.

Резонансний електроклинний ефект в сегнетоелектричному рідкому кристалі в планарній комірці з рухомою верхньою границею: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-ма

Язык: украинский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 2246
Скачать документ

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

IAOEIAI-OAOIIEIA?*IEE EIIOeA?I “?INOEOOO IIIIE?ENOAE?A”

?INOEOOO IIIIE?ENOAE?A

I?aiaiei Ieoaeei Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 537.226.4:532.783

?ACIIAINIEE AEAEO?IEEEIIEE AOAEO

A NAAIAOIAEAEO?E*IIIO ??AeEIIO E?ENOAE?

A IEAIA?I?E EII??Oe? C ?OOIIITH AA?OIUeITH

A?AIEOeATH

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.04.15 – o?ceea iieaeoey?ieo oa ??aeeeo e?enoae?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo ??aeeeo e?enoae?a
?inoeoooo iiiie?enoae?a IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

OAAeI?ssEI Ieaenaiae? Iao?iae/,

?inoeooo iiiie?enoae?a IAI Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

EENAOeUeEEE Eiia?i Ieeieaeiae/,

?inoeooo iiiie?enoae?a IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

EIAAEUe*OE Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiei, i.
Ee?a,

eaoaae?a oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 aa?aciy 2000 ?. i 14 aiae, ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.169.01 a ?inoeooo? iiiie?enoae?a IAI
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 61001, i. Oa?e?a-001, i?iniaeo Eai?ia, 60.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiiie?enoae?a IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 15 ethoiai 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 64.169.01,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Ao?iuaiei E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. A?aee?eooyi
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae a o??aeueiiio niaeoe/iiio ??aeeiio
e?enoae? aoei caii/aoeiaaii aeine?aeaeaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy iiaiai eeano
iaoa??ae?a — naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo ??aeeeo e?enoae?a (N?E). Caaaeyee ?o
ae?aeaeo?e/iei aeanoeainoyi oa aaeee?e ?ooiiino? iieaeoe, N?E aeoaea
/ooeea? aei aeaeo?e/iiai oa iaai?oiiai iiey ? naia oey ?o aeanoea?noue o
niieo/aii? c iioe/iith ai?cio?ii??th i?eaaee aei ?o oe?ieiai
aeei?enoaiiy a i?eno?iyo a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy N?E ? nueiaiaei? caeeoa?oueny aeoaea ia?niaeoeaiith
/anoeiith o?ceee oa o?i?? ??aeeeo e?enoae?a. Aieiaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai
i?ia?ano ? ?o oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a i?eno?iyo, ui caniiaai? ia
aeaeo?iiioe/iiio aoaeo? Eea?ea-Eaaa?aiea, yea noaei iiaeeeaei i?ney
a?aee?eooy yaeua iiaa?oiaai? noaa?e?caoe?? a eii??eao c iaiaaeaiei
ia’?iii. sse iane?aeie, aoee ?ic?iaeai? i?eno?i? c /anii
aeaeo?iiioe/iiai ia?aieeaiiy o i?e?inaeoiaeiiio ae?aiacii?. Ciaioaiiy
/an?a ni?aoeueiaoaaiiy a aeaeo?iiioe/iiio aoaeo? a?ae i?e?naeoiae aei
i?e?inaeoiae aeicaieeei ?icaeyaeaoe ??aeeie?enoae?/i? iaoa??aee, ui aei
oiai /ano oni?oii canoiniaoaaeeny caaaeii o?eueee a aeenieayo, oaeiae ye
ia?niaeoeai? aeey nenoai iioe/ii? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aeaeo?iiioe/i? aoaeoe oa i?eno?i? c i?aeaeuaiith oaeaeeiae??th ia ?o
iniia?, aania?a/ii ia ae/a?iothoueon? iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino?
canoinoaaiiy oeueiai oi?eaeueiiai oeio iaoa??ae?a. Iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy
o?ceee N?E, aeyaeaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ai?oa iaa?aeiieo aoaeo?a oa
oeyo?a ?o aeei?enoaiiy nueiaiaei? neeaaeathoue aeooaeueio caaea/o.
Na?aae ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?e aeine?aeaeaiiy N?E — aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee
aoaeo oa ?aciiainiee a?aeaoe N?E ia ?iioeuenio ae?th aeaeo?e/iiai iiey,
aeaoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy yeeo ia? ye ooiaeaiaioaeueia, oae ? i?eeeaaeia
cia/aiiy.

