?INOEOOO AIOAI?EE ?I. I.A. OIEIAeIIAI

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

Eoeao Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 581.9. 502.75. 581.526. (477.51)

?INEEII?NOUe, OEI?ENOE*I? OA NICIEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO?

IAAEE??**ss AeANIA — INOA?

03.00.05 — aioai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Aiae???iei Oaoyia Eaii?ae?aia,

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai
IAIO,

caa?aeoth/a i?aea?aeii/ith
eiiieaeniith eaai?aoi???th

iaoeiaeo iniia caiia?aeii? ni?aae IAI
Oe?a?ie oa

I?iaeiaaciaee Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Aaeaoia Eaa Na?a?eiae/,

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai
IAIO,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee;

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Iaeueiee
A?eoi? ?aaiiae/,

Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i.
I.I. A?eoea IAIO,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii i?e?iaeii?
oei?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?aaia
O?aiea,

eaoaae?a aioai?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i.Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «26» ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 12 00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.211.01 a ?inoeooo? aioai?ee
?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252601, Ee?a-4, INI, aoe.
Oa?auaie?anueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aioai?ee
?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252025, Ee?a-25, aoe.
Aaeeea AEeoiie?nueea, 28.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «16» aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?eue?inueea A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeey caa?aaeaiiy a?i??ciiiai?ooy i?e?iaeieo
?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie iaiao?aeiei ? aeooaeueiei ? aea/aiiy no/aniiai noaio ?o
?ineeiiino? oa oei?e, ui ? aacith aeey iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae?, yea a iiaea caaacia/eoe ?o ioi?iio.

Iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? iaeaaeeoue aei ?aa?ii?a, a yeeo i?e?iaeia
?ineeii?noue oa oei?a ? aeoaea o?ainoi?iiaaieie aiane?aeie
aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy aeieia?/ii?
??aiiaaae ia eeoa ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio, a e ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ??ai?.
?ineeiiee na?o ?aa?iio iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye nai???aeiee aoaeii
?ineeiiino? oa oei?e E?aiaa?aaeiiai Iie?nny o aeioiii?e nioc? ia iaae? c
E?ninoaiii. Aiaeii/an oeae ?aa?ii oa?aeoa?ecoaaany iaaeinoaoiueith
aea/ai?noth ?ineeiiiai na?oo. Iayai? aaiaioai?/i? oa oei?enoe/i?
a?aeiiino? ia??aeei ? canoa??eeie, a?eueo no/ani? aeai? –
o?aaiaioa?ieie.

Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy no/aniiai noaio ?ineeiiino? ? oei?enoe/ieo
iniaeeainoae ?aa?iio ? iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee a iueiio ?ai?acaioaoeaii?
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? oa iiaoaeiae aeieia?/ii? ia?aae?, ui ia?
aaciina?aaei? a?aeiioaiiy aei iie?auaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio ?
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a ?aa?iio, ye neeaaeiai?
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? oa Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeany
a?aeiia?aeii aei aea?aeaaii? I?ia?aie ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo
caiia?aeii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i? (“Caiia?aeieee”), caoaa?aeaii? Iinoaiiaith
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie 22 aa?aniy 1994 ?. ?177/94 – A?, ca?aeii yei?
?icaeoie ia?aae? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo ia?aaeaa/a? caaacia/eoe
oi?ioaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae i?e?iaeieo eiiieaen?a
oa?eoi??aeueii? iniiae caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? nenoaie ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a ye?e iniaeeai oe?ii? a aeieia?/iiio
a?aeiioaii? oa?eoi??? (“aeieia?/i? aocee”) c’?aeiothoueny i?ae niaith
“aeieia?/ieie ei?eaei?aie”.

?iaioa iia’ycaia oaeiae c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith ?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i.
I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, cie?aia c aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith ? 287
“Iioei?caoe?y nenoaie eaoaai??e i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie a
aniaeo? ioi?iie a?ieia?/iiai ??ciiiai?ooy oa eaiaeoaoo?a”
(aea?ae?a?no?aoe?eieie ? 0198U003035), oa *a?i?a?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i O.A. Oaa/aiea I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, cie?aia
aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith ?16/95 “??aee?ni? oa ei?eni? ?ineeie oei?e
*a?i?a?auei? a i?e?iae? oa eoeueoo??”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
c’ynoaaoe no/aniee noai ?ineeiiiai iie?eao iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?,
anoaiiaeoe eiai oei?enoe/i? oa nicieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ? ia oe?e iniia?
iaaeaoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iioei?caoe?? no/anii? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii?
ia?aae? ?aa?iio oa noai?aiiy eiai aeieia?/ii? ia?aae?.

Aei eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue ?iaioe aoiaeeei:

aeaoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
oi?ioaaiiy ?ineeiiiai na?oo ?aa?iio;

aea/eoe no/aniee noai ?ineeiiiai iie?eao ?aa?iio, ?ic?iaeoe
eeaneo?eaoe?th ?ineeiiino?, neeanoe ea?oinoaio e?niai? ?ineeiiino?, yea
? ia?aaaaeath/ei oeiii;

anoaiiaeoe oei?enoe/iee neeaae ?aa?iio, aeeiiaoe nenoaiaoe/iee,
a?iii?oieia?/iee oa aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee aiae?c oei?e ?aa?iio, anoaiiaeoe
oei?enoe/i? eiai iniaeeaino?, aeyaeoe ??aee?ni? aeaee oei?e ?aa?iio
aeine?aeaeaiue;

aeaoe nicieia?/io ioe?ieo ?ineeiiiai iie?eao oa oei?e ?aa?iio,
anoaiiaeoe eiai nicieia?/i? iniaeeaino?;

cae?enieoe aiae?c ?ai?acaioaoeaiino? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e,
?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iioei?caoe?? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae?
iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?;

?ic?iaeoe aeieia?/io ia?aaeo iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaiee iiaiee
neeaae oa no?oeoo?a oei?e aeueo noaeeiieo ?ineei iiaeaeueiiai ?aa?iio
E?aiaa?aaeiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie — iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?, yea
ia?aoiao? 836 aeae?a, ui iaeaaeaoue aei 421 ?iaeo, 109 ?iaeei oa 5
a?aeae?e?a. Anoaiiaeai? oei?enoe/i? iniaeeaino? iaaee??//y Aeania —
Inoa? ii a?aeiioaiith aei Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio, ianaiia?aae
ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiee oa?aeoa? oei?e. Aia?oa aeyaeai? noai oa
oaiaeaioe?? aeeiai?ee ?ineeiiiai iie?eao, yeee aeeth/a? 160
anioe?aoe?e, ui iaeaaeaoue aei 46 oi?iaoe?e ? 4 oei?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ia?aaaaeathoue aio?iiiaaii? aeaa?aoiaaii? oa aeaiooaoe?ei? ci?ie
?ineeiiino?. Aia?oa iaaiaeyoueny aeey ?aa?iio 42 ??aee?nieo aeaee, a
o./. 12 c *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie oa 4 c ?a?iiaenueeiai *a?aiiiai nieneo.
Aeyaeai? iia? i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy 47 ??aee?nieo aeae?a. Aeae?eai? oa
ioa?aeoa?eciaai? 12 neioaenii?a, ye? iio?aaothoue ioi?iie ia
aea?aeaaiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia aeieia?/ia
ia?aaea iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? ye naiai ?iaeo aoaeii aeey eieaeueieo
?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ?c cia/iei aio?iiiaaiiei aieeaii.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? ia iniia?
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iiiceoe?? ii noai?aiith ?yaeo
iiaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e, cie?aia Inoa?nueeiai
?aa?iiaeueiiai eaiaeoaooiiai ia?eo, 2 aioai?/ieo caeaciee?a
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy (“Aaeaeaeii” oa “Na?aaeiaueia”), 3
aioai?/ieo caeaciee?a i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy, 1 eiiieaenii? iai’yoee
i?e?iaee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy oa 1 caiia?aeiiai o?i/eua aoee ia?aaeai?
aei Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy iaoe?iiaeueieo i?e?iaeieo ia?e?a ? caiia?aeii?
ni?aae oa Aea?aeoi?aae?iiiy ii *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeano? I?i?noa?noaa
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua oa yaea?ii? aaciaee
Oe?a?ie. Neeaaeaiee ? ia?aaeaiee Aea?aeoi?aae?iith aeieia?/ii? aaciaee
ii *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeano? nienie ??aee?nieo aeae?a ?ineei iaaee??//y
Aeania — Inoa?, ye? i?iiiio?oueny caianoe aei nieneo ??aee?nieo ?ineei
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?.

Iaoa??aee ii i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiyo ??aee?nieo aeae?a oa oa?oiiaaiue
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aaaeai? *a?aiii? oa Caeaii? eiea Oe?a?ie.
Aa?aa?i? c?acee ??aee?nieo aeae?a aeueo noaeeiieo ?ineei ia?aaeai? aei
aa?aa???a ?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie (KW) oa
*a?i?a?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea.

Iaea?aeai? iaoeia? aeai? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a
“Aioai?ea c iniiaaie o?oiaaia?ao??” oa “Iieueiaa i?aeoeea c aioai?ee” o
*a?i?a?anueeiio iaaeoi?aa?neoao?, a oaeiae o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio
i?ioean? *a?i?a?anueeiai iaeaniiai iaaeaaia?/iiai e?oeath.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo aeieia?? o?oinenoai ?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.
Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, ia Eiioa?aioe?? oeaio?aeueii- oa
no?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i ii aeieia?/ieo ea?eanao (Iieueua, E?ae?a,
1998), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c ieoaiue ?ica’ycaiy
aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai (I?aeei, 1996; Aiiaeue, 1998), ia eiioa?aioe?yo
iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997; Iaeana, 1997;
Oa?nii, 1998), a oaeiae i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
(*a?i?a?a, 1995; Iaeana, 1996).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 ?ia?o o oaoiaeo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, c ieo 7 noaoae ( o oiio /ene? 3 a «Oe?a?inueeiio
aioai?/iiio aeo?iae?», 2 — o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo noaoae , 2 — o
i?ai?eio?), 1 ioo?aiee aeieia?/iiai ia?o?ooo oa 6 oac.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, ainueie
?icae?e?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (246 iaeiaioaaiue,
c yeeo 29 ?iicaiieo), aeaio aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
noaiiaeoue 176 noi?. Iniiaiee oaeno caeia? 139 noi?., ?enoie?a — 11,
oaaeeoeue — 4.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

?ICAe?E 1

I?E?IAeI? OIIAE IAAEE??**ss AeANIA — INOA?

Iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? ?icoaoiaaia ia I?eaei?i?ianuee?e ieciaei?.
Eiai oa?eoi??y caeia? ieiuo 545,6 oen. aa, ui noaiiaeoue aeecueei 1/6
oa?eoi??? *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. Ca o?ceei-aaia?ao?/iei ?aeiioaaiiyi
(Ia?eie/, Oeuaiei, 1993) ?aa?ii ia?aaaaeii ciaoiaeeoueny o cii? i?oaieo
e?n?a, Iie?nuee?e i?ia?ioe??, yea i?aaenoaaeaia iaeanoth *a?i?a?anueeiai
Iie?nny. Aeecueei oinoi? /anoeie oa?eoi??? iaaee??//y caeia? i?ai?/ia
/anoeia I?ai?/ii-Aei?i?ianueei? oa?aniai? ieciaeiii? iaeano?
E?aiaa?aaeii-Aei?i?ianueei? e?ninoaiiai? i?ia?ioe?? E?ninoaiiai? ciie.
A ?icae?e? iaaiaeeoueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ee?iaoe/ieo,
aaieiai-aaiii?oieia?/ieo oiia, ?aeue?oo, a?ae?ieia?/ii? ia?aae? ?
a?oio?a ?aa?iio, ui iaoiiaeththoue oa?aeoa? ?ineeiiino? oa oei?e
?aa?iio.

?ICAe?E 2

?NOI??ss AEA*AIIss ?INEEIIIAI NA?OO IAAEE??**ss AeANIA — INOA?

Oe?e?nii? ea?oeie ?ineeiiino? ? oei?e Aeaniyinueei — Inoa?nueeiai
iaaee??//y aei i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia aoei. O aioai?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?, ye ? *a?i?a?aueie a oe?eiio,
oiiaii iiaeia aeae?eeoe /ioe?e aoaie: ia?oee (e?iaoeue 1880-eo ?ie?a —
e?iaoeue 1910-eo ?ie?a) — aoai ii/aoeiaeo, a iniiaiiio i?eeeaaeieo,
aeine?aeaeaiue; ae?oaee (ii/aoie 1920-eo ?ie?a — ii/aoie 1940-eo ?ie?a)
— aoai o?aaiaioa?ieo aaiaioai?/ieo oa oei?enoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue;
o?ao?e (e?iaoeue 1940-eo ?ie?a — e?iaoeue 1970-eo ?ie?a) — aoai
ia?aaaaeii aaiaioai?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue; /aoaa?oee (c ii/aoeo 1980-eo
?ie?a) — aoai eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy ?ineeiiino? oa oei?e.

Inoaii?i /anii i?iaiaeeoueny aea/aiiy iiaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo
ia`?eo?a iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? c iaoith iiaoaeiae a ?aa?ii? no/anii?
aeieia?/ii? ia?aae? (Eoeao, 1996, 1998). Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue
inoaii?o ?ie?a aena?oeai? ieoaiiy no/aniiai iioe?aiiy ??aee?nieo aeae?a
?ineei oa ?o ioi?ii? ia *a?i?a?auei? a oe?eiio (Eoeao, Ea?iaiei, 1996,
1997; Eoeao, Ea?iaiei, I?yaeei, 1998) oa iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?
cie?aia (Eoeao, 1997). Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeeeiny aea/aiiy oaeiae no/aniiai
noaio ?ineeiiino? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?, cie?aia e?niai? (Eoeao,
1997).

?ICAe?E 3

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ?ie?a ia iaaee??//? Aeania- Inoa?
(*a?i?a?anueea iaeanoue). Iaoa??aee aoee c?a?ai? i?ae /an
aeniaaeeoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ineeiiino? oa oei?e ?aa?iio. Anueiai
i?iaaaeaii 20 aeniaaeeoe?e. Io?eiai? iaie iaoa??aee aeeth/athoue 580
iiaieo aaiaioai?/ieo iien?a, 8 ea?o ??ciiai iaooaao, 5
aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo i?io?e?a, 300 aa?aa?ieo c?ace?a aeueo noaeeiieo
?ineei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oei?e i?iaiaeeeeny ia?o?ooii-?aeiaiinoe?eieie ia?o?ooieie
oa iai?anoaoe?iia?ieie iaoiaeaie. Ca?? aa?aa?ieo c?ace?a ??aee?nieo oa
oe?iieo aeey iaoee aeae?a i?iaiaeeany a?aeiinii ??aiii??ii ii anueiio
ia?o?ooo. E?aieiaa ea?ooaaiiy ??aee?nieo aeae?a oei?e i?iaiaeeeiny
oeyoii iaianaiiy ia ea?oo-iniiao ?o i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiue. I?e neeaaeaii?
eiiniaeoo oei?e aeei?enoai? aeani? aeai? aaoi?a, iaoa??aee aa?aa??y
?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie (KW). Iiiaieeaoo?a
oaenii?a aeueo noaeeiieo ?ineei iiaeaia ca “Ii?aaeaeeoaeai aunoeo
?anoaiee Oe?aeiu» (1987). Iacae iio?a iaaaaeai? ca ?iaioaie Ae.E. Ca?iaa
(1928, 1964) oa A.I. Iaeueie/oea (1970). A?iii?oieia?/ia no?oeoo?a oei?e
aecia/aeanue ca?aeii e?i?eii? nenoaie aeeoo?aeo oi?i A.I. Aieoa?aa
(1968, 1972). Aeae?eaiiy aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo oei?enoe/ieo a?oi
i?iaiaeeeiny ca?aeii ?ic?iaee o?oi?iae?eaoe?eieo oeae A. Aeeaiaa?aa
(1953), Ae.I. Oeeaaiiaa (1983) c iaaieie aeiiiaiaiiyie ss. I. Ae?aeooa
oa I.A. Iethoe (1994).

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oa?oiiaaiue ?ineeiiino?
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny caaaeueii-i?eeiyo? aaiaioai?/i? iaoiaee (Aeaoei, 1925,
1938; ?aiaineee, 1937, 1971; Oaiieeia, 1964; “Iieaaay aaiaioaieea”, o.o.
1-5, 1959-1976). Ie??i oiai aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee/i? aeac?aee N.A.
A?eoi?iaa oa ?i. (1959), O. A. ?aaioiiaa (1983) oa ?i.

Caeeaaeaiiy aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo i?io?e?a i?iaiaeeeiny iaoiaeii
aeieia?/ieo ?yae?a (THiiaoia, 1964), a oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaeany
iaoiaeeea E.A. ?aiainueeiai (1937). I?e neeaaeaii? ea?oinoaie e?niai?
?ineeiiino? iaaee??//y aeei?enoiaoaaeany iaoiaeeea N.A. A?eaiai? oa O.?.
?na/aiei (1972). Aeey neeaaeaiiy ea?oinoaie aeei?enoaia ea?oa-iniiaa
ianooaao 1 : 200 000. Ea?ooaaiiy eeth/iaeo ae?eyiie ??cieo oei?a
?ineeiiino? i?iaiaeeeiny iaoiaeii ia?aeaeueieo oiae?a.

Aeey c`ynoaaiiy aeeiai?ee ?ineeiiino? aeei?enoiaoaaany, a iniiaiiio,
iaoiae ii??aiyiiy, yeee aeicaieea a ei?ioeee /an iai?oeoe oaiaeaioe??
aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a ? aeaanoe noeoean?ei? ?yaee. I?iaiaeeeiny oaeiae
caeeaaeaiiy na??? i?iaieo ae?eyiie c iaoith aea/aiiy ianeaaeueieo ci?i
?ineeiiino?.

I?e ia?iaoe? iaoa??ae?a noai?aiee oaaee/iee aa??aio eiiniaeoo oei?e
?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiiy a oaenoiaiio oi?iao? Word`97, yeee o
iiaeaeueoiio iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey noai?aiiy aace aeaieo ii oei??
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?.

?ICAe?E 4

AIAE?C OEI?E IAAEE??**ss AeANIA – INOA? OA ?? INIAEEAINO?

4.1. Nenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c

Oei?a iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? ca iaoeie aeaieie ia?aoiao? 836 aeae?a,
ui iaeaaeaoue aei 421 ?iaeo, 109 ?iaeei oa 5 a?aeae?e?a. O oei?? ?aa?iio
ia?aaaaeathoue iie?eoiian?ii?, ia aeieth yeeo i?eiaaea? 88,07% ?iaeei,
95,37% ?iae?a oa 94,72% aeae?a, ui oe?eeii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie
aeey oei?e Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny oa Oe?a?ie a oe?eiio (Aiae?eaiei,
Oaeya-Niniiei, 1982). Iayai? eeoa iacia/i? a?aeoeeaiiy o e?euee?nieo
iieacieeao, cie?aia o/anoue iie?eoiian?iieo o oei?? iaaee??//y aeaui
ieae/a, i?ae ia Oe?a?inueeiio Iie?nn? a oe?eiio (88,07% i?ioe 92,40%).
Na?aae iie?eoiian?iieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Liliopsida : Magnoliopsida
noaiiaeoue 1:3,38, ui a?aeiia?aea? oaeiio ni?aa?aeiioaiith aeey
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio (1:3). Oei?enoe/ia i?iii?oe?y noaiiaeoue
1:3,86:7,67, ui aeaui a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oaeiai iieacieea aeey
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny (1:5:13). Oea iiaeia iiynieoe a?eueoith
iaeii??aei?noth i?e?iaeieo oiia oa cia/ii iaioith ieiuath oa?eoi???
?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue o ii??aiyii? c Oe?a?inueeei Iie?nnyi.

