Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

OAeE 398.841 (4774)

398.332 (4774)

AAA?EETHE Aeaiii?a ?aaai?aia

?ineeiia neiaie?ea a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei?

eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?: i?iaeaia naiaioeei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aniaeoo

10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee Euea?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

INOAIEE ?aai Aeieo?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa

IIA?AAAIIEE Aieiaeeie?
Oaaei?iae/;

Eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
iieiaeoee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa oa
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i ?inoeoooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa,
oieueeei?enoeee oa aoiieia?? ?iai? Iaeneia ?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie
IACssE Iaae?y Ieoaee?aia.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo oaao?aeueiiai
ienoaoeoaa ?iai? ?aaia Ea?iaiea-Ea?iai, eaoaae?a o?eieia??, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 27 ea?oiy 2000?. i 11 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.001.15 ?c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:
252017, Ee?a-17, aoeueaa? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, 14.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252017,
Ee?a17, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 11 a?oaeiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe Aeoia?anueea E.O.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui eaeaiaea?ia ia?yaeia?noue
cacia? caaaeii ?oeiaoe??, noaa?eueia a?aeoai?aiiy o neeaae? a?oa?/ieo
no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a ? aaey/iei ia’?eoii aeey ?noi?eei-aaiaoe/ieo ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Caaiaaaeiaai?noue oeei ?a?eoaoiei ia’?eoii aeaoa?i?iiaaia ??cieie
/eiieeaie: c iaeiiai aieo – ??ciioeoia/aiiyi, a, c ae?oaiai – aenieei
ooaeiaei?i ??aiai aaaaoueio oai??a oeueiai i?ae?icae?eo o?aaeeoe?eii?
aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e oa aaeeeei ianyaii ?ioi?iaoe??, yeo aeinoa?/a?
eaeaiaea?ia ia?yaeia?noue. Aac ?? inieneaiiy iaiiaeeeaa aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaooo, na?oiaeyaeo, ?noi??? iaoeo i?aaee?a, aeoie?a ?o iaoe?iiaeueiiai
naiiicia/aiiy1. O iaoiio aa/aii? eaeaiaea?ia ia?yaeia?noue iinoa?
nai???aeiei aeyaii aaeaioaoe?? ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino? aei eini?/iiai
?eoio i?e?iaee. C?icoi?ei, o ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? ?yae i?iaeai. Na?aae
ieo – aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?e, naiaioeee, ooieoe?e neeaaeiaeo eaeaiaea?ii?
ia?yaeiaino?, cie?aia, ?? “iiae” – eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeiai? neiaie?ee.

?ioaineai? iiooee o oeueiio iai?yieo aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeeaoa
c?icoi?oe caeiiii??iino? oieueeei?ii-ia?yaeiai? iiaoeee ? c’ynoaaoe
iniiaiiieiaei? i?eioeeie oae caaii? “i?noe/ii? ineoio?c?ieia??”2 iin??a
ia?iaeii? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e, aeey yeeo eaeaiaea?i? ia?yaee aoee iaeiei
c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?ino?oiaio?a i?aeo?eiaiiy ? aeooae?caoe?? i?oiiiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? na?oo. Oaeo ?eoi?/iino?, caeiiii??iino? iiyae iaaieo a?oi
neiaie?a o eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino? aea? an? i?aenoaae i?eionoeoe, ui
naia c oeeie neiaieaie aoei iia’ycaia oe?e?nia, ?icai?iooa, iniaeeaei
/eiii “caienaia” iia?aeiieaiiy i?oieia?/iiai (einiieia?/iiai) ci?noo.
Iaeiith c oaeeo a?oi ? aaaaoaoeai? (?ineeii?) neiaiee.

Naiaioeea ? ooieoe?? ?ineeiieo neiaie?a o eiioaeno? o?aaeeoe?eii?
eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo noaee ia’?eoii
caoe?eaaeaiiy aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a – ?. Aaiueeianueeiai, A.
Aoeaoaaa, I. Aaeaoeueei?, E. Aeiia?aaeiai?, O. A?aaiae/a,
I. A?ooaanueeiai, I. Aeeea??aa, I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I. Eo?i/e?ia, C.
Ii?aanueeiai, I. Noioeiaa, I. *oaeinueeiai, TH.
ssai?nueeiai oa ?ioeo. Iaeiae, ? aei oeueiai /ano aaaaoi aniaeo?a oe???
oaie caeeoathoueny aai iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie, aai ae ?o ae??oaiiy ia
iiaeia aaaaeaoe caaeia?eueiei c iaeyaeo ia caeiaooee no/anii? aoiieia??.
Ie??i oiai, ?niothoue ? oae? iai?yiee oe??? i?iaeaie, yeei no/ania
oe?a?inueea oieueeei?enoeea ia i?eae?ey? iaeaaeii? oaaae (iai?eeeaae,
ieoaiiy i?i a?ioe/i? ?iie?eaoe?? ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee o eaeaiaea?i?e
ia?yaeiaino? oe?a?ioe?a).

1. Aa?oaoaae/ A. Eaeaiaea?ia ia?yaeiaa iiac?y a?ei?on?a. Aei i?iaeaie
i?aeaoi?/ieo ? i?aeaeai?iaeo ca’yce?a: Aaoi?aoa?ao… aeieoi?a
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe. – E., 1994. – N.3.

2. Yeeaaea I. Einiin e enoi?ey. – I., 1987.-N.333.

Niaoeeo?ea ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, nooi?iue aea/aiino? ia?aii?
oaie, a oaeiae aeooaeuei? caaaeaiiy no/anii? oieueeei?enoeee aecia/eee
iaoo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe – c’ynoaaoe naiaioeeo ? ooieoe?? ?ineeiii?
neiaie?ee o eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe o ?iaio? ia?aaeaa/aii ae??oeoe
eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy:

1) c’ynoaaoe caaaeueio niaoeeo?eo ia?yaeiai? neiaie?ee;

2) aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? naiaioeee ? ooieoe?e ?ineeiieo neiaie?a o
eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?;

3) aecia/eoe ?ieue ? ci?no a?ioe/iiai i?aeoaenoo ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee a
oe?a?inueeeo eaeaiaea?ieo ia?yaeao, i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe eiai coiiaeai?noue
?ae?eoaie i?oiiiaoe/ii? iiaeae? na?oo iin??a o?aaeeoe?eii? oe?a?inueei?
eoeueoo?e.

Aeaea?aeaie oaeoe/iiai (oieueeei?iiai ? aoiia?ao?/iiai) iaoa??aeo
noaee ia?a?aoiaai? o a?ae?ia?ao?? /eneaii? ioae?eaoe??, aeniaaeeoe?ei?
caiene, cae?eniai? aaoi?ii, a oaeiae iaoa??aee nooaeaionueeeo
aeniaaeeoe?e ? i?aeoee 1983 – 1996 ??., ui i?iaiaeeeeny o Aieeinuee?e,
??aiainuee?e, Euea?anuee?e, Ee?anuee?e iaeanoyo (caa??aathoueny ia
eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee Euea?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee a oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e
ia?yaeiaino? aeeiiaia ca aeiiiiiaith no?oeoo?ii-nai?ioe/iiai oa
ii??aiyeueii-ni?anoaaethaaeueiiai iaoiae?a, a oaeiae aeaiaio?a
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iaoiaeo. Iaaiee aeeaeoeci o aeiai?? iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaiee e?eueeiia i?e/eiaie:

1) neeaaei?noth, aaaaoiaei??i?noth aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia`?eoa –
oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?;

2) eiiieaeniei oa?aeoa?ii i?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe, yea ia iaiaaeo?oueny
noa?ith nooi oieueeei?ieo (o aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?) /e aoiia?ao?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, aei noa?e yeeo iaeaaeeoue ia?aiee ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aa?aaeuei? oaenoe oa iiene ia?yae?a ?icaeyaeathoueny o ?o ia?ic?eaiiio
ca’yceo;

