13

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Ae’y/aiei ?iia Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 130.3 (947): 7.034

?aianainiee na?oiaeyae: aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?

XVI – XVII no.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.03 – nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y ?noi???

AAOI?AOA?AO

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ia
eaoaae?? o?einio?? aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe, II Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

ss?IOIAAOeUe Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? o?einio??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

IAI?IAeIEE ?aai Aaneeueiae/,

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? o?einio?? ? eoeueoo?e

– eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

?EUe?I Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einionueeeo oa

nioe?aeueieo iaoe.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ?inoeooo o?einio?? ?i. A.N.
Neiai?iaee

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e nioe?aeueii? o?einio??, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «29» eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.17 c o?einionueeeo
iaoe o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:

252017, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae. 328.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252017, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «28» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I. ?. Ne?eiea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaea aooe c aeinoaoiueith i??ith
iaa?oioiaaia, yeui nii/aoeo anoaiiaeoe ?? i??o, aeeth/eaoe a ia? o?e
iciaee: ii-ia?oa, iiaecia oaeo?a, ui iia?aeiieythoueny, iieeeeaieo
caiiaieoe i?iaaeeio a iao?e ?noi??inio?/i?e iai’yo? oa aeooae?coaaoe
iiae??, ui caaoaeeeny a eaa??eioao ?noi???; ii-ae?oaa, aa?enoe/ia
cia/aiiy, aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo c iiaeyaeo ia i?iaeaie no/aniino?
? iiooe ?o ae??oaiiy; ii-o?ao?, eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ia cia/aiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aai iane?eueee aiii i?yii ? aaciina?aaeiuei caa?iaii aei
o?aaeeoe??, ui i?iieco? iaoa aeania aoooy.

Ui noino?oueny oaie ae?eniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/aiiai i?iyaai
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? a eiiieaen?
oe?iiinoae ? i?eioeei?a na?oini?eeiyooy, i?aaenoaaiee?a ??cieo
nioe?aeueieo aa?noa oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa a aeiao iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?aianaino, oi iio??aii i?yii neacaoe, ui ?noi?e/ia iiaecia ?? –
aacia?a/ia, a ei?eni?noue (aa?enoe/i?noue) ? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ia
cia/aiiy iaaoaa? nai???aeii? aaae.

I?iaeaiaoe/i?noue iineeth?oueny oei, ui i?iaeaia
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iiiyoue «oe?a?inueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee aoiai?ci», «oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy»,
«a?o/eciyia aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y», aeyaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo oeeo
oaiiiai?a ?c aeooii aoiino, c’ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae ye aoiai?noe/ii?
o?aaeeoe?? Oe?a?ie, oae ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aianaino ii??aiyii ?c
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeei iaeaaeaoue aei iaeiaeine?aeaeaieo noi??iie ye
a?o/eciyii? ?noi??? o?einio?? oae ? nioe?aeueii? o?einio??.

Oiio eiaeia iiceoeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui a?aee?eaa? aeey ian oeth
i?aeoe/ii iaaea/aio noi??ieo ?noi??inio??, cie?aia i?iyae oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoiai?cio a ia??iae a?o/eciyiiai ?aianaino, aac /iai
?aeiino?oeiaaia ?noi??inio?/ia ea?oeia a?o/eciyii? o?einio?? aeyaeoueny
?noioii iaiiaiith, caneoaiaothoue ia iniaeeao oaaao. Acaaae? i?iaeaia
nooiino? aoiai?cio oa aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiai?noe/ieo oe?eae noni?euenoaa
iaaoaathoue a?/ii aeooaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, oiio ui iia’ycai? c oaeeie
ieoaiiyie ye naiii?ciaiiy ethaeeie, oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo
aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, aeooiaieo iniia, iaiao?aeieo aeey
iniaeno?nii-?iaeea?aeoaeueieo, ?aaeueieo aai iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae,
aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?? oe?eae, iio?aa, yeei iiaeii? ia?aaeoaaoe
aenieiaoe/i? ? aoiai?noe/i? i?eioeeie. A oiiaao eieaeueieo aeieia?/ieo
e?ec-eaoano?io ia iao?e ieaiao?, na?oiaa a?iiaaenuee?noue aia?a?eii
uoea? eiino?oeoeai? aeueoa?iaoeae iaaacia/iei e?aeiiuai iaiaa/ieo
iane?aee?a iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, yeee ii?iaeea oaoiie?aoe/io
na?oiaeyaeio ia?aaeeaio, c ?? ciaaaaith aei ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i
aeooiaiino? ia?aoe?iiae?noe/iiai ieaio, iaiiaithth/e eaoaai??th
«aoiai?cio» ci?noii, yeee i?e?a/o? ethaeeio ia naii?cieyoe?th oa
?oeiaoe?th. Ae?ae iio??aiei ? iaa?oue ?yo?aiei ?ano?nii o oe?e
caaaeueiiethaenuee?e ne?oo? aeyaey?oueny aeina?ae iiia?aaei?o iieie?iue,
e?enoae?ciaaiee a iaoe?iiaeueieo oi?iao iaioaeueiino?. I?iaeaia
iaoai?ci?a a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e – aaaeeeaee ci?noiaee
aeoeaio o?einio?? ? ii?ae? no/aniiai aeaaaeaiiai iai?aae?cio, yeee
ni?aaaaeeeai ?icaeyaeathoue ye ia?niaeoeaio no?aoaa?th aeoiaeo ethaenoaa
c aeiaaeueii? e?eciai? neooaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy cacia/aii? oaie iaoiiaeaia ye iio?aaaie
i?aeoeee, oae ? caaaeaiiyie aeoiaaiiy ethaeeie, ye iao??ioa ?
a?iiaaeyieia iacaeaaeii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

C i?iaieioaiiyi iacaeaaeiino? a Oe?a?i? ?icii/aany ao?oeeaee i?ioean
aeaiie?aoe/iiai aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, noaiiaeaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy. Oeaio?ii on?o oeeo
i?ioean?a ? ethaeeia. ? a?ae oiai, yeei oe?ii?niei i???ioaoe?yi aiia
a?aeaeanoue ia?aaaao, ye o?ainoi?io?oueny ?? na?oiaeyae, o yeiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?i? aeii?iaioe ii?aeiathoueny ?c
caaaeueiina?oiaeie, oeea?e?caoe?eieie aoiai?noe/ieie i??i?eoaoaie,
aaaaoi a /iio aoaeooue caeaaeaoe ii?aeueii-aeooiaia aoiinoa?a,
noni?eueii-a?iiaaenueea ?aei?noue, aioo??oi?e iano??e ethaeae ia
?icaoaeiao aea?aeaae, oaiie ? ni?yiiaaii?noue ?aoi?i, i?aeianaiiy
aaoi?eoaoo Oe?a?ie a na?o?. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy eaoaai??? oe?a?inueeiai
aoiai?cio oa i?iaeaie ?? ?aae?caoe?? ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
oi?ioaaiiy oa iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy, c iaeiiai aieo, nooiino? oa
na?oiaeyaeo ie?aii? iniaenoino?, a, c ae?oaiai aieo, nioe?oio, ui
i?noeoue a nia? aeoea?caoe?th oai?/i? ?i?oe?aoeae noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?,
yea, a naith /a?ao, aoaea ni?eyoe i?ia?ano noni?euenoaa a on?o noa?ao
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, eiai ai?iouea? ca naiicaa?aaeaiiy oa naiiaeaeeaaiiy,
ca ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai.

?ic?iaeai?noue i?iaeaie. Aeine?aeaeaiith nooiino? oe?a?inueei?
aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? oa ?? ?ie? o noaiiaeaii? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e
i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa i?enay/aia cia/ia
aeine?aeieoeueea e?oa?aoo?a, oi/a aeiaaee /an oey oaia aoea ia
iaiiioey?iith. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o oeueiio iai?yi? iaiaaeoaaeeny, ?iaioe –
ia iiioey?ecoaaeeny, aeae?oeiaai? i?aoe? caiia/oaaeeny aai iio?aieyee a
niaoeoiiaee eieainoiaeu. Ia nueiaiaei? e?oa?aoo?a iiae?aiiai ieaio ana
a?eueoa noa? i?aaeiaoii oaaae iaoeiaoe?a. Oea aea? ciiao i?iaanoe
a?aeiia?aeio nenoaiaoecaoe?th, a?aeie?aieoe a aeine?aeaeaii?
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? oae?
aca?iiiia’ycai? iaeia c iaeiei aeiee:

– eeane/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?ii? o?aaeeoe?? – ienaii?
iai’yoee, ye? ?ice?eaathoue ?? nooue ?, aiaeii/an, neeaaeathoue ??
«ieioue» ? «e?ia», aoiaeyoue a ia? ye iaa?ae’?ii? neeaaeia?, ui
ocaaaeueiththoue ? i?iaeiaaeothoue cao?eniaai? oieueeei?ii oa
i?oieia??th na?oia?ae/oooy ? na?oi?icoi?iiy, iiaoo, ae?iaie/?
a?aeiineie, ?ae?a?ei? e o?einionuee? iiaeyaee i?aoe?a?ioe?a, ?o
aca?iia?aeiineie c i?e?iaeith, a n?i’?, aoi?/i?e ni?eueiino? oiui
(«Neiai i iieeo ?ai?aa?i», «E?oiien ?onueeee», «Ee?ai-Ia/a?nueeee
Iaoa?ee», «Iaoa?ee ne?onueeee», «?cai?iee Nayoineaaa», «Ino?iie?iaa
?aaiaae??», «AEeo?? Ai?ena ? Ae?aa», oai?e ieneeoae?a ieo?iiieeoa
?ea??iia e Eeeiaioa Niieyoe/a, «?onueea i?aaaea» ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
«Iia/aiiy ae?oyi» Aieiaeeie?a Iiiiiaoa, «Aaeeoeueei-Aieeinueeee
e?oiien», oai?e iiaeaeaeiee?a a??e Ieeiia, Ianoi?a, Neeueaano?a oiui;

