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A:aref.doc

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?I?? AENIEIIIEAEOEss?IEO NIIEOE

IA?EIANUeEA

Ethaeieea Aioii?aia

OAeE 541.64:678.686:678.84

?IEUe ?IAeEOA?AIOIEO IIAA?OIAAI-AEOEAIEO ?A*IAEI O OI?IOAAII? NO?OEOO?E
? AEANOEAINOAE N?O*ANOEO IIE?AO???A ? IIE?O?AOAI?A

02.00.06 O?i?y aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a- 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? aaeaac?? oa aaeaacea?a ?inoeoooo o?i??
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aanaeianueeee ?iiai Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee
oei/aniaiai o?oaeiaiai eieaeoeao

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeeia Aaea??e Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo iieaeoey?ii? o?ceee iie?ia??a

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ??aiaiei Ai?en Aaeaioeiiae/,

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a o?ce/ii? o?i??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y:

?inoeooo a?ii?aai?/ii? o?i?? oa iaooio?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

a?aeae?e aeaeo?io?i?? i?aai?/ieo niieoe

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_19_”_n?/iy_2000 ?. i __14____ aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.179.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie/ 253660 i. Ee?a, 160,
Oa?e?anueea oina, 48; oae. (044) 559-03- 86, oaen (044) 552-40-64/.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?i??
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie ( i. Ee?a, Oa?e?anueea oina, 48 ).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “_6___”___a?oaeiy___1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.179.01.

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe
TH.I.I?caeuenueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iie?ao??i? oa iie?o?aoaiia? eiiiiceoe?? oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny ye iie?ia?i? eea?, ye? oe?iei canoiniaothoueny a
ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Iaaeie?eii aaeaacea?a ia iniia? iaiane/ai?o iie?ao???a ?
iaaeinoaoiy i?oei?noue eeaeiaeo c?aeiaiue, a oaeiae ?? cieaeaiiy c
/anii, ui iiynith?oueny aeineoue aenieeie (aei 5 IIa) aioo??oi?ie
iai?oaeaiiyie eeaeiaiai oaa.

I?ioean oaa?aeiaiiy iie?o?aoai?a, iaa?oue i?e aeei?enoaii?
a?aei?aaieo oa?iiaeeiai?/ii noi?nieo ie?aiia?ieo nenoai,
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oaciaei ?icae?eaiiyi ?aaeoe?eii? noi?o?. I?e oeueiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy aaoa?ioacieo iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaciaei ?icae?eaiiyi. Aeey iie?o?aoai?a oa?aeoa?ia
?nioaaiiy a ?oi?e no?oeoo?? aeiaeaoeiai? ?ooeeai? n?oee, aiaeiaaeo
cayce?a, ye? oi?iothoueny a ?acoeueoao? niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e i?ae
??cieie iiey?ieie a?oiaie (NI…I=N , NI…I )

O cayceo c oeei, ii?yae ?c o?aaeeoe?eieie i?aeoiaeaie aei
?aaoethaaiiy no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae iie?ia??a oeyoii ci?ie o?i?/ii?
aoaeiae ? neeaaeo a?aei?aaieo, aai oiia neioaco, a iie?ao??ao ?
iie?o?aoaiao iniaeeaee ?ioa?an iaaoaa? iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy o?ce/ii?
iiaeeo?eaoe??. Iaeiei ?c niinia?a i?iaaaeaiiy oaei? iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaea
aooe aaaaeaiiy iaeeo aeiaaaie ia?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo
?a/iaei (IA?). Cia/ia ci?ia iaaeiieaeoey?ii? no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae
iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a i?ae ae??th iaeeo aeiaaaie IA? iaoiiaeaia
iniaeeainoyie iaoai?cio ooai?aiiy nenoai oaeiai ?iaeo ? iiaycaia c
iiyaith a ia?i? ?aaeoe?eii? nenoaie ?icaeiaii? iaae? ?icae?eo. Aea
oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a aeiaaa? ciaiiy
iaoai?cio ?oiueiai ooai?aiiy o i?enooiino? IA?, ine?eueee a?aeiii, ui
?aaoethth/e i?aeiieaeoey?i? aca?iiae?? a ?aaeoe?ei?e nenoai? ca
aeiiiiiaith IA?, iiaeia ci?ithaaoe iaaeiieaeoey?io no?oeoo?o ?
o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a.

Nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiaoeee. Iniiaia e?euee?noue ?ia?o a iaeano?
canoinoaaiiy IA? a?aeiineoueny aei ?oi?o aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a, aeine?aeaeaii
aieea o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ? no?oeoo?e IA? ia ?oi? eiei?aeii-o?i?/i?
aeanoeaino?, aea/aii cii/oaaeueio, noaa?e?coth/o ? ieth/o ae?th ?ic/ei?a
IA?. ?ia?o, aea ye ?ic/eiieee IA? canoiniaoaaeeny ?a/iaeie, ui iathoue o
eaioethc? iiey?i? ? iaiiey?i? a?oie iaaeoi iaei. A?aeii? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aieeao IA? ia iiaaae?ieo ?aaeoe?eieo nenoai, ye? oaa?aeiooue ca
iie?eiiaeainaoe?eiei iaoai?ciii. I?e oeueiio iieacaii, ui aaaaeaiiy
i?e?ie?eueeinoae IA? o ?aaeoe?eio iie?o?aoaiiao nenoaio ? /eiieeii,
aieeaath/ei ye ia ia?aiao?e i?ioeano oaa?aeiaiiy, oae ? ia no?oeoo?o
e?ioeaaiai iie?ia?o. Iaeiae, e?oa?aoo?i? aeai?, ia aeicaieythoue
i?iaiicoaaoe, yeei /eiii aoaea i?iyaeyoeny aaaaeaiiy iaeeo aeiaaaie
?iaeeoa?aioiiai IA? o nenoaie ?c cacaeaeaa?aeue caaeaiith
aaoa?iaaii?noth (oiaoi ianoi?ni?) aai i?aaenoaaeyth/? niaith noi?o?
??cieo aca?ii?ic/eiieo ?a/iaei.

O cayceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o nenoaiaoe/iiio
aea/aii? aieeao IA? ia i?ioean ooai?aiiy iie?ia?ieo nenoai ia iniia?
iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a c ??ciei ??aiai noi?niino? ie?aiia??a.
?acoeueoaoe oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey
i?aeoe/ieo oe?eae i?e noai?aii? iiaeo iie?ia?ieo aaeaacea?a ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?oi?o aeanoeainoae.

Aeaia ?iaioa i?iaaaeaia o ?aieao aeine?aeaeaiue ?OAN IAI Oe?a?ie
ca?aeii oaiai : “Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy ? ?oeioaaiiy
aaeaac?eieo c’?aeiaiue, ?ic?iaea niinia?a ?oiueiai ?aaoethaaiiy,
noai?aiiy iiaeo iie?ia?ieo aaeaacea?a ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o a ia?iaeia
ainiiaea?noai.” (1986-1989?., N aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01.85.0036403),
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio i?ae –? aioo??oacii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? n?o/anoeo
iie?ia??a iaeeie aeiaaaeaie.” ( 1990-1992?., N aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0193U037248 ), “Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a
oi?ioaaiiy iie?aiieneae?a ? iie?ao???a.” (1992-1994 ?., N aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0193U040041).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Aieea iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ia i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e i?inoi?iai-?icaaeoaeaieo iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a, aecia/aiiy
i?eioeei?a ?aaoethaaiiy ?oi?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae ? aeei?enoaiiy oeeo i?eioeei?a i?e noai?aii? iiaeo
iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa iaoiiaethaaea ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1.Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA? o
a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia?ao oa ie?aiia?ieo noi?oao.

2.Aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e a nenoaiao: ie?aiia?-IA?, noi?o
ie?aiia??a-IA?.

3.I?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo
iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia? ie?aiia?ieo noi?oae.

4.Aecia/aiiy aieeao IA? ia no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo
iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa iieacaii iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny i?e oi?ioaaiii? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ?
iie?ao???a, oeyoii noai?aiiy o a?aei?aai?e noi?o? ie?aiia??a
oii?yaeeiaaieo no?oeoo? IA?, ui aca?iiae?thoue c iieaeoeaie a?aei?aaieo
neeaaeiaeo. Iieacaii i?eioeeiiao ??cieoeth o iiaaae?ioe? ie?aiia?ieo
nenoai i?ae ae??th IA? o caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy noi?niino?
a?aei?aaieo. I?iaiae?ciaaii iiaee iai?yiie ?aaoethaaiiy aeanoeainoae
eeath/eo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? o?aoaiiaeo oi?iie?ia??a oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy aeey ?oiueiai neioaco noi?o? aca?iiia?ic/eiieo
o?eooieoe?iiaeueieo ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei
cia/iiai ( o C ?ace) i?aeaeuaiiy i?oeiino? aaeaac?eieo c?aeiaiue o
ii??aiyii? c iie?o?aoaiiaeie aaeaaceaaie ia iniia? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
ie?aiao???a.

