I?EACIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

E?EAAIEI IEUeAA A?EOI??AIA

OAeE 622.788.36

?IC?IAEA AeEIAI?*II? IIAeAE? IA?OAeEOAAIIss

OA IIOEI?CAOe?ss IA ?? INIIA? OAOIIEIA?*IEO

IA?AIAO??A AAEIOEOOE

05.16.02 — Iaoaeo?a?y /i?ieo iaoae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ia??oiieue — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a I?eacianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
(IAeOO) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ia??oiieue

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Oa?ania Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/,

I?eacianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao (i. Ia??oiieue), i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Eiaaeueia Aeieo?i A?naio?eiae/,

Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y

Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), i?ioani?

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?inoianueeee Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aeiiaoeueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo /i?ii?

iaoaeo?a?? I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee

Oe?a?ie (i. Aeiiaoeuee)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 04 ” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 12.052.01 i?e I?eacianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 341000, i. Ia??oiieue
Aeiiaoeueei? iae., i?iaoeie ?anioae?ee, 7

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? I?eacianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: 341000, i. Ia??oiieue, aoe.
Aiaoiaa, 115

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 17 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieo. oaoi. iaoe, i?ioani?
A.I. Ianeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Oni?oia i?io?eaiiy aaeiia?aoe?eiiai i?ioeano a iniiaiiio caeaaeeoue a?ae
aacii?iieeiino? oa?o aaeioeooe. Iaei??th c oa?aeoa?enoee yeino?
ia?oaeeoaaiiy aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe (AO) oa aacii?iieeiino? oa?o, ui
ni?ea?oueny, ? ii?iaei?noue oa?o, yea a iniiaiiio aecia/a? aeo?aoe
aia?a?? aeey noai?aiiy caaeaieo oaeaeeinoae o?eueo?aoe?? aac?a. E??i
oiai, ii?iaei?noue aecia/a? ieoiio iiaa?oith oaieiiai?io a oa??.

Aa?aaaie-ia?oaeeoaa/? (AI) ? ia’?eoaie c ?iciiae?eaieie ia?aiao?aie.
Ioaea, aeey iioeiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi AO iaiao?aeii
canoiniaoaaoe aeinoaoiuei neeaaei? iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee, oai??th
aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy, i?eeiie iioei?caoe?? aeeiai?/ieo nenoai c
?iciiae?eaieie ia?a-iao?aie. Oiio AII iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye o
aeine?aeieoeuee?e i?aeoeoe?, oae ? a i?ioean? oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi
AO.

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. A iei?oi?e /an nia?aa?o?noue /aaoio, ui
aeieaaey?oueny a aeiiaiieo ia/ao Oe?a?ie, aeua eiai a?aeioneii? oe?ie ia
i?aeia?iaeieo ?eieao. Iaei??th c i?e/ei ? aeniea nia?-aa?o?noue
aaeiia?aoo, ui aecia/a?oueny a?aeiinii iecueeith i?iaeoeoeai?noth
aaeiia?aoe?eieo iaoei ? aenieith aeo?aoith iaeeaa. A iniiaiiio oea
caeaaeeoue a?ae ianoaa?eueiino? ia?oaeeoaaiiy AO o AI. A i?ioean?
i?aeaioiaee AO aei ni?eaiiy iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii ?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ni?eueiiai aieeao aieiaino?, a?aioeiiao?e/iiai
neeaaeo, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? o?aeoe?e, ui a?oaeeothoue ?
a?oaeeothoueny, ia ii?iaei?noue oa?o ia?oaeeiaaii? AO. Oiio
aacii?iieei?noue AO i?e ni?eaii? ia aeinyaa? nai?o iii?iaeueieo
cia/aiue. ??oaiith oeeo ieoaiue ? i?enay/aia aeaia aeena?oaoe?y.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Aeena?oaoe?y
a?aeiia?aea? iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi eaoaae?e iaoaeo?a?? /aaoio
I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiaie:
“Iiaea?i?coaaoe ? inai?oe eiiieaen onoaoeoaaiiy aeey iiaea/? iaeeaa a
?icaaioaaeoaaeueiee e?iaoeue aa?aaaiieo ia?oaeeoaa/?a aaeioeooe” (oaia
36/83); “Aeine?aeeoe ? ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?/i? caoiaee, ui onoaathoue
i?e/eie ao?ao ae?iaieoeoaa ? eieeaaiiy yeino? aaeiia?aoo” (oaia 38/86);
“?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe oaoiieia?th i?aeaioiaee aaei?oaee ia
aaeiia?aoe?ei?e oaa?eoe?” (oaia 61/90); “?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaiai niiniao oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi aaeioeooe” (oaia 11/98).

IAOA OA CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss. ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio aeeiai?/io
iiaeaeue i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy c aecia/aiiyi ii?iaeiino? oa?o (EAeI),
yea iia’yco? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e AO ia aoiae? a AI ? ia aeoiae? c
iueiai. ?ic?iaeoe iiaee niin?a oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi AO ii
iaeneiaeuei?e ?? ii?iaeiino? oa?o ia aeoiae? c AI ia iniia? iioeiaeueieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy oa /anoeiie, ui
a?oaeeothoueny, ? aieiaino?, ?ic?aoiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith EAeI.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A.

?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy c
aecia/aiiyi ii?iaeiino? oa?o ii ianiaiio a?aioeiiao?e/iiio neeaaeo,
o?ceei-iaoai?/iei aeanoeainoyi aaeioeooe ia aoiae? a aa?aaai-ia?oaeeoaa/
? e?eueeino? aiaee, yea aeiaea?oueny ia caieiaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy ii?iaeiino? oa?o aaeioeooe ??ciiai
o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo oeyoii oeeaaeee a?aioe ia iiaa?oith iaea?eueoi? c
ieo ? ?icaeaaiiy iaea?aeaiiai oa?o ia i??ai?aee.

?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue aeey iieno ianiaiai ? e?euee?niiai a?aioeiiao?e/ieo
neeaae?a (IAN ? EAN) aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo aaeioeoo c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
aieiaino?.