– ?noi?eei-o?einionuee?, o?einionueei-e?oa?aoo?i?, iaaeaaia?/i? iai’yoee
– aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? – i?aoe?
TH.Ae?iaiae/a («I?iaiinoe/ia ioe?iea 1483 ?ieo»), I.?oneia («I?i i?eo?ae
ceie»), N.Eeueiiiae/a («?ienieai?y»), N.Iaeae?aea («Iien Ino?iaa»),
I.Aa?eiaee («Eaeneeii neiaaii?inueeee aeueai ?iai? oeoia/aiiy»),
N.I??oianueeiai («I?i oo?aoeueeo caa?ico»), A.Caai?ianueeiai («Aeooiaiee
caiia?o»), ?.Aeoainueeiai («Eieaeea»), A.Niio?eoeueeiai («Eeth/ oea?noaa
iaaaniiai»), E.O?aiea?e?iia-Noaa?iaaoeueeiai («Ca?oeaei aiaineia?y»),
E.Ai?aoeueeiai («I?ioanoaoe?y»), E.Aa?aiiae/a («Ia?niaa iiea»),
?.Eiieinueeiai («Iineaiiy»), O.I?ieiiiae/a («Iaoo?o?einio?y aai
o?ceea»), N.Eoeyaea («Aoeea»), I.Eica/einueeiai («Ii?aeueia o?einio?y,
aai Aoeea»), A.Eiienueeiai («Aoeea»), ?.Iacaie («Ienaiiy»), I.I?eeea
(«Aea?ae i?aa Oe?a?ie») ss.Aeiia?ianueeiai («Aei?i?ia? eaiai?») oa ?io?;

– o?einionueei-aoe/i?, e?oa?aoo?ii-ii?aeuei? oe?a?iiciaa/? (? iaeii/anii
eoeueoo?i-oe?a?iiciaa/?) i?aoe? A.Neiai?iaee, ?.Eioey?aanueeiai,
I.Iaeneiiae/a, I.Einoiia?iaa, I.Eoe?oa, I.Aoeaea, A.Aioiiiae/a,
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.Iioaai?, I.AEeoaoeueeiai, ?.O?aiea,
?.Ia/oy-Eaaeoeueeiai, Ean? Oe?a?iee, ss.Ae.ssai?ieoeueeiai,
A.E?einueeiai, I.Ooaai-Aa?aiianueeiai, A.Oaieee;

–iaoiaeieia?/ii-o?einionuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Aeiie/aiea, I.Aiciyea,
Ae.Aeiioeiaa, A.Ein?aa, I.Eoeue/eoeueeiai, A.Eenoye?anueeiai, I.Ca?iaa,
N.?o?aiiaa, A.Eeieinueeiai, ?.I??/oea, I.Oe/eie, I.Oaeeueiaiai, A.Oayia
oa ?i.;

– oe?a?iiciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Ai?iiay, TH.Aieea, ?.Aaa?yiiai,
?.Iaeaithea, I.Ieueaee/a, I.Iaeiaeeia, E.Neeaiea, E.Ne?iiai,
TH.Oaaaeueiaa, Ae.*eaeaanueeiai, A.Oaioeoeueeiai; «Aioeeeeiiaae?y
oe?a?iiciaanoaa», A.Eoa?eiae/a oa 3.Eocae?; ca??iee iaoa??ae?a oa
aeieoiaio?a «Oe?a?inueea noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeoiea a XX noie?oo?»
O.Aoi/aea oa ?.Nieue/aieea; e?oa?aoo?i? i?aoe? ? ooaeiaei? oai?e
I.Aeiaaeaiea, ?.Aecthae, I.Aii/a?a, E.Einoaiei, ?.Na?oee/iiai, A.Noona,
?.Naa?nothea, A.Neiiiaiea, Ae.Iaaee/ea, I.?eeuenueeiai;

– ?noi?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy I.A?eana, Ae.Aaaae?y, Ae.ssai?ieoeueeiai,
Ae.Aei?ioaiea, I.A?ooaanueeiai oa ?io?;

– no/ani? oe?a?iiciaa/? i?aoe? A.Ae. Aa?aia, A.E.Ae/ei, ?.A. Ae/ea,
I.A?ae/aanueeiai, TH.?.A?eue/einueeiai, A.Aaa?eeeoeia, A.N. Ai?nueeiai,
I.Caaoaeei, E.Cae?ciye, Ae.I. Eicaea, A.A. E?aiaiy, I.N.
Eoeue/eoeueeiai, I.?. Ieoaeue/aiea, A.A.Niie?y, I.I. Oiei/ea,
TH.?.Oaiiaaea, A.?.Oeiea?oea oa ?ioeo.

Aei i?iaeai oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy aieiaiei /eiii
caa?oaeeny o?einioe ? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?. Iai?ee?ioe? O?O – ii/aoeo XX
no. ?aianain oeoia/eee ye ?oo aeeeth/ii cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee
(ss.Ao?oa?aeo, I.I?i?i), c ae?oai? iieiaeie 50-o ?ie?a ?icii/aany
??oo/ee ia?aaeyae oe??? iiceoe??, yeee caaa?oeany noai?aiiyi eiioeaioe??
«anana?oiueiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy» (I.Eii?aae, ?.Aieai?uaa-Eooocia). O
70-80-o ?ieao a ?noi?eei-o?einionueeeo eieao aeaaaooaaeany iaoii?noue
eaocaeueieo caeaaeiinoae ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, noaa?aeaeoaaeinue, ui
aeaiaioe, oaiaeaioe??, yaeua aoiai?cio aoee o an?o no?aeiineia’yinueeeo
ia?iae?a, aea ia eiinie?aeoaaeeny a oe?e?niee aoai (Ae.Iaeeaaeei, I.Nan,
I.Aecthaa oa ?i.). A no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e ?noi?eei-o?einionuee?e
e?oa?aoo?? aeii?io? aeoiea i?i iaioaaiiy «aocueeiai iiiyooy ?aianaino,
eoeueoo?e acaaae?, oei /anii caaaeueiiai aeciaiiy oaea iaaoa i?aeo?ae
aei eoeueoo?e, aoiai?cio a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? ye aei niiniao
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy, iaaii? ciaeiai? nenoaie a?aeiinei i?ae ethaeeiith ?
na?oii, ui oi?aa?naeueii ioiieth? aanue ?icoiiaee eiioaeno eiie?aoii?
aiioe (A. Ae/ei, ?.Ae/ei, A.?eue?i, I.Eaooaa, A.Eeoaeiia, A.I?/ee,
?.Iai?iaeiee, I.?onei, ss.No?ao?e, I.Noa?iaieo A.Oaa/oe, I.sseiaaiei, oa
?i.). No/ania ca?oa?aeia oe?a?i?noeea, oi/ a oe?eiio neaioe/ii ioe?ith?
iayai?noue oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aianaino c eiai aeaniith
aoiai?noe/iith o?aaeeoe??th, aea ?iaeoue iaai? e?iee o ae??oaii?
cacia/aii? i?iaeaie (A.Oaiiaeue, TH.Eio, ?.I?oeinueeee oa ?i.).

Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaecae/aeii oe?ieee ianya e?oa?aoo?e, aiae?c
oe?a?inueei? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??, ?? i?noey ? ?ie? o oi?ioaaii?
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa
OV?-OV?? no. aeiae ?aianaino, ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe ae/a?iaiei. I?ioean
inieneaiiy oe??? oaiaoeee oaeoe/ii eeoa ?icii/eia?oueny. Iaiao?aeii
ni?iaoaaoe ciaeoe a?aeiia?ae? ia ianoui? ieoaiiy: uiaei nooiino? iiiyoue
«oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aoiai?ci», «oe?a?inueeee ?aianain», /e
?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae oeeie oaiiiaiaie ? aeooii aoiino, /a?ac ye?
iaoai?cie cae?enith?oueny oeae aca?iiaieea, o /iio aeyaey?oueny
oi?eaeuei?noue oe?a?inueei? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??, a yeee noinoiie
iiaeooue aca?iiae?yoe no/aniee aoiai?ci oe?a?ioe?a oa ?o niaaeueia, yea
i?noea caeia? oe?a?inueeee aoiai?ci a na?oia?e aoiai?noe/i?e eiioeaioe??
oiui.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia
na?oiaeyaeii-aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y

I?aaeiaoii ? na?oiaeyaeiee oaiiiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa aeiae
?aianaino.

Iaoith ? caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ice?eooy niaoeeo?/ieo ?en
oe?a?inueei? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? oa aeueoa?iaoeaiino? a?o/eciyiiai
?aianainiiai na?oiaeyaeo ii??aiyii ?c cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeei.

Aeaia iaoa coiiaeea iinoaiiaeo oaeeo aca?iiiia’ycaieo oe?eae oa
caaaeaiue:

– aecia/eoe nooi?noue oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio oa oi?ie eiai i?iyao a
eiioaeno? ?aianainiiai na?oiaeyaeo oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa;

–ie?aneaiiy i?noey ? ?ie? a oe?a?inuee?e aoiai?noe/i?e o?aaeeoe??
aeooiaieo a?oeoei?a oai?/ino? a?o/eciyieo aoiai?no?a a?ae ?ea??iia ? aei
I.I?eeea;

– inieneaiiy aeeoo?aiai iioaioe?aeo iaoe?iiaeueii? aoiai?noe/ii?
o?aaeeoe?? ?aianainii? aeiae;

– aecia/aiiy o?einionueeeo iniia oe?a?inueeiai
na?oiaeyaeii-aoiai?noe/iiai oaiiiaio oa eiai ca’yce?a c aeooiaiei
iaaeaaiiyi ethaenoaa;

–aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oiaeyaeiiai oaiiiaio «aaie ?onuee? iaoe?y iieuenueea»
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa aeiae ?aianaino;

– aecia/aiiy i?eioeei?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeanii?
aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? ye ia?iaeaeaiiy iiaiai no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai
aoiai?cio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ice?eoo? nooiino?,
oi?i i?iyao, i?noey ? ?ie? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? aoiai?noe/ii?
o?aaeeoe?? caaaeii, oai?/i? niaaeueie oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a cie?aia, o
oi?ioaaii? aeooiaiiai na?oo, na?oiaeyaeiiai oaiiiaio, oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa aeiae ?aianaino oa
eiino?othth/iai,nienei-aeeoo?aiai cia/aiiy oeueiai iaaeaaiiy aeey
oi?ioaaiiy no/anii? ia?aaeeaie oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy, ui iathoue a nia? oae? aeaiaioe
iaoeiai? iiaecie:

– oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeieo i???ioaoe?e no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae aieeaii ??ciiiai?oieo
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo, na?oiaeyaeieo, iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo oa ?aeaieia?/ieo
aeaea?ae, ui eiioeaio?othoueny iaaeiei ?aea? noaa?aiiino? Oe?a?ie,
i?aeoeee ?? ooaa?aeaeaiiy e ?icaeoeo, a?aoiaoth/e noia?a/iino?
ia?ao?aeiiai aoaio aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa. Aeooiaiei
i?aea?oioyi oe??? ?aea? ? aeeaeiia oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia
aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y. A?ae ia?, ye ?c iaeiiai ?c iaeiiooaei?oeo
aeaea?ae, aa?ooue aeoiee aieiai? i???ioaoe?? no/aniiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, iiaiai, i?ia?aneaiiai na?oiaeyaeo, aeeoo?ai?
iiceoe??, aaeaea a?ae?iaeaeaia ? caaa?oiaaia noia?a/iinoyie ?noi?e/iiai
i?ioeano, oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y iinoa? a
yeino? aeooiaii? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ia o?eueee ethaeae aeiae ?aianaino,
aea e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? ethaeeie;

– oe?a?inueea aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y ? neioacii na?aeiiiai,
iana?aeiiiai oa i?aena?aeiiiai o ethaeeie, ioiieth? niaith eiiieaen
?aeae, iiaeyae?a, ii/ooo?a, ii?i iiaaae?iee, oe?iiinoae, cae/a?a oiui, ?
i?aaenoaaey? niaith nai???aeiee ?noi?e/iee no?eaeaiue iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e, aeoiee yei? nyaathoue ae?aai?o a??oaaiue o Ee?anuee?e ?on?,
i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac an? o?oaeiiu? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo e iinoa?
aee?enoae?ciaaiith a oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a aiioe
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aianaino;

– ci?noiaii oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y aeeth/a?
(?ioaa?o?) a naaa oae? e?i??, ye ethaia aei ??aeii? Caie? oa aa/aiiy a
i?e iniia aeeoo?aeaeiino?, iiaaaa i?aoe?, aaoi?eoao aei iaoa??,
aaouee?a, aeeoo?caeaoi?noue oa aeeoo?ethai?noue, a?enoie?aoeci aeooo,
aeaaeeea?noue, eaa?aei?noue, ?io?iaa?oeciaai?noue. Ca nooi?noth
oe?a?inueea aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y aecia/a?oueny iaoe?iiaeueiith
?aea?th noaa?aiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo – yea ? aeciaiiyi i?e?iaeiiai
i?aaa aoi?/ii? ni?eueiino? ia naiiaecia/aiiy e iiooe aeaniee oeyo
naii?aae?caoe??, naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy;

– ?aeaaeii a?o/eciyiiai ?aianaino ? o?einio, i?ieiyoee ii/oooyi ?
?icoi?iiyi oiai, ui o?eueee a ?aeiino? c on?i na?oii ethaeeia caeaoia
naii?aae?coaaoeny, aiia iiaeiia aooe uaneeaith ye ? o aoaeaiiino?, oae ?
o aeeaieiio iaoeiaiio i?ciaii? nueiaiaeaiiy ? iaeaooiueiai, yea
iaiiaeeeaa aac caa?iaiiy aei ?noi?e/iiai ieioeiai naiai ia?iaeo.
Iaoiaeii aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ? ?aei?noue ae?aeaeoe/iiai oa
aioeae?aeaeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o ieneaiiy.

– oeaio?aeueia ae i?noea aeey aeyaeaiiy nooiino? oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio
caeia? neioaoe/iee iaoiae, yeee oeyoii aaia?ae?caoe?? iiiyooy
i?aai?/iiai aeeooy ye aaniethoii? ? aacoiiaii? ia?oinoanoaioe?? aoooy
iinooeth? iniiao iniia aoiai?cio – ethaia aei aeeooy. A?i ii?aeio?
?aoe?iiaeueia ? ???aoe?iiaeueii-aecenoaioe?aeueia ?icoi?iiy ethaenueei?
noo?, oiio ui i?eiooo? ethaeeio ia o?eueee caaeeaethaaoeny a iniaeno?
aecenoaioe??, aea e ?ici??eiaoaaoe i?i ?? oaiiiaiaeuei?noue. Cacia/aiee
neioaoe/iee i?aeo?ae ii-?ioiio noaaeoue i?iaeaio oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoiai?cio aiioe ?aianaino, yeee aaco?oueny ia
cae?eniaii? aeanii? nooiino?, ine?eueee oe?a?inueeee aoiai?ci ye yaeua
iaeeie/ia, iniaeeaa ? iaiiaoi?ia iiaeaii ?icaeyaeaoe, a?aoiaoth/e
aeine?aeaeaio ?noi?e/io o?aaeeoe?th eiai ?icaeoeo ye iaeio ?c iniia
oi?ioaaiiy aoiai?cio o caaaeueii-ethaenueeiio eiioaeno?;

Oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??. Ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
caeiaooee eeane/ii? ? no/anii? na?oiai? o?einio??, ui noinothoueny
i?iaeai na?oiaeyaeii-aoiai?noe/iiai inai?iiy ae?eniino?. A i??o
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaethaaii? aaoi?ii eiioeaioe?? oaeiae
aeeth/aeenue a oai?aoeei-o?einionueeo iniiao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
ine?eueee ni?eyee caaaa/aiith oai?aoe/ieo ? na?oiaeyaeieo canaae oa
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a inyaiaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee. Ieneeoae? i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? cacia/aii? i?iaeaie caa?oaee oaaao ia nooi?noue eaoaai???
aoiai?cio (oe?a?inueeiai cie?aia) /e oi ?aianaino, aeine?aeaeoth/e ?? ca
ie?aieie neeaaeiaeie /anoeiai, ie ae ni?iaoaaee inieneeoe aeaio i?iaeaio
c iiceoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiiai I.Ia?no?aaeca neioaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee
ci???ioiao?oueny ia aoiai?caoe?th ie?aieo iniaenoinoae oa anueiai
noni?euenoaa.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio,
ui a?oiooth/enue ia iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiiyo a/aieo o?einio?a, aaoi?,
?ice?eaath/e nooi?noue oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio, iaaieioo? ia iniiai?e
oi?i? ?? i?iyao – ethaia? aei aeeooy, i?iiiio?
neioaoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, yeee i?noeoueny o a?eueiiio
?ioaa?aoe?eiiio iaoiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? aeiae aeaniiai ?aianaino.
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe i?aeoe/ii aeei?noai?:

– aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?noi?eei-o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
?aianaino, oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a oiui;

– aeey i?aeaioiaee eaeoe?eieo ? nai?ia?nueeeo eo?n?a c ?noi???
a?o/eciyii? o?einio??;

– aeey /eoaiiy niaoeeo?n?a «Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia A?ae?iaeaeaiiy:
?noi??y, no/ani?noue, ia?niaeoeae», «Oai??y ? iaoiaeieia?y
?noi?eei-o?einionueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue».

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? oa ioae?eaoe??. ?yae iieiaeaiue
aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo noaoae oa aeo?iae?
«A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo», «Aeiyo iaoee – 1998». Ie?ai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aeiiia?aeaa ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo «Cayaaeue ae?aai?e ? a?/ii iieiaeee»,
Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeee, 1995; Iaeeiueia o i?inoi?? ? /an?», Iaeei, 1996;
«Aeooiai?noue iieiaei? ethaeeie», AEeoiie?, 1997; Anaoe?a?inueeiio
neiiic?oi? «Iiae?eey ? Aieeiue a eiioaeno? ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy», Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1996.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeeeoiaaia eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
aeieeaa? ?c caaaeueii? iaoe ? nenoaie aieiaieo caaaeaiue. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Ianya oaenoo – 152 noi??iee, Nienie e?oa?aoo?e
caeia? 21 noi??iie ? i?noeoue 329 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

O Anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie oa i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny ?? aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy

?iaioe, eiioeaiooaeueiee aia?ao, iiaea?oueny noenea ?noi??y ieoaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Nooi?noue aoiai?cio oa oi?ie eiai i?iyao»
?icaeyaea?oueny eia?ei-?noi?e/iee aiae?c ?icaeoeo eaoaai??? aoiai?cio,
ii/eiath/e c aeaai?o /an?a aei iaoeo aei?a. Aecia/a?oueny nooi?noue
eaoaai??? aoiai?cio, yea i?noeoueny a neioaoe/iiio ieneaii?. Aea?oueny
iaoeiaee aiae?c aoiai?cio, aea aaoi?, aeei?enoiaoth/e
eiiieaenii-neioaoe/iee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo,
ui aoiai?ci – oea aeoii/aiiy nooiino? ethaeeie, aeia?ice/eeaa noaaeaiiy
aei anueiai aeeaiai, c ?icoi?iiyi ? a?ae/oooyi oiai, ui na?o ?
?aei?noue; noeoii?noue aaiaoe/ieo oa /ooo?ai-na?aeiieo cae?aiinoae
ethaeeie i?e i?ia?aei?e ?ie? /ooo?aeo ii?ea?a.

Aoiai?ci a?oioo?oueny ia i?aaiaii? ethaeeie aei caa?aaeaiiy aeeooy, yea
aeyaey?oueny c ia?oeo ieoo?ainoae aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. Cacia/aia
aeanoea?noue na?aeiii ? iana?aeiii aeyaey?oueny a ethaia? aei aeeooy ye
noeioethth/a neea oa iaiao?aeiee i?eioeei aeey ?? (ethaeeie)
oaeineiiaeaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ethaia aei aeeooy – iniiaa aeueo
aoiai?noe/ieo oe?eae oa an?o i?ia?anoth/eo ethaenueeeo a?aeiinei. Ethaia
aei aeaniiai aeeooy – oea ?ioaa?oth/a neea oa iniiaiee i?eioeei an???
ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?, ?? nooiino?, oiio ui ?? oi?eaeueia «ss» oa
«ia-ss» oaae ? aeyaeaiiyi ethaia? aei aeeooy.