Aeine?aeaeaii iiaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy no?oeoo?e ?
aeanoeainoae iie?o?aoaiiaeo iie?ia??a aeiaaaeaie ?iaeeoa?aioiiai IA?. C
iaoith aea/aiiy iaoai?cio aieeao IA? ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy n?o/anoeo
iie?o?aoai?a ?c noi?o? ie?aiia??a o a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia?ieo nenoaiao
aeine?aeaeai? oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ooieoe?? iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA?. Aeyaeaii
iiaeeea?noue niaoeeo?/ii? aca?iiae?? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai IA? ?
ie?aiao???a. Aea/aii aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a, io?eiaieo ia
iniia? o?ueio ia? ie?aiia??a: iaei??? noi?nii? ? aeaio ianoi?nieo.
Aeyaeaii, ui i?e oi?ioaaii? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a o i?enooiino? IA?
ooai?ththoueny iie?ia?e ?c ci?iaieie i?e?ino?oeoo?ith,ia?iieie ?
iiaa?oiaaeie aeanoeainoyie. Iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa? oeueiai aieeao
aecia/a?oueny noi?ni?noth a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia??a ? ooai?aieo ia ?oi?e
iniia? iie?o?aoai?a, a oaeiae iayai?noth aai a?aenooi?noth niaoeeo?/ii?
aca?iiae?? i?ae iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaiith aeiaaaeith ? i?eiaeii? iaeiei ?c
a?aei?aaieo ie?aiao???a.

Ia iniia? ni?anoaaeaiiy aeaieo ii aea/aith e?iaoeee i?ioeano,
no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o oiae? ooai?aiiy n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a ?
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ioaa?aeiaieo eiiiiceoe?e iieacaiee
caycie i?ae eiioeaio?aoe??th aaaaeaiiiai ?iaeeoa?aioiiai IA?, ui ia aa?a
o/anoue o o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?yo ? i?ioeanaie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a oiae?
oi?ioaaiiy n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ? iie?ao???a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui noaee iniiaith iiaiai ia?niaeoeaiiai iai?yieo o
noai?aii? eiiiiceo?a ?c caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie ? aoei aeei?enoaii i?e
noai?aii? eeaeiaeo eiiiiceoe?e ia iniia? ie?aiia?ieo noi?oae, a oaeiae
aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ?oi?o aeanoeainoae, oaeeo ye eiaac?y, aaeaac?y,
o?ii-, aiaei-, oaieino?ee?noue ? o.?io. Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue
oi?ioaaiiy c noi?o? aca?iiia?ic/eiieo ie?aiia??a no?eeeo aioeuen?e
ie?aio?aoai?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieeie iieacieeaie i?oeiino?
eeaeiaiai c?aeiaiiy. C aeei?enoaiiyi eiiiiceoe?e aeaiiai oeio ?ic?iaeaii
aeieia?/ii /eno? iaeiieiiiiiaioi? aeanoe/i? eea? c aenieeie iieacieeaie
i?oeiino? ? aiaeino?eeino? aeey c?aeiaiiy iaoae?a, ieanoian, aoie ?
?ioeo iaiaoaeaaeo iaoa??ae?a aai iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a ia ?oith iiaa?oith.
Iieacaii, ui aaaaeaiiy aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?e IA? o nenoaie ia iniia?
iaiane/aieo iie?ao???a ni?ey? iie?ioaiith noi?niino? eiiiiiaio?a
oaa?aeio/i? nenoaie, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai iie?ioaiiy
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaiane/aieo iie?ao???a ? iaea?aeaiiy
iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a c aaaeaiei eiiieaenii aeanoeainoae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Canoinoaaiiiy eeaeiaeo
eiiiiceoe?e a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?.” (i.?aiaoi??y,1994 ?.), ia
Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Neioaoe/i? niiee ? ieanoiane. Oaoiieia?y
ae?iaieoeoaa ? canoinoaaiiy a aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?.” (n.Neiea,
Euea?anueea iae., 1995 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eeae.
Oaoiieiaey neeaeaaiey.” ( i.Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1995 ?.), ia O111
Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe ( i.Ee?a, 1996 ?.
), ia O1 I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c o?i?? oa o?ceei-o?i?? ie?aiia??a
(i.Eacaiue, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii o 12
ioae?eaoe?yo ( 8 noaooyo, oacao 4 aeiiia?aeae ).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia
ia 163 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 37 ?enoie?a (37 noi?.),
16 oaaeeoeue (14 noi?.), 167 iineeaiue ia ?iaioe oe?a?inueeeo oa
?iicaiieo aaoi??a (16 noi?.).

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo aaoi?a. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a
iieyaa? o aaciina?aaei?e oai?/?e o/ano? o ieaioaaii? ? i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaio?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeaii? ?iaioe. Aiae?c
? ioi?ieaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o aeaeyae? noaoae oa aeiiia?aeae cae?eniaii o
oai?/?e ni?ai?aoe? c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii oa eieaaaie.

Iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noi?ioeueiaaii ia iniia? i?aeai?o,
aea/aiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa aiae?co iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? ? iaea?aeaieo

aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaea?aeaii c
aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo iaoiaeee oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Canoiniaaii
eaei?eiao?e/iee iaoiae, i?iaaaeaii ?aieia?/ia aea/aiiy i?ioeano
oaa?aeiaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo nenoai, aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iee iaoiae,
niaeo?aeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy (ssI? – niaeo?ineii?y, ?* –
niaeo?ineii?y ), i?iaaaeaii aei??thaaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao iaoiaeii
A?eueaaeuei? oa i?aeoaciiai (iiaa?oiaaiai) iaoyao iaoiaeii eaaea/i?
e?aie?, aeei?enoaii iaoiae iaoai?/ii? aeeiai?/ii? niaeo?ineii??,
iaoai?/ieo aei?iaoaaiue oa iaoiae na?oeii?iioneaiiy, i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo
iaaooaiiy n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a. Ia?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee –
iie?ia?i? eiiiiceoe?? ia iniia? iaiane/aieo iie?ao???a oa iie?o?aoai?a c
aeiaaaeaie IA? oa aac ieo.

O anooi? noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, a oaeiae aena?oeaii
no/aniee noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?iaeaie ?aaoethaaiiy aeanoeainoae
n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a ? iie?o?aoai?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ocaaaeueiaii ? nenoaiaoeciaaii aeai?
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, ui ? a e?oa?aoo?? i?i aieea IA? ia
no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a ? iie?o?aoai?a. Aeeeaaeaii
no/ani? oyaeaiiy i?i iiaeeea? iaoai?cie oeueiai aieeao. Ia iniia?
aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iaa?oioiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaii i/euaiiy a?aei?aaieo, neioac
ia?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee. I?eaaaeaii iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a ?
iie?o?aoai?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aea/aii aieea IA? ia i?ioeane
iie?ia?ecaoe?? iaiane/aieo iie?ao???a, aea/aii ?aieia?/io iiaaae?ieo
iie?ao???a o i?enooiino? IA?, e?iaoeeo oaa?aeiaiiy, o?ceei-iaoai?/i?
aeanoeaino?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
IA? ia no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? iie?o?aoai?a, aeine?aeaeaii
oa?iiaeeiai?/io noi?ni?noue a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia??a, aea/aii
oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ooieoe?? iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA? o oeeo ie?aiao??ao,
aea/aii o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a, noi?iiaaieo
o i?enooiino? IA?.

O iyoiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e ?
aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia? noi?oae ie?aiia??a.
Aea/aii e?iaoeeo oi?ioaaiiy iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia? noi?oae ie?aiaoa?o ?
ie?aianoa?o, ?oith ?aieia?/io iiaaae?ieo, i?e?ino?oeoo?o, eiaac?ei? ?
aaeaac?ei? aeanoeaino?.

O oinoiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii aieea IA? ia no?oeoo?o ?
aeanoeaino? iie?o?aoaiiaeo noi?oae, i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo
ooieoe?e

iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA?, i?e?ino?oeoo?e, iaaooaiiy, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ?
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a c aeiaaaeaie IA?.
I?iaaaeaii iaaiai?aiiy iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

A?aei?aai? niieoee oa iaea?aeaiiy ia?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeey iaea?aeaiiy iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e ia iniia? iaiane/aieo
iie?ao???a aoei aeei?enoaii iaiane/aiee iie?ao??, yeee ? 60% ?ic/eiii
iie?ae?aoeeaiae?eieueiaea?iaoooaeaoo (IAeAAIO) iieaeoey?ii? iane
700-3000 o aeeiaoae?eeaoo?eaoeeaiae?eie? (OAI-3). A iniia? ia?aoai?aiiy
IAeAAIO a iie?ia? n?o/anoi? no?oeoo?e eaaeeoue ?aaeoe?y eiiie?ia?ecaoe??
IAeAAIO c OAI-3 o i?enooiino? ?aaeien-neoaie: ia?aeeno iaoeeaoeeeaoiio ?
iaooaiaoa eiaaeueoo, yea i?io?ea? ca ianooiiith noaiith:

-[R-O-CO-R-CO-O ] n-R- OCO-CH=CH-COO~ + CH2=C(CH3)-R-C(CH3)=CH2

~ -CO-CH-CH-CO- ~

CH2 CH2 — ~

[CH3-C-R-C-CH3]o

~ -CO-CH-CH-CO- ~

R- — — ;

R- -CH2-CH2-O-CH2-CH2- ; R- -CO-[OCH2-CH2]3-O-CO- ;

n = 3-12 ; o2 ;

sse a?aei?aai? niieoee aeey iaea?aeaiiy ie?aio?aoai?a c
e?ioeaaeie ?cioe?aiaoieie a?oiaie aoei aeei?enoaii o?eooieoe?iiaeuei?
ie?aiao??e: iie?ienei?ii?eaio?eie (E-3003) c iieaeoey?iith ianith 3000,
aaeoeo o?eiaeiei?iiaio ae?aoeeaiae?eieth c aaeei?iiaith eeneioith
(I-2200) c iieaeoey?iith ianith 2200 oa noi?o ?ciia??a 2,4 ?
2,6-oieo?eaiae??cioe?aiaoo o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 65:35 (OAe?). Neioac
ie?aio?aoai?a i?iaiaeeee o iiaea?eiiio iaaeeeoeo NCO-a?oi ii
a?aeiioaiith aei caaaeueii? e?eueeino? II-a?oi ? iieueiiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o a?ae 100:1 aei 1:1
a?aeiia?aeii.

Ie?aio?aoaie c e?ioeaaeie NCO-a?oiaie,neioaciaai? ia iniia?
noi?o? ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o, iathoue ianooii? no?oeoo?i? oi?ioee:

CH2-R CH3 CH3
CH3 NCO

R-CH-CH2-R ; aea R- -O(CH2CHO)5-CH2CHOCONH ;

CH3 NCO

CI3-NI2-N—NI2-[I-NO-(NI2)4-NO-(I-NI2-NI2)2]3-I-NONH- 3

C?o/ano? iie?o?aoaie aoee neioaciaai? ia iniia? OAe?,
iie?ienei?ii?eaiae?eieth (IIA) c iieaeoey?iith ianith 1000,
iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieth (IOIA) c iieaeoey?iith ianith 1000,
ie?aiae?aoeeaiae?eieueaaeei?iaoo (IAeA) c iieaeoey?iith ianith 800,
noi?oae oeeo ie?aiao???a (IIA-IOIA), (IIA-IAeA), (IOIA-IAeA) ?
o?eiaoeeiei?iiaio a ?ie? coeaath/iai aaaioa iaeiinoaae?eiei niiniaii i?e
ni?aa?aeiioaii? NNI:II=1:1, ae?eie? a noi?oao acyo? a ??aieo
e?eueeinoyo.

Aocie ?icaaeoaeaiiy n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a i?eaaaeaiee ieae/a:

R

NH

C=O

O

CH2

CH3-NI2-N-NI2-I-NO-NI-R- ~

CH2

O

C=O

NH

R , aea

picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200220011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffffe0000000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000

CH3
H3C —

R- -NH-CO-O[(C2H4O)2CO(CH2)4CO-(OC2H4)]3-OCO-NH
;

CH3 CH3 CH3
CH3 H3C

NH-CO-O-CH-CH2-O(CH2-CHO)5-CH2-CH-O-CO-HN
;

NI3
H3C

NH-CO-[O(CH2)4]12-O-CO-NH ;

sse iiaa?oiaai-aeoeai? ?a/iaeie (IA?) aeei?enoiaoaaee
i?iieneia? ?iaeeoa?aioi? IA? – aeie-eiiie?ia? iie?aeeiaoeeneeienaio ?
ieneae?a aee?eai?a (EAI-2), ieneaoeeiaai? ao??e aee?eoaiieo (II-10) ?
aeeaiieo ianooiii? aoaeiae:

EAI-2

NI3 NI3

(NI3)3 – S? –I S?- I- S? — I — -S? – (NI3 )3

(NI2)3 NI3
10-15

(IN2 I4)17

(IN3I6)13

(IN4I9) 3-4

II-10
AeN-10

NnH2n+1- -I (N2I4I)m-1-N2H4-OH ; CnH2n+1 (CH2
–CH2O)m-1-CH2-CH2-OH ; aea m=9-12 ; n=10

IA? II-10 ? AeN-10 aaiaeeee o iaiane/aiee iie?ao?? aaniina?aaeiuei o
a?aei?aaio ?aaeoe?eio noi?o. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? iie?o?aoaiiaeo nenoai
IA? EAI-2 ?ic/eiyee o a?aei?aaieo ie?aiao??ao aai ?oi?o noi?oao.

Aieea iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ia i?ioean iie?ia?ecaoe??
iaiane/aiiai iie?ao??o

Caeaaeiino? aeanoeainoae iaiane/aiiai iie?ao??o ia iniia?
IAeAAIO o i?ioean? eiai oi?ioaaiiy a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iaeeoa?aioieo
IA? i?eaaaeai? ia ?en.1.

?en.1.Caeaaei?noue aaeaac?eieo (1,2), eiaac?eieo (3,4) ? iiaa?oiaaiai
iaoyao (5,6)

o i?ioean? oaa?aeiaiiy iaiane/aiiai iie?ao??o a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?:
II-10 (1,3,5,) AeN-10 (2,4,6)

Aaaaeaiiy II-10 i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy eiaac?eii?
i?oeiino? eiiiiceoe?e ia iniia? IAeAIAO o anueiio ?ioa?aae?
eiioeaio?aoe?e, eiaac?eia i?oei?noue o i?enooiino? AeN-10 ciaioo?oueny
(?en.1,e?.3,4). ?c oeueiai ae ?enoiea (e?.1,2) aeaeii,ui i?enooi?noue
II-10 i?eaiaeeoue aei aeayeiai cieaeaiiy aaeaac?eii? i?oeiino? o anueiio
?ioa?aae? eiioeaio?aoe?e, o aeiaaeeo AeN-10 aei cieaeaiiy aaeaac?eii?
i?oeiino? i?eaiaeeoue aaaaeaiiy eeoa iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e AeN-10 (aei 2
% ian.). I?e iayaiino? ?ioeo eiioeaio?aoe?e oeueiai IA? o nenoai? (4-10
% ian.) a?aeaoaa?oueny cia/ia i?aeaeuaiy aaeaac?eii? i?oeiino?
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e. Ia oeueiio ae ?enoieo i?eaaaeaia
caeaaei?noue iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao nenoaie ia iniia? IAeAAIO o i?ioean?
eiiie?ia?ecaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?, yea ia?
i?i?ioi ? iaeneioi, ? ca?eueoaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao i?ae ae??th IA?
cia/ia. Iiae?aia iiaaae?iea iiynith?oueny oei, ui IA?, aaeni?aoth/enue
ia iiaa?oi? ?icae?eo,aeieothoue iiey?i? a?oie (I=N, I) iie?ia?o, ui
iaoiiaeth? ciaioaiiy aca?iiae?? i?ae iae?iiieaeoeaie iie?ao??o ?
ni?e/eiy? ciaioaiiy eiai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo IA?
o nenoai? iiaa?oiaaee iaoya iie?ia?o ii/eia? ??cei ca?eueooaaoeny ?
aeinyaa? iaeneioio, ui iiaea aooe iiaycaii c ?icai?iaiiyi eiai
iae?iiieaeoe. I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? IA? o nenoai?
a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao aei iaaii? iino?eii?
aaee/eie, yea ia caeaaeeoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? IA?. Inoaii?
iiayco?oueny ?c caiiaiaiiyi IA? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o. sse aeaeii c ?enoie?a
1 ? 2 ?nio? ei?aeyoe?y ayceino? iie?ao??o a i?ioean? eiiie?ia?ecaoe??
eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie c oaeeie ae caeaaeiinoyie aeey iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao
iie?ia?o ? eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai,
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? iieaeoey?ii? iane a
i?ioean? eiiie?ia?ecaoe?? nenoaie ia iniia? IAeAAIO ? OAI-3 ii/eia?
i?iyaeyoeny no?oeoo?oth/a ae?y IA?, o ?acoeueoao? yei? a?aeaoaa?oueny
ci?ia eiioi?iaoe?? iae?iiieaeoe oaa?aeio/iai iie?ao??o, ui aeeeeea?
iie?ioaiiy eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae.