Ia ii/aoeo oe??? ?iaioe a e?oa?aoo?? aoei c?a?aii aeayeo ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiainii? iiaaae?iee N?E, aea aaaaoi aniaeo?a, ui
noinothoueny ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo N?E a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai ia’?io oa
iaoai?cie caoaeaeaiiy ?aciiaino iio?aaothoue a?eueo aeeaieiai aea/aiiy.
Oea iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue anaa?/iiai oa nenoaiaoe/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy eieeaaeueieo i?ioean?a a N?E o ci?iiiio oa ?iioeueniiio
aeaeo?e/iiio iie? c a?aooaaiiyi nee iiaa?oiaai? aca?iiae??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaiiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? aea/aiiy ca’yce?a
i?ae iieaeoey?iith aoaeiaith eiiiiiaio?a oa iae?ineii?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo nenoai, ui i?iaiaeyoueny a ?inoeooo?
iiiie?enoae?a a iaaeao oaie Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie:
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae aieeao iieaeoey?ii? aoaeiae eiiiiiaio?a
ia iaaeiieaeoey?io no?oeoo?o oa iae?ineii?/i? ia?aiao?e niaeoe/ieo
??aeeeo e?enoae?a c oa??iaeaeo?e/ieie aeanoeainoyie ? nenoai c TGB
oacaie” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??: 0196U012151, oa?i?i aeeiiaiiy
1996–1999 ?.?.).

Iaoa ?iaioe — anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo ?aciiainiiai aeaeo?ieeeiiiai aoaeoo a
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiio ??aeeiio e?enoae? c a?aie/ieie oiiaaie oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ce/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ?aciiainiiai aoaeoo. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe o?aaa aoei ?ica’ycaoe ?yae eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue:

– Anoaiiaeaiiy oiia aeieeiaiiy ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo N?E ia ?iioeuenio
ae?th (??cea ci?ia iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey).

– Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino?, /anoioe oa aeia?ioiino?
?aciiain?a a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey oa
iaoai?/ieo iai?oaeaiinoae a oaenoo?? N?E.

– Aei??thaaiiy noaei? aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ca’yceo a i?yiiio oa
cai?ioiueiio aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiio aoaeoao a ?aciiainieo oiiaao.

– Aecia/aiiy aieeao ?aciiainieo oiia ia /an ia?aiiey?ecaoe?? a aoaeo?
Eea?ea-Eaaa?aiea.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e aeine?aeaeaii?
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a aoee aeei?enoai? noaiaea?oi?
aeaeo?iiioe/i? iaoiaeeee. Eiino?oeoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo onoaiiaie
?ic?iaeyeenue c a?aooaaiiyi ?aciiainieo iniaeeainoae ieaia?ii? eii??ee c
?ooiiith aa?oiueith ieanoeiith. Aeey ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee iae?i?eii? ai?ieneiaoe?? ca
aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai aiae?co; ioe?iea aeinoia??iino? ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaiaeeeanue c aeei?enoaiiyi noaoenoe/iiai ?iciiae?eo No’thaeaioa aeey
iaeeo aea??ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aecia/aia i?ea?iaeueieie
?acoeueoaoaie, ye? iaea?aeaii aia?oa:

· Aeyaeaii aoaeo eieeaaiue aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioo aeaicaeiieaiiy i?e
?iioeueni?e ae?? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia N?E;

· Aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy ?aciiaino oaenoo?e N?E oa anoaiiaeaii oiiae eiai
caoaeaeaiiy;

· Aeine?aeaeaii aca?iiae?th ?aciiaino oaenoo?e N?E oa iaoai?/ieo
?aciiain?a eii??ee. Anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy aoaeoo neio?ii?caoe??;

· Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo a iaaeao oaiiiaiieia?/ii?
oai??? Eaiaeao-Aea AEaia;

· Aeyaeaiee oa aeine?aeaeaiee aieea iaoai?/ii? iai?oae ia oaenoo?o N?E
oa ?? ?aciiaini? aeanoeaino?;

