AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss EAAEI? I?IIENEIAINO? OE?A?IE

Aaeaanueea Ethaeieea ?aaai??aia

OAeE 677.055.5

?ic?iaea aeaiaio?a nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy
ae?ia?a,

ui aeaioiaeythoueny

ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.19.03 — Oaoiieia?y oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee e.o.i., aeioeaio

Ei/aoeiaa Ieueaa
Aieiaeeie??aia

AeAEIO, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
OOA

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe ae.o.i., i?ioani?

Aaneeue/aiei Aaneeue
Ieeieaeiae/

AeAEIO, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

e.o.i.

Aaneeue?aa Ethaeieea
?aaeieei?aia

noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

IAI II “Ethoeeia”

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “27” AEIAOIss 1999?. i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.102.02 a Aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai??
eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252011, Ee?a – 11,

aoe.
Iaie?iae/a-Aeai/aiea, 2

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “26” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oa?anaiei
A.?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Iai/?oii-oea?iaoeia? ae?iae a?aeiinyoueny aei
ae?ia?a ianiaiai iiieoo ? caeiathoue iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao a
caaaeueiiio ianyc? ae?iaieoeoaa o?eeioaaeii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Niiaeea/ee iiieo aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue ?icoe?aiiy oa /anoiai iiiaeaiiy
ani?oeiaioo, eieuei?iai? aaie, a?ca?oi/aoeo aoaeo?a, a oaeiae iie?auaiiy
yeino? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a.

O?aaeeoe?eia i?iaeooaaiiy oaeeo ae?ia?a ? neeaaeiei, aeiaaio?eaaeei ?
o?oaeii?noeei, oiio iio??aia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy aeey caaacia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?.

Ia oeae /an ia ?nio? caaaeueii? nenoaie i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao, a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ye? anoaiiaeththoue caeaaei?noue ?icoyaeiino? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo
ae?ia?a a?ae e?eueeino?, aeae?a, oa ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e
o?eeioaaeo (ANO) a?ca?oieiaeo ia?aieaoaiue, ye? iathoue cieaeaio
?icoyaei?noue. E??i oiai, ia ?ic?iaeaia i?ioeaaeo?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ae?eyiie iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a ??ciiiai?oieo
eiino?oeoe?e. Oiio aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa, i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? aeaiaio?a
nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao, ? aeooaeueiith.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea
aeaiaio?a nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a,
ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c
iaoith ?iaioe aoee iinoaeai? ianooii? caaea/?:

O anoaiiaeoe iine?aeiai?noue aoai?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao;

O ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi i?iaeooaaiiy ai?o?a oa iene?a ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e
oa aeae?a ia?aieaoaiue;

O aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a caaeaii? oi?ie, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie, ia?aeeaeieie ieaoe?i-aaieie,
iaiiaieie iaeeia?ieie oa iiaea?eieie a?ca?oieiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie oa
ooi/ieoe iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ?o
no?oeoo?e;

O ?ic?iaeoe oai?aoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy ?icoyaeiino? ae?ia?a
caaeaii? oi?ie, ui ae?iaeythoueny aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie,
ia?aeeaeieie ieaoe?iaaieie oa iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie ?
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeeoe ?o aeinoia??i?noue;

O anoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue ?icoyaeiino? oa oe?eie ae?ia?a caaeaii? oi?ie,
ae?iaeaieo iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie ??cieo ?aii?o?a;

O noai?eoe iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aeey aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ic?iaeaieie aeai?eoiaie;

O ?ic?iaeoe aaie aeaieo oa aeia?aeeia? iaoa??aee.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii?
?i-aioe ? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo a
iaeano? i?iaeooaaiiy iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a. Iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith iineoaeeee iaoiaee aiae?co oa neioaco, iaoeiaiai ia?aaeaa/aiiy
oa i?aeoeee ye e?eoa??y ?noeie, noeoii?noue ocaaaeueiaiue (?iaeoeoe??)
oa aeaaaeaiiy iiaeo ?noei (aeaaeoeoe??) ? o.?i.. Ia oe?e iniia?
canoiniaaia eiiieaenia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue, yea aeeth/a?:

O aiae?c aeinyaiaiue a iaeano? aeine?aeaeaiue;

O oai?aoe/iee iaoiae aiae?co aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae eoe??iiai o?eeioaaeo
a?ca?oieiaeo ia?aieaoaiue, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo
aaoiiaoao; ooi/iaiiy aaea ?nioth/eo iaoaiaoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae, a iniiao
yeeo aoei caeeaaeaii neioac iaoiae?a aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae oa
aii??e/iiai;

O aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aeey
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo a?iioac ?iaioe.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a cae?enithaaeanue ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie ia ia?niiaeuei?e AII.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii aia?oa io?eiai? oae?
?acoeueoaoe:

· ?ic?iaeaii iine?aeiai?noue aeeiiaiiy aoai?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia
e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao;

· ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie i?iaeooaaiiy ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?e oa aeo?ao
ne?iaeie aeey ai?o?a oa iene?a ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e ? ia?aieaoaiue;

· aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy no?oeoo?e o?eeioaaeo
aeaeea?aeiaeo oa i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue o aeaeyae? noeoiiino? ??cieo
ia?aeiieo aeaiaio?a;

· ooi/iaii iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?e
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ui ae?iaeythoueny i?aniaeie oa
aeaeea?aeiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo aeiaaee?a ia?aoyaeee
ieoee;

· cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy ?icoyaeiino?
ae?ia?a caaeaii? oi?ie, ui ae?iaeythoueny iaeeia?ieie oa iiaea?eieie
aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie, ia?aeeaeieie ieaoe?iaaieie ? iaiiaieie
ia?aieaoaiiyie;

· aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii anoaiiaeaii nooi?iue aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a
ia aaee/eio ae?eniiai oa i?eaaaeaiiai eiao?oe??io?a ?icoyaeiino?, a
oaeiae ia oe?eio ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo
aaoiiaoao iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie;

· ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aii? i?ioeaaeo?e nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. Noai?aii ? i?aeoe/ii ?aae?ciaaii aeaiai-oe
NAI? ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith oe??? nenoaie ? oi?aa?naeueia iaoiaeeea
i?iaeooaaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaia o ?iaio?. I?ia?aii? i?ioeaaeo?e nenoaie
aeiaaaeaii aei i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ? io?eiaee canoinoaaiiy o
ae?iaieoeoa? oa iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? AeAEIO. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaio?a
nenoaie aeicaieeoue aaoiiaoecoaaoe i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy a oiiaao
ae?iaieoeoaa, cia/ii nei?ioeoe oa?i?i i?iaeooaaiiy oa noai?eoe oiiae
aeey iaeoaeaeoiai iiiaeaiiy ani?oeiaioo ae?ia?a caaeaii? oi?ie, ui
ae?iaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao, aeeeth/eoe iaiao?aei?noue
aeaioiaeaiiy ia?o?? i?iaieo c?ace?a oa ?o iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a
oaeiae io?eiaoe ?aaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, coiiaeaiee nei?i/aiiyi
o?oaeiaeo oa ne?iaeiieo aeo?ao.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. O i?aoeyo, aeeiiaieo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie,
iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a iaaiai?aii? iinoaiiaee caaea/,
ae??oaii? oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue, aeeiiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiue, oi?ioethaaii?
aeniiae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue:

? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a AeAEIO a
1995-1997 ?ieao;

? ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? o?eeioaaeiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa AeAEIO o eenoiiaae? 1998 ?ieo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii iaoa??aeai aeena?oaoe?? ? 11 ioae?eaoe?e. C ieo oace
aei-iia?aeae (2), 3 noaoo? o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo
oa nooaeaio?a AeAEIO, 3 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 3 aeaiiiiaai?
?oeiiene.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a c aeniiaeaie, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoiaoaaieo aeaea?ae, ui aeeth/a? a naaa 56 iaeiaioaaiue (7 noi?.),
a oaeiae aeiaeaoe?a, i?aaenoaaeaieo ia 131 noi??ioe?. ?iaioo aeeeaaeaii
ia 226 noi??ieao, o oiio /ene? ?eethno?aoe?? ia 43 noi??ieao, 10
oaaeeoeue.

Iniiaiee ci?no

Anooi i?enay/aii iaa?oiooaaiith aeooaeueiino? aea?aii? oaie.
A?aecia/aii iiaecio, iaoeiao oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, iienaii ??
no?oeoo?o ? aeacaii ianya.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee i?iaeooaaiiy
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a c iaoith noai?aiiy ?aeeii? iaoiaeeee
i?iaeooaaiiy an??? ?o ??ciiiai?oiino?. Aeyaeaii iaaeie?ee ?nioth/eo
iaoiaeee ? aecia/aii ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy, eio?? iaiao?aeii a?aooaaoe a
nenoai? NAI? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a. Oa?aeoa?iei aeey on?o oeeo
iaoiaeee ? ?o /anoeiaee oa?aeoa?, aeei?enoaiiy aii??e/ieo caeaaeiinoae,
eio?? ni?aaaaeeea? o?eueee aeey iaaiiai ani?oeiaioo, aeaeo onoaoeoaaiiy,
ia?aieaoaiiy ? ne?iaeie. A?aecia/aii iaoiaeeee a/aieo Iineianueei?
oaenoeeueii? aeaaeai?? I.A.Eo?ae-n?ii?, I.A.Oeueyiiai?, I.A.Aeooeiai?,
i?enay/ai? aaoiiaoeciaaiiio i?iaeooaaiith iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a.
I?aee?aneth?oueny iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee i?iaeooaaiiy c
oi/ee ci?o ?? aeei?enoaiiy a NAI? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
A?aenooi?noue eiiieaenieo, nenoaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue a iaeano?
aaoiiaoeci-aaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia
e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao, ia?aoeiaeaea? ca?eueoaiith ae?iaieoeoaa,
cieaeo? eiai eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiio aiae?co aoai?a
i?iaeooaaiiy. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii iniiai? caaea/?, ae??oaiiy eio?eo
aeicaieeoue ?ic?iaeoe ?aeeio iaoiaeeeo i?iaeooaaiiy
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a.

Aeyaeaii iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oa ?icoyaeiino?
o?eeioaaeo a?ca?oieiaeo ia?aieaoaiue, ye? iathoue cieaeaio
?icoyaei?noue.

Cai?iiiiiaaii eeaneo?eaoe?th ai?o?a iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ia
iniia? yei? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaeooaaiiy ia?aiao??a iaoaeueii?
no?oeoo?e oa aeo?ao ne?iaeie ia a’ycaiiy ae?eyiee ai?oa. I?e
i?iaeooaaii? ai?o?a c aeanoii??iith ieoeith ia?aaeaa/aii ?? ca?iaea o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?aii?oii i?ieeaaeoaaiiy ii aenio? a on?o /e aeayeeo
?yaeao, a oaeiae a?aoiao?oueny aieea niiniao ca?iaee ia aenioo
iaoaeueiiai ?yaeo.

Aeey iene?a iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a ia iniia? ?o eeaneo?eaoe?? oa
?icai?oie ia ieiuei? anoaiiaeai? eiao?oe??ioe, eio?? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aeieth aieie, ye? i?eeiathoue o/anoue o ae?iaeai? ae?eyiie ienea a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aieie e?oaeiiai/?oiiai aaoaiaoa. O ?iaio?
cai?iiiiiaaii caaaeueio iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aeo?ao ne?iaeie ia a’ycaiiy
aeaii? ae?eyiee c o?aooaaiiyi io?eiaieo eiao?oe??io?a aeey an???
??ciiiai?oiino? eiino?oeoe?e iene?a.

Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee i?iaeooaaiiy ae?eyiie ai?oo ? ienea
?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo aeo?ao ne?iaeie ia a’ycaiiy oeeo
ae?eyiie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy i?iaeooaaiiy ia?aiao??a
no?oeoo?e ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao
a?ca?oieiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie.

Caaaeath/e ia cieaeaio ?icoyaei?noue o?eeioaaeo a?ca?oieiaeo
ia?aieaoaiue ? a?aenooi?noue aeine?aeaeaiue o aeaiiio iai?yieo
a?aecia/aia iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ae?ia?a, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie,
ieaoe?iaaieie oa iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaiei
ia?aiao?ii, a?ae yeiai caeaaeeoue a?aeiia?aei?noue aeiaaeeie ae?iao
aeiiaai ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? ? aenioa iaoaeueiiai ?yaeo,
oae ye aeoiaey/e ?c cia/aiiy aeaiiai ia?aiao?o aecia/a?oueny /enei
?yae?a a’ycaiiy ia o?e /e ?io?e ae?eyioe?.

Aeey o?eeioaaeo aeaeea?aeiaeo oa i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue ia iniia? ?o
aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae, ?ic?iaeaieo I.A.Eo?aen?iith aeoiaey/e c o?ueio
iiaeeeaeo aeiaaee?a ia?aoyaoaaiiy ieoee, ooi/iai? oi?ioee aeey
aecia/aiiy aenioe aeaeea?aeiai? oa i?aniai? iaoaeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?? ?iaeae-no, a oaeiae aenioe iaoaeue, non?aei?o c ?iaeaenieie, c yeeo
a?aeaoaaeinue ia-?aoyaoaaiiy ieoee.

