6

?INOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

OE?A?INUeEI? AEAAeAI?? AA?A?IEO IAOE

Ae’ssEIIIA IEEIEA IAO?IAE*

OAeE 636.52/58.083:628.8.621.3

?ANO?NICAA??AATH*? ?AAEEIE INA?OEAIIss

? AAIOEEssOe?? IOAOIEE?A AeEss AE?IUOAAIIss

? OO?EIAIIss ss?*IEO EO?AE

06.02.04 — oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa

i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa y?oeue oa i’yna
ioeoe? ?inoeoooo ioao?aieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee :

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
?aei ?aai ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c
iaoeiai? ?iaioe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Iao?ooa ?aaai Caoa?iae/, ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/eo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Oi?ioeeia
Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI,
caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th i?e?iee?iaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo, eaoaae?a
ioao?aieoeoaa. I?i?noa?noai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie, i.
Oa?e?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 13 » eeiiy 1999 ?ieo i » 10-00 »
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae.65.356.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI (312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, 312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 10 » /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Oaaoia A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai nueiaiaeaiiy aoei ? caeeoa?oueny
caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy aenieiye?nieie i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy.
Ioao?aieoeoao, ye iaei?e c i?aeaaeocae oaa?eiieoeoaa, a ae??oaii? oe???
i?iaeaie iaeaaeeoue iniaeeaa i?noea: oea ae?iaieoeoai ae??oe/ii?
eaaeicanaithaaii? i?aai?ciii ethaeeie i?iaeoeoe??. I?e ae?iaieoeoa?
oaei? i?iaeoeoe?? iinoathoue nai? caaaeaiiy, ui noinothoueny ia?o ca ana
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy aiae?ae? ioeoe? ? noai?aiiy ?e
iioeiaeueieo oiia aeey iaeneiaeueiiai i?iyao aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiue. Caaaeaee, a iniaeeai a oiiaao
aeeaieiai aeao?oeeoo ? aei?iaeia/? ei?iiaeo, aia?aaoe/ieo oa ?ioeo
?ano?n?a, canoinoaaiiy ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e ? iaea?eueo
aeooaeueiei iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie, aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaei
caaaeaiiyi i?aoe?aiee?a iaoee ? ae?iaieoeoaa.

?ic?iaea ? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a eeoa?oueny aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi
a/aieo ? i?aeoee?a. Aea ciaioaiiy ieoiieo aeo?ao aia?a?? ? ei?i?a ia
iiaeiii i?ecaiaeeoe aei cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ioeoe? /e iia??oaiiy
oiia i?aoe? ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo. A inoaii?e /an aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a, aaeaioaoe?? ?o aei
oiia aeei?enoaiiy a aaeeeeo ioao?aieoeueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao ? eiiieaenao
c o?aooaaiiyi i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo,
aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei iiaeeeaino? aca?iiae?? nenoai ina?oeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?? a onueiio oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?aaeaa/aieo Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie
i?ia?aiaie «I?iaeiaieuenoai-95» oa «Ioao?aieoeoai» ? oaiaoe/iei ieaiii
?inoeoooo ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI (NN aea?ae???no?aoe?? UA01000701? oa
0197V009423).

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo y?oeue eo?ae ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy aeo?ao aia?aaoe/ieo ? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a ia noai?aiiy
iioeiaeueiiai i?e?iee?iaoo i?e ae?iuoaaii? ? oo?eiaii? eo?ae oeyoii
?ic?iaee ? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aeinue ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe ?nioth/? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoai aaioeeyoe?? ?
ina?oeaiiy ioaoiee?a.

2. ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe ?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie
ina?oeaiiy ? aai-oeeyoe?? i?e ae?iuoaaii? ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea
eo?ae.

3. ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe ?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie ina?oeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a aeey oo?eiaiiy eo?ae-iano/ie.

4. Aei?iaoaaoe aia?aicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy c
??cieie aeaea?aeaie na?oea.

5. I?iaanoe ae?iaie/? ia?aa??ee cai?iiiiiaaieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??, c?iaeoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee aiae?c ? aeaoe
i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a ae?iaie/eo oiiaao
aeine?aeaeaii ia?a?ea/ano? ?aaeeie ina?oeaiiy a ii?aeiaii? c? ci?iith
??ai?a ina?oeaiino? a ie?aieo oeeeeao, aaeaioiaaii oe? ?aaeeie aei oiia
?o aeei?enoaiiy a e?oiieo i?iieneiaeo ioaoieeao c o?aooaaiiyi
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo. ?ic?iaeaii ? aei?iaoaaii
a ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoai aaioeeyoe??
o ii?aeiaii? c ia?a?ea/anoeie ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy
ioaoiee?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoai aaioeeyoe?? ? ina?oeaiiy
aeciai? aeiaoiaeaie (iaoaio ?O N 2025963 oa iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ii cayaoe?
ia aeiao?ae «Niin?a ae?iuoaaiiy oa oo?eiaiiy y?/ieo eo?ae o cae?eoeo
i?ei?uaiiyo» N 97062616 a?ae 03.06.1997). ?iaioa «Aia?aicaa??aath/a
oaoiieia?y ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyea ? oo?eiaiiy aei?inei?
ioeoe?»oaeinoi?ia aeeieiia III nooiaiy ? i?ai?? Aeaaiae?eiiai oiiaeo
caoenoo ? i?aeo?eiee aaoi??a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeaniino? ?i. I.A.Eooeeia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??
ioaoiee?a aea? ciiao cieceoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 13,8…65,7%,
aeo?aoe aeaeo?ieaii ?icaea?thaaiiy — o 1,5…6,6 ?aca, i?aeaeueoe
caa?aaeai?noue ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ia 0,6…1,9% ? aeo?ae
eiiaeeoe?eieo iieiaeie ia 1,3…2,9%, i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue
yeoeaiano/ino? eo?ae-iano/ie ia 0,1…7,3%, ?o caa?aaeai?noue — ia
0,2…0,9%, yeoeaiano/?noue o ?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo — ia
1,2…3,3 yeoey, ciaioeoe aeo?aoe ei?io o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000
iaea?aeaieo y?oeue ia 1,4…3,8 ea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? iniaenoi iaa?oiooaaa aeooaeuei?noue
oaie, ?acii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii neeaa i?ia?aio ? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaiaeea aeine?aee oa aiae?coaaa ?acoeueoaoe, ?iaea
aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao, c ni?aaaoi?aie ai?iaaaeaeoaaa
?ic?iaee o ae?iaieoeoai. ?c ni?eueieo iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e aeena?oaioii
ca caiaeith ni?aaaoi??a aeei?enoaii eeoa naith /anoeio aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?ic?iaeai?
?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoai ina?oeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?? ai?iaaaeaeaii a ?yae? ioao?aieoeueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa: aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? ?inoeoooo
ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI «Ai?ee», ioaoi?aaeaini? «Ci?y» Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?,
Aeeieo??anuee?e ioaoioaa?eoe? Caii??aenueei? iaeano?. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeaii ? noaaeaii ia ui??/ieo can?aeaiiyo o/aii?
?aaee ?I OAAI (Ai?ee, 1991-1997), eii?aeeiaoe?eieo ia?aaeao c
ioao?aieoeoaa Ana?in?enueeiai IAe?O ioao?aieoeoaa (Na?a??a Iinaae,
1995-1996), I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iia? oaoiieia?? ? oaoi?ea aeey
iaoai?caoe?? ? aeae?eo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a oaa?eiieoeoaa» (Caii??aeaey,
1994, 1996), ?? eiioa?aioe?? Aaeo?enueeeo e?a?i c ioao?aieoeoaa
(A?eueithn,1994), ?? Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c ioao?aieoeoaa (Oa?e?a,
1996), THa?eaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa (Oa?e?a, 1998),
aeaiiino?oaaeenue ia aenoaaeao-y?ia?eao «Aa?i-96» oa «Aa?i-97»
(n.*oaeinueea Ai?eni?euenueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iae.).

