OAeE 316.334.2:334.75

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo nioe?ieia??

Naiaiia TH??e A?eai?iae/

?IEUe IIOEAAOe?? A I?IOeANAO AE?IAIE*I? AAeAIOAOe?? CA OIIA IA?AOIAeO
AeI ?EIEIAI? AEIIII?EE

22.00.04 — aeiiii?/ia nioe?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?inoeooo? nioe?ieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoeaoaae/ Ieeiea Iaaeiae/,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

ia/aeueiee oi?aae?iiy aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

A?oaeaanueeee A?oae?e Einoyioeiiae/,

?inoeooo nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ooeaieia Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/,

I?ae?aa?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a aaeocaai? nioe?ieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 26.03.1999 ?. i 12 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 01.08.01 a ?inoeooo? nioe?ieia?? IAI
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252021, Ee?a-21, aoe. Oiaeiae/ia, 12.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo nioe?ieia??
IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: Ee?a, aoe. Oiaeiae/ia, 12.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 22.02.1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Nooeaei N.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ?noioii
ci?ith?oueny no?oeoo?a ? cia/ou?noue /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa. ?eieiaa iiaeaeue a?aeiinei aeeeoo?
i?aei?e?inoaai oa ?o eieaeoeaai iia?, iao?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie ae?iaie/i?
ae?yeueiino?, niiioea? ooeaoe nai? i?noea a no?oeoo?? noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. C iaeyaeo ia oea aaeueie aino?i iinoa? i?iaeaia
aaeaioaoe?? ye oiiae aeaeeaaiiy a nioe?aeueii e aeiiii?/ii
iacaaeainiaaiiio na?aaeiaeu? (E.A.Ai?aeii). C iaeiiai aieo, nai?
i?aei?e?inoaa ye iin?? iaaii? nenoaie aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo ?
o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, ciooai? aaeaiooaaoeny aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei,
oa?i?iiai iia?e?coth/e nai? aioo??oi? ?ano?ne. C ?ioiai aieo, eieaeoeae
e ie?ai? i?aoe?aieee i?aei?e?inoa, ye neeaaeiaa noni?euenoaa, ui
o?ainoi?io?oueny, iaiaaathoueny iaaooe aeanieo oi?i aaeaioaoe?eii?
iiaaae?iee. Ia?aaeian?i oea noino?oueny ?o aaeaioaoe?? ia ?eieo i?aoe?
oa o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa (aeea. i?aoe? A.Eaoeia, A.N.Iaaoia,
A.A.A?iiaeueniia). Aaeaioaoe?y o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa, oiaoi ae?iaie/a
aaeaioaoe?y, aeoea?coth/e i?ioan?ei? oa ineoieia?/i? ?ano?ne
i?aoe?aiee?a, ca oiia ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee yaey? niaith neeaaeiee,
noia?a/eeaee i?ioean. O?aaeeoe?ei? ae?iaie/? a?aeiineie, iia’ycai? c
aeiiii?eith nioe?ae?noe/iiai oeio, ao?a/athoue na?e i?aai?caoe?eiee
aieea ia i?aoe?aiee?a. Onoaeaia nenoaia o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ?iaeoue
i?aoeth iaeiaoaeoeaiith, i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?ic?? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
i?aei?e?inoa, aeanoaa?e?co? ae?iaie/? i?ioeane. Eaae?iaee ?ano?n
i?aei?e?inoa i?ioan?eii aeniaaeo?oueny, caaino?ththoueny yaeua
aeacaaeaioaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a. Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ye aaaeeea?oi? neeaaeiai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aaeaioaoe?? coiiaeaia, ianaiia?aae, iaaaeueiith iio?aaith a?aeiaeoe
iaoai?cie ae?iaieoeoaa i?ae /an ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, caa?aaeaiiy oa
aeoea?caoe?? i?ioan?eiiai ?ano?no i?aei?e?inoa, ae?iaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ?
i?eioeei?a noaaeaiiy aei i?aoe?, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa
oa aeiiii?ee caaaeii.

O oai?aoe/iiio ieai? neeaaei?noue aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? ia no/aniiio aoai? iia’ycaia ia?aaeon?i ?c aeaoi?iaoe??th
o?aaeeoe?eieo nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo no?oeoo? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei oa
?noioieie ia?ae?o/aiiyie a noa?? iioeaaoe?? i?aoe?. Aiaeii/an,
inoaoi/iei ?acoeueoaoii oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? ia? aooe ?ic?iaeaiiy canaae ? eiie?aoieo i?eioeei?a
iaoeiaiai oi?aae?iiy oeei i?ioeanii. O i?aeoe/iiio, i?eeeaaeiiio ieai?
iinoa? caaaeaiiy ?ic?iaee iaoiaeee aaeaioaoe?eiiai iii?oi?eiao, ye?
iaaeaaeooue ciiao aaeaeaaoii, caaaeath/e ia ?aaeueia ae?iaieoeoai,
iinoaaeoeny aei aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao.

Oae? iaoiaeeee, e??i aaciina?aaeiueiai ?o canoinoaaiiy ye eaiie o
oaoiieia?yo oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, caeaoi? ca oiiae oe?ieiai ?o
aeei?enoaiiy nooo?ai caaaaoeoe aaco iiaeaeueoeo oai?aoe/ieo
ocaaaeueiaiue.

I??a iaoeiaiai ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie. Aecia/a?oueny ia?aaeon?i oei, ui
aaeaioaoe?y iniaenoino? iaeaaeeoue aei /enea eeth/iaeo aeine?aeieoeueeeo
iai?yi?a, aeooaeueieo aeey anueiai eiiieaeno iaoe i?i ethaeeio ? ??
ae?yeuei?noue. ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe aaeaioaoe?? aenooiathoue ye i?aaeiao
aea/aiiy a o?einio??, nioe?ieia??, ineoieia??, aeiiii?oe?, i?aa?
(I.N.Aeoainueeee, A.E.Iaoiiaa). Naia iiiyooy «aaeaioaoe?y»,
cai?iaaaeaeaia aei i?e?iaeie/iiaoeiai? eaeneee iaeaea i?anoi??//y oiio,
aeyaeeiny iano?eueee ?iiei, ui ca aaeueie noeneee oa?i?i ii/aei
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia eeoa a i?e?iaeie/eo, a e o aoiai?oa?ieo iaoeao.

Ae?iaie/a aaeaioaoe?y ye aniaeo nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ?iaeea?aea
iinoaea ia’?eoii aea/aiiy aiane?aeie ona?aeiieaiiy iaiao?aeiino?
aoiai?caoe?? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei ye /eiieea i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?ioean?a i?aoe? (aeine?aeaeaiiy A.I.Oaiaeue oa ?i.).

sse oai?aoe/i?, oae ? i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??
inoaii?ie ?ieaie i?aeaeaaaeeny aeeaieiio iaoeiaiio aiae?co. C iaeyaeo ia
oea aa?oi ia?aaeon?i aeacaoe ia ?iaioe eiioeaiooaeueii-o?einionueeiai
ieaio (aaoi?e: A.A.Aai?a??anueeee, I.I.Eoeaoaae/, E.E.Oiae, A.I.Noaeaeia
oa aaaaoi ?ioeo).

Nioe?ieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, aeooaeueiee o ieai? i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy,
ae?acii i?inoaaeo?oueny o ?iaioao ?.E.E?yaeaai?, A.A.ssaeiaa,
E.I.Eiaaia, A.A.Iiaeia?eiaa, I.I.Nieieiaa oa ?ioeo.

