I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo

ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i.i?io. I.N.Eieii?e/aiea

Iaoa?e/oe ss?ineaaa Ieoaee?aia

OAeE: 616.211/.232+616.441.28-07

?ieue aeyaeaiiy ci?i aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo

oeyo?a o ia?aeii?e ae?aaiinoeoe? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico

14.01.19 – ioi?eiiea?eiaieia

Aaoio?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?oea?a Ieaenaiae? Iiaeyiiae/,
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeoei Oaae?? Ieaen?eiae/, caneoaeaiee
ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, Eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeueieeia Ieaa Oaaein?eiae/,
Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i.i?io.
I.N.Eieii?e/aiea, ea??aiee eaai?aoi??? iaoio?c?ieia?? oa ?ioiieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.611.01 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i. I.N.Eieii?e/aiea IIC
Oe?a?ie: 252057, i.Ee?a-57, aoe.Ciieia?/ia, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai IAe?
ioiea?eiaieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie (252057, i.Ee?a-57, aoe.Ciieia?/ia, 3).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 23 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

E.i.i. ?iceeaaeea A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE

*anoioa oai?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a naia aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo,
aaaaoiaoceiaiai ciao, iiaiooai?aiue, ca inoaii? ?iee cia/ii c?inea.
Aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo ? oai?iaith, ui noi?iaiaeeoueny aeieeiaiiyi
ye?nii iiaeo o?c?ieia?/ieo aca?iia?aeii-oaiue, ye?, a naith /a?ao,
eaaeaoue a iniia? ?aaeoeaieo, aaeaioaoe?e-ieo ? eiiiainaoi?ieo
i?ioean?a, ui aecia/athoue aca?iica’ycie i?aai?cio ? aeiae?eey.
Aeenaaeain oe?ai?aeieo ai?iii?a, ui aeieea? i?e oai?iaao ueoiaeaeii?
caeice, ia?aaeon?i i?e aooi?ioi-iiio oe?ai?aeeo? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ii?ooaiue o?ce/iiai ? noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae, aei ineo?/ieo ?
ia?aiaeo ?iceaae?a, cieaeaiiy ?ioiii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio,
o?aaeaiiy i?iea?aeo, ii?ooaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? o ae?iie
[N.A.E?aniiaa ? ni?aaao., 1987; I.I. Iaaethe ? ni?aaao., 1995; E.I.Oia?a
? ni?aaao., 1995; oa ?i.].

Ioi?eiiea?eiaieiae iaaeinoaoiuei ciaeii? c EI? i?iyaaie iaoieia??
ueoiaeaeii? caeice ? oiio, i?e iayaiino? neiioii?a i?enaaeaie, aai
oa?aeoa?ieo iciae aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo c aieo aeioee ? ai?oai?
o?eaaeee /an e?eothoue oai?eo a?ae iaa?yeiaiai ea?eia?oo, oa?eia?oo oa
?ioeo oai?ia. O?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee e?eo-aaiiy, ye eiina?aaoeaiiai, oae ?
o??o?a?/iiai, iaa?yeiai-a?ia?-ieanoe/ieo i?ioean?a aeioee e ai?oai?,
/anoi-aonoi ia i?ecaiaeyoue aei iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O a?o/eciyi?e
oa ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? ? eeoa ie?ai? iia?aeiieaiiy i?i oa, ui
iaoieia?/i? i?ioeane eieae?ciaai? o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo
oeyoao iiaeooue aooe iia’ycaieie c aeenooieoe??th ueoiaeaeii? caeice
[A.I.Ia/eii-?aiei, A.E.Eiceoeeay, 1994].

Aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae ni?ai?aoe? eaoaae? oa ee?i?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??,
oaeoeueoaonueei? o??o?a?? oa aiaeie?eiieia?? Euea?anueeiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo iieacaa, ui oai?iae ueoiaeaeii? caeice, cie?aia aooi?ioiiee
oe?ai?aeeo, iai?oanoothoueny aeineoue oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie c aieo
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a [A.A.Eeoea?a, 1988]. Oe? ci?ie,
iniaeeai aeaye? c ieo, iiaoi?ththoueny c aeineoue ia?aeiieeaith
/anoioith, ui aeaei iai i?aenoaao aeeaoa aea/eoe ?o aaiac ?
a??ia?aei?noue, ye neiioii?a aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeioaia??oi?o niinoa?aaeaiue ni?a?ia?oieee Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aenoioee a?iioaco i?i oa, ui
ueoiaeaeia caeica, yea a aia??iiaeueiiio ia??iae? ?icaeaa?oueny a
ae?eyioe? ei?aiy yceea, iaa?oue i?e a?aenooiino? ?? caeeoeiaeo aeaiaio?a
a i?noe? ia?aeiiiai caeeaaeaiiy /e ia oeyoo ia?anoaaiiy (yceeiaee cia,
aaa?aioi? ueoiaeaei? caeice, eenoe, ii?eoe? oiui), iiaea i?ioyaii
onueiai aeeooy ethaeeie caa??aaoe ?ioiiee ca’ycie c i?noeai ia?aeiiiai
caeeaaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aea/aiiy ci?i, ye? cono??/athoueny o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo
oa o?aaieo oeyoao i?e aooi?ioiiiio oe?ai?aeeo? oa a?iioe?aic?, a
I?eea?iaonueeiio aiaeai?/iiio aiaieu? cie?aia, ? aeineoue aaaeeeaei ?
aeooaeueiei.

IAOA ?IAIOE

Iaoa iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o aecia/aii? oa iaa?oiooaaii?
ne?ei?ia-neiioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo
ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe?aic c caeaaeii a?ae aaaeeino?
oai?iae aea/aiiy ?o aeeiai?ee a i?ioean? eiina?aaoeaiiai oa o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae o ai?iaaaeaeai? ?o a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo, ye oano?a
aeey ae?aaiinoeee aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe iinoaaeaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe /anoioo oa ?ioaineai?noue ci?i aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa
o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe?aic.

2. Aeine?aeeoe aooi?ioii? ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio ia aioeaaie c oeaiei
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi-?ioiiee
oe?ai?aeeo, a?iioe?aic oa o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a.

3. Aeine?aeeoe nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? iaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a c aieo
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioi-iee
oe?ai?aeeo caeaaeii a?ae aaaeeino? oai?iae.

4. Aeine?aeeoe ci?ie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a, a
oaeiae aeine?aeeoe ?ioiieia?/i? iieacieee ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? o oai?eo ia
aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, a?iioe?aic oa aoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia. Aeey
oiai, uia ia?aeiiaoeny a niaoeeo?/iino? oeeo ?aaeoe?e ae??oaii i?iaanoe
aeacai? ianoaaeaiiy oaeiae o oai?eo c nenoaiiei aooi?ioiiei i?ioeanii —
?aaiaoi?aeiei iie?a?o?eoii.

