I?i?noa?noai aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie

Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee

IA?ANOA TH??E TH??EIAE*

OAeE 614.842

?IC?IAEA AeAO*EE?A IA?AEIII? ?IOI?IAOe?? AeEss NENOAI IIAEAAEII?
NEAIAE?CAOe??

05.26.03 — Iiaeaaeia aaciaea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Caneoaeaiee aeiao?aeiee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aa?aiia TH??e Ieaen?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ioa/ Aaeoa?ae THoeiiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, Oa?e?anueeee a?enueeiaee
oi?aa?neoao;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Io?aaueia Na?a?e Aeieo?iae/,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, eaoaae?a
aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «15» /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo a 14.00 aiaeei ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.707.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo?
iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
*a?ieoaanueeiai, 94

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
?inoeoooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «14» o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E?eaoeiaa A. ?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?nio? no?eea oaiaeaioe?y aei ?inoo e?eueeino?
aaeeeeo iiaeaae oa aaa??e, ui e??i ?ioeo i?e/ei iaoiiaeth? iecueeo
aoaeoeai?noue nenoai iiaeaaeii? aaoiiaoeee ?, cie?aia, nenoai aeyao
iiaeaae – nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe??.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ii ?yaeo e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a noiniaii aei
nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe?? e?a?ie NIAe (? Oe?a?ia oaeiae) aoiaeyoue
aei a?oie i?ia?aeieo e?a?i na?oo, ye?ni? iieacieee, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
??aaiue oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue a oe?e aaeoc?, a e?a?iao NIAe ia iaeei – aeaa
ii?yaeee ieae/a, i?ae o na?o?. I?e oeueiio ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe?? o i?ia?aeieo
e?a?iao na?oo iia’ycai?, ie??i ?ioeo iai?yie?a, c oaeineiiaeaiiyi
oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeiiai c iniiaieo aeaiaio?a – aeao/ee?a
ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Cie?aia, ?nio? iio?aaa o cieaeaii?
aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oeeie aeao/eeaie, i?aeaeuaii? ?o iaae?eiino?, a oaeiae
o nei?i/aii? /ano ?o ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy oiui.

Ca ei?aeiiii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee a aeai?e aaeoc? aaaeooueny
Oi?aae?iiyi ii aeine?aeaeaiith a aaeoc? aoae?aieoeoaa (BRE,
Aaeeeia?eoai?y), Eaai?aoi???th aoae?aieoeoaa oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeaae
(BERL, NOA), ?inoeoooii iiaeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue (FRI, ssiii?y),
AIAe?II IAN ?in?? oa ?io?. A Oe?a?i? iiae?aiith oaiaoeeith caeiathoueny
Oe?IAe?IA IAN Oe?a?ie, IAI «Ia?eae?ai», AI «Oa?o?ii», IAI «?ani??aoi?»,
O?IA IAN Oe?a?ie oa ?io?. ??aaiue aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeyoueny a
oeeo e?a?iao na?ae/eoue, ui iiai?noth caaea/?, iia’ycai? ?c noai?aiiyi
aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey no/anieo nenoai iiaeaaeii?
neaiae?caoe??, ia ae??oai?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeai? a ?aieao iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ia?ae?eo I?iaeai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaaii? iiaeaaeii? ioi?iie Oe?a?ie ia ia??iae 1995–2000 ?.?. (IAe?
ca caiiaeaiiyi AOAeII IAN Oe?a?ie – ?? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U002510 oa
0195U016767).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy oaieiaeo
iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a iaeneiaeueiiai oeio, ye? caaacia/othoue
i?i?iaeueia niiaeeaaiiy aia?a?? ? caniiaai? ia aeei?enoaii? aoaeoo
iai’yo? oi?ie oa i?yiiai i’?ciaoaeoo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe
oae? caaea/?:

iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? –
oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a c iie?ioaieie oaoi?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie;

aiae?c o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue a aeaiaioao oaieiaiai
iiaeaaeiiai niia?uoaa/a;

iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ye? aaeaeaaoii a?aeaeaathoue i?ioeane,
ui iathoue i?noea a aeaiaioao iiaeaaeiiai niia?uoaa/a;

?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ioe?iee /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy oaieiaiai iiaeaaeiiai
niia?uoaa/a;

noai?aiiy iaeaoieo c?ace?a oa onoaiiaee aeey aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue;

ioe?iea aaeaeaaoiino? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae;

iaea?aeaiiy iao?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a
i?e aecia/aii? ?o /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy aeey ??cieo caeii?a ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi?ii:

iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? –
oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a iaeneiaeueiiai oeio c iie?ioaieie
oaoi?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, caniiaaieo ia aeei?enoaii? aoaeoo iai’yo?
oi?ie ? i?yiiai i’?ciaoaeoo;

iaea?aeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ia
iniia? aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie o /ania?e oa /anoioi?e iaeanoyo;

?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ioe?iee iniiaii? oaoi?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iiaeaaeiiai niia?uoaa/a – /ano eiai ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy, yeee aaco?oueny ia
aeei?enoaii? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae noaiaea?oieo ina?aaee?a ai??iiy oa
oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a;

iaea?aeaii iaoiaeaie ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa iaoiaeaie oai???
ieaioaaii? aenia?eiaioo caeaaeiino? iioeaie /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy
oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ia iniia? aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie a?ae
iioeaie, ui iathoue i?noea i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo niia?uoaa/?a aeey
no?eaeiiiae?aiiai oa e?i?eiiai caeii?a ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?o
aeei?enoaiiy caaacia/o? noai?aiiy aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey
nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe??, ye? iathoue iie?ioai? oa?aeoa?enoeee.
Aia?oa ae??oaia caaea/a c iao?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy, iai?eeeaae,
na?oeo?eaoe?eieo aei?iaoaaiue iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a iiae?aiiai oeio.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a AO «Oa?o?ii» i?e ?ic?iaoe?
noaioe?? iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe?? oeio «I?iiaoae», a oaeiae o
aei?iaoaaeueiiio oeaio?? «?inoie–AOe» i?e iaa?oiooaaii? cania?a
aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a aei?iaoaaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy. Iaoaiaoe/i?
iiaeae? aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae aeai?eoie ioe?iie /ano
?o ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy aeei?enoai? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? a O?IA IAN
Oe?a?ie i?e aea/aii? aeenoeeie?ie «Iiaeaaeia aaoiiaoeea».