Aeaea?aeii oe?iii? aii??e/ii? oa aiae?oe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c aaeaioaoe?? ?
?iaioe ineoieia?/iiai ? ineoiae?aaiinoe/iiai i?io?eth. I?ioa an?
ia?ae?/ai? ?iaioe aoee aeeiiai? ca oiia aeiia?ao?aeii?, a?aeiinii
noaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee, onoaeaii? nenoaie nioe?aeueieo ? o?oaeiaeo
a?aeiinei. Oiio aieiaiei ci?noii oe??? i?aoe? ? oai?aoe/ia e aii??e/ia
aea/aiiy aniaeo?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?ae iiaei eooii ci?o, noiniaii
aei no/anieo oiia, a oaeiae c iaeyaeo ia iiaee i?aeo?ae aei
ona?aeiieaiiy ?ie? iniaenoino? ethaeeie ye aeoeaiiai noa’?eoo
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia?aaeothoue ooo iniaeeaino? iie?iioeaiaaiiai oa?aeoa?o o?oaeiai?
iiaaae?iee i?aoe?aiee?a caaaeii, ?, cie?aia, i?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo
iioeaaoe?? oa ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??. Caaaeath/e ia iayai?noue
aaeaioaoe?eii? iio?aae ?iaeea?aea, ?? aeooae?caoe?? oa caaeiaieaiino? a
i?ioean? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?ae aieeaii iioeaaoe??, i?ia?aeio
i?iaeaio aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?eeii i?aenoaaiai iiaeia
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye c’ynoaaiiy iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ?nioth/i? nenoaie
noeioethaaiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? a ?? aniaeoao ?aaeueii? o?oaeiai?
neooaoe?? ca oiia ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? aiae?c iaoai?ci?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?ae eooii aca?iiae??
iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue i?aoe?aieea ? oiia ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua c
iaeyaeo ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aei iueiai nioe?aeueieo oaoiieia?e oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie. O oai?aoe/iiio ieai? aeinyaiaiith
iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?ey? cai?iiiiiaaia o oe?e ?iaio? iaa?oiooaaiiy
aieeao iioeaaoe?? ia ia?aa?a oa oa?aeoa? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, ui aea?
ciiao noi?ioethaaoe oae? a?iioaoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye?
?icaeyaeathoue oni?oi?noue ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?aoe?aieea caeaaeii
a?ae nooiaiy a?aeiia?aeiino? nenoaie noeioethaaiiy ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? iie?iioeaaoe?eiei i/?eoaaiiyi i?aoe?aieea.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? aeaii? iaoe o?aaa ?ica’ycaoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea iioeaaoe?? ia ia?aa?a ? oa?aeoa? ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??;

— c’ynoaaoe ca’ycie /eiiee?a iioeaaoe?? c aeaeiaeie aniaeoaie ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??;

— eiioeaiooaeueii iaa?oiooaaoe ? i?aeoe/ii ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo
aaaaoiia?aiao?iaiai nioe?ieia?/iiai aieaoiiai iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??;

— cae?enieoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? o o?oaeiaeo
eieaeoeaao c iaoith aeyaeaiiy aieiaieo iniaeeainoae i?ioeano ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a o oea?ei? iioeaaoe?eieo /eiiee?a ?oiuei?
o?oaeiai? iiaaae?iee;

— cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ca oiia
?aaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy aaeaioaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie ia ae?iaieoeoa?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ? caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeeny:
aieaoia iaoiaeeea iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aieaoia iaoiaeeea
aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo, aieaoia iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy
oe?ii?nii? i???ioaoe??, aieaoia iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy ea?’??e.

Ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?, c iaeiiai
aieo, o?oaeia? eieaeoeae ae?iaie/eo i?aei?e?inoa ca oiia aaeaioaoe?eii?
neooaoe??, ui neeaeany aiane?aeie ci?ie oa?aeoa?o
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei i?ae /an ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aeeooy
noni?euenoaa, a c ae?oaiai, — ie?ai? i?aoe?aieee-aaeaioaioe, eio??
iino?eii caeo/athoueny aei ?aaeueiiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaiao?aei?noue caaaeaoe ia no?oeoo?o iio?aa ? iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue
i?aoe?aieea a i?ioean? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? oi?io? i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy: aca?iiae?y aaiethoe?iioth/i? no?oeoo?e iio?aa ?
iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue i?aoe?aiee?a oa oiia iaaeieeoiueiai o?oaeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua a i?ioeanao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa aii??e/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/io ? iaoiaee/io aaco aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeee i?aoe? c i?iaeai
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? I.I.Eoeaoaae/a ? A.I.Noaeaeiaa, a oaeiae ?iaioe c
oai??? iioeaaoe?? i?aoe? (A.E.Aeethian, E.Oiein, A.Ianeio). O
aeine?aeaeaii? I.I.Eoeaoaae/a ae??ciaii e ioa?aeoa?eciaaii no?oeoo?i?
aeaiaioe ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aeine?aeaeaii aieiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, ui aeaei ciiao o iaaeao aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
eeaneo?eoaaoe no?oeoo?o iio?aa ? iioea?a i?aoe?aieea o ii?aeiaii? c
aniaeoaie ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aiiaeeeaeei oi?ioethaaiiy eiioeaioe??
nioe?ieia?/iiai aaeaioaoe?eiiai iii?oi?eiao. A.I.Noaeaeia o nai?io
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeieeaaeii iaa?oiooaaa aaaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy a aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??
aaaaoiia?aiao?iaeo aieaoieo iaoiaeee, i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy yeeo iaaea?
aaeeeo, ye?nii ??ciiiai?oio nioe?ieia?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aaeaioaoe?ei?
i?ioeane. Iiaeeaethth/e i?aeoiaee, iienai? o caaaeaieo aeua ?iaioao,
aaoi? o nai?io aeine?aeaeaii? iaa iiaeeea?noue iaoiaee/ii ?ic?iaeoe ?
oaoi?/ii ao?eeoe aieaoiee iii?oi?eia ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??
aaciina?aaeiuei a o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao. Iaoiaee/i? ia?aaeoiiae oaoi?/ii?
?aae?caoe?? aaeaioaoe?eiiai iii?oi?eiao oaeiae aeieeaathoue c
aeine?aeaeaiue, cae?enithaaieo ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??ciiiai?oieie
nioe?ieia?/ieie a?oiaie iiia?aaei?ie ?ieaie. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?noyoueny o ca?oao i?i ieo.

Aii??e/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy «Ae?iaie/a
aaeaioaoe?y i?aoe?aiee?a aaaiiiiai aeaii ia i?aenoaa? no/anieo iaoiae?a
eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo (iii?oi?eia ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??)»,
i?iaaaeaia iniaenoi aaoi?ii o 1995—1996 ?ieao ia i?aei?e?inoaao
Naa?aeeianueei? cae?cieoe?. Aea??ea aeeth/aea i?aoe?aiee?a 10-oe oeao?a
caaaeueiith e?euee?noth iaeaea 450 /ieia?e. Ia i?aenoaa? oioaeueiiai
iieooaaiiy aoei iaea?aeaii iiiaae 350 caiiaiaieo aieao, c /enea yeeo
aeey ia?iaee e aiae?co aoei aeei?enoaii 312.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii?
canoinoaaiiy aeoeaii-i?enoiniaieoeueei? eiioeaioe?? ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae,
ae?iaeaii? i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae aii??e/ieo nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoiaeee
aea/aiiy aaeaioaoe?? c iaeyaeo ia eiia?iiaaiee aiae?c ciai?oiuei? oa
aioo??oiuei? iioeaaoe?? i?aoe?aieea, a oaeiae niaeo?o eiai iio?aa.
I?ea?iaeueiith neeaaeiaith ?iaioe ? ?icaeyae ieoaiue i?iaiicoaaiiy
i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, caaaeath/e ia aeeiai?eo iioeaaoe?eieo
i/?eoaaiue oa ?o aaiethoe?th a aaeaioaoe?eiiio i?ioeania?. I?ae /an
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaii e iaa?oioiaaii ianooii? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