O?e iaea?eueo aaaao? aeaeaie ?iaeeie (Asteraceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae)
neeaaeathoue 26,79% an??? e?eueeino? aeae?a, ui ? aeecueeei aei oaeiai
iieacieea aeey Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio (24,3%). Aeanyoue
iaea?eueo aaaaoeo aeaeaie ?iaeei (Asteraceae (13,40%), Poaceae (8,01%),
Rosaceae (5,38%), Lamiaceae (4,67%), Cyperaceae (4,67%), Fabaceae
(4,43%), Scrophullariaceae (3,47%), Caryophyllaceae (4,31%), Apiaceae
(3,23%), Brassicaceae (2,99%), neeaaeathoue 54,56% an?o aeae?a, a ?aooa
99 ?iae?a – 45,44%. Oea iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? aeaiei ii Oe?a?inueeiio
Iie?nnth, a oaeiae ocaiaeaeo?oueny ?c caaaeueiith caeiiii??i?noth,
aeanoeaith oei?? Aiea?eoeee. sse?niee neeaae ia?aaaaeath/eo ?iaeei
iaaee??//y ni?aiaaea? c oaeei aeey Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio oa
Ee?anueeiai Iie?nny cie?aia (Iinyeei, 1990). Ca naeo?ii i?ia?aeieo
?iaeei oei?a iaaee??//y ia? ?ene ye i?ai?/ieo oei?, aeecueeeo aei
ai?aaeueieo, oae ? i?aaeaiieo, aeecueeeo aei iaii?aeueieo. Ia?o? i?noey
a ?iaeiaiio niaeo?? iin?aeathoue ye ai?aaeuei? ?iaee (Carex, Salix,
Juncus, Rumex, Potamogetom), oae ? ?iaee ??ciiai aaia?ao?/iiai
iioe?aiiy (Viola, Veronica, Campanula, Galium, Potentilla). Oea aeaco?
ia noeeueiee aei ai?aaeueiiai oa?aeoa? oei?e iaaee??//y ca ?iaeiaei
neeaaeii.

A oe?eiio ca nenoaiaoe/iith no?oeoo?ith oei?a iaaee??//y Aeania-Inoa? ?
oei?ith ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiiai oeio.

4.2. A?iii?oieia?/iee aiae?c

O oei?? iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? ia?aaaaeathoue o?aa’yi? ?ineeie (747
aeae?a; 89,35%), aeaee ?ioeo a?oi neeaaeathoue 10,65% (c ieo /aaa?ie/ee
oa iai?a/aaa?ie/ee – 1,20%, /aaa?ieee – 6,46%, aea?aaa – 2,99%). A
oe?eiio o niaeo?? oei?e ia?aaaaeathoue o?aa’yi? iie?ea?i?ee, o/anoue
yeeo noaiiaeoue 63,40% a?ae an?o aeae?a. Oeae iieaciee aeecueeee aei
oaeiai aeey Ee?anueeiai Iie?nny (Iinyeei, 1990). O/anoue iiiiea?i?e?a
(217 aeae?a) o oei?? ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue noaiiaeoue 25,95% (c ieo
iaeii??/iee?a – 137 aeae?a (16,38%), iaeii-aeai??/iee?a – 32 (3,83%),
aeai??/iee?a – 48 (5,74%)). Oeae iieacieee ? aeaui aeuei, i?ae aeey
Ee?anueeiai Iie?nny (20,7%) (Iinyeei, 1990), aea aeaui ieae/ei, i?ae
?icoaoiaaieo ia i?aaeaiue a?ae iueiai ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, iai?eeeaae,
iiieccy ?. Ai?neee (27%) (Noaoethe, 1997). Iniiaiith ee?iaii?oith o
oei?? ? aai?e?eioio?oe (412; 49,27%), ui ? aaaeeeaei iieacieeii
ciiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o oei?e.A oe?eiio a?iii?oieia?/ia no?oeoo?a oei?e
iaaee??//y Aeania-Inoa? ? oeiiaith aeey ?aa?iiaeueieo oei? iii??ieo
oe?io Aieaeoeee.

4.3.Aeieiai – oeaiioe/iee aiae?c

Aeey cae?eniaiiy aeieia?/iiai aiae?co iaie aoee aeae?eai? a?oie aeae?a
?ineei ii a?aeiioaiith aei aieiae. A ?aa?ii? aeine?aeaeaiue iacio?euei?
oa a?ae?io?euei? aeioiie oa?eoi??aeueii ia?aaaaeathoue iaae
ena?io?eueieie. Oea ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?aaaaeaiiy iacio?o?a (356;
42,58%) oa a?a?io?o?a (228; 26,67%) iaae ena?io?oaie (22; 2,63%). Ca
oeaiioe/iith ?ieeth ia?aaaaeathoue anaeoaoi?e (705 aeae?a; 84,33%), ui ?
caaaeueiith caeiiii??i?noth.

I?e aecia/aii? aeieiai-oeaiioe/ii? no?oeoo?e o oei?? iaaee??//y Aeania
— Inoa? ie aeae?eeee 6 a?oi oa 15 i?aea?oi o ?o neeaae?. I?ia?aeia
i?noea a aeieiai-oeaiioe/iiio niaeo?? caeia? eo/ia a?oia, yea aeeth/a?
o?aoeio an?o aeae?a oei?e ?aa?iio, cia/ia /anoeia yeeo oa?aeoa?ia aeey
ai?aaeueieo oei?. Cia/ia i?aaenoaaeai?noue aeae?a e?niai? a?oie (30,8 %)
o oei?? ?aa?iio iiynith?oueny ?icoaooaaiiyi iaaee??//y o e?nia?e cii? oa
iaea?eueoith caa?aaeai?noth o ?aa?ii? e?niaiai oeio ?ineeiiino?.
Aeecueei o?aouei? /anoeie aeae?a e?niai? a?oie – e?nia? iaii?aeuei?.
Ia?aaaaeaiiy e?niaeo iaii?aeueieo aeae?a iaae e?niaeie ai?aaeueieie
iaoiiaeaia ?icoaooaaiiyi oa?eoi??? iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? o e?aei?e
i?aaeaii?e nioc? E?aiaa?aaeiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie ? iaaaaaoei oei?enoe/iei
neeaaeii niniiaeo e?n?a ?aa?iio. O oei?? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?
5,27% noaiiaeyoue aeaee aieioii? a?oie oa 5,74 % — aeaee aiaeii? a?oie.
Iayai?noue neiaio?iiii? a?oie, i?aaenoaaeaii? 17,35% aeaeaie oei?e
?aa?iio, i?aee?aneth? aio?iiiaaiio inai?i?noue iaaee??//y Aeania –
Inoa?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui a oe?eiio oei?a iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?
ia? ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiee oa iacio?oiee oa?aeoa? ? ia no/aniiio aoai?
ciaoiaeeoueny o neeueii aio?iiiaaiii ci?iaiiio noai?. Aiia iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ii??aiyiiy c ?ioeie niiioaiieie oei?aie.

4.4. Oei?enoe/i? iniaeeaino? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?

?icoaooaaiiy iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? a e?aei?e i?aaeaii?e nioc?
E?aiaa?aaeiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie iaeeaei a?aeaeoie ia iniaeeaino? oei?e
?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia oii? oei?e Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio,
ui ia? ai?aaeueiee oa?aeoa?, oei?a ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue ia?
ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiee oa?aeoa?.

Na?aae aeae?a i?e?iaeii? oei?e ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaia aeineoue
aaeeea a?oia aeae?a, iaae? a?aae?a yeeo i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac eiai
oa?eoi??th. Ia oa?eoi??? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? i?ioiaeeoue i?aaeaiia
iaaea nooe?eueiiai iioe?aiiy ?yaeo ai?aaeueieo aeae?a (Lycopodium
annotinum L., Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub, Gymnocarpium
dryopteris (L.) Newm., Astragalus arenarius L., Antennaria dioica (L.)
Gaertn., Calla palustris L.) aai ?o ino??aieo i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiue
(Huperzia selago (L.) Bernch. ex Schrank et Mert., Juniperus communis
L., Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br.). Oae? aeaee ye Fragaria viridis Duch.,
Acer campestre L., Salvia verticillata L., Lemna gibba L., Najas major
L., N. marina L., Caulinia minor (All.) Coss. et Germ. ia oa?eoi???
iaaee??//y ciaoiaeyoueny ia i?ai?/i?e iaae? a?aaeo. Ia no?aei?e iaae?
iioe?aiiy a ?aa?ii? ia?aaoaathoue aeaee-aeii?iaioe ??aee?nieo
oa?oiiaaiue (Carpinus betulus L., Corynephorus canescens (L.) Beauv.,
Allium ursinum L., Galanthus nivalis L.) oa aeaee-anaeoaoi?e (Sedum
sexanqulare L., Sanicula europaea L., Scilla bifolia L.).

Ia iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? eaea ?icnaeaiiy a a?eueo?e i???, i?ae a
oe?eiio ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, aaeaaioeaieo aeae?a oa
caee/aa?eeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a, aeaye? c yeeo (ianaiia?aae Robinia
pseudoacacia L.) aenooiathoue ni?aaeii?iaioaie iio?aeieo oa?oiiaiue.

?ICAe?E 5

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?INEEIIIAI IIE?EAO IAAEE??**ss AeANIA – INOA?

5.1. Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ineeiiino? oa ?? ?ici?uaiiy ia oa?eoi???
? a ?aeue?o?

Ia oa?aeoa? ?ineeiiiai iie?eao iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?, iniaeeai
e?niai? ?ineeiiino?, yea a iaea?eueo?e i??? a?aeaeaa? ee?iaoe/i? oiiae
?aa?iio, cia/ii aieeaathoue ?icoaooaaiiy ?aa?iio a iaea?eueo i?aaeaii?e
nioc? No?aeiiai Iie?nny ia iaae? c E?ninoaiii, a oaeiae no?ieao?noue ?
/anoeiaa canieai?noue a?oio?a. Ca “Aaiaioai?/iei ?aeiioaaiiyi O?N?”
(1977) oa?eoi??y iaaee??//y ia?aaaaeii iaeaaeeoue aei ?a?iiaenueei?
oe?ieieenoyii? iaeano?, No?aeii-?a?iiaenueei? i?ia?ioe??,
No?aeii-Iie?nueeiai aaiaioai?/iiai ie?oao o neeaae? Inoa?nueeiai oa
Ieeo?anueei-Ei?iinueeiai aaiaioai?/ieo ?aeii?a. I?aaeaiii-no?aeia
/anoeia ?aa?iio ciaoiaeeoueny a ?a?iiaenueei-Nea??nuee?e E?ninoaiia?e
iaeano?, No?aeii-?a?iiaenuee?e i?ia?ioe??, Aaoiaoeueei-E?aiai/ooeueeiio
ie?oc? Aia?iaeoeueei-Aaoiaoeueeiio aaiaioai?/iiio ?aeii?.

