AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Oa?aiaiei Ieaia Aaea???aia

OAeE 82.085.43-3 (043.3)

?IEUe EACEE A NOAIIAEAII? NI?EEIssOOss

OOAeIAEIUeIAI OAI?O

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.06.–oai??y e?oa?aoo?e

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio Aeieo???aa E.N.,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai??? e?oa?aoo?e

oa ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? *e?eia I.N.,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e

AEeoiie?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. O?aiea

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio ?aaithe A.I., aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?oioinueei? oa

eeane/ii? o?eieia?? (naeoe?y oai??? oa ?noi??? na?oiai?

e?oa?aoo?e) *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee

oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a

o?eieia?/ii? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeo?iae?no?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 14.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.051.04 aeey caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e i?e Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
340055, i.Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 24, eiioa?aioe-cae

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 340055, i. Aeiiaoeuee, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaonueea,24

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ae.o.i. Nai?a I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aea/aiiy i?iaeai ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy oai??a
ienoaoeoaa neiaa ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo ie?aeieo iai?yie?a oai???
e?oa?aoo?e inoaiiueiai /ano. Ona?aeiieaiiy oiai, ui e?oa?aoo?iee oa??
aeyaey? naaa a neeaaei?e o?e?aeiino? aaoi?a, oaenoo, /eoa/a, ? aiae?c
aaaaoi??aiaaeo ca’yce?a ana?aaeei? oaeiai a?aeiioaiiy aeicaieythoue
no/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoao aeine?aeaeoaaoe iia? aniaeoe i?iaeaie
ni?eeiyooy ia noeeo c anoaoeeith, ineoieia??th, oaenoieia??th,
nioe?ieia??th oa ?ioeie iaoeaie. Oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?iee aniaeo i?iaeaie
ia?aaeaa/a? ia o?eueee aiae?c eiie?aoieo aeo?a ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe?? ?
iiooee no?oeoo?ii-oaenoiaiai ao?eaiiy iiceoe?? aae?anaoa, aea e
eiiieaenia aea/aiiy oaenoiai? ? aeai?iai? no?oeoo? o ca’yceo c
i?ia?aiith ?aoeaioe??, yeo aiie aecia/athoue, ? ?? ae??th ia
?aoeei??ioa. Aeooaeueiei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeai??a, ye? ao?eththoue o
nia? nai i?eioeei oi?ioaaiiy iiaoe/iiai a?aeiioaiiy aei ae?eniino? ?
aiane?aeie oeueiai ni?eythoue eiai ?icaeoeo a ni?eeiath/iai ?iaeea?aea,
noaiiaeaiith ni?eeiyooy ooaeiaei?o oai??a.

O a?o/eciyi?e iaooe? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o
aoei noi?ioeueiaaii I.?.A?eaoeueeei o 20-o ??. iei?oiueiai noi??//y. Oe?
ieoaiiy ii?oooaaee A.A.Oeeianueeee, A.I.Aeoaiaaoi, TH.I.Oeiyiia oa ?i.
Oi?iaeueiee ? ineoieia?/iee i?aeoiaee aoei nei?aaiaaii oai???th
I.I.Aaoo?ia i?i i?enooi?noue iiceoe?? ?aeaaeueiiai aae?anaoa
(niiaeyaea/a, neooa/a ? o.?.) ia an?o aoaiao ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo: a caaeoi? ? eiai ao?eaii?, a nai?e no?oeoo??
oaenoo, a eiai ooieoe?iioaaii? o “aaeeeiio i?ii?aeeo” eoeueoo?e.
?ic?iaoe? oaei? i?iaeaiaoeee i?enay/aii ?iaioe A.A.I?ici?iaa,
A.N.Iaeeaoa, A.A.Aniona, A.A.Oaaei?iaa, a yeeo ni?eeiyooy
?icaeyaea?oueny ye ia?aoei iiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo oaenoo, noi?iiaaiiai
i?enooi?noth ?aeaaeueiiai aae?anaoa, c aeeoo?aei ? anoaoe/iei aeina?aeii
/eoa/a. O ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a I.A.?aiaoaiea, ?.O.A?ii’yea,
A.Ae.Eei/aea, A.I.Neaieiiy ni?eeiyooy o?aeoo?oueny ye aaaaoi??aiaaee
i?ioean, eiee ??ci? “c??ce” ?aoeaioe?? aeyaeythoueny ??aiyie
oi?ii-ci?noiaii? ?aeiino? oaenoo. I?ioa a aaaaoueio aeine?aeaeaiiyo
aca?iia?aeiineie “oaeno-/eoa/” ?icaeyaeathoueny c oi/ee ci?o iiooe?a
aioo??- ? i?aeoaenoiaeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo naiaioe/ieo eiae?a (O.Aei,
I.??oaoa?), ui i?aeaiaeeoue e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai aei ?icoi?iiy i?ia?aie
?aoeaioe?? oaenoo ye ?iia?aoeao, yeee aeiaaa? a?ae /eoa/a aaeaeaaoiiai
“c/eooaaiiy”. Iaeiae I.I.Aaoo?iei ?ic?iaeaii oai??th ae?aeia?/iiai
?icoi?iiy oaenoo aae?anaoii ye “naiai ?ioiai” ? aecia/aii i?eioeeie
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aieeao ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o e ni?eeiyooy eiai /eoa/ai.

Ie?aeiith ni?iaith ii?aeiaiiy “e?oa?aoo?iiai ? iae?oa?aoo?iiai ?yae?a o
aeeoo?” (A.-?.ssonn) noaea oai??y ?aoeaioeaii? anoaoeee. I?ioean
ni?eeiyooy iieno?oueny ssonnii a eiiieaeniiio canoinoaaii? ?noi?e/iiai e
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?aeoiae?a ye “iioe?aiiy nai?ieia?/ii? i?ioeaaeo?e,
yea oi?io?oueny i?ae ?icaeoeii ? ei?aeoe??th nenoaie”. Cae?eniaia a
?iaioao ?.?iaa?aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o ienoaoeoaa
ye iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino? /eoaoeueeiai ni?eeiyooy aaaaoi a
/iio aecia/eei ?icaeoie no/anii? ?aoeaioeaii? anoaoeee. I?e oeueiio
aea/aiiy anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo oaei? eiioi?eaoe?? aaco?oueny ia
aca?iiae?? aeai?iaeo “i?aaee a?e”, “ai?eciioo i/?eoaaiiy” oai?o ?
“ai?eciioo i/?eoaaiiy” /eoa/a. Oai??y ssonna noaa?aeaeo?, ui
aca?iia?aeiineie “oaeno-/eoa/” ia iathoue iaeiicia/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaiiai
oa?aeoa?o, ine?eueee iiaa e?oa?aoo?ia oi?ia iiaea noeioethaaoe anoaoe/i?
ianoaiiae /eoa/a, iaaiith i??ith oi?ioaaoe naiai aae?anaoa.

Noiniaii oeueiai iieaciaith ? ni?iaa A.?ca?a o nai?e “oaiiiaiieia??
/eoaiiy” neeanoe “?aia?ooa?” ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaenoiaeo no?oeoo? ?
anoaoeei-ineoieia?/ieo ianoaiia /eoa/a. Acaaae? a aeine?aeaeaii? ieoaiue
ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai ana a?eueoa caa?oa?oueny aei
c’ynoaaiiy ae?aeia?/ieo canaae aca?iia?aeiinei “oaeno-/eoa/”, aei
aiae?co eiie?aoieo aeya?a aca?iicae?eniaiiy i?ia?aie ?aoeaioe?? ?
“no?aoaa?? oaenoo” (A.-?.ssonn).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nie?ath/enue ia oai?aoe/i? e
aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeiaooee no/anii? iaoee, ie aecia/a?ii ca iaoo ?iaioe
aeyaeaiiy aioo??oiuei? aeeiai?ee i?ioeano ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy, eiai
noaiiaeaiiy ye iane?aeeo ae?aeia?/iiai aca?iiia?aoiaeo ??cieo oei?a
eoeueoo?. O oeueiio a?aeiioaii? ie?aeiei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe?? iniaenoino? ye ?ooo aae?anaoa a?ae i?oieia?/ii?
aei ooaeiaeiuei? aeii?iaioe ni?eeiyooy ia iniia? ae?aeia?/ii? no?oeoo?e
naiiai oaenoo. O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co?oueny ?ieue ia?iaeii? eacee o
cae?eniaii? oaei? ae?aeia?/ii? aeeiai?ee ?aoeaioe??.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii? iaoe coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oaeeo
caaaeaiue:

– aeyaeoe ia?ao?aei?, ae?aeia?/i? aeaiaioe ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e eacee;

– i?iaiae?coaaoe i?eioeei o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?oieia?/ieo cia/aiue o
iiaoe/i? no?oeoo?i? caeiiii??iino? oa noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe a oeueiio aniaeo?
niaoeeo?eo ?eoi?ee eacee;

– aeine?aeeoe oi?ioaaiiy aeai?iai? i?ia?aie ni?eeiyooy o ?? aca?iiae??
c? “no?aoaa??th oaenoo”;

– noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ae?aeia?/iee oei aae?anaoe?? eacee ? iieacaoe eiai
aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy ?aoeaioe?? ooaeiaei?o oai??a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie iieyaa? a oiio,
ui aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooaeueii? oaie cae?enith?oueny a
?one? caaaeueii? ?ic?iaee i?eioeei?a oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?iiai aiae?co
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, cie?aia a ?aieao iaoeiai? oaie eaoaae?e oai???
e?oa?aoo?e ? ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e AeiiAeO: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?e?niino?
ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o ? i?iaeaia ?icaeoeo o?eieia?/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee oa
ae?aeia?/iiai ieneaiiy” (0197U008450).

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noaea a?oia eacie
aeey ae?oae c ?iaa??aioiith iniiaith aeeoy/iai eaceiaiai ?aia?ooa?o,
yeee ao?eth? ? o?ainoi?io? a?oa?/io naiaioeeo.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaothoue oaenoe eoioeyoeaieo, /a??aieo ?
eacie i?i oaa?ei o caienao oa ia?iaoe? aeey aeeoy/iai /eoaiiy aeaeaoieo
oe?a?inueeeo ? ?in?enueeeo aeine?aeiee?a, cae?a/?a eacie, ienueiaiiee?a
oa iaaeaaia?a OVIII-XX no. Oaeiae o ?iaio? aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoa??aee
iieueiaeo aeniaaeeoe?e 50-o – 80-o ?ie?a OO no. A?aeae?eo ?oeiienieo
oiiae?a ? oiiioaee ?inoeoooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee oa
aoiieia?? ?i.I.O.?eeueneiai IAI Oe?a?ie ? ?acoeueoaoe aaoi?nueeeo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue i?ioeano aeeiiaiiy eacie ae?oueie.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aea? ae?aeia?/ii-iiae?eii?
iiaiioe ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o a ?aeeii-a?aeiia?aeaeueiiio aeo? eiai
noai?aiiy, naii?icai?oaiiy e ?icoi?iiy. O oeueiio aniaeo? aecia/aeueieie
noaee ?aea? I.I.Aaoo?ia i?i iiae?eia a?aeiioaiiy aei “?ioiai”, yea
ia’?aeio? aaoi?a ? /eoa/a ? a ianoi?niino? oa ?aeeiinooiino? yeiai
a?aeaoaa?oueny anoaoe/ia iiae?y caaa?oaiiy, ui iinoa? c ?noi?e/ii? oi/ee
ci?o ?acoeueoaoii ae?? aeai?ioai?/eo nee. A ooaa?aeaeaii? oaeiai
i?aeoiaeo aaaeeeaei ? ona?aeiieaiiy e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o ye oe?e?niino?,
iiaeyae ia oa?? ye ia “ao?eaio ia?aeii?noue ni?eeoaaiiy” (I.I.A??oiai).