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo? a iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao ? aeo?iaeao, 4 — a iaoa??aeao
? oacao eiioa?aioe?e, iaea?aeaii iaeei iaoaio ia aeiao?ae ? iiceoeaia
??oaiiy Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai oeaio?o iaoaioii? aenia?oece Oe?a?ie ii
cayaoe? ia iaoaio.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, 4 ?icae?ee,
aeniiaee, i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao, nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. ??
aeeeaaeaii ia 145 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, ?ethno?iaaii 28- ia oaaeeoeyie
oa 5-ia iaethieaie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iae?/o? 152 iacae, a
oiio /ene? 45- ?iicaiieie iiaaie; 16 aeiaeaoe?a aeeeaaeaii ia 23
noi??ieao.

IA’?EOE, IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a a?aeae?e? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa y?oeue oa
i’yna ioeoe? ?inoeoooo ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI a 1991 -1998 ??..
Iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nuee? aeine?aee i?iaaaeaii a i?iieneiaeo ioaoieeao
ioaoi?aaeainio “Ci?y” Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? ca iaaaaeaiith noaiith.

I?iaaaeaii o?e aeine?aee uiaei aea/aiiy ??cieo aa??aio?a
aia?aicaa??aath/eo noai ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a aeey
ae?iuoaaiiy ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea y?/ieo eo?ae, aeine?ae ii aea/aiith
aieeao ina?oeaiino? ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue eo?ae-iano/ie, o?e aeine?aee ii
aea/aiith ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo niinia?a ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? a
ioaoieeao aeey oo?eiaiiy i?iieneiaiai noaaea eo?ae-iano/ie. Ia iniia?
i?iaaaeaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue aea?aii e?au? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoai
aaioeeyoe?? ? ina?oeaiiy i?e ae?iuoaaii? iieiaeiyea ? oo?eiaii?
aei?inei? ioeoe? ? i?iaaaeaii ae?iaie/? ia?aa??ee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
ae?iaieoeoai oeeo ?aaeei?a. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy niinia?a noai?aiiy
i?e?iee?iaoo (cai?iiiiiaaieo ? oeiiaeo ?aaeei?a ina?oeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe??) canoiniaoaaee caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaeeee.

?ic?aooiee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aaee ca iaoiaeii i?eaaaea-ieo
aeo?ao o oe?iao a?aeiia?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Iieacieee ia?iaeyee iaoiaeaie
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co (Ieioeinueeee I.I., 1970, 1973; Eoeeeia E.A.,
1987). A?iaia?aaoe/io ioe?ieo cai?iiiiiaaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue
?iaeee ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiieo iaoiae?a ? a?iaia?aaoe/ieo
aea?aaeaio?a.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie i?e ae?iuoaaii? ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea

O?iio??aei A.I. ?c ni?aaao. (1990 -1994) aeine?aeaeaii oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo y?oeue eo?ae ? ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyea a
oe?ieiaaaa?eoieo caeieiaaieo ioaoieeao. Aei?iaoaaii aia?aicaa??aath/ee
niin?a oo?eiaiiy aei?ineeo eo?ae i?e aeei?enoaii? ye eiio?ieth ioaoieea
c ??aiii??iei ?iciiae?eii i?eieeaiiai iia?o?y ? ye aeine?ae —
aiaeia?/iee ioaoiee, aea c ?aaoethaaiiyi iia?o?iiai?io a caeaaeiino?
a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y oa na?oeiaiai ?aaeeio (iaoaio N
2025963), oiaoi i?e ii?aeiaii? ??cieo ?aaeei?a ina?oeaiiy oa
aaioeeyoe??.

Iinoaei ieoaiiy a?aeiinii iiaeeeaino? ciaioaiiy iia?o?iiai?io a oaiiia?
ia??iaee aeiae a ioaoieeao i?e ae?iuoaaii? iieiaeiyea ca oiiae
caaacia/aiiy ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo i?eieeaiiai iia?o?y. Caaaeath/e ia
oa, ui aei 6…8-oeaeiaaiai a?eo ioeoe? iio?aaa a i?eieeaiiio iia?o??
iaaaeeea, a iaoeo aeine?aeao a oaiiia? ia??iaee ciaioaiiy iia?o?iiai?io
ia?aaeaa/aeinue ii/eiath/e c iacaaiiai a?eo ioeoe? ia 25…30% a?ae
ii?iaoeaiiai a oaiiia? ia??iaee aeiae. A ia?oiio aeine?ae? anoaiiaeaii,
ui i?e oaeiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe?? ca ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy
ioeoe? (17 oeaei?a) aeiiii?y aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia aaioeeyoe?th noaiiaeoue
1130 eAo-aiae. a cae? ia 32 oen. aie?a iieiaeiyea, aai ia 13,8% o
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. Ciioaoi?/i? iieacieee i?ioeano ae?iuoaaiiy
ioeoe? aoee e?aueie a aeine?aei?e cae?. Caa?aaeai?noue ioeoe? a
aeine?ae? (86,4%) aoea aeinoia??ii aeua (? > 0,999), /ei a eiio?ie?
(84,5%). Aeua aoa ? aeo?ae eiiaeeoe?eiiai iieiaeiyea (77,3% a aeine?ae?
o ii??aiyii? c 74,4% a eiio?ie? i?e ? > 0,999). Aeo?aoe ei?io o
?ic?aooieo ia ae?iuaio iieiaeeo a aeine?ae? aoee ieae/eie ia 0,21 ea, a
o ?ic?aooieo ia eiiaeeoe?eio iieiaeeo — ia 0,27 ea.

Ae?oaee aeine?ae i?e ae?iuoaaii? iieiaeiyea y?/ieo eo?ae iieyaaa o
aea/aii? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ia?a?ea/anoiai ?aaeeio ina?oeaiiy c
??cieie ??aiyie ina?oeaiino? ii ia??iaeao aeiae. Aeei?enoaiiy ?aaeeio,
ia?aaeaa/aiiai ii?iaoeaaie, oneeaaeithaaei ?iaioo ianeoaiaoth/iai
ia?niiaeo, iio?aaoaaei a?aeiinii aaeeeeo aeo?ao i?aoe? ? iaoa??aeueieo
?ano?n?a ia cai?io eaii ?icaea?thaaiiy, ui aeeoee c eaaeo, oa ia eaiie
iaioi? iiooaeiino? c 5- aei 17-oeaeiaaiai a?eo ioeoe?. Cai?iiiiiaaiee
ia?a?ea/anoee ?aaeei ia?aaeaa/aa aeei?enoaiiy i?eeaaeo ?aaoethaaiiy
iai?oae ci?iiiai no?oio II-OOA a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, yeee
caaacia/oaaa ia o?eueee ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy ina?oeaiino? ii ia??iaeao,
aea ? aeaaaa ciiao noai?thaaoe i?e ia?aieeaii? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ?aaeei
«na?oaiie- noo?iee». Oeae ?aaeei ia?aaeaa/aa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
ina?oeaiino? a ia??iaee iaea?eueoi? aeoeaiino? ioeoe? aeey iie?auaiiy
oiia ?iaioe ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo ? ciaioaiiy ??ai?a ina?oeaiiy o
?io? ia??iaee. A aeine?aei?e cae? caeiiiieaii 2437 eAo-aiae.
aeaeo?iaia?a?? (aeo?aoe ia 25,1% iaio?, i?ae a eiio?ie?), ciaioaii
aeo?aoe aeaeo?ieaii ?icaea?thaaiiy ia 259 oo., aai ia 71,3%.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui caa?aaeai?noue iiaie?a’y a aeine?ae? aoea aeuith ia
0,4%, a aeo?ae eiiaeeoe?eiiai iieiaeiyea — ia 1,3% (??cieoey noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeia i?e ? > 0,999). Aeo?aoe ei?io o ?ic?aooieo ia ae?iuaio
eo?i/eo aoee iaeiaeiaeie.