· Iieacaii, ui a ?aciiainieo oiiaao noaea aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ca’yceo
ca?eueoo?oueny ia ii?yaeie, a /an ia?aiiey?ecaoe?? a aoaeo?
Eea?ea-Eaaa?aiea ciaioo?oueny aaea?/?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaoiiaeth?oueny
ia?niaeoeai?noth canoinoaaiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a a
iioiaeaeo?iii?e oaoi?oe? oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?yo. Caeiaoo?
caeiiii??iino? ?aciiainii? aca?iiae?? N?E c aeaeo?e/iei iieai a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiiai ia’?io iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?icoe?aiiy iaae
aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iaoa??ae?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ? aaciaeie aeey
?ic?iaee ?aciiaoi??a, aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa aeao/ee?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a iaea?aeaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoaoao iieyaa? a
o/ano? a iinoaiiaoe? caaea/?; ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy
?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai ??aeeiai e?enoaeo ia
aeaeo?e/iee ?iioeuen [1,3,5,8,10,12,13]; noai?aii? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
onoaiiaee aeey aei??thaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee ?aciiaino N?E [4,5,9,11,14]; a
iinoaiiaoe? oa i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioo ii aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao
?aciiainieo oiia ia aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee aoaeo oa /an ia?aiiey?ecaoe?? N?E
[2,17]; i?iaaaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee oa o?ce/iiai aiae?co caeiaooeo
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo [1 – 7,15]; noai?aii? iiaeae? ?aciiainiiai
a?aeaoeo N?E a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai ia’?io [16]; ocaaaeueiaii? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a; o/ano? a oi?ioethaaii? aeniiae?a oa iaa?oiooaaiue.

Ioae?eaoe?? oa ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 17
?ia?o, c ieo 5 noaoae a ?iicaiieo oa a?o/eciyieo aeo?iaeao. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia oaeeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: IV oa V ?a?iiaenueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo c ??aeeeo e?enoae?a
(Iieueua, Caeiiaia, 1997 ?. oa A?aoe?y, Oa?niianin, 1999 ?.), VII
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ?Iae?i?eia iioeea ??aeeeo oa oioi?ao?aeoeaieo
e?enoae?a? (Oe?a?ia, Ia?oai?o, 1997 ?.), VI oa VII I?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo c naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo ??aeeeo e?enoae?a (O?aioe?y, A?ano,
1997 ?. oa I?ia//eia, Aea?iooao, 1999 ?.), XVII I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? c ??aeeeo e?enoae?a (O?aioe?y, No?anao?a, 1998 ?.), VI
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ?Pattern Formation in Liquid Crystals?
(I?ia//eia, Aae?aoo, 1999 ?.), XIII Eiioa?aioe?? c ??aeeeo e?enoae?a
(Iieueua, E?eieoey, 1999 ?.), VII I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? ?Ia?aaeia?
aeenieaei? oaoiieia??? (Oe?a?ia, Iiaee Na?o, 1999 ?.)

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e ?c 122 iaeiaioaaiue.
Caaaeueiee ia’?i neeaaea? 126 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? 41 ?enoiie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
i?iaiae?ciaaiee no/aniee noai i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa oa iniiai?
caaaeaiiy i?iaaaeaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eaaaeaii iniiai?
iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe, iiaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
ai?iaaoe?th oa ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaia caaaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e ia? iaeyaeiaee oa?aeoa?. A iueiio ?icaeyiooi iioae?eiaai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue no?oeoo?e oa aeeiai?ee N?E c a?aooaaiiyi nee
iiaa?oiaai? aca?iiae??. Iienaii iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e oaa?ii?a oa ??
aieea ia iiyao ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo a aeaeo?ieeeiiiio oa
aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiio aoaeoao. C i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aeoiaeeoue, ui
?aciiainiee a?aeaoe aaaaoi?aciai i?iyaeyany i?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo ??cieo
oa?aeoa?enoee N?E. Aea a?i ?icaeyaeaany ye aeayeee caaaaeath/ee oaeoi?
ui aei eiie?aoii? iaoe. I?iiiioaaeeny oaeiae iaoiaee onoiaiiy
?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo. sse i?aaeei, ?aciiainiei aoaeoai ia i?eae?eyeinue
iaiao?aeii? oaaae, a c?iaeaiee o iaaaaaoueio aeiaaeeao aiae?c aoa
i?iaaaeaiee ia aeineoue ei?aeoii. Aeine?aeaeaii eeoa aeaye? ?aciiaine,
iia’ycai? c a’yceith oa/??th, aea iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae i?eae?eyeiny
iiaeeeaiio aianeo a ?aciiaini? yaeua i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae niaeoe/ieo
oa??a.