Oey ia?niaeoeaa aea? ciiao ?icaeyiooe iiiyooy “ae?aeiao” a eiai
iioieia?/iiio niene?. O aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii ni?iao ii?aeiaiiy
caaaeueiiai ieaio c? niaoe?aeueii-e?oa?aoo?iciaa/ei i?aeoiaeii, eiee
ae?aeia ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iiaeeea?noue ni?aa?aeianaiiy, ni?eeoaaiiy
aeaio oei?a eoeueoo?e a naii?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiueiai oa?aeoa?o neiaa a
oai??. Oea aeaei ciiao i?iaiae?coaaoe aeai?iao i?e?iaeo eacee o ca’yceo
c ?? ni?eeiyooyi, o iaai?e ei?aeyoe?? c ?aoeaioeaiith anoaoeeith, ca
yeith oa?? ?aae?co?oueny ? aeieea? a neeaaeiiio aeaicaa?iaiiio ca’yceo
“oaeno-/eoa/”, “oa??-aae?anao”.

Iai’yoath/e i?i nieneiaee eiioaeno ae?aeia?/iiai ?icoi?iiy eoeueoo?e, ie
cae?enieee ni?iao ?ioa?i?aooaaoe aeo ?aoeaioe?? ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o ye
i?ioean aca?iiaeyaeaiiy iioaioe?aeo oaenoo ? i?iaiicoth/i? ae?yeueiino?
aae?anaoa ia iniia? ae?aeia?/iiai aca?iicaaaa/aiiy aeaio eoeueoo?. Aeey
aena?oeaiiy iaoai?cio oaei? ni?aa?aeianaiino? ie?aeiei aeaea?oueny
caa?iaiiy aei oai??? ianoaiiae, yea aoea aeaoaeueii ?ic?iaeaia
Ae.I.Ociaaeca oa eiai ineoieia?/iith oeieith.

“Oai?/a ?icoi?iiy”, yea ?aae?co?oueny a iicaia?aaoaaii? ni?eeiath/iai
noa’?eoa, iinoa? oi?aa?naeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith ? i?ioeano
ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy, ? i?ioeano aoiai?oa?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iaoiaeeea aiae?co iie?a?oueny ia ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee iaoiae o
iaea?eueo caaaeueiiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai iiiyooy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. O oiae? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae ie c?iaeee
ni?iao noi?ioethaaoe iiaee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai
noaiiaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy. O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny
oaiiiai ia?ao?aeiino? i?oieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a na?oiaoaeiae a caeiie
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe??, noaiiaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy a iaaeao
?aeeii? ianoaiia/i? ae?yeueiino?, yea caaacia/o?oueny ae?aeia?/iith
no?oeoo?ith aeai?o ia?iaeii? eacee. O oeueiio ca’yceo eacea
?icaeyaea?oueny ia ye ?acoeueoao aeai?oieia?caoe??, a ye ia?ao?aeia
yaeua, ui aeoioeth? a nia? ia?aoai?aiiy ci?noiaii? aia?a?? i?oo a
aeai?ioai?/? i?eioeeie. ?ic?iaea oeeo ?aeae aeaea ciiao iai aeyaeoe
aieiai? neeaaeieee ae?aeia?/ii? eaceiai? no?oeoo?e (ia?o ca ana,
?eoiioai?/?) ? i?iaiae?coaaoe ?o c oi/ee ci?o i?ia?aiii? ia?aaea/? ieie
eoeueoo?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aae?anaoo. A oea, a naith /a?ao, aeaei ciiao
aecia/eoe aeo ?aoeaioe?? eacee ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiee ia?aaeien, eiee
ae?aeia?/ia i?e?iaea aeai?iaeo ii?i i?iaieo? “aa?oeie”
ci?noiii?iaeaeaiiy a na?aeiiino? oiai, ooi ni?eeia?. Ie aia?oa iia’ycaee
i?oi-iiaoe/iee ae?aeia?ci eacee c aaiethoe??th na?aeiiino? aeeoeie: a?ae
i?oieia?/ii? aei ooaeiaeiuei?. O ii?aeiaii? an?o ie?aneaieo ia?niaeoea
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaie aecia/aii ?ieue eacee o oi?ioaaii? nooo?aeo iciae
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe?? iniaenoino? a naiino?eiiio ?
aeoeaii-a?aeiia?aeaeueiiio aaeeaaii? aae?anaoa-aeeoeie a ae?aeia?/iee
e?oaic?? eoeueoo?e. AEai? eacee, oaeei /eiii, aiae?co?oueny a eiai
“i?aeaioia/?e” ?ie? aei ni?eeiyooy aae?anaoii ooaeiaei?o oai??a. Eaceo
?icaeyiooi c oi/ee ci?o ia?aoiaeo aae?anaoa a?ae i?oieia?/ii? ni?ao/ano?
aei ona?aeiieaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o ye iniaeeaiai na?oo. Aeena?oaoe?y
? iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a o ?ica’ycaiiy aeooaeueii?
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/i? i?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe??.

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?ae /an ?ica’ycaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?iaeai no/aniiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee ? iaaeaaia?ee; ?ic?iaee ye
caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo, oae ? i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai iaoee, cie?aia: aea/aiiy
aaiaceno e iiaoeee oe?a?inueei? ? ?in?enueei? eacee; aiae?co niaoeeo?ee
ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy e iniaeeainoae anoaoe/ii? ?aoeaioe?? ae?oae;
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eoi?ee i?iciaeo oai??a oiui. Oai?aoe/i? e
aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?ic?iaee aeena?oaioa iiaeooue oa?eoe aei caaaeueieo oa
niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, a oaeiae
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a/eoaeyie-o?eieiaaie, a/eoaeyie ii/aoeiaeo eean?a oa
oe?eueieie ineoieiaaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaiaai? i?ioyaii
1996-1998??. ia a?o/eciyieo oa i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iiaoeea ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo” (Ee?a-Oa?nii, 1996),
“Eoeueoo?i? ia?aaeeaie ia?ao?aeieo aiio” (Iaeana, 1996), “Niaaeueia
I.I.Aaoo?ia ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ae?aeia?/iiai ieneaiiy a no/ani?e
eoeueoo??” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1996), “Oi?ioaaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue oai?/i?
iniaenoino?” (E?eaee ??a, 1998). Aeiiia?ae? aai ?o oace aoei
iaae?oeiaaii a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo: 9 noaoae ? 3 oaciaeo aa??aioe
aeiiia?aeae.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa e ie?ai? ?? ?icae?ee iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e Iae??anueeiai
aeiiii?ei-aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo, eaoaae?e oai??? e?oa?aoo?e oa
ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a oaeiae
ia ni?eueieo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo oeeo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny eia?eith ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie.
Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iniiaii? /anoeie, yea ioiieth? o?e
?icae?ee, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 160 iaeiaioaaiue.
Oaenoiaa /anoeia aeeeaaeaia ia 183 noi??ieao.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe. O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, ?? iaoeiaa
aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaecia, nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie a no/aniiio
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa?; oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
eacee ye aeai?o, yeee ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy;
aecia/aii oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe “Ae?aeia?/iee oa?aeoa? aeai?o
eacee” cae?eniaii ni?iao aeine?aeeoe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ooaeiaei?o,
ia?oi-iiaoe/ieo ci?no?a eaceiaiai aeai?o c iiaeyaeo “naii?ice?eooy”
anoaoe/ieo iioaioe?e neiaa. Oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e eacee
iiaea?oueny o oeueiio ?icae?e? ia ye iane?aeie ?iceeaaeo i?oo, aea ye
oi?iaeueiee i?ioean, yeee noi?iaiaeaeo? ooai?aiiy iiai?, neiaanii?
?aeiino?, noaiiaeaiiy iiaoe/iino? ye “aoi?eiii?”, iethaeiaii?
nae?aeueiino?. I?oieia?/iee nthaeao, o?aaiaio i?oo, yeee ?iciia?aeathoue
aeania caaeey ?iciia?ae?, ci?ith? na?e oa?aeoa?. Acaaae? eaceiaa neiai,
ui aa?a o/anoue o aaaaoi??aiaaeo no?oeoo?ieo noinoieao, iiae?aieo aei
“oa?oaaoino? i?oo” (E.Eaa?-No?inn), ia cae?a? “io/ee cia/aiue” aei
i?oieia?/ii? neiii?i??, aea cae?enith? ?o a ?aaeei? aaaaoianiaeoiiai
aena?oeaiiy i?aaeiaoa. Neiai, c iaeiiai aieo, noa? i?aeoe/ii
aac-aooo?aei, aac-o?eaniei, ao?a/ath/e eiie?aoeeo i?oieia?/iiai
cia/aiiy, a, c ?ioiai aieo, iaaoaa? noaoono ana-aooo?aiai o nai?io
na?o?. Naia a oae?e eia?oe? iaie i?ine?aeeiao?oueny noaiiaeaiiy
iiaoe/ii? oiiaiino? neiaa e ?aeaae?ciaaiino? na?oo eacee. Neiai, yea
cae?enith? aeaniee na?oiii?yaeie o iaeneiaeuei?e iaieaiino? nai??
ae?aeia?/ii? i?oi-iiaoe/iino?, ? i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a ? ?icae?e?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. “Ao?eaiiy i?oieia?/ii? naiaioeee a no?oeoo??
aeeoy/i? eacee” c?iaeaii ni?iao aeae?eaiiy ?iaa??aioii? iniiae aeeoy/iai
eaceiaiai ?aia?ooa?o c iaoith aeyaeaiiy a oeeo oaenoao ?aeeiiai
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai yae?a, yea aeaiiino?o? ia?ao?ae i?oieia?/ieo
niene?a o nenoaio iiaoe/ieo cia/aiue. I?iaaaeaiee iaie ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c oanoe aa??aio?a a?aeiiiai no?aeiineia’yinueeiai nthaeaoo i?i
eo?i/eo ?yao ? i’yoe aa??aio?a nthaeaoo i?i Eieiaea a oe?a?inuee?e ?
?in?enuee?e o?aaeeoe?yo aeicaiey? ae/eaieoe oaea “yae?i” ia ye ci?noiaio
aeecuee?noue aa??aio?a, aea ye i?iya a?oa?/iiai eaaeo, aa?oeeae?
neeaaeiee?a na?oiaoaeiae a no?oeoo?i?e ai?eciioae? neiaaniiai eaioethaa.
Aeeoy/? eacee “??iea”, “Eo?i/ea ?yaa”, “Eieiaie”, “Oa?aiie”, “?oeaae/ea”
e ?io? ia o?eueee iathoue i?oieia?/i? iniiae, ao?eai? a niinia?
i?aai?caoe?? oaenoo. I?oieia?/i? cia/aiiy ooo ? aeooaeueii i?enooi?ie o
i?ioean? ?o ia?a-ioi?ieaiiy, ia?a-ao?eaiiy a ?ioo, iiaoe/io ye?noue. I?e
oeueiio i?oieia?/ia ?aei?noue ia aeiea?oueny, ia ?oeio?oueny iiaei
noaiii neiaa, aiia aecia/a? niin?a, i?eioeei ia?iaeaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei?
oe?e?niino?, aiia ? nai???aeiith aioo??oiueith oi?iith iiaeo iiaoe/ieo
cia/aiue.

