IAeANUeEEE A?Ae?IIAOAI?IEIA?*IEE ?INOEOOO

IA*A?OE AAEA??ss AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 556.166

?IC?AOOIEIA? OA?AEOA?ENOEEE IAENEIAEUeIIAI

NOIEO AANIssII? IIAAI? O AANAEI?

?.N?AA?NUeEEE AeIIAOeUe

11.00.07- a?ae?ieia?y noo?, aiaei? ?ano?ne, a?ae?io?i?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

IAeANA- 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiio ?inoeooo?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aii/aiei ?aaai Aeieo?iae/,

Iaeanueeee a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iee ?inoeooo,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

O?i/aiei Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/,

?inoeooo a?ae?ia?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa. a?aeae?eii a?ae?ieia??;

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?aioei Ieeiea ?aaiiae/

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?.?.Ia/i?eiaa,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?ce/ii? aaia?ao?? oa

i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy;

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

*a?i?aaoeueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, eaoaae?a o?ce/ii?
aaia?ao?? oa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. *a?i?aoe?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 17 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.090.01 i?e Iaeanueeiio
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiio ?inoeooo? ca aae?anith: 270016, i. Iaeana — 16,
aoe. Euea?anueea, 15, IAI?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, 270016, i.Iaeana-16, aoe.Euea?anueea
15, IAI?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 13 » eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eiaiaea I.N.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oa nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? oaiaoeee. ?aeii, ui
iieno?oueny ? iaeiei ?c e?oiieo ?iaeono??aeueieo oeaio??a aea?aeaae c
aeniei?icaeiooith a??ie/iaeiaoaiith, iaoaeo?a?eiith oa o?i?/iith
i?iieneia?noth, yeee iino?eii a?ae/oaa? aino?o ianoa/o o aiae?,
i?eaeaoii? aei ieooy oa i?iieneiaiai aeei?enoaiiy. Aeey ii?iaeueiiai
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ianaeaiiy oa i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae aeey
caaeiaieaiiy aiaeith /eneaiieo A?AN, ye? ? o ?aa?ii?, ia ??/eao aanaeio
N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey nii?oaeaeaii aeecueei 20 aaeeeeo oa na?aaei?o
aiaeinoiaeu, eaiae N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue — Aeiiaan. A?ae i?aaeeueii?
ioe?iee iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao aiaee i?e i?iaeooaaii? oa aoae?aieoeoa?
aiaeineeaeieo ioai??a a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo nii?oae o a?eueoino? caeaaeeoue
aacia?aa?ei?noue ?o ?iaioe ca ia??iae neoaeae, a oaeiae aaciaea
i?eeaaeeo aei ??/ie ?ioeo ia’?eo?a, o oiio /ene? ianaeaieo ioieo?a,
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, aei??a, n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ia?oe?a .

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ca?aeii c iniiaieie iai?yieaie iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino? eaoaae?e a?ae?ieia?? noo? Iaeanueeiai
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo (oaia : «Iaaacia/i? a?ae?ieia?/i? yaeua
oa ?ic?aooiie ?o oa?aeoa?enoee aeey caaacia/aiiy aiaeiainiiaea?nueeiai
aoae?aieoeoaa ia ??/eao Oe?a?ie, 1992-1997??.» ? A? 0193 UO 27779), a
oaeiae o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?aae?caoe?? Iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie ?37 a?ae 26.01.94 «I?i eiiieaenio i?ia?aio i?iaaaeaiiy
i?ioeiaaiaeeiaeo caoiae?a ia 1994-2000??.»

Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ?nio? aaeeea e?euee?noue oi?ioe oa iaoiae?a
aeey ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeneiaeueiiai noieo. A Oe?a?i? oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ciaeoee ?ic?iaee A.A.Ia??anueeiai (1938, 1945),
A.?.Iieeyea (1949, 1957), I.O.Aeoiaanueeiai (1964), E.A.AEaeaciyea
(1965,1985) oa ?io. Aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy i?e ?ic?aooieo
iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao aaniyii? iiaai? aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoiaeeea
ii?iaoeaiiai aeieoiaioo NIeI 2.01.14-83, a oaeiae oi?ioea
Ia??anueeiai-Iieeyea, o ??cieo ?? iiaeeo?eaoe?yo. Ooi/iaiiy ia?aiao??a
?ic?aooieiaeo oi?ioe NIeI 2.01.14-83 o iaaeao Oe?a?ie iaaiaeyoueny o
i?aoeyo ss.A.Oiiaiea (1986).

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaaea?oueny e?eoe/iee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio a
aaeoc? ?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueiiai noieo, o oiio /ene? e ii?iaoeaii? aace.
Iieacaii, ui iaoiaeeea ia yeee aaco?oueny NIeI 2.01.14.-83 oa ?io?
iiae?ai? aei ia? ?ic?iaee ia iiaeooue aaaaeaoeny iioeiaeueieie, ? ia?o
ca ana c oi/ee ci?o a?aoiaoaaiiy onueiai eiiieaeno i?e?iaeieo e
iaoiiaeaieo ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth oaeoi??a iaeneiaeueiiai noieo
aaniyii? iiaai?.