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Eiie?aoia iniaenoa o/anoue caeiaoaa/a
iieyaa? a aiae?c? noaio c iiaeaaeieie niia?uoaa/aie a Oe?a?i?, o
oi?ioaaii? a?iioace iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno niia?uoaa/?a ia iniia? aoaeoo
iai’yo? oi?ie, a iiaoaeia? iiaeaeae aeaiaio?a oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo
niia?uoaa/?a, o oi?ioaaii? iaoiaeieia?? aei?iaoaaiue oaeeo niia?uoaa/?a,
a oaeiae a iaea?aeaii? caeaaeiinoae, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
ae??oaiiy caaea/? ?o iao?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeieeaaeai? e iaaiai?ai? ia III Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaeaaeia aaciaea-97» (Oe?IAe?IA IAN
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, 1997 ?.), ia 14-e Ana?in?enuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaea?iay aaciianiinoue, enoi?ey, ninoiyiea, ia?niaeoeau»
(i. Iineaa, AIAe?II IAN ?in??, 1997 ?.), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo nai?ia?ao
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie (1996 ?., 1997
?., 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii a 9 iaoeiaeo noaooyo,
i’youe c ieo – o aeaeaiiyo, ui aeeth/ai? aei ia?ae?eo AAE Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio aeaa, aeniiae?a ?
ia?ae?eo iineeaiue. I?noeoue 141 noi??ieo, 22 oaaeeoe?, 38 ?enoie?a, 80
iaeiaioaaiue ia?ae?eo iineeaiue.

INIIAIEE Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? ? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue, caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiaa
iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? cae?enith?oueny aiae?c nenoai iiaeaaeii?
neaiae?caoe??, iinoaiiaea caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?icaeyaeathoueny
iniaeeaino? ?? ae??oaiiy.

Iieacaii, ui iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a c i?aai?caoe??
i?ioeiiaeaaeiiai caoenoo ia’?eo?a ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy ? aaoiiaoecaoe?y
oeueiai i?ioeano.

Aiae?c oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe?? na?aae
i?ia?aeieo e?a?i na?oo na?ae/eoue, ui ii ?yaeo e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a
noiniaii aei oeeo nenoai e?a?ie NIAe aoiaeyoue aei a?oie i?ia?aeieo
e?a?i na?oo. Iaeiae ye?ni? iieacieee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue a oe?e aaeoc?, a e?a?iao NIAe ? a Oe?a?i? oaeiae ia
iaeei – aeaa ii?yaeee ieae/a, i?ae o i?ia?aeieo e?a?iao na?oo. Aiae?c
oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe?? na?ae/eoue, ui ia?
i?noea oaiaeaioe?y aei i?aeaeuaiiy «?ioaeaeoo» oaeeo nenoai, a oaeiae
aei i?aeaeuaiiy ?o iaae?eiino?, cieaeaiiy /ano aeyaeaiiy iiaeaae?,
oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo aeaiaio?a
oaeeo nenoai, iai?eeeaae, aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oiui. Na?aae
oeeo aeao/ee?a – iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a – o na?o? iaea?eueo iioe?ai?
aeeiia? ? iaeiaio – iieoi’y. Aeey e?a?i NIAe, a oaeiae aeey Oe?a?ie,
iaea?eueoa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy, ii??aiyii ?c na?oiaei iieacieeii, iathoue
oaieia? niia?uoaa/? o ni?aa?aeiioaii? i?eaeecii 3:2, a na?aae ieo
iaea?eueo iioe?ai? niia?uoaa/? iaeneiaeueiiai oeio. Inoaii? o no?oeoo??
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue neeaaeathoue a?ey 95%.

Ocaaaeueiai? aeai? c oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo
niia?uoaa/?a, ye? iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeai? ia ??cieo ia’?eoao Oe?a?ie,
na?ae/aoue, ui aiie iio?aaothoue a?ae 0,2 iA aei 300 iA aeaeo?e/iiai
no?oio o /a?aiaiio ?aaeei?. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui no/ani? nenoaie
iiaeooue aeeth/aoe aei 103 niia?uoaa/?a, oey ianoaaeia iaoiiaeth?
ae??oaiiy caaea/? ii ciaioaiith aia?aiaeo?ao oaeeie niia?uoaa/aie,
i?e/iio ?io? ?o oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia iiaeii? nooo?ai
a?ae??ciyoenue a?ae e?aueo na?oiaeo c?ace?a.

Iieacaii, ui iaea?eueo ?aaeeeaeueiei oeyoii ae??oaiiy caaea/? ?
canoinoaaiiy aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie ni?eueii ?c i?yiei i’?ciaoaeoii aeey
iiaoaeiae oaieiaeo niia?uoaa/?a iaeneiaeueiiai oeio.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?eioeeie oa o?ce/i? iniiae
iiaoaeiae aeiiiiieo oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a.