3) ci?iith caaaeueieo iaoiaeieia?/ieo ianoaiia no/anieo aoiai?oa?ieo
iaoe, yea a?aeaoaa?oueny o ca’yceo c aeaaeae? aeeaoei “a?inoaiiyi” o
iaoeo iiai? eiioeaioe?? na?oiaa/aiiy – oae caaii? neia?aaoeee, yea,
aeciath/e iiiaeeii?noue oeyo?a ?icaeoeo neeaaeieo nenoaiieo ia’?eo?a, ui
iathoue caeaoi?noue naiii?aai?ciaoaaoeny, noaa?aeaeo? aio/e?noue ?
eiiieaeni?noue o niiniaao ? iaoiaeao aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o oa?aeoa??
a?aeai?o iaoa??aeo, iaoiaeeoe? eiai aea/aiiy ? a iniiaieo aeniiaeao
aeine?aeaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao c’ynoaaoe
naiaioeeo ? ooieoe?? ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee ia oe? eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeiaiai
eiioaenoo oe?a?inueei? o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e, a oaeiae
i?i?ioa?i?aooaaoe a?ioe/i? ?iie?eaoe?? aaaaoaoeaii? neiaie?ee
oe?a?inueei? caiea?ianueei? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? niaoe?ae?noaie ??cieo aaeocae
aoiai?oa?ieo ciaiue (eoeueoo?ieiaaie, ?noi?eeaie, aoiia?aoaie,
oieueeei?enoaie) aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeaiaio?a o?aaeeoe?eii?
i?oiiiaoe/ii? ea?oeie na?oo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ? neia’yi acaaae?, a
oaeiae aeey ?aeiino?oeoe?? a?oa?/ii? neia’yinueei? ia?yaeiaino?.

Aeniiaee aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe a?aoiaai? i?e
neeaaeaii? e i?aeaioiaoe? ie?aieo ?icae?e?a caaaeueieo eo?n?a
oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o e aoiia?ao??, a oaeiae i?e /eoaii? niaoeeo?n?a
c oeeo aeenoeeieei.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?th aoei iaaiai?aii ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee o?eieia?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Euea?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea 15.04.97. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aoei aeaieioaii aeiiia?ae? ia
ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a oa ani??aio?a Euea?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea. Iioae?eiaaii i`youe
noaooae, ye? iia’ycai? c oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (297 iiceoe?e),
aeiaeaoeo. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 188 noi??iie. Ianya aeiaeaoeo – 2
noi??iee.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iiaecio oaie
aeena?oaoe??, ?? caaaeaiiy, aeacaii iiaeeeaino? ?? i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy. Iaaaaeaii ia?ae?e iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?e ia?iaeieo iia??’?a
? ia?yae?a, iia’ycaieo c ?ineeiaie ?, aeania, aeine?aeaeaiue aaiace,
cia/aiiy, ?ie? ?ineeiieo neiaie?a o oeeo eiioaenoao. O oe?e /anoei?
aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae iiaeaii ei?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaoiae?a, ui aoee
aeei?enoai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o
canoinoaaiiy.

O i?aoiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – “Neiaiee o eiioaeno? ia?yaeiaino?
o?aaeeoe?eieo ? a?oa?/ieo eoeueoo? (caaaeuei? caoaaaeaiiy)” – c iaoith
iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeaii ni?iao ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe niaoeeo?eo
iiiyooy “neiaie” o oieueeei?enoeoe?. Aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui
aee?enoae?ciaaii?, ni?aaae? ci?noiaii? aeao?i?oe?? “iaeiiiioey?iiai”,
“iaoao?ce/iiai” oa?i?ia “neiaie” o no/ani?e neia’yinuee?e iaooe? i?i
ia?iaeio aeooiaio oai?/?noue ia ?nio? (iieaciaei ? oi/a a oie oaeo, ui o
iieuenueeiio “Aoiieia?/iiio neiaieeo” a?aenooiy noaooy “Neiaie” – ii?o/
?c iacaith noaoo? ciaoiaeeii iineeaiiy ia

noaooth “Ciae”)3. Ao?i, iaa?oue iaeaeineiiae?oa aeao?i?oe?y
onueiai eeoa iieno?, onoaeth?

3. Slownik etnograficzny. Pojecia ogolne. — W., 1988. – S. 333.

ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ian aea aecia/aeueieie o i?ciaii? neiaie?ee
? i?ioean oai?aiiy naiaioeee neiaieo, aeeiai?ea eiai ooieoe?e,
?ooeea?noue eiai no?oeoo?e.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe – “Neiaiee o eiioaeno? ia?yaeiaino?
o?aaeeoe?eieo ? a?oa?/ieo eoeueoo? (caaaeuei? caoaaaeaiiy)” – ie
c’ynoaaee, ui:

1) neiaie – iaeia ?c canaaeie/eo eaoaai??e eoeueoo?e. Iaoai?cie
neiaie?/iiai ieneaiiy, ca A. Eann??a?ii, a?ae?a?aee ae??oaeueio ?ieue o
i?ioean? nai??ioecaoe?? ethaeeie;

2) neiaie – iaoaaeenoeeie?ia?ia eaoaai??y, ioaea, a?i iiaea aooe
ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i. Neiaie iio?aao?
aea/aiiy c ??cieo iiceoe?e, i?e oeueiio iathoue aooe canoiniaai?
??ciiiai?oi? iaoiaee aiae?co;

3) i?iaiae?coaaaoe aeaye? aecia/aiiy neiaieo, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe:
canaaeie/ith iniaeea?noth neiaieo ? ia?aci?noue, i?ae ciai?oiueith
iaieiieith yei? i?eoiaaiee iioaioe?eii aaciaaeiee ?yae cia/aiue;

4) ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aaiace neiaie?a o nenoai? eoeueoo?e (ca I.
Iioaaiath, A. Eann??a?ii, E. A. THiaii, I. Ein?aei, A. Oa?ia?ii)
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee: a) neiaie – “ei?aeiiia”, “iaaeiaa”
eaoaai??y, yea ooai?th?oueny ia iaae? na?aeiiiai e iicana?aeiiiai,
canai?iiai eoeueoo?ith ? iaieoeueoo?aiiai, i?ciaaaiiai e
o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai; a) aoaeo/e “iaaeiaith” ?aae??th, neiaie ia?
caeaoi?noue ai?uoaaoe o iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio, “cai?iooiio” aeaeyae?
??ciiiai?oi?, /anoi i?ioeeaaei? e ianoi?ni? iaeia c iaeiei cia/aiiy;

5) no?oeoo?a ci?noiaiai ??aiy neiaieo oyae?? aei oeeee?/iino? (ca ss.
Aieiniaea?ii). O ?icai?oaii? naiaioe/iiai iiey neiaieo cia/io ?ieue
a?ae?a?athoue i?eioeeie anioe?aoeaiiai ieneaiiy;

6) o eiioaeno? ??ciiiai?oieo iiaeaethth/eo nenoai eoeueoo?e (?eooae,
?ae?a?y, ienoaoeoai) neiaiee aeeiiothoue iaae?aoeaio,
eiioi?eaoeaii-?ioaa?aoeaio, oa?aiaaoe/ii-caoenio,
i?ciaaaeueii-?ioi?iaoeaio, iiaiii?/io oa “aecenoaioe?eio” ooieoe??;

7) ?eooaeueiee (ia?yaeiaee) neiaie – iniaeeaee oei neiaieo. O
?eooaeueiiio eiioaeno? neiaiee aeoea?cothoueny o e?i?iaeuei?e
(ii?iaia?e) oac?, ca ?oiueith aeiiiiiaith a?aeaoaa?oueny eiioaeo ?c
noa?ith nae?aeueiiai, ui ioiieth? ia?oi?yaei? aeooiai? oe?iiino? aeaiiai
eieaeoeao. ?eooaeueia neiaie?ea aeicaiey? yne?aai ia?aaeeaaoe ?
aiaeii/an ae??ooaaoe canaaeie/? na?oiaeyaei? i?iaeaie aeaii?
eoeueoo?e, iai?eeeaae, oae?, ye ai?ioueaa ? ?aei?noue aeeooy ? nia?o?,
Oaiaoina e A?ina, “aeia?a” ? “cea”.