Iaoa oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaiith iaoith
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy

noieo aaniyii? iiaai? a oiiaao e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie oa
iiaoaeoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai?
aeiyoeiai? ?iia??iino? ia?aaeuaiiy o aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ioe?ieoe oiiae oi?ioaaiiy aaniyii? iiaai? ia oa?eoi???, yea
aeine?aeaeo?oueny, a oaeiae aeyaeoe aieea i?noeaaeo oaeoi??a ia ??ci?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeneiaeueiiai noieo iiaai?;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iioeiaeueio no?oeoo?o oi?ioee aeey iiaoaeoaaiiy iaoiaeeee
?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao aaniyii? iiaai? iaaea/aieo ??/ie o
aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey;

— ?ic?iaeoe oa ocaaaeueieoe ii oa?eoi??? ?ic?aooieia? ia?aiao?e
?aa?iiaeueii? noaie aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iaeneiaeueiiai noieo
aaniyii? iiaai? (oa??a noieo, oaeaeeino? ?oneiaiai aeia?aaiiy, aeaiaio?a
a?ao?e?a i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae?, ioe?ieoe ?ieue
aoaeo?a ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaaiaeeiaeo
oaeeue oa ?io.)

— cae?enieoe iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a, ye? aecia/athoueny /enaeueiei
oeyoii oa ioe?ieoe ?o no?ee?noue;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey aecia/aiiy ?ici???a aiaeica??ieo ieiu, o iaaeao yeeo
?ic?aooieia? iaeneioie aoaeooue iaoe ??cia iioiaeaeaiiy (ni?aiaa /e
aeiuiaa).

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith
aeey iiaoaeoaaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? noaie iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii?
iiaai? iaaea/aieo ??/ie o aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey ? iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue, yea ?ic?iaeaia A.I.Aaoai? (1958, 1981) oa yea ciaeoea oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy i?e ae??oaii? iiae?aieo caaea/ a iaeano? iaaiaeeiaiai
noieo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o anaa?/iiio
?icaeyae? iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai noieo i?ae /an aaniyii?
iiaai? a oiiaao e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie ( ca iaoa??aeaie
Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN), a oaeiae o iiaoaeoaaii? ?ic?aooieiai? noaie
iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? aeey ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai
Ae?ioey, yea ca nai?ie iiaeeeainoyie e?aua, i?ae a?aeii? ?aa?iiaeuei?
aiaeiae, a oiio /ene? e ii?iaoeaiee aeieoiaio NIeI 2.01.14-83.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a io?eiaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii
ianooiieo iieiaeaiiyo oa ?acoeueoaoao:

— ia iaoa??aeao Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN aia?oa aeey oiia e?ninoaiiai?
ciie Oe?a?ie anaa?/ii aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? (anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? o
?iciiae?e? iaeneiaeueieo ni?aicaian?a, iiaae?a oa oa??a noieo ca ia??iae
iiaai?, ao?ao oa eiao?oe??io?a noieo, iaeneiaeueieo iiaeoe?a) c
o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo oei?a i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi?;

— iaa?oioiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii ?ic?aooieiao noaio iaeneiaeueiiai noieo
aaniyii? iiaai? aeey ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey, o oiio /ene?:
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo, yea nooo?ai i?aeaeuo? iaae?ei?noue anoaiiaeaiiy
aeno?aiaeueii aenieeo oa?aeoa?enoee a?ae?ieia?/iiai ?aaeeio iaaea/aieo
??/ie, o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie ?aa?iiaeueieie iaoiaeeeaie oa ae?th/ei
ii?iaoeaiei aeieoiaioii NIeI 2.01.14-83;

— aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao ?ici??o aiaeicai??a ia ie?ai? neeaaeia?
?ic?aooieiai? noaie (eiao?oe??ioe ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa
eiao?oe??ioe ia?aaeuaiiy aaniyii? iiaai? oa aeiuiaeo iaaiaee?a);

— iaea?aeai? ioe?iee no?eeino? ?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aiao??a o?eaaeino?
i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae? oa eiao?oe??io?a
?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeiai?ee i?eieeao
aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae? ? oi?ie aiaeicai?o;

— iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee, uiaei aecia/aiiy ?ici???a e?eoe/ieo
ieiu aiaeicai??a, ia yeeo iaeneioie aoaeooue iaoe ??cia iioiaeaeaiiy
(ni?aiaa /e aeiuiaa).

??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie. Aeaye?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa?eoee aei iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e («?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee noieo
aaniyii? iiaai? ia i?aaeaii?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ni?aicaian?a») ?aa?iiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai oeaio?o c aiaeieo i?iaeai
«Oia?on», ai?iaaaeaeaieo o i?ae?icae?eao Iaeanueeiai Iaeaiaeainio.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ui??/ii
?icaeyaeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e a?ae?ieia?? noo? oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo, a o iiaiiio ianyc? — ia ?icoe?aiiio
iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? a?ae?ieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo 2 eeiiy 1998 ?.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii (ni?eueii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii /e
iniaenoi) iioae?eiaaii 5 i?aoeue, o oiio /ene?: 4 o ca??oe?
«Iaoai?ieia?y, ee?iaoieia?y oa a?ae?ieia?y», oa 1 — aeaiiiiaaia.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoe?a. ?oeiien i?aaenoaaeaii ia 268
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/ath/e 71 ?enoiie, nienie
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?c 65 iaeiaioaaiue, 4 aeiaeaoee ia 53
noi??ieao.

Aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai iniaenoiai aianeo aeena?oaioa aei ?ic?iaee
?acoeueoao?a, ui aeiinyoueny aei caoenoo. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi, nie?ath/enue
ia aeeiiaiee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio o aaeoc? ?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueiiai
noieo aaniyii? iiaai?, iaa?oioiaaia oa aeiaaaeaia aei i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?ic?aooieiaa noaia iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao aaniyii? iiaai?
iaaea/aieo ??/ie o aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey. A oiio /ene?:

— aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy aaniyii? iiaai?, anoaiiaeai? iai?yiie
oa nooi?iue aieeao i?noeaaeo oaeoi??a (cae?naiino?, na?aaeiuei? aenioe ?
ieiu? aiaeicai??a) ia ??ci? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii?
iiaai? (oa?e noieo, o?eaae?noue i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai?
ia?aae? oa ?io.);

— iaa?oioiaai? ?aa?iiaeuei? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo oa??a noieo,
oa?aeoa?enoee noeeiaiai i?eieeao, oaeaeeino? ?oneiaiai aeia?aaiiy,
eiao?oe??io?a ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy;

— aeaia ioe?iea no?eeino? ?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aiao??a, ye? aecia/athoueny
/enaeueiei oeyoii (o?eaae?noue i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai?
ia?aae? oa eiao?oe??ioe ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy) o caeaaeiino?
a?ae aeeiai?ee i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae? oa oi?ie
aiaeicai?o;

— iaa?oioiaai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ?ici???a
e?eoe/ieo ieiu, aeua oa ieae/a yeeo ?ic?aooieia? iaeneioie aoaeooue iaoe
??cia iioiaeaeaiiy (aeiuiaa /e ni?aiaa).

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny ?ic?aooieiaa noaia iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii?
iiaai? iaaea/aieo ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey, oai?aoe/iith
iniiaith yei? ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue A.I.Aaoai? (1958, 1981). I?aaeiaoii
caoenoo ? oaeiae ie?ai? neeaaeia? oe??? iaoiaeeee:

— ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? aaoi?ii i?e aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy
aaniyii? iiaai? o e?ninoaiiai? cii? Oe?a?ie (ii iaoa??aeao
Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN);

— iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oa??a noieo aaniyii? iiaai? 1%-ii? ?iia??iino?
ia?aaeuaiiy;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a ?aa?iiaeueii? oi?ioee oaeaeeinoae ?oneiaiai
aeia?aaiiy iiaaiaaeo oaeeue;

— anoaiiaeai? ii iaoa??aeao noaoe?iia?ii? ia?aae? Aea?aeeiia?ae?iiaoo
oa?aeoa?enoeee a?ao?e?a noeeiaiai i?eieeao oaiaieo aiae aei ?oneiai?
ia?aae?, eiao?oe??ioe ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaeneiaeueieo
iiaeoe?a aaniyii? iiaai? oa caeiiii??iino? ?o i?inoi?iai? ci?ie;

— ?acoeueoaoe iia’ycai? ?c aeine?aeaeaiiyi no?eeino? ia?aiao??a
?ic?aooieiai? noaie (o?eaaeino? i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai?
ia?aae? oa eiao?oe??io?a ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaeneiaeueieo
iiaeoe?a), ye? aecia/athoueny /enaeueiei oeyoii;

— iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a
ia?aaeuaiiy aaniyii? iiaai? oa aeiuiaeo iaaiaee?a i?e ii?ioaaii?
e?eoe/ieo ieiu.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiue, ye?

iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiith ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeneiaeueiiai

noieo aaniyii? iiaai? o aanaei? ?.N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue, a?oioothoueny

ia aaaaoi??/ieo iaoa??aeao niinoa?aaeaiue ca a?ae?ieia?/iei
noaiii ??/ieia?aae? Aea?aeeiia?ae?iiaoo, ui iaaiaeyoueny o «Iniiaiuo
aeae?ieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoeeao» o.6 aei.3, «?ano?nao iiaa?oiinoiuo
aiae» o.6 aei.3, «Aeae?ieiae/aneeo aaeaaiaeieeao» ca 1980-88 ??., a
oaeiae ia aeaieo Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN.

Iaoiaee/iith aacith i?e iiaoaeoaaii? ?ic?aooieiai? noaie iaeneiaeueiiai
noieo aaniyii? iiaai? iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieo o a?ae?ieia?/iiio
a?aeiioaii? ??/ie oa?eoi???, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, ? oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue
A.I. Aaoai?.

I?e ae??oaii? noi?ioeueiaaiiai caaaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, /enaeueiiai aecia/aiiy aeayeeo i?aeoe/ii
iaaei??thaaieo ia?aiao??a (?ic?aooieiai? o?eaaeino? i?eieeao aiaee c?
noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae?, eiao?oe??io?a ?onei-caieaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy), a oaeiae aaia?ao?/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? no?eeino? ia?aiao??a ?ic?aooieiai? noaie
canoiniaoaaeinue ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ca nai?th no?oeoo?ith ?iaioo iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia o?e /anoeie. O
ia?oeo aeaio ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy aaniyii? iiaai? a oiiaao
e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae iaaiaeyoueny iniiai? ?ic?aooieia?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaai? aeiyoeiai? ?iia??iino? ia?aaeuaiiy o aanaei?
N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey. A o?ao?e /anoei? aieiaia oaaaa i?eae?eaia ieoaiiyi
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ? iia’ycaieo ?c iaa?oiooaaiiyi
ia?aiao??a ?ic?aooieiai? noaie iaeneiaeueiiai noieo ??/ie aanaeio
N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey.

Anooi. O anooii?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?? iaaiaeyoueny: aeooaeuei?noue

oa nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee

iaeneiaeueiiai noieo iiaai? ia no/aniiio aoai?, oe?eue oa iniiai?
caaea/? ?iaioe, iaoiaeieia?y, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae iieiaeaiiy, ui neeaaeathoue iaoeiao
iiaecio oa ? i?aaeiaoii caoenoo.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aea?oueny ei?ioea o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
aanaeio ?.N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue, a oaeiae iaaiaeeoueny aiae?c (ca
iaoa??aeaie Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN) aieeao i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi? ia
oi?ioaaiiy aaniyii? iiaai?.