?ic?iaeaia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue oaeaeeino? iiaea/? /anoeiie aaeioeooe, ui
a?oaeeothoueny, aei iiaa?oi? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy ii aeiaaeei?
aa?aaaia-ia?oaeeoaa/a c o?aooaaiiyi iioi/ii? ? caaeaii? ianiai?
aieiaino? aaeioeooe ia aeoiae? c aa?aaaio-ia?oaeeoaa/a, iioi/iiai ia’?io
an?o /anoeiie oeooe, caaaeueiiai ia’?io /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, ?
?iciiae?eo ia’?i?a iaei/o?ieo /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, ? aiaee
i?iii?oe?eii ia’?iai ?ioeo o?aeoe?e.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? /anoeiie (a?aioe) ??ciiai
ae?aiao?o, ui i?eiaaeathoue ia iaeio iaea?eueoo c ieo, ii ?iciiae?eo
ianiaiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo aeey eiiiiiiaee aeaiaioa?iiai ia’?io
?icaeaaiiy i?e iiaeaethaaii? iiaaae?iee oa?o aaeioeooe o i?ioean?
ia?oaeeoaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaiee iiaee niin?a oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi aaeioeooe ii
iaeneiaeuei?e ?? ii?iaeiino? oa?o ia aeoiae? c aa?aaaio-ia?oaeeoaa/a ia
iniia? iioeiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy oa
/anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, ? aieiaino?, ?ic?aoiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith
EAeI.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii?
EAeI ia aaeioaa?eoe? IIE ?i. ?ee?/a iieacaei iiaeeea?noue nooo?aiai
iie?auaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe aaeioaa?eee oeyoii
?aaoethaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? o?aeoe?e, ui a?oaeeothoue ?
a?oaeeothoueny, ao?aeii? AO ? ?? aieiaino? ia aeoiae? c AI. I?e oeueiio
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaeiiaoeie i?aeaeueoueny ia 24%, iie?aueoueny ye?noue
aaeiia?aoo ? cieceoueny aeo?aoa oaa?aeiai iaeeaa ia 1%. I/?eoaaiee
??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea 89680 a?i.

INIAENOEE AEEAAe CAeIAOAA*A. Aaoi? i?aai?coaaea oa i?iaaea
aeine?aeaeaiiy IAN ? EAN, aieiaino?, oyaii? oa ianeiii? aonoei,
aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o a?aioe ? ii?iaeiino? oa?o aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? AO
ia aoiae? a AI ? ia aeoiae? c iueiai. ?ic?iaeea ? aeine?aeeea iiaeaeue
aeey iieno IAN ? EAN aaeioeooe c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao aieiaino?. ?ic?iaeea
iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy ii?iaeiino? oa?o AO ??ciiai o?aeoe?eiiai neeaaeo.
?ic?iaeea ? aeine?aeeea aeeiai?/io iiaeaeue oaeaeeino? iiaea/? /anoeiie
AO, ui a?oaeeothoueny, aei iiaa?oi? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy ii aeiaaeei?
AI. ?ic?iaeea ? aeine?aeeea aeeiai?/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy c
aecia/aiiyi ci?i oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a AO ii aeiaaeei? AI. ?ic?iaeea
EAeI, yea iia’yco? ia?aiao?e AO ia aoiae? a AI ? ia aeoiae? c iueiai.
?ic?iaeea iiaee niin?a oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi AO ii iaeneiaeuei?e ??
ii?iaeiino? oa?o ia aeoiae? c AI ia iniia? iioeiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
e?eueeino? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy oa /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, ?
aieiaino?, ?ic?aoiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith EAeI. I?iaaea i?iieneiaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? EAeI ia aaeioaa?eoe? IIE ?i. ?ee?/a.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe oa iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
aaeiaeiiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu” o i. Ia??oiie? a 1997 ?. ?
?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo o i. Ia??oiie? a 1995 ?. ?
1997 ?.

IOAE?EAOe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 10
ioae?eaoe?yo: 3 noaooyo a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 aeaiiiiaaii? noaoo?, 2
oacao aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??, 4
oacao aeiiia?aeae ia ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

NO?OEOO?A OA IA’?I ?IAIOE. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, aeeeaaeaia ia 151
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo oa aeeth/a? 36 iaethie?a, 11 oaaeeoeue,
nienie e?oa?aoo?e (110 iaeiaioaaiue), 2 aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?ICAe?E 1. NOAI IAOAIAOE*IIAI IIAeAETHAAIIss OA

AAOIIAOECAOe?? I?IOeANO IA?OAeEOAAIIss

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ca noaiii
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy.
I?iaiae?ciaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aca?iiae?? i?ae /anoeieaie ?
a?aioeaie i?e ia?oaeeoaaii? AO; ?nioth/? iiaeae? aeey aecia/aiiy
ii?iaeiino? oa?o ? niiniae oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi AO.

O ?acoeueoao? iaeyaeo anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueo?noue ?nioth/eo iiaeaeae
i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy i?eaeaoia aeey aocueeiai ae?aiaciio iiooeo
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ? ia iiaeooue aooe iia’ycai? i?ae niaith ?c-ca
??cieoe? i?aeoiae?a aei i?iaeaie, ui ae??oo?oueny. O ca’yceo c oeei
c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee EAeI aeey aecia/aiiy
ni?eueiiai aieeao aieiaino?, a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
e?eueeino? o?aeoe?e, ui a?oaeeothoue ? a?oaeeothoueny, ia ii?iaei?noue
oa?o ia?oaeeiaaii? AO, a oaeiae iiaiai niiniao oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi
AO ia iniia? EAeI, yea iia’yco? ao?aei? ? aeo?aei? oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e.

?ICAe?E 2. AeINE?AeAEAIIss I?IOeANO IA?OAeEOAAIIss

AAEIIA?AOe?EII? OEOOE

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo, oyaii? oa ianeiii? aonoei, aea?aaeaioiiai
ae?aiao?o a?aioe, aieiaino? oa ii?iaeiino? oa?o AO ia aoiae? a AI ? ia
aeoiae? c iueiai (?en.1).