O?ao?e aeine?ae ia?aaeaa/aa aei?iaoaaiiy eiia?iiaaieo noai ?iaioe nenoai
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy ?aiiioiiai
iieiaeiyea y?/ieo eo?ae. A oeueiio aeine?ae? ? a aeine?aei?e, ? a
eiio?ieuei?e caeao aeei?enoiaoaaee iaeiaeia? aia?aicaa??aath/?
ia?a?ea/ano? ?aaeeie ina?oeaiiy, aei?iaoaai? o ae?oaiio aeine?ae?. Aei
7-oeaeiaaiai a?eo ioeoe? aoee iaeiaeiaeie ? ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoaie
aaioeeyoe?? aiie a?aeiia?aeaee aeiiaai Ii?i oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy
ioao?aieoeueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Aea o iiaeaeueoiio ?aaeei ?iaioe nenoaie
aaioeeyoe?? ?noioii a?ae??ciyany: yeui a eiio?ieuei?e cae? a?i ? o
iiaeaeueoiio aoa ii?iaoeaiei, oi o aeine?aei?e cae? aoei ia?aaeaa/aii
ciaioaiiy iia?o?iiai?io ia 12% o ia??iaee ??ai?a ina?oeaiino? 7…10 ee
? ia 25…30% — a oae caai? oaiiia? ia??iaee aeiae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
aeei?enoaiiy aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aaeeio aaioeeyoe?? a ocaiaeaeaii? c
?ano?nicaa??aath/ei ?aaeeiii ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy ia i?ecaiaeeoue
aei iia??oaiiy ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo, aea aea? iiaeeea?noue
aeiaeaoeiai ciaioeoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia aaioeeyoe?th ia 1566
eAo-aiae. (ia 15,9%) ca ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy ioeoe?, i?aeaeueoe
caa?aaeai?noue iieiaeiyea ia 0,94% (??cieoey noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?e
? > 0,999) i?e i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaeo aeoiae? eiiaeeoe?eiiai iieiaeiyea
(88,2 ? 88,4% a eiio?ie? ? aeine?ae? a?aeiia?aeii) ? aeo?aoao ei?io ia
ae?iuaio eo?i/eo (6,09 ? 6,06 ea a?aeiia?aeii).

?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie i?e oo?eiaii? eo?ae-iano/ie.

Iiia?aaei? aei?iaoaaiiy i?eeaaeo aeey ?aaoethaaiiy ??ai?a
ina?oeaiino? ii ia??iaeao aeiae i?iaaaeaii a aeine?aeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? ?inoeoooo ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI «Ai?ee» oa
ia Aeeieo??anuee?e ioaoioaa?eoe? Caii??cnueei? iaeano?.
A ?acoeueoao? aei?iaoaaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy
ia?a?ea/anoiai ?aaeeio ina?oeaiiy caaacia/eei i?aeaeuaiiy yeoeaiano/ino?
eo?ae-iano/ie o ?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo ia 7,3%, i?aeaeuaiiy
na?aaeiuei? iane y?oeue ia 1,6%, ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ei?io ia iaeeieoeth
i?iaeoe-oe?? ia 3,2%. I?e oeueiio aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ina?oeaiiy
cieaeaii ia 35,5%, a 3,1 ?aca ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue eaii, ui aeeoee c
eaaeo a aeine?aeiiio ioaoieeo o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiei. Aea
canoiniaaiee ia?a?ea/anoee ?aaeei ina?oeaiiy aac eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ia
i?a aooe aeei?enoaiee o ioaoieeao ia 30…40 oen. ioaoii?noeue, ai
iia??ooaaa oiiae ?iaioe ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo oa ia aeaaaa ciiae
ciaiooaaoe ??ai? ina?oeaiino? a oae caai? ia??iaee a?aeiinii iecueei?
aeoeaiino? ioeoe?, noai?aiiy aeey ia? a?eueo niie?eieo oiia i?e cianaii?
y?oeue ? a?aeii/eieo.

O ianooiiiio aeine?ae? a o?e aiaeia?/i? caee c ee?oeiaei iaeaaeiaiiyi
AEI-3, ui aoee caaacia/ai? aiaeia?/ieie nenoaiaie aaioeeyoe??,
ia?a??aaiiy oa ina?oeaiiy (aeaea?aea na?oea — eaiie ?icaea?thaaiiy
iiooaei?noth 100 Ao eiaeia), aoei iinaaeaeaii ii 40 oen. y?/ieo eo?ae o
a?oe? 17 oeaei?a. A eiio?ieuei?e cae? aeei?enoiaoaaee ii?iaoeaiee ?aaeei
ina?oeaiiy c ia?iuoaaiiyi o?eaaeino? na?oeiaiai aeiy c 10 aiaeei ia
ii/aoeo aeine?aeo aei 16 aiaeei (i?ney 44-oeaeiaaiai a?eo ioeoe?) i?e
??ai? ina?oeaiino? 20…25 ee. O ia?o?e aeine?aei?e cae? aeei?enoiaoaaee
ia?a?ea/anoee ?aaeei ina?oeaiiy c ca?eueoaiiyi noia?ii? o?eaaeino?
na?oeiaeo ia??iae?a ia aeiao c 17- aei 25-oeaeiaaiai a?eo ioeoe? a?ae 9
aei 11 aiaeei, i?ney /iai oaeo o?eaae?noue aeo?eioaaee aei e?ioey
aeine?aeo i?e iino?eiiio ??ai? ina?oeaiino? 20…25 ee. O ae?oa?e
aeine?aei?e cae? aeei?enoiaoaaee oaeee aea ia?a?ea/anoee ?aaeei
ina?oeaiiy, ye ? o ia?o?e aeine?aei?e cae?, aea ??aaiue ina?oeaiino? a
aeaye? ia??iaee ciaiooaaee aei 5…7 ee, a i?e ia?aieeaii? ??ai?a
ina?oeaiino? canoiniaoaaee ?aaeei «na?oaiie-noo?iee» caaaeyee iayaiino?
a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy i?eeaaeo II-OOA. I?iaeoeoeai?noue ioeoe? a caeao c
??cieie ?aaeeiaie ina?oeaiiy ?noioii a?ae??ciyeanue. Caa?aaeai?noue
ioeoe? o ae?oa?e aeine?aei?e cae? aoea a??ia?aeii aeuith (? > 0,99),
i?ae o aeaio ?ioeo caeao, aeuith aoea ? yeoeaiano/?noue o ?ic?aooieo ia
ii/aoeiao iano/eo (168,9 i?i-oe 167,7 oo. o eiio?ie?, ??cieoey
noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?e ? > 0,99). Aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1000 y?oeue aoee
ieae/eie o ae?oa?e aeine?aei?e cae?. Ia?a?ea/anoee na?oeiaee ?aaeei, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaany o ia?o?e aeine?aei?e cae?, aeaa ciiao ciaioeoe aeo?aoe
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ina?oeaiiy ia 19,3% ? aeo?aoe aeaeo?ieaii ia 11,4% o
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. O ae?oaiio ae aeine?aeiiio aa??aio? aeo?aoe
aeaeo?iaia?a?? aoee iaioeie ia 34,1%, a e?euee?noue eaii, ui aeeoee c
eaaeo ca ia??iae aeine?aeo, aoea o 6,6 ?aca iaioith, i?ae o eiio?ie?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?a?ea/anoeo ?aaeei?a ina?oeaiiy c ??cieie ??aiyie
ina?oeaiino? a ??ci? ia??iaee aeiae i?e oo?eiaii? eo?ae-iano/ie e?ino
ISA-brown (ae?oaee iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeee aeine?ae) i?aeoaa?aeeee
iiaeeea?noue cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ina?oeaiiy ia 23…35,5%
? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? eaii, ui aeeoee c eaaeo, a aeae?eueea ?ac?a i?e
i?aeaeuaii? caa?aaeaiino? ? iaeiaeia?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ioeoe?.