?en.2.Caeaaei?noue ayceino? (1,2) ? ayceino? a i?ioean?
oaa?aeiaiiy (3,4) iaiane/aiiai iie?ao??o IAeAAIO a?ae eiioeaio?aoe???
IA?:II-10 (1,3),AeN-10 (2,4)

Aieea IA ia no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ia
iniia? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ie?aiao???a

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea IA? aeie-eiiie?ia?o iie?aeeiaoeeneeienaio
? ieneae?a aee?eai?a (EAI-2) ia no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? ianooiieo nenoai
iaeiinoaae?eiiai niiniao oaa?aeiaiiy:

-iie?ienei?ii?eaiae?eieue-1000 (IIA), 2,4 ? 2,6- oieo?eaiae??cioe?aiao
(OAe?), o?eiaoeeiei?iiai;

-iie?ieneoao?aiaoeeaiae?eieue-1000 (IOIA), OAe?, o?eiaoeeiei?iiai;

-ie?aiae?aoeeaiae?eieue-800 (IAeA), OAe?, o?eiaoeeiei?iiai.

Oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ooieoe?? iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA? ciaoiaeyoueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy

Is = I + (d I/d T ). T

aea Is — ci?ia aioaeuei?? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o,
Aeae/iieue.

I — iiaa?oiaaee oene, ui yaey? niaith ??cieoeth i?ae
iiaa?oiaaei iaoyaii ?ic/eiieea oa ?ic/eio, iI/i.

dI/dT – ci?ia aio?ii?? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, Ss , Aeae/iieue.E.

O — oaiia?aoo?a aei??thaaiiy, E.

A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui eiioeaio?aoe?eia
ci?ia aio?ii?? ? aioaeuei?? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o IA? EAI-2 a IOIA ?
iaei??th ? o??th ae caeaaei?noth c iaeiei aeno?aioiii i?e a?ae?iiiio
cia/aii? aioaeuei?? ? aio?ii?? i?e ianiaeo /anoeao IA? o nenoai? 1,8.10
-4 , oiaoi i?e oeeo ianiaeo /anoeao IA? o IOIA oi?iothoueny iiaa?oiaa?
oa?e c iaea?eueo oii?yaeeiaaiith no?oeoo?ith. Eiioeaio?aoe?eia ci?ia
aioaeuei?? ? aio?ii?? ?ic/ei?a oeueiai IA? a IAeA iienothoueny oaeiae
iaeeiaeiaith caeaaei?noth c iaeiei iaeneioiii a iaeano? ianiaeo /anoie
EAI-2 3.10-5 . Aeno?aioi, ? an? inoaii? cia/aiiy aio?ii?? ? aioaeuei??
? iiceoeaieie. Oaeei /eiii, iiaa?oiaa? oa?e IA? a IAeA
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei nooiaiai iaoii?yaeeiaaiino?

Iaoiaeii ?*-niaeo?ineii?? (?en.3,e?.1-3,4,5,12) iieacaii, ui
i?enooi?noue EAI-2, iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai ai?noo a ?ic/ei?, i?aeoe/ii ia
aieeaa? ia noai a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi ie?aiia??a IOIA ? IAeA. Aaaaeaiiy
aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?e EAI-2 a IIA (?en.3,e?. 1-3) i?eaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy iaeneioio nioae II-a?oi i?e 3460-3480ni-1 ? a niaeo?? cieea?
iea/a i?e 3590 ni-1.

,ni-1

?en.3. ?*-niaeo?e ?ic/ei?a EAI-2 a ie?aiia?ao: IIA (3) o i?enooiino?
EAI-2, iania? /anoee: 1-1.10-3; 2-2.10-3; 3- 3.10-4,15.10-4; IOIA (5)
o i?enooiino? EAI-2, iania? /anoee: 4-1.10-4; 5-2.10-4, 3.10-4,
1.10-3; Aea?iieueia noi?o IIA ? IOIA (8), ui i?noeoue EAI-2, iania?
/anoee: 6- 1.10-3; 7- 2.10-3 ; 8- 1,5.10-4, 7,5.10-4 ; IIA ? IAeA
(9) c ianiaeie /anoeaie IA?:9- 1,7.10-4 , 8,5.10-4; 10 –
5.10-4;11-1.10-3 IAeA (12) c ianiaeie /anoeaie EAI-2:12 -3,5.10-5,
1.10-4 , 3.10-4;

Iiia?e niaeo??a iicia/ai? caa?oo aiec.

Aaaaeaiiy aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?e EAI-2 i?eaiaeeoue aei
cia/iiai iie?ioaiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iie?o?aoai?a ia
iniia? IIA (oaae.1) I?enooi?noue EAI-2 a iie?o?aoaiao, neioaciaaieo ia
iniia? ie?aiao???a IOIA ? IAeA, i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai iia??oaiiy
eiaac?eii? i?oeiino?, ?noioiiio ciaioaiith aeanoe/iino? ? ia/ooeeaino?
aei i?enooiino? a nenoai? IA? iaae? i?oeiino? i?e ii?iaeueiiio a?ae?ea?.

Oaaeeoey 1 — O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? (?ic.-eiaac?ei?,
?-aaeaac?ei?, L-

a?aeiinia aeaeiaaeaiiy) n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a, iaea?aeaieo ia

iniia? IIA, o?eiaoeeiei?iiaio ? OAe? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 343 E.

Ian. /. EAI-2?ic., IIa,P., IIaL,
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alex100010009000003fa000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040000000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,02,9420

Ni?anoaaeyth/e io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aei
niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e c IA? noeeueiee o?eueee IIA, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny
c i?aeaeuaiiyi o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ia
eiai iniia? o i?enooiino? IA?.

No?oeoo?a ? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia?
noi?oae o?eooieoe?iiaeueieo ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o

Aea/aii no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? ie?aio?aoai?a c e?ioeaaeie
?cioe?aiaoieie a?oiaie, ye? neioaciaai? ia iniia? ia?e
o?eooieoe?iiaeueieo ie?aiao???a: E-3003 ? I-2200.

C aeei?enoaiiyi eiio?anii? iioe/ii? i?e?ineii?? iieacaii, ui o
anueiio ?ioa?aae? neeaae?a iae?io?e?cioe?aiaoe (IO?) ? aioeuen?yie aai
e?iaoe/ii-no?eeeie (i?e ni?aa?aeiioaii? ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o a?ae
100:1 aei 5:1 a?aeiia?aeii), aai /anoeiai ?icoa?iaothoueny i?e
caa??aaii? (i?e ni?a?aeiioaii? ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o aeua 5:1).
No?ee? o /an? no?oeoo?e ooai?ththoue e?aie? ae?aiao?ii iaioa aai ??aiei
1.10-5 i.

