1994. - O. 2. - N. 10-11. 45. Nieiiei A.A. Iiaycea-canoaaeea aeey i?ia?aiie?iaaiiiai eiio?iey ca i?aaiaie a?thoiie iieinoe // Iaoa??aee iao/ii-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iiaeaiiy aeno?aiii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e iaa?aeeeaaeieo noaiao». - Ee?a. - 1995. - N. 65. 46. Nieiiei A.A., Ooo/aiei I.?. I?eiaiaiea iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie oaoieee a iaioeiaeiie aaaeiieiaeueiie oe?o?aee // Iaoa??aee iao/ii-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iiaeaiiy aeno?aiii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e iaa?aeeeaaeieo noaiao». - Ee?a, 1995. - N. 68. 47. Ooo/aiei I.?., Aneaiyi N.A., ?iuei A.A., Nieiiei A.A., I?e?oa?a A.?., Eeeiaiei I.I., I?ei??/ A.N., Eocueei TH.I. O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy oneeaaeiaiue ae?aceiai? oai?iae oeoiea oa aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee a oiiaao noaoe?iia?o oaeaeei? aeiiiiiae // Oace aeiiia?aeae Ia?oiai Oe?a?inueeiai eiia?ano aano?iaioa?ieia?a. - Aei?i?iiao-?ianuee. - 1995. - C. 106. 48. Ooo/aiei I.E., Aneaiyi N.A., ?iuei A.A., Nieiiei A.A., Ieeeoaaa A.E., Eeeiaiei I.I., Ieei?e/ A.N., Eocueei TH.I., AEeaoeei A.A. Oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea ineiaeiaiiie ycaaiiie aieacie aeaeoaeea e aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoee a oneiaeyo aieueieoeu nei?ie iiiiue // Iaoa?eaeu ?anioaeeeaineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea ?aoeeaeeae?othueo aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiuo yca e eo ineiaeiaiee». - Eeaa - 1995. - N. 72-73. 49. Nieiiei A.A., Ooo/aiei I.E., E?eeeeaue E.I., Aaaee A.I. Iaeii?yaeiue oia a iaioeiaeiie oe?o?aee oienoie eeoee // Iaoa?eaeu ?anioaeeeaineie iao/ii - i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Aeeaaiinoeea e oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea caaieaaaiee e iia?aaeaeaiee aiaia/aii/iuo aeae/iuo i?ioieia». - Eeaa. - 1996. - N. 136. AIIOAOe?ss Nieiiei A.A. ?ic?iaea ? iaa?oiooaaiiy niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy oa caoenoo aianoiiic?a a aaaeii?iaeuei?e o??o?a??. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.03 - o??o?a?y. - Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai ?ic?iaee o?c?ieia?/ieo ? iaae?eieo niinia?a oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a, a oaeiae ?o caoenoo ? aeai?o oiaiiai iaoa??aeo i?e iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiiyo ia ii?iaeienoeo i?aaiao o?aaiiai eaiaeo. Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?ii?an??, ?aioaaiia?ao??, a?io?i?/ieo, aaeoa??ieia?/ieo oa ii?oieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia 779 eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao iieacai? ia?aaaae ?ic?iaeaieo iaeii?yaeieo oa?a o ii??aiyii? c aeai?yaeiei. Iniaeeai oe? ia?aaaae a?ae/ooi? i?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy aianoiiic?a c canoinoaaiiyi i?aoeec?eii? oaoi?ee c aeaiaioaie i?e?io??o?a??. I?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ii?oieia?/ia ioe?iea ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a ?aia?aoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? a ae?eyioe? aianoiiic?a, noi?iiaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iii?oieo neioaoe/ieo ?icniieooaaeueieo ? i?e?io??o?a?/ieo ao?aaiaoe/ieo oiaieo iaoa??ae?a - aeaeniio, a?e?eeo, iie?ae?ienaiiio a??aeaeei n?eeo, i?ie?io ? ia?oeie a?o/eciyieie oiaieie iaoa??aeaie - ieoeaeiiii ? iaoaeao?aaiii. Iaa?oioiaaia iaaeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy oiaeo a o??o?a?? iicaia/?ieiaeo i?ioie. Aeiiiaiai? a?aeiiino? uiaei i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy iani?iiiaeiino? oa?a aianoiiic?a. ?ic?iaeai? niiniae caoenoo eeoeiaeo ? aeia/ii-eeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a. Iieacai? ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy o?a?eiiaiai eeath. Aeiaaaeai? ia?aaaae iiaea?eiiai caoenoo oianoieeoeiaeo aianoiiic?a. Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ? iaoa??ae?a o ee?i?eo i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy 177 oai?eo i?aeoaa?aeeee aeai?, io?eiai? a aenia?eiaio?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aianoiiic, oiaiee iaoa??ae, i?aoeec?eia oaoi?ea, o?a?eiiaee eeae, i?e?io??o?a?/iee ao?aaiaoe/iee oiaiee iaoa??ae, caoeno aianoiiica. SUMMARY Solomko A.V. Development and substantiation of the methods of anastomoses forming and protection in abdominal surgery. - Manuscript. Thesis for a degree of doctor of medical sciences on speciality - 14.01.03 - Surgery. - P.L.Shupik Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education of Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The thesis is devoted to the problems of developing physiologic and safe methods of anastomoses forming as well as their protection and suture material choice during operative interventions on hollow organs of digestive tract. On the basis of experimental studies carried out by means of hydropressure, roentgenography, biochemical, bacteriological and morphologic methods of investigation on 779 laboratory animals the advantages of developed one-row sutures in comparison with double-row ones are shown. These advantages are especially appreciable during forning the anastomoses using the precise technique with the elements of microsurgery. The comparative morphologic evaluation of the course of reparative regeneration processes in the area of anastomoses formed with the use of import syntetic absorbable and microsurgical atraumatic suture materials - dexon, vicryl, polydioxanone, virgin silk, prolene and the first domestic suture materials - occelon and metalatraum was carried out. The inexpediency of silk application in surgery of extrahepatic bile ducts was substantiated. The data about the causes of the origin of anastomoses sutures insufficiency were supplemented. The modes of intestinal and biliary-intestinal anastomoses protection were elaborated. The perspectives of fibrin glue application were demonstradet. The advantages of double colonic anastomoses protection were proved. The positive results of the introduction of developed methods and materials into the clinic during the treatment of 177 patients have confirmed the data obtained in the experiment. Key words: anastomosis, suture material, precise technique, fibrin glue, microsurgical atraumatic suture material, anastomosis protection. AIIIOAOeEss Nieiiei A.A. ?ac?aaioea e iainiiaaiea niiniaia oi?ie?iaaiey e caueou aianoiiicia a aaaeiieiaeueiie oe?o?aee. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeee ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.03 - oe?o?aey. Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai ?ac?aaioee oeceieiae/iuo e iaaeaaeiuo niiniaia oi?ie?iaaiey aianoiiicia, a oaeaea eo caueoa e auai?o oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia i?e iia?aoeeyo ia iieuo i?aaiao ieuaaa?eoaeueiiai eaiaea. Iia ninoieo ec aeaoo /anoae - yenia?eiaioaeueiie, eioi?ay auiieiaia ia 779 eaai?aoi?iuo aeeaioiuo a aeaea 17 na?ee yenia?eiaioia a oneiaeyo aeaa?ey Eeaaneie iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu e ioaeaeaiee yenia?eiaioaeueiie oe?o?aee n eeeieeie eaai?aoi?iuo aeeaioiuo Einoeoooa eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie oe?o?aee AII Oe?aeiu; e eeeie/aneie, aeeth/athuae 177 iaoeeaioia, eioi?ui a ieaiii e iaioeiaeiii ii?yaeea a eeeieeao Einoeoooa eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie oe?o?aee AII Oe?aeiu e oe?o?ae/aneeo ioaeaeaieyo ? 1 e ? 4 Eeaaneie ai?iaeneie eeeie/aneie aieueieoeu nei?ie iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue i?iecaaaeaiu ?acee/iua iia?aoeaiua aiaoaoaeuenoaa ia iieuo i?aaiao a?thoiie iieinoe n i?eiaiaieai ?ac?aaioaiiuo niiniaia e iaoa?eaeia. Ia iniiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee, i?iaaaeaiiuo n eniieueciaaieai aeae?ii?annee, ?aioaaiia?aoee, aeioeie/aneeo, aaeoa?eieiae/aneeo e ii?oieiae/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey iieacaiu i?aeiouanoaa ?ac?aaioaiiuo iaeii?yaeiuo oaia ii n?aaiaieth n aeaoo?yaeiui. Iniaaiii yoe i?aeiouanoaa iuooeiu i?e oi?ie?iaaiee aianoiiicia n i?eiaiaieai i?aoeeceiiiie oaoieee n yeaiaioaie iee?ioe?o?aee. Ia iiaeaeyo eeeie/aneeo iia?aoeee i?