Ia?aaaaeath/ei a ?aa?ii? aeine?aeaeaiue ? e?niaee oei ?ineeiiino?.
Cae?niai?noue oa?eoi??? iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? iaeaea aaea?/? iaioa,
i?ae aeey *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, ? noaiiaeoue aeecueei 10 %, ui
iiynith?oueny cia/iith inai?i?noth oa?eoi???. Iaio? ieiu? caeiathoue
eo/iee (aei 10 %) oa aieioiee (2 — 3 %) oeie ?ineeiiino?. Aiaeia
?ineeii?noue iioe?aia iaei, aiia cina?aaeaeaia a iniiaiiio a
ia?aneoath/eo iaeeo ??/eao oa iae?i?aoeaieo eaiaeao.Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y
?ineeiiiai iie?eao cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny ?aeue?oii, no?ieaoei
a?oioiaei iie?eaii oa a?ae?ieia?/iith ia?aaeath iaaee??//y.

5.2. Eeaneo?eaoe?y ?ineeiiino? ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue

Eeaneo?eaoe?y ?ineeiiino? ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaie ia
iniia? aeii?iaioiiai i?aeoiaeo. Ca ?? iniiao acyoa eeaneo?eaoe?y
?ineeiiino? Oe?a?ie (Aoaianue?a oa ?i., 1956) c aeayeeie ci?iaie ii
iaaieo oeiao ?ineeiiino?, cie?aia e?niai? (Oaeya-Niniiei, 1974). Iacae
neioaenii?a iaaaaeai? ca “I?iae?iionii ?anoeoaeueiinoe Oe?aeiu”. Ca?aeii
eeaneo?eaoe?eii? noaie ?ineeii?noue iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?
i?aaenoaaeaia 46 oi?iaoe?yie, ye? neeaaeathoue 12 eean?a ? iaeaaeaoue
aei 4 oei?a (160 anioe?aoe?e).

5.3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea neioaenii?a

Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? an? oeie ?ineeiiino? ia ??ai? eean?a oi?iaoe?e,
oi?iaoe?e, noaoi?iaoe?e, eean?a oa a?oi anioe?aoe?e c iienii no?oeoo?e
oeaiic?a, iaaaaeaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oiia, oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo oa ?i..

E?niaa ?ineeii?noue iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? i?aaenoaaeaia oeiiaeie, ye
ai?aaeueieie, oae ? iaii?aeueieie oeaiicaie (?en 5.2). Ia?aaaaeathoue
e?ne oi?iaoe?e Pineta sylvestris, Querceta roboris, noaoi?iaoe??
Querceto-Pineta. A oeaio?aeuei?e oa no?aei?e /anoeiao ?aa?iio aeyaeai?
e?ne noaoi?iaoe?? Acereto (platanoiditis)-Tilieto-Querceta, oa?aeoa?i?
aeey E?aiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio. Iaaee??//y ioiieth? /anoeio a?aaeo e?n?a
oi?iaoe?? Carpineta betuli ia E?aiaa?aaeae? Oe?a?ie. A?eueoa /anoeia
e?n?a iaaee??//y yaeythoue niaith na?aaeiueia?eia? eoeueoo?e, i?e?iaei?
oeaiice caa?aaeeny ia iaaaeee?e ieiu?. A e?nao iaaee??//y aeyaeaiee
?yae ??aee?nieo aeae?a, cie?aia ai?aaeueieo (Huperzia selago,
Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth, Astragalus arenarius oa ?i.) oa
iaii?aeueieo (Galanthus nivalis, Lilium martagon L., Epipactis
atrorubens (Hoffm. ex Bernch.) Schult.).

?en. 5.1. Ea?oinoaia ?ici?uaiiy e?niai? ?ineeiiino? iaaee??//y Aeania —
Inoa?.

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: 1 — niniia? e?ne caeaiiiioia? a eiiieaen? c niniiaeie
oa aa?aciai-niniiaeie e?naie ceaeiaeie, 2 — aeoaiai-niniia? e?ne
(e?ueiia? oa e?ooeiia?), 3 — aeoaia? e?ne e?ueiia?, 4 — aeoaia? e?ne
e?ueiia? a eiiieaen? c ynaiaai-aeoaiaeie e?naie e?ueiiaeie, 5 — aeoaia?
e?ne e?ueiia? a eiiieaen? c eeiiai-aeoaiaeie e?naie oa
eeaiiai-eeiiai-aeoaiaeie e?naie (yaeeoeaaeie oa aieinenoiinieiaeie), 6 —
aeoaia? e?ne e?ueiia? a eiiieaen? c a?aaiai-aeoaiaeie e?naie
(yaeeoeaaeie, c??i/ieeiaeie, aieinenoiinieiaeie), 7 — a?aaia? e?ne
(yaeeoeaa?, c??i/ieeia?, aieinenoiinieia?).

Ia iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? eoee (n?iiaeao? oa ianiaeua) ?ici?uothoueny
ia?aaaaeii a caieaaao iaeeo ??/ie iaaee??//y oa ?o i?eoie. Eo/ia
?ineeii?noue i?aaenoaaeaia oeiiaeie aeey Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny oeaiicaie
ni?aaaei?o, aieioenoeo, oi?oyienoeo oa ionoeuieo eoe. ?acii c oei ooo
iayai? ae?eyiee canieaieo eoe c aeii?ioaaiiyi Festuca orientalis a
iie?nuee?e /anoei? iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? (caieaae ??/ie Acaeaeae? oa
Niieyiee, caeaciee Nineinueeee) oa a e?ninoaiia?e /anoei? ?aa?iio.
Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an yaeythoue ??aee?ni? aeey Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny
oa?oiiaaiiy oi?iaoe?? Cariceta distichae, ui oi?iothoueny ia
neaaeicanieaieo aeioiiao.

Aieioia ?ineeii?noue ia iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? ciaoiaeeoueny o aeoaea
o?ainoi?iiaaiiio noai?, ine?eueee cia/ia e?euee?noue aie?o inooaia. Iei?
caaiei/ai?noue oa?eoi??? noaiiaeoue 2-3%. ?ai?oa caaiei/ai?noue
No?aeiiai Iie?nny, aei yeiai aoiaeeoue iniiaia /anoeia iaaee??//y,
aeinyaaea 4,1 % (A?aae?n, 1973).

O neeaae? aieioii? ?ineeiiino? ia?aaaaeathoue aao?ioi? aieioa,
i?aaenoaaeai? i?aaaaeii o?aa`yieie oa?oiiaaiiyie. Oeiia? aeey Iie?nny
inieiai-a?iiia? oa inieia? aieioa caeiathoue iei? iaaaeee? ieiu?.
Ia?aaaaeath/eie ? aenieio?aai? aieioa, coi?iiaai? ii aoi?eiieo
aiaeiae?eao (eaiaeao, noaaao), ia i?noe? ci?iaieo i?ney inoooaaiiy
iaaiaeiaieo aie?o. E?nia? aieioi? oa?oiiaaiiy oi?iaoe?? Alneta
glutinosae caeiathoue iaaaeee? ieiu?. Iaeaea a?aenooi? oeiia? iacio?ioi?
oa ie?aio?ioi? aieioa. Iayai? eeoa

iaaaeee? aieioi? ae?eyiee ia aoai? anooio aei iacio?ioii? noaae??. Ca
aeieiai-aaiaoe/iei oeiii aieioa iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? ?
?ai?acaioaoeaieie aei No?aeiiai Iie?nny.

Aiaei? oa i?eaa?aaeii-aiaei? oeaiice ia iaaee??//? Aeania — Inoa?
cina?aaeaeai? caeaa?eueoiai a eaiaeao iae?i?aoeaeo nenoai, a oaeiae
caoieao iaeeo ??/ie, ca?inoath/eo ooo/ieo ica?ao. Oa?eoi??aeueii
ia?aaaaea? ni?aaaeiy aiaeia ?ineeii?noue. Oeaiice aiaeii? ?ineeiiino?
caeaa?eueoiai yaeythoue niaith ??ci? noaae?? ca?inoaiiy aiaeiei. Aiie ?
oeiiaeie aeey aiaeii? ?ineeiiino? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio. I?ioa
aeaui iaioith, i?ae ia I?aaiaa?aaeae?, ? ooo ?ieue oeaiic?a, ye?
ooai?ththoue aeaee c ?iaeeie Nymphaeaceae, a ca`yceo c a?aenooi?noth
cia/ieo aiaeieo ieiu.

?ICAe?E 6

AeEIAI?EA ?INEEIIIAI IIE?EAO IAAEE??**ss AeANIA – INOA?

Oa?eoi??y iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iei ?icaeoeii
caaaeueieo aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a ?ineeiiino?, iaoiiaeaieo aaia?ao?/iei
?icoaooaaiiyi ?aa?iio, ye? i?aeneeththoueny cia/iei aio?iiiaaiiei
aieeaii, iia`ycaiei c inoooaaeueiith iae?i?aoe??th, aenieith
?ici?ai?noth (aeecueei 70%) caiaeue, ?ae?aaoe?eiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi oiui.

6.1. I?e?iaei? ci?ie

Na?aae i?e?iaeieo ci?i ?ineeiiiai iie?eao iaaee??//y Aeania-Inoa? o
oa?eoi??aeueiiio a?aeiioaii? cia/ia i?noea iin?aeathoue neiaaiaoe/i?
ci?ie, cie?aia ca?inoaiiy ai?iaeo i?ne?a oa aiaeiei.

A ca?inoaii? i?ne?a ia iaaee??//? Aeania — Inoa? a ca?inoaii? i?ne?a
aa?ooue o/anoue ye oeiia? aeey e?niai? ciie oe?ieia?aaeuei? inaiio?oi?
aeaee (Calamagrostis epigeios (L.) Roth, Koeleria glauca (Spreng.) DC.),
oae ? oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueeee aeae Corynephorus canescens, oeaiice
yeiai ciaoiaeyoueny ia no?aei?e iaae? iioe?aiiy.