Ioaea neioac IO? ?c noi?o? ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o ? i?ioeanii
oi?ioaaiiy aioeuen?e, ye? iathoue no?ee?noue aac aaaaeaiiy
noaa?e?coth/eo aeiaaaie ? ?a/iaeia, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
noaa?e?coth/ith ae??th, ooai?th?oueny a i?ioean? neioaco IO? oiio, ui
i?ioean neioaco noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiiioiiiei ciaioaiiyi i?aeoaciiai
iaoyao (ia 100 ii/i a oiae? ?aaeoe??) i?e iaci?iiino? iiaa?oiaaiai.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? neioaco o iiaea?eiiio iaaeeeoeo ae??cioe?aiaoo ?
iinooiiaiio aaaaeaii? ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o a?aeiia?aeii, ie?aianoa?
aaiaeeoueny oaeoe/ii o noi?o IO? ia iniia? ie?aiaoa?o ? OAe? oiio, ui
ie?aianoa? ii/eiathoue aaiaeeoe a ?aaeoe?eio noi?o o?eueee i?ney iiaiiai
aeo?a/aiiy a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi ie?aiaoa?o, yea eiio?ieth?oueny
oeo?oaaiiyi. I?e oeueiio noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey aca?iiae??
ie?aianoa?o c NCO- a?oiaie IO? ia iniia? ie?aiaoa?o. O ?acoeueoao?
oeueiai ooai?th?oueny aeeo?eueia niieoea, yea aeeiio? ?ieue
eiiiaoea?e?caoi?a, ui e caaacia/o? no?ee?noue aioeuen?e.

Ine?eueee a?aeiii, ui o?eaaea ?nioaaiiy aioeuen?e caaacia/o?oueny i?e
oiia? noaa?e?caoe??, iiaycaii? c ooai?aiiyi ia i?aeoaci?e iaae?
aaeni?aoe?eiiai oa?o, yeee ia? a?eueo iooeo no?oeoo?o, o cayceo c
eiioi?iaoe?eieie oneeaaeiaiiyie, aeieeath/eie iiaeeco iaae? ?icae?eo.
I?e oeueiio aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? na?ae/aoue ? i?i ciaioaiiy
u?eueiino? ie?aio?aoai?a ia iniia? noi?oae 1,04 ea/i3 o ii??aiyii? c
ie?aio?aoaiaie ia iniia? eiaeiiai c iie?ao???a ie?aii 1,35 ? 1,11 ea/i3,
a?aeiia?aeii, aeey ie?aianoa?o ? ie?aiaoa?o. A?eueo oiai, ?nio? ?ioa?aae
ni?aa?aeiioaiue iie?aoa?o ? iie?anoa?o ( a?ae 5:1 aei 100:1), eiee
cia/aiiy ayceino? ie?aio?aoai?a ci?oaii? aoaeiae iaioa oe???
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeiaio ayceiai c a?aei?aaieo ie?aio?aoai?a (io?eiaieo ia
iniia? o?eueee E-3003) (?en.4).

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ie?aiao???a

?en.4. Caeaaei?noue i?oeiino? ioaa?aeiaiiai eeaeiaiai c?aeiaiiy (1) ?
ayceino? a?aei?aaieo ?cioe?aiaoai?nieo ie?aio?aoai?a (2) a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?aoa?o ? iie?anoa?o.

Ia ?en.4 i?eaaaeaia caeaaei?noue i?oeiino? eeaeiaiai
c?aeiaiiy a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?ao???a, ca?aeee aeaeii, ui
iioeiaeuei? aaeaac?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeinyaathoueny a oae?e iaeano?
neeaae?a, eiee ie?aio?aoaie c e?ioeaaeie NCO- a?oiaie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iaiuethoii?anueeith iiaaae?ieith, ui iiaea aooe iiaycaii c oa?aeoa?iei
aeey aeenia?nieo nenoai oii?yaeeoaaiiyi i?e?ino?oeoo? ? ye iane?aeie,
aeieeiaiiy i???ioiaaieo iae?ino?oeoo?.

Aeai?, io?eiai? iaoiaeii aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? neaioth/i?
eaei?eiao??? (?en.5), oa?aeoa?ecothoue neioaciaaiee ia iniia? noi?o?
ie?aiia??a iie?ia?, ye oaeee, ui ia? iaeio oaiia?aoo?o neeoaaiiy a
iaeano? iniiaiiai ia?aoiaeo, i?aeoe/ii iaa?aei?iiiai a?ae oe???
oa?aeoa?enoeee c?acea ia iniia? ie?aiaoa?o (Og 228 E) ? aeiaeaoeiaee
ia?ao?ae a iaeano? a?eueo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? (Tg190 E), oiaoi
ioaa?ae?ea eiiiiceoe?y ? iie?ia?ii, yeee neoaeeoue aeenia?n?eiei
na?aaeiaeuai, a yeiio aeieea? iooeee i?aeoaciee oa? c iaio u?eueii
coeoith n?oeith, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaiia?aoo?ith neeoaaiiy (Tg 190
E). Ae?oaee aea eiiiiiaio ( ia iniia? I-2200) ia aeyaey?
aeanoeainoae ie?aii? oace.

?en.5. Oa?iia?aie ioaa?aeiaieo eiiiiceoe?e
ia iniia?:

1- IO? ?c OAe? ? noi?o? E-3003:I-2200 = 5:1, 2-IO? ?c OAe? ? E-3003,

3-iaoai?/ia noi?o iie?ia??a ia iniia? E-3003 ? I-2200 (5:1),

4- IO? ?c OAe? ? I-2200.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e oaa?aeiaii? aaoa?ioacieo eiiiiceoe?e ia
iniia? noi?oae ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o ooai?ththoueny iie?ia?e c?
no?oeoo?ith, yea i?iyaey?oueny ye ?aeeia iaeiioacia (i?iyaeythoueny
neia?ae/i? aoaeoe), ui caaacia/o? ?iaioo a aaeaac?eiiio c?aeiaii? an???
eiiiiceoe?? ye ?aeeiiai oe?eiai, ui e i?eaiaeeoue aei iie?ioaiiy
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae oeeo eiiiiceoe?e.

Ia iniia? eiiiiceoe?e ?c noi?oae ie?aiaoa?o ? ie?aianoa?o
noai?aii eiiiiceoe?ei? iaoa??aee “aeoeaia aoa?eey – iie?ia?” , ye?
caaacia/othoue caa?aaeaiiy ni?aoe?eieo aeanoeainoae aoaeaoeaaiai
iaoa??aeo ? iathoue ooia?oeeaeio aeoeai?noue ii a?aeiioaiith aei
ie?niaaeo a?ea?a ? aaeoa??oeeaeio aeoeai?noue aei aeayeeo oai?iaioai?ieo
aaeoa??e.

Aieea IA? ia no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia?
ie?aiia?ieo noi?oae

Aea/aii aieea IA? EAI-2 ia oi?ioaaiiy n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia?
noi?oae noi?nieo ie?aiao???a (IIA-IOIA) ? ianoi?nieo ie?aiao???a
(IIA-IAeA ? IOIA-IAeA).

?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e iiaa?oiaaeo
oa??a IA? aeey noi?o? ie?aiaoa??a IIA-IOIA aeoiaeeoue, ui a ?ic/eiao c
ianiaeie /anoeaie EAI-2 2,25.10-4- 5.10-4 aaee/eie aioaeuei?? ?
aio?ii?? iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA? ? ?iaa??aioii oaiia?aoo?e, a ci?ia
aio?ii?? ia caeaaeeoue ? a?ae ai?noo IA? o ?ic/ei?, ine?eueee aei??aith?
ioeth, ui ? na?ae/aiiyi ?nioaaiiy oii?yaeeiaaii? ? aeineoue i?oeii?
no?oeoo?e, yea ia i?aeaea?oueny ae?? oaieiaiai oaeoi?o i?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e ia 20 E. E??i oiai, eiioeaio?aoe?ei? ci?ie aioaeuei?? ?
aio?ii?? ii i??? i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iinooiiaei ia?aoiaeii a iaeanoue iaaaoeaieo cia/aiue
aio?ii?? ? aioaeuei?? oa iiyae aeaio aeno?aioi?a aeey ?ic/ei?a c
ianiaeie /anoeaie EAI-2 1,5.10-4 ? 7,5.10-4. Aeno?aioie a iaeano?
iaaaoeaieo cia/aiue oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e iienothoue noai
iaeneiaeueii u?eueii? oiaeiaee a?ae?ioiaieo /anoei iieaeoe IA?.

Iaoiaeii ?*-niaeo?ineii?? aoei anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy aca?iiae?? i?ae
a?ae?io?eueiith /anoeiith iieaeoe IA? ? iieaeoeaie ie?aiao???a. Oa?aeoa?
aieeao EAI-2 ia noai a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi o noi?o? IIA-IOIA
i?eaaaeaiee ia ?en.3. C oeueiai ?enoiea aeaeii, ui a ?ic/eiao EAI-2 a
noi?o?, ye? i?noyoue 7,5.10-4 ? 1,5.10-4 ianiaeo /anoie IA?,
i?enooi?noue IA? ia aieeaa? ia nioao II-a?oi. I?e ?ioeo
eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA? niinoa??aa?oueny caeiiii??ia cieaeaiiy iaeneioio
nioae i?e 3460 – 3480 ni-1 ? oaeiae cieea? iea/a i?e 3590 ni-1.

