Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Ianooey Na?oeaia ?aai?aia

OAeE 947.084.2/6 : 719 — 058.237

?ieue iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? a noaiiaeaii? Anaoe?a?inueeiai

A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo (1917 — ii/aoie 30-o ?ie?a)

07.00.01-?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?no?e/ieo iaoe

Caii??aeaey- 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo iaoe

E?aiai/ooeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?ineoooo I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? , aeaaeai?e IAI
Oe?a?ie O?iiueei Iao?i Oeiio?eiae/

?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a). caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ,

Aeaieeaiei A?eoi? Ieoaeeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?noi??? eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a).

Oiuaa Aaiiaae?e Ieeieaeiae/. Aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? oe?a?ie
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: a?aeae?e aoii?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo
iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 4 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. 14:00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17.051.01 o Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:330600. I. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai, 66
ei?i. 5, aeo.cae.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:330600. I.
Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai, 66 ei?i. 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 29 aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oei/aiei N.I

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIoeAeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ney
i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie ia?aae aea?aeaaith, noni?euenoaii
caaaeii iinoaei caaaeaiiy a?aeiiaeoe o iiaiiio ianyc? aoiioi?ioth/o
?ieue ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie. A ca’yceo c oeei ia iniaeeao oaaao
caneoaiao? aeina?ae iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino? i?aaenoaaiee?a
iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? Oe?a?ie. Aeoioethth/e noni?euei?
iano?i? /ano oa ona?aeiiethth/e iaia?an?/ia cia/aiiy
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie, aiie ia?oeie noaaaee ia ?? caoeno, aaee
oe?ieo i?ina?oieoeueeo ?iaioo na?aae a?iiaaenueeino?, ?i?oe?thaaee
noai?aiiy ?inoeoooe?e iai’yoeiciaa/i? oa iai’yoeiioi?iiii?
ni?yiiaaiino?.

I?ia?aeiei na?aae ieo a na?aaeei? 1920-o ?ie?a aoa Anaoe?a?inueeee
A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao (AOAE). Noai?aiee i?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai??
iaoe c ?i?oe?aoeae iaoeiaoe?a oa ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e, a?i i?aai?caoe?eii
cao?ooaaa ?o iaaeiei caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie, io?eiaa noaoon aeuiai
iaoeiai-aei?aae/iai i?aaio Ia?eiiaoo ina?oe Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue
iai’yoeiciaanoaa oa ioi?iie iai’yoie. Ia aeaeue, ia ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a
AOAE aoa e?ea?aeiaaiee, a a?eueo?noue /eai?a eii?oaoo, c ?iaiaie yeeo
aoee iia’ycai? iaeaaaii?o? aeinyaiaiiy ia iai’yoeiioi?iii?e iea? Oe?a?ie
ia?oeo ii?aaiethoe?eieo ?ie?a, noaee aea?oaaie iie?oe/ieo ?ai?an?e ? ia
aeanyoee?ooy i?oee a iaaoooy.

Iiaa?iooe ?o iao?e ?noi???, iaoiio ia?iaeo, aeooae?coaaoe iaeiie/aiee
ieie aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie e aeine?aeaeaiue iai’yoie ?noi??? oa
eoeueoo?e — oea caaaeaiiy aaaeeeaiai noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai,
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai oa i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ye /anoeia
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? iaoeiai? oaie “?ieue ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo o oi?ioaaii? eiai iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?. 1917
— 1991 ??.”, aeeth/aii? aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio ? 49 I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. A?ae?aco iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui
niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue, a yeeo ae aiae?coaaeanue ?ieue iaoeiai? oa
oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? a noaiiaeaii? Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai
eii?oaoo, /e i?enay/aieo ?noi??? eii?oaoo aei oeueiai /ano ia
i?aeaioiaeaii.

Aiaeii/an, AOAE oa eiai iiia?aaeieee a no?oeoo?? AOAI ia aoee iaae?eai?
oaaaith iai’yoeiciaaoe?a, ?noi?ee?a. Aaea a 1918 ?., ua aei canioaaiiy
Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe, c’yaeeeny ioae?eaoe?? I.A?eyo?anueeiai,
Ae.Aaaae?y, A.E?einueeiai, A.Iaaeooeueeiai, ?.Oei/aiea, O.Oi?oa, a yeeo
ianoithaaeanue iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy aeaaeai?/ieo oeaio??a
aeine?aeaeaiiy e ioi?iie iai’yoie. A ?iee ?aaiethoe?? oa a?iiaaeyinueei?
a?eie aoee iioae?eiaai? e ia?o? aiae?oe/i? ?ica?aeee A.Ai?n?iiaa,
O.A?inoa, O.Oi?oa i?i a?aeiia?aei? iiooee oa ae?yeuei?noue o/aieo,
ieooe?a, i?aai?a aeaaee ca ??cieo o?yae?a ? ?aaeei?a.

A 20-o? ?iee e?oiienoe? ioi?iie iai’yoie neiioeaio?oaaee naith oaaao
ia?aaaaeii ia i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo iai’yoeiioi?iiieo i?aai?a
a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?. Aeoa?ianueeee A. Ioi?iia iai’yoie eoeueoo?e a
ON?? // Ioi?iia iai’yoie eoeueoo?e ia Oe?a?i? / Oe?a?inueeee eii?oao
ioi?iie iai’yoie eoeueoo?e . — Oa?e?a : 1-a ae?oea?iy , 1927. —
Ca??iee ?. — N.3 — 13. Aeoa?ianueeee A. ?noi?e/ii- eoeueoo?i?
caiia?aeieee oa iai’yoee Oe?a?ie. — Oa?e?a : Aea?aeaaia aeaeaaieoeoai
Oe?a?ie,1930. — 76 n. I?ioa a aiae?oe/ieo ca?oao ea??aiee?a
iai’yoeiciaa/eo onoaiia AOAI aeathoueny ioe?iee oiia i?aoe?
A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo oa AOAEo, ?o noinoie?a c a?aeae?eaie Aeaaeai??
oa naeoe?yie Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa, Ia?eiiaoii ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, iocayie, no?oeoo?ieo ci?i eii?oao?a oa ?o ae?yeueiino?.
Aa?a?iie A. Nio?enueea eii?n?y i?e Anaoe?a?inueeiio A?oaieia?/iiio
Eii?oao? AOAI // O?ii?ea a?oaieia?? oa ienoaoeoaa. — E. : Aeaeaiiy AOAI,
1931. — N.89 — 92. Iiaeoeueeee I. Ae?yeuei?noue AOAEo a ?ioe? 1926 //
Ei?oea ca?aeiieaiiy Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo ca
a?oaieia?/i? aeine?aee ca 1926 ??e. -E. : Ee?a — Ae?oe, 1927. — N.3 —
5. ?oaeeinueeee I. A?oaieia?/i? aeine?aee ?ieo 1926 // Oai naii. — N.
7 — 15. Iia?aeii oe? ieoaiiy i?ae?eiathoueny ? a iaoeiaeo ?ica?aeeao
/eai?a AOAEo c ianyao eiie?aoieo i?iaeai iai’yoeiciaanoaa, ye?
ae?oeoaaeeny o aeaeaiiyo, i?aeaioiaeaieo eii?oaoii — “Ei?ioeeo
ca?aeiieaiiyo AOAEo” ca 1925 — 1926 ?? (E.,1927), “O?ii?oe? a?oaieia??
oa ienoaoeoaa”( E., 1930 — 1931), “Caieneao” AOAEo ( E., 1930), ca??ieeo
“O?ei?euenueea eoeueoo?a ia Oe?a?i?” ( E.,1926) oa ?i. Ia?aoo? ia
ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a I.Eo??iiee c?iaea ni?iao ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae
a?oaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a Oe?a?i? ii?aaiethoe?eii? aeiae oa
aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?noea a ieo AOAEo. Eo??iiee I. I?aenoiee
a?oaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue AOAEo ca 15 ?ie?a. — E.. 1932.