5. Aea/eoe aeeiai?eo oeeo neiioii?a a i?ioean? eiina?aaoeaiiai ?
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

6. Iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo ne?ei?ia-oanoe, ui
a?oioothoueny ia ci?iao aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a aeey
aeyaeaiiy aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

C?a?aii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa
o?aaieo oeyo?a oa?aeoa?i? aeey aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico.
Aia?oa aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue nooiaiy ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea,
a?ia?ai?? ? iaa?yeo yce/ea, i’yeiai i?aeia-a?iiy, ci?i aieiniaeo
neeaaeie a?ae aaaeeino? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa ae?aaeaiino?
ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a a?iioe?aico.

Aea/aii caeaaei?noue iii?ae nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? oai?ia ueoiaeaeii?
caeice (aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo, a?iioe?aico, aoceiaiai aooe?ai?aeiiai
ciao), a oaeiae ?aaiaoi?aeiiai iie?a?o?eoo c o?aaeaiiyi ueoiaeaeii?
caeice c iaeiiai aieo ? aeacaiith aeua o??aaeith neiioii?a c aieo
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a — c ?ioiai. Io?eiai? aeai?
iiaeeaeththoue oyaeaiiy i?i iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo
aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe-?aico, aeiiiaiththoue ia?aeiio
neiioiiaoeeo oai?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe e?ea?yi, ia?aaeon?i
ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaai oa n?iaeiei e?ea?yi (ca oiiae iaieiae?iiy iaoiaeii
iai?yii? ea?eiaineii??), ne?ei?ia-neiioiie ia?aeiiiai aeiai?o in?a c
i?aeic?ith ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe?aic.

?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeei?enoaiiy a ae?aaiinoeoe? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo ?
a?iioe?aico i?inoeo, aeinooiieo, ?ioi?iaoeaieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo
oano?a-neiioii?a:

1. A?ia?ai??, iaa?yeo neeciai? iaieiiee aeioee, iniaeeai i’yeiai
i?aeiaa?iiy ? yce/ea.

2. A?ia?ieac?? yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, ?i’?eoe?? noaeei ia eiai iiaa?oi?.

3. Neiao?e/iiai ae?aaeenoiai iaa?yeo aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ?, a aeayeeo
aeiaaeeao, neeciai? iaieiiee i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee i?e iayaiino?
iii??ii? a?ia?ai?? oa nooino? neeciai? iaieiiee ai?oai?.

A?iioe?aic iiaeia cai?aeic?eoe i?e iayaiino? ae?aaeenoiai iaa?yeo
aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ui ?iiae? ia?aoiaeeoue ia neeciao iaieiieo
i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee, caaeeoee, aeenoii??.

I?inoioa ? aeinooii?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo ne?ei?ia-oano?a a?ae-e?eaathoue
iiaeeea?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a oiiaao iie?ee?i?ee. Nai?/ania
?ici?ciaaaiiy aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo i?aeaeuo? ye?noue ia?aeiii?
ae?aaiinoeee, ni?ey? nai?/aniiio e?eoaaiith oa ciaioo? /anoioo
?aoeeaeea?a oe??? oai?iae.

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A O I?AEOEEO

Ia i?aenoaa? iaoa??ae?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 11 i?aoeue,
ai?iaaaeaeaii 5 i?iiiceoe?e.

Cai?iiiiiaai? ne?ei?ia-oanoe ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo o EI? a?aeae?eao
Euea?anueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? oa ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
Euea?anueei? cae?cieoe?, o Euea?anueeiio iaeaniiio aiaeie?eiieia?/iiio
aeeiaina??, a oaeiae a EI?-a?aeae?e? ?aaii-O?aie?anue-ei? iaeanii?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? oa a EI? oeaio?? *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii?
e?ea?i?.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo Euea?anueeeo iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?a ?
aiaeie?eiieia?a (1994-1995 ??.), ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?-aa?neoaoo
(1996 ?.), ia can?aeaiiyo e?ea?nueei? eii?n?? Iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa ?i.
Oaa/aiea (1994 ?.); ia VIII c’?cae? ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1995 ?.).; ia Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eii- oa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 75-??//th
eaoaae?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? EIAII (Ee?a, 1997 ?.).

IOAE?EAOe??

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 11 i?aoeue.

INIAENOEE AIANIE AeENA?OAIOA A IO?EIAII? IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Aeeaae aaoi?a a io?eiaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ? iniiaiei ? iieyaa? o
aeai?? ianaiia?aae ianyao ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, a iinoaiiaoe? iaoe
oa oi?ioaaii? caaaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii? ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c?a
? ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, a iaa?oiooaaii? oa?aeoa?ieo
neiioii?a ye ne?ei?ia-oano?a aeey ae?aa-iinoeee aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo
oa a?iioe?aico, o i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a aei ae?oeo.

CO?OEOO?A OA IANssA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 147 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeo iaoiae?a ee?-i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e; ?? ?ethno?iaaii 18 oaaeeoeyie oa 8 ?e- noieaie. Iieaae/ee
e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 303 aeaea?aea, c ieo 220 a?o/eciyieo oa e?a?i NIAe
oa 83 aaoi??a aeaeaeiai ca?oa?aeaey.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? a
?iaio? iaoe ie aeei?enoiaoaaee ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy, ?io-iieia?/i? oa
a?noieia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?eo. Ia ia?oiio aoai? ?iaioe i?iaiaeeee ?icoe?aia
ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 111 oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, ?o na?aaei?e
a?e noaiiaea 42,5 ?., na?aae ianoaaeaieo ia?aaaaeaee ae?iee — 81,1%.
Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaei 10 caei?iaeo in?a, na?aaei?e a?e yeeo aoa
31,5 ?., an? aiie iaoeathoue a aiaeai?/iiio uiaei ciao ?aeii?.

O 34 in?a ia /an ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii
iaoieia?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice, 65 iaoe??io?a a?ae?a?aii aeey ianoaaeaiiy
a eiinoeueoaoeai?e iie?ee?i?oe? ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaieo ci?i o aa?oi?o
aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyoao, ui aeaaaei i?aenoaao cai?aeic?eoe
aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, aai a?iioe?aic. O 1-io a?ae-ae?e? o??o?a??
aiaeie?eiieo i?aai?a EIEE iaeyiooi oa ianoaaeaii 28 in?a, o ieo aoei
i?iaaaeaii o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy c i?eaiaeo aoceiaiai aooe?ai?aeiiai
ciaa: nie?oa?iee aocie, aaaaoiaoceiaee cia, aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo.
Aooi?ioiia caoai?thaaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice iiaea cono??/aoeny a
ii?aeiaii? c nenoaiieie ?aaiaoe/ieie oai?iaaie, oaeeie ye ?aaiaoi?aeiee
iie?a?o?eo [A.A.Na-?aa?yeia, 1991]. C oaeeo i??eoaaiue iaie aoei
a?ae?a?aii a o?aoueiio ?aaiaoieia?/iiio a?aeae?e? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
Euea?anueei? cae?c-ieoe? ianoaaeaii 10 oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee
iie?a?o?eo.

Ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. On?i oai?ei i?iaiaeeeinue iaeueiaoi?ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Ie??i oeueiai i?iaiaeeeinue
oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice, ia i?aenoaa? yeiai
cai?aeic?aii aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo o 111 oai?eo, a o 12 — aoceiaee
aooe?ai?aeiee cia, na?aae ieo: o /ioe?ueio oai?eo — nie?-oa?iee aocie, o
ainueie — aaaaoiaoceiaee cia. ?c niaoe?aeueieo eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeinue aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy o?eeiaeoe?ii?io (O3),
oe?ieneio (O4), oe?aaeiaoe?io (OA), oe?ienei-ca’ycoth/iai aeiaoe?io
(OcA) ca aeiiiiiaith iaai??a ?aae?i?ci-oiiieo ?aaeoea?a ??A-OA-125 J,
PIA-O3-IA, ??A-O4-IA (aini-?ic?aooieiaiai aeine?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe A?ea-?onue). Oeo??a aioeoe?ai?aeieo ? i?e?iniiaeueieo
aioeo?e aecia/aee c aeiiiiiaith iaai??a ?aaeoea?a ??A-AO-OA-125 J
(aini?ic?aooi-eiaiai aeine?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa Aeaaeai?? Iaoe ?anioae?ee
A?ea-?onue). Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a ?aae?i?cioiii?e eaai?aoi???
c aeio?eiaiiyi «Ii?i ?aae?aoe?eii? aaciaee I?A-76 ? iniiaieo nai?oa?ieo
i?aaee INI 72/80 ?iaioe c ?aae?iaeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie ? ?ioeie
aeaea?aeaie eii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy» [I. — Yia?aiecaeao, 1981].

A?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeaeaii? i?e iia?aoe?? oeaieie
ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Aeaeaeaio oeaieio ueoiaeaeii? caeice
aeine?aeaeo-aaee a?noieia?/ii; oiaoi/ee aeey a?noieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoeiaee ia iaae? aoce?a oa aeiaeieeoi?o oeaiei,
i?aia?aoe caaa?aethaaee aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii.

Ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?ei ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo
i?iaiaeeeinue: i?ioa?eiaineii?y, iai?yia i?e?iea?ei-aineii?y,
i?e?ioa?eiaineii?y oa o?a?iea?eiaineii?y.

I?e?ioa?eiaineii?th cae?enithaaee c aeiiiiiaith o??o?a?/-iiai
i?e?ineiia II-2 (c-ae «E?aniiaaa?aeaaoe»), c oieoniith a?aen- oaiith 400
ii, e?aoi?noue ca?eueoaiiy — 4-6 ?ac?a. Iai?yio i?e?iea?eiaineii?th
cae?enithaaee c aeiiiiiaith oiai ae oaee i?e?ineiia II-2 ? ai?oaiiiai
aeca?eaea. O?a?iea?eiaineii?th i?iaiaeeee aia?aoii o??ie «Pentax FB-5H»
ca aeiiiiiaith aio/eiai o?a?ineiia.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioiii? nenoaie. A?aenioeiaee ? aaniethoiee ai?no O- ?
A-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? (AAN-?IE ? A-?IE) aecia/aee iaoiaeii
I.I.*a?aaea?aa [1976], a On ? Oo noaiiioeyoe?e — ca A.N.Iaaetho oa
ni?aaao. [1982].

??aaiue ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eean?a A, G, M o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aea/aee
iaoiaeii ?aae?aeueii? ?ioiiaeeooc?? a aaa?? [C.Mancini et al., 1965].

Niaoeeo?/i? oeaieii? aioeo?ea aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io aecia/aee iaoiaeii
ianeaii? aaiaaethoeiaoe?? c a?eo?ioeeoiei ae?aaiinoeeo-iii,
iaaaioaaeaiei aeaiei aioeaaiii [C.Boyden, 1951].

O?eniaai? ?ioii? eiiieaene aecia/aeeny iaoiaeii i?yii?
?ioii-oethi?anoeaioe?? [Hasnkova, 1974]. N-?aaeoeaiee a?eie aecia/aee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith [I.I.Iaoeiei, 1961].

?ic?aooiee iieaciee?a i?iaiaeeeenue ca caaaeueiiaaeeaaieie iaoiaeaie
?aoe?iiaeueii? noaoenoeee ia cai?ia?aiiaaiiio i?e?i-eaeueeoeyoi?? IE-61.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aooi?ioiieo ?aaeoe?e o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee
oe?ai?aeeo, iieacaee, ui o a?eueoino? iaoe??io?a aoee cia/i? ci?ie ?o
iieaciee?a. O an?o oeeo oai?eo aeyaeaii aioeo?ea aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io o
aaeeeeo ?icaaaeaiiyo.

Ne?iaaoea oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo i?noeea iaeii-/anii aioeo?ea
aei yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, i’yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy, i?ae-iaa?iieo
ieaaeaeee?a. Iae/ano?oa aeyaeyeeny aioeo?ea aei aioeaaio yceeiaiai
ieaaeaeeea; na?aaei?e eiaa?eoi?/iee iieaciee (Xlg) ?o oeo?o noaiiaea —
1:380; oeo? aioeo?e aei aioeaaio i’yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy neeaaeaa Xlg —
1:340, a oeo? aioeo?e aei aioeaaio i?ae-iaa?iieo ieaaeaeee?a — Xlg —
1:260.

Aioeo?ea aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io aoei aeyaeaii o 27 (89,0%) ae?iie oa o 7
(11,0%) /ieia?e?a, aioeo?ea aei yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea — o 26 (86,0%)
ae?iie ? o 7 (11,0%) /ieia?e?a, aioeo?ea aei aioeaaio i’yeiai
i?aeiaa?iiy — o 25 (83,0%) ae?iie i 6 (9,0%) /ieia?e?a, aioeo?ea aei
aioeaaio i?aeiaa?iieo ieaaeaeee?a — o 18 (59,0%) ae?iie oa 2 (5,0%)
/ieia?e?a.

O caei?iaeo in?a aioeo?ea aei aioeaaio yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, i’yeiai
i?aeiaa?iiy, a oaeiae aei i?aeiaa?iieo ieaaeaeee?a aeyaeyeeny ye o
ae?iie, oae ? o /ieia?e?a c? neaai iiceoeaiei ?acoeueoaoii: Xlg noaiiaea
— 1:30.

Ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? neiioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo
oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo aea/aee oeyoii
ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/iiai oa aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiue o 65 oai?eo.
On?o oai?eo ?icae?eeee ia o?e a?oie ca ooieoe?i-iaeueiei noaiii ? ca
no?oeoo?ith ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

O ia?o?e a?oi? — 35 oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo c ee?i?/-ieie
iciaeaie aooe?aico aeyaeaii oae? ??ai? ai?iii?a: O3 — 1,51 0,06
iiieue/e, i?e p<0,001, T4 — 87,0 7,22 iiieue/e, i?e p<0,001, OcA — 18,93 0,98 iea/ie, i?e p<0,001. Oeo? aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe?? aoa o ieo a iaaeao 1:40-1:80. Ae?oao a?oio oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo c ee?i?/ieie iciaeaie a?ia?oe?aico noaiiaeei 10 in?a. Oeo? aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe?? noaiiaea o ieo — 1:40-1:80. ??aaiue ai?iii?a o oeeo oai?eo noaiiaea: O3 — 2,67 0,19 iiieue/e, i?e p<0,01, T4 — 157,0 15,3 iiieue/e, i?e p<0,02, a ??aaiue OcA — 18,77 3,22 iea/ie, i?e p<0,015 (a ii?i? ?<0,05). I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono o o?ao?e a?oi? oai?eo (20 iaoe??io?a) c yaeuaie a?iioe?aico anoaiiaeaii cia/ia noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a: O3 — 0,81 0,10 iiieue/e, i?e p<0,015, T4 — 49,75 1,92 iiieue/e, i?e p<0,05, OcA — 20,20 1,81 iea/ie, i?e p<0,05. Oeo? aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io ? aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe?? noaiiaea 1:160-1:1280. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a anoaiiaeaii o a?oi? oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo c a?iioe?ai?aeiei noaiii, a naia: 1) a?ia?ai?th, ?i'?eoe?th noaeei i'yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy, a o./. yce/ea — o 19 (95,0%) oai?eo, iaa?ye yce/ea — o 16 (80,0%), ae?aaeenoee iaa?ye yce/ea, eiai a?ia?o?io?th — o 2 (10,0%) oai?eo; 2) ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea — o 19 (95,0%) oai?eo, ii/a?aii?iiy oa ?i'?eoe?th noaeei ia iiaa?oi? yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea — o 10 (50,0%) ianoaaeaieo, ca?eueoaiiy oie?eoe?a yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea — o 7 (30,0%) oai?eo; 3) ca?oa?iiy aieiniaeo neeaaeie — o 7 (30,0%) oai?eo, ?o aneiao?e/iee iaa?ye — o 9 (45,0%), ae?aaeenoee iaa?ye aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ?, a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao, neeciai? iaieiiee i?aeaiein-ieeiai? ae?eyiee i?e iayaiino? iii??ii? a?ia?i?? oa nooino? nee-c?aee — o 11 (60,0%). Nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ci?i o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyoao a?aeiia?aeaa nooiaiaa? aaaeeino? a?iioe?aico ? ca?eueooaaany c ia?inoaiiyi inoaiiueiai. *ei ieae/ee ??aaiue ai?iii?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice ? /ei aeuee ??aaiue oeo??a aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe?? oei a?eueo ae?aaeai? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie o oeaieiao aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioiii? nenoaie o 12 oai?eo ia aoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia, o 10 oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa o 10 oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee iie?a?o?eo a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai iieacaee a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a cia/i? ci?ie ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a, a ??aaiue oe?ai?aeieo ai?iii?a o ieo aoa a iaaeao ii?ie. 12 oai?ei ia aoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia i?iaaaeaii o??o?-a?/ia ao?o/aiiy. C aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia anoaiiaeaii oaeo caeiii-i??i?noue: ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea (ca a?aenooiino? ?i'?e- oe?? ia eiai iiaa?oi?), a?aeiia?aeaei nooiaiaa? a?ia?ieac?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice. A?noieia?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeaeaeaii? oeaieie caeice o aeaio aeiaaeeao anoaiiaeaii e?ioiieaciioeeoa?io ?io?eueo?a-oe?th, ui iiaeia ioe?ieoe ye iciaeo aooi?ioiiiai i?ioeano. I?e aooe?ai?aeiiio aoceiaiio cia? eiinoaoo?oueny ii?ooaiiy aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo, yea ae?aaea?oueny o aeinoia??iiio i?ae-aeuaii? ??ai?a ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, Ig A — 2,72 0,79 a/e i?e ?<0,5, Ig M — 2,03 0,32 a/e i?e p<0,12 oa Ig G — 13,92 0,46 a/e i?e p<0,02. Ai?no oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a aoa cieaeaiee. O oai?eo oe??? a?oie a?aei?/aeiny cieaeaiiy aaniethoii? ? a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O-e?ioioeeo?a, ui a?aeiia?aeii neeaaea?: Ocaa — 57,10 3,11% i?e aeinoia??iino? ?<0,007, Oaan — 1148,8 60,8 ee/iee (p<0,011), yea a?aeaoaaeinue ca ?aooiie Oa — 26,80 3,49% (p<0,05), On — 14,30 1,74% (p<0,05) ? ii?iae?caoe?y Oo — 29,70 3,84% (p<0,05). Caeaaeiino? ci?i aiaeie?eiii? aeoeaiino? ueoiaeaeii? caeice ? ?ioiii? nenoaie, a oaeiae neioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a a?ae nooiaiy ? oi?ie a?ia?ieac?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice iaie ia aeyaeaii. Aeaaiaaeoeyoueii c 111 oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo i?iaaaeaii o??o?a?/ia ao?o/aiiy. C aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o ieo niinoa??aaeeny oae? ci?ie: ii/a?aii?iiy, ?i'?eoe?y noaeei i'yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy ia?aaaaeii a ae?eyioe? yce/ea ? i?eeaaei? /anoeie i?aeiaa?iii? caa?nee, ?ieiee o aeaeyae? i?aiea — o i'yoe (40,0%) oai?eo, iaa?ye yce/ea — o aeaio (10,0%). A?ia?