— i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniee aiae?c iniaeeainoae aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ca
oiia ?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aenoaa? oai??? iioeaaoe??, aeyaeaii
a?oie ia?aiao??a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oeoo?ieo
/eiiee?a oe?ii?nii-iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e i?aoe?aieea (n. 13—51);

— iiaoaeiaaii e ai?iaiaaii i?ea?iaeueio aaaaoiia?aiao?iao nioe?ieia?/io
iaoiaeeeo iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a (n. 70—83);

— oai?aoe/ii ? aii??e/ii c’yniaaiee aca?iica’ycie iioeaaoe??
i?aoe?aiee?a, ??aiy noeioethaaiiy oa aniaeo?a ?o ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??
(n. 52—69; 84—94);

— ?ic?iaeaii oi?iae?ciaaio no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueio iiaeaeue
i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? (n. 114—130);

— noi?ioeueiaaii e iaoiaee/ii iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th iii?oi?eiao
i?ioan?eii-neoaeaiai? ea?’??e ye aniaeoo oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaie/ith aaeaioaoe??th noiniaii aei caaaeaiue oi?ioaaiiy i?aeoe/ii
i?eeiyoii? i?ioeaaeo?e ieaioaaiiy ea?’??e. ?ic?iaeaii aieaoio iaoiaeeeo
ieaioaaiiy ea?’??e ea??aieea (145—150).

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?acoeueoao?a. O i?eeeaaeiiio ieai? aaaeeeaei ?
aniaeo ?iaioe, i?enay/aiee aeyaeaiith iioeiaeueiiai iaai?o eaae?iaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo noiniaii aei i?iaaaeaiiy aii??e/iiai iii?oi?eiao
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? oa oi?ioaaiith aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico aeey
canoinoaaiiy a oi?aae?ii? ae?iaie/ith aaeaioaoe??th. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee
aieaoiiai nioe?ieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, a?oioiaaia
ia eiii’thoa?iiio, aaoiiaoeciaaiiio niinia?, i?iaaaeaiiy eiie?aoieo
aeine?aeaeaiue c aea/aiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a o?oaeiaeo
eieaeoea?a ? iaea?aeaiiy aii??e/ieo ?acoeueoao?a, aaaeeeaeo aeey
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oai??? ? i?aeoeee eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, ia?
iaaaeyeo i?aeoe/io ei?enoue. Ne?ae iaaieineoe, ui ieceo iieiaeaiue ?
i?aeoe/ieo aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?? ia?aaeaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy
ea??aieoeoao i?aei?e?inoaa, ia yeiio i?iaiaeeeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ioaea,
i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? ?ino?oiaioa??th
aaaaoioaeoi?ii? nioe?ieia?/ii? aieaoii? iaoiaeeee iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy ia ?? i?aenoaa? nioe?ieia?/ieo iieooaaiue,
i?enay/aieo aea/aiith i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? o o?oaeiaeo
eieaeoeaao c iaoith aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo
caoiae?a aeey ?? aeoea?caoe??, ae?iaeaiith iaoiaeeee iie?iioeaaoe?eiiai
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/ith aaeaioaoe??th. Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue
aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeeo?eiaaii? iiaeae? i?ioeano
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? c iaeyaeo ia /eiieee iie?iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai?
aeoeaiino? i?aoe?aiee?a, iaa?oiooaaii? niiniao iiaoaeiae nenoaie
nioe?ieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a
? iaoiaeieia?? ?ic?iaee i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/ith
aaeaioaoe??th. O oai?aoe/i?e /anoei? ?iaioe aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooi
ieoaiiy o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? noiniaii aei i?iaeaie ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??. I?e oeueiio i?inoaaeaiee ca’ycie iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue
i?aoe?aieea a aaeaioaoe?ei?e neooaoe?? oa nooiaiy ?o ?aae?caoe?? ca oiia
ae?iaieoeoaa a?aeiia?aeii aei i??e aeooae?caoe?? aaeaioaoe?eii? iio?aae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. I?i ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aaoi? aeiiia?aeaa ia
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Cae?cie/iee o?ainii?o
nueiaiaei? oa caao?a» (?eaoa?eiao?a, 1998), a oaeiae ia A/ai?e ?aae?
I?ae?aa?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii. I?iiiiiaai? a ?iaio?
nioe?ieia?/i? iaoiaeeee cai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue
eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ia e?eueeio i?aei?e?inoaao Naa?aeeianueei?
cae?cieoe?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iniaeeainoyie ? iine?aeiai?noth ?o ?ica’ycaiiy ? neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? 8
aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 212 n. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (178 iaeiaioaaiue), 5 ?enoie?a, 6 oaaeeoeue ? aeiaeaoee
caeiathoue 49 n.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? cia/ou?noue i?iaeai, ie?aneaieo
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi i??o ?o aea/aiino?, aecia/aii iaoo ?
caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue,
oi?ioeth?oueny aieiaia a?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iiaecia, aeinyaiooa aaoi?ii o aea/aii? i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??.
Iaaieioo?oueny, ui eiioeaiooaeueieie canaaeaie i?aeoiaeo aei i?iaeai
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ca oiia aeiiii?ee, ui o?ainoi?io?oueny, ne?ae
aaaaeaoe o?niee ca’ycie aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ?c /eiieeaie ae?iaie/i?
iioeaaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Oai?aoe/i? eiioeaioe?? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??:
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c» — iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eaii c’ynoaaiith iiiyoue,
iia’ycaieo c i?ioeanaie ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, a oaeiae /eiiee?a, ui
aieeaathoue ia ia?aa?a ? oa?aeoa? aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a.
Iaaieioo?oueny, ui aaeaioaoe?y, c iaeiiai aieo, oa?aeoa?eco?
onoaeai?noue ethaeeie aei oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? na?ae/eoue
i?i i??o i?enoinoaaiiy aei i?ieeaeo oiia. I?e oeueiio ethaeeia
ia?aoai?th? ye naio naaa, oae ? iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua, aiane?aeie /iai
aaeaioaoe?y iniaenoino? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaeon?i aeoeaiith,
ia?aoai?thth/ith na?aaeiaeua, ae?yeuei?noth, iiina?aaeeiaaiith
ona?aeiieaiiyi ? oe?eaiieeaaeaiiyi. Cacia/aii, ui iiooeiaa aeoeai?noue,
yea noi?iaiaeaeo? aeoeaii-ia?aoai?thth/o eiioeaioe?th
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, i?aeneeth? aaeaioaoe?ei? cae?aiino? ?iaeea?aea,
cieaeo? ??aaiue niiaoe/ieo iane?aee?a, ni?e/eiaieo aaeaioaoe?eieie
no?anaie. Iienaii iciaee onoaeaii? aaeaioaoe??, ui a?oioothoueny ia
aaeaeaaoi?e uiaei caaeaieo oiia na?aaeiaeua iiaaae?ioe? ?iaeea?aea, eiai
aoaeoeaia aca?iiae?y c na?aaeiaeuai ? i?iaeoeoeaia ae?yeuei?noue,
iicaaaeaia ia?aiai-ineo?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy (E.Ae.Noiey?aiei oa ?i.).
Nainici?noiaiee a?e iiiyooy «aaeaioaoe?y» ?icaeyiooi a ?icae?e? c
iiceoe?e iioi- ? o?eiaaiaco: a iioiaaiaoe/iiio nain? aaeaioaoe?y ?
aacith, iaei??th c ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aenoaa, ia yeeo aoaeo?oueny ? ia
ye? nie?a?oueny i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? (oi?ioaaiiy
aeeoo?ai? iiceoe?? oa ?icaeoie niiniao aeeooy ?iaeea?aea aeaoa?i?iiaaiee
?? aaeaioaoe?eieie cae?aiinoyie: aeeaeiith iiaioaaiiy ii?i ? niinia?a
iiaaae?iee oa ni?eeoaaiiy a iiaiio nioe?aeueiiio na?aaeiaeu?); c
o?eiaaiaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o aaeaioaoe?eio caeaoi?noue iieeaaeaii a iniiao
aaiethoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo (i?aoe? I.I.Aeoo/aiei, A.A.Iioueue,
I.A.Oaaaiiai?).

Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii iiiyooth «aeacaaeaioaoe??» ye oaeiio, ui
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c i?ioeanaie ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, iienoth/e
noai, i?ioeeaaeiee onoaeai?e aaeaioaoe?? (aaeaioiaaiino?). Cacia/aii, ui
ci?no oa?i?io «aeacaaeaioaoe?y» iiaeia oeoia/eoe iiaea?eii. Ii-ia?oa,
aeacaaeaioaoe?th iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye ei?ioeio?eaaeee neooaoeaiee
noai, yeee ? iane?aeeii aieeao iiaeo, iacae/ieo oiia ci?iaiiai
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui niiioeathoue aei aaeaioaoe??. A oaeiio
?ac? aeacaaeaioaoe?y — neaiae?caoi? ii?ooaiiy ??aiiaaae i?ae
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth ?iaeea?aea e aeiiaaie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.
Ii-ae?oaa, aeacaaeaioaoe?y caeaoia aeyaeoeny aaeueie onoaeaiei ?
o?eaaeei ineo?/iei noaiii, ui i?iyaey?oueny a iaaaeaeaaoiiio ?aaaoaaii?
oa iiaaae?ioe? ?iaeea?aea, coiiaeaieo ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ineo?ee ia iaae?
?? ?aaoeyoi?ieo ? eiiiainoth/eo iiaeeeainoae aai ca iaaeaie ?o.
Iayai?noue onoaeaii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? o?aeoo?oueny ooo ye neaiae?caoi?
?oeioaaiiy iioeaaoe?eii-aieueiaiai eiiieaeno ?iaeea?aea, a?aenooi?noth
(aai ao?aoith) oe?ii?nii-oe?eueiai? ?aeiino? iniaenoino?. Aaoi?
aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui aioo??oi?i noiniaii ?iaeea?aea eiino?oeoeaiei
aeoiaeii c? noaio aeacaaeaioaoe?? iiaea i?eneoaeeoeny ia?aioe?iea
o?ono?oth/i? neooaoe?? c ae?iaeaiiyi iiaiai iioeaaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno
(iiaeo iio?aa). Iaaieioo?oueny, ui oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie aaeaioaoe?? ia?
ia?aaeian?i caaaeaoe ia ineo?/io, cie?aia, iioeaaoe?eio noa?o
iniaenoino? i?aoe?aieea caaeey noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia caaeiaieaiiy
iio?aa aai ae?iaeaiiy iaoai?cio cai?uoaaiiy iio?aa. Aeieeaaeii
?icaeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy uiaei e?eoa???a aaeaioaoe?? (aeacaaeaioaoe??).
Iienaii e i?iaiae?ciaaii nooi?noue, ooieoe?? oa ??ciiaeaee ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??. Ia i?aenoaa? ?nioth/eo ?ic?iaie ?icaeyiooi aieiai? aniaeoe
ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. Oi?eath/enue ?ie? iioeaaoe?? o
iaoai?ci? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aaoi? cacia/a?, ui aeoea?caoe?y nee
?iaeea?aea ia aeinyaiaiiy aaeaioiaaiino? (aiiainoaco) nooo?ai coiiaeaia
aiioe?eii-iioeaaoe?eiith noa?ith iniaenoino? aaeaioaioa; i?e oeueiio
aaeaioeai?noue ye /eiiee oni?oiino? aaeaioaoe??, iio?aao? ia
aeoea?caoe?th a?aeiia?aeiith iioeaaoe??th. Aaoi? i?aenoiiao?, ui
iioeaaoe?eii i?aaeeueii iiaoaeiaaiee i?ioean aaeaioaoe?? ni?eyoeia,
ii-ia?oa, i?iaeoe?? noa?e iioea?a ?iaeea?aea ia noa?o eiai
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (iaaeieeoi? ae?iaie/a na?aaeiaeua), ii-ae?oaa,
cae?enithaaoeia naeaeoe?th iioea?a, aeoea?coth/e iaei?, ia?aaiaey/e ?o
aei ?ic?yaeo iioaioe?eieo aai neaniaoth/e ?io?, ?, ii-o?ao?, oi?ioaaoeia
aaaeeea? c iiaeyaeo ?acoeueoaoeaii? iiaaae?iee e caiia?aaiiy
aeacaaeaioaoe?? iia? iioeae iiaaae?iee ?iaeea?aea. Canoiniaoth/e, ca
aiaeia??th c i?e?iaeieie ?ano?naie, aei o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a iiiyooy
«aeieia?/i?noue», aaoi? aaaaea?, ui aaeaioeaia nenoaia iioeaaoe?? ?
«aeieia?/iith» a oiio nain?, ui ii?yae ?c aieiaiith nai?th iaoith —
aeinyaiaiiyi ae?iaie/iai ?acoeueoaoo, aiia i?i?i?co? eiia??io oeiaeo
i?aoe?aieeia? (o?ce/io, ineo?/io, nioe?aeueio) ye a?ae i?ioeano naiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, oae ? a?ae canoinoaaiiy uiaei iueiai aeania iioeaoth/eo
noeioe?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «Iie?iioeaaoe?eia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??» — ?ice?eoi aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iiae?th iioeaaoe?eieo
i/?eoaaiue i?aoe?aieea oa oiia ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua, aecia/aii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?oeoo?e iioea?a i?aoe?aieea c aeaeiaeie aniaeoaie
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, iienaii aaaaoiia?aiao?iao nioe?ieia?/io
iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, iaaaaeaii
?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? caaaeyee ?? canoinoaaiith i?ae /an aea/aiiy
ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Ooo cacia/a?oueny, ui iniaeno?noue,
caeo/aia aei iaaii? ae?iaie/i? neooaoe??, c iaeiiai aieo aenooia? a ?ie?
i?aoe?aieea, eio?ee aeeiio? eiei i?eienaieo eiio iaia’yce?a, iia’ycaieo
?c ?aae?caoe??th eiie?aoiiai o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano; c ae?oaiai, — ? iin??i
iaaieo iniaeno?nieo yeinoae, ui aieeaathoue ia oni?oi?noue eiai
ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, a c o?aoueiai aieo — iaae?eaia eiiieaenii
iio?aa, ye? iio?aaothoue caaeiaieaiiy, a oiio /ene? e ca aeiiiiiaith ? a
oiae? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. Ineo?/ii aeoeaia ia?aaeeaaiiy i?aoe?aieeii
nai?o iio?aa o oi?i? niiioeaiue (a oiio /ene? e niiioeaiiy aei i?aoe?),
ye? aenooiathoue iioeaaie ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae ?o
noeioethaaiiy ye aieea c iaoith aeooae?caoe?? iaaieo iioea?a aeey
aeinyaiaiiy ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae aeey
oni?oii? ? aa?iii?eii? aca?iiae?? an?o aniaeo?a ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano.
Ae?iaie/a aaeaioaoe?y ye i?ioean ?aae?caoe?? aaeaioeaii? iio?aae, oaeiae
?iaeoue na?e aianie a oni?oi?noue o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino?,
aiaeii/an, ca caeiiii cai?ioiiai ca’yceo, iiceoeaii aieeaath/e ia
?aae?caoe?th ?ioeo aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo iio?aa i?aoe?aieea. Oaiiiai
iie?iioeaaoe??, yeee aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui ia i?aenoaa? noiaeeo iio?aa
iiaeooue oi?ioaaoeny ??ci? iioeae, oae naii ye ? noiae? iioeae caeaoi?
ii?iaeaeoaaoe ??cio iiaaae?ieo, oneeaaeith? ?icaeyae ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo
c ioe?ieith aieeao oeo aai oeo iioeaoth/eo /eiiee?a ia i?ioean
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??.