Oe?eaa? aeai? i?i i?aai?caoe?ei? oa iaoeia? ca’ycee AOAEo c iocayie , ?o
ie?aieie ni?a?ia?oieeaie i?noyoue iioae?eiaai? a 20-? ?iee ioca?ciaa/?
?ica?aeee I.Aieoaiea, A.Aeoa?ianueeiai, N.Aeeiaeaanueeiai,
A.Eiceianueei?, I.Naiai/eea, ?.Oaa?eoe?on, I.Oaaei?ianueeiai oa ?i.
Oiae? ae iiaa/eee na?o noaoo? A.Aeiieoeueeiai, I.A?ooaanueeiai,
O.A?inoa, A.Eiceianueei?, I.Eo??iiiai, E.Iiuaiea, a yeeo aena?oethaaeeny
ie?ai? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino? I.A?eyo?anueeiai oa Ae.Ua?aae?anueeiai a
eiioaeno? ?icaoaeiae aeaaeai?/ieo iai’yoeiciaa/eo ?inoeoooe?e, a oiio
/ene? AOAEo.

Ia aeaeue, aaea a e?ioe? 20-o — ia ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a ia oeeo oa ?ioeo
/eai?a AOAEo, Eii?oao caaaeii c aieo io?oe?eieo ?aeaieia?a iineiaeeny
aaci?aenoaai? caeioaa/aiiy o “ao?aeoaciiio iaoe?iiae?ci?” oa ?ioeo
a??oao. A eiioeaio?iaaiiio aeaeyae? aiie ciaeoee aeya o iiiia?ao??
O.Eicoaianueeiai, naia iacaa yei? i?iiiaenoi cana?ae/o? i?i ?? ci?no — “
Ao?aeoacia ?noi??y iaoa??aeueii? eoeueoo?e ia iineoaao oaoecio“ (E.,
1934). ? iaae eii?oaoii ia aeanyoe??//y iionoeeany caa?na iia/aiiy.

A 1947 ?. ia?oei ?? ii?ooea a?aeiiee oe?a?inueeee a?oaieia E.Neaa?i. A?i
aeaa caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo AOAEo. Iaeiae, i?ae oeneii ianoaaei ia
ci?a iieacaoe oo ?ieue, yeo a?ae?a?aee a noaiiaeaii? eii?oaoo i?ia?aei?
ae?y/? iaoee ? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie, caoaa?iaai? a 30-o? ?iee ia/aoeith
“ai?ia?a ia?iaeo”. Neaa?i E.I. Aeaaaeoeyoue i’youe ?ie?a a?oaieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue AI O?N? // A?oaieia?y. — E. : Aeaeaiiy AI O?N?, 1947. —
O.?. — N.66 — 68.

I?ney ?ica?i/oaaiiy eoeueoo iniae Noae?ia oea ni?iaoaaa c?iaeoe
?.Oiaeiieyn. Ai?noeaoe a iioae?eiaai? a e?ioe? 50-o — 60-o ?ieao
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieac/eee a?oaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a Oe?a?i? i?aoe?
?ai?aniaaieo /eai?a AOAEo, a?i, ii-noo?, cae?eniea ?o iaoeiao
?aaa?e?oaoe?th. Ia?aoo?, coneeeyie ?.Oiaeiieyna ia?ene i?i AOAE a 1964
?. iiiaee ia noi??iee iaa/aeueiiai iin?aieea c iniia a?oaieia??, a a
1967 ?. — ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe? c ?noi??? AI O?N?.

Aeaai?iaei? iai??e o/aiiai io?eiaee e?ae iaaaoeaio ioe?ieo io?oe?eieo
?aeaieia?a oa ea??aiee?a iaoeiaeo onoaiia ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie. Ia
aeeaii, ui a ianooiieo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeaeaiiyo c ?noi??? Aeaaeai??
iaoe Oe?a?ie ia ciaoiaeeii iaa?oue caaaeee i?i AOAE.

Ia oaeiio oe?, ye aeeeth/aiiy ni?eeiathoueny iioae?eiaai? a 70-o — ia
ii/aoeo 80-o ?ie?a ?iaioe A.Aai?iaa, Aaieia A.O. I/a?ee ii enoi?ee
niaaoneie a?oaieiaee. — E. : Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1982. — 227 n. I.I?yo?ia,
I?yoei A.Ae. Enoi?ey niaaoneie a?oaieiaee . — Ai?iiaae : Ecae.:
Ai?iiaaeneiai ain.oi-oa, 1986. — 285 n. Ae.Oeaaeaaeue, Oeaaeaaeue
Ae.N. C ?noi??? aea/aiiy ? ioi?iie iai’yoie ia Oe?a?i? a ia?o?
aeanyoe??//y ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee // Oe?. ?no. aeo?i. — 1971. — ?12. —
N.109 — 112. a yeeo iiceoeaii ioe?ith?oueny ?ieue eii?oaoo a
i?aai?caoe?? a?oaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a Oe?a?i?. Iaeiae, aiae?coth/e
i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy AOAEo, aiie ia aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? ie?aneaiiai ua
E.Neaa?iei eiea i?iaeai.

?noi??ia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y iaaeiei AOAEo iie?ioeeanue eeoa a e?ioe? 80-o
— 90-o ?ieao, eiee c’yaeeeny ?iaioe A.Aeoeaiea, Aeoeaiei A. Ioi?iia
iai’yoie eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i?. — E. : Aeua oeiea, 1991. — 275 n.
N.Ca?aiae, Ca?aiaa N.C.Oe?a?inueea iai’yoeiciaanai. ?noi??y, oai??y,
no/ani?noue. — E. : Eiain, 1995. — 450 n. N.Eioa, Eio N. Io?aia
iaiyoieeia enoi?ee e eoeueoo?u a aiaeu Niaaoneie aeanoe //
Enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iia ianeaaeea Iieoaaueiu. — E.. : Ecae. Einoeoooa
enoi?ee AI ONN?, 1987.- N. 43 — 63 I.Ianooe? Ianooey I. Aeiey
oea?eiaii? noa?iaeie a Oe?a?i?. 1917 — 1941 ??. *.?. 1917?. — na?aaeeia
20-o ?ie?a. — E. : Aeae. ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, 1995. —
280 n. c ia’?eoeaiei aiae?cii ae?yeueiino? eii?oaoo ia iea? ioi?iie
iai’yoie. A oeae /an aeeoee ae?oeii oaeiae ocaaaeueithth/? i?aoe? c
?noi??? e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo oa iocaeiiai aoae?aieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?, a yeeo
ciaeoeiny i?noea ? aeey aiae?co iai’yoeiciaa/i? ae?yeueiino? AOAEo.
?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?inuee?e ?N? / I.O.O?iiueei, A.I.Ai?aee,
?.I.Eoaiaa oa ?i.; A?aei. ?aae. I.O. O?iiueei ; AI O?N?. ?i — o ?noi???.
— E. : Iaoe. aeoiea, 1989. — 240 n.- O?iiueei I.O. E?a?ciaanoai o
a?ae?iaeaeaii? aeooiaiino? oa eoeueoo?e. Aeina?ae.I?iaeaie. Ia?niaeoeae.
— E. : ??aeiee e?ae, 1994. — 106 n.

Iii?oiei yaeuai a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? noaea ooiaeaiaioaeueia
i?aoey “?ai?aniaaia e?a?ciaanoai” ( E., 1991). Ia ?? noi??ieao iiaeai?
a?ia?ao?/i? ii?o?aoe 75 iaea?eueo a?aeiieo aeine?aeiee?a oa ioi?iioe?a
iai’yoie Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? e aaaaoueio /eai?a AOAEo.

I?eaa?oathoue aei naaa oaaao oaeiae ?iaioe N.A?eieiiy, I.A?eiae?aea,
ss.Aa?iaie/, A.A?aaa, A.Cayaaeuenueeiai, A.Ee?eaae/a, I.Eiaaeaiea,
A.Eo?ana, Ae.Iaea?aiea, I.Neoieea, I.Noi?oiaiea, A.Oeueyiianueeiai,
A.Oiaeiieyn oa ?i. i?i I.Aaneeaiea, I.A?eyo?anueeiai,O.A?inoa,
A.E?einueeiai, A.Eynei?iinueeiai, N.Iaao?o, I.Iaea?aiea, I.Iiaeoeueeiai,
I.Iieiinueeo-Aaneeaiei, N.Oa?aiooaiea, O.Oi?oa, A.Ooaa?anueeiai,
Ae.Ua?aae?anueeiai, ye? aeoeaii i?aoethaaee o neeaae? AOAEo.