Aeey neiaaiaoe/ieo i?ioean?a i?e ca?inoaii? aiaeiei ?aa?iio
aeine?aeaeaiue oa?aeoa?ia cia/ia o/anoue Phragmites australis (Cav.)
Trin. ex Steud, Typha angustifolia L. a oaeiae Typha latifolia L. oa
Glyceria maxima (C. Hartm) Holmb. Ca?inoaiiy aiaeiei iaaee??//y Aeania —
Inoa? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy oeaiic?a aieioenoeo eoe oa aoo?ioieo
/aaa?ieeiaeo aie?o.

6.2. Aio?iiiaaiii – i?e?iaei? ci?ie

Aio?iiiaaiii-i?e?iaei? ci?ie ia iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? i?aaenoaaeai?
aeaiooaoe?eieie. Na?aae ieo iaea?eueo iioe?aieie a ?aa?ii?
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ci?ie, iia`ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi iiaeo eo/ieo oeaiic?a oa
a?aeiiaeaiiy e?no o aeanoeaeo ? iaaeanoeaeo oiiaao. Aeey e?n?a
iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? ia a?aeiiaeaieo eoeueoo?ith ninie ae?eyieao
iaie a?aei?/aia yaeua aeniain?? aeae?a-?io?iaeooeaaio?a, cie?aia Robinia
pseudoacacia, yea iei? iniaeeai ia ai?ia?e oa?an? ?. Aeanie ia? ianiaee
oa?aeoa?. Ina?aaeeaie ?icnaeaiiy oeueiai aeaeo aenooiathoue i?eaei?iaei?
nioae ia oce?nnyo niniiaeo e?n?a, eoaee aoa aenaaeaeaiee oeae aeae 30-40
?ie?a oiio. I?ioean cani?/aiiy ei??iieo eoeueoo? Robinia pseudoacacia
i?ioiaeeoue aeae?eueea noaae?e. Aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee ?yae oi?ioaaiiy
oeaiic?a c o/anoth Robinia pseudoacacia a niniiaeo e?nao ia iaaee??//?
Aeania – Inoa? ia? oaeee aeaeyae: ii?ooai? oeaiice Pinetum hylocomiosum
c thaai?eueieie aecaiiey?aie Robinia pseudoacacia ( ca?aeiai?
oa?oiiaaiiy Pinetum hylocomiosum c Robinia pseudoacacia a y?on?
i?aee?neo ( oa?oiiaaiiy (Robinieto)-Pinetum chelidoniosum ( oa?oiiaaiiy
Robinieto-Pinetum sparsiherbosum.

Iioe?aiiy ?ioeo aeae?a-?io?iaeooeaio?a (Acer negundo L., Amorpha
fruticosa L., Cotinus cogigria Scop., Ptilea trifoliata L.) ia?
eieaeueiee oa?aeoa?.

6.3. Aio?iiiaaii? ci?ie

Ia iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? oi?ioth/? aio?iiiaaii? ci?ie iia`ycai? c
oi?ioaaiiyi iiaeo oeaiic?a aiane?aeie i?aen?aaiiy aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa.
Na?aae aio?iiiaaiieo aeaa?aoiaaiieo ci?i iniiaieie a ?aa?ii? ? ci?ie,
iia`ycai? c aeianaiiyi, ianaiia?aae ia caieaaieo eoeao. Aeineoue /anoi
niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y iaeeaaeaiiy inoooaaeueii? iae?i?aoe?? oa
aeianaiiy. A ?iaio? iaaiaeeoueny oa?aeoa?enoeea iinoianeaaeueieo ci?i
ni?aaaei?o (oi?iaoe?y Festuceta pratensis), aieioenoeo (oi?iaoe?y
Agrostideta stolonifera), oi?oyienoeo (oi?iaoe?y Deschampsieta
caespitosa) oa canieaieo (oi?iaoe?y Festuceta orientalis) eoe.

Na?aae e?niai? ?ineeiiino? aeianaiiy, a oaeiae ?ae?aaoe?eia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia?o ca ana aieeaathoue ia niniia? e?ne caeaiiiioia?.
Iaaaaeaiee a ?iaio? noeoean?eiee ?yae ?o aeea?an?? iieaco? o?ae ci?i
oa?oiiaaiue Pinetum hylocomiosum aei Pinetum sambucoso
(racemosi)-sparsiherbosum. A oe?eiio aeianaiiy oa ?ae?aaoe?eia
iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ecaiaeyoue aei iinooiiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oa?oiiaaiue,
/anoeiai? ci?ie ?o no?oeoo?e, iaeaea iiaii? cai?ie oei?enoe/iiai
neeaaeo, i?e ye?e i?ia?aeia ?ieue o o?aainoi? iaeaaeeoue ao?’yiiaei,
iai?aao?’yiiaei oa no?eeei aei aeoiiooaaiiy aeaeai.

?ICAe?E 7

NICIEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? IAAEE??**ss AeANIA – INOA?

7.1. ??aee?ni? aeaee oei?e

O oei?? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? iaie aeyaeaii 47 ??aee?nieo aeae?a.
Aa?o/e ca iniiao e?euee?noue i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiue a ?aa?ii? oa
aaia?ao?/ia iioe?aiiy aeae?a, na?aae ieo iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeoaea
??aee?ni? (10), ??aee?ni? (16) oa a?aeiinii ??aee?ni? (22) aeaee. C ieo
4 aeaee caianai? aei *a?aiiiai ?a?iiaenueeiai nieneo oa 16 aei *a?aiii?
eieae Oe?a?ie (1996) .

Aei a?oie aeoaea ??aee?nieo aeey aeaii? oa?eoi??? ? a oe?eiio aeey
Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny aeeth/ai? aeaee, i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy yeeo a
?aa?ii? iiiaeeiie? ? ?ai?oa cian?i ooo ia o?enoaaeeny. Oea cie?aia
Huperzia selago, Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth, Botrychium multifidum
(S. G.) Gmel., Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Tod., Adenophora
liliifolia (L.) A. DC., Astragalus arenarius, Carex brizoides L., Carex
hartmanii Cajand, Allium ursinum, Goodyera repens. Aei ae?oai? a?oie ie
a?aeianee aeaee, ye? iathoue iaiaaeaia iioe?aiiy a ?aa?ii? oa aeaee ia
iaae? naiai a?aaeo. E?euee?noue ?o i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiue ooo noaiiaeoue 3
– 10. Oea cie?aia Diphasiastrum complanatum, Lycopodium annotinum.,
Dryopteris austriaca (Jaq.) Woynar ex Schinz. et Thell., Gymnocarpium
dryopteris, Polypodium vulgare L., Salvinia natans (L.) All, Juniperus
communis, Salix myrsinifolia Salisb., Lilium martagon, Gladiolus
imbricatus L., Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) Soo, Epipactis atrorubens,
Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. Aei a?oie a?aeiinii ??aee?nieo aeae?a,
e??i iia?aie/ii-a?aaeueieo, a?aeianai? ? aeaee ?ineei, ye? a?aeiinii
/anoi o?aieythoueny a ?aa?ii?, i?ioa ?o /enaeuei?noue ciaioo?oueny
aiane?aeie cieuaiiy i?e?iaeieo aeioii?a, a yeeo aiie c?inoathoue, oa
ianiaiai cieuaiiy (Dryopteris cristata (L.) A. Gray, Pulsatilla
latifolia Rupr., Nymphaea candida J. et C. Presl, Inula helenium L. oa
?i.)

?yae ??aee?nieo aeae?a iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? iio?aao? ioi?iie ye ia
aea?aeaaiiio, oae ? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. Ne?ae ?icaeyiooe ieoaiiy
i?i caianaiiy Botrychium multifidum aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie,
ine?eueee eiai i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy, ye ? /a?aiiieieaeiiai aeaeo B.
lunaria (L.) Sw., a Oe?a?i? ? iiiaeeiieeie. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oae? aeaee
ye Polystichum aculeatum , Dryopteris austriaca oa Polypodium vulgare,
Adenophora liliifolia, Astragalus arenarius aa?o? caianaiiy aei nieneo
??aee?nieo aeae?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny.

7.2. ??aee?ni? oa?oiiaaiiy

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue ?ineeiiino? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? iaie
aeyaeaii 12 neioaenii?a, ye? iio?aaothoue ioi?iie ia
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. C ieo aei “Caeaii?
eieae» Oe?a?ie (1987) caianaii 9 neioaenii?a: e?nia? oa?oiiaaiiy a?oi
anioe?aoe?e Pineta hylocomiosa, Querceta (roboris) corylosa,
noaoi?iaoe?e Tilieto-Querceta, Acereto-Tilieto-Querceta,
Carpineto-Querceta, oeaiice Mixeto-Quercetum (roboris) alliosum, a
oaeiae aiaei? oa?oiiaaiiy oi?iaoe?e Salvinieta natantis, Nymphaeta
albae, N. candidae, Nuphareta lutea. Na?aae iaaaaeaieo ??aee?nieo
oa?oiiaaiue i?aaenoaaeai? oeiia? oa?oiiaaiiy, ia?aaaaeii ciiaeuei?
ei??ii?, iia?aie/ii a?aaeuei? oa ?ae?eoia?. O o?ueio neioaeniiao
(anioe?aoe?yo Quercerum coryloso-alliosum (ursini) oa Acereto
(platanoiditis)–Tilieto– Quercetum alliosum (ursini) ? oi?iaoe??
Salvinieta natantis aeaee-aeii?iaioe caianai? aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie
(1996).

Aeey ioi?iie ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iaie cai?iiiiiaai? oa?oiiaaiiy, ye?
ia?aaoaathoue ia iaaeao naiai iioe?aiiy, cie?aia, no?aei?e –
Corynephoreta canescentis, i?ai?/i?e – Cariceta distichae, i?aaeaii?e –
Cariceto (lasiocarpae) — Sphagneta. Iacaaacia/ai? oa iaeicaaacia/ai?
ioi?iiith oeaiice iathoue oa?eoe aei iiaeo cai?iiiiiaaieo oa?eoi??e
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo *a?i?a?aueie.