?acii c oeei, ye iieacaee ianooii? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aoee aeyaeai?
iecueei/anoioi? ?aciiaine N?E, ui ia iia’ycai? ?c cai?ioiueith oa/??th ?
ui iiaeooue aooe aacoiiaii oe?eaaeie aeey a?eueo aeeaieiai ?icoi?iiy
no?oeoo?e oa aeeiai?ee N?E a ci?iiiio aeaeo?e/iiio iie?. E??i oiai,
aeei?enoaiiy ?aciiainieo aeanoeainoae N?E aeicaieeoue ?icoe?eoe
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Ana oea aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo
yaeu a no?oeoo?? N?E oa ?o ca’yceo c a?aeiieie iaoai?/ieie ?aciiainaie,
oiia aeieeiaiiy ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo oa aieeao ?aciiainii? iiaaae?iee
N?E ia i?aeoe/ii aaaeeea? i?ioeane aeaeo?iiioe/iiai ia?aieeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iaoa??ae?a oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?aii ye ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
naaiaoiaeaeo?eee, ui iathoue ??ci? iine?aeiaiino? oaciaeo noai?a oa
??ci? oeie oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a, oae ? N?E eiiiiceoe??, ui neeaaeathoueny
c iioe/ii iaaeoeaii? iao?eoe? c SmC oacith, oa iiey?ii? o??aeueii?
aeii?oee, ui ?iaeoeo? a oe?e iao?eoe? aae?ei?aeaeueio no?oeoo?o oa
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino?. Noai?aiiy noi?oae c ??ciei i?ioeaioiei
ai?noii oeeo eiiiiiaio?a aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe N?E eiiiiceoe?? c ??cieie
cia/aiiyie oaeeo ia?aiao??a ye e?ie aae?ei?aeo, niaeoe/iee iaoee,
niiioaiia iiey?ecaoe?y oa iaa?oaeueia a’yce?noue, ui iiaeooue iaoe aieea
ia ?aciiaini? aeanoeaino? N?E. Iienaii iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aea?aieo
iaoa??ae?a oa noi?oae, iaoiaeeee i?eaiooaaiiy ??aeeie?enoae?/ieo c?ace?a
aeey aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaaaaeaii oae? ?o oa?aeoa?enoeee ye: oacia?
ae?aa?aie, oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? niaeoe/iiai eooa iaoeeo, niiioaiii?
iiey?ecaoe??, iaa?oaeueii? a’yceino? oa aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?. Iaaaaeaii
iniaeeaino? aei??thaaeueii? eii??ee oa iaoiaeeea aoaeoaaiiy iaeii??aeii?
oaenoo?e N?E. Iienaii iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, ui canoiniaoaaeenue.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ?aciiainii? iiaaae?iee N?E
i?e ?iioeueni?e ae?? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue, ui
iieaco? i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo a N?E i?e
cao?aii?, yea iia’ycaia c aeaoi?iaoe??th niaeoe/iiai oa?o. ?icaeyiooi
iaoai?ci caoaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo eieeaaiue i?e ci?i? iai?oaeaiino?
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eieeaaiiy iaaaaeaieo aeaeo?e/ieo
ca?yae?a, ye? ?ai?oa niinoa??aaeeny a eii??eao N?E, iaoai?/i? a?a?aoe??
ieanoei eii??ee oa eieeaaiiy iioe/ii? aonoeie eii??ee, ui aia?oa
a?aee?eo? a oe?e ?iaio?, ? iae?ineii?/iei i?iyaii ?aeeiiai ?aciiainiiai
i?ioeano — eieeaaiue aee?aeoi?a N?E. Anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy ?aciiaino
oaenoo?e N?E oa aeine?aeaeai? caeaaeiino? eiai /anoioe oa ?ioaineaiino?
a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. Aeyaeaiee aoaeo
aca?iiae?? ?aciiaino oaenoo?e N?E c iaoai?/ieie ?aciiainaie eii??ee, ui
i?eaiaeeoue aei neio?ii?caoe?? oeeo ?aciiain?a.

