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Роль змін верхніх дихальних та травних шляхів у первинній діагностиці аутоімунного тиреоїдиту та гіпотиреозу: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / Я.М. М

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I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i.i?io. I.N.Eieii?e/aiea

Iaoa?e/oe ss?ineaaa Ieoaee?aia

OAeE: 616.211/.232+616.441.28-07

?ieue aeyaeaiiy ci?i aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo

oeyo?a o ia?aeii?e ae?aaiinoeoe? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico

14.01.19 – ioi?eiiea?eiaieia

Aaoio?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?oea?a Ieaenaiae? Iiaeyiiae/,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeoei Oaae?? Ieaen?eiae/, caneoaeaiee
ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, Eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeueieeia Ieaa Oaaein?eiae/,
Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i.i?io.
I.N.Eieii?e/aiea, ea??aiee eaai?aoi??? iaoio?c?ieia?? oa ?ioiieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.611.01 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i. I.N.Eieii?e/aiea IIC
Oe?a?ie: 252057, i.Ee?a-57, aoe.Ciieia?/ia, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai IAe?
ioiea?eiaieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie (252057, i.Ee?a-57, aoe.Ciieia?/ia, 3).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 23 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

E.i.i. ?iceeaaeea A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE

*anoioa oai?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a naia aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo,
aaaaoiaoceiaiai ciao, iiaiooai?aiue, ca inoaii? ?iee cia/ii c?inea.
Aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo ? oai?iaith, ui noi?iaiaeeoueny aeieeiaiiyi
ye?nii iiaeo o?c?ieia?/ieo aca?iia?aeii-oaiue, ye?, a naith /a?ao,
eaaeaoue a iniia? ?aaeoeaieo, aaeaioaoe?e-ieo ? eiiiainaoi?ieo
i?ioean?a, ui aecia/athoue aca?iica’ycie i?aai?cio ? aeiae?eey.
Aeenaaeain oe?ai?aeieo ai?iii?a, ui aeieea? i?e oai?iaao ueoiaeaeii?
caeice, ia?aaeon?i i?e aooi?ioi-iiio oe?ai?aeeo? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ii?ooaiue o?ce/iiai ? noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae, aei ineo?/ieo ?
ia?aiaeo ?iceaae?a, cieaeaiiy ?ioiii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio,
o?aaeaiiy i?iea?aeo, ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? o ae?iie
[N.A.E?aniiaa ? ni?aaao., 1987; I.I. Iaaethe ? ni?aaao., 1995; E.I.Oia?a
? ni?aaao., 1995; oa ?i.].

Ioi?eiiea?eiaieiae iaaeinoaoiuei ciaeii? c EI? i?iyaaie iaoieia??
ueoiaeaeii? caeice ? oiio, i?e iayaiino? neiioii?a i?enaaeaie, aai
oa?aeoa?ieo iciae aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo c aieo aeioee ? ai?oai?
o?eaaeee /an e?eothoue oai?eo a?ae iaa?yeiaiai ea?eia?oo, oa?eia?oo oa
?ioeo oai?ia. O?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee e?eo-aaiiy, ye eiina?aaoeaiiai, oae ?
o??o?a?/iiai, iaa?yeiai-a?ia?-ieanoe/ieo i?ioean?a aeioee e ai?oai?,
/anoi-aonoi ia i?ecaiaeyoue aei iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O a?o/eciyi?e
oa ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? ? eeoa ie?ai? iia?aeiieaiiy i?i oa, ui
iaoieia?/i? i?ioeane eieae?ciaai? o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo
oeyoao iiaeooue aooe iia’ycaieie c aeenooieoe??th ueoiaeaeii? caeice
[A.I.Ia/eii-?aiei, A.E.Eiceoeeay, 1994].

Aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae ni?ai?aoe? eaoaae? oa ee?i?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??,
oaeoeueoaonueei? o??o?a?? oa aiaeie?eiieia?? Euea?anueeiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo iieacaa, ui oai?iae ueoiaeaeii? caeice, cie?aia aooi?ioiiee
oe?ai?aeeo, iai?oanoothoueny aeineoue oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie c aieo
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a [A.A.Eeoea?a, 1988]. Oe? ci?ie,
iniaeeai aeaye? c ieo, iiaoi?ththoueny c aeineoue ia?aeiieeaith
/anoioith, ui aeaei iai i?aenoaao aeeaoa aea/eoe ?o aaiac ?
a??ia?aei?noue, ye neiioii?a aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeioaia??oi?o niinoa?aaeaiue ni?a?ia?oieee Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aenoioee a?iioaco i?i oa, ui
ueoiaeaeia caeica, yea a aia??iiaeueiiio ia??iae? ?icaeaa?oueny a
ae?eyioe? ei?aiy yceea, iaa?oue i?e a?aenooiino? ?? caeeoeiaeo aeaiaio?a
a i?noe? ia?aeiiiai caeeaaeaiiy /e ia oeyoo ia?anoaaiiy (yceeiaee cia,
aaa?aioi? ueoiaeaei? caeice, eenoe, ii?eoe? oiui), iiaea i?ioyaii
onueiai aeeooy ethaeeie caa??aaoe ?ioiiee ca’ycie c i?noeai ia?aeiiiai
caeeaaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aea/aiiy ci?i, ye? cono??/athoueny o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo
oa o?aaieo oeyoao i?e aooi?ioiiiio oe?ai?aeeo? oa a?iioe?aic?, a
I?eea?iaonueeiio aiaeai?/iiio aiaieu? cie?aia, ? aeineoue aaaeeeaei ?
aeooaeueiei.

IAOA ?IAIOE

Iaoa iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o aecia/aii? oa iaa?oiooaaii?
ne?ei?ia-neiioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo
ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe?aic c caeaaeii a?ae aaaeeino?
oai?iae aea/aiiy ?o aeeiai?ee a i?ioean? eiina?aaoeaiiai oa o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae o ai?iaaaeaeai? ?o a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo, ye oano?a
aeey ae?aaiinoeee aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe /anoioo oa ?ioaineai?noue ci?i aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa
o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe?aic.

2. Aeine?aeeoe aooi?ioii? ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio ia aioeaaie c oeaiei
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi-?ioiiee
oe?ai?aeeo, a?iioe?aic oa o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a.

3. Aeine?aeeoe nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? iaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a c aieo
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioi-iee
oe?ai?aeeo caeaaeii a?ae aaaeeino? oai?iae.

4. Aeine?aeeoe ci?ie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a, a
oaeiae aeine?aeeoe ?ioiieia?/i? iieacieee ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? o oai?eo ia
aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, a?iioe?aic oa aoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia. Aeey
oiai, uia ia?aeiiaoeny a niaoeeo?/iino? oeeo ?aaeoe?e ae??oaii i?iaanoe
aeacai? ianoaaeaiiy oaeiae o oai?eo c nenoaiiei aooi?ioiiei i?ioeanii —
?aaiaoi?aeiei iie?a?o?eoii.

5. Aea/eoe aeeiai?eo oeeo neiioii?a a i?ioean? eiina?aaoeaiiai ?
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

6. Iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo ne?ei?ia-oanoe, ui
a?oioothoueny ia ci?iao aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a aeey
aeyaeaiiy aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

C?a?aii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa
o?aaieo oeyo?a oa?aeoa?i? aeey aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico.
Aia?oa aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue nooiaiy ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea,
a?ia?ai?? ? iaa?yeo yce/ea, i’yeiai i?aeia-a?iiy, ci?i aieiniaeo
neeaaeie a?ae aaaeeino? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa ae?aaeaiino?
ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a a?iioe?aico.

Aea/aii caeaaei?noue iii?ae nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? oai?ia ueoiaeaeii?
caeice (aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo, a?iioe?aico, aoceiaiai aooe?ai?aeiiai
ciao), a oaeiae ?aaiaoi?aeiiai iie?a?o?eoo c o?aaeaiiyi ueoiaeaeii?
caeice c iaeiiai aieo ? aeacaiith aeua o??aaeith neiioii?a c aieo
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a — c ?ioiai. Io?eiai? aeai?
iiaeeaeththoue oyaeaiiy i?i iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo
aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe-?aico, aeiiiaiththoue ia?aeiio
neiioiiaoeeo oai?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe e?ea?yi, ia?aaeon?i
ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaai oa n?iaeiei e?ea?yi (ca oiiae iaieiae?iiy iaoiaeii
iai?yii? ea?eiaineii??), ne?ei?ia-neiioiie ia?aeiiiai aeiai?o in?a c
i?aeic?ith ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe?aic.