A?aeii? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ia iniia?
aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie caiaeyoueny aei ?aae?caoe?? eiiooaoe?eiiai
aeaiaioo, yeee iaeii?aciai aeeiio? ? ?ieue /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo
niia?uoaa/a. Iiae?ai? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy i?eioeeiiai i?eioneathoue
iayai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio o oeaeoao, aei yeeo aeeth/ai?
niia?uoaa/?, oiaoi aiie ? aeaiaioaie, ui iio?aaeythoue aia?a?th. E??i
oiai, oae? ??oaiiy ia caaaeaee ? ?ne?iaacia/ieie, ui nooo?ai ciaioo?
iiaeeeaino? ii ?o aeei?enoaiith.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iiao noaio iiaoaeiae oaieiaiai iiaeaaeiiai niia?uoaa/a.
I?eioeei ae?? oaeiai niia?uoaa/a iieyaa? o oiio, ui aiane?aeie
i?iyaeaiiy aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie i?e ca?aeiino? oaiia?aoo?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa yeiainue iino?eiiai ?? cia/aiiy (ii??a
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy) cae?enith?oueny iaoai?/ia ae?y caieo /ooeeaiai
aeaiaioo ia aeeiiaa/?e aeaiaio niia?uoaa/a. Aiane?aeie oe??? ae?? ia?
i?noea i?iyaeaiiy i?yiiai i’?ciaoaeoo o aeeiiaa/iio aeaiaio?, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae ia eiai aeoiae? aeaeo?e/iiai neaiaeo, yeee iana
ei?enio ?ioi?iaoe?th.

?icaeyiooi o?ce/i? iniiae oa iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo
niia?uoaa/a ? iieacaii, ui iaoai?ci iai’yo? oi?ie iia’ycaiee c
iniaeeainoyie oa?iii?oaeiiai ia?oaineoiiai ia?aoai?aiiy, yea ? iaeiei c
??ciiaeae?a iie?ii?oiiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo. ?icaeyioo? iniiai? oaeoi?e,
ui aieeaathoue ia i?iyaeaiiy oeueiai aoaeoo, na?aae yeeo aeae?eai?
aeaoi?iaoe?y oa oiiae ?? oi?ioaaiiy, oaeaee?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e,
iiia?aaei?e iaeeai, iai?oaeaiiy, neeaae oa oa?iiia?iaea.

Na?aae aeinoaoiuei aaeeei? e?eueeino? nieaa?a c aoaeoii iai’yo? oi?ie
iiaeia aeae?eeoe iaeo e?euee?noue nenoai, ui caaeiaieueiythoue aeiiaai
noiniaii aei iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a. Oea nieaae ia iniia? o?ueio
aaciaeo nenoai – CuZn (b-eaooiue), CuAl (aethi?i??aa a?iica) oa TiNi
(i?eae?ae oeoaio). E?au? c oeeo c?ace?a iiaa?oathoue 15?20 %
aeaoi?iaoe??, aaia?othoue iai?oaeaiiy 50?70 ea/ii2, a ieo iiaeia
aa??thaaoe oaiia?aoo?o i?iyaeaiiy iai’yo? o ae?aiacii? (–250)?500 iN.
I?eioeeiiaith a?aeciaeith TiNi a?ae iaoanoaa?eueieo nieaa?a ia iniia? Cu
? oa, ui i?eae?ae oeoaio – oea noaa?eueia IOeE c’?aeiaiiy. Aiii ia
?iceeaaea?oueny ia ?io? oace ? ?nio? a aocueeiio ?ioa?aae? 50?52 ao Ni
i?e 800 iN. Ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeey i?iyao aoaeoo
iai’yo? oi?ie ?aae?cothoueny a nenoai? Ti–Ni–O, aea O – Cu, Pd, Au oiui,
i?e/iio ii aeiiii?/iei iieacieeai nenoaia Ti–Ni– Cu ? iica
eiieo?aioe??th.

Iaaiaeyoueny ocaaaeueiai? aeai? noiniaii ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a c aoaeoii
iai’yo? oi?ie.

?icaeyiooi o?ce/i? iniiae oa iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae aeeiiaa/iai aeaiaioo
niia?uoaa/a ? iieacaii, ui iaoai?ci i?yiiai i’?ciaoaeoo iia’ycaiee ?c
ci?iith aai ?c iiyaith noia?iiai aeeiieueiiai iiiaioo i?e ci?uaii?
aeaeo?e/ieo ca?yae?a aiane?aeie ae?? iaoai?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy. Iieacaii,
ui iaea?eueo neeuei? i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino? iathoue i’?ciea?ai?/i?
iaoa??aee ia iniia? oee?eiiao-oeoaiao-naeioey (i?eaaaeai? iniiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeeo nenoai aeey Oe?a?ie, NOA, Aa?iai?? oa ssiii??). Oe?
iaoa??aee iathoue no?oeoo?o oeio ia?iaeneoo

O3,

aea a=1/2, 1/3, 1/4; A’ – Nb, Sb, Ta, W; A» – Li, Mg, Ni, Mn.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao iniiaieo oaeoi??a ia oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
i’?ciea?ai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a. Iieacaii, ui aaee/eia aaeeoeaii? iioeaee o
aeo?aeiiio neaiae? aeeiiaa/iai aeaiaioo iiaea aeinyaaoe aeae?eueeio
iaeeieoeue a?aenioe?a, a aaee/eia ioeueoeie?eaoeaii? iioeaee aei
(15?20)%, eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? iiaea aeinyaaoe 0,99, a
?ioaineai?noue a?aeiiaeaiue iaaeeaea?oueny aei iieaciee?a no/anieo
oaa?aeio?eueieo ?ioaa?aeueieo i?e?inoai.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeythoueny iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oaieiaeo
iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a. *ooeeaee aeaiaio niia?uoaa/?a ?icaeyaea?oueny
ye noeoii?noue e?i?eii? oa ?iioeuenii? /anoei.

Aeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino? e?i?eii? /anoeie /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo niia?uoaa/a
a?aeaeaathoueny aeeoa?aioe?eiei ??aiyiiyi o aeaeyae?