Aenioa aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe? E-ai ?iaeaeno:

__________________________________________

Aae e = (lie a E / Em (0.5 N Ii + Ii? + Iae )) 2 — d 2 , (1)

aea lie a – aeiaaeeia ieoee o iaei/oe? iaoe? o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai
ia?aieaoaiiy, ii;

E – ?iaeaen aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe?;

Em – iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaee ?iaeaen aeaeea?aeiai?
iaoe?;

N – eiao?oe?aio ia?aoyaeee ieoee, ui iieaco? e?euee?noue
iaoaeue, c yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aoyaeea ieoee;

Ii – aeiaaeeia ieoee, ia?iciiae?eaii? c inoiaa non?aei?o
c aeaeea?aeiaith iaoaeue, ii;

Ii?– aeiaaeeia ieoee, ia?a?iciiae?eaii? c i?ioyaeie, ui
c’?aeiothoue inoiae iaoaeue, ii;

Iae – aeiaaeeia ieoee, ia?a?iciiae?eaii? c aieeiai?
aeoae o iaei/eo aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe?, ii;

d – na?aaei?e ae?aiao? ieoee, ii.

I?aaenoaaeaia oi?ioea ni?aaaaeeeaa o aeiaaeeo, eiee ?iaeaen
aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe? ia aeinya iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiai. O i?ioeeaaeiiio
ae?aaeeo aenioa aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe? aoaea i?eeiaoe iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy
ANae m, eio?a aecia/a?oueny ?c oi?ioee:

__________________________________

ANae m = (lie a + 0.5 N Ii + Ii? + Iae ) 2 — d 2 ,
(2)

Iaeiae i?e oae?e aaee/ei? aenioe aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe? a?aeaoaa?oueny
noeniaiiy iaoaeueieo ?yae?a ? a no?oeoo?? o?eeioaaeo aeieea? ?aeue?oiee
aoaeo.

Aenioa iaoe? non?aeiuei? c aeaeea?aeiaith:

An = Aae e K Aa i?e K Km;
(3)

An = 2 dy i?e K Km ,
(4)

aea Aa – aenioa iaoe? aaciaiai ia?aieaoaiiy, ii;

dy – oiiaiee ae?aiao? ieoee, ii.

O aeiaaeeo ia?aoyaeee ieoee c i?aoi?e iaoe? aenioa iaoaeue non?aei?o c
aeaeea?aeiaeie aoaea ??ciith, oae ye ?c iaei??? c oeeo iaoaeue
ia?aoyaeea ieoee a?aeaoaa?oueny o aea? non?aei? aeaeea?aeia? iaoe?
(Acmin), a c ae?oai? o?eueee a iaeio (Acmax).

Oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieo i?e aeei?enoaii? aaiiao?e/ii? iiaeae?
aeaeea?aeiaiai o?eeioaaeo oa aeaaaeaieo oi?ioe anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeneiaeueiee ?iaeaen aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe?, aeinyaiooee ca ?aooiie
ia?aoyaeee ieoee c inoia?a non?aei?o iaoaeue, ?c i?ioyaeie, ui
c’?aeiothoue inoiae, oa ca ?aooiie ia?a?iciiae?eo ieoee c aieeiai? aeoae
o iaei/ee, aei??aith? o?ueii. I?e oeueiio iaoey non?aeiy c
aeaeea?aeiaith iaeneiaeueii caoya-iooa ? ?? aenioa aei??aith? aeaii
oiiaiei ae?aiao?ai ieoee (An=2dy). Iaeiae iiaeeeaa io?eiaiiy
aeaeea?aeiai? iaoe? ? a?eueo aenieeo ?iaeaen?a ca ?aooiie i?oaeiiai
aeaeiaaeaiiy ieoee. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo a no?oeoo?? o?eeioaaeo
c’yaey?oueny ?aeue?oiee aoaeo.

Aiae?c aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae o?eeioaaeo i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue aeicaieea
io?eiaoe caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy aenioe i?aniai? iaoe? oa non?aei?o
c iath iaoaeue aeey o?ueio aeiaaee?a ia?aoyaeee ieoee.

?ic?aooieia? oi?ioee aeey o?eeioaaeo i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue aiaeia?/i?
aeacaiei aeua, ye? i?ecia/ai? aeey aeaeea?aeiaiai o?eeioaaeo.

I?e ?icaeyaeaii? iaoaeueii? no?oeoo?e o?eeioaaeo ieaoe?iaaieo
ia?aieaoaiue caianaii ?yae ooi/iaiue o a?aeii? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy
aenioe iaoaeueiiai ?yaeo, aeiaaeeie a?oioiai? oa ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee o
?aii?o?.

O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co no?oeoo?e o?eeioaaeo iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo
ia?aieaoaiue ooi/iaii caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy eiai ae?enii? oe?eie c
o?aooaaiiyi caoiaeo iaoaeue oa cae?o/oaaiino? acaeiaae iaoaeueieo
noiai/ee?a, a oaeiae i?eaaaeaii? oe?eie, eiee o?eeioaae iiaea?eiiai
iaiia-iiai ia?aieaoaiiy “ i?eaiaeeoueny” aei eanoeeo c ?aii?oii 1+1 aac
o?aoo-aaiiy cae?o/oaaiino?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o o?eeioaae? iaeeia?ieo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue a neeo
i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ieoie iaoaeuei? noiai/eee iaiaaathoueny
caeeceoeny, o ?acoeueoao? /iai i?ioyaeee a i?noeyo i?iiouaieo iaoaeueieo
noiai/ee?a caeiathoueny o aeoae, ciaiooth/e i?e oeueiio oe?eio
o?eeioaaeo a oiiaii-??aiiaaaeiiio noai?.

Cai?iiiiiaaii caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy oe?eie iaeeia?iiai o?eeioaaeo
iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?icoyaeiino?
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo
aaoiiaoao aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie, ia?aeeaeieie, ieaoe?iaaieie, a
oaeiae iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie.

Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui a?ca?oieiaee o?eeioaae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aaee/aciith ??cii-iai?oi?noth ca ?aooiie ??cii? e?eueeino?, aeae?a oa
ii?aeiaiiy aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e o ?aii?o? ia?aieaoaiiy, eiai
?icoyaei?noue iiaea ci?ithaaoeny o oe?ieeo iaaeao. Oiio aaaeeeai ua ia
aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy aecia/eoe, /e aoaea caaacia/aii iaeaaaeeea?oee
iieaciee yeino? – ?icoyaei?noue iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaiai ae?iao. Aeey
ae?ia?a, ui ae?iaeythoueny a?ca?oi-eiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie, eio?? iathoue
cieaeaio ?icoyae-i?noue ii oe?ei?, ia?aa??eo oiiae caaacia/aiiy
?icoyaeiino? iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe ii ?yaeo, ui neeaaea?oueny c
iaeneiaeueii? e?eueeino? aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e, iaiaaeoth/eo ?icoyaei?noue
ae?iao. O aeiaaeeo iaa?aeiia?ae-iino? ?icoyaeiino? ae?eyiee ae?iao
aeiiaai iaiao?aeii ci?ieoe no?oeoo?o ia?aieaoaiiy ia ae?eyioe?. Oiio
aeioe?eueii i?iaeooaaoe ?icoyaei?noue iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaiai ae?iao ye
iieaciee, ?ioaa?iaaiee ia aac? ?icoyaeiino? ia?aeiieo aeaiaio?a, ye?
neeaaeathoue eiai no?oeoo?o. O ca’yceo c oeei aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii
??ciiiai?oi? ia?aeii? aeaiaioe, ui neeaaeathoue no?oeoo?o o?eeioaaeo
aeaeea?aeiaeo ? i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue.

C o?aooaaiiyi i?aeoiaeo cai?iiiiiaaii ianooiio caeaaei?noue aeey
i?iaeooaaiiy eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo aeaeea?aeiaeo
ia?aieaoaiue:

n Ri Ni n
Ni

Rs = ( Ra ) = Ra ( Pi ),
(5)

i=1 Ra Nu i=1
Nu

aea Ra — eiao?oe??io ?anoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai ia?aieaoaiiy;

Ri — eiao?oe??io ?anoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo, yeee i?noeoue ia?aeii?
yeaiaioe i-ai aeaeo;

Ni- e?euee?noue eeoeueiaeo oa aeai?ioi?o iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a a i
-iio ia?aeiiiio yeaiaio?;

Nu — e?euee?noue eeoeueiaeo oa aeai?ioi?o iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a
ia ae?eyioe?;

Pi — a?aeiioaiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?icoyaeiino? Ri o?eeioaaeo, ui
i?noeoue ia?aeii? aeaiaioe i-ai aeaeo aei eiao?oe??ioo ?anoyaeiino?
Ra o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai ia?aieaoaiiy.

Aii??e/i? eiao?oe??ioe, ui aoiaeyoue aei oi?ioee, yaeythoue niaith
a?aeiioaiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo, yeee i?noeoue ia?aeii?
aeaiaioe iaeiiai aeaeo, aei ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai
ia?aieaoaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiinieo aaee/ei, a ia naieo eiao?oe??io?a
?icoyaeiino? iiynith?oueny oei, ui ?icoyaei?noue ia?aeiieo aeaiaio?a
caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae ii?aeiaiiy a ieo ?iaeaenieo oa aaciaeo
iaoaeue, aea e a?ae ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio a’ycaiiy, aeaeo ? e?i?eii?
u?eueiino? aeei?enoiaoaaii? ne?iaeie, canoiniaaiiai onoaoeoaaiiy.

Eiao?oe??io ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo, ae?iaeaiiai i?aniaei ia?aieaoaiiyi,
i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aoe, aiaeia?/ii, ye ? aeey aeaeea?aeiaiai
o?e-eioaaeo ia iniia? ?ai?o anoaiiaeaieo cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a
?icoyaeiino? ia?aeiieo aeaiaio?a. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaany oie
oaeo, ui i?ania? iaeeaee, iaiaaath/enue aei?yieoeny ? caeiyoe iaio
iai?oaeaio oi?io, aca?iiae?thoue c non?aei?ie iaoeyie ? /eiyoue aieea ia
ci?io iaoaeueiiai e?ieo. Oiio oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
?icoyaeiino? i?aniaiai o?eeioaaeo ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

Ii

n A (Ni Ii) + Ai?j

Rs = Ra ( Pi ) ,
(6)

i=1 A (Nu Iu) + Ai?j

j=1

aea i — iiia? (aeae) ia?aeiiiai yeaiaioo;

n — e?euee?noue ia?aeiieo yeaiaio?a;

Ra — eiao?oe??io ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai ia?aieaoaiiy;

Pi — a?aeiioaiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo, ui
i?noeoue ia?aeii? aeaiaioe i-ai aeaeo aei eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino?
o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai ia?aieaoaiiy;

A — iaoaeueiee e?ie o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai ia?aieaoaiiy, ii;

Ai?j — iaoaeueiee e?ie j -? i?aniai? iaoe?, ii;

Ni — e?euee?noue eeoeueiaeo ? aeai?ioi?o iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a o
i -iio ia?aeiiiio aeaiaio?;

Nu — e?euee?noue eeoeueiaeo ? aeai?ii?o iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a ia
ae?eyioe?;

Ii — e?euee?noue i?aniaeo iaoaeue acaeiaae iaoaeueiiai ?yaeo o i —
iio ia?aeiiiio aeaiaio?;

Iu — e?euee?noue i?aniaeo iaoaeue ia ae?eyioe? acaeiaae
iaoaeueiiai ?yaeo.

C o?aooaaiiyi oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy iaoaeueiiai e?ieo i?aniai? iaoe?:

Ai?j = A + 2 Kj dn?,
(7)

aea Kj — ?iaeaen j -? i?aniai? iaoe?;

dn? — na?aaei?e ae?aiao? ieoee, ii,

caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?icoyaeiino? i?aniaiai
o?eeioaaeo i?eeia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

Ii

n A Ni + 2 dn? Ii Kj

Rs = Ra (Pi ). (8)

i=1 A Nu + 2 dcp Iu Kj

j=1

A iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?iaao, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia?aeeaeieie
ieaoe?i-aaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie, aeaiaioaie, eio?? iaiaaeothoue
?icoyaei?noue, ? i?ioyaeee ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee o i?noeyo, aea iaoe?
neeaaeathoueny o?eueee c ieoee a?oioa. Oiio ?o e?euee?noue ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?iaeooaaii? ?icoyaeiino? ae?eyiie ae?iao.

Aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino? Rs iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaiai
ae?iao, ui aeaioiaey?oueny ia?aeeaeiei ieaoe?iaaiei ia?aieaoaiiyi,
i?iiiio?oueny ianooiia caeaaei?noue:

Ra A Pp + Aa I?

Rs =
(9)

A Pp + Aa I?

aea Ra — eiao?oe??io ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo, aeaioiaeaiiai aeaaeeei
ieaoe?iaaiei ia?aieaoaiiyi;

A — iaoaeueiee e?ie o?eeioaaeo a i?noeyo, aea iaoe?
neeaaeathoueny c a?oioiai? ? ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee, ii;

Aa — iaoaeueiee e?ie o?eeioaaeo a i?noeyo, aea iaoe?
neeaaeathoueny o?eueee c a?oioiai? ieoee, ii;

?? — e?euee?noue iaoaeue, ooai?aieo c a?oioiai? ? ieaoe?iai/ii?
ieoee;

I? — e?euee?noue iaoaeue a iaoaeueiiio ?yae?, ooai?aieo c
a?oioiai? ieoee.