Aiae?coth/e eaoaai??th aoiai?cio o ca’yceo c ?noi?e/iei ?icaeoeii
ii?ae?, aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui ii?aeue ? oi?iith i?iyao
aoiai?cio, niiniaii i?iyao nooi?nieo nee ethaeeie /a?ac ??
ae?yeuei?noue, yea oaeineiiaeth?oueny ?icoiii i?ney iaa/aiiy, yea
?iaeoue ii?aeue ye ae iiia?aaeaeath/ei caniaii oa caniaii i???ioaoe?? o
na?o? naiicaa?aaeaiiy oa naiicae?eniaiiy. Nooi?noue ii?ae?
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ? nioe?aeueia coiiaeai?noue a?ieia?? ethaeeie; neioaoe/ia
iaoo?a ethaeeie aeyaey?oueny a ?nioth/eo a ?? nooiino? nenoaiao
iiceoeaii? oa iaaaoeaii? iioeaaoe??, ye? coiiaeththoue iio?aao ethaeeie
a ii?ooaii? oeueiai ii?yaeeo, yeee ? a?ieia?/iei ?inoeieoii ethaeeie
[171]  Oaeaeoaaneee A.A. Aeieiae/anee iaoneiaeaiiia aanniciaoaeueiua
iioeaaoeee a no?oeoo?a ee/iinoe / Iaeno?aaeca I. Oaiiiai naiaiaeu e iooe
aa ?aaeecaoeee. – Oaeeene: “Iaoeiea?aaa», 1997. — N. 133..

Aoiaiia ethaeeia a?eueia a?ae aeaoa?i?iaoe??, ioe noie?iiy, oiio ui
aiia, cae?enithth/e aoiaii? a/eiee, io?eio? aaeeea caaeiaieaiiy, uanoy,
?aae?noue. A ?? aeoo? ia caeeoa?oueny i?noey aeey ceino?, cacae?ino?,
iaiaaeno?, iaeaee. Aoiaiia ethaeeia ethaeoue, ? ethaia ?iaeoue ??
a?eueiith.

Aaaeeea? oai?aoe/ii ioi?ieaii? aoiai?noe/i? i?eioeeie iaeaaeaoue
o?enoeyinuee?e ?ae?a??, ?icaeyaeath/e nooi?noue yei? aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue
aei aeniiaeo, ui eeoa ethaia oa iiaaaa, a ia no?ao aei Aiaa oa ianeeey
c?iaeee ethaeeio aeia?ith, iacono??/ oeueiio i?ioeano iiaeiia eoe
nioe?aeueii-aoiai?noe/ia coiiaeai?noue nooiino? ethaeeie oa iiaeaeueoa
?? iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy.

Aoiai?ci, i?aaiaiiy aei aie? ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeyaeaiiy ethaia? aei
aeeooy, oiio ui ii/oooy ethaia? aei aeeooy aeaia ethaeei? aaiaoe/ii,
aeyaey?oueny c ia?oeo oaeeei ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie, a ?icoi?iiy Aiaa
noai?aii ia no?aoii ia?aae Anana?oii, a ethaia’th aei aeeooy, oo?aioith
i?i eiai a?aenoithaaiiy. Aeania, oea ? ? i?e/eiith oiai, ui eiee
ethaeeia iieeoueny oa i?ineoue Ainiiaea i?i aeiiiiiao, oeei aiia
yeithnue i??ith ? naia naaa aeaaa? a?aeiaeoe o aeani?e nooiino?
iioaioe?eio neeo aeey caa?aaeaiiy, iie?auaiiy aei?iaioe?iiiai aeey ia?
aaaaonoaa – aeeooy.

Ioaea, aoiai?ci ye ? an? oi?ie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ? aeyaeaiiyi
ethaia? aei aeaniiai aeeooy, oiio ui ethaeeia, yea ia ethaeoue naaa ia
iiaea iiethaeoe ?ioiai. Naia ethaia aei aeaniiai aeeooy ?iaeoue ethaeeio
aeoeaiith, ?ioaa?oth/ith, i?aaio/ith aei uanoy, aie?, i?ciaiiy aeanii?
nooiino? oa on??? ioi/oth/i? ?aaeueiino?. Ethaia aei aeeooy aeiiiiaaa?
ethaeei? iiaeieaoe on? ia?aoeiaee, on? iaaaea/?, naiioi?noue, no?ao,
o?eaiao, a ye? iio?aiey? ethaeeia. O ae??oaii? iaaeiaeo neooaoe?e
«aai-aai» aecia/aeueiei, ia iao iiaeyae, ? naia ethaia aei aeeooy, a ia
iino?eia a?ae/oooy aeaniiai aoooy ia?aae iaee//yi nia?o?, ye
noaa?aeaeoaaee aecenoaioe?iiae?noe. ?icaeiooee aaoi?ii iaoeiaee iai?yiie
– o?einio?y ethaia? aei aeeooy, a oaeiae eiiieaenii-neioaoe/iee iaoiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii-?ioiio noaaeoue ye i?iaeaio ethaenueei? iniae,
ia’?aeioth/e ?aoe?iiaeuei?, ???aoe?iiaeuei?, aecenoaioe?ei? ?? nooiino?,
oae ? i?iaeaio aoiai?cio, yea a?oioo?oueny ia aacia?a?aiiio i?aaiaii?
aei aeueo ?aeaae?a, ia iiooeo oa i?iaoaeaeaii? a ethaeei? ethaenueeiai,
a /iio ? iieyaa? iaoa aeeooy oa ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie.

Aoiai?noe/ieie oe?eyie iiaeia aaaaeaoe o?, ye? aoaeooue ni?eyoe oai?/?e
aeoeaiino? ethaeeie a ?i’y caa?aaeaiiy oa iiaeaeueoiai aeoii/aiiy
«ethaenueeiai» a ethaeei?, a noni?euenoa?, a ioi/oth/iio na?aaeiaeu?,
oiaoi o? oe?e?, ye? aoaeooue a?oiooaaoeny ia ethaia? aei aeeooy oa ia
eiiieaenii-neioaoe/iiio ieneaii? ? ye? aoaeooue aanoe ethaenoai aei
aeooiaiiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oa i?ia?ano.

?icaeyaeath/e oai???, ye? caia?a/othoue nooi?noue aoiai?cio, /e acaaae?
ethaia aei aeeooy, aeena?oaio i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui aiie ? ia
caia?a/aiiyi ?nioaaiiy a yeino? noeioethaaiiy aoaeue-yei? ae?yeueiino?
a?iaeaeaii? aeanoeaino? ethaeeie – ethaia? aei aeeooy, a aeyaeythoue
niaith a?ae/oooy iaaeinoaoiino? ? iinoaeuea?? ii ethaia? aei aeeooy,
ca?aene an? caai?iie: ?ae?a?y, caeiie, aea?aeaaa, ii?aeue…
noai?thaaeenue aeey caaacia/aiiy uanoy ethaeeie.

Oi/a aoiaii?noue noa? ?noeiiith eeoa oiae?, eiee ethaia aei aeeooy
?aae?co?oueny oaeei /eiii, ui ca/?ia? ? ioi/oth/eo, oiaoi /a?ac ?ioeo,
aea ia iaiaaeoth/e aoaeue-eiai.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Oaiiiai a?o/eciyii? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??» aaoi?
ni?iaoaaea oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ii iaa?oiooaaoe iiiyooy «oe?a?inueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee aoiai?ci», cacia/ath/e, ui iiaa eoeia ia i?i
o?ainoi?iiaai? ?aea? cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai aoiai?cio (?aeay «i?aei «,
ia?niiae?ci, noe??ioeci), ye? o ca’yceo c ia?eoa?e/i?noth Oe?a?ie uiaei
Cao?aeii? ?a?iie iioe?thaaeeny a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? cia/ii
iineaaeaieie ?c ci?iaiith ni?yiiaai?noth, a i?i aeaniee iaoe?iiaeueiee
aoiai?ci.

I?e oeueiio caoaaaeeii, ui i?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo aoiai?cio acaaae? /e
oi eiie?aoiiai a/aiiy aai oeiee c oa?aeoa?ii aioo??oiueiai aeooo oiai /e
?ioiai aoiino aeine?aeaeaia iaei. Ieneeoae? /ano?oa caa?oaee oaaao ia
?io?, a?eueo caaaeuei? /eiieee, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue iniaeeaino?
aoiai?noe/iiai ieneaiiy. Aaaaeue, iai?eeeaae, aaaaeaa, ui eiaeiee ?c
ethaeae ? neiii naiai /ano, i?aee?anethth/e oeei naiei
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/io i?e?iaeo aoiai?noe/iiai ieneaiiy [54]  Aaaaeue
A.A.O. Oeeinioey i?aaa. – I.: Iuneue, 1990. – N. 55; Eiai ae.
Yioeeeeiiaaeey oeeinioneeo iaoe. – O. 1.: Iaoea eiaeee. – I.: Iuneue,
1974. – N. 345.. Iaeia?aeiiee I.Aiaaeaiia iaiaaaany aeaanoe eiai
ia?aaeeaie aaciina?aaeiuei c oa?aeoa?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai eaaeo
iaaiiai /ano [27]  A?eiae?ae TH.?. O?einio?y: oe?a?inueeee na?oiaeyaeiee
aeoeaio. – AEeoiie?: «Iie?nny», 1996. – N. 45.. A nai?io a?aeiiiio
«Eeno? i?i aoiai?ci» I.Oaeaeaaaa? aeae?ey? ??ci? ?noi?e/i? oi?ie
aoiai?cio: ?einueeee, ?aianainiee, ?iiaioe/iee, aoiai?ci Ia?ena,
aoiai?ci Na?o?a, a oaeiae o?enoeyinueeee aoiai?ci, i?aee?aneeaoe
iniaeeao ?ieue o?ueio ?noi?e/ieo ia??iae?a (aioe/iino?, aiioe
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy, eai?oae?cio) [20]  Oaeaeaaaa? I. Ienueii i aoiaiecia //
I?iaeaia /aeiaaea a caiaaeiie oeeinioee. – I.: Iuneue, 1988. – N.
320–321..