?acii c oei a aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?ia?ao?/iiai aeai?o ia noaaeoueny
caaaeaiiy aeaoe caaaeueio ioe?ieo coneeue iaoeiai? oa oai?/i?
?ioae?aaioe?? ii ?icaoaeia? ie?aieo onoaiia, eii?n?e oa eii?oao?a
Aeaaeai?? iaoe, aei /enea yeeo iaeaaeaa ? AOAE.

Ie?aii ia aeae?ey?oueny oey i?iaeaia ? a ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.Aeaieeaiea, A.Eanueyiiaa I.?oaeueiaa oa ?i. c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? 20-30-o ?ie?a. Iaeiae, naia a ?o i?aoeyo
aecia/athoueny aieiai? /eiieee, ye? aieeaaee ia oa?aeoa? ?
ni?yiiaai?noue ae?yeueiino? iaoeiaoe?a oa ieooe?a oiai /ano.

A oeueiio eiioaeno? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iathoue oaeiae i?aoe?
A.Aeaieeaiea, A.Eanueyiiaa, N.Eoeue/eoeueeiai, A.I?enoaeea, TH.Oaiiaaea
oa ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a iie?oeee ? i?aeoeee noae?i?cio ia Oe?a?i?,
?ica?aeee N.E??aea?aa, ?.Ie?iaa, I.Nioaiy, A.Oeueyiianueeiai i?i aieea
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo /eiiee?a ia noaoon AOAI oa ie?aieo ?? ea??aiee?a.

Oaea i?iaeaiaoeea — iiaa aeey a?o/eciyieo ?noi?ee?a — a oe?a?inuee?e
ae?anii?? c’yaeeany cia/ii ?ai?oa. Oea cana?ae/othoue ?iaioe
I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei c ?noi??? Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe oa
?noi?e/ii? iaoee ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, i?aoe? I.Eo??iiiai.
A.Eiceianueei?, I.I?eea?a, ss.Ianoa?iaea oa ?i. i?i ?icaeoie
a?oaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iai’yoeiciaa/eo onoaiia a Oe?a?i?.
?noi?eee ae?anii?e ioe?iththoue AOAE ye i?ia?aeiee oeaio? eii?aeeiaoe??
iai’yoeiciaa/i? oa iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe. Iaeiae ia iath/e aeinooio
aei a?o?aieo aeaea?ae, aiie ia ciiaee i?iaiae?coaaoe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
eii?oaoo, aea/eoe e ioe?ieoe eiie?aoiee aianie iaoeiaoe?a oa ae?y/?a
eoeueoo?e a eiai ?icaeoie.

Inoaii?i /anii caoeuaii ?yae aeena?oaoe?e c ?noi??? e?a?ciaa/iai ?ooo
20-o — 30-o ?ie?a a Oe?a?i?. Aaaaiei E.E. ?ieue iaoeiai? ?ioae?aaioe?? a
?icaeoeo ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia Oe?a?i? a 20-o — ia ii/aoeo 30-o
?ie?a:Aaoi?ao. aeen… eaiae. ?no. iaoe: 07.00.02 / Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
aea?ae.oi-o. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1993. — 21 n. Oea/aiei A.A. ?icaeoie
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa ia *a?i?a?auei? o 20-o — 30-o ??. OO no. //
Aaoi?. aeen… eaiae. ?no. iaoe : 07.00.01./ ?i-o ?noi??? IAI Oe?a?ie. —
E., 1995. — 23 n. A ieo aena?oeth?oueny a?aeiia?aeia ?iaioa ae?y/?a
iaoee ? eoeueoo?e. Aea i?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ?i?oe?eiaaieo ieie
?inoeoooe?e niaoe?aeueii ia aiae?cothoueny.

Oaeei /eiii, ia caaaeath/e ia aeineoue oe?iea eiei aeine?aeaeaiue, a
yeeo i?ae?eiathoueny ??ci? aniaeoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy AOAEo, ae?yeuei?noue
iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe??, ni?yiiaaia ia ?icaoaeiao eii?oaoo,
ci?oeiaiiy eiai iiceoe?e ia iea? ioi?iie oa aea/aiiy iaiyoie Oe?a?ie ua
ia noaea ia?eoii aeeaieiai aiae?co.

A cayceo c oeei iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aaa/a? o cynoaaii? ?ie?
o/aieo, ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa a noaiiaeaii? Anaoe?a?inueeiai
A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo, iaa?oiooaaii? ? ?aae?caoe?? ieie aieiaieo
i?aeaaeei oa i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i eiai ae?yeueiino?, ooaa?aeaeaii?
Eii?oaoo, ye i?ia?aeiiai aeaaeai?/iiai oeaio?o eii?aeeiaoe??
iaiyoeiciaa/eo nooae?e a Oe?a?i?.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeai? eiai iaoith. Aieiai? c ieo oae?:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy i?ia?ai
i?aai?caoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ioi?iie
iaiyoie, yeeie ea?oaaeeny a nai?e i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? iaoeiaoe? oa
ae?y/? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie;

— aecia/eoe aieiai? /eiieee, ye? aieeaaee ia i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
aeaaeai?/ieo iaiyoeiciaa/eo oa iaiyoeiioi?iiieo onoaiia AOAI caaaeii ?
AOAEo cie?aia;

— iieacaoe ?ieue ae?y/?a iaoee ? eoeueoo?e a ?icaoaeia? AOAEo, eiai
a?aeae?e?a, eii?n?e oa i?aai?caoe?? ?o ?iaioe;

— ioe?ieoe cia/aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? /eai?a AOAEo ii
iaeaaiaeaeaiith cayce?a c iaoeiaeie onoaiiaaie oa e?a?ciaa/eie
ina?aaeeaie aeey ?icai?oaiiy ?iaioe eii?oaoo;

— cynoaaoe i?noea ? ?ieue AOAEo a nenoai? i?aai?a oa onoaiia
aeine?aeaeaiiy e ioi?iie iaiyoie, aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? ae?yeueiino?
eiai /eai?a ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? ?icaeoeo;

— ae?iaeoe caaaeuei? iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noiniaii aeooae?caoe??
aeina?aeo, iaaooiai ae?y/aie iaoee ? eoeueoo?e a i?ioean? ae??oaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eieo i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy e ioi?iie iaiyoie.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae c aa?aciy 1917?.
aei ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a. Naia a eiai iaaeao iaoeiaa oa oai?/a
?ioae?aaioe?y Oe?a?ie coi?ea ?aae?coaaoe nai? i?iaeoe noai?aiiy
aeaaeai?/ieo iai’yoeiciaa/eo oa iaiyoeiioi?iiieo onoaiia, ui ciaeoee
iaea?eueo aeiaa?oaia ao?eaiiy o Anaoe?a?inueeiio A?oaieia?/iiio
eii?oao?, yeee caaeioa ?acii c? niiae?aaiiyie eiai oai?oe?a ia a?eueiee
?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoee ? eoeueoo?e.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/ai? iaaeaie ?nioaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? eiiieaen aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaea?ae, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?ioeane ia iaiyoeiioi?iii?e iea? Oe?a?ie ?, cie?aia,
noaiiaeaiiy Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiie?aoii — ?noi?e/ia oa oai?aoe/ia
ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? c ianyao aeine?aeaeaiiy
e ioi?iie iaiyoie, onoaiiae Aeaaeai?? iaoe oa a?iiaaenuee? ia?aeiaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? ni?yiiaaiino?, ioca?, aea?aeaai? iaiyoeiioi?iii? i?aaie oa
i?aaie aeaaee ? oi?aae?ii

Iaoiaeieia?/iith ? oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oi?aa?naeuei?
i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio oa ia?eoeaiino?, ui aeciathoueny i?aaenoaaieeaie
??cieo iaoeiaeo oe?e oa iai?yie?a. Ii?aeiaiiy i?aaeiaoii —
o?iiieia?/iiai, nenoaiii — no?oeoo?iiai oa ii??aiyeueii — ?noi?e/iiai
iaoiae?a eiiieaeniiai aiae?co c iiceoe?e ae?aeaeoe/iiai cayceo i?ioean?a

? yaeu o noni?euenoa?, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
eeaneo?eaoe??, nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaei ciiao aaoi?o
iaea?eueo iiaii ?aae?coaaoe iinoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoo oa
aeine?aeieoeuee? caaaeaiiy.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe?? aeeth/a? iioae?eiaai? oa a?o?ai?
aeieoiaioe. Na?aae inoaii?o iaeaaaeeea?oa cia/aiiy iathoue aeieoiaioe c
oiiaeo Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo, ui caa??any a iaoeiaiio
a?o?a? ?inoeoooo a?oaieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie. Oea, a ia?oo /a?ao, i?ioieiee
can?aeaiue A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo, A?oaieia?/ii? eii?n??, AOAEo, eiai
ieaioi?a, i?aceae??, a?aeae?e?a oa eii?n?e ca aanue /an ?nioaaiiy
eii?oaoo.