?en.1. — ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a, iiaeaethaaiiy ? ai?ieneiaoe??

oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe:

i — aenia?eiaioaeuei? cia/aiiy; — ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy;

ieaai? e?eae — ?acoeueoaoe ai?ieneiaoe??

Aeey iieno IAN ? EAN aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo AO ae?ac Aaeaoeea ?iceeaaeaii o
?yae aeniiiaio. Ia?oa aeniiiaioa aeeiioaaea ?ieue ?aeaeii? ooieoe?? oa
aieeaaea ia iiaaae?ieo ?ioeo aeniiiaioe?aeueieo caeaaeiinoae o a?aie/ieo
oiiaao. Iaea?aeaiee ae?ac o aeae? o?ueio aeniiiaioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e
aeinoaoiuei oi/ii iienoaaa ?iciiae?e a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo i?e
aoaeue-yeiio iaai?? neeaaeiaeo AO ? iaa aeaeyae:

, (1)

aea m=Di/D0 — a?aeiioaiiy i-ai ae?aiao?o /anoeiie (a?aioe) aei
ae?aiao?o iaea?eueoi? /anoeiee (a?aioee) (D0 =10 ii);

W — ianiaa aieia?noue AO, ea/ea;

K1, …, K8 — aii??e/i? eiao?oe??ioe, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao?
ai?ieneiaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c o?aooaaiiyi ianooiieo oiia: 1)
noia?ia ieiua i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?iciiae?eo aei??aith? 1; 2) ieiua
i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?iciiae?eo ia ?ioa?aae? a?ae Di-1 aei Di
aei??aith? iania?e aeie? iaoa??aeo, ui caeeoeany ia neo? c iiia?ii Di-1;
3) iioeaea ai?ieneiaoe?? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iciiae?eo ii aeaiei
aenia?eiaioo ia ia?aaeuoaaea 3-5%.

Caeiiii??i?noue ci?i IAN aaeioeooe o caeaaeiino? a?ae ?? aieiaino?
i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.2.

?en.2. — Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iciiae?eo ianiaiai

a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo aaeioeooe

Ii e?eueeino? N0 ? iania?e aeie? [M0] /anoeiie (a?aioe) iaea?eueoiai
ae?aiao?o aecia/aia e?euee?noue /anoeiie (a?aioe) Ni i-ai ae?aiao?o, ui
i?eiaaeathoue ia iaeio iaea?eueoo c ieo (N0=1), aeey eiiiiiiaee
aeaiaioa?iiai ia’?io

(2)

? ?ic?aoiaaiee EAN aaeioeooe (?en.3). Iaea?aeaii, ui aeey iaaii?
aieiaino? iaeneioi oa?aeoa?enoeee EAN ci?uaiee a iaeanoue ae??aieo
o?aeoe?e o ii??aiyii? c iaeneioiii oa?aeoa?enoeee IAN.

?en.3. — Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iciiae?eo e?euee?niiai

a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe

?ICAe?E 3. EIIIEAENIA AeEIAI?*IA IIAeAEUe I?IOeANO

IA?OAeEOAAIIss C AECIA*AIIssI II?IAEIINO? OA?O

?ic?iaeaia EAeI i?ecia/aia aeey aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a AO o
aeeiai?oe? ii aeiaaeei? AI ? ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano
ia?oaeeoaaiiy. Aiia aeeth/aea iiaeaeue aeey iieno IAN aaeioeooe, ui
iaaeoiaeeoue o AI; aeeiai?/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy ? iiaeaeue
aecia/aiiy ii?iaeiino? oa?o. Ao?aeieie aeaieie aeey EAeI ? ii/aoeiaa oa
caaeaia aieiaino? AO; oyaia aonoeia oa aeai? ?icn?ao AO ia aoiae? a
AI; i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aeiaaeeia AI; /an ia?aaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo a AI;
aeiaaeeia onoaiiaee aeey caieiaeaiiy AO.

Iaoiae iiaeaethaaiiy iaia?a?aiiai ooai?aiiy eoeynoeo a?aioe caniiaaiee
ia ?icaeaaii? AI ii aeiaaeei? ia aeaiaioa?i? ae?eyiee, ?icaeyioo? ye
i?e?iia’?eoe c oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie, ?iciiae?eaieie a i?inoi?? oa
/an?. Aanue i?ioean i?aaenoaaeaiee aaaaoiaei??iei ianeaii /enae,
aeiaaeeia yeiai a?aeia?aaeaea oaoiieia?/iee i?ino?? AI, a oe?eia
aecia/aia /eneii ia?aiao??a, ui ia/eneththoueny.

I?e iiaeaethaaii? i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy aeey eiaeiiai ia?aoeio AI
aecia/ai? IAN (?en.4) ? EAN, aea?aaeaioiee ae?aiao? a?oaeie, oyaia
aonoeia oa aieia?noue AO; aeo?aoe aiaee ? AO, ui caieiaeo?oueny; ia’?ie
/anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, ? a?aioe i-ai ae?aiao?o AO ? ?oi?e
caaaeueiee ia’?i. Ii?iaei?noue oa?o oa ianeiia aonoeia AO aecia/ai? ia
aeoiae? c AI.

Aeey iaaiiai ia?aoeio AI ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io o?aeoe?e i-ai ae?aiao?o
Vi((, L) ca ?aooiie iaei/oaaiiy ia’?io /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny,
aei??aith?:

, i3, (3)

aea [Ni]((, L) — iioi/ia e?euee?nia aeiey /anoeiie i-ai ae?aiao?o;

Vi ((-((, L-(L) — ia’?i /anoeiie AO c Di ia iiia?aaeiueiio ia?aoei? AI,
i3.

