Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei

Aieaia Ieaa ?aaaiiae/

OAeE 341.123

?ieue III a caaacia/aii? i?aeia?iaeii?

aaciaee i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie”

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.11 — i?aeia?iaeia i?aai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?inoeoooo
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio  ?naeiae/
Na?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/, ?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aeioeaio

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ao?iiainueeee Ieoaeei Anaaieiaeiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia Aeaaeai?y

?i.ss.Ioae?iai I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

aeioeaio

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaa?ia Aieiaeeie? Oaaei?iae/,

Iineianueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo

i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ICN ?O, aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN

Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “15“ eenoiiaaeai 1999 ?. i 14.00 ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.001.10 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe a ?inoeooo?
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea
ca aae?anith: 254119, i. Ee?a, aoe. Iaeueieeiaa, 36/1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e. 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “14 “ ____10____ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. A. Caaeioeueea

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oa nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe??.

A o?aai? 1998 ?ieo a ooaa-eaa?oe?? I?aai?caoe?? Ia’?aeiaieo Iaoe?e aoei
a?aecia/aii i’yoeaeanyoe??//y i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o. Canooiiee Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa?y c iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o Aa?ia?ae Iaei ?iciia?a, ui c /ano noai?aiiy ?aaee Aaciaee 29 o?aaiy
1948 ?. a?oie a?enueeiaeo niinoa??aa/?a a Iaeanoei? i?ae iacaith
“Iia?aoe?y I?aai?caoe?? Ia’?aeiaieo Iaoe?e ii iaaeyaeo ca aeeiiaiiyi
oiia i?eie?aiiy” oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaoee iia?aoe?? ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Ca i’yoaeanyo ?ie?a aoei i?iaaaeaii 49 iia?aoe?e, c
ieo 36 cae?eniai? ca inoaii? aeanyoue ?ie?a. Ia e?iaoeue o?aaiy 1998 ?.
III iiaiaeeoue 17 ??ciiiai?oieo iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o, a yeeo
aoei caae?yii 14000 nieaeao, io?oea??a, ai?iieo iaaeyaea/?a, oeea?eueieo
iie?oeaenueeeo oa neoaeaiaoe?a. I?ney aeae?eueeio ?ie?a noii?a?a o
ni?iiiaeiino? III cae?enieoe iia?aoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o a aa?aci?
1998 ?. i?ney o?e??/ii? ia?a?ae aoea i?iaaaeaia iiaa iia?aoe?y ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o a Oeaio?aeueiiao?eeainuee?e ?anioae?oe?. ? oea
iieacaei, ui III oi/a oa i?iaeiaaeo? a?ae?a?aaaoe ae??oaeueio ?ieue o
cae?eniaii? iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Aea o Noaooo? III ii?yae ?c
caniaaie caaacia/aiiy eieaeoeaii? aaciaee iia?aoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o ia ia?aaeaa/ai? oa acaaae? ia caaaeothoueny.

Caaaeueiiaeciaii, ui aiane?aeie “oieiaeii? a?eie” iaoai?ci eieaeoeaii?
aaciaee, ia?aaeaa/aiee o Noaooo? III, i?aeoe/ii ia ae?ya. Aea,
ii/eiath/e c 1948 ?., eiee ?aaeith Aaciaee III aoea noai?aia Iia?aoe?y
III aeey iaaeyaeo ca aeeiiaiiyi oiia i?eie?aiiy a Iaeanoei?,
I?aai?caoe?y Ia’?aeiaieo Iaoe?e ii/aea oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe iia?aoe??
ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Naia caaaeyee oeei iia?aoe?yi, ye? ia
ia?aaeaa/ai? a Noaooo? III, aoee a?aaoeueiaai? /eneaii? eiioe?eoe,
iiia?aaeaeaia i?yia c?oeiaiiy aeaio aeie?a, ui noi?ioaaeeny ia
i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai?. Iia?aoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o i?iaiaeyoueny ia
iniia? oe?eae ? i?eioeei?a Noaoooo III, aea ?o i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaa
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith cae/a?aeo ii?i,
noi?ioeueiaaieo a ?aciethoe?yo ?aaee Aaciaee, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao —
??oaiue Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea?, ye? aeciathoueny aea?aeaaaie
iaia’yceiaeie (ipinio juris) a i?aeia?iaeieo oaiaeao, ui ?aaoeththoue
i?aaenoaaeaiiy a?enuee, ?icoaooaaiiy a?enuee ia oa?eoi??? caoe?eaaeaieo
e?a?i, oiui.

Oaea noaiiaeua iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a ?aaoethaaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o, ye aieiaiiai caniao cae?eniaiiy ie?ioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? III,
ni?yiiaaii? ia caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee. Oey
iaiao?aei?noue ua a?eueoa c?inoa? o ca’yceo c aeiei??iieie ci?iaie o
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”.

31 n?/iy 1992 ?. ia ia?oiio a ?noi??? I?aai?caoe?? can?aeaii? ?aaee
Aaciaee III ia aeuiio ??ai? ca o/anoth aie?a aea?aeaa ? o?yae?a aoei
aeciaii, ui a no/anieo oiiaao i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” cia/ii
ciaioeeany caa?ica yaea?ii? eiio?iioaoe?? i?ae Caoiaeii oa Noiaeii ?
neeaeeny ?aaeuei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey cae?eniaiiy caeeaaeaieo a Noaooo? III
iiaeeeainoae caaacia/eoe oeyoii ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aea?aeaa-/eai?a
I?aai?caoe?? iiia?aaeaeaiiy oa a?aaoethaaiiy ??ciiai ?iaeo eiioe?eo?a.
Aea aoei oaeiae i?aee?aneaii, ui a no/aniee ia??iae c?inoa? caa?ica
caaino?aiiy i?aeaoi?/ieo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a ? i?aeaeuo?oueny
iai?oaa, yea ii?iaeaeo?oueny iiaeeaeaiiyi ??cieoe? o ?icaeoeo
i?iieneiaeo aea?aeaa I?aii/? ? a?aeieo e?a?i I?aaeiy. Iie?oe/i? e?aea?e
na?oo oaeiae caa?ioee oaaao ia iiaeeea? ii?ooaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o
aiane?aeie ?iciianthaeaeaiiy yaea?ii? ca?i? oa ?aeaoieo oaoiieia?e o
ciiao eiioe?eo?a, aeo?a i?aeia?iaeiiai oa?i?ecio oa i?aeoeee
aeei?enoaiiy iaeiaioe?a. Oiio ?aaea Aaciaee aei?o/eea Aaia?aeueiiio
Nae?aoa?th i?aeaiooaaoe aiae?c ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?aeiinii oeyo?a
oe??ieaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iioaioe?aeo III o aaeoc?
i?aaaioeaii? aeeieiiao??, anoaiiaeaiiy oa i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o. Oeei ?aaea
Aaciaee cina?aaeeea oaaao an?o i?aai?a III ? aea?aeaa-/eai?a
I?aai?caoe?? ia iaiao?aeiino? ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeo oiia
an?o iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino? I?aai?caoe?? Ia’?aeiaieo Iaoe?e.