Iaeiei ?c oeyo?a ona?aeiieaiiy nai?? aeueoa?iaoeaiino? ? aca?iiae?y
??cieo eoeueoo?ieo nenoai. Oe?a?ia a neeo aaiiie?oe/ieo,
eoeueoo?i-ii?oieia?/ieo, aeiaeeaeiii-ineo?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, ?noi?e/ieo
/eiiee?a i?eiee ia ia?aaeeaaea aeiae ianeeueieoeueeiai ocao?aeiaiiy,
oiio ui a?ae nai?o ii/aoe?a aoea nooo?ai ?a?iiaenueeith, ? a oeueiio
cia/aii? «cao?aeiith». I?ioa nooi?noth Oe?a?ie, iciaeith ??
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, ?? iaiiaoi?iiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeeooy noaa neie?aoeci, yeee a?aeia?aaeaa ? oeth iaaeia?noue Oe?a?ie
i?ae Caoiaeii ? Noiaeii.

Aca?iica’ycee i?ae oe?a?inueeith eoeueoo?ith oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeith
a?aecia/aeeny nai?th o?eaae?noth oa aeeaeiith. Oai?/a canai?iiy aioe/ii?
niaaeueie Caoiaeo aecia/aei aeayeith i??ith aeooiai? i??i?eoaoe iaoiai
ia?iaeo: ii?aeueii-aoe/io aeii?iaioo a?o/eciyii? o?einionueei?
o?aaeeoe??. I?iaeaia i?aeeoeueoo?ieo eiioaeo?a oe?eaaeea ye ca?oa?aeieo
(o?eueee a XX no. I.Aaaa?a, A.Aeth?eaaeia, E.Eaa?-A?they,
E.Eaa?-No?inna, E.Aeaianueeiai, AE.–AE.I?aaea, ?.Eo??th, Aee.A?oia?a,
I.Eioeea oa ?i.), oae ? a?o/eciyieo o?einio?a (aaciina?aaeiuei i?ioeanii
canai?iiy aoiai?noe/ii? cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? o?aaeeoe?? Oe?a?iith
caeiaeeny I.Iaoeueianueea, A.I?/ee, ss.No?ao?e, I.Nan, Ae.Iaeeaaeei,
A.Ioaeueaa, ?.Ae/ei, A.Ai?nueeee oa ?i.).

Aiae?coth/e i?aeeoeueoo?i? ca’ycee Oe?a?ie ?c na?oii, aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue
aei aeniiaeo, ui aiie ia ae/a?iothoueny aa?aaeueieie yaeuaie, a
nyaathoue o?ainoi?iaoe?? ? canai?iiy iaaii? i?ea?iaeueii? oi?ie
ethaenueei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Oaea canai?iiy a?aeaoaa?oueny caniaii
iiiyo?eiiai caaaa/aiiy ieneaiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi a iueiai iiaeo
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e «a ?iaeoiio». Ni?iuaiiy «/oaeiai» aeina?aeo ia
iiiyo?eiiio ??ai? eiai ona?aeiieaiiy a?aeaeaa?oueny «oneeaaeiaiiyi»
i?inoioe aeanii? eoeueoo?e ieneaiiy, noa? oaeoi?ii ?? i?e?inoo.

Noaiiaeaiiy naiiaooiino? aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? o Aeaai?e Oe?a?i?
a?aeia?aceeiny o oi?ioaaii? o?iiieia?/ieo c?ace?a, oaeeo ye nayo?noue oa
eeoea?noai. O?iiieia?/i? c?acee Aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie oi?ioaaeeny a oae?e
eoeueoo?ioai?/?e neooaoe??, eio?a aeiaaaea aeeiai?cio, oi?aa?nae?cio oa
eiino?oeoea?cio. Oea coiiaethaaei na?onueeee ?aeaae, ci???ioiaaiee ia
nai???aeio, o?ainoi?iiaaio a nenoai? eii?aeeiao oe?iiinoae
na?aaeiueia?//y aioe/io «eaeieaaao?th». sseui a?aooaaoe. ui a iueiio
ii?aeiaeany aoeia a?oaeuei?noue aiaeae?a yce/ieoeueeeo /an?a c
o?aaeeoe?yie o?enoeyinueeiai iaiieaoii?cio e aoe/iiai ?ioaeaeooae?cio,
oi a oeueiio ?aeaae? iiaeia ?icaeaae?oe ?aea? iioaioe?eiiai oeoai?cio
ethaeeie. Aeoaea yne?aai iicia/eeeny oyaeaiiy i?i iiaiioo ethaenueeiai
aoooy ia «Iio/aii?» A.Iiiiiaoa. O /an, eiee na?onueea ae?oa
?a?iiaenueeeo aea?aeaa aeineoue ciaaaaeeeai noaaeoueny aei «eieaeiino?»,
A.Iiiiiao ia eeoa aeeiio? a?enueeia?, aaei?i?no?aoeai?, ainiiaea?nuee?
iaia’ycee eiycy, aea e i?aoaiaeo? ia ii?aeueia oa ?ioaeaeooaeueia
i?ia?aeieoeoai noni?euei?noth. Oiio oeae oaiiiai ? «no?yaeiei»
oaiiiaiia? Ia?ea Aa?ae?y, a, ioaea, ua iaeiei na?ae/aiiyi nai???aeiiai
eiioeio?oaoo ia aeaaiueioe?a?inueeiio a?oio? a?aei-?einueeeo aeooiaieo
o?aaeeoe?e, o?ainieaioiaaieo ca iina?aaeieoeoaii a?caio?enueei?
eoeueoo?e.

Aa?ia?ao?/iee oe?a?inueeee ?aeaae ii?o/ ?c «eaiii?/ieie» ?enaie:
iieeeeaiiy, ia’yaeaiiy, aeiyoeiaa iiaiaei?noue, nie?aii?noue…, aoa ia
oae ?io?iaa?oeciaaiee (oi/a na?aaeiueia?/i?e ii?aeuei?e na?aeiiino?
aeanoeaa ?io?iaa?oeciaai?noue aaea o o?e i???, o ye?e o?enoeyinoao
i?aai?/ii i?eoaiaiia ?aeay naiii?ciaiiy), ye ni?yiiaaiee ia eieaeoeaia
ii?aeueia aaeineiiaeaiiy, caeiaoooy eieaeoeaiiai ii?yooieo, oiaoi
?aae?caoe?? oe?eae, ye? a?oioothoueny ia ethaia? aei aeeooy, ia
eiiieaenii-neioaoe/iiio ieneaii?.

? ?ae?a?eiee, ? na?onueeee ?aeaaee, o?iiieia?/i? c?acee aoee ia
niiaeyaeaeueieie, a oai?/eie, ae?yeueieie, aeoeaieie, aieiae?ee
aoiai?noe/iei iaiiaiaiiyi.

Ii??aithth/e iniiai? ?ene cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai aoiai?cio c
oe?a?inueeei, aaoi?, iaaieioo? ia ?nioaaii? iecee aca?iiiia’ycaieo
oaeoi??a, i?ae aieeaii yeeo oi?ioaaany oaiiiai oe?a?inueei?
aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??. Aei ia’?eoeaieo o iaea?eueo caaaeueiiio ae?ac?
iiaeia a?aeianoe ?iioeuen i?enei?aiiai ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, eio?ee
iaea?aeaea Aeaaiy Oe?a?ia, ia?aoiaey/e aei oi?ioaaiiy oaiaeaeueii?
oi?iaoe??, iaieioaoe ?icaeiooo ?aaiaeanieoeueeo, no??ieo o?aai?caoe?th c
on?ia eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieie ?? iane?aeeaie, nai???aei?noue naii?
iiaeae? aeaaiuei?onueeiai oaiaeae?cio. O?aaa a?aoe aei oaaae oaeiae
ieth?ae?ci iie?oe/ieo oi?i iiaoooaaiiy oeueiai oaiaeae?cio.

Aoaeue-yea ae?yeuei?noue caaaeaee caio?aia a eoeueoo?ia na?aaeiaeua, a
yeiio, e??i iaoa??aeueii-i?aaeiaoii? oa ?aoe?iiaeueii ae?aaeaii?
ae?yeueiino?, caaaeaee ia?ii aeayeee ?? /ooo?ai-aiioe?eiee ? aeooiaiee
noai, ?ioeie neiaaie «aeooo», yea caaea? niaeo? iiaeeeainoae, caaaeyee
yeei neeaaea?oueny iaiiaoi?ia aoiai?noe/ia iaoe?iiaeueia o?aaeeoe?y.
A?aeiia?aeii aeoieai aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a oe?a?inueea aeooa
aecia/a?oueny ei?aeioeaio?e/i?noth, i?aaiaiiyi aei aeooiaiiai
onai?oiaiiy, aeaiie?aoeciii, a?enoie?aoeciii aeooo, iaianoaoeciii,
oeiioeeaei noaaeaiiyi aei ae?iee, ?ae?a?ei?noth…, ui ? aecia/eei
noa’?eoeaiee oaeoi? – iayai?noue iaiiaoi?iiai aeooiaiiai oa
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai neeaaeo oe?a?inueei? iniaenoino?.

Aeaaiueioe?a?inuee? o?iiieia?/i? c?acee, ?ice?eaath/e nooi?noue
a?o/eciyiiai aoiai?cio ia?aae?aianainii? aeiae, a?aecia/athoueny:
aoeiith aeeoo?caeaoi?noth, ?i ia aeanoea? na?oic?a/aiiy /e
na?oiiaiaaenieoeoai, iaa?oue aa?ia?ao?/iei c?aceai ia i?eoaiaiia
i?aaiaiiy aei «aeaiaoo?ae?caoe??» ethaeeie, eio?a iaaiei /eiii aeanoeaa
naiiio o?enoeyinoao, ci???ioiaai?noth ia a?iiaaenueea neoae?iiy,
a?iiaaenueeo ei?enoue. O ni?ioea? aeniain?ii?nonueeei cac?oaiiyi
non?aei?o aea?aeaa ii/aee oi?ioaaoeny ?ene iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?iiaioecio,
eio?ee noa? i?eeiaoiei ye aeey i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai aoiino, oae
? aeey i?aaenoaaiee?a oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio cie?aia.