Cia/iee ?ioa?an neeaaeathoue ca?oe ea??aiee?a no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a
AOAEo, aeiiia?aei? caienee eiai /eai?a c iaa?oiooaaiiyi i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe eii?oaoo oa iaeaaiaeaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo
cayce?a c ?ioeie iaoeiaeie e iaiyoeiioi?iiieie ?inoeoooe?yie, ?o
ia?aienea c eii?oaoii. Iniaeeao oe?ii?noue neeaaeathoue ca?oe /eai?a
eii?oaoo i?i aeeiiaiiy ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oa i?aai?caoe?eii?
?iaioe, o/anoue o iaoeiaeo oi?oiao oa ia?aaeao. Aeineoue aenieee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee ??aaiue iathoue aeiiia?aei? caienee AOAEo aei ea??aieo
i?aai?a Aeaaeai?? iaoe oa Ia?eiiaoo ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

A Oeaio?aeueiiio a?o?a? aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie (
OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie ) o oiiaeao AOOeAE ( O.1), ?aaeia?eiio Oe?a?ie ( O.2
), Ia?eiiaoo ina?oe Oe?a?ie ( O. 166 ) a?aeeeaeenue a?ia?ao?/i?
iaoa??aee, oa?aeoa?enoeee, ioe?iee iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo oa a?iiaaenueei?
ae?yeueiino? a?eueoino? /eai?a AOAEo. Ciaoiaeeii a oeeo oiiaeao ?
??oaiiy oeaio?aeueieo onoaiia ? a?aeiinoa, yeeie ?aaoethaaeenue
a?aeiineie AOAEo c aea?aeaaieie iaiyoeiioi?iiieie i?aaiaie oa iocayie,
aeniiaee ia iaiyoeiciaa/? i?iaeoe Eii?oaoo, iinoaiiae i?i ?o
o?iainoaaiiy oiui.

I?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? oaeiae iaoa??aee c oiiae?a
?inoeoooo ?oeiien?a OeIA ?i. A.?.Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie. Oae, o
oiiae? Aeaaeai?? iaoe ( O.O) a?aeiaeaeai? i?ioieiee can?aeaiue ea??aieo
i?aai?a ?noi?e/ii-o?eieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo oa AOAI, ia yeeo
iaaiai?thaaeenue noaoooi? iieiaeaiiy iai’yoeiciaa/eo ?inoeoooe?e.
Iaoa??aee caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o c ianyao ae?yeueiino? AOAEo oa
a?aeiiino? i?i o/anoue o i?e ie?aieo ae?y/?a iaoee ? eoeueoo?e
a?aeeeaeenue a iniaenoeo oiiaeao. Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an neeaaeathoue
aeieoiaioe c oiiae?a I.A?eyo?anueeiai ( O.OOO?), I.Iiaeoeueeiai ( O.278
), N.Oa?aiooaiea ( O.279 ) oa ?i.

?yae oiiae?a iniaenoiai iioiaeaeaiiy ii?aoeueiaaii oaeiae a
Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a?-ioca? e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa
Oe?a?ie. Aeaye? aeieoiaioe ii oai? aeyaeai? a a?o?a? I?aceae?? Aeaaeai??
iaoe Oe?a?ie.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? oaeiae iaoa??aee ia??iaee/ii? i?ane 1917 — ii/aoeo
30-o ?ie?a. Cie?aia, iiceoe?y ae?y/?a iaoee ? eoeueoo?e uiaei iaiyoie
eoeueoo?e ca aeiae iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a aeineoue oe?iei
aena?oethaaeanue a aacaoao “Iiaa ?aaea”, “Eeaaeyiei” (1917-1918),
“A?ae?iaeaeaiiy” (1918), “Oe?a?ia”( 1919). A 20-o? ?iee iaea?eueoa
ioae?eaoe?e noiniaii ae?yeueiino? eii?oaoo ae?oeoaaea ee?anueea aacaoa
“I?ieaoa?nueea i?aaaea”, a ia ii/aoeo 30-o — aieiaie/ee i?aai
“a?eueoiaecaoe??” AOAI — “Ca ?aaeyinueeo Aeaaeai?th”.

Ie?aio a?oio aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue iioae?eiaai? aeieoiaioe. Oea —
ca??ee iaoa??ae?a i?i ia?o? e?iee noaiiaeaiiy OAI, ui??/i? ca?oe
Aeaaeai?? oa ?? onoaiia.

Caaaeuei? oiiae ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iaoee e eoeueoo?e, io?oe?eio
iie?oeeo i?aaey/i? ia?o?? oa aea?aeaae a ?o oea?ei? ca ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaoa??aee, ai?uai? aei ca??iee?a aeieoiaio?a c
?noi??? eoeueoo?iiai aoae?aieoeoaa oa ioi?iie iaiyoie a O?N?. Ia?aoo?,
ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiao? iioae?eiaaiee a 1993 ?. Ca??iee
aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a “?noi??y Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie 1918 — 1923
??. ( Oii?yaei. Oiaeueia A.A., Eo/ia?aiei A.A., Eoaianueeee I.A. oa ?i.
E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1993).

Eiiieaeniee aiae?c oeeo oa ?ioeo aeaea?ae aeicaiey? neeanoe aeineoue
iiaia oyaeaiiy i?i ?ieue iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? a noaiiaeaii?
AOAEo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aiia yaey? niaith ia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aaenoaaiee?a iaoeiai? oa oai?/i?
?ioae?aaioe?? ii ?icaoaeia? Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo
AOAI. A ?iaio? iieaco?oueny ae?aeaeoeea aca?iia?aeiinei ?i?oe?aoi??a
noai?aiiy AOAEo c i?aaiaie aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy, ??cieie oeieaie oa
a?oiaie o/aieo.

Ia iniia? aiae?co oe?ieiai niaeo?o aeieoiaio?a, ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
yeeo aia?oa aaiaeeoueny a iaoeiaee ia?a, aeae?eythoueny iniiai? aoaie
noaiiaeaiiy AOAEo, aea?oueny aiae?oe/ia ea?oeia i?aai?caoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? /eai?a eiai a?aeae?e?a ? eii?n?e oa aecia/a?oueny i?noea ?
?ieue eii?oaoo o ieaiiaiio ?icai?oaii? iaiyoeiciaa/i? oa
iaiyoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe a Oe?a?i?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui c?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe??
aeniiaee ni?yiiaai? ia iie?ioaiiy no/aniiai noaio i?aai?caoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy iai’yoeiciaa/i? oa iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe a Oe?a?i?.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? noaiooue a iaaiae? i?e ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
“Iiaa?ioo? ?iaia” Iaoe?iiaeueii? eii?n?? c ieoaiue iiaa?iaiiy a Oe?a?io
eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae i?e Eaa?iao? I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i?aeaioiaoe?
eiea ?c na??? “?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th”,a oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe?
niaoe?aeueieo ? ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? iaoeiaeo onoaiia
Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, a?aeiia?aeieo aoc?anueeeo eo?n?a oa niaoeeo?n?a
c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? oa noaiiaeaiiy ia?oeo aeaaeai?/ieo
iaiyoeiciaa/eo oa iaiyoeiioi?iiieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie, eo?n?a c
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa aeey aoiai?oa?ieo oaeoeueoao?a aeueo o/aiaeo
caeeaae?a, a ?iaio? ioca?a oa iaoeiaeo onoaiia.