O o?aoueiio aeine?ae? aea/aee iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ia?a?ea/anoeo
?aaeei?a ina?oeaiiy c ia??iaeaie cieaeaieo ??ai?a ina?oeaiino? a
ocaiaeaeaii? c aia?aicaa??aath/ei ?aaeeiii ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe??.
I?e oeueiio a aeine?aei?e cae? ??aaiue ina?oeaiino? 20…30 ee
i?aeo?eioaaany noia?ii ii ia??iaeao ia a?eueoa, ye 4 aiaeeie ia aeiao. A
?io? na?oeia? ia??iaee ina?oeai?noue noaiiaeea 5…10 ee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo a aeine?aei?e ? eiio?ieuei?e caeao ia aeyaeee
?noioieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae ii?iaoeaieo ia?aiao??a ye o oaiiia?, oae ?
na?oeia? ia??iaee. Caa?aaeai?noue ioeoe? ? ?? i?iaeoeoeai?noue o
?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo aoee aeueie a aeine?aei?e cae? (77,0
i?ioe 76,5% ? 177,7 i?ioe 176,5 oo. y?oeue a?aeiia?aeii). A
aeine?aei?e cae? aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? cieceeenue ca aanue ia??iae (c
17- aei 66-oeaeiaaiai a?eo ioeoe?) ia 19,78 oen. eAo-aiae., aai ia
21,4% o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai.

Iath/e ia oaac? a?eueoee aa?aio?eiee oa?i?i neoaeae ? aeuee o ii??aiyii?
c eaiiaie ?icaea?thaaiiy na?oeiaee eiao?oe??io iiaeo aeaea?ae na?oea
oeio iao???aeo eaii AeIaO, oe? aeaea?aea na?oea aei?iaoaai? iaie o
/aoaa?oiio iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeiio aeine?ae?. I?ney iiia?aaei?o
aeine?ae?a uiaei ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy na?oeeueiee?a c eaiiaie
AeIaO-100 a cae? 6 ioaoieea A-31 aoei anoaiiaeaii 44 aenia?eiaioaeueieo
na?oeeueieea. Eiio?ieueia caea 4 oeueiai ae ioaoieea iaea 180
na?oeeueiee?a c eaiiaie ?icaea?thaaiiy. Aei??thaaiiy ??ai?a ina?oeaiino?
iieacaee, ui a aeine?aei?e cae? i?e ?ici?uaii? na?oeeueiee?a «eaiiaie
aai?o» c oaaii 9…10 i acaeiaae i?ioiae?a i?ae ee?oeiaeie aaoa?ayie
??aiii??i?noue ina?oeaiiy cia/ii e?aua, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e cae?
(18…70 ee a aeine?aei?e cae? i?e eieeaaii? ??ai?a o eiio?ieuei?e cae?
a?ae 4 aei 65 ee). Ca i?iaeoeoeaiee ia??iae (a?ae 17- aei 66-oeaeiaaiai
a?eo ioeoe?) ?? caa?aaeai?noue aoea aeuith o aeine?aei?e cae? ia 0,7% (?
> 0,99), yeoeaiano/?noue ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo aoea aeuith ia 2,8 yeoey
(? > 0,999), aeo?aoe ei?io o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 y?oeue ieae/? ia 1,4 ea.
Aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ina?oeaiiy aoee o aeine?ae? ieae/eie ia 65,7%
(17,433 oen.eAo-aiae. o ii??aiyii? c 50,859 oen. eAo-aiae. o eiio?ie?).
A aeine?aei?e cae? ca aanue ia??iae aeine?aeo cai?iaii 2 eaiie, a o
eiio?ie? — 1005 oo.

?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee, a?iaia?aaoe/ia oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia
ioe?iea ?ic?iaie

Aeey oe?iei? ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee aoei aea?aii ?ano?nicaa??aath/ee
?aaeei ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy (ia?a?ea/anoee n ia??iaeaie cieaeaieo
??ai?a ina?oeaiiy ? ?aaeeiii «na?oaiie-noo?iee» i?e aeei?enoaii? eaii
?icaea?thaaiiy oa i?eeaaeo II-OOA) a eiia?iaoe?? c aia?aicaa??aath/ei
?aaeeiii ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe?? (ciaioaiiy iia?o?iiai?io i?e
cieaeaii? ??aiy ina?oeaiino? aai a oaiiia? ia??iaee) — iiaee aa??aio ?,
oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/ee ia?a?ea/anoee ?aaeei ina?oeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
iao???aeo eaii AeIaO a eiia?iaoe?? c aia?aicaa??aath/ei ?aaeeiii ?iaioe
nenoaie aaioeeyoe?? (ciaioaiiy iia?o?iiai?io a oaiiia? ia??iaee aeiae) —
iiaee aa??aio ??. Ca aaciaee aa??aio i?eeiyoi ?aaeeie ?iaioe nenoai
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??, ia?aaeaa/ai? /eiieie Ii?iaie oaoiieia?/iiai
i?iaeooaaiiy ioao?aieoeueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee caaaeaii a oaaeeoeth 1.

sse aeieeaa? c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee
i?aeoaa?aeeee ?acoeueoaoe ?ai?oa aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O aa??aio? c
aeei?enoaiiyi eaii ?icaea?thaaiiy c ia?a?ea/anoei ?aaeeiii ?o ?iaioe ?
noai?aiiyi ??cieo ??aiae ina?oeaiino? ii na?oeiaeo ia??iaeao oa
eiia?iiaaiith noaiith ?aaoethaaiiy iia?o?iiai?io o caeaaeiino? a?ae
?aaeeio ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy (iiaee aa??aio ?) aeiiii?y
aeaeo?iaia?a?? noaiiaeea 29,5%, a aeo?aoe eaii ia ina?oeaiiy ciaioeeenue
ia 41,4% o ii??aiyii? c aaciaei aa??aioii. O aa??aio? c aeei?enoaiiyi
eaii oeio AeIaO-100 (iiaee aa??aio ??) aeiiii?y aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? aoea
ua aaaii?oith ? neeaaeaea 46,1% o ii??aiyii? c aaciaei aa??aioii.

A iaio cai?iiiiiaaieo aa??aioao i?aeaeueeanue caa?aaeai?noue
eo?ae-iano/ie (ia 0,3 oa 0,5%), ca?eueoeeanue ?ioaineai?noue iano/ino?
(ia 1,1%), iaea?aeaii a?eueoa y?oeue o ?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo
a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,2 oa 3,3 oo. (??cieoey noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?e
?>0,999). Ciaioeeenue ? aeo?aoe ei?i?a o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 iaea?aeaieo
y?oeue a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,8 oa 3,7 ea.

A?iaia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea iaea?aeaieo o ae?iaie/eo ia?aa??eao ?acoeueoao?a
(aeea. oaae.2) iieacaea, ui iaea?eueoo noia?io aia?aaoe/io oe?ii?noue
iaea?aeaii? iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe?? (oa?/ia? yeoey ? i’yni) caaacia/eei
aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai aa??aioo ?? (2938,217 AAeae), iio?i ne?aeo? iiaee
aa??aio ? (2933,839 AAeae) ? eeoa iio?i — aaciaee aa??aio.
?aoe?iiaeuei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ii??aiyiiy eiao?oe??io?a
aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a ae-?iaieoeoaa iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe??
ii aa??aioao (aaciaee — 7,78%, iia? — 8,14%).

Aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?ic?aooie?a i?eaaaeaieo aeo?ao a?cueiaii, ye ? aeey
a?iaia?aaoe/ii? ioe?iee, c oaaeeoe? 1. An? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? aeai? ii
aa??aioao caaaeaii o oaaeeoeth 3.

sse aeaeii c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 3, aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e aeei?enoaii?
iiaiai aa??aioo ? neeaaea? 14,4, a iiaiai aa??aioo ?? — 16,1 oen.
a?eaaiue ia ??e.Oaaeeoey 1

?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a
ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a

Caea 4Caea 5Caea 6Iieacieee(aaciaee aa??aio)(iiaee

aa??aio I)(iiaee

aa??aio II)1234Ii/aoeiaa iiaie?a’y, oen.aie40,040,040,0A?aeo?ae ioeoe?,
oen. aie9,689,569,48a o./.:
iaae?ae3,112,852,60aea?aeiaea6,576,716,88Caa?aaeai?noue
ioeoe?,%75,876,176,3Aaeiaee ca?? y?oeue, oen.oo6191,76321,36325,6a o. /.
: ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo, oo.154,8158,0***158,1***ia na?aaeith iano/eo,
oo176,1179,5***179,4***?ioaineai?noue yeoeaiano/ino?,
%58,759,859,8Aeo?aoe ei?i?a, anueiai, o1244,71246,81248,2ia 1000 y?oeue,
ea201,0197,2197,3Aeo?aoe aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a??:ia ina?oeaiiy, oen.
eAo-aiae48,834,216,9a % a?ae aaciaiai aa??aioo10070,134,6ia
aaioeeyoe?th, oen. eAo-aiae59,442,145,2a % a?ae aaciaiai
aa??aioo10070,976,1Aeiiii?y aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a??:oen. eAo-aiae. ca
ia??iae-31,946,1%-29,542,6Aeo?aoe aeaeo?ieaii ia cai?-io oeo, ui aeeoee
c eaaeo, oo.281616503

I?ei?oea: *** — p > 0,999

Oaaeeoey 2

Aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue (AAeae) oa eiao?oe??ioe aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? (%) ae?iaeaii? iniiaii? oa aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ii
aa??aioao

Caea 4Caea 5Caea 6Iieacieee(aaciaee aa??aio)(iiaee aa??aio I)(iiaee
aa??aio II)1234Aea?aeoaaia ia i’yni ia i?ioyc? i?iaeoeoeaiiaiia??iaeo
ioeoey58,07859,31660,819Ioeoey, ui caeaia ia i’yni i?ney
i?iaeoeoeaiiaiia??iaeo470,566472,429473,670Oa?/ia?
yeoey2352,8462402,0942403,728Ioaoeiee iine?ae a
a.n.?.9153,119200,439247,24Noia?ia aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue i’yna ioeoe? ?
y?oeue

2881,490

2933,839

2938,217Noia?ia aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue iniiaii? oaaeiaeaoeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??12033,60012134,26912185,457Noeoii? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe ia
ae?iaieoeoai

37019,60

36030,08

36115,13Eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaay?oeue oa
i’yna ioeoe?, %7,788,148,14Eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaii?? aeiaeaoeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??,%32,533,733,7

Oaaeeoey 3

Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo y?oeue
ii aa??aioao (?ic?aooiee aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo) (a?eaaiue)

Caea 4Caea 5Caea 6Iieacieee(aaciaee aa??aio)(iiaee aa??aio I)(iiaee
aa??aio II)1234Aeiaeaoeia? eai?o. aeeaaeaiiy, anueiai-13803520a o./.:
ia nenoaio ina?oeaiiy,-10003200ia nenoaio
aaioeeyoe??,-380320Aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe, anueiai454637451624450819a
o./.: ca?ia?oia ieaoiy,626563096334cai?ia iiaie?a’y
ioeoe?,105143105143105143aii?oecaoe?y, ?aiiio ?
oaoianeoa.,477648085230ei?ie,290264290754291080aeaeo?iaia?a?y,9025682458
44iaeeai ? III785873497432?io? aeo?aoe (aiaea, oa?a, aeaeo?i-eaiie ?
?i.)313063043729756I?yi? aeo?aoe o ?ic?aooieo ia1000
y?oeue73,4371,4471,27Iaeeaaei? aeo?aoe (ia 1000
y?oeue)19,0918,5718,53Nia?aa?o?noue 1000 y?oeue92,5290,0189,79Ae?o/ea
a?ae ?aae?caoe??: y?oeue,825410843445844554iaeaiaeo,236622262821564i’yna
aea?aeoaaieo eo?ae,209302102822253i’yna eo?ae i?ney i?iae.
ia??iaeo102085104076104350Aeo?aoe ia ?aae?caoe?th262026702680*enoa
ae?o/ea a?ae ?aae?c., anueiai969467988507990041o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000
y?oeue156,6156,4156,5I?eaaaeai? aeo?aoe ia 1000
y?oeue92,5290,0489,87??cieoey i?ae ae?o/eith ? i?eaaaea-ieie aeo?aoaie
(ia 1000 y?oeue)64,0866,3666,63Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo o ii??aiyii?c aaciaei
aa??aioii o ?ic?aooieoia anth io?eiaio i?iaeoeoe?th-14412,5616130,28

A E N I I A E E

1. Aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a ia ina?oeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?th ioaoiee?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy ? oo?eiaiiy y?/ieo eo?ae iiaeia
nooo?ai ciaioeoe ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ? aei?iaoaaieo a
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue ? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo
?aaeei?a ?iaioe oeeo nenoai oa iiaeo i?eeaae?a ?aaoethaaiiy ??ai?a
ina?oeaiino? ? aeaea?ae na?oea. I?e oeueiio, ye i?aaeei, i?aeaeuo?oueny
caa?aaeai?noue ioeoe? oa ?? i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

2. ?aaeei ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy
?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea y?/ieo eo?ae, ui aeeth/a? ciaioaiiy ia 20…30%
iia?o?iiai?io o oaiiia? ia??iaee aeiae, ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei iia??oaiiy
ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo ? aea? ciiao ciaioeoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??
ia aaioeeyoe?th ia 13,8% i?e i?aeaeuaii? caa?aaeaiino? ioeoe? ia 1,9% ?
aeoiaeo eiiaeeoe?eieo iieiaeie — ia 2,9%.

3. I?e aeei?enoaii? cai?iiiiiaaiiai ia?a?ea/anoiai ?aaeeio ina?oeaiiy
ioaoiee?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyea eo?ae c /a?aoaaiiyi na?oeiaeo
ia??iae?a c ??aiyie ina?oeaiino? 20…30 ee oa 7…10 ee c ia??iaeaie
oai?yae ca oiiae canoinoaaiiy ?aaeei?a «na?oaiie-noo?iee» aeiiii?y
aeaeo?iaia?a?? aeinyaa? 25,1%, aai 2437 eAo-aiae. o ?ic?aooieo ia
ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy 32 oen. aie. iieiaeiyea. I?e oeueiio e?euee?noue
eaii ?icaea?thaaiiy, ui aeeoee c eaaeo, ciaioo?oueny ia 71,3%,
i?aeaeuothoueny caa?aaeai?noue iieiaeiyea ia 0,6% ? aeo?ae eiiaeeoe?eieo
iieiaeie ia 1,3%.

4.Iaeii/ania aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai
aaioeeyoe?? ? ina?oeaiiy ioaoiee?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyea eo?ae o
ii??aiyii? c aa??aioii aeei?enoaiiy eeoa cai?iiiiiaaiiai ia?a?ea/anoiai
?aaeeio ina?oeaiiy aea? ciiao aeiaeaoeiai ciaioeoe aeo?aoe
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 15,9% aac iia??oaiiy ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo oa aac
cieaeaiiy caa?aaeaiino? ioeoe? ? aeoiaeo eiiaeeoe?eiiai iieiaeiyea.