O iaaeao Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN ? 7 aiaeioie?a c ia??iaeii
niinoa?aaeaiue ia iaio 15 ?ie?a, ieiuath aiaeicai??a a?ae 0.05 ei2 aei
76 ei2, cae?nai?noth — a?ae 0 aei 44% oa ae?aiaciiii aenio — a?ae 175
aei 225i.

Ia?aaaaeath/? oeie i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi? ia oa?eoi??? aiaeiiaaeainiai?
noaioe?? — ??eey (a?ae 49 aei 100%), eoa (a?ae 0 aei 27%) oa e?n (a?ae
0 aei 44%). Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeeiiai? ?yaeii aaoi??a (A.A.Nieieia,
1962, I.?. Eueaiae/, 1963, A.A. ?aoiaiia, 1971, N.O.Oaaei?ia,
1977 oa ?io.),aeacothoue ia oa, ui oaeoi?e i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi?
nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia oa?aeoa? iiaai?. Aiie aecia/athoue aaee/eio
aeoioeyoe?? oaiaieo aiae ia iiaa?oi? aanaeio oa ?io?eueo?aoe?th o a?oio,
oiiae ?iciiae?eo ni?ao ia iiaa?oi? aanaeio e co?eaiiy oaiaieo aiae ia
noeeao oa ia?aaeao ??/ie.

.

aeyaeeeny iaiaeii??aeieie ia ??cieo oeiao i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi?
(iiea oa e?n). Ieoaiith i?i aieea e?no ia i?ioean ni?aiiaeiie/aiiy
i?enay/aii aaaaoi e?oa?aoo?e, aea aei oeueiai /ano ia ia? ?aeeiiai
iiaeyaeo ia oa, aea iaeiie/o?oueny ni?ao a?eueoa — ia a?aee?eo?e
i?noeaaino? /e o e?n?. A.A.?aoiaiia (1971) ia?iaea iania? aeai? ii
ni?aicaianao, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei iaoainoaioe?e o aanaei? Aa?oiuei?
Aieae oa i?eeoia aei aeniiaeo, ui e?ne iaeiie/othoue o na?aaeiueiio ia
20% ni?ao a?eueoa, i?ae iieueia? ae?eyiee. Ca?aeii c N.A.Aannii (1963),
o i?aecii? ci?oaieo e?n?a ?a?iiaenueei? /anoeie N?N? caiane ni?ao o e?n?
aeua, i?ae ia iieyo, o na?aaeiueiio ia 10-20%, ia ae?oaeao oa aaeyaeiao
— aeua, i?ae ia iieyo ia 34%; o oaieieo ianaaeaeaiiyo, iniaenoi o
yeeiieeao — aiie aeecuee? aei cia/aiue ni?aicaian?a ia iieyo. O oe?eiio
/eneaii? e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?ioa, ui o c?ieiooeo yeeieiaeo
e?nao cae/aeii aoaa? ni?ao iaio, i?ae ia a?aee?eoeo i?noeaainoyo. O
e?nao c? cia/iith /anoeith eenoyieo ii??ae ni?ao iaeiie/o?oueny a?eueoa,
a i?ae o iie?.

Ia oa?eoi??? Ieaeiueiaeaaeoeueei? AAN iaeneiaeuei? ni?aicaiane a

caaaeueiiio c?inoathoue ?c ca?eueoaiiyi cae?naiino?. Iaeiae,
iaiaeii??aei?noue i?eoaiaiia oaeiae ? aeaii aiaeicai?ai c iaeiaeiaei
oeiii i?aenoaeyth/i?

iiaa?oi? (iiea), aea ??ciith na?aaeiueith aenioith aiaeicai?o. Oaeoi?
aenioe,

ye a?aeiii, cia/ii aieeaa? ia aaee/eio ni?aicaian?a. I?ney i?eaaaeaiiy

on?o aeaieo aei ?aeeii? aenioe 200 i aieea e?no ia iaeneiaeuei?
ni?aicaiane i?aeoe/ii ia i?ine?aeaeo?oueny. O aaeain? noieo ca ia??iae
iiaai? ?noioio

aei e?ioey iiaai?. Aiie, ye

, oaeiae aoaea c?inoaoe ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aenioe i?noeaaino?.

, oiaoi

— ieiua (a /anoeao a?ae iaeeieoe?) iiaa?oi? iiey, eoao ? e?no,
a?aeiia?aeii.

Iaea?eueo? na?aaeiueiaaaaoi??/i? oa?e noieo a?aecia/athoueny ia ??ee? —
46.9 ii, a iaeiaio? — 24.7 ii c eoaiaeo ae?eueieoeue. Oa?e noieo ia
cae?naieo aiaeicai?ao neeaaeathoue 36.4 ii.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aaenoaaeythoueny aaeueie oe?eaaeie, oiio ui
aein? aaaaeaeiny, ui ciaioaiiy oa?o noieo iia’ycaia, ia?aaeon?i, ?c
cae?nai?noth aiaeicai??a. Iaeiae, a oiiaao aeineoue aeoeaiiai aeiano
ooaeiae a e?n?, ye aeyaeeiny, aaniyiee no?e c e?nieo oa?eoi??e
Ieaeiueiaeaaeoeueei? AAN iaeaea ia o?aoeio a?eueoa, i?ae c eoao.

coiiaeaia a?aei?ii?noth ao?ao ia a?aee?eo?e i?noeaaino? oa a e?n?
(caaaeyee e?auei aiaeii-o?ce/iei aeanoeainoyi e?nieo a?oio?a ? iaio?e
aeeaei? i?iia?caiiy).