I?aaenoaaey? ?ioa?an ? cai?ioiy caaea/a – aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii
iiaeeeai? e?eueeino? i?ioyaeie ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee a iaeiiio iaoaeueiiio
?yae? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaiai ae?iao, eiee a?aeiia cia/aiiy iio??aiiai
eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino?.

A?aeiinio aeieth i?ioyaeie ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee a iaeiiio iaoaeueiiio
?yae? iiaeia aecia/eoe ca oi?ioeith:

Z
I?

I? = , aea Z =
(10)

Z + 1
Nu – I?

O ?aii?o?: I? (R) = I? / (b Kb),
(11)

aea b — aaee/eia ?aii?oo ii oe?ei?, iao.no.;

Kb — e?euee?noue ?aii?o?a ii oe?ei? a iaeiiio ?yae? a’ycaiiy
ae?iao.

E?euee?noue i?ioyaeie ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee I? aecia/a?oueny aeoiaey/e c
aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioo Ro ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo:

1 A? A

I? = ?? ( A).
(12)

Aa Ro 1

Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e o?eeioaaeo iaeeia?ieo oa iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo
ia?aieaoaiue iieacaei, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae o?eeioaaeo aeaeea?aeiaeo,
i?aniaeo ? ia?aeeaeieo ieaoe?iaaieo ia?aieaoaiue, a eiai no?oeoo??
a?ae-nooi? aeaiaioe, eio?? iaiaaeothoue eiai ?icoyaei?noue, iaeiae aiia
aoaea caeaaeaoe a?ae e?eueeino? oa ii?yaeeo /a?aaeoaaiiy i?iiouaieo
iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ?icoyaeiino? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ui
ae?iaeythoueny iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe
i?eaaaeaiee eiao?oe??io ?icoyaeiino?, ui ia a?aoiao? ci?i oe?eie
o?eeioaaeo aiane?aeie caoiaeo iaoaeue /e cae?o/oaaiino? acaeiaae
iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a, oa ae?eniee eiao?oe??io ?icoyaeiino?, ui a?aoiao?
oe? ci?ie.

Oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy i?eaaaeaiiai eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino?
o?e-eioaaeo iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

  0.5 Re  Na + Rae
Na

Rsi? = ,
(13)

  0.5 Na +
Na

aea Re, Rae — ae?eni? eiao?oe??ioe ?icoyaeiino? a?aeiia?aeii eanoeea ?
aeaae?;

Na — e?euee?noue i?ioyaeie oeio «a», ui c’?aeiothoue
non?aei? iaoaeuei? noiai/eee ??cieo oa??a;

Na — e?euee?noue i?ioyaeie oeio «a», ui c’?aeiothoue
non?aei? iaoaeuei? noiai/eee iaeiiai oa?o.

I?e a?aeiieo i?eaaaeaiiio eiao?oe??io? ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo
iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue ? eiai eiao?oe??io? cae?o/oaaiino?
iiaeia oaeiae anoaiiaeoe aaee/eio ae?eniiai eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino? ca
ianooiiith oi?ioeith:

  Rsae =  1 + (Ri?  1) / Ecae?.
(14)

aea Ecae? – eiao?oe??io cae?o/oaaiino?.

Oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy i?eaaaeaiiai eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino?
o?eeioaaeo iaeeia?ieo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

  Rae Np +  25.4 / (K  A) Npr

 Rsi? = , (15)

 Np + Npr

aea  K — eean iaoeie;

   A — iaoaeueiee e?ie ia?aieaoaiiy aeaaeue, ii;

 Np — e?euee?noue iaoaeue o ?aii?o? Ra;

  Npr — e?euee?noue i?iiouaieo iaoaeueieo noiaa/ee?a o ?aii?o?
Ra.

Aiaeia?/ii iiaea?eiiio o?eeioaaeo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue, ciath/e
aaee/eio i?eaaaeaiiai eiao?oe??ioa ?icoyaeiino? ? eiao?oe??ioa ci?ie
oe?eie Ew, iiaeia anoaiiaeoe aaee/eio ae?eniiai eiao?oe??ioo
?icoyaeiino? iaeeia?iiai o?eeioaaeo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue:

Ri?  1

 Rsae = +  1 .
(16)

  Ew

I?e ii??aiyii? ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo iiaea?eiiai iaiiaiiai
ia?aieaoaiiy c ?icoyaei?noth o?eeioaaeo, ae?iaeaiiai eanoeeii c ?aii?oii
1+1 ? iaeeia?iiai c ?icoyaei?noth aeaae? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?eaaaeai? eiao?oe??ioe ?icoyaeiino?, eio??
aecia/athoueny aac o?aooaaiiy cae?o/oaaiino? (aeey iiaea?eieo) /e aac
o?aooaaiiy ci?ie oe?eie (aeey iaeeia?ieo).

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iienai? ?acoeueoaoe
aenia-?eia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo
aeaeea?aeiaeo, i?aniaeo, ia?aeeaeieo ieaoe?iaaieo, a oaeiae iaeeia?ieo
oa iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue.

Aeey o?eeioaaeo aeaeea?aeiaeo ? i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue i?iaiaeeeenue
aeine?aeieoeuee? aenia?eiaioe, iaoa yeeo aoea aecia/aiiy aii??e/ieo
eiao?oe??io?a aeey ?ic?iaeaieo ?ai?oa ia?aeiieo aeaiaio?a. Anoaiiaeai?
cia/aiiy aii??e/ieo eiao?oe??io?a, eio?? yaeythoue niaith a?aeiioaiiy
eiao?oe??io?a ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo, ui i?noeoue ia?aeii? aeaiaioe
??ciiai aeaeo aei eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo aaciaiai
ia?aieaoaiiy, aeicaieythoue canoiniaoaaoe aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aeey
aecia/aiiy eia-o?oe??io?a ?icoyaeiino? iaeeia?iiai oa iiaea?eiiai
o?eeioaaeo aeaeea?aeiaeo ? i?aniaeo ia?aieaoaiue.

C iaoith i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeinoia??iino? aeaaaeaieo caeaaeiinoae aeey
aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo aeaeea?aeiaeo, i?aniaeo,
ia?aeeaeieo ieaoe?iaaieo, iaeeia?ieo oa iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo ia?aieaoaiue
aoei i?iaaaeaii oe?eee ?yae ia?aa??i/ieo aenia?eiaio?a, ui aacothoueny
ia aei??thaaeuei?e i?ioeaaeo??. Ii aeaiei aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aei-ne?aeaeaiue ? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeoeeaiiy
cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a ?icoyaeiino?, io?eiaieo oai?aoe/iei oeyoii ? ia
iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ia ia?aaeuothoue 5%, ui ? i?eionoeiei.

O ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? caeaaeiino? (o
aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a) ae?eniiai ? i?eaaaeaiiai eiao?oe??io?a ?icoyaeiino?
oa oe?eie ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao
iaeeia?ieie ? iiaea?eieie iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie, a?ae e?eueeino?
i?iiouaieo iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a ? ?o ii?aeiaiiy.

Aiae?c a?ao?/ieo caeaaeiinoae iieacaa, ui i?aaaethth/ee aieea ia
aaee/eio ae?eniiai eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino? ii oe?ei?
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ui ae?iaeythoueny iaiiaieie
ia?aieaoaiiyie, /eieoue ye e?euee?noue oae ? /a?aaeoaaiiy i?iiouaieo
iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a, ia aa-ee/eio i?eaaaeaiiai – o?eueee ?o
e?euee?noue.

Oinoee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii?
i?ioeaaeo?e i?iaeooaaiiy ia?aiao??a iaoaeueii? no?oeoo?e ? aeo?ao
ne?iaeie ia a’ycaiiy ae?iao aeicaieeoue nei?ioeoe oa?i?i ?ic?iaee iiaiai
ae?iao, ciaioeoe e?euee?noue i?aoethth/eo, ui caeiyo? o ?ic?iaoe? iiaiai
ani?oeiaioo, aeeeth/eoe iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaeaiiy ia?o?? i?iaieo
c?ac-e?a aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aei?iaoaaiue.

Aeniiaee

1. Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiao?a c aeaeo?iiiei
oi?aae?iiyi oa a?aeae?aiiyi aieie, i?aeneeaiiy aeoeaioo o einothi? ia
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeia? ae?iae, aeiiae ?eieo aei iaeii/aniiai caaacia/aiiy
aeniei? yeino?, iecueei? oe?ie ? oaeaeeiai iiiaeaiiy ani?oeiaioo
noaaeyoue a oeaio? oaaae i?iaaaeaiiy aeeaieeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?enay/aieo ?ic?iaoe? nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy.

2. Ia iniia? aiae?co iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiia, eio??
noaaeyoueny aei yeino? ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo
aaoi-iaoao, c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?o i?iaeooaaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi ?icoyaeiino? ia iniia? neioaco iaoiaeo aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae
? aii?-?e/iiai.

3. O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co ani?oeiaioo, eiino?oeoe?e ? ia?aieaoaiue ia
ae?eyieao iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a oa ?icaeyaeo caaaeueieo
i?eioeei?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii iine?aeiai?noue
aoai?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao.

4. ?ic?iaeai? i?ioeaaeo?e aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ai?o?a ? iene?a
??cieo eiino?oeoe?e oa aeae?a ia?aieaoaiue ? a?aeiia?aei? i?ia?aii?
i?iaeoeoe aeey ?o ?aae?caoe??.

5. O ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co no?oeoo?e iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo
ae?ia?a, ui ae?iaeythoueny iaeeia?ieie oa iiaea?eieie aeaeea?aeiaeie ?
i?aniaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a i?aaenoaaeaiiy ?o
no?oeoo?e o aeaeyae? noeoiiino? ia?aeiieo aeaiaio?a, ye? iathoue ??cio
?icoyaei?noue ? aeeth/athoue aoaeue-ye? aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaeooaaiiy ?icoyaeiino? ii oe?ei?
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo aeaeea?aeiaeie ? i?aniaeie
ia?aieaoaiiyie c aoaeue-yeei aeaeii ? ii?aeiaiiyi aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e.

6. Ia iniia? aiae?co aaiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae no?oeoo?e
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo iaeeia?ieie ? iiaea?eieie
i?aniaeie ? aeaeea?aeiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie, ooi/iai? iaoaiaoe/i?
caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?e c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo
aeiaaee?a ia?aoyaeee ieoee.

7. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e o?eeioaaeo a?ca?oieiaeo
ia?aieaoaiue, yeee ia? cieaeaio ?icoyaei?noue, aeicaieeee io?eiaoe
iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy ?icoyaeiino? ae?ia?a, ui
aeaioiaeythoueny aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie, ia?aeeaeieie ieaoe?iaaieie,
a oaeiae iiaea?eieie oa iaeeia?ieie iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie ia
e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao.

8. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icoyaeiino? iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo
ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo a?ca?oieiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie, i?aeoaa?aeeee
aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae.

9. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy aeoiaey/e c
oiiae caaacia/aiiy iio??aii? ?icoyaeiino? e?eueeino? i?ioyaeie
ieaoe?iai/ii? ieoee o ?aii?o? ae?iao, ae?iaeaiiai ia?aeeaeiei
ieaoe?iaaiei ia?aieaoaiiyi.

10. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea cai?iiiiiaaieo caeaaeiinoae
i?aeoaa?aeeea aeioe?euei?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy ? aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe,
ui ?icoyaei?noue o?eeioaaeo ia?aeeaeiiai ieaoe?iaaiiai ia?aieaoaiiy noa?
iaaein-oaoiueith o aeiaaeeo, eiee e?euee?noue i?ioyaeie ieaoe?iai/ii?
ieoee aeinyaa? 60% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iaoaeue o ?aii?o?.

11. O ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? caeaaeiino?
(o aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a) ae?eniiai ? i?eaaaeaiiai eiao?oe??io?a
?icoyaeiino? oa oe?eie ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao
iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie, a?ae e?eueeino? i?iiouaieo iaoaeueieo
noiai/ee?a.

12. Aiae?c io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae iieacaa, ui i?aaaethth/ee aieea ia
aaee/eio ae?eniiai eiao?oe??ioo ?icoyaeiino? ii oe?ei?
iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie,
/eieoue ye e?euee?noue i?iiouaieo iaoaeueieo noiai/ee?a oae ? ?o
/a?aaeoaaiiy, ia aa-ee/eio i?eaaaeaiiai – o?eueee ?o e?euee?noue.

13. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia i?ioeaaeo?a nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao,
neeaaeaii aaie aeaieo oa iaaaaeai? iaiao?aei? aeia?aeeia? iaoa??aee, ui
iieaaoothoue ?iaioo e?ioeaaiai ei?enooaa/a c iaeaoii i?eeeaaeieo
i?ia?ai.