(1)

aea a – eiao?oe??io oaiia?aoo?ii?iaiaeiino?, R – iieiaeia oiaueie
/ooeeaiai aeaiaioo.

E?aeia? aeiiae iathoue aeaeyae

(2)

(3)

(4)

– oaiia?aoo?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Ca aeo?aeiee neaiae i?eeia?oueny neaiae, ui a?aeiia?aea?
na?aaeiueiia’?iiiio cia/aiith oaiia?aoo?e. sseui ia? i?noea

F0 ? 0,5; Bi F 1,0,

aea F0, Bi – a?aeiia?aeii e?eoa??e Oo?ue? oa e?eoa??e A?i, oi c
iioeaeith, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 1-2%, iiaeaeue e?i?eii? /anoeie /ooeeaiai
aeaiaioo niia?uoaa/a iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae?

(5)

i?e/iio b1 – ei??iue o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai ??aiyiiy

iaea?aeai? ioe?iee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?ia?oe?ei? aeanoeaino?
e?i?eii? /anoeie /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo niia?uoaa/a.

C aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioaa?aeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy Eaieano, a oaeiae ca
aeiiiiiaith ?iioeuenii? ia?ao?aeii? ooieoe??, yea ? ?ica’yceii nenoaie
(1)?(4), iaea?aeai? ia?aaeaoi/i? ooieoe?? e?i?eii? /anoeie /ooeeaiai
aeaiaioo niia?uoaa/a. Aiie iaea?aeai? a?aeiia?aeii o caieioo?e oi?i?

(6)

? o aeaeyae? ?yaeo

(7)

Iieacaii, ui i?e aeeiiaii? oiia

aea Pd – e?eoa??e I?aaeaiae?o?e?aa, c iaoiaee/iith iioeaeith, yea ia
ia?aaeuo? 5%, ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y e?i?eii? /anoeie /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo
niia?uoaa/a iiaea aooe ai?ieneiiaaia ia?aaeaoi/iith ooieoe??th
aia??iaee/ii? eaiee.

Aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeae? ?iioeuenii? /anoeie /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo
niia?uoaa/a a?i i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae? aeaeueoa–?iioeueniiai oa
oi?ioth/iai aeaiaio?a. Iiaeae? oeeo aeaiaio?a iathoue aeaeyae

(6)

(7)

aea Oi – ii??a ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy; tc – /an ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/a;
t0 – o?eaae?noue aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo; d(t) – aeaeueoa-ooieoe?y.

A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeae? aeeiiaa/iai aeaiaioo niia?uoaa/a, yeei ?
i’?ciaeaiaio, iathoue iae?i?eiee aeaeyae. Aiie iinyoue
aiie?ooaeii-i?inoi?iai-/aniaee oa?aeoa? ? aecia/athoueny ia o?eueee
ia?aiao?aie iaoa??aeo, oiiieia??th oa iiey?ecaoe??th i’?ciaeaiaioo, a ?
aiie?ooaeith, a oaeiae oaeaee?noth ci?ie neaiae?a oa cao?aiue. Ia
i?aenoaa? iaoiaeo I.I. Neiith, yeee aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
ia?ao?aeieo ooieoe?e, o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iiaeaeue aeeiiaa/iai
aeaiaioo niia?uoaa/a iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae?

(8)

aea Ti, Tm, t – ia?aiao?e iiaeae?.

Ia i?aenoaa? iiaeaeae aeaiaio?a niia?uoaa/a oa iiaeaeae neaiae?a, ui
ae?thoue ia eiai aoiae?, ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy iniiaii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee niia?uoaa/a – /ano eiai ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy. Aeey
noaiaea?oieo ina?aaee?a iiaeaae? TF–1, TF–5 oa TF–6, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo
?a?inoaiaea?oii EN–54 (/. 9), o aeiaaeeo, eiee niia?uoaa/? ?icoaoiaai?
iaae oeei ina?aaeeii, ai??i?i? ioe?iee /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy tc oaieiaeo
iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a aecia/athoueny ye ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy

(9)

aea q0, a0, a1, a2 – ia?aiao?e caeiio ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua; N1, Ae1, Oi – ia?aiao?e niia?uoaa/a.

Ia ?en. 1 i?aaenoaaeai? iiiia?aie aeey ai??i?ieo ioe?iie /ano
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/?a ye ooieoe?? e?eoa??th A?i aeey
noaiaea?oieo ina?aaee?a iiaeaae TF–5 oa TF–6.

?enoiie 1 – Caeaaei?noue /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/a a?ae
e?eoa??th A?i

*AOAA?OEE ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi oa
?i?oaoe?eiiio iiaeaethaaiith oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ia iniia?
aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii iaeao niia?uoaa/a ?c
ci?iieie /ooeeaeie aeaiaioaie, aeey yeeo ii??a ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy eaaeeoue
o ae?aiacii? (56?84) 0N (nieaae ia iniia? TiNi oa CuAl). Noai?aii
aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo, yea caaacia/o? aeaa caeiie ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e – no?eaeiiiae?aiee aai e?i?eiee, i?e/iio o ae?oaiio
aeiaaeeo oaeaee?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iiaea aa??thaaoenue o ae?aiacii?
(0,05?0,5) 0N/n.

Iniiaia caaea/a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a ioe?ioe?
aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeaeae, ui iienothoue i?ioeane a oaieiaiio iiaeaaeiiio
niia?uoaa/?. A?aeiia?aeii aei oe??? caaea/? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aecia/aany ii??a ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/a aeey
??cieo /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a. A oaae. 1 i?eaaaeaii i?eeeaae ?acoeueoao?a
oaeeo aei?iaoaaiue aeey iaeiiai ?c c?ace?a /ooeeaiai aeaiaioo.