?en.4. — Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iciiae?eo ianiaiai

a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo a aeeiai?oe? aeey caaeaii?

aieiaino? aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe ia aeoiae? c AI — 8,0%

Ia’?i aiaee ?iciiae?eaiee i?iii?oe?eii ia’?iai o?aeoe?e ?c i-ie
ae?aiao?aie

, i3, (4)

aea (oo ? (oo((, L) — a?aeiia?aeii, oyaia aonoeia nooi? AO ? iioi/ia,
ea/i3;

W((, L) — iioi/ia ianiaa aieia?noue AO, ea/ea.

Iiaee ia’?i o?aeoe?e i-oeo ae?aiao??a AO, ui caieiaeo?oueny, ??aiee
noi? Vi((-((, L-(L), (Vi((, L) ? (Via((, L). I?ney oeueiai aecia/ai?
iia? ia’?iia aeiey ? ae?aiao? eiaeii? o?aeoe??, EAN ? aea?aaeaioiee
ae?aiao? a?aioe AO.

A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaio?a ? iiaeaethaaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo?
iaeneioie oa?aeoa?enoee IAN ? EAN ?ici?uai? a iaeano? iecueei?
e?oiiino? i?e iaei? aieiaino? AO. O i?ioean? ia?oaeeoaaiiy i?e
iinooiiaiio ca?eueoaii? aieiaino? AO oa?aeoa?enoeee ci?uoaaeenue a
iaeanoue a?eueo aeniei? e?oiiino? ? aeno?aioie cieaeoaaeenue.
Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iciiae?eo EAN o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?iciiae?eo IAN iaea iaeneioi, ci?uaiee o iaeanoue
ae??aieo o?aeoe?e. O i?ioean? ia?oaeeoaaiiy ii aeiaaeei? AI
aea?aaeaioiee ae?aiao? a?aioe AO iaia?a?aii ca?eueooaaany a ca’yceo c?
ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? ae??aieo o?aeoe?e, oiaoi a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae
iaoa??aeo, ui a?oaeeo?oueny, iino?eii ci?ithaaany a noi?iio c?inoaiiy
e?eueeino? aaeeeeo o?aeoe?e. Oyaia aonoeia AO ?c aeiaeaiiyi aiaee aeaui
cieaeoaaeany.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? ia?oaeeoaaiiy AO ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue
oaeaeeino? iiaea/? /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, aei iiaa?oi? oeaio??a
iaei/oaaiiy. Iaei/oaaiee ca /an d( ia’?i /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny:

, i3, (5)

aea (a — ooieoe?y ?iciiae?eo ia’?iii? aeie? /anoeiie, ui
a?oaeeothoueny, ye? iaei/oaaeeny ca /an d(,

; (6)

Vac — caaaeueiee ia’?i /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, i3;

(n — /an ia?aaoaaiiy AO o AI, n;

W((n) — caaeaia ianiaa aieia?noue AO ia aeoiae? c AI, ea/ea;

E1,…, E4 — aii??e/i? eiao?oe??ioe, i?ae?a?ai? o ?acoeueoao?
aeine?aeaeaiue (E1=22, E2=4 ? E4=0,002, a ca aeiiiiiaith E3 aecia/aia
?ioaineai?noue ia?oaeeoaaiiy ii aea?aaeaioiiio ae?aiao?o a?oaeie AO ia
aeoiae? c AI).

O ?acoeueoao? ai?ieneiaoe?? E3 ye ooieoe?? a?ae aieiaino? AO:

. (7)

Iaea?aeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aieiaino? AO ia aeoiae? c AI a?ae 6,0%
aei 8,5% ia’?i /anoeiie, ui iaei/oaaeenue, ca?eueooaaany (?en.5). Ia
ii/aoeo i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny cia/ia

?en.5. — Oa?aeoa?enoeee ci?i ai?noo /anoeiie aaeiia?aoe?eii?

oeooe, ui a?oaeeothoueny, a i?ioean? ia?oaeeoaaiiy

ciaioaiiy ia’?io ae??aieo /anoeiie, a a iiaeaeueoiio ?ioaineai?noue
iaei/oaaiiy cieaeoaaeanue.

Iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy ii?iaeiino? oa?o i?ecia/aia aeey ?ic?aooieo
ii?iaeiino? oa?o AO ia iniia? oiaeiaee oa?iiiae?aieo a?aioe ?c ??cieie
ae?aiao?aie a i?inoi??. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?iciiae?eo
EAN aaeioeooe noai?thaaany ianea e?eueeino? a?aioe eiaeiiai ae?aiao?o. C
iaea?aeaiiai ianeao aeiaaeeiaei /eiii aeae?aeenue a?aioee ? iaeii/anii
aecia/aee ?oith e?euee?noue, ui caeeoeeany. I?e/iio, aea??eo a?aioe
iiaeia cae?enithaaoe ii aoaeue-yeiio caeiio. Oeeaaeea a?aioe o oa?
cae?eniaia ii ??aiyi o oa?iiiae?aia o?ei iaaeiei naii? a?eueoi? c ieo,
uia iaea?aeaoe iaea?eueoee ia’?i o?ea, ui oi?io?oueny, i?e i?i?iaeuei?e
iiaa?oi? (?en.6). A?aioee ?ici?uai? a o?eaei??i?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao.
Eii?aeeiaoe oeaio??a a?aioe caianaie a ianea. Aeey c?o/iino? ?ic?aooie?a
i?eeiyoi, ui oeaio? naii? aaeeei? a?aioee ni?aiaaeae c ii/aoeii
eii?aeeiao. Noi?iiaaiee oa? ?icaeaaany ia i??ai?aee (?en.7), aa?o?aee
yeeo ? oeaio?aie naii? aaeeei? a?aioee oa o?ueio a?aioe, ui eaaeaoue ia
?? iiaa?oi?. Aeey iaea?aeaiiy a?eueo u?eueii? oeeaaeee a ii?iaeieie
i??ai?ae aienai? a?aioee. I?ney oeueiai ?ic?aoiaaiee aea?aaeaioiee
ae?aiao? oa?o, yeee i?eeiaany ca aeo?aeiee. Ii aiaeia?? caiiaiaiee
ianooiiee oa?. Oeeaaeea cae?eniaia aei oiai /ano, aeiee a?aioee a ianea?
ia aoyee aea?ai? iiai?noth.