Ii?yae ?c oeei, eeoa iie?iioeaaoe?eia iiaeaeue aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaaae?iee
i?aoe?aieea caeaoia iiaiith i??ith iienaoe yaeua ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??
? noai?eoe ia?aaeoiiae aeey i?aeoe/iiai eiai iii?oi?eiao ca oiia
?aaeueiiai o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano. Ia?oei aoaiii ia oeyoo noai?aiiy oaei?
iiaeae? ? c’ynoaaiiy ieoaiiy i?i aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iiae?th
iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue i?aoe?aieea c oiiaaie ae?iaieoeoaa.
?icaeyaeath/e oea ieoaiiy, aaoi? aeieeaaeii coieiy?oueny ia ??ciiaeaeao
aniaeo?a o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ca no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oiia, iaaiaeeoue
aii??e/i? aeai? i?i no?oeoo?o iioea?a ae?iaie/i? aeoeaiino?
i?aoe?aiee?a. Iieno? oaeiae eeaneo?eaoe?th iioea?a ca iniiaieie a?oiaie
iio?aa c iaoith aeyaeaiiy niaeo?o iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue i?aoe?aiee?a,
ye? aieeaathoue ia ?oith o?oaeiao iiaaae?ieo. Iaaieioo?oueny, ui aei
i?ioeano ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ethaeeia caeo/a?oueny ?acii ?c iayaiei o
ia? iaai?ii oa ??aiai iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue, ui cacae/ae noai?ththoue
???a?o?/io, aaaaoinooiaiaao nenoaio ?aaoethaaiiy iiaaae?iee ia
na?aeiii-aieueiaiio ??ai?.

Ca oiia aaeaioaoe?eii? neooaoe?? niaeo? iioea?a i?aeeyaa? ?icuaieaiith c
iaeyaeo ia no?oeoo?i?noue naiiai i?ioeano ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, ?c
ae??ciaiiyi aeey eiaeiiai ?? aniaeoo nai?? a?oie iioea?a. I?e oeueiio, c
iaeiiai aieo, a?aeaoaa?oueny aeooae?caoe?y iaoai?ci?a iiooeiai?
aeoeaiino? i?aoe?aieea-aaeaioaioa c iaoith ?aae?caoe?? aeii?ioth/eo
iioea?a (o oiio /ene? — aaeaioaoe?eiiai), c ?ioiai — i?enoinoaaiiy eiai
iniaeno?nii? iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e aei iniaeeainoae aaeaioaoe?eii?
neooaoe??. Nooo?aei, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ? oa, ui aaeaioaoe?eia neooaoe?y
aeooae?co? a no?oeoo?? iioea?a o? aeaiaioe, ye? caaacia/othoue ?e
ia?niaeoeao iiceoeaiiai ?icaeoeo. C iaeyaeo ia iiina?aaeeoaaiiy eiaeiiai
??ciiaeaeo aniaeoo ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? yeithnue noi?iiith caaaeueiiai
ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano, ui aeoea?co? aaeaeaaoio ?e a?oio iioea?a,
oi?io?oueny «i?ea’ycea» o?aaiaio?a iioeaaoe?eiiai niaeo?o i?aoe?aieea
aei aieiaieo aniaeo?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??: i?ioan?eiiai,
i?aai?caoe?eiiai, iaoa??aeueii-iiaooiaiai, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai.

Aaeath/eny aei iieno aaaaoiia?aiao?iai? aieaoii? iaoiaeeee iii?oi?eiao
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aaoi? aeieeaaeii aiae?co? e?eoa??? oa iieacieee
aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?ioeano. I?e oeueiio a?i aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui a
iie?iioeaaoe?ei?e iiaeae? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? iieacieee (?iaeaene)
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? aei?a/ii ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe ye /eiieee
«iai?oaeaiino?» iioea?a a aniaeo? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, a ca oiia
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai aaeaioaoe?eiiai iii?oi?eiao ia/enethaaoe ?o
ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyiiy a iaoaiaoe/iiio aeaeyae? ??ai?a i/?eoaaii?
oe?eeiaeoino? ?aae?caoe?? iioea?a (iioeaaoe?eieo i/?eoaaiue) oa ?o
aeooaeueii ?aae?ciaaiei ??aiai. I?e oeueiio caaaeueia oiiaa
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeeo ?iaeaen?a ia? iieyaaoe a ye?nii iaeii??aeiiio ?o
canoinoaaii? ye ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio (i?aoe?aiee-aaeaioaio), oae ? ia
a?oiiaiio (o?oaeiaee eieaeoea) ??aiyo.