Oae, caa?aaeaiee o no/aniiio iiaoooaaii? oeaio?aeueiee ai?ciae eacee i?i
eo?i/eo ?yao, yeee a?aeoai?th? i?oieia?/i? iioeae ?icaeaaiiy Na?oiaiai
sseoey ye neiaie?/iiai iiiaioo noai?aiiy; niey?ieo cia/aiue cieioiai
nyeaa; caoenii? neee “yeoey-ienaiee”, “iaa?aaa”, noai?aiiai ethaeeiith
aeeaa ia c?acie ia?iaeaeaiiy na?oo; ao?ieia?/ii? naiaioeee iaaaciaee
oo?eiaiiy na?oo ia iaae? iaaoooy, noai?aiiy einiino ia iaae? c oainii a
iiiceoe?? “yeoea-ieoa” oiui, ia?aaea? ia?a?nio eoeueoo?io ?ioi?iaoe?th
ia no?eueee ye ci?noiaio, ne?eueee ye oi?iaeueio, aeania a “a?oa?/i?e
aia?a?? ni?acao/” (N.N.Aaa??ioeaa), o niinia? neiaiaoaeiae.

Aeeoy/ee ?aia?ooa? i?noeoue iaa?? oaeno?a, ye? ci?noiaii ia iioeaiaai?:
“Eo?i/ea ?yaa”, “E?eaaiueea ea/a/ea”, “I?i eioeea ? i?aieea”, “Eieiaie”
oa ?i. Oiioeaiaai?noue iiae?e o ieo i?yii iia’ycaia c?
naiii?aai?ciaai?noth neiaa, eiai ?eoi?/iith ?ioi?iaoeai?noth,
iaeii/ani?noth i?iyao a cao/aii? i?e?iaeiino? e ooo/iino?,
i?oieia?/iino? ? ia?oiiiaoe/iino?. Iieaciai, ui i?ioean “eaoaioiiai
naiiia?aeeaaeo” (A.I.Aaoeae) eacie, cao?eniaaieo a XVIII-XIX-XX no.,
yeee aeoeaii a?aeaoaa?oueny, i?aeoe/ii ia noino?oueny no?oeoo?iiai
“yae?a” oaenoo a eiai ae?aeia?/i?e aia?aaoeoe?. O aeena?oaoe?? oeae
i?ioean aiae?co?oueny ia iaoa??ae? ii??aiyiiy ??cieo ca /anii caien?a
eacie “Oea??aia-aeaaa”, “sse aiae caaaaeaa eicaiyo” oiui.

C?noaaeaiiy aeeoy/eo eacie o caienao oa ia?iaoe? I.I.Aoaianue?aa,
?.ss.O?aiea, E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, A.Ae.A??i/aiea, ?.A.Ea?iaooiai?,
I.?.Eai?oee, I.I.Aoeaoiaa, ?.I.Aa?acianueeiai, E.O.Aeoia?anueei?,
I.TH.A??oeeii? aeicaieeei ae?eoe aeniiae?a i?i oa, ui a aeoeaiiio
?iaeeiiiio iiaoooaaii? a ia?aaeaaaii? ae?oyi 2o-4-o ?ie?a ia?aaoaa?
10-15 oaeno?a a?aeiinii noaa?eueiiai o?aaeeoe?eiiai ?iaa??aioiiai
neeaaeo. Oea ia?aaaaeii eoioeyoeai? eacee ? eacee i?i oaa?ei, ye?
aeecuee? i?ae niaith ca niiniaii neiaiaoaeiae, ca i?eioeeiii ?eoi?/ii?
i?aai?caoe??, ca no?oeoo?ith. Iae/ano?oa a ieo aeooae?ciaaii i?oieia?/io
neiaie?eo noai?aiiy, “ia?aoai?aiiai” ia?iaeaeaiiy iiaiai noaio na?oo a
niinia? “iniaeeaiai iiaeaiiy”, iiaiai noaio neiaa.

Caaea/a aeyaeaiiy i?eioeeio o?ainoi?iaoe?e i?oieia?/ii? naiaioeee a
ooaeiaeith no?oeoo?o eacee niiioeaea ian caa?iooeny aei aeeneon?? i?i
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?oo e eacee a i?ae?icae?e? 1.2. “Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?o ?
eacea: iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia iieai?ea”.

Oaco i?i oa, ui i?o (“aaniineiaea”) eaaeeoue a iniia? oieueeei?ieo
aeai??a, aoei aeneiaeaii a ia?o?e iie.O1O no. “i?oieia?/iith” oeieith ?
?icaeyiooi a i?aoeyo I.I.Aoaianue?aa, I.?.Einoiia?iaa, O.?.Aonea?aa,
I.I.Aanaeianueeiai, I.I.Iioaai? oa ?i. Iieiaeaiiy I.I.Aanaeianueeiai i?i
ca’ycie i?oo, iiae e iiac?? a “ienoaoeoa? iiiaeaii? oi?ie aeneiaeaiiy”,
aea? ciiao aeine?aeeoe aeai?e oieueeei?o ? ia?aae-e?oa?aoo?e ye oae?, ui
ao?eththoue ia?ao?ae i?oieia?/ii? naiaioeee a iiaoe/io oi?io. Oeae
i?ioean iiaea aooe aea/aii eeoa o aca?iiaeyaeaii? i?oo ? ia?oiiiac??,
ine?eueee, ca neooiei caoaaaeaiiyi I.O?aeaeaiaa?a, “iinooiaeueiee ?oo
oia?aae ia?a?nii? eoeueoo?e nie?a?oueny ia ana caeeoa e i?ieaeaia,
eio?a eeoa?oueny ia iiaeieaiei o iayaiino? iiaiai, aeooaeueiiai”.

Oieueeei?enoeea e oai??y e?oa?aoo?e aeiaaee /an o ?ic?iaoe? oeeo ieoaiue
nie?aeenue ia oai??th A.ss.I?iiia i?i o?iiieia?/ia iane?aeoaaiiy eaceith
i?oo, i?i ao?eaiiy a eacoe? ci?noo eieenue aeooaeueiiai ia?yaeo. ?aeay
aeai?oieia?caoe?? ye i?e/eie ? ii/aoeo iioiaeaeaiiy eacee, yeo aoei
i?aeo?eiaii ? ii?aoeueiaaii a ?iaioao ?.I.Iaeaoeinueeiai,
A.A.Iiia?aioeaai?, A.I.Ai?e?ia, I.A.Iiaeeiaa oa ?i., acaaae? iinoa?
aioo??oiuei noia?a/eeaith.

Ooaeiaei?noue, yea ia?iaeaeo?oueny, ia iane?aeo? i?o, aea iiaiiao?
aeooaeueiee i?oieia?/iee ci?no a ?ioiio ?aaeei?. I?e ia?aeac?
ia?yaeiaiai oaenoo iica eiai aeeoo?aith aeioe?euei?noth aeooae?co?oueny
“iana?aeiia” ooaeiaei?noue i?oo. Oiiai?noue i?oieia?/ii? oioiaeiino?
yaeu “naiiaee?eaa?oueny” a iiia?ae?, ? eacea ana a?eueoa ioi?ieth?oueny
ye aeaaaeea. Naia iiaoe/ia iiaa, oi?iaeueia oneeaaeiai?noue yei?
ona?aeiieth?oueny ia noai? a?oa?/ii? eacee ye iciaea ia?oiiiaoe/iino?,
i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano caa??aa? naith nae?aeuei?noue. Aeai?oieia?caoe?y
ia iia’ycaia iaeiicia/ii c aeanae?ae?caoe??th ? aea?eooae?caoe??th,
ine?eueee ?iciia?aeue ie?aii a?ae ia?yaeo neeaaea? iiaee ?eooae –
anoaoe/iee aiaeia i?oieia?/iiai ia?yaeo.

Aeaye? no/ani? aeine?aeieee ni?aaaaeeeai iia’ycooue iiiyooy a?oa?/ii?
ooaeiaeiino? c i?oieia?/ieie iniiaaie o?aaeeoe?eii? nenoaie –
i?eaeaoi?noth oaenoo aei onii? eieaeoeaii? ia?aaea/?, ?aei?noth ciaiiy ?
ienoaoeoaa, eiie?aoii-/ooo?aei niiniaii ocaaaeueiaiiy oiui
(N.N.Aaa??ioeaa, I.E.Aiae?a?a, I.E.Aania?ia, I.A.A??ioea?, I.A.Ieoaeeia,
N.TH.Iaeethaeia, N.?.Iia?e).

O oeueiio aniaeo? eacea iinoa? ia?ao?aeiei ae?aeia?/iei aeai?ii, yeee
oa?a?aa a?oa?/i? nienee o nai i?eioeei i?aai?caoe??, oiaoi – ?aae?co?
oe? nienee a ?o ooaeiaei?o iioaioe?yo ? a no?oeoo?? oaenoo, ? a
“i?ia?ai?” eiai aieeao ia aae?anaoa. Oae? iiaeyaee ia i?iaeaio
i?oieia?/iino? eacee ?ic?iaeaii a ?iaioao E.-A.THiaa,

A.-A.Aaaeaia?a, ss.A.Aieiniaea?a oa ?i. I?o ? eacea iiaeathoueny a/aieie
ye ia?aeaeuei? yaeua, ye? c ??aiith neeith ao?eththoue caeeaaeaiee a
ethaeei? “?inoeieo eoeueoo?e” (ss.Aieiniaea?). I?oieia?/i?noue i?e
oeueiio ?icoi??oueny ye nooo?aa ?ena aoooy ia o?eueee o eiai
i?a?noi?e/iiio noai?, aea ? a iino?eii aeooae?coth/iio na?aaeiaeu?
iiaoe/iiai neiaa. E.Eaa?-No?inn, ei?aaoth/e oai??th A.ss.I?iiia, neooii
caoaaaeo?, ui eacea – ia oeaiie i?oo, aea ?acii c i?oii – /anoeia
o??aiiaaaeaii? nenoaie ??cieo i?eioeei?a canoinoaaiiy i?aaee
“a??eieaaea”, “i?oieia?/ii? iica?ee” uiaei neiaa.

Oaeoe/iei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oe??? ?aea? ? iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??
aoiia?ao?/i? oaeoe ia?aeaeueiiai ni?a?nioaaiiy a ia?a?ni?e eoeueoo??
/oeionueei?, ao?eeainueei? (i?aia?, aooiaie), aano?ae?enueei?,
ei?yenueei? oa ?ioeo o?aaeeoe?e aeaio iiia?aeieo oi?i: i?oieia?/ii? ?
eaceiai?. Oeae oaeo aeaiiino?o? i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy iiaoe/iino? neiaa
ye “aoi?eiii?” (A.I.Oiii?ia) nae?aeueiino?, yea ao?eth? ? i?aeneeth?
i?oieia?/io “ia?oi-i?e?iaei?noue” a ?? i?aeaeaaeiino? ethaeei?.

