1

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO ?ICAAAeAIIss ? AAIAOEEE OAA?EI

AENI*AINUeEEE EINEI NOAIAIIAE*

OAeE 636.2.064.6/.082.456.

??NO ? ?ICAEOIE OA A?IEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? III?NIEO OAEEOeUe AO?I?
EA?IAONUeEI? II?IAeE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue — 06.02.01. — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

c.*oaeinueea Ee?anueei? iaeano?

1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Caea?iaonueeiio ?inoeooo? aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa OAAI.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeaaeai?e
OAAI, aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? Coaaoeue Ieoaeei Aaneeueiae/,

I?aceaeaio Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? N??aoeueeee Einei Caiiiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei;

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Einoaiei Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/, ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo oaa?eiieoeoaa,
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ? ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? OAAI

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny OAAI,
i.AEeoiie?

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “_7_”_ea?oiy__ 1999 ?ieo, i 10.00
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee i?e ?inoeooo?
?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy
? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI.

Aae?ana ?inoeoooo: 256319, Ee?anueea iae., Ai?eni?euenueeee ?-i,
n.*oaeinueea, aoe. Iia?aaiyea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_5_”___aa?aciy____ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
TH.A.I?eue/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C iaoith caaacia/aiiy iio?aa ianaeaiiy i”ynii a
Oe?a?i? oe?iei ?icai?iooi ?iaioo ii noai?aiith niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aaeoc?
i”yniiai neioa?noaa.

A iaaeao Oe?a?ie aeae?eythoueny aaia?ao?/i? ciie, yee ?noioii
a?ae??ciythoueny ca ee?iaoe/ieie, ainiiaea?nueeeie oa ?ioeie oaeoi?aie.
Oiio naeaeoe?eiee i?ioean noai?aiiy oe?a?inueei? i”y/nii? ii?iaee eoia
/a?ao oi?ioaaiiy ciiaeueieo oei?a. Oae, o 1978 ?ioe? caoaa?aeaeaii
/a?i?a?anueeee ? i?eaei?i?ianueeee i”yni? oeie, eio?? o 1993 ?ioe? aoei
ia”?aeiaii o no?oeoo?o oe?a?inueei? i”ynii? ii?iaee aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae. Caaa?oo?oueny ?iaioa ii noai?aiith ciai”yinueei? oa
aneai?enueei? i”ynieo ii??ae. O 1994 ?ioe? caoaa?aeaeaii aieeinueeo
i”ynio ii?iaeo. Ii?iaeioai?/ei i?ioeanii ioiieaii an?
i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i? ciie ??aieiieo iaeanoae. A a??nuee?e aea cii?
Ea?iao, aea ? i?aeoe/ii an? ia?aaeoiiae aeey aoaeoeaiiai aaaeaiiy
i”yniiai neioa?noaa, oaea ?iaioa ia i?iaiaeeeanue.

Aaaeaiiy neioa?noaa a a??nuee?e cii? Ea?iao ia? nai? iniaeeaino?. Ooo
o?e /aoaa?o? ieiu n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue – oea eoee ?
ianiaeua. Cia/ia e?euee?noue i?ieo caiaeue caeiyoa ei?iiaeie
eoeueoo?aie. Ana oea aea? ciiao i?ioyaii e?oa, ca ?aooiie aeianaiiy oa
iaaoeo, io?eioaaoe aeinoaoith e?euee?noue aeieia?/ii /enoi?, aeaoaai?
yeiae/eie.

Niaoeeo?ea ?aa?iio Ea?iao coiiaeaia eiioeiaioaeueiei ee?iaoii,
iaaei??iith caieiaeai?noth, iaaeinoaoiueith ?inieyoe??th, a?aenooi?noth
aeaniiai ca?iiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, iayai?noth cia/ieo ieiu i?e?iaeieo
ianiaeu ? n?iiaeaoae a no?oeoo?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue.
Noaaeoue iniaeea? aeiiae aei oaa?ei, ye? a noaee iniiaith iiai? aaeoc? a
cii?.

Iinoaaeaoe ca iaoo noai?aiiy aaiioeio niaoe?ae?ciaaii? i”ynii? ooaeiae,
ie aaaaeaee, ui iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo aeaiaio?a ioe?iee ii?aeioaaiino?
aaiioei?a o no?auoaaii?, ie??i a?aeaiae?aaeueieo oa caa?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iii?nieo ae/e?a, ? iaoa?einuee? yeino? oa oi?ioaaiiy
a?aeoai?thaaeueii? ooieoe?? iii?nieo iaoie. A i”yniiio neioa?noa?
?ae?iith i?iaeoeoe??th, ui io?eio?oueny a?ae ei?iae ? oaey aeey
ae?iuoaaiiy. Oiio, oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeia aaaaeaoe aieiaieie.

Aiae?c e?uea?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c ieoaiiy noai?aiiy a?o/eciyieo i”ynieo
aaiioei?a iieacaa, ui a ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? ioae?eaoe?e aena?oeaii
naia i”ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ae/e?a, oiae? ye a?aeoai?thaaeueiei
ooieoe?yi iaoie oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny aeoaea ??aeei. Iiaea naia e oiio
a?o/eciyi? aaiioeie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iecueeith a?aeoai?thaaeueiith
ooieoe??th. sseui ae aanoe iiao i?i ii?iaeioai?/ee i?ioean o a??nueeiio
?aa?ii? Ea?iao, yeee ca aaaaoueia ee?iaoe/ieie oaeoi?aie ?
aeno?aiaeueiei, oi i?iaeaia iaoa?einueeeo yeinoae oa a?aeoai?thaaeueieo
ooieoe?e iaoie aeoiaeeoue iaa?oue ia ia?oa i?noea. A oiio i?aaeiaoii
iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ia?aii iii?nieo iaoie oa ?o /enoiii??aeieo
aiaeia?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ii oai? “?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aio noai?aiiy aaeoc? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i”yniiai
neioa?noaa aeey a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao” N
aea?ae?aano?aoe?? OA  01002354?. Ioe?iea ii?aeiaiue aaiioei?a ao?i?
ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c aieeinueeith ii?iaeith oa ciai”yinueeei i”yniei
oeiii ca a?aeoai?thaaeueiith caeaoi?noth oa iaoa?einueeeie yeinoyie
iii?nieo iaoie N aea?ae?ayno?aoe?? OA 01002354 ?.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue noaaeeiny iiooe
iioeiaeueieo naeaeoe?eieo oeyo?a noai?aiiy i”ynieo noaae, i?enoiniaaieo
aei oiia a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao ? iicaaaeaieo neeaaeiinoae c
a?aeoai?aiiyi ooaeiae.

A caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeei:

— aeine?aeeoe aieea aaiioeio ie?aeieea ia ?icaeoie oa oi?ioaaiiy
a?aeoai?ieo ooieoe?e iii?nieo oaeeoeue;

— aea/eoe aeeiai?eo ?inoo aeeai? iane, aenoa?”??i? oa aeaye? ?ioa?”??i?
iniaeeaino? iii?nieo oaeeoeue o ii??aiyii? c /enoiii?iaeieie aiaeiaaie;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo eaaeiioaeueiino? oa iaoa?einueeeo yeinoae
i?aeaeine?aeieo iaoie.

— anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? iiaaae?iee i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei;

— cae?enieoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo iiei/iino? ia?a?noie oa o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo ?o iieiceaa e iieiea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa a oiiaao a??nueei? ciie Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao
eiiieaenii aea/aii iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo, oi?ioaaiiy a?aeoai?ieo
ooieoe?e, eaaeiioaeuei?noue, iaoa?einuee? yeino?, aoieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
oa iiei/i?noue iii?nieo iaoie ao?a ea?iaonueea o aieeinueea i”ynia
ii?iaea oa ao?a ea?iaonueea o ciai”yinueeee oei o ii??aiyii? c
/enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieoeyie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee..

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a
aieeinueei? i”ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai”yinueeiai oeio o a?aeoai?thaaeueiiio
no?auoaaii? i?e noai?aii? i”ynieo noaae aeey a??nueei? ciie Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iao.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? “I?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i”yniiai neioa?noaa a Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? ia
ia??iae aei 2005 ?”. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe noai?aii ianea
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? i”ynii? ooaeiae a oiiaao a??nueei? ciie Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a i?aai?caoe?? aeine?ae?a, cai??
ia?aeiieo iaoa??ae?a, ia?iaoe? oa aiae?c? io?eiaieo aeaieo ? oi?ioaaii?
aeniiae?a, aiae?c? ia?aeiieo iaoa??ae?a, ui noino?oueny aeaieo
aenoa?”??o, aeeai? iane ?ioa?”??ieo iniaeeainoae, a?aeoai?i? ooieoe??
iaoie, iiei/i?noue ia?a?noie, nei?inoeae?noue oaa?ei.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ?
niaoe?ae?no?a “Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee oa aeinyaiaiiy iieiaeeo a/aieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoao” (A.Aaeoa, 1991), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a
“iaoeia? ?ic?iaee aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno” (I.Ai?ioa, 1993 ?.), ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao” (I.Ai?ioa, 1994?.).

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe??
anueiai iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o, a eio?eo aena?oeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 124 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, a?niiae?a oa nieneo e?oo?aoo?e, aeeth/a? a naaa 32
oaaeeoe?, 2 ?enoiee. Nienie e?oo?aoo?e aeeth/a? 251 aeaea?aei, c yeeo 46
?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

Caaaeueia iaoiaeeea ? iniiai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue o aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? “Ea?iaoe”
Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo AIA aoei a?ae?a?aii ei??a, na?aaei?e a?e yeeo
noaiiaea 4,6 ?ie?a c iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth 2300-2500 ea ? oaeeoeue
ia?oaaeueiiai a?eo c aeeaith ianith iiiaae 280 ea.

A?ae?a?aia iaoi/ia iiaie?a”y ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a aoei ?icae?eaii ia
o?e a?oie Iaoie ia?oi? a?oie aoei aeei?enoaii i?ae in?iai?iiy nia?iith
/enoiii??aeieo ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo aoaa?a, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?nioth/ei
ieaiii cae??ieaiiy. Ei??a oa oaeeoeue ae?oai? ? o?aouei? a?oi aoei
nia?iaaii, a?aeiia?aeii, c aoaayie aieeinueei? ii?iaee ? ciai”yinueeiai
oeio.

I?aeaeine?aei? a?oie aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoee noi?iiaai? c
i?eieiaeo, io?eiaiiai a?ae iaoie eiaeii? c iienaieo a?oi. Oaee/ee aeey
aeine?aeo a?aeae?aeeny ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a c a?aooaaiiyi aeaoe
ia?iaeaeaiiy, ?icaeoeo oa noaio caei?ia’y. A yeino? eiio?ieth
aeei?enoaii /enoiii??aeieo ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo ?iaanieoeue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo aeine?ae?a
ca?aeii noaie 1.

Ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo ainiiaea?nueeeo iieaciee?a ae?iuoaaiiy oa aeayeeo
a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iii?nieo oaeeoeue ao?a ea?iaonueea o
ciai’yinueeee oei, ao?a ea?iaonueea o aieeinueea i’ynia i?iaaaeaii a
eieaini? “Aaneeae” Aieiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?.
Oaeeoe? oo?eioaaeenue a oiiaao i?ea’yciiai ae?iuoaaiiy oa aeianaeeny ia
aenieia??iiio i?eiieiieinueeiio ianiaeu? ia aenio? 850-900 i iaae ??aiai
ii?y.

I?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue ae?iuoaaee ia i?aenen? ca nenoaiith
“ei?iaa-oaey”. O?eaae?noue i?aeaeine?aeiiai ia??iaeo aoea
iiai?noth coiiaeaia oaoiieia??th ianiaeuiiiai oo?eiaiiy ei??a c oaeyoaie
ia i?aenen?. Na?aaei?e a?e oaeeoeue i?e a?aeeo/aii? ? iinoaiiaoe? ia
ceiiai-no?eeiaa oo?eiaiiy neeaaeaa 6,5 i?nyoe?a.

1.Noaia aeine?aeo

A?oie Aie?aAaiioei*A?e iinoa-iiaee iaIniaeeaino? oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy
oa aeianaiiy aeine?ae, i?n.Oo?eiaiiy AeianaiiyIaoeiai — ae?iaie/ee
aeine?ae? eiio?ieueia

10

AE

0

aaci?ea’yciaI?e?iaeia ia iie?ioaiiio??
aeine?aeia10AEoAI0aaci?ea’yciaianiaeu? ia???
aeine?aeia10AEoCI0aaci?ea’yciaaenio? 500 i iaae ??aiai ii?yAe?iaie/a
ia?aa??ea?? aeine?aeia10AEoAI0i?ea’yciaIa??? aeine?aeia10AEoCI0i?ea’ycia
Aenieia??ieo

I?eiieiieinueeeo ianiaeuao ia aenio?

850-900 i. iaae ??aiai ii?y * — AE- ao?a ea?iaonueea ii?iaea; AI —
aieeinueea i’ynia ii?iaea;

CI- ciai’yinueeee i’yniee oei.

Aiae?aey i?aeaene?aeiiai iiaie?a’y aoea i?iaeeeoiaaia niaoeeo?eith
a??nueeeo oiia. Oae, iniiao ?aoe?ii?a o an? ia??iaee iioiaaiico
neeaaeaee aaaaoaoeai? ei?ie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa: a e?oi?e ia??iae —
caeaia iana ianiaeua, a ceiiaee — n?ii, neein ceaeiaeo eoeueoo? oa
nieiia iceii? ioaieoe?. Eiioeaio?iaai? ei?ie aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a ie?ai?
i?nyoe? ceiiai-no?eeiaiai ia??iaeo. A no?oeoo?? ??/iiai ?aoe?iio
eiioeei?ie ia ia?aaeuoaaee 7 %.