14. ?ic?aooiee i?aeoaa?aeeee aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeaiaio?a NAI? ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeyythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo
aaoiiaoao, ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy o?oaeiaeo oa ne?iaeiieo aeo?ao.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.?. (Aaeaanueea E.?.) Aeine?aeaeaiiy
?icoyaeiino? eoe??iiai o?eeioaaeo iaeeia?ieo oa iiaea?eieo iaiiaieo
ia?aieaoaiue // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a, /.1 —
Ee?a: AeAEIO, 1997. — n.30.

2. Aeanaiei E.?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icoyaeiino? o?eeioaaeo ieaoe?iaaieo
ia?aieaoaiue c iaoith ?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo iniia aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a caaeaii? oi?ie c e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiao?a // Eaaea
i?iieneia?noue. — 1997. — ? 4. — n.47.

3. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aaeaeaiaea A.E., Aeanaiei E.?. ?aeeia iaoiaeeea
i?iaeooaaiiy iene?a iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a // Eaaea
i?iieneia?noue. — 1998. — ? 1. — n.49-50.

4. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiia oaoiieiae/aneia
i?iaeoe?iaaiea ecaeaeee, au?aaaouaaaiuo ia e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao //
I?eaeiai?ianeee iao/iue aanoiee — 1998. — ? 95. — n.42-59.

5. Enneaaeiaaiea no?oeoo?u e ?anoyaeeiinoe eoee?iiai o?eeioaaea
aeaeea?aeiauo ia?aieaoaiee /Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.A.; Ain. aeaae.
eaae. i?ii-oe Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa, 1995. — 24n.: Aeaeeia?.: 37 iaca. — ?on.
— Aeai. A AIOA Oe?aeiu 01.12.95., ? 2589 — Oe 95.

6. Iao/iua iniiau i?iaeoe?iaaiey ecaeaeee, au?aaaouaaaiuo ia
e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao /Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E. A.; Ain. aeaae.
eaae. i?ii-oe Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa, 1996. — 31n. — Aeaeeia?.: 27 iaca. — ?on.
— Aeai. A AIOA Oe?aeiu 04.12.96., ?2301 — Oe 96.

7. Enneaaeiaaiey ?anoyaeeiinoe eoee?iiai o?eeioaaea iaeeia?iuo e
aeaieiuo iaiieiuo ia?aieaoaiee /Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.A.; Ain.
aeaae. eaae. i?ii-oe Oe?aeiu, — Eeaa, 1997. — 55n.: ee. — Aeaeeia?.: 20
iaca. — ?on. — Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 26.05.97. ? 334 — Oe 97.

8. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.A., Oaeeoeuia N.A. Aeaeu iuneia e aaeeiue
iiaeoiae e eo i?iaeoe?iaaieth // Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo
o/aiuo e nooaeaioia, /.1 — Eeaa: AAEIO, 1994. — n.65.

9. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Oaeeoeuia N.A., Aeanaiei E.A. Aiaeec niiniaia
cae?aieaiey yeanoiia?iie ieoe a no?oeoo?o ai?oa // Oac. aeiee. iao/.
eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo e nooaeaioia, /.1 — Eeaa: AAEIO, 1994. —
n.66.

10. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.?. Aaoiiaoeciaaia i?iaeooaaiiy ooo/ieo
ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo a?ca?oieiaeie ia?aieaoaiiyie ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo
aaoiiaoao // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a, /.1 —
Ee?a: AeAEIO, 1995. — n.52.

11. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.?. Aiae?c iaoiaeee i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a
caaeaii? oi?ie, aeaioiaeaieo ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao // Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a, /.1 – Ee?a: AeAEIO, 1996. — n.57.

12. Ei/aoeiaa I.A., Aeanaiei E.A. Enneaaeiaaiey ?anoyaeeiinoe eoee?iiai
o?eeioaaea ia?aeeaeiuo ieaoe?iaaiiuo ia?aieaoaiee // Na. iao/. noaoae
i?ioani?nei-i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneiai, /.3 – I: IOIE, 1998. — n.24-30.

Aaeaanueea E.?. ?ic?iaea aeaiaio?a nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeeoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.19.03 – oaoiieia?y oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a. –
Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, Ee?a 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ae??oaiith caaea/ aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia
e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao. Ia iniia? aiae?co ani?oeiaioo, eiino?oeoe?e ?
ia?aieaoaiue ia ae?eyieao iai/?oii-oea?iaoeiaeo ae?ia?a oa ?icaeyaeo
aeiia, eio?? noaaeyoueny aei aaoiiaoeciaaii? i?ioeaaeo?e, ?ic?iaeaia
iine?aeiai?noue aoai?a ?o aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy.
Aeaio iine?aeiai?noue ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe?
eiiieaenii? oi?aa?naeueii? iaoiaeeee aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
aeacaii? a?oie ae?ia?a.

Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e o?eeioaaeo a?ca?oieiaeo
ia?aieaoaiue, yeee ia? cieaeaio ?icoyaei?noue, aeicaieeee io?eiaoe
iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy ?icoyaeiino? ae?ia?a, ui
ae?iaeythoueny aeaeea?aeiaeie, i?aniaeie, ia?aeeaeieie ieaoe?iaaieie, a
oaeiae iiaea?eieie oa iaeeia?ieie iaiiaieie ia?aieaoaiiyie ia
e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao. ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aiio i?ioeaaeo?o nenoaie
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a, ui aeaioiaeythoueny ia
e?oaeiiai/?oieo aaoiiaoao, neeaaeaii aaie aeaieo oa iaaaaeai? iaiao?aei?
aeia?aeeia? iaoa??aee, ui iieaaoothoue ?iaioo e?ioeaaiai ei?enooaa/a c
iaeaoii i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?eeioaae, ?icoyaei?noue, ia?aoyaeea ieoee, ia?aeiiee
aeaiaio, ?iaeaen a?ca?oieiai? iaoe?, e?oaeiiai/?oiee aaoiiao, nenoaia
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy (NAI?).

Aaeaaneay E.A. ?ac?aaioea yeaiaioia nenoaiu aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
oaoiieiae/aneiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey ecaeaeee, au?aaaouaaaiuo ia
e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.19.03 – oaoiieiaey oaenoeeueiuo iaoa?eaeia. —
Ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey e?aeie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia ?aoaieth caaea/ aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
oaoiiei-ae/aneiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey ecaeaeee, au?aaaouaaaiuo ia
e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca anni?oeiaioa, eiino?oeoeee e
ia?aieaoaiee ia o/anoeao /oei/ii-iini/iuo ecaeaeee e ?anniio?aiey
o?aaiaaiee, i?aaeuyaeyaiuo e aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie i?ioeaaeo?a, ?ac?aaioaia
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue yoaiia eo aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?iaeoe?iaaiey. Aeaiioth iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue ?aeiiaiaeoaony
eniieueciaaoue i?e ?ac?aaioea eiiieaeniie oieaa?naeueiie iaoiaeeee
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey oeacaiiie a?oiiu ecaeaeee.