Iaoeiaa ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aaoi?nueeeo ioae?eaoe?yo ( 2
iiiia?ao??, 4 noaoo?, iaoa??aee oa oace — anueiai 12), aeiiia?aeyo ?
iia?aeiieaiiyo ia ?yae? I?aeia?iaeieo e?oaeeo noie?a “?noi??y ?ae?a?e a
Oe?a?i?” (Euea?a, 1995, 1996, 1997), Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo “I?aaineaa’y ? eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue” (Iieoaaa,
1994), “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai a Oe?a?i?: o?aaeeoe?? ? no/ani?noue”
(Ee?a, 1995), “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai ? eoeueoo?a” (Oa?e?a, 1997),
“Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy — aea?aeaaioai?/ee aeaeaoi
a?o/eciyii? ?noi???” (Ee?a, 1997), iaoeiaeo /eoaiiyo “Iaiyo? Eaaa
Aaneeueiae/a Iaaeaeee” (Iieoaaa, 1997), iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo o/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a ( E?aiai/oe, 1994, 1995
).

Aeena?oaoe?y ai?iaiaaia ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo eaoaae?ith
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo iaoe E?aiai/ooeueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? iao? oa ?icaycaiith iniiaieo
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a — ianya aeena?oaoe?? 175 noi??iie iaoeiiieno,
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iae?/o? 363 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii i?aaeiao, ia’?eo ?
o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoo ?
caaaeaiiy,ioa?aeoa?eciaaii nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie ? noai
aeaea?aeueii? aace, aecia/aii iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie, iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Iiooee i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i eii?aeeiaoe??
iai’yoeiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe ( aa?acaiue
1917 — ii/aoie 20-o ?ie?a)” — aiae?co?oueny a?aeiia?aeia ae?yeuei?noue
i?aaenoaaiee?a iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? ca e?ae neeaaeieo oiia
oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? oa a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie.

Aaea a ia?o? i?nyoe? i?ney iiaaeaiiy ?in?enueeiai naiiaea?aeaanoaa ??
iane?aeeii noaei canioaaiiy a?iiaaenueeiai Oeaio?aeueiiai eii?oaoo
ioi?iie iai’yoie noa?iaeie oa ienoaoeoaa a Oe?a?i?. A?i ia’?aeiaa
i?ia?aeieo ae?y/?a iaoee ? eoeueoo?e, ye? i?aeo?eioaaee aea?aeaaioai?/?
coneeey Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee ? c ?? aeiiiiiaith iaiaaaeeny ooaa?aeeoe ca
eii?oaoii aeu? iiaiiaaaeaiiy c ianyao ieoaiue caa?aaeaiiy oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie. Aeeiiaa/ei i?aaiii
eii?oaoo iaa noaoe noai?aiee ainaie 1917 ?. a?aeae?e ioi?iie iai’yoie
Aaia?aeueiiai nae?aoa?noaa ina?oe.

I?ney aaoueiainueeiai ia?aai?ioo 29 ea?oiy 1918 ?. eii?oao i?eieiea
naith ae?yeuei?noue. Oiio iaoeiaoe? oa ae?y/? eoeueoo?e iniaeea? iaae??
iieeaaeaee ia Oe?a?inueeo Aeaaeai?th iaoe, /a?ac yeo aiie niiae?aaeeny
cae?enithaaoe aieea ia aea?aeaaio iai’yoeiioi?iiio iie?oeeo. C oe??th
iaoith ia?aaeaa/aeinue noai?eoe i?e aeaaeai?/i?e eaoaae?? a?oaieia??
A?oaieia?/io eii?n?th c iaoeiai-eii?aeeiaoe?eieie oa aaei?i?no?aoeaieie
iai’yoeiioi?iiieie ooieoe?yie.

A 1919 ?., ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, aiie aoee iieeaaeai? ia aea?aeaai?
iai’yoeiioi?iii? i?aaie. Aiaeii/an i?e OAI ii/aea ae?yoe eii?n?y ii
neeaaeaiith a?oaieia?/ii? ea?oe, a a na?ii? 1919 ?., iaia?aaeiaei?
ieoiaoe?? Ee?aa aeai?e?inueeeie a?enueeaie, iaoeiaoe? oa ae?y/?
eoeueoo?e i?noa noai?eee i?e Aeaaeai?? iai’yoeiioi?iiiee eii?oao. ?o
coneeeyie oaeee aea eii?oao iinoaa i?e OAI ? a /ane iieuenueei?
ieoiaoe?? Ee?aa. A ae?oa?e iieiaei? 1920 ?. aoea c?iaeaia ni?iaa
noai?eoe ia eiai iniia? A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao — eii?aeeiaoe?eiee oeaio?
iai’yoeiciaa/i? oa iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe.

Ia ii/aoeo 1921 ?., ia oe? caiaiaaeo aea?aeaaieo iai’yoeiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a, /eaie iai’yoeiciaa/eo naeoe?e Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai
oiaa?enoaa (OIO) aeoea?coaaee coneeey ii eiai ?icaoaeia?. Iaeiae, ia
iiaiaeeeenue c iaiaaeaiiyi aaoiiii?? eii?oaoo c aieo OAI ? a?i ia
a?aeaoany.

A ae?oa?e iieiaei? 1921 ?. iai’yoeiciaaoe? Ee?aa ia’?aeiaeenue o neeaae?
A?oaieia?/ii? eii?n?? i?e OAI. Aiie ?ic?iaeee noaoooi? aeieoiaioe
eii?n??, noi?ioaaee ?? ea??ai? i?aaie ( ieaioi, ?aaea, i?aceae?y),
naeoe?? (a?oaieia?/io, aoiia?ao?/io, a?o?oaeoo?ii-iiioiaioaeueio,
ienoaoeoa, ioca?ciaanoaa), aecia/eeenue c i??i?eoaoieie iai?yieaie
?iaioe. Aea ia caaaae? ?? ?icai?oaiiy noaee o?iainia? o?oaeiiu? oa
i?ioe??//y i?ae /eaiaie eii?n??. O? c ieo, ye? ?ai?oa aoiaeeee aei
naeoe?e a?oaieia?? oa ienoaoeoa OIO, ia?aeoiaoe aei OAI, iaiaaaeenue
caa?aaoe aaoiiii?th eii?n?e Oiaa?enoaa. Ia io?eiaaoe ia oea caiaee
Aeaaeai??, aiie aeeoee c A?oaieia?/ii? eii?n?? ? aiia i?eieiaea
ae?yeuei?noue.

Iaoii?noue, 6 ethoiai 1922 ?. i?e Aeaaeai?? aoa noai?aiee
iaoeiai-eiinoeueoaoeaiee i?aai c ieoaiue iai’yoeiciaanoaa —
A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao o neeaae? aeaaeai?e?a O.Oi?oa(aieiaa),
I.A?eyo?anueeiai oa I.Aaneeaiea. Caiaeii eii?oao iiiiaiea aeaaeai?e
I.Iiaeoeueeee. Ia caaaeath/e ia iaiaaeai? iiaeeeaino?( o?iainia?,
aaei?i?no?aoeai?, ooaoi? ? o.?i.), eii?oao aeineoue nei?i caaithaaa
aaoi?eoao a eieao iioe?iiaoaa/?a noa?iaeie, aeia?a eiino?oeoeai?noue
?aea? noai?aiiy oeaio?o eii?aeeiaoe?? iai’yoeiioi?iiieo oa
iai’yoeiciaa/eo coneeue i?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e (c 1921 ?.) Aeaaeai?? iaoe.
Naia ia a?oio? ?? aeciaiiy Ia?eiiaoii ina?oe Oe?a?ie a na?aaeei? 1920-o
?ie?a ? iinoaa oaeee oeaio? — Anaoe?a?inueeee A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao
(AOAE).