Ca ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy ia i?aenin? i?aeaeine?aeiee iieiaeiye io?eiaa, a
na?aaeiueiio ia aieiao /iieiei e ianiaeuia o?aaa/: ? a?oia — 484,5
ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ? 59,1 ea ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, ??-a, a?aeiia?aeii
— 550,4 ? 63,2 oa ???-y a?oia — 589,3 ei?i.iae. ? 64,4 ea ia?ao?aaiiai
i?ioa?io.

I?ney a?aeeo/aiiy a?ae iaoa??a i?aeaeine?aei? oaeeoe? oo?eioaaeeny
aaci?ea’ycii o a?oiiaeo ee?oeao ii 15 aie?a. Ca 6 i?nyoe?a
ceiiai-no?eeiaiai ia??iaeo iieiaeiye io?eioaaa, c ?ic?aooieo ia aieiao,
830 ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ? 85,8 ea ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io.

A ia??iae ianiaeuiiai oo?eiaiiy a?ae 12,5-oe aei 18,5-i?ny/iiai a?eo
iieiaeiye i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi aoa caaacia/aiee ianiaeuiei ei?iii ia
??ai? 738 e.iae. ? 88.6 ea ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io.

A ianooiiee a?eiaee ia??iae a?ae 18,5-oe aei 24-i?ny/iiai a?eo, a oiiaao
neeaaeii? cei?ae? (1993-1994 ??.) i?aeaeine?aei? oaeeoe?, a na?aaeiueiio
ia aieiao, io?eioaaee 694 ei?i.iae. ? 54,6 ea ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io.
Eiioeaio?aoe neeaaeaee o oeae ia??iae 9,5 % ca i?iaeeai?noth.

Oo?eioaaee i?aeaeine?aei? oaeeoe? a ianiaeuiee ia??iae o a?oiiaiio
caaii?, iaeaaeiaiiio iaa?niei aeaoii. Aiaeii?e caaacia/oaaany c
i?e?iaei?o aiaeieieu. ??aaiue aiae?ae? iii?nieo oaeeoeue, ui
ae?iuoaaeeny a oiiaao ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee a ENI “Aaneeae”, i?ioyaii
no?eeiaiai oo?eiaiiy i?aeoe/ii i?/ei ia a?ae??ciy?oueny. A oie aea /an,
ae?oeo ooo aeei?enoiaoaaee ei?ioei/ania i?aeianaiiy ia eoeueoo?iiio
o?aainoi? c aenieei ai?noii aiaiaeo eiiiiiaio?a, ui a?ae/ooii
iicia/aeiny ia aia?a?? ?inoo i?aeaeine?aeiiai iieiaeiyea.

Aeo?aoe ei?i?a o ia??iae no?eeiaiai oo?eiaiiy aecia/aee oeyoii
caaaeoaaiiy caaeaieo ei?i?a oa ?o caeeoe?a, a a ianiaeuiee ia??iae
?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii /a?ac a?iaeaei?noue ianiaeua /iaoiaeii neiooaaiiy
eiio?ieueieo ae?eyiie/. Iiaeeai?noue ei?i?a aecia/aee ca oaeoe/ieie
?acoeueoaoaie ciioaoi?/iiai aiae?co, ai?no ne?iai i?ioa?io oa acioo —
iaoiaeii Eaeueaeaey, aia?aaoe/io iiaeeai?noue — ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii.

AEeao iano i?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue aecia/aee uii?ny/ii oeyoii
caaaeoaaiiy a?aioe? aei aiae?ae? o a?oe?: i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, a 6, 12 ? 18
i?nyoe?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeeo a?eiaeo ia??iae?a ae?aoiaoaaee aaniethoiee,
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee oa a?aeiiniee i?e?inoe aeeai? iane oaa?ei.
Aenoa’??i? iniaeeaino? oa e?i?eiee ??no aea/aee oeyoii acyooy i?ii???a
noaoae o?ea i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. Ia iniia? e?i?eieo i?ii???a
ae?aooaaee ?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea oa aeoa?’??iee i?io?eue oaeeoeue o
a?oe? 9, 12, 15 ? 18 i?nyoe?a.

Oaeaee?noue ?inoo oa noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue aea/aee ca iaoiaeii
Ae.O.A?iie/oea, Ae.?. Naa/o?a, I.I. Iaeai?iaee, E.E.Iaeueieea (1991).

?ioa?’??i? iniaeeaino? oa ee?i?/i? iieacieee aecia/aee ca caaaeueii
i?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie, noai coaii? a?eaaee — iaoiaeii uii?ny/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue.

Aoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue oeyoii aeiaiaiai o?iiiiao?aaeo
o a?oe? 9,12,18 i?nyoe?a ca iaoiaeeeith ?inoeoooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI
(Oa?e?a, 1982) c ?ic?aooieii ?iaeaen?a ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ca
A.?.Aae?eaeai?iei (1986).

A?aeoai?thaaeuei? ooieoe?? iaoie — oeyoii niinoa?aaeaiue ca
a?iaeieia?/ieie aeaieie oa iaoa??aeaie ia?aeiiiai ciioaoi?/iiai iae?eo.

Iiei/i?noue ia?a?noie — iaoiaeii eiio?ieueiiai aei?iiy, o?i?/iee neeaae
iieiceaa — ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie iienaieie
I.N.Ea?ai?oeueeith oa I.A.Eoaai?aei (19961).

Ii?aoethaaiiy iaea?aeaieo a aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (I.I.Ieio?inueeee, 1969 ? A.O.Eae?ia, 1980).

?ACOEUeOAOE AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?icaeoie i?aeaeine?aeiiai iieiaeiyea

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui o?eaae?noue aia??iaaiaco o iaoie ao?i?
ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee ia caeaaeaea a?ae aaiioeio ie?aeieea.
Iai?oaeai?noue aia??iiaeueiiai aaeiaiai ?inoo aoea iaeaeuith o iii?nae c
aieeinueeith i’yniith ii?iaeith. ??cieoey o oaee/ie noaiiaeea 0,18 a
ii??aiyii aei eiio?ieueii? ???-? aeine?aeii? a?oie. Oey caeiiii??i?noue
i?aeoaa?aeeeanue ? iieacieeaie aeeai? iane iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai iieiaeiyea.
O ia?o?e na??? aeine?aeo aiia aoea oaeith: oaee/ee ao?i? ea?iaonueei?
ii?iaee — 30 ea, iii?ni? c aieeinueeith ii?iaeith — 34 ea, ?c
ciai’yinueeei oeiii — 35 ea; o ae?oa?e na??? aeine?aeo — iii?nue c
aieeinueeith ii?iaeith -29 ea oa ?c ciai’yinueeei oeiii — 29 ea.