Naia ethaia aei aeeooy, ye iniiaa aoiai?cio, aeaea iiaeeea?noue
naiicaa?aaoeny iaoe??, iinoaaeaii? a oiiae «/oaeeinueeeo ?icai??a» ?
iicaaaeaii? aeanii? aea?aeaaiino?, ae?iaeoe ?ioi?oao i?ioe anei?eyoe??
oa i?aaeyoe??, ?aae?coaaoe nooi?noue naiai aoiai?cio – i?iya ethaia? aei
onueiai aeeaiai, yeee aee?enoae?coaaany a ia??iae naiai noaaeaiiy
ii/eiath/e a?ae i?oieia?/iiai aoaio ?icaeoeo ? aei OV no., eiee
a?aeaoeany na?oiaeyaeia ia?ai???ioaoe?y c a?caio?enueei-o?enoeyinueeiai
ia cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee i?e o?eiiaiieia?/i?e aeii?iaio? a?o/eciyiiai
aoiai?cio.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y a eiiieaen?
oe?iiinoae ? i?eioeei?a na?oini?eeiyooy oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa aeiae
?aianaino» eaoaai??y aoiai?cio ?icaeyaea?oueny a nenoai?
/ooo?ai-ioe?ii/ii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?io neooaoe?th, ui neeaeany a Oe?a?i?
a e?ioe? OV – ia ii/aoeo OV? no., aaoi? o?eno?, aeoea?caoe?th
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Caoiaeii, ui aeeeeeny a aeoeaia
canai?iiy ?aeae cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai ?aianaino e ?aoi?iaoe??,
ni?e/eieaoe iiai?io ?ioa?ano a?ae ?ae?a?eii-i?noe/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee aei
caiiiai aeeooy ethaeeie. Cacia/ath/e, ui a e?ioe? OV – ia ii/aoeo OV?
no. a?aeaoeany ?noioia ia?ai???ioaoe?y o?einionueeiai ieneaiiy, a neioac
a??noioae?cio e ieaoii?cio, cae?eniaiee a oe?a?inuee?e eoeueoo?? oiai
/ano, ni?eya iioe?aiith ia?aae?aianainieo ?aeae. sseui acyoe aei oaaae
ia?ai???ioaoe?th na?oiaeyaeo ?c a?caio?enueei-neia’yinueeiai ia
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee, ia?aai?io a eoeueoo?? ? aeiaeaoe aei oeueiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeanii? noa?iaeie, oi io?eia?ii an? iciaee eeane/iiai
?aianaino.

A nai?e iniia? oe?a?inueeee ?aianain na?aae aeooiaieo i??i?eoao?a ie??i
?aeae A??noioaey iaa e ?aea? Ieaoiia, ui aoei iaiaei?iiith ?enith
o?einionueeiai i?ioan?iiae?cio. Oe?a?inueea A?ae?iaeaeaiiy ia? na?e,
aeanoeaee eiio no?eaeaiue, ui aecia/aa eiai iniaeeaino? – oea
ii?aeueii-aoe/ia aeii?iaioa. Aiia coiiaeaia ye aaiiie?oe/ieie,
eoeueoo?iii?oieia?/ieie, nioe?aeueieie, ?noi?e/ieie,
aeiaeeaeiii-ineo?/ieie /eiieeaie, oae ? o?niei ca’yceii o?einionueei?
aeoiee c ?ae?a??th. Aaeaea oe?a?inueea o?einio?y aeieeea ? noi?ioaaeany,
ye ? i?ci?oa ?icaeaaeany, cia/iith i??ith, o eii? ?ae?a??.

Iiaa ieneeoaey, i?noea ia?iaeaeaiiy /e oai?/ino?, a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
oai?ao o?aaeeoe?e eoeueoo?e oa ?noi???, ae?ac iaioaeueiino? ia?iaeo –
oae? aieiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ca yeeie aaoi? ca?aoiao? aei ae?y/?a iaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e, iaaiiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy
Noai?neaaa I??oianueeiai, Iaaea ?oneia c E?inia, TH??y Ae?iaiae/a,
A?eai??y *oy, A?eai??y Neeaeinueeiai oa ?ioeo. Ae?yeuei?noue
oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a, ?o ?aea? iaiiaieee aoiai?noe/io eiioeaioe?th
iiaei ci?noii: aeoeaia, niiaiaia aeeoo?ai? aia?a?? e ethaia? aei aeeooy
ethaeeia, aeinoaoiuei ina?/aia, ethaeeia-iniaeno?noue, niiaiaia
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca naaa ? noni?euenoai a oe?eiio. Oaea ethaeeia
?icoi??, ui nian?iiy iieyaa? ia o?eueee a iieeoaao /e naiic?a/aii? o
ia/a??, a a aeoeai?e ae?yeueiino? ia aeaai ??aeii? eoeueoo?e e ia?iaeo.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia caaaeueii?a?iiaenuee? ?ene aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??
Oe?a?ie, ie ia?ii aeaniee iaoe?iiaeueiee aoiai?ci, yeee iniaeeai yne?aai
aeyaeany a aeiao aeaniiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aianaino, yeee iiiioaaa
iaeiia?/ii-?aoe?iiae?noe/i?e oaiaeaioe?? o aeooiaiiio aeeoo? Cao?aeii?
?a?iie. Cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee ?aianain ai?iaaaeaeo? a aeeooy ?aeath
noai?aiiy /?oei? ? «?icoiii?» ea?oeie na?oo, a oe?a?inueeee ?aianain ia
ao?a/a? naiai aieeao ia aeoo? ethaeae. Aeey oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a, ye
? aeey ethaeae OV?? no. a iaoiio noni?euenoa? aoei oa?aeoa?iei a?/ia
aaaaiiy i?ae ?aeaaeii aneace e ?aaeiuaie aoooy. A OV?? no. ia Oe?a?i? ia
aoei ai? ?aeaieia?/ieo, ai? aeiiii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia aeey ?icaeoeo
e?aa?oainoaa, i?eoeeueieee yeiai ia aeciaaaee i?yeeo ii?aeueieo
iaiaaeaiue ? i?aaioee eeoa aei iniaenoi? naiaiaee oa aaciaaeieo caiieo
ianieiae. Oe?a?inuee? aoiai?noe, i?aaenoaaieee an?o no?ao nioe?aeueii?
no?oeoo?e oiai/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa ana ua a??eee a
iiaeeea?noue iiaeieaiiy noia?a/iinoae, caeeaaeaieo a ?? a??oiai?e
i?e?iae? «Aeey oeueiai o?aaa ci?ieoe oeth naio i?e?iaeo – oeyoii aeeaa,
ae?oaiai aeooiaiiai ia?iaeaeaiiy, aiaeia?/iiai oa?inoao o?auaiiy,
ia?aiiny/e i?noe/io eiioeaioe?th nian?iiy oeyoii aiaei? aeaaiaeao? a
aaeocue eiie?aoieo aoe/ieo oyaeaiue [268]  Ean’yi Naeiae/ oa eiai oai?e
// Oe?a?inuee? aoiai?noe aiioe A?ae?iaeaeaiiy: Aioieia?y: O 2-o /. /
?aae. A.I. I?/ee. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, “Iniiae», 1995. – N. 231–251..
I?aaenoaaieee iaoiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy aoee aiaaiai?, o ethaeeie ?
iiaea?eia aoooy. A?o/eciyia aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y a OV?? no.
i?iyaey?oueny a iniaeeaiio ii/ooo? iaoao?ce/ii? o?eaiae, no?aoii ca naio
naaa (ethaeeio), ca na?o, i?e?iaeo, ca ieioea, iaeaooi?, ca nain aoooy,
ca Aiaa, ca ethaenueeee na?o, ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey oe?a?inueei?
ethaeeie, yea noii?aa?oueny uiaei caeaoiino? ?ioaeaeoo inyaiooe na?o ?
c?iaeoe ethaenueea aeeooy ?icoii?oei [162, 164, 268]  Oai aea. – N.
238.. Ei?aeioeaio?e/i?noue oe?a?inueei? aaea/?, ?aoeaeneai?noue iaoiai
na?oia?ae/oooy aecia/a? aia?oee ?oo a?ae yniiai aei iayniiai, ia
aecia/ath/e o?aaeeoe?eii? aeey ethaenueei? ineo?ee ?icoiiai? no?aoaa??,
a ca’yceo c oeei iaoa??aeueii-i?aaeiaoiee na?o ao?a/a? naith
ineoieia?/io eiioi?oi?noue, noa? eyeath/a caaaaeeiaei, ai?oo/a /oaeei,
oiio ?aae?co?oueny a?iaeaeaia iio?aaa a ethaia?, a iayaiino? iaoai?ci?a,
oeyo?a caa?aaeaiiy aeeooy, a Aic?. Oiio ui na?o aac Aiaa, a?aeiia?aeii
iiaeyae?a oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a, noa? aano?aeiith ?aaeuei?noth, na?oii
nooe?eueiiai aiaeaa?eey ia an?o eini?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, iniaenoeo
??aiyo, ? ona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeiith a?aeiiniino? an?o oyaeaiue, i?i na?o,
yeeie aiia iia?o?. I?ciaiiy ? ii?aeue i?oeii iia’ycai?. Oe?a?inuee?
aoiai?noe iaaieiooaaee, ui iaae?iiy a??e a ?icoi aaaea aei ?oeiaoe??
ii?ae?, yea, a naith /a?ao, ni?e/eiy? neooaoe?th o?einionueeiai
naiiaoanoaa. Ia?o, i?ae ii/aoe ii-iiaiio (ia ii-na?aaeiueia?/iiio)
i?ciaaaoe i?e?iaeo, ethaeeia ioneea caaaiooe naaa, iiaeieaoe ii?aeueio
?ic??aai?noue, ii?iaeia/o, ciaeoe ii?aeueio iniiao, aecia/eoe nai?
aoe/i? i???ioe?e, nai? i?noea a na?o? ?, cie?aia, a?aeiia?noe ia
ieoaiiy: iaa?ui iio??aii ?e i?ciaaaoe i?e?iaeo. Aoe/ia i?iaeaiaoeea
noi?oue o oeaio?? an?o ?ae?a?eieo ? o?einionueeeo, o/aiue ia?ao?aeieo
aiio. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy a OV?–OV?? no. aioe/iiai iiaeyaeo ia canaaee ii?ae?
a?aeiia?aeaei e iio?aaai oiai/aniiai aeeooy – ianaiia?aae, i?aaiaiith
ethaeae iiaeieaoe nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iee, ?ae?a?eiee, eoeueoo?iee oain,
ii?iaeaeaiee iinooiiaei a?aeie?aiiyi oaiaeaeueieo ii?yaee?a ?
aeieeiaiiyi ye iecee aiethioa?enonueei-i?noe/ieo iao?enoeyinueeeo
aeieo?ei, oae ? i?aaiaoe/ii-iaieaieo ao?aeoacieo aca?iei, i?ioe yeeo
i?ioanooaaee aeooiaii ?icaeioo? iniaenoino?. Ooeath/e iaae?eieo
iaoai?ci?a ineoieia?/iiai caoenoo, caa?aaeaiiy aeeooy, noai?aiiy oiia
aeey ?icaeoeo ethaia? aei onueiai aeeaiai, oe?a?inueea ethaeeia aeiae
?aianaino ??oo/a ?ic??aaea oe?ii?ni? ? i?ciaaaeuei? eaoaai???,
a?aeiaaeiaoth/e aoeeo a?ae iaoo?o?einio?? e i?e?iaeiciaanoaa,
noaa?aeaeoth/e, ui ethaeeia ia? iieeaaeaoeny o aeeoo? ia eeoa ia nai?
ciaiiy, a e ia yeonue ?ua «ioae?o caoiaaio neeo».