Iieacaii, ui i?e/eia iiyae iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee iia’ycaia ?c aecia/aiiyi
ii?iaa ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/a ii oaiia?aoo?? oaieiaiai iiey, a
yeiio a?i ciaoiaeeoueny, a ia ii aaee/ei? eiai aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo. Aeey
an?o c?ace?a /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a iaeao?a iaoiaee/ia iioeaea ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 1,36 % ? iaei i?noea ?? c?inoaiiy ?c ?inoii oaiia?aoo?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ia ?en. 2 iaaaaeai? caeaaeiino? ii?iaa
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaeao?a c?ace?a a?ae oaeaeeino? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e.

Oaaeeoey 1 – Oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeaoiiai c?acea OIN

Oaeaee?noue c?inoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e Ej, 0N/n Ii??a ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy
Iioeaea

NEA Iaoiaee/ia

, 0N si j, 0N do, % dy, %

0,05 59,0 59,24 1,07 0,41 –

0,1 59,4 0,96 0,68 0,27

0,25 59,35 0,87 0,59 0,19

0,4 59,44 0,84 0,75 0,34

0,5 59,8 0,78 1,36 0,95

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aecia/aiith /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaeaoieo
c?ace?a niia?uoaa/a iaaaaeai? ia ?en. 3, i?e/iio OIN ?1 a?aeiia?aea? Oi
= 89 0N, a OIN ? 6 Oi = 56 0N.

Ii??aiyiiy ioe?iie /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo
niia?uoaa/?a, iaea?aeaieo oai?aoe/iei ? aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoaie,
iieaco?, ui oe? ioe?iee ni?aiaaeathoue c iioeaeith, yea ia ia?aaeuo? 6 –
7 %. C o?aooaaiiyi oeeo ianoaaei a?aee?eaa?oueny oeyo aei aeei?enoaiiy
iaoiae?a ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a
oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/ao ia iniia? aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie.
Cie?aia, ia i?aenoaa? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oeeo i?ioean?a, iaea?aeaieo
aiae?oe/iei oeyoii ? aaeaeaaoi?noue yeeo iaa?oioiaaia aenia?eiaioaeueii,
iiaeia ?ica’ycaoe caaea/? c iao?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aei?iaoaaiue
niia?uoaa/?a oaeiai oeio.

Oe? caaea/? oi?ioeththoueny oaeei /eiii:

ii caaeaiei cia/aiiyi iioeaie, iaoiiaeaieo aeaeii caeiio ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae iioeaee
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/a, ciaeoe iioeaeo aecia/aiiy /ano eiai
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy (i?yia caaea/a);

ii caaeaiiio cia/aiith iioeaee aecia/aiiy /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy
niia?uoaa/a iaeeanoe aeiiae ia iioeaee, iaoiiaeai? caeiiii ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? ianoaa?euei?noth ii?iao eiai
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy (cai?ioia caaea/a).

?enoiie 2 – Caeaaei?noue ii?iaa ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy IC a?ae oaeaeeino?
ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy o na?aaeiaeu? SIAM (aa?n?y 4.1), eiiieaeniaaieo c
iaoiaeaie oai??? ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo, iaea?aeai? aeey oeiiaeo
ia?aiao??a niia?uoaa/a ? caeii?a ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua a?aeiia?aei? caeaaeiino?. Oae, iai?eeeaae, aeey caeiio

,

aea q0, k, t0 – ia?aiao?e, aeey k = 0,05 0N/n caeaaei?noue iioeaee
aecia/aiiy /ano niia?uoaa/a Dn a?ae iioeaie aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a q0 ?
k, oiaoi D0 e De, a oaeiae a?ae iioeaee, iaoiiaeaii? ianoaa?euei?noth
ii?iaa ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy Di, ia? aeaeyae

, (10)

a aeey k = 0,5 0N/n –

. (11)

?enoiie 3 – Caeaaei?noue /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy IC a?ae oaeaeeino? ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e

O aeiaaeeo, eiee caeii ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e ia? aeaeyae

,

aea q0, qi, t0 – ia?aiao?e, caeaaei?noue Dn = Dn (D0, Di, Di) ia? a?eueo
neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. Ia ?en. 4 iaaaaeaii a?ao?e oe??? caeaaeiino? aeey D0
= 5 0N.

?enoiie 4 – Caeaaei?noue iioeaee aecia/aiiy /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy
niia?uoaa/a a?ae neeaaeiaeo iioeaie

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo caeaaeiinoae iieaco?, ui aeey oa?aeoa?ieo cia/aiue
ia?aiao??a niia?uoaa/a ? caeii?a ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e i?e aeei?enoaii?
e?i?eiiai caeiio ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua (c
ia?aiao?aie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai noaiaea?oo AN – 54) aeey
aei?iaoaaiue oaieiaeo aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ia? i?noea
c?inoaiiy iioeaee a aeae?eueea ?ac?a, aea aiia ia ia?aaa?oo? 6 %.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui na?aae iiaeeeaeo iai?yie?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/iiai ia?aca nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe?? iaeiei
c iniiaieo ? iai?yiie, iia’ycaiee ?c iie?ioaiiyi oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? – iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a. Iaea?eueo
e?auei oeyoii oaeineiiaethaaiiy oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaeaaeieo
niia?uoaa/?a ? ?oiy iiaoaeiaa c aeei?enoaiiyi noia?iiceoe?? aoaeoo
iai’yo? oi?ie oa i?yiiai i’?ciaoaeoo.

2. Ia iniia? aiae?co o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue a aeaiaioao
oaieiaiai iiaeaaeiiai niia?uoaa/a, aeae?eai? iaee?au? iaoa??aee aeey
iiaoaeiae /ooeeaiai oa aeeiiaa/iai aeaiaio?a niia?ooaa/a – nieaae oeio
i?eae?aeo oeoaio, b-eaooiue, aethi?i??aa a?iica oa oee?eiiao-oeoaiao
naeioey a?aeiia?aeii.

3. Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ?icaeyiooiai oeio
io?eiai? o aeaeyae? noia?iiceoe?? iiaeaeae e?i?eii? oa ?iioeuenii?
/anoei /ooeeaiai ? aeeiiaa/iai aeaiaio?a niia?uoaa/a, ui o ia?oiio
aeiaaeeo iiaeooue aooe caaaeai? aei noeoiiino? iiaeaeae aia??iaee/ii?
eaiee ia?oiai ii?yaeeo, ?iioeueniiai iiaeoeyoi?a c iiaeoeyoe??th ii
ieiu? ?iioeuen?a oeio d-ooieoe?? ? o?enaoi?a ia?oiai ii?yaeeo, a a
ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo — aei iiaeae? aia??iaee/ii? eaiee ia?oiai ii?yaeeo.

4. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeaiaio?a oaieiaiai iiaeaaeiiai
niia?uoaa/a ? ??ciiiai?oieo caeii?a ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi ioe?iee iaei??? c iniiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee niia?uoaa/a — /ano eiai ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy. Noiniaii aei
noaiaea?oieo ina?aaee?a, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo ?a?iiaenueeei noaiaea?oii EN-54
(ina?aaeee TF1, TF5, TF6), io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ioe?iie
/ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy niia?uoaa/?a o e?eoa??aeuei?e oi?i?.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaeaoi? c?acee oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ia iniia?
aoaeoo iai’yo? oi?ie, a oaeiae onoaiiaea aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?oi?o
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui caaacia/o? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey
no?eaeiiiae?aiiai ? e?i?eiiai caeii?a ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e c ??ciiiai?oieie
cia/aiiyie ?oi?o ia?aiao??a.

6. Ioe?iee aaeaeaaoiino? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo
niia?uoaa/?a, io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeueii oeyoii aecia/aiiy ioe?iie
aaee/eie ii?iaa ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaeaoieo c?ace?a ?c ??ciiiai?oieie
/ooeeaeie aeaiaioaie i?e e?i?eiiio caeii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? oeyoii aecia/aiiy ioe?iie /ano
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaeaoieo c?ace?a ?c ??ciiiai?oieie /ooeeaeie aeaiaioaie
i?e no?eaeiiiae?aiiio ? e?i?eiiio caeiiao ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, na?ae/aoue i?i ca?aei?noue ?c oai?aoe/ieie
ioe?ieaie c iioeaeith, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 7 %.

7. Io?eiai? a oiae? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii?
?ioi?iaoe?? aeey nenoai iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe??, ui ia niiaeeaathoue
aia?a?? a /a?aiaiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe, ? ?ne?iaacia/ieie ? iathoue oaoi?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ui ia iinooiathoueny oa?aeoa?enoeeai e?aueo na?oiaeo
c?ace?a aeao/ee?a.

8. Iaoiaeaie ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? oai??? ieaioaaiiy
aenia?eiaioo io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ioe?iie iioeaie /ano
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy oaieiaeo iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a ia iniia? aoaeoo
iai’yo? oi?ie a caeaaeiino? a?ae iioeaie, ui iathoue i?noea i?e
aei?iaoaaii? niia?uoaa/?a aeey no?eaeiiiae?aiiai ? e?i?eiiai caeii?a
ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a ianooiieo
?iaioao:

1. Aa?aiia TH.A., Ia?anoa TH.TH. Ia?aaeaoi/iay ooieoeey eeiaeiie /anoe
/oanoaeoaeueiiai yeaiaioa iiaea?iiai ecaauaoaey // I?iaeaiu iiaea?iie
aaciianiinoe: Na. iao/i. o?-ia. -Oa?ueeia: OEIA, 1997. -N.3-6.

2. Aa?aiia TH.A., Ia?anoa TH.TH. Iiaeaeue oaieiaiai iiaea?iiai
ecaauaoaey e ioeaiea a?aiaie aai n?aaaouaaiey // I?iaeaiu iiaea?iie
aaciianiinoe: Na. iao/i. o?-ia. -Oa?ueeia: OEIA, 1997. -N.53-57.

3. Aa?aiia TH.A., Ia?anoa TH.TH. Aiaeeoe/aneia iienaiea eeiaeiie /anoe
/oanoaeoaeueiiai yeaiaioa iiaea?iiai ecaauaoaey // I?iaeaiu iiaea?iie
aaciianiinoe: Na. iao/i. o?-ia. -Oa?ueeia: OEIA, 1997. -Aui. 2. -N.3-6.

4. Ei?ieaiei ?.A., Ia?anoa TH.TH. Ninoiyiea n iiaea?iuie ecaauaoaeyie a
Oe?aeia // I?iaeaiu iiaea?iie aaciianiinoe: Na. iao/i. o?. -Oa?ueeia:
OEIA, 1998. -Aui. 4. -N. 102-105.

5. Aa?aiia TH.A., Ea?eao N.I., Ia?anoa TH.TH. Ioeaiea a?aiaie
n?aaaouaaiey oaieiauo iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae ia iniiaa yooaeoa iaiyoe
oi?iu // Iiaea?iac?uaiaaciianiinoue. -1998. -? 3. -N. 44-53.

6. Ia?anoa TH.TH. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eiioeueniie /anoe
/oanoaeoaeueiiai yeaiaioa iiaea?iiai ecaauaoaey // I?iaeaiu
niaa?oainoaiaaiey iiaea?iie aaciianiinoe. -Oa?ueeia: OAO, 1997. -N.
28-31.