Aiae?c a?eiai? aeeiai?ee aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue (oaae. 2)
na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue yaeua aaoa?iceno ia i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo
ae?iuoaaiiy, ia caeaaeii a?ae oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy ? oiia aeianaiiy. O
an? a?eia? ia??iaee iii?ni? oaeeoe? ia?aaaaeaee ?iaanieoeue eiio?ieueii?
a?oie ca aeeaith ianith ia 7,2 -33,1 %. Iniaeeai aaaiiith ? noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeiith oey ??cieoey aoea o 6-oe i?ny/iiio a?oe?, eiee ca ?aooiie
i?aenino caaacia/oaaeany iio?aaa i?aai?cio ? oaa?eie iiaee
?aae?coaaoe na?e

2. Ainiiaea?nuee? iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy i?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue, /Im/

IieacieeeA?oie??????AEeaa iana, ea:iiaiia?iaeaeai? 301,9341,2351,76
i?nyoe?a1334,01539,91605,712 i?nyoe?a2085,323611,92539,418
i?nyoe?a2614,028811,43046,8Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a:0-6
i?nyoe?a5036506830-12 i?nyoe?a4885535970-18 i?nyoe?a421464491Cao?aoe
ei?io e.iae., ea7,97.77.1

iioaioe?ae. Ca ia??iae i?aenino ao?? ea?iaonuee? oaeeoe? ca?eueooaaee
aeeao iano a 4 ?ace, iii?n? c aieeinueeith i’yniith ii?iaeith — a 4,23 ?
ciai’yinueeiai oeio a — 4,11 ?ace.

??cieoey o aaeiaiio i?e?ino? oaeeoeue i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi aei
eiio?ieueii? neeaaeaea 9,0 % o iii?nae c aieeinueeith ii?iaeith ? 16 % —
o iii?nae ciai’yinueeiai oeio (a iaio na??yo aeine?ae?a).

A?aeiia?aeii, ia?aaaaa iii?nieo oaeeoeue iaio a?oi niinoa??aaeany a
ia??iae i?aenino ? ca na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie. Oae, a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aiie noaiiaeee 503 a, o aieeinueeeo iii?nyo — 650 a
? a ciai’yinueeeo — 683 a.

Io?eiai? ainiiaea?nuee? iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy iii?nieo oaeeoeue o
aeine?ae? i?aeoaa?aeeeenue o c??eiio (18 i?nyoe?a) a?oe?, a oiiaao
ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee (oaa.3).

3. Ainiiaea?nuee? iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy iii?nieo oaeeoeue

a oiiaao ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee, / I m /

IieacieeA?oie?????AEeaa iana, ea:iiaiia?iaeaeai? 291,6291,26
i?nyoe?a1744,61774,412 i?nyoe?a2334,52292,918
i?nyoe?a2869,43048,1Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a:0-6
i?nyoe?a7928090-12 i?nyoe?a5315480-18 i?nyoe?a469502

E?i?eiee ??no oa aenoa?’??i? iniaeeaino?

Ca aenoa?’??ieie iniaeeainoyie i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei anoaiiaeaii
?noioio, ? a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeio, ia?aaaao
iii?nieo oaeeoeue iaae /enoiii?iaeieie ?iaanieoeyie a 12 ? 18 i?ny/iiio
a?oe?. Iniaeeai cia/eiith ? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiith oey ia?aaaaa aoea
ca i?ii??aie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue eaioiniiiee oei aoaeiae o?ea, a naia
ca iaoaaoii a?oaeae, iai?a iaoaaoii oa ni??aeueiei iaoaaoii caaeo. Ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe noaa?eueio ia?aaaao iii?nae ca an?ia iieacieeaie e?i?eiiai
?inoo, a na?aaeiueiio, ia 1,2-8,6 %, i?e/iio, yeui aieeinuee? iii?n?
a?ae??ciyeeny e?auei ?icaeoeii ia?aaeiuei? o?aoeie ooeoaa, oi oaa?eie
??? a?oie aoee iaia?aaa?oaieie ca i?ii??aie caaeo (ia 7 ? 9 ni a?eueoa
ii??aiyii aei ? ? ?? a?oi).

?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea i?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue (oaae. 4)
oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaa?ei ?? a?oie ye iaea?eueo aeeaieia?oaeeo, eiiiaeoieo
? ianeaieo, oiae? ye oaa?eie ??? a?oie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iaea?eueoei
?iaeaenii i’yniino?.

*enoiii?iaei? oaeeoe? e iaoae? iinooiaeeny iii?niei aiaeiaai ?? ? ???
a?oi ca ?iaeaenaie caeoino? ia 4.0 % oa ianeaiino?, a?aeiia?aeii, ia
16.7 ? 3.3 %. *a?ac aenieo aa??aaaeuei?noue e?i?eieo i?ii???a
i?aea?oiia? a?aei?iiino? aoee noaoenoe/ii iaa??ia?aei?.

Aeyaeai? a aeine?ae? caeiiii??iino? uiaei ?iaeaen?a ianeaiino?
eiiiaeoiino? ? i’yniino? aeine?aeieo a?oi oaa?ei i?aeoaa?aeeeenue ? o
ae?iaie/?e ia?aa??oe?.

4. ?iaeaene o?eineeaaeo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaeeoeue o a?eia?e aeeiai?oe?,
% / I m /

?iaeaeneA?eA?oiei?n.??????Aeiaaiiiaino?1631.07630.5630.69520.8519.6520.4
24490.94711511.0?inoyaiooino?1854.3881.3873.191041.91051.21090.5241142.5
1111.01141.7Aeeaieia?oaeino?1371.1370.7370.69480.8490.6480.524510.9542.5
491.0Caeoino?11335.31243.61274.191273.11312.11251.8241241.81292.51292.9E
inoenoino?1160.5160150.49150.3150.2150.424170.9140.6170.2Ianeaiino?12,80
.23.050.13.20.3914,00.216.80.616.90.424301.0351.7312.6I’yniino?1723.8791
.7741.69762.9762.5801.624791.4782.3813.0