Ethaeeia ia? aooe uaneeaith iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai, ye aaaaoi cia? aiia
i?i iaaeieeoi?e na?o. Uaneeaith ethaeeio ?iaeyoue ia no?eueee ciaiiy,
neea, aeaaea, a nia?noue, caniiaaia ia iaea?/ieo ii?aeueieo caeiiao.
Iaoa aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y c ?? ei?aeioeaio?e/i?noth, ?io?iaa?n??th,
aeeoo?ethanoaii… aeaea ciiao a?yooaaoeny ethaeei? OV?? no. a?ae
na?oiaeyaeii? e?ece. sseui ?a?iiaenueeee aoiai?ci ooeaa ii?yooiie oai,
eoaee ni?yiiaoaaee ethaeeio aioe/i? ?aoe?iiae?noe: a na?oiaeyaeieo
eiioeaioe?yo i?e?iaeiciaanoaa, oi oe?a?inueeee aoiai?ci noeioethaaa
ii?o/ ?c ?icea?oii iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
i?e?iaeiciaanoaa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy i?oieia?/iiai, aeaai?e/iiai, i?eo/iaiai,
neiaie?/iiai. A OVI no. iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aianain noi?ioaaa iiiaeaio
???aoe?iiaeueio nenoaio ieneaiiy. I?iaieioaiiy aeooiaiino? ?aeeii
iaae?eiith iniiaith aeeooy ethaeeie, iiaa?oath/enue aei ???a?o?/ii?
nenoaie aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae, ?iciaaeiaoth/e a ethaeei? «aeua» e
«ieae/a», oe?a?inueeee ?aianain ni?yiiaoaaa ethaeeio ia oeyo ?icoiieo
naiiiaiaaeaiue ? na?aeiiiai naiieiio?ieth [199]  Naeiae/ E.
A??noioae?anuee? i?iaeaie // Iai’yoee a?aonueeeo oe?e ia Oea?i?
(e?iaoeue XVI – ii/aoie XVII no.). Oaenoe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy.– E.: Iaoe.
aeoiea, 1988. – N. 417.. Ethaia aei aeaniiai aeeooy ye oi?ia i?iyao
nooiino? aoiai?cio coiiaeea oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio ocaiaeaeaiiy noeo?eieo
aaaeaiue c o?aaeeoe?eieie ii?aeueieie ii?iaie o aeaeyae? aneaoe/ii?
aeooiaiino? (A.?aaeeaeeianueeee, ?.Aaeyoianueeee oa ?io?), yea ca ?aeath
ia? i?eaanoe aei oaeiai noaio, eiee caei?iaei aoaea ? aeoo, ? o?ei
[274]  Aaeyoianueeee ?iaiee?e. Eeth/ ?icoi?iiy // Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a
XIV–XVII no.: Aiie?eoe; A??ia?ao?y; Iaeiiieoeuee? oai?e; ?noi??ia?ao?/i?
oai?e; Iieai?/i? oai?e; Ia?aeeaaei? oai?e; Iiaoe/i? oai?e. – E.: Iaoe.
aeoiea, 1988. – N. 187/. Ioaea, oe?a?inueeee ?aianain aoa iii??eiaaiee a
?aaeac?ainueeiio noee? [272]  Aa?aiiae/ E. A??o? // Oe?a?inueea aeooiaia
iiac?y XVII–XX no. Aioieia?y / ?aae. ?ycaiia. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1996.
– N. 115., eiee ii?aeuei?noue aecia/a?oueny ia a?ae?acith aei anueiai
caiiiai, oaa?eiiiai, ethaenueeiai, a eeoa ?icoiiei naiiiaiaaeaiiyi,
aeai?ii i?iii?oe?? i?ae «caiieie» ? «iaaanieie» oe?iiinoyie.
Oe?a?inueeee ?aianain aa/ea o e?an? ? iaa?oue ?iceio? iaoa??aeueiiai
na?oo a?aeaeene e?ane ? aeiaa?oaiino? ?ath, oei-oi iioiea?/ia aeeooy
icia/aei ia ao?aoo anueiai, /ei ?aaeo? ? aaaeoue ian caiey, a iaeiiai?oo
?aae?noue ? ao?oo, aeania o? ae nai? iiceoeai? ii/oooy «i?aeneeaii?» aei
??aiy aenoaco ? «?icoyaioo?» o /an? aei aaceiia/iino?.

Oaeei /eiii, ?aeaae oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?aianaino – o?einio –
ethaeeia, ye?e aeecueea ? c?icoi?ea aioe/ia ethaia aei anueiai aeeaiai ?
caiiiai, aea /eth aeooo ia?aiiaith? aiaeii/an aeaaa iaaaniiai, a?/iiai,
iaieio/iai. Ethaia aei aeaniiai aeeooy, ye oi?ia i?iyao nooiino?
oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio, – oea aacia?a?aia i?aaiaiiy, iiooee,
i?iaoaeaeaiiy ethaenueeiai a ethaeei?, a /iio ? ? iaoa aeeooy oa
ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie, oiaoi iiaeieaoe an? ia?aoeiaee oa aeinyaoe uanoy
? ?aae?caoe?? aeueo aoiai?noe/ieo oe?eae.

AENIIAEE

O aeniiaeao aei aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?icoe?aiiio aeaeyae?
iiaeathoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Inieneaiiy o?einionueei? niaaeueie aoiai?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??
aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aoiai?ci – oea oi?ia i?iyao nooiino?
ethaeeie a i?ioean? ?? ae?yeueiino?.

Iniiaiith oi?iith i?iyao nooiino? aoiai?cio ? ethaia aei aeaniiai
aeeooy, i?aaiaiiy iiooeo iii?e, cania?a uiaei caa?aaeaiiy ethaeeie ye
aeooiaii-aeooaaii?, a?inioe?aeueii? ?noioe.

2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iioieia?/ieo oyaeaiue oe?a?ioe?a, oa?aeoa?o ?o
caa?oaiue aei o?einionueei-iaoao?ce/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee aeaei ciiao
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aieiaiith iioieia?/iith ia?aaeeaiith oe?a?inueeiai
aoiai?cio ? ?aeay ?aeeiiai aa?iii?eiiai aeooiaii-iaoa??aeueiiai
Anana?oo. Oeae nai???aeiee iaioa?ci, ui aeyaey?oueny o oi?i? iaaiiai
iaiaeithaaiiy I?e?iaee ? i?aaiaiiy aeinyaoe ??aiy ?? aa?iii??
ei?aieoueny a aeeaeiieo ieanoao oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino?.

3. Aeii?ioth/ei o iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?aianain?, oe?a?inuee?e aoiai?noe/i?e
o?aaeeoe?? ? i?aai?oeenonueeee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie noni?euenoaa. Eiai
iniaeea?noth ? iino?eiee iaaiein ia aeooiai?e, ???aoe?iiaeuei?e iniia?
«noni?euenoaa–i?aai?cio». I???ioaoe?y ia iayai?noue i?e?iaeieo
aa?iii?eieo ca’yce?a i?ae ??cieie nenoaiaie ? iino?eia i?aaiaiiy aei
caa?aaeaiiy oe?e?niino? ia’?eoa aeaoaeoaaee ianooiiee iiiyo?eiee ?yae –
Anana?o – ethaenoai – iaoe?y – iniaa.

4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aen?ieia?/ieo aniaeo?a oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio aeiae
?aianaino aeicaieeei aeyaeoe, ui eiai oi?aa?naeueieie
aano?aeoii-oai?aoe/ieie oe?iiinoyie ? naiaiaea oa ni?aaaaeeea?noue,
ethaia.

5. O?einionuee? iiooee oe?a?inueeeo aoiai?no?a i???ioiaai? ia aa?iii?eio
aca?iiae?th iniae ? nioe?oio ?c Anana?oii, Ethaenoaii, I?e?iaeith ?
i?noyoue cia/iee aeeoo?ethaiee iioaioe?ae.

NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

1. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. I?iaeaia ?aianainiiai na?oiaeyaeo oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa (XVI–XVII) o o?einionuee?e eoeueoo?? // A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y. Aei. 27. –
E.: ?AOe «Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao», 1998. – N. 20–22.

2. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?i? aeoiee oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio
// Iaoa??aee «Aei?a iaoee – 1998» iaoeiaeo aeiiia?aeae oa aenooi?a
nooaeaio?a, ani??aio?a, aeieoi?aio?a, aeeeaaea/?a. – E.: ?AOe
«Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao.» – N. 174 – 180.

3. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. Nooi?noue aoiai?cio oa oi?ie eiai i?iyao // A?niee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y.
Aei. 29. – E.: ?AOe «Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao», 1999. – N. 29–32.

4. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. ?aianainiee na?oiaeyae: aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y a
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? // Oace iaoeiaeo /eoaiue c iaaiaee 60-??//y
a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy A.N. Eaia?nueeiai. – E., 1996. – N.22–24.

5. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. Iioe?aiiy ?aeae aoiai?cio oa ?aoi?iaoe?? a
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? a XVI-XVII // Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueeiai
neiiic?oio: Iiae?eey ? Aieeiue o eiioaeno? ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy. – Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1995. –
N.194–198.

6. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. I?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo aieea?a eoeueoo? Caoiaeo oa
Noiaeo ia i?ioean ieneaiiy oe?a?ioe?a oa noai ina?oe acaaae? //
Iaeeiueia o i?inoi?? ? /an?: iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/i? eiioa?aioe??.-Iaeei, 1996. – N. 156–159.

7. Ae’y/aiei ?.I. Aieea ?aianainii-aoiai?noe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo ia
oai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e. // Ae?yeuei?noue a?ae?ioae ii
caa?aaeaiith eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie ? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeooiaiino? ia?iaeo:
iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. – AEeoiie?, 1996. – N.
49–53.

AIIOAOe??

Ae’y/aiei ?.I. ?aianainiee na?oiaeyae: aoiai?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y a
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? (XVI–XVII no.). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.03 – nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y
?noi???. – Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co ?nioth/eo ? iaeia?aeiieo
o?einionueeeo iiaeyae?a aeine?aeaeo?oueny eaoaai??y oe?a?inueeiai
aoiai?cio a ?? o?einionueei-eia?/iiio ?icaeoeo.

Oeaio?aeueia i?noea iaeaaeeoue a ni?ia? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy iiiyoue «Oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aianain»,
«Oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aoiai?ci» caeia? iaoeiaa iai?aaeaiiy –
«o?eiiaiieia?y» (o?einio?y ethaia? aei aeeooy), a ye?e a?aeia?aceeeny
oa?aeoa?i? ?ene oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaioae?oaoo, a iaaeao
yeiai aaoi? aecia/eea nooi?noue oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio oa eiai ca’ycee
c aeooiaiei iaaeaaiiyi ethaenoaa.

I?iiiio?oueny iiaee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae o aeaeyae?
eiiieaenii-neioaoe/iiai iaoiaeo. O ca’yceo c oeei ii-iiaiio
?icaeyaea?oueny na?oiaeyaeiee oaiiiai Oe?a?ie–?on? XVI–XVII no.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iioieia?/ieo oyaeaiue oe?a?ioe?a, oa?aeoa?o ?o caa?oaiue
aei o?einionueei-iaoao?ce/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee aeaei ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe,
ui aieiaiith iioieia?/iith ia?aaeeaiith oe?a?inueeiai aoiai?cio ? ?aeay
?aeeiiai aa?iii?eiiai aeooiaii-iaoa??aeueiiai Anana?oo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueeee aoiai?ci, oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
?aianain, na?oiaeyaeiee oaiiiai: Gente Ruthenus natione polonus,
iaoe?iiaeueiee aeina?ae, a?oaoei.

Aeuey/aiei E.I. ?aiannainiia ie?iaicc?aiea: aoiaienoe/aneay o?aaeeoeey a
oe?aeineii iauanoaa (XVI–XVII a.). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03 – nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey
enoi?ee. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ieienoa?noai
ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaa e?eoe/aneiai aiaeeca nouanoaothueo e
iaeiecaanoiuo oeeinioneeo acaeyaeia enneaaeoaony eaoaai?ey oe?aeineie
aoiaiiinoe a aa oeeinionei-eiae/aneii ?acaeoee.

Oeaio?aeueiia ianoi caieiaao iiiuoea ?anoaa?aoeee, aiaeeca yoaiia
?acaeoey oe?aeineie iaoeeiiaeueiie o?aaeeoeee; iiiuoea
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneiai iainiiaaiey «oe?aeneee iaoeeiiaeueiue
?aiannain», «iaoeeiiaeueiay oe?aeineay aoiaienoe/aneay o?aaeeoeey»,
«oe?aeineee aoiaieci». A aeena?oaoeee iainiiaaia aeueoa?iaoeaiinoue
oe?aeineiai aoiaienoe/aneiai ie?iaicc?ai/aneiai oaiiiaia yiioe
iaoeeiiaeueiiai ?aiannaina a eiioaenoa ie?iaie aoiaienoe/aneie
ia?aaeeaiu, ?aaeeciaaia iiiuoea iniuneeoue aeeciaiiue iioaioeeae
iaoeeiiaeueiie aoiaienoe/aneie o?aaeeoeee aeaiiiai ia?eiaea, enneaaeiaai
ie?iaicc?ai/aneee oaiiiai «aaiu ?onneea iaoeey iieueneay» oe?aeineiai
iauanoaa aiioe ?aianainna, ii?aaeaeaiu i?eioeeiu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
aic?iaeaeaiey aoiaienoe/aneie o?aaeeoeee.

I?aaeeaaaaony iiaue neioaoe/anei-iaoiaeieiae/aneee iiaeoiae, eioi?ue
iooai aaia?aeecaoeee iiiyoey i?aaie/aneie aeecie eae aaniethoiie e
aaconeiaiie ia?ainoanoaioeee auoey iinooee?oao iniiao anao oi?i
i?iyaeaiey aoiaiecia – ethaiaue e aeecie. Iainiiaaiu iaioiaeeiinoue e
aiciiaeiinoue i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee i?eioeeiia iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe aic?iaeaeaiey nianoaaiiie aoiaienoe/aneie o?aaeeoeee
iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ?iaeaeaiey iiaiai nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai aoiaiecia.

?aaeeciaaia iiiuoea iainiiaaoue, /oi a i?aaenoaaeaieyo oe?aeineeo
aoiaienoia ?aiannaina ia iauanoaa aeiieie?othuae auea eiioeaioeey
i?aaieoeucia,eioi?ue i?aaeiieaaaao ?anniio?aiea iauaeoia nioeeaeueiie
aeecie eae i?aaie/anee-oeaeinoiuo ia?aciaaiee. Naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi
eaeae ioa/anoaaiiie aoiaienoe/aneie ie?iaicc?ai/aneie o?aaeeoeee a naiae
niaieoiiinoe ainoaiaaeeaatho eiioeaioeeth aeiyoiioeaiica, eioi?ay
i?eaioe?iaaia ia aa?iiie/aneia acaeiiaeaenoaea yoiina e i?e?iaeiie
n?aaeu, /oi anoue /?acau/aeii aeooaeueiui a oneiaeyo nia?aiaiiie
yeieiae/aneie eaoano?iou e anoue nianaoaeueiui ?aca?aii a naaiaeiyoieo
iieneao iaoiaeia e iooae nio?aiaiey /aeiaaea eae i?e?iaeiiai, oae e
nioeeaeueiiai nouanoaa. Enneaaeiaaiea aenaieiae/aneeo aniaeoia
oe?aeineiai aoiaiecia iicaieeei auyaeoue, /oi aai oieaa?naeueiuie
aano?aeoii-oai?aoe/aneeie oeaiiinoyie anoue naiaiaea, ni?aaaaeeeainoue,
ethaiaue. Oeeinioneea iienee oe?aeineeo aoiaienoia i?eaioe?iaaiu ia
aa?iiie/aneia acaeiiaeaenoaea ee/iinoe e nioeeoia n Oieaa?noiii,
*aeiaa/anoaii, I?e?iaeie e eiatho cia/eoaeueiue aeeciaiiue iioaioeeae.

Anee o/anoue, /oi ?aaeueiay /aeiaa/aneay nouiinoue eaeaioeoeoee?oaony n
auyaeaiiie a oiaea anae i?aaeuaeouae enoi?ee nenoaiie iaua/aeiaa/aneeo
oeaiiinoae (ii?aeueiuo, ynoaoe/aneeo, eioaeeaeooaeueiuo), oi auoiaeii ec
e?ecena /aeiaa/aneie nouiinoe eae XVI — XVII oae XX no.yaeyaony
ainnoaiiaeaiea ?aci?aaiiie aeooiaiie nayce, oi anoue i?aiaeieaiea
?aci?aaiiinoe /aeiaaea n naiei niaie. Oe?aeineea aoiaienou yiioe
iaoeeiiaeueiiai ?aiannaina ii?aaeaeeee e iniuneeee i?eioeeiu
ainnoaiiaeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna /aeiaa/aneiai a /aeiaaea: ethaiaue,
ieeina?aeea, oa?ieiinoue. Ooiaeaiaioaeueiui ec ieo aunooiaao ethaiaue.
I?eeeaaeioth ooieoeeth i?eioeeia ethaae auiieiytho ieeina?aeea e
oa?ieiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeineee aoiaieci, oe?aeineee iaoeeiiaeueiue
?aiannain, ie?iaicc?ai/aneee oaiiiai: Gente Ruthenus natione polonus,
iaoeeiiaeueiue iiuo, a?oaoei.

Djachenko I.I. «Renaissancable weltanschauunq: of humanistic traditions
in ukrainian society XVI — XVII centuries». — Manuscript.

Thesis for a scietific degree of candidate of philosophical sciences on
speciality 09.00.03 «Social Philosophy and Philosophy of History». –
Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, 1998.

In the thesis the category of Ukrainian humanity in its philosophical
and logical development is explored on the basis of critical analysis of
existing and insufficiently known philosophical views.

The central place at the attempt of theoretical and methodical basis of
notion «Ukrainian National Renaissance» is occupied by the scientific
direction – «Philomenology» (phylosophy of love to life, in which the
typical features of Ukrainian national mentality are depicted).

We offer the new methodical approach in the way of free complex and
synthetical method. That’s why we examine the ideological phenomenon of
Ukraine–Rus of XVI–XVII centuries.

The main form of depicting of the idea of humanism is love to life,
aspiration to the search of basis, of ways of preserving a person as the
spiritual and biosicial creature.

Researching of ontological ideas of the Ukrainians, of the character of
their appealings to philosophical prodlematics gives us the opportunity
of making a statement that the main ontological paradigm of the
Ukrainian humanism is the idea of common Universe full of harmony of
spirit and material structures.

Key words: Ukrainian humanism, Ukrainian national Renaissance,
ideological phenomenon Gente Ruthenus natione polonus, national
experience, archetype.

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