I?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” cia/ii iioe?eeany ae?yeuei?noue III,
iia`ycaia c i?aeo?eiaiiyi ie?o oa aaciaee. Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa? III
c?iaea aiae?c ae?yeueiino? I?aai?caoe?? ia 31 n?/iy 1998 ?. (eiee
“oieiaeia a?eia” i?aeoiaeeea aei e?ioey), ia 31 n?/iy 1992 ?. (aeaoo
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?oiai can?aeaiiy ?aaee Aaciaee ia aeuiio ??ai?, yea
aaaaea?oueny iieacieeii cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”) ? iaia?aaeiaei?
i`yoeaeanyoi? ??/ieoe? I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e. Oeae aiae?c
iieaco? nooo?a? ye?ni? oa e?euee?ni? ci?ie a ie?ioai?/?e ae?yeueiino?
III. Cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ciyei iaiaaeaiiy, ye? no?eioaaee
eiioe?eoe o eieeoiueiio a ?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? oa a ?ioeo e?a?iao.
Aiane?aeie oeueiai ana?aaeei? aaaaoueio iiaeo iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa
aeieeee ca?iei? eiioe?eoe, ye? iaee ?ae?a?eiee aai aoi?/iee oa?aeoa? oa
aoee iia`ycai? c iaaecae/aeiei ianeeuenoaii ? aei?noie?noth.

Noaooo III i?iaieioo? aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi I?aai?caoe?? i?aeo?eiaiiy
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee oeyoii ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aea?aeaa-/eai?a.
Aea i`yoeaeanyoe??/iee aeina?ae ae?yeueiino? III ? iniaeeai ??
ae?yeuei?noue ii caaacia/aiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee i?ney
cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ia?aeiieeai na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
i?aeaeuaiiy cia/aiiy I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e ? aeeth/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo iii?aaie aei ?? Noaoooo. Oae, ca?ac caaaeueiiaeciaii, ui
ca /an ae?yeueiino? III aecia/eany iaa?? ?ino?oiaio?a aeey eiio?ieth oa
a?aaoethaaiiy eiioe?eo?a i?ae aea?aeaaaie oa ana?aaeei? aea?aeaa. Oaeeie
caniaaie aenooiathoue i?aaaioeaia aeeieiiao?y ? ie?ioai?/?noue,
i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o, ie?iaoae?aieoeoai, ?icca?i?iiy, naieoe?? ? i?eion aei
ie?o. I?aaaioeaia aeeieiiao?y ? ie?ioai?/?noue ?aaoeththoueny
iieiaeaiiyie ?icae?eo VI Noaoooo III ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o?eueee
ca caiaeith noi??i. Naieoe?? oa i?eion aei ie?o ?aaoeththoueny
iieiaeaiiyie ?icae?eo VII Noaoooo III i?i i?eionia? ae?? o ?ac? caa?ice
ie?o, ii?ooaiiy ie?o ? aeo?a aa?an?? c canoinoaaiiyi a?enueeiai? neee
aai aac oaei? ? ia iio?aaothoue caiaee a?aeiia?aeieo noi??i. ?icca?i?iiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca caiaeith noi??i aai o eiioaeno? i?eioniaeo ae?e
a?aeiia?aeii aei iieiaeaiue ?icae?eo VII Noaoooo. I?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o ?
ie?iaoae?aieoeoai a iinoeiioe?eoiee ia??iae iio?aaothoue caiaee noi??i,
aea i?iaiaeyoueny c aeei?enoaiiyi a?enueeiaeo iaaeyaea/?a aai a?enuee
III ? ia ia?aaeaa/ai? o Noaooo? III. ?o i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy
a?oioo?oueny ia cae/a?aeo ii?iao. C a?aooaaiiyi oe?ieiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o
? ie?iaoae?aieoeoao, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noth ?o i?yiiai noaoooiiai
?aaoethaaiiy, aeieea? aino?a iio?aaa a ii?iaoeaiiio ?aaoethaaii?
ii?yaeeo i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo iia?aoe?e c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ??
aoaeoeaiino?, a?aeiia?aeii aei Noaoooo III ? iiaeeeainoyie I?aai?caoe??
Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e o oe?e aaeoc?.

Aaia?aeueia Anaiaeay III ii/aea ua a n?iaeanyo? ?iee iaaiai?thaaoe
ieoaiiy i?i aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? I?aai?caoe?? oa ooai?eea
Niaoe?aeueiee eii?oao ii Noaoooo III ? iineeaiith ?ie? I?aai?caoe??.
Aaia?aeueia Anaiaeay III aecia/eea eiai iiaiiaaaeaiiy ? neeaae, a
Oe?a?ia io?eiaea i?aai o/ano? a can?aeaiiyo oeueiai eii?oaoo ye
iaaeyaea/a.

Iaoa e?a?ia oaeiae aa?a aeoeaio o/anoue o ?iaio? Niaoe?aeueiiai eii?oaoo
Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea? III ii iia?aoe?yi ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ?
ae?yeueiino? ?iai/eo a?oi Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea? a?aee?eoiai neeaaeo ii
Ii?yaeeo aeaiiiio aeey ie?o, ii Ii?yaeeo aeaiiiio aeey ?icaeoeo, ii
o?iainiaiio noaiiaeuo III, ii ?aoi?i? ?aaee Aaciaee oa ii ci?oeiaiith
nenoaie III. Oiio aiae?c ae?yeueiino? III ii caaacia/aiith
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy ia o?eueee aeey
?ic?iaee iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? III, aea ?
aeey oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oe?a?inueei? ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee,
i??i?eoaoiei iai?yieii yei? ? aeoeaia o/anoue o ie?ioai?/?e ?iaio? III,
ni?yiiaaia ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy oa a?aaoethaaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo eiioe?eo?a,
caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee.

A oe?a?inuee?e ? ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? ? aaaaoi ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo
ie?aiei aniaeoai ae?yeueiino? III ii caaacia/aiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o
oa aaciaee. A nai?o ?iaioao oe?a?inueeee a/aiee A. N. A?oc ?icaeyaea?
ae?yeuei?noue III ii a?aaoethaaiith i?aeia?iaeieo eiioe?eo?a, aea
o?eueee c oi/ee ci?o iie?oe/ieo ?aae?e. A ?iaioao A. ?. Ii?iciaa
i?iaiae?ciaai? caaaeueii-oai?aoe/i? i?aaia? i?iaeaie ae?yeueiino? III, a
a eiai ioae?eaoe?yo o ia??iaee/i?e i?an? ?icaeyioo? ie?ai? ie?ioai?/?
iia?aoe??, cie?aia, iia?aoe?y ii i?eieiaiith aa?an?? ??aeo i?ioe
Eoaaeoo. A ?iaioao A. I. Oaaei?iaa cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eaia o/ano? III o
ae??oaii? no/anieo i?iaeai a?eie ? ie?o. I. A. Caeoeaaa aeine?aeeea
i?ioean i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?yo ? aaeeeo oaaao
cina?aaeeea ia ?aciethoe?yo ?aaee Aaciaee III ? Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea?
III. Caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy ae?yeueiino? III aeine?aeaeai? a
iiiia?ao?yo A. N. E?ea/eeiai? ? ?. A. Oeaa?ai?. Ae?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o, ye? cae?enithaaeeny III a 70-o? ?iee, ?icaeyioo?
?. N. Aeaenaiae?iaith. Oe?a?inueeee th?eno A. N. Naiaiia i?iaiae?coaaa
aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy III ca?ieii? neee a ia?oeo iia?aoe?yo ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o.