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy oaeaeeino? noe?aiiy oa
a?ae?inoaiiy ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue i?aeaeine?aeieo iaoie (oaae. 5)
na?ae/aoue, ui iaea?eueoo ieiuo iii?e iaee oaa?eie ??? a?oie, ?,
i?aeoe/ii i?e iaeiaeia?e aeea?e ian? o 12 i?ny/iiio a?oe?, aiie,
caeiiii??ii, iaee iaioa ieoiia iaaaioaaeaiiy. ??cieoey
aei eiio?ieth anoaiiaeea 16,5 % (noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii, i?e ? < 0,01). 5. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ?aoeoeue i?aeaeine?aeieo iaoie o ia??iae 18-22 i?nyoe?a, ii (I m) IieacieeeA?oie??????Ieiua iii?e, ni2225.08.7272.917.9333.732.8a.o./.: ia?aaei? e?ioe?aee1282.2152.51018418.1 caaei? e?ioe?aee973.5120.47.914914.7AEeaa iana, ea2154.22606.625713.6Ieoiia iaaaioaaeaiiy, ea/ni2 0.9470.040.9720.050.7910.05Aeiaaeeia ia?aaeiuei? ?iaiai? no?iee, ii 652.3702.0700.45I?e??no ?aoeoe?, ii282.7353.1373.5Noe?aiiy ?aoeoe?, ii161.6181.5221.6 Aiae?c aeaieo iaea?aeaieo o a?eueo c??eiio a?oe? oaeeoeue iieacaa, ui naieie i?oeieie aoee ?aoeoe? o oaa?ei II a?oie. ?acii c oei, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe ui iaoee an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi a aeinoaoi?e i??? aeia?a i?enoiniaai? aei ianiaeuiiai oo?eiaiiy. Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui a?eueo ae?aaeaia noe?aiiy ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue eiiiainoaaeiny iineeaiei ?? a?ae?inoaiiyi, yea noaiiaeei ii a?oiao, a?aeiia?aeii: 22,5 ? 16,0 oa 23,0 ii (ia?aaaaa iieiaeiyea I ? III a?oi iaae ?iaanieoeyie II a?oie aoea noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiith i?e ?< 0,02). Aeyaeaii cia/ii iaioa noe?aiiy no?iee ?aoeoeue oaeeoeue, ae?iuaieo a oiiaao ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee iiaeia iiynieoe a i?aeaeuaiith ?o i?oei?noth ca ?aooiie, i/aaeaeii, iie?auaiiai i?ioa?iiaiai aeeaeaiiy ia eoeueoo?ieo ianiaeuao c aenieei ai?noii aiaiaeo eiiiiiaio?a. ?ACOEUeOAOE AOIEIA?*IEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe OAEEOeUe I?e aea/aii? iaie oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee ? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oaa?ei anoaiiaeaii, ui aeuith aeoeai?noth oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee a?aecia/aeeny oaeeoe? aeine?aeieo a?oi o 10-i?ny/iiio a?oe?. A ianooii? a?eia? ia??iaee ??cieoey i?ae a?oiaie ae??aithaaeanue, aea ?iaeaen aeoeee, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? aeoeaio ae?th oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, o an? a?eia? ia??iaee aoa aeuei o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi (0,32-0,35 i?ioe 0,29). Iaeaeuith ooieoe?iiaeueiith aeiaiaith aeoeai?noth oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny oaa?eie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee (eiio?ieueia a?oia). Oey iniaeea?noue niinoa??aaeany o an? a?eia? ia??iaee. IA?AA?A ?ICOAE?A, IAOA?EINUeE? ssEINO? OA AOIEIA?*I? OA?AEOA?ENOEEE IA?A?NOIE Niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ia?aa?aii ?icoae?a i?aeaeine?aeieo iaoie iieacaei, ui iaeiaioa oneeaaeiaiue i?e ?icoaeao aoei o oaa?ei II a?oie (90 % eaaeeo ?icoae?a). Ca a?eii ia /an ?icoaeo naiee ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee (eiio?ieueia a?oia) ia?aaaaeaee aieeinueeeo iii?nae ia 28 aei?a, a ?iaanieoe? III-? a?oie iinooiaeeny ia 4 aei?. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui i?ney ?icoaeo iii?ni? ia?a?noee II ? III a?oi aeeaith ianith ia?aaaaeaee aiaeia?a ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee a?aeiia?aeii ia 23 ? 53 ea, aai ia 7,3 ? 16,8 % (??cieoey i?ae I ? III a?oiaie a??ia?aeia, i?e ?<0,05). Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo oaeaeeei ia?aa?aii iieiaiai? noaae?? ?icoaeo (19 oa.) oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaoee II a?oie. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo a?aei?/aii, ui o i?eieiaeo, iaea?aeaiiai a?ae iii?nieo ia?a?noie, niinoa??aaeiny iaeoaeaeoa aeae?eaiiy iaeii?th, iaeaeua ?ooiaa ? oa?/iaa aeoeai?noue a oie aea /an oaeyoai a?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie iio??aii aoei cia/ii iaioa /ano, uia i?aeiyoeny ia iiae oa i?iyaeoe aeo nnaiiy (oaae. 6). 6. Aoieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?a?noie ? i?eieiaeo i?ioyaii ia?oi? aeiae i?ney ?icoaeo, oa. (I m) IieacieeeA?oieIIIIIIO?eaae?noue noaae?? ?icoaeo:i?aeaioia/a16022,99985,04312,0iieiaiaa255,8195,8225,7iine?aeiaa2 1826,227262,130316,9Aeoeai?noue oaeyoe i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy:ia?oa ni?iaa i?aeiyoeny21,012,018,31,713;38,3anoaaaiiy ia iiae43,39,356,714,871,714,8ia?oa nnaiiy96,710,117817,4111,73,3aeae?eaiiy iaeii?th660270497173455113aeiaiaa o?eaae?noue nnaiiy53,31,797,317,170,76,3aeiaiaa ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue33562,049262,448782,0Iaoa?einueea aeoeai?noue ia?a?noie, eiioaeo?a ia aeiao:oaeoeeuei? eiioaeoe154,5162,1194,2caoeia? eiioaeoe285,0253,5156,5ci?ia? eiioaeoe33,752,050,7 Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie a?aei?/aii oaeiae, ui o iii?nieo iaoie iaoa?einueea aeii?iaioa i?iyaeyeany ia?aaaaeii oaeoeeueieie oa ci?iaeie eiioaeoaie, oiae? ye a /enoiii?iaeieo ia?a?noie, a?eueoith i??ith, /a?ac caoeia? (aieinia?) neaiaee. Aeiaiaa o?eaae?noue nnaiiy ? aeiaiaa ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue aoee cia/ii o?eaae?oeie o iii?nieo oaeyo, ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey ii??ae i’yniiai oeio i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Iieacieee aoieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue i?iaaaeaieo iaie ia o?aoueiio i?nyoe? i?ney ?icoaeo a iniiaiiio ni?aiaaeaee c oaeeie a ia?oee aeaiue i?ney ?icoaeo ia?a?noie. Iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui ca ?iaeaenaie caaaeueii? oa?