?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeei?enoaiiy a ae?aaiinoeoe? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo ?
a?iioe?aico i?inoeo, aeinooiieo, ?ioi?iaoeaieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo
oano?a-neiioii?a:

1. A?ia?ai??, iaa?yeo neeciai? iaieiiee aeioee, iniaeeai i’yeiai
i?aeiaa?iiy ? yce/ea.

2. A?ia?ieac?? yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, ?i’?eoe?? noaeei ia eiai iiaa?oi?.

3. Neiao?e/iiai ae?aaeenoiai iaa?yeo aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ?, a aeayeeo
aeiaaeeao, neeciai? iaieiiee i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee i?e iayaiino?
iii??ii? a?ia?ai?? oa nooino? neeciai? iaieiiee ai?oai?.

A?iioe?aic iiaeia cai?aeic?eoe i?e iayaiino? ae?aaeenoiai iaa?yeo
aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ui ?iiae? ia?aoiaeeoue ia neeciao iaieiieo
i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee, caaeeoee, aeenoii??.

I?inoioa ? aeinooii?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo ne?ei?ia-oano?a a?ae-e?eaathoue
iiaeeea?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a oiiaao iie?ee?i?ee. Nai?/ania
?ici?ciaaaiiy aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo i?aeaeuo? ye?noue ia?aeiii?
ae?aaiinoeee, ni?ey? nai?/aniiio e?eoaaiith oa ciaioo? /anoioo
?aoeeaeea?a oe??? oai?iae.

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A O I?AEOEEO

Ia i?aenoaa? iaoa??ae?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 11 i?aoeue,
ai?iaaaeaeaii 5 i?iiiceoe?e.

Cai?iiiiiaai? ne?ei?ia-oanoe ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo o EI? a?aeae?eao
Euea?anueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? oa ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
Euea?anueei? cae?cieoe?, o Euea?anueeiio iaeaniiio aiaeie?eiieia?/iiio
aeeiaina??, a oaeiae a EI?-a?aeae?e? ?aaii-O?aie?anue-ei? iaeanii?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? oa a EI? oeaio?? *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii?
e?ea?i?.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo Euea?anueeeo iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?a ?
aiaeie?eiieia?a (1994-1995 ??.), ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?-aa?neoaoo
(1996 ?.), ia can?aeaiiyo e?ea?nueei? eii?n?? Iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa ?i.
Oaa/aiea (1994 ?.); ia VIII c’?cae? ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1995 ?.).; ia Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eii- oa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th
eaoaae?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? EIAII (Ee?a, 1997 ?.).

IOAE?EAOe??

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 11 i?aoeue.

INIAENOEE AIANIE AeENA?OAIOA A IO?EIAII? IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Aeeaae aaoi?a a io?eiaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ? iniiaiei ? iieyaa? o
aeai?? ianaiia?aae ianyao ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, a iinoaiiaoe? iaoe
oa oi?ioaaii? caaaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii? ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c?a
? ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, a iaa?oiooaaii? oa?aeoa?ieo
neiioii?a ye ne?ei?ia-oano?a aeey ae?aa-iinoeee aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo
oa a?iioe?aico, o i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a aei ae?oeo.

CO?OEOO?A OA IANssA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 147 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeo iaoiae?a ee?-i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e; ?? ?ethno?iaaii 18 oaaeeoeyie oa 8 ?e- noieaie. Iieaae/ee
e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 303 aeaea?aea, c ieo 220 a?o/eciyieo oa e?a?i NIAe
oa 83 aaoi??a aeaeaeiai ca?oa?aeaey.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? a
?iaio? iaoe ie aeei?enoiaoaaee ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy, ?io-iieia?/i? oa
a?noieia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?eo. Ia ia?oiio aoai? ?iaioe i?iaiaeeee ?icoe?aia
ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 111 oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, ?o na?aaei?e
a?e noaiiaea 42,5 ?., na?aae ianoaaeaieo ia?aaaaeaee ae?iee — 81,1%.
Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaei 10 caei?iaeo in?a, na?aaei?e a?e yeeo aoa
31,5 ?., an? aiie iaoeathoue a aiaeai?/iiio uiaei ciao ?aeii?.