Ii?iaei?noue oa?o AO ia aeoiae? c AI aei??aith?

,
(8)

aea K( — aii??e/iee eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? o?ceei-iaoai?/i?
aeanoeaino? AO;

— ia’?i ii?iaeiei o oa??, i3;

— caaaeueiee ia’?i oa?o, i3.

?en.6. — Oeeaaeea eoeynoeo a?aioe o oa?iiiae?aia o?ei

?en.7. — Ooai?aiiy ii?iaeiei i?e oeeaaeoe? oa?iiiae?aieo o?e o i??ai?aeo

Ia’?i ii?iaeieie eiaeii? i??ai?aee ciaeaeaiee ii oi?ioe?

, i3, (9)

aea Vi?? — ia’?i i??ai?aee, i3;

Vi — ia’?ie /anoie a?aioe, ui ooai?ththoue i??ai?aeo, i3;

Vai — ia’?i a?aioee, aienaii? o ii?iaeieio i??ai?aee, i3.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeinoia??iino? ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo ca
aeiiiiiaith iiaeae? aecia/aiiy ii?iaeiino? oa?o ia/eneaia ii?iaei?noue
oa?o c ??aieo eoeue, ui neeaea 38,41%. Ii ?acoeueoaoao aenia?eiaio?a
a?aeiii, ui aeey iaeiaeiaeo, a?eueii ianeiaieo neeyieo eoeue
ii?iaei?noue ci?ithaaeanue a aeineoue aocueeeo iaaeao 38,0-40,0%. Oaeei
/eiii, ?ic?aoiaaia ii?iaei?noue a?aeiia?aeaea aenia?eiaioaeuei?e.

Ca aeiiiiiaith EAeI iaea?aeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aieiaino? AO ia
aeoiae? c AI a?ae 6,5% aei 8,0% ii?iaei?noue oa?o ci?ithaaeany a?ae 24%
aei 33%, a i?e a?eueo?e aieiaino? ii?iaei?noue cieaeoaaeanue (?en.1). ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi aieiaino? AO ia aeoiae? c AI e?euee?noue a?aioe a
iaea?aeaiiio oa?iiiae?aiiio o?e? ? eiai aea?aaeaioiee ae?aiao?
ciaiooaaeenue.

?ICAe?E 4. I?IIENEIAA AEEI?ENOAIIss EIIIEAENII? AeEIAI?*II? IIAeAE?
I?IOeANO IA?OAeEOAAIIss C AECIA*AIIssI II?IAEIINO? OA?O AAEIOEOOE

Ia aaeioaa?eoe? IIE ?i. ?ee?/a aeine?aeaeai? aieia?noue, IAN,
aea?aaeaioiee ae?aiao? a?aioe ia aoiae? a AI ? ia aeoiae? c iueiai,
ii?iaei?noue oa?o (?en.8) ? ianeiia aonoeia ia?oaeeiaaii? AO, a oaeiae
ia?aiao?e ?iaioe aaeiiaoeie. A?aea?? ? aiae?c i?ia AO cae?eniai? ii
AeNOO.

Iieacaii, ui ci?ie oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ao?aeii? AO i?eaiaeyoue aei
?o cia/ieo eieeaaiue ia aeoiae? c AI, iia??oaiiy yeino? ia?oaeeoaaiiy,
a, ioaea, ? i?ioeano ni?eaiiy AO (cieaeaiiy aacii?iieeiino? oa aenioe
oa?o, ui ni?ea?oueny).

Ii iayaiei ae?iaie/ei oaoiieia?/iei ia?aiao?ai AO ia aeoiae? c AI
aecia/ai? ?o iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? EAeI.
I?ioean aaeiia?aoe?? ia IIE ?i. ?ee?/a ?aeiiaiaeiaaii iioei?coaaoe ii
aieiaino? ia?oaeeiaaii? AO ? ni?aa?aeiioaiith e?eueeino? oeaio??a
iaei/oaaiiy oa /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, ao?aeii? AO. A ?acoeueoao?
oeueiai, aenioo oa?o AO, ui ni?ea?oueny, iiaeia ca?eueoeoe aei 370 ii
cai?noue 260 ii. Iaea?aeaia aenioa oa?o, ui ni?ea?oueny, a?aeiia?aeaea
iioeiaeueiei oiiaai, ye? aaaeei iaea?aeaoe o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. Oiio
i?eeiaeiny na?aaei? ca?eueoaiiy, yea iiaeia aa?aiooaaoe a oeeo oiiaao.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aieia?noue, aea?aaeaioiee ae?aiao?, ii?iaei?noue
ia?oaeeiaaii? AO ? aenioa

?en.8. — Ii?iaei?noue oa?o ia?oaeeiaaii? aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe
aaeioaa?eee IIE ?i. ?ee?/a:

1 — oaeoe/ia; 2 — iioeiaeueia ii aieiaino?; 3 — iioeiaeueia ii
a?aioeiiao?e/iiio neeaaeo

ao?aeii? oeooe; — iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
ii?iaeiino?

oa?o, ui ni?ea?oueny, i?ney iioei?caoe?? aeua a?aeiia?aeieo ae?iaie/eo.

I?e i?iieneiaiio aei?iaoaaii? EAeI iioeaea iiaeaethaaiiy ia ia?aaeueea
3-5%, ui oe?eeii aeiionoeii aeey iiae?aieo ?ic?aooie?a.

AENIIAEE

1. A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ? i?iieneiaeo oiia
anoaiiaeaii, ui iecuee? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee aaeiia?aoe?eiiai
i?ioeano coiiaeai? aieiaiei /eiii a?aenooi?noth eiiieaenii? aeeiai?/ii?
iiaeae? aeey aecia/aiiy ni?eueiiai aieeao aieiaino?, a?aioeiiao?e/iiai
neeaaeo, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? o?aeoe?e, ui a?oaeeothoue ?
a?oaeeothoueny, ia ii?iaei?noue oa?o ia?oaeeiaaii? aaeioeooe.

2. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aieiaino?
aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe ia aeoiae? c aa?aaaio-ia?oaeeoaa/a a?ae 5,0% aei
8,5% ia’?i iaei/o?ieo /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, neeaa, a?aeiia?aeii,
a?ae 5,02% aei 73,61% a?ae caaaeueiiai ia’?io /anoeiie, ui
a?oaeeothoueny. Iaeneiaeueia ii?iaei?noue oa?o noaiiaeea 33% i?e
aieiaino? 8,0%.

3. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue ia aaeioaa?eoe? IIE ?i. ?ee?/a
anoaiiaeai? cia/i? eieeaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a oeooe ia aoiae? a
aa?aaai-ia?oaeeoaa/. Iaea?eueoa iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy iaea o?aeoe?y
0-1,6 ii — 47,53%; iaeiaioa — o?aeoe?y >8 ii. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino?
oeaio??a ia-ei/oaaiiy ? o?aeoe??, ui a?oaeeo?oueny, ia aoiae? a AI
neeaei 0,80%-2,28%. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o
noaiiaeei 0,88 ii, na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy — 0,09 ii.
Iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy aieiaino? ao?aeii? aaeioeooe — 6,44% ?
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy — 0,29%.

4. Anoaiiaeai? oaeiae cia/i? eieeaaiiy ia?aiao??a ia?oaeeiaaii?
aaeioeooe. Oae, o?aeoe?y 3-5 ii iaea iaea?eueoa iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy
36,67% ? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy 10,77%. Iaoaiaoe/ia
niiae?aaiiy o?aeoe?? 1,6-3 ii noaiiaeei 14,97%, o?aeoe?? 5-10 ii —
19,53%. Aieia?noue ia?oaeeiaaii? aaeioeooe iaea iaoaiaoe/ia
niiae?aaiiy 7,15%; aea?aaeaioiee ae?aiao? — 2,23 ii; ii?iaei?noue oa?o
— 20,39%, ianeiia aonoeia — 1998 ea/i3 ? aenioa oa?o, ui ni?ea?oueny, —
256 ii.

5. A ?acoeueoao? iioei?caoe?? ii aieiaino? oeooe ia aeoiae? c
aa?aaaio-ia?oaeeoaa/a aaeioaa?eee IIE ?i. ?ee?/a c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ic?iaeaii? eiiieaenii? aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy c
aecia/aiiyi ii?iaeiino? oa?o iaea?aeaii, ui o?aeoe?y 5-10 ii iaea
iaea?eueoa iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy 42,31%, a o?aeoe?? 0-1,6 ii ? +10 ii
— iaeiaio?, a?aeiia?aeii, 6,57% ? 2,15%. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy noaiiaeee,
a?aeiia?aeii: aieiaino? — 7,71%; aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o — 2,73 ii;
ii?iaeiino? oa?o — 23,60%; ianeiii? aonoeie — 1879 ea/i3. Aenioa oa?o
aaeioeooe, ui ni?ea?oueny, a oeeo oiiaao ca?eueoeoueny aei 312 ii.

6. Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae, ui a ?acoeueoao? iioei?caoe?? ii aieiaino? ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiith e?eueeino? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy oa /anoeiie, ui
a?oaeeothoueny, ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaenii? aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae?
iaoaiaoe/ia niiae?aaiiy aieiaino? ia?oaeeiaaii? oeooe noaiiaeei 7,74%;
aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o — 3,25 ii; ii?iaeiino? oa?o — 26%; ianeiii?
aonoeie — 1723 ea/i3. Iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? oeaio??a
iaei/oaaiiy oa /anoeiie, ui a?oaeeothoueny, noaiiaeei 0,83% — 3,52%.
Aenioa oa?o aaeioeooe, ui ni?ea?oueny, ca?eueoeeany aei 370 ii.

7. I?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaiai niiniao oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi
aaeiia?aoe?eii? oeooe ii oaoiieia?/iei ia?aiao?ai ia aoiae? a
aa?aaai-ia?oaeeoaa/ i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaeiiaoeie i?aeaeueoueny ia 24% i?e
iaeii/aniiio cieaeaii? aeo?aoe iaeeaa ia 1%. I/?eoaaiee ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea 89680 a?i.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CAeIAOAA*A II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??:

1. Aeanthe TH.I., Iaethaiaa I.A. E aii?ino i ii?enoinoe nuio/ae n?aaeu
// Aanoiee I?eacia. ainoae. oaoi. oi-oa: na. iao/i. o?. Aui.1.-
Ia?eoiieue, 1995. — N.217 — 219.

2. Aeanthe TH.I., ?onneeo A.I., E?eaaiei I.A., E?eaaiei N.A.
Enneaaeiaaiea ?ani?aaeaeaiey eiioeaio?aoeee io o?aeoeeiiiiai ninoaaa
eiiiiiaioia aaeioeoou // Aanoiee I?eacia. ainoae. oaoi. oi-oa: na.
iao/i. o?. Aui.3. — Ia?eoiieue, 1997. — N.17 — 21.

3. Aeanthe TH.I., E?eaaiei I.A. ?an/ao ii?iciinoe neiy aaeiia?aoeeiiiie
oeoou i?e a? iioeiaeueiie oeeaaeea // Aanoiee I?eacia. ainoae. oaoi.
oi-oa: na. iao/i. o?. Aui.3. — Ia?eoiieue, 1997. — N.10 — 16.

4. Aeanthe TH.I., E?eaaiei I.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea aeeiaieee
i?ioeanna ieiieiaaiey oeoou / Ia?eoi. iaoaeeo?a. ei-o. —
Ia?eoiieue,1993. — 22 n. — Aeai. a Oe?EIOYE, 15.11.93, ?2257 — Oe93.