8) ia?yaeiaee neiaie anooia? o eiioaenooaeuei? ca’ycee c ?ioeie
neiaieaie. Eaeaiaea? ye iiaeaeue ia/eneaiiy /ano ? eaeaiaea?ia
ia?yaeia?noue ye eiie?aoia ?aae?caoe?y oe??? iiaeae? ? neeaaeieie
neiaie?/ieie neoaiaie. O eiioaeno? eaeaiaea?ieo ia?yae?a neiaiee
a?oiothoueny o eiaee, ye? i?iiecothoue ia?yaeia?noue ??cieo ia??iae?a
??/iiai oeeeeo, ooai?thth/e i?e oeueiio iaaia aaaeeeaa aeey iin??a
aeaii? o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e iia?aeiieaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe – “Ooieoe?? ? naiaioeea ?ineeiii?
neiaie?ee a oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino?” – i?iaiae?ciaaii
iniiai? aa?aaeuei?, aeoe?iiaeuei? oa ?aaeuei? oaenoe oe?a?inueei?
eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?, o yeeo c’yaeythoueny ?ineeii? neiaiee, ? ia
i?aenoaa? oeueiai aiae?co c?iaeaii aeniiaee i?i naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy
oa ooieoe?? oeeo eiie?aoieo neiaie?a.

?ineeii? neiaiee o eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii?
ia?yaeiaino? ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo oaeeaaieo ? cia/oueo aeaiaio?a.
I?iaaaeaia o oeueiio iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui /eaie
ia?aaeeaie ?ineeiieo ia?ac?a (caeaiue, n?ii, nieiia, ian?iiy, ieiaee,
ia?yaeia? eyeueee, aeaioiaeai? c ?ineeiieo iaoa??ae?a, a?iee, niiie
oiui) ? aeaiaioaie ia?yaeiaino? on?o nayoeiaeo oeeee?a (Nayoee,
I’ynieoe?, O?i?oeueei-?onaeueiee oeeee) oa ie?aieo cia/ieo nayo
oe?a?inueeiai (? no?aeiineia’yinueeiai) o?aaeeoe?eiiai caiea?ianueeiai
eaeaiaea?y.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, aaci?aenoaaiei ? oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui
“?ineeii?noue aoiaeeea o caiea?ianuee? ia?yaee, ye o?eueee ?icioneaeeny
a?oiueee ? c’yaeyeeny ia?o? noiaee”4 – ?ineeii?noue c’yaeyeany a
oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino? ia i?ioyc? onueiai
ainiiaea?nueeiai ?ieo. sse aa?aaeuei? neiaiee ?ineeie iae/ano?oa
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c iaaieie iniaaie, ?aae?yie, ? ?o nai???aeieie
aeoaea?aie (iai?eeeaae, yaeoiy, aeoiy iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye ia?aci?
iicia/aiiy ae?a/eie, aioiai? aei oethao, o “iieiae?aeieo” eieyaeeao).
I?ioa o aaaaoueo aeiaaeeao aeai? aa?aaeueieo ia?yaeiaeo oaeno?a, o yeeo
c’yaeythoueny ?ineeii? ia?ace, aeiiiiaaathoue aeeaoa c?icoi?oe nain
aaeeaaiiy ?ineeiiiai neiaieo ye iaa?/iiai caniao o oiio /e ?ioiio
ia?yae?.

I?eeiaoiei c oe??? oi/ee ci?o iiaea aooe aiae?c naiaioeee ?
ooieoe?e iaeiiai c ?ineeiieo neiaie?a o neeaae? ceiiai? eaeaiaea?ii?
ia?yaeiaino? — eiiiiaeue (eueiio) o ai?iae?ii?, a?aeiiiio ye “can?aaiiy
eiiiiaeue”. Aiii aoei iaeiei c iiioey?ieo aiae???anueeeo ai?iae?iue.
Iae/ano?oa aiii a?aeaoaaeiny oae: ?aii-a?aioe? aai i?cii aaa/a??,
uia i?ooi ia aa/ea, ae?a/eia o a?aeaeaeaiiio eoo? i?aea??’y can?aaea o
caieth aai ?icneiaea ii ni?ao aeiaith

eiiiieyiiai (aai eeyiiai /e iaeiaiai) ian?iiy. *anoi aeey a?eueoiai
aoaeoo ai?iae?iiy

ae?a/aoa neeaeaee c naaa iaeya (ine?eueee /anoeiai aai
iiai?noth iaieaia ethaenueea o?ei

4. Nieieiaa A. E. Aanaiia-eaoiea eaeaiaea?iua ia?yaeu ?onneeo,
oe?aeioeaa e aaei?onia. – I., 1979. – N.266.

“a?aee?eoa” aeey eiioaeoo c iioiea?/ieie neeaie). I?ney oiai ae?a/eia
caeiaeany oae, ui e?ae ?? ni?aeieoe? aai oa?ooo oi?eaeeny caie? (aai ae
o aeiaaeeo, eiee ae?a/eia neeaeaea c naaa iaeya, aiia oyaioea ca niaith
ni?i/eo /e oa?ooo), ? oae iaoiaeeea can?yia i?noea, i?eiiaeyth/e:

Aiae??th, Aiae??th!

Ia oaaa eiiiieth n?th,

Aeeieith (/e ni?aeieoeath) aiei/o,

Ai aeoaea cai?ae oi/o. 5

Eiee ian?iiy i?i?inoaei, ae?a/eia ca oa?aeoa?ii noiae?a aecia/aea,
/e aaeaeee o ia? aoaea oetha ? /e a?aeaoaeaoueny a?i acaaae? (a onyeiio
?ac?, ia i?ioyc? ?ieo). sseui ae?a/eia ia n?yea, a i?inoi neiaea ian?iiy
ia ni?a, oi i?ney oaeiai “can?aaiiy” aiia iaae?aea aeiaith ni?ao ?acii c
ian?iiyi, ?oea aeiaeiio ? i?ney oiai, ye ?icoaaaa ni?a, ?aooaaea
ian?iiy: “aei ia?e” /e i?. 6

?ieiee aeey oiai, uia ian?iiy aoei a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii
“i?aeaioiaeaia” aeey oaei? aaaeeeai? aeoe??, yeith aoei ai?iae?iiy,
?aeiiaiaeoaaee iineoe eiai ca iacooith, ii/eiath/e a?ae aeiy Eaoa?eie 7.

Aaaeeeaei o oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoei oa, ui ian?iiy oi?eaeiny
i?ie?aaoeaii? /anoeie ae?ii/iai o?ea ?, oaeei /eiii, c iaeiiai aieo,
“i?inyeaei” oa?oeeueiith aia?a??th ethaeeie, a, c ae?oaiai, naia ian?iiy
ye aia??iiaeueiee i?iaeoeo, aeioi?eath/enue aei ae?ii/iai o?ea, iaa?/ii
ia?aaeaaaei eiio naith i?iaeoeoeaio neeo.

Aiaeia?/iee ia?yaeiaee naain – ia?aaea/o aia?a?? “i?ie?aaoeaiiai ieco”
ae?iee eiiiieyiiio ian?iith c iaoith iineeaiiy ae??aino? ai?iae?iiy iaei
caaiei/oaaiiy ian?iiy i?aaeiaoaie ae?ii/iai iaeyao, ui eiioaeooaaee
aaciina?aaeiuei c /a?aaii ? noaaiaie (ni?i/ea, caianea, oa?ooo). Ao?i,
ia o?eueee ae?ii/ee iaeya iaa oaeo caeaoi?noue. Ca iia?aeiieaiiyi I.
Coa?eoeueeiai, “ae?aee n?thoue eai ii oeaee ? i?eaiai?ththoue:
“Aiae??th,

5. Aaiueeianueeee E. Aeaae/ee i?acaeiee nayoiai Aiae?ay// Eeaaneay
noa?eia. – 1905, ai?aeue. – N. 101.

6. Ai?iiae I. Cae/a? iaoiai ia?iaeo. Aoiia?ao?/iee ia?en: A 2-o oo. –
E., 1991. – O.1. – N. 25-26

7. Kopiernicki. I/ Przyczynek do etnografii ludu ruskiego na Wolyniu, z
materialow zebranych przez Zofie Rokossowska, we wsi Jurkowszczyznie, w
pow Zwiahelskim// Zbior wiadomosci do antropologii krajowej. – Kr.,1887.
– T.11. – S.191.