/iai? aeoeaiino?, niiaeeaaiiyi aaaaoaoeaieo ei?i?a oa aeoii nnaiiy ia?aaaaeaee oaeyoa iii?nieo iaoa??a II ? III aeine?aeieo a?oi. OI?IOAAIIss CAEICE, IIEI*I?NOUe IAOA??A OA I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe I?EIEIAeO Ia iniia? a?coaeueii? ioe?iee i?aeaeine?aeieo ia?a?noie anoaiiaeaii, ui no?auoaaiiy i?ecaaei aei oi?ioaaiiy o iii?nieo iaoie ia?aaaaeii /aoiiiae?aiiai aeiai? c ae?eeaie oeee?iae?e/ii? oi?ie. O oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeyaeaii 33 % aei’y aaiiiiiae?aii? oi?ie, aea e 17 % neaai neaai?icaeiooi? i?ei?oeaii? oi?ie. Iii?ni? ia?a?noee a?aecia/aeeny e?auei e?i?eiei ?icaeoeii iiei/ii? caeice. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny oaa?ei ??? a?oie, eio?? ia?aaeuoaaee eiio?ieueio ca iniiaieie i?ii??aie ia 10,1-26,6 % (ia?aaaaa ca oe?eiith aei’y noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia, i?e ?< 0,05). Aaaeeeaei iieacieeii i’ynieo ei??a-aiaeoaaeueieoeue ? ?o iiei/i?noue, yea ? iaeaaaeeea?oith aeaoa?i?iaioith aia?a?? ?inoo oaeyo o i?aeneniee ia??iae. I?aeaeuaiiy iiei/iino? on?o ia?a?noie niinoa??aaeiny ia i?ioyc? 3-o i?nyoe?a eaeoaoe?? (oaae.7). Ca ??aiai iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ia i?ioyc? an?o o?ueio i?nyoe?a, iii?ni? ia?a?noee nooo?ai (ia 5.8-29,1%) ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii?iaeieo ?iaanieoeue. Iaee?auith iiei/i?noth oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaoee ?? a?oie ? ia?aaeuoaaee ? ? ???, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 19,4 ? 14,4 % (??cieoey o aeaeyae? noaoenoe/ii? oaiaeaioe?? aei ia?aaaae). Ca aaeiaeie ? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie iieiaeiye, iaea?aeaiee a?ae ia?a?noie ?? ? ??? a?oi, ia?aaaaeaa ?iaaniee?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 11,8 oa 10,7 % (oaaeeoey 8). Iaee?aueie iaoa?yie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie aoee ia?a?noee ??-? a?oie. 7. Iiei/i?noue ia?a?noie ca ?-???-e i?nyoe? eaeoaoe??, ea (I m) IieacieeeA?oie??????Iiei/i?onoue ca ? i?nyoeue :aeiaiaa4.470.264.730.244.80.20ca i?nyoeue1347.691427.171456.12Iiei/i?noue ca ?? i?nyoeue:aeiaiaa6.370.777.430.336.230.32ca i?nyoeue19123.242239.921879.47Iiei/i?noue ca ??? i?nyoeue:aeiaiaa7.571.499.771.028.130.63ca i?nyoeue22744.8329330.6724418.94Iiei/i?noue ca ?-??? i?nyoeue:aeiaiaa6.120.347.310.376.400.25anueiai ca 3 i?nyoe?55177.7565833.3357622.21 8. I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?eieiaeo i?aeaeine?aeieo ia?a?noie o i?aeneniee ia??iae, (I m) AEeaa iana, eaAae Na?aaeiuei -Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy A?oieiiaiia-?iaeaeaieoa 7-i?n.a?oe?i?e?inoo ia 7 i?nyoe?aaeiaiaee i?e??no, a“ae/ee-oaee/ee” a i?eieiae??26.61.1138.98.0112.28.35341.67??24.11.5150.18.3125.38.15971.00 ???28.41.3153.07.4124.27.55911.50 O?I?*IEE NEEAAe IIEICEAA ? IIEIEA O I?AeAeINE?AeIEO OAA?EI I?e aiae?c? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iieiea i?aeaeine?aeieo ei??a ia aeyaeaii i?aea?oiiaeo a?aei?iiinoae. Anoaiiaeaii eeoa, ui iii?ni? ia?a?noee noooaai ia?aaaaeaee ?iaanieoeue ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee ca ai?noii aee?o a iieicea? ? iinooiaeeny ?i ca ai?noii a?eeo oa nooiai iaacaee?aiiai iiei/iiai caeeoeo. I?e aea/ai? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iieiea noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieo ??cieoeue i?ae a?oiiaie ia niinoa??aaeinue. Iiaeia a?aei?oeoe eeoa cia/io ia?aaaao ciai’yinueeeo iii?nae ca aonoioith iieiea, oa a?eeiaiiiei/i?noth i?e aeaui ieae/?e aee?iiiiei/iino?. A E N I I A E E 1. Ii?aeiaiiy aaiioei?a ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c aieeinueeith i”yniith ii?iaeith oa ciai”yinueeei i”yniei oeiii i?e noai?aii? ianeao niaoe?ae?ciaaii? i”ynii? ooaeiae aeey a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ? ?oaeoeaiei. 2. No?auoaaiiy ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo iaoie, ye ei??a, oae ? oaeeoeue, c ie?aeieeaie aaouee?anueeeo ii??ae, ia iicia/eeiny ia eaaeiioaeueiino?, C 197 a?aoiaaieo ?icoae?a aoei a?aei?/aii eeoa aeaa aeiaaeee (1%) cao?eiee iine?aeo oa 1 aeiaaeie (0,5%) oneeaaeiaiiai ?icoaeo c eaoaeueiei e?ioeai aeey iii?niiai c aieeinueeith ii?iaeith oaeyoe. 3. O an? a?eia? ia??iaee iii?ni? oaeeoe? ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii??aeieo ?iaanieoeue ca aeeaith ianith ia 7,2-13,1%. Iaeaeuith ?ioaineai?noth ?inoo i?ioyaii aeine?aeo a?aecia/aeeny ao?iea?iaonuee? caii”yinuee? iii?n?, eio?? ca aeeaith ianith o 18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii??aeieo ?iaanieoeue ia 43 ea (16,5%), a iii?nieo aiaeia?a – ia 16 ea aai 5,6%(??cieoey aei eiio?ieth noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?e ?<0,01). Ia?aaaaa 18-i?ny/ieo ciai”yinueeeo iii?nae iaae aieeinueeeie ia 18 ea, aai 6,3% niinoa??aaeany ? a oiiaao ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee. 4. Anoaiiaeaii ?noioio ia?aaaao iii?nieo oaeeoeue o ii??aiyii? c /enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieoeyie ca i?ii??aie oa ?iaeaenaie aoaeiae o?ea oaa?ei, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue eaioiniiiee oei o?eiaoaeiae. Iii?n? c aie?inueeith i”yniith ii?iaeith a?ae??ciyeeny iaea?eueoeie aeeaieia?oae?noth, eiiiaeoi?noth ? ianeai?noth, a ciai”yinuee? iii?n? aoee iaia?aaa?oeieie ca ?iaeaenii i”yniino?. 5. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aoieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue iii?ni? oaeeoe? oa?aeoa?eceaaeeny cia/ii aeuith aeoeai?noth oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee ? caaaeueiith ?ooiaith aeoeai?noth, ui aeaco? ia aeia?o ?ooeea?noue oa aenieo i?enoiniaai?noue ?o aei ianiaeuiiai oo?eiaiiy. 6. Iii?ni? ia?a?noee a ii??aiyii? c /enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieoeyie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny cia/ii aeuith iieiaiaith aeoeai?noth. Iaoee aaiioei?a AE o AI oa AE o CI a?aeiia?aeii ia 13 oaeeei (3,8%) oa 35 oaeeei (9,2%) oaeaeoa, i?ae ao?? ea?iaonuee? ?iaanieoe? i?ioiaeeee an? noaae?? iieia?a. Iaea?eueo no??ieei ia?aa?aii iieiaiai? noaae?? ?icoaeo (19 oa) a?ae??ciyeeny iii?ni? aieeinuee? iaoee, i?e/iio ii oe?e a?oi? a?aei?