Caaaeuei? ieoaiiy ae?yeueiino? III aeine?aeaeoaaa A. A. Oeoia?a. Aea aei
oeueiai /ano iaia? iiiia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo th?eaee/ieo
aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? III ii caaacia/aiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa
aaciaee oa i?aaiaiio ?aaoethaaiith i?aaaioeaii? aeeieiiao??, iia?aoe?e
ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o oa iinoeiioe?eoiiio ie?iaoae?aieoeoao. Aeieea?
nooo?aa i?iaaeeia a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?o/eciyieo a/aieo. Aei
oeueiai ne?ae aeiaeaoe i?aeoe/ii iiaio a?aenooi?noue iaoeiaiai aiae?co
iniaeeainoae a?aecia/aieo aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? III i?ney cae?i/aiiy
“oieiaeii? a?eie”.

A ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? oe? aniaeoe i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeine?aeaeothoueny aeineoue aeoeaii. A. O?eaa?o iaienaa cia/io
e?euee?noue ?ia?o uiaei ae?yeueiino? III ii iia?aoe?yi ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o ? aeine?aeea o ?icae?e? eieaeoeaii? iiiia?ao?? cia/aiiy coneeue
I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e ii ie?ioai?/ino? i?ney “oieiaeii?
a?eie”. A?i aeine?aeea iniaeeaino? oeeo iia?aoe?e ia i?eeeaaeao
eieeoiuei? THaineaa??, Niiae?, ia i?eeeaae? i?eieiaiiy aa?an?? ??aeo
i?ioe Eoaaeoo, aea ia c?iaea nenoaiaoeciaaieo iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
iie?auaiith ?o i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Oe?eaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? III ii i?aeo?eiaiith i?aeia?iaeiiai
ie?o oa aaciaee i?ia?a E. Aeo?/, yeee i?iaiae?coaaa i?noea III a
iiia?aaeaeai? eiioe?eo?a i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie”, aea ia c?iaea
i?iiiceoe?e ii aianaiith a?aeiia?aeieo iii?aaie ? aeiiiaiaiue aei
Noaoooo III. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o
i?iaaea a?oia a/aieo i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A. Aeo?/a, aea aeeeth/ii c aieo
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co oa aac aoaeue-yeeo iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
Aiae?enueea a/aia, a ca?ac noaeaey I?aeia?iaeiiai Noaeo, ?. Xia?in
cina?aaeeea o o?eoiii?e ?iaio? aieiai? i?aeia?iaei? iaoa??aee ii
i?iaaaeaiith iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o, aea ia c?iaeea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii iie?auaiith i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oaeeo
iia?aoe?e. Oe?eaa? eiiaioa?? aeaa A. Aoo?in Aae? a na??? “aieoaeo eiea”
ii ie?ioai?/ei iia?aoe?yi III o Niiae?, ?oaiae?, ??aei-Eoaaeonueeiio
eiioe?eo?, aea a?i ia aecia/eany c oeyoaie iie?auaiiy i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy oeeo iia?aoe?e. Caaaeuei? aniaeoe oaeeo iia?aoe?e
i?iaiae?coaaa Eio? Aiiai. Oaeee noai aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeaie oa
a?aenooi?noue nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ie?ioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? naia i?ney
cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ? aecia/ea aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe ?c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Oaiaoeea aeena?oaoe?? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaiiai? oaie eaoaae?e
i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa “I?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? iniiae ci?oeiaiiy
aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie”, ui ?ic?iaeythoueny a eiioaeno? i??i?eoaoii?
eiiieaenii? aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? O. Oaa/aiea “ ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaaiino?
(1996-2005?.)”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aieiaiith iaoith iaoiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anaa?/iee
th?eaee/iee aiae?c ie?ioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? III i?ney cae?i/aiiy
“oieiaeii? a?eie” oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy i?aaaioeaii? aeeieiiao?? oa
ie?ioai?/ino?, iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o, iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio
ie?iaoae?aieoeoao, canoinoaaiith naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo ae?e aeey
caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee aeey oiai, uia ?ic?iaeoe
iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o iiaeo
ianoaaeiao a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o aeena?oaoe?? cina?aaeaeaii oaaao ia
aeeiiaii?:

— iaoeiaiai aiae?co nenoaie i?eioeei?a eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, cae??ieaii?
a Noaooo? III, ? aeine?aeaeaii? iniaeeainoae ?o canoinoaaiiy i?ney
cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”;

— oai?aoe/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy ae?yeueiino? III ii i?iaaaeaiith iia?aoe?e
ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ia oa?eoi??? eieeoiuei? THaineaa?? oa a Niiae?, a
oaeiae ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy oeyo?a cae?eniaiiy oeeo iia?aoe?e;

— aea/aiiy coneeue III ii i?eieiaiith aa?an?? ??aeo i?ioe Eoaaeoo ?
iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio ie?iaoae?aieoeoao a oeueiio ?aa?ii?;

— ?ic?iaee iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ii?iaoeaiiio ?aaoethaaiith
aeei?enoaiiy iaei??th aea?aeaaith, aai a?oiith aea?aeaa iaiaeaoa
I?aai?caoe?? ia cae?eniaiiy naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo ae?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi
a?enueeiaeo nee;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaeo oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
?aaee Aaciaee ii i?aeo?eiaiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee oeyoii
i?iaaaeaiiy ie?ioai?/eo iia?aoe?e ? cae?eniaiiy naieoe?e oa i?eioniaeo
ae?e.

Ia`?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?aeaea?aeaaieo a?aeiinei i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie” uiaei
ae?yeueiino? III ii cae?eniaiith i?aaaioeaii? aeeieiiao?? oa
ie?ioai?/ino?, ii i?iaaaeaiith iia?aoe?e ii iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio
ie?iaoae?aieoeoao, ii canoinoaaiith naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo ae?e aeey
caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee. Naia oe? a?aeiineie
neeaaeathoue a no/anieo oiiaao nenoaio eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a iaaeao III
? aeiaaathoue oi?aa?naeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
iniaeeainoae ae?yeueiino? III i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie”.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii c? Noaoooii III, ??oaiiyie ?aaee Aaciaee ? Aaia?aeueii?
Anaiaea?, aeainoi?iii?o oaiae Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa?y c aea?aeaaaie oa
ca aeiiiiiaith cae/a?aeo ii?i.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? no/ania eiioeaioe?y
oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, ui cae??ieaia o Noaooo?
III, ye aaaeeeaa aa?aio?y caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee,
oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ia iniia? ii?i
?icae?e?a VI oa VII Noaoooo.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? eiie?aoieo ae?e III ii caaacia/aiith i?aeia?iaeiiai
ie?o oa aaciaee a aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeei?enoai? niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee
th?eaee/iiai aiae?co — nenoaiiee, ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee,
ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee, ii?iaoeaiee, eia?/iee.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? a?aecia/ai? aeua i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo oa ?ioeo
th?eno?a-i?aeia?iaeiee?a aea?aeaa NIAe, i?enay/ai? ?icaeoeo oai??? oa
i?aeoeee oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, a oaeiae ?iaioe
A. A. Aooeaae/a, A. A. Aaneeaiea, A. I. Aeaieniaa, A. ?. ?a?ioiaa,
N. A. ?naeiae/a, A. I. Ee?iaiea, ?. ?. Eoeaooea, N. A. Iae?i?ia,
A. ?. Iaiaeeinueeiai, ?. A. Itheea?niia, A. ?. Neaeoiiaa,
A. E. Niaae?ia, A. ?. Ooie?ia. Cao?aeia aeieo?eia a?aeia?aaeaia a
aeena?oaoe?? ?iaioaie Eio? Aiiaia, Aeae. A?ioie?, A. Aoo?an Aae?,
I. Aioeo?iaa, I. A??ae?, E. Ae?oea, A. Aeo?/a, E. Eieuey?a,
A. Ii?aaaoeeiai, A. ?iooaeueaea, Aeae. Noa?ea, A. O?eaa?oa, P. Xia?ic,
?. Oeea, I. Oiaa?aea, E. Oaa?aia, O. O?iaeeay.