Ni?iao aeiaoiaeaeaiiy ae?aeia?/ieo, ia?ao?aeieo iiiaio?a eaceiai?
ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e c?iaeaii a i?ae?icae?e? 1.3. “Oi?iioai?/a ?ieue
neiaa a ooaeiaei?e o?ainoi?iaoe?? i?oieia?/ieo cia/aiue”. A?oa?/ia eacea
– oea iiia?aeue, yea ia? nai?th iaoith o?eueee aioo??oi? i?aaiaiiy “aooe
i?iiiaeaiith” (Aaaaeue). ?icaeyaeath/e neiai, ca oai???th I.O.Ein?aa, ye
noeo?th, yea naia ia?aaiaeeoue ?ioo?oeaia na?oini?eeiyooy a noai
?aoeaen?? e ona?aeiieaii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iiae, ye i?aai
naiiona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeie, ie iiaea?ii i?ioean iioiaeaeaiiy a?oa?/ii?
eacee o aecia/ai?e ia?niaeoea?: neiai, aeaia ethaeei? ye aea? ?
iaeii/anii noai?aia iath, “?ice?eaa?oueny” ?e ? “naii?ice?eaa?oueny” a
iane?i/aiiio ?icia?oo? aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai oi?aa?naeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo.

Neiaania, “aoi?eiii-?aeeia” oe?ea eacee a?aeoai?th? ?aei?noue na?oo a
/?oe?e no?oeoo?iaaiino?. Caoeniee iaoai?ci eoeueoo?e caaacia/o?
i?oieia?/io iane/ai?noue ia?aaeoeaioiaaii? neiaanii? no?oeoo?e. Eacea ye
ooo/ii noai?aia oe?e?ni?noue ia? aooe oi?iae?ciaaiith nenoaiith. Niiniae
oe??? oi?iae?caoe?? i?oieia?/ii ci?noiai?. Iiaoi?e, iiaa?iaiiy,
oeeee?caoe?y, i?inoi?iaee i?eioeei ni?a-?ici?uaiiy (ae?e, ooieoe?e,
ai?ciae?a, oi?ioe oiui), iaiecoaaiiy e ?io? iciaee a?oa?/iiai ieneaiiy
ia?aoai?ththoueny a eacoe? o caniae oi?iioai?aiiy, oo?eiaiiy oi?iaeueii?
?aeiino? neiaanii? no?oeoo?e.

Oae, i?oieia?/ia noaaeaiiy aei nia?o? ye aei i?iaeiaaeaiiy aeeooy
ao?eth?oueny eaceiaei neiaii o iiaoaeia? ?aeeii-?eoi?/ii? oeeee?/ii?
iiaeae? na?oo, aea o?iaeuei? e ?i?oe?aeuei? oi?ioee neiaie?cothoue
iane?i/aii?noue aoooy o a?/iino? oyaeaiiai neiaa. Caaeaaeue aa?iy,
cacae/ae, a?aecia/a?oueny onoaeaiith oi?ioeith, yea a ?acoeueoao? naiai
aaaaoi?aciaiai iiaoi?aiiy ? aa??thaaiiy ia?aoiaeeoue o noa?o iiaii?
aacaooo?aino?, iicaiiae?eiino?, aeaniiai na?oiii?yaeeo, yeee ?
aa?iii?eiei nei??oa aei?a/i?noth neiaa, i?ae iiae??. C oe??? oi/ee ci?o
a aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii oaiiiai iaaiioeaiaaiino?, iaeia?/iino?
eaceiaeo iiae?e (“Ei?aeee”, “Aone-eaaaae?”, “TH?ca-Io?ca”,
“Eaai-oea?aae/ e Aaeue Iieyiei” oa ?i.). Na?oo oaino ? ?aioiaino?
i?e?iaee i?oieia?/ii i?ioenoi?oue na?o aaniethoii? ?aaeaiaioiaaiino?,
iethaeiaiee aeioe?eueiee na?o, ? eacea cae?enith? eiai “ethaeyi?noue” a
o?aaeeoe?eiino? oa naiiiaa?oiooaaii? neiaa. Aeei?enoaia ye niin?a neiai
iinoa? iaoith, naiicae?eniaiiyi i?oieia?/iiai ii?yaeeo a eia?oe?
i?oieia?/iiai a??eieaaea, i?e oeueiio na?o eacee ? “caeiiiei” nai?th
o?aaeeoe?eiinoth.

Iaieioaia o eacoe? “ciaiiy” aa?i?i oiai, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny, /anoi cian?i
ia iioeao?oueny. O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo a?aeoai?th?oueny i?oieia?/ia
neooaoe?y iiaiiai ? iaiiaiiai ciaiiy, aea i?oieia?/iee ci?no
ia?aoai?th?oueny o oi?iaeuei? iiceoe?? neooa/a, aa?iy oa eacea?y.
Neiaani?noue einiino eacee oi?iae?co? ? iiceoe?eii /eaio? i?oieia?/io
?aei?noue ? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo, oei naiei iaaieioo?oueny iiceoe?y
aae?anaoa, yea i?oo ia a?aeiia.

Iieaciaei ? i?iiiaeyiiy aa?i?i “iaaei??ieo” o?ac, ui oaeiae ni?ey?
noai?aiith a eacoe? iaeano? “/enoi?” neiaaniino?. Iiae?? nai???aeii
ia?aa??ythoueny neiaii, ia?aa?aathoue o iaiao?aeiiio neiaaniiio
ii?yaeeo. Oaea o?aca, c’yaeyth/enue o eacoe? ye ?acoeueoao aeeiiaiiy
“ia?yaeiaeo ?ieae”, ia?aoai?th?oueny ia ooaeiaei?e ciae ia?niiaaea,
neooaoe??, aiia aecia/a? iaae? o??? neiaanii? ?aaeueiino?, a ye?e ?nio?
eiaeai c aa?i?a. Iic??ia iaeia?/i?noue iiae?e iinoa? eia?eith
?iciia?ae?: caa??aath/e i?oieia?/io ianoia?a/eea?noue iiae??, i?i yeo
eaeaoueny, neiai eacee i?iiiaey?oueny a ni?yioaaii? aei i?iaeiaaeaiiy
“iiae?? ?iciia?ae?”, o eia?oe? neiaaniiai eaioethaa iaia’yceiaeo oi?ioe,
iiaoi??a oiui.

Ie?aneaia o?ainoi?iaoe?y iieaciai a?aeaoaa?oueny a eaceia?e oii?oe?.
Nenoaia oiiin?a noai?th? iiea aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aa?iy aoeaaeueii c?
ne?a, aa?ie “aeeaa a neiaao”, a ia a eiie?aoieo i?noeyo. O aeena?oaoe??
iiaea?oueny aiae?c ia?ao?aeiiai oa?aeoa?o iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaieo
oiiin?a 70 oe?a?inueeeo ? 70 ?in?enueeeo eacie. I?oieia?/ia neiaie?ea a
ieo iinoa? ia?aeeaaeaiith a i?aaeea i?iiiae, eiee aa?iy ?yoo? ia
no?eueee aeeaiaeaeia i?noea, ne?eueee naia neiai-neiaie. Eaceiaa oii?ea
aa??th? o?aaeeoe?ei? i?oieiaaie, nai???aeii a?aeae?ey? neiai a?ae eiai
aaoiooiiiino?, aooo?ai? oei??iaiino?, noai?thth/e ia oe?e iniia?
“aoi?eiia” ia?acia cia/aiiy. Iaeeaaeaiiy i?oieia?/iiai ? ia?oiiiaoe/iiai
niene?a i?eaiaeeoue aei iaeneiaeueii? iaicia/aiino?, oiiaiino?,
?aeaaeueiino?, aei ?eoi?/iiai “eieeaaiiy nieneo” (N.TH.Iaeethaeia),
“niieo/aiiy aa??aio?a”, a cia/eoue – aei ia?aaiaeo cia?aaeaiiy c? na?oo
eiie?aoii-iaeeie/ieo yaeu o ieai aaaaoicia/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue aooo?aiai
?iaeo.

2 ?icae?e ?iaioe “Niaoeeo?ea ?eoi?/ii? i?aai?caoe?? eacee” i?enay/aii
aiae?co eaceiai? ?eoi?/ii? no?oeoo?e, ine?eueee naia ?eoi aecia/aii iaie
ye ia?aaeienaeueii-?aeeia ao?eaiiy i?e?iaeiino? ? noai?aiino?
i?iiiaeaiiai neiaa, eiai i?e?iaeii? iethaeiaiino? ? eoeueoo?ii?
inai?iino?.

Oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eoio eacee a ?one?
caaaeueii-e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo i?iaeai ?eoio ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o ?
“aia??iiaeueii? a??oi-i?iciai? ?eoi?ee” oieueeei?o oa ia?aaee?oa?aoo?ieo
aeai??a noaee ?iaioe A.A.Oiiaoaanueeiai, A.I.AEe?ioinueeiai,
I.I.A??oiaia, I.?.Oaaeioiaa oa ?i. Nie?ath/enue ia e?oa?aoo?iciaa/o
o?aaeeoe?th o aea/aii? oeeo ieoaiue, a oaeiae ia no/ani? oyaeaiiy i?i
i?e?iaeo ? cia/aiiy ?eoio a oai?ao ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, ie
?icaeyaea?ii ?eoi?eo eacee ye yaeua iaeii/anii ni?ai?e?iaeia ?eoio
i?oieia?/iiai ? e?oa?aoo?iiai “?yae?a” eoeueoo?e. Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c
??cii??aiaai? ?eoi?/iino? eacee: caoeiai?, aeoeaioii?, neeaaeiai?,
neiao???, aneiao???, aeeneiao??? eieii?a a o?ac?; ?aoa?aeaoe?eieo
oi?ioe-eieii?a (caa?oaiiy, ae??ne?ai? iiaoi?e oiui), o?ac ? aeie?a –
o?aaiaio?a oaenoo; eiiiiceoe?eii?, ?ioiiaoe?eii? oiui, – aeicaieea iai
aeyaeoe ae?aeia?/iee, aeai?aeeiee oa?aeoa? ?eoio a eacoe?. ?eoi?/i?
aeaiaioe eacee ao?eththoue, c iaeiiai aieo, i?e?iaei? iniaeeaino? oniiai
iiaeaiiy eacea?y (aeeoaeuei?, aeoeaioi?) ? aeeiiothoue i?e oeueiio
iiaiii?/i? ooieoe??, a c ?ioiai aieo, ooai?ththoue a?eueio nenoaio, ui
naiii?aai?co?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, iaeeieoe? ?eoio cae??ieththoueny a
cia/aii? oi?iioai?/eo ooaeiaei?o aeaiaio?a.