/aii naiee aenieee a?aenioie (90%) eaaeeo ?icoae?a. O iieiaeiyea, ia?iaeaeaiiai iii?nieie ia?a?noeaie cia/ii oaeaeoa a?aeaoaaeiny aeae?eaiiy iaeii?th, i?aeaeuaiith aoea ?ooiaa e oa?/iaa aeoeai?noue. 7. Iaoa?einueea aeii?iaioia o iii?nieo iaoie aeyaeyeany ia?aaaaeii o aeaeyae? oaeoeeueieo oa ci?iaeo eiioaeo?a, oiae? ye iaoa?einueea oo?aioa /enoiii??aeieo ia?a?noie ?aae?coaaeany a?eueoith i??ith /a?ac aieinia? neaiaee. 8. Iaee?auei e?i?eiei ?icaeoeii iiei/ii? caeice a?ae??ciyeeny iaoee aaiioeio AE o AI, eio?? ca iniiaieie i?ii??aie aei”y noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii (? < 0.05) ia 10,1-26,8% ia?aaaaeaee ?iaanieoeue ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue aieeinueeeo iii?nae a ii??aiyii? c /enoiii??aeieie aiaeiaaie ca iaoeaie aaiioeio AE o CI aoea aeuith a?aeiia?aeii ia 19,4 oa 14,4%. Ca o?i?/iei neeaaeii iieiceaa e iieiea oaa?eie i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyeeny. 9. Iieiaeiye, io?eiaiee a?ae iii?nieo iaoie ca i?e?inoaie aeeai? iane a ia?eiae ieaenino ia?aaaaeaa ?iaaniee?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 11,8 oa 10,7%, i?e/iio iaee?aueie iaoa?yie-aiaeoaaeueieoeyie aeyaeeeny ia?a?noee aaiioeio AE o AI. I ? I I I C E Oe ? ? A E ? I A I E Oe O A O 1. A ENI oa oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao a??nueei? ciie Oe?a?inuee?o Ea?iao c iaaeinoaoiueith ei?iiaith aacith, aeioe?eueii iecueeii?iaeoeoeaieo ei??a oa /anoeio ?aiiioieo oaeeoeue ia?oaaeueiiai a?eo no?auoaaoe c aoaayie aieeinueei? i”ynii? ii?iaee ? ciai”yinueeiai oeio. Oea aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe ae?iaieoeoai aenieieaei??eii?, aeieia?/ii /enoi? aeaoaai? yeiae/eie. 2. Aieeinueeo i”ynio ii?iaeo oa ciai”yinueeee i”yniee oei aaaaeaoe ia?niaeoeaieie aeey aeei?enoaiiy ye aaouee?anuee? aaiioeie o no?auoaaii? c iaoeaie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee i?e noai?aii? ianea?a niaoeeae?ciaaii? i”ynii? ooaeiae i?enoiniaaii? aei a??nueeeo oiia Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ? iicaaaeaii? neeaaeiino? c a?aeoai?aiiyi. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aeni/ainueeee E.N. Oi?ioaaiiy iiei/ii? caeice, iiei/i?noue ia?a?noie ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?eieiaeo. //A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee, 1998.- ?11.- N.82-84. 2. Aeni/ainueeee E.N. Ia?aa?a ?icoaeaiue ? iaoa?einuee? yeino? iii?nieo ia?a?noie. //A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee, 1998.- ? 12.- N.71-73. 3. Aeni/ainueeee E.N. E?i?eiee ??no oa aenoa?’??i? aeanoeaino? oaa?ei ??cieo aaiioei?a. //A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee, 1999.- ? 1.- N.80-81. 4. Aeni/ainueeee E.N. Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo oa iii?nieo oaeeoeue i?e i?aeniniiio ae?iuoaaii?. //N?euenueeee ainiiaea?, 1998.- ?11-12. N.10-11. 5. Aeni/ainueeee E.N. Aeaye? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? no?auoaaiiy. //Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a.- A.Aaeoa, 1991.- N.60. 6. Aeni/ainueeee E.N., Aaiyn TH.TH., Aecyiei I.E. Noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai noaaea. //Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-ae?iaie/i? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a.- Euea?a, 1992.- N.181. 7. Aeni/ainueeee E.N., Aaiyn TH.TH. I?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aenoa?’??i? iniaeeaino? ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo oa iii?nieo oaeeoeue. //Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno.- I.Ai?ioa, 1993.- N.107. 8. Aeni/ainueeee E.N., Aaiyn TH.TH., I?eiaa E.N. Oi?ioaaiiy ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo oa iii?nieo oaeeoeue, ae?iuaieo ia i?aenin?. //Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a.- A.Aaeoa, 1994.- N.83. Aeni/ainueeee E.N. “??no ? ?icaeoie oa a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? iii?nieo oaeeoeue ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee”. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01.- ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei. ?inoeooo ?icaaaeaiiy oa aaiaoeee oaa?ei, n.*oaeinueea Ee?anueei? iae. 1999. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iii?ni? oaa?eie o an? a?eia? ia??iaee ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii?iaeieo ?iaanieoeue ca an?ia iieacieeaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieeie naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/ieie ia?aiao?aie, a?ieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie, ui iaiao?aei? i?e noai?aii? ianeao niaoe?ae?ciaaii? i’ynii? ooaeiae aeey a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao. Ii?aeiaiiy aaiioei?a ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c aieeinueeith i’yniith ii?iaeith ? ciai’yinueeei i’yniei oeiii ? aoaeoeaiei. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ei?iaa, oaeeoey, ii?iaea, ianea, ?icoae, aiae?aey, ?iaiethoe?y, ioioa, noeioeyoe?y, aei’y. Auni/aineee E.N. “?ino e ?acaeoea e aeieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe iiianiuo oaeie ao?ie ea?iaoneie ii?iaeu”. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyeno-aaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 - ?acaaaeaiea e naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. Einoeooo ?acaaaeaiey e aaiaoeee aeeaioiuo, i.