Aiae??th! Eai ia oy n?th, aeae ie ciaoe, c eei oy aoaeo a?aoe”.
Caaiei/othoue ii?oeaie (iiaaaeoeyie) ? eeaaeooue ?o ia i?/ i?ae aieiao.
Ooi i?enieoueny ae?aoe?, ca oiai aiia a?aeaea?oueny. Oaeiae n?thoue eai
? eiiiie? ii oeaee, uia aoee aaeee?.” 8.

O iaaaaeaiiio iien? ia?yaeo o?nii ia?aieaeeny ai?iae?iiy oa iaa?/ia
ae?y, yea iiaeiia aoea ni?eyoe ?iaeth/ino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
?ineei. Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiaothoue o oeueiio niinia? ai?iae?iiy
aa?a?i? aeaiaioe. O aeayeeo iienao “can?aaiiy eiiiiaeue” caaaeaii
iaa?/i? ae??, ye? a oe?eiio ?i?oothoue aanue eiiieaen ?aaeueieo
??eueie/eo ?ia?o, iia’ycaieo ?c n?aaith ?ineei (eiiaiiy caie?, n?yiiy,
caai?oaiiy, iieeaaiiy) 9. Ioaea, ye neooii cacia/a? I. Eo?i/e?i,
“aa?a?iee iiiaio ai?iae?iiy iaaeoi i/aaeaeiee, oi/a a?i ?
i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee oethai?e iaa??. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe iaeaeaai?oa aa?a?ia
cia/aiiy oeueiai ai?iae?iiy, iieeeeaiiai caacia/eoe aenieee o?iaeae
eiiiiaeue, eueiio oiui”. […] ?ioa?i?aoiaaia c oi/ee ci?o caiea?ianoaa
iaa?/ia i?aeoeea “can?aaiiy eiiiiaeue” ia? aaaaoi ni?eueiiai c
iiai??/ieie cae/ayie iin?aaiiy ? ?i?oaoeaii? i?aiee ieoaii. Oaeei /eiii,
noeey?iinue aei aeoiee i?i eiioai?iaoe?th o ?icaeyiooiio i?eeii?
ai?iae?iiy iaeaeaai?oeo aa?a?ieo aeaiaio?a ? a?eueo i?ci?o oethaieo
iioea?a.” 10

Iai?ee?ioe? XIX no. ia Aieei? iiaoooaaei oyaeaiiy i?i “can?aaiiy
eiiiiaeue” ye i?i aeoaea iaaacia/io ae?th, i?iaaaeaiiy yei? aeiaaa? a?ae
aeeiiaaeoe? iaaaeyei? oi?ia?ino?: ”[…]

Ua iaaacia/i?oei ? no?aoiei ? ai?iae?iiy, yea a?aeaoaa?oueny o
a?aeethaeiiio i?noe? naia ii?aii/?: ae?aea n?? ian?iiy eiiiiaeue a iai??
aai a noiaeie?, iio?i ci?ia? c naaa ni?i/eo ?, aiei/a/e ?? ii oeueiio
can?ao, aiai?eoue: ”N?th,n?th, ia ciath, c eei aoaeo cae?aoe.” Ia oe?
neiaa ceee aeoo /anii a?aeiia?aea?:”Ci iiith”, ? iaa?oue iieaco?oueny o
iiaeia? iaeaooiueiai /ieia?ea.”11 Eiiaiooth/e iaaaaeaiee o?eaie, aa?oi
a?aecia/eoe, ui iaaecae/aeia ae??a?noue oeueiai ai?iae?iiy, yeiio
i?eienaii aeanoea?noue aaciina?aaeiuei aeeeeeaoe ?ioa?iaeueieo ?noio,
coiiaeaia ia o?eueee i?noeai, /anii ? niiniaii i?iaaaeaiiy oe??? aeoe??,
aea, ia iaioith i??ith, e iaa?/ieie aeanoeainoyie, i?eienoaaieie
eiiiieyi.

8.Ia?iaeiee eaeaiaea? (cae/a? e iia??ee) I. Coa?eoeueeiai// Iaoa??aee
aei oe?a?inueei-?onueei? aoiieia??. – Euea?a, 1990. – O.3. –N.51-52.

9.Mozynska J. Kupajlo tudziez doroczne i inne swieta z dodatkiem
niekturych obrzedow i piesni weselnych ludu ukrainskego z okolic Bialej
Cerkwi// Zbior wiadomosci do antropologii krajowej. – Kr., 1881. – T.5.
– S. 65.

10.Eo?i/e?i I. Iiai??/i? nayoa oe?a?ioe?a. O?aaeeoe??, no/ani?noue. E.,
1978. – N.36.

11.Kopiernicki I. Przyczynek… — S.191

Eiiiie?, ui iiaeooue, ye aaaaeaeiny, aieeaaoe ia ?ioa?iaeueieo ?noio /e
iia’ycaieo c ieie ethaeae, iathoue aia?aaeaioio naiaioeeo. C iaeiiai
aieo, eiiiieyieie noaaeaie i?aeia?acoaaeeny i?ae /an Eoiaea aeey oiai,
uia a?aeueia ia caoeiaeeea; eiiiieyiei oea?oii, ye a??eee, iaa?oue
iiaeia ca/a?oaaoe a?aeueieio ei?iao 12; ca aeiiiiiaith iieioia ,
aeoeaiiai c eiiiiaeue, iiaeia iiaa/eoe a?na o aeoi??. I?ioa oa ae
a?aeueia iiaea, ca?aeii c iia??’yi, a?aeae?aoe iieiei o /oaeeo ei??a ca
aeiiiiiaith nieaoaii? c eiiiiaeue ieoee; a eiiiieyo, ca iieuenueeei
a??oaaiiyi, neaeeoue ia/enoee; ia aeiaiueeo eiiiiaeue, ca iiia?aeaeth,
iaaaaeaiith a iaei?e ?c ca??ie A. Aiaothea, ia?aoai?eeany aenaeueie/ea
13. Oe?eaai, ui c eiiiieyie ye n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith ?ineeiith, ui
iath ii?eoaaeeny ae?iee, iiaee a iaaieo eiioaenoao iia’ycoaaoeny
a?ioe/i? aethc??. Oae, ca na?ae/aiiyi I. Aeeea??aa, i?ney aeaiaeo
iieiaei? c eiii?e ni?aaee:

Aiaaeeany aeo?aaaeue

Aei aaaeieo eiiiiaeue,

Oaeee-nyeee oeeaaoee […]14

Aaaaoaoeaia neea ?ineeie c iiae?aiith naiaioeeith, neiaie?/ii
aeoea?ciaaia i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy iaaieo ia?yaeiaeo ae?e, iiaeiia aoea
iaaeaaaoe ?i iaaecae/aeii? ae??aino?, ioaea, iiyaa eiiiieyiiai ian?iiy o
ai?iae?ii? i?i cai?aeaey iaaeiaaeeiaa.