O 34 in?a ia /an ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii
iaoieia?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice, 65 iaoe??io?a a?ae?a?aii aeey ianoaaeaiiy
a eiinoeueoaoeai?e iie?ee?i?oe? ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaieo ci?i o aa?oi?o
aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyoao, ui aeaaaei i?aenoaao cai?aeic?eoe
aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, aai a?iioe?aic. O 1-io a?ae-ae?e? o??o?a??
aiaeie?eiieo i?aai?a EIEE iaeyiooi oa ianoaaeaii 28 in?a, o ieo aoei
i?iaaaeaii o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy c i?eaiaeo aoceiaiai aooe?ai?aeiiai
ciaa: nie?oa?iee aocie, aaaaoiaoceiaee cia, aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo.
Aooi?ioiia caoai?thaaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice iiaea cono??/aoeny a
ii?aeiaii? c nenoaiieie ?aaiaoe/ieie oai?iaaie, oaeeie ye ?aaiaoi?aeiee
iie?a?o?eo [A.A.Na-?aa?yeia, 1991]. C oaeeo i??eoaaiue iaie aoei
a?ae?a?aii a o?aoueiio ?aaiaoieia?/iiio a?aeae?e? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
Euea?anueei? cae?c-ieoe? ianoaaeaii 10 oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee
iie?a?o?eo.

Ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. On?i oai?ei i?iaiaeeeinue iaeueiaoi?ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Ie??i oeueiai i?iaiaeeeinue
oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice, ia i?aenoaa? yeiai
cai?aeic?aii aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo o 111 oai?eo, a o 12 — aoceiaee
aooe?ai?aeiee cia, na?aae ieo: o /ioe?ueio oai?eo — nie?-oa?iee aocie, o
ainueie — aaaaoiaoceiaee cia. ?c niaoe?aeueieo eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeinue aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy o?eeiaeoe?ii?io (O3),
oe?ieneio (O4), oe?aaeiaoe?io (OA), oe?ienei-ca’ycoth/iai aeiaoe?io
(OcA) ca aeiiiiiaith iaai??a ?aae?i?ci-oiiieo ?aaeoea?a ??A-OA-125 J,
PIA-O3-IA, ??A-O4-IA (aini-?ic?aooieiaiai aeine?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe A?ea-?onue). Oeo??a aioeoe?ai?aeieo ? i?e?iniiaeueieo
aioeo?e aecia/aee c aeiiiiiaith iaai??a ?aaeoea?a ??A-AO-OA-125 J
(aini?ic?aooi-eiaiai aeine?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa Aeaaeai?? Iaoe ?anioae?ee
A?ea-?onue). Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a ?aae?i?cioiii?e eaai?aoi???
c aeio?eiaiiyi “Ii?i ?aae?aoe?eii? aaciaee I?A-76 ? iniiaieo nai?oa?ieo
i?aaee INI 72/80 ?iaioe c ?aae?iaeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie ? ?ioeie
aeaea?aeaie eii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy” [I. — Yia?aiecaeao, 1981].

A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeaeaii? i?e iia?aoe?? oeaieie
ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Aeaeaeaio oeaieio ueoiaeaeii? caeice
aeine?aeaeo-aaee a?noieia?/ii; oiaoi/ee aeey a?noieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoeiaee ia iaae? aoce?a oa aeiaeieeoi?o oeaiei,
i?aia?aoe caaa?aethaaee aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii.

Ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?ei ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo
i?iaiaeeeinue: i?ioa?eiaineii?y, iai?yia i?e?iea?ei-aineii?y,
i?e?ioa?eiaineii?y oa o?a?iea?eiaineii?y.