A ?iaio? oe?iei aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee III, a ia?oo /a?ao ?aciethoe??
?aaee Aaciaee III ? Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea? III, aeiiia?ae? Aaia?aeueiiai
Nae?aoa?y “Ii?yaeie aeaiiee aeey ie?o”, “Aoae?aieoeoai ie?o ? ?icaeoie”,
“Ia cono??/ iiaei ci?iai”, “50-oa ??/ieoey — ??/ia aeiiia?aeue i?i
?iaioo I?aai?caoe??, 1996”. “Iiiaeaiiy ia ia?ao?aeiiio aoai?, 1997”.
Aia?oa a iaoeiaee ia?a caeo/a?oueny oe?ea iecea aeieoiaio?a III, ye?
aoee i?eeiyo? i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a th?eaee/iiio
aiae?c? iaoai?cio cae?eniaiiy III i?aaaioeaii? aeeieiiao?? oa
ie?ioai?/ino?, iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o, canoinoaaiiy naieoe?e ?
i?eioniaeo caoiae?a a oiiaao, ye? neeaeeny a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao
i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”, a oaeiae a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ii?iaoeaiiio cae??ieaiith aeina?aeo I?aai?caoe?? c
iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?? ae?yeueiino? ii caaacia/aiith
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee.

Iio??aii aecia/eoe oae? aniaeoe canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee (a ieoaiiyo oai?aoe/iiai aecia/aiiy i?aaiaiai
noaoono ie?aieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? III ii caaacia/aiith i?aeia?iaeiiai
ie?o oa aaciaee);

— iaoeiai-ina?oi?e (aeei?enoaiiy i?ae /an aeeeaaeaiiy eo?n?a
“i?aeia?iaeia i?aai”, “i?aai i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee”, “i?aai
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e”);

— i?aaioai?/ee (i?ae /an ?ic?iaee oa iaaiai?aiiy ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a
ii ae?yeueiino? III o aaeoc? caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa
aaciaee);

— ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iee (?iciianthaeaeaiiy ciaiue i?i III ?
ae?yeuei?noue oi?aa?naeueiiai iaoai?cio eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a iaaeao
I?aai?caoe??);

— i?aeoe/iee (aeei?enoaiiy a ?iaio? ICN Oe?a?ie i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeo?a
aeieoiaio?a uiaei ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? III o aaeoc?
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? ia iniia? nenoaiiiai aiae?co i?iaaaeaii
oai?aoe/iee ?icaeyae iniaeeainoae i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aaaioeaii?
ie?ioai?/ino?, iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ? iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio
ie?iaoae?aieoeoao, canoinoaaiiy naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo caoiae?a, ui
cae?enithaaeenue III i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ? a ?ic?iaoe?
iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy i?eioeei?a
ae?yeueiino? III a oe?e aaeoc? c iaoith caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o
oa aaciaee.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny ianooii? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
iaoeiao iiaecio ? ? iniaenoei aianeii aeena?oaioa:

1. Ie?ioai?/a ae?yeuei?noue III oeyoii cae?eniaiiy iia?aoe?? ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ? iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio ie?iaoae?aieoeoao, oi/a aiie
? ia ia?aaeaa/ai? a Noaooo? III, iathoue iniaeeaa cia/aiiy a no/anieo
oiiaao ?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii?
a?eie” ? ? iaiao?aeii? ia?aaeoiiaith aeey aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a iaaeao III.

2. I?aeoeea cae?eniaiiy III iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ?
iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio ie?iaoae?aieoeoao a ia??iae i?ney “oieiaeii?
a?eie” na?ae/eoue, ui a?aenooi?noue ?o oi?aa?naeueiiai cae??ieaiiy
ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a Noaooo? III cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue oe???
ae?yeueiino? I?aai?caoe?? oa iio?aao? oi?aa?naeueiiai aeciaiiy
i?eioeei?a oaei? ae?yeueiino? a aeiaia??ieo ii?iao.

3. Cae?eniaiiy III naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo ae?e i?ioe ??aeo ca aa?an?th
i?ioe Eoaaeoo na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? ?aaee Aaciaee III o ?ac? iaaeaiiy aea?aeaa? aai a?oi?
aea?aeaa iaiaeaoo ia i?iaaaeaiiy naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo ae?e oeyoii
ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy iiaeo aniaeo?a oeeo ae?e, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue a
ia??iae i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”.

4. ?ic?iaee iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ii?iaoeaiiio cae??ieaiith
iniaeeainoae i?iaaaeaiiy i?aaaioeaii? aeeieiiao?? oa ie?ioai?/ino?,
iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ? iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio
ie?iaoae?aieoeoao ? ii noai?aiith i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e i?ioe
ceiaaeeaaiue iaiaeaoii III ia cae?eniaiiy naieoe?e ? i?eioniaeo ae?e
ie?aieie aea?aeaaaie /e a?oiaie aea?aeaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y, ioae?eaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aoee iaaiai?aii? ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ?
ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 4 iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe a?aeaeaathoue niaoeeo?eo aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
i?aaeiaoo oa iaoiiaeai? aaaeaiiyi aeena?oaioa yeiiiaa oe?oa ?ice?eoe
aeine?aeaeoaaio i?iaeaiaoeeo. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 148 noi??iie, a o. /. 8 noi??iie nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Ci?no ?iaioe.

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy a
iaooe? i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ieoaiue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aia ?? iaoa
? caaaeaiiy, iaaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia`?eoo, i?aaeiaoo oa iaoiaeieia??
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaea?oueny oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ??
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoeiaa iiaecia, a oaeiae
aecia/a?oueny nooi?iue ai?iaaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa oa?aeoa?
ioae?eaoe?? aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “No/ani? oaiaeaioe?? i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
ie?ioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? III” i?enay/aiee aea/aiith i?iaeaie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, noai?aii? ia
iniia? i?eioeei?a ? ii?i Noaoooo III. A?aoiaoth/e cia/aiiy oeueiai
aeieoiaioo, ye aeiaiai?o sui generis, a aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii aeniiaie,
ui ii?iaoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaa ii
caaacia/aiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee ? aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii
na?oiaiai i?aaiii?yaeeo, i?aeia?iaeii? caeiiiino?. A no/anieo oiiaao,
eiee iacaeaaeia Oe?a?ia aaaea aeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue ii an?i iai?yieai
i?aeaea?aeaaieo a?aeiinei, a ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai? ae?thoue ia o?eueee
oae? oaeoi?e ye iaeiie/aiiy yaea?ii? ca?i? oa noai?aiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e
ca?i? ianiaiai o?aaeaiiy, aea ? a?aeaoeeny ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy nee a
na?o? aiane?aeie ?iciaaeo ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, aeieeiaiiy iecee
aea?aeaa eiai i?aaiianooiiee?a, cieeiaiiy nioe?ae?noe/ii? nenoaie ?
cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”, c’yaeeeny aioo??oi? iaoe?iiaeuei? oa
aoi?/i? eiioe?eoe, ye? caa?iaeothoue i?aeia?iaeiiio ie?o oa aaciaoe?,
iaoeiaee aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
ie?ioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? III iaaoaa? aaeeeiai i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeey
oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oe?a?inueei? ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee. Oiio
aiae?c ae?yeueiino? III ?acii c aea?aeaaaie /eaiaie ii caaacia/aiith
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee, a oaeiae ? aiae?c iiaeyae?a
th?eno?a-i?aeia?iaeiee?a aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe, ui a no/aniiio
i?aeia?iaeiiio i?aa? eieaeoeaia aaciaea — oea ni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue
aea?aeaa ii i?aeo?eiaiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o, iiia?aaeaeaiith oa
onoiaiith caa?ice ie?o ?, o aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeiino?, ii coieiaiith aeo?a
aa?an??.