Aeei?enoaia i?inoa iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e oaa?ii?a, ui i?eionea? iiaio
a?aenooi?noue noeneoaaiiino? ??aeeie?enoae?/iiai iaoa??aeo, a oaeiae oie
oaeo, ui ia iiaa?oi? N?E eii??ee a ?acoeueoao? iiaa?oiaai? aca?iiae??
i?aeo?eio?oueny aii?yaeeoaaiiy, ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey SmA oace (iieaeoee
N?E ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? niaeoe/iiio oa?o), i?e an?o oaiia?aoo?ao, ye oea
aoei iieacaii aenia?eiaioaeueii [18]. Aeei?enoaiiy oaei? iiaeae?
aeicaieeei iai ye?nii iieacaoe aeeiai?eo cnoao iaei??? c iaeeaaeeiie
eii??ee oa aieea oaeiai cnoao ia no?oeoo?o oaa?ii?a.

No?oeoo?a oaa?ii?a iaoiiaeth?oueny aaeainii aeaio i?ioeae?th/eo nee.
Iaeia c ieo aeeeeeaia a?aeoeeaiiyi eooa niaeoe/iiai iaoeeo a?ae eiai
??aiiaaaeii? aaee/eie o a?eueiiio i?inoi??, a ?ioa — ? i?oaeia neea, ui
iaoiiaeaia aeaoi?iaoe??th iiey aee?aeoi?a. Aeey iaeeo aaee/ei eooa
iaoeeo aia?a?y (ia iaeeieoeth iiaa?oi?), ui a?aeiineoueny aei ia?oi?
neee, iiaea aooe caienaia o aeaeyae? ?iceeaaeo Eaiaeao-aea AEaia ii
ia?iei nooiaiyi . Ia?aiao?, ui iieno? iiaiee cnoa i?ae aeaiia iiaa?oiyie
eii??ee, aaaaeaiee oae, ui a?aeiiniee cnoa i?ae ieanoeiaie eii??ee
iiai?noth oa iaeiicia/ii aecia/a?oueny eooii .

I?e = 0, oiaoi a SmA oac? oa a oi/oe? oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo a SmC oaco,
no?oeoo?a aoeoaeo ? noaa?eueiith oa a?aeiia?aea? i?i?ioio a?eueii?
aia?a?? nenoaie o a?aeiioaii? aei ci?i aaee/eie cnoao. Ai?eciioaeueiee
cnoa aa?oiuei? ieanoeie eii??ee i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy a?eueii?
aia?a?? oa iaia?a?aiiio ia?aoai?thaaiith no?oeoo?e aoeoaeo ia no?oeoo?o
c iioeeeie niaeoe/ieie oa?aie. Iaoee oa??a a eii??oe? i?eaiaeeoue aei
iiyae iaioeueiaiai niaeoe/iiai eooa iaoeeo , ui iaoiiaeaii
iaiao?aei?noth caa?aaeaiiy aonoeie niaeoe/ieo oa??a ana?aaeei? eii??ee.
O?eueee i?ea?aie/i? oa?e i?ae oii?yaeeiaoth/ith ae??th iiaa?oiiue
caeeoathoueny a SmA oac?. Oaeei /eiii, a ia’?i? eii??ee c’yaey?oueny
?iaeoeiaaia cnoaii SmC oaca. Iiaeeea?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e oaciaiai
ia?aoiaeo oa ?iaeoeoaaiiy iioeei? oace i?ae ae??th ciai?oiueiai iiey,
oeneo aai iaoai?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy aoea iii?/aii ua ?ai?oa [19].

A?eueia aia?a?y nenoaie a ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? ia? aeaeyae eaaae?aoe/ii?
iioaioe?aeueii? yie, i?i?ioi yei? a?aeiia?aea? ??aiiaaaei?e aoeoaeo
no?oeoo?? c aa?oeeaeueiei iieiaeaiiyi oa??a oa a?aenooi?noth niaeoe/iiai
eooa iaoeeo = 0. Caoaeaeaiee noai a?aeiia?aea? aeayeiio eieeaaeueiiio
i?ioeano a?aeiinii oi/ee ??aiiaaae, yeee i?eaiaeeoue aei iaoai?/ieo
eieeaaiue ?ooiii? ieanoeie eii??ee a ai?eciioaeuei?e ieiuei? oa
eieeaaiiyi niaeoe/iiai eooa iaoeeo .