Iiia?aea/ aaciina?aaeiuei a oiae? ?iciia?ae? ia o?eueee i?aeei?y? ?eoio
?nioaaiiy aa?i?a (?o neeaae ? ?iaia, ?o “iiaio iiaaae?ieo”, iaa?oue
iioeaaoe?th a/eie?a) e aiioe?? aoaeeoi??? (caaeiaieaiiy a?ae
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiae?e, a?ae iiaoi?thaaeueii? noaa?eueiino? eaceiaiai
na?oo e ?? ii?ooaiue), aea e i?aeei?y?oueny aeaae? ?eoio nai. O
aca?iiae?? oaiaeaioe?e aei cae?eniaiiy aioo??oiueiiiaieo
caeiiii??iinoae, aei ao?eaiiy i?oieia?/ii? o?aaeeoe?? ? aei noaiiaeaiiy
ooaeiaeiuei-?eoi?/ii? nenoaie neiaa, yea anoaoe/ii aieeaa? ia neooa/?a,
a aeo? eiaeiiai aeeiiaiiy oi?io?oueny “aeeaa oi?ioeuei?noue” eacee, ui
nai???aeii a?aeoai?th? neooaoe?th ca?iaeaeaiiy aeai?o.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eoi?ee eacee aeicaiey? ae?eoe aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui
iaeeieoeath oaei? ?eoi?/iino? ? eieii, a iniiaiei ?? caeiiii –
oaiaeaioe?y aei noaa?eueiino?, aei caa?aaeaiiy iaeiioeiiino?: a ianyc?
eieii?a oa a ni?aa?aeianaii? ?o ca/ei?a ? eeaocoe. Iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeai? oeie eieii?a iiaeooue aooe iiaeai? a noaiao: aeae,
aeae; ianyaii aei 7 neeaae?a, o 2-3 aeoeaioe – a oe?a?inuee?e eacoe? oa
ae/, ae/; ianyaii o 8-9 neeaae?a, 3-4 aeoeaioe – a ?in?enuee?e.
Ii??aiyiiy oe?a?inueeeo oa ?in?enueeeo aa??aio?a eacie “I?i eo?i/eo
?yaooa/eo” – “Eo?i/ea ?yaa”, “Oa?aoa/ea” – “Oaeanee”, “Ni?aeieoey” –
“Niaao?i/ea” oa ?i. aeicaieeei ii?yae c aacnoii?aiith ??cieoeath a
iiaoaeia? eieii?a aeyaeoe ? oaeo ae aacnoii?aio aeecuee?noue. O aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo eaceiaee oaeno aae?a? a naaa a?oa?/io ?eoi?eo ?aeeiiai
i?aneia’yinueeiai i?oieia?/iiai o?aaiaioa. ? oe?a?inuee?, ? ?in?enuee?
aa??aioe oa?aeoa?eco? i?aaiaiiy aei ?eoi?/iiai “cai?oaiiy”, eiee eieiie
iaeneiaeueii o?aaoeueiaai? ? i?iiiaeythoueny aoeaaeueii ia “iaeiiio
iiaeeoo”, iaaeeaeath/e iiia?aeue aei iaeaea aaoiiaoe/ii? iaeiioeiiino?
e i?inoioe. Oae? aeeoaeuei? a?oie, “?ioiiaoe?eia noiia” (I.A.Oa?eai)
naiei iiia?aea/ai a?ae/oaathoueny ye ?aeeia neiai, “iaeia “?a/”, ca
na?aeioeoaii aoney?a Ioei Eoeo?ociae/a.

Oey caeiiii??i?noue aeaiiino?o? ae?aeia?/iee, iia?aie/iee oa?aeoa?
eaceiai? ?eoi?ee. Neiaa ia’?aeiothoueny a ?aeeii-i?iiiaeai?, ?eoi?/ii
o?aaoeueiaai? eieiie (“?a/”), i?aeei?yth/enue ? caeiio e?ane,
ceaaiaeaeaiino? noaa?eueii-iiaoi?thaaeueiiai ?eoio, ? caeiio iieaaoaiiy
i?iiiaeyiiy ?o iiia?aea/ai, ? caeiio iieaaoaiiy caiai’yoiaoaaiiy
neooa/ai. Oaea ??aiiao?eai?noue i?oieia?/ieo ? ooaeiaei?o oaiaeaioe?e
i?iaiae?ciaaia a aeena?oaoe?? ia iaoa??ae? o?aciaeo eiino?oeoe?e, aea
aeyaey?oueny iiouaiei niieo/iee eiiiiiaio. O caienao eacie iaoce
iae/ano?oa cao?eniaai? ca aeiiiiiaith oe?a. Nai???aeia “oeaco?a”
i?ecaiaeeoue o?aco aei ??aiiaaae, aei ?eoi?/iiai oeaio?o, aiia noa?
oi?iioai?/ith, ia?aao?ethth/e iaoce, aea eacea? ia?aaiaeeoue iiaeeo, a
aeaiaioe ooaeiaeiuei? oi?ie.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iiia?aeaeueiith iaia?ith oe?a?inueeeo iiia?aea/?a
eacie I.A.*eoiinueeiai, I.A.Nioieoeueei?, ?.Iea/eiaa, na?ae/aiiy
cae?a/?a ? oii?yaeiee?a ?aia?ooa?o eacea??a Aaiie Iaethe,
?.A.Ieo?ioaiiaa, A.E.Aa?eoieeiai? oa ?i. aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaee
i?i aeio?eiaiiy oaei? ?aeeiii??iino? iiia?aea/aie i?e oiio, ui eiaeai c
ieo ioi?ieth? iaoco ii-nai?io (oi?iaeuei? eiiiiiaioe “ioi, ?”, “i”, “oa
e ioi ae” oa ?i.; cieaeaiiy, aai, iaaiaee, ??cea i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioiiaoe??
iai?ee?ioe? eieiia; i?enooeoaaiiy, aieaeaiiy a oaeo; iae?iiy etheueee
oiui). ?eoi?ea ?o oaeno?a o?ainoi?io? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? o
oi?iioai?/? “cia/ou?” aeaiaioe ooaeiaeiuei? nenoaie.

Oea aea? ciiao aiai?eoe i?i aeanio ?ioi?iaoeai?noue eaceiaiai ?eoio.
Eiai ae?aeia?/i? “aa?oeie” ? oeie “aoceeeaie ia iai’youe” (TH.I.Eioiai),
ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei naiic?inoaiiy nieneo. I?e??aithaaeuei? iiii-oiii?
eieiie ooai?ththoue nieneiaee iaaeeeoie ye ?acoeueoao ia?aoeiaiiy
aa?oeeaeueieo ? ai?eciioaeueieo naiaioe/ieo e?i?e. Iieaciai, ui
ii??aiyiiy caien?a oaeno?a eacie XVIII ? XIX no. aeaiiino?o? caa?aaeaiiy
?eoi?/iiai iaethiea ? oi?ioeueiino? eacie iaa?oue ca oiia aeayeeo ci?i o
eaeneoe? e neioaenen?, iai?eeeaae, caa?oaiue ? caeee/ieo oi?ioe (caiene
I.Aoaianue?aa 1860 ?., I.Oeiio??aa 1787 ?. ? ca??ee “Noa?ay iiaoaeea”
1794-1795 ??.). Cia/ia e?euee?noue onoaeaieo cai?io?a, ui ?eoi?/ii
i?aai?cothoue oaeno, ia eeoa ia?aoiaeyoue c aa??aioa aei aa??aioa, aea e
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??ci? eacee, ? aeai?iaeie. Aiie iaeneiaeueii
iioe?ththoue noa?o ni?eeiyooy, noai?ththoue caaaeueiieaceiaa ?eoi?/ia
iiea. Neiai aoiaeeoue o aeiaeaoeiao nenoaio ?eoi?/ieo ca’yce?a, i?e/iio
ca’yce?a ia o?eueee oi?iaeueieo ? no?oeoo?ieo, aea e aioo??oiuei
ci?noiaieo.

Oey “neiaania a?a?aoe?y” (E.A.*enoia) aca?iiaeyaey? an? ??ai? ?eoi?ee
eacee o oi?ioaaii? oiiaii-iiaoe/iiai, aeaaaeaiiai na?oo. I?e oeueiio an?
aeyae eaceiaiai ?eoio caa??aathoue o nia? “aeooaeueio aace?ia/i?noue”
(I.O.Ein?a ) i?oieia?/ii? ?eoi?ee, ia?aoai?thth/e ?? a eiaeiiio
aeeiiaii? eacee ia ?eoi?eo ooaeiaeith.

No?oeoo?a eaceiaiai oaenoo, cie?aia ?eoi?/ia, yea ? iane?aeeii
iai?oaeaiiai aca?iica’yceo i?oo e iiac??, aeiaaa? aaeaeaaoiiai nia?
ae?aeia?/iiai ?icoi?iiy. Iniaeeaino? ni?eeiyooy eacee c oi/ee ci?o
oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai oeio ?aoeaioe?? i?iaiae?ciaai? a 3 ?icae?e?
“Noaiiaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe?? a i?ioean? ni?eeiyooy eacee
ae?oueie”.

I?ae?icae?e 3.1. “Oaiiiai ia?ao?aeiino? ye iniiaa aeai?iai? i?ia?aie
?aoeaioe??” i?noeoue aiae?c iniaeeainoae aae?anaoe?? eacee. Ae?aeia?/iee
iioaioe?ae oaenoo, yeee ? “iiooaeiei ?aaoeyoi?ii ? aoae?aie/ei
ethaenueei? iniaenoino? e eoeueoo?e” (TH.I.Eioiai), aiaeth? aei
a?aeiia?aeaeueii? aeoeaiino? aae?anaoa, aeiaaa? a?ae iueiai
aioo??oiueiai ia?aoiaeo a?ae i?oieia?/ii? iiceoe?? o/anieea eaceiaeo
iiae?e aei anoaoe/ii? iiceoe?? niiaeyaea/a. Canai?ia ae?aeia?/i?noue
oaeiai ni?eeiyooy iinoa? iniiaith ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeina?aeo
ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe??.

O aca?iiia?aoiae? iiceoe?e oie, ooi ni?eeia?, iiaoi?th? oeyo
ca?iaeaeaiiy aeai?o. Ae?enii, i?oieia?/ia na?aeii?noue, yea ia cia?
?iciiae?eo ia noa’?eo ? ia’?eo, yea neeaaea? c oei, ui aiia ni?eeia?,
“?aeeia aiiiaaiia iiea” (A.I.Oiii?ia), a?ae/oaa? aenoaoe/ia ?eooaeueia
caoiieaiiy ni?ao/ano?. ?iciiae?e aoaeeoi??? ia aeeiiaaoey ? neooa/a a
a?oa?/i?e neooaoe?? noa? iiaeeeaei o?eueee ca oiiae ae??ciaiiy
ia?yaeiaiai oaenoo a naiioe?eueio noa?o neiaa, aea iiia?aeue aaaeaoueny
eeoa ca?aaee naii? iiia?ae?. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny ooaeiaei?e aeo
“?cieyoe??” (I.I.Aaoo?i), “?aieiaiai iaiaaeaiiy” (TH.I.Eioiai)
i?oieia?/ieo nthaeao?a ? ?o ?icaeoie o ia?niaeoea? naiaiaee aeaaaeee,
oyaiino?. O?aaiaio i?oo “cai?oa?oueny”, iaiaaath/enue i?aai?coaaoeny
ca?aeii c i?oieia?/iei caeiiii, ? “neiai nai?ie neeaie ia?aaiaeeoue
oi?io, ui caaa?oo?, a ci?no” (I.I.Aaoo?i). I?oieia?/ia anaaeaaei?noue
neiaa o?ainoi?io?oueny o a?ae/oooy naiiai oaiiiaia oyaeaiino?. Eacea,
yea “?aieiai” iaiaaeo? ai?ciae i?oo ? a oie aea /an oo?eio? i?oieia?/i?
i?eioeeie ana?aaeei? iueiai, oei naiei ia?aoai?th?oueny ia noa?o
iaeneiaeueiiai ao?eaiiy aeaini?yiiaaiiai i?ioeano, caa?iaiiai iaeii/anii
aei caaa?ooaaii? ?aaeueiino? i?oo e caaa?oaeueii? ?aaeueiino? iiaoe/iiai
aeai?o. Oea noai?th? aenieee nooi?iue aca?iiiai no?oeoo?iiai
iai?oaeaiiy, yea oi?io? ae?aeia?/io, ia?ao?aeio i?ia?aio ni?eeiyooy,
eiee ?aoeei??io iaeii/anii a?ae/oaa? naaa aae?anaoii niaoeeo?/iiai
neiaaniiai aeneiaethaaiiy, caa??aa/ai o?aaeeoe??, aa?i?i eacee ?
oai?oeai aeanii? eaceiai? ?aaeueiino?.