Ia can?aeaii? ?aaee Aaciaee III ia aeuiio ??ai? 31 n?/iy 1992 ?. aoei
a?aecia/aii ae?eni?noue nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, ia?aaeaa/aii? a
Noaooo? III aeey i?ioeae?? caa?icai ie?o oa i?eieiaiith aeo?a aa?an?? oa
i?aee?aneaii, ui ?aaea Aaciaee iana aieiaio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
i?aeo?eiaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee. A aeena?oaoe??
aeine?aeaeai? oi/ee ci?o oao?aoe?a uiaei ae?yeueiino? nenoaie
eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a iaaeao III i?ae /an “oieiaeii? a?eie” ? ia iniia?
aiae?co iane?aee?a ae?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa
aaciaee aeiaaaeaii, ui “oieiaeia a?eia” iaaaoeaii aieeioea ia ?iaioo
nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, aea ia coieieea ?? iiai?noth.

A aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui a iniia? ae?yeueiino? iaoai?cio
caaacia/aiiy eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a Noaooo? III eaaeeoue ciaia’ycaiiy
aea?aeaa /eai?a ia canoiniaoaaoe neeo /e caa?ico neeith, ia iaaeaaaoe
aeiiiiiao aoaeue-ye?e aea?aeaa?, i?ioe yei? III canoiniao? ae??
i?aaaioeaiiai aai i?eioniaiai oa?aeoa?o. E??i oiai, aea?aeaae-/eaie
ciaia`ycaeeny iaaeaaaoe III aeiiiiiao a on?o ae?yo, ye? cae?eniththoueny
aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee.

Aiae?c, c?iaeaiee a aeena?oaoe??, na?ae/eoue, ui oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy a ae?yeueiino? III iaaoee iia?aoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o, oi/a oae? iiaiiaaaeaiiy I?aai?caoe?? ia ia?aaeaa/ai? a ?? Noaooo?.
Oaea iieiaeaiiy aeeeeea? o?oaeiiu? i?aeoe/iiai ? oai?aoe/iiai ieaio i?ae
/an cae?eniaiiy oaeeo iia?aoe?e. A i?aeoe/iiio ieai? aeieeathoue
i?iaeaie ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo iia?aoe?e, a a
oai?aoe/iiio ieai? aeieea? ieoaiiy uiaei i?aaiaeo iniia oaeeo ae?e III.
Aea/aiiy aeina?aeo i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o
iieaco?, ui iaiiaeeeai iiaiaeeoeny c oi/eith ci?o eieeoiueiai
Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa?y III ? th?eno?a, ye? eiai oi/eo ci?o
i?aeo?eiothoue, i?i oa, ui a III a?aeaoany iacao?eniaaiee ienueiiai
ia?ao?ae a?ae eiioeaioe?? eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, caeeaaeaii? o ?icae?e?
VII Noaoooo III aei a?eueo ?aae?noe/ii? ?aea? i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o
(peace-keeping) ? oiio neee ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
canoinoaaiiy ca?ieieo nee a?aeiia?aeii aei ?icae?eo VII. A aeena?oaoe??
iaa?oioiao?oueny iiaeyae, ui ?aaoethaaiiy iia?aoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o iaeaaeeoue aei eiiiaoaioe?? ?aaee Aaciaee III, a ?o i?iaaaeaiiy a
no/anieo oiiaao ?aaoeth?oueny ii?iaie ?icae?eo VII Noaoooo III ?
cae/a?aeie ii?iaie.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “I?aaiaa i?e?iaea ie?ioai?/eo iia?aoe?e III” i?enay/aiee
aiae?co ae?th/eo ii?i Noaoooo III, a oaeiae cae/a?aeo ii?i, ye?
?aaoeththoue i?aeaea?aeaai? a?aeiineie i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii?
a?eie”, i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o o
ii??aiyii? c i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaei ?aaoethaaiiyi iaaeaiiy ?aaeith
Aaciaee iaiaeaoo ia i?iaaaeaiiy i?eioniaeo ae?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi
a?enueeiaeo nee aea?aeaaaie-/eaiaie I?aai?caoe??. Ia iniia?
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aecia/aia i?aaiaa i?e?iaea iia?aoe?e ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaioii ae?yeueiino? III ii anoaiiaeaiith
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee a Ia?nuee?e caoioe? aea? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe i?aaia? ii?ie, iaiao?aei? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?e
I?aai?caoe?? o aeiaaeeao iaaeaiiy ?aaeith Aaciaee iaiaeaoo ia
canoinoaaiiy ca?ieieo nee a?ae ?? ?iai? iaei?e aea?aeaa? /e a?oi?
aea?aeaa. Aiae?c eiioeaioe?? A. O?eaa?oa oa ?ioeo cao?aeieo a/aieo i?i
oa, ui a oiiaao a?aenooiino? o III a?enueeiaeo iiaeeeainoae /a?ac
a?aeiiao aea?aeaa-/eai?a aeae?eyoe a?aeiia?aeii c no. 43 Noaoooo III
a?enueea oa aacae?yeueiino? Ai?iii-ooaaiiai eii?oaoo iaia? ?ioiai oeyoo
aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?eioniaeo ae?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi ca?ieieo nee i?ae oea
aoei a Ia?nuee?e caoioe? — o?eueee i?ae ea??aieoeoaii NOA, aeicaiey?
aeyaeoe iaiaaeai?noue oaei? oi/ee ci?o. A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiao?oueny
iieiaeaiiy i?i iineeaiiy i?ney ?iciaaeo N?N? aieeao NOA ia i?aeia?iaei?
a?aeiineie, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?aaey/eie eieaie oe??? aea?aeaae aeey
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e ?ioa?anai nai??
iie?oeee. A oeeo oiiaao o?eueee iine?aeiaia aeio?eiaiiy iieiaeaiue
Noaoooo III ? aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo ae?yeueiino?
I?aai?caoe?? iiaea caaacia/eoe aeinyaiaiiy ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee oa a oi?aa?naeueiiio ianooaa? iiia?aaeeoue
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy III a ?ioa?anao ie?aii? aea?aeaae. Aeey
oeueiai a aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeai? iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaiio ?aaoethaaiith canoinoaaiiy a?enueeiaeo nee ca
iaiaeaoii ?aaee Aaciaee, a naia:

Cae?eniaiiy i?eioniaeo cania?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi neee a?aeiia?aeii c
?icae?eii VII Noaoooo III iiaeiii nie?aoeny ia iino?eia iie?oe/ia
ea??aieoeoai oaeeie neeaie ?aaeith Aaciaee ca?aeii c i?eioeeiaie ?
ii?iaie Noaoooo III. Iaaeaiiy ?aaeith Aaciaee III aea?aeaa? /e a?oi?
aea?aeaa i?aaa ia cae?eniaiiy i?eioniaeo ae?e c canoinoaaiiyi neee a?ae
?iai? I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e iiaeiii noi?iaiaeaeoaaoenue /?oeei
iaiaeaoii, a iaaeao yeiai oae? aea?aeaae o?eueee ? iiaeooue ae?yoe.