I?e?ioa?eiaineii?th cae?enithaaee c aeiiiiiaith o??o?a?/-iiai
i?e?ineiia II-2 (c-ae “E?aniiaaa?aeaaoe”), c oieoniith a?aen- oaiith 400
ii, e?aoi?noue ca?eueoaiiy — 4-6 ?ac?a. Iai?yio i?e?iea?eiaineii?th
cae?enithaaee c aeiiiiiaith oiai ae oaee i?e?ineiia II-2 ? ai?oaiiiai
aeca?eaea. O?a?iea?eiaineii?th i?iaiaeeee aia?aoii o??ie “Pentax FB-5H”
ca aeiiiiiaith aio/eiai o?a?ineiia.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioiii? nenoaie. A?aenioeiaee ? aaniethoiee ai?no O- ?
A-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? (AAN-?IE ? A-?IE) aecia/aee iaoiaeii
I.I.*a?aaea?aa [1976], a On ? Oo noaiiioeyoe?e — ca A.N.Iaaetho oa
ni?aaao. [1982].

??aaiue ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eean?a A, G, M o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aea/aee
iaoiaeii ?aae?aeueii? ?ioiiaeeooc?? a aaa?? [C.Mancini et al., 1965].

Niaoeeo?/i? oeaieii? aioeo?ea aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io aecia/aee iaoiaeii
ianeaii? aaiaaethoeiaoe?? c a?eo?ioeeoiei ae?aaiinoeeo-iii,
iaaaioaaeaiei aeaiei aioeaaiii [C.Boyden, 1951].

O?eniaai? ?ioii? eiiieaene aecia/aeeny iaoiaeii i?yii?
?ioii-oethi?anoeaioe?? [Hasnkova, 1974]. N-?aaeoeaiee a?eie aecia/aee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith [I.I.Iaoeiei, 1961].

?ic?aooiee iieaciee?a i?iaiaeeeenue ca caaaeueiiaaeeaaieie iaoiaeaie
?aoe?iiaeueii? noaoenoeee ia cai?ia?aiiaaiiio i?e?i-eaeueeoeyoi?? IE-61.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aooi?ioiieo ?aaeoe?e o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee
oe?ai?aeeo, iieacaee, ui o a?eueoino? iaoe??io?a aoee cia/i? ci?ie ?o
iieaciee?a. O an?o oeeo oai?eo aeyaeaii aioeo?ea aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io o
aaeeeeo ?icaaaeaiiyo.

Ne?iaaoea oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo i?noeea iaeii-/anii aioeo?ea
aei yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, i’yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy, i?ae-iaa?iieo
ieaaeaeee?a. Iae/ano?oa aeyaeyeeny aioeo?ea aei aioeaaio yceeiaiai
ieaaeaeeea; na?aaei?e eiaa?eoi?/iee iieaciee (Xlg) ?o oeo?o noaiiaea —
1:380; oeo? aioeo?e aei aioeaaio i’yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy neeaaeaa Xlg —
1:340, a oeo? aioeo?e aei aioeaaio i?ae-iaa?iieo ieaaeaeee?a — Xlg —
1:260.

Aioeo?ea aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io aoei aeyaeaii o 27 (89,0%) ae?iie oa o 7
(11,0%) /ieia?e?a, aioeo?ea aei yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea — o 26 (86,0%)
ae?iie ? o 7 (11,0%) /ieia?e?a, aioeo?ea aei aioeaaio i’yeiai
i?aeiaa?iiy — o 25 (83,0%) ae?iie i 6 (9,0%) /ieia?e?a, aioeo?ea aei
aioeaaio i?aeiaa?iieo ieaaeaeee?a — o 18 (59,0%) ae?iie oa 2 (5,0%)
/ieia?e?a.

O caei?iaeo in?a aioeo?ea aei aioeaaio yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, i’yeiai
i?aeiaa?iiy, a oaeiae aei i?aeiaa?iieo ieaaeaeee?a aeyaeyeeny ye o
ae?iie, oae ? o /ieia?e?a c? neaai iiceoeaiei ?acoeueoaoii: Xlg noaiiaea
— 1:30.

Ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? neiioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo
oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo aea/aee oeyoii
ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/iiai oa aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiue o 65 oai?eo.
On?o oai?eo ?icae?eeee ia o?e a?oie ca ooieoe?i-iaeueiei noaiii ? ca
no?oeoo?ith ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

O ia?o?e a?oi? — 35 oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo c ee?i?/-ieie
iciaeaie aooe?aico aeyaeaii oae? ??ai? ai?iii?a: O3 — 1,51 0,06
iiieue/e, i?e p

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