O ca’yceo c oeei caeiiii??ia, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiyaa a
aiae???aanueeiio “can?aaii?” eeyiiai ian?iiy ye i?iaeoeoo c iaa?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie. Iai?eeeaae, ca iieuenueeei cae/a?i, i?e oetha? ia?a/aia
iiaeiia aoea o?eiaoe ca iacooith eeyia ian?iiy, ine?eueee aaaaeaeiny,
ui oea caaacia/eoue ?e eaae? aacaie?ni? iieiae.15 Oaeei /eiii,
iniaeeaino? naiaioeee eiiiiaeue ? eueiio aeicaieythoue oeei ?ineeiai
aeeiioaaoe i?ae /an aiae???anueeeo ai?iae?iue ?ieue ea?iiaii?/ieo,
iaioe/ieo ? iaae?aoeaieo cania?a.

O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii naiaioeeo ?
ooieoe?? aeoiaai? a?eee o eaoa?eieinueeeo ai?iae?iiyo, ??caeayiiai
“ae?aeooa”, ca?ia, yeei “iin?aaee” ia Iiaee ??e,

12. Oai naii. – S.195.

13. Aiaothe A. Ciaaeiae aei aaeeoeueei-?onueei? aeaiiiieueia??//
Aoiia?ao?/iee ca??iee. – Euea?a, 1904. – O.15. – N.150.

14. Iinia?oi? ienaiiy I. Aeeea??aa c iiey oieueeei?o e i?oieueia??//
IOO. Ca??iee o?eueieueia?/ii? naeoe??. – Euea?a, 1903. – O.6. – N.14.

15. Biegeleisen. H. Wesele. – Lwow, 1928. – S.228.

aeayeeo ?ineeiieo ia?ac?a eieyaeie, uaae??aie, aaniyiie, aa?aie,
eoiaeuenueeeo ? aeieaa?nueeeo i?naiue, a oaeiae o?i?oeueeiai eea/aiiy,
eoiaeuenueeiai aea?aaoey, “ai?iaee” oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo aaaaoaoeaieo
neiaie?a oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?.

Aaaiia ?ieue ?ineeiieo neiaie?a o eiioaeno? eaeaiaea?ii?
ia?yaeiaino? oe?a?ioe?a coiiaeaia iniaeeainoyie naiaioeee ? ooieoe?e
naiaioe/iiai ?ineeiiiai eiaeo – “caoeo?iaaiiai” iia?aeiieaiiy,
?ioi?iaoe??, yea ia?aaea?oueny an??th noeoii?noth eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeiaeo
?ineeiieo neiaie?a ia i?ioyc? ainiiaea?nueeiai ?ieo. O no?oeoo??
ooieoe?e ?ineeiiiai eiaeo iiaeooue aooe aeie?aieai? oae? oeie:

1. Oei ia?oee: “i?aaiaoe/i?” ooieoe??.

2. Oei ae?oaee: “anoaoe/i?” ooieoe??.

3. Oei o?ao?e: “iaa?/i?” ooieoe??:

1) ea?iiaii?/ia (ooieoe?y caaacia/aiiy a?iaeaeiino?, ie?aeiino?,
aeinoaoeo);

2) aiio?iia?/ia:

a) ooieoe?y iaa?aao (a?aeaa?oaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aieea?a c aieo ??cieo,
caeaa?eueoiai iioiea?/ieo, nee oa ?noio);

a) eaoa?oe/ia (onoiaiiy iaaaaeaieo iane?aee?a oeeo aieea?a, i/euaiiy
a?ae ieo);

3) iaioe/ia (ooieoe?y iin?y iaa?/ii? ioae?ino?, caeaoiino? a?aee?eaaoe
iaeaooi? i?ae /an ai?iae?iue);

4) aeiaeaoeia? ooieoe?? (ooai?ai? oeyoii neioaco o?ueio iiia?aaei?o
“iaa?/ieo” ooieoe?e; i?eoaiaii? ?ineeiiei aeaiioaoai, ye? aenooiathoue o
?ie? neiaie?a ?noio, i?aaeiao?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey a?aei?aaeaiiy a
“?ioee” na?o);

a) ooieoe?y ?ineeie ye ciaeo aea?oae, a oaeiae ? oiai, ooi i?eiineoue
aea?oao (iai?eeeaae, oea iaeia c ooieoe?e a?iea o neeaae? o?i?oeueei? oa
eoiaeuenueei? ia?yaeiaino?);

a) “?ai?acaioaoeaia” – ooieoe?y ?ineeie ye neiaieo iioiea?/ii? ?noioe,
eio?a oei/aniai ia?aaoaa? a “iaoiio” na?o? (iai?eeeaae, oea iaeia c
ooieoe?e niiia-“ae?aeooa”).

Iniiaiith “iaa?/iith” ooieoe??th ?ineeiiiai eiaeo, yea i?ae
iaeeaaea?oueny ia an? ia?a?aoiaai? aeua ? ? ?o ea?ioanaioe??th, aenooia?
iaoaooieoe?y iaae?aoe?? (“i?ia?aneaiiai iina?aaeieoeoaa”, ca E.
Eaa?-No?innii), c’?aeioaaiiy “iaoiai” oa “?ioiai” na?o?a. ??
aeooae?caoe?y ni?e/eiaia oyaeaiiyie, ui aa?ooue ii/aoie o i?oiiiaoe/i?e
aiin?, ca?aeii c yeeie ?ineeia ? caiiith aiaiaoe??th oi?aa?naeueii?
na?oiai? ?ineeie-iaae?aoi?a (“na?oiaiai aea?aaa”).

Naiaioeea ?ineeiiiai eiaeo, yea coiiaeth? naia oaeee iaa?? eiai
ooieoe?e, aeaeyaea? o caaaeueieo ?enao ianooiiei /eiii. ?ineeii? neiaiee
aoee aeey ethaeae c i?oiiiaoe/iei na?oiaeyaeii “ii?oa?aeieie” ?aae?yie,
“eaiaeaie” nae?aeueii? aia?a??, ui c’?aeioaaee iaai, caieth ? i?aecaiiee
na?o. I?eeiaoiith c oeueiai iiaeyaeo ? iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e na?oiaiai
aea?aaa: e?iia aea?aaa ciaoiaeeoueny o iaa?, noiaao? ia caie?, ei??iiy o
i?aecaiiiio oea?noa?. O iaai? iiiaioe “?ic?ea” o aoaeaiiiio /an?
(neooaoe?y nayoa) aeicaiey? iioiea?/iei neeai oa ?noioai aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?ineeie ye oeyo ia?aoiaeo o “iao” na?o ? ye oei/aniaee i?eooeie o
iueiio. Aiaeii/an ? ethaee oaeiae aeei?enoiaothoue ?ineeii? aeaiioaoe ye
caniae ca’yceo c iioiea?/iei na?oii, ye nai???aeiee “eeth/” aei “?ioiai”
na?oo aeey oiai, uia neiaie?/ii a?aei?aaeyoe ooaee oieeinoeaethaaeuei?
aea?e (aea?oae), i?ioaiiy iineaoe uaae?ee o?iaeae, aeia?iaoo oiui.

I?ioa, ?ineeie iiaeooue aooe ia o?eueee “eaiaeii ca’yceo” c
iioiea?/iei na?oii, aea e “aea?ii” iioiea?//y, ine?eueee ?noioe “?ioiai”
na?oo caeaoi? ni?eyoe ?inoia? ca?aeaey, naaeiaeie ? o. ?i.

Aeei?enoaaoe iineaio iaaeethaenueeeie ?noioaie aia?a?th aeey nai?o
iio?aa (aeey caaacia/aiiy a?iaeath , caei?ia’y ethaeae oa ooaeiae,
aeinoaoeo, a oaeiae aeey oiai, uia cace?iooe o iaeaooi?, ae?ciaoenue i?i
naith aeieth ? aeieth a?iaeath), ethaee iaiaaathoueny a?aei?aaeoe
iioiea?/ieo i?eoaeueoe?a iacaae, ciiao ae oaee aeei?enoiaoth/e ?ineeie
ye eaiae niieo/aiiy c “?ioei” na?oii. Naia oiio ?ineeii? neiaiee oae /e
?iaeoa iia’ycai? o eiioaeno? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino? c iai?noe/iei
eoeueoii (eoeueoii ia?oaeo).