?aae?caoe?y ooieoe?e oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee iiaeiia
nie?aoeny ia noai?aiiy “?aca?aieo nee” III, iieiaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie
ae?yeueiino? yeeo iiaeii? aooe ?ic?iaeai? Aaia?aeueiith Anaiaea?th III
ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi c ?aaeith Aaciaee III.

Eii?aeeiaoe?y an??? ae?yeueiino? III ii canoinoaaiith i?eioniaeo ae?e c
aeei?enoaiiyi neee iiaeiia cae?enithaaoeny ia iniia? /?oeiai ?iciiae?eo
iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a III: caa?aaeaiiy ?ie? ?aaee Aaciaee III, ye
aieiaiiai i?aaio, a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai ca oae? ae??, o/ano? Aaia?aeueii?
Anaiaea? III, ye i?aaio, yeee ia? i?aai iaaiai?thaaoe aoaeue-ye? ieoaiiy
ae?yeueiino? III ? caaacia/oaaoe i?eeiyooy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?i ea??ai?
i?eioeeie oaeeo iia?aoe?e, Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa?y III, yeee cae?enith?
iia?aoeaia ao?eaiiy a aeeooy ??oaiue ?aaee Aaciaee oa ?aciethoe?e
Aaia?aeueii? Anaiaea?.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaia th?eaee/ia i?e?iaea iia?aoe?e III ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. I?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” cia/ii c?inea
e?euee?noue aioo??oiueiaea?aeaaieo eiioe?eo?a. Ia?aae I?aai?caoe??th
Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e iianoaee ye?nii iia? caaaeaiiy i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Aea/aiiy ae?yeueiino? III ii ae??oaiith
eiioe?eoo a Niiae? oa ?oaiae? aeicaieeei c?iaeoe a aeena?oaoe??
caaaeuei? aeniiaee i?i oa, ui canoinoaaiiy neee aeey ae??oaiiy
aioo??oiueiaea?aeaaieo eiioe?eo?a, aeey caaacia/aiiy i?aaa ia aeeooy
i?eueeii?a in?a neeaie III ia a?aaoeueiaaii a Noaooo? III. Oiio iio??aii
ii?iaoeaia cae??ieaiiy o niaoe?aeueiiio aeieoiaio? caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a
noai?aiiy, ae?yeueiino? ? ea??aieoeoaa iia?aoe?yie ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o. I?e oeueiio aeoaea aaaeeeai aeio?eioaaoeny iniiaieo i?eioeei?a
i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, cae??ieaieo a Noaooo? III. Oiio aeioe?eueii aoei
i?eeiyoe aeiaeaoeiaee i?ioieie aei Noaoooo III i?i a?aaoethaaiiy
iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o, yeee cae??ieoue iniaeea?noue oaeiai
?iaeo iia?aoe?e. Ea??aieoeoai oaeeie neeaie iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny
?aaeith Aaciaee ?acii c Aaia?aeueiei Nae?aoa?ai III. I?iaaaeaiiy oeeo
iia?aoe?e iiaeeeai o?eueee ca caiaeith noi??i eiioe?eoo.

Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? III na?ae/eoue, ui i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie” oe?ieiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaoaa? iinoeiioe?eoia ie?iaoae?aieoeoai, ye iaeei c
??ciiaeae?a iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Aeina?ae III aecia/a?,
ui caaaeaiiyie iinoeiioe?eoiiai ie?iaoae?aieoeoaa ? ciaioaiiy iane?aee?a
a?eie aeey ianaeaiiy. Oea iaaecae/aeia aoiai?oa?ia aeiiiiiaa,
?aiao??aoe?y ? ?a?ioaa?aoe?y a?aeaioe?a, ?ici?ioaaiiy ? ?icca?i?iiy,
cae?eniaiiy i?iaeo?a ii iaaeaiith aeiiiiiae o i?iaaaeaii? aeai??a. Aea
oaea ae?yeuei?noue ia ia?aaeaa/aia Noaoooii III. Oiio a aeena?oaoe??
c?iaeaii iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oaei?
ae?yeueiino? III. A ca`yceo c oe?ieei ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi
iinoeiioe?eoiiai ie?iaoae?aieoeoaa ? ae?aaeaiiyi i?aeo?eiee oaei?
ae?yeueiino? an?ia /eaiaie III, iio??aii ii?iaoeaia eiai a?aaoethaaiiy
oeyoii aeeth/aiiy o aeiaeaoeiaee i?ioieie aei Noaoooo III i?i iia?aoe??
ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Iinoeiioe?eoia ie?iaoae?aieoeoai iiaeiia
cae?enithaaoeny III aeeeth/ii ca i?ioaiiyi o?yaeo aea?aeaae, ia
oa?eoi??? yei? i?iaaaeeoueny oaea ae?yeuei?noue I?aai?caoe??. Aeey
cae?eniaiiy iinoeiioe?eoiiai ie?iaoae?aieoeoaa ??cieie i?aaiaie III ?
niaoe?ae?ciaaieie caeeaaeaie nenoaie III iaiao?aeiee /?oei ae?aaeaiee
iaiaeao ?aaee Aaciaee III.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Ii?iaoeaia cae??ieaiiy noaoono iia?aoe?e ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o” ai?uo? iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ii?iaoeaiiio
?aaoethaaiith no/anieo iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o c iaoith
i?enoinoaaiiy I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e aei ?aae?e i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”.

A aeena?oaoe?? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui a oiiaao iiai? aeiaaeueii?
aaiiie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? iaiao?aeii noai?aiiy a?eueo aeaiie?aoe/ii? ?
ni?aaaaeeeai? nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, yea aeicaieeoue ae??oeoe
caaaeueiiethaenuee? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo. Aeey caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueiino? ?
ea?iaaiino? ?icaeoeo na?oo ia aoai? ia?aoiaeo a?ae a?iiey?ii? aei
aaaaoiiiethnii? nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, ye oea cacia/a?oueny a
e?oa?aoo??, iaiao?aeiei ? ?aoi?ioaaiiy I?aai?caoe?? Ia`?aeiaieo Iaoe?e.
Iaeiei c iai?yie?a ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy, aeiaiaeeoueny o aeena?oaoe??,
iiaeiia noaoe ?ic?iaea aeiaeaoeiaiai i?ioieieo aei Noaoooo III i?i
i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o. Nueiaiaei?, caaaeyee
iniaeeainoyi nai?? no?oeoo?e III ao?o/a?oueny o iiae?? oiae?, eiee
eiioe?eo aaea ii/aany, ye oea iaei i?noea a eieeoi?e THaineaa??. A o?aaa
oae ?aoi?ioaaoe III a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeo ?aae?e ? iio?aa iaeaooiueiai,
uia ia?aoai?eoe ?? a ni?aaaei?e oeaio? noi?nieo ae?e ii a?aaoethaaiith
?aa?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a, caoenoo i?aa ethaeeie, ae??oaiith aeiaaeueieo
i?iaeai. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, iaaoaa? ii?iaoeaia
?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? III ii i?iaaaeaiith iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o oeyoii aecia/aiiy:

— iniaeeainoae iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ii??aiyii c canoinoaaiiyi
i?eioniaeo ae?e ca?aeii c ?icae?eii VII Noaoooo III o aeaeyae?
iaia`yceiai? caiaee aea?aeaae, ia oa?eoi??? yei? i?iaiaeeoueny
iia?aoe?y;

— ea??aieo i?eioeei?a cae?eniaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o;

— cae??ieaiiy ?aeeii? nenoaie eiiaiaeoaaiiy ? iniaeeai? ?ie? a i?e ?aaee
Aaciaee III;

— i?aeienaiiy oaiae i?i noai?aiiy ?aca?aieo nee III;

— aecia/aiiy ii?yaeeo i?aeaioiaee ia?niiaeo oa caaacia/aiiy eiai caoenoo
i?ae /an iia?aoe?e;

— aecia/aiiy /?oei? noaie o?iainoaaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o.

Aei ea??aieo i?eioeei?a i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o,
cacia/a?oueny a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeii? aooe aeeth/ai? ia o?eueee iniiai?
i?eioeeie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, ui iathoue iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
a?aecia/aii? ae?yeueiino? III oae?, ye iacanoinoaaiiy neee, iiaaaa aei
aea?aeaaiiai noaa?ai?oaoo ? iaao?o/aiiy o aioo??oi? ni?aae aea?aeaa, aea
? niaoe?aeuei? i?eioeeie i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith
ie?o: caiaea noi??i ia i?iaaaeaiiy oaeeo iia?aoe?e, iacanoinoaaiiy neee
ca aeiyoeii naiiiai?iie, iaeo?aeuei?noue i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e
a?aeiinii an?o noi??i eiioe?eoo.

O aeniiaeo ocaaaeueiththoueny iane?aeee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aiie na?ae/aoue, ui a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao neeaeany oi?aa?naeueia
nenoaia eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, aieiai? ?inoeoooe ? iaoai?cie yei? io?eiaee
ii?iaoeaia cae??ieaiiy a Noaooo? III. ?aaeueiee aeina?ae a?aeiinei
aea?aeaa i?ney noai?aiiy III ? oi/ia i?aaiaa cae??ieaiiy nenoaie
eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a Noaooo? III iaoiiaeee cia/i? iiceoeai? ?ano?ne
oe??? nenoaie. A oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aeieeaee aino?? iie?oe/i? eiioe?eoe
i?ae aaeeeeie aea?aeaaaie, ??oaiiy ieoaiue ?aae?caoe?? eieaeoeaii?
aaciaee cia/ii oneeaaeithaaeiny. Aea, aeiaaeueiee eiioe?eo aoei
iiia?aaeaeaii ca ?aooiie i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o.
Naia oea na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii?
aaciaee a iaaeao III. A oiiaao cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ia?aae III
iinoathoue iia? caaaeaiiy, a oea aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy naii?
I?aai?caoe?? oa ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy aeina?aeo ?? ae?yeueiino?.
Nueiaiaei? a i?aeoeoe? III neeaeeny oae? caniae i?aeo?eiaiiy
i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa aaciaee: i?aaaioeaia aeeieiiao?y (Preventive
Diplomacy); oe??ieaiiy ie?o (Peace-making); i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o
(Peace-keeping); i?eiooaiiy aei ie?o (Peace-enforcement);
ie?iaoae?aieoeoai a iinoeiio?aoe?eiee ia??iae (Peace-building). O
ca’yceo c oei, ui iia?aoe?? ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ? ie?iaoae?aieoeoao o
iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiee ia??iae ia cae??ieai? a Noaooo? III, aiie
iio?aaothoue ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy. ?acii ?c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi iaoai?cio
?aaee Aaciaee ii?iaoeaia cae??ieaiiy i?eioeei?a ? ii?i, ?aaoethth/e
i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e III ii i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o ? iinoeiio?iioaoe?eiiio
ie?iaoae?aieoeoao, ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oi?aa?naeueii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a iaaeao III ? aeeiiaiiy
aieiaiiai caaaeaiiy I?aai?caoe?? — i?aeo?eiaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ie?o oa
aaciaee — a iiaeo oiiaao a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao i?ney cae?i/aiiy
“oieiaeii? a?eie”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai?
o ianooiieo ?iaioao:

Aieaia I. ?. Ae?yeuei?noue III o caaacia/aii? i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee
i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie”. A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? 3 Ee?a –
1995 ?. n.15-22.

Aieaia I. ?. Aniaeoe i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy III. I?aai Oe?a?ie ? 5, 6
Ee?a — 1995?. n.56-58.

Aieaia I. ?. Iiaa aeiaaeueia aaiiie?oe/ia neooaoe?y ? ?aoi?ia III. I?aai
Oe?a?ie, Ee?a (i?eeiyoi aei ae?oeo aei aeo?iaeo I?aai Oe?a?ie).

Aieaia I. ?. ?ieue III a caaacia/aii? i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee i?ney
“oieiaeii? a?eie”. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai
nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 12.00.11. —
I?aeia?iaeia i?aai — ?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a
caaacia/aiiy i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee i?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”.
Iniiaia oaaaa a?aeaaaeaia aiae?co i?aaiai? i?e?iaee ie?ioai?/eo
iia?aoe?e III, ye? a iiaeo i?aeia?iaeieo oiiaao iaaoee iiaiai cia/aiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy noaoono iia?aoe?e III ii
i?aeo?eiaiith ie?o iieeaaeaii a iniiao iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
aaeineiiaeaiith i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? Aaia?aeueiiai
nae?aoa?y III ii ea??aieoeoao iia?aoe?yie ii i?aeo?eioe? ie?o ?
aecia/aiith i?aaiaiai noaoono a?enueeiaeo eiioeiaaio?a III, ye? aa?ooue
o/anoue a oeeo iia?aoe?yo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iia?aoe??, III, i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o, ie?ioai?/? iia?aoe??,
i?aeia?iaeia aaciaea, i?aaiaee noaoon, ai?ii? eiioeiaaioe.

Aieaia I. A. ?ieue III a iaania/aiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiie aaciianiinoe iinea
“oieiaeiie aieiu”. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.11. —
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia i?aai — Einoeooo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee Eeaaneiai
Oieaa?neoaoa eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiauo aniaeoia
iaania/aiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiie aaciianiinoe iinea ieii/aiey “oieiaeiie
aieiu”. Iniiaiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii aiaeeco i?aaiaie i?e?iaeu
ie?ioai?/aneeo iia?aoeee III, eioi?ua a iiauo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo oneiaeyo
i?eia?aee iiaua ea/anoaa. Enneaaeiaaiea ii?iaoeaiiai cae?aieaiey noaoona
iia?aoeee III ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a iieiaeaii a iniiao iao/iuo
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth i?aaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
aeayoaeueiinoe Aaia?aeueiiai nae?aoa?y III ii ?oeiaiaenoao iia?aoeeyie
ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a e ii?aaeaeaieth i?aaiaiai noaoona aiaiiuo
eiioeiaaioia III, o/anoaothueo a yoeo iia?aoeeyo.