Caoaeaeaiiy oaeiai eieeaaeueiiai i?ioeano iiaeeeaa ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo
cania?a. Iaea?eueo i?inoee c ieo — iaoai?/ia ae?y ia ?ooiio ieanoeio
eii??ee. ?ioee can?a — ?iioeueniee eieaeueiee iaa??a N?E iaoa??aeo, ui
cae/aeii canoiniao?oueny i?e aeine?aeaeaii? i??iaoaeoo. Ci?ia
oaiia?aoo?e i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie eooa a aeaye?e (cae/aeii iae?e)
iaeano? eii??ee oa ?iciianthaeaeaiith e?oaiai? oaee? cao?aiiy. O oe?e
?iaio? ie aeei?enoiaoaaee o?ao?e can?a — caoaeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/iei iieai.
sse iane?aeie aeaeo?ieeeiiiai aoaeoo, iino?eia aeaeo?e/ia iiea,
i?eeeaaeaia ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aee?aeoi?o N?E, ?iaeoeo? niaeoe/iee iaoee
iieaeoe N?E, aaee/eia eooa yeiai e?i?eii caeaaeeoue a?ae iai?oaeaiino?
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. I?e ci?i? no?eaeii iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey
an? iieaeoee N?E caeiaoaathoue iaeii/aniiai ?iioeueniiai aieeao. A
oeueiio ia?aaaaa caoaeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/iei iieai iaae ?ioeie iaoiaeaie.
Iaeii/aniee oa neioaciee aieea ia iieaeoee N?E ii anueiio ia’?io eii??ee
i?eaiaeeoue aei iaeneiaeueiiai iae?ineii?/iiai aoaeoo.

I?e ?iioeueni?e ci?i? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey a N?E eii??oe?
caoaeaeothoueny eieeaaiiy aee?aeoi?a N?E (ci?ith?oueny niaeoe/iee eoo
iaoeeo ), ui i?eaiaeeoue aei a?a?aoe?e ?ooiii? ieanoeie eii??ee,
eieeaaiiyi iieacieea aeaicaeiieaiiy oa iiya? inoeeethth/eo iaaaaeaieo
ca?yae?a ia ieanoeiao eii??ee. Oe? o?e iae?ineii?/ieo eieeaaeueieo
i?ioeane ? iane?aeeii iaeii/anieo oa neio?iiieo eieeaaiue aee?aeoi?a N?E
a on?e eii??oe?.

Ne?ae caa?iooe oaaao ia oa, ui oeae eieeaaeueiee i?ioean ? ?aciiainiei,
ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiieo ?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Iieacaii, ui
?aciiainiee a?aeaoe ? noia?iiceoe??th aeaio eieeaaeueieo i?ioean?a c
caoooath/ith aiie?ooaeith oa aeecueeeie /anoioaie, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei
iecueei/anoioii? iiaeoeyoe?? aiie?ooaee ?acoeueooth/eo eieeaaiue —
aeooyi (?en. 1). A?aeiii, ui /anoioa aeooy iaoiiaeth?oueny ??cieoeath
/anoio aeo?aeieo neeaaeiaeo eieeaaiue. Ia??iae aeooy ca /an ?nioaaiiy
eieeaaeueiiai i?ioeano ci?ith?oueny a?eueo i?ae o o?e ?ace — c 0.4 in ia
ii/aoeo aei 1.5 in iai?ee?ioe? ?iioeueno — /anoioa, a?aeiia?aeii, a?ae
2.5 eAoe aei 0.7 eAoe. Oea icia/a?, ui /anoioa ye iaeiaioa iaeiiai c
oeeo eieeaaiue ci?ith?oueny ia 1.8 eAoe ca /an ?iioeueno, ui neeaaea?
a?eueo i?ae 30 % a?ae ?? na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy. Oiio oeae eieeaaeueiee
i?ioean ia iiaea aooe a?aeianaiee aei iaoai?/iiai ?aciiaino eii??ee,
/anoioa yeiai iaoiiaeth?oueny aaiiao?e/ieie ?ici??aie inoaiiuei? oa ??
i?oaeieie aeanoeainoyie ? ia iiaea aeoaea ci?ithaaoeny ca ei?ioeee /an.
Ie aaaaea?ii, ui niinoa??aa?oueny ?aciiain oaenoo?e N?E.