7.3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?aae? ?nioth/eo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e

oa aiae?c ?? ?ai?acaioaoeaiino?

?nioth/a i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeia ia?aaea iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?
ia?aoiao? 71 ia`?eo caaaeueiith ieiuath 9552,37 aa, ui noaiiaeoue 1,75%
eiai oa?eoi???. Oeae iieaciee ? iecueeei o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeiei
iieacieeii aeey *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? (3,24%) oa Oe?a?ie (3,7%).
I?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi??? iaaee??//y aeeth/athoue 1 aea?aeaaiee
caeaciee caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy “Nineinueeee” (406 aa), 51
caeaciee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy (8109,5 aa), 14 iai`yoie i?e?iaee
i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy (47,87 aa) oa 3 caiia?aeieo o?i/eua (989,0 aa). Ca
e?euee?noth oa ieiuath ia?aaaaeathoue a?ae?ieia?/i? ia`?eoe,
caeaa?eueoiai ieceii? aieioa. A?aenooi? eaiaeoaooi?
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi???.

Ca?aeii iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ia?aae i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e
(Aiae?eaiei e ae?., 1991) cae?eniaiee aiae?c ?nioth/i?
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? ca i?ei?eoaoieie
e?eoa??yie aioai?/ii? oe?iiino?. Eaiaeoaooia ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue
iacaaeia?eueia. I?e?iaeii-caiia?aeia ia?aaea ia ?ai?acaioo? a aeinoaoi?e
i??? aecia/aeueieo o ?iciiae?e? ?ineeiiino? ?aa?iio aeaiaio?a ?aeue?oo,
cie?aia ai?iai? oa?ane ? ia aeeth/a? aaeeeeo ca ieiuath oa?eoi??e. Ia
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??yo iaaee??//y ia?aaaaea? aieioia oa eo/ia
?ineeii?noue. A iaio?e i??? i?aaenoaaeaiee e?niaee oei. A oe?eiio
oeaiioe/ia ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue caaeia?eueia. Oeaiioe/ia oi?eaeuei?noue
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? ?aa?iio ? aenieith, ine?eueee ia
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??yo i?aaenoaaeaia a?eueo?noue (10 c 12)
??aee?nieo ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo
oa?oiiaaiue.

Oei?enoe/ia ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue aeniea. C 836 aeae?a, ye? c?inoathoue a
?aa?ii?, ia i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??y o?aiey?oueny ia iaioa 60%.
Oei?enoe/ia oi?eaeuei?noue ? eeoa caaeia?eueiith. E?euee?noue aeae?a
ioiieaieo ioi?iiith noaiiaeoue 14. C 16 a?ae?a iaaee??//y, caianaieo aei
*a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie (1996), ia i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??yo
aeyaeaii eeoa iieiaeio. Ia caaacia/aia ioi?iia 33 ??aee?nieo aeae?a,
na?aae yeeo 9 aeoaea ??aee?nieo aeey ?aa?iio.

Aiae?c iniiaieo iieaciee?a i?e?iaeii? oe?iiino? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii?
ia?aae? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aiia ia
no/aniiio aoai? iaaeinoaoiuei ?ai?acaioaoeaia. A ca’yceo c oeei
iaiao?aeii cia/ii ?icoe?eoe ia?aaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e
iaaee??//y, ia?aaeaa/eaoe aeae?eaiiy aaeeeeo eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a,
cie?aia a cao?aei?e eiai /anoei? oa noai?aiiy iiaeo ia`?eo?a, ye? a a
aeinoaoi?e i??? iiaee caaacia/eoe ioi?iio o?oi??ciiiai?ooy.

7.4. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?niaeoeaieo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e

C iaoith caaacia/aiiy ioi?iiith a?i??ciiiai?ooy a oe?oiio, i?ae iei?,
ianyc? iaie cai?iiiiiaaii noai?aiiy ia iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? ?yaeo
iiaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e. Na?aae ia?niaeoeaieo ia`?eo?a –
Inoa?nueeee ?aa?iiaeueiee eaiaeoaooiee ia?e, aioai?/i? caeacieee
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai (“Aaeaeaeii”, «Na?aaeiaueia») oa i?noeaaiai
(«Ieeo?anueea aea/a», «Iaiyc?anueea», «?ei») cia/aiiy, eiiieaenia
iai`yoea i?e?iaee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy «Ia?aaeaaeeeiai?iaa aieioi» ?
caiia?aeia o?i/eua «Ia?’?i aae». A ?iaio? iaaiaeeoueny ?o
oa?aeoa?enoeea, iniaeeaa i?noea i?eae?ey?oueny oeaiioe/i?e oa
oei?enoe/i?e oe?iiino? i?iiiiiaaieo aeey ioi?iie ia’?eo?a.

Iioei?caoe?y i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? iaaee??//y aeicaieeoue
i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ?? eaiaeoaooii? oa oeaiioe/ii? ?ai?acaioaoeaiino?, a
oaeiae ioiieoe ioi?iiith i?noeac?i-noaiiy ?yaeo ??aee?nieo aeae?a.
Iioei?ciaaia i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeia ia?aaea aeeiioaaoeia ooieoe?th
ea?eano, ia iniia? yeiai i?iiiio?oueny noai?eoe aeieia?/io ia?aaeo
?aa?iio.

?ICAe?E 8

AEIEIA?*IA IA?AAEA IAAEE??**ss AeANIA – INOA?

C iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? i?inoi?iai? no?oeoo?e aeinenoai oa eaiaeoaoo?a
iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?, ye? caciaee cia/iiai aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao,
aeioe?eueiei ? noai?aiiy a oeueiio ?aa?ii? aeieia?/ii? ia?aae?. A
iniiao ?ic?iaee i?iiiiiaaii? aeieia?/ii? ia?aae? iieeaaeai? i?eioeeie
noai?aiiy aeieia?/ieo ia?aae o e?a?iao Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie (Bennet,
1992, 1998; Nowicki, 1996; Sabo, Koren, Steffek and other, 1996;
Lammers, Zadelhoff, 1996; Hoskins, Karpovicz and other, 1996).
I?iiiiiaaia iaie aeieia?/ia ia?aaea iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?
neeaaea?oueny c eeth/iaeo i?e?iaeieo oa?eoi??e (aeieia?/ieo aoce?a) oa
eaiae?a aeieia?/iiai ca`yceo (aeieia?/ieo ei?eaei??a), ye?
caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue iai?io aia?a??, ian?iiaaeie ca?iaeeaie oa
i?a?aoe?? oaa?ei.

Ia oa?eoi??? iaaee??//y i?iiiio?oueny aeae?eaiiy aeaio aeieia?/ieo
aoce?a – Inoa?nueeiai oa Aeaniyinueei-Aei/einueeiai (?en. 8.1), ye?
neeaaeathoueny c yaea? oa aooa?ieo cii. ssae?a caaacia/othoue oiiae aeey
ioi?iie aaaeeeaeo aeinenoai, aeioii?a ? iiioeyoe?e aeae?a. ssae?aie
caeaa?eueoiai aenooiathoue i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi???, aooa?i? ciie
caoeuathoue aeiia?aaeo a?ae iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a. ssae?i Inoa?nueeiai
aeieia?/iiai aocea neeaaeaoeia i?iaeoiaaiee Inoa?nueeee ?aa?iiaeueiee
eaiaeoaooiee ia?e oa ?yae caeaciee?a i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy. ssae?i
Aeaniyinueei-Aei/einueeiai aeieia?/iiai aocea neeaaeaoeiooue
i?iiiiiaaiee iaie aioai?/iee caeaciee caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy
“Aaeaeaeii”, a?ae?ieia?/ia iai’yoea i?e?iaee «O?oaei» oa
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? ia’?eoe i?noeaaiai cia/aiy.

?en. 8.1. I?iiiiiaaia aeieia?/ia ia?aaea ia?e??//y Aeania — Inoa?.

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: 1 — ?nioth/? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi???; 2 —
i?iaeoiaai? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi???: a — Inoa?nueeee
?aa?iiaeueiee eaiaeoaooiee ia?e, a — aioai?/iee caeaciee
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy «Aaeaeaeii», a — aioai?/iee caeaciee
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy «Na?aaeiaueia», a — caiia?aeia o?i/eua
«Ia?’?i aae», ae — aioai?/iee caeaciee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy «Ieeo?anueea
aea/a», a — aioai?/iee caeaciee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy «?ei», ae —
aioai?/iee caeaciee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy «Iaiyc?anueea», c — eiiieaenia
iai’yoea i?e?iaee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy «Ia?aaeaaeeeiai?iaa aieioi»; 3 —
ae?eyiee, ui i?iiiiothoueny aeey ?aiaoo?ae?caoe??; 4 — eeth/ia?
oa?eoi??? ? aooa?i? ciie; 5 — aeieia?/i? ei?eaei?e.

Inoa?nueeee oa Aeaniyinueei-Aei/einueeee aeieia?/i? aocee c`?aeiothoueny
i?ae niaith o?ueiia aeieia?/ieie ei?eaei?aie (?en. 8.1). Caeaa?eueoiai
eaiaee aeieia?/iiai ca’yceo ia ? oiiia?ao?/ii iaia?a?aieie ? yaeythoue
niaith ii?yae ?icoaoiaai? ae?eyiee i?e?iaeieo eaiaeoaoo?a. O
oeaio?aeuei?e oa i?aaeaii?e /anoeiao iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? cia/ia
i?noea aoaeooue caeiaoue oa?eoi???, ia yeeo iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe
caoiaee ii ?anoaa?aoe?? i?e?iaeieo oa?oiiaaiue aeey iiaeieaiiy iayaii?
iei? ?cieyoe?? i?e?iaeieo ae?eyiie. Oae, caeaa?eueoiai ia i?noe?
inooaieo aie?o aeioe?eueiei ? i?eieiaiiy aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo ae?eyiie
ainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue (ianiaeu, eai?a). Ia e?niaeo ae?eyieao, ye?
i?aeeyaathoue ?anoaa?aoe??, ne?ae i?eieieoe ?ae?aaoe?th oa aeianaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia aeieia?/ia ia?aaea iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?, aoaeo/e
ooieoe?eii ?aeeiith oa?eoi??aeueiith iniiaith nenoaie ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua ?aa?iia, oa?eaea aei iie?nueei?
/anoeie aeieiia?aae? Oe?a?ie. Aiia iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye aoaeii
aeey eieaeueieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ?c cia/iei aio?iiiaaiiei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

AENIIAEE

1. Iniiaio ?ieue a ?iciiae?e? ?ineeiiiai iie?eao ia iaaee??//? Aeania —
Inoa? a?ae?a?athoue ?icoaooaaiiy ?aa?iio a iaea?eueo i?aaeaii?e nioc?
No?aeiiai Iie?nny ia iaae? eiai c E?ninoaiii, no?ieao?noue a?oio?a, a
oaeiae aio?iiiaaiiee aieea.