I?e ni?anoaaeaii? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c aeaieie oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai
aiae?co aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? aeaeii, ui a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee
a?ae?ioiai? /anoeie iieaeoe IA? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?aie/ii u?eueiith
oiaeiaeith a iiaa?oiaaiio oa??, IA? ia aieeaa? ia noai a?ae?ieneeueieo
a?oi a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia??a. O an?o ?ioeo aeiaaeeao ieneaeeeeaiia?
eaioethae iieaeoe IA? i?iythoue oa?aeoa? niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e a
ie?aiia?i?e noi?o?.

C ?*- niaeo??a noi?oae ianoi?nieo ie?aiao???a IIA ? IAeA c ??ciei
ai?noii EAI-2 ( ?en.3,e?.9-12 ) aeoiaeeoue, ui ? a oeeo nenoaiao i?e
aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA? ( 1,7.10-4 ? 8,5. 10-4 i./.), ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeneiaeueii oii?yaeeiaaiei no?oeoo?ai iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o, i?enooi?noue EAI-2 ia a?aeaeaa?oueny ia oi?i? ? aaee/ei? nioae II-
a?oi o niaeo?? noi?o? ie?aiia??a. O oie /an i?e ?ioeo eiioeaio?aoe?eyo
IA?
(picscalex1150100090000032a010000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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) a?aeaoaa?oueny
c?inoaiiy nioae a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ii?oieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e n?o/anoeo iie?o?aoai?a
iieacaii, ui a iie?o?aoaiao ia iniia? noi?o? ie?aiaoa??a a?aeaoaa?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy iaeii??aeii? i?e?ino?oeoo?e o i?enooiino? oaeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e IA?, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeneiaeueii oii?yaeeiaai?e
no?oeoo?? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o IA? o a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia?ao, oiaoi eiee
i?enooi?noue IA? ia aieeaa? ia noai II-a?oi. O iie?o?aoaiao ia iniia?
ianoi?nieo ie?aiao???a i?e oaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA? niinoa??aa?oueny
aaoa?iaai?caoe?y no?oeoo?e. Oi?ioaaiiy aiiiaaiii? i?e?ino?oeoo?e a oaeeo
iie?o?aoaiao a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e iayaiino? eiioeai?aoe?e IA?, eiee
aioaeuei?y ? aio?ii?y iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ?ic/ei?a IA? o nenoai? IIA-IAeA
iacaeaaei? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa eiee iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaia aeiaaaea anooia?
o niaoeeo?/i? aca?iiae?? c ie?aiia?aie IAeA ? IIA o a?aei?aai?e
noi?o?.

C ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue eiaac?eieo ? aaeaac?eieo aeanoeainoae
iie?o?aoai?a, neioaciaaieo ia iniia? noi?o? noi?nieo ie?aiia??a
(IIA-IOIA) aeyaeaii, ui o aeiaaeeo iaeneiaeueii u?eueii oiaeiaaii?
no?oeoo?e iiaa?iaaiai oa?o eiaac?eia i?oei?noue c?inoa?, a aaeaac?eia –
ciaioo?oueny . C?inoaiiy aaeaac?eii? i?oeiino? niinoa??aa?oueny i?e
oaeeo eiioeao?aoe?yo IA?, eiee no?oeoo?a iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a aeai?e iaeano? oaiia?aoo? iino?ei?noth cia/aiue
aioaeuei?? ? aio?ii?? iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a IA?.

O aeine?aeaeoaai?e iie?o?aoaiia?e nenoai? ia iniia? noi?oae ianoi?nieo
ie?aiao???a IIA ? IAeA o aeiaaeeo iaeneiaeueii u?eueii oiaeiaaii?
no?oeoo?e iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o IA? niinoa??aathoueny oae? ae cia/aiiy
eiaac?eii? ? aaeaac?eii? i?oeiino?, ui ? a nenoai? aac IA?.I?e an?o
?ioeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo EAI-2 a iie?o?aoaiia?e ianoi?ni?e nenoai?
aaeaac?eia i?oei?noue iaaea?, a eiaac?eia-c?inoa?, aeinyaath/e 24 IIa
(2,5 ?ace ia?aaeuoth/e a?aei?aaio aaee/eio) i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo
IA?(1.10-3;1,6.10-3), oiaoi i?e iayaiino? niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e i?ae
a?aei?aaieie ie?aiao??aie ? IA?.

?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iie?o?aoai?a ia
iniia? ianoi?nii? noi?o? IAeA ? IOIA iieacaee, ui i?enooi?noue EAI-2
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeaie?aoiiai iia??oaiiy eiaac?eii? i?oeiino? ?
ia/ooeeaino? aei i?enooiino? a nenoai? IA? aaee/eie iaae? i?oeiino?
i?e ii?iaeueiiio a?ae?ea?.

AENIIAEE

1.Anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae aieeao IA? ia aeanoeaino?
iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith no/anii? o?i??
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe. A oie aea /an oaoiieia?? iie?ia?ieo
iaoa??ae?a a?aeo? nenoaiaoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiue a aeaiiio iai?yieo, ia
caaaeath/e ia ?oith aaaeeea?noue. Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ? aecia/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae aieeao ?iaeeoa?aioieo IA? ia i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeaino? n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a ? iie?o?aoai?a.

2.Aecia/ai? iia? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie ?aaoethaaiiy
aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?ia??a, ui iieyaathoue o noai?aii? o
a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia?ao oii?yaeeiaaieo no?oeoo? IA?, ye? caeaoi? aei
niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e c ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie ie?aiia??a, ui
caaacia/o? oiiae aeey iiaoaeiae iie?ia?ii? n?oee a?aeiia?aeii
oii?yaeeiaaiei no?oeoo?ai IA?.

3.Aeyaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy ?iaeeoa?aioieo IA? a nenoaie ia
iniia? iaiane/aieo ie?aiao???a i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai
iaoyao eiiiiceoe?e o i?ioean? iie?ia?ecaoe?? ? ye iane?aeie, aei
i?aeaeuaiiy eiaac?eii? i?oeiino? eiiiiceo?a ? ?oiuei? aaeaac?? aei
iaoae?a.

4.Aeei?enoaiiy noi?oae iie?aoa?o ? iie?anoa?o o i?ioeanao neioaco
eeath/eo iae?io?e?cioe?aiao?a, ye? ? naiinoaa?e?ciaaieie aioeuen?yie,
i?eaiaeeoue aei neia?a?/ieo aoaeo?a, ui i?iyaeythoueny o i?aeaeuaii?
i?oeiino? aaeaac?eieo c?aeiaiue o ii??aiyii? ?c eeath/eie eiiiiceoe?yie
ia iniia? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ie?aiao???a.

5.Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeno?aioie a iaeano? a?ae?iieo cia/aiue
iiaa?oiaaeo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ooieoe?e (aioaeuei?? ? aio?ii??)
iie?o?aoai?a ia iniia? noi?oae a?aei?aaieo eiiiiiaio?a iie?o?aoaio ? IA?
? oa?aeoa?ieie aeey iaeneiaeueii u?eueii? oiaeiaee a?ae?ioiaieo
e?ioe?aie iieaeoee IA?.

6.Anoaiiaeaii, aeey noi?o? ia iniia? noi?nieo ? ianoi?nieo ie?aiao???a o
i?ioean? neioaco iie?o?aoai?a o i?enooiino? IA? inoaii? aieeaathoue ia
niaoeeo?/i? aca?iiae?? o?aaiaio?a oaa?aeio/eo nenoai.

7.Iieacaii, ui i?e aeei?enoaii? a yeino? iie?ao??ii? eiiiiiaioe noi?oae
noi?nieo ie?aiao???a c IA?, i?e aeaio niaoeeo?/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo
(1,5.10-4 ? 7,5.10-4 ian./.anoie) IA? a ie?aiia?ao a?aeaoaa?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy aeniei oii?yaeeiaaieo iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a, iayai?noue yeeo
i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy eiaac?eii? i?oeiino? iie?o?aoai?a,
oiaoi i?eaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy no?eei? oii?yaeeiaaii? ni?eueii?
no?oeoo?e e?ioeaaiai iie?ia?o.