Iniaeeaino? eiai noaiiaeaiiy aiae?cothoueny a ae?oaiio ?icae?e?
aeena?oaoe?? — “Ae?yeuei?noue iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? ii
?icaoaeia? Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo AOAI”. A ?iaio?
iieaco?oueny, ui i?ia?aei? ae?y/? iaoee ? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie i?aaioee
iaaeaoe AOAEo noaoon aieiaiiai iai’yoeiioi?iiiiai i?aaio Ia?eiiaoo
ina?oe ?anioae?ee. A?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaiiai ieie a ae?oa?e iieiaei?
1924 ?. i?iaeoo noaoooo AOAEo ca eii?oaoii i?iiiioaaeinue cae??ieoe
aaei?i?no?aoeai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy oa i?aeii?yaeeoaaoe eiio aoaa?inuee? e
ie?oaei? oeaio?e ioi?iie iai’yoie. Ia?eiiao ina?oe nii/aoeo iiaiaeeany c
oaeeie i?iiiceoe?yie. I?ioa, iacaaa?ii, aae ia?aoeiaeeoe c?inoaiith
aieeao AOAEo a eieao iaoe?iiaeueii? oe?a?inueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? oa a?eueo
oe?ieiai caaaeo, ia?aaeaa aaei?i?no?aoeai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy eii?oaoo c
ianyao ioi?iie iai’yoie aieiai?e oa e?aeiaei ?iniaeoo?ai — aea?aeaaiei
iai’yoeiioi?iiiei i?aaiai, i?aeii?yaeeiaaiei aaciina?aaeiuei
Eii?na??aoo. Ioaea, 23 ethoiai 1926 ?. Ni?eueia C?a?aiiy AOAI noaaeeei
iiao ?aaeaeoe?th noaoooo AOAEo, ca?aeii c yeith eii?oao aeciaaaany
“aeuei iaoeiaei caeeaaeii a iaaeao ON??” c ieoaiue ioi?iie oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie.

A aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co?oueny i?ioean i?aai?caoe?eiiai noaiiaeaiiy AOAEo
— oi?ioaaiiy eiai ea??aieo i?aai?a, niaoe?ae?ciaieo a?aeae?e?a (
a?oaieia??, ienoaoeoa) oa eii?n?e (nio?enueei?, cieioa?nueei?,
o?ei?euenueei?, ii nooae?thaaiith aeaea?ae c ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai
ienoaoeoaa oa iai’yoie iiioiaioaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa). Iieaco?oueny, ui
i?aceae?y eii?oaoo ( aieiaa — I.Iiaeoeueeee, canooiiee —
Ae.Ua?aae?anueeee ( c /a?aiy 1927 ?. — N.Aai/aiei, nae?aoa? —
I.?oaeeinueeee) aaea a na?aaeei? 20-o ?ie?a coi?ea ia’?aeiaoe o neeaae?
AOAEo i?ia?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a iai’yoie Oe?a?ie, caeo/eoe aei aeoeaii?
?iaioe aaaaoueio oe?a?inueeeo a?o?oaeoi??a, ?anoaa?aoi??a, ooaeiaeiee?a.
Cie?aia, o a?aeae?eao oa eii?n?yo AOAEo i?aoethaaee aeaaeai?ee
I.A?eyo?anueeee, I.Aaneeaiei, A.Aocaneoe, A.E?einueeee, A.??ci?/aiei,
I.Oii?i, I.Oa?eaiaiue, Ae.ssai?ieoeueeee, a?aeii? o/ai? I.Aieoaiei,
Ae.Ai?ae??a, O.A?ino, A.Eiceianueea, I.Eo??iiee, A.Eynei?iinueeee,
I.Iaea?aiei, A.Iinia, TH.N?oe?inueeee, N.Oa?aiooaiei, a?o?oaeoi?e
A.Aacnia?oiee, I.Eiaae?a, A.Inueiae, ooaeiaeieee I.Aie/oe,
A.E?e/aanueeee, A.Eanth/aanueeee, TH.Ieoaee?a, A.Na?aaea, A.Oa?ai,
?anoaa?aoi?e I.Eania?iae/, Ae.E?ie?e, I.Ne/ia oa ?i.

I?aaio/e cao?ooaaoe iai’yoeiciaa/? oa iai’yoeiioi?iii? ?inoeoooe??
iaaeiei caaaeaiue AOAEo, eiai /eaie acyee aeoeaio o/anoue a i?aeaioiaoe?
e ?iaio? ananithcieo oa ?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiaeo oi?oi?a oa ia?aae
a?aeiia?aeii? ni?yiiaaiino?. Aeinyaiaiith oe??? iaoe i?eneoaeeeeny
oaeiae i?aeaioiaeai? AOAEii iaoeia? aeaeaiiy, i?aai?ciaai? iei ca?oi?
aenoaaee oa i?eethaei? can?aeaiiy. AOAE ni?yiiaoaaa iaoeiao ?iaioo
iai’yoeiciaaoe?a, aeaeath/e a?aee?eo? eenoe ia i?aai aeine?ae?a a
Oe?a?i?. A?i aenooiea aaciina?aaei?i i?aai?caoi?ii iecee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo aeniaaeeoe?e. A aeena?oaoe?? iieaco?oueny, ui ca
anei oeei noiyea e?ii?oea e naiiiiaea?oiaia ?iaioa aenieiiiaaaeieo
o/aieo oa ieooe?a, ca aeiiiiiaith e i?aeo?eieith aei yeeo ana /ano?oa
caa?oaeeny ia eeoa ie?ai? iaoeiaoe? oa e?a?ciaaoe?, a e i?ia?aei?
iai’yoeiciaa/? oeaio?e, ioca?. A ?icae?e? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie i?i
oa, ui caaaeyee aeoeaiino? ia’?aeiaieo o neeaae? AOAEo aaoi?eoaoieo
ae?y/?a iaoee ? eoeueoo?e, eii?oao ooaa?aeea ca niaith cia/aiiy
aieiaiiai eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai oeaio?o iai’yoeiciaa/eo nooae?e a Oe?a?i?.
Oe?iea noni?eueia aeciaiiy io?eiaea oaeiae eiai iai’yoeicaoenia
ae?yeuei?noue.

A caeeth/iiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? — “Anaoe?a?inueeee A?oaieia?/iee
eii?oao ca oiia “aaeeeiai ia?aeiio” ( e?iaoeue 20-o — ii/aoie 30-o
?ie?a)” — aiae?cothoueny ianoaaeie e?ea?aeaoe?? aaoi?eoaoiiai
aeaaeai?/iiai oeaio?o. Cacia/a?oueny, ui i?e/eie, ye? aecia/eee o?aa?/io
aeieth eii?oaoo oa aaaaoueio eiai /eai?a eaaeaee a ieiuei? ?ini??iaaieo
ia?o?eii-aea?aeaaiith aa?o?aeith N?N? i?ioean?a oioae?oa?ecaoe?? on?o
noa? noni?eueiiai aoooy, noaiiaeaiiy eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
nenoaie. I?iaeiaaeaiiyi noae?inueei? oace i?i ia?inoaiiy eeaniaeo
i?ioe??/ a oiae? nioe?ae?noe/iiai aoae?aieoeoaa a Oe?a?i? noaea
ai?ioueaa i?ioe noa?i? ?ioae?aaioe?? oa “ oe?a?inueeiai ao?aeoaciiai
iaoe?iiae?cio”, ina?aaeeaie yeiai aoee i?iaieioai? onoaiiae AOAI oa
Aeaaeai?y a oe?eiio.

Ia aeiaaeeiai c e?ioey 20-o ?ie?a IEI ON?? ana a?eueo iaiaaeoaaa
iiaeeeaino? AOAEo aieeaaoe ia noai ioi?iie e aeine?aeaeaiiy iai’yoie.
Cie?aia, a 1929 ?. aei noai?aiiai i?e Eii?na??ao? Oe?a?inueeiai eii?oaoo
ioi?iie iai’yoie eoeueoo?e a?ae AOAEo ia?aeoee iiaiiaaaeaiiy
eii?aeeiaoe?? iai’yoeiciaa/eo ?ica?aeie. Cia/ii iia??oeeinue
o?iainoaaiiy iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a eii?oaoo. A?i ia?anoaa
io?eioaaoe eiooe ia iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoee nooo?ai nei?i/ai?
ooaoe AOAEo. Ea??aieoeoai AOAI oa IEI ON?? iano?eii aeiaaaei a?ae eiai
/eai?a iaoiaeieia?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy.

Ca oeeo oiia ia’?aeiai? a ?aieao AOAEo ae?y/? iaoee ? eoeueoo?e i?aaioee
caa?aaoe caaieiaai? eii?oaoii iiceoe?? ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy eiai
/eai?a c /enea iai’yoeiciaaoe?a iiai? aaia?aoe??. Cia/io aeiiiiiao ?i
ii/aee iaaeaaaoe /eaie-ni?a?ia?oieee AOAEo — iieiae? iaoeiaoe?, ye?
caeiaoaaee iaiao?aeiee oao i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aeina?ae/aieo /eai?a
eii?oaoo a ani??aioo?? /e iaoeiaeo aeniaaeeoe?yo. Eii?oao aeoea?coaaa
aeaeaaie/o oa aenoaai/io ae?yeuei?noue, c?inei /enei eiai i?eethaeieo
can?aeaiue.