*oaeineia Eeaaneie iae. 1999. Niaoeeoeea Ea?iaoneiai ?aaeiia iaoneiaeaia eiioeiaioaeueiui eeeiaoii, iaeeueiie aeaaeiinoueth, ieceie einieyoeeae, ionoonoaeai nianoaaiiiai ca?iiaiai oicyenoaa e iaee/eai aieueoeo ieiuaaeae (ieiei 40-50 %) eoaia e ianoaeu a no?oeoo?a naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oaiaeee. Ana yoi noaaeo iniaaiiua o?aaiaaiey e aeeaioiui, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue iniiaie iiaie io?anee ciiu e ca n/ao auiana e iaaoea aeaaaoue aieueoia eiee/anoai aunieiea/anoaaiiie yeieiae/anee /enoie aeaoaaie aiayaeeiu. Oeaeue enneaaeiaaiee - iiene iioeiaeueiuo naeaeoeeiiiuo iooae nicaeaiey iyniuo noaae i?eniiniaeaiiuo e ai?iui ?aaeiiai Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao e ionoonoaea ineiaeiaiee e aini?iecaiaenoao neioa. A oaeaea, nicaeaiea aaiioeia niaoeeaeece?iaaiiai i’yniiai neioa. Iaeieie ec aaaeiuo yeaiaioia ioeaiee ni/aoaiey aaiioeiia i?e ne?aueaaiee yaeythony iaoa?eineea ea/anoaaiiua naienoaa e oi?ie?iaaiea aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo ooieoeee iiianiuo iaoie. Oae eae a iyniii neioiaiaenoaa iaeiie ec ninoaaiie /anoueth i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?oth iieo/aai io ei?iau, anoue oaeaiie aeey au?aueaaiey. A ?aaioa aia?aua a oneiaeyo ai?iie ciiu eiiieaenii eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey e oi?ie?iaaiey aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie ooieoeee, eaaeea ioaeu, iaoa?eineea ea/anoaa, yoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe e iiei/iinoue iianiuo iaoie, ao?ay ea?iaoneay O aieuineay iyniay e ao?ay ea?iaoneay O ciaiyineee iyniie oei a n?aaiaiee n /enoiii?iaeiuie naa?noieoeaie ao?ie ea?iaoneie ii?iaeu. Iaoeie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue yia?eiaaiaca o iaoie ao?ie ea?iaoneie ii?iaeu ia caaeneo io aaiioeia aini?iecaiaeeoaey. Iai?yaeaiiinoue yia?eiiaeueiiai aaeiaiai ?inoa auea iaeaunoae a iiianae n aieuineie iyniie ii?iaeie. ?acieoea o oaeie ninoaaeea 0.18 a?aii a n?aaiaiee n eiio?ieueiie e 3-e iiuoiie a?oiiaie. Ia i?ioyaeaiee anao aic?anoiuo ia?eiaeia iiianiua oaeee eiaee i?aeiouanoai a n?aaiaiee ni naa?oieoeaie eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu ii aeeaiio aanii ia 7.2-33.1 %. Iniaaiii yoa ?acieoea auea a 6-iany/iii aic?anoa, eiaaea ca n/ao iiaenina iaania/eaaeanue iioeiaeueiay iio?aaiinoue i?aaiecia a ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoaao. Ca ia?eiae iiaenina ao?ua ea?iaoneea oaeee oaaee/eee aeeaie aan a 4 ?aca, iiiane n aieuineie iyniie ii?iaeie - a 4.23 e ni ciaiyineei oeiii a 4.11 ?aca. Aiaeec aic?anoiiai aeeaiai aana iiaeiiuoiuo oaeie naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iayaiinoe yaeaiey aaoa?icena ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai ia?eiaea au?aueaaiey, iacaaeneii io oaoiieiaee niaea?aeaiey e oneiaee auianaiey. Anoanoaaiii, i?aeiouanoai iiianiuo oaeie iaieo a?oii iaaethaeaeinue a ia?eiae iiaenina e ii n?aaeianooi/iiio i?eaano. A eiio?ieueiie a?oiia iie eiaee 503 a, a aieuineeo iiianae - 650 e a ciaiyineeo - 683 a. Eco/aiea iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey ?inoa e noe?aiey ?iaiaie noaiee eiiuo iiaeiiuoiuo iaoie naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi iaeaieueooth ieiuaaeue iii?u, oi?iooth i?eniinaaeeaaaiinoue e ianoaeuiiio niaea?aeaieth e ionoonoaiaea caaieaaaiey eiia/iinoae eiaee aeeaioiua 3-e a?oiiu e, i?aeoe/anee, i?e iaeeiaeiaii aeeaii aana a 12-iany/iii aic?anoa, eiaee iaiueooth oaeaeueioth iaa?oceo. ?acieoea e eiio?ieth auea 16.5 % (noaoenoe/aneay aeinoiaa?iinoue i?e ?<0.01). Iaeaieaa e?aieeie auee eiiuoa a aeeaioiuo 2-e a?oiiu. Iaaethaeaiey ca oa/aieai ioaeia iiaeiiuoiuo iaoie iieacuaaao, /oi iaeiaiueoa ineiaeiaiee auei o aeeaioiuo 2-e a?oiiu (90 % eaaeeo ioaeia). Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi a iaeaieaa nei?ui oa/aieai ioaeia (19 ieioo) oa?aeoa?eciaaeenue iaoee 2-e a?oiiu. O iieiaeiyea ?iaeaeaiiiai io iiianiuo ia?aioaeie aieaa nei?aa i?ienoiaeeei auaeaeaiea ia?ai?iaeiiai eaea, iiauoaiiay aeaeaaoaeueiay e ieuaaay aeoeaiinoue. Iaoa?eineay aeiieiaioa o iiianiuo iaoie i?ienoiaeeea, i?aeiouanoaaiii, a aeaea oaeoeeueiuo e c?eoaeueiuo eiioaeoia, oiaaea eae, o /enoiii?iaeiuo ia?aioaeie iaoa?eineia aaniieienoai i?ienoiaeeei a aieueoeinoaa /a?ac caoeiaua (aieiniaua) eiioaeou. Eco/ay oi?ie?iaaiea iiei/iie aeaeacu, iiei/iinoue iaoa?ae onoaiiaeaii, /oi ne?aueaaiea i?eaaei e oi?ie?iaaieth a iiianiuo iaoie, a aieueoeinoaa, /aoaiiaeiaiiai auiaie n oeeeeiae?e/aneie oi?iie nineia. O aeeaioiuo eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu auyaeaii 33 % auiaie aaiiiiiaeiaiie oi?iu. Iiianiua ia?aioaeee ioee/aeenue eo/oei ?acaeoeai iiei/iie aeaeacu. A iniiaiii yoi eanaaony aeeaioiuo 3-e a?oiu, eioi?ua i?aainoiaeeee eiio?ieueioth a?oiio ii iniiaiui ecia?aieyi ia 10.1-26.6 %. A caeeth/aiee, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi iiianiua aeeaioiua ai ana aic?anoiua ia?eiaeu i?aainoiaeeee /enoiii?iaeiuo ?iaanoieoe ii anai iieacaoaeyi, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecothony aunieeie naeaeoeeiiii-aaiaoe/aneeie ia?aiao?aie, aeieiae/aneeie naienoaaie, /oi iaiaoiaeeii i?e nicaeaiee ianeaa niaoeeaeece?iaaiiiai iyniiai neioa aeey ai?iiai ?aaeiia Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao. Ni/aoaiea aaiioeiia ao?ie ea?iaoneie ii?iaeu n aieuineie iyniie ii?iaeie e ciaiyineei iyniui oeiii - yooaeoeaiui. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ei?iaa, oaeea, ii?iaea, iannea, ioae, ei?ieaiea, eiaiethoeey, ioioa, noeioeyoeey, aeiy. Vysochansky Yosyp. "The growth, development and biological features of hybrid heifers of brown carpathian breed". Dissertation for getting the science degree of the candidate of agricultural sciences by speciality 06.02.01.– Breeding and selectection of agricultural animals. In-stitute of breeding and genetics of animals, the village Chubynske, Kiyev region. 1998. It is known, that hybrid animals during all age periods exceeded pure breed heifers of the same age by all indicators which are characterized by high selectional and genetic parameters, by biological pecularities, that is necessary for forming massif of specialized beef cattle for mountainous region of the Ukrainian Carpathians. The combining of genetic types of brown carpathian breed with volynska beef type is effective. Key words: cow, heifer, breed (race, species), massif, calving, feedindg, hunting, stimulation, udder.

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