*anoioa eieeaaiue ia ii/aoeo ?iioeueno iaoiiaeth?oueny ?aciiainii
oaenoo?e N?E, oiio ui a?i ia? a?eueo iecueeo aeia?ioi?noue oa caaaeaee
caoaeaeo?oueny ia?oei. *anoioa eieeaaiue a eiioe? ?iioeueno
iaoiiaeth?oueny o?eueee /anoioith iaoai?/iiai ?aciiaino — ?aciiain
oaenoo?e N?E aei oiai /ano iiai?noth caana?. Ia ?en. 2 iieacai?
caeaaeiino? /anoioe eieeaaiue ia ii/aoeo oa a e?ioe? ?iioeueno a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. *?oei aeaeii, ui /anoioa
?aciiaino oaenoo?e N?E (e?i?y) aacia?a?aii ci?ith?oueny ?c ci?iith
oaiia?aoo?e oa iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, a /anoioa iaoai?/iiai
?aciiaino eii??ee (oi/ee) i?eeia? ?yae aeene?aoieo cia/aiue.

I?e aca?iiae?? ?aciiain?a aeieeathoue yaeua caoyaoaaiiy /anoioe oa
neio?ii?caoe??. I?e oeueiio /anoioa ?aciiaino oaenoo?e, yeee ia? iaioo
aeia?ioi?noue oa a?eueo noeeueiiai aei ci?i, cnoaa?oueny a a?e
aenieiaeia?ioiiai iaoai?/iiai ?aciiaino. I?e neeuei?e aca?iiae?? oa
iaaaeee?e ??cieoe? /anoio iiaeeeaa caeeaeaiiy /anoio aei iiaiiai ca?ao —
aoaeo neio?ii?caoe??.

Ci?ia niaeo?o iaoai?/ieo ?aciiain?a i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e i?ioiaeeoue
oeyoii ia?a?iciiae?eo aia?a?? i?ae niaeo?aeueieie neeaaeiaeie, a ?o
/anoioe eeoathoueny iaci?iieie. ?aciiain oaenoo?e N?E, /anoioa yeiai
oaeaeei cieaeo?oueny ?c ciaioaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e a ieie? oaciaiai
ia?aoiaeo, iine?aeiaii caoaeaeo? an? iaoai?/i? ?aciiaine eii??ee a
ae?aiacii? io 20 aei 2 eAoe.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee oiiaai aeieeiaiiy ?aciiainii? iiaaae?iee
N?E. ?icaeyiooi iiaeeeaee ca’ycie ?aciiainieo eieeaaiue aee?aeoi?a N?E c
e?eoe/ieie ia?aaeia?ao?aeieie oeoeooaoe?yie ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo a ieie?
oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo ae?oaiai ?iaeo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/ath/ee aieea ia
iiyao oaenoo?e oaa?ii?a oa ?ioaineai?noue ?aciiainiiai a?aeaoeo ia?
iaoai?/ia iai?oaeaiiy a no?oeoo?? N?E. Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue
iiaoaeiae aenieiye?nii? iaeii??aeii? oaenoo?e N?E oa aeei?enoaiiy
eii??ee c ?ooiieie ieanoeiaie aeey aoaeoeaiiai caoaeaeaiiy ?aciiaino.

Oai?aoe/ii iieacaii, ui ia?oa iiaea cao?aiiy, ui a?aeiia?aea? no?oeoo??
iioeeeo niaeoe/ieo oa??a, noa? iano?eeith i?e (1) = 0.42°. Aeey
oaiia?aoo? aeua O(1) = OAN – 0.015 °N cnoa aa?oiuei? ieanoeie eii??ee
i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae iaoai?/iiai iai?oaeaiiy a no?oeoo?? iioeeeo
niaeoe/ieo oa??a, ca?eueoaiith a?eueii? aia?a?? nenoaie oa aeieeiaiith
i?oaeii? iiaa?oath/i? neee, ui i?ioeae?? oaeiio cnoao. Ieae/a
oaiia?aoo?e O(1) aoeoaeo no?oeoo?a aoaea iai?oaeaiei noaiii nenoaie oa
cnoa ieanoeie aoaea ciaiooaaoe a?eueio aia?a?th. Aeiaaeueiee i?i?ioi
a?eueii? aia?a?? aoaea a?aeiia?aeaoe no?oeoo?? iioeeeo niaeoe/ieo oa??a
c aeayeei eooii iaoeeo d.