Cacia/ath/e, ui i?ae iii?oi?eiaii ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? a ?iaio?
?icoi?oeiaoueny i?ioeaaeo?a a?aenoaaeaiiy i?ioean?a aaeaioaoe??
i?aoe?aiee?a ia yeiionue caaeaiiio a?ae??ceo /ano (aai ai?iaeiaae
onueiai oa?i?io aeeiiaiiy ieie nai?o iinaaeiaeo iaia’yce?a ca o?oaeiaith
oaiaeith) aaoi? iaaieioo?, ui a iniiao ?ic?iaeaiiy aieaoe aoei
iieeaaeaii no?oeoo?iee aiae?c i?ioeano ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? n
o?aooaaiiyi iioeaaoe??, ui a?aeaeaaa, ii-ia?oa, aaaaoianiaeoi?noue
iiiyooy «ae?iaie/a aaeaioaoe?y», a, ii-ae?oaa, ?? iie?iioeaaoe?eiee
oa?aeoa?. Iaaaaeaii oaeno aieaoe ? iaoiaeeea ?? aeei?enoaiiy a
?aaeueiiio nioe?ieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ia ae?iaieoeoa?. Ia i?aenoaa?
iaaooeo i?ae /an ia?iaee aieaoieo aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo e?euee?nii oa
a?ao?/ii (ca aeiiiiiaith a?noia?aie) o aeaeyae? ?iaeaen?a, iieacaii
ae?aaiinooth/o ?ieue eiaeiiai c 16 ?iaeaen?a, ye? iienothoue i?ioean
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?ae /an ?? iii?oi?eiao. Iiaoaeiaaiee eaoaeia
ii?iaoea?a aeey ?iaeaen?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? c iaoith eiai
aeei?enoaiiy i?e aecia/aii? nooiaiy aaeaioiaaiino? i?aoe?aiee?a
i?aei?e?inoa, aea i?iaiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia caaa?oaiiy ?icae?eo
aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui noai?aia aaaaoiia?aiao?iaa nioe?ieia?/ia
iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ia i?aeoeoe?
aeiaaea naith i?aeaeuaio /ooeea?noue aei niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae
i?ioeano ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aeinoaoith i?iaiinoe/io iaae?ei?noue ?
?acoeueoaoeai?noue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Iie?iioeaaoe?eia oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/ith
aaeaioaoe??th» — iieacaii i?noea ? ?ieue ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? o
nenoai? eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, iienaii iiaeaeue i?iaiicoaaiiy
i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? c iaeyaeo ia aaiethoe?th iioeaaoe?eieo
i/?eoaaiue ? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e i?aoe?aiee?a, ?icaeyiooi nioe?aeuei?
oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie.
Eiinoaoo?oueny, ui a i?aeoe/iiio ieai? i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie aaeaioaoe??
ioiieth? aeaa aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo aoaie: ia?oee — a?aenoaaeaiiy
iaoai?ci?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? o iaaiiio o?oaeiaiio na?aaeiaeu?;
ae?oaee — ae?iaeaiiy nenoaie aaeaeaaoieo aieea?a oi?aae?iiy ia
aaeaioaoe?th i?aoe?aiee?a ca?aaee iie?ioaiiy eiio?ieueiaaieo ia?aiao??a
ae?iaie/i? iiaaae?iee aaeaioaio?a ? nei?i/aiiy /ano aaeaioaoe??. sse
ia?oee, oae ? ae?oaee aoaie iio?aaothoue ?icaeiaii? ? iiaiiianooaaii?
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii ?c /?oeei aecia/aiiyi ??
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? ia ?ica’ycaiiy ieoaiue ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe??. Cacia/a?oueny, ui ine?eueee oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/ith
aaeaioaoe??th ? neeaaeiaith oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, ca oiia aeiiii?/ii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia iueiai i?iaeoothoueny an? ithaine, iia’ycai? c?
ci?iaie ia?aaeeai oi?aae?iiy. Noiniaii aei i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? ci?i oi?aae?inueeiai
ieneaiiy i?ae /an ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co eaae?iaeo
i?iaeai cae?cie/ieo i?aei?e?inoa /?oei i?inoaaeothoueny c?inoath/a ?ieue
aniaeo?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? o ae?yeueiino? neoaea oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii. ?icaeyaeath/e i?ioeane ae?iaie/i? aeacaaeaioaoe?? o
eiioaeno? oaeiai yaeua, ye ieeii?noue eaae??a ? onoiaiiy i?e/ei, ui
i?ecaiaeyoue aei aeanoaa?e?caoe?? o?oaeiai? aeenoeeie?ie, aaoi?
aeneiaeth? aeoieo i?i oa, ui i?iaeaie ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? iathoue
ia?aaoaaoe a oeaio?? oaaae ni?a?ia?oiee?a a?aeae?eo eaae??a, ii/eiath/e
a?ae iiiaioo i?eeiyooy ia ?iaioo iiaa/ea-aaeaioaioa. A?aeiia?aeath/e ia
ieoaiiy, yeei /eiii ca oiia ?aaeueiiai iii?oi?eiao ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? iiaeia i?aai?coaaoe ?iaioo c ia?niiaeii eaae?iaith neoaeaith
i?aei?e?inoaa, aaoi? ie?aneth? ? ?icaeyaea? i?ia?aei? ?? aoaie: eaae?ia?
?ioa?ane c aeaiaioaie a?coaeueii? ineoiae?aaiinoeee; oanooaaiiy oeo,
eiai aa?ooue ia ?iaioo, noiniaii aeyaeaiiy iniaeno?nieo ? i?ioan?eieo
aeanoeainoae; oi?ioaaiiy ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co iaea?aeaii? ?ioi?iaoe??
aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico i?aoe?aieea ? iaaeaiiy aeniiaeo ea??aieeai, aei
i?ae?icae?e?a eio?eo iai?aaeythoue i?aoe?aieea-aaeaioaioa; canoinoaaiiy
ea??aieeaie na?aaeiuei? eaiee aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e eaae?iai?
neoaeae (aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico) aeey iioeiaeueii? oi?aae?inueei? oa
iniaeno?nii? aca?iiae?? c aaeaioaioii, canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? i?aeo?eiee e ?aaoethaaiiy aaeaioaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano; nioe?ieia?/iee iii?oi?eia ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi aieaooaaiiy a cacaeaeaa?aeue anoaiiaeai? /ania?
eiio?ieuei? oi/ee (/a?ac i?a?ieo, ??e, i?aoi?a ?ieo); ei?aaoaaiiy
aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico aeey aeine?aeaeoaaii? a?oie
i?aoe?aiee?a-aaeaioaio?a; oi?ioaaiiy i?iaiico ieeiiino? eaae??a ?
iiaeeeaeo aeenoeeie?ia?ieo ii?ooaiue aeey ie?aieo i?aoe?aiee?a ?
o?oaeiaeo eieaeoea?a; canoinoaaiiy nei?eaiaaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeey
iie?ioaiiy nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai e i?aai?caoe?eiiai ee?iaoo a
o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao. Aeieeaaeii coieiyth/enue ia i?iaeai? i?iaiicoaaiiy
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, aaoi? iaaieioo? ia neeaaeiiuao, iia’ycaieo ?c
oi?ioaaiiyi aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico. Aeaco? ia iaiiiioiiiee oa?aeoa?
caeaaeiino? ??aiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? a?ae /ano, ui ia aeeeth/a?
iiaeeeaiai aaeueioaaiiy, i?ecoieiaiiy aai iaa?oue niaaeo aaeaioaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano, oiaoi aeacaaeaioaoe??. C iaeyaeo ia oea ? iiaeaeue, ? ?aaeueia
i?ioeaaeo?a iiaoaeiae aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico iathoue a?aoiaoaaoe, c
iaeiiai aieo, no?oeoo?i?noue oa?aeoa?o i?ioeano aaeaioaoe??, c ae?oaiai,
— neeaaei?noue iiaaae?iee a /an?, c o?aoueiai — ?aaeuei? oiiae ia?aa?ao
aaeaioaoe??: ia?aiao?e aaeaioaoe?eii? neooaoe??, aaeaioeaiee iioaioe?ae
i?aoe?aieea, i??o iaae?eiino? aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo i?ae /an canoinoaaiiy
iaoiae?a ? oaoiieia?e eaae?iaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Oi?iae?coth/e
i?ioeaaeo?o aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico, aaoi? a yeino? ia?oiai aoaio
i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iiiio? iiaoaeiao iiaeaeae ooieoe?e ??aiy ae?iaie/i?
aaeaioaoe?? ca aieiaieie ?? aniaeoaie, c iaeyaeo ia iaeneiaeueii
iiaeeeaee aieea ia ieo /eiiee?a aaeaioaoe??. I?e oeueiio aeey eiaeii? c
oeeo ooieoe?e iio??aiee na?e neeaae ? eiia?iaoe?y /eiiee?a, ui
caeaaeaoue a?ae /ano. E?ioeaaa iaoa — iaea?aeaiiy ?ioaa?aeueiiai
iieacieea, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ia?aaeaa/oaaiee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??. Naia a?i
iia?aeiiey?oueny ea??aieeia? eieaeoeao, a yeiio i?aoeth? aaeaioaio.
Cacia/a?oueny, ui ?aaeueia i?iaiicoaaiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??
caaaa/o?oueny caaaeyee aeiaeaoeiaiio caeo/aiith
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iaoiae?a, ui o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiaothoueny a
nenoai? ioe?iee e aoanoaoe?? eaae??a (aeine?aeaeaiiy A.A.O?e?iiiaa,
A.A.Uaeeia, E.A.Aa?oiaa). I?iiiio?oueny iecea iaoiaeee aeey i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy o eaae?ia?e ?iaio? ia i?aenoaa? iao?e/iiai iaoiaeo
aoanoaoe?? yeinoae i?aoe?aieea-aaeaioaioa o aeaeyae? oaaeeoeue, a oaeiae
aieaoia iaoiaeeea aeyaeaiiy oe?ii?nieo i?aoa?aioe?e
i?aoe?aiee?a-aaeaioaio?a, yea aea? ciiao ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? na?aaeiueia?oiiaeo oe?ii?nieo niaeo??a ni?iaiicoaaoe
oni?oi?noue ?o nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? aaeaioaoe??.