Iaeei c iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a aca?iia?aeiinei “oiai” oa “oeueiai”
na?o?a, o yeiio ?ineeii? neiaiee ? aiaeii/an “eeth/ai”, ui a?ae/eiy?
aeaa?? a “?ioee” na?o, ? ii?iaeaeaiiyi “?ioiai” na?oo, iiaeia cia?aceoe
ca aeiiiiiaith noaie (aeea. noaio).

Iai aeecueea ?aeay, yeo naiai /ano aeneiaeea E. Aeiia?aaeiaa16, i?i
oa, ui ia?a?nii ia?yaeiaa naiaioeea ?, ioaea, ia?yaeiaa aeei?enoaiiy
caeai? ? “nooeo” (n?ii, nieiia) ?ineeiieo ao?eaoo?a aoee iaiaeiaeiaeie.
“Caeai?” ?ineeie ye iin?? aoeii? aaaaoaoeaii? neee iiaee eieenue
ni?aa?aeiineoeny c oyaeaiiyie i?i iacaeeoo neeo ia?aae/anii iiia?eeo
ethaeae, a n?ii, nieiia, ye? caeaoi? aooe iaae?aoi?aie, aea iicaaaeai?
naiino?eii? aaaaoaoeaii? aia?a?? – c i?aaeeaie, eio?? iiia?ee nai?th
nia?oth, iiai?noth aeei?enoaaoe i?ecia/aio ?i /anoeio aeeoo?ai? neee.
I?ioa, ine?eueee ? i?aaeee ? aeoo? ia?aae/anii iiia?eeo caeaoi? aoee
iineeaoe aai a?aeaeaaaoe iaiao?aeio aeey aeeaeo ethaeae ? a?iaeath

16. Aeiia?aaeiaa E. Ieoieiae/aneee aniaeo iieanneie ?onaeueiie
o?aaeeoeee// Neaayineee e aaeeaineee oieueeei?. ?aeiino?oeoeey
ae?aaiaeoae neaayineie aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u: enoi/ieee e iaoiaeu. – I.,
1989.

aia?a?th ?iaeth/ino?, iniiai? “iaa?/i?” ooieoe?? iaio a?oi ?ineeiieo
neiaie?a aoee oioiaeieie (ea?iiaii?/ia, aiio?iia?/ia, iaioe/ia), ui e
i?ecaaei aei iinooiiaiai noe?aiiy a?aei?iiinoae o ?o ia?yaeia?e
naiaioeoe?. Naia oiio ?onaeeo, a?aeueio o eoiaeuenuee?e oa
o?i?oeueei-?onaeuei?e ia?yaeiaino? ii/aee cia?aaeoaaoe o aeaeyae?
nieii’yiiai iioaeaea, a oei/aniaee caiiee i?eooeie aeoo i?aaee?a i?ae
/an nayoeoaaiiy O??eoe? noaa ioioiaeithaaoeny c eea/aiiyi.

Aoaeo/e /anoeiith ia?yaeiaiai eiioaenoo, eaeaiaea?i? neiaiee
anooiathoue o neioaaiaoe/i? ca’ycee c ?ioeie aeieaie
eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeiaeo neiaie?a. Iae/ano?oa ?acii c ?ineeiieie ia?acaie
o eaeaiaea?ieo ia?yaeao c’yaeythoueny neiaiee “aiaiiue” oa “aiaea”. Aiie
ooieoe?iiaeueii oioiaei? ? naiaioe/ii aeecuee? aei oeo, ye? neeaaeathoue
?ineeiiee eiae (aeea. oyaeaiiy i?i “na?oiao ??eo”, ui c’?aeio? iaai,
caieth ? i?aecaiiee na?o, i?i “caiiee”, “iaaaniee” oa “i?aecaiiee”
aiaiiue o i?oieia?yo ia?iae?a na?oo). Oea oe?eaaa ii?aeiaiiy iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye na?aeioeoai ?nioaaiiy o na?aeiiino? ethaeae i?oiiiaoe/ii?
aiioe oyaeaiue i?i canaaeie/o nii??aeiai?noue on?o aeaiaio?a Einiino,
i?i iayai?noue ?aeeii? ii?iaeaeoaaeueii? iao?eoe?, yea ii-??ciiio
i?iyaey? naaa o “aeeaeo” oa “iaaeeaeo” ia’?eoao.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaiiy – “A?ioe/i? ?iie?eaoe??
?ineeiii? neiaie?ee a oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino?” – c?iaeaii
ni?iao ?icaeyiooe aenie?eiaaiee a oe?a?inueeeo ia?yaeao eaeaiaea?iiai
oeeeeo neeaaeiee ca’ycie ?ineeiiiai eiaeo c i?oiiiaoe/ieie oyaeaiiyie
i?i ethaenueeo naenoaeuei?noue oa oa?oeeuei?noue. ?ineeiiee eiae ia?
caeaoi?noue ia o?eueee anooiaoe o no?yaei? ca’ycee c ?ioeie eiaeaie, aea
e aenooiaoe ye “i?ae?yaeia” /anoeia neeaaei?oeo, ???a?o?/ii aeueo
neiaie?/ieo iiaeaeae, cie?aia, “a?ioe/iiai” eiaeo, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai
oyaeaiiy i?i i?ie?aaoeaiee oeeee i?e?iaee ioi?ieththoueny o oa?i?iao ?
ia?acao noaoaaiai aeeooy ethaeeie , ? iaaiaee.

Ii?o/ ?c ?ineeiieie ia?acaie iaeaaaeeea?oeie neeaaeiaeie a?ioe/iiai
eiaeo ? aio?iiiii?oi? e ciiii?oi? neiaiee. A?ioe/i? ?iie?eaoe??
?ineeiieo neiaie?a aeieeathoue aiane?aeie ae?? aeae?eueeio /eiiee?a: a)
no?oeoo?e ia?yaeiaiai neiaieo, aeey yeiai oa?aeoa?ia eiioeaio?aoe?y
cia/aiue iaaeiei ?aeaieia?/iiai ? naini?iiai iiethn?a; a) ?ie? iiaeae?
na?oiaiai aea?aaa ye ii?iaeaeoth/iai oa ?ioaa?oth/iai ia/aea o
i?oieia?yo ia?iae?a na?oo; a) a?ioe/ieo eiiioaoe?e caiea?ianueeeo ?ia?o
(i?aiee, can?ao, ai?iioaaiiy oiui); a) ?aaeueieo aeanoeainoae
?ineei-ao?iae?c?ae?a.

?ineeie a oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino? /anoi ? ciaeiaeie
aea?aaeaioaie oaeina, eoa?na, a aeoe?iiaeueiee aei??, o yeiio aiie
i?iyaeythoue naaa, aea? i?aenoaae ?icaeyaeaoe ?o ye neiaie?caoe?th
ceeooy /ieia?/iai oa ae?ii/iai ia/ae, ia?oaaiiy, noaoaaiai aeoo,
ethaiaiiai aeaiaith. I?iaiae?ciaaiee ia eiie?aoieo i?eeeaaeao ca’ycie
a?ioe/iiai ? ?ineeiiiai eiae?a o eiioaeno? o?aaeeoe?eii? oe?a?inueei?
eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino? ? ua iaeiei aeyaii ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai
aiiaiii?o?cio, nii??aeiaiino? aeaiaio?a ? nenoai ??cieo ??ai?a o
i?oiiiaoe/i?e ea?oei? na?oo aeaai?o neia’yi.