7. Ea?eao N.I., Ia?anoa TH.TH. Iiaeaeue iioe/aneie ieioiinoe n?aaeu i?e
aicieeiiaaiee caai?aiey a iauaeoa, iai?oaeiaaiiii i?eioaeeoaeueiie
aaioeeyoeeae. -A ei.: Iiaea?iay aaciianiinoue:
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneia iaania/aiea. -Oa?ueeia: OEIA, 1996. -N.
41-43.

8. Ia?anoa TH.TH., Aa?aiia TH.A., Ea?eao N.I. Iniaaiiinoe
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iienaiey iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae ia iniiaa yooaeoa iaiyoe
oi?iu // Iiaea?iay aaciianiinoue – enoi?ey, ninoiyiea, ia?niaeoeau. -*.
2. -I.: AIEEII IAAe ?O, 1997. -N. 132-134.

9. Ia?anoa TH.TH., Aa?aiia TH.A. Iaoiaeieiaey eniuoaiee oaieiauo
iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae // Iiaeaaeia aaciaea. -Ee?a: Oe?IAe?IA, 1997. -N.
271-272.

Ia?anoa TH.TH. ?ic?iaea aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey nenoai
iiaeaaeii? neaiae?caoe??. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.26.03 – iiaeaaeia aaciaea. Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo
iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Cai?iiiiiaaii noaio iiaoaeiae aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? –
iiaeaaeieo niia?uoaa/?a, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoo
iai’yo? oi?ie ? i?yiiai i’?ciaoaeoo. Io?eiaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ui
iienothoue i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue a aeaiaioao niia?uoaa/a, ui
iineoaeeee iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee aeai?eoio ioe?iee iaei??? c iniiaieo
eiai oa?aeoa?enoee — /ano ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy. C oe??th iaoith aeei?enoai?
iiaeae? noaiaea?oieo ina?aaee?a caai?yiiy. Aeey ioe?iee aaeaeaaoiino?
iiaeaeae niia?uoaa/a ?ic?iaeai? iaeaoi? c?acee e onoaiiaea, ia ye?e
i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeaie ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ? oai??? ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaio?a io?eiai? aiae?oe/i?
ae?ace, ui aeicaieythoue ae??ooaaoe caaea/? ii iao?ieia?/iiio
caaacia/aiith aei?iaoaaiue aeao/ee?a ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iiae?aiiai
oeio. I?eaaaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeai?o aeaiaioii? aace aeey
iiaoaeiae aeao/ee?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaeaaeiee niia?uoaa/, /ooeeaee aeaiaio, aeeiiaa/ee
aeaiaio, ina?aaeie caai?yiiy, ii??a ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy, /an
ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy.

Peresta Y.Y. Development of gauges of a primary information for systems
of the fire signalling system. — Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a speciality 05.26.03 — flammability control. The
Kharkiv institute of flammability control Ministry of Internal Affairs
of Ukraine, Kharkiv, 1998.

It is offered the scheme of construction of gauges of a primary
information — fire detectors, in which basis the use of effect of memory
of the form and direct piezo-effect lies. The mathematical models
circumscribing processes which are flowing past in elements of detector
are obtained which have formed the basis for development of algorithm of
an evaluation by one from main it of performances — response time. With
this purpose the models of the standard centers of fire are used. For an
evaluation of adequacy of models detector mockup samples are developed
and installation on which the experimental researches are conducted. By
methods of a simulation modeling and the theories of a design of
experiments are obtained analytical expressions permitting to decide a
problems on metrological to maintenance of tests of gauges of a primary
information of a similar type. The recommendations are indicated at the
choice of element basis for construction of gauges.

Key word: the fire detector, sensing element, actuator, center of fire,
threshold of operation, response time.

Ia?anoa TH.TH. ?ac?aaioea aeao/eeia ia?ae/iie eioi?iaoeee aeey nenoai
iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.26.03 — iiaea?iay aaciianiinoue. Oa?ueeianeee
einoeooo iiaea?iie aaciianiinoe IAAe Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea aeao/eeia ia?ae/iie eioi?iaoeee aeey
nenoai iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee.

Iieacaii, /oi iaeiei ec ia?niaeoeaiuo iai?aaeaiee i?aaiecaoeee
i?ioeaiiiaea?iie caueou iauaeoia ?acee/iiai iacia/aiey anoue
aaoiiaoecaoeey yoiai i?ioeanna.

Iaiauaiiua aeaiiua oaoie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee oaieiauo iiaea?iuo
ecaauaoaeae iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo ia ?acee/iuo iauaeoao Oe?aeiu
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi iie o?aaotho io 0,2 iA aei 300 iA yeaeo?e/aneiai
oiea a aeaaeo?iii ?aaeeia. O/eouaay oi, /oi nia?aiaiiua nenoaiu iiaoo
aeeth/aoue aei 103 ecaauaoaeae, yoi ianoiyoaeuenoai iaoneiaeeaaao
?aoaiea caaea/e ii oiaiueoaieth yia?aicao?ao oaeeie ecaauaoaeyie, i?e/ai
ae?oaea eo oaoie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee ia aeieaeiu nouanoaaiii
ioee/aoueny io eo/oeo ie?iauo ia?acoeia.

Iieacaii, /oi iaeaieaa ?aaeeeaeueiui iooai ?aoaiey caaea/e anoue
i?eiaiaiea yooaeoa iaiyoe oi?iu niaianoii n i?yiui iueaciyooaeoii aeey
iino?iaiey oaieiauo ecaauaoaeae iaeneiaeueiiai oeia.

?anniio?aiu oece/aneea iniiau e iniaaiiinoe iino?iaiey /oanoaeoaeueiiai
yeaiaioa oaieiauo iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae. I?iaaaeai aiaeec aeeyiey
iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia ia i?iyaeaiea yooaeoa iaiyoe oi?iu, e /eneo eioi?uo
ioianaiu: aeaoi?iaoeey e oneiaey aa caaeaiey, nei?inoue eciaiaiey
oaiia?aoo?u, i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue iaeeai, iai?yaeaiey, ninoaa, a oaeaea
oa?iiia?aaioea.