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ii?oieiae/aneay ioeaiea oa/aiey ?aia?aoeaiuo i?ioeannia a oeaiyo ciiu aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iuo e eeoa/iuo aianoiiicia, noi?ie?iaaiiuo n eniieueciaaieai neioaoe/aneeo ?annanuaathueony oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia, ca?oaaaeiuo - aeaeniia, aee?eea, iieeaeeienaiiia e ioa/anoaaiiiai - ieoeaeiia. Iniiaiia i?aeiouanoai ieoe ieoeaeii, eioi?ia auaeaeyao aa ec ?yaea neioaoe/aneeo ?annanuaathueony oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia, yoi aiciiaeiinoue ?aaoee?iaaiey n?ieia oo?aou i?i/iinoe e ?annanuaaiey iooai eciaiaiey noaiaie ieeneaiey ieoae a i?ioeanna eo ecaioiaeaiey. Eco/aiu ieuaaiaeiua, eeoa/iua e aeae/ii-eeoa/iua aianoiiicu, noi?ie?iaaiiua n i?eiaiaieai eiii?oiuo iee?ioe?o?ae/aneeo ao?aaiaoe/aneeo oiaiuo iaoa?eaeia i?ieai, ae?aeaeei neee e ioa/anoaaiiiai - iaoaeeao?aai. Eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe oa/aiey i?ioeannia ?aia?aoeaiie ?aaaia?aoeee a ciiao aianoiiicia, noi?ie?iaaiiuo n eniieueciaaieai yoeo ieoae e iee?ioe?o?ae/aneie oaoieee. Iieacaiu i?aeiouanoaa i?eiaiaiey a oe?o?aee aiaia/aii/iuo aeae/iuo i?ioieia ieoe iaoaeeao?aai: iaee/ea aeiniaianoeiiai iieeia?iiai aeae?ioiaiiai iie?uoey iaania/eaaao ae iiauoaiioth onoie/eainoue e ioeiaeaieth ia iiaa?oiinoe ieoe nieae aeae/iuo eeneio (niioiioaiea /anoiou auyaeaiey eeaaoo?iiai eiie?aiaioiia?aciaaiey i?e i?eiaiaiee ieoae iaoaeeao?aai, i?ieai e ae?aeaeei neee niioaaonoaaiii 1:5:14 (2,17, 11,9 e 31,1%). ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi ioeueoeoeeaiaioiue oiaiue iaoa?eae (oaee) ia neaaeoao i?eiaiyoue a oe?o?aee aiaia/aii/iuo aeae/iuo i?ioieia a nayce n aicieeiiaaieai ineiaeiaiee, ia caaenyueo io oaoieee oi?ie?iaaiey aianoiiica (au?aaeaiiay ainiaeeoaeueiay ?aaeoeey, nio?aiythuayny a n?iee aei 1 aiaea, /oi iaoneiaeeaaao ecauoi/iia ?ac?anoaiea niaaeeieoaeueiie oeaie, aunieay /anoioa eeaaoo?iiai eiie?aiaioiia?aciaaiey). Iieacaiu i?aeiouanoaa oea?eiiaiai eeay, iniaaiii aooieeay, ii n?aaiaieth n iaaeeoeeineei eeaai noeueoae?eeao-1, a oaeaea ia?niaeoeaiinoue aai i?eiaiaiey a eeeieea. Ia iniiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia aeae?ii?annee, aaeoa?eieiae/aneeo e ii?oieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee aeieacaiu i?aeiouanoaa aeaieiie caueou oienoieeoa/iuo aianoiiicia (aa?iaoecaoeey ni noi?iiu na?iciie iaiei/ee oea?eiiaui eeaai e aioo?ei?inaaoiia iiaeaaaeaiea e ianoo aianoiiica a?aiaiiiai eeoa/iiai aioeiee?iaiiai yiaeii?ioaeoi?a ec iieeaeieeiaiai nie?oa), /oi a iaeaieueoae noaiaie iaania/eaaao eo aeieiae/aneoth aa?iaoe/iinoue, iiauoaao iaoaie/aneoth i?i/iinoue e iaaeaaeiinoue. ?ac?aaioaiiay iiaycea-canoaaeea aeey iiiaie?aoiiai ?ane?uoey a?thoiie iieinoe o iaeiiai aeeaioiiai aeey i?iaaaeaiey aeeiaie/aneiai aaeoa?eieiae/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey, ioeaiee aeieiae/aneie aa?iaoe/iinoe aianoiiicia, iaoea oe?ieia i?eiaiaiea a eeeie/aneeo oneiaeyo. Eae iieacaee iaaethaeaiey aa i?eiaiaiea nieaeaao aa?iyoiinoue aicieeiiaaiey ineiaeiaiee i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaoi?iiai ?ane?uoey a?thoiie iieinoe. Aiaae?aiea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo ?ac?aaioie a eeeieeo iiaeoaa?aeeei iieo/aiiua a yenia?eiaioa iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou. Ineiaeiaiee, iaoneiaeaiuo i?eiaiaieai i?aaeeiaeaiiuo iaoiaeee e iaoa?eaeia, ia ioia/aii. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aianoiiic, oiaiue iaoa?eae, i?aoeeceiiiay oaoieea, oea?eiiaue eeae, iee?ioe?o?ae/aneee ao?aaiaoe/aneee oiaiue iaoa?eae, caueoa aianoiiica.

Похожие записи