=41%), ui aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie N. O. Oaaei?iaa (1977), aeey
o??? ae AAN.

ciaioo?oueny, ui a caaaeueiiio noia?a/eoue a?aeiiei aaeainiaei
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi oa aeniiaeai i?i aieiai?aaoeth/o ?ieue e?n?a. Oeae oaeo
aaoi?ii iiynith?oueny oei, ui ia Ieaeiueiaeaaeoeuee?e AAN cae?nai?noue ?
oa?aeoa?iith aeey aeineoue iaeeo aiaeicai??a (iaio 3 ei2), ye? ia
ae?aiothoue iniiaii? /anoeie a?oioiaeo aiae.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe iaeei ?c iniiaieo ? aeineoue
aaaeeeaeo aeniiae?a uiaei iaiao?aeiino? a?aooaaiiy ieiu

( 100 ei2), i?e yeeo aieea i?noeaaeo

oaeoi??a ia iaeneiaeueiee no?e aeineoue cia/ouee. Noiniaii aei

na?aaei?o e ii??aiyii aaeeeeo ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey c
iaaaeeeei a?aenioeii cae?naiino?, oi a?aei?iiinoyie o oa?aeoa??
i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi? iiaeia ciaaaaeeoe.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?noeoue e?eoe/iee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio o aaeoc?
?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai?, a oiio /ene? e ae?th/i?
a Oe?a?i? ii?iaoeaii? aace. ?icaeyioo? aea? a?oie iaoiae?a. Aei ia?oi?
a?aeiinyoueny o? c ieo, ui iiaoaeiaai? ia aaiiao?e/i?e oei?caoe??
noeeiaiai oa ?oneiaiai a?ae?ia?ao?a. Cie?aia, oea oi?ioee A. A.
Ia??anueeiai, 1938, NIeI 2.01. 14-83, Ae. E. Nieieianueeiai, 1937,
Oi?oiia ?. ?., 1914,1926.

Ae?oao a?oio neeaaeathoue iaoiaee, ui nie?athoueny ia ni?iuai?
a?ae?iiaoai?/i? oai??? oi?ioaaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai noieo. Aei ieo iiaeia
a?aeianoe oi?ioee A. A. Aeaen??aa, 1940, A. I. Aaoai?, 1958, 1981, A. A.
Ia??anueeiai, 1945. O ?iaio? aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny ?aa?iiaeueia
iaoiaeeea Ia??anueeiai-Iieeyea, ?ic?iaee e ooi/iaiiy ia?aiao??a
?ic?aooieiaeo

oi?ioe NIeI 2.01.14-83, ye? aeeiiai? A. ss. Oiiaieii, 1986 . Iieacaii,

ui no?oeoo?a, yeo iieeaaeaii a iniiao NIeIA 2.01. 14-83 oa ?ioeo

iiae?aieo ?e iaoiaeee, ia iiaea aaaaeaoeny iioeiaeueiith, ia?aaeon?i c
oi/ee

ci?o a?aooaaiiy oaeoi??a, ui coiiaeththoue oi?ioaaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai

noieo aaniyii? iiaai?.

Aeoiaey/e ?c aiae?co no/aniiai noaio ?ic?aooieiaeo noai oa iaoiae?a o
aaeoc? iaeneiaeueiiai noieo, iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiith, c iaoi? oi/ee
ci?o, ? oi?ioea A. I. Aaoai?, 1981:

— iaeneiaeueiee iiaeoeue noieo P%-i?e caaacia/aiino?;

— oa? noieo 1%-i?e caaacia/aiino?;

— /an ?oneiaiai aeia?aaiiy;

— eiao?oe??io ae?th/iai oa?o noieo;

— a?ae?ia?ao?/iee eiao?oe??io;

— eiao?oe??io ?onei-caieaaiiai aiaeiiai?io e ?aaoethaaiiy;

— eiao?oe??io ca?aaoeueiaaiino? iaeneiaeueiiai iiaeoey ica?aie,
aiaeinoiaeuaie;

— eiao?oe??io aeey ia?aoiaeo a?ae iii?ii? ?iia??iino? ui??/iiai
ia?aaeuaiiy P=1% aei ?ioeo.

No?oeoo?a (2) iiaoaeiaaia ia a?aooaaii? i?e/ieiii-iane?aeeiaeo ca’yce?a
i?ae aaee/eiaie, ye? coiiaeththoue no?e, ui aeicaiey? o ia?aiao?e/iiio
aeaeyae? a?aeia?aceoe ia o?eueee i?e?iaei? oaeoi?e, aea e o? c ieo, ui
i?aeeyaathoue aieeao ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii noaoenoe/iiio aiae?co oei/aniaeo ?yae?a
iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao ? oa??a noieo aaniyii? iiaai? o aanaei? ?.
N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

Aeei?enoai? aeai? 64 iino?a c ia??iaeaie niinoa?aaeaiue a?eueo 15 ?ie?a
? ieiuaie aiaeicai??a, ye? caieeathoueny a?ae?inoai?aie, a?ae 31.0 ei2
(?. Eiiiaaoea — no. Aeiacia) aei 80900 ei2 (?. N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue —
i. A?ea Eaeeoaa). Iaea?eueo o?eaaeee ?yae neeaaea? 81 ??e (?.
N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue — i. Eene/ainuee), iaeiaioee — 17 ?ie?a (?.
Ai?iaa — n. Ai?aiaeea).

23.6%.