-ieac?th yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea eiinoaoiaaii o naie (58,0%) ianoaaeaieo in?a. E?ioi?aeia oeaieia oi?eaeanue yceeiai? iiaa?oi? iaaeai?oaiieea, ia eiai iiaa?oi? aenooiaee /anoi/ee: ca?eueoai? a ?ici??ao oie?eoee eiinoaoiaaii o iaeiiai (5,0%) oai?iai. O /ioe?ueio in?a (30,0%) iiaa?oith ieaaeaeeea ae?eaaee noaeeie ??ciiai eae?a?o: aaie ? a?oa??? aoei aeaeii iaica?i?iei ieii. I?e ea?eiaineii?? o aeaio (15,0%) oai?eo aoee ca?oa?iiy aieiniaeo neeaaeie. I'yoa?i (40,0%) oai?eo c aooe?ai?aeiei noaiii a?aecia-/aei oaeaeeo aoiiethaai?noue aieino, yeee a?aeiiaethaaany i?ney a?aeii/eieo. Oeo? aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe?? noaiiaea o oeeo oai?eo 1:80-1:320. I?e a?noieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeaeaeaii? /anoeie caeice a?aecia/aeany ae?aaeaia e?ioiieaciioeeoa?ia ?io?eueo?aoe?y ?c ci?-iith oe?aioeeo?a ? neea?icii i?ii?aeii? oeaieie. Ii?ooaiiy a ?ioii?e oa aiaeie?eii?e nenoaiao aeacoaaee ia aooi?ioii? ci?ie a i?aai?ci? iaoe??io?a. A?aecia/aii i?aeaeuai-iy ??ai?a Ig A, Ig M, a oaeiae iacia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy Ig G: Ig A — 3,23 0,27 a/e i?e ?<0,001, Ig M — 2,00 0,18 a/e i?e ?<0,001, Ig G — 13,48 1,03 i?e ?<0,08. Ai?no oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a aoa ca?eueoaiee a ii??aiyii? c oai?eie eiio?ieueii? a?oie oa iniaaie c aooe?ai?aeiei aaaaoiaoceiaei ciaii. A nenoai? ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy caaaeueii? oa aaniethoii? e?eueeino? O-e?ioioeeo?a ca ?aooiie O-oaeia??a oa Oa. Na?aaei? noaoenoe/i? aaee/eie noaiiaeyoue: Ocaa — 58,00 2,84% i?e ?<0,001, Oaan — 854,6 83,4 ee/iee i?e aeinoia??iino? ?<0,05, Oa — 23,85 1,78% i?e eiia??iino? ?<0,005, Oo — 24,57 0,43 i?e ?<0,0001. Cieaeaiiy ??ai?a A-e?ioioeeo?a oa i?aeae-uaiiy ??aiy O-noi?ani??a. ?ioii?aaoeyoi?iee ?iaeaen aoa cia/ii ieae/ei ca ii?io. O a?oi? oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo i?iaaaeaii o??o?-a?/ia e?eoaaiiy i?ecaaei aei iacia/iiai ciaioaiiy aooi?ioiieo c?ooaiue aaea ia i'yoiaaeoeyoee aeaiue i?ney iia?aoe??. A aoii?aeuei?e eaioe? ?ioiii? nenoaie ?a?no?oaaeiny cieaeaiiy ??aiy Ig A, ii?iae?caoe?y ??aiy Ig G i?e iacia/iiio ca?eueoaii? Ig M. ?o na?aaei? noaoenoe/i? aaee/eie noaiiaeee: Ig A — 1,60 0,80 a/e i?e aeinoia??iino? ?<0,000, Ig M — 1,90 0,13 a/e i?e ?<0,001, Ig G — 12,30 0,52 i?e ?<0,001. ??aaiue oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a o i?neyiia?aoe?e-ieo oai?eo aoa cia/ii ciaioaiee o ii??aiyii? c eiai ??aiai aei iia?aoe?? ? noaiiaea 73,27 10,78 i?e ?<0,01. Ii?ooaiiy a O-eaioe? ?ioiii? nenoaie i?iyaeyeeny o ciaioaii? aaniethoii? oa a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O-ee?oei ? ?o noaiiioeyoe?e Oa, Oo oa i?aeaeuaii? On. A??aecia/aii ciaioaiiy ??aiy A-ee?oei. Na?aaei? noaoenoe/i? cia/aiiy noaiiaeee: A — 15,15 0,89% i?e ?<0,001, Baan — 255,9 28,9 ee/iee i?e ?<0,007. Ioaea, ii?ooaiiy ?ioiiiai noaoono o oai?eo oe??? a?oie iieyaaei a aeinoia??iiio cieaeaii? e?eueeino? ? ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? O-ee?oei ? i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a oa oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a; iayaiino? aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe??. Ia i'yoiaaeoeyoee aeaiue i?ney iia?aoe?? a?aecia/aeeny: ciaioaiiy ??aiy Ig A, ii?iae?caoe?y Ig G, ciaioaiiy ??aiy oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a, ciaioaiiy aaniethoii? oa a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O-ee?oei. Ia 15-e aeaiue i?neyiia-?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo i'yoa?i oai?eo i?ney oioaeueii? no?oiaeoii?? nea?aeeeiny ia: caaaeueia iacaeoaeaiiy, ia?ceyeoaao?noue, niiee-a?noue, o?eie?noue aieino, iaa?yee a ae?eyioe? aa?oi?o iia?e. C aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a aoei a?aei?/aii oae? ci?ie: iaa?ye i'yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy ? yce/ea, ia oe? ae?aei? neeciai? iaieiiee, iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea ca ?aooiie iaei??? c eiai /anoie. Aieinia? neeaaeee aoee iaa?yee?, ae?aaeeno? ia oe? nooino? oa ae?aeino? neeciai? iaieiiee. O aeaio oai?eo i?ney no?oiaeoii?? aeiee iaeiia?/iee ia?ae?/ aioo??oi?o i'yc?a ai?oai?, /a?ac iioeiaeaeaiiy i?ae /an iia?aoe?? iiai?ioiiai ai?oaiiiai ia?aa, a iaei??? oai?i? — iaeiia?/iee ia?ae?/ oa ia?ac c i?ioeeaaeiiai aieo, coiiaeaiee noeniaiiyi ?oaoeaaith oeaieiith ai?oaiiiai ia?aa. O oeeo iaoe??io?a ea?eiaineii?/ii aecia/aii iaa?ye aieiniaeo neeaaeie o aeaeyae? ae?aeeo ae?aaeenoeo iaaeueieo "iiaeooie", ?icoaoiaaieo neiao?e/ii, ye? caoaeoaaee oaea noaiiciaaio aieiniao u?eeio. O an?o oai?eo iaa?yee aieiniaeo neeaaeie ciaiooaaeenue aaea i?ney ia?oeo aei?a cai?iii? oa?ai??, ?, i?ney aeiai?o iioeiaeueii? aeice ? /anoioe ?? canoinoaaiiy, oe?eeii cieeaee. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aieinia? neeaaeee a?ae?aco ae ?aaaoaaee iaa?yeii ye ia ca?eueoaiiy aeice i?aia?aoo, oae ? ia a?aeiiao a?ae cai?iii? oa?ai??, oiio ?o ci?ie aoee iaeaeinooii?oeie oa iaaeyaeieie i???ioe?aie aeey aeiai?o aeice cai?iieo e?e?a (oe?ai-eiia, L-oe-?ienei) ? /anoioe ?o canoinoaaiiy. I?aenoiiaoth/e iaaaaeai? aeai? ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice ni?eythoue aeieeiaiith aeaoaeoo a ?ioii?e nenoai? ? ?icaeoeia? ye aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo e a?iioe?aico, oae ? ci?i o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyoao. ?c ianoaaeaieo 10 oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee iie?a?o?eo ci?ie ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?iyaeyeeny /a?ac 1,5 ?ieo a?ae ii/aoeo oai?iae. Oeo? aioeoe?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa aei i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe?? noaiiaea a na?aaeiueiio 1:80. C aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a aoee iayai? oae? a?coaeuei? ci?ie: ?i'?eoe?y yce/ea — o naie oai?eo, ?i'?eoe?y noaeei i'yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy — o o?ueio in?a. Iaa?ye yce/ea niinoa??aaany o aeaio iaoe??io?a c aaia?ae?