C ia?aiiyi a 1929 ?. o/aiei nae?aoa?ai AOAEo I.Eo??iiiai cia/ii
iie?ioeeanue i?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe eii?oaoo. Cie?aia, ae??oaiiy
iia?aoeaieo ieoaiue acya ia naaa eiai nae?aoa??ao. Iaeiae, oea ia
i?eaaei, ye ieaioaaeinue, aei aeoea?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? /eai?a eii?oaoo
o a?aeae?eao ? eii?n?yo. *a?ac a?ae eioo?a noai?ai? a na?aaeei? 20-o
?ie?a eii?n?? aaea ia ii/aoie 30-o ?ie?a i?eieieee naith ?iaioo. Oaea
ae aeiey ni?oeaea e caniiaaio a 1929 ?. eii?n?th eaaeaciciaanoaa. Ia
ia?oa i?noea a ?iaio? a?aeae?e?a aeeoee ieoaiiy iaoiaeieia?/iiai
ia?aica?i?iiy, nioeciaaaiiy ? o.ae., ye? i?aai?/ii ia ni?eeiaea
ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iaea?eueo aaoi?eoaoieo /eai?a AOAEo. Oaeoe/ii
aiie onoioeenue a?ae i?aoe? a eii?oao?.

Nei?enoaaoenue ?icaoaeai?noth /eai?a AOAEo, ea??aieoeoai IEI ON?? a 1932
?. “ci?oeieei” eiai neeaae /eaiaie EI(a)O oa “ni?a/oaath/eie” i?aaey/?e
ia?o??. Naia aiie e i/ieeee ?ai?aai?caoe?th AOAEo : iaoii?noue
a?aeae?e?a ? eii?n?e aoee noai?ai? naeoi?e ia?a?niiai noni?euenoaa,
?aaiaeanieoeoaa, oaiaeae?cio, eai?oae?cio, iaoiaeieia?/ia oa ?io?
a?eaaaee, ye? iaee noaoe i?ia?aeieeaie ?aeae ia?enecio-eai?i?cio ia iea?
aeine?aeaeaiiy e ioi?iie iai’yoie.

I?ioa ia anoeaee aiie ?icai?iooe ?iaioo, ye iiae?ai? naeoi?e iinoaee e
a no?oeoo?? caniiaaii? a ea?oi? 1933 ?. Naeoe?? ?noi??? iaoa??aeueii?
eoeueoo?e (N?IE) Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, yea i?aai?caoe?eii ia’?aeiaea
on? iai’yoeiciaa/? aeaaeai?/i? oeaio?e.

Aiaeii/an , naeoe?y ?i?oe?thaaea ieu?aio e?eoeeo AOAEo, caeioaaoeaoe
eiai /eai?a o “oe?aeieoeoa?”, “aioe?aaeyinuee?e ae?yeueiino?”,
aeieoaaii? c “?aooeaie aioo??oiuei? oa neeaie ciai?oiuei?
eiio??aaiethoe??”, oiui. A?aeoae, a na?aaeei? 1933 ?. AOAE i?eieiea
naith ae?yeuei?noue.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE IAOEIAIAI

AeINE?AeAEAIIss

I?iaaaeaiee a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?c ae?yeueiino? iaoeiai? oa
oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? ii ?icaoaeia? Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai
eii?oaoo oa eiai iiia?aaeiee?a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ?yae ocaaaeueiaiue oa
noi?ioethaaoe aieiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Caoe?eaaeai?noue i?iaeaiaie ioi?iie oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iai’yoie c aieo
iaoe?iiaeueii-na?aeiieo ae?y/?a iaoee ? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie
iaoiiaethaaeanue ia eeoa ?o oaoiaeie ?ioa?anaie, a e ona?aeiieaiiyi ?ie?
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie a aeooiaiiio oa aea?aeaaiiio
a?ae?iaeaeaii? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Naia oeei iiynith?oueny ?o
iine?aeiai?noue oa aeoeai?noue ia iai’yoeiioi?iii?e iea? ca ??cieo
o?yae?a ? ?aaeei?a, ye? ?nioaaee a Oe?a?i? a o?iiieia?/ieo ?aieao
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo.

2. Iaoeiaoe? oa ae?y/? eoeueoo?e i?aaioee aeaanoe i?iaeaie i?aai?caoe??
ioi?iie oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iai’yoie c i?ae ae?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
/eiiee?a. Oiio aiie e iaiaaaeenue cae??ieoe aeu? ia eeoa iaoeia?, a e
aaei?i?no?aoeai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?e ae??oaii? ieoaiue caa?aaeaiiy oa
aea/aiiy iai’yoie ca ?inoeoooe?yie, noai?aieie oao?aoeyie.

3. I?aeoeea, iaeiae, iieacaea caeaaei?noue a?aeiia?aeieo ?i?oe?aoea a?ae
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a aeooiai?e noa??. Oae, i?aeo?eiea ?o c aieo
Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, ni?eyea noaiiaeaiith OeEIIN?IO — aeuiai i?aaio
ioi?iie iai’yoie a Oe?a?inuee?e Ia?iaei?e ?anioae?oe?, noi?iiaaiiai
aeeeth/ii c /enea iaoeiaoe?a oa ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e. Iiae?ai?
iiaiiaaaeaiiy oa neeaae iiaeiia aoea iaoe e A?oaieia?/ia eii?n?y, yeo ca
aeiae Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ia?aaeaa/aeinue noai?eoe i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
Aeaaeai?? iaoe. Iaaiaee, ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee i?aaa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
aieeao aoee cina?aaeaeai? a eiiiaoaioe?? aea?aeaaieo iai’yoeiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a.

4. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, ?aaeyinueea aeaaea o?eaaeee /an ia iiaea ia
?aooaaoeny c aaoi?eoaoii oa aeina?aeii iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ?iaioe ae?y/?a
iaoee ? eoeueoo?e, ye? iaa?oue ca a?aenooiino? i?aeo?eiee c aieo
aea?aeaae coi?ee noai?eoe i?e Oe?a?inuee?e Aeaaeai?? iaoe ?yae onoaiia
iai’yoeiciaa/i? oa iai’yoeiioi?iiii? ni?yiiaaiino?. Iaea?eueo aieeaiaith
na?aae ieo aeyaeany caniiaaiee a 1922 ?. iaoeiai-eiinoeueoaoeaiee i?aai
AOAI — A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao. A 1924 ?. a?i aoa ?ai?aai?ciaaiee o
Anaoe?a?inueeee (AOAE) c i?aaaie aeuiai iaoeiaiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii
iai’yoie oa eii?aeeiaoe?? ?o aeine?aeaeaiue.

5. AOAE a?aeaoany a na?aaeei? 20-o ?ie?a ye iane?aeie oeoai?/ii? i?aoe?
o/aieo, ieooe?a, ye? ia’?aeiaeenue iaaeiei iueiai e, iii?e o?iainiao
ne?ooo e iaiaaeai? ooaoe ni?a?ia?oiee?a, coi?ee noi?ioaaoe e iaeaaiaeeoe
?iaioo a?aeae?e?a ? eii?n?e eii?oaoo, ca?o/eoeny i?aeo?eieith c aieo
i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo onoaiia, ioca?a, e?a?ciaa/eo ina?aaee?a ia eeoa a
Oe?a?i?, a ca ?? iaaeaie.

6. *eaie eii?oaoo a?ae?a?aee cia/io ?ieue a iiioey?ecaoe?? caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ioi?iie iai’yoie. Ai?iaeiaae aaaaoueio ?ie?a aiie
aenooiaee ye aieiai? ?i?oe?aoi?e iai’yoeiciaa/eo nooae?e a Oe?a?i?,
cae?enithaaee ?o eii?aeeiaoe?th. ?o ae?yeuei?noue iaea aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy
aeey i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a-iai’yoeiciaaoe?a, ?icaeoeo ioca?a,
a?iiaaenueeiai iai’yoeiioi?iiiiai ?ooo.