Nioe?aeuei? oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie,
cacia/a? aaoi?, ? neeaaeiaith oaoiieia?e nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy
o?oaeiaeie i?ioeanaie ? iathoue ?icaeaaoeny o iaaeao
nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai? iie?oeee i?aei?e?inoaa. Inoaiiy, a naith /a?ao, a
yeino? i?aenenoaie i?noeoue eaae?iao iie?oeeo, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaii
oyaeaiiy i?i i?aoe?aieea ye aieiaiiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai /eiieea
ae?iaieoeoaa. Ieaioaaiiy ea?’??e i?aoe?aieea ye ??ciiaeaeo oaoiieia??
nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy a aeaiiio eiioaeno? aeioe?eueii ?icaeyaeaoe ye
neeaaeiao, ui caaacia/o? oni?oi?noue ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??. Aaoi?
i?iiiio? ? ?icaeyaea? aieaoio iaoiaeeeo ieaioaaiiy ea?’??e ea??aiee?a o
aeaeyae? iaai?o ?a?no?aoe?eieo oi?i, ui ?o caiiaiththoue ea??aiee,
eio?iai aoanoothoue, a oaeiae ni?a?ia?oieee neoaeae oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii. Ia caaa?oaiiy ?icae?eo aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui
aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a caeaaeeoue
a?ae aieeao ia anth noeoii?noue no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a aaeaioaoe??, ?c
aeoeaiooaaiiyi oaaae ia iaecia/ou?o? aeey eiie?aoieo oiia ??ciiaeaee
aaeaioaoe??, a?ae oi?iiy ea??aiee?a aeei?enoiaoaaoe aoaeoeai? oaoiieia??
nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy.

AENIIAEE

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ocaaaeueiaii aieiai? aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaii
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia ae?iaieoeoa?, iinoaaeaii ieoaiiy i?i ci?io ? ?icoe?aiiy iinaaeiaeo
iaia’yce?a i?aoe?aiee?a eaae?iaeo neoaea o ca’yceo c caeo/aiiyi ?o aei
i?aeoe/iiai ?ica’ycaiiy ieoaiue ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??. Cie?aia, aeey
ia/aeueiee?a eaae?iaeo neoaea aeioe?eueiei aaaaea?oueny aeiaeaoe aei
iinaaeiai? ?ino?oeoe?? ianooii? iieiaeaiiy:

— ia/aeueiee i?aai?ciao? ae?yeuei?noue eaae?iai? neoaeae a iai?yi?
iiaiiianooaaiiai ioiieaiiy an?o aniaeo?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? (ia
iaiaaeoth/enue eeoa i?ioan?eiei ?? aniaeoii);

— a?i a?aeiia?aea? ca neeaaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eiiai i?iaiico uieii
i?eeiyoeo i?aoe?aiee?a ? nai?/anio ia?aaea/o eiai ea??aieeo oiai
i?ae?icae?eo, eoaee iai?aaeaii iiaa/ea;

— o o?niiio eiioaeo? c ea??aieeaie na?aaeiuei? eaiee a?i ae?iaey?,
caaaeath/e ia niaoeeo?eo ae?iaieoeoaa, no?aoaa?th ? oaeoeeo oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaie/ith aaeaioaoe??th;

— ia/aeueiee eaae?iai? neoaeae i?aai?ciao? /a?ac ia?aaeo nai?o
?iniaeoi??a oa ca i?aai?caoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee e?i?eieo ea??aiee?a
aacia?a?aiee iii?oi?eia ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, iaaiai?th? c
oi?aae?inueeei neeaaeii i?aei?e?inoaa ia?aa?a aaeaioaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a
oa iia?aoeai? caoiaee ?? i?enei?aiiy.

O aeiaeaoeao i?iiiiothoueny aeey iciaeiieaiiy iaoa??aee e?euee?niiai,
a?ao?/iiai e iaoiaee/iiai oa?aeoa?o, iaea?aeai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy
aai canoiniaoaai? a oiae? eiai i?iaaaeaiiy e o iaienaii? aeena?oaoe??.

IOAE?EAOe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a 4 noaooyo, 4 oacao
aeiiia?aeaeth

1. Eoeaoaae/ I., Naiaiia TH. Aieaoiay iaoiaeeea iiiaioaeoi?iiai
iiieoi?eiaa i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee // Ia?niiae. — 1995. — ? 4. —
N. 93—99.

2. Naiaiia TH., ?yeiaa A. Aaeaioaoeey ia?niiaea ia i?aaei?eyoee //
Eaae?u. — 1996. — ? 10. — N. 35—38.

3. Naiaiia TH. Aieaoiay iaoiaeeea ieaie?iaaiey ea?uea?u ?oeiaiaeeoaey //
Eaae?u. — 1996. — ? 5. — N. 17—23.

4. Naiaiia TH.A. I?iecaiaenoaaiii-aaeaioaoeeiiiua aniaeou i?e iiaeai?a e
i?eaia eaae?ia // Oi?aaeaiea ia?niiaeii. — 1997. — ? 6. — N. 45—51.

Naiaiia TH.A. I?iecaiaenoaaiiay aaeaioaoeey e ieaie?iaaiea ea?uea?u a
eiioaenoa nioeeaeueii-o?oaeiaie no?aoaaee Naa?aeeianeie aeaeaciie
aei?iae // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «AEaeaciiaei?iaeiue
o?ainii?o naaiaeiy e caao?a». — O. 1. — Aeaoa?eiao?a: O?AAIN, 1998. — N.
232—233.

Naiaiia TH.A. Iioeaaoeeiiiua aniaeou a ?aaioa neoaeau oiaaeaiey
ia?niiaeii Naa?aeeianeie aeaeaciie aei?iae // O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee «AEaeaciiaei?iaeiue o?ainii?o naaiaeiy e caao?a». — O.1. —
Aeaoa?eiao?a:

O?AAIN, 1998. — N. 233— 234.

Naiaiia TH.A. Iioeaaoeey a no?oeoo?a i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee //
O?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «AEaeaciiaei?iaeiue o?ainii?o
naaiaeiy e caao?a». — O.1. — Aeaoa?eiao?a: O?AAIN, 1998. — N. 234— 236.

Naiaiia TH.A. Aieaoiay iaoiaeeea ieaie?iaaiey ea?uea?u ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
n?aaeiaai caaia Naa?aeeianeie aeaeaciie aei?iae // O?oaeu
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «AEaeaciiaei?iaeiue o?ainii?o naaiaeiy e
caao?a». — O.1. — Aeaoa?eiao?a:

O?AAIN, 1998. — N. 236— 238.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O ioae?eaoe?? ? 1 iniaenoi aaoi?ia?
iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea aieaoii? iaoiaeeee aaaaoioaeoi?iiai iii?oi?eiao
ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??. O ioae?eaoe?? ? 2 iniaenoi aaoi?ia? iaeaaeaoue
i?iaaaeaiiy nioe?ieia?/iiai iieooaaiiy, a?aei?aoethaaiiy oa aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Naiaiia TH.A. ?ieue iioeaaoe?? a i?ioeanao ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ca
oiia ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.04 — aeiiii?/ia nioe?ieia?y. — ?inoeooo
nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi, iia’ycaiei c oa?aeoa?enoeeith oa
iniaeeainoyie ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ca oiia
o?ainoi?iaoe?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei oa ci?i, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny a no?oeoo?? oe?ii?nii-iioeaaoe?eii? noa?e ia?niiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa. O ?iaio? iiaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? ia aac? ?? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
nioe?ieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao. A iniiao nioe?ieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao
iieeaaeaii oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee o aeena?oaoe?? aca?iica’ycie
??ciiaeae?a aniaeo?a ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe?? oa no?oeoo?e iioeaaoe?eieo
i/?eoaaiue i?aoe?aiee?a. Anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaio ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue
i?ae ??aiai aeooae?caoe?? iioeaaoe?eiiai niaeo?o i?aoe?aiee?a oa i??ith
?oiuei? ae?iaie/i? aaeaioiaaiino?. Cai?iiiiiaaii aieaoio iaoiaeeeo
a?aenoaaeoaaiiy e i?iaiicoaaiiy ae?iaie/i? aaeaioaoe??, i?iaiae?ciaaii
ieoaiiy uiaei oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/i-aaeaioaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee cai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo oi?aae?iiy
ia?niiaeii ia e?eueeio cae?cie/ieo i?aei?e?inoaao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?iaie/a aaeaioaoe?y, iie?iioeaaoe?y, nioe?ieia?/iee
iii?oi?eia, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueia iiaeaeue, i?iaiic, iaiaaeaeiaio,
ia?niiae, ea?’??a.