5. Canoinoaaiiy ia?a?ea/anoiai ?aaeeio ina?oeaiiy c ??cieie ??aiyie
ina?oeaiino? (20…30 oa 5…7 ee) ii ia??iaeao ? ?aaeeio
«na?oaiie-noo?iee» i?e ia?aieeaii? ??ai?a ina?o-eaiino? i?e oo?eiaii?
eo?ae-iano/ie ??cieo e?in?a aea? ciiao ciaioeoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??
ia ina?oeaiiy ia 22,9…35,5% i?e ciaioaii? e?eueeino? eaii
?icaea-?thaaiiy, ui aeeoee c eaaeo ca ia??iae oo?eiaiiy ioeoe?, o
3,1…6,6 ?aca i?e i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy yeoeaiano/ino? o ?ic?aooieo ia
ii/aoeiao iano/eo ia 0,1…7,3% caa?aaeaiino? iiai-e?a’y ia 0,2…0,9%
oa ciaioaii? aeo?ao ei?io o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 oo. y?oeue ia 0,1…3,2%.

6. Aei?iaoaaiiy na?oeeueiee?a c ?ic?yaeieie eaiiaie oeio AeIaO-100 o
ii??aiyii? c aeei?enoaiiyi eaii ?icaea?thaaiiy i?e ina?oeaii? ioaoiee?a
aeey oo?eiaiiy eo?ae-iano/ie iieacaee, ui ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeo aeaea?ae
na?oea iiaeia aeinyaoe a?eueo ??aiii??ii? ina?oeaiino? ii an?o y?onao
ee?oeiaeo aaoa?ae (18…70 ee), i?aeaeueoe caa?aaeai?noue ioeoe? ia
0,7%, ca?eueoeoe yeoeaiano/?noue o ?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo ia
2,8 yeoey ? ciaioeoe aeo?aoe ei?io o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 y?oeue ia 1,4
ea. I?e oeueiio aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ina?oeaiiy ciaioothoueny ia
65,7%, aai ia 33,4 oen. eAo-aiae. o cae? ia 40 oen. ioaoii?noeue ca ??e
i?e ciaioaii? e?eueeino? eaii, ui aeeoee c eaaeo ia 1003 oo.

7. Aeei?enoaiiy ia?a?ea/anoiai ?aaeeio ina?oeaiiy c ??cieie ??aiyie
ina?oeaiino? ii ia??iaeao ? ci?ia iia?o?iiai?io o ioaoieeo o caeaaeiino?
a?ae ??aiy ina?oeaiino? (i?e ??aiyo ina?oeaiino? 5…7 ee — ciaioaiiy
ia 12…13%, a a oaiiia? ia??iaee — ia 25…30%) i?e oo?eiaii?
eo?ae-iano/ie aea? ciiao aac iia??oaiiy ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo ciaioeoe
aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia i?ioeane aaioeeyoe?? ? ina?oeaiiy ia 21,4%.

8. ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy
eo?ae-iano/ie i?e cai?iiiiiaaieo ia?a?ea/anoeo ?aaeeiao ina?oeaiiy c
aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo ??ai?a ina?oeaiino? ii ia??iaeao c eaiiaie
?icaea?thaaiiy ? ocaiaeaeaieo c ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy
?aaeeiaie ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe??, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue ciaioaiiy
iia?o?iiai?io i?e ciaioaii? ??ai?a ina?oeaiino? o ioaoieeo, iieacaee,
ui caa?aaeai?noue eo?ae-iano/ie i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 0,3%, ?ioaineai?noue
yeoeaiano/ino? — ia 1,1%. A iiaiio aa??aio? iaea?aeaii a?eueoa y?oeue o
?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo (ia 3,2 oo., ? > 0,999), ciaioeeenue
aeo?aoe ei?i?a o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 y?oeue ia 3,8 ea. Aeiiii?y
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia aaioeeyoe?th ? ina?oeaiiy o iiaiio aa??aio? neeaea
29,5%, a aeo?aoe eaii ?icaea?thaaiiy ciaioeeenue ia 41,4%.

9. ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia??
oo?eiaiiy eo?ae-iano/ie i?e cai?iiiiiaaieo ia?a?ea/anoeo ?aaeeiao
?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy c eaiiaie oeio AeIaO-100 ? ocaiaeaeaiith c
?aaeeiii ?iaioe nenoaie ina?oeaiiy noaiith ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe??
iieacaee, ui caa?aaeai?noue eo?ae-iano/ie ca?eueoo?oueny ia 0,5%,
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ioeoe? o ?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo — ia 3,3 yeoey
(? > 0,999), aeo?aoe ei?i?a o ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 y?oeue ciaioothoueny ia
3,7 ea. I?e oeueiio aeiiii?y aeaeo?iaia?a?? noaiiaeoue 46,1%, a
aeaeo?ieaii — 2813 oo. ca i?iaeoeoeaiee ia??iae.

10. I?e aeei?enoaii? cai?iiiiiaaieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai ina?oeaiiy ?
aaioeeyoe?? aeo?aoe noeoiii? aia?a?? ia ae?iaieoeoai
i?iaeoeoe?? o ?ic?aooieo ia caeo ia 40 oen. ioaoii?noeue ia ??e
ciaioothoueny ia 904,47…989,52 AAeae, i?aeaeuothoueny eiao?oe??ioe
aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaii? (c 7,78% a aaciaiio
aa??aio? aei 8,14% a iiaeo aa??aioao) ? iniiaii? oa aeiaeaoeiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? (a?aeiia?aeii c 32,5 aei 33,7%). Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
nenoai ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ia?aaeuo? 14,4 oen. a?eaaiue ia caeo ia
40 oen. ioaoii?noeue.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

1. I?e ae?iuoaaii? ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea y?/ieo eo?ae aeei?en-oiaoaaoe
aia?aicaa??aath/ee ?aaeei ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a, ui
iieyaa? o ciaioaii? iia?o?iiai?io ia 25…30% a oaiiia? ia??iaee aeiae
i?e oaiia?aoo?? i?eieeaiiai iia?o?y ia a?eueoa +26 N. Iaeaaeiaoe
ioaoieee aeey ae?iuoaaiiy eo?/ao i?eeaaeaie ?aaoethaaiiy ??ai?a
ina?oeaiino? ? caaacia/aiiy i?e ia?aieeaiiyo oae caaiiai ?aaeeio
«na?oaiie-noo?iee» oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe cai?iiiiiaaiee ia?a?ea/anoee
?aaeei ina?oeaiiy c /a?aoaaiiyi ??ai?a ina?oeaiino? 20…30 ? 7…10 ee.
Canoiniaoaaoe iaeii/anii c oeei ?aaeeiii ?ic?iaeaiee aia?aicaa??aath/ee
?aaeei ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe??, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ciaioaiiy
iia?o?i-iai?io o oaiiia? ia??iaee ia 25…30% oa ia??iaee c ??aiyie
ina?oeaiino? ieae/a 10 ee-ia 12…13%.

2. I?e oo?eiaii? eo?ae-iano/ie canoiniaoaaoe ?ic?iaeaiee
?ano?ni-caa??aath/ee ia?a?ea/anoee ?aaeei ina?oeaiiy ioaoiee?a c ??cieie
??aiyie ina?oeaiino? (20…25 oa 5…7 ee) ii ia??iaeao oa ?aaeeiii
«na?oaiie-noo?iee» c aeei?enoaiiyi a?o/eciyiiai i?eeaaeo ?aaoethaaiiy
iai?oae ci?iiiai no?oio a nenoaiao ina?oeaiiy c eaiiaie ?icaea?thaaiiy.
Iaeii/anii c cai?iiiiiaaiei ?ano?nicaa??aath/ei ?aaeeiii ina?oeaiiy
canoiniaoaaoe aia?aicaa??aath/ee ?aaeei ?iaioe nenoaie aaioeeyoe??
ioaoiee?a aeey oo?eiaiiy eo?ae-iano/ie, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ciaioaiiy
iia?o?iiai?io a oaiiia? ia??iaee aeiae ia 25…30%, a a ia??iaee ??ai?a
ina?oeaiino? ieae/a 7 ee — ia 12…13% ca oiiae caaacia/aiiy
??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo i?eieeaiiai iia?o?y oa eiai oaiia?aoo?e ia aeua
+26N.

3. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino? ina?oeaiiy aiae?aieoeue ??cieo y?on?a
ee?oeiaeo aaoa?ae o ioaoieeao aeey oo?eiaiiy eo?ae-iano/ie oa aeiiii??
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? iaoa??aeueieo oa o?oaeiaeo aeo?ao ia /anoo cai?io eaii
i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe na?oeeueieee c ?ic?yaeieie eaiiaie
AeIaO-100, ?icoaoiaai? ai?iaeiaae i?ioiae?a c oaaii 9 i oa anoaiiaeai?
«eaiiaie aai?o», oa ia?a?ea/ano? ?aaeeie ina?oeaiiy c noia?iith
o?eaae?noth na?oeiaiai aeiy ia a?eueoa 11 aiaeei ia aeiao.Nienie ?ia?o,
iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aeueyeiiia I.I., Oeiioaaa A. I., ?acieeianeee A.E., Eaei E.E.
Aaioeeyoeey a naeiee?iaaiiuo ioe/ieeao. -Ioeoeaaiaenoai, 1991, N5.
-N.32-34.

2. ??ci?eianueeee A.E., ?aei ?.?., Ae’yeiiia I.I., O?iio??a A.I.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iee?iaoo caeieiaaieo ioaoiee?a. //I?aea?aeii/.
ca.»Ioao?aieoeoai». -E.:»O?iaeae», 1993, aei.46. -N.48-54.

3. Aeueeiiia I.I., Eaei E.E., ?acieeianeee A.E. Yia?ainaa?aaathuee
?aaeei aaioeeyoeee ioe/ieeia i?e au?aueaaiee ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea
//Iaaeaaaeiinoa. oaiao. iao/i. nai?. «Ioao?aieoeoai». -Ai?ee:
«Iieena?aen», 1997, aui.47. -N.72-76.

4. Aeueyeiiia I.I., Eaei E.E., Ea?ea/ I.I., ?acieeianeee A.E., Ioaeia
A.ss. ?ano?ninaa?aaathuea ?aaeeiu inaauaiey ioe/ieeia aeey niaea?aeaiey
eo?-ianooae //Iaaeaaaeiinoa. oaiao. iao/i. na. «Ioao?aieoeoai». -Ai?ee:
«Iieena?aen», 1997, aui.47. -N.76-82.

5. Iaoaio N 2025963, ?inneeneay Oaaea?aoeey. IEE A01E 31/00. Niinia
niaea?aeaiey ye/iuo eo? a cae?uouo iiiauaieyo /A.E.?acieeianeee,
E.E.Eaei, I.I.Aeueyeiiia, A.I.Oeiioaaa (Oe?aeia). — N 4902695/15,
cayae. 18.01.91, iioae. 10.01.95. Athe. N 1.

6. Aa?anei/oe TH.A.,Iaca?aiei I.I., Ea?ea/ I.I., Ioaeia A.ss.,
sseoaianeee A.E., Aeueyeiiia I.I. Yooaeoeaiue ?aaoeyoi? inaauaiey
ioe/ieeia. //II eiioa?aioeey Aaeoeeneeo no?ai ii ioeoeaaiaenoao /Oacenu
aeieeaaeia. -Aeeueithn. -1994. -N. 35-36.

7. Eaei E.E., Oeiioaaa A.I., Aeueyeiiia I.I., A?aa/eeia TH.E.
Yia?ainaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee i?iiuoeaiiiai ioeoeaaiaenoaa. //Oac.
aeiee. Iaaeaeoia?. eiio.»Iiaua oaoiieiaee e oaoieea aeey iao. e yeaeo?.
i?ioeannia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa». -Caii?iaeuea, EIAE OAAI, 1994. -N.104-106.

8. Ae’yeiiia I.I. Aia?aicaa??aath/? nenoaie ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??
ioaoiee?a. // ?? Oe?a?inueea eiioa?aioe?y c ioao?aieoeoaa /Oace aeiiia.
/?inoeooo ioao?aieoeoaa OAAI.- Oa?e?a. -1996. -N. 45-46.

9. ?aei ?.?., ?aci?eianueeee A.E., Ea?ea/ I.I., *aieea?i ?. I.,
Ae’yeiiia I.I. Aia?aicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie ina?oeaiiy oa aaioeeyoe?? i?e
oo?eiaii? eo?ae-iano/ie// Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue OAeOONA «Ieoaiiy
aeaeo?eo?eaoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa». -Oa?e?a, 1998. -n.150-151.

Ae’yeiiia I.I. ?ano?nicaa??aath/? ?aaeeie ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe??
ioaoiee?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy ? oo?eiaiiy y?/ieo eo?ae. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.04 — oaoiieia?y
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa. ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei
ii??aiyeueieo aei?iaoaaiue oeiiaeo ? cai?iiiiiaaieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
nenoai ina?oeaiiy ? aaioeeyoe?? ioaoiee?a aeey ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ?
eo?ae-iano/ie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy ia?a?ea/anoeo ?aaeei?a
ina?oeaiiy c ??cieie ??aiyie ina?oeaiino? ii ia??iaeao aeiae,
ocaiaeaeaieo c ??aiyie ina?oeaiino? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe nenoai aaioeeyoe??
ioaoiee?a, iiaeo aeaea?ae na?oea ? i?eeaae?a aeey ?aaoethaaiiy ??ai?a
ina?oeaiino? caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia ina?oeaiiy ia
25,1…65,7% ? ia aaioeeyoe?th — ia 13,8…29,1% i?e ciaioaii? aeo?ao
eaii ?icaea?thaaiiy o 2,1…6,6 ?aca ? i?aeaeuaii? yeoeaiano/ino? o
?ic?aooieo ia ii/aoeiao iano/eo ia 0,1…7,3% oa caa?aaeaiino?
iieiaeiyea ia 0,6…1,9%.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ioao?aieoeoai, oaoiieia?y, y?/i? eo?e, i?e?iee?iao,
ina?oeaiiy, aaioeeyoe?y, ?aaeeie, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee.

Aeueyeiiia I.I. ?ano?ninaa?aaathuea ?aaeeiu inaauaiey e aaioeeyoeee
ioe/ieeia aeey au?aueaaiey e niaea?aeaiey ye/iuo eo?. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.04 — oaoiieiaey
i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. Einoeooo aeeaioiiaiaenoaa
Oe?aeineie aeaaeaiee aa?a?iuo iaoe. Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Auyaeaia aiciiaeiinoue nieaeaiey ia 25…30% aicaeooiiaiaia a ioe/ieeao
i?e au?aueaaiee ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ye/iuo eo? a aic?anoa noa?oa 8
iaaeaeue i?e oaiia?aoo?a ia?oaeiiai aicaeooa ia aieaa + 26N. ?ac?aaioai
e eniuoai yia?ainaa?aaathuee i?a?uaenoue n ia?eiaeaie ?acee/iiai o?iaiy
inaauaiiinoe ?aaeei inaauaiey ioe/ieeia aeey au?aueaaiey iieiaeiyea
ye/iuo eo?. Eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eniuoaiee niaeaniaaiiuo ?aaeeiia
?aaiou nenoai aaioeeyoeee e nenoai i?a?uaenoiai inaauaiey i?e
au?aueaaiee ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea eo? a oe?ieiaaaa?eoiuo naeiee?iaaiiuo
ioe/ieeao. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea ?ano?ninaa?aaathueo ?aaeeiia
?aaiou nenoai inaauaiey e aaioeeyoeee iaania/eaaao nieaeaiea cao?ao
yeaeo?iyia?aee ia 15,9…25,1%, oiaiueoaiea eiee/anoaa auoaaeoeo ec
no?iy eaii iaeaeeaaiey ia 71,3% aac nouanoaaiiiai oooaeoaiey ia?aiao?ia
iee?ieeeiaoa a ioe/ieea e aac nieaeaiey nio?aiiinoe ioeoeu e auoiaea
eiiaeeoeeiiiiai iieiaeiyea.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea i?a?uaenoiai ?aaeeia inaauaiey c ?acee/iuie
o?iaiyie inaauaiiinoe (20…30 e 5…7 ee) ii ia?eiaeai e ?aaeeia
«?annaao-caeao» i?e ia?aeeth/aiee o?iaiae inaauaiiinoe i?e niaea?aeaiee
eo?-ianooae ?acee/iuo e?innia iaania/eaaao nieaeaiea cao?ao
yeaeo?iyia?aee ia inaauaiea ia 22,9…35,5% i?e nieaeaiee eiee/anoaa
auoaaeoeo ec no?iy ca ia?eiae niaea?aeaiey ioeoeu eaii iaeaeeaaiey a
3,1…6,6 ?aca, iiauoaiee yeoeaiineinoe a ?an/aoa ia ia/aeueioth ianooeo
ia 0,1…7,3% e nio?aiiinoe ioeoeu ia 0,2…0,9%, nieaeaiee ?anoiaea
ei?iia a ?an/aoa ia 1000 iieo/aiiuo yeoe ia 0,1…3,2%.

Eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eniuoaiey naaoeeueieeia n eaiiaie AeIaO-100 a
oe?ieiaaaa?eoiuo naeiee?iaaiiuo ioe/ieeao aeey niaea?aeaiey eo?-ianooae.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi, a n?aaiaiee n i?eiaiaieai eaii iaeaeeaaiey, i?e
iiiiue iiauo enoi/ieeia naaoa iiaeii iaania/eoue aieaa ?aaiiia?iia
inaauaiea anao y?onia eeaoi/iie aaoa?ae, iiauneoue nio?aiiinoue ioeoeu
ia 0,7%, oaaee/eoue yeoeaiineinoue a ?an/aoa ia ia/aeueioth ianooeo ia
2,8 yeoea e nieceoue cao?aou yeaeo?iyia?aee ia inaauaiea ia 65,7%.
I?e yoii eiee/anoai auoaaeoeo ec no?iy ca ia?eiae niaea?aeaiey ioeoeu
eaii ninoaaeei 2 oo., a oi a?aiy eae a eiio?ieueiii caea, aaea
i?eiaiyee eai-iu iaeaeeaaiey, auoei ec no?iy 1005 eaii.

I?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eniuoaiee ?aaeeiia niaeaniaaiiie ?aaiou nenoai
inaauaiey e aaioeeyoeee ioe/ieeia n i?eiaiaieai i?a?uaenouo ?aaeeiia
inaauaiey n ?acee/iuie o?iaiyie inaauaiiinoe ii ia?eiaeai e nieaeaiey
aicaeooiiaiaia a oae iacuaaaiua oaiiiaua ia?eiaeu ia 25…30%, a a
ia?eiaeu ni nieaeaiiuie o?iaiyie inaauaiiinoe — ia 12…13%.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e yoii cao?aou yeaeo?iyia?aee ia inaauaiea e
aaioeeyoeeth nieaeathony ia 21,4% i?e iiauoaiee yeoeaiineinoe a ?an/aoa
ia ia/aeueioth ianooeo ia 1,2 yeoea e nieaeaiee cao?ao eaii iaeaeeaaiey
aac oooaeoaiey oneiaee ?aaiou ianeoaeeaathuaai ioeoeo ia?niiaea.

Eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?iaa?ee ?ac?aaioaiiuo
?ano?nicaa?aaathueo ?aaeeiia inaauaiey e aaioeeyoeee ioe/ieeia. Ca
aaciaue aa?eaio i?eiyoi ?aaeeiu ?aaiou nenoai aaioeeyoeee e inaauaiey a
niioaaonoaee n ii?iaie oaoiieiae/aneiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey ioeoeaaiae/aneeo
i?aaei?eyoee. Ca ia?aue iiaue aa?eaio i?eiyoi i?a?uaenoua ?aaeeiu
inaauaiey n ia?eiaeaie iiieaeaiiuo o?iaiae inaauaiiinoe e i?eiaiaieai
?aaeeia «?annaao-caeao» i?e ia?aeeth/aiee inaauaiey, ?aaioa nenoaiu
aaioeeyoeee a yoii aa?eaioa inouanoaeyeanue a ?aaeeia nieaeaiey
aicaeooiiaiaia ia 25…30% a oae iacuaaaiua oaiiiaua ia?eiaeu e ia
12…13% — a ia?eiaeu iiieaeaiiuo o?iaiae inaauaiiinoe a ioe/ieea. Ca
aoi?ie iiaue aa?eaio i?eiyoa nenoaia inaauaiey ioe/ieea c ?ac?yaeiuie
eaiiaie oeia AeIaO-100 e i?a?uaenouie ?aaeeiaie eo ?aaiou, a nenoaia
aaioeeyoeee — ni nieaeaieai aicaeooiiaiaia ia 25…30% a oaiiiaua
ia?eiaeu nooie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e iiauo aa?eaioao nio?aiiinoue
eo?-ianooae iiauoaaony ia 0,3…0,5%, yeoeaiineinoue a ?an/aoa ia
ia/aeueioth ianooeo oaaee/eaaaony ia 3,2…3,3 yeoea, cao?aou ei?iia a
?an/aoa ia 1000 oo. yeoe nieaeathony ia 3,7…3,8 ea. Yeiiiiey
yeaeo?iyia?aee ia inaauaiea e aaioeeyoeeth ninoaaeyao 29,5…46,1%, a
eaii iaeaeeaaiey — 41,4%. Yeiii-ie/aneee yooaeo io i?eiaiaiey ia?aiai
iiaiai aa?eaioa a ioe/ieea ia 40 oun. ioeoeaiano ninoaaeyao 14,4, a
aoi?iai iiaiai aa?eaioa — 16,1 oun. a?i. a aiae. I?eaaaeaia
aeiyia?aaoe/aneay ioeaiea i?aaeeiaeaiiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee.
?ac?aaioee i?eciaiu ecia?aoaieyie (iaoaio e iieiaeeoaeueiia ?aoaiea ii
cayaea ia iaoaio).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ioeoeaaiaenoai, oaoiieiaey, ye/iua eo?u, iee?ieeeiao,
inaauaiea, aaioeeyoeey, ?aaeeiu, oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee.

Dyakonov N.P. Resource-saving Regimes of Poultry Houses Lighting and
Ventilation for Raising and Keeping Laying Hens. Manuscript.

Thesis of Candidate of Science in Agriculture. Speciality 06.02.04 —
Technology of Animal Production. Institute of Animal Production,
Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, Kharkiv, 1999.

The experimental research results are given with regard to the
comparative testing of standard and proposed regimes for lighting and
ventilation systems in poultry houses for replacement pullets and
laying hens. It was established that the application of intermittent
lighting regimes with different light intensity levels during day
periods in accordance with ventilation systems regimes, novel light
sources and devices for adjusting light intensity levels provided the
decrease of electric energy costs for lighting by 25.1-65.7% and for
ventilation by 13.8-29.1%. The incandescent lamps costs were lowered
by 2.1-6.6 times, hen-housed egg production increased by 0.1-7.3% and
replacement pullet liveability rose by 0.6-1.9%.

Key words: poultry farming, technology, egg laying poultry,
environment of poultry house, lighting regime of poultry house,
ventilation, regimes, technical and ekonomical indices.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione ?. C. Iao?ooa

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo _________ 1999. Oi?iao 60 o 90 1/10 Iai??
ae?oea?nueeee Ianya 1,0 ae.a

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy N

Ae?eyiea iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo ?O OAAI

312120 Oa?e?anueea iae. Oa?e?anueeee ?-i i/a Eoeeie/? Oae. 95-31-81

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