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaaaaeaii i?aenoiee
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iai?/aii ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy
o?aaeeoe?eii? oe?a?inueei? ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee. Cie?aia, aecia/aii
iniiai? ooieoe?? oa caaaeuei? iniaeeaino? naiaioeee ?ineeiieo neiaie?a a
oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino? – neiaie?a, ye? o no?oeoo??
a?oa?/ieo oyaeaiue neia’yi i?i I?e?i- ? Iae?ieini, i?i noinoiee “oiai” ?
“oeueiai” na?o?a aoee, i/aaeaeii, iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeaiaio?a. I?i
ia??aeia i?noea ?ineeiieo neiaie?a o nenoai? o?aaeeoe?eieo oyaeaiue
neia’yi i?i Anana?o na?ae/eoue oaeiae ? iayai?noue a?ioe/ieo ?iie?eaoe?e
o aaaaoueio aaaaoaoeaieo neiaie?a oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii?
ia?yaeiaino?.

Canaaeie/? oaie “ia?a?nieo” eoeueoo? – i?ie?aaoe?y, a?aeiiaeaiiy
aeeoy, na?o ye a?aia ai?ioueae ? ceeooy Oaiaoina e A?ina – iio?aaoaaee
neiaie?/iiai ioi?ioaaiiy. Ine?eueee o i?oieia?/ieo oa ?ae?a?eieo
nenoaiao iniaeeai i?aee?aneth?oueny aeno?aeia e?i?y aeeooy – a?ae
ia?iaeaeaiiy aei iaeneiaeueii? noaae?? ?inoo e ?icaeoeo, iaea?eueo
aaeaeee, ae?aciee ia?ac ?aeiino? i?ie?aaoe?? ? nia?o? aoei ciaeaeaii o
?ineeiiiio na?o?, o oeeee?/ieo ci?iao aaniyii-e?oiueiai aoyiiy ?
ceiiaiai caaie?aiiy caeai?. I?aenoaaith aei aca?iiiaeeaaeaiiy oyaeaiue
i?i a?ioeeo ? ?ineeii?noue noaea, eiia??ii, i?eienoaaia i?oieia?/iiio
na?oini?eeiaiith aeeooci?noue, yeo E. Eaa?-A?theue iacaaa
iao?eoeeiaoe??th – “i?noe/iith ni?ai?e/aoi?noth” ethaeeie ? i?e?iaeieo
ia’?eo?a, iaeeie/iiai ? iiiaeeiiiai, aeeaiai e iaaeeaiai.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeyae ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee a oe?a?inuee?e
o?aaeeoe?ei?e eoeueoo?? ia?aaeaa/a? c’ynoaaiiy ieoaiiy i?i oa, yeeie
ooiaeaiaioaeueieie iiiyooyie, oyaeaiiyie i?i na?o, ia?aoo?, yeeie
a?iaeaeaieie /e iaaooeie no?oeoo?aie ? i?ioeanaie ethaenueei? ineo?ee
coiiaeaia eeth/iaa iieiaeaiiy ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee o i?oiiiaoe/i?e
ea?oei? na?oo (oi/a, iaaia ??/, ia iiaeia i?eiaiooaaoe ? i?aaiaoe/io
oe?ii?noue ??cieo ?ineei aeey ainiiaea?nueeeo ? iiaooiaeo iio?aa
ethaeeie, ui oaeiae cia/iith i??ith coiiaeei i?noea ? ?ieue ?ineeiiiai
eiaeo a nenoai? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?ioe?a).

Cai?iiiiiaaia o i?aaenoaaeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiaeeea aiae?co
a?oie ?ineeiieo neiaie?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e ?icaeyae? ?ioeo a?oi
neiaie?a o eiioaeno? eaeaiaea?iiai oa n?iaeii-iiaooiaiai ia?yaeiaeo
oeeee?a.

O aeiaeaoeo aei aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeaii ianii?oecaoe?th
aeei?enoaieo o ?iaio? iieueiaeo caien?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1.Naiaioeea ciaea “?anoaiea” a ia?yaeiaii eiioaenoa/ A?oaioeiu a
oieueeei?a e eeoa?aoo?a. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. – Eaia?iai, 1994.-N.
4-10;

2.Oain, Oaiaoin ? A?in a neiaie?oe? ia?yae?a ia?aoiaeo/ Nooae?? c
?ioaa?aeueii? eoeueoo?ieia??. ?1. – Euea?a, 1996.- N. 63-70;

3.O ni?aaaoi?noa? c O. Eacie?iae/: ?iaa??aioi? oieueeei?ii-i?oieia?/i?
iiaeae? “e?niaiai aeiio” oa “ainiiaeei? e?niaiai aeiio” ? ?o iiaeaeueoa
o?ainoi?iaoe?y/ Iaiae??aaoeue. Ina?oyinueeee aeo?iae. – 1995/6 – 1996/1.
– N.112-119;

4.A?ioe/i? ?iie?eaoe?? ?ineeiii? neiaie?ee a oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e
ia?yaeiaino?// Nooae?? c ?ioaa?aeueii? eoeueoo?ieia??.?2. ?eooae. –
Euea?a, 1999. – N.32-35;

5.Anooiia neiai/ Oai naii. – N.6-11.

Aaa?eethe A. ?. ?ineeiia neiaie?ea a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei?
eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino?: i?iaeaia naiaioeei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aniaeoo.
– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.07. – oieueeei?enoeea. –
Euea?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea,
Euea?a,1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aiae?co naiaioeee ? ooieoe?e ?ineeiieo
neiaie?a o o?aaeeoe?ei?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino? oe?a?ioe?a.
Iniaeea?noth aeena?oaoe?? ? aeei?enoaiiy i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ii-nai?ioe/iiai, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?
ii??aiyeueii-ni?anoaaethaaeueiiai iaoiae?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ineeiiee
eiae oe?a?inueei? eaeaiaea?ii? ia?yaeiaino? (o aeoe?iiaeueiiio,
?aaeueiiio ? aa?aaeueiiio aei??ao) ia?aaea? iaaia iia?aeiieaiiy
i?oieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o. O eiioaeno? o?aaeeoe?eieo eaeaiaea?ieo nayo
?ineeii? ia?yaeia? neiaiee iiaee oyaeyoeny ethaeueie c i?oiiiaoe/iei
na?oini?eeiyooyi aiaeii/an ? ye “eeth/?”, ui a?ae/eiythoue aeaa?? a
“?ioee” na?o, ? ye ii?iaeaeaiiy iioiea?/iiai na?oo. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c
oaeei naiaioe/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ?ineeii? neiaiee aeeiioaaee a
oe?a?inuee?e eaeaiaea?i?e ia?yaeiaino? a?oio iaa?/ieo ooieoe?e.
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaeaeueoiai
aea/aiiy aeaiaio?a i?oiiiaoe/ii? ea?oeie na?oo oe?a?ioe?a, a oaeiae aeey
?ic?iaee ieoaiue ?aeiino?oeoe?? a?oa?/ii? neia’yinueei? ia?yaeiaino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neiaie, ooieoe?y, ?ineeiiee eiae, eaeaiaea?ia
ia?yaeia?noue, i?oiiiaoe/ia na?oini?eeiyooy.

Aaa?eethe Y. A. ?anoeoaeueiay neiaieeea a eiioaenoa oe?aeineie
eaeaiaea?iie ia?yaeiinoe: i?iaeaia naiaioeei-ooieoeeiiaeueiiai aniaeoa.
– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.07 – oieueeei?enoeea. –
Eueaianeee iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eaaia O?aiei, Eueaia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aiaeeco naiaioeee e ooieoeee ?anoeoaeueiuo
neiaieia a o?aaeeoeeiiiie eaeaiaea?iie ia?yaeiinoe oe?aeioeaa.
Iniaaiiinoueth aeenna?oaoeee yaeyaony eniieueciaaiea i?e i?iaaaeaiee
enneaaeiaaiey no?oeoo?ii-naieioe/aneiai, ooieoeeiiaeueiiai e
n?aaieoaeueii-niiinoaaeoaeueiiai iaoiaeia.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?anoeoaeueiue eiae oe?aeineie eaeaiaea?iie
ia?yaeiinoe (a aeoeeiiaeueiii, ?aaeueiii e aa?aaeueiii ecia?aieyo)
ia?aaeaao ii?aaeaeaiiia niiauaiea ieoieiae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a. A eiioaenoa
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo eaeaiaea?iuo i?acaeieeia ?anoeoaeueiua ia?yaeiaua neiaieu
iiaee i?aaenoaaeyoueny ethaeueie n ieoiiiyoe/aneei ie?iaini?eyoeai
iaeiia?aiaiii e eae “eeth/e”, ioe?uaathuea aeaa?e a “eiie” ie?, e eae
ii?iaeaeaiey iioonoi?iiiaai ie?a. A niioaaonoaee n oaeei naiaioe/aneei
iaiieiaieai ?anoeoaeueiua neiaieu auiieiytho a oe?aeineie eaeaiaea?iie
ia?yaeiinoe a?oiio iaae/aneeo ooieoeee, n?aaee eioi?uo iniiaiuie
yaeythony ea?iiaiie/aneay (ooieoeey iaania/aiey ieiaei?iaeey),
aiio?iiae/aneay (io?aieoaeueiay), iaioe/aneay (ooieoeey iineoaey
iaae/aneie ioae?inoe).