-ciaaiith oi?iith ?aaiaoe/iiai iie?a?o?eoo. Iaeaea o an?o oai?eo a?aecia/aeiny ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea. O iieiaeie iaoe??io?a yceeiaee ieaaeaeee aoa iano?eueee aaeeeei, ui i?eeyaaa aei yceeiai? iiaa?oi? iaaeai?oaiieea; ia eiai iiaa?oi? aenooiaee ca?eueoai? /anoi/ee; ?i'?eoe?th noaeei ia iiaa?oi? ieaaeaeeea cao?eniaaii o 4 oai?eo. I?e ea?eiaineii?? aeyaeaii ca?oa?iiy aieiniaeo neeaaeie o aeaio in?a. O oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee iie?a?o?eo aoee iayai? ci?ie a nenoai? aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo — cieaeaiiy ???aiy Ig M oa Ig G (a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeaee Ig M — 1,40 0,18 a/e i?e ?<0,02, Ig G — 11,69 1,12 i?e ?<0,01), a ??aaiue Ig A ciaoiaeeany a iaaeao ii?ie. ??aaiue oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a aoa i?aeaeuaiee — 84,14 8,88 i?e ?<0,01. Ci?ie ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo aoee oaeeie: Ocaa oa Oaan aoee ieae/eie ca ii?io ? a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeaee: Tcaa — 56,43 3,09% i?e ?<0,001, Oaan — 1042,7 114,7 ee/iee e?ia? i?e ?<0,001. Ca?a?no?iaaii ii?ooaiiy aeaeiaiai neeaaeo ?ioii?aaoeyoi?-ieo ee?oei: i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy On oa cieaeaiiy ??aiy Oa oa Oo, na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ii oea noaiiaeoue: On — 14,75 1,63 i?e p<0,008, Ta — 23,86 2,30% i?e ?<0,005, Ox — 29,19 3,42% i?e ?<0,008. O A-nenoai? ?ioi?oaoo aoei aeyaeaii oaeiae ciaioaiiy ??a-iy A-ee?oei. O a?oi? oai?eo /a?ac i?a?ieo i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy a?aecia/aeany iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea neiioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a, yea i?ecaaea aei ii?iae?caoe?? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a (oaae. 1). Oaaeeoey 1 ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo c a?iioe?ai?aeiei noaiii ca ??aiai ai?iii?a O3, O4 ? OcA i?ney eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy Iieac- n Ii?ia Oai?? ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeoiee M mM mts p1. O381,67 1,56 iiieue/e1,51 0,01 1,51 0,03<0,00012. O48101,5 39,5 iiieue/e94,57 8,74 94,57 21,32 <0,0053. OcA819,25 3,25 iea/ie17,68 0,83 17,68 3,59 <0,05 ?acoeueoaoe ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o oai?eo i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy oo?eio?oueny eeoa iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, ioaea aoaeoeaia o??o?-a?/ia /e eiina?aaoeaia e?eoaaiiy ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/ieo, ai?iiiaeueieo, ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o oai-?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo. Oaeei /eiii, iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui ye i?e aooi?ioiiiio oe?ai?aeeo?, oae ? i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio iie?a?o?eo? niinoa??aathoueny iaai? ci?ie a ?ioii?e nenoai?, ye? aeacothoue ia aooi?ioii? c?ooaiiy a i?aai?ci? oai?eo — oea ? ? iniiaiith iaoiaaiaoe/iith eaieith o aeieeiaii? ? ia?aa?ao iaio oai?ia. Aooi?ioii? i?ioeane i?ecaiaeyoue aei iiyae oa?aeoa?ieo neiioii?a c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a. sse aeacai? neiioiie, oae ? ?ioii? c?ooaiiy ?aeooue ia niaae, aai e oe?eeii cieeathoue aiane?aeie eiina?aaoeaiiai oa o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy. AENIIAEE 1. O oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo iayai? oae? neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a: — a?ia?ai?y, iaa?ye neeciai? iaieiiee aeioee, i'yeiai i?ae-iaa?iiy ? yce/ea; — a?ia?o?io?y yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, ?i'?eoe?y noaeei ia eiai iiaa?oi?; — neiao?e/iee ae?aaeenoee iaa?ye aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ?, a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao, neeciai? iaieiiee i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee ca iayaiino? iii??ii? a?ia?ai?? oa nooino? neeciai? iaieiiee ai?oai?. 2. Neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a iia'ycai? c oaeoii, ui ueoiaeaeia caeica, yea a aia??iiaeueiiio ia??iae? ?icaeaa?oueny a ae?eyioe? ei?aiy yceea iaa?oue i?e a?aenoo-iino? caeeoeiaeo aeaiaio?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice /e ueoiyceeiai? i?ioiee a i?noe? ia?aeiiiai caeeaaeaiiy /e ia oeyoo ia?anoaaiiy i?ioyaii onueiai aeeooy ethaeeie, caa??aa? ?ioiiee ca'ycie c i?n-oeai ?? ia?aeiiiai caeeaaeaiiy. O oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo aeyaeaii cia/ia i?aeae-uaiiy oeo??a aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io, aei oeaiei yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea ? aei i’yeiai i?aeiaa?iiy. O caei?iaeo in?a i?aeaeuaiiy oeeo oeo??a aoei iacia/iei. 3. Oa?aeoa?i? neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a ca?aathoueny c ae?aaeai?noth aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo. 4. Cacia/ai? neiioiie niinoa??aathoueny eeoa o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo ? a?aenooi? o oai?eo c ?ioeie oai?iaaie ueoiaeaeii? caeice (aaaaoiaoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia, nie?oa?-iee aooe?ai?aeiee cia). 5. I?e a?iioe?aic?, yeee aeieea? i?ney oioaeueii?, aai noaoioaeueii? no?oiaeoii?? niinoa??aa?oueny: — iaa?ye aieiniaeo neeaaeie, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ? i?aeai-einieeiai? ae?eyiee; a?i iiaea aooe iaeiei ?c e?eoa???a aeicoaaiiy cai?iii? oa?ai?? oe?ai?aeieie i?aia?aoaie. 6. Aoaeoeaia o??o?a?/ia aai eiina?aaoeaia e?eoaaiiy ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?/ieo neiioii?a, ai?iiiaeueieo oa ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? Ioi?eiiea?eiaieiae, a oaeiae e?ea?? caaaeueii? i?aeoeee iiaeii? ciaoe i?iyae aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a. Oea: 1. A?ia?ai?y oa iaa?ye neeciai? iaieiiee ai?oai?, oa i'y-eiai i?aeiaa?iiy, cie?aia, yce/ea. 2. Ca?eueoaiiy yceeiaiai ieaaeaeeea, ?i'?eoe?y noaeei ia eiai iiaa?oi?. 3. Neiao?e/iee ae?aaeenoee iaa?ye aieiniaeo neeaaeie oa i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee ca iayaiino? iii??ii? a?ia?ai?? oa nooino? neeciai? iaieiiee ai?oai?. I?iyaaie a?iioe?aico c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a iiaea aooe: ae?aaeenoee iaa?ye aieiniaeo neeaaeie, ?, a aea-yeeo aeiaaeeao, i?aeaieinieeiai? ae?eyiee ai?oai?. Ieoaiith ia?aeiii? ae?aaiinoeee aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico ia i?aenoaa? ci?i c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a ne?ae i?enayoeoe ie?aio oaio i?e i?iaaaeaii? nai?ia??a oa /eoaii? eaeoe?e aeey neooa/?a oeeee?a i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ye ioi?eiiea?eiiaieia?a, oae ? n?iaeieo e?ea??a oa e?ea??a caaaeueii? i?aeoeee, a oaeiae ?ioa?i?a. NIENIE I?AOeUe, UI IIOAE?EIAAI? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Aa?oi? aeeoaeuei? oa o?aai? oeyoe, ye “aeca?-eaei” ueoiaeaeii? caeice // Oe?. iaae. a?no?. —1998. — O.2, /.1-2 (59-60). — N.124-125. — (Iaoa??aee VII eiia?ano NOOEO, 16-20 na?i. 1998 ?., Oaeai?iae). 2. Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Aeeniiia, ni?e/eiaia no?oiaeoii??th, ye aaaaoioaeoi?ia i?iaeaia // AEo?iae aooieo, iiniaeo ? ai?eiaeo oai?ia. — 1998. — ?6. — N.75-76. 3. Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. *e iiaea e?ea?-iaaiaeie?eiieia cai?aeic?eoe aooi?ioiio iaoieia?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaee: Iaoa?eaeu ?ani. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaia, iinayuaiiie 100-eaoeth ni aeiy ?iaeaeaiey i?io. A.I.?aeiona (Aeoooa, 23-24 ieo. 1997 a.). — Neioa?iiieue, 1997. — N.221-226. 4. Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Ae?aaiinoeea aaoi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo ia i?aen-oaa? ci?i c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a // E?ea?-nueea ni?aaa. — 1998. — ?3. — N.98-99. 5. Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Neiioiie, ye? niinoa??aathoueny o aa?oi?o aee- oaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyoao i?e aooi?ioiiiio oe?ai?aeeo? oa a?iioe?aic? // AEo?iae aooieo, iiniaeo ? ai?eiaeo oai?ia. — 1998. —?1. — N.32-35. 6. Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Ci?ie aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a ye ne?ei?ia-oanoe aeey ae?aaiinoeee aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo //Ae- ooaeuei? ieoaiiy i?e?io??o?a?? aooa oa caoai?thaaiue aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a: Ca.iaoa??ae?a ?anioae. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.,i?enay/aii? 75-??//th eaoaae?e ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? EIAII. — E., 1997. — N.105. 7. E?oea?a I.I., Eoeaaaoeueeee I.A., Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Ci?ie o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyoao ye ne?ei?ia-oano aeey aeyaeaiiy aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo // Iaoa??aee 3 c'?caeo ioiea?eiaieia?a Oe?a?ie. — E., 1995. — N.410. 8. E?oea?a I., Oiiaoaanueeee ss., Iaaethe Ae., Iaoa?e/oe ss. Ia?aeae? i?e aooi?ioiiiio oe?ai?aeeo? ? a?iioe?aic? oa noiooi?o ci?-iao o aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oeyoao // E?ea?nueeee a?niee: AEo?i. oe?. e?ea?-nueeiai oiaa?enoaa I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee. — 1994. — O.41, ?2 (133). — N.82-86. 9. E?oea?a I.I., Oiiaoaanueeee ss.?., Iaoa?e/oe ss.I. Iaoieia?y aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo // No/ani? i?iaeaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa ee?i?/ii? aiaeie?eiieia??: Iaoa??aee 5 c'?caeo aiaeie?eiieia?a Oe?a?ie. — E., 1994. — C.198-199. 10. Oiiaoaanueeee ss.?., Iaoa?e/oe ss.I., Aoiaa? I.?. Iieacieee ai?noo -eaoieeneio o na/? a ae?aaiinoeoe? ii?ooaiue aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io // Iaoa??aee can?aeaiue AI AO Oe?a?ie (Cao?aeia ?a-a?iiaeueia iaaee/ia a?aeae?eaiiy). — Euea?a, 1994. — Athe. ?1. — N.18-21. 11. Oiiaoaaneee I.E., Oiiaoaaneay A.ss., Oa?ainiae/ I.ss., Iaoaee/oe ss.I., Aoiaa? I.E. Enneaaeiaaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey oeeeea EI?E a i?aeoeea yiaeie?eiieiaa // Aeooaeue-iua aii?inu eeeie/aneie aeeaaaoieiaee: Iao/iua o?oaeu / Eacai. ain. iaae. ei-o. — Eacaiue, 1994. — O.3. — N.14-17. Iaoa?e/oe ss?ineaaa Ieoaee?aia: "?ieue aeyaeaiiy ci?i aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o ia?aeii?e ae?aaiinoeoe? aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe?aico". ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.19 — ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?y. Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? ?i.I.N.Eieii?e/aiea, Ee?a, 1999. Caoeuathoueny 11 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, a yeeo aea/aii iaoieia?th aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, a?iioe?aic, aooe?ei?aeiee aaaaoiaoceiaee cia, ?aaiaoi?aeiee iie?a?o?eo. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy o 65 oai?eo anoaiiaeaii, ui neiioiie c aieo aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a o oai?eo ia aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo cia/iith i??ith ni?aiaaeathoue c? noaae?ei?noth aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo ? iia'ycai? c ai?iiiaeueiei noaiii ueoiaeaeii? caeice oa ??aiai oeo??a aioeo?e aei oe?aaeiaoe?io oa i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe??. *ei ieae/ee ??aaiue ai?iii?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice ? aeuee ??aaiue oeo??a aioeo?e aei oe?aiaeiaoe?io oa i?e?iniiaeueii? o?aeoe??, oei a?eueo ae?aaeai? iaoiei-a?/i? ci?ie o oeaieiao aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oa o?aaieo oeyo?a. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii ne?e-i?ia-neiioiie aeey aeyaeaiiy aooi?ioiiiai oe?ai?aeeoo oa a?iioe-?aico, ye? aeathoue i?aenoaae e?ea?yi iaaiaeie?eiieiaai, ia?aaeon?i n?iaeiei e?ea?yi, cai?aeic?eoe aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo oa a?iioe-?aic, nai?/anii nea?oaaoe oai?eo aei oao?aoe?a, ui caaacia/eoue ?i nai?