8.Oi?ioaaiiy IO a oiiaao ianoi?niino? ie?aiao??ii? neeaaeiai? (IIA+IAeA)
i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA?, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeneiaeueii oii?yaeeiaaiei
no?oeoo?ai iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, IA? ia aieeaa? ia o?ceei-iaoai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iie?o?aoai?a. Ca?eueoaiiy eiaac?eii? i?oeiino?
niinoa??aa?oueny i?e oaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo IA?, i?e yeeo IA? anooia? o
niaoeeo?/i? aca?iiae?? c a?aei?aaieie neeaaeiaeie noi?o?. I?e oi?ioaaii?
iie?o?aoai?a a oiiaao ianoi?niino? ie?aiao???a (IOIA+IAeA), oiaoi a
oiiaao a?aenooiino? niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e i?ae a?aei?aaieie
ie?aiia?aie ? IA?, o?ceei-iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee n?o/anoeo
iie?o?aoai?a ia caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oeoo?e aaeni?aoe?eieo oa??a IA? o
a?aei?aaieo ie?aiia?ao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oaeieia E.N., Aanaeianeee ?.A., Ia?eianeay E.A., Aeaaeaeaiei A.A.
?aaeoeeiiiiniiniaiua ieeaio?aoaiu e nao/aoua iieeia?u ia iniiaa

ianiaianoeiuo ieeaiyoe?ia// Aunieiiieaeoey?iua niaaeeiaiey.- 1991.-
Na?.A.- O.33, ?3.- N. 552-557.

2.Aanaeianeee ?.A.,Oaeieia E.N., Ia?eianeay E.A. Aeeyiea iaeuo
aeiaaaie ieeaiia?ia ia i?ioeann oi?ie?iaaiey iieeo?aoaiia ia iniiaa
niane i?inoiai e neiaeiiai ieeaiyoe?ia // Oe?aeineee oeie/aneee
aeo?iae-1997.-O63, ? 7-8.-N.61-67.

3.Oaaei?/aiei A.E., Aanaeianeee ?.A., Ia?eianeay E.A.
Eiino?oeoeeiiiua eeae ia iniiaa iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo iaianuuaiiuo
iieeyoe?iuo niie // Eiiiiceoeeiiua iieeia?iua iaoa?eaeu.- 1982.-
Aui.12.- N. 62-64.

4. Aeaaoy?aaa A.A., Ia?eianeay E.A., Aieioeia I.I., Aanaeianeee
?.A. Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey aaeaaceiiiiai niaaeeiaiey ia
iniiaa ecioeeaiaoniaea?aeaueo ieeaio?aoaiia // Eiiiiceoeeiiiua
iieeia?iua iaoa?eaeu.- 1987.- Aui. 34.- N. 33-36.

5. Oaeieia E.N., Ia?eianeay E.A., Aanaeianeee ?.A. Iniaaiiinoe
ia?aciaaiey ieeaio?aoaiia ia iniiaa nianae ieeaiyoe?ia e oi?ie?iaaiey
ec ieo aaeaaceiiiiuo niaaeeiaiee// Eiiiiceoeeiiiua iieeia?iua
iaoa?eaeu.- 1990.- Aui. 44.- N. 32-37.

6. Neioac e enneaaeiaaiea ia?aiao?ia ii?enoie no?oeoo?u
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo ni?aoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia “aeoeaiue oaieue-iieeia?” /
N.C.Ia?ooei, TH.A.Naaaeueaa, O.I.Iai?iaeiaa, A.I.A?aeia,
E.A.Ia?eianeay// Eiiiiceoeeiiiua iieeia?iua iaoa?eaeu.- 1998.-O.20,
?1.-N.27-31.

7. Aeaenaiae?iaa O.E., Aanaeianeee ?.A., Oaaei?/aiei A.E.,
Ia?eianeay E.A. Aeeyiea IAA ia ?aeaenaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu a
ioaa?aeaeaiiie iieeyoe?iie niiea // Ieanoe/aneea iannu.- 1986.- ? 2.- N.
35-36.

8.Aeaaoy?aaa A. A. , Ia?eianeay E.A., Aanaeianeee ?.A.
Aaeaaceiiiay i?i/iinoue e aiaeinoieeinoue IO-eeaaa//Ieanoe/aneea
iannu.-1987.- ?1.-N.26-27.

9.Caaiaoeueea I.E., Ia?eiaueea E.A. Iie?ioaiiy aeanoeainoae
iie?ao???a ca aeiiiiiaith IA?// O111 Oe?a?inueea eiioa?aioe?y c
aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe.- Ee?a: ?OAN IAI Oe?a?ie.- 1996.- N. 205.

10.Aanaeianeee ?.A., Ia?eianeay E.A., Oaeieia E.N. Enneaaeiaaiea
i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey iieeo?aoaiia ia iniiaa nianae i?inoiai e
neiaeiiai ieeaiyoe?ia a i?enoonoaee iaeuo aeiaaaie ieeaiia?iuo
iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa // O1 Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey ii
oeiee e oeceei-oeiee ieeaiia?ia.- Eacaiue.- 1997. –N. 10.

11.Ia?eianeay E.A., Oaeieia E.N., Aeaaoy?aaa A.A.. Naienoaa
ieeaio?aoaiia n eiioeaauie ecioeeaiaoiuie a?oiiaie e eeaaauo niaaeeiaiee
ia eo iniiaa// O1 ?anioaeeeaineay eiioa?aioeey ii AIN. Eeaa:EOAN AI
Oe?aeiu.-1988.-N.103-104.

12.Oaeieia E.N.,Aanaeianeee ?.A., Ia?eianeay E.A., Aeaaeaeaiei
A.A. No?oeoo?a e naienoaa nao/aouo iieeia?ia ia iniiaa nianae
ianiaianoeiuo aeae?ieneeniaea?aeaueo ieeaiyoe?ia //11 Ananithciay
eiioa?aioeey “Niane iieeia?ia”.-Eacaiue.-1990.- N. 160.

Aiioaoe?y

Ia?eianueea E.A. ?ieue ?iaeeoa?aioieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o
oi?ioaaii? no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a ?
iie?o?aoai?a.- ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?i?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 02.00.06 — o?i?y aenieiiieaeoey?ieo
niieoe, ?inoeooo o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999
?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith i?iaeaie ?aaoethaaiiy
no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a ? iie?o?aoai?a ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeeo aeiaaaie ia?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo
?a/iaei (IA?). Ia iie?o?aoaiiaeo oa iie?ao??ieo nenoaiao iieacaii, ui
ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie iiaea aooe iiaycaii ?c caeaoi?noth aeayeeo IA?
oi?ioaaoe a ia?i? ?aaeoe?eiicaeaoieo ie?aiia??a oii?yaeeiaaieo no?oeoo?.
C oaeeo IA? aoee aea?ai? aeie — eiiie?ia?e iie?i?aaiineeienaio ?
iie?ieneaee?eaio, a oaeiae ieneaoeeiaai? ao??e aeeaiieo ? aee?eoaiieo.
Onoaiiaeaii, ui oe? IA? caeaoi? aei niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e c
ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie ie?aiia??a, ui caaacia/o? oiiae aeey iiaoaeiae
iie?ia?ii? n?oee a?aeiia?aeii oii?yaeeiaaiei no?oeoo?ai IA?. Iieacaii
iiaeeea?noue iai?yieaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeanoeainoae n?o/anoeo iie?ao???a
? iie?o?aoai?a iaeeie aeiaaaeaie oaeeo IA?. Iaea?aeai? iie?ia?i?
iaoa??aee c aenieeie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. C
aeei?enoaiiyi eiiiiceoe?e aeaiiai oeio ?ic?iaeaii aeieia?/ii /eno?
iaeiieiiiiiaioi? aeanoe/i? eea? c aenieeie iieacieeaie i?oeiino? ?
aiaeino?eeino? aeey c?aeiaiiy iaoae?a, ieanoian, aoie ? ?ioeo
iaiaoaeaaeo iaoa??ae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaa?oiaai-aeoeai? ?a/iaeie, n?o/ano?
iie?o?aoaie, n?o/ano? iie?ao??e, niaoeeo?/i? i?aeiieaeoey?i? aca?iiae??.