Naiaiia TH.A. ?ieue iioeaaoeee a i?ioeannao i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeaioaoeee a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.04 — yeiiiie/aneay nioeeieiaey. — Einoeooo
nioeeieiaee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai, naycaiiui n oa?aeoa?ii e iniaaiiinoyie
i?ioaeaiey i?ioeannia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee a oneiaeyo
o?ainoi?iaoeee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee e i?ienoiaeyueo
eciaiaiee a no?oeoo?a oeaiiinoii-iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u ia?niiaea
i?aaei?eyoee. I?iecaiaenoaaiiay aaeaioaoeey eae aaaeiaeoay ninoaaeythuay
iauae aaeaioaoeee e ?uieo iicaieyao a iiaeiaiuo oneiaeyo niya/eoue
i?ioeannu aeanoaaeeecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa, naa?a/ue
i?ioanneiiaeueii-eaae?aue ?ano?n i?aaei?eyoee, iiauneoue yeiiiie/aneoth
yooaeoeaiinoue o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe. Auoaoeacaiiia iaoneiaeeaaao
aeooaeueiinoue oaiu aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou. Iao/iay i?iaeaiaoeea
enneaaeiaaiey caeeth/aaony a auyaeaiee nayce i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeaioaoeee ni no?oeoo?ie iioeaaoeee ?aaioieeia n oeaeueth ?ac?aaioee
aeeaaiinoe?othueo iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey. Niioaaonoaaiii, oai?aoe/aneoth e
iaoiaeieiae/aneoth iniiao aeenna?oaoeee ninoaaeee ?aaiou ?acee/iuo
aaoi?ia eae ii aii?inai i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee, oae e ii oai?ee
iioeaaoeee o?oaea. A oai?aoe/aneie /anoe ?aaiou ?anniio?aiu aii?inu
o?oaeiaie iioeaaoeee i?eiaieoaeueii e i?iaeaia ioeaiee nei?inoe e
aeoaeiu i?iecaiaenoaaiii-aaeaioaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia. I?ineaaeeaaaony
naycue iioeaaoeee e aaeaioaoeee. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii iiiyoeth
«aeacaaeaioaoeey» eae oanii naycaiiiio n i?ioeannaie i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeaioaoeee a oneiaeyo e?ecena iioeaaoeee. ?anniio?aiu aii?inu,
naycaiiua n iio?iaieai oae iacuaaaiie aaeaioeaiie nenoaiu iioeaaoeee. A
?aaioa ?acaeaaaony iiaue iiaeoiae e aiaeeco e i?iaiice?iaaieth
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee ia aaca aa iiiaioaeoi?iiai
nioeeieiae/aneiai iiieoi?eiaa. A iniiao nioeeieiae/aneiai iiieoi?eiaa
iieiaeaia oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiiay a aeenna?oaoeee acaeiinaycue
aeaeiauo aniaeoia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee e no?oeoo?u
iioeaaoeeiiiuo iaeeaeaiee ?aaioieeia. Onoaiiaeaia iieiaeeoaeueiay
ei??aeyoeeiiiay caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo o?iaiai aeooaeecaoeee
iioeaaoeeiiiiai niaeo?a ?aaioieeia e noaiaiueth eo i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeaioe?iaaiiinoe. I?aaeeiaeaia aieaoiay iaoiaeeea ioneaaeeaaiey e
i?iaiice?iaaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee, i?iaiaeece?iaaiu aii?inu,
eanathueany oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiii-aaeaioaoeeiiiuie i?ioeannaie.
I?eaiaeyony yiie?e/aneea aeaiiua i no?oeoo?a iioeaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aeoeaiinoe ?aaioieeia, a oaeaea aeaiiua, iieo/aiiua a oiaea
nioeeieiae/aneiai aieaoiiai iiieoi?eiaa i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee,
iicaieythuea ii-iiaiio acaeyiooue ia i?iaeaiu i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeaioaoeee. ?anniio?aiu aii?inu, naycaiiua n aiaeecii e ioeaieie
aaeeaeiinoe e /oanoaeoaeueiinoe aieaoiie iaoiaeeee, eniieueciaaiiie a
?aaioa. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca eaae?iauo i?iaeai i?aaei?eyoee e iieo/aiiuo a
?aaioa yiie?e/aneeo aeaiiuo ?ane?uaaaony aic?inoay ?ieue aniaeoia
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee a oi?aaeai/aneie i?aeoeea, eo aeeyiea ia
i?ioeannu noaaeeecaoeee o?oaeiaie aeenoeeieeiu, nieaeaiea oaeo/anoe
eaae?ia. Enoiaey ec iieiaeaiey i oii, /oi i?iaeaiu i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeaioaoeee aeieaeiu noiyoue a oeaio?a aieiaiey iaiaaeaea?ia ia?niiaea,
ia/eiay n iiiaioa o?oaeiono?ienoaa ?aaioieea, i?eaiaeeony ?ac?aaioaiiay
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue yoaiia oi?aaeaiey aaeaioaoeeae, iiauoathuay aa
nei?inoue e aeoaeio. A ?aaioa i?aaeeaaaaony no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiay
iiaeaeue i?iaiice?iaaiey i?ioeannia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aaeaioaoeee n
o/aoii yaiethoeee oeaiiinoii-iioeaaoeeiiiie noa?u ?aaioieeia a oneiaeyo
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie o?ainoi?iaoeee. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiey iaoee i?eiaiaiea a i?aeoeea oi?aaeaiey ia?niiaeii ia ?yaea
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?iecaiaenoaaiiay aaeaioaoeey, iieeiioeaaoeey,
nioeeieiae/aneee iiieoi?eia, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiay iiaeaeue,
i?iaiic, iaiaaeaeiaio, ia?niiae, ea?uea?a.

Semenov Yu.G. A Role of Motivation in Processes of Industrial Adaptation
on conditions of the transformation to a Market Economics. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Sciences degree by speciality 22.00.04 —
economic sociology. — The Institute of Sociology of National Academy of
Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to questions connected with a character and
peculiarities of proceeding processes of industrial adaptation under the
transformation social-economics relationships and changes taking place
in a structure of value-motivation sphere of an industrial staff. The
work has promoted a new approach to analysis and forecasting the
industrial adaptation on the ground of it’s multifactoral sociological
monitoring. This sociological monitoring is based on a correlation
between aspects of the industrial adaptation and a structure of
motivative expectations of industrial workers well founded theoretically
in the dissertation. It has been found experimentally a positive
correlation between a level of activation of worker’s polymotivative
aspects and a degree of his industrial adaptation. A new questionnaire
method for monitoring and forecasting of the industrial adaptation is
proposed. Wide analysis has been done on questions concerned with a
management in an area of industrial adaptation processes. The main
results obtained in the dissertation were applied to ruling practice on
some railway enterprises.

Key words: industrial adaptation, polymotivation, sociological
monitoring, structural model, prognosis, management, staff, career.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo Oi?iao 60o84/16. Iai?? . Ion. Ae?oe.

Aa?i?oo?a «Eo?’??». Oi.-ae?oe. A?e. . Oi. Oa?ai-a?aea.

Iae.-aeae. a?e. . Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? . Aaceiooiaii.

Aeae?oeiaaii

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