5. Aeanthe TH.I., ?onneeo A.I., Iaethaiaa I.A., E?eaaiei N.A.
Iiaeaee?iaaiea e i?ia?aiia oeeaaeee /anoeoe a i?ioeannao ia?aiaoeaaiey
e ieiieiaaiey nuio/eo iaoa?eaeia. — Ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
aaeiaeiiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu (o?oaeu). Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay
iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey, Ia?eoiieue, 1997, N.150 — 151.

6. Aeanthe TH.I., Iaethaiaa I.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea ieiieiaaiey
aaeiia?aoeeiiiie oeoou. — Ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey
aaeiaeiiaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu (o?oaeu). Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay
iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey, Ia?eoiieue, 1997, N.149.

7. Aeanthe TH.I., ?onneeo A.I., Iaethaiaa I.A., E?eaaiei N.A.
Iiaeaee?iaaiea o?aeoeeiiiiai ninoaaa eiiiiiaioia aaeioeoou. —
Iaoaeeo?aey. Oacenu aeieeaaeia IV ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
eiioa?aioeee, Ia?eoiieue, I?eacia. ainoae. oaoi. oi-o, 1997, N.16.

8. Aeanthe TH.I., Iaethaiaa I.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea
i?ioeanna oaeaaeiaiey oeooiauo iaoa?eaeia — Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea.
I?iiuoeaiiay yia?aaoeea e yeieiaey. Naa?i/iia i?iecaiaenoai. Oacenu
aeieeaaeia III ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee,
Ia?eoiieue, IAOO, 1995, N.36.

9. Aeanthe TH.I., Iaethaiaa I.A. Iaoiaeeee ?an/aoia ii?enoinoe nuio/eo
n?aae oa?iaeaeiie oi?iu — Yeaeo?iyia?aaoeea. I?iiuoeaiiay yia?aaoeea e
yeieiaey. Naa?i/iia i?iecaiaenoai. Oacenu aeieeaaeia III ?aaeiiaeueiie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee, Ia?eoiieue, I?eacia. ainoae. oaoi.
oi-o, 1995, ?3, N.37.

10. Aeanthe TH.I., Iaethaiaa I.A., E?eaaiei N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
ii?iciinoe neiy, ia?aciaaiiiai oa?iaeaeiuie /anoeoeaie, i?e ethaie eo
oeeaaeea — Iaoaeeo?aey. Oacenu aeieeaaeia IV ?aaeiiaeueiie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee, Ia?eoiieue, I?eacia. ainoae. oaoi.
oi-o, 1997, N.15.

AIIOAOe?ss

E?eaaiei I.A. ?ic?iaea aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? ia?oaeeoaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?y
ia ?? iniia? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aaeioeooe. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.16.02 — iaoaeo?a?y /i?ieo iaoae?a. —
I?eacianueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ia??oiieue, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aaeiia?aoe?eieo iaoei oa cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ca ?aooiie iie?auaiiy
yeino? ia?oaeeoaaiiy oeooe. ?ic?iaeaia oa aeine?aeaeaia eiiieaenia
aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ia?oaeeoaaiiy c aecia/aiiyi ii?iaeiino?
oa?o ii ianiaiio a?aioeiiao?e/iiio neeaaeo, o?ceei-iaoai?/iei
aeanoeainoyi aaeioeooe ia aoiae? a aa?aaai-ia?oaeeoaa/ ? e?eueeino?
aiaee, ui aeiaea?oueny ia caieiaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeaiee iiaee niin?a
oi?aae?iiy ia?oaeeoaaiiyi aaeioeooe ii iaeneiaeuei?e ?? ii?iaeiino? oa?o
ia aeoiae? c aa?aaaio-ia?oaeeoaa/a ia iniia? iioeiaeueieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino? oeaio??a iaei/oaaiiy ? /anoeiie, ui
a?oaeeothoueny, ? aieiaino?, ?ic?aoiaaieo ca aeiiiiiaith aeaii? iiaeae?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeooa, a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae, ia?oaeeoaaiiy,
aieia?noue, oeeaaeea a?aioe, ii?iaei?noue, iiaeaethaaiiy, iioei?caoe?y.

ANNOTATION

Erivenko O.V. Formulation of pelletizing dynamic model and optimization
on the basis it of technological parameters of sintering mix.-
Manuscript.

The dissertation for the award of the degree of candidate of technical
sciences on the speciality 05.16.02 — metallurgy of ferrous metals,
Priazov state technical University, Mariupol, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of sintering machines
productivity increase and fuel expenditure reduction at the expense of
mix pelletizing quality improvement. Nomplex dynamic model of
pelletizing process with definition of layer fractional void on mass
granulometric composition, physics-mechanical qualities of mix at input
to moistening drum and addition water quantity on moistening. New
control method by mix pelletizing are formulated at maximum fractional
void of layer at output from moistening drum on the basis of optimum
ratio of quantities of pelletizing centres and crumpled particles and
moisture, which calculation with the help of present model.

Key words: mix, granulometric composition, pelletizing, moisture,
granule packing, fractional void, modeling, optimization.

AIIIOAOeEss

E?eaaiei I.A. ?ac?aaioea aeeiaie/aneie iiaeaee ieiieiaaiey e
iioeiecaoeey ia aa iniiaa oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aaeioeoou.-
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.16.02 — iaoaeeo?aey /a?iuo iaoaeeia.- I?eacianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Ia?eoiieue, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
aaeiia?aoeeiiiuo iaoei e nieaeaiey ?anoiaea oiieeaa ca n/ao oeo/oaiey
ea/anoaa ieiieiaaiey aaeioeoou.

I?iaaaeai iaci? eeoa?aoo?iuo enoi/ieeia ii ninoiyieth iaoaiaoe/aneiai
iienaiey e aaoiiaoecaoeee i?ioeanna ieiieiaaiey.

?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue aeey iienaiey ianniaiai e eiee/anoaaiiiai
a?aioeiiao?e/aneeo ninoaaia iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo aaeioeoo n o/aoii aeeyiey
aeaaeiinoe.