Ianooiia iiaea, no?oeoo?a oaa?ii?a, ao?a/a? noaa?euei?noue i?e (2) =
0.84°. I?e oaiia?aoo?? ieae/a O(2) = OAN – 0.055 °N noaa?eueiei noaiii c
ioeueiaei cnoaii ? no?oeoo?a oaa?ii?a, a no?oeoo?a aoeoaeo noa?
ianoaa?eueiith ? a?aeiia?aea? a?eueo aenie?e a?euei?e aia?a??. I?e
ca?eueoaii? cnoao aa?oiuei? ieanoeie no?oeoo?a oaa?ii?a noa?
ianeiao?e/iith, iiaa?oiy oaa?iia ?c na?aaeeiii? ieiu? ci?uo?oueny o
iai?yieo aei ?ooiii? ieanoeie eii??ee. A oie iiiaio, eiee iiaa?oiy
oaa?iia nyaa? iiaa?oi? ieanoeie, no?oeoo?a oaa?ii?a ia?aoai?th?oueny a
no?oeoo?o iioeeeo niaeoe/ieo oa??a.

Oaea ia?aoai?aiiy oaa?ii?a a iioee? niaeoe/i? oa?e i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iaie
i?e aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iineaaeaiiy
eieeaaiue i?e ioieiaeaeaii? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiyaith aeeneeeiaoe?e, ui
oa?aeoa?i? aeey no?oeoo?e oaa?ii?a. Aieiaee oene, ui i?eeeaaeaiee aei
?ooiii? ieanoeie eii??ee, i?eaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy oeeo aeeneeeiaoe?e,
ia?aoai?aiith no?oeoo?e oaa?ii?a a no?oeoo?o iioeeeo niaeoe/ieo oa??a oa
a?aeiiaeaiith aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue.

?c ca?eueoaiiyi oeneo aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue iae?i?eii c?inoa?.
Iaeneiaeueii, ye iane?aeie i?eeeaaeaiiai oeneo aiie?ooaea iiaea aooe
ca?eueoaia iaeaea ia ii?yaeie. I?e oeneo aeua 450 I/ni2 a?aeaoaa?oueny
cnoa aa?oiuei? ieanoeie eii??ee. Oea aeeeeeaii ?ic?eaii ca’yceo iieaeoe
N?E c iiaa?oiath ieanoeie eii??ee oa i?eaiaeeoue aei ?oeioaaiiy
iaeii??aeii? aoeoaeo oaenoo?e. Aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue ??cei iaaea?.

I?e iino?eiiio ciai?oiueiio oeneo aaee/eiith 320 ± 4 I/ni2 oaiia?aoo?ia
caeaaei?noue ii/aoeiai? aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue iieacaia ia ?en. 3 (e?eaa
1). Ni?anoaaeaiiy e?eai? 1 oa e?eai? 2 (aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue i?e
iino?eiiio ciai?oiueiio oeneo oa aac oeneo) iieaco?, ui a SmC* oac? i?e
oaiia?aoo?? a?eueo i?ae ia 1°N ieae/a oaiia?aoo?e oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo a
SmA, aieiaee oene ? iniiaiei oaeoi?ii iiyae eieeaaiue aee?aeoi?a N?E.
I?e neaaeiio oeneo, ui aeeeeeaiee o?eueee aioo??oi?ie iaoai?/ieie
iai?oaeaiiyie, eieeaaiiy iaaaeeei? aiie?ooaee niinoa??aathoueny o
aocueeiio oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? iiaeeco oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo.
Oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue neiao?e/ia a?aeiinii
oaiia?aoo?e oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo. Iino?eiee ciai?oi?e oene aaee/eiith
ii?yaeeo 102 I/ni2 i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee
eieeaaiue oa ?icoe?aiith oaiia?aoo?iiai ?ioa?aaeo ?nioaaiiy eieeaaiue a
noi?iio SmC* oace ia iaioa i?ae ia 15 – 20°N. Iaaiaee, a SmA oac? aieea
aieiaiai oeneo iacia/iee.

A?aeiii, ui aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa aeaicaeiieaiiy a SmA* oac?
aaciina?aaeiuei ca’ycaia c na?aaei?i eaaae?aoii oeoeooaoe?e niaeoe/iiai
eooa iaoeeo. Iauiaeaaii aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiue c
aenieei ?icae?eaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa aeaicaeiieaiiy a iioeeeo o??aeueieo
niaeoe/ieo iaoa??aeao, ui i?iyaeythoue oaciaee ia?ao?ae a?ae SmA* oace
aei iioeeeo oac [20]. Iiaeeco oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo a SmC* oaco (DT

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019