Naia iaeii/ani?noue i?oieia?/ieo ? ooaeiaei?o cia/aiue oa?aeoa?eco?
iiceoe?th ?aoeei??ioa eacee, yea a?aeiia?aea? aeai?ia?e i?ia?ai?
ni?eeiyooy. Oo?eiaiiy aae?anaoa ia “i?ae-oi/oe?” , o iiceoe??
“ia?aooeeai? a??e” (A.A.Iiia?aioeaaa ) ia iaiaaeo?oueny aaiethoe??th
ni?eeiyooy a?ae i?oieia?/iiai aei anoaoe/iiai, ye oea iiaea?oueny o
?yae? ?ia?o I.A.Iiaeeiaa, I.I.A?aea?ieeiai?, N.A. Eacoo?ia oa ?i., ?
nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae “iiaea?eii? aae?anaoe?? eacee “ana?aaeeio
nioe?oio” ? “ciai?”, aei aeueo nee, ?aeath yei? iiaeaii a
aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo N.A.Aaeiiue?ai?, O.A.Co?ai?. sseui
no?oeoo?a oaenoo aioo??oiuei ae?aeia?/ia, oei ni?eeiyooy ia?
aeooae?coaaoe oaiiiaiieia?/ia a?ae/oooy ia?aoiaeo.

Oeae i?ioean nieeaa? ye oi?ioaaiiy ianoaiiae ca oa?i?iii Ae.I.Ociaaeca:
iiaoi?aiiy “iiia?aaei?o aeniiceoe?e” c iii?ith ia “eeth/ia? neaiaee”, ia
aeoieo a/aiiai, o?eno? a i?aena?aeiiino? noa’?eoa ianoaiiao, yea
aecia/a? eiai iiaeaeueoo iiaaae?ieo. Ci?ia oiia aenia?eiaioo ia aeeeeea?
iiaeo ?aaeoe?e noa’?eoa, ae?? aacothoueny ia cao?eniaai?e ianoaiia? ? ?
i?eeeaaeii oaiiiaiaeueiiai na?oini?eeiyooy. Oai?aoe/i? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
?ic?iaee Ae.I.Ociaaeca ni?eythoue c’ynoaaiith i?eioeei?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy, ui iinoa?, ? ei?aeththoue ?c
oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?ieie ?aeayie “?aoeaioeaii? anoaoeee” A.-?.ssonna ?
“oaiiiaiieia?? /eoaiiy” A.?ca?a, ai aena?oeththoue caaaeuei?
caeiiii??iino? ni?eeiyooy ooaeiaeiueiai e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o.

Aaaaoi?aciaa i?ineooiaoaaiiy eacee, iiaoi?aiiy oaenoo ? ??cii??aiaa?
iiaoi?e o?enothoue ianoaiiao ae?aeia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o : eacea
ni?eeia?oueny ye i?oieia?/ii-ai?ciaiee na?o, ? a oie aea /an na?o
?aeaaeueiee. Iaona?aeiiethaaia (aei-na?aeiia) a?ae/oooy aae?anaoii oeeo
aeaio e?i?e oaenoo naieoe?iiiaaii naiith no?oeoo?ith eacee, yea
o?ainoi?io? aia?a?th i?oo a neeo ooaeiaeiueiai aieeao. Noi?ni?noue,
“oieonoaaiiy” (A.?ca?) oaeeo oaenoiaeo ia?niaeoea oi?io? o ?aoeei??ioa
aeaniee aeina?ae iiaiai oeio ni?eeiyooy – ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy
e?oa?aoo?ieo oai??a.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2. “I?ioean aoi?eiii? i?oieia?caoe?? eacee a
ni?eeiath/?e na?aeiiino? aeeoeie” ?icaeyiooi aca?iiae?th i?oieia?/ii?
onoaiiaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aeeoeie a?ae 2-o aei 5 ?ie?a ? ae?aeia?/ii?
i?oi-iiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee oaenoo. Na?aeii?noue aeeoeie ia?oeo ?ie?a aeeooy
i?oieia?/ia: aiia “ia?aaei?e/eiia, aeia?/ia, neie?aoe/ia ?
aaioeaio?e/ia” (AE.I?aaea), aiia ioioiaeith? ? ii?aaeia/aii iiaiiao?
na?o “o oi?i? ae??” (I.I.Eaiioue?a). O oaeiio na?oini?eeiyoo?
aecia/aeueio ?ieue a?ae?a?a? neiai, yea ?nio? aeey aeeoeie naiioe?iii,
iica ni?aa?aeianaiiyi c i?aaeiaoii, yea oi?io? aeanio i?oi-eoeueoo?io
?aaeuei?noue. Eacea ia o?eueee aoiaeeoue aei nenoaie eoeueoo?icanai?iiy
aeeoeie, aiia no?oeoo?ii ca?aa? c eiai aeaniith eoeueoo?iii?iaeaeoth/ith
ae?yeuei?noth. “C/eooth/e” ia?a?nii i?oieia?/i? nienee eacee ye
aaeaeaaoi? nai?io ?icoi?iith, aeeoeia i?aeiaaea? i?ae ae?th ae?aeia?/ii?
ianoaiiae oaenoo, ine?eueee neeaaeieee aeai?iai? i?ia?aie ?aoeaioe?? –
oea ia?ao?aei?, iia?aie/i? aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e. I?oieia?coth/e eaceo,
iaaeeaeath/enue aei ia? c iiceoe?e aaniethoii? aeia??e ? aeine?aiiai
a?aeoai?aiiy, aeeoeia iana?aeiii ia?aaoaa? oaiiiaiaeueii? aeai?aeiino?:
eacea ? aeeooy ? eacea ? oaeno aeey i?iiiaeyiiy, oiaoi aeania neiaania
ooai?aiiy. I?e oeueiio iniiai? iiaiii?/i? ooieoe?? aeeiiothoue iiaoi?e,
?eoi?/ia neiao??y ? oaiaeaioe?y aei ?eoi?/ii-noa?aioeiiiai “cai?oaiiy”,
oi?ioeuei?noue, oeeee?/ia aai eaioethaiaa, eoioeyoeaia eiiiiceoe?y oa
?io? ae?aeia?/i? niiioeaeuei? iiiaioe no?oeoo?e e i?ia?aie ni?eeiyooy
aeai?o. Aiie ?iaeyoue ?aoeaioe?th iie?ieiaith, naaiaioa?iith, ? ia?a?nia
ni?eeiyooy eacee aeeoeiith iia’ycaia c i?eoaiaiiith ?e “eia?eith
oeaio?oaaiiy” (AE.I?aaea). “I?enoiniaoth/e” aei naaa eiaeiee ai?ciae
eacee, aae?ath/e a noa?o “iniaenoi? i?oieia??” eaceia? oiiine (“e?n”,
“/auiaa”, “ya??” oiui), a?ae/oaath/e ?aei?noue ? oe?e?ni?noue ?eoi?/ieo
iaeeieoeue eacee, aeeoeia i?eoiaeeoue aei ona?aeiieaiiy i?eioeeio
i?inoi?iaiai ni?a?ici?uaiiy ne?a ? iiae?e. Ioioiaeithth/e naaa c aa?i?i,
aeeoeia “?aaeueii” ?ooa?oueny c iei o na?o? ? neia? eacee, iinooiiai
oieonoth/e oe? ae?eniino? a ?ethci?io, oiiaio ?aaeuei?noue.

Iiiaaeca’ycai?noue oaenoo eacee, eiai no?oeoo?ia ? ?eoi?/ia
iiiaae-oii?yaeeiaai?noue, yea aenooia? ei?aeyoii ?aeaaeueii?
i?aai?ciaaiino? na?oo eacee, caaacia/o? naio iiaeeea?noue ia?aoiaeo
aae?anaoa. Iaaaaeai? a i?ae?icae?e? 3.2. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
niinoa?aaeaiue ca ni?eeiyooyi eacee “Eieiaie” (aa??aio E.Ooeinueeiai)
ae?oueie 3-o ?ie?a (iieiaeo? a?oie aeeoy/eo naaee?a ?184 oa ? 21
i.Iae??aee ? ? 5 i.Oa?oeecueea ) aeaiiino?othoue neeaaeio aca?iiae?th
aeaio ianoaiia: i?oieia?/ii? ianoaiiae na?oini?eeiyooy aeeoeie ?
ia?ao?aeii? “no?aoaa?? oaenoo” eacee.

I?ae?icae?e 3.3. “Oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? aeii?iaioe a ?aoeaioeai?e
ae?yeueiino? aeeoeie” i?enay/aii aiae?co ci?i ana?aaeei? o?eniaaii?
ianoaiiae ae?aeia?/iiai ni?eeiyooy eacee. “Ia?icoi?iiy” aeeoeiith
oiiaiino? e aeaaaeee, ?aeaae?ciaaii? oyaii? ?aaeueiino? eacee iinoa?
i?iaeoeoeaiei o oiio nain?, ui aiii ? aaea cae?eniaia ?icoi?iiy,
aeina?aeiia ianoaiiaa aae?anaoa ia aioo??oi? canai?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??, ui
aaea aoea ni?eeiyoith. Oaea ia?icoi?iiy iiaea aooe ioa?aeoa?eciaaia
neiaaie I.Iaia?aeaoa?e? : aiii “ ia ? /eiinue, ui onoaa?oueny
aaiethoe?eiei i?ioeanii (ye o aeiaaeeo ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaaeineiiaeiai
ciaiiy aei a?eueo aeineiiaeiai), a uinue, ui aaea ni?aoethaaei, ae?iaeei
i?iaeoeo cian?i aeene?aoiei, naiiaeinoaoi?i ? naiicaieiaiei niiniaii”.

Caiai’yoiaoth/e ? a?aeoai?thth/e eacee ca?aeii c eeth/iaeie iii?ieie
no?oeoo?ieie aeaiaioaie c? caa??aaiiyi ?eoi?ee, aeeoeia ioe?ith? oaeee
oaeno ye “na?e”. A?ae/oooy noai?aiino? ca oiia iie?aiiy ia aeai?iao
noaa?euei?noue ni?ey? ?icoi?iith oiiaiino? ? ?icaeoeo naiaiaee aeanii?
aeaaaeee. Caaeiaieaiiy a?ae oii?yaeeiaaiino? oaenoo, yea ci?ith?
i?oieia?/ia ia?aaeeaaiiy ciaeiiino? eacee, naia iinooia?oueny ia?aae
caaeiaieaiiyi a?ae a?eueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaenoo.

Eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, i?iaaaeaiee o i?aeaioia/eo a?oiao cacia/aieo
aeeoy/eo eieaeoea?a (ae?oe 6-7 ?ie?a), aeaiiino?o? iiaioaaiiy aeeoeiith
iiceoe?? “ia?aooeeai? a??e”, aea ii?aeiothoueny i?oieia?/ia aaaeaiiy
iiaa/eoe na?o iaeooioai?aii-ea?iaaiei e ona?aeiieaia ai?iiy “oiiaeoe”
na?o noai?aiei, ooo/iei neiaii eacee. I?oieia?/i?noue ia aeiea?oueny,
aea caa??aa?oueny ye aeooae?ciaaia eiinoaioa ni?eeiyooy. sseui ?icoi?oe
aeooae?caoe?th, ca ?.?iaa?aeaiii, ye iniiao ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe??, oi
aca?iiaeya ??ai?a ni?eeiyooy eacee aeeoeiith oi?io? aeooae?coth/o aaco
iiaeaeueoi? anoaoe/ii?, /eoaoeueei? “aeie?” iniaenoino?. I?iaeiaaeoth/e
ia?aaoaaoe a noai? caeeaiaaiiai caoiieaiiy a?ae na?oo eacee, ae?oe 4-6
?ie?a a/aoueny ea?oaaoe iei, iaieiae?aathoue “?ino?oiaioa???i” aeai?o.
Iiceoe?y neooa/a ci?ith?oueny ia iiceoe?th aeeiiaaoey, iaa??aa/a ?
cae?enithaa/a aeai?iaiai eaiiio.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy, ye? aoei i?iaaaeaii a oeie? ?36
i. Iae??aee (1A eean, o?e aeeiiaaoe?, eacea “I?aiee ? aeai? ieoaiyo” ca
aa?n??th ?.I.Aa?acianueeiai) ? a aeeoy/iio naaeeo ? 56 i.Aeiiaoeueea
(i?aeaioia/a a?oia, 15 in?a, 5 aeeiiaaoe?a, eacea “Eaeeiiaa nii?eea”,
aa??aio A.Ae.A??i/aiea), ia?aeiiothoue o oiio, ui aeeoeia-aeeiiaaaoeue
ae?? a neooaoe?? “anoaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe?? eiioaeoiiai oeio”
(E.A.*enoia).

Ci?ie o ni?eeiyoo? iiaeooue aooe aecia/ai? a naiia?aaoeueiaaiiio
iaoai?ci? aca?iiae?? i?ae aeeiiaaoeai ? neooa/aie. I?ioean eieaeoeaii?
oai?/ino? cae?enith?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei a aeo? aeeiiaiiy, i?e
oi?ioaaii? “aeeai? oi?ioeueiino?” ? aeanii? ?eoi?ee noai?thaaiiai
ae?oueie aa??aioa. Oaeno ia?oiai aeeiiaaoey cae??ieth?oueny a
ia?aaeaaaii? ?ioeo “eacea??a”, oaeei /eiii oi?io?oueny aa??aio, a yeiio
iaeii/anii ao?eth?oueny aeai?iaa ii?ia, no?oeoo?a ? ?eoi?ea
iia?aeiieaiiai ae?oyi oaenoo ? i?aai?ciaai?noue eieaeoeaiiai aa??aioa.
Aeeoeia i???ioo?oueny ia aeciaiiy aoaeeoi???, “iiia?aaeith oeaico?o
eieaeoeao”, yea, ia aeoieo I.A.Aiaaoe?ueiaa, oi?io? oieueeei?iee aeai?.
Aeeiiaaaoeue cae?enith? “ae?iaieoeoai ia caiiaeaiiy”, a?ae/oaath/e
aae?aniaai?noue eacee, i?aai?coth/e oaeno o ca’yceo c oe??th
aae?aniaai?noth.

Oaeei /eiii, ni?eeiath/e eaceo, aae?anao cae?enith? caeeaaeaio a
no?oeoo?? oaenoo i?ia?aio ia?aoiaeo aei ona?aeiieaiiy i?eioeeio, niiniao
ooaeiaeiueiai iiaioaaiiy na?oo. Oey i?ia?aia ?aae?co?oueny iei o
iinooiiaiio ?icoi?ii? “?ioiai”, iiaoe/iiai ieaio iiaiii?/ieo ciae?a,
i?oieia?/ii-iiaeaethth/eo oaeno. Ona?aeiiethth/e aii?yaeeiaai?noue eacee
ye ii?iaoeaiee /eiiee, aae?anao ia?aaeeaa? anoaoe/ia caaeiaieaiiy a?ae
i?aai?ciaaiino? oaenoo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Aecaea,
O.Aei, ss.Ioea?aeianueeiai, Aeae.A??eaio, TH.Eioiaia, ?.?aac?ia oa ?i.,
a iio?i ii/eia? iiaeaethaaoe oaeno o ii?aeiaii? a?aeiia?aeiino? ?
ii?ooaiiy eaiiio, i?oieia?/iiai ocaeiiaiiy ? ooaeiaeiuei? oyae.

Ooaeiaei? iioaioe?? oaei? ?aoeaioe?? cae??ieththoueny o iiaeaeueoiio
ni?eeiyoo? e?oa?aoo?ieo oai??a. Nai i?eioeei “e?oa?aoo?iino?”
caeeaaea?oueny i?ae /an i?ineooiaoaaiiy, aeeiiaiiy ? noai?aiiy eacie,
ine?eueee eacea iinoa? ia?aae aae?anaoii ye aoeaaeueiee,
aeaiiino?aoeaiee i?eeeaae “ienoaoeoaa neiaa”. Ii/eiath/e c aeoeaioiaaii?
?aoeaioe?? ae?oaiai (“neiaa”), eiee ?eoi?/iee ii?yaeie, neiaaniee eaae
?eooaeueii ca/a?iaothoue, aeeoeia i?eoiaeeoue aei ona?aeiieaiiai
?icoi?iiy ia?oiai (“ienoaoeoaa”), eiee eacea iinoa? “ia?acii na?oo, a
neia? yaeaiei”, ia?oith e?oa?aoo?ith, ia?oei aeina?aeii ia?ai?uaiiy a
“?aaeuei?noue iniaeeaiai oeio”.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi caaaeuei? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
nenoaiaoeciaaii aecia/ai? aeai?iai-no?oeoo?i? iciaee eacee, iniaeeaino?
?? ?eoi?ee e ?o i?iya o aeai?ia?e i?ia?ai? ?aoeaioe??.
Ae?aeia?/ii-iai?oaeaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy “i?o-iiac?y” aecia/aii iaie ye
oi?aa?naeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?ioean?a noaiiaeaiiy e ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeai?o eacee, a oaeiae niaoeeo?ee eiai aeeiiaiiy e ni?eeiyooy.
Aca?iii?iya i?oieia?/ieo ? ooaeiaei?o oaiaeaioe?e a?aeoai?th?oueny a
eiaeiiio aeo? aeeiiaiiy e ni?eeiyooy, ai eiai ao?eaii a naiiio i?eioeei?
i?aai?caoe?? oaenoo eacee. Ae?aeia?/i? iiaeeeaino? no?oeoo?e
?ice?eaathoueny a ae?? ianoaiiae oaenoo, a noaiiaeaii? ia ?? iniia?
ooaeiaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy aae?anaoa. Oaeei /eiii, eacea iiaea aooe
a?aeianaia aei oaeno?a, ui a?aeoai?ththoue nai iaoai?ci iniaeeaiai,
ooaeiaeiueiai ?icoi?iiy ? iiaioaaiiy ?aaeueiino?, aei “eeth/?a
eoeueoo?e”, ye? ca neiaaie I.Iaia?aeaoa?e?, aecia/athoueny “ia nenoaiaie
a?aeia?aaeaiiy na?oo, a nenoaiaie, ye? caaeathoue i?aaeea
a?aeia?aaeaiino? ci?noiaiinoae na?aeiiino? a ineo?eao ?iaeea?ae?a”.

Oaea caaeai?noue, ui naiino?eii e aeoeaii canaith?oueny aae?anaoii o
oiae? aaiethoe?? ni?eeiyooy, aoaeo? aeooae?coth/o iniiao ooaeiaeiuei?
?aoeaioe?? acaaae?. I?iiiiiaaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaoaa? a caaaeueiiio
?one? oai?aoeei-e?oa?aoo?iiai aiae?co niaoeeo?ee ni?eeiyooy oai??a
ienoaoeoaa neiaa. Aiii ni?yiiaaia ia iiooee i?e/ei ? aeoie?a oeo
i?ioean?a, ye? iiaeooue aooe aecia/ai? ye “/eoaoeueea aeiey”,
“/eoaoeueea eiiiaoaioi?noue”, ai?iiy ni?eeiaoe e?oa?aoo?iee oa?? o eiai
iniaeeaino?, caeaoi?noue aae?anaoa aei aeoeaiiai e a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai
cae?eniaiiy ae?aeia?/iino? a aeo? ooaeiaeiuei? ?aoeaioe??.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii a oaeeo iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

I?inoi?iai-i?oieia?/iee i?eioeei ni?eeiyooy ae?oueie eoioeyoeaieo
eacie.// A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea.
E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Iiaiciaanoai. Oieueeei?enoeea. – Aei.7. – Ee?a:
Aeae. oeaio? “Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao”, 1998. – N.76-80.

Aini?eyoea neacee ?aaaieii: noaiiaeaiea ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?aoeaioeee //
A?niee Aeiiaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Iaoeiaee ui??/iee. – Na??y “A”:
Aoiai?oa?i? iaoee. – 1999. – ?1. – N.147-151.

?eoi?ea ia?iaeii? eacee ye niin?a oai?/iai ieneaiiy // Oi?ioaaiiy ?
ae?yeuei?noue oai?/i? iniaenoino?. A?ae?ioa/ea “I?eaei?i?ianueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?nieea”. – Naeoe?y 1. O?eieia?y. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: “Iaoea
? ina?oa”, 1998. – N.157-164.

Oeiieia?/ia no?oeoo?a eacee ? ?? ?ieue a oi?ioaaii? anoaoe/ieo iio?aa
/eoa/a // Neiai iieiaeei aeine?aeieeai. – ??aia: ??ai. aea?ae. ?i-o
eoeueoo?e, 1998. – N.103-110.

Niaoeeoeea aini?eyoey neacee eae aeeaeiae/aneiai aeai?a // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee. Na??y “E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai”. – Aei. 10 (21). – Oa?e?a,
1998. – N.8-16.

Ni?eeiyooy eacee a aniaeo? iioiaeaeaiiy aeai?o // Ieoaiiy
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa. – Aei.5 (62). – *a?i?aoe?, 1998. – N.9-14.

Aeaye? iniaeeaino? ni?eeiyooy eacee iieiaeoeie oeiey?aie // Oe?a?inueea
iiaa oa e?oa?aoo?a: Oaoiaa aacaoa aeey a/eoae?a, iaoiaeeno?a,
nooaeaio?a, iaoeiaoe?a. (Ee?a). – 1998. – 46 (110). – N.7-8.

Aini?eyoea neacee: oaiiiai i?iaeoeoeaiiai iaiiieiaiey // Iiaoeea
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo. Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae ? iia?aeiieaiue
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. – Ee?a-Oa?nii, 1996. –
N.324-326.

Ii eoiaai ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneiai yenia?eiaioa “Aini?eyoea neacee
aeaoueie” // Aanoiee IYAE. Na?ey “Aoiaieoa?iua iaoee”. – 1996. – ?1. –
N.112-117.

Eoioeyoeaiua neacee e iniaaiiinoe eo aini?eyoey // A?niee IAA?. Na??y
“Aoiai?oa?i? iaoee”. – 1997. – ?1 (4). – N.32-38.