, ia?aaeon?i aoea aeine?aeaeaia ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae aaia?ao?/iiai
iieiaeaiiy oeaio??a aaae aiaeicai??a, oa a?ae na?aaeiuei? aenioe e
cae?naiino?.

, oiaoi

— na?aaeiy aenioa aiaeicai?o.

o aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey.

:

a iaio aeiaaeeao ia aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? oi/iino? ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
ui aeicaiey? iaeaeaa i?aeoiaee ia ??aieo canoiniaoaaoe i?e anoaiiaeaii?
oa??a noieo 1%-ii? ?iia??iino? o aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueii?
oi?ioee oaeaeeinoae ?oneiaiai aeia?aaiiy.

??cieie aaoi?aie aoee io?eiai? /enaeuei? cia/aiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo
iieaciee?a, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaai? ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy oaeaee?niiai
eiao?oe??ioo. Iaea?eueo iiaii caaea/a ?ic?aooieo oaeaeeinoae ?oneiaiai
aeia?aaiiy aena?oeaia o ?iaioao A. I. Aaoai? (1958, 1981) oa ?. A.
Iaaeeoianueeiai (1971).

A?aoiaoth/e iaaeie?ee e aeinoi?inoaa ??cieo oi?ioe, i?e ?ic?aooieo
oaeaeeinoae aeia?aaiiy aeey ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey
canoiniaaiee eiia?iiaaiee i?aeo?ae, yeee a?aoiao? noaiaoecaoe?th
iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ?onea (ca iiaeaeeth A. I. Aaoai?, 1958) ? aeai?
aei???a oaeaeeino? oa/?? a ie?aieo noai?ao.