Ii eiee/anoao e ianniaie aeiea /anoeoe (a?aioe) iaeaieueoaai aeeaiao?a
ii?aaeaeaii eiee/anoai /anoeoe (a?aioe) i-ai aeeaiao?a, i?eoiaeyueony ia
iaeaio iaeaieueooth, aeey eiiiiiiaee yeaiaioa?iiai iauaia e ?ann/eoai
eiee/anoaaiiue a?aioeiiao?e/aneee ninoaa aaeioeoou.

?ac?aaioaia eiiieaeniay aeeiaie/aneay iiaeaeue i?ioeanna ieiieiaaiey n
ii?aaeaeaieai ii?iciinoe neiy, i?aaeiacia/aiiay aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aaeioeoou a aeeiaieea ii aeeeia
aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey e ?an/aoa iioeiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia i?ioeanna
ieiieiaaiey. Iia aeeth/aao iiaeaeue aeey iienaiey ianniaiai
a?aioeiiao?e/aneiai ninoaaa aaeioeoou, iinooiathuae a
aa?aaai-ieiieiaaoaeue; aeeiaie/aneoth iiaeaeue i?ioeanna ieiieiaaiey e
iiaeaeue ii?aaeaeaiey ii?iciinoe neiy. Iaoiae iiaeaee?iaaiey
iai?a?uaiiai ia?aciaaiey oa?iia?aciuo a?aioe iniiaai ia ?acaeaiee
aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey ii aeeeia ia yeaiaioa?iua o/anoee. Aeey eaaeaeiai
na/aiey aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey ii?aaeaeaiu ianniaue e eiee/anoaaiiue
a?aioeiiao?e/aneea ninoaau, yeaeaaeaioiue aeeaiao? eiieia, eaaeouayny
ieioiinoue e aeaaeiinoue aaeioeoou; ?anoiaeu aiaeu e oaeaaeiyaiie
aaeioeoou; iauaiu eiieoaiuo /anoeoe e a?aioe i-ai aeeaiao?a e eo iauee
iauai. Ii?iciinoue neiy e ianuiiay ieioiinoue aaeioeoou ii?aaeaeaiu ia
auoiaea ec aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey.

?ac?aaioaia aeeiaie/aneay iiaeaeue nei?inoe iiaea/e eiieoaiuo /anoeoe AO
e iiaa?oiinoe oeaio?ia iaeaouaaiey ii aeeeia AI n o/aoii oaeouae e
caaeaiiie ianniaie aeaaeiinoe AO ia auoiaea ec AI, oaeouaai iauaia anao
/anoeoe AO e iauaai iauaia eiieoaiuo /anoeoe.

?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue ii?aaeaeaiey ii?iciinoe neiy AO ?acee/iiai
o?aeoeeiiiiai ninoaaa iooai oeeaaeee a?aioe ia iiaa?oiinoue iaeaieueoae
ec ieo e ?acaeaiey iieo/aiiiai neiy ia ie?aieaeu.

Iieo/aii, /oi ii?iciinoue neiy eciaiyeanue io 24% aei 33% i?e oaaee/aiee
aeaaeiinoe aaeioeoou ia auoiaea ec aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey io 6,5% aei
8,0%.

Ia aaeioaa?eea IIE ei. Eeuee/a enneaaeiaaiu aeaaeiinoue, ianniaue
a?aioeiiao?e/aneee ninoaa, yeaeaaeaioiue aeeaiao? a?aioe ia aoiaea a
aa?aaai-ieiieiaaoaeue e ia auoiaea ec iaai, ii?iciinoue neiy e ianuiiay
ieioiinoue ieiieiaaiiie oeoou, a oaeaea ia?aiao?u ?aaiou aaeiiaoeiu.
Iieacaii, /oi eciaiaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia enoiaeiie oeoou
i?eaiaeyo e eo cia/eoaeueiui eieaaaieyi ia auoiaea ec aa?aaaia,
oooaeoaieth ea/anoaa ieiieiaaiey, a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, e i?ioeanna
niaeaiey aaeioeoou (iiieaeaieth aacii?iieoeaaiinoe e auniou niaeaaiiai
neiy).

Ii eiathueiny i?iecaiaenoaaiiui oaoiieiae/aneei ia?aiao?ai oeoou ia
auoiaea ec aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey ii?aaeaeaiu eo iioeiaeueiua cia/aiey.
I?ioeann aaeiia?aoeee ia IIE ei. Eeuee/a ?aeiiaiaeiaaii iioeiece?iaaoue
ii aeaaeiinoe ieiieiaaiiie oeoou e niioiioaieth eiee/anoa oeaio?ia
iaeaouaaiey e eiieoaiuo /anoeoe enoiaeiie oeoou. Iieo/aii, /oi
aeaaeiinoue, yeaeaaeaioiue aeeaiao?, ii?iciinoue ieiieiaaiiie oeoou e
aunioa niaeaaiiai neiy iinea iioeiecaoeee auoa niioaaonoaothueo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo.

?ac?aaioai iiaue niinia oi?aaeaiey ieiieiaaieai aaeioeoou ii
iaeneiaeueiie aa ii?iciinoe neiy ia auoiaea ec aa?aaaia-ieiieiaaoaey
ia iniiaa iioeiaeueiuo niioiioaiey eiee/anoa oeaio?ia iaeaouaaiey e
eiieoaiuo /anoeoe e aeaaeiinoe, ?ann/eoaiiuo n iiiiuueth aeaiiie
iiaeaee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeooa, a?aioeiiao?e/aneee ninoaa, ieiieiaaiea,
aeaaeiinoue, oeeaaeea a?aioe, ii?iciinoue, iiaeaee?iaaiea, iioeiecaoeey.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 16.12.98 Ionaoiee ae?oe. Oe?aae 100. Caiiaeaiiy ? 201

IAeOO, 341000, Ia??oiieue, i?iaoeie ?anioae?ee, 7

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