E i?iaeaia aeeaeiaa eoeueoo?: ieoieiae/aneia aini?eyoea neacee aeaoueie
// Ianeaaeea I.I. Aaooeia e i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey aeeaeiae/aneiai iuoeaiey a
nia?aiaiiie eoeueoo?a: Oacenu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee
28-30 iiya?y 1996 a. – Aeiiaoee: AeiiAO, 1996. – N.17-19.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oa?aiaiei I.A. ?ieue eacee a noaiiaeaii? ni?eeiyooy ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o.
– ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.06.– oai??y e?oa?aoo?e. – Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai
ni?eeiyooy, aeyaey?oueny eiai aioo??oiy aeeiai?ea ye ae?aeia?/iee
aca?iiia?ao?ae ??cieo oei?a eoeueoo?. Ooaeiaeiy ?aoeaioe?y
aeine?aeaeo?oueny c oi/ee ci?o ?ooo aae?anaoa a?ae i?oieia?/ii? aei
ooaeiaeiuei? aeii?iaioe ni?eeiyooy. Oeae i?ioean aiae?co?oueny o ca’yceo
c iniaeeainoyie aeai?iai? i?ia?aie ?aoeaioe?? ia?iaeii? eacee, yea
ae?aeia?/ii caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue ia?aoiaeo aae?anaoa. Eacea a oeueiio
a?aeiioaii? aia?oa iiaea?oueny ye ae?aeia?/iee aeai?, yeee o?ainoi?io?
i?oieia?/i? cia/aiiy a ooaeiaeith no?oeoo?o; aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaia
oi?iioai?/a ?ieue neiaa a cae?eniaii? oeueiai i?ioeano. ?icaeyioo?
iniiai? caeiiii??iino? e niaoeeo?ea ?eoi?/ii? i?aai?caoe?? eacee.
?eoi?/i? e no?oeoo?i? neeaaeieee i?ia?aie ni?eeiyooy eacee aia?oa
iiaeai? ye iniiaa oaiiiaiaeueii-ia?ao?aeii? ?aoeaioe?? eacee. ?o
aca?iiae?y ?icaeyaea?oueny a aeena?oaoe?? a oiae? aiae?co aaiethoe??
ni?eeiath/i? na?aeiiino? aeeoeie: a?ae aoi?eiii? i?oieia?caoe?? eacee
aei oi?ioaaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? aeii?iaioe ni?eeiyooy. Ae?aeia?/iee aeina?ae
oaei? ianoaiia/i? ae?yeueiino? aeyaey?oueny aeooae?ciaaiith aacith
?aoeaioe?? ooaeiaei?o oai??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: OA??, I?O, EACEA, OOAeIAEI? NI?EEIssOOss, AEAI?, ?EOI,
OOAeIAEIss NO?OEOO?A, NEIAI.

ANNOTATION

Taranenko E.V. The role of a folk-tale in the getting of the perception
of a work of art. – Manuscript.

The dissertation presented for the degree of Candidate of Philological
sciences by speciality 10.01.06. – theory of literature. – Donetsk State
University, Donetsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to a consideration of a process of the
getting of the artistic perception, to the reveal of it(s inner dynamics
as dialogical intertransition of different culture types. Artistic
reception is researched in a movement of an addressee from the
mythological to the artistic dominant of the perception. The process is
analysed in connection with the peculiarities of the genre programme of
the reception of a folk-tale, dialogically supplying a possibility of
the intertransition of an addressee. A folk-tale is represented for the
first time in such attitude as a dialogical genre, transforming
mythological meanings into an artistic structure, the form making role a
word in the accomplishment of the process has been analysed in details.
Basic regularities and specific characters of a rythmic organization of
a folk-tale have considered. Rythmic and structural compilers of the
programme of the perception of a tale is represented for the first time
in it(s direct accomplishment in a phenomenal-transitional character of
the reception of a folk-tale. The correlation is considered in the
course of the analysis of the evolution of the perceptional child(s
sense in the dissertation: from a “second mythologyzation” of a
folk-tale to the formation of the artistic dominant of the perception.
The dialogical experience of the similar establishing activity appears
as an actual base of the perception of works of art.

Key words: WORK, MYTH, FOLK-TALE, ARTISTIC PERCEPTION, GENRE, RYTHM,
ARTISTIC STRUCTURE, WORD.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oa?aiaiei A.A. ?ieue neacee a noaiiaeaiee aini?eyoey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.06.– oai?ey eeoa?aoo?u. – Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. – Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?anniio?aieth i?ioeanna noaiiaeaiey aini?eyoey
ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, auyaeaieth aai aioo?aiiae aeeiaieee eae
aeeaeiae/aneiai acaeiiia?aoiaea ?acee/iuo oeiia eoeueoo?u.
Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay ?aoeaioeey enneaaeoaony a aeaeaeaiee aae?anaoa io
ieoieiae/aneie e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie aeiieiaioa aini?eyoey. Yoio i?ioeann
i?iaiaeece?iaai a nayce n iniaaiiinoyie aeai?iaie i?ia?aiiu ?aoeaioeee
ia?iaeiie neacee, aeeaeiae/anee iaania/eaathuae aiciiaeiinoue ia?aoiaea
aae?anaoa. A yoie eiaeea neacea aia?aua i?aaenoaaeaia eae aeeaeiae/aneee
aeai?, o?ainoi?ie?othuee ieoieiae/aneea cia/aiey a ooaeiaeanoaaiioth
no?oeoo?o, a ia i?iaeoeo aeaieoieiaecaoeee, niaeanii aieueoeinoao
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneeo eiioeaioeee. I?ioeann ca?iaeaeaiey
iiyoe/aneeo cia/aiee neiaa ia iaycaoaeueii naycai n i?aiaeieaieai
ieoieiae/aneiai aaeeinoaa, nei?aa yoi aaeeinoai ii?aaeaeyao nai
i?eioeei, niinia ?iaeaeaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie oeaeinoiinoe, yaeyynue
naiaia?aciie aioo?aiiae oi?iie iiauo iiyoe/aneeo cia/aiee.

A yoii ioiioaiee a aeenna?oaoeee aeaoaeueii i?iaiaeece?iaaia
oi?iiia?acothuay ?ieue neiaa a neacea. Neiaaniia “aoi?e/ii-aaeeiia”
oeaeia neacee ainnicaeaao aaeeinoai ie?a a io/aoeeaie
no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoe. N?aaenoaa yoie oi?iaeecaoeee i?eaiinyony ec
niaea?aeaoaeueiinoe ieoa. Iooai ieoieiae/aneiai a?eeieaaea neiai ec
n?aaenoaa noaiiaeony oeaeueth, naiiinouanoaeaieai ieoieiae/aneiai
ii?yaeea a o?ainoi?ie?iaaiiie, ii-iiaiio aeoeaioe?iaaiiie no?oeoo?a.
Neaci/iua iiaoi?u, oeeeeecaoeey, oiiiieie/aneay nenoaia,
iaiioeae?iaaiiinoue neaci/iuo niauoee, “ecauoi/iua” o?acu – ia?auaiey
aa?iaa, “iaeiae/iinoue” eieoeeaeueiuo e oeiaeueiuo oi?ioe neacee e o.i.
?anniio?aiu eae iaeaieaa iieacaoaeueiua iiiaiou oaeie o?ainoi?iaoeee
aeeaeiae/aneie i?e?iaeu neiaa neacee ai acaeiiia?aoiaea ieoieiae/iinoe e
ia?ai-iiyoe/iinoe. I?e yoii neiai iaeiia?aiaiii oo?a/eaaao
ieoieiae/aneoth “oaeaniinoue”, aauanoaaiioth aoeaaeueiinoue, noaiiaeony
“aac-auoeeiui” a iiiaicia/iinoe iieeaa?eaoeaiiai oiio?aaeaiey, e a oi
aea a?aiy ia?aoaao noaoon “ana-auoeeiiai” a nianoaaiiii ie?a.

A iaeaieueoae noaiaie oeacaiiay iniaaiiinoue oa?aeoa?ecoao neaci/ioth
?eoieeo. ?eoi neacee ?anniio?ai a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa eae
ia?aaeienaeueiay noa?a aaeeinoaa i?e?iaeiinoe e eneonnoaaiiinoe neiaa,
neio?iiiie eciii?oiinoe e aeeao?iiee, ieoa e iiycee. Aiaeec
iiiaio?iaiaaie ?eoieee neacee i?eaae ian e auaiaeo i oii, /oi aaeeieoeae
i?e?aaieaaiey, ia?ana/aiey aa?oeeaeueiuo e ai?eciioaeueiuo naiaioe/aneeo
eeiee, aaeeieoeae o?ainoi?iaoeee i?e?iaeii- aeuoaoaeueiuo, aeoeaioiuo,
iiaiiie/aneeo ooieoeee neiaa a iiyoe/aneea oi?iiia?acothuea i?eioeeiu
yaeyaony eieii. Ai aoi?ie aeaaa ?aaiou ?anniio?aiu oaeaea iniiaiua
iniaaiiinoe “aeeaiai” inouanoaeaiey ioia/aiiuo oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey
?eoia a neaceoaeueneie iaia?a iaeioi?uo oe?aeineeo e ?inneeneeo
eniieieoaeae neacie.

Aiaeec aeaiiuo i?ioeannia a neaci/iie no?oeoo?a iicaieee iai
ii?aaeaeeoue aeeaeiae/iinoue aaaeiaeoei, oieaa?naeueiui i?eciaeii
ca?iaeaeaiey, ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e aini?eyoey aeai?a neacee. ?eoie/aneea
e no?oeoo?iua ninoaaeythuea i?ia?aiiu aini?eyoey neacee aia?aua
i?aaenoaaeaiu a iaiin?aaenoaaiiie inouanoaeaiiinoe eo a
oaiiiaiaeueii-ia?aoiaeiii oa?aeoa?a ?aoeaioeee neacee. Yoa acaeiinaycue
aiaeece?oaony a aeenna?oaoeee eae yaiethoeey aini?eieiathuaai niciaiey
?aaaiea: io aoi?e/iie ieoieiaecaoeee neacee e oi?ie?iaaieth
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie aeiieiaiou aini?eyoey. Aeeaeiae/aneee iiuo iiaeiaiie
onoaiiai/iie aeayoaeueiinoe i?iyaeyaony eae aeooaeeciaaiiay iniiaa
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?aoeaioeee, eae noaiiaeaiea naiiai i?eioeeia “eneonnoaa
neiaa” a niciaiee aae?anaoa.

Neacea i?aaenoaao ia?aie eeoa?aoo?ie aeey ?aaaiea, “ia?acii ie?a, a
neiaa yaeaiiii”, ia?aui iiuoii ia?aiauaiey a “?aaeueiinoue iniaiai
?iaea”. A yoii niunea iaoa enneaaeiaaiea ?aniieaaaaony a iauai ?onea
i?iyniaiey iiiyoee “/eoaoaeueneay noaeueaa”, “/eoaoaeueneay
eiiiaoaioiinoue”, “ioaaoiia iiieiaiea aae?anaoa”, – n iaeiie noi?iiu, e
“niauoeeiay iieiioa i?iecaaaeaiey ai ano?a/a iioaioeeaea oaenoa e
aae?anaoa”, “aeeaeiae/aneia iiieiaiea eoeueoo?u”, “aeeciue i?iecaaaeaiey
a “aieueoii a?aiaie”, – n ae?oaie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: I?IECAAAeAIEA, IEO, NEACEA, OOAeIAEANOAAIIIA
AINI?EssOEA, AEAI?, ?EOI, OOAeIAEANOAAIIAss NO?OEOO?A, NEIAI.

PAGE 1

PAGE 1

Похожие записи