2. Oei?a ?aa?iio ia?aoiao? 836 aeae?a noaeeiieo ?ineei. Oei?enoe/ia
iniaeea?noue iaaee??//y ia oii? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny aeyaey?oueny a ??
ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiiio oa?aeoa??. Ca a?iii?oieia?/iith no?oeoo?ith
oei?a ? oeiiaith aeey ?aa?iiaeueieo oei? iii??ieo oe?io Aiea?eoeee. A
aeieiai-oeaiioe/i?e no?oeoo?? ia?aaaaeathoue ni?aaaeiueieo/i? oa e?nia?
iaii?aeuei? aeaee. E??i oiai, ?yae aeae?a ooo ciaoiaeyoueny ia no?aei?e,
i?ai?/i?e oa i?aaeaii?e iaae? a?aae?a aai a eieae?oaoao iiaeeco ieo.

3. I?e?iaeia ?ineeii?noue iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa? i?aaenoaaeaia
ia?aaaaeii e?niaei oeiii. Ooo ia?aaaaeathoue e?ne oi?iaoe?? Pineta
sylvestris (ye ? ia Oe?a?inueeiio Iie?nn? a oe?eiio) oa Querceta
roboris. A oeaio?aeuei?e oa no?aei?e /anoeiao ?aa?iio aeyaeai? e?ne
noaoi?iaoe?? Acereto (platanoiditis)-Tilieto–Querceta, oa?aeoa?i? aeey
E?aiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio. Eiai oa?eoi??y ioiieth? oaeiae no?aeio
/anoeio a?aaeo e?n?a oi?iaoe?? Carpineta betulis.

4. Na?aae eo/ii? ?ineeiiino? ia?aaaaeathoue oeaiice ni?aaaei?o eoe.
?acii c oei aeyaeai? oeaiice canieaieo eoe Festuceta orientalis oa
oa?oiiaaiiy oi?iaoe?? Cariceta distichae ia neaaeicanieaieo aeioiiao o
oeaio?aeuei?e oa i?aaeaiii-no?aei?e /anoeiao ?aa?iio.

5. O neeaae? aieioii? ?ineeiiino? ia?aaaaeathoue aao?ioi? aenieio?aai?
aieioa, ye? noi?ioaaeenue i?e ca?inoaii? ooo/ii noai?aieo aiaeiei.
Oeiia? aeey Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny inieiai-a?iiia? oa inieia? aieioa
caeiathoue a ?aa?ii? iacia/i? ieiu?, iacio?ioi? oa ie?aio?ioi? — iaeaea
a?aenooi?.

6. Iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? ca nai?i ?ineeiiei iie?eaii ? aio?iiiaaiii
ci?iaiei ?aa?iiii ?c cia/iei ?icaeoeii aeaa?aaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a
?ineeiiino? a iniiaieo ?? oeiao. Ia?aaaaeathoue aio?iiiaaii?
aeaa?aoiaaii? (iniaeeai aiane?aeie aeianaiiy) oa aeaiooaoe?ei? ci?ie
?ineeiiino?. Neiaaiaoe/i? i?ioeane niinoa??aathoueny i?e ca?inoaii?
ai?iaeo i?ne?a oa i?e?iaeieo aiaeiei.

7. O oei?? ?aa?iio iaie aeyaeaii 47 ??aee?nieo aeae?a. O ?o neeaae? ca
aaia?ao?/iei iioe?aiiyi oa e?euee?noth i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiue a ?aa?ii?
aeae?eai? aeoaea ??aee?ni? (10), ??aee?ni? (16) oa a?aeiinii ??aee?ni?
(21) aeaee. C ieo 4 aeaee caianai? aei ?a?iiaenueeiai *a?aiiiai nieneo
oa 16 – aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie. Aeae?eai? 12 ??aee?nieo ?ineeiieo
oa?oiiaaiue, c yeeo 9 caianai? aei Caeaii? eieae Oe?a?ie, 3 ?
?aa?iiaeueii ??aee?nieie.

8. ?nioth/a i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeia ia?aaea iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?
aeeth/a? 71 ia’?eo caaaeueiith ieiuath 9552,37 aa (1,75% oa?eoi???
?aa?iio). Ia no/aniiio aoai? aiia iaaeinoaoiuei ?ai?acaioaoeaia,
ine?eueee ia??aiii??ii ioiieai? ioi?iiith oeiia? eaiaeoaooe oa ?ineeii?
oa?oiiaaiiy ?aa?iio, a oaeiae ??aee?ni? aeaee oei?e.

9. Cai?iiiiiaaii noai?aiiy iiaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e (1
?aa?iiaeueiee eaiaeoaooiee ia?e, 2 aioai?/ieo caeacieea
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy, 5 ia’?eo?a i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy), ui
ni?eyoeia iioei?caoe?? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae?.

10. I?e?iaeii-caiia?aeia ia?aaea aoaea iniiaith cai?iiiiiaaii?
aeieia?/ii? ia?aae? iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa?, yea oa?eaea aei
iie?nueei? /anoeie aeiia?aae? Oe?a?ie. Aiia iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye
aoaeii aeey eieaeueieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ?c cia/iei aio?iiiaaiiei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Eoeao I.A. ??aee?ni? aeaee iaii?ioaaeaeieo (Polypodiopsida) ia
iaaee??//? Aeania – Inoa? // Oe?. aioai. aeo?i. – 1997. – 54, ?5. – N.
461-465.

Eoeao I.A. E?niaa ?ineeii?noue iaaee??//y Aeania – Inoa? // Oe?. aioai.
aeo?i. – 1997. – 54, ?6. – N. 564-568.

Eoeao I.A., Ea?iaiei TH.I., I?yaeei I.?. Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.)
Holub oa D. zeilleri (Rouy) Holub ia E?aiaa?aaeiiio Iie?nn? // Oe?.
aioai. aeo?i. – 1998. – 55, ? 4. – N. 410 – 413.

Eoeao I.A. O?oioeaiioe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oa nicieia?/ia oe?ii?noue
ae?eyiie i?ae??//y Aeania – Inoa?, ye? i?iiiiothoueny aeey ioi?iie //
Aeieia?y. Ioi?iia i?e?iaee. Aeieia?/ia ina?oa oa aeoiaaiiy. Ca. noaoae.
– *a?i?a?a, 1996. – N. 78-84.

Eoeao I.A., Ea?iaiei TH.I. Iia? i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy aeae?a c *a?aiii?
eieae Oe?a?ie ia *a?i?a?auei? // Aeieia?y. Ioi?iia i?e?iaee. Aeieia?/ia
ina?oa oa aeoiaaiiy. – *a?i?a?a, 1996. – N. 73 – 78.

Eoeao I.A., Ea?iaiei TH.I. No/ania iioe?aiiy ??aee?nieo aeae?a oei?e
*a?i?a?aueie // ??aee?ni? oa ei?eni? ?ineeie oei?e *a?i?a?aueie a
i?e?iae? oa eoeueoo??. – E., 1997. – N. 9-19.

Ea?iaiei TH.I., Eoeao I.A. Ioi?iia ??aee?nieo aeae?a ia *a?i?a?auei? a
i?e?iae? oa ?o aaaaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o // ??aee?ni? oa ei?eni? ?ineeie
oei?e *a?i?a?aueie a i?e?iae? oa eoeueoo??. – E., 1997. – N. 19-29.

Eoeao I.A. Iiioeyoe?? i?o?aeae ia i?ae??//? Aeania – Inoa? //Ethaeeia oa
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua – i?iaeaie aacia?a?aii? aeieia?/ii? ina?oe a
aocao. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue V iaoe.-iaoiae. eiio. (Iaeana, 16-18 aa?aniy
1996 ?.). – Iaeana, 1996. – N. 31-32.

Eoeao I.A. Oei?enoe/i? ciao?aeee ia Ai?ciyiuei? // No/aniee noai oa
oeyoe ae??oaiiy aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. Iaoa??aee
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.- I?aeei, 1996. – N. 121 – 123.

Eoeao A.A., Ea?iaiei TH.A. ?ani?ino?aiaiea ?aaeeeo ai?aaeueiuo aeaeia ia
Eaaiaa?aaeiii Iieanuea Oe?aeiu // Oacenu VI iieiaeaaeiie eiio. aioaieeia
a Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa (12-16 iay 1997 a.). – N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997. – N. 9.

Eoeao A.A. O?ainoi?iaoeey eoaiaie ?anoeoaeueiinoe iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-
Inoa? e a? io?aia // Yeieiaey e iieiaeaaeue (Enneaaeiaaiey yeinenoai a
oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu): Iaoa?eaeu 1 Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeo. eiio. – Aiiaeue, 1998. –
1, /.1. – N. 113.

Eoeao A.A. Yeieiae/aneay naoue iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania – Inoa?
(*a?ieaianeay iaeanoue, Oe?aeia) // Yeieiaey e iieiaeaaeue
(Enneaaeiaaiea yeinenoai a oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai
caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu): Iaoa?eaeu 1 Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeo.
eiio. – Aiiaeue, 1998. – 1, /.1. – N. 113-114.

Eoeao I.A. Aeieiai-oeaiioe/i? iniaeeaino? oei?e iaaee??//y Aeania –
Inoa? (*a?i?a?anueea iae.) // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy aioai?ee oa aeieia??
(iaoa??aee eiio. iieiaeeo a/aieo-aioai?e?a, 7 – 11 aa?aniy 1998 ?.,
Oa?nii- Eaco?ia). – Oa?nii, 1998. – N. 56 – 57.