Aeena?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth i?iaeaiu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
oieaa?naeueiie nenoaiu eieeaeoeaiie aaciianiinoe, nicaeaiie ia iniiaa
i?eioeeiia e ii?i Onoaaa III. O/eouaay cia/aiea yoiai aeieoiaioa, eae
aeiaiai?a sui generis, a aeenna?oaoeee naeaeai auaiae, /oi ii?iaoeaiia
?aaoee?iaaiea niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noa ii iaania/aieth
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ie?a e aaciianiinoe yaeyaony aaaeiaeoei yeaiaioii
ie?iaiai i?aaiii?yaeea, iaaeaeoia?iaeiie caeiiiinoe. A nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo, eiaaea iacaaeneiay Oe?aeia aaaeao aeoeaioth aeayoaeueiinoue ii
anai iai?aaeaieyi iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee, a ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
a?aia aeaenoaotho ia oieueei oaeea oaeoi?u, eae iaeiieaiea yaea?iiai
i?oaeey e nicaeaiea iiauo oaoiieiaee i?oaeey ianniaiai ii?aaeaiey. ii e
i?ienoiaeyo eciaiaiey niioiioaiey nee a ie?a iinea ?aniaaea Niaaoneiai
Nithca, aicieeiiaaiea a?oiiu no?ai aai i?aaii?eaiieeia, en/aciiaaiea
nioeeaeueiie nenoaiu e ieii/aiey “oieiaeiie aieiu”, aicieeee aioo?aiiea
iaoeeiiaeueiua e yoie/aneea eiioeeeou, eioi?ua oa?iaeatho
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio ie?o e aaciianiinoe, iao/iue aiaeec oaiaeaioeee
iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ie?ioai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
III i?eia?aoaao aieueoia i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea aeey oai?aoe/aneiai
iainiiaaiey oe?aeineie aiaoiae iieeoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aia th?eaee/aneay i?e?iaea iia?aoeee III ii
iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a. Iinea ieii/aiey “oieiaeiie aieiu” cia/eoaeueii
aic?inei eiee/anoai aioo?eainoaea?noaaiiuo eiioeeeoia. Ia?aae
I?aaiecaoeeae Iauaaeeiaiiuo Iaoee anoaee ea/anoaaiii iiaua caaea/e ai
a?aiy i?iaaaeaiey iia?aoeee ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a. Eco/aiea
aeayoaeueiinoe III ii ?ac?aoaieth eiioeeeoa a Niiaee e ?oaiaea iicaieeei
naeaeaoue a aeenna?oaoeee iauea auaiaeu i oii, /oi i?eiaiaiea neeu aeey
?ac?aoaiey aioo?eainoaea?noaaiiuo eiioeeeoia, aeey iaania/aiey i?aaa ia
aeeciue ieeeeiiia ethaeae neeaie III ia io?aaoee?iaaii a Onoaaa III.
Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii ii?iaoeaiia cae?aieaiea a niaoeeaeueiii aeieoiaioa
iaueo i?eioeeiia nicaeaiey, aeayoaeueiinoe e ?oeiaiaenoaa iia?aoeeyie ii
iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a.

A aeenna?oaoeee iiae/a?eeaaaony, /oi a oneiaeyo iiaie aeiaaeueiie
aaiiieeoe/aneie neooaoeee iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaiea aieaa aeaiie?aoe/iie e
ni?aaaaeeeaie nenoaiu iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee, eioi?ay iicaieeo
?aoeoue iaua/aeiaa/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey. Aeey iaania/aiey
noaaeeueiinoe e ?aaoee?iaaiey ?acaeoey ie?a ia yoaia ia?aoiaea io
aeiiey?iie e iiiaiiiey?iie nenoaia iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee, eae yoi
oeacuaaaony a eeoa?aoo?a, iaiaoiaeeiui yaeyaony ?aoi?ie?aiaiea
I?aaiecaoeee Iauaaeeiaiiuo Iaoeee. Iaeiei ec iai?aaeaiey aa
?aoi?ie?iaaiey aeieaeia noaoue ?ac?aaioea aeiiieieoaeueiiai i?ioieiea e
Onoaao III i i?iaaaeaiee iia?aoeee ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a. Naaiaeiy
aeaaiaea?y iniaaiiinoyi naiae no?oeoo?u III aeeth/aaony a aeaenoaea
oiaaea, eiaaea eiioeeeo oaea ia/aeny, eae yoi eiaei ianoi a i?ioeie
THaineaaee. Iaiaoiaeeii oae ?aoi?ie?iaaoue III, niioaaonaaiii e iiaui
?aaeeyi e o?aaiaaieyi aoaeouaai, /oiau ia?ano?ieoue aai a ianoiyuee
oeaio? niaianoiuo aeaenoaee ii o?aaoee?iaaieth ?aaeiiaeueiuo eiioeeeoia,
caueoa i?aa /aeiaaea, ?ac?aoaieth aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai. Iniaia cia/aiea,
ia acaeyae aeenna?oaioa, i?aia?aoaao ii?iaoeaiia ?aaoee?iaaiea
aeayoaeueiinoe III ii i?iaaaeaieth iia?aoeee ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a.

A oneiaeyo ieii/aiey “oieiaeiie aieiu” ia?aae III anoatho iiaua caaea/e,
a yoi o?aaoao aeaeueiaeoaai ?aoi?ieiaaiey naiie I?aaiecaoeee e
iii?aoeaiiai cae?aieaiey iiuoa aa aeayoaeueiinoe. Naaiaeiy a i?aeoeea
III neaeiaeeeenue oaeea niiniau iiaeaea?aeaiey iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ie?a e
aaciianiinoe: i?eaaioeaiay aeeieiiaoey (Preventive Diplomacy);
oe?aieaiea ie?a (Peace — making); iiaeaea?aeaiea ie?a (Peace — keeping);
i?eioaeaeaiea e ie?o (Peace — enforcement); ie?ino?ieoaeuenoai a
iinoeiio?aioaoeeiiiue ia?eiae (Peace — building). A nacy n oai, /oi
iia?aoeee ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a e i?ino?ieoaeuenoao a
iinoeiio?aioaoeeiiiue ia?eiae ia cae?aieaiu a Onoaaa III, iie o?aaotho
ii?iaoeaiiai cae?aieaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iia?aoeee, III, iiaeaea?aeea ie?a, ie?ioai?/aneea
iia?aoeee, iaaeaeoia?iaeiay aaciianiinoue, i?aaiaie noaoon, aiaiiua
eiioeiaaiou.

O. E. Bolgov. The Role of the U. N. In Ensuring the International
Security after “Cold War.” – Manuscript. Thesis for obtaining a
scientific degree of a Candidate of science, speciality – 12.00.11 –
International Law – The Institute of International Relations of the Kyiv
Taras Shevchenco University, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the research of the international law aspects
of ensuring the international security after the end of cold war. The
main attention is paid to the analysis of the law nature of the U. N.
Peacemaking, operations which in new international conditions have
acquired new qualities. The research of the norm securing of the U. N.
Status on supporting peace has taken as a principle in scientific
recommendations on improvement of the law regulations of the activity
Secretary-General of the U. N. on guiding the peacekeeping operations
and define the law status of U. N. military contingents which take part
in these operations.

Key words: operations, U. N., peacekeeping operations, peacemaking,
international security, law status, military contingents.

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