/ania aaeaeaaoia e?eoaaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aooi?ioiiee oe?ai?aeeo, a?iioe?aic, aaaaoiaoceiaee aooe?ai?aeiee cia, ?aaiaoi?aeiee iie?a?o?eo, yce/ie, yceeiaee ieaaeaeee, aieinia? neeaaeee. Matviychuk Yaroslava Michailivna: "The role of changes of upper respiratory and digestive tracts in diagnosis of autoimmune thy-roiditis and hypothyrosis". Manuscript. Dissertation for awording the scientific degree of the Candidate of Medical Sciences on the speciality 14.01.19 — otorynolaringology. Kiev science research institute of otorynolaringology under the name of Kolomiychenko, Kiev, 1999. 11 science articles presents the pathology of upper respiratory and digestive tracts in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, hypothy-rosis, euthyroid goiter, rheumatoid arthritis. 143 patients born and stay on the territory of Lviv area region were examined. By studing of blood serum in 34 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis of was found that the boel of antibodies to antigen of lingual tonsil (1:380), to antigen of uvula (1:340), to antigen of palatine tonsil (1:260). On healthy persons level of antibodies to antigen of lingual, palatine tonsils and antigen to uvula was (1:30). It was determined in 65 patients that symptoms from the side of upper respiratory and digestive tracts in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis cprrelate with stage of autoimmune thyroiditis and are con- nected with hormonal state of thyroid gland and level of titers of thyroglobuline antibodies and microsomal fraction. The most marked symptoms from the side of upper respiratory and digestive tracts were determined in the grou of patients (20 persons) with autoimmune thyroiditis in hypothyrosis, viz: 1) hyperemia, injection of vessels of soft palate, among them uvula — in 19 (95 p. c.) patients, edema of uvula — in 16 (80 p. c.) patients; jelly-like edema of uvula, tts hypertrophy — in 2 (10 p. c.) patients. 2) increase of lingual tonsil — in 19 (95 p. c.) patients; red-dening and injection of vessels on the surface of lingual tonsil — in 10 (50 p. c.) patients; increase of follicls of lingual tonsil — in 7 (30 p.c.) patients. 3) stoutness of vocal folds — in 7 (30 p. c.) patients; asymmet- rical edema of vocal folds — in 9 (45 p. c.) patients; jelly-like edema of vocal chords area if moderate hyperemia and dryness of mucous membrane being presents — in 11 (60 p. c.) patients. Degree of expressing of chandes in upper respiratory and digestive tracts corresponded to the degree of heaviness of hypothyro-sis and increase when the last was growing. Results investigation of immune system in 12 patients with euthyroid goiter, in 10 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, in 10 patients with rheumatoid arthritis comparing with control showed such changes: in patients with autoimmune process in thyroid gland (auto-immune thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis) revealed decreasing of quan-tity and functional activity T-cells, increasing of level of immuno-globulines and circulating immune complexes, increasing titers thy-roglobuline antibodies and microsomal fraction. Six months of treatment show the positive dynamic from the side of upper respiratory and digestive tracts what gave normalisation of clinical results and laboratory indexes. Summerised data of our investigations show us that destructive autoimmune processes in thyroid gland cause symptoms from the side of upper respiratory and digestive tracts. The our complex conservative and surgical treatment gave positive clinical and immune results. The lower the level of hormons of thyroid gland and higher the level of titers thyroglobuline antibodies and microsomal fraction are the pathological changes in tissues of upper respiratory and digestive tracts. After the investigation we suggest screening symptoms for the primary determination of autoimmune thyroiditis and hypothyrosis, which will give opportunity to ENT and family doctors to find out autoimmune thyroiditis and hypothyrosis and to send these patients to specialists in time what will support them adequate treatment. Key words: autoimmune thyroiditis, hypothyrosis, euthyroid goiter, rheumatoid arthritis, uvula, lingual tonsil, vocal (cords) folds. Iaoaee/oe ss?ineaaa Ieoaeeiaia: "?ieue auyaeaiey eciaiaiee aa?oieo aeuoaoaeueiuo e ieuaaa?eoaeueiuo iooae a ia?ae/-iie aeeaaiinoeea aooieiioiiiai oe?aieaeeoa e aeiioe?aica". ?oeiienue. Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.19 — ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaey. Eeaaneee iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaee ei.A.N.Eieiiee/aiei, Eeaa, 1999. Caueuathony 11 iao/iuo ?aaio, a eioi?uo eco/aia iaoieiaey aa?oieo aeuoaoaeueiuo e ieuaaa?eoaeueiuo iooae o aieueiuo aooieiioiiui oe?aieaeeoii, aeiioe?aicii, yooe?ieaeiui iiiaiaoceiaui ciaii, ?aaiaoieaeiui iieea?o?eoii. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey o 65 aieueiuo onoa-iiaeaii, /oi neiioiiu ni noi?iiu aa?oieo aeuoaoaeueiuo e ieuaaa?eoaeueiuo iooae o aieueiuo aooieiioiiui oe?aieaeeoii a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a niaiaaeatho ni noaaeeeiinoueth aooieiioiiiai oe?aieaeeoa e naycaiu n ai?iiiaeueiui ninoiyieai ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e o?iaiai oeo?ia aioeoae e oe?aiaeiaoeeio e iee?iniiaeueiie o?aeoeee. *ai ieaea o?iaaiue ai?iiiia ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e auoa o?iaaiue oeo?ia aioeoae e oe?aiaeiaoeeio e iee?iniiaeueiie o?aeoeee, oai aieueoa au?aaeaiua iaoieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a oeaiyo aa?oieo aeuoaoaeueiuo e ieuaaa?eoaeueiuo iooae. Ia iniiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee i?aaeeiaeaii ne?eieia-neiioiiu aeey auyaeaiey aooieiioiiiai oe?aieaeeoa e aeiioe?aica, eioi?ua aeatho aiciiaeiinoue a?a/ai iayiaeie?eiieiaai, a /anoiinoe naiaeiui a?a/ai, caiiaeic?eoue aooieiioiiue oe?aieaeeo e aeiioe?aic, naiaa?aiaiii iai?aaeoue aieueiuo e niaoeeaeenoai, /oi iaania/eo ei naiaa?aiaiiia aaeaeaaoiia ea/aiea. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aooieiioiiue oe?aieaeeo, aeiioe?aic, iiiai-aoceiaie yooe?aieaeiue cia, ?aaiaoieaeiue iieea?o?eo, ycu/ie, ycueiaay ieiaeaeeia, aieiniaua neeaaeee.

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