?anniio?aiu oece/aneea iniiau e iniaaiiinoe iino?iaiey eniieieoaeueiiai
yeaiaioa iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae e iieacaii, /oi iaeaieaa neeueiuie
iueaciyeaeo?e/aneeie naienoaaie iaeaaeatho iueaciea?aie/aneea
iaoa?eaeu, aeey eioi?uo iaiauaiu aeaiiua ii eo iniiaiui oa?aeoa?enoeeai.

Aiaeec oece/aneeo i?ioeannia, i?ioaeathueo a yeaiaioao oaieiaiai
iiaea?iiai ecaauaoaey, iicaieee auaeaeeoue iaeaieaa i?aaeii/oeoaeueiua
iaoa?eaeu aeey iino?iaiey /oanoaeoaeueiiai e eniieieoaeueiiai
yeaiaioia ecaauaoaey – nieaau oeia ieeaeeaea oeoaia, b–eaooiue,
aethieieaaay a?iica e oee?eiiao-oeoaiao naeioea niioaaonoaaiii.

Iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae ?anniao?eaaaiiai oeia
iieo/aiu a aeaea noia?iiceoeee iiaeaeae eeiaeiie e eiioeueniie
/anoae /oanoaeoaeueiiai e eniieieoaeueiiai yeaiaioia ecaauaoaey, eioi?ua
a ia?aii neo/aa iiaoo auoue naaaeaiu e niaieoiiinoe iiaeaeae
aia?eiaee/aneiai caaia ia?aiai ii?yaeea, eiioeueniiai iiaeoeyoi?a n
iiaeoeyoeeae ii ieiuaaee eiioeuenia oeia d–ooieoeee e oeenaoi?a
ia?aiai ii?yaeea, a ai aoi?ii neo/aa – e iiaeaee aia?eiaee/aneiai
caaia ia?aiai ii?yaeea.

N eniieueciaaieai iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae yeaiaioia oaieiaiai iiaea?iiai
ecaauaoaey e ?acee/iuo caeiiia eciaiaiey oaiia?aoo?u ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu
?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi ioeaiee iaeiie ec iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ecaauaoaey
– a?aiaie aai n?aaaouaaiey. I?eiaieoaeueii e noaiaea?oiui i/aaai,
?aeiiaiaeiaaiiui aa?iiaeneei noaiaea?oii EN–54 (i/aae TF1, TF5, TF6)
iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea au?aaeaiey aeey ioeaiie a?aiaie n?aaaouaaiey
ecaauaoaeae a e?eoa?eaeueiie oi?ia.

?ac?aaioaiu iaeaoiua ia?acoeu oaieiauo iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae ia iniiaa
yooaeoa iaiyoe oi?iu, a oaeaea onoaiiaea aeey i?iaaaeaiey eo
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao enneaaeiaaiey
aeey nea/eiia?aciiai e eeiaeiiai caeiiia eciaiaiey oaiia?aoo?u n
?acee/iuie cia/aieyie eo ia?aiao?ia.

Ioeaiee aaeaeaaoiinoe iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae oaieiauo iiaea?iuo
ecaauaoaeae, iieo/aiiua yenia?eiaioaeueii iooai ii?aaeaeaiey ioeaiie
aaee/eiu ii?iaa n?aaaouaaiey iaeaoiuo ia?acoeia n ?acee/iuie
/oanoaeoaeueiuie yeaiaioaie i?e eeiaeiii caeiia eciaiaiey oaiia?aoo?u
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e iooai ii?aaeaeaiey ioeaiie a?aiaie n?aaaouaaiey
iaeaoiuo ia?acoeia n ?acee/iuie /oanoaeoaeueiuie yeaiaioaie i?e
nea/eiia?aciii e eeiaeiii caeiiao eciaiaiey oaiia?aoo?u ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i noiaeeiinoe n oai?aoe/aneeie ioeaieaie n
iia?aoiinoueth, ia i?aauoathuae 7 %.

Iieo/aiiua a oiaea oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee
aeaiiua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i aiciiaeiinoe iino?iaiey aeao/eeia ia?ae/iie
eioi?iaoeee aeey nenoai iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee, eioi?ua ia iio?aaeytho
yia?aee a aeaaeo?iii ?aaeeia ?aaiou, yaeythony ene?iaaciianiuie e
iaeaaeatho oaoie/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ia onooiathueie
oa?aeoa?enoeeai eo/oeo ie?iauo ia?acoeia aeao/eeia.

Iaoiaeaie eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey e oai?ee ieaie?iaaiey
yenia?eiaioa iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea au?aaeaiey aeey ioeaiie iia?aoiinoae
a?aiaie n?aaaouaaiey oaieiauo iiaea?iuo ecaauaoaeae ia iniiaa yooaeoa
iaiyoe oi?iu a caaeneiinoe io iia?aoiinoae, eiathueo ianoi i?e eniuoaiee
ecaauaoaeae aeey nea/eiia?aciiai e eeiaeiiai caeiiia eciaiaiey
oaiia?aoo?u ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaea?iue ecaauaoaeue, /oanoaeoaeueiue yeaiaio,
eniieieoaeueiue yeaiaio, i/aa caai?aiey, ii?ia n?aaaouaaiey, a?aiy
n?aaaouaaiey.

Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo 12.05.99 ?.
Oi?iao 60×80 1\16

Ae?oe ?ecia?ao.
Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,25

Oe?aae 100
Aeae. ? 7 Cai. ? 32

__________________________________________________________________

OIIA IAN Oe?a?ie, 310023, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai, 94.

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