Enoiaey ec aiaeeca eiino?oeoeee, aeaeia ia?aieaoaiee e niiniaia
cae?aieaiey yeanoiia?iie ieoe ?ac?aaioaia eeanneoeeaoeey aeaeia ai?oia.
A niioaaonoaee n eeanneoeeaoeeae nicaeai aeai?eoi i?iaeoe?iaaiey
aeaiiiai o/anoea. I?e ?ac?aaioea aeai?eoia o/eouaaeinue aeeyiea niiniaa
ca?aaioee yeanoiia?iie ieoe ia eciaiaiea auniou iaoaeueiiai ?yaea, a
oaeaea aiciiaeiinoue a? ca?aaioee a eaaeaeii ?yaeo e iaeioi?uo a
niioaaonoaee n ?aiii?oii.

Aaeaeo ionoonoaey aaeeiiai iiaeoiaea e i?iaeoe?iaaieth o/anoea iunea
?acee/iuo aeaeia enoiaey ec eo eeanneoeeaoeee e ?aca??oie a ieineinoe
onoaiiaeaiu eiyooeoeeaiou, oa?aeoa?ecothuea eiee/anoai aeeth/aaiuo e
aueeth/aaiuo, naaaeyaiuo e i?eaaaeyaiuo, a oaeaea ?aaioathueo i?e
au?aaioea aeaiiiai o/anoea eae io iauaai /enea eae e?oaei/oei/iiai
aaoiiaoa. A niioaaonoaee n ?ac?aaioaiiuie aeai?eoiaie nicaeaiu
i?ioeaaeo?u aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey ai?oia e iuneia ?acee/iuo
eiino?oeoeee e aeaeia ia?aieaoaiee e niioaaonoaothuea i?ia?aiiiua
i?iaeoeou.

Oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?u /oei/ii-iini/iuo ecaeaeee
au?aaa-ouaaaiuo iaeeia?iuie e aeaieiuie aeaeea?aeiauie e i?anniauie
ia?aieaoaieyie iicaieytho i?aaenoaaeoue aa a aeaea niaieoiiinoe
ia?ae/iuo yeaiaioia, iaeaaeathueo ?acee/iie ?anoyaeeiinoueth e
aeeth/athueo ethaua yeaiaiou no?oeoo?u. Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
i?iaeoe?iaaoue /oei/ii-iini/iua ecaeaeey, au?aaaouaaaiua aeaeea?aeiauie
e i?anniauie ia?aieaoaieyie n ethaui aeaeii e ni/aoaieai yeaiaioia
no?oeoo?u, enoiaey ec o?aaoaiie ?anoyaeeiinoe ii oe?eia.

Oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?u o?eeioaaea ?enoi/aouo
ia?aieaoaiee, iaeaaeathuaai iiieaeaiiie ?anoyaeeiinoueth, iicaieeee
iieo/eoue iaoaiaoe/aneea caaene-iinoe aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey ?anoyaeeiinoe
ecaeaeee, au?aaaouaaaiuo aeaeea?aeiauie, i?anniauie, ia?aeeaeiuie
ieaoe?iaaiiuie, a oaeaea aeaieiuie e iaeeia?iuie iaiieiuie
ia?aieaoaieyie ia e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai iieo/aiu caaeneiinoe aeaenoaeoaeueiiai e
i?eaaaeaiiiai eiyoeoeeaioia ?anoyaeeiinoe e oe?eiu ecaeaeee,
au?aaaouaaaiuo ia e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao, a caaeneiinoe io eiee/anoaa
i?iiouaiiuo iaoaeueiuo noieaeeia. I?e yoii onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiee/anoai e
/a?aaeiaaiea i?iiouaiiuo iaoaeueiuo noieaeeia ieacuaaao i?eaaee?othuaa
aeeyiea ia aaee/eiu yoeo eiyooeoeeaioia.

?ac?aaioaia i?ia?aiiiay i?ioeaaeo?a nenoaiu aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
i?iaeoe?iaaiey ecaeaeee, au?aaaouaaaiuo ia e?oaei/oei/iuo aaoiiaoao,
ninoaaeai aaie aeaiiuo e i?eaaaeaiu iaiaoiaeeiua ni?aai/iua iaoa?eaeu,
iaeaa/athuea ?aaioo eiia/iiai iieueciaaoaey n iaeaoii i?eeeaaeiuo
i?ia?aii.

Nicaeaiiue iaeao i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii ai?iae?iaai ia o?eeioaaeiuo
i?aaei?eyoeyo, niaoeeaeece?othueony ia auionea /oei/ii-iini/iuo
ecaeaeee, a oaeaea aiaae?ai a o/aaiue i?ioeann i?e auiieiaiee eo?niauo e
aeeieiiiuo i?iaeoia. Aai eniieueciaaiea ia i?aaei?eyoee iicaieeo
cia/eoaeueii nie?aoeoue n?iee i?iaeoe?iaaiey, iaania/ea i?e yoii aieaa
/anooth niaiyaiinoue anni?oeiaioa; eneeth/eoue iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia?aaioee
ia?oee i?iaiuo ia?acoeia aeey i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee, a oaeaea
oiaiueoeoue /eneaiiinoue ?aaioathueo, o/anoaothueo i?e ?ac?aaioea iiauo
aeaeia ecaeaeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?eeioaae, ?anoyaeeiinoue, ia?ae/iua yeaiaiou,
ia?aoyaeea ieoe, eiaeaen ?enoi/aoie iaoee, e?oaei/oei/iue aaoiiao,
nenoaia aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey (NAI?).

Galavskaja L.E. The development of elements of the system of auto-mated
technological design of ware, manufactured on seamless hosiery machines.
– Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidates of technical sciences degree by specialty
05.19.03 – technology of textile materials. – The State Academy of Light
Industry of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the solving of problems of automated
technological design of ware, manufactured on seamless hosiery machines.
On the basis of the analysis of assortment, structure and interlacing in
sections of hosiery, and consideration of requirements to the automated
procedure, the universal methods of their automated design have been
developed.

The theoretical investigations of knitted fabric structure with pattern
interlacing, which has reduced extensibility, enabled to get
mathematical dependence for design of extensibility of ware,
manufactured by jacquard, press, crossover slicked, and also double and
single partial interlacing on seamless hosiery machines.

The program procedure of elements of the system of automated
technological design of ware is developed, the data bank is made up and
all necessary reference materials are adduced, which make the work of
end-consumer with the applied program package easier.

Key words: knitted fabric, extensibility, primary units, thread
constriction, index of pattern loop, seamless hosiery machine, the
system of automated design (SAD).

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