Eoeao I.A., Eeoaei N.?. A?ae Aei/? aei caieaae Aeanie (ioo?aiee
aeieia?/iiai ia?o?ooo a i?ai?/ii-no?aei?e /anoei? Ai?ciyinueeiai ?aeiio
*a?i?a?aueie) / Iaoe. ?aae. ae.a.i. Aiae???iei O.E. – *a?i?a?a, 1998. –
15 n.

Eoeao I.A. ?ineeii?noue, oei?enoe/i? oa nicieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05 — aioai?ea. — ?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.
Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith no/aniiai noaio ?ineeiiino?,
oei?enoe/ieo oa nicieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?
(*a?i?a?anueea iae.) Anoaiiaeaii, ui oei?a ?aa?iio ia?aoiao? 836
aeae?a, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei 421 ?iaeo, 109 ?iaeei oa 5 a?aeae?e?a.
Iieacaii, ui a oe?eiio oei?a iaaee??//y ia? ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiee
oa?aeoa?. Aeyaeaia cia/ia a?oia aeae?a, iaae? a?aae?a yeeo i?ioiaeyoue
/a?ac oa?eoi??th iaaee??//y.Aecia/aiee neioaeniiii?/iee neeaae
?ineeiiino?, yeee aeeth/a? 160 anioe?aoe?e, ui iaeaaeaoue aei 46
oi?iaoe?e ? 4 oei?a. Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? an? oeie ?ineeiiino? ia ??ai?
eean?a oi?iaoe?e, noaoi?iaoe?e, eean?a oa a?oi anioe?aoe?e c iienii
no?oeoo?e oeaiic?a, iaaaaeaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oiia, oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo
oa ?i. Anoaiiaeai? iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? aeeiai?ee ?ineeiiino?, cie?aia
cia/iee ?icaeoie aeaa?aaeaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a iniiaieo ?? oeiao.
Aeyaeaii 47 ??aee?nieo aeae?a ?ineei oa 12 ??aee?nieo oa?oiiaaiue.
Cai?iiiiiaaii noai?eoe a ?aa?ii? 8 iiaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo
oa?eoi??e. ?ic?iaeaii aeieia?/io ia?aaeo iaaee??//y ye aoaeii aeey
eieaeueieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ?c cia/iei aio?iiiaaiiei aieeaii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaee??//y Aeania — Inoa?, ?ineeii?noue, oei?enoe/i?
iniaeeaino?, ??aee?ni? aeaee, ??aee?ni? oa?oiiaaiiy,
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi???, aeieia?/ia ia?aaea.

Eoeao A.A. ?anoeoaeueiinoue, oei?enoe/aneea e nicieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe
iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania — Inoa?. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05 — aioaieea. — Einoeooo aioaieee ei. I.A.
Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey
?anoeoaeueiinoe, oei?enoe/aneeo e nicieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae
iiaeaeueiiai ?aaeiia Eaaiaa?aaeiiai Iieanuey — iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania —
Inoa? (*a?ieaianeay iaeanoue). Iieacaii, /oi iniiaioth ?ieue a
?ani?aaeaeaieee ?anoeoaeueiiai iie?iaa ia iaaeaeo?a/uee ea?aao
?aniieiaeaiea ?aaeiia a iaeaieaa thaeiie /anoe Ainoi/iiai Iieanuey
Oe?aeiu ia a?aieoea n Eaninoaiueth, iano?ioa ii/a, a oaeaea
aio?iiiaaiiia aicaeaenoaea. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oei?a ?aaeiia ian/eouaaao
836 aeaeia, eioi?ua ioiinyony e 421 ?iaeo, 109 naiaenoaai e 5 ioaeaeai.
Iieacaii, /oi oei?a iaaeaeo?a/uey eiaao ai?aaeueii-iaii?aeueiue oa?eoa?.
Ii aeiii?oieiae/aneie no?oeoo?a oei?a oeie/ia aeey ?aaeiiaeueiuo oei?
oia?aiiuo oe?io Aiea?eoeee. A yeieiai-oeaiioe/aneie no?oeoo?a
i?aiaeaaeatho aeaeu ianoiyueo eoaia e eaniua iaii?aeueiua aeaeu.
Auyaeaia cia/eoaeueiay a?oiia aeaeia, a?aieoeu a?aaeia eioi?uo i?ioiaeyo
/a?ac oa??eoi?eth iaaeaeo?a/uey. Ii?aaeaeai neioaeniiiie/aneee ninoaa
?anoeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ue aeeth/aao 160 annioeeaoeee, eioi?ua ioiinyony e
46 oi?iaoeeyi e 4 oeiai. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu ana oeiu ?anoeoaeueiinoe n
iienaieai no?oeoo?u oeaiicia, i?eaaaeaiu yeieiae/aneea oneiaey,
oei?enoe/aneee ninoaa e ae?. A ninoaaa iaeaieaa nio?aieaoaainy eaniiai
oeia ?anoeoaeueiinoe i?aiaeaaeatho eana oi?iaoeee Pineta sylvestris e
Querceta roboris. A oeaio?aeueiie e ainoi/iie /anoyo ?aaeiia auyaeaiu
eana noaoi?iaoeee Acereto (platanoiditis)-Tilieto-Querceta, oa?aeoa?iua
aeey Eaaiaa?aaeiie Eaninoaie. Oa??eoi?ey enneaaeiaaiee ioaaouaaao
oaeaea ainoi/ioth /anoue a?aaea eania oi?iaoeee Carpineta betulis.
N?aaee eoaiaie ?anoeoaeueiinoe i?aiaeaaeatho oeaiicu ianoiyueo eoaia.
Aianoa n oai caeanue auyaeaiu oeaiicu canieaiiuo eoaia Festuceta
orientalis e niiauanoaa oi?iaoeee Cariceta distichae ia neaaicanieaiiuo
yeioiiao a oeaio?aeueiie e thai-ainoi/iie /anoyo ?aaeiia. A ninoaaa
aieioiie ?anoeoaeueiiinoe i?aiaeaaeatho aao?ioiua aunieio?aaiua aieioa,
noi?ie?iaaaoeany i?e ca?anoaiee eneonnoaaiii nicaeaiiuo aiaeiaiia.
Oeie/iua aeey Oe?aeineiai Iieanuey inieiai-aeiiiaua e inieiaua aieioa
caieiatho a ?aaeiia iacia/eoaeueiua ieiuaaee, iacio?ioiua e ieeaio?ioiua
— i?aeoe/anee ionoonoaotho. Onoaiiaeaiu iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee aeeiaieee
?anoeoaeueiinoe. I?aiaeaaeathueie yaeythony aeaa?aoiaaiiua (iniaaiii
aneaaenoaea auiana) e aeaiooaoeeiiiua eciaiaiey. Neiaaiaoe/aneea
i?ioeannu iaaethaeathony i?e ca?anoaiee ai?iauo ianeia e anoanoaaiiuo
aiaeiaiia. Ai oei?a ?aaeiia auyaeaii 47 ?aaeeeo aeaeia ?anoaiee, n?aaee
eioi?uo 4 caianaiu a Aa?iiaeneee E?aniue nienie e 16 — a E?anioth eieao
Oe?aeiu. Ianoiiaoiaeaeaiey 42 ?aaeeeo aeaeia i?eaiaeyony aia?aua.
Auaeaeaii 12 ?aaeeeo ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa, n?aaee eioi?uo 9 caianaiu
a Caeaioth eieao Oe?aeiu , 3 yaeythony ?aaeiiaeueii ?aaeeeie. Iieacaii,
/oi nouanoaothuay naoue i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiuo oa??eoi?ee iaaeinoaoi/ii
?ai?acaioaoeaia, iineieueeo ia?aaiiia?ii ioaa/aiu io?aiie oeie/iua
eaiaeoaoou e ?anoeoaeueiua niiauanoaa ?aaeiia, a oaeaea ?aaeeea aeaeu
oei?u. I?aaeeiaeaii nicaeaiea a ?aaeiia ?yaea iiauo
i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiuo oa??eoi?ee, a eiaiii Inoa?neiai ?aaeiiaeueiiai
eaiaeoaooiiai ia?ea, 2 aioaie/aneeo caeacieeia iauaainoaea?noaaiiiai
cia/aiey e 5 iauaeoia ianoiiai cia/aiey, /oi aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue
iioeiecaoeee i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiie naoe. Iia noaiao iniiaie aia?aua
i?aaeeiaeaiiie yeieiae/aneie naoe iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania — Inoa?, eioi?ay
iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny eae yoaeii aeey eieaeueiuo ?aaeiiia Oe?aeiu,
eniuouaathueo cia/eoaeueiia aio?iiiaaiiia aicaeaenoaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaeo?a/uea Aeania — Inoa?, ?anoeoaeueiinoue,
oei?enoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe, ?aaeeea aeaeu, ?aaeeea niiauanoaa,
i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiua oa??eoi?ee, yeieiae/aneay naoue.

Lukash O.V. The vegetation, floristic and sosology peculieritis of the
Desna — Oster interfluve. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate of science degree by speciality 03.00.05 —
botany. — M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to investigation of modern condition of the
vegetation, floristic and sozology peculieritis of the Desna — Oster
interfluve (Chernihiv region). Esteblished, that the flora of the region
is represented by 836 species belonging to 421 genera and 109 families.
This flora possess the boreal-nemoral character. It is revieled the
considerable group of species, wich borders are pass across the
terrytory of the interfluve. Syntaxonomical composition of vegetation of
theis region is determined. It includes 160 associations, 46 formations
and 5 types. All types of the vegetation in level of classes of
formations, subformations, classes and groups of associations are
characterized. The structure of the cenoses, their ecological conditions
and floristic composition are geven. Main dynamic trends of this
vegetation, namely considerable development of the degradative processes
in it basic types, are established. 47 rare species and 12 rare
communities are described. 8 new protected areas are proposed. The
ecological network of the interfluve as a etalone for the local regions
of Ukraine with a heavy antropogene press, is elaborated.

Key words: Desna — Oster interfluve, vegetetion, floristic peculiaritis,
rare species, rere communities, protected areas, ecological network.

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