7. Iaiaaeaiiy a e?ioe? 20-o ?ie?a iiaiiaaaeaiue AOAEo oa iinooiiaa eiai
onoiaiiy c nenoaie i?aai?a ? onoaiia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ioi?iie iai’yoie
cia/ii oneeaaeieei ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy. ?icaaeainoaaeenue iaeaaiaeaeai? a
i?ioean? i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe i?aai?caoe?ei? ca’ycee i?ae aea?aeaaieie
iai’yoeiioi?iiieie i?aaiaie, iaoeiaeie ?inoeoooe?yie oa
a?iiaaenuee?noth.

8. Aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? /eai?a AOAEo (ii oi?ioaaiith
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo eii?n?e, iiioey?ecaoe?? caaaeaiue eii?oaoo,
i?aeaioiaoe? iaoeiaeo oi?oi?a, caeo/aiith aei ?iaioe ioca?a oa
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e) caneoaiao? ia aeooae?caoe?th, a ?o eiie?aoia
?iaioa ia iea? iocaeieoeoaa ? ioi?iie iai’yoie — ia niaoe?aeuei? iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ianooey N. ?. A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe:
aoaie noaiiaeaiiy. — Iieoaaa : AOe “A?oaieia?y”, 1997. — 87 n. ( 5,1
ae?. a?e.).

2. Ianooey N.?. Noaiiaeaiiy Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo
AOAI ( na?aaeeia 1920 -o ?ie?a). — Iieoaaa : AOe “A?oaieia?y”, 1997. —
98 n. ( 5,8 ae?. a?e).

3. Ianooey N.?. I?aai?caoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue AOAEo: ni?iaa neeeeaiiy
Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai c’?caeo a Iaean? // A?oaieia?/iee
e?oiien E?aiaa?aaeii?Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 1-2. — N.100 — 102 ( 0,5 ae?.
a?e.).

4. Ianooey N.?.Anaoe?a?inueeee A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao: noi??iee ?noi???
// A?oaieia?/iee e?oiien E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ? 1 — 2 (3 —
4). — N.104 — 107 ( 0,5 ae?.a?e.).

5. Ianooey N.?. I.I.Iaea?aiei ? noaiiaeaiiy iai’yoeiciaa/eo oeaio??a ia
Oe?a?i? ( 1919 — ii/aoie 20-o ?ie?a) // A?o?aiee ca??iee aei 80 — ??//y
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Iieoaanueei? iaeano?. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??. — Iieoaaa : Aeae — ai Iieoaaa, 1998. — N.117 — 130
( 0,5 ae?. a?e.)

6. Ianooey N.?. A?eyo?anueeee I.O. ? Ua?aae?anueeee A.I. // Iieoaanueeee
a?oaieia?/iee ca??iee. — Iieoaaa : “A?ioane”, 1995. — ? 4. — N.149 — 154
( 0,4 ae?. a?e).

7. Ianooey N.?. Iiaeaeaeieee oe?a?inueeiai ienoaoeoaa I.O.A?eyo?anueeee
oa E.A. Iiuaiei // Iaeia?aeii? noi??iee ?noi??? Iieoaaueie. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Iieoaaa : Aeae. Iieoaanueeiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
e?a?ciaaoe?a, 1993. — N.26 — 36 ( 0,6 ae?. a?e).

8. Ianooey N.?. A?eyo?anueeee ? iocaeia aoae?aieoeoai ia Oe?a?i? //
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a
EO OAeIO. — E?aiai/oe : Aeae. E?aiai/ooeueeiai o?e?aeo Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi-oo, 1994. — N. 49 — 50 ( 0,2 ae?.a?e).

9. Ianooey N.?. I.O.A?eyo?anueeee ? ioi?iia eoeueoiaeo iai’yoie //
I?aaineaa’y ? eoeueoo?a : ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue. Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. — Iieoaaa : Aeae. Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, 1994. — N.179 — 180 (0,2
ae?.a?e.)

10. Ianooey N.?. C ?noi??? Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo //
O??? Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai ?
eoeueoo?a” ( Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? oa iia?aeiieaiiy). — Oa?e?a : ??aeiee
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11. Ianooey N.?. Ioi?iiaoeue eoeueoiaeo iai’yoie a Oe?a?i? // Oace
iia?aeiieaiue I?aeia?iaeiiai O e?oaeiai noieo. — Ee?a — Euea?a : Aeae.
?inoeoooo ?ae?a??ciaanoaa — O?e?? Euea?anueeiai iocath ?noi??? ?ae?a??,
1995. — *.???. — N.288 — 290 ( 0,2 ae?. a?e).

12. Ianooey N.?. Anaoe?a?inueeee A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao — i?aai?caoi?
iae?eo iai’yoie oea?eiaii? noa?iaeie a 1920-o ?ieao // Oace
iia?aeiieaiue O? I?aeia?iaeiiai e?oaeiai noieo. — Euea?a : Aeae.
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1996. — N.151 — 152 ( 0,2 ae?. a?e).

Ianooey N.?. ?ieue iaoeiai? oa oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? a noaiiaeaii?
Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai eii?oaoo (1917 — ii/aoie 30-o ?ie?a). —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,
niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Caii??aeaey, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?aaenoaaiee?a iaoeiai? oa
oai?/i? ?ioae?aaioe?? ii ?icaoaeia? Anaoe?a?inueeiai A?oaieia?/iiai
eii?oaoo. Ia iniia? oe?ieiai eiea aeaea?ae iieacaii ?o ?ieue o
oi?ioaaii? ea??aieo i?aai?a, a?aeae?e?a ? eii?n?e eii?oaoo,
iaeaaiaeaeaii? eiai i?aai?caoe?eieo ca’yce?a c iaoeiaeie onoaiiaaie,
iocayie, a?iiaaenueeeie iai’yoeiciaa/eie ina?aaeeaie. Aecia/aii i?noea
eii?oaoo a nenoai? ?inoeoooe?e aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ioi?iie iai’yoie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioae?aaioe?y, Aeaaeai?y iaoe, Anaoe?a?inueeee
A?oaieia?/iee eii?oao, iai’yoeiciaanoai, ioi?iia iai’yoie.

Ianooey N.E. ?ieue iao/iie e oai?/aneie eioaeeeaaioeee a noaiiaeaiee
Anaoe?aeineiai A?oaieiae/aneiai eiieoaoa ( 1917 — ia/aei 30-o aiaeia). —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe,
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 — enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — Caii?iaeneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Caii?iaeuea, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aiaeeco aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaenoaaeoaeae iao/iie e
oai?/aneie eioaeeeaaioeee ii nicaeaieth Anaoe?aeineiai A?oaieiae/aneiai
eiieoaoa. Ia iniiaa oe?ieiai e?oaa enoi/ieeia iieacaia eo ?ieue a
oi?ie?iaaiee ?oeiaiaeyueo i?aaiia, iooaeaeia e eiiennee eiieoaoa,
iaeaaeaaaiee aai i?aiecaoeeiiiuo naycae n iao/iuie o/?aaeaeaieyie,
iocayie, iauanoaaiiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie. Ii?aaeaeaii ianoi eiieoaoa a
nenoaia einoeoooia enneaaeiaaiey e io?aiu iaiyoieeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioaeeeaaioeey, Aeaaeaiey iaoe., Anaoe?aeineee
A?oaieiae/aneee eiieoao, iaiyoieeiaaaeaiea, io?aia iaiyoieeia.

Nestulya S.I. The role of scientific and creative intelligentsia in the
making of All-Ukrainian Archaeological Committee ( 1917 — the early
thirties) Manuscript.

The dissertation for a candidate’s degree on the speciality 07.00.01 —
History of Ukraine, Zaporizhzha State University, Zaporizhzha ,1998

The dissertation is divoted to the analysis of the activity of
representatives of scientific and creativt intelligentsia in the
foundation of All Ukrainian Archaeological Committee. Their role in the
forming of Committee’s leading bodies, departments and establishing
connections with scientific institutions, museums and public
organization is shown on the basis of numerous original sources. The
plase of Committee in the system of research inststutes and museum
preservation is also determined.

Key words : intelligentsia, Academy of Sciences, All-Ukrainian
Archaeological Committee, preservation of monuments.

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