Oaeie iaai? ooieoeee ?anoeoaeueiuo neiaieia a eiioaenoa oe?aeineeo
eaeaiaea?iuo ia?yaeia iaoneiaeai naiaioeeie aaaaoaoeaiiai eiaea.
?anoeoaeueiua neiaieu i?aaenoaaeyeenue ethaeueie ieoiiiyoe/aneie yiioe
“ii?oaaaeiuie” ?aaeeyie, “eaiaeaie” nae?aeueiie yia?aee, eioi?ua
niaaeeiytho iaai, caieth e iiaecaiiue ie?. Yoa eaeay ?aaeecoaony a
iiaeaee oae iacuaaaiiai “ie?iaiai aea?aaa”, e?iia eioi?iai iaoiaeeony ia
iaaa, noaie ia caiea, a ei?ie ooiaeyo a aeoaeiu iiaecaiiiai oea?noaa. A
ii?aaeaeaiiua iiiaiou “?ac?ua” aoaeie/iiai a?aiaie (neooaoeey
i?acaeieea) iicaieyao iioonoi?iiiei neeai e nouanoaai eniieueciaaoue
?anoaiey a ea/anoaa iooae ia?aoiaea a ie? ethaeae e eae a?aiaiiia
i?enoaieua a iai. Iaeiia?aiaiii e ethaee eniieuecotho ?anoeoaeueiinoue
eae niinia nayce n iioonoi?iiiei ie?ii, eae naiaia?aciue “eeth/”,
ioe?uaathuee aeinooi a ie? eiie n oai, /oiau aeiauaaoue ioooaea
neiaiee/aneea e ?aaeueiua aeaaa.

Aoaeo/e /anoueth ia?yaeiaiai eiioaenoa, eaeaiaea?iua neiaieu
anooiatho a neioaaiaoe/aneea nayce n ae?oaeie aeieaie
eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeiauo neiaieia. *aua anaai ia?yaeo n ?anoeoaeueiuie
ia?acaie a eaeaiaea?iuo ia?yaeao oeao?e?otho neiaieu aiaeu e iaiy. Iie
ooieoeeiiaeueii oiaeaeanoaaiiu e naiaioe/anee aeecee oai, eioi?ua
ninoaaeytho ?anoeoaeueiue eiae. Yoi eioa?aniia ni/aoaiea ?aciioeiiuo
neiaieia a eaeaiaea?iie ia?yaeiinoe iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny eae
naeaeaoaeuenoai nouanoaiaaiey a?oae/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee i
ooiaeaiaioaeueiii ?iaenoaa anao yeaiaioia Einiina, i iaee/ee aaeeiie
ii?iaeaeathuae iao?eoeu, aiaoia ii-?aciiio i?iyaeythuae naay a “aeeauo”
e “iaaeeauo” iauaeoao.

?anoeoaeueiue eiae iiaeao ia oieueei anooiaoue a ni/eieoaeueioth
naycue n eiuie eiaeaie a eiioaenoa eaeaiaea?iie ia?yaeiinoe oe?aeioeaa,
ii e auoue /anoueth aieaa neiaeiuo, ea?a?oe/anee aunoeo eiaeia, a
/anoiinoe, y?ioe/aneiai iaoaeiaea, n iiiiuueth eioi?iai i?aaenoaaeaiey i
i?ie?aaoeaiii oeeeea i?e?iaeu ioi?ieythony a oa?ieiao e ia?acao
naenoaeueiie aeecie /aeiaaea, e iaiai?io. Ia?yaeo n ?anoeoaeueiuie
ia?acaie aaaeiuie ninoaaeythueie y?ioe/aneiai iaoaeiaea yaeythony
aio?iiiii?oiua e ciiii?oiua neiaieu.

Y?ioe/aneea eiieeeaoeee ?anoeoaeueiuo neiaieia a eaeaiaea?iie
ia?yaeiinoe oe?aeioeaa aicieeatho aneaaenoaea aeeyiey ianeieueeeo
oaeoi?ia, a /anoiinoe, ?iee iiaeaee ie?iaiai aea?aaa eae ii?iaeaeathuaai
e eioaa?e?othuaai ia/aea a ieoieiaeyo iiiaeo ia?iaeia ie?a (a oii /enea
e neaayi), y?ioe/aneeo eiiiioaoeee caieaaeaeue/aneeo i?ioeannia
(aniaoeaaiey, nayiey, ai?iiiaaiey e o.ae.) e ?aaeueiuo naienoa
?anoaiee-ao?iaeeceaeia. Acaeiinayce y?ioe/aneiai e ?anoeoaeueiiai eiaeia
a eiioaenoa oe?aeineie eaeaiaea?iie ia?yaeiinoe yaeythony aua iaeiei
i?iyaeaieai anaiauaiethuaai aiiaiii?oecia, niioianaiiinoe neiaiee/aneeo
yeaiaioia e nenoai ?aciuo o?iaiae a ieoiiiyoe/aneie ea?oeia ie?a iaoeo
i?aaeeia.

Oaeei ia?acii, aiaeec eiie?aoiiai iaoa?eaea iicaieee ii?aaeaeeoue
iniiaiua ooieoeee e iniaaiiinoe naiaioeee ?anoeoaeueiuo neiaieia a
oe?aeineie eaeaiaea?iie ia?yaeiinoe, eioi?ua a nenoaia a?oae/aneeo
i?aaenoaaeaiee iaoeo i?auo?ia i iee?i- e Iae?ieinia, i nayce “yoiai” e
eiiai ie?ia yaeyeenue iaeiei ec iniiaiiieaaathueo yeaiaioia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neiaie, ooieoeey, ?anoeoaeueiue eiae,
eaeaiaea?iay ia?yaeiinoue, ieoiiiyoe/aneia ie?iaini?eyoea.

Gavryliuk E. J. Vegetable Symbolics in the Context of the Ukrainian
Calendar Rites: a Problem of the Semantic-Functional Aspect. Manuscript.
Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 10.01/07 folkloristics. –
L’viv National University named after Ivan Franko, L’viv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of peculiarities
of semantics and functions of vegetable symbols system in the
traditional calendar rites of the Ukrainians. A hallmark of the work is
the using of structural-semiotic, functional and comparative methods in
the course of the research. There was established that the vegetable
code in the Ukrainian calendar rites (in actionable, verbal and real
dimensions) conveys the significant mythological information. Vegetable
ritual symbols in the context of the traditional calendar feasts were
conceived by people possessing in the myth-poetic vision of the Universe
simultaneously either as the “keys” opening the doors of the “other”
world or as the beyond. According to such semantics vegetable symbols in
the Ukrainian calendar rites perform the group of magical functions. The
results of the dissertation can be applied for the further investigation
of the significant elements of mythological vision of the Universe and
for working out of questions concerning to the archaic Slavonic rites
reconstruction as well.

Key words: symbol, function, vegetable code, calendar rites,
myth-poetic vision of the Universe.

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