Aiiioaoeey

Ia?eianeay E.A. ?ieue eiaeeooa?aioiuo iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo
aauanoa

a oi?ie?iaaiee no?oeoo?u e naienoa nao/aouo iieeyoe?ia e iieeo?aoaiia.
– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.06 — oeiey aunieiiieaeoey?iuo
niaaeeiaiee, Einoeooo oeiee aunieiiieaeoey?iuo niaaeeiaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeeyiey iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo
aauanoa (IAA) ia no?oeoo?o e naienoaa nao/aouo iieeyoe?ia e
iieeo?aoaiia. Ia iieeo?aoaiiauo e iieeyoe?iuo nenoaiao aia?aua auea
iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue ?aaoee?iaaiey i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo i?e
oi?ie?iaaiee nao/aouo iieeia?ia iooai nicaeaiey a enoiaeiie niane
ieeaiia?ia oii?yaei/aiuo no?oeoo? IAA, niiniaiuo e niaoeeoe/aneei
acaeiiaeaenoaeyi n iieaeoeaie ieeaiia?ia, /oi iaania/eaaao oneiaey aeey
iino?iaiey iieeia?iie naoee niioaaonoaaiii oii?yaei/aiiui no?oeoo?ai
IAA. Iieacaii i?eioeeieaeueiua ?acee/ey a iiaaaeaiee ieeaiia?iuo nenoai
iiae aeaenoaeai IAA a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie niaianoeiinoe ieeaiia?ia.
Iieeia?iua eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa iaianuuaiiuo iieeyoe?ia iieo/aee
?aaeoeeae niiieeia?ecaoeee 60% ?anoai?a
iieeaeeyoeeaiaeeeieueiaeaeiaoooaeaoa (IAeYAIO) n
aeeiaoae?eeaoo?eyoeeaiaeeeieai (OAI-3) .Ieeaio?aoaiu n eiioeaauie
ecioeeaiaoiuie a?oiiaie neioace?iaaee ia iniiaa ia?u o?eooieoeeiiaeueiuo
ieeaiyoe?ia: iieeienei?iieeaio?eie (E-3003) iieaeoey?iie iannu 3000 e
aaeaeoeoa o?eiaoeeiei?iiaia e aeeyoeeaiaeeeiey n aaeeieiiaie eeneioie
(I-2200) iieaeoey?iie iannu 2200. A ea/anoaa ieeaiyoe?aeeeieae a neioaca
nao/aouo iieeo?aoaiia i?eiaiyeenue iieeienei?iieeaiaeeeieue (IIA),
iieeieneoao?aiaoeeaiaeeeieue (IOIA) iieaeoey?iie iannu 1000,
ieeaiaeeyoeeaiaeeeieueaaeeieiao (IAeA) iieaeoey?iie iannu 800 e eo
niane: (IIA-IOIA), (IIA-IAeA) e (IOIA-IAeA). A ea/anoaa
ecioeeaiaoniaea?aeauaai eiiiiiaioa eniieueciaaee nianue eciia?ia 2,4- e
2,6-oieoeeaiaeeecioeeaiaoa (OAeE). Eae iiaeeoeeaoi?u eniieueciaaee
eiaeeooa?aioiua IAA – ieneyoeee?iaaiiua yoe?u aeeaiiea (AeN-10) e
aeeeeoaiiea (II-10), aeie — niiieeia? iieeaeeiaoeeneeienaia e ieenae
aeeeeaiia (EYI-2).

Enneaaeiaaiea naienoa e no?oeoo?u neioace?iaaiiuo iieeo?aoaiia
e iieeyoe?ia i?iaiaeeeenue n eniieueciaaieai oe?ieiai iaai?a nia?aiaiiuo
iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiee: eaei?eiao?e/aneeo, niaeo?aeueiuo,
yeaeo?iiiiiee?ineeie/aneeo, oeceei-iaoaie/aneeo.

A iieeyoe?iuo eiiiiceoeeyo a i?ioeanna iieeia?ecaoeee a
i?enoonoaee IAA i?ienoiaeeo oaaee/aiea iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey
iieeyoe?ia, eioi?ia aucuaaaony eciaiaieai no?oeoo?u iieeia?a, /oi
i?eaiaeeo e iiauoaieth eiaaceiiiie e aaeaaceiiiie i?i/iinoe.

A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiey ieeaio?aoaiia ia iniiaa nianae
ieeaiyoe?ia onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaethaeaaiia oaaee/aiea aaeaaceiiiie
i?i/iinoe caaeneo io eiee/anoaa aauanoaa, nouanoaothuaai a
aeenia?ae?iaaiiii ninoiyiee, a iaeneiaeueiua cia/aiey i?i/iinoe eeaaauo
niaaeeiaiee aeinoeaathony i?e ioaa?aeaeaiee ieeaio?aoaiia,
oa?aeoa?ecothueony iaiuethoiiianeei iiaaaeaieai, oi anoue yaeythueony
no?oeoo?e?iaaiiuie nenoaiaie. .

Eco/aia aiciiaeiinoue niaoeeoe/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey
enneaaeoaiiai IAA e ieeaiia?ia. Iaoiaeii EE – niaeo?ineiiee iieacaii,
/oi ec o?ao acyouo aeeeieae (IIA,IOIA,IAeA) e niaoeeoe/aneiio
acaeiiaeaenoaeth n IAA neeiiai oieueei IIA.

Iaia?oaeaii, /oi a niaianoeiie nenoaia iaaethaeaaony naycue
iaaeaeo eiioeaio?aoeieiiuie caaeneiinoyie eciaiaiey yio?iiee e
yioaeueiee iiaa?oiinoiuo neiaa IAA e iaoaie/aneeie naienoaaie oaa?aeuo
iieeia?ia. A yoeo nenoaiao aaaaeaiea eiaeeooa?aioiiai IAA iicaieyao
oaaee/eoue a 2 ?aca eiaaceiiioth e aaeaaceiiioth i?i/iinoue nao/aouo
iieeo?aoaiia. I?e oi?ie?iaaiee iieeo?aoaia a oneiaeyo ianiaianoeiinoe,
eiaaea iaeiei ec ieeaiia?ia yaeyaony IIA, eciaiaiea oeceei- iaoaie/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ii?aaeaeyaony eiioeaio?aoeeiiiuie caaeneiinoyie
oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo ooieoeee ?anoai?ia IAA a yoii ieeaiia?a. A oaeeo
iieeo?aoaiao, aeaaiaea?y aaaaeaieth IAA oaeaaony oaaee/eoue eiaaceiiioth
i?i/iinoue a 2.5 ?aca (aei 24 Iia).

Oaeei ia?acii, a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea nouanoaoao niaoeeoe/aneia
acaeiiaeaenoaea iaaeaeo ieeaiia?aie eee iaeiei ec ieeaiia?ia e IAA,
iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue iai?aaeaiiiai eciaiaiey naienoa nao/aoiai
iieeo?aoaia iaeuie aeiaaaeaie IAA.

N eniieueciaaieai eiiiiceoeee aeaiiai oeia ?ac?aaioaii yeieiae/anee
/enoua iaeiieiiiiiaioiua yeanoe/iua eeae n aunieeie iieacaoaeyie
i?i/iinoe e aiaeinoieeinoe aeey niaaeeiaiey iaoaeeia, ieanoiann, ?aceiu
e ae?oaeo iaiaoaeee/aneeo iaoa?eaeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa, nao/aoua
iieeo?aoaiu, nao/aoua iieeyoe?u, niaoeeoe/aneea iaaeiieaeoey?iua
acaeiiaeaenoaey.

Annotation

Markovska L.A.The role of indefferent surfactants in the
formation of the polyether and polyurethan network structure and
properties. Manuscript.

Dissertation submitted in fulfillment of requirement for a
Scientific Degree of Philosophy Doctor (Chemistry) in the field of
02.00.06 — Macromolecular Chemistry, Institute of Macromolecular
Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, Kyiv,1999.

The dissertation is devoted to solving the problems of
adjustment of the polymer network structure and properties using inert
surfactant small additives. It was shown for the polyurethane and
polyether/ester systems that attacking the problem is related to ability
of some surfactants to form a regulated structures. Out of the
surfactants used the poly(siloxane) and poly(alkyl ethylene)
blockcopolymers were chosen for this and oxyethylated ethers of alkanol
and alkyl phenols as well.

It was established that the surfactants of such a type are
capable of specific interactions with the oligomer functional groups
that make possible to form the polymer network according to the
regulated structures of the surfactant.

As it was shown, monitoring of the properties of the polymer
network is possible using the surfactant small additives. The polymer
materials prepared are characteristic of ahigh level of the
physico-chemical properties. Single “green” elastic waterproof glues of
high durability used as water (plastic, rubber) joining adhesive based
on compositions of such a type.

Key words: surfactant, polyurethane network, polyether network,
specifin intermolecular interection.

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