O ?ic?aooieiaiio aa??aio? iaa?oioiaaii ?aa?iiaeueio oi?ioeo oaeaeeino?
aeia?aaiiy aeey aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey (o ae?aiacii? P<10%) ia? aeaeyae: 0.35, ei/aiae, (5) O i'yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?ic?aooieia? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?ao?e?a i?eieeao oaiaieo aiae c? noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae?. Aaciina?aaei?e aei??, o iaaeao aaeeeeo oa?eoi??e, noeeiai? aiaeia?aeaea/? a ia??iaee oi?ioaaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai noieo ia no/aniiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoe/ii iacae?eniaiiee. Oei ia iaioa, iiaeeeaa ??oaiiy cai?ioii? caaea/? - oeyoii ?ao?ainoi?iaoe?? ?oneiaiai a?ae?ia?aoo, aai a ?acoeueoao? /enaeueiiai aecia/aiiy ?yaeo iaa?aeiieo ia?aiao??a. aecia/aany iaoiaeii, yeee cai?iiiiiaaiee ?. Ae. Aii/aieii (1975), ui aaco?oueny ia aeaieo ia?aae? a?ae?ieia?/ieo noaioe?e ? iino?a. , yeee aei??aith? - oa? noieo (ii), 86.4 - eiao?oe??io ?ici??iino?. . , oi io?eia?ii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy , - na?aaei? ca iia?iue iiaeoeue oa aeo?aoa aiaee. =0. 14. ?c caaaeueii? o?eaaeino? iiaai?; 2) a ?acoeueoao? /enaeueiiai ae??oaiiy caaea/? a ?aieao iiaeae? ?oneiaiai noieo. Ae?oaee i?aeo?ae aoa iniiaiei, a ia?oee, c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoa??ae?a Ieaeiaaeaa?oeueei? AAN, neoaeea aeey eiio?ieth ianooaao ia?aiao??a, io?eiaieo /enaeueiei oeyoii. ) noieo ia i?aenoaa? ao?aeii? oi?ioee (2) = 0. 14): ; aiae (8) . iiaeia i?eeiyoe ia ??ai? 165 aiaeei, ca aeiyoeii oa?eoi??e aeinoaoiuei ?ioaineaiiai i?iyaeaiiy ea?noo (aanaei ?. Aaoiooee), aea o?eaae?noue neeiiiaiai i?eieeao iaeaea a aeaa ?ace a?eueoa e neeaaea? a?ey 300 aiaeei. O oinoiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a, eiao?oe??io?a ae?th/iai oa?o noieo, eiao?oe??io?a ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy no?eeino? ia?aiao??a, iaea?aeoaaieo /enaeueiei oeyoii. : , , , =1.0 (10000 ei2). 1 (noaiaiaaiai iieacieea o ??aiyii? e?eai? ?cio?ii), ye? aecia/athoue no?oeoo?o eiaoeoee?io?a ae?th/iai oa?o ) aecia/a?oueny aeineoue 1) - /ano?oa ca ona i?e ?ic?aooieao iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? i?eeia?oueny ??aiei 1.0. 1=2.0. iiaoaeiaaia oaeei /eiii, ui caaea/a ae??oo?oueny o ?aieao ?icaeiaiiai noieo, oi a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ?ica?aeiino? aaee/ei ia?aiao??a, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny, ia ia?aaeuothoue 5%. Ioaea, i?e ?ica'ycaii? cai?ioii? caaea/? oa ?ic?aooieao iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? o aanaei? ?. N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue iiaeia i???iooaaoeny aeineoue cia/iee. Ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie iaeneiaeueiee no?e iiaea oi?ioaaoeny ye ca ?aooiie iiaai? oae, ? a ?acoeueoao? i?ioiaeaeaiiy aeiuiaeo iaaiaee?a. ??cieie aaoi?aie (ia i?aenoaa? ?aaeoeoe?eieo oi?ioe) aaeeaaeeny ni?iae ioe?ieoe ?ici??e e?eoe/ieo ieiu, aeua ? ieae/a yeeo ?ic?aooieia? iaeneioie iathoue ??cia iioiaeaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyaea?oueny aiaeia?/ia caaea/a, aea o ?aieao aaciaiai ??aiyiiy (2). Eiao?oe??io ia?aaeuaiiy (1% yaey? niaith a?aeiioaiiy iaeiioeiiaeo ia?aiao??a iaaiaeeiaiai (c ?iaeaenii ae) oa iiaaiaaiai (c ?iaeaenii a)noieo ? iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae?: iaaiaee?a oa iiaaiae ? a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii ?o ii?ioaaoe. (10000 ei2 - i?aeoe/ii a on?o aeiaaeeao a?i aeinyaa? i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy ia ??ai? 0.1. e? - ni?aiaa. Ca iaoiaeeeith, ui i?iiiio?oueny, aeeiiai? ia?aa??i? ?ic?aooiee. A?aeiinia na?aaei? a?aeoeeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo cia/aiue iaeneiaeueieo iiaeoe?a a?ae , yea aei??aith? (23.6%. Oea aeicaiey? aeeeaaeaio iaoiaeeeo ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ye aa??aio, aeueoa?iaoeaiee ae?th/iio NIeI 2.01. 14-83, aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy. Aeniiaee. O oeueiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe: 1.Aeoiaey/e ?c aiae?co no/aniiai noaio ?ic?aooieiaeo noai oa iaoiae?a a aaeoc? iaeneiaeueiiai noieo, o ?iaio?, aia?oa aeey aeine?aeaeoaaii? oa?eoi???, aeei?enoaia aaiaoe/ia ?ic?aooieiaa oi?ioea A.I.Aaoai? (1958,1981), ye iaea?eueo aeineiiaea e ia?niaeoeaia. 2.Ia iaoa??aeao Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN i?iaaaeai? aeineiiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, uiaei aieeao oei?a i?aenoaeyth/eo iiaa?oiae ia oi?ioaaiiy aaniyii? iiaai?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui: 2.1.Aieea e?no ia no?e aaniyii? iiaai? i?ine?aeaeo?oueny, aieiaiei /eiii, /a?ac o?eaae?noue i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a aei ?oneiai? ia?aae? oa oa? noieo. 2.2.A oiiaao aeineoue aeoeaiiai aeiano ooaeiae o e?n?, ye aeyaeeiny, aaniyiee no?e c e?niaeo oa?eoi??e Ieaeiueiaeaa?oeueei? AAN iaeaea ia o?aoeio a?eueoa, i?ae ?c eoao. 2.3.Ia ?ic?aooieia? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaniyii? iiaai? (oa? noieo, o?eaae?noue i?eieeao oa iaeneiaeueiee iiaeoeue) iacia/iee iiceoeaiee aieea ia? aenioa i?noeaaino?. 2.4.Ieoaiiy i?i aieea e?no ia oi?ioaaiiy iaeneiaeueieo ni?aicaian?a ia ii/aoie iiaai? ia iienoaai?e oa?eoi??? ia ? aeooaeueiei. ( 100 ei2. Aeey na?aaei?o ? ii??aiyii aaeeeeo ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey c iaaaeeeeie a?aenioeii ?o cae?naiino? a?aei?iiinoyie o oa?aeoa?? i?aenoaeyth/i? iiaa?oi? iiaeia ciaaaaeeoe. oaeiae ea?ooaaoe. ), aeineoue cia/iee. (300 aiae-aeey caea?noiaaii? oa?eoi??? aanaeio ?.N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue oa 165 aiae - aeey ?ioeo ae?eyiie), a oaeiae eiao?oe??io ?onei-caieaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, yeee ii?iiaaii a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici???a aiaeica??ieo ieiu. 6.Iaa?oioiaaii ?aa?iiaeueio oi?ioeo oaeaeeinoae ia?ai?uaiiy iaaiaeeiaeo oaeeue aeiyoeiai? ?iia??iino? ia?aaeuaiiy (P<10%). , aeua oa ieae/a yeeo ?ic?aooieia? iaeneioie aoaeooue iaoe ??cia iioiaeaeaiiy (aeiuiaa aai ni?aiaa). 8.Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? ciaoiaeeoueny ia ??ai? oi/iino? ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?? ye aa??aio, aeueoa?iaoeaiee ae?th/iio NIeIo 2.01.14-83, aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o yeeo a?aeia?aaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??: 1.Aiae???anueea A.I., Aii/aiei ?.Ae., Ia/a?oe A.A. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iaeneioiaie aeiuiaeo iaaiaee?a oa aaniyieo iiaaiae // Iaoai?ieia?y, ee?iaoieia?y ? a?ae?ieia?y. - 1995. - aei.30. - N. 11-18. 2.Aiae?aaaneay A.I., Aii/aiei A.Ae., Ia/a?oe A.A. I oi?ia a?aoeeia i?eoiea aiaee ni neeiiia a ?oneiaoth naoue // Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey. - 1996. - aei.33. - N. 106-111. 3.Aii/aiei A.Ae., Ia/a?oe A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea onoie/eainoe eiyooeoeeaioia ?onei-iieiaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey iaeneiaeueiiai noiea // Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey. - 1996.- aui.34 - N. 196-202. 4.Ia/a?oe A.A. I ?an/aoiuo iaeneioiao ?oneiaiai noiea a aannaeia ?.Naaa?neee Aeiiaoe // Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey. - 1998. - aui.35 - N. 325-327. 5.Aii/aiei A.Ae., Ia/a?oe A.A. Iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey iaeneiaeueiiai noiea aanaiiaai iieiaiaeuey a oneiaeyo thaa eaninoaiiie ciiu Oe?aeiu // Eeaa, 1995. - 18 n. Aeai. A Oe?EIOYE 16.08.95, ?1912 - Oe - 95 // Aiio. a. ?. ae. 0.7. Aaia?aoey ?1, 1996, N. 25. AIIOAOe?ss Ia/a?oe A.A. ?ic?aooieia? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? o aanaei? ?. N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 11.00.07.- a?ae?ieia?y noo?, aiaei? ?ano?ne, a?ae?io?i?y.- Iaeanueeee a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iee ?inoeooo, Iaeana, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy noieo aaniyii? iiaai? a oiiaao e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie (ca iaoa??aeaie Ieaeiueiaeaaeoeueei? AAN) ? ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee aaniyiiai noieo iaaea/aieo ??/ie o aanaei? N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey. sse oai?aoe/ia aaca aeey iiaoaeoaaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? noaie iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? aeei?enoaia iiaeaeue A.I. Aaoai?. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo noaoe?iia?ii? a?ae?ieia?/ii? ia?aae? Aea?aeeiia?ae?iiaoo ?ic?iaeai? oa ocaaaeueiai? ca oa?eoi??th ?aa?iiaeuei? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea nooiaiy aieeao oa?aeoa?o i?eieeao aiaee c? noee?a o ?oneiao ia?aaeo ? oi?ie aiaeicai?o ia iaeneiaeueiee no?e. Aecia/ai? e?eoe/i? ieiu? aeua oa ieae/a yeeo iaeneioie noieo (iaaiaee?a /e iiaaiae) aoaeooue iaoe ??cia iioiaeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe oa iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iaeneiaeueiiai noieo aaniyii? iiaai? ?aeiiaiaeothoueny aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy ye aa??aio, aeueoa?iaoeaiee ae?th/iio NIeIo 2.01.14-83, aeey ??/ie aanaeio N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaniyia iiaaiue, iaeneiaeueiee no?e, e?eoe/i? ieiu?, ?ic?aooieia? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Ia/a?oe A.A. ?an/aoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeneiaeueiiai noiea aanaiiaai iieiaiaeuey a aannaeia ?.Naaa?neee Aeiiaoe. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.07. - aeae?ieiaey nooe, aiaeiua ?ano?nu, aeae?ioeiey. - Iaeanneee aeae?iiaoai?ieiae/aneee einoeooo, Iaeanna, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iniaaiiinoae oi?ie?iaaiey noiea aanaiiaai iieiaiaeuey a oneiaeyo eaninoaiiie ciiu Oe?aeiu (ia iaoa?eaeao Ieaeiaaeaaeoeeie AAN) e ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa oa?aeoa?enoee aanaiiaai noiea iaeco/aiiuo ?ae a aannaeia Naaa?neiai Aeiioea. A ea/anoaa oai?aoe/aneie aacu aeey iino?iaiey ?an/aoiie noaiu iaeneiaeueiiai noiea aanaiiaai iieiaiaeuey eniieueciaaia iiaeaeue A.I.Aaoaie. Ia iniiaa aeaiiuo noaoeeiia?iie aeae?ieiae/aneie naoe Aineiiaeae?iiaoa ?ac?aaioaiu e iaiauaiu ii oa??eoi?ee ?aaeiiaeueiua cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia. I?iaaaeaia ioeaiea noaiaie aeeyiey oa?aeoa?a i?eoiea aiaeu ni neeiiia a ?oneiaoth naoue e oi?iu aiaeinai?a ia iaeneiaeueiue noie. Ii?aaeaeaiu e?eoe/aneea ieiuaaee auoa e ieaea eioi?uo iaeneioiu noiea (iaaiaeeia eee iieiaiaeuey) aoaeoo eiaoue ?acee/iia i?ienoiaeaeaiea. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou e iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iaeneiaeueiiai noiea aanaiiaai iieiaiaeuey ?aeiiaiaeoaony aeey i?aeoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey, eae aa?eaio, aeueoa?iaoeaiue aeaenoaothuaio NIeIo 2.01.14-83, aeey ?ae aannaeia Naaa?neiai Aeiioea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aanaiaa iieiaiaeuea, iaeneiaeueiue noie, e?eoe/aneea ieiuaaee, ?an/aoiua oa?aeoa?eneoee. V.A. Ovcharuk. Calculated characteristics of maximum runoff of spring flood in the basin of Seversky Donetst. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate's degree by geography speciality 11.00.07 - Land hydrology, water resources, hydrochemistry. - Odessa Hydrometeorological Institute, Odessa, 1998. The dissertation is dedicated to research of peculiarity for forming of spring flood runoff in conditions forest-steppe zone of Ukraine (based on Nignedevitskaya's VBS dates) and the development on spring flood characteristic of the uninvestigated rivers in Seversky Donetst basin. As a theoretical basis for calculating of scheme construction of maximum spring flood runoff model by A.N.Befani was used. Basing upon data of Goskomgidromet Stationary network we have worked out and summed up the general regional parameter values for the whole territory. It was estimated the degree of influence character of flow from slopes to channel flow and form of watershed to maximum runoff. Critical watershed areas for wich maximum of runoff will have different orirgin (snow or rain) were defined. The main results and methods for calculating maximum runoff of spring flood are recomended as the whole one for practical using for the Seversky Donetst rivers, as a alternative variant for SNiP 2.01.14-83 in force. Key words: spring flood, maximum runoff, critical watershed areas, calculated characteristics. PAGE PAGE 17

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